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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, May 12, 1864, Image 1

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VOL. 12.
NO. 89
MIBl BM 1 B1I IV KM k I 1 I am IB! Ill
fll fl 1 R W !:i i;i
v i iu m w J mm m . M IEJ II
h in mi- t;i ill irf u a m m u
tyt iKrtlljur emu i at.
P'-lHHKn r.tVKV THl'K..T PT
E . A . B R ATT ON.
Iu Drntton' Hailuuiei, I .i't of Court
ITOUSI', I!l Stllilt,.
" """" TKIOIS. CASH. "
Tin !v.u i'KT wiil bo ont uno year f.ir Oim
Iiollar; au l K i ft y voiiU, Ki Month, far S.rvtu
.fl Ceiii; KiT.r Months, fur Kifiy I'untn.
ty All i ' r will be iiiw;uuUuuxl at the
iiifli'n of thn timo ;M f r.
TKUiiM roil APVi't risix;.
On 8 U'0 ouo inia'tion,
Ku'ti ml.liiu.nul tiinei'.ii n, ,1.1
'! la nun year, r.oy
Nutk't of ui.iiiitn.eni ot f .inUt
O.-i, iiinr.li.ui mul Executor 1 .50
Attaelimcntnot;i'i;! before . . P. .M
Mit"ri.iI n.,;i o per lino.
l-V Ton lino million cluiV'il a 'n aq.iarc,
n-l ul I A lvirti(ini:tu mi J.ugul Notices inuet
be pai l in a.lvs icp.
ItVirul Juliietioi wil!bcina,ct.,yar-
ur rii ttiviit-rmmiit i-nomi.iie,! wi'h
-f" All I'nym.Mi (muni Iim inuUii lo the l'ro
priilur. itD wo 11 v. iuuii'.a.
The Dcmocrnl JohOllice.
W ra prfipuroil topicvul lU i"i;i'iio,
Jinpntoli 'i'l iU'ii' t' l iin 'y uoinpuiliiiin,
t!i kin In ol J uo U ,,i k , iiii h u
i'A M bHI.K TS.
snow IMU.S,
BLANKS if .ill KIXI;S,
LABELS, &c.,&e.
Jdi U8 fctrial ind h oonvinooil thet w : can
.. . in au ii "Hill ik i 'ivtipKr lui I'aiii, I In n uiij
t htt 1 1 ili'ni.?il in i bin4rtiiii ofo in try
"n orliL?. "
HTMllM Til H 0 1 S K
im ii.iiiso irvii. on me .m-'iiiii ihmu
i..viJ nr( il.; KulroaiiDopot. No:
(it'll w I,
I. i.iiri,l lnr lht m.l ,i 1 mil
.Hf,3. Ivr.
ii t inn
aTiDTT A PDI. .ft R Fl I
For-vmr i.m'Lrn ninm il. ta ,
Z?LSL riMii.:yti,e. i.i.. i
A TTi '!'.', KY
.A , MiArti nr . o, j;i
t.,.i I viipi.ei.,' ciiiiti..
Sl'i'.ISii AN!) St'MMhlt MlI.LINt'rtY .
11 It I r f I' 1 II I, C ;
II O . , il It I .11 l! o !
N. II. corn.-r rf M.vlt-t u ml Mill Scr.ri j
Vii1,1 iiimmiiKT to hr IriHii
i iSli,.' 'ie Imi . ' (-, i,-il tier
nn, I the
f'inu f ia and
ollic liiiiin gi, of iMrty ..rii ., unit nl llir
l'i-.( 'y!'Hf u Ist'il. Cull unit examine
her stin k.
Uopii'riig il.ni3l.Miiiler.it the shurU'M
wot ice.
QApril 7 n 3iik.
a I 1 J. i S V 1 L E
ptlF. Alletnille Steam lliinrind mllN.l.KVe un
I ilK
,. .rei.iir.l .- all cwom work H. di,.,Mitire
Z'-'nMl t.
niiii un.i ,mr ti i. ii i' will fin I a boo,i 'vik nr.i (
goo l turn 0 nl nt anv otimr lnitl, K'- ,ll
itt't" "ul KKT. !
