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r. t s ! , NO NOII1U, NO SO ITII. VKDCIC TIIE COKST1T LTIOtV, BIT A SACKED .ifAI.NTEXAIVtE OF THAT IXSTIlt MERT AD THE ENIOX. VOL. 12. M'ARTIIUK, VINTON COUNTYOHIO. MAKCff, 3, ISC4. NO..-29. r i ' M p. I I ! vvv mm h n . u i m it IHcrtbur gcuruuat.- VCUSIlfCo , EKY TnL'E3..Vt IiT E. A. & W. E. D R ATT ON.! OFFICE: ! U rut ton's nniluKist, Ituat of Court TfciUMS, CASH. Th Dm.t will V ianton vear for One Dollar; Six Mouth, f-r F'fty Ceut; Three UoihU, for Tnty-fi t'cm. Hf All pM-'r will ba dim-jiitiutcl at to pirti Jtj or 1 09 um pin i TK8MH I'Oll ADVERTISING. One Sonera oneinrtion, Cofi illit-on! liueitioo, ,13 'urJ one year, . Nioc of appoint'Lu ,i ol M.inttr ow, (u ir linn nl KiiK-u'or . 1-50 Aital:iu-Jfitiiotiut nif-r,i . r. ."' Eilitoriiil nutljiK t-sr 1 i r. , OA t T mi tinea nuitiuu chuffed Quare 1 all Adwrtiwsincnu and L1 NMo mun be pnl-J In advni-c-. tiafVue ahoveternnmait be ororlid '.tb fcufAll paymunt niuat aa muile tu la rro The Democrat J obOfiico. W are propared to execute -vith fcoalt , ?.pauiii ml .i iirio-i tlut ilei' oonilUUe, 1t stu.t at J Ob w uii, au j.i a UOOK3, PA MPHLETS, UAW) HILLS, BliOW HILLS, ' POSTiilio, PROGRAMMES DILI. iIEl S. BLANKS of Ml KINDS. SHIPPING BILLS. LABELS, &c.,&c. rtlvemelrUl and beennviiicr-d iU wactn in 1 i'.l i .rittiii(ti:hav)T.fjTCtafl.t!ian aoy ii u tTl b . WHTUOMHUy SON Prorrl- ivtor K.Mnt 13'., rortirnr ml. 13cm rie l!our. JAUS9 I'mprloioi, 'Ili'tlj, Strait, lifir Muil,, CiuciuLvli,. Oliiv, &.(; Qua l"lii r pr day. A'lii piYsonB uni I'ORTSMOUTll, Oil!0 0KARLESvj08!?. This iiouic itM.t on Ui Siram !iat Landing. nJ near tin F.ailruait D'-pot, Nn Vinf will tijspr4 fur t.ie accujiaUt'iuii fGu-ti. ,l.;J,-l r. THE CHANEG OF TIME. SIOTO AND OCKING VALLEY RAILROAD. SUMMER A R RANG KMENT. OVaii'i ut'tor MomU y, April 13th, laiii , trii.wi .il n.Lin as !Vi11l, : omNoiiTB Mail Tialc laa.ea rcrtnea'h b'. t.C'J a. arrive at lluiiulcn at t. v mUSnol'JMJoaunclioii 10i ihronyu traia.. tc M4ri)ttaaul Cirvsinoni Rtliad for nlit poUt, Kint anJ Wuot. .Iceuinmuilatlon Tri-ir. !uuv l'ortmoutht VMt ; arrive at liatnjan at S 20 M. (lorxo Booth--eeommndalloB Train lav Ifanrto'.l at ti:15 i sr;arr;Tn ut Pnr'i-iDOUth 10:10 a. K. Mull Tl i 'mave1" If :rr.iloa t: r v; irrivo t l'urtiiinetrj ti) ii'r . v. Tbroaftb Tiokota'lor Mariutta. Cbllllcoth "eiunati and Oolumna.can be prttoied ttb kotOiMct'ede'.d rates. A L L 14 N ri V 1 L L fi STEAM MILLS, THE AlloQsvi'.lti Stcnm fl uriuir mi'ld.have tin clorpcona a th iro'.jb rapair. nn I lb proprie en wUueftj infurnt tho pu'jlic thnt tliey an ow prupurd to i!o ull en.nra work to the entire taMnfiiutl-n of h . i r uiutomera. hNKW MACHIN8 havnhat-B addj to Ihi will and our friomU will ii'l f ' good work ai,,i good turn out aaatany other mi!i, give nu gllaud test tbe truth of what we v. auif. Uth fi3 tfo. 11 C RT ) N RICE. EVEHV BODY COM?; TfllS WAY AND SEE HFLTEBRAN & BEYER'S n P F. U I A L MARBLE WORKS wehioh we r Jnat oponing and jou will Una U tne ouenpest place to nuy GUVK STONES in1'i n'y W,iSflnh nnr Mnr'i'e at ih vi ry lowait cob orices. H'd think we art aafo wboo ire aay taer Dal ner oeen any- porajo in mc Arthur, that can t 'c na down In point of WORKMANSHIP DESIGN OR FINISH. Onr Marble ti ef the bext qoality, bain Tint land and Italian. Too will find ua nrecarad ta furnish jon with Qrava Stone at raoet any price mac you may aeairo H. B. WehaveaU en band tbe celebrated Bt"a (Jrlnd Btona, which we wi!Uell low for ah.