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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, January 10, 1856, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1856-01-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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J i - , r:. i! .ir i ..if .1
mmmimm is?mm 4imaL
i t f.t
Gentlemen oftht Senate and ;,'
-Ilottsa oj'litprtsintativet:
The Constitution of lhe United
State provides that Congress shall as
f emtle annually on the first Monday oi
December; and it has been usual for
the, President td maka no communicar
tiob o a public character to the Sert-
atelindllortset-Ke'presentativel un
til ddvtsed or Iheir readiness io receive
it. 1 !ai'" dclerred:to this ushce un
. til tiie'flose f tUe first month of; tha
' MBsiblT, but my convictions of duty
nilt hM ndtmlrm lone'er to DOstpone
' thedistlurge or lhe obligation ebjoin
" ed bv the Constitution upon the Presi
dent "to give to Congresj information
of lhe ftatebt the JJoo, ana reccum
" mV.T;V t'd thfiU consideration such meas-
.; aa ti sinll iudee 'necessary and
- ti ia k hiattT ef.concra'.ulaUon that
the" Bqtublie i. tranquilly advancing
inVcftis-er of -pfosrleiity audea.ce.
VhiT,il.i relations of amity continue
in pvkt itween the United btates and
1 ! for-i.-m nowers. with some of them
deDendiiitTi which
mny require the consideration of Lon
Of iu li nnestions the most impor
Uul is that which has arisen out of the
.:-. with Great Britain,
v .. A.'nenca. :
'Ity tha Convention conciu.-
tween ilia two governments on the l&tu
oV April, 1850,both parties convenan
ted, that "neither will ever" occupy,
oi fortify, or colonize, or assume,
exercise any dominion over, Nicara
gua, Coita Kica, the Mosquito Coast,
or any pit ol Central America."
It was the undoubted understanding
of the Utiiled States, in making this
treaty, thct all t'.ie present States ol the
former lkpuLlic ct Central America,
and the entire territory of each, would
henceforth enjoy complete independ
ince; end that both contracting parties
r ng'ged equally, and to the 6ame ext
tent, for (he pretent and for the future;
that if either then had any claim
rieht in Central America, such claim,
and all occupation or authority under
it, were unreservedly relinquished
. tire ttipuUtiottj cf the conviiti;
lliat no dominion was liereufter to
rKorcised or assumed in any part
Central America, by Great Britain
the United States.
This povernment consented to res
trictions in rerrard to a recion of
country, wherein we had specific
peculiar interests, only upon the con
viction tliit the like restrictions were
in the same sense obligatory on Great
Britain.' But lorthis understanding
the force anJ effect of the convention,
it would never have been concluded
us. '
So clefr was the understanding
the part ol the United States, that
rorrefpondence contemporaneous with
the ratification of the convention,
' was distinctly expressed, that the mu
' lual povenahts ol non-occupation were
: not intended to apply to the British
tablishment ct the Balize. Thisqual
' ilication is to be ascribtd to the
that in virtue of successive treaties
' withbievious sovereigns of the coun
"try, Great Britain had obtained a
cession of the riuht to cut mahogany
' or dye-woods &t the Balize, but
positive exclusion' bl; all domain
'' soverei(?ntv: and thus it confirms.
hntiiral ccnftruction and underslo.-d
"' iriu.oit of the treaty as to all the rest
:' the region to which the stipulations
"' applied; ' ' i '
Ji however, became appna-nt,. ti
" early day after entering upon the'
' charge of my present tunctior
Great Britain still continued in
' . "exercise or assertion of large authority
" ' in all ,h'at part of Central America
" 'commonly called the MusquiU
and covering the entire lengtlj . of
' J State of ! Nicaragua, and pai.t of
:-1 Rica; that she regarded tli Balize
11 jlier absolute domain,' andwas gradual
ly extending jts limits -ijt ttu - expense
ot 'tlie State of Honduvasj and .that
"had formally colonized a considerable
f!,,'iusular group kno An as the -Bay
lands, and belonging of . jight, to ,
",J State.1 -.;" n.i U'. i- .
5 ' y- All ';hcse acts or pretensious of
' ,; Britain being contrary to the rights
4he State of Central America,; and
- tb i manifest tenor-ot her stipulations
, with the United States, as understood
L. by thin government,' have been
' " the subject of negotiation through
1 Arrieriean ''Minister .'iu : London,
' -' transmit herewith the instructions
him on the subject, ami the xorrespon
' - 'deoce, between bim and tha
;. Secretary for Foreign Affairs.by
r :: you will perceive that tbe two
mems amer wiueiy ana , rrecpucuuijr
41s to the constriction, of ' tbe. conven-
' J .lion. and. jta eifecton, teir, respective
..r relations to Uehual. America., , .-. '
ve, ureat iJataio 4a coqstxues,, the
veatiori, m ti mainfain unchanged
iai'i .tjer previous pretensions over the
noi.-j: ouUocoast,.aod,.in different Sparta
.i.'4?2CeQlral America. These pretensions.!
