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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, January 22, 1863, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1863-01-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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j-y pior Ul bo oii-coiitir.uo J at tho
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i a.l A. ltfcTtitncnlH "J '-''K111 Nutico. n.Hi-t
k U'.iii in u.lvainv,
V r.ti ilu.lllCll.'n will "C niiiui uvenr
I'hj ') .t'rtnmiit hcpmp'ifil
VaTAIU.nym-nti.rn.iHt he undo to h Vf -
l.'.lwM, a we l'v.-ih nucule
The Democral JobOChre.
W r pm;.nmtt tn oircn'. w'th nrirnoMii,
dUt.atcli 'i I (.ricp tliitt ilofy compi tiiinn,
all ViiiJ n( .Lib Work, mu.Ii a
lAM 111 LETS,
CA !ll)S.
bllll'I'ING MII.J.S.
laACKLS. A:..&c
ivn i.fiil tii ontivi'ii-cl tlicl w Piin
"J will 1" "'''l-! otf .lp!injr fiirCjifii 'liuri imjr
kTntMiVii -nt in thiKu.iti'.n ufcmiiitry.
" 1 1
, Mill-Ill! .. . '."
Sssinfss ?i:cfforn.
1 ' HO ? ES s'lTi N A .CA W$ .
A TTORNKY AT l.A W , M. A rtlmr, O
JV.-pr4.i'-i'i in Vinv.11 u.i I ii.ljeimnt rr-jnt 5
a. . 11111HAU, n. r- ii.riTT.
(j .iiiiih,m,Oliio. Mo.Uttnir O.
1 m m Z s A
liUisimi: m ktrwni.
T roBNEVS AT L. W. M.-Artt,,.r ,;.t
iinln C iiinliu. I'i
1 .1 1 1 !. u irac i-e n 1 hoth m n nn-
l;i;-t alti-Mi. I' OI
1 r it. l tluir i-ure.
!ji-a St-.T.;.
ji n a'l 1 'oi'HH ii
" li 8rt l n uast 11
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ti. V. iTIouiff,
yiUl-U W si suu.iK'.N. A!!ioir ii.;t)lt,
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A;;,.nwi.i knlvi.'ii.ity.
4 - TT')ttNKYH AT I W ,c. r tloir, V in tun
I,'., ii;.;.,. jviK r.ii:r;.-i. In ttio sovi'rnl uou'lr
! .1 . 101 'j '.iniiir (.i.ui.t.ea. eaicruiHi
aaV u toll o ! m iviisniiii-
II O T E L 8
aM!M WATSON; lVfrlrtor. Tl
J H'fukl, nor ll.ii., (.'iiwiuii:Ui, (Miio
-tut Dollar pur duy.
.t SON rropri-ACj
otra Front St., rurtimvtitli
Tuini run ns lullows :
(joim; ka'st.
, tr.vK. j no: hay mail.
Ciiieiinntii, J 3. "Or. m 9 00 a.ji.
. B'aiichi-s'.ef, 6 33 p. m. 10 51 a. n.
Ori-entiiHlil. 7 3j p. !S 12 28 A.M.
,. Chillicolht, j 8 45 p M- 1 3Si ,m.
iUmilen. abiiive. 3 14 f H.
, Zileski, 3 48 P.M.
A'.heni, 4 43 p. m.
Bliriettn, 7 09 p. N.
lrkApliurg, 1 j 7 30 p. M.
Parkembtirg, 7 05 A. M
- 'Marietta, 7 20 a m.
,-. : Atliens, . 9 40 a. m.
Zaleskl, JO 41 A.M.
Ilamden. leave. 1113 a.m.
Chiilicothe, 5 00 a. m. 100 a.m. .
' Greenfield, 6 12 a. m. 3 03 p. r.
Blanchfster, 8 13 a.m. 3 37 p. m.
' Ciacinnali, I0 15j. u. 6 35 p.m.
, ., . JOHN DURAND, Sup't.
Dj4ih 1SG2. lyr. . , . . .
