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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, July 21, 1871, Image 4

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Damon and Pythias.
Tub Knights of Pythias, wys the
Omaha correspondent of U Cincinnati
Jm, art making quite a sensation in
Omaha at present. I can find out very lit
tle about that mysterious order. The title
of the ordr was doubtless mpeested by
the history of those ancient Greek buffers
who carried on a general friendship busi
ness nnder the fi:m name of " Damon &
Pythias." Thise worth!. lived in byra
cnse ( N. Y. . and were consequently known
as "Salt Pinters." Their back doors
fronts each other, and they were the
wpj-mest kind of friends, even in mid-win-ver.
Their friendship dated back to the
days of sunny childhood. If one of them
had anything be always wanted the ether
to have some of it. It, for instance, Da
mon got a licking from the school master,
he wasn't satisfied until Pythias got one
too. Pythias pot the measles once, and he
went right oil and gave them to Damon.
They shared everything together. Damon
found his father's whissv bottle one day,
bit he didn't keep it to himself. Not he.
He went and got Pythias drunk. If
Pythias run all night, Damon kept it up
all the next day, so that the days of Da
mon were equal to the Knights of Py
thias. Damon was a member of the City Coun
cil of Syracuse, while Pythias belonged to
the National Guards. It appears that one
Dionysius had been scheming to have the
Council declare him Mayor of Syracuse
without a vote of the people, and succeed
ed one morning when Damon was absetit.
Ascertaining what had been done, Damon
hastened to the council chamber, denounc
ing Dionysius and his fcllow-councilmen
who sustained the fraud. Meeting Dio
nysius, he attempted to stab him with an
ivory paper-cutter, remarking as he did
K By all toe rods! one blow
AM Syracuse as free!"
(There had been a heavy duty on Syra
cuse up to that time, owing to the salt
monopoly, and Damon was a free-trader.)
He might have freed his beloved city from
the tyrant had he not stopped to uby all
the gods, rt and blow about it. He was
secured by the mayor's new police and
condemned to death.
Pythias had a sweetheart named Cal
anthe, whom he loved next to Damon.
Their wedding day was appointed, and
just as the marriage ceremony was being
performed, news was brought to Pythias
of what had occurred, and leaving Cal
anthe only about half -married, he hastened
to the station-house where Damon was
confined, arriving just as he was being
led forth to execution. Damon was peti
tioning Dionysius for a ew hours' respite,
in order that he might see his family, but
the tyrant wouldn't listen to it.
Pythias then offered to take Damon's
place for the space of six hours, and if, at
the expiration of that time, his friend re
turned not, he would perish in his stead
hoped to die if he wouldn't ! The propo
sition was accepted, and Damon hurried
away to his family, who lived away out
in the vicinity of the salt works.
Sad indeed was the parting of Mr. and
Mrs. Damon. The interview was neces
sarily brief. He had to hurry back, or he
wouldn't be in season to see himself die.
Damon was much affected, and when he
tore himself away there was a dame on
the floor in a swoon.
" Fetch up the old mare !" yelled Damon
to his hired man, Lucullus. He was
excited, because, you see, it was getting
late, and he didn't-want to keep the execu
tioner waiting on his account. Then it
was Lucullus acknowledged that, in- order
to save his master, he had given the old
mare a dog-button, and the coroner was
even then aittif g on the body. Furious
at the thought of not reaching Syracuse
within the allotted time, and knowing how
mortified .Pythias would be U compelled
to die in consequence, he seized Lucullus
to rend him to pieces. It would have bee a
good-bye Lucullus had not a horseman
appeared at that moment, whom Damon
persuaded to dismount, taking him gently
1 41 .1 . T-l . ' 1
uy uic uixuau iien, xnounung in ms
stead, he dashed away towards the city.
In the meantime," every preparation
had been made for the execution of Pyth
ias. Time was up, and no word from Damon.
The people sneered, and asked if anybody
supposed Damon was such a fool as to
come back agsiii, and even Pythias began
to fear his old pard had gone back on
Suddenly a great shout was heard. A
ifloud of dust was seen to rise up in the
direction of the salt-works. It approached
rapidly, and in a short time Damon came
tearing in on horseback, at a pace that
would have made Phil Sheridan so
ashamed of himself that he would have
ridden " twenty miles away " and hid.
There was just a shade of disappoint
ment on Damon's face when he saw that
Pythias still lived; but he jumped off his
horse, threw a hand-spring on the scaf
fold, and shouted : "Bring on your cleaver !
Damon is on deck!"
' Dionysius was bo struck with this exhi
bition of friendship that he pardoned them
both at once. They then fell into each
other's arms, exclaiming :
Damy 1"
Automaton Figures.
Actokaton figures, or Androides, made
to imitate human actions, are of early in
vention. Archytas of Tarentum, a re
nowned mathematician and mechanic, who
redeemed Plato when sold as a slave by
Dionysius, the younger, about 400 years
B. C, made a flying dove, which is men
tioned by several classic authors. But the
earliest automata are the tripods, moved
on living wheels and instinct with life,
which Homer describes Vulcan as having
made. Next are the curious creations of
Daedalus walking and dancing statues,
and a wooden cow, which moved and gave
In later times. Friar Bacon is said to
have made a brazen head which spoke.
This was made A. D. 1364 Albert us Mag
nus spent thirty years in making another.
A coach and two horses, a page, a lady in
side, were made by Camus for Louis XIV.
when a child. The horses and figures
moved naturally, variously and perfectly.
They were made in 1649.
Vaucanson made an artificial duck,
which performed every function of a real
one, even an imperfect digestion eating,
drinking and quacking. Vaucanson also
made a flute player in 1733. He under
took to make a machine, or automaton, to
display all the mechanism of the circula
tion of the blood, the veins and arteries of
which were to be of gum elastic; but in
his day the art of rendering India rubber
plastic was unknown, so the scheme fell
In the fifteenth century, a German,
named John Muller Rigio Montanus,
made an eagle and an iron fly. The eagle
is said to have flown from the city of
JlonigsDerg, saluted tue -mperor, who
was making his entrance, and returned-to
his maker. The fly, it is recorded, would
fly about the room, with a buzzing sound,
and, after a minute or two, alight upon his
maker's hand. ,
In the middle of the last century, two
philosophical mechanics named Droz
(father and son) made some wonderful au
tomatons in Paris. The father made the
figure of a child, seated at a desk, which
dipped its pen in the ink, and wrote in
French, from dictation. The son made a
female piano-forte player, which sat down
to the harpsichord, played several tunes,
following with her eyes and head the notes
on the musical book, and at the close rose
and saluted the audience.
A number of years after this Maillardet
exhibited a female figure, which, seated at
a piano, played for an hour, moving the
fingers and eyes naturally, and imitating
breathing by a gentle heaving of the
breast With this ne showed a humming
bird coming out of a box, perching on a
bough, moving wings, breast and eyes,
and opening its beak as if to emit song,
its little throat moving all the titna At
the same time he exhibited the figure of a
boy kneeling on one knee and holding a
pen in his hand, with which he wrote and
made various drawings. He had also
made a mechanical tumbler a little image
about two inches high, inclosed in a glass
case, the lower part of which contained
the mechanism. When this figure was set
in motion it threw itself into a variety of
elegant and grotesque attitudes, dancing
to some music produced by the macnine.
In 1309, JUL MaetzeL a fine mechanic,
made a trumpeter for the Emperor of Aus
tria which was exhibited at Vienna, and
played the Austrian and French cavalry
marches with great skill. But M. Vau
canson's flageolet player, constructed in
1741, was wonderful. It produced music
from a flageolet held in one hand, while
the other shook a tambourine.
In 1269, Roger Bacon, one of the finest
scholars of his age, suggested a reforma
tion of the calendar, invented the magni-fying-glass,
and is believed to have discov
ered that charcoal, sulphur and saltpeter,
mixed in certain proportions, would pro
duce thunder and lightning, lie also made
a brazen head which spoke, but was acci
dentally destroyed by some ignorant or su
perstitious person, who was alarmed when,
in a deep voice, it utterul the oracular
words: "Time is; titna was; time will
One of the most remarkable pieces of
mechanism ever mQcle was known as the
" Automaton Chess Player." It was msde
by Wolfgang de KeuaocleD, a Hungarian,
who, seeing some carious magnetical per
formances exhibited at Vienna, in 1769,
told the Empress Maria Thtresa that he
thought he could contrive something
which would throw these apparent won
ders into the shade. She was excited by
this boast, and desired him to try it In
six months he produced the "Automaton
Chess Player."
