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WE BB, Keoeliar
RAILROAD. THE FOURTH OF JULY.
The Democratic Association at
the Academy of Music.
SPEECH OF GOVERNOR SEYMOUR.
[From the New York World, July 6.]
DEMOCRATIC UNION ASSOCIATION.
By tho timo of tho commencement
ot tl9 exercises crery nvailablo pluco
of tho AcaJomy va3 crowdod, altlio
ngbtho ndmission was by ticket, nnd
bflndred3Uver&"obllied to leavonaWe
to obtain boiits, cr eveii standing
room. Tho' ftontleraeu of tho Asao.
ciation were stationed in various parts
of tlio house ultcDilin to tho comfort
of tho assemblage. Tho etago was
decorated by iuunenso American flags,
furled overhead, "Democratic Union
Association." Tho privato houses
were alao decorated .with tho Star
and Stiipcs. -
.After tho playing oi "Hail Colura
lia" by tho band, tie Chairman in
troduced Horatio. Seymour, Governor
ot Now York. Ho was received with
tho greatest cnthn!;i-!i), with waving
of Lata and handkqt (:!:;.-, and, whim
tho cheering was e ij ;Aoid to.luvo
ceasod, it was renovtuiV several tiiaos
wit'n the most . enthusiastic demonstrations.
SPEECH OF HORATIO SEYMOUR.
Fellow-citizens: When I accepted
tho invitation to Bpcrtk with others at
this meeting, wo wcro promised the
downfall of Vicksbur, tlio opening
of tho Mississippi, tho prob.iblo ca-
tuio ot tho Uontetlerato Capital, and
tho exhaustation of tlio rebellion. By
coininon consent of all parties ho had
tixed upou this day when too results
of the campaign should bo known, to
mark out that lino of polcy which
thuy foil that our country should pur
sue. But in tho moment of expected
victory tlieru camo tho midnight cry
lor help from l'onnsylvania to sav:
its despoiled fields from tho invading
foe, and, although within sight of this
great commercial metropolis, the
ships of your merchants wero burned
to tho water's edge. Since that time
I bavo occupied every hour, to tho
point of physical uxhaustatioij.to rally
our troops to tho ioihmig of an ndjoin-
nig 6ister Matt- 'h'meuil'nv, ap'Luu(.J
to organize tho militia ot our own
State for our defense, m l to place
New Yoik in that condition of liiiiity
and power wieti a grout State should
ever hold that truly respect of its own
rights. Ureat app.ausc. 1 have
coucernod myself with those measures
that 1 thought wero calculated to pro
tect tho commerce ot this great city.
1 stand kforo you, then, upon this
occasion, not as ono animated by ex
pected iuteries, but feeling as all feel
who aro now within tho sound of my
voice, the dread uncertainties of the
conflicts which rago around u3, not
alouo iu Pennsylvania, but along tho
whole lino of tho Mississippi con
tests that aro carrying down to bloody
graves so many ot our lellow-country-
mon, ho many of our friends that aro
spreading renewed mourning through
out this great broad land of ours.
Under circumstances' hko theso, I
shall allow to go unnoticed many
topics upon which I meant to speak
on this occasion. They might seem
to jar with tho solemnity of tho occa
siou. They might not bo in keeping
with tho feelings which now press on
each breast of ours. But thcro is one
subject to which even now I feel it my
duty to call your attention. There is
ono appeal that I want now to make
to this whole community, irrespective
of party, and I pray that you may hear
that appeal.. A few years ago we
stood beforo this community to warn
them ol tho danmaot 'etciional strife,
but our tears wero miiug,, iit. At a
latter day, when tho clondd of war
overhung our oountiy, we implored
those in .'minority to compromise that
difficulty, for we had been told by a
groat orutor and ; statesmen, Bnrke,
that thcro never yet wa3 a revolution
that might no havo been perverted by
compromise made in a timely and
graceful mauuei'. Great applauso.J
Our "prayers wero unheeded. Agaiu,
when the contest was opeued, wo in
voked those who had tho conduct of
afiairs nolj to 'nuderrata tho power of
tho ad vorsary net to underrate tho
courugo and -resources, and endnrAnco,
ot otir own sister -States; Ally this
warning : was treated as sympathy
with treason.. Y Yuu.. have the results
of these unhoedod; warnings and nn
haeded prayers ; they , have 6taihed
our soil with btood ; they have carried
ri)6urtripgJnto .thousand of, 'homes
and tOpday they : have brought our
country to the very vorgo of destruc
tion. Once more 1 come before yon.to offer
again an earnest prayer, and bid yon
to listen to a warning. Our country
is not only nt this timo torn by ono of
tlio bloodiest wars that has ever lav
aged tlio face of tho earth, or of which
history gives an account, but, if wo
turu oiir faces to our own loyal States,
how is it thero I Do you not find the
community divided into political par
tios, strongly arrayed against each
othor, and using, with regard to each
other, terms of reprosch and dciliu. ?
