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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, May 19, 1871, Image 1

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Half u bow tin train time, itr.
An' a fearful dark night, too.
Take a look at the switch-lights. Ton,
Ketch a stick when you're throc?h.
On timer well, yea, I gnees so
Left the las, .station all right
She'll come round the curve a flym'
BUI Mason cornea up to-ntsht
Ton know Bill f Ho I He's engineer :
Been on the road all bis llle
I'll never forget the moroin'
He married hia chuck of a wife.
Twes the aommer the mill-hands struck
Just off work, every one :
They kicked up a row in the village
And kijed old Donovan' eon.
Sill hadn't been married mor'n an boor,
Up coan a message from Kress
Orderln' Bill to go up there
And bring down the sight express.
Be left hie gal in a hurry.
And went up on number one.
Thinking of nothing but Mary - -
And the train he had to run.
And Mary pat by the window
To wait for the night express.
And, sir, if ahe hadn't a' done ao
bhe'd been a widow, I guess.
For it must a' been nigh midnight
When them mill-hands left the Ridge
They come down the drunken devils 1
Tore up a rail from the bridge.
Bat Mary heard 'em a workin'.
And guessed there was sometbin' wrong
And in less than fifteen minutes
Bill's train it would be along 1
She couldn't a' come here to tell us,
A mile It wouldn't a' done
So she jest grabbed np a lantern
And made for the bridge alone.
Then down came the nhjht express, sir, '
And Bill was makin' her climb 1
But Mary held the lantern,
A swingin' it all the time.
Weill by Jove I BUI saw the signal,
And be stopped the uigbt express.
And he found his Mary crvin1
On the track, in ber weddin' drees;
Cryin' an' laughin' for joy, sir.
Ad' boldin' on to the light -Hello!
here's the train good-bye, air,
Bill Mason's on time to-night 1
A Detective's Story—All a Mistake.
The Boston Traveller tells this storv
Some years since a gentleman stopping
at one of the hotels at Washington. f. C.
(who upon this occasion wid be called
Brown), sent a letter from the hotel to his
wile in .New Yr.rk, containing f 50. The
letter was not received, and Mr. Brown
visited the Post Office Department to make
a complaint. In due time a case was made
out and placed in the hands of a well-
known and experienced detective, whom,
for this occasion, we will designate as
beekem. After putting this and that to
gether, Seekem came to the conclusion
that the clerk of the hotel was the guilty
party, and proceeded to demonstrate his
convictions. With this object in view, he
prepared a couple of decoys for the young
man's benefit. Letters irom the hotel
p Tnr7rcrA, h TW nmZ Jt"
ing and afternoon, so Seekem first went to
work on the morning mail, but his decoys
turaeu up nil ngtlb.
Seekem then started on another task.
He gave about f 50 (bogus) to Mr. Brown
and persuaded him to write to Mrs. Brown,
enclosing the money, and leaTe the rest to
The letter was written in a very con
spicuous place, at a dining table at the
hotel, it being so arranged that no one
should see him write the letter but the
suspected individual, who was called upon
to lurniBu paper ana an envelope.
Mr. Brown remarked to the clerk that
as Mrs. B. did not get his last remittance
nenust send her some more, at the same
time denouncing post offices in general,
and the Washington offices in particular,
where, ne said, he had no doubt his money
had disappeared.
The letters from the hotel were received
at the Washington office, and there was no
letter tor Mrs. rJrown of JTifth avenue,
New York. Seekem was greatly elated.
feeling sure that he had at last entrapped
the suspected thief. Be went carefully
through the Washington office, so as to
make sure that there was no nrstake. The
letter, however, could not be found. Seven
o'clock that evening found Seekem at the
hotel in consultation with the proprietor
and Mr. Brown. It was determined to ar-1
rest the suspected Clerk at once. The
ntwwwut , -.- i, , TT , i
supposed culprit was called up. He da-
rued all knowledge Of the aflair, and
DeeKem was Compelled tO auanuOn the I
.nothing - more was known about
Brown's letter until three days afterwards,
when Brown himself entered the Post
Office m a very excited state of mind and
inquired for Seekem said he must see
him that it was of the utmost importance
that he should see him at once. Brown's
wife had been arrested in New York for
passing counterfeit money, and was then
field under f iu, 1J bonds lor examination.
Tbe murder wag out and the hotel clerk
was innocent!
Something had to be done immediately
for the lady, and that night Seekem left
for New 1 ork, visited the United States
Commissioner, explained matters, and pro-
secret of this singular proceeding. On the
afternoon in question, when the letter
containing the bogus money was sent to
Mrs. Brown, the clcrk'took a walk down
m,Mil Um. HiHm a ,1 XT C. . U
t3 the depot at about six o'clock, to see a
mend on, taking what letters there were
in the hotel box along with him, and
dropped them in the postal car at the de-
Jxt the train leaving at seven o'clock,
llrs. Brown's letter went through to New
York, and she subsequently went out shop
ping. She tendered in payment a bogus
$10 bill, and the storekeeper objecting:.
she offered another, which was also de
clined, the dry goods dealer informing her
that both were counterfeit. Then she
showed him the nmainder of the 30 that
was sent to her, and he pronounced it all
bad. Meantime a clerk had been dis
patched for an officer, and Mrs. Brown was
taken into custody. The lady protested
in vain, ana was taken to a station-house,
where a friend of Mr. Brown's gave ball
for the wife's appearance for examination.
The husband was then notified.
A Curious Defect.
A curious defect in our mental organ
ism is a certain alow apprehension of what
is before us, a partial paralysis of our per
ceptive faculties, which, fortunately, only
occurs at intervals, although it gives us,
while it lasts, an appreciative taste of what
i;iocy must be. A gentleman of high in
telligence was reading an account of the
Prussian campaign of 1866, and chanced
upon this sentence: " The Prussians were
misled by a pretended guide, and suffered
severe losses in consequence." After
reading this phrase through several times,
he laid down, the paper and pondered
awhile ; nothing coming of this medita
tion, he called out to his wife in the next
room, " Mary, did you Aver hear such a
word as misled f pronouncing it as though
it rhymed with "drizzled." "No," she
replied : " Why do you ask T" " Because
hare is an account in the paper which
says, 'The .Prussians were misled by a
pretended guide, and suered severe loies
in consequence," and I cannot imagine
what it ivipiinfl" " Nnr I ' how la ,t 1
6pelt" " Why, mrt-t-l-e d, or course."
Muled, John, wiw-LKD : where are your
I was playing whist one evening with
some visitors, when the door opened and
my aunt made her appearance holding
aloft a newspaper. " Young people, can
you tell me what a bug-ler is?" she de
manded in an earnest voice. " You mean
bungler, dont you, aunt?" "No," she
replied, with emphasis, " I have read the
same notice in this paper every evening
for two weeks, and 1 cannot imagine
what it means. Listen : ' Wanted imme
diatelyTwo good Buglers. Apply at
Camp Lincoln?" "Buglers, aunt bu
glers," shouted the young j people; and
Aunt Jane retired into the shades of her
apartment with dignity somewhat dimin
ished. Lippineott' Magatine.