For many years Kempelen refused to
exhibit it in public, though he frequently
snowed it in toe impress private rooms
in Vienna. He also declined many
offers to purchase it, and at last took it to
The Grand Duke of Russia having vis
ited Vienna, he was requested to show the
figure to him. It excited so much wonder
that he was azaiu urged to make money
by exhibiting it in public. He consented,
and showed it in nearly every great city
in Europe. On his death, in i21, the au
tomaton was sold, after which it was taken
to the United States, where it has been
seen by thousands.
The so-called automaton resemmed a
Turk, full sized, dressed in Oriental cos
tume, and seated behind a box which re
sembled a chest of drawers. Before pro
ceeding to action the exhibitor opened
several doors in this chest, which revealed
a large army of wheels, pullers, cylinders,
springs, etc The chesst:n were taken
from a large drawer, and a cushion was
placed on the table for the Turk to rt st
his right arm upon ; the left hand, some
what raised, held a pipe. 'When the doors
vere opened, a lighted candle was placed
within the cavities thus displayed. This
removed, and the doors closed, the exhib
itor wound up the works, placed the cush
ion under the right arm of the figure, and
challenged any one to play.
The Turk always played with the white
men, and made the first move. The hand
and fingers opened on touching the piece,
which it firmly grasped and placed on the
proper square. Then the living antagon
ist moved hi piece ; after which, pausing
for a few moments, as if to study the game,
the Turk moved another piece. On giving
check to the king, the figure shook its
head. Sometimes, to try It, the human
player made a false move. The figure
never allowed this to pass unnoticed, but'
tapped on the chest or box in an apparent
ly impatient manner, replaced the piece,
and punished the adversary by taking the
move for itself. If the human player was
too long considering his move, the auto
maton tapped smartly on the chest with
the right hand, as if to desire him to
" hurry up." All through the game the
whizzing sound of machinery in motion
was audible.
While Mr. Kempelen retained the auto
maton the figure invariably won the game.
After it had passed, on his death, into the
possession of M. Maetzel, it was frequent
ly defeated, though its piay was always
very good.
When the game was ended, the Turk
removed the knight, with its proper zig
zag motion, from the square it occupied
over the other sixty-three squares of the
board in turn, without missing a single
square, or touching any square a second
It was long doubted whether this really
was a mere automaton. It was observed
that, in winding np the clockwork, the
key never went beyond a certain number
of revolutions, whether the game was locg
or short Sixty-three moves had been
made without winding up, and once, in a
moment of forgetfulness, the figure played
without any winding up, after the last
game. The original story as to the his
tory of this machine was, that it had been
constructed to permit a Siberian exile to
escape from Russia, by being concealed
witnin, and mat being a awari, tins was
easily done. But it was made in Vienna,
and when the niys'.ery was disclosed, it
appeared that there really was room, not
withstanding the apparent show of wheels
and machinery, for a man to sit in, with a
chess board before him, on which, by me
chanical arrangement each move made by
the figure was instantly repeated, each re
turn move made below being equally re
peated on the squares above. Of course,
the concealed player was" always an ex
.pert Sir David Brewster, inventor of the
stereoscope, wrote an article upon the au
tomaton chess player, in which he proved
by measurement and diagrams, that a man
must be concealed within the box to make
the play of the Turkish figure. After he
had made this disclosure, it was confessed
that his philosophical and practical con
jecture had been true. Troy Daily Time.
"To-day!" A small word, and appa
rently of but little meaning ; but how the
ages agone or those of the future would
grasp at it ! We who are enjoying all its
blessings, with its few trifling disadvan
tages, know not the priceless value of the
day in which we live. Mankind views
Time as it does a gallery of choice treas
uresfrom the threshold. We always re
member our feelings when we first look
on entering, or when last we gaze on de
parting. All the joys of examing each
treasure, or gazing on each curiosity, are
swallowed up in the other great waves of
feeling. Mankind truly lives only in the
cradle and tbe grave. The lives, the loves,
and the blisses are less acute than the
prophecy and the memory. How import
ant, then, that we justify the prophecy of
the past, and asK lor the memory ot the
futrre! The world is brighter or darker
in view of the life of every nation ,- and
v.thin that nation, of every individual.
j5ach person lives, not alone for himself:
but for the world. Though not possessed
of the genius of a Shakspeare, the states
manship of a Washington, nor the angel
hood of a Nightingale, to electrify the ad
miration of the world, there are subtler
modes of moving the world; there are
more invisible chords that vibrate till
they awake the symphonies of the world's
great heart The air is full of the latter,
and they run from each human soul all
through the great soul of the universe.
And the touch that moves them is the
magnetic throb of the human heart Be
the thoughts, the aspirations and the lives
good or evil, just so they affect the great
center of all life ; even as the barometer
feels and notes the changes in the
atmosphere, and indicates the same upon
its face Should every man, woman, and
child, act, only for one year, up to their
highest realisation of right justice, and
religion, how wonderful would be the re
sult! And. the only way to inaugurate
such a movement is for each person to
wait not long for his or her neighbor, but
to act immediately, act independently,
and trust to the future for the fruit ; and
it will be ripe and wholesome. Yesterday
may scire for a vantage-ground, but not
for a model; to-morrow may be heeded,
but not worshipped ; to-day is the reality
demanding all our hopes and labors j our
strivings, successes, and failures; our
laughter and sorrow. All these things are
the material with which the structure of
to-day is reared ; be they noble, high, and
holy, the building will be graceful and at
tractive in its proportions ,- be they base,
groveling and sensual, it will be lost in
the dirt and ruin of its age, or, if left, will
be a perpetual monument of disgrace. O
man, realize the importance of to-day, and
that your every action goes to decorate or
mutilate the grand structure now building
around you. Each thought each hope,
each aspiration, helps mold a niche, or
carve a cornice, or shape a pedestal, now
important then, that you live up to the
demand of the age, and to the standard
built up by your own enlightened mind
and judgment! lieva .ra.
Uses of Ashes.
Dbv, clean wood ashes are richly worth
twenty-five cents a bushel, we think,to
any farmer who wants more manure. Yea
can scarcely use them on any crop without
very sinsible results. A handful thrown
around the corn plants at the first hoeing
will greatly increase their growth, and
give them a highly dark green color.
Scattered in the hill before the potato is
covered, or about the hill just before hoe
ing, will have similar results. Sown broad
cast on the mowing fields at the rate of as
small an amount as five bushels to the
acre, will greatly increase the growth and
color of the crop. Besides this, their ben
eficial results will continue for several
years in succession. Strewed over young
cabbage plants, squashes, melons, or any
of the garden vegetables, such as toma
toes, beets, onions, turnips or carrots, wood
a-hi-8 not only tend to disturb the insects
that infest the plants, but has a decide.!
influence on their growth and quality. All
the ashes made on the farm should be col
lected with care, kept dry and applied to
the crops. Nothing could be better for
the young orchard. Spreading ashes broad
cast o'er the surface would be more tiee
ful than as a mulch for the trees. The
roots will soon find it if spread. It is bet
ter to use a moderate quantity annually,
than to apply a large amount at one time.
Ashes may be safely u d iu composts
of loam, muck, straw, or dry fibrous ma
terials; they would tend t i reduce them.
If in composts, where the droppings of
cattle are a portion of the material, the
ashes should be applied immediately be
fore the compost is to be used an! the
compost be slightly covered by the soil.
The easiest and best way, however, is to
apply ashes in a dry state and unmixed.
A. K. Farmer.
To Make Current Wine.
The currants should be fully ripe when
picked ; put them in a large tub, in which
they should remain a day or two, then
crush with the hands, unless you have a
small 'ps,tit wine press, in which they
should not be pressed too much, or the
stems will be bruised and impart a a dis
agreeable taste to the juice. If the hands
are used, put the crushed fruit after the
juice has been poured off, in a cloth or
sack and press out the remaining juice.