Is it not said by those who snpport
mora particularly tho Administration ,
that we who differ honejtly, patriot
ically, Bir.ccreiy, from them with re
gaid to tho liuo of duty, aro men of
treaaonablo purposes and traitors to
our couutry ? "Hear, hear." But,
on tho other hand, is it not trno that
many of our organization loot upon
this Administration as hostilo to our
righta and liberties ; look upon our
opponents as men who would do U3
wrong in regard to our most sacred
franchises t I need not call your at
tention to tho tono of tho press or to
tho tono of public fooling, to show you
how, at this moment, parties are thus
exasperated, and stand in almost de
fiant attil tides to each other. A few
years ago wo wero told that soctiona!
strife, waged in times like thcsc.would
do harm to our country ; but 3011 havo
seen tho sad bloody results. Let us
bo admonished now in timo, and take
care that this irritation, this feeling
which is growing up in our midst,
shall not also ripen into civil troubles
that shall carry tho evils of war into
our very midst and about or,r own
homes. Now, upon ono thing all
parties agreed, and that is this :
Until wo havo united North wo can
havsi no successful war'. Until wo havo
a united, harmonious North, wo can
havo no benelieiont peace, llow shall
tho unity of all parties bu obtained ?
I wioh to say a fnv words to you upon
this point, which, I firmly buliove, is
ono of tho most important considera
tions to which I conld call your atten
tion. Is hurinoijy to bo coerced ? I
.ijipi.Ml to you, my Republican friend?,
wlicii you say to us that tho nation's
li!e aud exlatanco hangs upon har
mony and concord hero, if you your
selves, in your serious moments,
believo that this is to bo produced by
seizing our persoud, by infringing
upon our rights, by insulting our
homes, and by depriving us of those
cherished principles for which our
lathers fought, and to which wo have
always sworn allcgianco ? Groat ap
plauso. I do appeal to you, my Re
publican friends, and beg that you
will receive this appeal in tho earnest
and patriotic spirit which prompts mo
to make it. 1 appeal to you if you
aro not doing yourselves and your
country a groat wrong when you do
claro that haruiouy and unity of par
ties aro essential to savo tho nation's
life, essential to tho highest interests
of our land, and yet stigmatizo men
as true and honest as yourselves, and
whom exporieuco has proved to have
been wiser, too, as men who do not
lovo their cpnuty, and who aro untrue
to their institutions.
How, then, aro we to get this indis
pensable harmony this needed unity?
It is not to be obtained by trampling
upon rights ; it is not to be obtained
bypoercion; it is not to bo obtained
by attempting tq close our lips whon
we would utccr tho honbat purposes of
onr hearts and tho warm convictions
of our judgment. But, my Republi
can friends, thero is a modo by which
it! can bo reached ; thero is a modo
by which the nation's life can be
saved ; thero is a mode by which, in
tho end, will restore this Union ot
ours, and bring . back those various
priviiegos which were so wantonly
thrown away. We corne to you in no
spirit of vengeance. We do not como
to you asking yon to mako any con
cession of advantage to us. On tha
contrary,' wo only say to you, holding
in your hands and in your 'control
almost all tho political power of your
country, to exercise- it according to
your thartered righta. ' ' Tremepdous
npplause. ; Wo only ask . that you
ehall give to us that which you claim
for yourselves, and tliat which every
freeman, and every man' who respects
himself will. have for himself rfree
dom of1 speech,' tho right to exercise
all thd franchises conferred ' by the
Constitution1 upon ' an Ainorican.
Great. applause. !- . 1 '" : ;.r.
; ' Can yon safely dt ny us theso things?