" IICIirie'IIoYlC.
VKM1 "i""r.Tri
J 8irtt, ftor Maiu, Cincinnmi, oiie.jgej,
Jv to Front St., 1'orii.niouOi. '
,t SON rropri-i'f5 1
ON 1111 1 aftur .Momliiy, January 11 ltOl, nn,l
n mill furtbtr noti'uu, train will ruuu I..1
L'avn rinoiutu.'.i at e:Si A. M.: Ihvph ?;!n
eh.(r nl 0:iT A. M.; livoi liruou il.-l-l nt
I J:11 1'. M.; arrives at 1,'liillionthc ut 1:1." I'.M
JavinOluliici'ltio at 1:S' P. M.; I.-uves 1 1 Hin
doo J it m-ion at 1'. M.; louven Athnnnt
4:S1 l M.; Arrlvexat Mnrielti. at 0:55 1'. M.;
arrives at Ueyro l'urkorslHirx at 1:10 V. M.
I.taro,. Hrliire Ac, at A. II.; loavw Mar
inlta l 7:45 A.M.; Icarea Athena at 10:0.) A.
M ; avoa lUm.len Junction at ll:3B A. M.
Arriv.nat Ohillinotlie nt 12:15 l'..M.: leavo
t'liitliithcat 1:15 V. M.; liavea Blancnter at
t :lt V. M.; leave Lovelund at 4:51) 1'. M.; ar
il via at Ciucliuiatti nt 5:63 P.M.
. Tha AccoramoJation Train I.tavei CLillivotha
at 5:20 A.M.; arrive at Cincinuatli at 10:25 A.
M.:leava Condnnati at 3:80 P. M.; arrive at
.Cuillioothat8:50 J',11. .,....,
Comeotion ar m.da Lovelanl wi'h
Trlam to ana from Columbua; nuj at Ilara.len
Junction with traina to and from Portmonth
. January U,154-lj . pu .
NOTICE i hereby giren that Sarata K. Han
tr, ha boemlulv appoiui4nd qnlifl.vl
a amiulitralrix da bom uou, of tha etui
i u'jna uuaisr ueceaysd. late or vfntoa Conn
April 2IitrMt-3.- ; ' '
In the House of Representatives,
April 8, 1864.
oiau-a to uoimiu nco i,y conijueRt, e veil '
tiivuiih he ero di?i.,Nid io riiiesth.i: f
before tho Siindiiy on which 'the
l're:-idetit wrote his piochiniation enl
,l ling out seveiity.fiv.: thousand tro,,p.i,
''i.t after seven States had seceded
1 . 1 . 1 .
M.clievo it If there is truth ill the
Declaration of Independet.c,, and the
gelltleliieil Oil tho opposite side ill' the
Uonso will certai.ily not disputo it,
s.iice they incorporated it in the Chi
oflgo p?:ltlnrill which became a hi
unto the President ; who, 1 ask, can
"".!'! f ' Secretary
ol Stae having ,,, view always as
he mid the I resident undoubtedly bad.
Andrew Jackson in his ttiruwe'l
ft.hlrt'rta to tin' Ain.noni no,,,.!,. Ia
Rfili'liinl v irnrnct tlicm flmf ! r.;tJ
Hoh'ninly warned them thtit the citi-
zona ol one section of the country nr I
rayed in nriiis aninst tho other would !
Ivi the ojid of the Union and im end I
of the hope of freedom. Ue savs :!