- D aot forzet the Tiliwe when In Town. BELTEBItANA BOY ' . " Corner of Main Logan tteei ROAD NOTICE. Tk.TOTICK herebv riven that a nutltlnn i will be preeentod to tbe Coramteioner Of Vinton iouniy unto, at their Marob 8?eaion 18. rrayiBg ror tu g ranting and opening of tvtuii oumuianviag point near Jiarnol A Sodd mill in Elk Towi rhip; and ronrjinir thenoe in abont a 7t)tem!y direction thronvh tbe )ndiof Jamee bobbins, Joseph llowall, juramuniwis jipearucner anaotnera iai. aaldTowiww", naenarna aanaueonthe"OVJ .v .ii r .i . t- . . . - . . . i i Bortkdde of tie To iof.lieTof3-ri6t ot V-cArthnrneirJjTsitibility where lr. (From the Northern Budget. April 16, 1861.) Crisis at baud! The Fathers of the Constitution on Coercion. u'ulcoi - (f" ..-i P ; t A .. : i ; of nsioj force against the' The Union Is disolvcl. Var i rnj;ing between the UiviJi'J fragments. Henceforth the Nortl1 and the SoutS aro niicti nations. It I too lato for compromise, or risonnstruc'ion. Slia.l we tflt (tn sliall civil vntr rfltjc, cr tiliiill wo Imvo n pcncouWo 8(''uru'i"i) I Wlnitover ni,v Iiavu bitn the sins of om'ssion tr coitiii:U;i n by wliiilt tlie Ibtu Adiiiiniitrr.tion tJivulu 1 tk i) tnucrdtic tuty, mih! tints ri-nk'rl iiievitrtl-ia tin- divitiion i t tho country, thuy at least shrunk fromtlu n-Hpun-siblli'.y t'f jilunUikt tint country in'o war. I'oiitiua I'i'hIo wusIkhI liin httikis ul Ihu bloctl ol'tlio Srtvinr, a'nl wh;it('vor mrty imvo bo n wmik iitsj, .t ttio wettkiii'git o' I lid Rni.iu KuverimuM.t in tl.o ii)i!et uf 11-luvw cnntomi) anJ Hvl.r.i'.v ii s'.itmiona, lit nt !ta-t aitifltid tu lurticiputj in tlic xritijo. A cMti.'tnpornrj, tho other day, tviis tliinuiid'iig l'd mun to suvo the counfiy,'' nnd nrtied that the grihttBt criminal Imvo M encccistul anniik, or i-L;r.n.d ctuupaijjiiH, or in augurated civil policy, which had donu tiiuro f r tho binttit cftiiiinkii.d limn hI thuir pi-rsiiial tan hxl done fl'iii';ft (Iwni. I'lio in'i;rt!iice wa tlitt "Uld Aim" whs not bttd fiiiijH for thu pnrp so. IJi c if ho is not, t'ltiy enn bo i.o doubt that ho has bad mi -viscrs tqnal t' r any urpnau. Ho w they huvo plunged tho couii try in'o a war, and unliu tho peoplo who aro to eupply its "sintswi" uru wiser tlinii tlit-ir aontj, it wid bo a whr iiDparu!o!Ld in atrocity, vrimf, and rttkltM dovr.rtation Tho po:cy of th'i black republican, troiu tin very tirt, ha b.cu to ruiidcr effjc tuai and irnrocablo tho proicnt dis ropt ioi.a ot tho old Un.oii to i ho end that their hold ol'powur might be per j-ctuHtod. Tbe policy oftbu S( uhur'i (IrccaUra his been tlio fanif, a'id for thu eiiuio ruajoii. Tho juried ot placv lios bceu t!io 0''i, trolling wieiucut with tkvm toih, itiid bii'.wivn thu to li e Union has beeu crucitiod. But so far as there is any nattor ol dipntoS to the powers ot ;h Fedei ' uoft-ri ii.'.iit in tiio prii:is-.s, thu) ' qtKstit n" was s-tllud boloro tho pro at-nt niu:inistrut jrs of thu ovprbmoiit ero bi.rn. It trno.io in Mi6 Conven tion which framed the Un tod Citato Connti'.ution, and was Irutily and fully d Ecoetcd and authoiitatively suttlod. Hie ui(uutioii Wii8 c'l tho Ii.lh. wing clwufu in tie G Ii section of Gi'vvrnr Ua'idoiph's pint) in regard to tl'O powers to U exercised by tho Con ;jrca, viz: "To call forth tho IV-rco oi'iheUiiu-n against in y mumber of tlio Union, litilii g fo fu fill ita duly miJer the articles lh reoJ." Yutus Notes 2-7. And aleo on thu following olaus-j, in Mio 7th res -lotion ot Mr. I'attcr- s p's plan (calkd tlu Jeraoy pluu) v't: "Ii my State, or any body of nn-n in any S ate, shall op,nad or previn; :hi cuj ryitijt into tx -cniion such actis i-r tiuitus, mo ftacrai lixecumv cbull lo iiiitl.t r. zod lo ca t lottlt thu towers f llm c-'n'edcratfd Stuto3, or so much thereof as may bo necosaiy, to eijVr:u an-1 couipel an obodiencj to each nets, or an cbriorv'incuol such tre it k." Yates Notes, 2i3. In the former plan this power as to bo invested in C jn,;rpa ; is tiio latter, in ihe Executive. Hith plans were taken arfd ccnilyrod tt--oihor and the powers wero rej jtod un l dt n nDccd us impraciicdb-e and dstruc tivo to tho Uaiou. Mr. Madison said : 'That the more ho reflected on th ubo of force, tiiu uiro lie donbto 1 tin practioabillity, tho justice anJ iffi;vy of it. when applied to pooplo ci-ll- e tively and no; individually. An unioj of tho States co'staihing uch an iu fircdleut soeuied to provide f.