Put the juice back in the tub after cleans
ing it, where it should remain about three
days, until the first stage of fermenta
tion is over, and removing once or twice
a day the scum copiously arising to the
top. Then put the juice in a vessel a
demiiohn. kee or barrel any shse to suit
the quantity made, and to each quart of
juice add three pounds ot the Dest yenow
sugar, and soft water sufficient to make - a
gallon. Thus, ten quarts of juice and
thirty pounds of sugar will give you ten
gallons of wine, and so on in that pro
portion. Those who do not like sweet
wine can reduce the quantity of sugar to
24. or. who wish it very sweet raise it to
3V Bounds oer gallon. The vessel must
be full and the bung or stopper left off
until fermentation ceases, which win De m
twelve or fitteen days. Meanwhile, the
cask must be filled up daily with currant
juics left over, as fermentation throws out
the impure matter. nen iermentation
ceases, rack the wine off carefully, either
from the spigot or by a syphon, and keep
running all the time. Cleanse the cask
thoroughly with boiling water, then re
turn the wine, bung up tightly, and let
stand four or five months, when it will be
fit to drink, and can be bottled if dctired.
All the vessels, casks, etc., should be per
fectly sweet, and the whole operation
should be done with an eye to cleanliness.
In such event every drop of brandy or
other spirituous liquors added will de
tract from the flavor oi the wine, and wui
not in the least degree increase its keeping
qualities. Currant wine made in this way
will keep for an age. We have some made
in 1S56, which is really an excellent article.
Oermantown Telegraph.
Linseed Tea for Sick Horses.
Linseed tea is not only valuable as a
restorative for sick horses, but is exceed
ingly useful in cases of inflammation of
the membranes peculiar to the organs of
respiration and digestion; it shields and
lubricates the same ; tranquilizes the irri
table parts, and favors healthy action. We
have prescribed linseed tea in large quan
tities, for horses laboring under the pre
vailing influenza; they seemed to derive
mueh benefit from it and generally drank
it with avidity. Aside from the benefits
we derive from the action of mucilage and
oil which the seed contains, its nutritive
elements are of some account especially
when given to animals laboring under
soreness in the organs of deglutition
which incapacitates from swallowing
more solid food. In the event
of an animal becoming prostrated by ina
bility to masticate or swallow more food,
linseed tea may be resorted to, and in case
of irritable cough, the addition of a little
honey makes it still more usefuL In
latter form it may be given to animals
laboring under acute or chronic diseases of
the urinary apparatus, more especially of
the kidneys. To prepare linseed tea, put
a couple of handtuls ot seed into
bucket a pour a gallon and a half of boil
ing water upon it Cover it upjs short
time, then add a couple of quarts of cold
water, when it will be fit lor use. Amen
ta, Vetennary Surgeon.
Home Manufacture.
Two old plowmen down East were tell
ing tough stories of their exploits in break
ipg up new ground. The hi en was taken
oil the bush in this yarn :
"'Twas up in Dixmont twenty-seven
years ago this spring, I was plowing in
stump ground with a team of nine pair
cattle lor Sol (Junmngham ; we were go
ing along, makin' not very smooth work
among rocks and stumps ; well, one day
the pint o' the plow struck fair against
sound stump four foot through, split
square across the heart, and I was follerin'
the plow through, when the thought nasn
ed through my mind that the pesky stump
might snap together and pinch my toes, so
I jest gripped the plow-handles firm and
swung my feet up out o' the way, and the
stump sprung back aud catched the slack
of my pantiloons. That brought every
thing up standin'. Well, I tightened my
hold, and Jim S within, he and Sol was
drivin', they spoke to the cattle and we
snaked that stump right out by the roots,
and it had awful long ones."
" It must a ben strainin' on your sus
penders," said the other.
" My wife knit them'
Oil-Meal for Cows and Calves in Summer.
When cows are m profit, a little extra
feed, in the shape of oil meal, will be amply
repaid in the yield of milk and butter. It
must not be supposed that because a cow
is on pasture there is no longer need for
stimulating food. The fact is, that with
ftn ample supply of grass, the appetite of
the cow tor the meal is quite as vigorous
as during the winter, when she was fed on
hay. Cows may be very profitably fed
with a quart each of oil-meal morning and
night They will lick it up from a trough,
if it is made sufficiently large, without
waste. When cows are not tied up at
night, a good plan of feeding them is to
have a square box for each cow, large
enough for her to put her nose in easily,
and six inches deep. Put the allowance
of meal in these boxes. They may be
scattered about the yard, at such a distance
as will give each animal an opportunity to
eat without being driven away by others.
Calves will soon show, in their improved
appearance and hastened growth, that oil
meal is good for them also. A small
handful given them in their pasture daily
will push them forward rapidly. It is well
to use a small tin pan to feed them with,
and a few minutes spent with the young
stock daily is not only an agreeable occu
pation, but highly profitable ; for the more
regularly the owner's attention is given to
his cattle, the sooner he will perceive any
thing wrong, and be able at once to remedy
it aud a daily visit is seldom made unless
there is some express purpose in it Let
the purpose then be to give them a little
extra feed, and a double benefit will result
Hearth and Home.
A client remarked to his solicitor,
" You are writing my bill on very rough
paper, sir." "Nevermind," was the reply
of the latter, "it has to be filed before it
comes into court"
Dabk brown kids are said to wear bet
ter than any other color.
Tan Color. The best way to make
this shade is, to get a pail of ground bark
from the tannery ; but it that can t be done,
make hemlock bark as fine as possible.
soak or beat it until you think the strength
is out ; make your goods as sou as possi
ble by washkg them in strong soap suds,
and immerse; ;if not dark enough add
more bark. Don't color in iron, it will
make drab ; if you want drab, add a little
copperas. Western JiuraL
Good Advicr. Dont be discouraged if
occasionally you slip down by the way,
and others tread on you a little. In other
words, don't let a failure or two dishearten
you; accidents will happen, miscalcula
tions will soinetimi s be made, things will
turn out differently to our expectations,
and we may De sutlerers. It is worth
while to remember that fortune is like the
skies in the month of April, sometimes
cloudy, and sometimes clear and favorable.
Green Pea Soup. Four pounds beet
cut into small pieces, half peck of green
peas, one gallon ol water, liull the empty
pods of the peas in the water one hour be-
ioro putting iu the bei-t. fctrem them out.
add the beef md boil slowly for an Lour
and a half lorger. Half an hour before
serving add the shelled peas ; and twenty
minutes later, half a cup of rice flour, with
salt and pepper. After adding the rice
flour, stir frequently to prevent scorching.
Strain i':lo a hot tureen. Common Sense
in the Household.
Scratches. A farmer writes to the
Rural Ao Yorker from Canandaigua, N.
Y, that the following is recommended for
the worst cases : One pint currier s oil and
two ounces oil of vitnoL Put it into a
bottle, and shake well together, when it
is fit for use ; bathe wt 11 the affected part
or parts with it once a day. It will t fleet
a cure in the course of three or four days.
If the parts are covered w ith a rough scab,
Soften it by rubbing hog's lard upon it
every day until tbe scab slips cff. it will
soon slip off and leave the legs smooth as
The good people who have become ex
cited on the vaccination question may De
pacihed by the fact that a special commit
tee of Eiiglif h doctors has lately reported
to the world that maladies imputed to vac
cination in no wise proceed from it, aud
that almost universal medical authority
commends it as one of the greatest sate'
guards ever introduced Tor the protection
of the human family. The committee
moreover report that, from the logic of
this lact it is the duty ot the atate to se-
cure its universal adoption, allowing only
such as are prejudiced theoptionof paying
twenty shillings as an exemption lee.
Black' Teeth is Pigs. It has been
said that there is a grain cf truth in every
error. It is erroneous to bel.cve that
black teeth are a disease in pigs, and that
thay should be Knocked out with a nam
mer." The tact is, that the incisors, or, as
they are commonly called, dog teeth, are
of. en placed so near the tusks or curved
teeth in front of them as to interfere with
their growth and rentier the young pig un
able to eat, or compel it to swallow its food
whole. 1 his stunts the animal, lo pre
vent this, draw, with a pair of, pincers, the
small, sharp teeth back of the tusks, when
they crowd on them, or when the pig is
seen to be tailing. Meartn ana Jiomx
Weanixo Lambs. The Canada Farmer
gives the following suggestions in regard
to weaning lambs : " When separated
from the ewes, lambs should be placed la
a field as distant is possible from them, so
as to be out of reach of thi-ir bleating, and
they will become contented and thnvmg.
