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4t T , i . Wrf i f. The Ohio f H. 5v J5r VOL. I. NO. 38. LOGAN, O., SATURDAY, MARCH 19. 1887. TERMS, $1.50 PER YEAR. 1 .iMr,- " 1 wrW jy - , r - 7 J n , $Lj& uemocrat:1' km 'k. . - r r-' f z: r j jzt r r k THE PEOPLES' BANK OF LOOAN. .'ah Capital, $50,000.00. I (fc. Deposits secured by Individual Liability of over Four Hundred Thousand Dollars. Does a (toncrnl hnnklint biinlncxs. foreign Traft mid HterunMil TIckctH ftir wilo ot low est rntcx. 'OFFICE, Itoom No. 5, Opera House. TjAWRkxpr A. Cui.vkr, rroBldcnt. UkohcikJW. I'ui.l.KN, Vleci 1'rost. 1U:uiik.n- D. CuiA'Kii, Cannier. THE FIRST BANK OF LOGAX, OHIO. Office Hours from 0 n. m. to 3 p. m. Paid in Gash Capital, $50,000. .John Walker, VrcnUlent. Chan. I!. Howeu, Cashier. tfloesa ccncrnl blinking business, receives tfppositN, discounts pnper, mul buys ami sells TCxclinngr. HI look. BAJf K In central room In llio Jmnes ATTORNEYS. Cr. W. BREHM. Attorney-at-Law and Notary Public, Dolllson IlulltlliKf Logiin, O. Collections of Clnlms, Kotos nnd Accounts, 31orlRitKCrt, lenses, Contracts, Deeds, Wills, :Mcclmnlc'K I.lcns, ki:, drnwn nnd nrknnwl edged. Jl'nrtltlon of Lands, Dower, Korcoltis niroof Miirtxugemuid Lions attended hi. Ab--BtrnclAnfTltlo furnished, l'robnto Business, Vide oflljiiidH by Executors, Administrators, HliinrUliin, Assignees or Trustees, mud tholr nccoimts mul Settlement prcparac. JOHN HANSEN, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Offlce second Kloor Collins Block, Lognn, O.iIUminH No. 1 A-). S. H. BRIGHT, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Oftloa Second Floor Collins lllock, ltooinn NolAi. tf. JOHN F. WHITE, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Notary Public nnd Justice of l'eacc Offlc iflvcond story of Jnmcs lllock. O. W. II. WltlOHT, C. II. BUEHIIAUS. WRIGHT &BUERHAUS, ATTORNEYS-AT-IJAW. Olllco Second Floor McCarthy Block Front PHYSICIANS. Z. V. RANEY, Dental Surgeon, Oftloa over Rochester Sons' store. leeto Extracted Without Pain! IVeth Inserted on rubber nnd mctnl plates, and nil work warranted. N. H. BLOSSER, M. D. HOMGEOPATHIST, Specliil nttontlnn given to dlbdiac of wo mionnnd children. S Oflloe, one door west of Armstrong's Tin More, Main Street, I-ogiin, O. H. G. CAMPBELL, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. Office alio door West of Work Bilker's Tin Store, Iigun, O. I. C.WRIGHT PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. Office Northwest our. City Building, J-ngan, O. J I Wflm. J. H. DYE, PHY8ICIAX t SUltGEOX, Office and noMdenco with Dr. Mtmos I.llile, Main Street, Logan, O. ELI M. WEST, FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE AGENT, LOOAN, OHIO. Thn I-owcitt Ilntos nnd Best Companion. Special Agent for Tho North Western Mu unl Llfo, of MHwRiikno. Money to Lonn on First Mortgngos. Offlco In Dollhtoii Block, MAIN STREET HOUSE. Ijooan, Ohio Wm. Wstlak0F - - - Prop, Terms One Dolliir nor nay, flood Room, ruble well supplied. Tmnslunt SI ols Wuto, y ht clasa Kainplo Room attuclied. hi KJKflEKEEKE "1 M gj I will sell as MI khki" ro t"trkk I rrk rrof IK n k. m Jl Jl V v4 1 ia or exenange ior 111 the way ot m broideries, laces, edgings and all goods kept PI fl II j is called to my line of fancy canned goods at y Tjest store rooms in theValley and propose to Centenial Block, Logan, O. OUR EDUCATIONAL COLUMN. School Examiners' Test Questions. Saturday March 5, 1887. GEOG11APHY. 1. What is wind ? Mention some of tho uses of winds. 2. Name tho political divisions of South America and their dove ment. 3. What aro clouds? What names aro given tho different forms of clouds ? 4. Name the summer months of the south themporateonc. 