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(OR THE PRAIRIE BELLE)
(OR THE PRAIRIE BELLE) BY JOHN HAY.
Watt, ao ! I oat t-H wnar ha Uvea,
Because be doot live, yrm see ;
Lsastwavs, he's got oat of Ins habit
Of Hnn' tike yon and am.
Wbsr nav yon been for the task three year
That yon haven't heard folk tell
Bow Jimmy Blndeo passed to his check.
The Bigot of the fralii BeQe t
Ee rse nt no aint them engineer
I all pretty mooo alike
One wife in KafceHuidsr-tbe-Hin
And another one hare. In Pike.
A keerless nan in hi talk was Jim,
And aa awkward nan in a row
Bathe never flanked, and ne never Bed,
I reckon he never knowed now.
And this was all the religion be had
To treat his engine well ;
Never be passed on the river ;
To mind the Pilot's bell ;
And if ever the Prairie Belle took fire
A thonaand times he swore.
He'd hold her nozzle agin the bank
Till the last aoul got ashore.
AH boats has their day on the Miasisslp,
And her day came at last
The H ovaster was a better boat,
Bat tbo Belle sne wouldn't be passed.
And so she- eome tearin along that night-
The oldest craft on tlx Una,
. With a nigger squat on her safety valve
And hur furnace crammed, rosin and pine.
The ftro bast oat a she dared the, bar.
And tatrnt s hole in the night,
And quick as flash she tnrned, and made
For that wilier-bank on the risht.
There wss running and earning, bat Jim yelled oat,
m hold her nozzle agin the bank
Till t last galoot1 ashore." .
Through the not, black breath of the bnrnm' boat
sun ttiaasow vusoe was neara.
And they all had trust in his eussedneas,
And knowed he would keep his word.
And, sore a yon Ye bom, they all rot off
Afje the smokestacks fell
And Blndso's ghost went up alone
Is the smoke of the Pralna Bells
e weren't no saint but at lodgment
I'd ran my ehsnos with Jim.
lengside of sdme pions genUsmea
That wouldn't shook hands with him.
Be seen his duty, s dead eur thing;
And went for it thar and then :
And Christ aint a goin' to be too hard
On a man that died for men.
—N. Y. Tribune.
THE DETHRONED SOVEREIGNS.
Donn Piatt's Recollections of the Bonapartes.
To the February Galaxy Doom Piatt
contributes an artiole, from which we
extract the following :
You are curious to know, of coarse,
the sort of people I have seen so nearly,
and of whom the world has heard bo
much. This Louis Bonaparte, who
calls himself a Napoleon, and, boldly
stepping out, proposes to make real the
-immortal memories of the past, is, to
begin with, no Bonaparte at all We
hare pretty well fixed in bronze, marble
ana prints trie physical characteristics
of this celebrated family. We are all
familiar with the high, thick shoulders.
the short fall neck, and the Cesarean
head that mark the famous Corsieana.
Judge of my astonishment, then, when
a little fellow in gaudy court dress
clanked into the room, with a perceptible
uuip ui iua wain, accompanied oy tne
officers of the imperial household, and
paused before us, as widely different
from the Bonapartesas it w as possible
for a man to be. Bather under the me
dium height, he has narrow drooping
Enouioers, ana oroaa nips. aislegA are
slender, 'and out of proportion to his
long ooay. 1 saw a lace, with a dull
puttyiah complexion, a bottle nose, and
narrow retreating forehead. His mouth
is covered with a coarse, thick mous
tache, while a goatee of like material
seeks to hide the weakness that is appar
ent in a retreating chin. His eyes have
all the intensity of expression tooe found
in a aeceasea mackerel, ana one looks
in vain for force of character or intel
If I had a disgust that amounted to
loathing for the Emperor, it Was more
than counterbalanced by my admiration
for the- Empress Eugenie. She was
then to me the most beautiful woman I
xuu ever bctu. artist, nowever
gifted, could add one charm to that
sweet head and graceful figure Her
face was faultless, and her form so out
lined "and endowed by loving nature
that no one cauld hesitate to render her
the homage due a queen. But when
one came to know her well, one realized
the old fable of the peacock petitioning
fpr the voice of the nightingale. Our
beautiful qreen, our graceful Empress,
is not the wisest of women, and her
temper is well, to say the least, some
what unreliable and quick, not to say at
I met the late Stephen A. Douglas
about the time to which I refer, and
found that he too was struck- with her
great beauty, but not impressed by
either her tact or temper.
" She came at me somewhat rudely,"
said the Senator, " by remarking, when
I was presented, that she understood I
was at the head of a political organiza
tion in the United States, called Young
America, that had for an object the
conquest of Cuba."
"I believe I have the honor," re
sponded the Senator, " of representing
such a party, but never knew before
that it was organized for so small an
object as the mere acquisition of Cuba."
"You do confess, then," she contin
ued, coloring up, "that such is one of
its objects J"
" Not at all, your Majesty. The par
ty to which 1 have the honor to belong
only seeks to prevent some other and
stronger European power from possess
ing that island, to our great injury."
" Then why do yon not join with Eng
land and France in a treaty, guaranteeing
this island to Spain f "
" We have had a prejudice towards
such European complications since the
time the government of the United
States was invited to join in a treaty
intending to destroy our great uncle the
"Well," she continued warmly,
" were I Queen of Spain I'd devote my
last soldier and my last coin to the
preservation of that remaining jewel in
"Were your Majesty Queen of
Spain," said Douglas, bowing, "it
would not require either soldiers or
money to make us respect all your pos
The compliment disarmed the
imperial virago, and subsequently she
spoke of the little senator as one of the
most perfect courtiers she had ever
Colonel Somner? a friend and favorite
of Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of
War, had been for over a year laboring
with his chief at reforms in the little
army of the United States. Their
gigantic efforts had ended in the inven
tion of a hat for the common soldier
that combined in its ugly finish ease
and economy. - It was light as a feather
and ugly as an old stove pipe. At the
end of these labors the Black Warrior,
an American merchantman, was fired
into upon the high seas by a Span
ish man of war, and the oppor
tuiity came, so long hoped for
by the manifest destiny party of
Young America, for a quarrel with Spain,
that would end, it was hoped, in the
acquisition of Cuba. Despatches were
prepared by the Secretary of State, Mr.