(as to tht Mosquito eoss art
' fact,
j 1
:o . ,
on the. assumption pt pV;
between Great Britain a .
of,a tribe of Indians t
iitical relation
nd a remnant
in ttl!lt' rnicf
entered into tt a time w
f Leu tlie whole
country was 'a colonial , V ppssession of.
Spain, i It cannot be siv Jjcesslully con
troverted, that, by the , public Jaw, of
Europe and America, i impossible act
of such Indians or tnei
r predecessors
Jritata any po
t allege the as
prigirv of! her
p coast." She
could conter on Great T
iticafiigbtV. .,!'';, ',' .
Ureat Britain does tv
sent of Spain as the .
claim ori the Mosqait
ias, oo the contrary, liy P repeated , anJ
successive treaties, ren a.tunced. jnd re
inauished all pretonsu j raa.of lies own,
and recognized the full - (and sovereign
rights o Spain in the) r wost unequivo
cil terms. Yet these' ' pretensions, so
without solid foundatio a in the begin.
ningVand thus repeated I f abjured.'were,
at a recent penoa, re'.uvea oy ureal
Britain against the Ce: ntral J American
States; the legitimato U JCQessorsto all
he ancient junsaicuo n oi opam in
that region, iThey wei ie li rst applied
only to a defined partxlf tin i -coast . of
Nicaragna, alterwaraa i o iu e wnoio oj
its Atlantlo- coast,' ahel (astj y to a part
of the coast of Costa B.icaV Rnd they
are now reasserted to.tb.ti extent, 'not
withstanding engagements, to the Uni-
ted States. ' -- : -t ' '
On the eastern coast. 91 . 5 Nicaragua
and Costa Rica, the ' Jatcrference ot
Great Britain, though 1 exerted atone
time in the form'of rui yi&ry occupa.
tion ol the port of San J man del Norte,
then in the peaceful po session 01 uie
appropriate autnoriuei ji me uemrai
Americaa States, is no t presented by
her as the rightful exerc ise cf a protec
lorshipfcvertue Moiq tito tribe of In-
ut l. . ' bevond .its treaty limit
now reaching . 0' ' '.
into the State ot r- iras, bmu t...
of the Bay Islands, lipperiaininf ot
right to the same State, are as distinct
ly colo:iiak governments as those of Ja
maica or Vanaua, au u mcrciuic vuu-
trary to the very lette f as tbe spin, ol
convention with the I gnited States, as
it was at tho time of ratification, and
now is understood b this government.
The interpretatioi ' which the Brit
ish Government, tbi js in assertion and
act, presiatsinascii' jing to the conven
tion, entirely chang es its character.
While k holds us t our oblications, it
in a rrroat measure t flaa'ses Great Brit
ain trom those, which constituted th
coDckWalion-of . t'iis .G'ove.tnniciil'
coDcKftion or t'is .vovwnmiuiusor.-
entering into t1ii iiveBtion.lnrira.
pousible, inmyjui.lgment, for the Uui-
ltd States to acqu Jesce in such a con
structicn of the n ispective relations ol
the two Governrr jents to Central Amer
To a lenewed call by this Govern
ment upon Gre; i,t Britain, to abide by,
and carry into 4 jjtTcct, the stipulations ol
the convention according to its obvi
ous import, 'by withdrawing from the
coEscsbions or f.ulinization of portions
ot the Central American States of
Honduras, Nicr(agua, aufl Costa uica,
the British Gov eminent has at length
eplied. ofErmiu k that the operation ol
the treaty is pricperuve oiny, anu uiu
not require Ure tt lintain to aoanuon
or contract any 'possessions held by her
in Central Ami iiica atw ciaie 01 11s
conclusion: ' ' : '.-'-'
The reply substitutes a partial issue
ii the place of the general one present
ed by the Uni led States. : The British
government p-isses over the question of
ihii rights of ; Great Britain, real or
suppoted, in Central America, and as
sumes that s'tie had such rights at the
dale of the treaty, and that these rights
tbmprchenUed the protectorsaip of the
Woiyquito inaians, tne exienu jmij.
dic tion and limits of trf' Balize," and
lb i colony of thp - Bay Islands, . and
ti iereupon proceeds by implication to
i nter. llf s.r, it the stipulations of the
treaty be merely future in enect, ureat
Britain may still coutinue to hold the
contested portions of Central America.
