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SSsISThe Ohio Democrat.
? LARGER CIRCULATION
THAHAHY PAPER W THE VALLEY.
More News for Less Money, I
at LOWEST ritWES.
VOL. II. NO. 48.
LOGAN, G., SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1888.
TEEMS, SI-BO PER YEAB.
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amination of applicants for teachers certifi
cates im follows, vlzt Ox the Tlinni Wrd-
NKHDAYH OF 1'EBIllTAHV, Al'llIL, JUNK, AlIU-
C8T, Oktohbu asb Dixhmiiku at tho ofllce
vftho Superintendent In tho school building
of tuld Village at 10 o'clock A, M,, ofsatd day.
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Ltl) SiaV.3 Rooms Reasonable Rates
The Eminent German Specialist
On Diseases of tho Eye, Enr, Noso and Throat, of
Will positively cure all dofectsof tho Eye, Enr, Noso nnd throntand can be consulted nt tho
REMPEL HOUSE, LOOAJf, TUESDAY, MAY 39
From 1) n." m. to 7 p. m. CONSULTATION ANO EXAMINATION FBEE.
Rapid nnd pntnlcss operations made. Crnsscyo strnlShtened In less than 1 minute, Plcr
glum In 1 minute, Tumor of tho lid In 2 minutes, Cataract removed nnd sight restored In 3
minutes, Closuro of tho Tcnrduct, Irregular airwn'rtf'hcii, turning In or out or tiio ltd,
drooping of ha lid, nrtlflclal pupil, nmklnsli small oyolargc, and all other operations guar
anteed painless In ncorrcspondlngly short time., ' .
Chronic Diseases of tho Eye.
Such as granulated lids, chronic ophthalmia,
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llablo to. Rapid cures guaranteed
young nnd with as muah ease and pleasure.
V.i.v. ui ivrr.'.li ,., -"""i ie"iicis ui lunruiu oi uas, inning out in me lasnes' gluing
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inllnmatlon jf tha nnrvc. tenm rnnn iitrnvni-iimm... .,,i n n. ,.n. .,.'.! fi.i.. ' :.....
Artificial eyes furnished with natural movements, Inserted without pain and so perfectly
mutched that they cannot he detected from tho natural eye.
The Ear and Its Diseases.
Diseases of the
The Throat and Its Diseases.
We all know that throat troublo ns well ns cntnrrh will eventually lend to consumption,
But by Dr. Hulm'a now and Improved method you can oscnpo thoro lreadfnl dlheases and Its
eoiiseijuoiiccs. lie positively guuruiiteeHto nillovo ynti of UHthma, hronshitls, cougli, hack
Ingsplttlng, hawking, horseuess. cuies lost or eriiekod voice, removes your tonsils without
pain! cum granulated mid catnrrhnl soro throat uud any other troublo that may ho pres
ent there, fir. Palm carries with liliu the llnestselectloiiorinstruinunls lor tho purpose of
examinations undoporntlniis, ever bcpii n this country, Ilehashis own eleetrlo light ap
paratus for examination of the. thront head notonud oar. Alfcon full lino or model charts
appertains to his specialty. On mid sec tho doctor nt this visit. Iiuls a graduate of Berlin
and has not beu vory long In this country nlthough spooking Ijngllbli, Ueriuau nnd sevnil
nthor languages fluently,
wnxnr.mrilL HUT TIUIEBv thUnrocehs
muln. vimi. unrii. nrHiiiKirlhiniishalr. Tho Dr.
,...T..,Tr. ...... --,-"-'..--,--,!' -.-
own rmiMriiotlim and nevn makes u mlliirn
amount or hull' ! in tho jnou iiuii dchct nuvu
red or brown blotches on tho eyeball. Intln-
.., ...... . .. yT V V ."
- - .... .w ..J,., tV. UI. U.IIU UlllJIlI.in imn uiUltli 1E
Spectacles and eyeglasses ground nnd mndo to fit tho
eye. Near and far sight , dull sight, weak sight, spots be
fore the eyes, squint eyes, wall eyes, drooping and popp
oyes and every such defect as inn possibly bo benefitted
bV Weil flttud lOllSRR. Ttin nlll ninrli) hi ni.n n. mivl e tlw.