' A green hand in the milk business, who
brought out a dealer in Springfield, Mass,
found he did not have milk enough to go
round to all the old circle of customers,
And applied to the seller for relief, who
gave him the following recipe for making
."milk," and assuring him that with this he
would be "all right:" " Take three table
spoonfuls of molasses, one and a half tea
spoonfuls of saleratus, and three quarts of
rnilk to twenty-two quarts of water ; add
three pints of this mixture to each twelve
quart can of milk."
19, 1871.
There are a dozen adroit rascals in New
York who do a prosperous business by
acting upon the principle that a large
share of the people only need motive and
opportunity to become knaves. Of course
these roguish cynics oiler the coveted
chance with the end of making -fools in
stead of knaves of the thousands of peo
ple in all parts of the country who listen
to their allurements. - - ......
No fraud is more transparent, successful.
universal in its ramifications, or corrupt
ing in its influence, than that known, for
want of a better name, as the circular
swindle. Worked from obscure garrets
and cellars in New lork, it reaches every
town and hamlet in the Union, to rob the
credulous and tempt the weak-principled
into crime. And no fraud ever made more
rapid, but leas unnatural progress. Based
upon a scoundrelly belief in the fact that
very many men are in too great haste to
be rich to scrutinize the means by which
the end shall be obtained, it was not lone
satisfied with the various mean devices to
which it first had resort, but speedily
reached perfection in this form (1 print
irom a very well executed iitnograpnic
letter, which many a simpleton undoubted
ly takes to be a written letter prepared for
him exclusively; :
NEW YORK, March 1871.
Beak Sib We wish to secure the services of
smart and Intelligent agent in tout locality for
effort I at least a Droat or siu.uuu per year, and. if
shrewdly managed, will return a much larger
amount, and this, too, without neglecting your
regular Dnsiness. we nave Deen constantly en
gaged for several months past in preparing plates
ox uie i, re, to, ana tie u. B. greenoacas. Hav
ing completed them, we are now prepared to fur
nish the bills, of the different denominations, in
any quantity desired, above t!A. These are,
without any exception, the finest executed bills
that were ever issued in this conntry, and cannot
be detected even by the oldest experts; th.y are
correctly nnmtierea; ine engraving cannot oe ex
celled ; in facu, no expense or labornae been spared
to bring the best talent the country could produce
toe ,f,enfr,v,i?g nd p?"?g 10 "j? olir
J861 !" fa ongumle, thus rendering it
just as safe for you to pass them as if they came
irom tne ireaettry jjepanmem." we nave
them not on in packages, of fSCO. fl.OCS. 5.000 and
10,00. On account of the superior excellence of
uiese mne. as weu as tne large expense in nnuginz
mem to periecoon, we snail cnarge yon twenty
five cents on the dollar for them, but in order fair
ly to start you and to show you that we "mean
Oujnji." we will send yon a package charging
yon only five cents on the dollar, provided you
will pay the balance (twenty cents on tne dollar)
within fifteen days of receiving the package. Yon
will be required to meet yonr bills promptly.
Tbe first cost to you will be ti5 for 500, t60 for
fl,0. flOu for f 2,1 CO, $250 for (5,000, and f500 for
$10,000. When you order, be very particular to
tend vovr Utter by erprte. for positively we will
ill an order, that reaches ns through the post-
nA3 ' . kin, I ... t . r... amnTinl. tkat h,M tuan
forwarded this way, and we will run no risk here-
The express is sure. safe, and expeditious, and
tne money iorwaraea tnrougn it, is at our nsa.
Seal your order, as lyou do any letter, and mark,
outside, in large figures, value $51.0, and it will
then be received and forwarded by the Express
Company. It is always best to have a "caA re
mittance," accompany yonr order, thus showing
good faith on your part. Be very careful to dis
tinctly state, tne amount ana aenommations yon
wish, also your name and Poet-Office, with the
county and State plainly and dearly written. You
are one of three persons, in your State, that we
addressed, and with these bills so artistically e lo
cated, and the facilities we will give you, you are
started at once upon the highway to fortune and
aJRtience, You can rest assured of one thing, that
yoa can never be wanting for funds, while yon
are connected with as, and remain true. On receipt
your order, we immediately write tnrougn tne
Post-office to yon.- address stating the day we ship
in such a way. that no o
m sucn a way, mat no one wui ever suspect its
nnre- A personal interview is always desirable.
ana wouia oener suit us, ana mignt De to our wM-
tmU adrantane. as you could then examine the
money for yourself, and judge its quality, and the
J wumu roiuu. r nsieniaiiv join,
JAS. P. BAKER & Co.,
No. 150 Broadway, N. Y. City.
P. 8. We mcsived so many letters, anting for
samples, that w. have concluded we will, on re
ceipt of f vuo try exprew, send sample of our is
sue. V e have also fractional evrrtnry in 10c Sic
50c denominations, fully np to our standard
No one of these knaves is so poor as to
have but one name; and besides being
James r". Uafcer & uo., this lellow is a. IS.
Walker dc (Jo., 206 Broadway: but he is
poor indeed compared with some of his
comrades, one of whom begins his litho
graphic letter thus :
Dbab Fniarro: While conversing with a een-
tleman from toot locality recently, yon were
named as a shrewd and reliable person, and one
liaely to enter into a business the nature of
which will bs explainel in this letter. At all
events, be said, whether yoa go in or not, yoa
would keep a still tongue, and would not expose
He told me that under no circumstances must
inform yon who recommended you; and as I
claim to be a man of honor, I will never violate a
pledge. 1 have on hand, and am constantly manu
facturing large quantities of the best counterfeit
money ever proaucea, in toe woria.
There are five undivided parts of this
sensitive man of honor, which are labelled
respectively John F. Hamilton, No. 212
Broadway; Wm. J. Ferguson, 194 Broad
way: Robert 1. Holland, 143 r ulton
street ; Thomas W. Price, 89 Nassau street,
and Wm. B. Logan, 15 Dutch street. Un
der each name he offers perfect counter
feits ot the f 3, $5 and $ 1U bills, and 50
cent stamps in unlimited quantities, and
burdens his circular with constant reitera
tions that he is a man of honor, anxious
deal on the square with his customers.
Another of the knaves starts out in this
fashion :
HtDkab Sra: We wish to secure the services
a live gentleman to posh the business named
the enclosed circular, and have been informed
a friend, who knows yon well, that you are
highly suitable te represent ns. -A we have had
many dealings with that gentleman and know him
be an upright and honorable man, any friend of
will receive our utmost confidence, we there
fore feel that there is no risk in confiding to you
secret. .
In this particular case he won't require
cash in advance, and after making several
alluring propositions, he winds up thus :
We know yon will serve us faithfully and truly.
cannot afford to deceive ns. State the amount
denominations required. When you send the
money, pleaee pay the txpree charge, and deduct
amount irom ine principal to pay tne same.