Marcy, demanding immediate explana
tion and reparation ; and at the request
of Mr. Davis, Colonel Sumner was
made bearer of these despatches to the
impatient Pierre So ule, then Minister
of the United States at Madrid. Per
mission was also given Colonel Snmnei
to visit various parts of Europe, for the
purpose of inspecting the army organi
zations of the several war powers. In
this official giiise Sumner visited Paris,
after delivering the importan de
spatches into the hands of Mr. Soule.
I doubt whether the rough Indian
fighter as he was then had been
much prepossessed with queenly gov
ernment by his experience and obser
vations in Madrid.
Whoa he was presented to t
by the polished, cultivated
i Queen I
Minister, Pierre Soule, tO tall
VOL. V. NO. 22.
WHOLE NO. 230.
uyire of the soldier evidently struck
her Majesty. That same day Colonel
o iimner reoeivea tnrougn tne legation
an invitation to one 01 tne uueen s en
tertainments or suppers in the palace
"It is a great compliment paid you,
Colonel Sumner," remarked Soule.
" At what hour precisely am I to go f "
asked the military bearer of despatches.
"Gol" cried Soule, "you will not
surely go; you must decline on the
ground of severe indisposition."
" And why!"
" My dear friend, you do not under
stand thin jealous and treacherous
people. Were you to accept the invi
tation, you would be assassinated
either in going or returning, or before
you could leave Madrid. " . .
A queen a wishes are a'wudier e
command' responded the gallant colo
nel. " When a pretty woman invites
me to an entertainment. I will take my
chances." '- .
And so the resolute fighter tucked his
sword under his arm and left. He
appeared next morning at the American
minister's residence in good health and
spirits; and Mr. Soule must have
strangely misapprehended the Spanish
people's i anions and treacherons spirit
for Colonel Sumner came safely to Paris
on his return from his great diplomatic
Touching these entertainments in the
gardens of the palace at Madrid, Senor
Calderon de la Barca, who was so long
a resident of Washington city as Span
ish Minister, told men in Paris, where
he appeared with a eotton umbrella and
carpet sack, an exile driven from the
office of Minister of Foreign Affairs and
his home by a mob that rose to the dig
nity of a revolution, because instigated
by the Queen, that the government of
ms gracious sovereign Asaoeua was
about as open and shameless in its dis
sipation and corruption as if it had be
longed to a former age, when royalty
had the divine right to be wicked.
On one occasion a great scandal was
caused by a report spread over the city,
that at one of the little suppers in tne
gardens a Spanish grandee, who had in
herited with his title more adipose than
intellect, had been thrown naked into a
fish pond by his drunken companions.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs thought
his duty to lemonstrate with tne
Queen: so asking an interview, he told
his story, and added bis moral reflec
tions. It is a falsehood," cried the Queen,
in some excitement; "it is a low ma
licious falsehood. He was not naked.
eaw it all; he had his shirt on."
Colonel Sumner was anxious to be
presented at the imperial eourt ; and
after the proper application the honor
was aocordedhim, through our minister,
the Hon. John Y. Mason ; also to CoL
D. K. McCrea, then our consul at Paris.
The day selected was Sunday, the one
ordinarily given to such ceremonies by
the court. It was a beautiful morning,
with a sunlight softened from the glare
suffer by the moist atmosphere
through which it shines in Paris. CoL
Sumner had his apartments directly
above those we then occupied in the
Bue de 'Bivoli, and, for hours after
breakfast I could hear his heavy tread
while busied in the important prepara
tions for the grand ceremony. The
preparations were so prolonged, that at
last 1 ascended on a tour ot inquiry. As
approached, through the naif-open
door I heard the Colonel addressing
Madeleine, pur bonne, a very pretty girl,
by the by, who had ' learned just one
yfrigliah phrase, and that was "Yees,
Well, my good girl," I heard Sum
ner asa in nis pass voice, -can you
speak English t"
" Xees, sir."
"Very good ; now will you have my
boots polished I"
II est done drole, ce monsieur la,
avec see bottes," responded Madeleine
soliloquizing. - . .
Eh I what, Can t you speaK rji-
"Well, I say, black my boots."
"H parle Franoais comme una yaohe
Espagnole," she continued.
I saw that it was another case of
lind me the loan of y'r gridiron," and
went to the rescue of my mend.
His appearance somewhat startled me.
His uniform, none of newest, had not
been in its beet days more picturesque
and becoming than American uniforms
were. Certain stains upon the coat
might be Indian blood, and might be.
tobacco. But to cap all, on his soldier
head was that hat, the result of Jeff.
Davis' anxious inquiries as how beet
reform our army. I said nothing,
but assisted the Colonel in putting. the
finishing touches to his toilet, all the
while enjoying the anticipated pleasure
witnessing the shock evinced when
my rotund and good naturea cniet, tne
Hon. John Y., came to see that hat.
At eleven a. x. the minister's carriage
rattled to the door, and the minister,
accompanied by the lion. V. A. Mc
Crea, ascended to our little drawing
room. So soon as Old Virginia's spec
imen of diplomatic adipose could get
breath for the purpose, it attacked
" I say, Sumner, what's that!"
" That t why that's our soldier's hat.
"I'm going to show it to the Emperor."
" Xou re not going to wear it i .
"Yes, I am."
"Well ni be !" I won't go:
well get put out by the servants. We
. ... . tT-i .1 a 1 J 1.
COtUOnT get in. w ny wie aevii aon c
you send it to the Minister of War t
He wil! show it to the Emperor."
Now. Colonel Sumner had two ob
jects in view in soliciting this presenta
tion, as he subsequently confided to me
in a very injured tone. He wished to
exhibit this hat to the Emperor, and
himself to the Empress. But the min
ister was master of the situation. His
wishes could not be ignored.
"Confound it," said the Colonel, in
sulky tone, Jtf've got no other."