V.nr drums Inserted. Dr. Balm will
cure for you all dofects such as running
or mo cur, neavyncss r uuutim, nine
iu the drum, Impacted wax, lorelgn
bodies In tho ear, euro all hissing, ring
ing and roaring noises of the head, re
store tho hearing, relief given of all
kinds of papior tho car. Cures guaran
teed, IVose and Throat.
: -3 . ra l: :
: 'f ta - tt.-
Dr. Salm will
remove from your faco any
i." "'j.t::;.: :."- .... ' i.:...r.. ..... ...'...-
iiusnvinciiinaniB i inis iiiiiuimiit in iu
lias nttfinhmants to this Instrument ot Ills
with It. 1'orsoim iillllctcd wllh iiMiiicrlHimn-
me uetucis roinovi'd uy piui oy iiih new aua
Ignatius Ifonnclly's Book Issued
A WORK OF GEE AT INTEREST
Did Shaxpnr or Francis Dacon Write
Preliminary ketches The Wonderful
Scholar lloton The Illiterate Stratford
Family now Did Sh sp r Spell Ills
Nnmo? Ills Oimchters l.-nrnlii(- of the
Flays Law nf the I'lays Conrso of the
Dlsansslon llnw Ignatius Donnelly x
hausta the Subjort. s
1y H?' fmAAref
In tho latter part of the sixteenth century
two great lights suddenly blazed out in the
galaxy of British intellects. So far did thoy
surpass all who went before, that each is
taken as tho founder of a new system, both
as the beginners of a new era. So grat hnvo
they seemed to all who have, como after that
comparison is considered high praise. So far
diil thoy outshine all contemporaries in their
several tines, thut those are for the most part
only quoted us witnesses to theso two; and
whilo the time abounded In heroes, states
men, scientists aud explorers, theso two gave
it thut distinctive glory which still attaches
to tho Elizabethan ago. Theso men wero a
certain dramatist, whose name is in dis
pute, but usually printed "Shnkespearo,"
and Francis Uncoil, Buron Verulam and
Viscouut of 8t. Albans. Conies now
the Hon. Ignatius Donnelly aud offers
to pr.ovo that theso two were ono,
that ".Shakespeare" U a noni do plume,
adopted In mild burlesque of a cer
tain witry actor and stage manager; that
the authorship of tho plays was concealed for
political reasons, nnd thus the ignorant actor
him been credited with tho philosopher's
work. , It is as If wo should place Pike's
Peak upon Popocatatetl, or odd the strength
of Samson to tho muscles and stature oi
Goliali. If o must add tho greatest philoso
pher down to that tljno to tho greatest dra
matist of all tinio, the colossal intellect thus
evoked overpowers tho common mind, and
we can only remit the explanation to the
philosophy of miracles.
lyOt u.s, therefore, examine Mr. Donnelly'
argument carefully, and add to it what
others have discovered, for tho theory is uo
now thing i'or nearly half a century it has
been gaining adherents; at least Cr0 books
and pamphlets thereon havo been issued, and
literary men are already rouged in two hos
tile camps tho Baconians and Shakcspear
ians. This article is merely an attempt to
present tho evidence in compact form, and
point out the strongest and weakest count;
in Mr. Donnelly's plea, just issued.
THE CONTRASTED TWO.
