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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, September 08, 1871, Image 4

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An Indian Killer Interviewed.
There been stopping in this city for
a coupijj 0f flays pgg one 0f those charac-
" : wno nave made for themselves a
jiebrity for their braverv and daring on
the plains of the far West, among the
Indians and the buffalo; in recounting
Whose deeds, hair-breadth escapes and
peculiar life, the rages of romance are
filled. The person to whom we refer is no
less a character than "Camanche Bill,"
who is reputed to be the slayer of no less
than one nun area ana eighty-three Indi
ans. He has been nine years on the plains,
part of which time he has been in the
employ of the government as a scout. He
has hunted and killed Indians for the
Eleasore and sweets of revenge, and
unted and trapped of necessity. He is
now on his return to his old life in the
West, having been on a visit to his early
home in Minnesota. He is about twenty
eight years of age, of slender build, sandy
complexion, with a profusion of hair that
he wears long on the neck. His dress is a
pair of buckskin pants, ornamented from
the outer seams with a row of steel buttons,
a coarse shirt, an old coat and a broad
brimmed hat. His eye is piercing keen,
and he has a grip like a dozen blacksmiths.
in response to our questions he said :
"My name is George W. Porter. I
have been on the plains since 01 I was
in the Minnesota massacre, near New Ulm,
ine 131.1 01 August of that year. All my
folks were killed, except me "and my little
sinter, three years old, whom they took
Where was you t"
" I was avvBy at the military station on
business; went the day before. The first
I kne- of the massacre, I was coming
alog the road on my way home, when I
nw a little ways ahead of me a wagon
filled with women and children that the
settlers had sent to the station for pretec
lion. Just then I saw the Indians pounce
upon them, and I dodged into the woods.
I could hear the hatchets crushing into
their heads. They killed 'em all, every
44 What did yon dor
They scalped 'em, and when the coast
was clear, I got out, and pretty soon along
. came a company of cavalry, and we buried
" Why didn't you follow after the In
dians?" " I had no horse, and the captain didn't
want his men to go. Tou see that was in
'C2, and everything was topsy-turvy.''
Did yon visit the scene of the massacre
at New Ulm f"
"Yes; I went there the next day, and
saw my father and mother all scalped and
cut up, and my sister was gone. I swore
by the eternal God I would never rest
until I had had revenge a bloody re
venge." "Did you ever get any traces of your
sister f
"Why, yes, there was the Yankton,
Swanee and Sioux Indians, and I knowed
them pretty welL I learned that they had
her. I knowed what they'd do with
"Yon have not been successful in your
efforts to secure her.
' No ; you see, single-handed and alone,
a man don't stand much chance. That's
-what I had been doing all the time.
Once, in Arizona, I was right in sight of
her. The way I knowed It was her was,
I had been on the trail of the band of
Sioux that had her a long time, and she
was the only white person they had. This
was in '65, and then she looked just like
mother. I waited and watched and watch
ed, and picked an Indian off every little
while, when he'd get a mile or two from
camp, tnt 'twas no use. They kept too
good watch over her."
Were yon ever captured f
"Yes. The Blackfeets captured me
and Jim Braden in '64, when we were out
hunting. They came on us with a rush,
but they didn't get ns though until I had
killed one young buck."
" What did they do with you ?"
" " They marched about twenty-five miles
to their camp, and there they stripped us
of everything we had, and tied us up to a
stake, and let the women poind ns with
clubs. They did this every day for eight
days. We were tied with buckskin thontrs.
and one night it rained, and we slipped out
of 'em when they got wet. Jim got away
all right, but just as I was gittin' my
things on, an old squaw woke np and gave
the alarm. There was but four Indians in
camD. The rest had pone on a hunt. I
run, with only my knife. They came up to
me, and I had a desperate fight. One shot
had hit me in the left arm" (exhibiting
scar). " I cut and slashed the buck that
got hold of me, and finally gave him one
under the ribs, so he won't tie anymore
thongs. And he cut me, too, here and
there, and here " (showing scars on his arm.
neck and breast). " The other buck never
came near, for I'd got this buck's gun
atore ne a reacnea us.
The rest of "Camanche Bill's" story.
how h9 followed his sister among the
Camanches, and had a fight with the white
duet or that nation, and other equally in
teresting accounts, we shall have to omit.
tsat ii our readers wish to see a genuine
trontiersman, they should call upon the
" Indian fighter " himself. Davenport
(Iowa) Gazette.
Home Life.
Tnatruehomethewhole house ought
to belong to the family, and be occupied
by them. There ought to be spare cham
bers for the gwwts, and room for hospi
tality, but there should be no shut cham
bers or shrt parlors, sequestered from all
domestic use. There should be no mys
teries in the home, no place of oracle
tJxjre. Every part of the houso, from
cellar to garret, should be open and known,
not only lighted and ventilated, ,at visited!
too, by every member of tr.e household!
In a real home the family '.dwavs use the
best part of their housaad fa
whole of it They go. in the front door,
as well as at the bk door b
the wide stairs M weU M by the nar
row staircr, and they use the solt cush
ions, damask and the velvet, as well as
lne cane seat and the straw matting. In a
genuine house no part or appendage of
the house ought to be too good for those
who are members of the family. It is well
in the home that each member should
have his own retreat, his own chamber,
the daughters and the sons and the ser
vants, but not well that there should be no
feeling of common right in the house.
And a good home is not within the
walls of the house. The first home of the
first family was not in a house at all, but
in a garden. To realize the home now
there ought to be a garden attached to it,
some space open to the sky in which green
things and bright things may grow, and
the family may enjoy God's sunlight to-
geiner. Doras aina oi a garden every
true home ought to have, a clear space in
front or in rear or around.
Every well ordered home will have a
library. Until this in some form comes
into the house it has not the right to be
called more than a lodging-house, or an
eating-house, however sumptuously it may
be furnished. How many bocks are ne
cessary to make a library we shall not
venture to say, or whether the old Puritan
measure of the Bib'.e, the dictionary and
spelling-book is 'u be taken as the unit,
or rather iTiity in Unity. Books enough
to meet ordinary need of intercourse
and conversation and reference, " the stand
i d works," enough to give the impression
of culture and intelligence; home must
have these, even if it has to spare some
physical comforts to get them. Books in
the house are a binding influence between
members of the family, the means of dis
persing the clouds, making rainy days
useful, and enlivening hours of solitude.
And in a true home the library will not
be "stowed away" in a closet or dark
room, but will be in the center of the house,
in the meeting-place of the family, where
the young and old together catch" inspira
tion in its gathered hoard. In the true
home the library will be the favorite "sit
Music there ought to be in every home ;
not only the music of a mother "singing
to her clean, fat rosy babe," which the
Radical Cobbett so mnch glorifies, but the
music of consenting voices and consenting
iiarps. The head of the house may be a
xxi steward without any musical enow-
:0 ee, but the true father will know more
tha.n the "two tunes, between which he
cannot decide, when he hears his daughter
strike the keys. The best sentiment of
home connects itself from infancy to age
with the voice of music.