Whatever yoa do, don't write by mail, as we will
claim or receive any letters from the post-
office, bend only try expre, frrtpairl I
Awaiting your early reply,
.., . We are yours fraternally,
r? Take notice that bv remitting US to ns bv
express, and ordering a 1,5(0 package, yoa will
secure the agency for your Slate.
tae reium uu io remma wa.
This gentleman is contented to do busi
with only the additional names of
t Od . . J
g 71
:' j-
Another operator, also capable of sub
division, is the one who throws his hook
thus baited:
Ewnatu Friko : Being in want of a reliable
agent in your State, I have selected you in prefer
ence to many others, in consequence of your be
ing recommended to me by a gentleman of this
whote business is to drum up trade in the
country for a large commercial house. - I already
five agents at different points; but desiring
push my business for the season, 1 have re
solved to employ one or two more. I have now
hand about $50, Win counterfeit H, H and (10
bills. I might as well represent them as genuine,
it would require an expert banker to distin
guish them from the notes issued at Washington.
They are printed on first-clais bank-note paper,
of the same size as the genuine, and are cor
rectly numbered. The printing is incomparable.
would not for the world send out a hill that it
badly printed.
He gives mich excellent advice to his
gudgeon to the effect that " When yoa get
bills ruffle them so as to make them
look old. Don't pass too much upon one
man at a time. Put a private mark on the
bills, so that, should they come back on
In the course of trade, you will know
them. You can carry as much about you
yon like, but do not exhibit too much.
you follow these instructions I guaran
tee that you will clear a large sum of good
money in a short time. Endeavor to send
communications by express. Do not,
under any circumstances, send me a letter
mail" This man of careful business
habits is variously known as Joseph R.
82 Nassau street ; Horace Madden, 10
Chatham street; George So rimers,
Chatham street; Edward F. Dickinson,
Maiden Lane, and John B. Forrest,
Liberty street
In addition to these operators doing bus-
mess under several diriereni names, mere
are a . few who, having not yet risen
to this pre-eminence, are content to swin
dle by a sincle cognomen. Among them
is 8. Y. Adando & Co., No. GO Park Place,
whose lithographic letter, covering three
large pages, sets lortn tne mamiold excel
lencies of his wares and the extreme rea
sonabSeness of his rates. lie, too, is
man of honor," trusting to the " honesty'
bf his correspondent, and manifests in an
extraordinary degree that whoiitorae
dread of the Post Office, and great
solicitude that money - shall be sent
by express, which is prominent in the
epistles of all the swindlers. C. E. Ben
son & Co.. No. 176 Broadway, is a shrewd
er knave than some of the others in many
respects, for he boldly puts his letter into
type and baits his nook lor tne most iool
ish of very tiny gudgeons. After offering
a package of SoOO lor a package
1 1,0 JO for S4), and one of 5,0U0 for $200,
he says:., .
On receipt of price In registered letter for either
of these packages, we will send the goods by mail
in registered package which is tbe only safe way
oy mail, as there 1s then no cause lor tear whatever,
or we will safely pack either size package and
send by express, C. O. D. on receipt of a depsit of
n tor so. i package, ft for no. z package, or
for No. 3 package, the balance to be paid on re
ceipt of package, and mark them in snch a way
mat no one win suspect or Know Dut ourselves.
We will give any information desired of ns at any
time, but we suppose any one knows what to do
wim money wnen uey get it.
" William Cooper & Co. " who styles
himself "dealers in fine stationery, 688
Broadway, has devised yet another method,
by having all of his thousands of circulars
actually written by hand, in which work,
up to the time he, or rather his business,
suddenly came to grief, he had eight men
constantly employed, and. had so drilled
them there was no perceptible difference
in the chirography of his missives. He
also enclosed a printed circular, with the
assertion that very few are to be issued,
which he begins with this alluring scrap
ot secret history:
When Congress authorized the present issue of
greenoacKs, tne Treasury department executed
plates of enormons cost and wonderful workman-
snip, irom wnicn tne wnoie amount oi eurrenc
authorized by Congress was to be printed, and i
was ordered at tbe time that as toon as the whole
amount had been printed the plates, some 100 in
numDer, snouia oe taken irom tne i reaenry rant
ing Department, conveyed to tbe navy yard and
melted. Now, it so happened that the plates from
which the 1, i and b dollar bills had been printed
were not destroyed. How it was brought about, we
as a matter of prudence, do not state. It is enough
to know that the plates are still preserved nnin-
j urea, ana we trust tneir whereabouts win never
oe known except to us.
He then proceeds to offer at fabulously
low rates money in any desired quantity,
surreptitiously printed from these plates,
so miraculously saved from the fire.
" Ruf us Stockton, stationer, wood, steel
and copper engraver," 204 Broadway, is
the pioneer title in the fraud, but now is
so seldom seen a3 to be unworthy of
further notice.
H. Colter &' Co.. 195 Broadway, also
does business in the usual way, and on a
small scale, iast, but by no means least,
is a rascal who is aware of the rescality of
the other fellows, and advises his dupes of
the tact thus :
Express all your money to this address.
McNau-t Co., Broadway.
Dub Sib: Ton no doubt have some reluctance
m engaging with us; perhaps yon have already re
ceived from different parties in New York, who
represent things highly colored, with a great mix
ture of flattery, in respect to the goods they de
sire to dispose of, and their extreme cheapness;
tney unaccountably got hold or tbe way we
do business, and as near as possible they try to
imitate ns; they are flooding the country with cir
culars, receiving money, and sending nothing in
return: yon can see for yourselves: how can any
one sell $1,0(0 worth of the goods for 110? They
can't do it, and more, they wont do it. Wa have
letters every day from parties they have gulled
and caught. Now of two evils yon can choose tbe
least: we have goods that no one ever has, so far,
found fault with. Remember, we do this business
with two names. One to write to and one to ex
press all money to: make no mistake in address
ing us if yon desire to do business and yourself
justice, juiaress oy - man " your tetters to
Box 216 Jersey City, N. J.
Thus far I have used my space to pre
sent all the names under which this knave
ry is perpetrated, with enough of the dis
tinguishing traits of each of the circulars
to prevent all but those absolutely bent on
lieing robbed from obeying the order of
tbe last quoted, and expressing all their
money to these rogues. It must next be
shown how it is that these men can flood
the country with these demoralizing cir
culars with entire safety. This explana
tion involves an expose ot a traud which is
so transparent that this exposure ought to
be unnecessary. Were there a little more
sen?e and honesty in the people at large,
it would be sufficient to say that these
circulars are self-evident lies ; but this not
being the case, it must be shown that these
men really do not deal in counterfeit
money. In that simple fact is not only
their immunity, but their profit. To pro
duce an imitation of the United States cur
rency sufficiently exact to have a ready
circulation is an operation not only requir
ing the expenditure of much, time, labor,
skill, and money, but involving more risk
oi pumsnment tnan most men care to as
sume. These cheap Johns of villainy
have therefore hit upon an expedient which
emauds a sain, ntue labor, and less
money, besides being perfectly unob
noxious to any crimes act which ever
has been, or, perhaps, ever can be devised.