No two men could differ more widely than
tho known philosopher and tho supposed
dramatist. Lord Bacon was uobly born,
rich (except during ono period of his life) and
learned beyond all men of his time, a re
fined courtier,, a profound lawyer und an
able Judge, an aristocrat in politics and a
lifo long companion of noblemen and the
adherents of royalty Of the supposed
dramatist the exact reverso was true in
every respect until tho middlo or latter part
of his life, when he had gained fume and
fortuno. The contrasted evidonco is amaz
ing nnd Btartllngly suggestive. Of Lord
Bacon uu know us much as of any mail iu
Kiigllsh history. Ho was born at Yorl:
house, in tho titrand, Londui, Jan. 23, 1501,
and died at Uigligato, April U, lfHO. His
father was n baronet. Sir Nicholas Bacon,
his mother of uoblo blood and extraordinary
taleuts. The fow specimens ottant of her
letters nro perfect models of 'graceful and
classical English. The stylo is noticeably
"Shakespearian.'' She adopted Puritan
views, and hor letter warning her sons,
Francis and Anthony, against tho theatre,
bears a striking similarity to passages iu tho
gieat dramas. Francis was precocious uud
his health was delicate. At 8 years of age
he road the books usually perused by his
parents; nt 11 ho produced an essay on tho
laws of the imagination; at 13 ho entered
Trinity college, Cambridgo, whence he grad
uated with high honors, and at tho age of 10
ho issued a protest against tho philosophy of
Aristotle, then preferred ut the college, and
against tho general system of teaching.
"They learn nothing," no said, "except to bo
liovo. They nro liko a becalmed ship, thoy
move but by tho wind of other men's breath
and have no oars of their own to steer
withal,'' From childhood ho was polite aud
"How old nro you, ray pretty boyf" asked
Queen Elizabeth when bis mother brought
him to court.
"Two years younger than your majesty's
happy roigu," replied the witty little cour
tier. lie rend all tho Greek and Latin authors
critically, spoke French and Italian, and
had soma knowledge of Danish and German.
Be traveled on the continent of Europo,
studied in Paris, read law two years, and was
admitted to the bar ut t)io age of Ul. At !!3
he was made counsel extraordinary to tho
quuen; at H'i lie nns chosen member of parlia
ment for Middlesex, and devoted himself to
a reform nf the laws. Subsequently ho was
special counsel to Uing Jumes 1; then solic
itor general, attorney general, and finally
lord high chancellor, In HUB be was created
Baron Verulam, and In UOl Viscouut of
Wo turn tiow to the alleged dramatist, and
re at onro almost lost in obscurity. At iirst
view ho would seem no mora a real historical
Girsou than Itoinulus or Agamemnon. Wo
low thut there Is a name, "Shakespeare,"
attached to Immortal works, from which wo
form exalted conceptions of tho author, and
a portrait accompanying tho works, which U
admitted to bo mi "improvement" or Matter
ing Imitation of n vory different picture Wo
Iso know that there was an individual whoso
name lxr a very slight similarity to tho
other la sound, uud u closer mcuiblnnco in
pelllng tltst ho came at an roxly age from
fitruUiv il-nu-Aj.'r.lhl thirty ymrsin Loo-
uon, grow veryncn as manager or n tncatrn,
returned to his native place, and spent his
few remaining years Incay living, diversified
by some rather discreditable actions. Put
that individual's real name we cannot know,
since the few of his relatives who could write
sjiollcd It In nt least fifty-five different ways,
from Jacine?pccr, Bliac).cer and Jnxpyr,
though tho slow evolution of Bhaxpocr,
Shackspyr, Bhuckspcor mid Sliuxper, dowu
to Slinksiccr and finally S!iaksiuro,nt which
it rested during the Inter years of Willinm
Shakspcre, after ho li.id tried thirteen differ
ent ways of spelling It, only to make IU final
change some time after his death into
"Shakespeare," when hli heirs claimed the
honor of tho dramatic authorship nnd it was
asserted thnt tho family had been founded by
a noted warrior who ai knighted for his
bravery with tlio spear. And, dually, them
Is some evidence that tho original was the
Norman nick name, for r peasant, Jncques
Plerro, which was pronoenced Zhackspcalr
and meant "Jack Peter."
For information of thli William Shaxpcr
or Shakspero we turn first to tho public and
official nnimls of the time and find not u line.