And home is more fully realized when
all the family are together. There is a
painful absurdity in talking of the pleas
ure of home when the children of the
house are scattered, or the parents are con
tinually absent A father who spends all
his time in his shop or in his club, except
the hours of the night in which he sleeps,
or the minutes which he eives tor meals,
knows nothing of the satisfaction of home.
lnis is one ot the solecisms or American
life, that men of wealth lavish so much
upon their houses, but are in these houses
so little. The children, too, .are sent
away to bearding schools or to Europe,
and three-quarters of the great house re
main unoccupied. Of course, m the pas
sage of life and the changes of fortune, it
is inevitable that the family circle should
be broxen up. The lone widow, whose
children have gone away from her as they
married and settled in life, may speak of
her ' home " as the place where she nas
lived so long, though how no one is with
her there. The forms of the departed are
there in her thought and she has society
in her memories. But while the children
are yet in tender years and in leading
strings, home implies that they are togeth
er in the house, and are not scattered in
foreign and uncongenial abodes. For a
good part of every week-day, for a large
part ot every Sunday, the parents and cnn
dren ought to be in each other's close so
ciety. It is more important for a man of
business to be in his home than to provide
merely for its enlargement The " club "
is no blace for one who has wife and chil
dren : it is an institution for the refuge of
grim and forlorn celibiates, and even for
them it is of doubtful value. Genuine
home-life implies a hearty love for the so
ciety in the house, which will hold this as
close and as long as the children are will
ing to remain. Home is a place for men
as much as for women, for the sons as
much as for the daughters. And no one
has a true home when there is any place
that he loves better to be in than his home.
Herald of Health.
Arsenic in Wall-Papers.
A correspondent of the British Medi
cal Journal writes .
Hitherto it has been generally suppos
ed that only papers entirely green, and of
a very bright shade of green, were arsen
ical ; but the - feet is, as proved by the
analysis of eminent chemists, that every
paper which contains any green in the
pattern, no matter how little, or of what
shade, as a general rule contains arsenic,
and is, therefore, injurious to health. One
shade of green is no safer than another,
for the very palest greens frequently con
tain large quantities of arsenite of copper,
the brilliant color of which is toned down
to any degree of paleness by the addition
of chalk and sometimes of white lead ; the
result being that pale green papers often
contain just as much arsenic as those of
brighter color. The quantities of arsenic
used in green papers appear almost unli
mited, varying from the fractional part of
a grain up to the frightful amounts of six,
nine, fourteen grains and upwards, to the
square foot I have beside me some pale
green papers, the analysis of which give
those amounts, and the illnesses produced
by those papers proved in some cases all
but fatal. I have also by me a paper with
green leaves on a white ground, contain
ing no less than eight grains to the square
foot which caused most serious illness.
" When the atmosphere of dwellings all
over the kingdom, in town and country, is
thus more or less poisoned with arsenic,
the most volatile and the most subtle of
all poisons, need we be surprixed at the in
creasing prevalence or various forms or
disease t Investigation of this subject is
earnestly called for. I cannot but regard
it as a question of great national import
ance, affecting masses of our population
physically, mentally, and morally, to an
extent little conceived at present There
appears good reason for believing that a
very large amount of sickness and mortal
ity among all classes is attributable to
this cause, and that it may probably ac
count for many of the mysterious diseases
of the present day which so continually
imiuiv oil uieuiu&i sjuii.
Arsenic being exceedhnrlv volatile, its
effects by inhalation, both of gaseous
emanations from the oaDers. and of the
fine impalpable dust thrown off at all tem
peratures, are highly dangerous, produc
ing symptoms both chronic and acute,
wuicu simulate various iorms or disease.
x say nmuuae, Decause l nave seen cases
where the symptoms ot various diseases
were produced by the irritation of the en
tire mucous membrane, and consequently
of the whole system, resulting from the
occupation of rooms with arsenical wall
papers; and on the removal of those papers
the symptoms gradually subsided, thus
proving wai mey were tne result or irri
tation, and not of organic disease. But it
would seem not improbable that prolong
ed exposure to the same nnlsnnnno in.
fluence may in time produce those diseases
wmcn are at Erst only simulated.
u Having witnessed the effects of slow-
uuuxHUUK uy arsenical Tmnprs in mv nwn
lamily and household during a number of
jtoio, uiu uavmg Bunerea severely my
self from the same cause, I speak from
personal experience. During a nprirwl nf
twelve years we were rarely free from ill
ness in some form or other. No fewer
man twelve physicians, several of emi
nence, were consulted in London and
elsewhere. They all agreed as to the
diseased conditions which existed, but
not one succeeded in affording more than
a measure of temporary relief. Children
and adulta of both sexes, including several
servants, and numbering altogether four
teen persons, all suffered. The peculiar
nature and obstinacy of the symtoms were
such that I could not but think sometimes
that some hidden 'cause was at work ;
which analysis of the papers of rooms
occupied during these twelve years has
since proved to be indisputably the case.
The idea that arsenic papers were the
cause of illness was suggested by the
perusal of a little book not long since pub
lished, entitled, 'The Green of the
Period, which givts much valuable in
formation on the subiect and was nut in
to my hands by a physician who was at
tending us. The proof that such was
really the case lies in the fact, that on re
moving all the papers containing green
the symptoms were soon greatly relieved."
Shirt Making.
Take an old shirt, rip it to pieces and
cut out the new one by it, baste it together
and try it on. Don't laugh at the idea; I
Know it is an old one, for I once heard a
young man say he " did not know there
was any fit to a shirt," but trying it on is
the only way a shirt can be made to fit, un
less you nave a scientific pattern cut by a
practical tailor to eo by.
After you have got it to fit nicely, un
baste it and cut out a pattern, allowing for
the seams and marking all the hems,
gathers, etc., by notches, so it will be just
right to cut your cloth by. So far your
trouble is ended. But few ladies are now
compelled to make bosoms, as they can be
bought for a trifle more than the linen
would cost, and by the way, young wives,
buy cheap bosoms; nice high priced
bosoms will not wear out the shirts, and
two cheap ones that cost about the same
will, and when starched and ironed nicely
a twenty cent bosom looks nearly as well
as one costing fifty cents. I know this by
experience, and I find that two cheap
bosoms last as long as the shirt, while one
nice one is gone, leaving the shirt good.
As a general rule I do not approve of cheap
goods, but this is an exception.
Putting the bosom into the shirt is the
first thing to be done after it is cut Double
the front of the shirt in the middle, also
double the bosom and lay it upon the shirt
exactly square and even all around, then
cut out a piece one inch wider than the
bosom, and half an inch shorter. Unfold
shirt and bosom, commence at the top ot
each side and sew the bosom in place of
the piece yon cut out Then lay a plait at
the bottom and upon each side, both plaits
ofa size and large enough to make the
bosom set smooth; stitch the bottom
across, turn the bosom under and hem it
down, it being half an inch too long, hav
ing been left so for that special purpose,
and saves sewing a tape across as some do.
The object of makiog a plait in tne shirt
at the bottom of the bosom is to make the
front of the shirt narrow. The back yon
will at once see needs to be wider than the
front to give freedom to the arms - and
shoulders ; if both sides are of a width the
bosom will shrug together and set out be
yond the vest in a manner you may have
seen but could not explain.
Line the front of the shirt the whole
length and width from the bosom back to
the arm size. Some only face a narrow
strip just around the arm size, bnt the best
way by far is to line the whole back from
the neck down to the bottom of the arm
size and the front as I before said.
The quickest and easiest way to sew up
seams in shirts and an outer nnuer gar
ments is in this wise : bew np your gar
ment or sleeve upon the right or outside,
trim the seam very small, turn and sew up
again on the wrong side and your seam is
quickly and neatly nmtnea witnoui ieii
in?. which is a branch of sewing most
ladies dislike very much to do. The first
time sewing the seam, the stitches may be
long if the cotton is strong, but the next
titse it must be done tigni and well, ana
you find the seam strong and soft Cor.
Ulm Farmer.