" Well, buv.one." said Judge Mason;
and Madeleine was dispatched for that
purpose to the street and Boon return
ed with an elegant French chapeau
with the French colors. Sumner swore
that he would not sail under false colors.
44 Well, then, pluck the feathers out,"
growled the Minister, " and let s go,
for time's up."
. ....... ..
" Is ow, said tne Minister, wniie roil
ing aloag towards the palace, "Sum
ner, when you are presented to the Em
press, be careful to say nothing to her
about Cuba. She's an ill tempered
woman, and wont stand much, I can
Sumner was busy pulling out the ob
noxious feathers, and did not seem to
hear the admonition. Judge Mason
repeated it, and received no response.
Wishing to impress the important ad
vice upon his friend's mind, he repeat
ed it again, when Sumner angrily ex
Do von think I am a fool Judge
Masonf I know what to talk about"
As subsequent events proved, he had,
not heard a word bis friend had ut-t
tered. . rw -
WheeS7uare Mason Tvcfcf!$
magnificent reception hall of the palace
he found, to his alarm and disgust, that
he had thrust a huge piece of tobacco
in his mouth, and had to be got rid off
before the .Emperor appeared. Ite
looked anxiously about him. The
polished floors were like marble, no
conveniences could be found, the win
dows were inaccessible, the fireplaces
gorgeous shams. At last, and just in
time, the troublesome contents were
deposited in a rich antique vase that
graced a niche in the walL We used
to laugh at the legation over the sur
prise that must seize upon the servants
while engagod in cleaning that vase,
when they would come upon this
strancre oompourd. wandering what it
could be, and ending, perhaps, in send
ing it to the Ac&demv of Science for
analysis! That this learned body would
eventually pronounce it. masticated
tobacco we were satisfied ; but whether
learned and ingenious essay would
not follow, as to whether the ancient
Greeks knew of, and used the weed,
made up the question. - -.
The interview with the Empe'ror wad
E leas ant and satisfactory. His Imperial
Qslgnificance was evidently struck with
the soldierly figure and bearing of our
Colonel, and the talk about Indians and
Indian fighting was long and interest
ing. Wpea it terminated Judge Mason
and hit friends were conducted to the
reception apartments of the Empress.
She stood surrounded by the ladies and
officers of her household, in the sub
dued light of the painted windows,
beautiful as a roval poet's dream. She
was then in the noonday glory of her
ivveijr vuuuuuiuvu. uct owecs aacv,
with features regular to a fault, was
framed in by hair delicate and bright
as the silk upon the com, with a golden
chestnut tinge impossible to describe.
Her lovely head sat on her white round
ed neck with the ease of a bird on a
swaying limb, while her graceful' figure
carried its drapery as if every fold of
the costly fabric was a part of the
queenly self, and bad been woven into
grace by fairy fingers.
Judge Mason presented his two com
patriots, and Colonel McCrea, an ac
complish edj self-ikwsessed gentleman,
took up the conversation, and for some
time it flowed on gracefully and welL
At last Colonel Sumner thought it was
time to say something, and he said it.
" I have just returned from a visit to
your native land, your Majesty. 1
found it Very beautiful, - but regret that
I had not time to visit its famous battle
"Ah, Colonel Sumner," she respond
ed, graciously, " and why were you so
h tuned t"
"I was bearer of despatches, your
Majesty, in the Black Warrior outrage,1'
Here was trouble, here was diplomatic
complication. Judge Mason broke into
a profuse perspiration, known to ne at
tne bureau as a "diplomatic sweat,"
and the color came to the face of the
Empress like a storm cloud, and her
dove-like eyes seemed to Change en
tirely, so alive were they with indignant
"Yon call that an outrage, do you,
gentlemen an outrage that infamous
vessel, built to carry Lopez and his pi
ratical followers I"
"I beg your pardon your Majesty,"
broke in desperately Judge Mason;
"the Black Warrior was ouilt after
Lopez was executed."
" I don't care ! I don't care ! It was
built for an infamous purpose, and
ought to have been sunk." And (n
and on she continued. Judge Mason
was sorely distressed ; Colonel McCrea
looked as if amused, but Sumner grew
indignant as her Majesty got wild, and
when she said :
"You want war, gentlemen you
want war, so as to seize upon Cuba;
and you think we cannot prevent it,
with this Crimean war on our hands ;
but we have plenty of arms, plenty of
soldiers, and if the worst comes to the
worst, well turn the negroes upon you. "
" I beg your pardon, your Majesty,
thundered Sumner; "in protecting our
rights and defending our flag, we care
nothing for your arms, soldiers, norths
His tone of voice, together with a
disturbed movement on the part of the
officers of the household seemed to
recall the Empress to herself.
. "I cannot talk upon this subject,
gentlemen," she said in a more subdued
manner. "I must wish yon a good
morning. Good morning, gentlemen."
"Good Lord. Sumner 1" exclaimed
J udge Mason, while climbing, exhausted,
into liis carriage, "did I not warn you
to say nothing about Cuba I"
"See here, Judge Mason," replied
the wicked wrong doer, "when a wo
man forgets her position, I'm not
bound to remember it Talk to me
about soaring us with niggers. T& half
a mind to box her imperial ears."
Two of the actors in this little drama
are dead, the third is in exile stripped
of her imperial robes, while the empire
itself has disappeared like the baseless
fabric o( a vision ; but Cuba, then
considered so frail a possession, yet
clings to the old Spanish government.
Condition of the Minnesota Indians.
Major Samuel N. Clark, agent for
several of the Tndinn reservations of
Minnesota, in a private letter to General
Eaton, Commissioner of Education,
gives the particulars of his trip to one
of the Chippewa reservations. He
No agent has ever visited them be
fore, and they were well-nigh discour
aged. Their treaty was made five years
ago. Eight hundred dollars a year has
been appropriated for fanning. Not a
foot of land has been cleared, no seed
provided, no tools furnished. A farm
er once went up there, stayed a day
or - two on the reservation,
came part way back, and
hired to run a sawmill Another farm
er was employed for one or two years
T'Kn rtoa nAvor rwun within nrtk Vinndf-Ad
anil fiffv milaa rt ilia MuimKnn Tn
relation to the educational facilities en
joyed by these Indians, he says: "A
school house was erected about three
years ago. and since the treaty $800 a
year has been appropriated to sustain
the school School was taught there
about ten days last summer. I found
the school house with every window
missing, part of the floor ripped up and
gone, the roof broken by a falling tree ;
the benches, if there ever were any,
carrid away. Nothing left but bare
walls. A teacher, appointed last fall, I
found keeping a trading post forty
miles from the reservation. He had no
books, and can scarcely speak English."
