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The Conservative. (M'connelsville, Ohio) 1866-1871, September 14, 1866, Image 1

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On column en jesr " t60 00
Balta Olurofl on jrcaf . ' .. ''30 00
QUartar column sn ycaf ;!; lfl 00
BpcUl Hutlctj, per lin - ' U
Builneaa Oirdu or not mar linn tlx lbies
for one y ar . 6 00
Marriage and death notiie free. '
Not a Star from the Flag Shall
Am "CM, a rart M riant it tht Icy Grttn."
' Oex, a rare old ling was the Flag w W,
Twin a bully ould flag, an' nice
It had Striripct In pleiily, nil 8htnra ynorc,
"Twas the broth of a purty devrve
Fail, wp cnrrlcd il'Poiilh, an' e carried It for,
Aji' around it our bivouac made
An' wo awore by the Shnin rock that never a Shtnr
'rum ita aauro field aliould fade I '
Ay I tliit was the oath, I tell you true,
" Tbfll WRMK-orn In theaon lsof our boyiinblue t
, Th fight it grow Uiielt, an' our boy llief full,
. An' tli thrlli !4o a Itnxhtc icrcnm ;
An' thu Flog it 1 torn by many a ball,
But to yield it wu never dhri-am I
Though pierced by bullet, yet Mill it bear
' All the ShulM in it rotund field
An' again the Brigndn, like to ono man, hhpum,
"Not a Bhtnr from the Flag we yield I"
'Twin thu deep, hot oath, tell you true,
1 but lay elo.c to th heart of our boy Iji blue !
Bhure, tho fight it wo won, after many a year,
Bill two-thirds of the boy who bore
That r'lng, from their wivet and weethearliidcor,
Itoturued to their home no morel
They 4ied by the bullet d'neoxo hud power,
An' tn death they wr rudely toMcd
But the thought came warm In their dying hour,
".Not a Shtar from the Flag i loill"
Then they tnid thuiri'Mriand tvcithrougli,
An' like Irishmen died did our boy in bluet
But now they tell it tome Phtnri are gone,
Torn out by the rebel gnle
That IheBtAte wofoiighl for theStateawtwon,
Are itill out of tho Union'. ple 1
May their.owl. in tho Dioul'thut kitchen glow,
Who dug nucli a ly in thrniu I
vj me uoiiu in ineir graven, it hihiji not he so
They thnll havo whut they died to gain I
' ' AllthcShtnriiltiourFliigKhnll .till hiuetliro'
ThegrttMprowing.ofto'er our dead in bluel
Fade. BY PRIVATE MILES O' REILLY. A Modest Man in a Predicament.
i Mr. Torn. Loughrin is noted all over
the city lor his modesty. . JIo stands
hiz foot two in Ins stockings, nt least
six feet of him is made up of modesty.
m an cany nour yestejuay morning
Mr. L.'wus making his toilet nt Lis
residence on Pratto uvciiuo and Wal
nut street; ho was Standing1n front of
his mirror, with only ono garment on
ii-anci him ti raiiier Short ono nnd
Had lathered ins tace, preparatory to
mowing his heard, wlieu ho was Hart
led hy a shrill stream from Biddy, his
Hervnnt girl, and bib Jttr.ife called to him
that Bridget -was on tiro, -Mr. L., with
nn admiral)16 presence of, mind, seized
u quilt from tho Led, and reached the
bottom of tho stairs in two jumps, soon
enveloped the naming damsel in tho
quilt nnd smothered tho flames before
tho girl was Benotisly Injured. AVhile
Mr. L. was tints engaged, some dozen
ladies; hearing tht screams of tho girl,
rushed to seo what - was tlto matter.
The)' arrived in timo to seo the 1 tall
form of Mr. L. bending over the girl,
and instead of retreating when thev
noticed his Georgiacostuinc, they utoo.d,
looking at; him with admiring eves.
Tnm looked around and saw thu ladies,
nnd remomburing that ho had not fin
ished his toilet, went up Btairs n, .little
lamer r.inn no nau como down. ,: , Alio
ladies tigered, nnd at every titter Mr
To. acceK'ated his Hpeed,'and when ho
reached Kin room ho was eoverod with
h profuse Jierapiration. He says it -wns
the most ilmbarfafistng position ho was
cr6r placed In,, and lmpo' never to-bo
caught iu BUch a fix again.-r-St. JiOttis
Domocrnt. ,"' . .