-r its own destruction. Tho nsu of fore against a State would look more li.ro a declaration of war thau an inflic tion of punibhrocDt, un.t w-n'd be considered by tho party attacked as a dissolution of all previous compact by which it miiiht bo bound. Ho hoped that snob a ctystem wruld be framod as u ight render this reconrco mincceseary, and moved tbat tho clau 60 bo postponed. The motion was 9eretd to tier,. cn." 21 vol. Maii- Bon papers, 761. On page 823 he again said : 'That any goveinmout of the Uui- , a ; " ,nj nn ia .j Stntia, wouM provo as vfnionary and lul'iicious o? tho government of Con-zrt-ss. Cmld thu nsti-Wil rc.)urces. .f exerted to tho ntin.-s'. enforce a na ; ion ri I d.-creu siiut MicSfichutts, tihetttd, pithiip. by several of bet noi(hborR ? It would nut bo poss ible.'' A'cxnr.dor Hamilton, who it !a well known, di's'n d a fctr -njrand as -r'ot liere-Iitary syntv.ni of t'overmneut (sei! pnj,'i bat; R:mi on t ( i : s mi juct : ' F-rco, by wli;c!i insy l-o wo!l nn .lerstH'i a common of I tws. or a cj- r cion if ariiH. -'Congresa have n-.t the foiiner, except in few cases. In pr t'cuhir S'lites, thij ot rt'on is in-arly siIQci--nt ; tboug'i ho h 1 1 it in it) t ca--e6 not entiiolv so. A certawi pur lion of military forco wis abvilutiily iieco-sury in ci mmunitieB. Mtisi c1uhi'I!8 was now feolmj; this in c-iHi-tv and link provii-'iH for it. (S'lav's rob'.-l ion ) Hu how can thlt ifm's be exentd rn tho States lluv- tivuly i It is impossible. It amounts to a war butwuen tho parties. Foreign powers also will not bo Idle suec'a tors They will interpose; tho c u fusiou will 'n!reae ; ind a dissolu tion of the Union will eusuo." Gov. Oe"rg'i Majon, on p;ijrc 91i, cxpre83o-i hi l!a-eiit to uny plan that ciilJ at ho executu l wiihout mili tary coercion, an-1 said : Tho most jvrrin elomon'a of na ture, liio and water tliuinsulv, are not iuto tucomputiblo than such a mixture of civil liberty and military t'.U'C'Uiou. Will thu militia march troin one Sutio into another, in order to toll'ct tho taxes troiu tho dolin ij'iunt I'l-'inhi-raof tho Republic ? Will tln-y inuln'ain an nrmv for this pur p--nu ? Will not tho bitizjua of the iuviidod Statu assist one nn- thur till thev riso as nu man, And tlnko off iho Union nitoutlier ? Rjliellion is ih.i only ose in which tho military lorcu ol a St.te can bo properly ex oi ted na nst its uitiz ns. llu was siruclc with horror at tlio piospoct of res-irtin to this expod'unt." Ltitlmr Martin alsrj oppOJij.T'COor cioii of delinquunt States, although "not against asaistiru Status against rebellious eul jocts ; (sea pag 016 ) Tho important distinction to bo ob sorvul between iu-lividu;ile rebelling iigitiint the States in which Ihy are c.liz ns or eut jjcts, an I tho pjople of a Stale, col'eetivJy throwing off tde-r allui-mce to tho Unio.i, whic'i they in their sovereign c.t.jfti-iiy cotilribut tid to establish, 'to i-uotiro doinoti: tran'iility, j nvi lo for tho common dofn-co, promote tlu general wvltaro. and to on-iiiro tho b'tedns of liberty lor tho usolves aii'I their p titiiiity." was kept in vi-uv and urgod through out tho entire d'6cusio!). Ti o j-owi-r to cooico i S'afo, or tht pt-i-plo of a S