The pasture to which the lambs are put
ought to be somewhat better than that
to which they have been accustomed, yet
not too luxuriant and if the ewes and
lambs can be turned into it together for a
week, and then taken away, the lambs
will not then fret so much as would be
the esse were they removed to a field that
is strange to them.
How to Brighten Straw Matting
and Oilcloth. Tell your readers, writes
Mrs. G. R, that if they wish their straw
matting to keep new looking and bright
they must wash it twice during the sum
mer with salt and water, say about a pint
of salt, dissolved in half a pailful of warm,
soft water, drying the matting quickly
with a soft cloth. The salt she says, will
prevent it from turning yellow. Far
away, and from quite an opposite quarter,
we hear another friendly voice, begging
us to say to our readers that after oilcloth
is scrubbed and dried, it should be rubbed
all over with a cloth dipped in milk.
" You've no idea," says our friend, " how
brightly the colors come out Husband
savs it's the albumen in the milk, but
think it's the very thin film of grease de
posited. Meantime, our oilcloth shines the
whole year through." Scientific Ameri
Making the Root Crop a Certainty.
We raise our root crops on land culti
vated too shallow. This is a-great a gen
eral, a crying eviL There wants to be
deep tillage, the subsoil plow used thor
oughly, au implement used too little now-
a-days, and when used, not sufficiently,
Fine the land for twenty inches or more.
Hall this depth is mellow jet compact
somewhat draining itseit readily, yet ad
mitting the air, and if the crop is put out
early as early as possible so as to get
the start of the prospective drought of
midsummer; if weeds are kept out and the
soil in good motion, stirring it well and
often; if, withal, the land is rich and not too
direct in the sun not on a south hillside,
but a north rather if all these things are
rigidly seen to, there will not, there can
not be failure of a good crop. A severe
drought will not prevent it nor a rainy
season ; the cool fall will perfect what the
summer advanced. The great depth of
soil is good lor the moisture, where the
roots have a chance to penetrate and luxu
riate even with a raging sun overhead.
But the land wants to be fertile, and if the
manure is put down it will not hurt it for
that crop; the roots will find it, and the
work will go on with vigor. The manure
should be spread and permitted to lie for
some time, lor weeks, better tor months.
The soil immediately below will then have
received much of its strength, and when it
goes under, soil and manure are both rich,
and will form a good bed for the roots.
The best success I ever saw was a field
treated in this way, horse manure being
turned down. The soil was deep; there
was a great drought, but in the fall it push
ed forward ; the manure then drove, aided
by the rains. It was a crop of carrots. It
is the depth of cultivation and the manure
that have a wonderful virture, the very
things that are neglected. We use ma
nure, but not enough, not mixed with the
soil sufficiently, through its juices first and
then by the plow. We like sod for roots
but let it be rotted and made mellow by
after plowing and cultivating. This last
has been among our best experiences.
We can then secure a root crop with
certainty. Why not do it? Why run
risks? We know what they are; in too
many cases they are a loss, and this no one
can afford, for the loss is not a common
one according to the amount of land used
good soil is selected, nnusual labor expend
ed. Make the soil still better, devote more
labor to it judiciously, and this loss will
be avoided ; in its place will be a crop that
will pay for all, with a fair margin to boot
and such a crop, where the drought is
fought is more nutritious than where wa
ter has been imbibed ; there is more con
centration, more excellent stuff. As the
seasons now run, we must expect drought,
and depth of soil for moisture, and manure
to drive must ba relied upon to overcome
it Country Oentletnan.
Saving Clover Seed.
It is not an uncommon occurrence for
a field supposed to have been sown with
clover-seed, to prove to have been sown
with many other seeds not mentioned in
the catalogues. While the seed purchased
from responsible seedmcn is generally free
from admixture with seeds of weeds, in
consequence of the care with which they
select it, many a farmer has permitted im
pure seed, bought at country stores, to be
put into the ground, and has, in conse
quence, reaped a plentiful harvest of mul
leins, ragweeds, and other abominations.
This might have been avoided had he
raised his own seed. For clover-seed, se
lect a small piece which was well summer
fallowed, and freed from weeds, and laid
down with carefully-selected seed in the
first place : cut early, and save the second
growth for seed. This would be a profita
ble experiment on any larm. Any surplus
seed so grown would meet a ready sale at
a high price, by reason of iu purity.
Clean seed will often bring a dollar a
bushel above the market price, while im
pure seed will be begging a sale unsuccess
fully at any price. Clover for seed may
be conveniently cut ani gathered by at
taching a light frame behind the cutter
bar of the mowing machine, and covering
it wi'.h a piece of cotton cloth. The heads
wui fall on this cloth, and may be raked
together by a boy following ; when a suf-
uueia quauuiy nas Deen gaincrea- one
sweep of the rake will leave them on the
ground in a heap. Being, at this season,
almost free from sap and moisture, seed
clover is very easily cured. A wetting
with rain, and subsequent drying, will
make it thresh more easily. A'.uriean
-According to the United States cen
sus table, just completed at Washineton,
the population of New York city is tW,-
0 0. Of these 418,646 are forefga born.
the leading foreign nationalities are
Irish 201,199 ; German, 14o.l 33; English,
24.392 ; Scotch, 7,551. The total number
of colored is 12.64.).
-When a man is unablu to tell the time
by his watch, because there are two hand'.
and he doesn t know " which to telieve.
is it a tolerably sure sign thai he has par
taken of more refreshments than his na
tire requires?
infuse health and vigor into the enervated
and diseased system, is the high purpose and
sure effect of Da. Walkek's Vegetable
Vineqab Bitters. This famous restorative
creates no sndden flash of excitement, to be
succeeded by increased debility and ten-fold
gloom. It braces the relaxed nerves and im
parts permanent tone and regularity to the
whole animal machinery. Dyspepsia, liver
complaint physical prostration, diarrhea,
and, in fact, nearly all complaints that arc
not organic, yield to its operation.
Poisoned to death.
A healthy liver secretes each day about two
and a halt ponnds of bile, which contains a
great amount of waste material taken from
the blood. When the liver becomes torpid or
congested, it falls to eliminate this vast
amount of noxious substance, which, there
fore, remains to poison the blood and be con
veyed to every part of the system. What
must be the condition of the blood when it
is receiving and retaining each day two and
half pounds of poison ? Nature tries to work
off this poison through other channels and
organs the kidneys, lungs, skin, etc. ; bnt
tbese "organs become overtaxed in performing
this labor, in addition to their natural func
tions, and cannot long withstand the press
ure, but become variously diseased.
The brain, which is the great electrical cen
ter of all vitality, is unduly stimulated by the
unhealthy blood which passes to it from the
ucurb, auu.ii. juus lo perioral us ou.ee ncauu-
fully. Hence the symptoms of bile poisoning,
which are dnllness, headache, incapacity to
keep the mind on any subject, impairment
memory, dizzy, sleepy or nervous feelings,
gloomy forbodings and irritability of temper.
The Mood Ustlf being diseased, as it forms the
sweat upon the surface of the skin, it is so irri
tating and poisonous that it produces discol
ored brown spots, pimples, blotches and other
eruptions, sores, biles, carbnncles and scrof
ulous tumors. The stomach, bowels and
other organs spoken of, cannot escspe becom
ing affected, sooner or later, and eostiveness,
and many other forms of chronic disease, are
among the necessary results. As a remedy fur
all these various manifestations of disease. Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery Is positive
ly unequtled. By it the liver and stomach
are changed to an active, heoltty state, the
appetite regulated and restored, the blood and
secretions thoroughly purified and enriched,
and the whole system renovated and built
anew. Sold by all first-class dnjjrtrists. 670
Prusstno's Celebrated Whits Wnti
ViNBOAB will keep Pickles. Ask for it.
How to Purchase a Clothes Wringer.
In pnrchasing a clothes wringer we prefer
one with cosr-wheels, as they greatly relieve
the rubber roils from strain that would other
wise occur, and add much to tbe durability of
tbe mactrne. me next point is to sec mat
the cog-wheels are so arranged as not to fly
apart when a large article is passed between
tbe rollers, it matters not wcetner tne cog
wheels arc on one end or both ends of tne
shaft : if large articles disconnect them, they
are entirely useless. This is very important,
for as the larger the article the greater the
strain, therefore if the cog-wheels separate so
as to disconnect, they are of no service when
most needed. Wc have taken some pains to
examine the various wringers, aud much pre
fer the " Lniversal." ss latelv unproved, be
cause it has long and strong gears (Rowell's
Patent Double Gear), and is the only wringer
with "patent stop" for preventing the cog
wheels from separating so far as to loje their
power. Xem England Farmer. Having used
the kind of wringer mentioned above, we
fully indorse all that is said by our Mew Eng
land contemporary. i'dUors cf Scientific
A fact worth remembering Five cuts
worth of Sheridan's Cavalry Condition Pow
ders, given to a horse twice a week, will save
double that amount in grain, and the hone
will be tatter, slecKer, and every way worth
more money than though he did not have
mem. .