Are you noMrampling upon us, and
ujion. our rightB if you refuse to listen
to such au appeal ? Is it not revolu
tion which you aro thus creating whon
you say that our pursom may bu
rightfully seized, our property confis
cated, our homes enteicd ? Aro you
not exposing yourselves, your own
interests, to as great a peril fi9 that
with which yoir threaten us? Remem
ber, this, that the bloody, and treason
ablo, and rcrolutionry doctrine ot
public necessity can bu proclaimed by
a mob as well as by a Government
Applause - Remember all tho teach
iDifl of history ; nnd we implore you,
with regard t your own iutuiists, to
iiiujj iim: i:)q:.:rj 11 you nro noi uoing
yoursclvos and your own familes, and
all thht you hold dear dear to yon, an
ir.linito wrong when yon sustain prop
ositions that tear away from them, as
well as from us, all tho protections
which tho Constitution of your coun
try has thrown around public liberty.
Can you tell when ambition, lovo
of plunder, or thirst for power, will
induco bud md d:;ngeroin mui to
proclaim this v.iy prii: :!'.; 1 pnoHi'
necessity, as a reason why the;-- .-h-iuld
trample beneath their ft 11. 1 tho law.
of our land, and tho institutions of onr
country ? 1 ask you again to think if
mca&ures like thcao givo power, dig
nity, or strength to our Government i
I ask you, on tho other hand, if these
governments havo not lived out the
longest periods, which, in theso times
of public danger, instcid of shrinking
back from the principle oi' liberty and
tho barriers of order, havo raised aloft
theso great principles, and battled un
der them, and thus given strength to
tho heart of tho people, and gained
the respect of tho world. A pphtuso.
I a6k you if it is not an evidence 01
weakness, defeat and discomfiture,
when, in tho preecneo of armed re
bellion, tho Administration is com
pelled to assert that very charter by
which it holds its power lias censed to
have a virtues that can protect a citi
zen in his rights.
Supposo.wo accept th 13 doctrino,
what will bo the conscquenco to this
Government. ' To-day tho groat mas
ses aro conservatives who still battle
for timo honorod principles for char
tered principles ot government, nm id
denunciation and contumely, and
abu30, are then only barriers that
stand between this Government and
its own destruction. If wo accept to
morrow this teaching- if wo to-morrow
should acquiesce in, tho doctiine
that in timo of war Constitutions are
suspended, aud laws havo lost their
forco, then we should accept a doctrine
that tho very right by which this
Government administers its power,
has lost its virtuo, and wo would be
brought down to a level of rebellion
itfeolf, having an cxistenco only by
virtuo of material power. Would
not a vital blow be struck to liberty ?
If we should accept this doctrino.what
would bo tho conseqnenco ? When
men accept despotism, thoy may have
a choice as to who tho despot will be.
Tho struggle then will not be, Shall
wo havo constitutional liborty.
But having accepted tho doctrine
that tho Constisution has lost its
force, every instinct of personal ambi
tion, every instinct'of personal secu
rity, will load men to put thomsclvos
under tho protection of that power
which they supposed most competent
to protect ' their their persons. And
then this Administration would find
that, in putting military rulers over
us they, had mado military masters
for themso'ves ; for this war teaches
us that tho General who will betray
the liberties of tho pcopolo for the
purpose of gaining the favor of power,
will when opportunity t cours fceitL
power it8elt. Api-iA'ts;. 1 came
hero to-day to appt-u it y.u, who
may be politically opposed to us.
Don't do yourselves a wrong,itnd pu .h
us from thai position which wo are
trying to hold. Do not uso abuso
and contumely against our persons,
and threr.ts against our property, bo
cause wo stand up to say that you, and
wo, and all shall havo our rights ;
because1 we stand up to say, your
houses shall bo sacred ; becauso we
stand .up to say, the family circle shall
not be entered, and, in English par
laneo, every man's homo shall bo his
castle, within which ho hVsafo from
; Why. what is the glory of a people
aod the glory of a nation ? It- is not
the magnitude of its power ;' it is not
th 0 extent of its dominions. It is the
ftict that tho hnmblest home is safe
under' its protection. The rroudesl
boast ever uttcrod by Britain's proud
est statesman,' was this not of mar
tial achievements not of the triumph
;Upoa thu field iiot oi that woudcrfu!
dominion upon which tho enn never
octs no, it wai this : that the British
monarch could never enter without
permission the humblest homo in the
land, ulthonght i 1 3 Woken ceilings
might givo but sctTity sholtcr to iti
hum bio inmates. Great applause.
