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' v ar m sr. - - n - w -mi-a n -n. i jit -- - - t-11-. k. T.-.- -i i -' - imm - s .sssaavsatssst i r r m r a? r v -m . . - . - m "NO. NORTH. NO SOUTH. NO EA8T, NO WEST, UrVOEtt THE , CONST . 'r'" - wuxri.riJMJxnr,r- ,,. r. ul 1 1 1 ISO I'll 1 t;Tl)II .,,,( -J VOL. 3. c . J . j a. i' i.,, . M ARTHUR,: WIN TON -CO CI XIJAYrFEB. 2. 1855. " " : :: " NQ The M'Arthur Democrat. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION I i ' 1 ,00 per ynr, and if not jvytd within tht )iar, 2,00 wiU l thurged. That Tirmt muttbt ttrictly tontpliti vith, und no paper will bt ditcontinued until til arrtaiuga artpuii, unlcst at tht option f tht pvllinher. TXEMI CP ADVEHTHIHO. CCT" One tqvart, thirteen Una or U$$ Aril thru inter tion" $1 00 Each additional insertion '. ... 25 , Cardion twr, (3,00. ; A liberal deduction will . btmadt toper Itni advertising by tht year. . , . t All vdvrrtiumtnti payability advance or fit d emu I'd . . : " Agcntiforlhe "l'tlrthnr Dtmofrflt." Tt' following Gentlrtntn will Rectir. nd P. dpi loi Enbc piicn.ana Adrii..m.l, foiibU I a ft, la Visiea teuoiy. CM. , . ' : TmoN Cox. ' ' IUmiTeo furnsce. Wii. Tatleb, Mt. riMMnt." Hsrrisnn Township. BlofrsSlote, -Wilkesvilla.. Swsn. Jio. Clark, Sr.. J. Biaiw, J. Gillu. Adam Lynst, BUSINESS DIRECTORY, FOR VINTON COUNTY, OHIO. B. r. HEWITT, Juilge of Probate Court J. A. WALDEN, Clerk Com. Plen Court 'E. F. BlNGHAM.I'rosecuting Attorney. '"Wk. TISUE, Sheriff. JOSEPH MAGEE, Auditor. ISVVErSTON.Tressurer. . . JAMES M ALONE, Reoider. NELSON RICHMOND, Survejor. GEO. ULLOM, Coroner. County Commitsionert, , J..D0WD, J- KINNEY, V JOHN SWA1M, Scltool Examiners, 0. T. GUNMNO. O. W. S110CK.EY and E. A. BRATTON. ""iron f u knacks,.; Willi iht-ir Poit Office Adresses. CmnNAi i ViiRSAct. W esifsll, Stew trt f- Co.. Ihmdrn. Ueds Mill P. O. Eaoli Fubsace. Stanley. Eentley & Co., iMamif.tturem of the bett qublity ofl'ighun. Eagle rqst Oflice. Vistoh FuuhACE, Mean, CUtk & Cu. Msnufailurers of lest quality ol Pig lion, Vinton Furnace Post Ofliie. Harden Fci'SACE, Frazee, Trr & Co, Reed's Mill PoMOfli.e. Bio Sakb Furnace, Bartlett, Dana (J- Co., Manufacturers of the best quality of Pig Iron. Post Office at Athens, O. Mkbchants vy Vinton, who are ralts In Zry Oct it llaidw.rt, Quifniwaic, Boots, bo, Urucr alt. McAhthvk. JuIiii S. Hum k, J. K. (t- I) Will.T. A. Marlm, Owen Dovd, G.W . & A. J. Dunkle. J. 1. faliockev, S. S. Dcimitri 6- Co., J. &E. Iindpe, Siernberger 4' Shower, blinder) or HevnoUls. llAMUEn.-'Benj. Dill, D. D. T. Hsrd. II. B. Moore, J. B. (f- W. B. Willson, Wm. C Gleason. Wilke8VH.le.-S. S. Murry, John Gillen. Ciine & Gurdnei, Fcl;ou & Lastley, Jumes Bleakely. Cart &. Strong. Allmsville. reter Mil'er, Marcus Mil ler, Joseph Wilcox. Mt. Pleasakt. Phillip Sain. rsATibViLLE. Swepston fit Allison, II. W. tttoililtid. Aikik's Mat.. J. P.lorr. FUKN1TU11K ROOMS Mc .Uthi'b.-L. P. roil.wcll.W . R. Drake JDJOJGGjSTd McAbthcb g'b. VVilT. Hahmn. JJavis& Collins. WitBrsviur. Clinc & Gardner. BOO'ANlJSllOE STORES. McAuthob.-J.U. Sueiluml.C B. Ccgfe Ei r. H I NGHAM , A 1 1 o r ncy at Law, Mc ARTHUR, OHIO, Will practice in Vinton and adioiniiiB coun ties. Office three doors West ol the Fobt Office. Feb. 9. 1852. 34 tf CHAS. A. 14. DAMAE1JT. LEWIS C. DAMARIN CKAS, A. M. DAMARIN & CO,, WHOLESALE GHOCKHS 1 9 D DEALERS IN PRODUCE. No.: 55, FRotfT Street, PORTSMOUTH, OHIO. January 20. I654.lv. f STEIN & BROTHER, ilanufacturert and Wholttalt dealer t in If I ItlU II Ho. 316 BALTIMORE STREET. Between IIo'wabd and Libertvsts. BALTIMORE. JuItS.'SS. ly. . : KO. D. ri!CKIX; T. 11. EAECOCK, JN0. EABCOCK. BAOCOCK & CO. Commission Merchants. Ko. 6j k 67 Water Strut, HhW ,1'ORK. Febuary 17, '54. ly. .. E. A. BRATTON, Attorney at Law, " McARTHUR. PHIO , W'ILL practice in Vinton and adjoining counties. OOicf, one door east of the "Blue Comer." . j . ; ; HILTOK L.CLAEK...........JCHKP, FLTLK CLARK AND PLYLEY, Attorneys at Law. t-.o'.u. ...McARTHUR, OHIO.ji W11' practlcin partnership in VinUn Coiin tr. Office, four doors east of Sisson &Ilul- arrt's i Hotel. BrV ST. (fitt. HIS THE PRINTER. Am6ng the ranks 6f human llni ' ' " Some before and some behind, But mmd them well, and you will Cud Hoi hindmost is the Printer. -- . . i . . I ,i.t ; .; r ?he lessons which you learned at school, hat you might riot grow up a fool, , Had