-. " .-f jaw w 1. ii 11 -a n,
:c : TAtrick illurdock's Estate.
t : 1
. K0TICE to berehy jriTcn Hint tho nmlerMyti
d waa, on ilia lSia day of December, A. D.
182. dnlt ntipoliited aul nnali.Ud a Exeen-
V u ' tril oftha aat viil and teaturuent or Patrick
llimlock, decoaaed..
", - O. T. ('nnnlnir t a'.itlirr' ted b me to trana-
l f ( act all baiinaas pertaining to tlie fettle ticnt of
thaeatata or nairt I'atric amrdock; ,to allow
all Jnit claimi,aud aign my nnmo sa T.xeca.
f.) i' Wi-.i ,' MARY MUBDOCK.
January 1, H3 w
Affairs in Kentucky—Message of
GOVERNOR ROBINSON. To the General Assembly of Kentucky, at the
Adjourned Session, January 8, 1863.
,rivM ,.,j f.piru them or not,
The second 'half of tho mwao i.
ilo70i-cd tu tho Slavery question, in
relation to tho I'rcsiilent'a L'roclaina
ticn of Emancipation. This I'ortioo
vc give ii full. The Governor gays:
" From litis brief hut Tftin ploriotiH
nlKiBioii in tho . action ol Kentucky
rrfioh woiiUrnHtnrlly unpnoje t!;af so
muth loy!ty mi'i m much sacrifice
vv"ii!d liarw cniioarcil lior to' M
licr eiettr blatcft, and tliat )er ngli'B
wtii!d have l-utn n'tt wtru jMilotily
r"i;;ird(u. I'ut Iiaa it been eo I lias
Kentucky no right to complain of a
disregard of IIubu richte, and fre-
iqiitMiHy ol a wanton violation otthem.
I ii lliic ivnttr.rftitit nntk.tiiiri lie. nr4
j wucd ly bi tting for the wroi'g bIic
ias gllfl;,rL.,j Br wlic! dftl! V incrcORP.
. .. . . "
bhu Iihk a iiiiht to complain that
hir neutrality has been denijiiiiced in
the hal.s of (.'iingreBH 9 eit er tiean
unahle or cowardlv or both. Tli'3 is a
musi iKikind ittiini to th' se patriotic
mid h.yal inon, who, perfectly under
Him. ding ilu! dilfr.Miit (B in tlu:ir at!),
til"ptt'il the i nly line of policy that
eoi:lii ot.-in iho ti le of ourher.-i sym
pathy, and in doing keep cately t)
her niocr'ngs u great S'ato wl i Mi, if
It hhd bet ii liit to tlie l-nii.n. would
ri'iitly bavH weahentjil the National
jrtreiigtS, if if bad not indited changed
jthe whole- cbur.icter of tlm var lbit
this ptihaps is an ephemeral wrong
which evei.t.ialit may ricoil upon it
perpetrators and bo visited upon them
with contemporaneous and biitoric
She ha a light to complain, that
miico Hio occupancy of her c mniry by;
the federal tioop, Ine tights of .ro
perty have not Ucn drily respectwi.
Undtr the specious ph a of ' mditary
i'ec-mity,'' !mi his Iihv been laid waste,
provisions have been seiz.'d, forage h w
been c. Dieted, ami ii.ntead of being
boneht in open market, whero tlie
s Wliu!l ,,m. ,.,.in umi,eim(l
(.t Ml , , ,c.r i t i I. f r. CotlimisSHrifH
. . .
have gone with teams and soldiers,
takini: grain and other eominoditiis
!ni!i the farmer at whatever price
Ithe Coiniiiisiurics clue to tilli.t to
ttbeu'. and utteilv n-uar liei's whether
and, instea-l of pron.pt pajnii-nt, leav-
'ini in ita hfiii'l cniiibroiis cLTliticati s
Ih.cb nave M pass thr.u.4. !Hy
thty are p. opery audited
Klltl ihtll to lili'S llitotil'.i I'i. Ill ral Vor
jtexi'l (loviinmertal claims. In con-ii-euiii'iiee
of this oppressive and inex
eusable, bi'causo ininueessary conduct,
maiiv ot our laimers navo neen tn.