The United States cannot admit eith
er the inference or the premises! We
steadily deny, that, at the date of the
treaty. Great Britain had any posses
sions there; other than the limited and
pecular establishment at the ; Balize,
ana maintain mar, w sue nuu auy,uie
were 'surrendered by the convention.
'"' This covernnient,v recognizing the
obligations of the treaty, has of course
desired to see it executed in good faith
by both parties, and in the discussion,
therefore",-bss pot looked -io rights,
which we might assert, independently
of the treaty; in consideration of our
geographical position and of other cir-
cumstances, wnicn create lor us reia
tions to the C Mitral .American States,
different from those ot any government
of Europe, '')"!'; -v- ..!.
' The British Government, in' its
comm.uhication,' although well, knu ly
ing the vie,w of the United States.sti
declares that it s?j?J no : reason why
conciliatory spirit way not enable the
two povernmenis to overcome all obsta-
Cleg to a SMIS'aciory auiusuneuk ui
subject: - ' :'.,,t.--,':'-'-;
Assured of the correctness 6l
constroctiori of- the treaty cbnstar
adhered to by this government,: and '
solved (0 insist ton the rightipf the
States',1 yet actuated also- by the , s;.iue
. : t -u ! ..1.1.4 1 u I u.
.-, A -r .1..-
nesireiTvnicn u avowcu uy wt
jsh: governmantl, lo "reniova- ca
icrionij finis oadejlWiidiiig -berv js.
ani, 10 reiBcrv !!
t'wo., nations :spcjated by so niaoy ties
of interest and. kindred;. it lu appear
ed to ma proper not to consider an a.-ni-
cable solution of the coulroveriy hope-.
There is, however reason to' appre
hend, that with Great Britain in actu.
al occupation of the disputed territo
ries, and the ireaty therefor practical
ly !iul, so far aa regards dur rights
tins international difliculty cannot Ions
rennio undtormined, without invblv
1 . . ... .
nig in leripuiaanger tne irieudly re
latiinsj which it in he' interest as well
as the duty ol both countries to ' cher
ish and prtP?ive. .It will afford mo
siiicere.f-rfttilication, if future efTorta
shail. rcsultrtn, the , success anticipated
heretotore with more confidence than
the aspect of the case permits me new
to entertain. ' '
s Oaootiwreubject of -discussion be
tween the United States and Great
Britain has grown out of tha attempt,
rvhiolr the extlngeucies of the war in
which she is engaged with Russia ih
ducetf hpr ta make, to draw recruits
from the. Uuited States. . i . .
It is the traditional. and settled poli
cy of tha United1 ' States to maintain
impartial neutrality 'during', tha wars
which Iron) lima to time occur among
the great powera of the worlcj. ' Pcr
forminj all (lie duties of neutrtlity to
wards the respective billigerent States,
yve may reasonably expect thera rjofto
interfere, with bm lawful enjoyment of
its benefits. Notwithstanding the ex
istence of such hostilities, our citizens
retain the individual riht to ' continue
all their accustomed pursuits, by land
or by sea, at home or abroad, sub'oct
only to such restrictions in this rela
tion, as the laws of w ar, tho usage of
nations,or special treaties, majr impoce;
and it is our sovereign, right that our
'.".r.'Nirv and Jurisdiction aliall nnf hn
j1 : j ! aswv uv
invaded Ij eilher oi Nligerent
parlies, for the Iran::: C.l their armies,
liie operations of their fleets, the iV'.7
of troops for their sprvice, tha fitting
out of cruisers' by or Bjaitut either, cr
any other act or incident of war. And
these undeniable lights of neutrality,
individual ' and nnticra!, tho United
States will uac'ar no ci;fu;:ii.tsu:oa cur
rerJer. In pursi-iir.ca of this policy, thelaws
of tlia ututoa uMta dennt forbid tlicir
ciucns to se'J to either of the bu'llipr-
ent powers arlu'lcc, eo::!::ijrn. of nsr,
or tojuuc i.iunj'jrna ct ut.. v cMiera
lic nHvafe tilifc", Tor trails
uorla.ioo. .;hJ i;,, & ,, jcillg
.,, indiu.iua! ci-izen exposej hia prop.
erty or pruoa to same ol tho hazards
ol war, his acts co not invoive any
breach of national ueutiality, nor ot
themselves implicate the government.