The manner of properly selecting and
preparing food, and its judicious variation,
is one that does not receive the attention
that it oueht Professor Blot who is ad
mitted to be authority on this subject
says that "it is by practical experience
that we learn what is proper for us, and
not by chemical analysis." How can it be
otherwise, when the same articles which
are relished and easily digested by some
persons, are distasteful and indigestible in
the case of others? As no satisfactory
reason can be assigned for this, it must be
attributed to the peculiar idiosyncracy of
the individual, and it is only experience
that can teach each one what particular
article of food agrees with him, and what
does not It often happens that a certain
article of food is highly relished and en
joyed, and yet is indigestible by the one
who is thus fond ot it in this case taste
will not do to be relied on, and experience
will have to admonish when inclination
prompts to indulgence.
The great chemish and physiologist, Ma-
gendie, made some interesting experiments
on the effects of certain kinds of food.
He fed geese on gum only, and they died
on the sixteenth day; he fed some on
starch only, and they died on the twenty
fourth day ; he fed others on boiled white
of eggs only, and they died on the forty-
sisin day, ne led outers on tne three sinus
mixed together, and they fattened instead
of dying. Here is a proof of the neces
sity of not only varying but mixing food
as much as possible, in order to supply the
waste and necessities of every part of the
in the nrst instance, gum auorded a
nourishment similar to starch and sugar,
serving to sustain animal heat, but not to
restore the waste of the tissues, on account
of the absence ot nitrogen. In the second
instance, starch served to keep up the ani
mal heat and being more highly organized
than tram, enabled the birds to maintain
existence a few days longer. The want
of nitrogen, however, proved fatal, as in
the case of gum food. Those fed onwhite
of eggs alone had the nitrogen afforded by
tne albumen, but eventually died from
want of a supply of animal heat capable
of being yielded by the starch. Those fed
on the three kinds of food mixed not only
survived, but throve, because all the wants
of the system were supplied.
As before stated, the preparation and
cooking of food should receive its proper
share of attention, if the greatest amount
of benefit is to be derived from its intro
duction in the system. Blot, the professor
of this art, says that green vegetables,
such as cabbage, spinach, eta, should be
put in boiling water, but dry vegetables,
as beans and peas, should be put in cold
water to cook, alter navtng been previously
soaked in lukewarm water. In the cose of
potatoes, the eyes or germs are to be cut
out and the skin rubbed or scraped off,
then steamed or roasted. He thinks that
fish, although only containing twenty per
cent oi nutritious matter, ought to be par
taken of at least twice a week, as it con
tains more phosphorus than any other
food, and serves to supply the waste of
that substance in the system, and particu
larly in the brain. He says that the brain
of an idiot contains about 1 per cent of
phosphoric matter; that of persons of
sound intellect, 2 per cent, while that of
a maniac contains 3Jj per cent If this be
so, it would seem that in a maniac the
brain appropriates an undue proportion of
phosphoric matter trom the rest of the sys
tern, whereby its functions are materially
impaired. Scientific American.
Washington Pastry.
A sojourner in Washington sends the
following :
I am particularly fond oflemon pie and
ice cream for dessert At Hotel I
went on peaceably for a couple of weeks,
but always eating my lemon pie under a
silent protest, for I was a stranger, and
did not like to make objections. Finally
I called a waiter and said :
"John, I have nothing to say about the
ice-cream, but what kind of a pie is this ?"
"What kind of a pie did you order
" I ordered lemon pie, but this appears
to be dried apple."
"Dat's lemon pie, sah. You know dey
hasawayof mixin' dried apples in the
lemen pies here, sah, to dat extent it re
quires a man of 'bility for to distinguish
'em apart, sah. Lemons is scase, you
know, and dey has to 'conomize 'em so as
to make one lemon do for sixteen pies,
sah." Galaxy.
Economy in Selecting Carpets.
In selecting carpets for rooms much
used, it is poor economy to buy cheap
ones. Ingrain carpets, of close texture,
and the three-ply carpets, are best for com
mon use. Brussels carpets do not wear
so long as the three-ply ones, because they
cannot be turned. Wilton carpets wear
badly, and Venetians are good only for
halls and stairs. '
In selecting colors, avoid those in which
there are any black threads ; as they are
always rotten. The most tasteiui carpets
are those which are made of various
shades of the same color, or of all shades
of only two colors; such as brown and
yellow, or blue and buff, or salmon and
green, or of all shades of green, or of
In laying down carpets, it is a bad prac
tice to put straw under them, as this makes
them wear out in spots. Straw matting
laid under carpets makes them last much
longer, as it is smooth and even, and the
dust sifts through it In buying carpets,
always get a few yards oyer, to allow for
waste in matching figures. In cutting car
pets, make them three or four inches
shorter than the room, to allow for stretch
ing. Begin to cut in the middle of a figure,
and it will usually match better,
Many carpets match in two different ways,
and care must be taken to get the right
one. Sew a carpet on the wrong side,
with a double waxed thread, and with the
ball stitch. This is' done by taking a
stitch on the breadth next to you, point
ing the needle toward you ; and then tak
ing a stitch on the other breadth, pointing
the needle from you. Draw the thread
tightly, but not so as to pucker. In fitting
a breadth to the hearth, cut slits in the
right place, and turn the piece under.
Bind the whole of the carpet with carpet
binding, nail with tacks, having bits of
leather under the heads. To stretch the
carpet use a carpet fork, which is a long
stick, ending with notched tin, like saw
teeth. This is put in the edge of the car
pet, and pushed by one person, while the
nail is driven by another.
Straw matting is best for chambers and
summer parlors. The checked, of two
colors, is not so good to weir. The best
is tne cheapest in the end. When washed,
it should be done with salt water, wiping
it dry ; but frequent washing injures it
Bind matting with cotton binding. Sew
breadths together like carpeting. In ioin-
ing the ends of pieces, ravel out a part and
tie the threads together, turning under a
little of each piece, and then, toying the
ends close, nail them down with nails hay
ing kid under their heads. Mist Beecher.
Punch gives the following as a case of
reasoning by analogy : Cecil (who is in the
habit of surreptitiously dissecting his sis
ter's dolls). " Oh, aunty ! I declare if here
isn't a great big 'normous heap of saw
dust! How very, very dreadful !" Aunt
Dreadful, why, darling! Whyr" Cecil.
" Why, the lots of men and women that
must have been killed here, you know!''
A sew way of hanging oil paintings is
to have large blocks of wood at the back
of the frame to prevent their touching the
wall, so that the air can circulate through
the back and prevent the painting being
injured by dampness or blistered by the
heat from the chimney or flues.
To Ccrk a Felon on the Hasp.
Take sassafras bark the inside bark dry,
and grate it fine, and wet in r. teacup with
cold water, for a poultice. Apply to the
felon, and wet once in five minutes with
cold water. This, followed up. will draw
it to a head in twenty-four hours, without
any pain and without any injury to the
hand. Use the bark of the root. Sural
Attn? Yorker.
To Remove Tea Stains. Olix thor
oughly soft soap and salt say a table
spoonful of salt to a teacup of soap ; rub
on the spots, and spread the cloth on the
grass, where the sun will shine on it Let
it lay two or three days, then wash. If the
stain is not all out, it will disappear in the
second washing. If the spots are wet oc
casionally white lying on the grass, it wul
hasten tie bieacning. western Jiural.
Mirthfl lness. It is a real blessing to
have one in the family who is sensitive to
the ludicrous. There are enough to reflect
the sad side of life, and its irritable side,
and its sober side. We need one or more
to show the mirth that often trembles just
below the surface of painful things. A
mil, juip&iuauo laugu viuvi-jaica MUtmj IslW
sions, sweeps the twilight out of our im
aginations, and brings" honest daylight.