pried of the nivalis ol subsisting their
own stock during thu present winter,
a;:d the direct and consequential losses
to them Inivo been ruinous in the
extreme. Yet even this might have
been boino as o:e of the mipb mailt
concomitants that lollow tho marches
ot tni.aiiipiiieiits of troops; but still
. .: i- 1 . i.- . 1
it id a mailer 01 woiuicrto ieuiiicK:auH
why a diiFeretit rule jTevails m the
opposite side ol the river. 'Why is it
tlint nil supplies are bought and paid
for !n Ohio, the Government coining
in as any other nnrclisser, while tho
same things aro nneeremonioiJily
seized in Kentucky I ll'id Kentucky
loet any of her (.quality with other
loyal States, if r.ot, who is rcspousiblti
for making a disparaging difference
with her !
I cull your attention to these ns
among the many annoyances our
people endnre; and perhaps they
complain less of them because there
looms up before them h more gigantic
evil- one, the bare contemplation of
which sxkens the heart and fills all
with gloomy and dreadful forebodings.
I allude to tho disturbance of the slave
property in Kentucky.
Whether it would bavo been better
for her that the institution had never
been incorporated in her civil polity,
it is useless now to inquire. It was
brought from onrold mother Virginia,
and by men who had fought through
the liovolutionary War until its tri
niiijdiant conclusion. .Whatever Utop
ian notions there may bo, about Afri
can liberty, these men bad .'achieved
American freedom. It camo among
us unincumbered with prejudices, and
the gradual growth of a ceutiiry of
mutual accommodation until the rela
tive rights of muster oud slave 'were
frjl'y understood and so adinid;slcred
ng to lead to mutnal prcaperity; and
advancement. The African captive,
the crcaturo of superstitious ignorance
and savage cruelty, va gradually
emerging from bin lov eut.itc to.ona
"f compndieiiaion of tin? truo prhici
pies of the Christian religion and;hn
man civilization. Ilu bad brokerf ft if
idols and wornliipjicd with fi-rvonand
intelligence- the .great God of . tli
Umvtiso. To mich au extent hud tliis
auiu'.ioratii n progressed that, fct'tlii
tfty, and In tins btate.to coiiipard the
a t'. .1. - -r .t. I . : -
revert to'his orginal bsrliiiriMii, or
perish fro"! the earth, the victim of
hbcrtr ho ctild' not appreciate, or tl.e
victim of vices that have already ex-
t'.rminnted the aboriginal savg-..
Kentucky in separating- from tho
''Old Dominion" ingrafted the insti-
lution upon her own fundamental law,
ar.d frmir that day to this it b3 been
uninterruptedly protected by her own
const itutio'ntl and legislative enact-
lln tvl.f tn Una anfliu.. r.l
property Iia3 i.evcr hwn questioned
111 4i"l lu 111.3 r,LI,lvn J
It is sanctioned by tho National Cove
nant, ban been protected bv CongrcB
sioiial provision for its recovery, and
Boieinu;y auiuuicmeii oy I'tu ciprumo
I ;.. - 1! ! .1 1 I... l:. o ...
Court. Lei, tucky held it liable to tin
ineidetiti 'ef 'I he 'flatus, ' an I "bore
witfr much patienco the loi3es sus
tained bv those Who were fugitivu
i'. l f I . -.1l., a
iroin ittiK.r. 5iiu 108I anntianv irom
Ibis cause more than any Sfate in, the
Union; yet she has never attcinptel
violmcti in its recovery; 'Although
sh had' much complaint against fan
atic citizens of the North-western
States, sfie felt" the force of thw' dis
tiiction between irresj'Onsible indi
viduals ar:d llio act of those great
Common wealths. She tbereloro did
not consider tlnse vexa'inns lnterl'er-
American or Aincan ceecent wmi nmiiiio
or Hottentot progenitor would
Ihj hb'nitrd." This advancement bail
ii;eii uiiiht iuu iineoiu oi u iniuiitnv)
but necessary lmhjtntroh to a snjHsrior j
race,' anif if 'Mm 'humanity violatu
tin; iult will be,'t!lat the " A men
can of African descent" must cither,
lii.AH . I,.,!! kl .. t. .......
enct 8 from her neighbors as jint cause i
for her ti)reak up the fraternity
sister States, or to seek redress mit-jide.j
1110 uoiisiii uuoii 01 iho luniien outtes.