A Premium for Idleness.
Tho Evening Post, in commenting
on tho Frecdiueu'H Bureau Bill nays:
If men aro to ho fed hy tho Govern
ment because' the) are starving, or to
bo dothed if they nro In rags, or to bo.
coddled mid .'especially . protected by
)t becaui they are ignorant, thon ; tho
(Jovcrninent simply olfwrs u premium
to. idleness, ignorance and' unthrilt.
ItsnvBto the ignorant remain ignorant,
to the Inzy remain lazy', to tjie im
jirovident tlonot ..fuel ynnt, a purtental
government will feed and, clotho you
atJtho cspciiije.of tho industrious and
thril(y. .'1'Ih Americun.. tloctrine is
that if a men. can not tnko cai'o of tilin
rtclf tho laws being just and equal
it is because ho docs not uso tho ' facul
ties Got hns given to, nil men. andjit is
therpforo. right that he, should , autryr,
Neither tho,: negrooa nor iho manu
facturorB have any .right to special pro
tfction. . .In: tho period suoeeoding.the
war, as Southern industry 'wfts entii qly
disorganized, H Xvas proper th,itt ' teni-porarj-
special -proA-isipn .should, be'
niartp. ""But trt Continue,. tlils'J'r u year'
beyond rtq-xVlpri), oj- for, a day'lopgor
than.' -Js, absolutely . required 'byifhn
nanity,-.is, a th ProBident.! eavB 'td
ewspurg intereted hopes una fears
th. the Nations (Government '
ceinrlnte t6 fttrnish to claases pf citizens
in"the several rjtftte? hicans.'or puppor(,'
and.'niain'tcnatico rocardlesB. whether
tbey nut ft, lfo, of; iqdgloncaf orijQf
wwrf .nl Tegardloaa ait of .the, Con
etitutional limitations of th; National
authority re-tintea of peace nrrdtrapquil-
liljP.rJi 48-'ConDjarA-iratbe5p thaii-io
wva'taVv-ary-'Clw- Tor -which upeftial
protection ib thus provided1"" s
VOL. 1.
if.. . . . ; ; . i . .
SEPTEMBER 14 1666.
NO. 9.
A Premium for Idleness. The Late Riots in New Orleans--
A Premium for Idleness. The Late Riots in New Orleans--The Facts in the Case--Letter
from Judge Abell to General
NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 29, 1866.
Gf.n. P. II. Snr.ninAN Sir : Not
paving had any official or .other inter
course with you, and never having
seen you to my knowledge, I was sur
prised to hnd tho following words con
tained in n telegram from you to the
President of tho United States:
Judge Abell, whoso course I have
closely watched for nearly a year, I
now consider ono ot the most danger
ous men thnt we hnrc to the pence and
quiet of the city."
mt having seen you in the Court
over which 1 have the honor of presi-
ling, or elsewhere, I can not believe
that you were incog, watching my
lootsteens nnd habits : for if vou hud
been, yon could not havo made such
nn assertion. In my habit, I nm tem
perate mid regular ; in my words,
Kind. In mv judicial station I know
aught out. fidelity to tho Stato nnd
humanity to the unfortunnte, of what
ever age or color, brought before me.
1 nm, thcrctore, Uencral, forced to
tho conclusion that if you havo watch
ed me nt all, it is through the record
in my decisions and charges to tho
Grand Jury, all of which have been
correctly published in the journals of
the country. 1 am ot the mind that
you will find few peoplo of tho State
who ngrcc with you in the estimation
of my character. You must allow
that, it dnngergouB, 1 nm a most unsuc
cessful ngitator, for until tho nssemb
ling of the would bo Convention on tho
'tilth of last month, tho civil courts of
the State have faithfully administered
tho law, nnd effectually preserved
the pence, ns in nny.citv in tho Union
tho disbanding of two powerful nr
mics, nnd a vast influx of negroes, not
withstanding. It needs no argument
to prove the efficiency of the Civil
Government of- Jjouiniuna.. I used
every ctlbrt that argument, persuasion
and direct charges to tho Grand Jury
could accomplish to prevent thnt fatal
meeting. ' '
I was o member of the Convention
of 'G4, and knew well that after tho
udoption of the Constitution . by tho
people, the Convcution became f unctus
officio, nnd so charged tho Grand Jury
on two occasions, previous to themocting.