When these knaves first began, they con
ducted their business exclusively through
the Post-Office, and at that time they were
grimlyjocoee with their dupes as now,
ior tney sent as tne counterteits the
small photographic cards of the green
backs lately so common, and which could
be bought in unlimited quantities for a
fraction of a penny each. But the United
States Government speedily tired of being
partner to this fraud, and Without much
law to back it up, but with great moral
and popular justifies! ion, it seized the let
ters coming to the New York Post Office
for the counterfeit men, and returned the
money contained in them to the senders.
But in the end, the only effect of this res
olute attempt to break up the swindle was
put the schemers to the tronbleand ex
pense of getting np new lithographs,
which bristle with such as this
Their own letters, of course, wentbv
mail, as before, and, being in plain en
velopes, were unknown and unchecked.
By the aid of directories, commercial lists.
and advertisements in newspapers, they
obtained lists of names of persons in all the
important a ties and towns, while, by some
means, those of men unknown beyond the
narrow confines of obscure hamlets were
also on their lists. It was this part of
their scheme which involves the most
labor and adroitness, for having obtained
their lists they had nothing to do but mail
their lithographs, and sit down with their
pockets wide open to catch the golden re
flux. It is impossible to say what nronortion
the hundreds of thousands of circulars
they issued had the desired effect Some
the recipients tossed them contemptu
ously away, others were indignant, and in-
itantlv mailed tnem to the JNew York Su
perintendent of Police, with the idea that
they were putting him on the trail of a
hitherto unknown villainy, and demand
ing in most peremptory terms the instant
incarceration of the scoundrels that had
dared to tempt them. But maoy read in
secret, as commanded, and permitted the
golden vision thus Ekililully raised to shut
out reason and conscience until they at
last ventured a little way into tne new t,l
uorado by sending for the smallest quan
tity of bogus money mentioned in the cir
cular. In the early days of the fraud,
when the Post Office was the medium of
communication between two knaves, the
victim knave sent his good money after
the bad. and watted impatiently for the re
ceipt or nis purchase f and he still traits,
for the circular swindler could write
letters, but made it a rule never to reply
to any. Since the closing of the nails
against the business, the metropolitan
outlaw nas still remained superior to late
and his bucolic brot her. The business be
ing done .by express, two methods are
adopted, the nr.-t being lor the victim to
send his money with his order as before,
in which case he gets precisely what h
did iu the mail days. But the more se
ductive and general way is to have the
order come unaccompanied by any money,
v. hereupon the " queer1 is " forwarded C.
O. D. by express, packed in small boxes
so as to defy detection." Every business
man can see without further explanation
how easily the fraud is managed. The box
is. duly sent, and on this point the opera
tors fully deserve all their encomiums on
themselves for promptitude.--'-When it
arrives at its destination the intending
knave, who has already cast upa thousand
times the profits he is to secure by cheat
ing hia friends and neighbors, is equally
prompt to demand it, and of course must
pay all charges, including the price of the
" queer," before delivery. Having obtained
his treasure, he steals off to a secret place
to examine it, having done which he finds
he is the possessor of a small and exceed
ingly flimsy box filled with saw-dust and
little scraps of old iron, to give weight.
tne wnoie tiling worth upon a liberal cal
culation perhaps a small fraction of a cent
The remainder of his natural life will
probably be spent in pouting forth silent
anatnemas upon tne knaves who have out
witted him. But he must take very good
care that his wrath is silent, for there
never comes a moment when he can bleat
his sorrows in the public ear. He may be
as stupid a dolt as ever tell a prey to tte
sharper, but yet has sense enough to
known that his is only a case of the bitar
very savagely bitten, and that so far as in
tention is concernd he is many degrees
more depraved than his city confederate.
His mind was fully made up to do all in
his power to commit the meanest of all
crimes, by uttering counterfeit money
whereas the city rascal had never intended
to do anything more or worse than swindle
the scoundrel who intended to commit
that mean offense. He knows further.
that fnr him to ask the return of his money
irom me tempter is only to subject him
self to derision, for he can make no leinl
demand, and these fellows have never been
known to make any restitution, except
upon the urgent solicitation of a Sheriff
Aiarsnai. Therefore the poor bitten
rogue must nurse his anguish in secret;
his money has cone to the does, and he
has only to mention the fact to throw his
reputation after it
An average of fifty of these circulars
returned every day to Superintendent
Kelso, as they had been for many months
nis predecessors in office. They come
from all parts of the Union, and in nearly
every case the sender. sunDosine- he is
dealing with a traud which is what it pur
ports to be, believes that he is giving the
first clue to a nest of counterfeiters which
invaluable to the authorities. Every
writer calls upon the superintendent in
most positive terms to stoD the villainy
punish the villains ; some even going
ine lengtn or advising now they may
discovered and entrapped by the law.
Very many receive the assertions of the
circulars as literal truth, and some are in
dignant thereat
All of the letters returning circulars go
once to the waste-basket at Mr. Kelso's
feet, for the reason that none of them are
the slightest use and teJ him nothing
that he did not already know. In fact
every intelligent police officer has long
Known ail anout tnese swindlers, except
how to baffle them. Their names and
haunts are matters of police record ; but
Kelso, like Kennedy and Jourdan before
him, is powerless to interfere with them.
They offer indeed to commit a crime, bat
really commit none except that of obtain
money by trick and device; but no
can afford to come forward and prove
to they are entirely safe. They abso
lutely refuse to do business except by the
express, and therefore the extreme but ef
fective method of placing policemen be
fore their doors to warn away the unwary
cannot be adopted in their case, as it has
been in those of mock auctions, panel
houses, and places of similar peril. The
United States axe equally powerless to in
terfere; for it is perfectly well known
these fellows have no counterfeit money,
their arrest would only be time and
trouble thrown away. There is no case
upon record where any of these knaves
were brought to justice.
It is amazing that by so bold a device as
a dozen men in the earrets of New
brk can swindle thousands all over the
land out of at least $200,000 per annum ;
it is true. Let me hope that this plain
narration of perfectly well authenticated
facts will help to create a public senti
ment which will compel every recipient of
tnese counterfeit circulars to promptly
them into the fire. By the creation
this sentiment, and in no other way, can
scandal be removed from the American
people, and these hundred of thousands of
dollars saved from these knaves.
Compared with this particular fraud the
circular swindles are annoyance rather
than dangers. Of late the most virulent
the meanest of these smaller swindles
that of " J. P. Williams & Co., sole
manufacturers of aluminum gold jewelry
the United States. Office and show
rooms 561 Broadway," whose particular
variety is embodied in an advertisement
found in nearly all rural newspapers,
offering for tZ each their great eureka
aluminum gold watches, of which they
: . . ...