She wasaware that that instrument J
.l .l 1' .1 .. IT '.. ..2 . . . .
auminibtero'l, constituted
her bebt safeguard for her slave and
every other species of property, and
when an attempt was made to seduce
her from her allegiance she ''frowned
indignantly" upon the first sediictivu
enticenieii's upon her loyalty. I'i the
ant cedent pretext- an I preparation
tor the rebellion she took no part.
As an abstract qm stii-n, and one of
but little practical value, she looked
on with iiidift'-rence upon tho Kansas
eiiibr.'giio regarding it as more
speculative than of real importance,
coi;Mh:ring that according to the con
ceded rights of the S'a'es each Terri
tory, on becoming a State, would
settle the question according 'to tho
view it took of its own interests. And
hence in tho Presidential election,
while sho choose for her own candi
date one who maintained the nladact
view of tho Southern question, she
was clad to Beo the Northern aide
enn:!ciatifg in their Chicago Platform
distinct disavowal of any right or
put posts to interior, with slavery m
tho States where it already existed by
law. To tiiis position I he successful
candidate was unmistakably commit
ted, and hence it was, that while Ken
lucky was disappointed by the defeat
of her own candidate; she felt hopeful
that no impassable barrier had been
presented to a peaceful adjustment of
all pending difficulties. She never
allowed herself lor .110 moment to stop
to discuss the value ot the Union. In
her estimiuion nothing could compare
with it in value, or couiensato for its
loss; and hence, when tho Southern
politicians made bare their treasonable
purposes, regardless ot tho disruption
it made in her own social fabric, and
the utter derangement and ruin of
her commercial interests,, she took her
stand on the side of thu Unbn and
has maintained it with her treasure
and her blood. Tho Constitution of
tho Union has. not yet been cliangod,
and, with her Consent, nevei shall be.
Cut Binco the ccmimeiiceiuenl of
this civil war. t'nero bat . suddenly
grown up a theory outiidi of and
above the Constitution, and now doc
trine has been introduced into pfacti
cal exltibitiou-the military necessity'
is n,ot to bo nw&aimd hy C(ttUit-
lional limits, but must be the judge of
the exteut of its powers, As an off
shoot from this political heresy there
have appeared among - us not onlyjtiori
Anti slavery, propagandists; but men;
who have actually presumed .to over-1
rido. our own State-, laws ami
regiments brought, here ostensibly for
our protection into cities of refuge for
rntawny slaves. To ench an extent
unrjri una pur:inzin mo en ire;
.to suppress the rclit'lTon. And, in !
laddition to all tliia. it is MittiiiL' lite:
,u uiu v iniiiiiiient pern. 11 in uAin;joi
too much of the citizen to expect him
'to fold UU arms in quint Bubuiissioiijfrugment
when his-jropertv i taktii' riuidiiui
in his very presence, and to be riidelvniiry
W.I. -.... a. : I . .1...
tho I'lvanlm' thought that hi proela
oflnm'ion wou.d have a hetii ticial effect
in exreditiiiir the close "f t!ie war, it
to the paoclumation of tho Presi
dent,' declaring freedom to all slaves
tho rebel States, and forbidding the
turninterrcrenco of the armies of tho Uni
.ted States with any who were endeav
oring to assert their freedom. . ..
