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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, June 23, 1871, Image 2

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FRIDAY, Jane 23, IST1.
6TDE0S T. STEWART, of Hnren.
P. U. WEDDELL, of Montgomery.
L. B. SILVER, of Columbiana.
SAMUEL E. ADAMS, of Cuyahoga.
THOMAS EVAXS, Jr., of Delaware.
J. W. 8TIXCHC0MB, of Hocking.
W. B. Cli A D WICK, of Franklin.
KET. For Representative,
For Auditor.
For Clerk of the Court,
For Sheriff,
for Commissioner,
For Infirmary Director,
For Coroner,
Accepting the Nomination of
The Delaware Convention,
Delivered at
February 22d, 1871.
Af r. President, Ladies and Gentlemen
.- I feel honored in the post
- Hon which has been assigned me,
by this convention, as one of the no
minees of the prohibition party, to
represent its great and benign prin
ciple of prohibition against the ma
nufacture and traffic of intoxicat
ing drinks. This is the first polit
ical party in oar country, since the
foundation of the government, that
has not Deen more or less under the
corrupt and corrupting inflaences
of the dram-shops. Other political
organisations started in life, formed
en moral ideas, and for a time they
straggled on free from the dram
shop institution or oppsscd by it,
but when they rate iniu power and
grasped the reins of government,
they were immediately surrounded,
enchained and enslaved by those
organized. forces, which lie in the
vast national dram-shop system,
and which controlled every party
that ever ruled this nation. When
the party of prohibition against
slavery was in feebleness, while it
predicated its doctrines on the Hot
ly Bible and appealed to the cons
ciences of men, it was met with all
manner of ribaldry and abuse by
the poisoned, brutalized and frenz
ied mobs of the dram-shops. Many
of its early expoaenta suffered vio
leuce from the ruffians of rum.
One of them stained with life blood
the banks of your majestic Missis
sippi and his press, from which he
Lad scattered the wizzard leaves ef
truth and freedom, was hurled into
its waters. To-day the truths for
which he died at the hands of that
drunken racb, are inscribed on the
pillars and foundation stones of the
Another ef the exponents of mor
al ideas was seized by a mob pour
ed from the grog-shops of Boston,
and dragged through the streets of
that Puritan oity with a rope a
round bis neck and nothing but the
interference of some true and brave
men (not the oity authorities elect
ed by the draui-ihops) saved his
devoted life. Not long ago he was
conducted through those streets to
the city wharf by a procession of
the first citizens, a princely gift ot
money was placed in his hands,
and ho was sent with civic honors,
with the prayers and blessings of
the people on a roy aire of pleasure
and health to Europe. Thus that
party of moral ideas triumphed and
slavery was prohibited by all the
nation -r but when the party grew
atronjr and vietonous, - it was met
by the combined powers of the
dram-shops, their fetters were cast
about it and to-day that great poll
tical party is the chained slave and
servile champion of the lager beer
avstein, which is everywhere cor
ruptiug, cursing and destroying the
The prohibition pnrty is the first
political party that was ever form
ed in this country against the dram
hop power. Its mission in to de
troy that power, ana it van never
be debased or enslaved by it. This
party builds its- platform on the
moral doctrines of the word ol God
It leads in a crusade more glorious
than that of the old crueaJers, to
rescue the bible, Christianity, civil
ization, and libony, from their ve
ry worst destroyer, the liquor truf
fle." The English and the Amen
can manuldciures and dealers in
ii.toxicating beverages, have been
the greatest obstacles to the world s
conversion, during the past centu
ry. They have stayed lire cross if
Christ in its onward movements
bat thank God, that liebt has des
-tended from above and we see this
great evil before us as it is and our
duty against it. and we now tppeal
to all christian men to rally with
us, in defense of Christianity, to ex
alt its standard above Paganism
' Mohammedanism, and Mormonism
to exalt the Bible abeve the Koran
Shasters and the Book of Mormon
and to show the world here in the
StatoofOht and in the United
Slates ef America, that then is
far higher and niignuer pewor in
the Christian religion, than in all
others, to prohibit and abolish vice
and crime, vindicate and maintain
civil liberty, to advance civiliza
tion, to protect, to save and bless
mankind. But in respect to the
wrongs and woes of the liquor traf
fic, we stand to-day in humiliating
contrast with the opposite side of
the crlebe. and the heathen world
points iti finger of scorn and re
ftufce at thfc shame of Christendom
Oh, what a spectacle was that my
mends, when the two great ljces
of railway met beyond the passes of
the Reeky Mountains, where the
golden spike was driven, which
has bound together the Atlantic
and Pacific shores, the East, and
the West, the North and the South,
of this republic, in a glorious union
forever. From the West to that
placo'of meeting came a multitude
of the Pagan prohibitionists of Chi
na. They were the builders of the
Central line. From the East came
another multitude of men claiming
the name of Christian, but ob, how
thoy defamed and disgraced it, for
they were the slaves of the dram
shops. They built tho Union line,
and as tbey moved from Omaha to
the West there went with them a
floo l of liquid fire, sweeping across
depot t and mounta:n. Grog-shops
prang up at every point along the
Uuion line and gambling hells and
brothels clustered tjickly about
them ; thieves, robbers, prostitutes
and criminals of every grade, rush
ed from all the land and crowded
the way, and that iron track stret
ched like a serpent festering in the
slime of every vice and crime.