The watch we imarantee to be the best and
cheapest timekeeper that is now m use in any part
the globe. Tbe works are in donme cat-es,
ladies' and -'ents' size, and are beautifully chased.
cases are made of the metal now so widely
known in Europe as aluminum gold. It has the
color of gvbt tckich U altcay rtiaine ; It will
the test of the strongest acids; no one can
it irom goia only Dy its weignt, tne aluminum
being one-fourth lighter. Tbe works are all
by machinery, the ame as the well-known
American watch. We pack tbe watch safely in a
box and send it by mail to anv part of the
States on receipt of $3.50; fifty cents for
packing and postage. A key is sent free with
watch. Money should be sent by Foet Office
money order or in a registered letter.
The victims of this knavery deserve
sympathy rather than censure. To the
average uncultured intellect a good time
piece in cases as good as gold is a desira
ble possibility at (3, and in sending the
money to the swindlers who advertise
articles they intend and do no wrong
the community. Thousands do send
money, and either get nothing whatever
return or a small toy watch which can be
bought anywhere for five cents. This fact
so perfectly well known that in many
cases where the thing is sent by express
u. 11., tbe express agents kindly teu the
cousignee the true character of the pack
age, and advise its return to the shipper
unopened. Sometimes this sensible advice
acted upon, but instances are not rare
where faith has triumphed over reason.
the box taken and paid for, in spite of
warning. If J. F. Williams & Co. at
tempted to do a city trade upon the princi
ple that governs their out-of-town busi
they wwild find themselves in jail as
consequence of their first transaction.
Protected by the non-residence of their
victims, they snap their fingers in the face
the law, and, I presume, are getting rich
fast Very similar to this scheme, in
purpose and results, is that of James
iiarton fc Co., 599 Broadway, just insti
tuted, which is called the " Spanish Poli
cy," and seems to be a lottery, offering
prizes ranging in value from f -5 to $10,
000. Circulars are now being sent all over
the country, with each one of which are
cuuwcu cigiituen cnec&s uac uus:
:T ri IS C HECK "will ' be put' 'in the :
: Wheel as soon as received and paid:
:for; the owner thereof will be law-:
:fully entitled to whatever Prize it:
:maydraw. :
: The number selected by yon:
: shoo Id be put down in piain figures:
: in the space above. :
. : JAM lis T. BARTON CO. :
These checks, it is said, are placed in the
wheel, and we are told " the drawings take
place daily in the large rotunda in the
rear oi our office, at three o clock p. m., m
the presence of the purchasers of checks."
The laws of New York prohibiting lotter
ies are rigidly enforced, and it auy such
drawing took place everybody concerned
in it would be immediately prose
cuted criminally. Hut this tact is not gen
erally known, and James T. Barton & Co.
.are flourishing by reason of large sales of
tnese wonniess bits oi paper at lorry cents
There are scores of such schemes as this,
differing only in the names attached, but
they are unworthy ot further description.
Out of the more legitimate lotteries has
come another swindle, illustrated by such
lellows as IS. U. l ravers, .Nassau street,
who declare in circulars that " Fortune
knocks once at every man's door," and
proceed at once to do the knocking on be
half of Fortune in this most boisterous
fashion: "Having long been connected
with the Royal Havana Lottery, which
draws every Saturday, and knowing that
the true way to increase business is to
have a nice prize of f 1,000 or $2,000 in
the hands of some good person who will
make it known, I have decided to offer
you the chance, and if yoa will send me
S7, the price oi the ticket so that 1 can ac
count for it as being really sold, I will
send yon one that will draw a handsome
prize in the next drawing after h taring
from you. After its receipt I shall expect
you to show the money to all your friends,
telling them where you bought the ticket,
and by that means buna up a large busi
ness in that section. Answer soon."
Very many do answer soon, and the
knaves, who of course buy no tickets in
the Havana Lottery or any other, live very
cosily on the dollars that flow to them for
that purpose.
i nave ennumerated only a lew ot tne
almost innumerable smaller swindles so
common in New York, every one of which
is ODcrated through the mails or express
companies, but I have told enough to jus
tify this general statement; a circular
promising an inordinately large return on
an investment is a prima facie fraud. That
the primeval law, " in the sweat of thy
face shalt thou eat bread," cannot be evad
ed by New York sharpers, is a truth that
cannot be too soon or too thoroughly
learned by the world. Instead of seeking
these sudden riches, let the rural coveters
of fortune remember that the product of
nothing is always nothing, and profits of
roguery will be vastly lessened. When
ever one of these short cuts to fortune is
opened to them by circular letter from
New York, let them be not like ruined
Wolsey, and remember too late that
"Corruption wins not more than honesty.
—The Galaxy.
The Joint High Commission Treaty.
The following will appear in the Wash
ington 2ational Republican to-morrow
morning, it is an authoritative omciai
statement of the results ot the labors oi
the Joint High Commission:
The treaty is to be Known as tne xreaty
of Washington for the adjustment of
claims for injury alleged by the United
States on account of the escape of Con
federate cruisers from British ports, and
the depredations committed by those ves
sels during the late rebellion in this coun-
A tribunal ot arbitration is constituted,
to consist of five arbitrators one ap
pointed by the United States, one by
Great Britain, and the other three each by
a designated sovereign state of Europe or
The treaty establishes special rules of
neutral duty and obligation in addition to
the generally-received public law, which
rules, although not admitted by the British
Uommissioners to cave been in iorce ai
the time, are yet, it is agreed, to retroact
and to govern the decisions of the arbitra
tion. This tribunal may either award dam
ages in detail er in gross, at its discretion.
or it may refer this duty to a board of as
sessors sitting in the United States, which
also shall repoit from time to time, with
payment to be made accordingly.
The British Government frankly ex
presses its regret for the occurrence of the
incidents complained ot by tne united
States for adjudication.
For all other claims by citizens of the
United States against Great Britain, and
by citizens of Great Britain against tbe
United States during tbe same period
tliat is, from April 13, 1861, to April 9,
1805, an ordinary mixed commission is pro
vided, to sit at Washington, with an um
pire to be nominated, if necessary, by a
designated friendly power. This limita
tion of time is material in substance, for it
confines reclamation against the United
States to the incident of actual war.
It is accomoanied. also, with a declara
tion, on the part of the British Commis
sioners, to the enect of excluding claims
on account of slave property.
Great Britain does not recognize tne
claims of her subjects for the seizure of
cotton in cases where they took up their
abode in the South, as thev became sub
ject to the contingencies of war.