I have thought it becoming my
has this hi'cn carried tint not only
have- our citizen been driven from tlrV
!'" tnvriu i in-1 iiuii iiii:r;i nn-ii
property into tho o;'ai n of t!t-
soldiers, but tho civil ofii.-ors li-iveii
'hcd prevented .from Pervitin any j
jtocmb for their reoovery. Tliis liLdi-inndeitakes,
iia.ided and iniqiton Conduct in daily;
and hourly weakeirnir the ci'i:i
Ul .. rT .. .. i i . i ,v .
thniBt aeide ut the point ot the b:iyo.jhist
net when ho attempts t- reclaim it
Your btato lews are already ample t.tr
red.esi o: offenses nguiiift the prop
jerry ol the citizen, as tli Fame huve
Iwvn ordinsrily contaiitte.i but
siigest yon have Iho propriety ofjof
other and more stiingent lawn ayairiht j
the, infamiiiia practice of Abo'itioiiirhu
soldiers in this par icular. and to h
this etl'vcttially there should la a Bob
lllltll iu h rii.n M. .11 i.l ll.n ....i.! I.nl .
vu ivf.iiiiuu;ii'i .11 11113 ZKII. II .1111
that 111 all Iree Government the mili
tnrf, h arid inner be cubjict to tliej
authority, and by proper lejjida
give it a practical tneanin , bv
? 1;.. . .'. .... - . - . i
providing ior ire niainienencc ac an
hazards, i. .. ...
U is but just t. nan that this accu
sal ion does not apply iridirimiiiately
to all tho regimeiits that have been
a ! 1" I rn
quaiion-n in lventucKv. 1.10 coin
inandors of many of thorn opiosi; the
praciico bo ntr as inev can no so con
siKtently w'r.h what they believe to be
1...: . .. 1 .'. .1 .. ..i 1
.iieiruiii y 11s sii "jee.' 10 1 ne run tiiid
articles of war aed tlie iToelamalioniKoiiMickv
of the I'ri sident of the United Slates,
issued 011 tho 221 day of September
lt. To ll-at proclamation I would
now cl your especial attention. . '
, While I am willing to helievo tliut.
; ... .1 i - 1 ..
is now apparant mat no nas huit. t n;
facile, an ear to ilio sc'tunies of Ab'iii-
turn purfisan Ii-aders,. who bavo prac
fiee.il upon bis patriotic heart,
his better judgment, alarmed his fears.
and induced him to publish a mani
festo from which nothing but evil, and
'.hat continually, can How. As an
operative edict in the Southern rebel
Ii u.s States, it can bavu no. other
effect than to srrengthen them in their
rebi liioti an I give a tob rthla pretext
to their cause. Ho might with-as
much reason have issued a proclama
tion to them to lay down their arms.
Doth equally cxp1 so him to a con
temptuous rejection of his scheme.
But he makes a distinction bit ween
slavery in the rebel States and slavery
in tho loyal States, and proposes to
(lie latter compensated (mancipation
as an equivalent for their snrrender:au
ill' tin. iliUlittiFli.i. itaitll It tn i.f.Ow.
I'tV lltDIIIIIIM'll M(7I,.I. II in 'll.llll
b,e that this proposition was inten-led!
especially for Kentnckv; but
.'. ' I
vain is an offer when there is no p(w-j
erto accept it, even if there was a;tho
disposition to do so? Kentucky
Constitution fixes Iho institution as
pint 0 hjr fettled policy, anu the
question is a concluded one, only to
bo reopened oy the call of a C.fivcii
tion and the adoption of a new Con
stitution. This could not, owing to
the provisions of the instiuuient, be
cff.'Ctod until many years huve elapse
-a period before the arrival of which
is to be Imped tlii j n retched wai
will have been lnonht to a close.
But e ven if tiicre were no constitn
tional impcdimei t in the way, his
proposition would be and ought to be
promptly rjected. Kentucky under
strjiitls tier own interests too wi li lobe
thankful for gratuitous advice as to the
mode in which she shoulJ manage
them ; and when she wants the assis
tance of any outaide ad minis' rut ion ni
her affairs, she claims the privilege ot
originating the suggestion. I would
therelore snggestthe propriety of yom
paB3ing a resolution, by way of res
ponso to tbe Presidents piop.sition.
ithdt Kentucky rejects it and at the
6iimo t ine, in behalf of ber own un
questioned rights as an independent
power in the control of her own State
policy, protests against any inteiler
vi)cu with it as umca ranted hy ihe
Const hvtian of the Uuittd Slate.