ate, when acting cIIco tiveiy.in rutuaiu its revenues, qnutus. --r o'.lnl duties t- the Uuioil, was ex prissy ileuicd to Congress, as we'd U9 to-t'io tX-'Ciiiivu, by tho convention. f bo pt'ver of tin executive was ac oordmgly rtetrictod to tbo mo of inili tury f -reo only in ciucs ol a rebellion or insurrection by citron of a State aaaiiipttbo State government, (Art. 4, s. i Tnro ighjiit tho dob.tto on tiiijdeliCit'e sul-j.ct, it was conceded th it the people o:' a St ito col ectivoly. iniuht bo, both djliuqiiht and dis obedient to tho federal government, and tint the government bail not and ou,jlit not to bavo tho power tocooro.t them by military foroo- Such an in gredioet would indeed havo provided lor its owu diSluctio'i ; an J tlu tx nciso ot such a power even by an ex ueutive o! ad tho States, and not ol a fraction thereof, must bo conhidured an a declj.ra'ioii of. war agaiust doliu quent and ilis-ii-edieut S.ates. Do:8 ilr. Linaoln r uny -f his Udbiuet tliink tlmt iho in.l.iu of one State will march ;n'o a lutnor for tbo purpose of ct'llectin, revenues or fax es, at his beck or command i Too thing is iinpobsible. Why does ho not learn wisdom from the lessons of the "Falhurs of tbe Constitution " which 1:0 s-i euthusiiis'ica'ly extolled in hie ulectionounng haiHiigu is I Why pro- cipitato tbe eou.it ry into civil war by iiBSum.ng powers Uever ilclogated to any I'rebidont of the United States, whilu wo wore ouu ieople I Is con sisicucy as a partizau, or udolity to a boliticai "piaiiorin eumaeni aioio ev for such a course! War is no longer a more word, trolled for amuse ment in iho White House. It ii ro soandiog now over every mou.it and v alloy from the Atlantic to the Tact ile, and baa become tho household word of every citv, town and bamlot. And ws w'th whecnl War with vriwonrowh. torcsts war with ourown hopes for the future, ad with tho hopes that others Imvo h.il in ih I 8ich is the tvr which is cow upon ni I And lor what I Can any body tell ! Extracts from the Late Speech of the Hon. James Brooks, of New York. Delievered in the House of Representatives. I , We make tho following extracts from Mr.'Bk' lato speech : v Mr;-Brook- Tbis is the nferipg wedge put iuto the biil. Hut, Air. Spakv-r, it is in vain for mo to at tempt to didcuaa tho details of this bill, for it is a bill which .litis doubt It 8 buen caucuied and settled and decided up .oi uidOAhcro. 1 will not, tliertl'oiu, wiisto the tiolo of the House in a turtle discui-'ii of its details. It it is dec ee I out of do n s to be enact ed, it wilt be enacted in doors, and in urgUiiient of mine would havo uny eti'sct on thu gunilcmei) who have so decreed. Indcul, whenever it gentle brui from Mass.tcbiHCttB, in these our latter days, introduces any bill or propoiiuis any proposition for the consideration of tho llousc, I always listen to him with attentiro ear J. with ippruhenaion, with soinothin uf awe, nay, vruii tn.it ucup liuerem lien nn U 'man of old must havo lit teued to tho unrolling of tin leaves of the Sibyl, or the Greuk to tho uttoriugsuf tlu i-ntc'e in Delpims. Maseachuaetts is now the loading power in this country. Whatever she decrets is in all probability to be law. She exerc so3 tho Banjo control ovor tlii j va3t country, which stretches from tho Taasiiniiiqtto-ldy to the Rio Graude., as from tlio Rio GranJo to ttte l'dcidvi, that was exercised by I in pcrial Rjino on the little Tiber, from Ih l'illar of Hercules to tho Eu phrates and Tigris. Roatou, her capital, is well called tho hub of our universe, with hor 6pokos now in serttid. in New York, Pennsylvania, Chio, and into , the great West, the great Northwest, tho rim of whoso whoel n iw runs with frightful, crush