But it must be real. No dry, hacking
laugn. ii snouia oe spontaneous, out
bursting, irresistible, infectious. We have
seen men fall to laughing who had not
heard the cause of mirth, but only had
caught the contagion of other men's laugh
ing. It is hard not to laugh with men
who are in earnest about it Kzehange.
Getting Rid of Rocks. We have no
ticed very often, in going about the coun
try, a great amount of labor expended in
digging out large stones and dragging
mem to tne sunace, where they lie, a
greater nuisance, if possible, than when
they were partly buried in the soil. If a
different mode of treatment had -been fol
lowed, they might have been neatly and
permanently disposed or. Instead ot bring
ing them to the surface, they should have
been buried out of sight Had a hole suf
ficiently large been dug close to the rock
the removal of which was desirable, and
partly undermining it a simple overbal
ancing with a crowbar or handspike would
have tumbled it therein, and it might then
have been covered np and forever gotten
rid of. In this way an acre of ground can
be easily cleared of large stones in a very
snort lime, and tne unsigntiy appearance
of fence corners occupied by them avoided.
Hath and Borne.
Why Do Animals Neep Salt? Prof.
James E. Johnson, of Scotland, says that
half the saline matter of the blood (75 per
cent) consists ot common salt, and as this
is partly dissolved every diy through the
skin and kidneys, the necessity of con
tinued supplies of it to the healthy body
is sufficiently obvious. The bile also con
tains soda (one of the ingredients of salt)
as a special and indispensable constituent,
and so do all the cartilages of the body.
Stint the supply of salt, and neither will
the bile be able property to assist diges
tion, nor the cartilages to be built up again
as fast as they naturally waste. It is bet
ter to place salt where stock can have free
access to it than to give it occasionally in
small quantities. They will help them
selves to what they need, if allowed to do
so at pleasure, otherwise when they be
come salt-hungry, they may take more
than is wholesome.
The St Louis Journal of Education
says : " Every teacher should understand
how to plant trees and the art of grafting,
and should be able to teach children these
things. The play grounds of all our
school-houses should be filled with shade
trees, both in the city and country. Every
holiday at school should be celebrated by
the planting of trees. The highways
should be lined with trees, thus planted
by the vouth of the country. Thn rav
ages which the foolish greed of the last
and present generations has made in our
forests could thus, in time be repaired. -A
million hands in this State could be set at
this work. It would become a habit of
family life to commemorate the events of
home, tne birth ot a child, a wedding, or
the anniversary of either, or even a death,
by these living monuments."
Effects cf Irrigation. A corre
spondent of the Country Gentleman says :
" We have a little experience in irrigating,
which we will give for the benefit of oth
ers. Some seventeen years ago we col
lected the water that run in a
highway some distance ; run it into a
small pond, and then, by ditches, over half
an acre ot meadow, lhis simple transac
tion cost half a day's work for two men
and team, and no expense since. We are
sure that we have obtained twice the
quantity of hay for the past sixteen years,
or in other words eight tons of hay extra
in that time, worth, on an average, $10
per ton SO for $3 worth of work irri
gating. The quality of the grass has also
improved. It is, the larger part, now blue
grass, very thick and tall, from two feet
six inches to three feet above the cutter
bar, which proves this grass the most re
liable for irrigated meadow, as it steadily
and surely runs out all others in our mead
ow ; but on dry soils it is not a success
with me, and we think it a waste of seed
to sow it there."
Webb Seeds. The seeds of cockle.
chess, and other weeds that are mixed
with the screenings from the fanning mill.
should be carefully prevented from getting
mixed with the manure iu the barn-yard.
We once permitted a neighbor to run a
few bags of grain through our fanning
mill, and gave him the run of the bam for
that purpose. When he had finished, and
during our absence, he doubtless with
good intentions scattered the screenings
all over the barn-yard, so that the fowls
might get the waste grain. This was
probably intended as a sort of recompense
for the use of the mill. Alas ! we never
regretted more than on this occasion the
doing of a favor that resulted badly for
ourselves. Our manure pile was thorough
ly seeded with cockle and chess, and prob
ably ten years of labor will be inflicted on
us before those seeds can be eradicated
from the field on which the manure was
spread. We mention this circumstance as
a warning to others, and also as a forcible
reminder to all that weed seed should be
consumed with fire aud utterly destroyed.
Don't feed them to poultry they won't
eat cockle ; and the seeds seem to last for
ever; by hook or by crook they will get
into the fields somehow. Put them in the
stove and you will have seen the last of
them. Hearth and Home.
Grooming and Feeding Driving Horses.
In regard to the clothing of horses.
there is much diversity of opinion. It is,
however, absolutely necessary to cover
warmly and protect from the cold such
horses as are driven so rapidly as to cause
profuse perspiration. Horses of slow work
and coarse blood are generally furnished
with a very thick, warm coat of hair, and
readily become accustomed to endure the
cold without a blanket A horse, how
ever, looks much better and requires less
food when blanketed, and considering the
variableness and severity of our climate,
the use of some artificial covering is, on
the whole, to be recommended.
Whenever a horse is cleaned, a careful
groom will inspect his feet to see that his
shoes are tight that there are no project
ing clinches to wound his fetlocks, and
that there be nothing wedged into the foot
between the heels of the shoe, or between
the shoe and the frog, which would-do in
jury to the sole of the foot He will also
with his pick (which is simply a short
piece of iron, with a thin, pointed hook
upon one end) thoroughly clean out the
gravel and dirt lodged between the shoe
and the sole, and examine the sides and
cleft of the frog to be sure it is all right
The feet of well-bred horses, kept con
stantly in the stable, would become un
naturally dry, hard and contracted, unless
some means were taken to moisten and
soften them. The best method of doing
this is to fasten into the foot by strips of
thin hoop-iron, pieces of thick felt cut to
fit the inside of the shoe, and cover the
entire sole. These pieces of felt (or they
may be made of several thicknesses of
woollen cloth) are wet and laid into the
foot and the strips of iron pressed in be
tween the shoe and the ftlt Sometimes
the feet are " stopped " or filled with oil
cake meU, or with cow-dung, or with
clay, but the same result is more con
veniently attained by the first method. In
dry, hot Heather, fast-working horses un
less they have flat feet and weak soles
should hate the feet stuffed every night
It is thoight by many to bean excellent
plan to aply occasionally to all parts of
the feet of horses an ointment consisting
of the eqml parts of tar, lard, and bees
wax, and it is probable that the hoof thus
protected cries less rapidly and is rendered
less brittle.
Finally, the good groom will see to it
that his horse is so fed and exercised as to
be in the best possible condition for his
work. Nether horses nor men can be
preserved fa perfect health without sun
shine, fresl air and exercise, and many
fine animas are ruined by irregular work
upon highlr stimulating food. Whenever
a horse is lot employed in his usual daily
task, he should be exercised at a slow pace
by his groan, or at least be allowed to run
for an hou or two in a clean, roomy yard.
By standixg day after day in his stable the
horse accumulates fat, his blood becomes
heated and impure, and his tendons and
muscles soft and unfit for violent exertion.
At the sane time he becomes restive for
want of eiercise, and with his belly full of
food is liatle to injure himself whenever
he ii takei out even though he have a
driver sufficiently careful to restrain him,
which is not often the case.