In regard to the fisheries, in addition to
the liberties already secured to them by
the treaty of 1818, fishermen of the United
States shall have liberty to take sea fish
on tie sea coast and shores, and in the
bays, harbors and creeks of the provinces
of Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Bruns
wick, and the colony of Prince Edward's
Island, and the islands adiacent witnout
being restricted to any distance from the
shore, with permission to land upon such
coasts, shores and islands, and also
upon the Magdalen Islands for the pur
pose of drying their nets and curing their
fish subject, of course, in this respect, to
local rights and private property ; and the
same liberty is granted to British subjects
on eastern seacosts and snores oi me
United States north of the 39th parallel of
latitude. This liberty is not to include
on either side the shellfish or salmon and
shad fisheries, or other fisheries in the
rivers and mouths of rivers. It is further
agreed that fish-oil and fish of all kinds,
except the fish of inland lakes and their
rivers, and except nan preserved in oil, tne
produce of the fisheries of the United
states, or of the Dominion of Canada, or
of Prince Edward's Island, shall be ad
mitted into each country, respectively, tree
of duty.
The nnvilegeB thus conceded to the
United States are. obviously, most import
ant ones. It is asserted by the British Gov-
ernmenv, out nut aunutieu uy me c uitcu
y that the privileges accorded to citi-
jiS of the United States are of greater
value than those accorded to tho subjects
of Great Britain, and, to prevent or avoid
controversy on this point, it was agreed
that a mixed commission, with an umpire
to be appointed by a designated friendly
power, shall determine whether any com
pensation for such alleged excess of priv
ileges, and, if so, how much ought to be
paid by the United States.
Next come various questions of naviga
tion and commercial transit, which are dis
posed of by declaring the navigation of the
river St. Lawrence and the rivers Yucan,
Porcupine and 8lilline forever free, and
open to citizens or subjects of both coun
tries by providing for the equal use of the
Welland, St Lawrence, and other canals
in the Dominion, on one hand, and of
Lake Michigan and the St Clair Flats
and Canal on the other; by providing for
the free transit of merchandise to and fro.
as well in the British Possessions as in the
United States, and abolishing the pro
visional export duty on American lumber
in tne river st joiin.
All these provisions concerning the fish
eries and commercial transit are, of course,
made contingent upon their being ap
proved by the Congress of the Lntted
State, the British Parliament the Parlia
ment of Canada, and the Legislature of
fnnce Edwards Island. By these va
rious stipulations all privileges of fishery,
navigation and transit accorded to the
United States by the treaty of 1854 are
once more obtained, and in a better form
and without the burdensome conditions
of that treaty in the matter of reciprocal
importations. Of the pending subjects of
controversy between the governments,
there remains to be considered the ques
tion of the northwestern boundary line. It
is to be remembered that the line
of the treaty of 1846 runs by the middle
channel, which separates the continent
from Vancouver's Island ; but several such
channels exist Great Bntian contends
that the channel of that treaty is the
Rosario Straits, and the United States that
it is the Canal De Haro, the two channels
being separated by the island of San Juan.
this question having once been reported
on by a mixed commission, that for the
survey of the line, the United States are
not to refer it- to another sucn commis
sion ; nor has it been deemed convenient
even though such tribunal be appointed
by a friendly sovereign power instead of
tins, it has been agreed by tne present
treaty to submit the question directly to a
neutral power, and the Emperor oi uer
many has been selected for that purpose.
The Government of the United States has
in its hands much documentary evidence
in support of its pretentions not hereto
fore made use of, and on that as well as on
other grounds is confident of the better
reason on its side for the cession to the
United States of the possession of the
island of San Juan.
Such are the outlines of the provissions
of the present treaty, and such are some of
the considerations wnich have commend
ed it to the approbation of the President
Sky-light Stars.
A Noticb of a Pkal Lightning.
"Capital" Sport Money-hunting.
Thk End or a Casdlb To give light
NewNaxe fob Tight Boots Corn
The Teetotaler's Paradise The
Temperate Zone.
Ik what color should a secret be kept?
In violet
The average price of a good horse in Los
Angeles, California, is iio.
Hartford. Conn, claims to be the
wealthiest city of its size in the United
Stat a.
In what circumstances is a woman
that wears stays? Straightened circum
If" you would lay in a supply of old
wine, be sure and make it out of elderber
Choir singers in New York this year
command high salaries. First-class solo
ists easily get $1,000.
Insure your life in the Mutual Life, of
Chicago, to the amount your tarm is mort
gaged for.
Two of the proof-readers on the Lon
don Time are lawyers, who look out for
anything libelous.
TriERB landed in . Canada last year
06,019 immigrants, of whom 42,000 after
wards left for the United States.
The President of the oldest Life Insur
ance Company in New York is insured in
the Washington Life.
A maw has got so deep into debt that
not one of his creditors has been able to
see him for months.
An advertiser in one of the papers says
he has a cottage to let, containing eight
rooms and an acre of land.
A desk at which Benjamin Franklin is
said to have learned to write, was sold at
auction in Newport, R. L, the other day,
for ten cents.
Don't let your cattle stray; they often
wander to the most mysterious places ; we
once saw a cow-hide in a shoemakers
A TOtJNO lady who was perfectly thun
derstruck at hearing of her friend's en
gagement, has since been provided with a
. " Grandma," said a shrewd child, " do
you want some candy?" "Yes, dear, I
should like some." " Then if youTl buy
some, 111 give you half," said Polly.
" Well, what is it that causes the salt
ness of the water of the ocean?" inquired
teacher of a bright little boy. "The
codfish," replied the little original.
Josh Billings says flies have a big ap
petight for getting into things; they are
the fust at the dinner table, and alwuz take
soup, and don't leave until the cloth is re
moved. About the year 1685 the Legislature of
Pennsylvania passed a resolution that "no
member thereof should come to the House
barefoot or eat his bread and cheese on
the steps."
A young man says that there may have
been such a thing as real true love in old
times, but that now the notion is entirely
obsolete ; and if you ask a young lady
naw-a days to share your lot, she immedi
ately wants to know how large that "lot"
" Does the train start this evening at 35
minutes past 6, as usual ? asked an elderly
lady of a railroad employe. " No ; it leaves
25 minutes to 7," was the reply. " Dear
me, dear me, ho v they do change these
trains I"
" Tell me, angelic host, ye messengers
love, shall swindled printers here below
have no redress above?" The shining
angel band replied : " To us is knowledge
given ; delinquents on the printer's books
can never enter Heaven."
There is a story going the rounds that
boarding-house keeper died and left all
her property to a young man just because
he never complained about the hash and
things. It is evident that the item is pub
lished at the instigation of boarding-house
keepers, who think young men will take
warning, and quit complaining in hopes of
being remembered.
John Hatfield, who died in Troy, N. Y.,
few days ago, was the first maker of In
citer matches in this country. He cut
them out one by one with his jack-knife.