all, in scientific rule . . . Been published by the Printer, '- . , How do your Presidents arid Kings; , ;' Gotern so manr thousand things? " ' Tis by the types, and screws and things .ueionging to me miner, .. , The farmer and mechanic, too, . Would sometimes scarce know what to do, Could they , not get a certain view ui worn acme Dy me rnnter. ., t The doctor cannot meet the crooks . r,. Of all his cases, till he looks Upon the pages of the books n t S T 1... .!... . .'1 ouppiira nira vy ue rrinier, The lawyer for a wit has passed, But high as he his iiead may cast, tie wouia oe dui a ounce at last. Were it not for the Printer., Who is it that so neatly tells The various gools the merchant sells, Inviting all the beaux and bellesT Who u It but tbe Printer? Tl classes of the human race,'' Of different size, of different face Appears in tins and every place liuw obvious to the Priuter., One sings the bass on 6harp and flats, liedetkeJ with pantaloons and hats, And long-tailed coats, and smooth cravats, ui mu class is tne rnnter. Th other nna the trfWi rwi(. Ailornpd with frocks find tmnnptc rent And look! how beauteous and complete, aiici lovciy ;o ir.e primer. Know Nothing Platform in Ohio. A writer in the New York Trihnn. from Cleveland, Eays that the majority of the Know Nothings in Ohio "real ize the downward tendency of the nr. der. and keenly feel that they have been j 1 a .... sota." tie says that steps uave been taken to redeem the nrinrMnWof thnsn who have gone the downward way. In speaking ot tne present condition of the order, since the scales Iiava fallen (mm the eyes of many of the deluded, he 'ays: , . i o. . 'The action of the State and Na tional Grand Councils of Know Noth incs. held in Cincinnati last fall. onnn. ed the ees. and cured for liie a. ma. jority of those who hadenjoyed the in f stimaule Llesstng ot peeing 'Sam,' speak of Ohio. A Jarge majority of those who joined the order last summer and fall, were ignorant of its real prin ciples until arier tney were 'taken in. 1 confess I am one of the number.' We supposed that it was a grand invention io neip ireeaom, as wen as to curb ro Derv. We did not realize that . it na defunct Nativtimt, galvanized' into spasmodic activity, Dy means of a mys tery, gripei and oaths? and that the great question of human rights was completely tanorea. and its discussion practically forbidden. The realizing sense of these facts has cooled the ardor of tens of thousands, and from fever heat last September, the mercury in the Know Nothing thermometer has fallen, in January, to the freezing point." We suppose that this writer is a Freesoiler. lie speaks for the Reserve. He understands that the national Know Nothings will overrule the Freeso it ers, and snrinsr the tro-slaverv Iran on the oath-bound victims, when the al ternative will be either to suffer the re mote of conscience through nerinrv. or the sacrifice of principle through a de sertion ot the dogmas ot reesou. The writer says of the platform: ' " "I have not the technical formula of the Know Nothing creed before me, but it may be stated thus: "1. None but natives shall hold office. t- ; : .. ... "2. The patriotism, talents, char acter and capacity of citizens of for eign birth shall no for nothing all per sons of foreign birth should be pros cribed. '; : ' !r ''., '3.' No person born in Canada Lurope should be permitted to vote un til he has residad twentyone years in the United States. ' 1 ; ' "4. Protestant foreigners should) be proscribed as rigorously as Catholics, even if tens of thousands of them are our fathers, elder brothers and cousins, " "5.. All persons , of . foreign birth should be regarded prama facie as en. tmieg of our institutions, and be placed on the same level where we keep tree niggers." . Whether this be the whole platform, or but a part, we are not informed, but the fact that Ave cannot know what it is with certaintythat it skulks into .shades and labels itself ijnoramut, is enough for every honorable citizen. The light is neverharmful to the truth. The dark is the envelope of that which is cowardly, ignoble and dangerous. If the Know Nothings are to become national in 1856, the Democracy have an open platform on' which to' stand, whose principles re now in the ascendant in the National Administration; and which can again become so,' under the united Tally