In this country it is customary to feed
horses three times during the day, and in
most cases it is better to give a feed of
grain or roots at noon than to omit it
The stomach of the horse is small, and in
a natural sute he eats the greater part of
the time, laving down but seldom except a
few hours &t night, and requiring but lit
tle sleep. In domestication, however, he
receives more concentrated food, and re
quires less time for eating; and he exer
cises mora and consequently demands
more repose. Horses which perform ir
regular, light work, like those employed
by physicians, may be kept in excellent
condition if properly fed morning and
evening ; but those which engage in con
stant seveie labor for several hourj after
the food hat passed from the stomach, are
very apt to at too greedily when fed, and
to have attacks of colic and other disor
ders of the digestive system.
The amount and kind of food given to a
horse should correspond somewhat to the
work requind of him, and yet he must eat
though he do nothing. Coarse, hardy
horses may live, and work after a sort,
upon hay and grass, but high-bred animals
will scarcely subsist upon such bulky in
nutritious food, and of course should never
be expected to do any thing more. It is
now generally conceded that valuable
horses ought to receive some grain or roots
every day, wiether at work or not as it is
well known that it requires careful train
ing for several months, to restore a horse
which has been running in pasture for
some weeks, t : -condition. Still it must be
remembered that a horse can no more be
kept in perfect trim for the fastest work
all the time, than a bow can always be
bent without losing its elasticity. The
importance of occasional relaxation from
hard labor for both man and horse is too
often overlooked or postponed, until dis
ease renders it indispensable. With a
proper regard to variety in food and to
the real health and ability of the animal,
now frequently neglected, so long as the
daily work isdone,the horse would not
only look and feel much better, but would
last much longer in complete soundness
than he now does.
Sudden changes from green food to dry,
or the contrary, must be made with great
caution, and there is more need of men
tioning it in this country, because fortu
nately the almost universal English habit
of giving physic to horses once, twice, or
three times, when such changes are made,
is nearly unknown here. In most cases
simple loosening of the bowels by means
of bran mashes and changing the food
gradually, will be sufficient to prevent in
jury to the horse, provided he bo exercised
prudently after Iking some time at grass.
The rapid drvine up of his fluids by the
use of bard food, the heating of his legs
aud feet in the stable, and the relaxed con
dition fo his joints and muscles, all render
him very liable to inflammations and
strains at the time.
The preparation of fast trotters or road
sters for matches, or for rapid driving,
consists in removing superfluous fat which
obstructs the action of the lungs and heart
and inert ases the weight ; and in harden
ing the muscles and tendons. The princi
pal means to be relied on, are physic,
sweating, exercise, rubbing and hard food
of the best quality. President W. 8.
(JiarKt Keport on Morse.
Packing Eggs.
There is a mode of packing eggs by
which they may be saleiy earned any dis
tance, and over rough roads, without dam
age. And there is another mode by which
half of them may be very easily broken.
The secret lies in solid packing, with an
elastic material between the layers. We
have watched many barrels of eggs opened
without a single broken one in them ; and
many badly packed, which we would not
have handled had they been given to ns for
nothing. The proPer mode of packing,
either in barrels, boxes, or baskets, is io
place first a layer of long hay or straw
three inches thick in the bottom. On this
scatter an inch in depth of cut hay or
straw, or chaff or oats, or whatever pack
ing is used ,- then place the eggs on their
sides, not touching each other, and wnen
the layer is complete, spread over them
and between them the cut stuff -or chaff
two inches deep. Press this down gently
with a piece of board, and put another
layer of eggs, taking care that they do not
toucn each otner, oi tne sides ot tne Dar
rel or box ; again fill up the layer of pack
ing, and press down as before. When the
barrel is fall, place a layer of long hay or
straw on the top in such quantity tnai me
lid must be pressed down with considera
ble force to go into its place, i ne eggs
will then be solidly packed and will not
become loose, and will stand considerable
jarring without damage ; but if they were
loosely packed, each little jar would cause
them to strike against eacn otner, inereDy
breaking the shells. Hearth and Home.
How to Plant a Maple Grove.
The sugar maple is easily raised from
its seed, which ripens in October. The
seed is sometimes planted immediately in
beds of finely pulverized earth and cover
ed three-quarters of an inch deep, when it
will sprout early the following spring; but
with a warm, moist fall it is apt to grow
before frost and thus be destroyed by the
winter; and perhaps it is better to gather
the seed when ripe, mix with dry sand,
place in a cool cellar, and sow cariy me
following sorir e. The seedlings at one
year old should be transplanted into the
nursery rows, two feet apart, and the plants
eight inches in the row. In two years
they will be from four to six feet high, and
are then ready to transplant into the
forest rows. But many thousands of
young plants may be found on the out
skirts of maple woods, where cattle do not
browse them. Those are better for being
transplanted into the nursery rows and
grown for two years before planting in
The sced3 are sometimes planted direct
ly were intended to grow in the forest
rows ; but this is not a good way, as it in
volves much more labor fo keep them
clean and the growth will be slower.
The land to be planted should be put un
der good cultivation and worked in some
hoed crop, for a few years after transplant
ing the maples. When the young trees
get a good start, seed down with orchard
grass, which will grow in shade, or can be
cut and fed green or cured for hay. It
may be pastured when the trees are too
large to be injured by cattle. The crops
will pay for all cultivation and expense of
trees for the first five years.
Now wnen ready to set the young trees
in the forest rows, draw straight shallow
furrows, north and south, twenty feet
apart, and set twelve feet apart in the fur
row, and you will have 183 trees to the
acre. Allowing for some loses, you may
have 2,000 trees on twelve acres. These
trees, with proper attention, will be twelve
inches in diameter twenty years from set
ting ; after which you may make one
p3und of sugar per year from a tree for
the next tenyears. Estimating sugar, on
an average, to be fifteen cents per pound,
and we have f 300 per year; but aeduct-
ing f 100 for labor, leaves $300 per year, I
or l a,uuu ior ten years, mis will pay all
arrears of interest up to this time ; and
henceforth thi twelve acres of maple
grove will pay the interest on $ 300 per
acre, with a constantly increasing value of
timber. Cor Jiural JVei Yorker.
Penstsatino to the soircs of disease
In the secretions and the circulation, regulat
ing every organ, and bracing every nerve and
fibre of the body, Da. Walker's Vinegab
Bitters are effecting the most astonishing
enres of indigestion, biliousness, nervous
weakness, rheumatism, scrofulous disorders,
and chronic constipation that the world has
eTer witnessed.
Prussing's Vinegar.
As the pickling season is now at hand, and
many housekeepers are concerned about get
ting Vinegar that will keep their pickles, we
deem it our duty to inform our readers that
Prussing's Vinegar is admitted by all who
have tried it to have no superior in the mar
ket for this purpose. Mr. Pnueing warrants
his Vinegar to be free from all poisonous
acids, with which many vinegars are adulter
ated. His works are the largest of the kind
in the United States, and owing to the extra
quality of his Vinegar, it is rapidly supersed
ing all others with the city and country trade.
Dealers and consumers should not fail to ask
for it when replenishing their stock. Spring
field (III) Journal.
Trade generally is not active, but there
are exceptions to this rule. Houses that gain
their popularity by selling everything cheap,
like J. V. Farwell & Co., of Chicago, are al
ways busy.
D. B. Fisk & Co.
Have made large preparations for the fall
trade. Mr. Fisk, the senior partner, has been
in Europe during the summer, buving of the
leading manufacturers there, silks, velvets
ribbons, laces, flowers, etc Their thorough
acquaintance with the wants of the Western
trade enables them to offer the most attract
ive assortment of Millinery, Straw and Fancy
Goods and Ladies' Furnishing in this country.