The chemical composition necessary to in
sure combustion was prepared by him, the
ingredients at that time being known in
America only to himself. This was in
Constancy. A young British officer in
India, who was shockingly mutilated and
disfigured in battle, after mature reflection
requested a comrade to write to his be
trothed in England, and release her from
the bridal engagement Her noble reply
was worthy of a true woman . " Tell him
there is enough of his body left to con
tain his soul, I shall hold him to his en
gagement" Lok ago Spallanzani discovered that
bats which had their eyes put out were
able, nevertheless, when allowed to fly
about in a room, to avoid threads stretched
across it This faculty he attributed to
some highly developed sense of touch pos
sessed by the wing. Dr. Scholl has re
peated these experiments; but for the put
ting out of the eyes he has substituted the
less painful method of covering them with
sticking-plaster. He has kept bats, thus
treated, for a year alive in his room, and
has confirmed Spel lan rani's results.
The agent of the Central Railroad
Company, at Seneca Falls, has in his pos
session a picture of the first train of cars
run in the United States. It was an ex
cursion from Albany to Schenectady, in
1831, and on the Mohawk & Hudson Rail
road. The body of the cars was made of
the style of th e stage-coaches in use at that
time, and of those who participated in the
excursion but one of the number is alive
to-day. That one is Thurlow Weed. .
A curious and beautiful effect was pro
duced by one of the ice-making machines
built lately in Philadelphia. This was a
cake of manufactured ice, in the center of
which, completely enclosed by the trans
lucent material, was a bouquet of fresh
nowers. Every leaf and nower was per
fectly visible, while the brilliancy of the
colors was enhanced by the refraction
through the ice. This specimen ot sum
mer entombed by winter was produced by
the Care-ammonia process, a i rench in
vention, under which these machines are
A good story is told in tho Hartford
Couranl, of a young couple who wanted
to hear Dickens read : they could hardly
afford it, but screwed up their extrava
gance to the necessary pitch. As they had
concluded to invest they bethought them
selves of a poorer family near by, who
were suffering from lack of work. So
they gave up Dickens, and gave the price
of the two tickets to their impoverished
neighbors. The poor couple took the
money, bought tickets with it, and attend
ed the readings. They had a good time
going, and tne otners enjoyed an approv
ing conscience until the next day.
A singular character, Isaac Nye,
known as the " Hermit of Champlain,"
died recently at Burlington, Vt Fifty
years ago he was a merchant in that
place, and over thirty years since he
closed the shutters of his store, which, it
is said, were never opened afterward. In
this store he had lived the life of a hermit
although he possessed sufficient property
to enable nun to exist comfortably. The
goods in the place when closed remained
and molded upon the shelves ; he would
sell none of them. He was laid out, by
his own request upon the counter of the
old store. His age is supposed to have
been nearly eighty years, xie was unmar
ried ; latterly rarely spoke unless spoken
to ; attended no gatherings of his lellow-
men. except funerals, at which he was a
trequent visitor.
When Ezekiel Webster (Daniel's
brother) was in full practice at the bar he
was employed to defend the will of Roger
rerKina, ot llopkinton. The physician
made affidavit that the testator was struck
with death when he signed his wilL Mr.
Webster subjected his testimony to a most
searching examination, showing, by quot
ing medical authorities, that doctors disa
gree as to the precise moment when a dy
ing man is struck by death, some affirm
ing that it is at the commencement of the
fatal disease, others at its climax; and
others still affirm that we begin to die as
soon as we are born, " 1 should iiKe to
know," said Mr. Sullivan, the opposing
council, "what doctor maintains that
theory?" "Dr. Watts," said Mr. Web
ster, with great display :
- The moment we begin to live.
We ail begin to die.1
The reply convulsed the court and audi
ence with laughter.
Mental Powers of Animals.
The lower animals, like man, manifestly
feel pleasure and pain, happiness and mis
ery. Happiness is never better exhibited
than by young animals, such as puppies,
Kittens and lambs, wnen playing togetner
like our own children. Even insects piny
togeiher, as has been described by P.
lluber, who saw ants chasing and pre
tending to bite each other, like so many
Ir is a well-established fact that the
lower animals are excited by the same
emotions as ourselves. Terror acts in the
same manner on them as on us, causing
the muscles to tremble, the heart to palpi
tate, and the hair to stand on end. Sus
picion, the offspring of fear, is eminently
characteristic of most wild animals. Cour
age and timidity are extremely variable
qualities in the individuals of the same
species, as is plainly seen in dogs.
We see maternal anecuon exhibited in
the most trifling details. Thus Rengger
observed an American monkey carefully
driving away the flies which plagued her
infant, and JJuvancci saw a by lo bate wash
ing the faces of her young on'S in a
stream. So intense is the grief of female
monkeys for the loss of their young, that
it invariably caused the death of. certain
kinds kept under confinement by isrehm
in North Africa. Orphan monkeys were
always adopted and carefully guarded by
ne other monkeys, both male and lemaio.
One female baboon had so capacious a
heart that she not only adopted young
monkeys of other species, but stole young
dogs and cats, which she continually ear
ned about An adopted kitten scratched
this affectionate baboon, who certainly had
a sharp intellect ; for she was much aston
ished at being scratched, and immediately
examined the kitten's feet, and without
more ado bit off the claws. As Whewell
has remarked, " Who that reads the touch
ing instances of maternal affection related
so often of the women of all nations, and
of the females of all animals, can doubt
that the principle of action is the same in
the two cases?
Most of the more complex emotions are
common to the higher animals and our
selves. Every one has seen how jealous a
dog is of his master's affection, if lavished
on any other creature ; the same lact is
observed with monkeys. This shows that
animals not only love, but have the desire
to be loved. Animals manifestly leel emu
lation. They love approbation or praise:
and a dog carrying a basket for his master
exhibits, in a high degree, self-complacency
and pride. A great dog scorns the snarl
of a little dog, and this may be called
magnanimity. Several observers have
stated that monkeys certainly dislike be
ing laughed at; and they sometimes in
vent imaginary offenses. In the Zoological
Gardens there was a baboon who always
got into a furious rage when his keeper
got out a letter or book and read it aloud
to him.
Hardly any faculty is more important
for the intellectual progress of man than
the power of attention. Animals clearly
manliest this power, as when a cat watches
by a hole and prepares to spring on its
prey. Wild animal sometimes become so
absorbed when thus engaged that they
may be earily approached. Mr. Bartleit
has famished a curious proof how variable
this faculty is in monkeys. A man who
trains monkeys to act used to purchase com
mon kinds from the Zoological Society at
the price of five pounds for each : but he
offered to give double the price if he
might keen three or four of thera a few
days in order to select from. When asked
how he could possibly so soon learn
whether a particular monkey would turn
out a good actor, he answered that it all
depended on their power of attention. If,
wnen he was talking and explaining any
thing to a monkey, its attention was easily
distracted, as by a fly on the wall or other
trifling object, the case was hopeless. If
he tried by punishment to make an inat
tentive monkey act it turned sulky. On
the other hand, a monkey which carefully
attended to him could always be trained. I
Youths' Department.
Asked leave to go on the water;
Where she saw a dnck with her brood at play
Swimming and iplaahiDg about her.
Indeed, she began to peep and err.