The travelers who took the first
cats which pussod over that road,
found their only safely under the
guar Js of soldiers and police, and
were warned at Ibis and that sta
tion not to leave the cars, for it was
unsafe to enter those places, in
their wretched state of society.
Worse than the dangers from rava
ges and wud boasts were those with
which the dram-shops lined the
way. But from that meeting point
wbre the golden spike was driven,
tc the settlements on the Pacific
slope, what a change was visible to
the travelers. The worsnippers 01
BoDdb had brought with them their
total abstinence principles and
thoir laws of total prohibition a-
gainst intoxicating drinks. lNot a
dram-shop was permitted to poison
their way. As they did their work
and passed on, true christian men
came, toliowinir trie men 01 Asia
and planted schools and churches
in the new smiling villages, and at
every station all was peace, order
and safetr. There was seen, not
the contract of Paganism with
Christianity, but only the logical
and practical results of prohibition
on the one side and the liquor traf
fic on the other. Whether the dram
shop army bore the standard of the
crosp, or of Boodb, its path would
have been crowded with the same
r-nrses ; and wnetner me nag 01
prohibition was borne by Pagans or
Christians, it would have brought
with it only bleeeings.
There are many who seem to re
gard the evils of the liquor traffic
as of a supernatural kind, and tbey
talk ol them as the w-.rk of the 'de
mon of mtemporance.' But the
truth is, thoso evils are entirely the
work of humau heads ani hearts.
All the fiends in the lost world
could not make a drunkard, if it
was not for the work of men. It is
with flesh and Hood that we have
to contend. The great question is,
bow can we destroy the power of
the tempter and thus save the
tempted. It is not a mere point of
comparison as to which is worse,
the drnnkard or the drunkard-maker.
We might as well debate the
tneological query, whioh is worse,
satan or the sinner 7 so long as
there is a eatan in the world, there
will be sinners ; and as long as
there are makers and sellers of in
toxicating drink there will be
drunkards. Tbe time will not come
for the premised millenmm to open,
on tbe world until that day fore
told in the Scriptures, when an an
gel will descend from Heaven with
a great chain in bis band and will
lay hold on the arch-tempter, ss-
tan, and bind him with that chain
and put him in the lower penitent
iary, then there will be no mere sin
ners in this world of ours; and
ten the angel of public opinion
descends upon the drunkard-maker
and treats him in tho same way
we1 wi'l have no more drunkards in
tho land. (Applause.) 1 see an at
tempt on tbe part of some profess
ed friends of temperance to separate
moral from political agencies, aud
to organize what tbey term the Mo
ral Movement, Tbey propose to
talk down the crimes and miseries
of the liquor traffic. I will not now
stop to inquire whether this is not a
political movement in disguise, and
in the interest of other political
parties, but have we not tried this
experiment long enough ? It is
not words but works that are want
ed. It is not moral suasion, mere
ly, hut moral action. Prohibition is
moral action. it is faith with lU
works. It is tho only moral means
that will reach the class of men en-,
gaged in this destroying traffic.
The scourge of public sentiment
has driven out of tbe dram-shop
business all who have hearts to feel
and consciences to receive tbe
truth, and it has sank down into
tbe bauds of thoso who are half
way between men and fiends. No
power can stop them, but the iron
power of the law; But if the ' Mo
ral Movement" cannot prevent the
crime, can its power o words save
the poor victims of the traffic ?
Tbe ranisellers say that a man is a
fool to become a drunkard. Is mo
ral suasion tbe remedy for fools?
How can we appeal to the drunk
ard, when his roason is in chains?