Tims, during the progress of the pres
ent war iu Lurope, our citizens have,
without ualional responsibility therefor
sold .;ur.;owder and arms to nil buyers,
regardless of the destination of those ar
ticles. '
Our merchantmen lisve becn.aivl still con
tinue in be, Itirgtly 'inplo.'ed by Great Krit
b'iu uml by l-'iiiiite, in'wunsiiofting lroow,
provisions, and munition:, ot yr to the
iirinpijiul tent of military oppflioiiB, ami in
btiniiig l:(,.u tlitir sick oai weeded boIJ-icr.-;
bin hiicli cs. '..of our merran'.ile mtiriue
is nut iuariiu'titd filler by the iiilcrnalion-
dl,or by cur ir.i:iiii:i;'al lavy, and llierefore
dues not coiiipronjieK cur ncutiul relatione
nun Kuiu.
l'ui our munici,):;! law, in accordance with
Uieltnv cf nations, iieremutonlv I'orbidi.uot
ouly loieijiiiers, but our own Citizens, to fit
out, witl.iu the limits of the United Stilus,
a vrsiei 10 coimnii nostinties against any
State with which the United States are at
peace, or to increase the force cf any nrmed
vessel intended for such. hostilities aaaiust a
fiLciiilly Etute.
Vrnatevrr coni-cm mav have been, frit bv
ciii'.cr of the bplligcrent powers laat private
nrmfU c.'Uiteis, or other vessels, 111 the service
of one might be fitted out ia tlie ports of this
country to (.'enrectate on the property of the
oilier, all 6ucu lears have proved lo ue utter
ly groundless. Our citizen have been with
held from any such act of purpose' by good
faith and by respect for the law.
While the laws of the Union are thus pe
remptory in their prohibition of the' equip
ment or armament of beUi&e'renl cruist'rs
our ports, they provide not Jess absolutely
that no person shall, within the territory
jurisdiction cf the United Slutqs, enlist
euier himself, or hire or retain another person
to enlist or enter himself, or to go beyond the
limivs or jurisdiction of the United Suites
wiih iuteut to 03 enlisted or entered, in tlie
service of any foreicil State.either as a sold
ler, or as a mariner or seamen on boara 01 any
vessel-of-war, letter of marque, or privateer,
And these enoctinents ore iu strict conformi
ty with the lnw of nations! which declares,
that no State ba3 the right to raise troops
hndorsea seivice in another State without
ifs consent, and that, whether forbidden
t'Js municipal law or not. the vejv attempt
io do it. without sucti consent, is an attack
on the national sovereignty. -Such
beini the Dublic riches and the mu
nicipal law ot''he United States, nb solici
tude on the subiect was entertained bv
pnveriiment. when a vear since, the British
Parliament passed on act to provide for
enlistment of foreigners in the military ser
vice 0 Great Britain. Nothing on the
oTjheact.orin its public history, indicated
aE9i iha Rriikli Dmtminint nrorosed to
tempt tecruititi in the United States; nor
;it ever give intimatiou of auch intention
this government. It wo3 matte.- 01 surpriw
thpTt-lMn. to find, siibseciuvutlv. ' aliat tlie
. r :.k:., . TT..;i.l S.in'.ps
to prtce"d to Halifax, in the British province
r.f Nn Si.-ntin unit lllfr.-enlist in lifO '.iTVUe
of Great BiUain,- was going on ex.u-u '.''!'
iiitu ft . .in Onlumrv Iw
II IIU I....W ' ...M ; . ,
elan, trpra .1 in HitJili;, V ..tnlva tj ilStnUU
ni,,.wll rvirlis lIHII rtfl.l.il. Ulld SO HUl iin
to ecu infringing Uie m uu icty.il lw auu ,-
....i..r in mit .koiernitrutv. , Meauwiiile
suitable repieae.ntatiuiis on, the.iubjacvjisre
idaressta w W ,-oriiisB govciawcttk,
! c i:r:"!t vl t l r
'I I.