The oldest, largest, and most complete Milli
nery house in the West, leading all competi
tors in the amount of their sales bv a long
stride, they purpose, by upright dealing, and
by always keeping the largest and choicest
stock, to maintain the pre-eminence they
have so honorably won.
The great house of J. V. Farwell & Co.,
Chinaio. hftvA never hurt iui Iftrfre . t.r.?a at
this season as at present.
Da, Sage's Catarrh Remeot. (500 re
ward for an incurable ease. Sold by drug
gists, or by mail, 60 cents. Pamphlet free.
Address R. V. Pierce, M. D., Buffalo, N. T.
The several departments of the house of J.
V. Farwell & Co. are always crowded. Mer
chants buy of them with full confidence that
nothing will be sent them except at the right
Edward Bates, Esq., Horton, Kings Co.,
N. S., writes that an astonishing cure has
been effected on his daughter by the use of
Johnton't Anodyne Liniment. The whole
spine became diseased, she lost the use of her
limbs, and her back was rounded up like a
bow, in consequence of taking cold after hav
ing been innoculated for the kine pock. She
is now well.
Their old established rule of selling every
thing cheap is always strictly adhered to by
the house of J. V. Farwell Co.
We pledge our reputation on the assertion
that any educated physician, after a careful
examination of the recipe, will say that
Panom? Purgative PUU possess more merit
than any other pill now offered for sale.
Wooo's . Household Maoazhte. A
great variety of excellent reading matter, mostly
original, will be found in the September number,
which abounds In good stories, poems, sketches,
etc. The subscription price of the Household
Magazine Is only f 1.00 a year. Single number, ten
cents. Valuable premiums are given for subscri
bers. U. S. Wood A Co., Newburgh, N. T.
Still Onward and Upward.
The extraordinary incr ase that has taken place
in the sale of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters during
the past yeir. Is another proof that an intelligent
p op'e, although they may try all things, hold
Cast only to that which Is good. Ho amount of
puffery can lift inferior articles to the position of
standard specifics. To use the words of Tom
Paine, they may go np like a rocket, but are sure
to come down ignom!niously like its extinguished
stick. Hundreds of such nostrums have gone np
and enme down since the Introduction of Hostet
ter's Stomach Bitten, nearly the fifth of a century
ago. Yet it still remains the supreme tonic of the
age. It has not, and never has had a rival in ef-
fic cy or popularity, and now stands at the head
of all proprietary remedies manufactured on this
side of the Atlantic. In every civilised community
on this continent, or in South America, it la the
accepted remedy for dyspepsia, bilious com
plaints, constipation, general debility, nervous
weakness, a d many other unpleasant or danger
ous maladies. A medicine so widely extended Is
of course pirated and Imitated by dealers without
conscience or integrity;
Therefore, let every man and woman who de
signs to purchase the genuine Hostetter's Stom
ach Bitters, see to it that they have what they pay
for, and not the results of an infamous Impos
ture. Look carefully at label, stamp, and name
blown in the glass, and do not forget that the
true bitters Is sold in bottles only.
Pirrt Davis Vegetable Pain Killer pos
sesses virtue which -not alone removes pain in
stantly, bnt regulates the stomach, gives strength,
tone and vigor to the system. It is one of those
medicines which is worth more than gold. We
advise the good people not to Try experiments by
using the many new Reliefs and Panaceas, but call
ior me oiu reuaue Davis rain tuuer.
Have yon read the advert!- ement C. C. C. t
Investment Securities.
Jat Cooke & Co. are now selling, and rec
ommend as a profitable and safe investment
for all classes, the First Mortgage 7 30 Gold
Bonds of the Northern Pacific Railroad Com
pany, bearing Seven and Three-Tenths per
cent, gold interest (more than 8 per cent, cur
rency), and secured by first and only mort
gage on the entire road and equipments, and
on more than 23,000 Acres of Land to every
mile of track, or 500 Acres of Land to each
(1,000 Bond. The highest current prices will
be paid for U. S. Five-Twenties, and all other
marketable Securities received in exchange.
Pamphlets, maps and full information will be
furni-hed, on application, by Jat Cooke &
Co., Philadelphia, New York and Washing
ton, and by most Banks and Bankers through
out the country.
Hm hern testrd In every varWr of climate, and by almm-l
evifv imihhi known to Ami-Tirana. It tt The almtxt con
Mxnt coinpnnl'm ami lmtimlle rrkrxl of the nilwlonary
anil The tntvekr. on w-n and 'nI. nrt " one "0
irnvrt on oar LAKES Olt RlVEIiS WITHOUT IT.
PAU-XIXLEB was the first and is the Only
Permanent Pain-Believer.
Hnee the PAIX-KILLKTt was flrrt tntmrtticod. and met
Willi such uri-Miaww.-w'il sale, miuir Linhneni. I'-.mao-a, ami
04htTn?nvlielivt! i--n ..tfcn-rt to The puhhe. bnt not
one of tlH-m has m ttinl UK truly sxyiabl aTASO
latl or THA FA1N-K1LU.U.
It b hemnor DAVIS PATS-KILLER k what It claims
to be a reliever of pain.
Its Merits are Unsurpassed..
II yrfti xre TOfferln- from TSTERX AL TATS, twrnty or
thirty .Irons In a liltle witter w !1 almost instantly rare
you. There is nothing to txjual it- in a lew moment It
Celie, Cramps, Spaam Hrmrtbora, Diar
rhea. Uysinterv, Flax, Wind in the
Bewel. Senrt'iemach. Dys
pepsia, sick Headache,
la sections of tne country where
PrTn, ttKT tt m rnnrrlv held In sienter esteem.
Kvrry hoUHekeener shonltl kten it hand, to apply it on
.lie lirai ai u-.tn oi an j rain. 1 1 wiu Kilo nmiwiw iwj w
ief. ami save hours of sutlerinc.
IK) not trine with yoomelvea by trstln untried feme
VesL. 1 sure too rail fhr anri ppt tile enillne PAIN
KILLER, as many worthlss nostrums are attemped to be
soM "n (he irreat reputation of thin valuahle mediclue.
M isirecuou aixonipauyuiK eacn noiue.
Price, 23 ctsw 30 eta, and SI per Bottle.
J. N. HAHRTS & CO., Cincinnati, 0.,
Proprietor for the Western asd Southern States,
tW Sold by all Medicine Dealer.
For Sale bv
Hi-rlbct FnAi 4 . ..Chlraeo.
Urekxi Bit-ton- Milwaukee.
Novas os
C- OOA For lst-class Planm-Srnt on trlsl. Noaemts.
SZlvU Address U. S. PIANO Co, W5 B'way, K. V.
' m .1fl mmr wMk ud eipnuei nr Liow nam
cotnmawioc to o-jt new wonisrtii InvuiUaa. Ad
druH. M. WAMvK CU.. MAfWtU. Mick.
iHE leartinc Mnskiana ana t'hotr uirertor empnau
thM tn be the verr aarr collection ol
Huaic ever nublusiKii air the use of
the rnnsTaii nr .ACRED I0HB
Contains - Musii-.il Notation," " binsinit-Srni. I Depart
m.-.,t - MV.H..I i TJiM aiMl fart
"( holer Collection or HranTnnra, Anthems, Sentences
ana L mints," and "Congn--.-aironiil Tone.
KriceSi.30. at.l.SO per oen.
Specimen Copy sent post-paid on receipt ol fl J3.
Pl'HLiSliaD BY
Mr Lmmrd Marshall's se I Ida Sir ConvenTkms mar be
mired hr aiidreaauig as above, or Boom 12, Tremont
rmii'ie, Utfwon.