The Ohio Legislature at its present
session, has passed a law in res
ponse to the advancing light and
tne voice or tue scientific world, de
daring the drunkard an imbecile,
and providing for the appointment
of a guardian by the court, to take
cre of his children and his prop
erty. There are in the State of
Ohio a hundred thousand such im
Deciies, ana mere ie a mimot: in
tbe nation. Yes, the dramneller, the
legislature and the scientific world,
now all say the drunkard is a fool
but who made him such ? Why
is tne drunkard a tool 7 lie
cause he has been cheated out of
tis property, his health, his intel
lect, bis reputation, his happiness,
his very soul, but who is the knave
that cheated him ? Before you can
save tho fool, you must stop the
knave. Tbe Wisconsin drunkard
was a fool. Once he wt a respec
table citizen, a kind husband and
esteemed by all who knew him for
bis intelligence and virtues. But
the liquor seller came and threw
his chains over him. He first made
him a slave, and then a brute, and
then a drnnkard far, far below the
brutes. When the wretched imbe
cile had murdered his wife by bis
brntality, be reeled to her grave in
the night, opened her coffin, and
plucked from her finger tbe last re
lic of her blasted happiness, her
wedding ring, and then pawned it
for rum. Poor fool 1 What can
your moral movement do for him 7
But let the ministers of the law
come and take the koavo s bands off
lrm him let them break the hea
vy chains of fire which bind him,
pluck from bis grasp the cop of poi
son which has drowned his reason
in a flood of madness, and then per
haps, the voice of reason and the
Appeal of sympathy may reaeh his
soul and rouse in him something of
his lost manhood. We read in my.
thology that when the enchantress,
Circe, had transformed tho compa
nions of Ulvsses into swine, by her
poixoned enp, (having been eavod
from their fate by an herb received
from Mercury) demanded of the
enchantress, sword in hand, that
bhe should restore them to the form
ofmen.andit was dono. So with
the sword ot Prohibition, we de
mand that the Circean cup shall be
broken aud that these fallen and
brutalizsd victims of tbe liquor traf
fic shall be restored to their huma
nity, and net until that is done and
the power of temptation is destroy
ed, can we hope that moral and in
tellectual teachings will save them.
Let us have moral suasion for the
drunkard, bat first let ue have mo
ral action for drunkard-makers.
There are some leaden of public
opinion in our State who advocate
the policy of abolishing drunken
ness by punishing tbe drunkard ;
and in England the plau of cumu
lative punishment of drunkards is
under experiment. How does that
comport with tho voice of our Leg
islature and the enlightened verd
ict of theage, that drunkards are
imbeciles and drunkenness a phys
ical and mental disease 7 Doe
christian civilization prescribe pun
ish meet for the sick and insane ?
But thero is one all-sufficient reas
on why we should not punish the
drunkard it is impossible. Look
at him as be stands beiore you, in
the bauds of tbe man-robber. See
him, robbed ef his money, bis impu
tation, his family, his hopes, his
happiness of all that can matte life
sweet ; his body a mass of corrupt
ion and pain, his crown of intellect
dashed in idiotic madness to the
dust, and his soul struggling with
all the horrors of hell in the grasp
of delirium tremens. Look at him
and then tell me of a punishment
for the drunkard ! Go to the world's
tyrants, search every prison house,
try every form of torture, every
scheme of human agony that ever
man or devil invented, and tell tue,
if yon can, of a punishment for the
drunkard, more awful than that
which he now endures 1
From tbe one, lift your eyei to
the million. See that immense ar
my of wretohed, insane, dyingvic
tiirs of the liquor traffic, marching
to swift and inevitable death, und
er tbe stars and stripes of the re
public tbe flag that flaunts above
them its lying promiso of protect
ion, as if in mo'jkcry of their fate i
A hundred thousand of them mur
dered every year, and there is no
arm of power to prutect them 1
Vainly do millions of wives, child
ren, friends, entreat and implore
them to stop. In vain the1 loved
ones fall weeping atoag their path,
crying. "Father, husband, brother,
son, oh come back I" In vain are
all the collected agencies, the war
nings and appeals of church, socie
ty, Christianity, and philanthropy,
to save them. Tbey hear not, they
heed not. On tbey go, as if some
infernal fate compelled them to ru
in and death more hopeless than
the historic six hundred of the
Light Brigade who charged at Bal-
"Cannon to the right of them !
Cannon to the left of them I
Cannon in front ef them I
- Volleyed and thundered I"
and yet many a gallant steed bro't
back its rider there. But oh, how
many of that fcarfal army of the
million mad mon will ever return
to home and friends ?
Dram-shops to the right of them I
Dram-sho) s to tbe lett of them I
Pram-shops in front of them I
Into tbe jaws of death,
Into the month of bell,
March the mad million I
And how is that army maintain
ed on that vast footing and with
that immense sacrifice of life?
Who take the places ef tbe hundred
thousand drunkards murdered eve
ry year and keep that army fall?