of the whole, Detuoc- Statesman and Democrat. '- The Cuban expedition, under General QuiimaB. according to the New York Tribune, has bten prevented from Sail ing in consequence of the Cuban refu sing to contribute ant further "matsr ial aid," The Administration and Cuba. I The impression has been created by the hew York Times'- correspondent, tlut a complete change has taken plate in the annexation policy of the Admin istration. t This impression has teceiv. ed some emphasis from the fact that Air. 5oule has resigned. As Mr. Soule was especially charged with ourdiplo- macy in regaru to me outrages of Cuba upon our commerce, and the purchase, it possible, of the Island, his return is looked upon as a change iu the policy he was expected to carry out. " '' e uw noi see matters in tuts view. Mr. Soule has not accomDlished the design of the Administration. True. it was not expected that he could ac complish impossibilities. Su.chi&an geshavelakea place in 'the Spanish Government since Mr. Soule went to Madrid, that what seemed nrohahle under Calderonde la Barca's Ministry, is impossible unber Espartero's. If our Government could honoroblv ac quire Cuba, either by cesssien for a price, oc m a war into which we should be driven by Cuban insolence and out age,. President Pierce and his Cabinet are not the meu to throw impediments in the way. Mr. Beckenridge is as much in favor of Cuban annexation as Mr. Soule, and the President has not altered the policy laid down in his message on this subject. The probability that Mr, Brecken ridge will succeed, is greater than that Mr. Soule could have succeeded. The antecedents of the latter made his ev ery approach on this topic a matter of suspicion. lie leit tins ho doubt, lor he himself desired his recall. We perceive that a Mr. Boyce, a South Carolina Congressman.has been (peaking against Cuban annexation. e do not think that the material in terests of the South, which would suf fer by the free competition of the Dro ducts of Cuba, if she were one of the confederacy, ought to change the na tional importace ot the question. W do not now see the necessity for argu ing me acquisition ot uuba witli an indecent hasle, ot accomplishing it by illegal and perfidious means. We are ready to bide the fulness of that time when, like a ripe orange, she shall fall into our lap.V " , we are well, aware that an is and which produces annually $13,500,000 worm ot sugar; 510,000,000 of tobac. co, and ?11,310,000 of other acr cul tural produce, all fteuliar to 1 he South, which would add to our wealth tifty-nine millions per annum of her productions, which, unrestricted bv duties, would be more cheaply bought uy uur people, nngiii so Tjompcie Willi Southern States, in articles of general consumption, as to benefit the people ot the whole country; but for that very reason,' with others,-we' are ready for the acquisition. A chante ot Government in Spain may enable Mr. Breckenridge to exer cise his prut'ence and judgment in (his regard. Whatever he may do which has Cuba in view as one of our States will not only meet with the co-oper. anon oi tne resident, but confirmation from the people, Statesman. Responce of the Democratic Press. We hive carefully read our Democrat ic exchanges since the 8th of January. They speak with one voice, not only in favor of tbe ability of the nominees, whose names are at the mast head, but with an enthusiastic eagerness to fight tbe good fight of faith. The platform of principles receives thorough commen dation, i That resolution with reference to the new phase of old Federalism we mean Know Nothingism has receiv ed spcial praise. Never has one Demo cratic press in Ohio failed to stamp this phase with tbe opprobrium that it mer it. A few men, seeking office, may have left uur party, to enjoy the unholy alliance of midnight plotters; but from the first, the Democratic press has been uniform and united in reprobating them and their schemes. Already ; there is a consciousness pervading our ranks, that in the speedy dissolution of these orders, there will be added one more salutary proof of tbe proposition that, that which is founded on a lie must come to aught, and that truth, alone is enduring. Statesman. sGen. Scott apprehends a very trouble some, if not protracted war with the In diana.' -There are symptom of large combinations, and the Sioux