After thus disposirir of what mav
be considered ns especially addrois d
Kentucky, I would call yonratten
wmout an txa.;j"raii.)i ol liio nir.u
(Jaffree bew, bu set down it f'o.ir- iniri'MH.-
AbitfavfiTU' tliem-from rln- n '"r:''af
(HO t:u-e p"pu 111. f.'ll 01 my Uli.!.'.! It
(State v mid . tb. re remuiin 'a ihVre
im Delawnr-' ; ii.itiver''''
jbundr.d iIi'uhhii I in Jlaryland ; ab"ui
Hummuul in Missouri, nn.'!' lv tho
. 1 ) I . . ! .1 T-l .l(l
;i..f.l station r. ny w!iat I lon'i-. in
relation t bo muchof'tli? pniil.i'njji-
'j.M-t:ori ci i. by .nr Mtc. H it K n
nclc qnully invnlvd in l!ni ina'.S
teriai bia.ich ol the p"e'mna:i(rt rh'c7i
hy a i'ien1cn'ial 'edict,
to emancipate, inaritiy, a! I the s'iivo'v' V-ch
cenanB to )n mired and tweiitV -
ifivi thou? md in Konhickv. K, th.it
tiiat iho piveliunition is (titor'ccd i-ilenltrpriae,
ijtlm S-nthcrn fcUttea. Thiit the value
thi intertot innt bo red nee 1 to 1
nothing by the Kivocssdid operation :1 '
I'lvpidenta uhi malum, ii tun
manifest for argument. Is iIioid r.ny
reason why Kentucky should be bub-fi.f
Is there anv thing in the Coiibtit't
ei.vil tien of the United States that war
tion runted it? Was there imv tbiii" in
and nil loul States hold
1 many ol them educated m Ihe ht's
'.lit I ..i-jiu lli;a I iul,t.;.i t-..fl. ....,!. I
IIIM ... I.iri A I I '. I. .nil 'I IV. 1 I II I I, III 1; l I
bavo been heeded with profit bv the
h.vl'residv.it, and tne force .f i! .'a im
meiisely increr.sed from the fact that
"American citizens of African d
null ,is in.,fl I It r no ill is.')' ti I" -
thu rebeSlinns Stftfe
itiesi uny,
.. . ...
it is apparent tli it Xenuuky liiii thu
liiim-ht rvnidimrv inter.'ht. sniMiosinL'
...... U ti.!.. I.. II. .... I ... .. . I. . . I' I.I
MXIl'l I'J li;ik 11111111.1 Ulll 11 J lVO.1 1 II! II I ,
l.dow ?
, . .
ituiwri srionai leijiHiatioii that M-ftr
ranUd it ? A rid do
(jca an v iiibseqnent
induisntneiit by 6 partistin 'Congresa
relievo it Irom its original iirsnrpation?
I think that one inav searen 111
for any such power ( ven t. the Presi
dent in tho Constitution of the Ciiiud
Males ; una any excrete 01 powc
cxercice 01 powc-s
not "rallied t'le.rein is an attuinpt to
.1 r . r 1 . .
save 1110 (. lllnil Ei 1)1 OHU not in U
to be a liiinlamentnl dacirino that the
Unit n, it saved at all. mist lie saved
in coniorinity to tho Constitution, nrd
riot in violation ol. it. , The truth is so
clear that.' urge. tuent is sujrfiiioiis.
No olio at all versul in iho spirit o
nie letter of our institutions can 6cii
ousiy contend for such uoweia us the
i . i .1
i. lesiui-rii tinaertuKes to exerciso in
his proclamation. The assumvtion of
them lias nlumed the American mind.
and the contemplation of the result of
them has grieved the American heart.