J3"(icrtuuo U trrn known br "tbi
atlniit bioii. pf its , Ciiiistj governineat
1 Hell, uml (be ite mpl ta, drtiv irciuts
(rom - thii, cduniry .origiutltd. rjib it
or at1 feast bad. 114 tpproril anJ unci
iori: Hit it also pptird lblc tb pub
lii ig4nt':eflj5g .1 in it hJ 'stringenl
iiiiuiictiuni' novto vlottte municipil
lvv of Iht Uuiud States. ' r " : '
; dllTicul't :o uudVnud bo tf it
should l.i vf been luppottd that troops
Kould b rAised'heia by Grest' Btitiin,
w Fib out viplitiun of : tbi tnaniciptl
li,W- The uuulstiVsbli object of lhe
tw K8i to pretfnt ererysucu act,
which,' if performed, must bt either in
riolatiou of tbft' law 01 Iu studied
tio':i 'of 1t;' end, 1n either llejnie,
llm'oct done would be dike, injurious to
the iofeieigntr o( the United- Stiles,
'ft! ike sntiMO to Wtti ecqaireJ
liililionul (rr)p9runa;bf 1 tf lecrult-
mats fa tlie Uaitt'd Stius oot. being
discontinued, end tbe diicloeuie of tbe
fuertluf 'they were proiicDled upon e
systenttlA plan darised- by ofUcial iti-
thittf rb Joftakiflg renJoiToualnd
bee'u openad ia our principal cities and
depots fur the receptiiva of recruits ei,
ubtinbed oa out frontiej a ad the whole
bdineis co a dueled uadei ths eupenii
Ijii ani by the regular co-operatioa of
Uritisk oflicerk,-ciil and military (oroe
ia the PorlU Amaiican pidrinces a ad
tome ia the United States- ' Tha com
plicity of tbots officers ta an Juudertak
ln, which could only be accompliihad
by drfyiiig our lawa, throwing suspicion
om our attitudt of neutralltyi' and die
regarding uur" territora) rights, is con
ctuetvSly pr.ivsd by the errdeuca elici
ted en tbs clul of such of their agents
a hue been apprcheudid and coario
ted.1 Sone of tbeouicers thus implica
ted era of high official position, and
manyof them beyond our jurisdiction.
to that proceedings could not reach
the source otthe mischief- . ; 1
Those constdeiations, and tha fact
thut'tho catlss of complaint was not a
me'S ciaual occurrence, but deliberate
diiiu, conduct J by retposibl? public
functionaries, Impelled me to present
the caoj to Vm Urituh Gorernnieut.
The subject isttill under discussion, the
esult'of which will be cuamauiceted
la o': ' '. '
t reoeat the lecommeuistion submit
ted to the last Conareas, that provision
i, .! tut the anoolntment of a com-
-,irin-t.r. iii connection with Great
III (griuuv e ,
Rritiin, to survey and eitabuan tne
boundary I'm, which divides the Ter
ritory i.f Wathin'itou from the contiRU-
on liritiah poauasiona.- By reason ol
th eiteiitend imporiance of the count-
tt.U .:nuti. lieu. baa been imm.inent
d: nuer ol ctilion, between the subjecie
of Creut Britain and tha citizens of the
United States, including fbeif respec
tive authuriiies iu that quarter. The
j.rospect of a apeedy erraugement haa
coiiiiibutad hilherto to luducejon both
side forbeiirauco to assert by force
what esch claims ae a right. ' Contin
uance of delay 00 the part of the two
governments lo ac. in tho matter will
increase the daubers and difficulties of
the controversy.
J.lisuude'rs'taiiding exists as to the ex
tent, character, and value of the posses
of the Hudson's Bay Coin-
pany and the property Jof the Puget's
Sniui.l Ati- iti iral Cnmr-aiiT. reservea
iu our trejtv with Great l."itian rela
lire to the Territory of Oregon. I have
reason to believe that a cession of the
rights of Ijoth companies lo the United
Gluten, which would be the readiest
means of leimiiiaiing all questions, can
be obtained on reasonable terma; and,
with a viciv to this end I present fae
, aubject to lhe attention ofCougjesa.
l)e colony of Newfoundland, haT!!1"
I ,allclej t;e jaug required by tbs treaty
of the il5 ol Juiie.iaoi, is now piacen
the aumd looting in respect to lhe
commercial intercourse yuii the uni
ted States, ts ilia ther Bntisn orth
American .provinces.
Th commission, wliicli mat treat;
contempiated. 'for determining the
rights of fishery,' in, in ' rivers and
mouths of rivers on th coasts pi the
United States aud the British ' North
American provinces, haa been organiz
d and ha commenced its larors;io com-
uleta which there it ueeded lurtner ap
r .- . . .. : . i ....I...
nronria Huns lor tne sarvice uj luvvugi
r . ',. .....