1 TT5
TTr make the tint nnd rtwinm CVter Pjtjs Ecmra hi
market, bend for (Irrnlur ami Prlcra.
tu, beneca mis, A.i.
I I want an acrnt tn mrr corrrmTiTilty to
sen my V ILfc .mkhiui m-a tn wnonas
been affii'twa ainn time -nxn riH pro
fcrred. !!- RObK, Box S3, Chicago.
Ttellerea most violent parnvrsma m tre mfnuv. srd
tferls a spi-cdy eun-. Pi-ire ti hr mail. Addresa 8. U
Ul II AM. luo aouw r.iuiu o- finiw
Ask fr fKUflFH.'m.;iuii.K. !"
OtH-brated r II Purity, Wrererih and Palaial!iiiess.
m ..t ... iwn n'.-L VinU Imn:nni awapw-fl as
the foiled Stall Fair, Illin4." Mate Fair ami Clikwf iry
Fair. Lanrest wonts o uekinuiuiiKt
fiHMwl ISM. Onlers and cmponileni-e rror.-P'y at
aniixi tn. i :it .:. R. PitrsiMi. 39 ami Ml State SU
Cluciw AlsoMiperbttHIfK WINE Vl.NKUAl!.
irr-v V A r-rt PnMhhM .CWenii ft
A vtsriraH. 37 Park liow, N . Y-, olitain
intents cv'Tywjicre. iwnj-nc
p-i-"t-- beiMl iui V.itenl Laws and tinkle to Inventors.
T NT CD ACEVT. (20per Iht to
U II llu- n-a-bran-d HOME SliLTTLe; SKWIXO
M.V IIINK. Has the umirr ffnl, make the
1-lnrkMthJt fahkeon both SMIs.iand is fniia
1 1 hVYNOTf. The best and cheapest fiumlr Sewing
Machine In the market Aklres jiih.n i.
CLAKK a CO-Boston. Mass, lH!lirgaf,
Qiicaiu, UL, or St. Uml. Ma.
Stand Heat Better thaa any ather made.
Ask for OiUuidge't, and take no other.
Bee that war name la ea every box.
DITHR1DCE tt SON, Pittsburgh, Pa.
tar-Send for Price Lint.
Tooonabnn to
Great Sawiaw ta Conanmers fcr aettlnr ap
taV-Send Ibr eor Hrw Prlee List and a Clnh frirm w!TJ
accompany It eonhunlne lull dinwtion, ni ikins a larrt
mrlng to coustuner and retiiunr rally U dub urftanir-ua
P. O. Rot SM. ! and 33 Tesev S New Tortt
Bors and Yoonz Men. at (.rlawold Cellrae. la
venport, Iowa. Three departments l'reiiaratory,
ColU-jate and Thrtilofrleal. Location delightful, healthful
and ccesib.e. Cost, uioderale. i"rTcrui opens SepL ith.
121 Dearborn St., Chleaa-a, III.,
Lanila for saie in Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota. Nebraska,
ami Missouri. Chicago protierty bought and sold on com
mission. Investment made, (or lion-resident.
lF.u. nnoMixs revolvers
1 V titin Mitterial. &c of every kind at UV lowest price.
Write sir a Price I.Ut To
Army tiuna, i&volvexa, &c taken in exchange
Walt has , Elfia. Mario aad Swim Wairhea.
or Evaav vabitt axd sttl.
TV"E wiTJ forward by Etpn-w, C. O. D. any articles, at
V manufacturers' prices, allowinc tne purchaser to open
and examine the good betore nyliiz the bi.L e also
nave otlier busiwas of interest and profit to every man
and woman who will send their address, at once, for onr
illustrated pri list and reference. L. A.BOLI,
Manager National -lewe ry bazaar. Lock o lu, Hiiuul
tou, Ohio. State where seen.
Watson's American Musical Agency
9-i Clinton Place (Sth St.) N. Y.
Established 18MS.
Musical Instrumer.ta, Sheet Mostc,
Patent Violin niin fntand Musical Metrhaiidiseof every
description. Catalogues mailed Vee. M ustral information
cheerfjuly ntrnistiol grufimoiiwy. verbally or by mad.
ACouaglateand Preparatory School tor Young Ladles.
The next yenr begins 8- ptetnber2l, ltfU.
The onexampleu gnrcc of Uie two years past warrants
the Trustees In assuring Parents tnat they will find no su
perior place for Uie education and culture of their Iingh
lera. boaciul aiciliti- for Miuac and the flcm Lanr
pugst? Ail WARD WfcSTON, Principal.
Railroad Gazette.
Transportation, Engineering ni Hroail Neta
The attention of Railroad Men t called to this Joaml
which a beueved to be at this urns
TKarJnf as It dots of aQ braocha of the
Compncated business of Transportation, and especially
of the Operation of Railroads, Railroad Engineer
ing, the Construction of Locomotives and Cars.
The conductor of UuS journal give,
Special Prominence to Railroad Sews.
And there win be Sound In Its coromn account of the
Organization of all New Companies, the Projection and
Location of New Lines, the Progress of Railroad Coo
itruction, the Improvement of Old Lines, the Business ol
Diflferent Roads, the Combination and Business Arrange
ment of Companies, Annual Report, Election and Ap
pointment of Directors and Officers, Decisions of Courts
RetHns. Raiirrmd'i wtmswr i
bterestlns; or Talaabls ta a Eallroafl Xaa,
Be be President, Director, Stockholder. Sopertnlendent,
Engineer, Master Mechanic Agent, Conductor, Locorno
tire Engineer, or In any way connected with or Interested
In railroad or railroad tasncs.
Articles lj Practical Railroad Men
form a distinguishing ftatatw of the jonrnal. Leading
Engineering; Works and valuable improvements in Kaiiroad
Machinery are
Illustrated ly Fine Engravings
In It column. Kngtneem, Master Mechanic and Mac is
saetnretafuidtoaat Illustrated description of the greatest
Proper attention Is given to the
BelatiOa ef Railroads- to ta Coatataalty aad
Bailroaa legislation,
Aad also to the
fTifaaH sf Oisitiiiif l to their Emploves, and their
jsaanat Eigku and DvOet.
TMs most Is uniaisd by a eorraof Editors of pedl
qullficli(M, and every pain is taken to make it indispens
able to e-rery Railroad Man. It is altogether lndepenuent,
avoids all undue pairing of men or corrjorsnon. gives
new fully and Impartially, aim especially to give prar
ait informatam which will directly aid It reader la the
prosecution of then- bnsmeas. Business men una in tne
Rahjoap Oaasi n the earliest Information of the open
ing of new station on railroads In coarse of aiusli-uctiori,
and are too enabled to eatabllah relations with snca towns
tromtsratankaiof tbdrevlitrace.
The leadlix ttarluetinig Journal of England, for which
Ajnericao aubacrlber have aanallj paid lis per year, win
be sent, tnaytraw wtta Iha Bsnanan Gazrrra, (or 111
CfT Sabavoription:
Ten eopka, par annas. .
Bkifto copies. ............
LeUOTConcernini lotaertpOoo and adtsrOatnf aboold
te addressed ta
!) 11- MaSson Btrsst, Cafcafa,
Whew WRrrnso t adterttser
please mmj ju saw . ve advertisesaeBS
la tata paper.
31 0-lf O.
lilt LIO! Bear Teatiaaaar
Wavadertal Carative KaTeeta.