Disguirio tlie purpose as you may, it i
in ti u'h an induct incut to servile in
surrection, by giving it a probability
..r c, . 0 , ,. 1. . 1:,. - ti .
vi cui.ij pn 111 im m un INK 1 lie III III III
;.,,.. 1 . n . 1 .
mteiiere. 1 will not anse hero to
depict tie horrors of a servile war;
no iinniintioit can conceive of them
no pen can paint them. Ev. n the
sHiigiiimiiy CKtal ine, impiesseil with
iho sense of the borr'Ti of a strvil
war, utul scrupulously regarding the
dignity of Ilorn.in citizenship, r-j xred
the. aid of slaves, although they fl .-eked
in grtat numbers to It's standard.
ll. ten r
And tho.io slaves were men of the 1
same yeiieric: root with the Koiiinns.
"sjsceht" arc the progeny of a brutal
aiancestry, and of a dilil-rcnt race from
our own.
13.it suppose his plan -inc'-'dsFr. far!1
119 to give lreeiloin to f..nr millions ef
slaves, and that it is effected without
scivik- insurrection, what then is to be
done ui'li iheui I Are they to be
permitted to choose their own domi
ciliation, and, if they aro, may th-y
not come into Kentucky in vast mas
ana as vuee:uHi:r uustrov tho insti
tution hero Hi if our State had rut
neon exc-.-pte.l out of the immediate
operation of tho manifesto ? Must
assuredly such would be tlio result i
tho migratory wave conies this way
how can it be checked ? According to
iho President's view it will be an effort
livo b'iii and the army is forbidden
interiert,. If, on the other hand, it is
tho intei tion to permit tlum to remain
where they aro, and all the lauded
estate is to bo f nfcited, will it not al!
bo given to tin in as its lawrul inheri
tors Wiiat then is to become of the
white race? Either extermination or
removal must lollow, or if tin y remain
they Will bo reduced to the most abj ct
iverty ; ii.stead i f raising the stand
anl of the "ignorant whites," us smiie
call them, it will reduce ail to that
But the saddest ami most doploia
nlo ( tied of tho rm.)imutioi will be
to fire the whole South info ono burn
ing mass of inextinguishable bate and
study for revenge, and to 1 utterly des
troy all hope of restoring thu Union.
This wur was undertaken for, that
purpose alone- -it was to put down tho
rebellion in order that tho nuctent j
iimitj of thvj nation and the integrity
I .
1 111.
MIlcS UCjl llieic 'illllilie8 and all that
ii'iieiifo dcur, And ihcn t o what
'a.'iilu''il.HS it iiieieiit to the,' ('ecu
it," pfttif of'tjio MisinHip-.i Vfllev i Of
fiiLat 'v.i'i.'tVwni h'.. rl,. nf tL, nr.ut
:i;; ji.,tli i uimi is n;ade to strip
f;6 'yntic'if?()!rtji ljar. of all estnta,
r.uf. periiiiar ri.iV iiiix'c J ? It will
Jj.'nid'ocu cui;h u 6jiint euiirag(;niam
a fiire'e utnl iiiicimrotiiitar ro
and whose solo idea of
hlierlv in hi live without labor ? Tha
.i!itiie ui.per region ot tho Oiiio and
1 iriipsippi is vitally interwoven in
fdefeaf", of this tnoiistr-'iis edict. It
jwiil rjiicli to every farm and workshop
thai vas r."ion and it will destroy
j"if Vio, C-ri'titim'i n . uiiunt bu. main
I.imVi.J !' .iit iyh'it hope, can theru b
' Jj II " ' II ' h I)' i( flllCl UeS;
ruble ro-
. I o
sittanec tliiit no n!t r uroiiesitiona wiii
l i I ' i ' . . I
ny iicetji'i.i. una vi i o neceSBitv. pom-
p)K tin; Souilivra .luioplo to iLht ns
lu seonij run Jigl.t who liglit for their
'aJery of our co'ninierc, whenit lea
im t!:iv..i..l. .1. i";,'.!, .. ii
'l.ucreji lignVii'turu of a luzy i -norauc
nt.-i. v.l.o i,in,i,i,.n . il. ..,.,
1 ' . . .
iiiu.ocsi niarKet lor whatever the in
duslry of I lie people might produce.
will not pursue- these views any fur
ther they are suggestions that mint
s'nk, deep iutj tho minds of evtry
statesman. , , .