That, "il Piich a fctrncKln is once l,e -
iin, and tho citizens of one si ctum
i of tho country nro nrntved in ai inslu!"
nsainst Uifso (l the otlicr. in iluuiitlul
... ".. . .
coidlct, let the butt'e result an it mav
there will he an end of the Union uu'l
with it i.n eml ot the hone of Ircedoui
: 'iiev woiiiii lncmsoives sn.iro iu
woii:,i itu'inselves sh.iro iu the
coiuiiion ruin. 1 lie Uoii.-ti'ntion can
not lie maintained nor the Union pre
jiiirviH, in opposition to public feel
ii g, by the nn re exertion ol tho cour
eive powers cunli led to tho govern
I'.irt this opinion, that the Union
with it i.neml oi the hope ot Ireedom !
The victory of tho injure I would not 1
the bkssings oflilnTt) ; !
it would jmnge tlu-ir wrongs, but j
cannot le preKerved by the coercive !
t pavers of the government, was not)
contiiied to the departed stntcMiieu of j
the com-.liy.
William H. Seward in hi,h;lter ol
April 11, lSfll, to Mr. Adams, our;
! M iiiiter to Enghmd. mid : j
! 'T'or tin so leimotM, the l'residenr I
wr.u'd not be disposed to n ject a i
cardinal d, ctnne ot theirs (the rebeN) !
mimily: that t!io JVdeial (iovern i
could not reduce thu suced'tii'
'nun pr,,positif.n I. ut in luet riv
. . ... .
i1 "'"'"ent ttiliingjy ucci -pts it as tnn-. ;
Only at; imperial i.r despotic govern '
merit could eu'i jugate thoruiighly did !
!..,)..... .1 .....1 :.. : 1
"lifted and irir,nrrectiormrv riernliei-1
St:lt0- Tl,'a l'udi-ral Kopuh
lieaii system of ohm is of oil tonus of
gi yi'miubiit tho very one which iJ
. . 1 I , .
t'.u kl unfnted for sr.cii labor.
Siit h wiHtho language of Mio S,;
ciet.il v of Sl:tte in Ai.ril I'idl r'up,...
1 Secretary BliareH m the tears ol
the I'roidi'iit, that the attempt to j
.MHjugaio me oouiii woiim eleM 1 ov i
t''P''i'imeiit. 1 hreo veins ol civil
war in a vain ami iruiilc-s iltut at
snhpigation attest n.i-t prove to-day
the correctness of the opinion tlu-n
held by the 1 resident. 'Only an im-
penal or despotic government could
subjugate thoroughly disiifleetid and
insurrectionary member ol the Siute.'
:" This Federal .Republic of ours is ol
jail forms ofgoveiiMiient the most un
fitted for sch labor." Who does n t
the great cautiual truth iinderlving
!.!! . ,. , .'-il it If -.1 n rf.ietiriif...nla ...Iil..!. .1..
".'"' . . H " uu'
rive their just powers from tho con
ar it1;
utterance to truth in lSftl, is it any
less a truth to-day I Hub not rather
the experience ol' three wars of war
coiifirmed it i 1 believed it then. I
believe it now.
But, eir, 1 have still another wit
uess to call. The honorable Senator
from Ohio, Mr. WudeJ as reportod
in thu Congressional Ulobe, third
session Thiity Fourth Congress, page
;' An!, I
"Voi cannot forcibly hold men in
this L'uiou, for the attempt to do so,
it 6eoic8 to ma, would subvert the tirst
principles of tho Government under
which we live."
Ou the 10th of June, 1345, Cnn
g?cs3icnal Globe, page 04, tho present
Chief Magistrate of the nation said :
"Any people, anywhere, being in
clined and having the power, have a
right to riso Bp and snake off the cx
itting Government and foiua new
one that suits ltan better."
"Nor is this right confined to cases
in which the people ol an existing
Government may choose to exercise
H. Anj pwttou ol such pooplo tbat
"as reif contradictory as it !s dan-er-Lib;
mm"-contriHlietorv'lHw.ius,, it vi7l.i.
n '''',,r vo,t;,'i Bliu' '-
"ue section exerted to coereo the other
into submission -is, in my judgment, j
as sell contnmiutory as it is danger-1
on. It comes loaded with the death, j
It w iil, no doubt, bn paid that Mr.