It is impossible, General, that yon can
pretend that I had any complicity in
tho assembling of tho "would bo Con
vention," nnd of course no peace-breaker
in that respect. It appears to bio,
that in common justice ' you should
havo stated tho fact npbn which you
based your . assortion nn assertion
which appears to astonish every body,
'General Sheridau's plainnessof speech
invites plainness. I fully ngree with
you in your statement to the President
that "The immediate cuuso of this ter
rible utl'air was the assembling of the
Convention," And I am clearly of
opinion that it never would have as
sembled without somo nssuranco of
military guardianship. Tho members
asserted at almost, every corner of tho
streets up to the day of - assembling,
that they hnd such assurance. : Gene
ral Baird said, ho would, arrest the
Shcritf of the parish of Orleans , if he
attempted to execute tho process of tho
civil courts inarrcstingtheconvention
ists. I firmly believe that had tho
military authorities boon half ns ear
nest ns I was, opposing this attempted
u8tirpntiou, there would havo been no
meeting of tho .Bo-culled Convention,
nnd consequently not n drop of humun
blood shod. ' 1
Gohoral Sheridan, I novor pnrticpated
in the rebellion iu any manner, und
tho idea of magnifying thoso conven
tion ists into persecuted. Union men,
seems to bo ridiculous. Somo of its
leaders raised troops for tho Confod
cracj", others held - office under it,
another voted for the hanging of Hon.
B. F. riandera, nn original Union man
nnd aided in expelling him from .ho
As to tho status of Northern men in
New Orleans, wether they bo Union
or Conservatives, it is that of perfect
safeti, for since tho establishment of
civi'l authority in this Stato, jn Septem
ber, 18ti4, thero has not been a singlo
case to my knowledge, in which a
Northern man hns been molested. 1
Those of them who come to this city
with capital or skill, for. tho- purpose
of bettering their condition, aro, wel
comed and favorably, received; those
who como to encourago strife, aro cn
titlod to no respect, and receive none.
All good men must deplore the, tragedy
of tho 80th of last month,,.but. it,, ,was
brought on by the meeting of n few
adventurers, who proposed to niter the
Constitution of the Stato ' against the
will oi' the people, nnd who. had eecur
ed he-attendance of . large . number
of armed negroes clefentl ., then)' in
their nttomptedJ usurpation. The
meeting was not opposed,, iby tho mili
tary .:,! I...1.V.. ) I" V.-t..
: :'Xhifl'. Goncrab'Sheridarv -all must
agree, was au aotj that could notr bo
tolerated, by. the freemen, of any town,
city,.or- ptate. ft'ora MainQ to.Cs.lifor.nia,
To alter' the charter of a, tpwn or ..city,
or" oonstftutlon or a Stato, belongs to
ltheTeoplJ. " ' J-"
j.nese men naa no more rignt, 10 ai
tef the constitution of thif State than
tho negroes whom they called to do
fend them.
All sympntizerswith the colored pco-
flo, "were deceived and misled 'by the
enders of tho Convention. I assert
that the colored people of this city nnd
Stato would bo peaceable, prospcrons,
happy and useful members of the com
munity if their pretended friends
would let them nlono.
General, I am now nearly fifty-five
years old, and have never seen a more
direct thrust at tho character'of a man,
and, in my ense, without the least
foundation, for I respectfully defy you
or any other man to show an act of
mine dangerous to tho peace of tho
city or Stato. If you think your asser
tion just or dignified, rcjoico in it, I do
not; nor do I think, among good mon
of this great country, it will add to
to your reputntion or injuro mine.
You, however, hnvo done mo the honrtr
to connect my naino with thr.t of His
Excellency, Governor Wells, nnd Mnj'
or Monroe, in your dispatch of tiie "Jd,
to tho President, tho removal of whom
you rccomend. Thin seems, in connec
tion with your chnrgo ngainst. me to
form a sort of coincident in this, that
hnd the President of the United States
adopted your views, nnd. removed
tho three of us, the people's treasury,
city nnd State, as in the days of Banks
and Butler, would have fallen into oth
er hands.
General My highest ntnbition is to
serve tho State with fidelity, while tho
requires my services; my great desire
is tho restoration at once of my coun
try to unity, prosperity nnd greatness
my Btrongestantipathy ngainst usur
pation. And, whether I full by the linnds of
sneaking nssnssins, or mv reputation
bo struck down by tho defamer, these
aro my sentiments and they will not
change. As Kdmund Aboil, I would
not reply to your unfounded assertions.