Chapped hands, face, rough skin
pimples, ringworm, salt-rheum, and
other cutaneous affectiens, cured, and
the skin made soft and smooth, by using
the Jtwtpeb Tab Soap, made by Cas
well, Hazard &. Co., New York. It is
more convenient and easily applied than
other remedies, avoiding the trouble ot
A Hocta andot in EuauJapAJa.,
ras DOUgat a ie-inoiJcs gu
$8,C X), has juts beerJ sd for 1111.
THE DAYS OF OLD.
Jew, Prester John, and
From Chamber's Journal.
Over all the Middle Ages we see the
weird figure of a mam downcast and
grave, who, unhasting, unresting, must
march on to the day of doom. The
Wandering Jew. sometimes buried in
Armenian convents or the deserts of
Central Asia, in the burning plains of
Africa, or the snowy heights of tne
Caucasus suddenly appears in the
haunts of more civilized Eh rope, and
tells, as an eye-wittirss, the sad story of
the crucifixion, and his share in the
contumely cast upon the God-man. He
had thrown himself into the flaming
city of Jerusalem under the Boman
sword-i ; he had fought against Gauls,
Germans; rHld Ssracens: but no glance
would enter his charmed body-tib rtr
row pierce the heart that longed to be
at rest. The wild elephant had
crushed him under foot, venomous
serpents had bitten him, the hungry
lion had torn him, but bd could
hot die until Christ himself should re
turn to judge the world. This legend
filled the people with terror and emo
tion, and probably arose from some elo-
Suent preacher, who thus personified
le Jewish nation, under the figure of
a ninpln man. scattered throueh the
world, and nriilnstrrivfid bv persecution.
Matthew Paris is the first historian who
speaks of it ; an Armenian bishop, vis
iting the monks of St Albans, had con
versed with the Jew about the year
1228, and from that time be appeared
dt intervals in several of the cities of
Europe; dressed iri tile old Boman cos
tume, much worn, a long beard, naked
feet and a sad. melancholy expression.
He refused all presents but a few pence,
Strasbourg he appeared in 1580, anil in-'
formed the magistrates that he had
wmcn tie mtve ivbt TO inn poor. A I
passed through their city 200 years be -
forej which was verified by A reference
to the city registers. The last time we
hear of him is in the city of Brussels in
Another no less popular superstition
was the existence of a king and pontiff,
united in oni named Prester John.
vhn lind r-nlnri a. wnAt, mnirA for rnt.ii-
ries, in which more marvels were to be
found than in Mohammed s paradise,
No traveler to the East dared put a stop j
to this absurd belief; some even pre-
tend ad to know the place. The Kings !
Portugal sent several expeditions j
into inaia. ana ADyssima vo assure
themselves of the reality, for this im- j
iuuiuu ppw gBvo mauj nil iiuur o wu"
iety to the popes of the West for fear !
lest schism should spring from so dis- j
tant quarter. There was a curious
written perhaps by some partisan
of the Beformationj to the Emperor of j
Rome and King of France, in the same !
of Prester John, about 1507, inviting
them to settle in his dominions, which
he described as the richest and finest
in the world. There they would see
fabled phoenix, the griffin, the roe, the
sevenhoroed bnlli centaurs, pigmiesr
and dragons. There sprung the fount
ain of immortal youth, there grew the
Tree of Life. . from which was drawn
the holy oil used for the sacraments of
the Church ; and when the king and
his court sat down to table they needed
no cooks, for a spiritual die prepared
all their dishes.
Another mystical being was Anti
christ, who was supposed to be born in
Babylon, and whom the Jews were
ready to recognize as their Messiah.
The year 1000 was fixed upon by the
most learned doctors as the time of his
appearance, and the end of the world.
We have a terrible picture given by a
eo temporary, of the desolation which
reigned throughout Europe at the ap
proach of this fatal term ; there were
fearful signs in the heavens and on the
earth eclipses, comets, meteors, floods,
tempests, and plagues. Superstition
aggravated the real evils of public mis
ery; the people spoke of frightful
miracles; the dead were raised ; the
living struck with sudden death ; spec
tres and demons came from the abyss.
Men thought of nothing but how they
should appear before God ; they gavo
up their wealth to churches and con
vents ; they thought it useless to till
the ground and occupy themselves in
their daily tasks; their fields, houses,
and shops were deserted for the altar.
At length, the last day of the year 999
arrived ; the whole populace, in tears
and prayers, crowded the churches,
and waited in trembling expectation
the soundings of wthe seven trumpets,
and the appearance of Antichrist ; but
the sun rose bright as ever, the stars
fell not from heaven, the laws of nature
were uninterrupted. "It was only
postponed," said the credulous; they
counted the days, weeks, and months
with indescribable anxiety, and it re
quired many years of anguish to restore
calmness to their minds.
A Big Tree.
: ueyug uireQLeu -vja-ruB i
' preservationsrii better dia
A section of the "Original Big Tree "
of Calaveras county, CaUfomia, recent
ly arrived in Boston. Tho tree from
which this section is taken was cnt in
1853; five men worked twenty-five days
in felling it The stump smoothed off
now easily accommodates thirty-two
dancers. . This tree, when standing,
was three hundred and two feet high
(nearly a hundred feet higher than Bun
ker Hill monument). From a section
forty feet long a hotel was -constructed.
A saloon and double bowl
ing alley, more than eighty feet long,
are built upon a portion of tne prostrate
trunk. The bark was from fifteen
inches to two feet in thickness, and a
section was brought to New York for
the Crystal Palace. A portion was also
sent to the Crystal Palace, England, at
the time of the world s exhibition, ine
estimated age of the tree was about
twenty-five hundred years. The weight
of" this section, at thirty feet from the
ground, is' eight thousand pounds, its
diameter nearly sixteen feet and cir
cumference forty-six feet It is the
only section of the solid wood of the
tree ever brought from California.