Married Indie?, under allcircnmstances, will
find Parson's Purgative PiEs safe; and in
small doses, a mild cathartic. They cause no
griping pains or cramp.
The MubICAL Independent (Chicago,
Ltoh A Hiaxt) for July, con-olns a description
of Xaasanne, Switzerland, a variety of reprinted
matter. Reviews of New Masic, Editorial Corre
spondence from New York, a copious stunmcry of
Mar leal News, end the following pieces of New
Music: Tbe Independent (galop), Carl Faust ; Tbe
Meeting of the Waters. Guctavus Geary; Sweet
By and By, Edw. Hoffman ; Footsteps on the
Stairs (guitar, ) Cha. Harris. 3.03 per year ; tin
gle copies, 25 cento.
Wood's Household Maoazctb. The
several departments m tbe July number are well
filled with good reading matter. Tbe prize story
Is a temperance sketch, entitled "Free," by Emma
Bart. In tbe editorial department is given
sketch of tbe new publishing and editing quarters
of this magazine. The subscription price of tbe
Household Magazine is only (1 00 a year. Single
number ten cents. Valuable premiums are gWtn
for subscribers. S. S. Wood & Co., Newburgb,
N. Y.
Midsummer Maladies.
The hot solar rays that ripen the harvests gen.
crate many distressing diseases. If the liver be
at all predisposed to irregular Ues, tbls is tbe sea
son in which bilious attacks may be anticipated.
A weak stomach, too, is weakest In (tbe summer
months, and the loss of vitality through the pores
by excessive perspiration is so great, tint a
wholesome tonic, combining also tbe properties
of a diffusive stimulant and gentle exbilarant, Is
in many cases necessary to health, and undur no
circumstances should be dispensed with by the
sickly and debilitated. Of all the preparations
Intended thns to refresh, snetata and fortU7 tbe
human frame, there is none that w.!l compare
with Hoetetter's Celebrated Stomach Bitters.
They have been weighed in the balance of expe
rience and not found wantins; have been recom
mended from tbe first s a great medicinal spe
cific, not as a beverage, and in spite of interested
opposition from innumerable onartcrs. stand,
alter a twenty years' trial, at the heard o; all pro
prietary medicines Intended for tha prsvetuion
and cure of all ordinary complaints oi the stom
ach, the liver, the bowels, a:.d the nerve'. In
the unhealthy districts bordering the great rivers
ol the South and West, Uostetter's Bitters may be
classed as tbe standard one for every species of
intermittent or remittent fever. Tbe psople who
inhabit those districts place tho mort implicit
confidence In tee preparation a conCdence that
is increased every year by the results of lis opera
tion. As bitten, so called, of the roost pernicious
character, are springing np like fungi on every
side, the public Is hereby forewarned against tbe
dram-shop frauds. Ask for Hootetter's Litters,
tee that the label, etc., are correct, and remember
that the gennine article is never sold in u-k, but
In bottles only
PiBBT Davis Paih Kiixaa is an excellent regu
lator of tbe stomach and bowels, and should
always he kept on hand, especially at this season
of the year, when so many euCer trr.a bowel com
plaints. There is nothing so quick to relieve in
attacks of Cholera.
Sold at only 25 cents a bottle, by merchants gen
erally. r T STEI AGENTS. f20j.t.p dnr to
seilllie d Wanted HOME SHUTTLE riKW ING
I MACHINE. Has the Hmler-feM, makes tlie
I "lock muck (alike on both siks.)and is
licensed. The best and cheapest faniilv Sewing
CLARK CO, Coston. Mass, Hulburiu lL,
Chicago! HL, or U. lxnia, ito.
fob tii ecu or
Jaundice, General Debility, and all Diseases
arising from a Disordered Stomach.
Liver or Eotfels, such as
ArtilttT of tlx. StomwK lnt!et1nn. HMHlm, Uw of
Jn.1 Kvra. Pain in hk- i.le. ttict. Cls, or Unite, mad in
'l cjuisi where a TuNIC U uuaMij.
Read tlx? folloirins from Dr. Lwper. tor many yean the
p oat prooilocnt physician and drusgM ot the place:
N vTMtn. Sfirk Coontr, Ohio. Jaw 21.
Snm il-w rftw: I ntvtvMl a kx of Dr. KK-rardii
S uTry Win? Uium to st'tl on commission. Thry arc all
K .1. n your lumrcr mppiy oi uw Jv-
I i hint I .5iH nw-o. more soon. Uiey are in moil drroand
and hi jlily praised hv Mlm-ri from IndigeiUoo, Jerer ana
atUA dyspepsia, and liver complaint.
vMtS 1- LEEPEB, M. D.
For Fever and As it U m sore core.
J. TT. HAKIMS Sc CO.. Prop's,
Sold by an Prosaists and MHdne Dealers.
Railroad Gazette.
Transportation, Inginwring and BaflroaJ News.
Tbe attention ot Railroad Men li called to this Journal
which i believed to be, at this una
Treating as It does of allbraDCbeaof the
Complicated business of Transportation, and especial!
of the Operation of Railroads, Railroad Engineer
big, the Construction of Locomotives and Cars.
Thecondnctorsof thii 3amal gtva
Special Prominence to .Railroad Sews.
And there will be (bond m Its eohmms aeccantsoftac
Organization or all New Companies, the Projection and
Location of New Lines, the Progress of Railroad Coo
tnKtton, the Improvement of Old Lines, the Bralnrat ol
Different Roads, the Combinations and Bnatneas Arranxo
merits of Companies. Annmd Reports, Elections and Ap
pointments or Directors and Officers, Decisions of Coons
Rearing in Railroads, and, in anort. wnatever is
Interesting or Tolooble to Railroad lam.
Be he President, Director, Stockholder, Soperinkndrat,
Emrlneer. Master Mechanic, Aeent, Conductor, Locomo
tive Engineer, or in any way connected wiln or Interested
In railroads or railroad business.
Articles ty Practical Railroad Men
7orm a disttajmshine trauma of the JonrnaL Leading:
Enztneerhur Works and Tamable improvements In Railroad
Machinery are
Dlustrated by Fine Engravings
In Its eoltoiiH. Erolneers, Master Mechanics and Msnn-
tactnren find these lUiaurated descrlpdoiis of tha greattat
Proper attention Is ctven to tha
Kelatioa ot Railroads to the Coaunnnity aad
Railroad Legislation,
And also to tha
BdatloKt of Companies to their Employe, and Oetr
Seteral Bight and Duties.
This taper is prepared by a corps o Editors of special
qualifications, ami every pains is taken to make it indispens
able to every Railroad Man. It Is altogether Independent,
avoids all undue pnfflng of men or corporations, giv
news rally and impartially, alms especially to give praett
cni information which will directly aid Its readers In
prosecution of their business. Business men and In
Ran.noAD GAirrrsi the earliest Information of the open
Ing of new stations on railroads In coarse of conrtroctkin,
and are thns enabled to establish relations with such towns
torn the beginning of theu existence.
The leading eretneermr Journal of England, for which
American subscribers have usually paid IS per year,
be sent, together with the Krr,anri Gazam, far
per year.
Terms of Subscription:
Single copy, per annnnu...
Ten copies, per annum.....
Single copies
Letters concerning subscriptions and advertising should
be addressed to
110 and 112 Madison Street, Chicago.
with th Gsttn Tea Flavor. Wan
rontctl to wait all wtr. Fr Mil
rtrtnehere. Arxi iur nle whojo
rOeonly hvtnefirrni A fan
tic find fnrtac i e -.
"?,rr" irf. New York. P. O. 6x
SAOtf. Jsaid. far Tbe-J.ecttr
S2.30 Til imjl;
That Ust comprises
A, Largs Proportion of the Best 'Western
Country Papers, Superior In Character,
Circulation and Influence to those
cf any other list.