. Uut by fur the most alarming Aspect
which the proclamation jjrwnU
1. . 1 ... . . .
itself U its usurpations of the power
ii .. ' ,1 . .
'i uiv sii 1 uiin iii iiimii 1 tie specious
pretext that tlio President "sincerely
believes it to be an act of justice, war
ranted by the Constitution upon 'irr,li
tary iiecess tr.' " If military necessity
not to be measured by .constitutional
limits, wo are no longer a free po p!o.
Tho sword has b-enme paramount,
and the civil authority siibordiniPe.
The monstrous doctrine lias already
reCiived an-indignant rebuke f.om th'a
people tli('inselve6., The great States,
New York, Ohio, Indiana, Now
Jersey-and Illinois, in their recent
elections., have put their veto npon it;
and later returns" indicate that Con
nect icutij oilici paits of Now Eiig
lan'd wiwfeoou.iidd their emphatic con
ileiiination. Indued, it is apparent
that the, people are aroused to the sense
thu dancer lhat threatens their
cocfititutional', liberties, and will, in
good time, come to the n sciio. 1'i.til
.1 .... . , ,
'oat day, whicli is utiniies lonnb y nenr
1.1' ... 1 - '
naim, ainvcs, u oecomes ivent'icii,
. . 1 . .
maintain the position sho has huh-
erto occupied. Let her not aliuto on
't or tittlu of ber opposition to Sec s
ion or Abolition ; bu; let her poiso
lier.(e!f iipon tbe great truth th.v m tn
capable of Sidf government, and ttmt
tlod disiiiMs this country for a great, a
Jr.'c nn i happy people, and shap.. her
policy to that groat en.i. In tho mean
time tho legislature will d- wdlt'
tollow the i x-uniile of our Kentucky"
lailn ri1, and place upon her records ta
. i.l 1 ,
u'1 ,!,"! 'ro,,!n,ati"n- nn:1
I1"" 't pr.nc.plesof Amen-
11 li.lfl' Si ntrn Citt.l Y.ili.itnl
ubeity b.ato and Sational.
In conclusion. I may be permitted
remaik that tho distressing calami
ties ( I ihe past year tench us an im
portant ki n. Uurinz thu lonir ue-
'" ot' ,mr national independdnce.
God has favored us ns ho has favorej
othi-r nation. lie blessed tho
Union of thou.! States ; and under the
Coiisf.tnti m of our fathers tho people
were- pr "".purees and happy. Alan,
the nifidncss of his ambition, or
li.r.mvh ihe insanity of discontent,
(U ito. 'k to sever the bonds by whiclj
Wore united, and ruin and dtsola
tion have followed. The wrath of
man has been let loose, and it has
shewn us what, a fearful penalty
awaits tl.oso who misuse the g"odn?89
Pr ivideiice. Yet our Heavenly
Father has claims upon our gratitude
the mercies He has mixed witU
chastisement. lie ha3 caused tho
earth to be prodigal in its yield. The
feed time and the harvest havo como
their season, and the garnars have
been nTcd to overflowing .with ihe
abundance of the past year. Ho hat
tempered the winds and fo' directed
the elements of life, tliiit the poiti
lenco that walked at . noon day has
placed its foot within'onr borders,
health has been vouchsafed c, ua
an lin usual degree For these and
Uis blessmg to us,' we, llio pcoplo
t.hould pi also him ' ."
vTT8 Don't , siand there Ipafcng,"
said. ProlVsjor .n't Fiankhji t and
Mursbail :College:to, three ,stuacutg
elafiding where, they sliouldp't. .,,
'VeVe' nut !'aflag,!!'8aid- one of
them ; there are only. three .of .u3j otd
takes leaven a make a loaf.

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