As tho Judge of the First District
Court of New Orleans, it is my duty
to repel them, nnd this public mode of
nddressing you, us it is the public
which hns an interest In my services.
[From All the Year Round]
Useful Soldiers.
. In the French urmy fveiy rcCrail it tup
posed to .know , trade, on joining tho
rmy. II lie Sim not yet lorvriit j k IthiIo h U
tnuglit lome occupatiun after joining the
corpn. blioulil be b? ignorant of rending und
wrlllng or knowing' there, f hnulcl I e wih
to hnproTfl lilt ' tiluoutinn to to fii!ify
liimooinor promolliin lie ' goc to the ngi
mntul ichool limr bourt trory diy wlion lit
is uot ou gnurd or on fstlgua duly. Once liis
icliooling i ovur, ie U put to work al louiu
trai'.e 9r handicraft, or, thoold . he not know
one, lie ia put to leant ono., In every Fteucli
rrgimont there are regular gang of buicheti,
liakeie. cook, cirpeuterii, niinoiis, gaidciieag,
builJcrs, Itiboiers, curt drirern, wulchniukorl,
silversmith, sailors, hietr.akei, blacksniilhn,
nnd what rot. All lliese tradrf or handi
cralti are under their - reiqoctire bead men,
and die gain certain turn por dy working
in tbe ihop of bis trade. In Algeria the
whole of the Government work ia dune by
tboae military aitirnu, who a well as the
State, are gainers thereby. ,
The men lhAiacarn extra pay, and tbe Gov
ernment get work dom boiler and cheaper
than they could by employing the people of
the eonnlry, benidit ticasuring np the vast
advantages ol nlwayi having a corps of work'
meu at command.' Tbesyatem of regular or
ganzed workaieu ia the true secret why the
French army get oo eo well when on aerviro.
In the English army wo have nothing of the
kind, fxeept ai regards the tailors and fhne
malcers (in cavalry regiuieut), the auddltrs
and farriers. There are many gnod workmen
who enter our rank, but through want ol
practice they forget what they kuow.
In Algieig I have seen a whole pile nf .bar
racks, large enough to contain 3,000 meu that
was built entirely by a regiment of the lino,
Irom lliO digging of the foLiulation to the
making of glais for the barracks window, and
not a day 'a drill or maneuvering bad ' been
neglected while the work was going on.
Throughout Algeria miles upon mile of ex
cellent publio toads have been mode entirely
by the troops, tbe men being paid a small additional
turn by tbe State while so employed.
Thus tbe Government gained by geltiig their
work better and very much cheaper done
than could have bteh effected by private con
tractors, while the troops gained a 'Very com
fortable addition to their pay. '
lAn exchange has tho following:
During the past wiuter a little girl of
our acquaintance : attendded tho wed
ding ot her brother, and judging by
the Herpicl, was very much struck by
one line of the marriage service', which
she understood literally.1 .iA. few days
alter, passing through tho room whore
tho brido wua sitting in the lap of her
liego lord, she oxclaiinod with 'all the
simplicity imaginable:' ' - " To Jidvi and
toAoldt"- - .
i ,r"Iy son," sad. ' Af'ootionate
mother to her son, ,whb resided at a
distance; and 'expected In'tt Short time
to bd married, 'youT are i getting- very
thin.": .."Voa, ruothgr (" he replied, A
amvand when, you eco vx$ nejx.I HhirtUi
you will see my rib."
Beecher on the Crisis.
A Remarkable Correspondence Relative to the
Cleveland Convention.
Henry Ward Beecher Heartily.
Indorses President Johnson's
Object of the Convention
Document to Circulate Among
Religious Radicals.
Letter of Invitation from the Special Committee
of the Soldier's and Sailor's
Convention, to be Held at
Cleveland, Ohio.
NEW YORK, August 28, 1866.
To thoKcv. Henry Ward Rfeciikr
Dear and ficrcrcned Sir .-The under
signed have been appointed by the Ex
ecutive Committee of tho National
Convention of Soldiers and Suilorswho
honorably served during tho lato war
for tho Union, as a special committee
to wait upon you, and request your
consont to servo as Chaplain of tho
Convention, which will bo held at
Cleveland, Ohio, on tho 17th of next
Your name has been selected by tho
Executive Committer from sincere ad
miration of your character, and as the
only tribute within their power to pay
in acknowledgment of the Union, and
your earnest and unceasing efforts iu
hehalf of oursohliersand sailors du
the recent war.