5. Bound Switzerland. For what is it noted? Give its capital. 6. On what waters would you sail in going from Chicago to Con stantinople ? 7. Name tho physical divisions of tho U.S. 8. How is tho change of day and night produced ? Of the seasons ? y. Name the states that border on tho Great lakes. 10. What determines the exact position of the tropics and polar circles ? V. S. HISTORY. 1. Describe the first permanent English settlement in America. 2. From whom and when were the following territories acquired: Florida, Alaska, Louisiana, and California!! 3. Which historic period is the most important? Why? 4. What is meant by States' rights ? What historic events oc cured in November, 1885? 0. Name the eleven seceding states. 6. What was done by the Sanit ary and Christian Commissions? 7. During whose administration was the war of 1812? The Mexican war? The Civil war? 8. What were the two notable vents in Monroe's administration ? 9. What presidents held office two terms ? Who died while In office ? Who were chosen by tho House of Representatives ? 10. For what aro wo indebted to S. B. Morso ? Ell Whitney ? Benj. Franklin ? Kobt. Fulton ? Charles Goodyear? GRAMMAR. 1. What is English Grammar? 2. What is inflection and why are nouns and pronouns inflected? 8. What may bo tho person of the subject of a verb In tho imperative mode ? 4, How many tonso froms have verbs ? 5. Can u preposition and its ob ject become tho predicate of a proposition? If so givo example. 0. State tho difference between a relative and a personul pronoun ? 7. When pronouns of different persons aro used in tho same sen tenco how should they be arrang ed? 8. How aro sentences classified us to form ? As to uso ? 0, Diagram: Thoughts shut up, want air, und spoil like blades unopened to tho sun, 10, Parse italicized words: Let us bo content in work, lotto the thing we can nnd not presume to fret because it's little, ARITMBTIC, 1, On what prlnclpol Is a fraction reduced to Its lowest terms? To J higher torms ? 'jneiexme: vsaesieis wjju-ipravi i I wish to inform mv. friends That I have increased my Btoek of dry-goods and have also added a fine line of ladies and gents shoes, hats, caps, queensware, glassware, and a large stock of groceries which - m -m b hJ wC7 wl-Jlx- S'm. Jl Vt'- j 1 ir 1 conntry prouncc. iuy white, both plain and barred, cPflWimhr FIRST CLASS GOODS, at lowest possible prices. Call and examine 2. What is. the difference between the market value and par valuo of capital? 3. What is the difference between a dividend and an assessment? How is the rate of dividend found? 4. In 18G4 tho "greenback" dollar was worth only 35-57 cents in gold: what was the price of gold ? 5. If a man walk 24 miles in 2 days, by walking 2 hours a day; at the same rate, how far will he travel in 10 days, walking 8 hours a day ? 6. A man's dwelling valued at $5, 000 was burned; it had been in sured, in a certain company, 20 years, for J of its value, .at ; how much did he receive from the company more than the sum total of annual premiums? 7. A and B trading in partner ship 2 years, make each 'year a profit of . 11200; A's capital tho first year was 2A times B's, and the sec ond year it was H times B's: what is each partners share of tho pro fits? 8. A square and a triangle con tain an equivalent area, and the base of the triangle is 36-1 inches, nnd its altitude is 5 inches; what is the side of the square ? 9. 12 of what I receive for an nrticlc is gain, what is my rate of gain ? 10. A owns 5 of B's income, but by saving 7-45 of B's income an nually, ho can pay his debt in 5 years, and have $50 dollars left: what is B's income ? THEOR Y AND PR A CTICE. 