Wo turn noxt to tho loiters and other pro
ductions of eminent men of tho time, aud it
was Indeed an age of greatness. Therovtcro
Uobcrt Earl of Essex, (3Ir Francis Drnko,
Sir Walter Raleigh, O-cil Lord Burleigh,
Nicholas, Anthony nni Francis Bacon,
Sir Uobcrt Cecil, Sir Henry Wotton and
Sir Philip Sidney, with Wnlsinghnm,
Coko, Camden, Hooker, Drake, Iuigo
Jones and nil that brilliant galaxy of
warriors, scholars and navigators, who only
began their career in tho reign of Elizabeth
and becimo noted iu that of James, and
therefore must havo been for a short timo
contemporary with William Shakssero.
The literature, still extant as made
men is voluminous: vet in oil of 'It:
no reference to tho man. and very.' llttlo in
deed to tho plays. Ixt us pass 'this omission
as due to their preoccupation in oUker uffaiut
and torn to tho' poet's nnd otberwrlters of '
tho time. Hero wo find a few, very few,
mfcrcuces to William Hhnkspop"'' n cenini
fellow, a boon companion at a supcr aud
abounding in wit aud humor. But one of
all those, however, the noted Ben Jonson.
left any testimony implying that William
Sliaksp?rn was a man of great talents. To
sum up; All wo really know of tlio man was
gathered after his death by visitoi s to Strat-ford-on-Avon.
So en years after the death
of Shakspero appeared tlio first complete
edition of "Shakespeare," called the edition
of 10:23; then tho reporters of the day v. out to
Stratford and hunted up tho particulars,
and what they reported, and their successors
have discovered, sums up substantially us
TDK RH-U-BP-n-S OP HTItATFOIlD-OX-AVO.N.
Stratford-on-Avon was one of tlio dirtiest
towns in England ut a period when the lllthi
ness of common litu wus indcscribahle.
Night travel in the streets was mudodnugcr
ttus by deep and muddy puddles, uud tho peo
ple utilized them for manure bins. When
tho "reform movomeiij." set in an alderman
and several prominent citizens, including
ono of the Shuxpcets, were prosecuted for
making manure heaps In front of their doors.
Tho dwellings generally u era dark and noi
some. In one of tho best of those William
Shakspero was. born, iu April, IfllH; nnd in
n much moro elegant one, culled New Place,
ho died, April 'l, 1010. His father, John
Shagspur, or Shaxpcr, or Shakspero, could
not write, but was a fairly well to do citl-
ten: his mother wus equally uneducated,
most of his relatives tlio same, and his own
daughter Judith, at tho age of 37, could not
sign her name. When William was but 15
years old his father became a bankrupt.
William worked successfully as butcher aud
wool stapler till tlio ngo of 18, when ho was
compelled to marry Anno Hathaway, 8 years
older than himself. Their first child was
liorn a fow weeks after, and their twins,
Iiamnct and Judith, some two years after.
Tho young husband nnd father became
rather dissolute; was prosecuted and whipped
for stealing deer from the park of Sir
Thomas Lucy, and tool; revenge by circulat
ing a coarso pieco of poetry ridiculing tho
magistrate, for w bich he was so threatened
that at tlio ngo of 21 he fled to London. There
ho lived a short timo by tho humblest occu
pations, then became an actor, and very soon
after appeared tho first, and perhaps tho
uncst, of tho Shakespearian plays.
And hero we are faco to faco with tho first
If Shakspero wroto "Shakespeare," then
no must beliero that tho illiterate vlllago
joy advanced In two or three years to
;ko capacity of producing dramas which
iweop tho whole gamut of human feel
ing, ri6o to tho heights of learning nnd go
iown to tho depths of mental and moral
philosophy, display a knowledgo of courtly
'Jfo and gontlo manners equal to that of
Raleigh und an insight into tho principles of
law almost rivaling Coko, at tho eamo timo
that they show a command of Latin deriva
tives never iu uny other caso gained except
by a sovero classical training, a smoothness
of versification no other poet has attained
without years of application nnd nn insight
into the workings of the human heart novcr
granted to any other writer. It almost sur
passes tho power of human credulity. It
is perhaps possiblo to accept it as a fact
without Invoking miracle as tho explana
tion; but wo need nut wonder that many
thousand thoughtful men disbelieve it.