In accordanee ol the authority, cou
ferred bv a tetolution of tbe
United Slates, .passed
h last, iiiiiica was liivea to uen
mark, on the Uih, of April of the in
tenlion of this Boverumeut to avail n
self of tbe sliputtioii of the subsisting
convention ot friendship, commerce.aod
.,..iiiion lietnren tLat Klimuom aim
the U. S. whereby eithei parly might
fier ten vears. terratuate thf same
expiration of one year from date of notice
rrt. .1 . ? a 1.
for that purpose, ine conioeraiiun,m"
which led me lo call tne atteuiiou
Conmeis to that co:iveniion,aid induced
Se:iuie to buoi'l trie resolution
fm-il in. still L'ontuiue in lorce. ine
ronrtutiou ccutains an article, which
although it doea not directly engnge
'-. : 1 . ..v..nj!liiiii
U, i. fU SUUUH ill 111 it" t"""'"""
tol a on the vesaeis anu cargoes
Amtricaus passing into or from lb
B.ttic tea. durina the coutinuance
iha treatv. 'vet mar. possibly be con
striied as impljing such' submission.--
The exactiou of those tolls riot neing
iusiirid by any principle of intarual
n. it necme ii.e iicm u..
the. U. S-'ti).; relieve tbem 'sehts from
.v.- intntJ.-siriin cf enrteemaut Ou
bjevt, so as to be perfectly free lo
lhY'tmUe in ,ul-hr -
, ,.i ':. i !;V.i..- knnnt iliiV
uublit iuieieits and -honor tay u
J rVmaiu of taa. opinion thai the Uni
ted Suits octh: aat w ,
.!": J ' lu tte.--"-E If
j 5rt)
payment of So'ucd duel ' nol 0 raur.h I
Leca'us uf lu'e ani'ount. wbtck ii a
ro'iidary Dianer, but became it is in
effect the recbgn ition' of tne tight 'of
Denmark to treat oha'of the great mail
time bihwaya of nations aa a cluaa tea,
and the navigation of it at a privilege
for which tribute may b imposed upon
.hoa who nave occasion to uae. ii, , V
This lovemmeut, er a former acca-
aion not unlike the prvaat,' (.ignalited
ite determination to maintain lUc free
dom of the seta, and of the great' patur
al channels of navigation' rue Da;
bjry Slates had, fr a lo'u'tin'e coer
ced tbe payment id" tribute from all na
tions, wboae ships, freequent'4 ' lhe
Mediterranean. , To the Wat demand of
auch payment made by thetn, jhe'JJoU
ted StaUe although, euffmig leTa by
their depredatiqua than uiany otijar na-
tiops, rt(iraad the explicit anrwer.that
t ' . 1 ' ' . . t . . j 1 . t
wm prr.ecrea war. to inuute, ana inus
opeimd the way to the tejie of tbe com
merce of tha 'world front au ignomini
ous 1aitio.Ja3jjubrnit.ted tq.bytbe
raa;.rabte-pOwyfuLna'liou of the'vrorld
Jf. tha mauuef of the payment of the
Sound Dues differ from that cf . the tri
bute fo ruely conceded-tp itfJParbary
States, ali.ll their, etacticn' "If Denmark
has aoj better foundatfod In' nif.,' Each
in 11a I'liliu uoiuuiz uun m un
a coramaa oaturil right,, ai'.orji by
Ibose.wao were si that trme.atil to oti
struct th j fre ai. secuV erijojoieflj
qI it, but -Ijo ncj longer poises that
power. .;, ''
Denaark. whila reiiatiog oar 'asser
tion of Jhe frreedom of the Baltic
Sound t.ud Belts, baa iudictated a read-
diness to make some new arrangement
on the subject, and has invited the guv
ernmen a interaifed. ' including ' the
United Jtatea, to bs tenreientad in a
convention to aaaainble for thepurpoae
of rsceivlcg jo4 tonaidarioj a proyotl-
won, wuicn ane inten to suomu. ter
tha capitalizalion of the Sound Does,
aud tha di stributioa of tbe sunt to be
paid as commutation among tbe govern
meats, according to the respective pro
portions of their meritime commerce to
and from the Baltic, I have declined
in behalf of the United Stttei lo ' ac
cept this idvltatien, for tha must co
gent reasons. ' One is, that Denmark
does not offer to submit to'the conven
tion the question of ''her tight to levy
the Sound Dues. ' A second is, that if
lbs coavsntioa were allowed io take
cognizance of that particular cestion,
still it would not bo compf tt'pl to deal
with tbs great' International1' prlricjple
involved which affects (he right in ot
her cases of navigation and commercial
freedom, as well as that of access to
the Bltic. Above all, by the ex press
term the- piopositiAa tt4l . c 6s tarn
plahid that the consideration . ol the
Sound dues shall be commingled with,
and mads subordinate to, a matter whol
ly eatroneous, the balance o power
among tbe governments of Europe
While, however, rejecting Una pro-
positiou, and iusistiug on the right of
free transit into and from the Baltic, 1
have exprsaaed to Denmark e willing
uess. ou tbe part of the Uuited States
to share liberally with other powers in
compensating her for any advantages
which commerce shall hereafter derite
from expenditures mads by her for the
improvsmsnt andeft.y of the naviga
tion of the Sound of Bells. ...