are partic ularly possessed with the idea that they can hold the United States army at bar, and this is the secret of their numerous depredations"" "' ' ' " ' CCT The lawyer who filed, a bill, shaved a note.cut an acquaintance,split a hair, made an entry, raised a haul, gotup a case, fiamed an indictment, impannelled a jury, put them 'in a box,' nailed a witness, hammered a judge, chiseled a client and bored a whole court all in one day, has- since laid down the law and turned carpenter Should go to Nebraska. " . Know Nothing State Convention. MANCHESTER, N. H. Jan. 18. The Know Nothing Stkt'e Contention which met here yesterday' made the fol lowing nominations: Rev,' John Moore, a'Universalist minister of Concord; lor Governor; Frank P. Lyforri.'fof Railroad Commissioner; Elder Pike, of New Mar ket; a Metbodis4. minister,' for Congress from; the first district;' Mason V. Tap pan, bf Bradford, fof thi second district, and A. H. Cragin, of Lebanon, for tbe taira district, Photography in Counterfeiting. " Dr. Buchanan of Cinrinnati,' 'in a letter to the New York Tribune, says'.' tl I liave illst witnpovrrl unmn illnclr. Hons of the art of Photographic Coun terfeiting, which I deem highly impor. lant, not only to lank officer?, but to the public at Urge. Mr. Fontayne.'of this citf , one of the best daguerreotyp ists in the world, has recently made several photographic copies of bank notes, which far surpasses, in the perfection of their details, anything wnicli has ever been done in the old Way of counterfeitinj. When these photographs are carefully taken on pro per bank note paper, they defey detec tion, eitner by the unaided eye or by Uvcrostopjc inspection -V. '. .. - :. ... One of these photographs, from a $10 bill, was depositedly Mr. F.. with other bU, in the Life and Trust Oojn pany, and was received without eUi- picion. Me then' informed them that there was a bad bill among them; the money was reinspected, and he was positively assured that it was all good, mi requested to point out the defective bill: he did so. and after a genera! ex amination by the officers present, the I i dui was again pronounced good. An other trial wai made by presenting a photographic copy ot a bill at the Erincipal banking houses. At the auks of Smead, Collard & Hughes, Gregory & Inzulsbee, and some others the photograph was received, and after careful inspection, was pronounced a good bill. A still more rigid test was made by presenting photographs and genuine bills to Mr. Booth, and other bank note engravers. After the most careful inspection they were un able to detect the photographic coun terfeit, for as I have obsetved, the min utest details are perfect under microsco pic scrutiny. ' I think it is obvious from these tacts that our paper money currency is in a dangerous condition, and that if is nec essary to give the widest publicity to these alarming developments. If any good masters of photography can, in a .U.a a! - l ;n snun urrir, mm ai iriuing expense, flood the country with spurious money, which even cashiers, presidents, arid experts of every grade are unable to de tett, we have no security in our paper currency.' It is not only our currency that is assailed by this art, but every (lung de pending On the human pen is liable to .... . . . counterleiting. Une's autograph may beat any time affixed to a bank check, promissory note,. will, deed,: letter ol credit, or recomniendation.or any nnm her. of autographs, may be affixed to any document the operator may please the autographs being so perfect, that the writer hiuiselt could not detect an1 error. ..'. . ; , Great News in Wall Street. . Alout noon ysterday the greatest street in all i creation was convulsed within an inch of an earthquake by ru mors that an immense riot was in pro -gress up town; that countless thousands ot infuriated men were swarming into the Fifth avenue; that several mansions were already sacked; and that the af frighted families were fleeing like hunt ed hares before the mob; that the riot ers were not exactly drinking wine out of the owners' skulls, but had laid un sanctioned hands upon the silver cups and golden goblets lor that purpose id short, that the very gates ot destruction were open, and the tide sweeping over the city like a river of lava from Hee ls. ' A number of merchants left their notes uncounted, their shares