This is tho first and greatest mystery, and
tho second is liko unto It, namely Why did
William Shakspero, if tho great drams tist,
suddenly coaso to wrlto nt tho vory time
Lord Bacon was promoted to high ofllce, re
tiro to Stratford uud 'never mention bis Im
mortal works) As wo havo soon, tho first
plays appeared almost as soon as tho youth
bcramo an actor, though there is evi
dence that plays vory similar in char
acter aud titlo had been showr
In Loudon before Shakspero arrived
tliore. Before IflIKi appeared seven plays mid
two poems, all these before Willlum Shaks
pero was iH) years old I Between tho latter
dato und IU0O upjicared thirteen tnoro plays,
und thus they continued to upjicur till Bacon
was promoted then Shakspero wont to Strat
ford. As mntuigor of tho thcatro in London
he had acquired a great fortuno; wo should
presume, therefore, that ho would thereafter
lead tho life of a retired scholar, ami his
mansion bo the lesort of learned men. Noth
ing of tho sort. On the contrary, ho cngagod
ill tho browing business, loaned small sums
ou ironclad mortguges, pursued debtors with
merciless severity, iu mm Instance suing u
man forme shillings, Indulged vurlouii vices,
contracted larcording to uuo of bin cotcm
porariesi a loathsomo dlscuso, niul finally
died In a fever produced by a Ion;; debauch
and the mvompuuylug uxposuiu ill all
j;ucla:iil tho utmost ivsoarch has failed tn
produce ft s-rap of tils writing except flva
, signatures, none of theso hud uuy couiurtion
I with llteruturo, nor Is there nuy proved copy
( ot unvthluu be wrote In which btuourrpd to
-onaKcspcnro t" drama,, Mo made ft vrtil 1t
which Ire mentions nil his petty household
stuff, his bowls, hli breeches and his second
best bed; but in it there is no word referring
to his books, no mention of his plays or nny
claim to copyright, not one nllusiou to his
possiblo fame. Did ever great scholar or
writer makoa will without such reference!
Well might ltnlpli Waldo Emerson ray, "I
cannot marry tho facts to his vcrto."
The continued history of his family
greatly adds to tho mystery. His daughter
Judith, nttho ngo of 37, had her "mark" cer
tified to because sbo could ndt write. Ills
parents' graves wero unmarked by nny stono
and unknown to his children. His daughter
Susanna married l)i
Halt iu haste, and with
out publication bf bnmis.
for which they wero cited
to nppear before tho jo
clcsiastical court, and
wero nblo to provo thntJCDiinsnAKsrEiiK's
tho hasto was ut least nd- "ARK-
visable. A llttlo later tho doctor sued
two neighbor! for libel, In that they had re
ported bad conduct Iu his wifo; and us
there Is no record of n verdict, lawyers havo
thought that tho enso was compromised.
Dr. Hall was u busy nnd careful man. Ho
kept a voluminous diary of hli patients, his
lifo und his lii'iny interests, u hich Is still ex
tant, nnd has been greedily scniched by
scholars: but it contains nothing to provo
claims to any rights In "Phakespearo." In
tho next generation tho family beenmo ex
tinct, tho grandchildren dying childless; tho
property, tho llttlo that was left, went to
collateral heirs, and tho family dropped Into
its original obscurity. That out of such it
family should suddenly havo risen tho great
est genius of earth, descended from a long
Jirjo of peasants nnd boors; that ho should
inavu iivcu such u nn, uicu sucu u iicui n, icn
daughters uneducated und taken uo thought
for his fame, is of courso possible; but it is
against ull experience.
. 1NTCIINAL EVIDENCES,
1. The plots of many of the plays ore
from Latin, Groolc nnd Italian nutlmrs, nnd
wholo lines and paragraphs aro almost lit
eral translations from tho obsruro classics.