Exetek CathkdbaTj. The loner-talk
ed -of restoration of Exeter Cathedral is
at last about to be begun. At a meet
ing of the subscribers to the Bestora
tion Fund, held lately, the dean in the
chair, Mr. Scott, representing Mr. Gil
bert Scott who has not yet recovered
from his late illness, explained the plan
of restoration, and the dean showed
that the sum required for the restora
tion was 15,000. Towards this one
member of the chapter alone had given
5,000, and vet the dean remarked,
8,390 was all that the nobility and
gentry of Devon, and Cornwall were
pleased to give them, and of that sum
f'C effm t..Jl.Aj is Ta-si .t - wi si
2.000 was subscribed by four individ
uals. 10,680 had been provided by
the chapter. Mr. Scott stated that
throughout the preparation of the de
sign the architects' (Mr. Gilbert and his
son) great principle and standing point
ainu uccu uuo auu mo name, uwua.'j
that no ancient feature should be oblit-
i be ooiit -
era ted or interfered with, au enaeavors
WINTER ON MT. WASHINGTON.
A Description of the "Frost Works"
An Enchanting Spectacle.
in length and scarcely any thicker than
the stick itself. They formed on
every part of the stick that was ex
of posed, but of course some points were
pi wma vney were uiowa uu. ja nuuio
of the piles of stones south of the house
these horizontal masses are now more
than five feet in length. On the south
letter ern exposure, instead of the "frost
work." there are only masses of pure
ice, which have always a peculiar hue
0f greenish blue. In the early
Correrpondenos of Borton Journal. Jan. 12...
The " frost work" is one of the most
ft-marcanie phenomena of tins nign ai-
nmur. .trw u.-i. c--v
none have attempted to doeefioe it,- am
as the causes that produce it are but
imperfectly understood, we shall per
haps be pardoned if we present come
rather crude ideas in regard to it It is
difficult also to convey in words any
idea of its wonderful fond and beauty,
From the study given to it last winter,
and theViippoTtunities we Jiave had of
observing its formation) we are able to
give what seems to us a plausible, if
not a correct theory, to account for
this, the most plastic of all handi
work of nature. At our very first ob-
Mfcrvnainn N non shut ik furmn nnlv
a . it 1 in .. . .1 i j -
wneu wo siiiu id irt,'rstwefu, a, c, Mb
some point between north and west ahd
north aaxf east and never when the
. . 4 . - . i i ...
win a as . fci-yiwjira. u pegins witn
mere point on everything that the
wind reaches, on the rocks, on the snow,
on the railway, and on every part of the
buildings, even oh th6 fflflea. Oa the
south side it is very alight, as the wind
reaches there only in eddying gusts.
When the surface is rough, the points,
as they begin, are an inch or more
apart ; when smooth, it almost entirely
covers the snrtace at tne very begin
ning ;but soon Only a few points elon
gate so, on whatever surface it begins
to form, it has very soon the same gefi-
eral appearanoe, presenting everywhere
the same beautiful feathery-like
forms. In going up the mountain we
do not see it until we get some distance
above the limit of thO tfefS it is near-
ly a mi e before it is seen in its charac
tonst., fnrma a.n1 it is nnlv immMli.
ately about the summit it presents its
most attractive features. We notice
also that it always forms toward the
wind never from it and the rapidity
with which it fdrfflS aed the arrest
length of the horizontal masses 9r8
truly wonderful. 'We placed a round
stick an inch in diameter, in a vertical
position,, where it was exposed to the
full face of the wind, and in less than
two davs some of the horizontal icicles
we call them icicles for the want of a
more appropriate name were two feet
much longer man others, xney re-
mained several days, but with a change-j
part of December, when the
thermometer ranged from 25 to
29 degrees and the wind was south
ward, the ice formed to the thickness
of a foot or more on the telegraph poles
near the house. These icy masses are
formed evidently by the condensation
of the vapor of the atmosphere, as it is
not uncommon for it to oe above the
point of. saturation. The "fresh
work " is also formed by the condensa
tion of vapor, but beside the vapor the
air must be filled with minute specula
of ice. As the vapor oondensos these
are caught and thus the horizontal
feathery masses are formed. This ac
counts, for the facts that we have ob
served, namely, that it forms when the
wind is northward and always toward
We remember in our boyhood, when
Barnum's American museum was in its
greatest glory, watching with intense
interest the operations of the glass
blower, whose table was a marvelous
centre of attraction, and whose wonder
ful little birds with long silken tails of
iridescent glass always tempted us to
violate the tenth commandment This
workman was a descendant of the arti
sans of Venice, and perpetuated as a
curiosity what was ones a profitable,
but is now almost a lost art The glass
spinner sits at a little table. Before
him are a quantity of glass tubes of
various colors. A spirit-lamp also sits
before him, which, blown by a pair of
bellows placed under the table, and
worked by the feet of the operator,
gives forth a long jet of flame. The
workman places the end of one of his
tubes in this flame. It speedily begins
to soften. No sooner does it do so than
he seizes one extremity with a small
pair of pincers and draws it out in a
long thread, the size of which he
easily determines. He then winds and
weaves it back and forth, forming those
ornaments which give that pecular as
pect of ornamentation to nearly all the
specimens of Venetian glass which we
have presented to our readers By at
taching the end of the glass' tube to a
little wheel or drum, and gradually
winding it round and round, a fine
thread may be produced, so delicate
that despite its fragile character, it
may be woven into a robe. The aigrets
which ornament the ladies' bonnets,
and arc bo fine and flexible that the
slightest breeze agitates them, are of
spun glass; The same material was
once employed in constructing flowing
black curls, which, worn by a prince,
became the admiration of all Paris. If
any of our readers were at the Univer
sal Exhibition of 1855, they may re
member a piece of statuary composed
of spun glass a lion of the size of life,
with splendid hair and bristling mane,
stifling a serpent a piece oi workman
ship which is said to have cost its au
thor thirty years of labor. Spotted
tigers, striped hyenas, variegated ser
pents, as well as birds of all variety of
plumage, are successfully imitated by
this curious but useless art Now fall
en into disuse, it was once so highly
esteemed that in the commencement of
the 16th century, Fugger, the rich
banker of Augsburg who, not content
with warming his guest Charles V.,
with bundles of cinnamon-wood, light
ed them with the bond for a large sum
which the sovereign had borrowed from
him found nothing rarer or more wor
thy of being offered to his imperial visit
or than a small vessel of molten, spun,
cast, and twisted glass. Lyman Ab
bott, in Harper Magazine for Feb.