Tbe Executivo Committco also find
in your course, since tho termination
of the struggle, substantial harmony
with tho views to which they desire to
give cnect in tho Convention your el
oquencc und tho just weight of your
name being employed to enforce upon
the country a generous and magnani
mous policy toward tho peoplo of tho
lately reooiiious fetates, ana a prompt
reconstruction of tho Union under the
Constitution ns the best means of re
gaining the National tranquility which
tho country so much needs, und read
justing the rights of all sections, under
tho now order of things, on a basis of
law, order, Christian brotherhood and
justice ... .
In tho call for the Convention, which
tho undersigned have tho honor to
transmit herewith, you will seo fully
set forth the motives which actuate the
military and naval defenders of the
Union in their present unusual course
of taking part in a political movement;
aud it is our hope, as wo havo always
looked to you in tho darkest davs of
the war for inspiration, aid -and tho
cheering sympathy of a noble heart,
failing to find them that you will con
sont to invoko thodivino blossing upon
tho Convention of the soldiers and
sailors of tho United States who served
during tho late rebellion and who ap
prove tho restoration policy of Presi
dent Johnson and tho principles an
nounced by the recent National Con
vention of .Philadelphia the first Con
vention since 1SG0 in which all tho
States of our beloved Union were repre
sented. .
Hoping nn early and favorablo reply,
we havo the honor to be, with very pro
found respect for your character, and
sincere gratitude for your powerful and
generous efforts in behalf of the mili
tary aud naval servants of tho country
during tho late war, your obedient
friends nnd servants, ,. ,
C'uas. (J. IlALPi.NE.Brovct Brig.Gcn.,'
II. "W. Sf.otTM, Maj. Gen., '
Gonoo.v Granoek, Maj. Gen.,
, : Committco.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher's
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher's Reply.
PEEKSKILL, Aug. 30, 1866.
To Charles G. Halpino, Brevet Brig.
Gen., JI. W. Slocum, Maj. Gen.( Gor:
don Grangor, Maj. Gen., Committee.
GENtLEMEN.'-J I am obliged to you
for tho invitation which you have made
me to act as Chaplain to the Convention
of Sailors and boJdiors, ; about to, oon
veno at Cleveland.
I cannot attend it, but I beartlly
wish it and all other conventions, of
what party soovory success, whose ob
ject, is the restoration of all the States
lately in rebellion to thqir .Fodoral ro-,.
lation. Our theory of government lias
no place for a Stato oxecpt In, tho
Uniom it Is- justly taken for ' granted
that the, duties and responsibilities of a
State ia Federal relations tend to ,H
political health and. to lhatof jtho whole
nation. '' Evon Territories are hastily
brought in, often before the prescribed
conditions' aro fulfilled, as if it wore
dangerous, to leave a community' tut
ido of the great body politic.
Had tho loyal Senators and Repre
sentatives of Tennessee been admitted
al onco on the assembling of Congress,
and, in moderate succession, Arkansas.
Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and
Virginia, tho public mind of tho South
would havo beett far more healthy than
it is; and those Stales which lingered
on probation to tho last would have
been under a more salutary influence to
good conduct than if ador.cn armies
watched over them.
Every month that we delar this
healthful step complicates the case.
Tho excluded populali jn, enough un
settled before, grows more erratic; the
army becomes indispcnsablo to local
government, and supercedes it. Tho
Government at Washington is culled
upon to intcrfero in ono and another
difficulty! and this will ho done inaptly,
nnd sometimes with great injustice ;
tor our government, wisely adapted to
its own proper functions, is utterly de
void of thoso habits and uncauinnod
with the instruments which fit a Cen
tralized government toexercise author
ity in remote States over local affairs.
Every attempt to perform such duties
hus resulted in mistakes which havo
excited tho nation ; but, whatever im
prudence thero be in tho mothod, tho
real criticism should bo against tho re
quisition of such duties ol the General
Tho Federal Government is unfit to
exercise minor polico and local covcrn-
inent, and will inevitably blunder
when it attempts it. .To keen a half
score of States under Federal authori
ty, but without national ties and re
sponsibilities; to obligo the central au
thority to govern half tho territory of
tno union by l'ederal civil otlioers aM
the army, is a policy not only uncon
genial to our ideas and principles, but
pre-eminently dtngcrous to tho spirit
of our Governmont to bo despotic, nnd
lamiiiarizmg tho peoplo to a stretch ol
authority which can never bo other
than dangerous to liberty.