The kidnappers of the dram-shops
are the recruiting officers, legalized
by Government, and tbe youth of
the land are the victims, it is sel
dom that any man in this enlight
ened age and country, who has
passed bis minority witu sober ha
bits, afterwards becomes a drunk
ard. Go into the temples of ruin
and you find but few grey hairs at
the entrance. It is the youug, tbe
loylul, tne gay, wno are tbe volar
ics and tbe victims of that infernal
sacrifice. Everywhere the kidnap
pers are at work. Father, the rob
ber arm is at your door it is by
your cradle, mother, waiting for
yonr boy. At tbe play ground the
snares el death are set and the ser
pent coils by the path where the
cbudren go to school. Thus a hun
dred thousand a year of the youth,
the hope, the flower of tbe republic,
are seized at their very homes era
elly kidnapped, dragged away and
sold into perpetual bondage to vice
and Hhanie, misery aud death.
Tbey fill up tbe ranks of the dead
and dying iu that national march
of destruction, in that great army
of druuken lunatics, paupers and
criminals, tbe standing army ef tbe
republic. And all this under the
flag of protection, in a land that
boasts ot liberty and law I
The dramshop is a political evil
and a public crime, can only be re
moved by political means by the
same arm of civil power which
curbs the midnight assassin and the
robber. Hut bow is the groat work
of protection by prohibition to be
accomplished 7 Precisely as every
other work. First, procure the men
to do tbe work ; and then provide
the tools to do it with. In other
words, the grand pre-roquisite is
the election of mon to office who
will sustain and enforce the law,
and the next thing is to enact tbe
laws. The best laws are impotent
if tbe judicial and executive officers
arc not ready te take hold and ap
ply them to tbe evils which they
are designed to remove. - And here
is seen the absolute necessity of a
prohibition party, not formed for a
day, but lore perpetual power in
the Government a party that will
furnish both the right men to dc
the work and the right tools to do
it with. There never was a politi
cal reform whioh demanded such
thorough and universal political
organisation, national, state and lo
cal, and the control of all officers in
the Government, from President
down to Constable, as that of stop
pressing the manufacture, traffic
Krid importation of intoxicating li
quors. Every public officer has a
direct duty to perform, or a direct
political power to exert on the ques
tion. Yet the friends ef temper
ance have all along been blunder
ing and failing with tbe unwise po
licy of procuring prohibition stat
utes and leaving them to execute
themselvos. Ono of tho most im
portant divisions ot our Govern
ment is the judicial, yet bow few
estimate its vast influence in tbe
work of prohibition. Yesterday, a
supreme judge took his seat for the
next five years, in tbe highest court
of the State, who. as I am well in
formed, is addicted to the use of in
toxicating urinks. Pass your law
of total prohibition, And how will
he deo.de the question ? No doubt,
he will say it is unconstitutional
that is, opposed to the constitution.
Laughter. And so he will de
clare it null and void. He was elec
ted by the Republican party, yet
what Republican voter thought a
bout tho matter, when he voted his
party ticket? Put two more men
of the same opiuiona beside him en
tho supreme bsuch, (and, perhaps,
tbey are now there,) and prohibi
tion in Ohio will bo impossible for
years. A notablo example of this
short sighted, nay- this, utterly
blind and rtifattiAled policy was
witnessed in the Stale or' New
York. In the great prohibition
movement that followed the enact
ment of the law in Maine, the
friends of tho cause in New York
made a mighty and successful effort
to incorporate its principles in the
statute book of that (State. With
vast expenditure of labor and
means and amid great popular ex
citemciat. they carried the State e
lection and placed in power a pro
hibition Governor and Legislature.
The law was enacted by the Legis
lature and approved by tho Gover
nor, whe stood ready to execute it;
but the question of its constitution
ality had to pas before the Court
of Appeals, and most of the judges
of that court bad been chosen years
before when dram-shops controlled
the elections. The frier.da of the
cause had thought toe little ef this..
Aiiey naa secured two ot tne tbrec
great departments of their State
Government but they had over
looked the third 1 In vain was sv
ery argument urged and every ap
peal made to that court, in behalf
of humanity and justice. In vain
the clerk of that court, tbe gifted
and lamented Harwood, greatly es
teemed by tho judges and il who
knew him, went to the judges in
private and pleaded with them to
save the law and thus to save him
and thousands with him, from tbe
destroyer ; they declared the law
unconstitutional, and in recording
their decision, he recorded bis own
death sentence. In a few day af
ter he died of delirium tremens.
That decision from the Court of
Appeals fell like a thunderbolt on
the cause of prohibition in tbe Em'
pire Slate, and crushed it in such
hopetcs defeat that it bas never
aince recovered, and there it now
lies in tbe very dust, trampled
down by the myrmidons of tbe
dram-shops. Its friends could not
wait the slow process of years to
change tbe political character of
that court. They had exerted them
selves in a special effort which had
failed, and they had no organized
party to sustain them in defeat.
They abandoned the conflict and
their "power was soon sunk in tbe
contests of other political parties.