Exolibh papers complain of the de
cay of the British Bar. The Law
Times remarks: "What was once an
honorable profession for gentlemen,
will become a walk in life for the ignor
ant: and tliA wnlofir- who "will eondev
, to stoop to the level f the busi
i . .swni
ness. ihis appiiesmore particularly to
criminal business. Apart from these
considerations, the economy of the
Treasury must be regarded as utterly
false, and it must impede the proper
and uignined administration oi justice.
The best men will not accept the one
: guinea fees, which are
i ".i n
now to be of-
Laitosekk is still Cf invalid, ft
The Surrender of Paris.
Losltoj Jan 23 4:30 'p. m., Sunday.
-lu Lmperor uiiara lias sent the;-
' " '"o
tiiRpntrii to tae impress;
j - "VbmIiluf-s; 2 r- Sunday, Leit
night arl armistice for three weeks was
i signed. The regniars-and Mobiles. are
9 p, emred in- Taris-as prisoners of
War. Hi ft national Guard will under
take the hiaillitif2iQi0 of order. Wei
ro-oecupy all the forts, and Paris remains
invested, but will be allowed to reviet-;
nal as soon as the arms are surrendered;
The National Assembly is to- be assem-
bled W mt at Bordeaux in a fortnight
All the armies in th, field will retain
their respective positions, the ground!
between the opposing lines to be neu-
This is the reward ot patrintism, he-.
roism and great sacrifices. Thank God
for this fresh mercy. May peace soon
follow. (Signed) Wtlhblm."
WlSHi.ttrrox. Jan. 29. Bee. Fish has
received the following telegram from!
Mr. Moran, charge d affaires in London
dated London, Sunday morning, Jan.29i
" The German ambassador here has
been officially informed that the capitu
lation of Paris, and all the forts, and
an'sfffllstioe of three weeks by land and
sea, was sighed about ten o'clock last
evening at Versailles, by Count Bis
marck and Jules Tavre. The army la
Paris will remair. prisoners of war in
the city, but it is not known whether
they will be disarmed or not The de
tails bavo not been received. Count
Berfistoft thinks it an important fact
that the armistice extends over the sea,
and that it should be made known a
widely as possible."
Summary of Late News.
If BOo'srs from official data, that
tHA 7S11 Tfil h.ta Kaon tatnndffd tr
i - " - I
different States for expenses lnerarred
in raising volunteers, from 1861 to 1871 ;
amount still due, $7,785,912. I
The steamer Utility was burned and
then scuttled and sunk at her wharf in !
Providence, R I., on the 28th. Loss
Thb Pittsburg Opera House, joist
completed, at a cost of $165, 000, seating
twenty-one hundred persons, will be
opened Monday night by Fetcher.
Tee winter wheat in Central Illinois
is represented as being in excellent
condition. The great depth of snow
has served to protect the growth of the
Reports from Saskatchewan say that
the small pox is raging fearfully in that
Tex British bark Kate Smith, Capt.
Wm. Hamilton, of Yarmouth, N. H.,
from Lees, on the passage from Spain
for New Yorkj went ashore Wednesday
night near Little Egg Harbor, N. J.,
seventy miles from New York, and
eight of those on board, including the
captain, five seamen, the steward and
wife, and Joseph Hussey, pilot of boat
No. 7, were lost The mate,
Caleb McDonald, and two seamen were
the only survivors of the wreck. Capt
Hamilton leaves a wife and three child
ren, and Pilot Hussey a wife and four
children in Brooklyn. The Kate Smith
was of 404 tons register, and had a car-
fo of 500 tons of lead consigned to a
ouse in New York.
Thx steamer W. B. Arthur exploded
her boiler fourteen miles above Mem
phis on Saturday morning, and then
teok fire, burned to the water's edge
and sunk- Seventy or eighty hvee were
Bishabck denies that de has ever en
gaged in any intrigues for the restora
tion of the Bonapartes.
Thx small-pox has become epidemic
in London. The rapid increase of mor
tality causes alarm. The deaths from
the disease, which in the first week in
January were 79, in the third increased
The Senate has passed a bill increas
ing the pension of disabled soldiers and
sailors, and widows and children of de
ceased soldiers and sailors 20 per cent,
for five years from March 4th, 187L
Frank P. Blair, elected to succeed
Drake in the Senate, from Missouri,
has taken his seat
The Senate has passed the House
bill authorizing the sale of a portion of
the Leavenworth military reservation
to the Kansas Agricultural and Mechan
ical Association for a fair-ground.
Stephen A. Corker, a member elect
from Georgia, has been admitted to the
House. An effort was made to keep
him out on account of alleged frauds in
The House has passed the Senate bill
to turn over to the Secretary of the
Interior, for disposal by sale after
appraisement the United States mili
tary reservations of Forts Lane and
Walla Walla, Oregon; Fort Seriak,
Kansas; Camp McGarry, Nevada;
Fort Sumpner, New Mexico; Forts
Jessup and Sabine, Louisiana; Fort
Wayne, Arkansas ; Fort Collins, Colora
do; Fort Dakota, in Dakota, and such
portions of Fort Bridger, Wyoming, as
are no longer required for military pur
posea, after being amended by adding
Fort Smith, Arkansas.
The Senate has passed a bill for the
repeal of the income tax, by a vote of
yeas 26, nays 25. The House, how
ever, adopted a resolution returning
the bill to the Senate, on the ground
that the Constitution vests in the House
of Representatives the sole power to
originate such measures.