1. How do you secure punctuality and good lessons ? 2. What are the chief qualifica tions of a successful teacher ? 3. Explain your treatment of fractions when teaching pupils just entering upon this subject. 4. Name the mental faculties. Which are first in developemant? 5. What personul qualities are re quired in a teacher to insure good government In a school-room ? 6. Writo a selection as a speci men of your penmanship. ORTHOGRAPHY. 1. How are words classified as to form ? How as to use ? 2. How many syllables aro there in a word ? 3. What Is analysis and syn thesis? 4. How many elementary sounds in tho word, view ? 5. Numo three kinds of spelling. G. Spell correctly: Mezles, scceed bllyun, slfon, syon, preslzyun, kristallyse, koers, korus and fraze. Doflne 11 vo of the above. Early Goal Fields. Coal was known to exist in Ohio as early as 1775. It was discover about that date near Bolivar, in Tuscarawas county, by its being seen on Are, smoking and slowly burning in tho ground, but no knowledgo is hud of its being dug, or mined for uso as fuel, in the northern part of tho stato prior to 1810. About that day it was discovered in a small ravine noar Talmage unci was dug from an opou pit in small quantities. It was used by blacksmiths only, and from neigh boring counties the peoplo came and dug coal out of tho r a vino and hauled it to their homes. Tho first attempt at mining was miulo about the year 1820 when an entry driven in tho bluff In tho ra KXBarsrsarjarsoBsrsi -r M m m h m 1 1 n f ury-goous win consist 01 nne summer ciress goocis, n victoria lawn, India linen, seersuckers, em- " in a well regulated store. All II Attention greatly reduced prices. I have one of the keep nothing but and see for yourself that I mean what I say. A7V. Xtr. CXJ-X'IMI JE3. vine near Talmage, "and a seam four feet thick was worked, from which coal was mined reguarly. In 1822 and 1827 two more mines were opened in that vicinity. About tliis period Cleveland, then a small village on .the lake, began to uso mineral coal as fuel, the coal being hauled from these mine on wagons. In the year 183(5 the first coal company incorporated in Ohio was formed, and was known as the Talmage Coal Company. This Co., furnished most of tho coal used in Clevelandup to 1845. About this date the development in tho Ma honing Valley was commenced and theim'iners in the Talmage region found a strong competition for the Cleveland market from their field. Coal .was known to exist in tho Ma honing Valley, and as tho country became more thickly settled, and wood began to bo scarce, coal was taken from tho out-crops and used for fuel. A more systematic method of mining was soon adopted and coal was hauled in largo quantities to other places. In 184s David Tod (Ex-Governor) was operating a mino at Brier Hill and upon the completion of the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal from Akron to Beaver, Pa. ho shipped a couple of boat loads to Cleveland for the purpose of introducing it as fuel on lake steamers, which was not easily accomplished, there be ing considerable hostility manifest ed toward it by the engineers and firemen. He Anally succeeded in making a successful experiment, and in 1845 coal supplanted wood on the steamers of the lower lakes. Tho discovery that Block coal could be used in reducing ores without coking, was the result of an accident in the yeur 1845. In July of that year Messrs Himrod & Vincent blew in a Clay furnace in Mercer county Pa., not far from the Ohio line, and in consequence of a short supply of charcoal, a portion of coke was used to charge the fur nace. A difficulty soon occured with their