The whole history of the temper-l
ance movement in our country de
monstrates tbe necessity of a thor
ough and permanent party organi
sation to sustain tbe cause4in victo
ry as well as defeat, and to give it
a substantial and enduring ascend-
cy in the Government.
But we are told to trust in the re
publican and democratic parties to
abolish the evils of intemperance.
Have we not trusted and tried them
lone enough ? Have we not faith
fully tried tbe republican party for
fifteen years and the democratic
party for forty years, in Ohio, and
what bas cither of them done to
prohibit the crimes and woes of
the liqugr traffic? Each in turn
bas had tbe power to crush it, and
each bas protected and enlarged
that destroying curse. How can
we trust tbem on tbis question if
we regard either their political
character or their past conduct ?
Both are organically opposed to us
and our principles. Where do tbe
twenty thousand dram-shops, the
fifty thousand liquor dealers, tbe
hundred thousand drunkards and
the hundreds of thousands of mod
erate drinkers in our State, belong,
but in the ranks of these two part
ies ? One of them has tbo most la
ger beer and tbe other has the most
whisky, aud that is tbe main differ
ence between them. Can we ex
pect these parties to commit politi
cal suicide, and to prohibit and a
bolish so large a part of themselves
as that comprirtcd in the liquor sys
tem ? We may pass between them
and by drawing the temperance vo
ters from both, unite them in tbe
prohibition party and thus practic
ally divide tne liquor strength and
conquer it ; or we may force the li
quor elements to unite in one of
those parties and 'purge tho other
from tbem and then combine the
temperance forces on the opposite
side. But all this we must accomp
lish by our indep indent action, and
neither of these two parties will
now voluntarily aid us, for their
party interests and instincts are all
against us ; and parties without mo
ral ideas are liko individuals in
that condition, ruled only by self
ishness. Here, in Delawaie, you
are told by the republican leaders
(and wo have it in other places)
tbat tbe republican party is the
friend and the democralicpariy
the enemy of temperance. I recol
lect reading a loiter written by the
republican candidate for Congn-ss.
in this district, in the last politico)
canvass, it, reply to your prohibi
tion committee, in which be said
tbat tbe republican party "embrac
es tbree-fourlbs of tto intelligent,
temperate, and loyal citizens of the
country" I have nothing to say of
the modesty that boasts of such
vastly superior intelligence in a
party which holds in its ranks four
millions of newly emancipated
slaves, coming up from the lowest
condition of igncronce and degrad
ation, for 1 hope tbat in the future
these will rise in the scale of intell
igence and virtue. But be adds to
this laudation of tbe republican
party "It does not turn aside to
run down a single idea, but march
es steadily onward in pursuit of a
thousand benefits" but I confess
that the last of this I cannot und
erstand ! If instead of this he had
said that tho republican party mar
ches eleadily onward in pursuit of
a thousand, orfieea or a hundred
thousand offices, we would have
known just what he meant. Loud
Laughter And as to tbe bunt for
a single iuea, iio doubt be is cor
rect, for tbo republican party is
neither in possession nor pursuit of
a single living idea. All its ideas
are ot the past, and there its miss
ion is ended, its work is accomplish
ed. I wish it would hunt down one
true, benificent idea to inspire its
future action. It has applied prohi
bition to slavery, why Lot advance
and apply the same grand principle
to the liquor traffic 7 The republi
can parly ie yet a youth of but fif
teen summers, and must it, in the
flower of ita youth, die tho death ol
decay, detreplilude, and corrupt
ion ? There it stands with eager
grasp, clutching the spoils of of
fice, afraid to step back for fear it
will fall to pieces, made up as it ii
ofrr.on of opposite ideas on all
questions which before divided po
litical parlies, and afraid to step
forward for tear it will drop the
spoils. There it stands on the very
pinnacle of power, without an idea
of the present, or a purpose for the
future ; afraid to move in any di
rection, and all absorbed in tbe
base struggle to hold and increase
its official sway and patronage.
The Ihoniand benefits arc before, if
it will oniy advance, but they are
as nothing to the hundred thousand
offices that glitter within its grasp.
It is said that wo owe the republi
can party a debt of gratitude, and
must keep ou voting its ticket bo
cause it saved the Unisn ! 4 deny
tbat the republican parly, or any
other party, saved tbe Union ; co
party did or could have done that I
The people, irrespective of parly,
rallied abcut the flag of the Union
against the rebellion. It was God
and the people who saved the re
public. There sre thousands of vo
ters in the republican parly to day
who fought to the last hour of the
war in support ot the rebellion, and
there are thousands iu tbe demo
cratic party who fought for the U
uion. Nothing but independent po
litical aelion saved this nation from
destruction by slavery, and nothizg
but that will save it Irom destruc
tion by iutorxiperance. As men of
all political parties f?aght side by
side in tho defence of the Union, so
we must all come together and
stand shoulder le slwuldcr, band to
band, and heart to heart, in sup
port of prohibition. A political par'
ly is nothing but a tool for the peo
ple to work with, and we may as
well talk: ot gratitude due an ax or
a spade as to a political part'.