For lists, estimates and further parocalara, address
It and XI Madison street. Chfcaco.
ITe win send a handsome prospectus of onr new I III
friti-l Family Bible containing over Sl)0 nne Script"'
llluairalkantoanr llook Aimt free of charqe. Artiin-sa
NATIONAL lX'6i.lsliiGCO,ClkaliUUnciunau,
Ohio, or St. Louis, Mu.
1 V Gun Material, 40, of every kind at Us: lowest pi lew.
AVrile !ir a lriii- List hi . .
Army Ouns, lU.-volven, A-c, taken iu oicluue
Tlii ZINC COLLAK PA1 is cnaranteed to cure the
worst au of raw and inflamed sore neck in ten diiya, and
work tlie horse everv day. or the money refunded. pf
mle bv all saddlery hardware esuhushmenla. bend frircir
cula. Zl-NC COLLAR PAD CO, Buchanan, sUchiiran.
And send twesty-nva cents ibr a ticket, and get a
Witch, Sewing Machine, Piano,
or some article of valoe.
BIX tickets Ihrtl OOL JMNmil
CiDdnoaU. Ohio.
a n uirninnunipfli
and elegant cook
wanted. Address
. "(Vamerert Sneaves." Aaenls Wanted.
loicaouaji Booa Ct. aUrtsord. Cosav
"R Er "R
Railway's Eeady Relief
la from On to Twenty Miaatoa.
alter raaulmr thta advertisement nt-d any ona
It waitlicflratandts
thst tnetantiy atopa u most exrrnrtatiitf pains altsya
..uutuim4unA, una enres lMweeswiora, www
Lumrs suAath, Boweia, ruUjerslaDdaorofpluDf
iv Prom nvp m w wrv MiM'U'a.
no matter how violent or e jrrartiirhx; the niiin the BlIEL
.M ATIiC. Bl-ruUkil, Inlinn, Cti(mctl, Xtfvoua. eurat
gic, or proatrated with diMiac teuy suiTer,
aadwayi Brady Belief will afford Iasttnt Aid.
In It'rmmfOifm of tha Kktney. mrmrmi&M of Ibl
pilitmn .- the Heart. Htixtm-, t roNp, iftpfc.
lAc-rVr, Oibtrr. jHfrtrrtia. HnuUwLe a4
TouCincke. Srwiliia. .'Anmrnufa
CUrt Chilli mi Anve rA.
Thearpnoirion of the Ready Krtinf nl ih nart f
ruiawtuthepamorduUcullytuiteUlalIbrdeae ana
Twenty drops m nn a nrmnrpr or water wm, hi a tMe
oni'Tiijt, nirei L.u ei ji.-vm.- e-m i; anni.u n,
r..l. i lu f ..i, .--i.. .... . iv ii i-., i-innr.ii rl, l'l?
x -rt-'i..- . ..I w tt-ivn I. i-ui i'..vi.-i -I.j t
i i i-.i. i, v. ' . i . i . . .. u ... ..... witiua f : I B..I
TravrterNDi.iaiwavg carry bota rtf Radiray'
Ready Relief with them. A frw urofn lu u:ttr
ln veitHt kmH4K-pairirinmc-4(ii.T?of water. Ittobeiux
Uiaa Irvucii llnviidy or Bi an rsLaiml?tnt.
VKVKK AXP Alil'Ermvai'orlltTcentt. TV-re is not
ren:ii:U iwntin this world that wilfrnre Fever an.l Am
ar.i alith T M:.inoiw, ltulr.iLS Scarlrt.Tvrlioid, VW1..W,
nr-l.h-T rv n i .dili-d hy K .PWAY'SPlLLM v. iP- k
MlUUA'ArS IiKAUY UKUKK. Hfty ceuuptr bu
Fvrirorof thr 5.RSAPAnn.UAX TiESOtVFNT
fnimmuvraTt tltntt;n the Bitwxl hwmt. Urine, irwl orher
Axivin urnl Jukh-ji of the avstem, the riyor tf tif. tr it rt
ptttrwtlK: warsof u boily with new and mini matct lnl.
en? Erupting j-rrtr ;-, vr'.j 'Hnut, fiinfj H'wim,
Hid pnin fvi 'li-k:s, M't trrrts, ywi of .Srw aMt
... Kfw rw c yt ui'-ifhf, are tm4in ie curuur
""'W'f Ttrmtrr oj ji,Mtrm cflf.-rjr ana a jrt
tnyj iU prort to auf per tutinr U or fUJtfr J
l-Tftio dieamUspftt'ntporriQrnrt -W-u
if 1& nalutlt drill it law.min rruatwl txe rVawuaMMwt
dvtn position that is cont:nnJ? prucn-Ksins. suwvolft tfl
rrestmc tn?se wmHsl and rr;snrs the mime with B" ,.
terfaImadcfrorap."wMlhiM!iybloir r.( i bAti-
PAi fliuLu.. wm ana u (wnim T.re n cTt:im
lor, wlKTionrcl'iK rrmrriv conni.-r t-s it work of pant".
CHtion, and nmfl In d imn Uins lire Ins of wastes, in
repairs will he mpWL-wl WTY (lav the patient will fct lh'ii
rrowiruc hertt r.i srmn-er. the toort diiwtins; beuu
inline i:vrj-.i, si hi nntu anu neun U-crretMr.iT.
Sot CRAt T, llW 8tMtPltIT.ntV TlwirtT VT PVTll
all knouri remetli:ii asent In Ute cure of CUmnic, tJcrriT
kMi iAfiritiiTiualvud5kia disease; but U i U ouiy
Kidney and Bladder Complaint
rrrnarr and Womb oMnw. timvel. Di:,
5t pnurooi Aier,lncouiiueticet I rK itrtiaiu it-e.ni
AliHimiiiiiria. ami In mil caot WlrCr t hurls are brrrU-il.Kt
deprwiu, ortlie waUT is lim lsv douiv, mixed with biiIk
uancrit like tlie white f nne.:s, or ttirti.t tike white ilk,
or tliere tsa morNtk bilioiw appearance and win:
bonenlmtflcrvftMi, and when it-e.-e w a prirklns hnrninn
eercantinn wlwn lavwiru; Wetter, auti pan in Liic bouli of ih&
iKti'ta, ana wUihu uie iuis.
Tnmor of Twelve YenrV Growth Cared by
Dfc RX1TW.VT: T have luul Ovarian Imnor In the ova
ries and boweU. All liiu dix-inrs aaid "tliere w?w rto tu;
loriu" I tried every t him; liiat was rvrrmn. ruled ; but
nothing helped me. I saw tout llw.lrent, and tlnmirhi
would try it; butbad not'aith tn it tocatue I had uiIerM
ttrtwlveTrara. 1 took mx boitWNol Uie Kesotvetu, and
one box of ILidway's IMis and two bottles of voar Kendr
Kclii-f; andtlMwtVitatiinof tumor u be seeu or Ml,
and I seel tH-iur, smarter, and hawler thnn I have ft
twelve ymm. Tbe wont tnmr wa in the let t si.U; - f the
bowtis over the trroin. I wri:e this to you tor Uie beocni
ut ffuaaa. 1 ou cu pauiiau iiu von rncw
a prominent teniitJLta and rviauit ot i'incfnnnrl
(lm for tut pi-tt Sny years wHl known to the buok pub-
iumktb uuvuuuui ue iiuuxi taim
T- Rarwat Den Sir I am nr.-vd hr a wiircof
aew lrwnciwr. iiu. irtUL
duty to theauiftTiii tomakea Iwt'TMtaTeUHmtof the work
iru;or rourmtiiirueoniH-wii. t 'r neYf-nil years 1 niu
been aftcctod Willi om trouble In the bladdtT ard urinary
organs which 9om TwHve mociUm ago rulminated in
most temrMy ant"Minr fliseaite, wium tne pnvniciitw
said wa a prostatic trie to re in theurrtha. as also iufrim
madoA of the kidiwyn and bladder, and cave il as titelr
opinion that my aie i tout would prevent my evtT
Killing nuncaity eurea. i naa mtti a nnmner oi pnysi
cians. and hadt:ikvn alanre Quantity of medicine, boih al
h'ikwii.o nun nouiiaTO'tauuc, Dili nau got nomii. i nrut
read of actonishln;; curts lLiviibmwUibyyH'rrvme
diea; and jnmeftnir months aol readanottee In the 1'hil
adHphia iVrtrirdry ivttinn Jort of a cure havim; been
ftfivtcd on a ncr-ton who had loosr been sua.Tinir ;is I bad
dimi. 1 wminiiiia on ann iroi s.me oi e.icn ymtr rir-
noruiian Ka-i vait. linlv latut-L and lieznlatinir fill;
anaoimenced t:ikiriTtht-m. Inthrce days i wad gmuly
reueveu, amino w kxi aa wt u as ever.