Everett has changed his views upon
thu biihject. That may be so, but I
have not. I believed it sound doc
; trine in 1 StJO befoio Hi-cession occured
or coercion begun. Three years' ck-
piriei:e in iitteuiiting "by nunieri
. cal preponderance and military prow
e.-'S of one section eseited to coerce
t!m other into fiibmisbion." has con
luutit vinced me more thorounhlv that it is
can may revolutionize and may mukc
tlieir own'so niucli of the territory as
vihub.t. Mure, than thin, a ma
j.-ajr u. b,,j r;.-..u u, bUL-n iBu,Mvm!V
iii:lv rivnliitin!ii7( utilfnuf il.iiin n1.
... ..j v... ..v
nuiiorit) ' interming e t with or nenr
nljout them, wlio may oioBe their
13ut, sir, 1 pro;(iie to cull aunt her
witness to testily against thin coercive
pdiey, who nlpo spuke in inlvanco of
tl10 hlwftrd Lvcrett. in Ins
Icttet Ot
'cttci oi Way 1800, to Wnfihmgr
tun Hunt, accepting tho nomination
"' IC0 eidc-nt of the Union pat ty,
"fwl"ch-1 believe, the distinguished
- " tlL'inn" fron. iMiiry',am!(Mr. Henry
!vv in,l'r L,avif') waa " "H-inber. ami
rr whoin a number of gentlumcii
. ..... .
Hie bugi'istion time tho Union
jean ho maintained by numerical pro
;onderanc6 an.l miPtary prowess of
,)lie section exerted to coereo the other
'"men ironi ileKts wet with brothers
blood, if the vital principle of all
republican government "is tho con
sent of
does a
tho governeil, much
uiii.ii of coi ijua! sovereign
State require, tu its basis, tho harm
onvofits moudiers nud their volun-
tary en operation in its organic tunc-
tej, the great prineip'es ot tree gov
. ' . .
erimient. wbieli
"doi ivo tlieiriusti'111
powers from the consent of the gov
erned ;"' and dangerous
.. r
;ertm because, by
Ps cxrcUni, cepeciu.'lv when wiehl-d !
by a weak, vacillating and tmscrup !
uloiis man, it destroys instead 0j
uiiiintaining, the Union, Oon.stitution :
. " . '
ano organic law : civil
peisonal security mo forced to yield j
t i w hat is claimed to be a mi!it:irv
necessity, and thu LoveriniV'nt itself,
in the brief period of three short
years, ia today verging on the very
brink of ruin.
1 am well aware, sir, th?.t tho crvtl,u
of ditdovulty, want of pn'rioiijin and
lacl; 0! devotion to the tioverniiient
which is in every place and at ull !
tines vaUei a.-aiwt n I
the indepemkneo to disaoprove uf
anv ol the acts of Mr. Lincoln, as well
aa an inordinat'. desiru f.-r (iovern. i
nient patronage from the building of
a titeauisbip and a 6hoddy contract
down to the insignificant position of
taking charge of a mutilated and de
predated greenback in the Treasury
Uuilding, has changed the opinion of
many iu n, but the fixed principles
of free Government, as well as the
rules of right, reason, justice and truth
are nnchangeabje ; and although it
may bo unpopular Mid even as the
risk of personal liberty in times like
the present to advocate them, they are
nevertheless-eternal and immutable.
The distinguished gentleman from
ronnaylvania (.Ir. Stevens) who
stands upon this floor and before the
country as an acknowledged leader o!
the Administration pnrty, ha3 had tho
honesty and independence,!'!) a speech
delivered at an arly part of tho ses
sion, to announce what be holds to be
the true position of the Confederate
Statjfl. lie nays:
"Soiiio think that these Statc3 are
still in the Uniou anJ entitled to the
protection of tho Constitution and tho
laws of the United States."