When the people have accomplish
ed one work with one tool, they
will lay it aside and tako another,
better adapted to the purpose, if
tbey have another work in view.
As te tbo democratic party, I have
not much to say. It loves itself su
premely, and is not troubled with
moral ideas. Laughter. But it
makes no false pretenses of friend
ship for prohibition. On the con
trary, it bas repeatedly denounced,
in State Conventions, tho policy of
prohibitory laws against the liquor
traffic, and is everywhero openly,
unequivocally hostile to the princi
ples of the prohibition party. But
it is just as openly and fully com
mitted to the policy of regulation as
opposed to prohibition. Most of
the regulating statutes on the sub
ject, now on our statute book, were
enacted by democratic legislatures.
One of the first regulating statutes
(aside from the old license laws)
entitled ''An act regulating the sale
of intoxicating liquors," was pass
ed in 1847, and was signed by that
distinguished democratic martyr ot
the late war. Edson B. Olds, as
speaker of the Senate. It applied to
ten counties, including the county
of Delaware, with the counties of
Cuyahoga, Franklin, etc., and pro
vided tbat the right to grant license
should be decided by a vote of tbe
people in each township, imposing
lines of from ten to one hundred
dollars for selling without license,
and making the fines and costs a
lien on the premises of the liquor
seller. The Whigs earned tho leg
islature tho next year and repealed
tbat part of the act submitting the
question to tbe people, thus prac
tically annulling tho law. The con
stitutional convention of 1850, with
a democratic majority, submitted
tbe question of abolishing the lic
ense system to a vote of the people,
and that being docided in favor of
its abolition, at the cloclion in June,
1851, the democratic legislature, e-lecte-i
that year under tbe new con
stitution, passed ono law repealing
tbe license laws, and then passed
another law giving power to town
ship trustees, by ordinance, to sup
press or prohibit all houses, shop,,
stores, and places of habitual resort
for tippling and intemperance, un
der penalty of fines and imprison
ment. Tbe next legislature, chosen
in 1853, also having a democratic
majority of mora than two-thirds
over whigs and tree soilers, la both
branches, repealed that township
trustee law and passed tho Act ot
May 1, 1854, now in forcO, prohibi
ting the sale ot intoxicating liquors
to minors and drunkard, and (ex
cept ale, beer and native wine) to
be drank in, upon, or about, the
building or premises where Bold,
giving civil action for damages
caused by their illegal sale, and
suppressing the places of sale as
public nuisances. The democrats
did not again control tho legisla-.
tore unti' that chosen a 1867,
which passed a municipal code giv
ing power to cities and incorporat
ed villages to prohibit within their
limits ale, beer, and porter bouses,
and places of -habitual resort for
tippling and intemperance.
Thus wo find that every legisla
ture controlled by. the democratic
party, for the past twer.ty-five
years, has passed some law as to
tbe liquor traffic, cither of local op
tion, giving to tbe people the pow
er by townships, cities and villag
es, to decide the question of permit
ting or prohibiting tbe traffic with
in their limits, or a statute of regu
lation as to timo, person, place, cr
kind of liquors sold. The demo
cratic party of the Stato 6tands by
its record on the platform of regu
lation and local option. The whig
psrty neTer bed the courage to pats a law
defining its policy en the subject. The re
publican parly has merely affirme-l the de
mocratic plailorm regulation, and Las add
d one or two planks to it, forbidding the
sale on election days, etc. When republi
can partisans (ell vs that their party is the
friend ol temperance, wa ask what proof
bss it given of its friendships during the
twelve yearn that it held entire control of
ths legislature T When they tell us that
tbe democratic psrty is tho enemy ot our
csuse, we as why is it that we are indebt
ed to thet panr lor most of the laws we
have eiainsl the liquor trsllic ? The truth
is. neither party is the friend ot temperance-
Botn elect drunkards and drunkard
mskers to office. " either of theui cares
whether temperance or intemperance nieu
are to ted up or duwu, if the party ticket
prevails. Last year 1 viiited a favored
, art i.f this Mi.lr, where the draiu-ahop
parties hold sway ai.d divide the honors.
The republicans control ths judicial dis
trict snd they elected a republican drunk
ard forjudge. The democrats control the
cougreuioual district and tbi-y sent a dem
ocratic drnnkard to Congress. Laughter. J
For years mat judKe had disgraced tho
lie nob, yet theia was no law to reniuve him.