ing velocity from that PaBBamaquod--ly to Unit Rio Graudo. Uouce, whenever agontleman from Massaehusetts rises upon this Ujoi introducing a bill liki this, if I do uot look upon liim as a god or a demi god 1 look upon him as a power sure to dictate thu legislation of tho House, and to have a va-t control over tbis country. Jt is dueroed, in all proba bility, as waj decrcod in tho case oi the contidcation bill, that this eman cipation or land occupation bill shall pass this iioiitu. It is written ; it is oidained. It U a Massachusetts tliiiinlt rbo't. There flashes now. in tho fijry, fiirioiis furnace of this bolt iLlend-i eul C-irtliaj Aye, not on ly that Carthago in to bj d-Mroyod, but "dtUndi eat Aiio" Africa is to bo destroyed also. Slavery is ba abolished, and with It tho Alricun. I listen 1 tremble bobro tho decree. I bear now from the fteeples, the spires, the pulpits of Massachusetts, vfiia! I have often heard in the Mos lem Erst from .tho inhiruU of the m-Rq io, the cry to go forth, "X'i U-faAi-m i't Allah m' Mohammed, rasul Alla" God is great, and M as aachusetts is his prophet, (laugh tor ) A euporior raco is now under ilia -lecreo f (his bib, to conio in contact wi'.h an inf.rlor i act ; tho African is to bo mot with tho wbito man ; tho poor, humble son of Africa, tha necro, is coiuo into compet tion and conflict with the astute Massachusetts white taskmaster. Slavery, tharefore, in! Una coollu-t oi ra.'cs, ts not only to bo abolished, bnt tho slave is to be abol ished also. Two races, the superior an I inferior, can not live i-i equality. agsani ot tbo Pquods before th0i .V- ... .... . .1 What was tbo tate ot the Wamoano- I'ur.tao n MassauiiUeetts i? to bj the lato of tho negro slavo whenever l t c-mes in contact with the white man. I know the spirit of Massachusetts. I know her inexorable unappeasable, demoniac energy, f know that what she decrees she will execute, as when she ordered tbo burning of tho witch es at Salem, or the scourging of the Quakers, or exile of tho Baptist to tho rocky shores of tho Nartagansott,! .i . i-.-i i- or to tne uioontani-:umebBe3 unu glens ol Njw Ilatnpshiro, where my maternal Baptist ancestors wero ban ished. Hence when, as now, she de- crocs on tho African, . I tremble for three million of hitherto happy human being now uoomea to extennination. i Saperintondent?. masters, clrVe, uiuii nvt-n. netMoim c' till Kin 's an.' . ia.'ciasses, um'w tw wius4.ort.1 hv t.SW - I bill from win latitude to another, un der tho BCperintendei'ca uf the Gov ernment Tho nt g o race is t!m to c-nio in conflict vith the white ra i t, tliough tlio 1 jw of nature, and eepuci ally thu law of settlement on this cm tinent, shows that an inferior rueo perishes when attempting to live o.. teruis of (quality with a race that is superior. Dirteaso, desolation and dtath aro, thcrol'ore, t iodjo;n of tho hapless n.'gro. If the census of this city c -ul l be taken of tho original slaves who were iieru when emancipution was th-cr -ed in this district, thirty per cent, ol tlum wool 1 be fonn 1 in their graves. Look at tho luvele thut S'.irr uo I tho Capitol. Lo--k at the Uilocr.iblo as semblages of emancipated AtViciiH in th s city, hn Idling tivo or six fami l.ei in a litilo room, literally rotting with disime, under your decree of emancipution. Look ho.v tin rai) 'u being exterminate! in yonr freed monV ciinoi ou tho ba ik ot tho Mississ:p pi, tho i,roiit father of waters. See what a spectacle is then preQ!ited. Death is cutting down bnairal-i, thousands, and uns of thotuauds as death seld m cut down mortal m:in before. Death there is tlio djo-n ji decreo to the African. As surely as tho plagues of London or Athens do