They are a lie FANCY DRINK
Hade of pMr Ram, Whisker frttf spirit.
mud Refuse lalqaere doctored, spiced and iwcet
enedto please the taste, called. Tonics Appeta
era, "Restorers," 4ke that lead the tippler oa to
driiakeTiness sad rain, trat are a trme Medicine, made
from the Natlre Boots and Herbs of California, frea
fresa all Alcenolfe Stlmalants. They are the
GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Renovator and
InTigorator of the System, carrying off all poisonous
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy condition.
No person can take these Bitten accordmg to direc
tions and remain long unwell, pro Tided their boaet
are not destroyed hj mineral poison or other means,
and the vital organs wasted beyond the point of re
pair. They are a Gentle Pargative aa well as a
Tenlc, possessing also, the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful agent In relieving Congestion or inflam
mation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.
young or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood or at the torn of life, these Tonic Bitters have
no equal.
Far Innamsnatery aaa Cbrenle Raeama
Hn and Goat Byapeaala er Inalgeat.ea.
Bill ens, Reai 1 tie at and Intermittent Fever,
Dlaeaaea ef the Blood, Liver, Kidney, and
Bladder, these Bittern have been most successful.
Sock Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood,
which is generally produced by derangement of the
Digestive Organs.
ache faun in the Shoulders, Couyhs, 1 .gntnert of the
Cheat. Dizziness, Sour Eructations of the btoTnach,
Bdta5teln the Moutb, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation
of the Heart. Inflammation of the Lungs. Pain in the
ifirirnt nf th Kirinov. atnri a. hnndrMf nther niainfnl
symptoms, are the rfzprUigs of Dyspepsia
Thov tnvlflrorata the Stomach and stimulate the tor
pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
efficacv In cleanftina the blood ef all imDurlttes. and
imparting new Lue and vigor to the wholesystem.
FOR SKIN DISEA SES, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Blotches ?pou, himples. Pustules, Boils, Car
buncles. Kine-Worms. Scald-Bead. 80 re Eves. ErysiLV
elan. Itch, Scurfs. Dtncolorations of the Skin, Humors
ana x'iseases 01 tne mud, 01 wnatever name or nature,
are literally dug up and carried out of the system in a
rhort time by the use of these Bitters. One bottle in
such cases will convince the most Incredulous of their
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon And its
Imparities bursting through the skin in Pimples, Erup
tions or Sores, cleanse it when you find It obstructed
and sluggish in the veins: cleanse it when it is foul, and
vour feelings will tell von when. KeeD the blood nura
and the health of the system will follow.
PIN, TAPE, and other WORMS, lurking ro the
svstem of so many thousands, are eUectually destroy
ed and removed. For full directions, read carefully
the circular around each bottle, printed in four but
guages ali&h, German, French and Spanish.
J. WALKER, Proprietor. R. H. VcDOKALD CO-.
Druggists and Gen. Agents, Saa Francisco, Cat, and
33 and 31 Commerce Street, New York.
man:, s key trolling, spocn
Tor rafrhtnff Pike. Plrkrrrl, Baaa, Trmrt. c. Br mall
TV. A IIIktU discount by the do. Pateut applied for
JOHN IL 11ASX. Syracuse, Sew York.
40,0 Off M. Hctttsfs' Gnoa avt Trait'
i'ompaniox, new ami minrqea edition now ready.
Tefla "all alumf Huntimr, Tra(r.ins and FVhina. How
to hnnt, trap and ortr ALL same from Mink, to Bear
and I)w. How to taine and raise Mink. All about trap,
snares, bait, boats tannins fnrs. Ac, arc Now ra TBS
tihr. A l:inrf hook, m-.ir one hnwlred narie. It i Iha
only reliable clieap work. Avoid imitanona. , "Get U
beat.' lYiit onlv -r rents nn-oaid. Addres
HUN TEK CO, mhlisoer, Uinadale, K. H.
Formerly Eaton Brown.
71 Raadalph Mtrt-vt, Chicaee
Jobber of
Lamps, Glassware and Crockery,
lamn trooth made a urieclalty for the fen trade. Send
for our Illustrated Cataloinie.
TTnnVr a Bimini fnn, where RfHora Srfloos
sou Fevers oX various ueaenpuond ao gaajrally prevail.
Tarrant's Effervescent Seltzer AperieV:
TFTaa been auerei.ful beroml all parallel. Heni-e the phy
rician ol ilie Ironic (live It their empliaUc (auction.
presmbinsT it tn preierence to every otner apeneni in
Tin. n.tu-nt. nmiliw ol.ll. .f-.tnitwe. UtT tAlfl DITTI
tion one of tiie most dVltebrfuL as well a mild and
cooling cathartic chemistry ha ret devl"ed. and po
neiws every medical virtue of the far-famed German
Seltzer S-m. It i a powder that only requires the addition
ol water to produce In n Inelant a delicious, eneacenr,
tx-veraae, an well as an Invaluable medicine. Ak tor
aad accept none bat the genuine. SOLD HI
ai i. lUiLuGIbla.
53.30 J3l. t.i rJ lii
This List comprise
a Larga Proportion of the Best Western
Country Paper, Superior in Character,
Circulation and Influence to thosa
of any other list.
For Usts, estlmatr and farther particulars, address
'ltd and llalad1soofrtrest,Chlcaca.
The Sacred Crowa:
Totreflier with a Complete and Practical System of Bo
meutary Instruction, written eipramly for thin work: a
larre collection of four-part Son:.-. Glee and tnoruaai fcr
Mrt nng school anjl Utiaiiail Conventions
By B T. Hodges,"
The weTMrnown Anthor and rondnctor ; Aawidate Editor
of the very micceWul work, "Jubilant Voices," .
One of our most popular New England Teachers.
Price 61 SO i 813.50 aer dasea
The anthon hare spent two year In writlnir. amnalror
Ins -d M'lectinR for this work, which. In addition to their
tat efforts ha larger number, jrreter variety, and a
better selection ol contribution than any previous Miule
Book of flmflar character ha produced. We have larttt
orders already for IL Order will be answered tn t-m.
and special tmus made to Teacher and Cnorislers. npeo
linen co4'S cnt "by mill n.arpaid on receipt ol $1.00.
!, 8UEPAKD, Publishers, Boston.
aylvanln. 1'i-iure commence October i. tea.
Fee lor ihe course .10. No oilier expenses. Send for
Announcement. JlfcPH blTEd, M. D, Dean, 314
Puis Street, PulUoelptii.
V horse-power. Price with Governor. t9n. PTrtht
ne-o an.1 intrranled. Will be told for Four Hundred
dollars, cash. Aluo, one
(Made hy E. J. Good Co, rrica!-y 8-horse-pnw-r. to
vellent order and warranted. Price, with Ji".
Governor, f M0. tost new, Booi Addr.-w imm.-rtutely,
119 and VI MadLion street. Cliicaieu. HL
TI 2iNC IOU.AK PAO ia iruaranteed to cur the
worst caj of raw aut inflamed sore .:eck in ten daya, and
work the hore every !v, or th- money rclunded. For
Wk-by all :di!ien-tiadu hit establish" ent. tend for ctr
eulara. mM COLLAR PAD CO.. Ducaanan. Michigan.
Ann A f ?!-ar. w-! T on arent! Bnslaw
OOO.UU Honorable EqmttM Pmntabl. Scad for
tircalara. W. T. l SQUvi. K. S38 Arch St.. Ptilaila.. Pa.
S O'OlooJx
i a m
with Um &. Tea fiux. War
ranted to null all tastes. ( ule
r T'j'iKxrt. Ann Sjr aaii whola.
ale onlv bv the ;reat Itaa.
tic and Pact Be Tea In., H
Cvurch 6t New I'orK. P 1 1. Box
3 306. Scad - for Thu-Nacui

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