cokers, nnd Mr. Win. Himrod conceived tho idea of charging tho furnace with raw coal. Tho furnace continued to work nnd iron from tho coal in the raw stato proved to be a better quality than that produced by uso of coke. As a result of this dis covery tho coal region of Ohio, where tho "Free Burning Spilt" or Block Coal" existed grew in im portance, and the iron munufactor ing industry of tho Stato began to flourish. A Dull Pawnbroker. A Detroit pawnbroker received a call from a young man with the tan and freckles of tho cnuntry on his faco nnd nose, and an old-fashioned bull's-eye watch in his hand which he desired to pawn. "Vhere you lif ?" asked tho brok er. "Oh, out hero a few miles 1" "Vhero you got dot vhatch ?" wlt used to ho dad's, but ho gave It to mo." Tho brokor looked him all over with suspicious glance, and asked and received his name und tlion added: "Vhy you vhants to pawn dot vhatch, eh?" "Well, I needed a little money." "Dot looks suspicious to me, uml I guess I call dor boleoco," BJ VJ W m k. r,i 1 i zJn Wj ft T)l "Suspicions! Police!" repeated tho young man. "Say, Mister, if you don't know tho difference be tween a thief selling his plunder and a young man in town with his gal, and that gal wanting peanuts and candy and soda-water and street-car rides until she's cleaned him out of his lust cent, you'd bet ter go nnd start a sheep ranche." "Oh, dot vhns it, eh? Vhell, I gif you $3. Dot make it all ash blainas dcr face on my nose, und I hope you haf some goot times. Here two und one makes tree. Free Press. Real Estate Transfers Re corded in Feb. 1887. C. C. Norton nnd wife to Charles W.James, lot No. CO Logan; con sideration $9000. James Donehue to Mariali L. De vore, lot No. 41 in Watkin's addition to Murray City; $100. Minnie F. Wardweil and hus band to George Klcinsmidt, lots Nos. 507, 508, 609 in Logan; $1150. Silas Brandun and wife to Abel Carpenter, quit claim 77 acres in sec. 24, Goodhope township; $500. G. N. Linton and wife to J. W. Linton, quitclaim 102 acres, Sec. 18, Falls township and lots 8 to 14 in Mnysvillo, Green township; $400 and other. Elizabeth Campbell to Wm. Fos nnugh et al., 38 acres in Perry township, $199.08. W. M. Bowen Auditor, to Clara lies, 108 acres, sec. 18, Benlon town ship, $25.54 unpaid taxes. George Kleinsmidt and wife to Charles Michel, lot 507 Logan ; $525. George Kleinsmidt nnd wife ot John Ucker, 3 acres In sec. 11, Falls township; $1150. James Weaver and wife to Leroy Kemper, 1 acre in sec. 22, Perry township; $400. John II. Curtis, guardian to Wil liam Waner, quit claim, part lot 292 Logan; $67.30. John W. Curtis, et nl to William Waner part lot 292, quit claim ; $25. J. N. Acker, Sheriff to J. C. Mc Broom, 120 ncrns In sec. 32, Good hope township; $500 Isaac Mathias to Jacob N. Zeller, frac. lot 13, sec. 5, Fulls tp.; $10. Alex R. Ruble und wife to Dwight A. Poling, 73 ncres in sec. 1 Fulls tp.; $465. Elizabeth Wine and husbund to Murgaret Chllcote, quit claim, 40 acres in sec. 4, Benton township; $30. W. M. Bowen Auditor to Wm. Koynes frnc. lot 1, sec. 86, Fulls tp, Gore; $4.75 unpuid taxes. Elizabeth R. Knnupnnd husbund to James A. Brown, lots 489, 490, 491, Logan; 10 and exchange. Lemuel stone nnd wifo to Sam uel Shoemaker. 