Th's idea hu at onco.repudiatesand
then boldly affirms that which he
holds to be tho true doctriuo :
"Others hold that having commit
ted treason; renounced tlieir allegiance
to the Uuioti, discarded tho Constitu
tion and laws, organized a distinct
and hostile government, aud by force
of arms have fisen from the condition
ofiosnrgents to tho position of anin-1
dependent power, do facto ; and
ing beeu acknowledged as a bollier
eut both by foreign uations and vwr
own Government, the Constitution'
and the Union aro abrogated, so far
aa they are concerned, aivl that aa be
tween the two belligerents they are
under the laws of war and uations i
alone, and that whichever power con-1
'que rs may tient the vanquished
comiuercd pre-incc&, and iuav impose '
!il...rtv i.n.ti"-1
IHrty to belligerents ri-dits it places'
n0 contending i'ow3rs"on ' preciaclv j
,l0 Bam0 footing as torei-n nations n't
wnr w;th e.,ci, olier a
bu raised to tliid uositiuii, bo
. '
',,jwer 1 facto i have been ac -
Union sentiment may have remained
ajW.ong the Southern people. It is
I'uJiibla that in. dwisida of country
Inpou them such com
itiona r.iid laws
na it may deem best."
Ia anawer to nnj Oi,joc,lon9 ,,1Hl
r.u'. it is said that this must In
considered a contest with rebel indi
viduals on!
v, as States in the Union
ctinnot make war; that is true so hmg
as they rcmaiii in tho Union; but they
claim to bo out of tho Union, and the
very tact that we have admitted them
to-be in a state of war, to be behiger
onls, shows that they nro no longer in
i0v nrn ivti iI n r :
war in tlieir corporate capacity, under
i . . i nl
tho corporate namo oi the Gonfuder
ato Statcfl, and tliat such maj.r cor-
puratioii ia composed ol minor
porations called States, acting iu their
associated character
"When nr. insnrrcction becomes
snOiciontlv formidable to entitle tk
tiV .:.,.! . -.i 4-
..; " 7,. f' : " .MV"U " aT
iiiiuui; i.i una uouiesi e in c i: y in l
.it -i J
t he charae f-r ot a civ; war. I'.ir
. ..,., .... ., . .
: . "I ' . -
tion of independence.
V force
"Wind, then, is
,1 ir t r ,i
tho elfect of the
public war, between these be liger-
ents, these foreign nations ? Uclore
this war tho parties were bound to-
L'ether bv n comoiict. l.v n t rn.it v ral
led a Constitution."' They imknowl I
edged the validity of Municipal laws!
mutually binding on each. This war'sert
has cut asunder al theso ligiiuientH,
abrogated all the obligations.
cupying the position of an in lepen-
Knowlodged as a belligerent, both by
"'U'H'K'LU"',",J Jour ou uovorn
iow, oir, ioi one- hi lease, i agree.
tho distinguished gentleman j
from retinsylvania, that t bo Uonfeder-
ate States are out of tho Union, oc-1
V ... L' . e .i ..m. t .
"u'nti nwntamcd their oeclnratimi oMho
i"dopwidnelr -tdj yeuftiyliy Ibrcej
uroia - and tl.i.t tho war has cut
HSll,,llir ,al1 ,1,(J l'j;ainoiits and ahro
...it.il ., ...A tt,..l I...... I
'"" obligations that bound
. . .. ..
,llt'"1 ",;,":r tw onBiitution. bo tar
ijagrte wim nun mm nowover un-
willing we may be to accept such po j
sition as the actual condition of the '
Uonfedorate States, ti.o hwtory of tlu ,
jiasi iiiree jews, nmiaw 01 nations, 1
... 1 .. !