IV r what are governments constituted
but for this ? not f r dDininion not for
grandeur, but in order that theso great
tiida m'g!:t lo reached ; that every
man should enjoy the righta of person
and security of home, and freedom of
e mscierico and tho enjoymertf of his
property, subject to tho laws. Theso
are the great objects of government;
and any government, and any system
that comes short of t!ii, fails in its
obj'K.'ts ; and any declaration that
assails or t-ndan.ers theso great oh
ji'ctss U treason against human rights.
Unr, it is said there is a law of
necessity that in times liko these bus
ponds out Constitution- that war is
u'! v.voniblo to liborty. It is not true.
Liberty v :i.-t 00; n in war; it d-ic !" t
lie in war. On-at ai"-' ir..-:;.1 Lil.-. tv
was vi, nght oil1, in w.i Lui'J'.'-l! Jd.
Tii at v. on doiTul p-.'op'o who founded
tins re.it Stato tlio liollanJf-ra
who fur eighty year-, buttled ngiinst
the martial laws and martial powers
of Spain, mado it a principle which
sustaine I them during that long con
test, aud enabled them to render their
history glorious in tho annals of man
kind. Wcro porsonal rights and
personal liberties suspended by our
forefathers during our Revolutionary
contest? ion heard tho words of
that Declaiation of Independence,
which said th; t men had a right to
trial by jmy ; that tho military au
thority never bo exalted nbovo the
civil jurisdiction ; that men should
not bo transported p broad for trial
tremendous applause that they
should havo all tho rights and privi
leges known to English jurisprudence
and English law ; nnd yet to-day we
are told that tho men who put forth
that declaration of rights and of independence
amid, tho roar of battle,
when our nation was struggling into
cxistenco in all its weakness, who
declared and they mndo their decla
ration good by their conduct through
hat contest that these rights were
to bo held sacred in war, that these
men who uttered this declaration in
war made a Cotistitntbn that dies and
shrinks away in war that men lear
ned in tho perils of revolution had
formed a Government, under which
wo livo. that was not equal to the
very highest purposes from which
Governments nro constituted. 1 tell
von it is a libel upon our fathors.
Great applause. So; far from it
being true that thoso who formed this
Constitution contemplated thattht-so
powers should be suspended, yoiifind
in nil these provisions particular care
for all tho dangers and tho exigencies
of war; yon find numerous provis
ions that are meant to guard against
the very clangers that now menaco us.
Your iittetuion has been called to the
fact by tho gentleman who preceded
mo. Why wus it that they so care
fully guarded all your right3 amid
public disorder if they meant that tho
uitro exif.tenco of disorder Ehould sus
pend the barriers of public order and
private rights ? This 'doctrine of sus
pension of tho Constitution this
doctrino of tho suspension of tho laws
is unconstitutional, is unsound, is un
jnst, ia treasonable 1 Tremondous
applause, ana waving ot hat3 aud
handkerchief. A voice : " That's
just the word !''
1 ! a.u ouo of thoso who aro full of
j liue i-.: tho luui 0. Not that I un-id-jrrato
the danger wbicit threatens u:,
not that 1 do iot di ; :.j;v ;:s nra h
iu livii"' i..a:i tiio ten 'Mo rav.ii'i.-.-, oi
war. -Rut doe war ne.ri viir
land? vjlt was becaus-' tho pcoplo ol
this forferation havo lost the v irtue?,
and patriotism, and wisdom id their
fathers. dt was was because wo had
bocomo indifferent to thoso great
truths which wo havo now laid before
us as if they were curiosiiics in legal
literature, instead of beinc; principles
that should bo impressed upon the
heart and minu ot every American.
I tell you why I am full of hopo that
our liberties will bo maintained, our
nation restored, and order ouco again
prevail. ovor this laud of ours. It is
his : . Examuio-yourselveB, and I ask
you how many there are within the
sound ot my voice who knew twelve
mouths ago what tho Constitution of
this country was? 1 do not say that
you did not understand' it intellectu
ally. 1 do not mean to say that it was
not imprinted upon your memory. 1
'do not mean to'eay that it had not re-
jeeired your nasent ; but it was not
until we wero rr.ada to fen!, na onr
fathers felt, the value or this declara
tion that they had put forth, that any
of m could ever see the significance of
tho Constitution of tint nnnniro on A
!tho Declaration of Independence.