unsold, and posted by the rapjdest conveyance t protect their property.hoping at least to save the jewels of the household, but liuw sold they were in the result, we need hot fell every thing in Upper-ten-dom was as calm as a summer morning, every palace as safe as one of Herring s Salmanders, and not the least counten ance given to the affair, except in the surprised countenances of the innocent families whose half-turned heads had so suddenly and unexpectedly returned to the domestic circle. Wall street Tribune, Jan. 20. Advick to Mothkbs. As soon as the saualler awakes, set the child Up, propped by pillows if it cannot sit alone and smear its fingers with thick molas ses. Then put half a dozen feathers into its hands, and the young one will sit and pick the feathers from one hand to the other, until it drops asleep. As soon as it awakes; more molasses and more feathers, and in place ot nerve astounding yells, there will be silence and enjoyment unspeakablel . "Thibos is "rVoBKiao." After four days' trial, the Albany Rtgitttr pro nounced tbe administration ol Governor Clark not only failure, but a cheat and public humiliation. - After ten daya ex perieace, Mr. Lamport, the Whig mem her from .Ontario, : rises in bis seat to proclaim his .' feeling of Deep mortifi cation to speak on tbis subject mortin catiou that an act of the Governor of this St.te, at the very commeucement of- hfs administration, should be sur rounded by circumstances so calculated to excite suspicions - of a painful char ac'er." Who next: and what next! Buffalo Commercial, (Whig) ' A good-natured Jtusband, a. dozen children, and a happy home, are worri- an ngnts. The State of Europe. From the London Correspondent of the N. Y. Tril. 'The Russian. continue to fortify Se vastopol;'' they have carrieJ iuch .large Palxhan mortars to the oondero fort that they are able to throw shells across the harpor and the town into the French third parallel. The English Lancaster guns sre said to be a failure; their pow er if ertormom when h Knit utkes the point at which it ij nnrJ, bui Hie gun rarely sends two balls to the same point, and as yet no means have bteu found to prertot this deviation. It is raid that orders have been sent from London and Paris to the army in the Crimea, to take Sebastopol at any risk, since without such blow the ne gotiations with Austria cannot. b car ried on to advantage. The Generals, on the othrhindf2delit ,tlieir operations uniu me arrival ui ouief mni. , dui the Turkish General, disgusted wi'tb the way in which the TurkUa . troops are treated by the Allies, refuses to go to the Crimea, unless he ha sn entirely In dependent commaud; and since the Turkish army is entirely worthless with out him, his request will probably be complied with. Lord RedclifTe has, by his intrigues, prevented the Hunzsrian Generals from being employed in the Turkish army of Europe, in order to please Austria. The reslult now is, that Omer Pasha has become indispensable, and in a position to dictate terms. Admiral Dundas returns at last to England, without having 'won golden opinions, sir Chines Napier is now io London, but he does not venture to re peal his bragging la the Rtform Club. The French Admiral Hamelin is like wise to return, and more energetic Ad mirals, Sir F.. Lyons and Admiral Bruit, uotn men ol tried energy ana experi ence, are to replace Idem. The Spanish Cortes hsve resolved not to sell Cuba for any price, and that they offer an asylum to all the foreign refu gees ia Europe. Prince GorchakofT, the Embissadoi at Vienna, has declared that his powers are too limited to give any decisive answer ifi regard to the acceptance ot the four conditions as interpreted by the Allies. The three powers have accordingly con sented to watt fourteen days from the end of December, for the definite reply of Ku8ie. , . .... . . . .i The exertions bf the Sultan for the Speedy re inforcement of the Allied ar mies in the Crimea by the army of Omer Pasha, are gracefully acknowledged by the Moniieur. . The difficulties about Omer Pasha's independent command led to the addoption of a different policy of caiupaigii. lie is to laud at Eupato lia not at ilie Kale ha, as origiaually in tended and to march either against Pere Nop, or 'o fight Prince Mrucfcikufl's de vision, which is now at Si mpheropol. The tr legraplC report about, Lip