, ' iiiiuieiii, auo a
truth compel me at least to
regard for
accept it, and my judgment to up
F,ue "1 e uuurgo 01 uiaioyul
13 o'-ugiu gnuiBi mu n,r mis
i"il,1011. i bi.ve only 0 yield .myself
l,u,.ll;r ''w brnml mantle of Hie dislin
nnia"' ,v-"ut4 Vi ipuouean
At th
commencement of tho war,
England and Franco both declared
the Conlederate States to be beliiger
en's; the United States has treated
with theui aa such iu tho exchange ol
prisoners, and tho Administration is
to day without the honesty or inde
pendence of the gentleman from
Pennsylvania to avow it, doing pre
cisely what ho proposes to do under
his war of conquest, waged against the
Confederate States as a foreign nation.
It ia not now cvon pretended, that tho
war is carried on having for its oh
ieet tho restoraii';" f. the . . l,jirn.
" Kjconstruction, "co'nsolid.ttLn.'Yitlmi
"eoutralization, " with an entire
chango in the Constitution." are tho
terms employed in speaking of the
Government that is to exist hereafter.
I'o 6peak of the Constitution as it is,
and the Union as it was, is an offense,
subjecting an officer iD the army to
punishment by .dismissal from the
service, and conclusive evidence ol
disloyalty in tho citizen. It the time
ever was, when the Union eould have
been restored by war, which i do not
believe, it has long siuco Icon d ia
nelled by emancipation, confiscation.
amnesty and like proclamations: mili
tary orders annulling Stato constitu-T'8"
tions, setting aside State laws, obliter
ating State lines and attempting to
organizo and set up a form of Stato
government in their stead, in which
'one man out of ten wlv ahall turn j
Abolitionist, tako and subcriba
executo and obey the will of
Abraham Lincoln,' whatever it roayd.
be, shall govern and rolo over the
maiaingSine ho refuse to become
Abolition ist8. These lollios :of the',
AdmiLi6tratioii and others evf like
character, have, instead of "crushing'
the rebellion," crusbod out whatever
oi l
1 k
c renouncing nis
!,e"icaI utnno. Tho effect of be-1
hou"' tUo. K'ious light ol the eun
and breathing again Pho pun air ol
anything verbally or in "writing.1
'eeo wmi ms tjes sun uxeu on me i
earth, who hispered to a friend, IT
pw ? miot'e. "It moves for all
that." So it will bn wit'a the nun
I . 4,i, .2 ... J .... .i.i
authority that requires it. Will ,
uch a man bo devoted to or mafco
jJ?ood citizmi ot the governmwit i'i :
which he lives ? Who shall believe;
f l.A Lij',..!. .)' l,.L.wl .I'll I
nree wall 1 ehould strongly
witu hu diaractcvistie blu.ntne88,tfcX.,rt8g(;fj
aiij're, this war Las lasted long al-j l
Tho jicople are obstinate; even
oceupio-l by the finny, occrtiionally
tiling before bin. but ignominy and
. ..... i i.i, ul- (ui.ui, v,nu BLTing ii.j-
i1". l"8 wilo ami innocent children
I : i ; -.i
ni' ML-iiuiiu iu oiui ior iiruieciion w in
all the ties offiiial alfec'ion, his pr"i)
erty to bo confiscated, and hi family
w "1e?",p OIUca619 a,1,J be?Kftr3 111 '
i . . i
www, mw sucn a map. in order for;
i mmseii, save
blf fHmily save his property, may
!"k? tl' tll'b1ul 'llu elj-'t't produwl
j' ,l " " ",,to imu ,T-,l",L" wnu
.t r , ,,na llliU or it.hiiil'u wmi
tne telescope, and who first
taught the rotary motion of the earth
lilt llfihlft ttlun nfttr tivnr
years of labor in the study ofjcionce,
auu when ho !:ad advanced to the ex
trema ago of seventy, was summoned 1
before an inquisition, tried, condemn-!
ed and imprisoned in a duiiireoti fur
an, i imprisonea in a dungeon for
Mn heru8.v t Babacquuntlj- he
"""" " " . 1 ,.J
uuavou us vomrHHieu wim uie i&:n -
Jungeon iu which he had been
BnA tn ,,-,;,.t ,, ,,,.. . ,,..