Wo havo accented it, ns I said,'
mentally nnd intellectually; but why
was it, when theso familiar worda
sounded upon your cars on this occas
ion, us you havo heard them often
beforo on tho anniversary of your
country's liberty, that they stirred
your vory hearts within you, and made)
your blood tingle in you veins. My
friends, we have not now a mora in
tollectual knowledge of the Constitu-'
tion wo do not givo it uow a mere
mental support we have now, upon
that subjoct, a vital living piety that
makes 113 bettor men and better patri
ots; and wherever you go all ovor
this land, yon find these sontimentj
now exist in the minds of raoro than
a majority of tho American people.
They aro now fervent in their faith ;'
fixed in their purpose fanatics if you
pienai-, tor iuo groat principles of lib
erty, and fanatical in their determin
ation to see that thoso rights and
liberties are established. Great ap
pluuso. Wo havo seen in our land
two small parties, each an inconsid
erable minority in tho section of
country whero they existed, but men
of purpose men of zoal mon of fan
aticism. We have seen them wage a
war iipin tho Constitution of your
country, with n persistence and powof
that lias at last shaken it to its very
foundation, and Wight us to-day to
tho very brink of national ruin. . Wo
have eecn w hat zeal and purpose conld
do when it was opposed only by ajdall
mental acquiescence in great truths.
What may wo not hopo that wa may
do when tho great majority of tho
American peoplo have a fervent and
vital faith in theso principles which
you havo heard and read, and who
pioposo to maintain them at every
cost and at every hazard. Great
Do you wish for peace ? Do yott
wish for victory ? Do you wish for
tho restoration of onr nurmnal
leges? Ilero lies tho pathway, and
let tho American peoplo once Icara
the full value of their liberties as onr
minora did, and tho battlo is fought
and won. Without this, my friouds,
war can bring you no success peace
can give no quiet until the American
peoplo aro thus educated and elevated;
and I believe they are rapidly bocom-i
ing educated and elovatedk Until
that fakes paco, war or peace are tho
mero incident of tho great Underlying
causes of convulsion which havo affec
ted our land and 6iiakon onr tnon'fn
turns to tho very center. Your par-
A ' 1 .. ' 1
iieuiar views may load you toattfib.
nto it to one special canso or another?
special cause ; but thero is ono great
underlying general cause of this war
which must bo removed beforo tha
country can bo restorod.and that causa
was indifference to our righta, indiff
erenco to our liberties, and want of ad
elevated wisdom that could under
stand the duties of American citizen
ship. When you have gained this,
peaco will bo restored ; when you
have gained this, all the world can sea
that we havo gone back to the wisdom
of our fathers, and that we aro again
sustaining institutions that invited
iho whclo world to their shelter and
protection institutions that made us
but three short years ago the mosfl
ot.irinna nnlinn nn iUn f ..r ii..
a "i. vii iuu iue;o Ol. lilt
cai th. When wo have again restored
.i.t 1 1 .1 . . . ...
mm virtuo huii mat intelligence, our
coantry will again be restored to rU
I'.-.rmer greatness, and to its former)
ghry.. Great applauso.J
But, my friends, anything short of '
this will disappoint your hopes. No
victory can restore greatness,--and
glory, and power to a people who are
worthy . of liberty. . No peace will ;
briup: back Droarmritv rvn lnnrl -1,;,.j
r r "j .w.n IHUII WOIVU
can not understand the great priaci-
pieii upon wuicn governments should
be protected, apd the groat objects fof
which governments are instituted
Cut. mv friends. I miml i-Wa . rin
on I Go on I" Let us now, upon this
sad and solemn, as .well as glorious
occasion, rededicatoy ourselves to the
semes ot, onr country, .in pure and
tervent patriotism, putting aside paas
iona and prejudices as far as we may;
and ptepairiug ourselves to assert and
maintain the great, principles stated
in the Declaration of Independence;
and sccurod to us by the provisions
of rim flnnafirntinn of tlia tlnlf.trl
States. Let us resolve from this tims
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