I lay ".before you herewith sundry
documents on tbe subject in which my
views are .;B fully.encloscd. Should
not fStUfectorarraogement be soon
concluded, I shall ogam r-U 7our 8lte"-
on to tha sub ect. with ieco;,,"l,B-
tion of such. measures as way apf' 10
k nniro,l in nr.ljr in sir I nnr! se."-Uie
the riahta of the Uuited Stales, so far
as they are effected by the pretensions
of Denmark, ,
I announce with much gratification,
that sines the adjournment of Congress,
the question then existing betweeu Ibis
government end that of France, resyec
ting tre French consul ai o"n run
cisco;haa been satisfactorily Uteruiiu
ed, feud that the relations of the two
governments continue to be of the most
fneudl nature, , 1
A Question, also which has been pen
ding for se teral years between lhe Uni-
ed States and the kidgdom or ureece,
crowine out of the !sequeeiratien, by
nub c nthont:es oi mat couuiry. oi
Drooartr. belonging, to the preaeut
American Consult at Athens, iai which
had been lhe subject of very earnest
discussiori heretofore, has recently been
aettltd to the satisfaction of the party
interested, and of both governments
With Spain peaceful relations
still maintained, and some progress has
been made ia securing the redress
wrones complained' of J this govern
ment. Spain has uot ouly disavowed end
disapproved the conduct of the officer.
hn illemllv ne'ued and dela'ned tbe
steamer Black Warrior at Havana',
has also paid the sum cisuuea a inuem
nitr f.ir the loss the'rety iuflicted o;t
citizens of tbe United States.
In conseQu'aiite'uf destructive bur
ricane, white Tisneo oui m ion,
anDiemt authority of that island issued
decree, oetmittina ine tmponaiiou
for the period of ix months, of ccitain
building matettala and provisions',
iif dotv. but revoked when about half
period Chly had elapsed, to the Injury
citizens Of tat U.S.. who had proceeded
a ttt nri tha fUb. of that decree.
Spsuish goverument Refused indemnifi
cation iu tha PtUa eggtUved uatt
cently, when it i ssette4 la, payment
. . . I . A LA ,1. t a, .ml
the ehnauitt 4m caa.be asceil-iiisd.
.: S.iisfaclioa claims Tor the arreatind
aettch ttf xlt atamei 1 Du(do has
tthtiA iKuM li!,!!
ii .nij :m nv.,lt .W .'.,,. t-i-'
uni is- ,.,.:.) ecr '
brlieve that, it will. La u t tint-c-i,; .
wiliiethere. Continues to a .tirgVl y ,
the atteuliod of the Spaaisit govern Jk-st'i
I do hotabandu-ti in hop of cuatlul ;,
witb'Spain eoiae gaueul r'fiogm,tt
which, if it do not wholly piaveut tii(
racnreniie of difQculties iu Uuba, wUi'
render them less frequent, snj whener.
they sliall occur facilitate' theirnti
settlement. l .). '
The iaterpoaition of this govarnioapf
has been invoked br many of its eitisen
ou' account of iujui!edone to their p-'v
sons and property .for which the Meii-
. . ii t 11 1.' . I. . : .
cu repuuuc if responiui. iuo uuc .
uuiuoii ot mat country, (orsomr nu.i .
past, has n6t allowed its governmsat t
give due oonaidera-tioa to claims of p-t-i
vale tsparation," aa t has appeared ti
call for end .justify some furbereuc
in such tuitiarioii h part of Ibis gov
ernment. But if . the rievolu-Uouar
movements, 'which bars occnredld iht "
republic, and in the. organization of a
SUUei 8TerijineDl ,'ufgent, appel iff,
its- juittce will thu be made, ana, It,
my be . hoped, witb- success, for tfc
-ot our citweus.. ' ,'
In regard lo tbe Central American re
public, which, from bet .proximity ami
other coarttder.-tio is, have' peculiar re
latione to Jt-afs govetnment, white il ba
been by constant aim strictly to -observe
all the' obligation of political riendaklp
nd of good n'elghborbood, obstacles to
this have eruca in' rotde of them, irou
their own insufficient power to cbeax
la wless eruptions, which in effect throw
most of the ttk oa the Uuited States.