rani s at tack on Balaklava', on the 24th, is nut credited, though it caused some ui'easi nets and a alight decline of the funds. Jhe French loan finds favor. ' The attempts of the English Govern ment rt roiisl-foreign troops have al ready signally failed in three States Prussia, Switzerland ' and Spain; the Governments of those countries hsvine uiliciuUy declared that they cannot give permission for foreign enlistment. The minor States of Germany will soon make a eimilar declaration! and the most un popular measure ol the Ministry will prove an evidence of their ahort sight (dues and their utter incapacity to comprehend either the English or the Continental mind. They are reduced tu the necessity of enlisting such volun teers as present themselves at their de pots, withot being allowed to canvass the foreign States with all the showy splendor of the English army. Tbe political negotiations, and the attempts at peace, are again marred by the unexpected turn of the military operations. Sebastopol was to be de stroyed and taken, before the liiuttatlon of the Russian power in the Eiixine, the reduction of the fleet and rasing of the fortress could be proposed to the Czar witbout irritating him. But it seems that the incapacity of Lord Raglan de stroye the schemes of Lord Parmerstor. Accordingly, orders have been given to attack and take the fortress al any price The bombardment was to begin on ibe ibih, and the assault was expected on the 31 st of December last. Our latest accounts from tbe Crimea eilend only to the 26th, and tip to that time nothing had been done. , , ,, ... , A peculiar feature of the present war is its unusual cruelly, reminding us of the middle ages. The English officers do not take any care of the well-being of their soldiers,' either in the camp or in the hospital, of 40,000 sent during the last year from England to the seat of war, only 18,000 remain on the rolls; the remainder have died, or are rotting in the hospitals at Balaklava and Scutari, whither they are conveyed in a way which equals all the horror of the mid dle passage of the slavers. The great Russian hospial in Sebasto pol has been shelled aid destroyed. by :he English, in spite of the yellow flag which liulleied upu'n it, and which would have been respected by a Radetzky or Haynau; 2,000 wounded Russians found here a horrible death. The English ex cuse this act of barbarism by saying that . it was a mistake, and that they were induced by a Polish deserter to be lieve that the great building was a pow der magazine. . You know that from the time of Copenhagen and Naverioo, the English have always been great in mis takes and nntoward events. The Rus sians, in retaliation, bayoueted the wounded Englishmen on the battle field of Balaklava and Inkerrnann. Indeed, we must ask, where are the civilisation ahrt -progress of the nineteenth century 7 The happy man is to be exhibited at the next World's Fair. Saido bsr a hot no such being in existence. From the Washington Union lin. 19. From the Washington Union lin. 19. Special Message from the President. ; ' ,dciii.r.. -y.j The foHowinj iijetsage" UftPUlhe pres ident of the United Stats, 'vitiil'tbe c companyiug reltei frdm iMe.retary of War. was sent to bo:h bouses of tii gress yesieray: ; ' , ' ' ' . To th Stnat and lloutt of Rtp fl'tn talivtt: . . 1 '-" 1 transmit herewith a Jefter frorn ni Secretary of War; upon the; subject wfn.. Jiau hostilities. The employment of volunteer troops,, ss suggested'1 by th Secretary, seeme to afTorJ the only nVac. ticsbl means of providing for tfiJ-pVes-cut emergency. Tlierjs is much teWu to believ that ,o4htr:cate 'siml'AH iu character to those -particularly referrsd - to in tne accompanying papers, will at sn esrfy day require, vigorous measure and the exhibition of a strong military lorce, . ....,' ,; The proposed temporary provision to meet a special demand, so ferjrom ob riatiug, ia my judgment, only serves to illustrate the urgent necessity of in in crease of the regular army, a't least to tne extent rtcommended In the late an nual message. Unless, by tbe plan pro posed or soma other equally effective, a force can early be brought into the fkll adequate to the suppression of existing iiu.wniiss, me comuinauon or predato ry bands will be extended, and the dial- cult of. restoring order and'-security greatly rnsgnifled.. On