A bill has been introduced into the
House allowing additional represent
tion in the Forty-third Congress, as
follows: New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
Georgia, Texas, Wisconsin and Kansas,
three each; Missouri and Michigan,
two each; Massachusetts, New York,
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi,
California and Minnesota, one each;
and Illinois four. Such additional
members are to be elected by a general
Rather a Damper.
A few dbys after Charles Dickens'
death, writes one of our London corre
spondents, one of his countrymen, an
enthusiastic admirer of the great nov
elist made a pilgrimage to the shrine
of Gadshill After feasting his spirit
on the scene before him and indulging
freely in the luxury of woe, the flesh
began t assert its claims, and
the enthusiast repaired to the
amous hostelry, "The Sir John Fal
ta ff," hard by. Every one knows how
wretched it is when one's emotions are
too much for one not to be able to pour
them out into a sympathetic ear, and so
sensible was this "man of feeling" of
his desolation in this respect, that for
want of any one better he tooK the
i itet -nt( eoence. "Sad loss to
vt, sir, indeed," was the emphatic reply;
" 'ad all his ale rom this ouse, sir.
'.' TotrponvetPation was not centigoedU
THE STREET ARAB.
BY GEO. L. CATLIN.
- Well, vet 1 I suppose I'm a loafer
A man, sir.
As somehow la used to get "no " for
' And yet, wordj a' seemed' krai o' fanny
My good sir.
If yon'd s refused me tbe money.
It woaM, sir. . .
-Ms only a dime : mighty Utile . "
Ton see, )
Scarce enongTi for to boy s cold wittal . "'- '
. For naerStr.
Te still, you're look of eomravion. -
Is fnTr of nvraey and fashion
I'm tracts'! end cursed si snd kicked
Vm hard a? and lazy and wicked, -
By thunder I
I happened io hear Parson Beeeber
A loaf while sfro, and the preacher
Said one day
Ml eome when Ihenll be a big rechonm,
I ssy, sir.
Do we yondern my pal ; he's a beokoain';
Good day, sir.
.V. r. CUUt ami Round TiN.
FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Ths Essex Banner asserts that small
quantities of sunflower seed, mixed
with the food of a horse, will impart a
fine gloss to his hair, while it is also a
cure for founder if given immediately
after the ailment is discovered. In the
latter case about a pint of the seed
should be mingled with the oats or
chopped feed, when a cure will be ef
fected. Place a bone in the earth near the
root of the grape, and the vine will send
out a leading root to the bone. In its
passage it will throw out no fibres but
when it reaches the bone, the root will
euureij mier u wita tue sunt aeiidHi
fibres like lace, each one eeeking a
pore cf the bone. On this bone the
Tme will, continue to feed aa long as
nutriment remains to be extracted.
Shobt-horn cattle are valuable for
their remarkable aptitude to fatten,
the perfection of their form and the
emallness of their bony structure giv
ing them advantages over all others as
beef cattle. No animal of any other
breed can so rapidly transform the
stock of any section around him as
these of the improved short horn spe
cies. One of the characteristics of this
breed is also their remarkable docility,
and their indisposition to break through
The Cause of Rust in Wheat.
The German town Telegraph says that
it is getting to be a pretty general
opinion among farmers that the sowing
of grass-seed clover or timothy with
the wheat in the fall, as has been com
mon in nearly every wheat gvwing dis
trict here, as well as north and east of
us, is the cause of the rust on wheat,
by reason of the moisture which the
gross retains affecting the grain stalks
when maturing. These grass seeds,
sown after the wheat crop has been
harvested, will produce, it is claimed,
as good crops the following year as if
sown at the time of the wheat nine
months previously. We should like to
hear from our farmers on this subject,
as there is apparently two sides to it
and especially as it is one' of decided
Preservation of Beet Leaves for Fodder.
It is well known that in France the
beet is cultivated on a large scale,
mainly for the preparation of. oeet su
gar, and that the leaves are used very
largely for food for cattle. A difficulty
has hitherto existed in reference to this
latter application, on account of the
readiness with which the leaves become
decomposed and the impossibility of
keeping them fresh for any considera
ble length of time. We are now in
formed that this has been overcome by
M. Mehay, who subjeets the leaves to
the action of dilute hydrochloric acid,
by means of which, after undergoing a
special treatment they can be stacked
away in large quantities and kept in
definitely for future use. The applica
tion of the acid employed, so far from
injuring these leaves as food, seems to
impart to them special alimentary pe
culiarities, seen in. the production of
an improved quality of butter. Sever
al veterinary surgeons have certified, as
the result of a critical examination of
the experiments, that the food gave
rise to no disturbance of the digestive
system, and that in every respect the
new preparation was to be considered
following description of the
manner in which tne Chinese maae
dwarf trees is an intimation of their
painstaking in horticulture : "We have
known from childhood how the Chinese
cramp their women's feet, and so man
age to make them 'keepers at home;'
but how they contrive to grow minia
ture nnes and oaAs in flower-pots lor
half a century has always been much of
a secret, it is tne product cmeny oi
skillful, long continued root pruning.
They begin at the beginning. Taking
a young plant (say a seedling or a cut
ting of a cedar) when only two or three
inches high, they cut off its tap-root as
soon as it has other rootlets eiiougn to
live upon, and replant in a shallow pot
or pan. The end of the tap-root is gen
erally made to rest upon the bottom ef
the pan, or on a flat stone within it
Alluvial clay if then put into the pot
much of it in bits the size of beans, and
just enough in kind and quantity to
furnish a scanty nourishment to the
plant Water enough is given to keep
it in growth, but not enough is given
to excite a vigorous habit. So likewise
in the application of light and heat
Then, too, the top and roots,
being within easy reach of ' the
gardener, are shortened by his
nruning-knife. or seared with his hot
iron. So the little tree, finding itself
headed on every side, gives up the idea
of strong growth, asking only for life,
and just growth enough to live and look
well Accordingly, each new set of
leaves becomes more and more stunted,
the buds and rootlets are diminished in
proportion, and at length a balance is
established between every part of the
tree, making it a dwarf in all respects.
In some kinds of trees this end is reach
ed in three or four years; in others ten
or fifteen years are necessary.