Tlio ready explanation was thnt tlio unlearned
Shnkspere obtained his knowledgo from
translations, but recent research has n con
clusive negative in this; ninny of theso
works had not then been translated into
English, and nt least ono of them is not
translated yet. More convincing still, in
thoso coses where an English translation was
then extunt the nut hor of "Shal:esicaro" has
rejected tho stylo and words of tho transla
tion, and reproduced iu his drama u literal
rendering of I lie original, thus proving that
ho had not only read It, but had it inwrought
ttito the vory texture of his mind. Even the
30 called mistakes of "Shakespeare" often
orovo to bo classical. Thus, In "Antony und
Cleopatra" Charmiiin pi opuses a gumo of
billiards. In thu ordinary reader thi3 ex
cites n sinilo. But tlio encyclopedic brain
tbnt produced "Shnkespearo" knew the
curious tact not ono man iu a million knows
It now thnt the game of billiards antedates
Cleopatra, In another place is u refciviuni
to "Adonis' Gardens," of which tho learned
Richard Grant White snjs: "No mention of
any such gardens in the classic writings is
known to scholars." But James D. Butler
has found the passago in the "Phcedrus of
Plato," used exactly ns in Shakespeare
2. Tho author makes u w ord wherever ho
needs It, makes it generally from a latin
root and invariably follows tho best rules of
derivation, and gives tho word its radical
meaning. Of many hundred such words the
reader familiar with "Shakespeare" will
readily rocall these: Deracinate, rubrous,
cautelous, urmipotcnt, ovitate, oppuguancy,
legerity aud propinquity. Those words nro
not tho coinage of n man who know the
Latin authors only In translations.
3. Tho author of "Shukespcaro" was n pro
found lawyer. And his law was not liko that
of Charles Rendu or W'ilkio Collins,
"crammed" for the particular case, nor oven
liko that of Samuel Warren, whoso "Ten
Thousand a Year" is evidently written by u
lawyer nnd yet contains smiuu very bad law:
on tho contrary, it is tho condensed excel
lency of tho common law of England as it
stood at tho accession of James I, and so
thoroughly absorbed into tho writer's mind
that even in sportive lovo scenes or keen
ridicule ho makes no mistake This point
was lately submitted to a few nblo lawj-ers In
England, and their decision wus that in all
the court scenes und law phrases of "Shake
speare" thcro was but ono departure from tho
actual law, that in tho "Merchant of Venice."
We can readily seo how tho necessities of tho
dramatic situation compelled tho author to
depart from the correct rule in that caso, for
it would havo been a very fiat contradiction if
Antony bad asked relief in equity from his
bond. Authors who dip Into law run into
danger: unless well read in the tcienco they
uro certain to blunder. But even in tho most
careless allusions, or lovo scenes, tho great
dramatist employs tho techulcnl terms of
law in their strict meaning and preserves
tho delieato distinctions between purchase
and descent, heirs of tho blood nnd collater
als, indictment and presentation, burgugo
tenure, lees und gavelkind, roversiou uud
recovery. Obscrvp tho legal terms, as wo
havo capitalized them, iu this lovo scene:
A Contract of Utcrual Uond of lovo,
Corllrmed by Mutual Joinder of your bauds,
AtteJted by the t'uly etoso ot tips,
Strengthened by liiterchungeaieiit of your rings.
And all tho ceremony of this Compact
Eealed In my function by my Testimony
-Twelfth Night, v, 1.
How many students of Blackstonc, Coka
or Mansfield, at th end of u two years'
courso could state tho law of constructive
treason us clearly as Suffolk liu "Heury
VIII") state It in this passage:
TUB OIUOINAL ronTnAtT at BlIAKESWtAnK.
lonl Cardinal, the king's further pleasure Is,
Uccati.su ull those things you havo done of late
By your power logatlno within this kingdom
Fail Into the compass of a praemunire,
Th tt therefore such a writ bo sued against ynui
To forfeit all your goods, lands, teueuiouu.
Chattels oud whatsoever, aud to bo
Out of tlio klug's protectlou. This Is my clrnrgo.