iy w .AJ1E.5, cincinnau, ijnio.
nenertiv taHaelecxntiT oiatrdwiiliwt,t'teum.nun;i
nmj!;itf. nonfv. c1-aji- and stmartlteii. Kadw .v.i riils.
mrnecureoi u uismuT, ui uh aiuniicn, iver, imvt.
kidney. Bladder. ervou PL-ntae. Hvau:rre. l4jntli
tioo, 0-Uvens Iuditlon, D-ivpMa, IU:uiisihcs Kil
tow Fewr, Ir.rtam:natMn of Uie kowds Piles and all le-
raniTementsoi theluUrmal Vtwera. amuiteu to emvt
ptwiUYecure. Purrly V eatable, containing no mercury
fOteerve the fr-l lowing trrmptODaa resulting from
DwirdtTs of the DteeNtire Onnrns:
jonsnpniioo, inward rues, uunewoT rap nrwn m
TTiiiL A.-ithtvot'theStrmmi-h- N'ubu-a. Heart hull. Disrnst
of Food, Fullaew or Weight ji the Stnmarh, Sour Krcu-ta-
Oona, binkm$ - atjtrr at the rit of urn fctoinacu.
Swimming ot tneTlm:i, Hnmea and P;ffirnlt Brearmna;
l.liillPt-1 i f r.rth" rh-.rt- riKlivMl''. OT fclflC:ttillf fcOiWvtKUl
wlm In a Lvini; fo.tuie, Diinncsct uf Vis-ion, lts
Web bulbre'tl Sictit, Fever and Dull fain in tbe Head.
A fewdnaes of RADWAT'S PTLLS win free the mrstpm
front all the ahnvp-naniod di-wrifcrs, iYice, S ccnta
KKAD AN!) TI:E. Send one letter-stamp
m I.ALlrr A 1 G .'-, Oi M itW-n UUM ItCW A
InJonuauoa wortn ujoiuanu) wui DC aau you.
J. I. CASE Sc CO., Racine, "Wis
Manufacturers of
"'nth PlrN Climax and Monntrd Hor IVwers Trend
Power, Wood Snwiii-r M:w bimn and Portable JCnKinea,
ocuu jot aetnpuvecifcuiiii: sou true by niau.
The Larsent OlannNctory of THRESHERS
In the Warld !
JeiiTiiTig's Seiiidnary.
At Anrorn, T1U offers best of advantages In Fn?llh.
iiaaaica. uook-teeming sui Mnaic bena lor cnciuars.
By an eminent Physician and Prnfiwor in one ot wit
Medical Collest. It deals tearieHaiy but claiMelT
evils trora which spring physical and moral dtyraVlntton,
and domestic Ini-Jicitv. It ta betnz reviewed nrawea
rririi-iflfti. hv all tin leadtnr? relnnoiM and aecnlar nape
and Marazinea in die I nited Slate, and tbe verdict of
Rpn and inmt itiM-iminftrtn' 1. tlur if is a rinnrk
able book, that H is tlm-iy that It t needed
UuU it will nisa ta-a Ira wnm rU and do fraBfiwl.
it is of vital impnt-tanee to every man and woman
in uie uitkl, nni i n.tv iu a w;nMriui kik
Amenta will And this a rare oonortiuiHv to make moner.
Circulars giving full partlcuiars with uumeroua notices
oi tne nTswA, aciii o ce-
Address J. S. GOODMAN & CO- Publishers,
5 Custom House Place, Chicago,
T Say where yon saw thii; adTOtisement.
a r;KT-i
are' wink inf. St Mr day wit
oar soadft St-ud tr tutadara FLEUAHTl"
WOOiiUL r F, Ckvelaud, Ohio.
UAWTCn AGEXT3, everywhere to canrw
lin.V b ourffreat uim.i.a1s raper. a mir
bteH Ensravm elvcn to vtry u been oer. titraond-
pr iaducenaaits. Am.
AGEKTS W a TE I for the bft and best seninj
aruclcoot- BOXlMiiip. lillLilt CO Cle elnnl.
per week. Agents wanted in evrrv town,
dreaa C DtNIa, liocheslcr, X. V.
xrmrvn ICIHV4 nf EITHER SEl
1 (U.lt".irel bv frivkles. btotches and pnuiues on
taccsmd fort! f-rescnplion of a famous German t liem
bt, Uie inimtients ol which Will entirely rare Hie Hunt
cades, bent lo anv nnon-ss on reeeiia 1.1 wkihiuu.
CARL lltNUlilCiiS, M. Ulvenade, Maine.
Relieved and enred hy Tr. Fherman's Patent Appliance
aiat Compound. Office IB7 Itro.1w:iy. N. . tend
frboik with phHo-rnphic lik.-nts.-of cases N-I.Mi:an!
after cure, with Henrv Wtnl Heecher-s cae, htters
Cnrtmit. Beware ol' Iravel'TW Impoetors, who pretend
ave been a.v.-istants of Dr. Sheemx.
Illa.trnted Book at Wonder, sent fr-v.
bUNewVork City.
HOW TO BE RICH This rsarticalrreatfse mailed
tor Seta. L. IL PL06E, Thouipsuavuie, Cunn.
aVxme of erne tla to eh! I Inn many a pmmt wiH wr
tts. lT!iiTfTnir lite aiM nmHiuiuas 10 tuk.ti..
lH l'tr Utile eiiiittrrn when yoo can pn-vent it la r eukl.
Fly Canopibs 1H rptt't tisrm. 1 !wy a-e aiut ly
nrt.ri(,on nrript of prti?f. (na, -V. 1 hrrc to one
dn-Ma,2. tiOdillt'reniiX'wspapciv iuliu-li tliia advcrUao
A. K- IIOl GliTON. Jt fletxxt, UbiOb
of 430 per week and exrvw' or arow alaie
COaBZniaaioo. U our new wonicriil lnvfmdon.
M. WAGNIR a M.uJi.Mfeh.
r O PRITKR, W.G. Ri, ofARrkn M-rh-I
ttran, iiavuur trn mt of t printinc ba-ima, o:Iti
Ct aaie a lanre tinanittr o' nenrft r c j-b letter, casea,b
preisri, elr. tk-cd lo hiin liT a t'auKjrfur.
C OOA "nr 1-c Rnrina ."Sent on trial.
!?o acrta.
HI fwu, ITway, N. v.
To ornfbrm to
Great Sarins Cnnanraera by aetllng
tr tVnd (he oar Kew m.-e V and a Onh form
accomaiiy It coi.iaiinnir I'nil rtir-ciioim, rnnwr: a lar.-e
saving to cooauuiers and reuiiuicrauve U duh urjmi ifru
P. a Boi 31 and 33 Vesej SU New York
We Will Pay
penses to sell entirely new ArtoU-a Deyer before
trodnced. For rarrlcn'an aMress .
J. W. f-klSK Ac t;0 MarakaU, MJch
UraaB.x'01CCO,3taiCaual to
dreaa. ap
please ay yea iaw the advertisement
la tala paper. 309 If Q
HILl IOSS Bvavr TeniMor thelv
Wl",al Catatlr F.Htuta.
Thew an sot a, wile FA".-Y JtlMao"
Maeor pMr Hum, t'tiisieT. Prsaf 8piri
aad BxStrn Lianara Joctored, spiced and sweet,
erd to pleas, tne tasta, called - Tonic3,- -Appetisers,"
" Eestorers," c, that lead who tippler oa to
dnuikenness and min. but are a true Medicine, snada
from the Native Roets and Herbs of California, fee
froasi all Alcoholic ptlmalaats. They are tha
GITIXQ PBIXCIPLKt perfect nerDvator 4H4
lnvlgoratoror tne Svatcss. carrying off all poisonous
matrr rtna rcMortag- the Mood to a ceclthT condition.