A brother lawyer told uio of tbe troubles
the bar and the people eiidu-rd fruiu kia
inebriety now ri pt-aledly terms ol t-ourt
hsd been broken op, and parlies, attorn
eys, and wiince-s cnt home, because the
jud ft was too drunk te do business, and
there was no other judge to take bis place.
Once he promiaed to retorm,and placed his
written resignation in the hands of a citiz
en Iw be sent f the Guveruor, if be again
became intoxicated. He broke bis pledge
and the resignation was promptly forward
ed, bnt he recovered from his spree in time
la si nd by telegraph ti the Oovernor a re
call of the resignation. We read of a Mis
sissippi iherifl, who, finding his judge on
the bench drunk oue meruing, arrested and
fut him in jail for contempt ol court.
Laughter. A few weeks sines the South
Carolina Legislature imprachsd a judge
and removed liim from onice for drunken
ness, and when he undertuuk to discharge
the prisoners from jail, tbe Legislature had
him brought beiore it and punished him
fur contempt. But her in Ohio, we are
powerless sgainat drunken officers, and the
two dram-shop psrties do not csra whether
they art voted up er down. Tet we have a
Inw, just passed by cur Legislature, which
declares that drunkards are imbeciles, and
provides lor guardians lor their children
and property, imagine the scene of some
poor drunkerd. brought h-fore thedrunken
judge, to have a guardian appointed lor
him I Yes. we by Jaw declare the drunk-
arasn imbecile, incompetent to control bis
fsmilr and property, and yet wo elect him
to the Judiciary, the Legislature, and Con
gress, and commit to his hsnds the destiny
of State sod Nation.
It is only when men come out of their
party shackles and vote independently we
can hope for better laws. When the Leg
islature waa a political triangle of Whigs,
Democrats, and t'reesoiiers, neither parly
having control of it, some temperance laws
wera passed. But when a cartr rules, its
members sre afraid of the responsibility.
The present Legislature is another political
triangle, formed of republicans, democrats,
snd reformers, aud, as the result, it has
given us two good temperance laws one
providing for guardians for the children and
property of drunkards, aud another impro
ving that pert of the democratic law of
May, ISM, which gives compensation by
civil action for damages caused by the Li
quor trafS.-. At tbe next Octobor election
we will try ar.d form another triangle in
tbe Legislature, with one aide for Prohibi
tion lApplause.
The party lines are plainly drawn for the
next political content on this question. On
tbe one side, stsnd tbe republicans with the
democrats, open the tarns platform of;er
inission and reguls'ioo, which declares
that the liquor traffic is fundamentally
right, and that only the abuse of it is
wrong. Against them'bolh we stand on tbe
broad platform of Total Prohibition ol the
manufacture and traffic of intoxicating Li
quors, as high crimes against (Sod and man
As we approach the ballot box, our oppos
ers ieem msny , and we seem few in t umb
er ; but we believe in the inspiring adage,
Oje with God, makes; a majority." On
tbis memorial day of the Father of his
country, we are surrounded by great and
solemu auspices. From millions ef graves
all over tbe land, the graves ef our murd
ered countrymen, pale b ands are lifted that
lerkon us on I llesven smiles upon ns !
The spirits of our fathera are whispering to
our souls I Let ns go on, trusting in God
as Washington did, and like him we will
grandly triumph. Great applause.
Wuolettlt sodjltetail Dealers in and mst
Bfactarenof nmim.
auarrantccd to (aire Perfect
. SatlsTactlon.
Parlor fTork and Chamber
To suit Farchasers.
Sale Rooms, Ao. 70 3Iain Street,
5. B. rash paid fur srateaed Lumber.
Jane 3, 1371.
J. 51. ROGERS & CO.,
Front St., near the Bridge, Malta, Ohio, keep constantly on hand
fro,, wis, ainss, SqWi'w fcirW, fytoy
l&r Ail Order Promptly Attended To!-es
AprU SI, 1871 Jy. ' . .
Jfordtonre ! Slobes ! JiU I fatting Ufai)sil? !
West aide of Bell Street, Malta, Ohio, keeps a wall selected assortment of
t6T Special attention given to the trade in Stove and Stove Trimmings.
Agent for the sale ot the celebrated "Clipper Mower A Reaper." Everything
told low for cash. .'April 21, 1871 -ly.
glrjj Goods 0.101)3,
Dry 8ooas If erohant, South-east corner of Front and Bell St., Malta, Ohio, has
always on hand a eomplete stock of
New Goods received regularly, as
thing sold at the lowest cash figure.
goofs q$ Sipes, Sic.
a flourishing trade demands. Every
Country Produce taken in exchange for
April 21, 1871 -ly.