least, anil to winch ti6 must return or
i- i...n . ...
rououncu ins oenei in mo enrm s mo
1 . J hU
- i QTTl U' C0,-.r,yi ,
uenuea Knees, with hn hands
;'lK,U.,,a a''juretI
liel in the Uperincnn doctrino. l'art
ot his abjuration ran in theso ter.ns.lcst
'With a sincere heart and a unfeig- j
ncd faith. I abjure, curso and detest
f l.o o-ii,! ..rmra n.,.l flfll,1J f in I
that the earth moves, &c.) I swear
that 1 never will in future sav or as-
which may givo rise to a similar bus-
i.icion against me." Kising from his
who is
'tli to savo himself; his fumily und
his property. He may take it, bntin
miraii ' uno uespise.
it 1 l he history ot 1 olanrl, otllunga
ry, ot itaiy ana or Ireland turi.ishcs
,. 1 iv . . ?
unswe, 10 in.- qucKion. it im -
penal governments are not able to
"old in pubniissive obedience small
portions of a vast ompirc, once in re
von, now unicu less a government
k-;.,.. ?.... ;. i,,;, i ,, .(...
mi'inji ,i no imoiu niu euuaem. oi liio
governed, lint "subjugation" is the
watchword. Liberty und freedom for !
slave and subjugation and cxter
initiation lor the master is the popular
cry. .Meet them, fight them, crtuh
them, says the gentloman from Ken
tucky, (Mr. Green Clay Smith ) Sir,
that is easily said upon this floor, and
is popular with thosj who from day
to day ti. I the gallery of this House,
Shut even tho gentleman from Kentuc
V M well as a immber of other inili-
tary gentleman, were rpiite willing to
forego the pleasure ot the performance
ana exchange tl.etr commissions as
General in the field for a certificate
eutitbng them to a eent upon this
floor : und wenj I to judge' by the
willingness with which it was done,
and tho tenacity with which they
hold on to it, and tho efforts somu ol
tlwm are making to return here again,
ot the war spirit they breathe
swpeet them of being in sympathy
with tho peace party.
Mr. Chairman; I am no military
man, and therefore incompetent to
givu advice or advance nn opinion in
military itllairs, but 1 have often boen
forcibly struck by the remarks of
Marshal Ney, in" reply to Napoleon,
as related by lleadly iu his "Napoleon
and his marshals." "One dav ut
Madrid, Napoleon entered Ihe room
where Ney and several officers were
staudiog, and said in great glee, cv
erything goes on well ; Roman in will
he reduced in a fortnight : the Eucr-
an) defeated and will bo unable
to advauce; iu three mouths the war
will be uuished." The officers to
whom this was addressed made noro
wuuiu mm wan aaureHseei maud no to
ready, and our affairs are uot irnpro
women and children fight, they
Vassacre onr men- in tk-tail." To d.V
cut the enemy in pieces, to mot-
row e have to opposo another twice
M numerous. U is not an army we
T)ftv to ht, it is a whole nation. 1
ce no eud to this bnsiuws "Bona-
parte followed his own inclinations,'
and was eveiUuallv defcate.1-" ' ;
lUoctrnie we l ave been so willim to
pply to others ? My earlioet rccol
iecnretotiiem lotion is the apical made by Clay
t)d Webster in behalf of Greece iu
formation ot liepublicaii opinion do
with dared that it could ove no rooson
(why, if tliee millions of colonists
could noiinr.it. frnm n.n i!,:i:.u..
distingninhed Uopub'ican editor Mr
nKireely to find, lo.dnng at it as a rer'-
olutionary right, the dilllrenco in no
aition. Ought we to bhink from ha
I . . . . u
;t ;n iggi' iVhai i
aL we mad0 ; t)fl Lr
moderate Mates, which hare eco
invcnte.l Jed from ns and sot up a govchrrfiunt
0f tlieir own Are we nut ircoruis-
South America, or lS '
eympathy and support of L
American people, irrespective of n r
ty. Even a, late as December IS)
. l HI. t i
publicau government if we bad 'ftr
the jted in peace with our dissatisfied sis
Uor States, as Mr. Evcrott recom
mended as bite ns February ifti
I Mr. Ciiaiinmn : I there noMi.i'rup.