Stranger still, when a caso Is disputed in
any of tho plays, tho dramatist lays dowu tho
law ns It was In the last preceding reports of
ho higher courts, even when that had
i.baogcd the previous law or tlio popular con
ception of It. Thus tho grave dlrsT in
"Hamlet," though discoursing clumsily thut
Ophelia might bo buried in couu.s,rPtl
ground, lays down tho law nt ft had been
laid down In "J'lowden's Hoporu" In the
oasa of Mr Juuias i lulus, ho commit
ted stilcmo. it tlio BnnKc.icai-o proooncoH
Hon wrru not so strong, the modern lawyer
would Bay Mint this passago as written by a
man In practlco and "keeping up with the
4. Thonuthorof "Shakespcaro" was fairly
well Informed in botany, zoology and such
science ns then existed.
MIROn ISTEn.VAf. EVIDENCES.
Tlio foiegolng nro only tho most salient
proofs: but many more aro cited. Thus tho
dramatist tuvcr refers to Stratford-on-Avon,
tho home of tho Shnxicr or Hhukspere fam
ily;, but thoro nre twcnty-tlirco references to
St. Albans, the homo of Bacon'. Warwick
shire is nowhere praised: but Kent anil other
districts In the south ur. Tho fauna and
flora of tho plays nro not thoso of War
wickshire; neither is tlw geography, the
nobility or thedlalect. When "Shnkspearo's"
clowns talk dlnlnct, tho only Warwickshire
words uro thoso common to thnt county and
the south of Eii'-lnnd. Neither the (mlttlcs,
nrr tho religion' nor tho suciul life of tlio
plnys nrottm-p of .Strntford-on-Avoii. By
all rca-sonablo supposition tho Shuxpcrcs
wero democrats, tiiedinmntist Is nn aristo
crat who only mentions tho common people
to rldlculn them. The dn.mallst lived
through Mm lifo nnd death strugglo of
Catholicism nnd Protestantism In England;
yet It is liiiK)-,bi! todecido which party hn
luvorcd, nnd both havo claimed him. Ho
plainly ridiculed tho pope's claim to
sovereignty iu England; but ho rid
iculed the- other party's extreme
view just ns keenly, and ns soon ns Queen
Elizabeth was dead ho put forth n play In
which her mother. Anno Ilolcyn, Is merci
lessly dissected und held up to our contempt.
Wo havo presented but a titho of the
Bnconiaiis' evidences, tho Slmkespciirinns
meet them with weighty facts. First and
probably strongest on "their side is what
logicians call thu universal testimony. All
tho world bdlieved trom thostnrt that Will
iam Shakspero was the author;, and how
could all the world bo deceived! They udd
to this tho written tostlmony "t three con
temporary writers. Tho Baconians ensily
disposoor two, ouo of whom attacks Shaks
pero ns a pretender and tho other only ic
fers to him as a witty, easy writer; but tho
testimony of Ben Jousou is too direct and
explicit to ho thus got over. Uo was very
intimate with Shakspero and for a timo
acted as secretin y to Bacon; 1 outlived them
both nnd received u pe.ision from Charles 1 ;
ho burvlved to n timo when tho political di
visions of Eliznlieth's nnd Jnmes' com ts went
obsolete, nnd as far as can now bo seen, bo
was perfectly lreo to t.'ll w hat bo know. Ho
know tlio universal uttribution of tho plays
to Shakspcre and never contradicted it. K
ho know that Bacon was their author why
was ho silent! If it w.-s a fact and ho did
not know it, how could ho Imi deceived! Mr.
Donnelly's answer is ingenious, nnd to many
will bo conclusive; liutiu our limited spaco
we cannot set it forth.
Mr. Donnelly'? cipher wo do not as yet at
tempt to master. At first view it appears to
us very complicated; but of tho fow who
h ivo worked out sections of it, some insist
that it Is conclusive For explanation wo
need in this place only uso n familiar form.