So ms fifteen years ago a steamboat
loaded with 800 barrels of whisky and
500 barrels of highwines was sunk in
Mo. The wreck was recently found,
buried some fifteen feet in the sand,
and it is said that there is but little
doubt that the cargo can be got at
Parties operating have secured the title
to the property, so that in the event of
success they will realize a handsome
There is reason to believe that some
! of the prevailing blonde chignons are
'made ofligtfiAntastio tow,
Tsabkt.ia is going to call on Eugenie.
Illinois has 1,733 idiots and 2,337
Thb Siamese twins have fifteen chil
Kmtsesaw Mountain has been on fire
for a week past
New Mexico is about to indulge in an
artesian well -
Fobt Scott made the past year three
Thb school-religious question is agi
tating the St Louis public.
Leavkxwobth is talking about build
ing another opera-house.
Deitveb streets were illuminated by
gas on Christmas eve.
A obaso corscn. of noble red men
will be held at It Laramie shortly.
A Balumobb bot stole two marbles.
and is now immurred in a dungeon.
Obasobs are now sold by retail in
Boston at one-half the price of applet.
Of 355.277 beef-cattle shipped to
New York last year Illinois furnished
- Thb late cold weather in the South
nfade sad havoc with the colored popu
lation. . The " gold "crop of Montana for
the year 1370 has yielded $44,000,000.
Thb Indian Territory wants to be
promoted to the "State of Oemulgee.'
Two thocsakd miles of railroads
Save been built in Illinois and are now
in operation, since 1869.
Aw indianapolis paper puts the cap
ture of a four-pound eel in its chrono
A BABBOw-eTjAGB BAH.WAT is to be
built from Virginia City to White Pine,
Late accounts from France indicate
that the French are very near their last
If is expected that by April next
every British soldier in India wiil have
Thb Chicago Republican publishes
Births, Betrothals, Marriages, Divorce
CALrroKNiAra have contributed nearly
$300,000 to the French and German re
lief funds. .
SanFbawciso exported last year $17,
769,742 worth of merchandise and $3-5,-973,139
Thkbx is talk in Utah about making
Corinne the capital instead of Salt Lake
A wild turkey was shot near Leaven
worth a few days ago weighing thirty
Bbcbktlt a number of houses in St
Louis had their roofs crushed in by a
heavy fall of snow.
Thb English journals complain of the
unusual number of railway accidents
there thii winter.
Therb are fifty-two physicians in
Morgan county, 111, of whom twenty
eight live in Jacksonville. - ...
Thb average salary of Methodist
preachers in Rhode Island has increas
ed the past twenty years from $360 to
Exetbb Cathedral, England, is about
be restored. The improvement has
been long talked of.
A FAPEB kill on a large scale is to
erected at Fort Dodge, Iowa, during
the coming season.
There are Jn the state of New York
133 savings banks, with assets amount
ing to $220,000,000.
The Northern people about Gaines
ville, Florida, are selling out and leav
ing that section of the country.
InLEfoia has paid all its state debt
but $4,890,937, and there is $3,082,104
available toward liquidating that
St. Locia tax-payers protest against
the managnrnt of the parks being
placed undve control of one man.
Bread forTue supply of a school at
Concord. N. H.. is baked in Boston,
and is sent to Concord, by express, twice
THBOCOHorr New England and New
York prayers are being offered in the .
churches for much needed rain.
Ttrm Dsnnnrt fTnval Democrat
says General Add Sanders has resigned
Secretaryship of Montana.
A hi was rstMr. wnwl in weather
anva blue streaks in the sky is a
sign of corniug cold weather.
A .nr. Iiam ViAAfi int.rndnfftd in the
Ohio Legislature for a general increase
inline salaries oi state omcuua.
A mam's character is above reproach
his own acts do not warrant the
charges made against it
n.mv im thai, iran who ia satisfied
occupy that niche in the universe to
which hia acquirements entitle nun.
Zttvt.v sfrATTiAnn nraahinfira in the
mrLhniiu hnvR liMn inauLTurated bv
the people of Knoxville, Tennessee.
FnRTT thousand pounds of silk from
rn,; nmntlv mma over the Union
Pacific Road, o the way to New York. .
a tawn Viom rwton laid out on the
main road from Denver to Santa Fe,
called lip ton. At is o muw
Thb river closed at Council Bluffs on
the 20th ult, four days earlier than
last year. Foot passengers cross on
A engineer oh the Kansas Pacifio R
had his feet and three fingers of hia
right hand frozen while on his engine
TufnrT.il vi Pittrt-
XJLB UIWl uawA v wv - w -
burgh for 1870 show that there are two
hundred and thirty firms in that city
who do business to the amount of $100,-
000 and upwards. -
Tua thw Cheyenne national bank will
made the designated depository of
ik. TTnitrl Ktr.f fnr all the posts in
that Territory, which are now compel-
. . .1 - i : : r 1.
led to ao tneir ouhukbs w yuwu.
Ttxw Miaaaa m nnn f ictri rf of New York
state is growing to stupendous propor
tions. Twelve hundred factories are
now in operation, making one million
Trial of the New San Francisco Flying
From the San Francisco Bulletin, Jan. 7.
was put into operation yesterday, with
considerable success. When every
tTiiniv wra ticritpnMl and trot into good
running order, and the propeller ar
ranged to cause eievauuo, i. was juas
12 o clocx. ine nre ior raising steam
u thm kindlAiL and in one minute
and a quarter steam was opened. At
12. T-. a. tne moonine was cut muse,
and the propellers started. She then
rose most gracefully in the air, amid
Ihe chejrs of the crowd who had gath
ered to witness the ascension. The
nuxcb-'ne whs guided by cords attached
to both ends of the balloon, and in the
hands-of persana on the ground. She
aapended about fifty feet and sailed
along about a block, when she was
pulled down to have her boiler replen
ished. Again she rose, this time to a
height of about 200 feet All the ma
chinery connected with it worked to
the perfeH satisfaction of the inventor,
who intends to place it on public exhi
bition at some plc. ot ''nich notice
trill ha criven. The name given her is