I nm aware that good mon are with
held from advocating tho prompt and
success admission of tho exiled States,
by tho fear, chiefly, of its effoct upon
tho parties ana upon tho trcodmen.
It is said that, if admitted to Con
cross, the Southern Senators and Hen
resentatives will coalesco with North-
ern democrats, and rule tho country,
Is this nation, then, to remain dismem
bered to servo tho ends of parties?
Havo wo learned no wisdom by tho
history of the last ten years, in which
just this courso of sacrificing the nation
to exigences of pnrties plunged us into
reneinon ana war e
Even admit that tho rower would
pass into tho hands of a party made
up of Southern men, and tho hitherto
dishonored and misled Democracy of
tho North, that power could not . bo
vscd just as they pleased. Tho war
has changed, not alone institutions, but
ideas, i ..The wholo country has ' ad
vaneeo. Public sentiment is exalted
far beyond what it has been ut any for
mcr period; A new party would, like a
river, bo obliged to seek out its chan
nels in the already existing slopes and
forms of tho continent.: . ;i
Ye have entered a newera of liberty.
The style of thoughts freer and more
noblo. Tho young men of our times
are regenerated. The great army has
been a school, and hundreds of thou
sands of men are gone homo, to preach
a truer and noblo view of human
rights. AU the industrial interests of
society '.aro moving With increasing
wisdom toward intelligence and liber
ty. Everywhere, in churchos, in liter
ature, in natural sciences, in physical
industries, in social, questions, as well
as in politics, tho nation feols that the
wintor is over and a now spring hangs
in tho horizon, and works through all
the olomcnts. In this happily changod
and advuncod condition of things no
party of the retrograde cau maintain
itself. Everything marches, and parties
must march.
: I hear, with wonder and shamo and
seorn, tho fear of a few that tho South
once more in adjustment with the Fodr
cral Government will rule this nation
Tho North is rich novor so rich ; tho
South la poor novor before so poor.
The population of tho North is noarly
double that of tho South. The industry
of tho North, in, diversity, in forvaru
ness and productiveness, in all tho ma
chinery, and education requirod for
manufacturing, is half ' a century In
advance oT tho South. Churches In the
North . crown every hill, and aohools
swarm in every neighborhood ; while
tho South, has but scuttrod, lights, at
long distances, liko lighthouses twink
ling along the edge of a continent of
darkness. . In the presence of auch a
contrast, how mean and . craven the
fear that tho South will rule tho policy
of the land I That it will have, an in
fluence, that it will contribute, in timo,
most important influences or restraints,
wo are glad, to believe. : But,' if it rues
at once to tho control of,- tho Govon,.
motit it, will be because tho JNprtu, de
moralized hy 'prosperity and ' besotted
by groveling interests, refuses' to dis
charge ita share of political 'dutv.'!- In
such, caso, .the South not, ools will cour
trol the Goverumentj-bHt . it: ought to
'doit! '" " ' k"J. - " .
s, a u id ivuivu nibu III VI U lUttHUH,
that tb.4 restoration of Ihe South to her
full Independence will be detrimental
nrrrr r v
OfBc, lonthWMt Corner mt Pafcir fdmn
t r. u n n
For on yar, payabla In mdrnm-i) "J - .ft Cf
r..r fix inuniiM. pyM m adrKure- - m OH
Fur three mntli. fjalil In aUvinra - - - frn
WM. GLENN; Proprietor!
to tho fftcdmcW The sooner - we dis
miss from" our mind the idea that f ho
irecamen can bo classified, and separa
ted from tho whito population, and
nnrsod and defendod. bv 'thnml-o
the bettor it will be for them and u.
lhe negro is part nnd parcel of South
ern society. JIo cannot bo prosperous
winie it iri nnprdspored.' -'Its evils will
rebound upon him. , , Its hnppinoss and
roinvigoration cannot be kept from hi.i
participation. . Tho restoration nf i.h
South to amicable relations will, ihn
North, tho reorganization of its indus-
try, tho roinspiration of its e:Ucrpriso
and thrift, will all redound totliofroed
men's benefit. Nothing is oo rV'ngor-
ous to tho frcedmen as anriswtued
stato of society in tho South. On him
Comes all tho snito and anirnr nri
caprice, and rcvengo. Ho will bn
made tho scapegoat ot. lawless and
heartless mon. Unless-wo turn-tho
Government into a vast'niKturv m.