When her mother wouldn't let her,
" If the ducks can swim there, why cant I;
Are they any bigger or beuerf
Then tbe old hen answered : a Listea to me, .
And hash your foolish talking.
Jnst look at yonr feet, and yon wTfl see
They were only mart for walking."
Bot cbicky wishfully eyed the brook.
And diant half believe her.
For she seemed to say, by a knowing look,
"each stories couldn't deceive her."
And as her mother was scratching tbe ground.
She muttered, lower and lower,
I know I can go there and not be drowned.
And so I think I'll show her."
Then she made a plunge, where the stream waa
And saw too late ber blonder;
For she hadn't hardly time to peep
Till her foolish head went under.
And now I hope her fate will show
The child mv storv readimr.
That those who are older sometimes know.
n hat yoa will do well in neeamg.
That each content in his place should dwell.
And envy not bis Drotner;
And any part that Is acted well '
Is just aa gooa as anower.
For we all have oar proper sphere below.
And this is a truth worth knowing.
Ton will come to grief if yoa try to go
Where yoa never were made for going r
Fishes Ames entered Harvard at the
age of twelve, and Edward Everett at
thirteen; Bishop lleber translated rhaar
into English at seven; Anna Seward
books ot raradise uoex. at nine and
Lord Brougham wrote on philosophy at
But all eminent men have not been re
markable for early attainments. Some of
the grandest sprits that the world has
ever known men whose works and
memory are enduring werelregarded in
youth as dunces. They flowered late, but
bore the rarest fruit
It is somewhat discouraging for a boy
of moderate abilities, who aims to do his
best, to be told that others accomplished
in childhood what he can do only by hard
study in the best years of his youth. But
such a boy should not relax his efforts.
He will succeed, if he gives his heart and
mind to the work.
That distinguished teacher, Dr. Arnold,
of Rugby, after speaking of those who
zealously cultivate inferior powers of mind,
said of such a pupil, " I would stand to
that man hat in hand." He once spoke
sharply to a dull boy, who replied,
"Why do you speak angrily, sir? In
deed, I am doing the best I can."
Dr. Arnold said he never so felt a rebuke
in his life.
Sir Isaac Newton waa a pronounced
dunce in his early school days. He stood
low in his classes, and seemed to have no
relish for his study. One day the " bright
boy " of the school gave him a kick in
his stomach, which caused him severe
The insult stung young Newton to the
quick, and he resolved to make himself
felt and respected by improved scholar
ship. He applied himself resolutely to study,
and ere long stood in his classes above the
boy who had kicked him, and ulimately
became the first scholar in the school.
Newton owed his pre-eminence in his
philosophical studies m ore to perseverence
and application than to any marvelous
natural endowments.
Oliver Goldsmith, than whom no boy
could appear more stupid, was the butt of
of ridicule at schooL A school dame, after
wonderful patience and perseverence.
tanght him the alphabet a thing which
she deemed creditable to her skill, and
which she lived to mention with pride
when her pupil became famous. He made
no progress in the exact studies, but liked
history and Latin poetry.
He was a sore trial to his ambitious '
mother, who made many frtritlea? elforta .
to auicken his wits by her sharp words.
His relatives, teachers and schoolmates all
told him that he was fool, which verdict
he did not dispute, but took good humor
edly. Even when he had produced the
"Traveler" an eminent critic said to a
friend, " Sir, I do believe that Goldsmith
wrote that poem, and that, let' me tell
you, is believing a great deal."
Sir Walter Scott was a dull boy, and,
wnen attending tne university at xxiin
burgh, he went by the name of "The
ureat .blockhead." hut ne wasted no
time on trifles, and, in pursuing a study
that he loved, as, for example, history or
the classics, he was persevering and meth
odical. He was one of those whose,
knowledge on a subject that interested,
him increased until it lay like a great
volume in his mind. When Walter Scott
began to make use of that knowledge,
society gave him another name, somewhat
different from the Edinburgh appellation,
It was " The Great Magician."
Ilntton. the antiouanan. whose knowl
edge of books was deemed remarkable,
was slow to learn when a boy. He was
sent to school to a certain Mr. Meat ' He
thus tells hia exnerience: "Mt master
took occasion to beat my head against
the wall, holding it by the hair, but he
could never beat any learning into it."
Dhendan lound n nara io acquire uia
elements of learning. His mother deemed
it her duty to inform hia teacher that he
was not bright to learn like other boys.
Adam Clarke was pronounced by his
father to be " a grievous dunce," and Dr.
Chalmers was pronounced by his teacher
as an " incorrigible" one. Chatterton was
dismissed from school by his master, who,
finding himself unable to teacn mm ajr
thiag In a satisfactory manner, settled h
that the boy was a " fooL"
TWhers are ant to become impatient
over dull scholars, and to predict of them
that they will never come to any thing.
Snf h nr.rtt11wi.fnr nronhesies ought to dis
courage no scholar who tries to do well.
A certain Edinburgh professor once pro
nounced upon a student this severe opin
ion : " Dunce you are, and dunce yon will
ever remain." That student was fair Wal
ter Scott
If a dull hov feels an inspiration stimnz
within to do something worthy in litera
ture, or science, or art, let him set his face
as a flint towards his object Let him be
patient, hopeful and sell-reliant, unmovea
by laughter, undiscouraged by evil proph
esies. "The slow.
Stfll process of the rain, distflline down
The great sweat of the sea, is never seen
In the consummate spectacle flashed forth,
A snow-hued arch npon the clonds of heaven;
8o never saes the world those energies.
Strong effort and long patience, which have stirred
In 'ctt obscurity, and slowly heaved-
In darkness on. till sadden glory springs
like rainbow."
-The Youth's Companion.
A Dreadful Cheat.
Some vears aeo a book, by writers of
high repute, was published in London, en
titled "Seven Tales by Seven Authors,"
and the leading point in one of them was
that a mercenary motner persuauea ner
dying husliand, who is nearly bankrupt.
to make a will, whose contents are at his
death duly bruited abroad, leaving each oi
his daughters $150,000, with the view, of
course, of their attractirg attention from
men bent on matrimony. A rut some
thing resembling this has lately been
played at Nottingham, England. An ec
centric old gentleman, unmarried, and re
puted to be very rich, recently made his
- - - . m r. f AAA a. tl 41
wilL lie bequeatned iiu.uuu to me ueu
eral Hospital, and a like sum to the Socie
ty for the Propagation of the Gospel in
Foreign Parts. To one relative he left
1,000, and legacies to the amount of o0
were numerous. The total amount be
queathed amounted to 45,000. The ex
pectant legatees were very ui'i"
fn their thank a Presents of wine, game.
and other good things were sent in profu
sion. The old gentleman was courted by
more than one lady whose early youth was
pa'sed. He died at the age of eighty-four
a few days since, and the friend at whose
house he breathed his last honored his re
mains with an expensive funeral. This
friend had also the melancholy satisfaction
of paying the expenses, for the testator
died considerably in debt

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