W. R. KELLY, &Xe D.
May be found 'at hieolfieeea
or TBS
IPublic Square
At all timaa, when net absent en Profess
ional bastnsss.
3- X. HA5XA. So. af.
On Center & treat, near the Pnblia 8quars,
f.' aeial attention given to Collections.
Hjbvct DASLinaTow, Oapfei.
Will majce regular weekly tripa he.
tween Zaneavill and Pittsburg, as
follows: Learea Zanesville at 8 o'clock.
on Tuesday mornings; and, returning,
leaves Pittsburg on Saturday cveninga,
at 6 o'clock.
August 19th, 1873 3tn
That JOII RYA is the BEST
OliBLbK ever in McCCA'SELS
Ha ha eeastantly en head a good assort.
ruentefFioe and Stogie Boots, of his own
manufacture, which he is offering at the
lowest CASH rates. Give him a call at his
sttablithment n North-weal corner of Pub
lic square, MeConnelsville, Ohio.
ssks the piblie to call and examine his
speoimen Fhotagrapbs, Ferrotypes, im
bretypes. Gems, Ac, Ac., which cannot be
sin paased anywhere. He has perfected at
rangeraenta whereby any one ran be ac
comodated with the finest of Oil Paintings
and pictures of India Ink Work. Rooms
ever Boone's Saddler Shop, in J. C. Stone's
Building, Cantor Street, It Cennslsville,
Arril 33.lv.
Physician Sc Surgeon,
Treat all lorms of arete and chronic
disease, on new and improved principle.
Call promptly attended to. and charge
reasonable. OFFICK : in Morris' New
Building, on Center street, where he
will be found when not professionally engag.
ed. (Feb. 3d, 1871.
t i ft
ircH A
In Buckeye Block,
(On Cepter Street,)
None bat the best of Meats kept ;
none oat the first class Groceries asd Pro
vision offered lor sale 1
April 28th, 1871 Joio.
Corner Market X ln Streets,
Live rv Stables attached te HotI."S.
J nasi, 1871 If.
a. a. cegiuii. c. a. boimax,
s. r. easAKSTiaa.
Dealers ia
Qivsa te the
Farming Implement
IMach'nery Trade.
ia this locality far tbe sal ef lh
Mowers & Reapers,
Mower &. Reaper,
and the
Mower & Reaper,
Cook & Heating Stoves,
and oWd pieeea of all tho varieties ef Cook
Staves in tbe country ; alf kinds of Thresh
ing Machine Castings ; also Salt Kettles,
and Salt Flanges, Sugar Kettles, Pots, Grid
dles, Skillets, a ho tit twenty different pa t
ernsofPlow Points, Machine Castings for
Steamboats. Saw Mills, Salt Works, Mow
ers and Reapers ; also Chat Iron t'bintner
Tops, Window Caps, Cellar Window Grat
ings, and alto Cast Iron legs for Sehoet
houts Desks and Seats.
Have constantly on hand, mannfaetnrsd
their order, all manner ofTin-ware, Siv-
Trimmings, Ac
Manufacturers ef Water Tweers, Mandrill
8 wedges, Ac., for Blacksmiths.
Remember the Plaee :
Soth-west Side of the Public Square
XMD1Y, JULY 31, 1S71.
To be Conducted By
Hi Honor, VT. I). HENKLB,
State School Cemmiiilener,
will be present and assist during tho
first week.
Arranrsmants for bearding Will bemad
for all who attend. A thorough Review ef
the Lower Branches will be arrived at.
Classes will be formed aad .recitations
heard, the object being rather the mode ef
instruction than the mastery of the Bran
ches. Teachers, will, therefore, kriag
books, slates, ate., as studsnts.
Beading McGi3y aad Kidd.
Spelling Selections.
Arithmetie Ray and Whit.
Grammar Green aad Harvsv.
Geography Brockley'a and Warrsa's
Phys. Geog.
Lecture and Diteuttiea on Theory aad
Practice at Stated Periods. TERMS SS.M
payable in advane. By Order ef the Ex
ecutive Committee.
May 12, l7Llw.
Area Decided Success !
TRULY tbcolJ mortar ef "Bad Medi
cine" ia being broken. Medicine most be
rffictoal ; bat it is do longer necessarily
dangerous, psiofal or disgusting. The re
markable Nerve ionic aperient assists tbe
process f digestloo, and is conducive of
tbe most perfect physical and mental condi
tions. Tbey cure dyrpepi, headache,
fallowofsa, billioasneas and irregularities,
bat their greatest saecess is io act is; as a
prtttntive of these disorders. It not found
at the nearest Druggists, eoelose fifty els.
to Calabar Grains Co.. Marietta, Ohio.
April 2?tb, 1871 2na.

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