chino, there cannot be armies' enough
to protect the froedmen While Southern
society romains insurrectionary. If
Southern society is calmed, nettled, ami
occupiod and soothed with nowjiopes
and prosperous industries, no. armies
win do noecled. Kiots will subside,
lawless hanlfors on will be driven iff
or better governed, and A way. will bo
graduully opened up to tho freodmon,
through education and industry, to full
citizenship, with all ita honors and
duties. i
Civilization is a irrowth.' Nono can
cscapo that forty years in tho wildor
ness who travol from the Earypt of iff.
noranco to tho promised land of civili
zation. Tho freodmon must tak f hnir
march. I have full faith in the result.
If they havo the stamina to undergo .
tho hardships which ovory uncivilized
peopio nas unclorgono in their upward
progress, they will in duo timo tako
their place among us. That plco can -not
bo bought, nor bequntheJ, nor
gainod by slight of hand. It will come
to sobriety, virtuo, industry and fru
gality. As tho nation cannot be sound
until tho South ia prosperous, so, on
tho other cxtrorno, a healthy condition
of civil society in tho South is mdis
pensablo to tho wolfaro of . tha frcod
menl Refusing to admit loyal Senators and
Representatives from tho South to Con
gress will not help tho freedemen. It
will not secure for thorn the' voto. It
will not protect them. It will ' not so
curo any amendment of our Constitu
tion, howover just and wiso. It will
only incrcaso tho dangers and coinpliT
cato tho difficulties. Whether wo ro
gard tho wholo nation, or any soction
of it, or class in it, tho first demand of
our timo is, entiro reunion I
Onco united, wo can, by schools,
churches, n free press and increasing
trco speech, attack each evil and secure,
every good. (
eanwhilo tho great chasm which
robollion raado is 'not. filled up. . lb
grows deeper and Btretches wider I
Out of it risodread spocters and throat
ening sounds. Lot that gulf boclosod,
and bury in it slavery, sectional ani
mosity, and all strifes and hatreds I '
It is fit that tho bravo mon who, on
sou and land, faced death to save tho
nation, rhould now, by their voico and
voto, consummate what their sword
rendered possible. v . ' '
For tho srko of tho frocdm'enj for
tho sake of tho South and. its .millions
of fellow-coutrymon, ifor our own. sake,
and for tho groat causo of freeom and
civilization, I urge tho immediato re
union all the parts which robollion and
war havo ahatterod. " " ' -. '
I am truly vourn, ' .
What Mass a Miss Made.
A married officer on arriving- at tho
Currugh, whither ho had boon ordorod
to join his regiment, wrote-to his wif
that ho bad "formed a connection with '
a very agroeablo youug miss, and ax
poctod to spend tho summer vory
ploasantly." Unfortunately, and groat
to the surprise and mortifioation of his
good lady, he inadvertently .dotted tho
letter in the word inoss. , Only think
orai. .:. ,
. iiarJIaximiiliaii has thus far been
ono of the largest palromcirf. tho" At
lantic cablo. "Wo Lave noticed a dis- -patch
which passed through the other
day from Galveston lo.; Paria, . costing
1 15,30 1 in gold. . It is now stated that
the dispatches back and . forth avorago
not less than three hundred words per
diem. ' Tho funds of the JSmporor must
be largo, or hid exigences vary urgent.
What s tho mattery ", '
iSTA young Jady from a boarding
school being askod at tabU if she would
like somo more oabbago, replied : 'Hr
no means; gastronpmieal satiety aj-'
admonishos mo that I havo arrived at
tho ultimate cullnarydogitation consis-.'
tent with the rodo pf Eseulapius." A.
she drew back from the table, it was;
concluded, she "meant 'she had "eat
heap.1' , , r,-:...'!, . a t - k-
' : 'jSiTTbe ScllUK(.Ala, ill essengor says-1
that fuolorioi aro uprimjing up all ofer
its region of thd Sath The resulta of
tho war la throwing capital into a new ;
channel? the abundance . pf' piatorial ;
easy Jntcr-comiuuication-r equally of -trausportatiOTi?
and tbf othqy .reasons,;
will make Selma agratjnaaufucturing "

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