Suppom that in some current writing we find
that tho tenth word is "our," the twentieth
"father," tho thirtieth "who," tho fortieth
"art," and thus on through tho Lord's
prayer wo aro compelled to concludo that it
is tho result of design. Mr. Donnelly's
cipher, however, proceeds on a far more
complicated plan. It is ns if one should tako
tho fifth word, tho tenth, tho llftioth, tho
hundredth, the bundled and fiftieth, and
thus on to l,.1O0, thon return through a
totally different series of figures, arrived nt
by dividing, to tlio placo of beginning, nnd
then proceed on a now series of which tho
separate increments wero obtained by a fixed
system of division between the previously
obtained increments. Of course, this is not
Mr. Donnelly's system, but it gives somo idea
of It, und tho w who maintain that it is tho
truo solution udmit that many days' labor,
of tedious counting, are necessary to evolvo
even ono paragraph of tho concealed story.
But when evolved, they insist, it gves tho
inside history of Queen Cizabeth's reign and
shows why tho uutbor:iip hud to bo con
cealed. With this caution to tho reader wo present
a fow of tho paragraphs formed by tho words
thus numerically selected from "Henry IV,"
the play In which
Mr. Donnelly dis
covered the cipher.
Wo give tho names
ns tormed by the
cipher of common
words and tho real
names in paren
theses. The .Mar
io wo mentioned
was n contempo
rary und rival of B,R kobkut Cecil.
William Sbnkspero, Queen Elizabeth is rep
resented as talking witbX'cll,cousinof Bacon
but his enemy Cecil sajs: "Theso plays aro
put abroad ut first upon tho stago in tho
uurioof more-low (Mnrlovre), a woebegone,
sullen fellow Ho had engaged in u quarrel
Willi one Arch or (Archer) ft servant, about
a wuntou, ending in n bloody band to hand
fight, in which lie was slain. The point of
his own sword struck Against his head and
cyt, making fenrlul wounds." Speaking of
Marlowe's blusphemy, ho proceeds: "My
father would, iu his wrath, have burned thii
horson, rascally knavo alive In tlio ilro of
oilitthlleld for tlio sin ho hath committed
against Heaven und tho state." Speaking of
the treasonable purposes of the plavs, ho
sjys thut, having heard that tbo Essex party
wcim representing tho deposition and mur
der ut ICiug Ilichurd II on the stago nnd
cheering uproariously at ovory hit, ho sout a
friend to ascertain tho facts, who returned
with the statement that tho reports wcru
true, Tho following sontcuce is doscrip
tivo of the scene in the theatre on the
death of ICiug Richard II: "But wbeu
poor King itich-ird fell a corpse r.t
Pomfrut under uncounted blows, they meda
tho most fearful noise, Again and again
it broko forth. It seemed us if thoy would
nnvcr stop. Tho pluy shows tho
victory of rebels over an anointed tyrant,
and by this pipe ho hath blown the flauuv of
rcbolllou almost Into open war. Theso well
known plays have even mado tho most holy
matters of religion, which all good men hold
In sluceiv rcsxct, subjects for laughter, their
aim being, it is tupposcd, to thus poison tlio
mind of tlio discordant, wavering multitude,
Thoy mean In this covert way to uiako a ris
ing and Hood this fair laud with blood." Iu
another part of tbo cipher story It reads
thus: "Sens-Ill (Cecil) said that More-low
(Murlowc) or Shak'st-bpurro (Shukspcre)
never writ a word of them. It is
plain ho Is stuffing our cars with falso re
ports aud lies this u nny a year. He Is a poor,
ill-spirited, gicedy crcaturu und but a veil
for suniu ouo visa, I have u suspicion that
my kinsman's servant, youug Harry Percy,
w.u tho man to whom ho gr.vo every ulgU
tho hull of what ho took through tho day r.t
tho gate. Many rumors uru on the toug-jvt
of men thut my cousiu hath prepared ui.n
on! Uid 'Coutoution Uctweeu Vork u,.d
Lancaster,' and 'King John' and this play
(Kicli. II), but other plays which nro put
forth, at first under tho name of Mori'-low
(Murlowe) ami now go nbroad uspripai.d l-v
SbnliVlpurro i8tinkpei-, l " Kill'
represruimi conversation between Ci.ui mat
tun III Imn of WoiWhttT, oud ll'i' li!-Li i
CONOLUIfED NEXT WPMt.