the other hand, without a permanent military .force of suitcieut strength to control the un. friendly Indians, it may be ex ne'e'ted that hostilities will soou be relewed. and ma i years oi norder warfare will infllict tbe country, retarding the- protress'of settlement, eipoaiug emigrant trains to savage barbarities, and consuming mil lions of public money. ' , ihe stste ol things 'made known ia various Utters recently receivert 'at th War Dedarlment, extracts from V por tion of which are herewith' Inclosed, is calculated to angmeut the deep solici tude which thiai , matter, has for torn time past awskened,snd which has been srnestly expressed in previous inessaees U'l in tbe annual reports of tbeSecreia- ry of War. 1 re3pecifully eubmit'ihat the facts now tommunliatsd' nrgently call for immsdiat action on the part of FRANKLIN PIERCE. FRANKLIN PIERCE. Washinton, Jan. 16, 1855. WAR DEPARTMENT. WASHINGTON, Jan 15,1855. Sib In the annual report front ls Departmtnt, of December 1853, jour at. tention was called to the state of the Western Indian tribes and the, '..cause 1 which tended to brliif ib tntv his'xtt' ivy wirfur citizens," Tb erfitjut'' roii Jitioli of the settlements on the -f.-ontlfr, and of emigrants tJ Califurni and Or1. gun passing, the Indian . territory-ts-ilh their properly prefQiited to. these war like and predatory tribe .temptaUoa which it wis foreseen would. Iedl tkcra to acts of massacre and pluuder,.Qpws' they were restraiiied by lliejpresejpcfof a sufriciehl Vuililary foic.. ' Vj The total inadequacy of ine .'present authorized military forte for the protec tion of our citizen was shown; arid sa increase of the army was urgently re commended. , :',.'. In ray last annual report the snbjert was again brought forward, with the ad ditional 'consideration presented byf tha realization, in some uieamre, a.tk S'ils which had been anticipated, sod a increase of the army to such afxient as would eosble the Department to' rate t il. .i- - L ' . mo iiitiiuiiun cqiergaocy, was urge in such teims ss seemed to be demand ed by the occasion, and to demonstrate the necessity of th means, J"- ;:.f,i' Since the date of that report, Intelli gence received from the officer on the frontier, and through the Department of the Interior, frem Indian Agents .and other sources, shows that the Indiana, of the Western prairies and mountains are in hostile and defiant attitude; that sev eral of those tribes have entered . into combinations for the purpose of making a general war upon the while during the a pproaching spring and summer, and thai these tribes can bring into the field from four to six or eight thousand war riors. Had the Increase of the' Briny, which was urged in my report of Decem ber, 1853,been atari early period aulboi Ized, tha force at hs disposal of the Ds partment would have been sutlcient to prevent these combinations, and, Li all probability, would have '.preserved the live of many valuable citizens from In dian massacre. ; --n This measure', however, hairo'or Ve'eh acted on; and at thi advanced period. should the bills now pending be passsd, it will be found too late to' orgsd'u a regular enlisted lorce end. place. It ia position in season to prevent the ea'.iev ipated attack, or to supress it uotilafiejr mucn mischief shell have been, done.-rp Tbe only course now left to the Depart ment. In anticipation of tha proposed in crease, in the employment of. a Volun teer, force to co operate with such of the regular troops as can b collected forth present emergency; and it is, according', ly, recommended that ,'etithorUy be'asti ed of Congress to call into ceivic J.QQd mounted volunteers, to be organized into companies, squadrons and battalion, and to serve for a period of sigu-kBiPBtha, unless sooner discharged). -i i ; 4 Should the preposed increase , qf jbe army be authorized ( during., the pressnt lessioo of Congress,' il is bope'd'tUath'e two additional regiments of cavelry may be organized, mounted ana put iuTpoii. tivn to relieve the volunteers some time during the summer or fall;" and the' fwb regiraenteof infantry recruited ' ud or ganrzed fot service io tbe depaUrfonlof the Pacific, and on Oar. extreme north western frontier where troops ere jrt( ly jieeded.1. .U ;'t. 'J Tevy respectfully, yeur ob't aerr't; 'i JEFF DAVIS, Sec'y of War. T th Preside t ( tkj Vaitcd Sntts -