Ko person can tae these Bitters accordlna; to direc
tions and remaJx long nnwell, provided their bones
are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and the vital organs Tasted beyond the point of re
pair. Thar aire at Gwatie Parsatise as Writ mi
Toaic, possessing also, the recrliar merit of acting
as a powrrfnl aernt in relicring Congestion or iaflam
snatror. ofthe l:vrr, and all the Visceral Organs.
ymmg or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo.
manhood or at the turn ot life, these Tonic Bitten hava
aa rqcal.
For InSasamatwrr aa4 Chronic Rhewsaaw
Ilia and liout. Dysprpata or ladiaeMiot-,
Cllloas, Reaiittent acd Interwti'tetit Fevers,
Dlaeaaea af the Rloed, Liver, Ki.'eya, aad
Bladnvr, these Bluers have been most ioecessfnl.
E-aca lieeaacs are caused by Tltiated afloacl,
which fa) geacrilly prodaccd ty deransetrent of tha
Digestive Oraans.
srhe. l':tin m tl.e Shoulders, touxiis, T-jrhmesS of tha
Chest, Dizziness. Sour rications or tiie btomach,
B3l ti'te lu the Mcmh, Billons Attacks, FalpitaUca
of the Hvart, InSamtnatlon of the Luces. Pain in t'us
rrfflonS of tne Kulr.rvs, and a hundred other pa!nftf
syuiptoms, are Uie oi&priufts of Ivsprpeia.
They lnvljrorata the Btomach and stiJiaiate the tor
pid liver eri bowels, a-hich fender tbera of nneqnalled
ejiescy In cleiinsiuic the blood of all itr.pnritlcs,and
Imparting new lue and vigor to the hole system.
FOR SKI!! DISEASES. Ernntiotis. Tetter, Pan
Rheum, blou-iifst-oou. 1'iniples, Fnstules. Boils, Car-bancles.Kii!i-Wornis.Eelii-li
ad. Sore tyes, Kryslp
ela. Itch, Sonrts, Diseolorations of the Skin, Buniora .
and TMseitf es ot the Skin, of wliatever name or nasnre,
are literailv dns; np and cirriHt out ti the system In a
i-hort timehv tue use of lhc.e Ptrter. fr;e bottle la
sncli cois w U convince Uie luoet lucredHioas of their .
carative eifect.
rieanae tie TltlsfM fl!-od r.er?r votl find tta
Impurities bursting tliroy?h the skin in Firaples, Kmp
tior.s or Foreis clean It when yon find it obstructed
an J riTiecisa iu tiie veins: cu-anse it wnen it isioni, ana
yonr feeling will tell yon when. Keen the blood para
aud the health oi the aVticm will follow.
PI T A PE. and other TTOIOIS, lnrktog In the
rstem oro niny thousands, are eaectuajly deem
. ,1 .nd r. Mi. V. L
Uie circular aroond each bottle, printed In four laa
ror lull uireciions, resu nmu
gcages luii'usu, bcrnuu, r reuca ana Dpaoini.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. H. MctXJXALD CO,
Dragjfista and (Jen. Amenta, 6sn Francisco, CaL,and
S2 and Zi Corara-rre Streft, New Tork.
Hay and Co
n Precs Works.
-M,c: IS54.
j : Din-
Dederck'a Patent Prorre-trlTe Lt-rer Presses are rV
!d!: at k-ast to-th;nia oi the hay. atnrsr, Lc. baled m
tlie country, am! are fira!I:ariy known cvoryTrIi-re aa tbe.
brst PressciL 34 d rT rent cit-a of Ilnrw. Hnd and
Power Pw.forral:T!ij bay- ttniw, o?tMii. htmp, hcTw,
cloUi, hides, moss, huks. hroom corn, Aa. Send ftrr
nimrtratetl Catalogue, giving &scs. Pni, and much
other icfirmation nscful io the fhmier, plaster, par'crr
and shipper. Do not wa:t tritil MacIirnM arc wantr.l,
tlirn ordt-r in haste but post yourself in Fmsoa. W
char?- notbiDf? for inftirnianon. State your ta-aEporla
tion 'Vilitt-Ji, niArlaOt, Aa ADDSLiii,
. P. K. DEDtRlCK & CO Albany, N.Y.
mmm oil
9 Bitrif mii Scald
S t AaiVaiVj.'IM,
U-ntorrbwi or Pflc.
irrt yipfMeUt,
aVmfc-a?, or Urmt.
&iw'lhlt, M'iJttiiuilS,
ftitunlrrrtt Ftet
pnnnM ana tsmtK
Vkttppret Mf'f'tg.
Fro4 Bttet
ii-nltof AU Kiml
Si'ft-4, Riatjiione
HtJl KrlL
Fv4 Hoi in frept
lliw nf Anfmrlt . TiuvriJL IlfHlB M PntUtru.
Tijothachey dec-, itxC, Manic Jiaek etc, Jc
Lare Size, $1.00; bedlam. 50c; Small, 25c
TheGniJii-onhrtabrminnseasa Unhrrmt for
ttiirtv-eiulit Tt-ara. All wc ask is aoir triui. but
lie iire and bUow dirt'tiorw.
A-fc vocr noT?t dnuri- or dealer In patent
m medicine, lor ana of o;ir Almanacs and ade-
3 Mriiima. rui r-jl Wil.lt ths9 tMVtoist MAT abOIlt tht
The GanrTtns OH la for aa!e by all respectable
dndcra UiivuUout the Catted State aui other
Contiiris. . ,
iftir tehnrmkil date fmm to the prespnt, and
are vnntv-ittL I' the fkiT'tirtg Oti, and tell your
neiilwr tuit 5no" t i t hxs (V.iie.
IVe deal d:r and li.t;ral wi:b aJl, and oefr eontnv
d&ctiutv Write jor an AimaatK or took Book.
ManufictTLrcJ at Lockportj 31.
ter.-. inwii iif -ViM-r.it in 'Vi' a t.-I nH.tiirine
CP-iit lte;.s;. s iuvt tniiiv : ;:- UUi-oivrs wt
nin.Mi uil. ia Uie p-ovurcc to winch it LjckMiga. no
grsii t baa
Tarrant's E.Terresrent Seilzer IperlenW
A eolmin wonM rmt Miil.ee to ermawrrtte trie nllmenta tie
which it prcscrtNtl jv plivsia.-i.uw oi The ..igltvMt fttnnU
Ins. It rt-HS it.rf MftKi to Uia! ct.iss tien-tivi-ly termed put
et.t nietlkiiH. lint is aii arituk kk--U on scieniiiic; aiiiilvvli
and w il ctuid itw ist oi tlie- luint ntv.t riLi!
nuiliotl criik-ism aaiicVtiarii, arniniw.-hlc.an anti-lelr.l
pni mratlon, ;uid An wlmirtl'k- n-mlv ii all inlimu cont-
piamts. i.vt tlifi-t b no nii-take. Secure (ho
lECBHiae ai tirlr oilv. ,
IVhorpiw'T. PHrc with Govprnnr, if:90. rrtray
Kfo tuiit 'ntrroHift. W'M he noldiajr tour Hundred
dollars, cash. Also, one
OIa.le hy R J. Gm.l A Co f"hlca? 8-brse-pnwer. In
e.-el!nt onl'T a"d warran ..1. Prieo. Willi Jurlsf-n's
Governor, V-M. Cost new, Jf'ao. A.!lw miniitliatdy,
A. X. K.KLI.lM;,
110 and H i Mailihon aUoa.cliUrmo EL
Is ! prrlor to fte enmcirai y:ii1s In all refers, ts
("ben per, mikes Ntranci-r and MiiHH IH'KAitLB
WOUK, and :h Ktr.L U a screw lur tucil purpoMSa,
ao.d bv Hardware !..
TV" Twa A ne-?
TirKit rl.Uilan1
iV t'he IVit'-K-," ami ".r !'!.
Wwriah:tn no4-..iiM4-.:i'..ni-i'd if. arc niiiktnv: nuf
lia,r. AiiraCLAi:K.iU,il-5 Liiuoi twt-aasu.
ASUOiissea u. isoi.
Fn( erior Cells for Cuurrhes,
S hoo!B.etc of ltirc op
per aad Tin. fully war-r:nt4-d,
and mount-d with
onr lttnat I m proved
RaUry JlanjiiUtfa, tba
b-t m use.
: : rtml r.l I IV- 7 -wrw m, fvm
J V 1 VTirnrr-TI A TTTT
t -f : -. f'w

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