69 acres In sees. 1 and 2, Perry township; $10. Wm. Bowen Auditor, to W. S. Barton, 63 acres in sees. 13 and 14, Benton township; 12.29 unpaid taxes. John M. Buchunnn wifo to W. T. Acker, 120 ncres in sec. 19, Benton township; $500, W. T. Acker nnd wifo to Emily Buchanun; same ns lust above, John Gallighor Sheriff to I. Y. Hartzel), 92 acres in sec, 85, Starr township; 900. James Dew and wife to A. Poston quit claim, 6 ncres in see 20, Wnrd township; 50, Fred Wolf to Alfred Poston i02 acres in sec. 22, Benton township; 1700. Joshua Wolf and wifo to Ashford Poston 40 acres In sec. 22, Benton township; 1300. Jnmcs Dow and wife to A. Pos ton, i of 102 acres, sec. 33, Ward township; 8,000 dol. A. Poston and wife to John Bow ers, 29 j ncres in sec. 25, Ward town ship; 900 dol. Alien Murphy nnd wife to Wm. Murphy, 70J acres in sec. 8 Falls township 1900 dol. John Gallighor, Sheriff, to Adam D. Schaal, 27 acres in sec. 17, Perry township 300 dol. Wm. M. Bowen Auditor, to Isaac Mnthlas, 41 acres in Goodhope township, 8.30 dol. unpaid taxes. Same to same, l acres in sec. 25; in Green township 4.G0 dol. unpaid taxes. Wm. Van Horn and wife to Win. M. lien, 6 acres in sec. 22, Washing ton township; 150 dol. Joseph Bighnm and wife to Geo. Lunsford, quit claim GO acres in sec. 5 Perry township; 450 dol. W. W. Poston and wife to Ash ford Poston, 392 acres in see's. 5, 10, 14, Green township; 13,000 dol. Fred. Struck to Henry Eastman, lot 473 in the village of Logan; 100 dol. Jesse D. White and wife to John W. Nichols, jr, 1-7 of 14G acres in sec. 2 Starr township; 450 dol. J. D. White and wife to Ed Thornton 3 ncres in sec. 2, Starr township 225 dol. II. C. Lama to D. D. Lama 40 acres in sec. 1, Saltcreek township; 400 dol. F. F. Rempel nnd wife to Rosa Nebling, 3 acres in sec. 10, Falls township; 350 dol. Louisa Motherwell and husband to Chas. Rose, lot 2S5, Logan 3,025 dol. Mary Finkey and husband to Win. Itislt, 80 ncres in sec. 3G, Good hope township 300 dol. Wm. M. Bowen Auditor, to Jos. Defenbaugh, 100 acres in sec. 17, Perry township; 38.01 dol. unpaid taxes. T. N. Carpenter and wife to Tim othy Duke, quit claim, J acres in sec. 2G Ward township; 55 dol. Zacheus Nixon to James W. Snyder, 143 acres in sec. G, Green township; 2000 dol. Z. V. Raney to W. If. Reed, quit cluim, 70 acres in sec. G, (south) Saltcreek township; 70 dol. Louisa pnyito and husband to E. B. Comly, part lot 133, Logan; 1500 dol. Probate Court Feb. 1887. MARRIAGE LICENSES. Rufus Johnson and Anna Koon; John E. Cooper and Lucretia Nihi zer; John F. Elick and Elizabeth Carpenter George Bailey and Eliza beth Kline; Philip A. Sutcliffo and Cora Fickel; William F. Everitt and Sarali A. Sweitzer; John Tis dalo and Jennie Mnhoney; Charles E. Smith and Agusta S. Prior; Uriali W. Brown and Cessie M. Spicer; George W. Devore and Vltia Jackson; John F. Bensenhn ver und Clara M. Nixon ; Isaac ln body and May E. Blosser. Maynard Pond appointed ndmr. of the estate of William Anderson; bond 1800 dol. Ho was also ap pointed admr de bonis non of the estnto of Chns. Anderson. Tho will of Mary W. Calhoun was probated. The will of Fricsner was admit ted to probato and L. A. Mathias appointed executor. Will of John Brown filed for pro bato. Tho will of Nathan R. Barnes filed for probate. The will gives all ids property to his widow dur ing her lifo, nnd after her death to bo equally divided between his brothor and sister, Wm. Barnes nnd Anna Collins. Benjamin E. O'Neill wns ap pointed guardian of tho estato of Catherine Sheridan. Lulie Godccko appointed guar dian of Samuel M. Godecke. Geo. M. Mumford ns gunjdinn of S, M. Godecke mndo final settle ment and resigned his guardian ship. Alfred Reid executor of Susanna Witlierow filed his final account. Finnl account of Georgo Johnston ndmr. of Josoph A. Wolf sottled, No balance; petition filed to soil renl estate. First nccount of John W. Rnlsiton ndmr. or John S. Lantz sottled. First acc't. of Andrew Wright admr, of N, D. Huflbrd's estate sot tled; balance duo admr, $66,73, Samuel L. Scott guardian of Leo heirs filed second account. Jennie