creed the deiUh of the stricken vic tims, so sorely docs tin march of the army, liberating the negro from ail protection, r.:d surrendering him to tbo crujl, murci!oi o.nploytneut of tho calculating white mau, doom him to disease, hunger, starvation and death. I know tho phitantbrtuio gen tleman from Massachusetts does n -t let-ign this any more than did his namesake, perhaps his kinsman, tbe apostlu E iot, when he curried tbe cross and the Bible among the New England iribos of Indians, But with thu ;apostlo came tho riHo and tbe rum, and then opeuod upon tho Indi ans tho whole Pandora's box of ter rible disaasos that destroyed that In-Man and extinguished his race. t - It is, thereforo, the white man's liberty, not the negro's liberty, tbat hereafter is to interest mo in the dis cussions before this IItiso. The spirit of Massachusetts has dono in two or throo voars on'y what Ohriat, or tin Church of Christ, wa3 twelve or fifteen buudrod yoars in accom plishing in tho Rmvio. E-npiro. The Sivior hiursolf struck not off the claims of tho slaves whom he addres sed from the Mount of Oiivos. Nor !i ' thu Apostlo Paul, in his address on Mars Hill, in front of Athens, strike off the cliaini of tho slavo tfl a moment or an hour. But ho incul cated principles, he sowed tlu sued which was twelve or filteon hundred years iu ripening, bnt which in the end brought about th desired end, without war or the vio'bUt loss of life. But hora in two. or threj years wo hive nvvlly att.'tnntol tlu libira tion of the negro, and nt what coat ? A million of men havo been drawn Irom their households nd firesides into the army, and a million more are to be ssenflcod in tho hospi'n's by diseases, while at tho same time a debt U fmtoned upon ns of thousand- of millions of dollars. Bofors wc havo finished the war the debt w.U be four thousand millions -a huge, rnou Strom, and crushing debt, which will infl;ct npon posterity, njon my chjl dren, yonr children, and tbuir chil dren hereafter for hundreds of years, n taxation under which they will groan as negro slaves havo groaned .... 4l.. milt.- M.if ivm i t,tva! irt rk' , . . ft . t . j , ' ' dollar. Three years ago we bad no Nati onal debt worth a moment's consi deration ; but f-T the benefit of tbis civil war, in only two or thre-s years. .J.. it. . A,M ml., nit lina niti la. I i under (lis spirit which baa guided we hava had inflated on U3 a National debt now nearly, or soo;i lo bo, as larg aa tho National daht or Urea' . . . . a.. Britain, and winch will grind the neoDle of this country for hundred and' hundreds of years, if this war ie longer persisted in lathe spirit which low animates the country. If, then, war lasts two years, we shall see every able bodied oegro in the South that can bospared, either in the battle-field or as laborers in pre paration of tho battle-field. They mast, they will take that course. Im perious nocowify exacts it of thsni The negro of the North will meet the """ meets Greek, then comes the tn ot ' ' 'n 1 .; -a-wtiot .tft t.to ; j 'r.-onshire the ne-ro It j8 t io lbt tmng rou can do is humanity and phdant iropy ti tho' negro to re-cu-iUve h.m and d.HJln hjra to the army, lou havo mado this a negro, Aboli tion war. You have changed its ori guml uurposo, and tuvrufur the negro dhoul-l bo called out, and should fihi iho batt.es of the party which has taken thorn i&to their keeping. I do not, lor one, intend to resist -your .novementi in thut respect any longer. Mr. Speaker, two States have in th. toain g ovornod this vast country siutu tho Declaration of Indopendence in 177t. and thoeo two 6tafcs havo been Massachusetts and Virginia. Masathusetis and Virginia, irorn I77ti and 17S7, on