Thus it is'that tha' districted internal
condition of the State of Nicaragua has
made t Incumbent ori me to appeal to
the good' faith' of bur cltizeus to akataia
from unlawful interventloa in it tfreui(
and to adopt preventioti'roeasurea to tba
same end, which on a similar occasion,
bad the beat' results 10 reisfniniaj th:
' ' . . l! .... . t O ....... .
peace oi tne Mexican oiaiss ui uun
and Lower California. ' ' '" ' ' ' '
Since the last of Qongrsss,
treaty of amity, commerce, and naviga
tion, and for the surrender of fugitW'
criminals, with the kingdom of tbe Two
Scicilies: a xreaty 'ol friendship; coutv-
merca, and navigation with Nicaragua;
and a convention of commercial reci
procity with the Ha waian kingdom bar
been. nogotiated.The latter kingdom and
the Stale of Nicaragua have also acced
ed to a declaration, recognizing at la
tenational righ'a tbe principles cost-
taluad iu the convention between the
U S. and Russia of the 22d of July, "3.
These treaties end conventions will be
'.all btfor the Senate Xor rali&ceUoa,..
Tha stotemente made tn ray last ana
al measage, respecting tha aniicipateai
receipta and expenditures of the Treas
ury have been substantially verified.;
It appears from the report of the Se
ret'ary of tbe Treasury, the receipts du
ring the last , fiscal year ending Jua.
30th, 1855, from all aourcca were sixty
n.. million thiee thoussud nlhs huu-
dred and thir'.y dollaraj and that the
miMii! eioendi'.ure for the same period.
excluaive of payments onaccount of the
publiic debt, amounted to nity-su mu
ion three hundred end sixty-five thou
aand three hundred and thirty three dol
lara. During the same' period , the pay
ment made in redemption of the public
debt, including Interest aud premium,
amounted, to nice million eight hun
dred oud forty-four thousand five bun-
died and twenty eight dollars.'
The balance ia the Treasury at the
bet-inning of the present fiscal year July
. i.i IMIa. .;n. him.
r ' wae eigmocu iuiiuvu um. hmw-
J .1 .. . I. .... a M.I ninl tllin
. r . ik. fir.t ,"-k.fr and the estima- .
ceipt for the first .--.., :tht
(ed receipts or tne rrui.ujuS --
. I l .. I r. .1.1
quarters, amount, iogeuif,
seven million uiue hundred end eigh-
teen thousand seven huniireu anmnir-
four dollar., thus afionltiig in all, at
tt.p mi ib i resourc-a oi mo
fiscal year the sum of eighty-sit million
eight hundred and fifty U tlnUJaul
If, to the actual expenauures oi tnt
first quarter of the current fiscal, year.
be added the prooaoie expenuuur ui
the remaining three puartf rs, as eslimai-
ted by lhe Secretary of the treasury, ia
sum total, will be aeveuty.one minion
two hundred and twenty ix ttiousanai
eight hundred oud forty:aix aotiare,
therebv leaving an eatlmaUd balauce lit
in the Treasury oit July' I. 1856,' of fif
teen million six hunurea ana vweuiy
three thousand eight hundrd aud tut
three dolUis and forty-one centt. " '
In the above estimated expenditure!
of lh present fiscal year aie tnciaaoa
thrCa millfon dollars to meet the last
irisii'Jt'tneot of the ten .millionl Pro
vided for in lhe late treaty wuu mexieu.
and seven million seven nunurpu uu
fifty thoua.ud dollars appropriated ou
account of the debt tf ta T.' which
n . a a ai'i'miiil I rtf
two turns maxe in 6&,"6,"p
t-o million seven haodrea eaa any tnou-
sand dollars, and reduce tne expenou
area, actual or es'imated, fur ordinary ,
objecte of the year, to the sum of sixty
million four hunurea ana '--
thousaud etollais. . ..
' The amount of the puklla : debt, at
ilia rnmiiienee neat of tbe present fiscal
year w'.s forty million five hundred and
eighty-thiea tnonaana uuu) .
lh?rty)ue dollarej -and, dedMtioo be
ing made of autaequent; paymeats; the
whole public debt of tbe tedeiei govera
ment remaininj at this tine i le lhaa
forty million v luliir. " j
The zeinuaut ttn.il QtUergovera
meqt stocks eujoualiui l two kuuiired
aDd-YKtylUiee ijiu-ud ilor.. refer
red ti in my Unu4j at onvan
te, t4 ia ict jfi c r ..- 4-
-': lot u-yt
vl ,
1 -; I
"V pm r iiti-a ,

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