Hchoolcy, guardian of Jasper Schooley filed her first and filial settlement; balance due ward $231.DU. Second account of Henry Trim mer, guardian of Martha J. and Sherman Shncffcr settled; balance due Sherman 487.91 and to Martha J., 570.39. Irvln Hnyncs ndmr. of Minerva Hedges, proceedings to sell real es tutc, portion of property sold, and sale confirmed nnd liens adjusted; contlncd for snle of remaining real estate. John W. Linton ndmr. of Joseph Ileinzmnn filed petition to sell renl estnte. J. M. Floyd nnd R. W. Keynes were appointed speelul examiners of County Treasury. John C. Wolf admr. of Samuel Stewart filed petition to sell real estato. John II. Curtis, guardian of Wal ter Curtis, et al. filed petition to sell certain real estate; sale mndo and confirmed. Statement of Athens Asylum for tho month; quota for Hocking Co., 29, number of patients 27, number entitled 2. Court House Notes. The County Commissioners at their session tills week granted the prayer of the petitioners asking for u view for alteration of Crock et Run road in Marion township, and county road in Falls Gore near Henry Adcock's. The .position of Janitor was awarded Frank Burgoon at 197 dol. per year. There were eleven ap plicants for tho position with bids ranging from 300 to 197 dol. The Board allowed claims, for killing and injuring sheep by dogs, amounting to 122 dol. nnd to wit nesses in the above claims per diem and mileage 21.90. Grand jurors fees February term of court 99.40. Petit and tails juror fees Feb. term 1887 up to date 140.85 Amount of witness fees nnd mileage before Grand jury 1G7.97. Amount of fees and mileage wit nesses in tho case of tho State vs. Lowry 387.00 Fees and mileage of witnesses in case of Jane Ball vs John W. Ball for Divorce. Plaintiff 313.15, de fendent 153.45; Ptff's. total costs 480.50; deft's. total costs 418.82. TotuI costs 905.38. Luurclville. The sick of our town are all ublo to go about. With tho opening of spring comes moving nnd hunting the cellar for houseplants. Marlon Alstndt moved into tho Brehmer house last week, Joo Har mon moved near the head of Laurel. Smith Mounce goes into tiio houso vacated by Harmon. There were several funerals near here last week. Henry Smith died from diabetes; Mr. und Mrs. John Bailor uwoke last Wednesday morning to find their youngest child aged about six weeks old dead. As the child was not sick it wns shocking to all. S. II. Her, ex-Infirmary director, was in town last week. Mr. Geo. Smith and sister Martha Hensler, of Grundy county. Ills, are here attending the funeral of their brother. Henry Haynes and wifo wero visiting F. Hamilton and wifo last week. Georgo nnd Will Williamson were in Logan last Saturday; Will attending examination; George on legal business. Dr. Dawson was in Columbus this week attending commence ment exercises at the Medical Col lege. Joe Miller has left our town and gouo back to his first love, Logan. XX. Marlon Township Items. Mr. Solomon Bauer constructed a sheep stable on his farm, which is a masterly job. Sol. Is an able carpenter; any one contemplating building, should givo him a call. Mr. Charlie Wetland has beon lately seen going o'vor tho western hills. What's the attraction Char lie? Miss Carrie Weiland visited her pnrents Sunday the 6th. Miss Sophia Sonlg Is dealing in tobacco. Any ono who desires good chewing, should give her a call. Josoph Wellnnd und Miss Katie Blosser wns ut a spellidg school at Autioch, Wednosdny tho 9th. They reported n pleasant time in spite of tho rain. Josoph Wellnnd lost his puree tho other evening containing about ono hundred dollars; but wns lucky enough to find it the next morning, IIlLMCICAN, in mi ip.