to tlu end ot Wash. iugtWa Administration, co operated together in most beautiful administra tion of this Govuniitiont. Fiom 17u8 to 1800 there reigned tho Admiuistra tion of Juhn Asians. It was reign of terror ftoui beginning to end j it was a reign of tyranny, too, as woll ns of terror throughout, tho country. Newspapers were silene-od, the courts wore overawed, tho alien and sedition laws were passjii, and it was such a reign of violeuc j that in l0O there was a civil revolution, m l Massa ohuaotti wai thrown out of power, an I kept out of power from 1800 till I860. Daring that long period of tima never did any country prcspor as this country has prospered. 'Ihe South took its columns of emigration over the Chatta'iocheo to the Coosa and thu Tallapoosa, beyond the Miss issippi, on to tin Nrticus and the Ri- Grande, and created an agricnlturu which cu'jjctcl to it sli civilized nations of tho earth. No more boauti ful spectaole of co-operative industry isaa avnr itraajntr.O. Tim tra. sented an eqnally beautiful spectacle. The columos of emigration marched on bejon J tho lakes to Minnesota, to lows, to Wisconsin, and to thoRocky Mountains. During all .that time Virginia and Massachusetts combia ed together in tho spirit of Washing ton and Ji-flUnnn nJ Ma-iiscm uti.l the elder Hamilton. By the secession of the South in 183') the reign from 1796 to 1300 was restored and Mas saahusctfs became ascendant in tbis Government ag-iin. Every path oi hers is tracod in blood, and the mon uments of her destriictiv6nesB aro tu bo found on hnndreds of battle fields North and South. A million of human beings sacrifiod unticcossarily is thu holocaust of that administration. Four thousand millions of debt upon us and your postjrity is tho conao-. quence of that administration. This "Freed man's Bill," aa it Is ca'lud, is not worthv of tho practical mind of Massachusetts. . It hardly could havo emanated from a Massa chusetts mini, and the gentleman who introducod it tells as that ho has consultod with others. It has a Mas sachucotts sanso. It must havo coma from soiuo of the headmen's commis sion ; perhap3 from Robert Da!a O von, for the bill itself is socialistic, Pourioristio, Owonistic, erotic, (not erratic I b?g tho roportora to bear thf-t in mind ) Tho whole scheme is one ol money -unking ; tho wholo scheiiiu is ono for the use of the black raco by Northern masters. But if, ia the naiuo of humanity, yon are acting for these ucgroea, ictroduco soma moro practical ineaauro, without con solidating aud centralizing all tbo powers oi this government. Do not abandon this beautiful thoory of Stat es, and convert this Government into a consolidation and centralization, solely lor tho money making purpose of tins b 11. Make it practical ; make it sell supporting. Do not burden too Federal Treasury with it. Ljt it take care of itself, .as is the thoory of onr Government. Wo have no more right to feed and support negroes than we have to feed and support white men. The thiug is not written in tbo Con stitution. It is uot written in human natuie. If yon are to advance tbo pay of negroes in tbo. army, make them as you make white soldiers, sup port their wives and children. Give the negro eight or nine dollars a month and subtract the other four or fir dollars for the support of hia wife and children. But here is a bill, the cost- of which no man can forosea' or pos sibly foretell. 1 protest against my constituents beiug tuxod for it. 1 protest in the namo ot the laborer of the North, in tho caaao of tbo workman of thoNottb, in the namo of the capitalist of tho North. 1 protest agiinst it in behalf of the white woman and chil-. i;en' -l iU ilortb. 13a: Is rot th(?