tion 111 the blunt vet luiciblo rcnlv ,sf
,ie old Ere.icl. .Marslml to his su fur!
or allicer for in Jlaro we i.ut
. . ' w " nuw ini'-l
from timu to time, tho niedictiom nf
Napoleon during tho past thrcofcar.
but without u M.ushu'l Ney to bay "I
see no end to this bMsincss."
Dut, Mr. Cl.airuian, how do ite
8tainJ in the eyes of tho clvi!ij!u
world to-luy, in waging a war ofiub
jjgation and con.juest against tho
lUonioderate Mates, which hare eco-
tent with ail our lormur acta f Uavo
wo not been early to admit thin pro
per with regard to others l-Tliuro
uevei was a people on the laca ofthu
earth that demainJu,! nn independent
;,overnmnnt that di,l
j.V? V MIII'U llllil
Um?y 0f the American neoulo
not have tliu
lHIUI ollllt ,ve lu,w fu shrink from tin
isji when thev so u onneiiHv A ,
claimed in that b,h:,lfl, 1 ft J.:
, . . , , .
and in the othr brnnfli of f.nOJ
. ... " : 'jr ur,,cn oi ngru84.
Whether t was ireeon nr l,s;rfJa
,,u"ar or ltttl' or tM the fact
thnt a larrro coiiiili-v t'nr iim . ...j,.
Jemwided a distinct and separateOo
urntnont. ahvavs racaiv..,! i,' ,.....
lernmont, always recoived tho' warm-
after Air. Lincoln was elected, nud
alter the preliminary steps for acces
sion had been taken, the pnper bar-
ilWT uV(tfa imnnl.it!.... ..t
tlio Ilernblican paity. anj bavins
more inrtuencu than ,m m
J v.... ,
m 17715, tlnt live millions of South-
erners Could uut senaratu from ;..
1 have teon ns mticl' nulled as the
Htmlication of a doctrim. t,-. .ot..,
.11 'wvvi.kKVIvV3
which we have been willing to applr
to other nations, bucIi as A ustriu Uu$
'aiaan l Spain, if wo do, what will bo
the judgement of impartial history f
Uow much better it would hnvo been
tor us and tho cause of De
.. . ... . '"'"i
tiirougtioui ttie globe Wliata 8ilen
did tribute it woula have been to u n
subtained by such leading Ilepnblican
.... . I I " ... 'I
journals as the Cincinnati Vommer
etui, New York Tribune, Indiauopo
lis Jonxnaly Chicago Trhund, New
Llavon (Connecticut) P,i labium, Co.
luinbus Journal and 'Salmun
Cbaeo now Scmtary of tho Treasury
and many others of that school. What
iu monarchical countries hid nrjuir
ed a long ind bloody war, would havo
been accomplished by Democratic
principles aud republican senso. What
splendid proof it would have affor
ded of the capacity of the people for
self government.
What a valuable losgon it would
have eonveyed to tho whole civilized
wuild The fact that we could I riso
superior to nil prejudices and passion
and to have conquered oursolve
would have been the highest triumph
that we had ever achieved. I regret
aa much Mr Chairman us any gentlo
man upon this floor that any of our
sister 'States should have desirod to
cut assunder tho ligaments that bound
them to ns. Mono would be more
williug than myself to mako any rea
sonable sacrifice to induce them to re
turn to thoir partnership with us, but
still recognizing the truth of the doc
tnuc taught by tho fathers of the Re
public, and to fairly expressed bf J.
Quirrcy Adams, that our Government
was. after all, in tho heart, it would
bo better, severe as would be tha mn,
of regret, to prt in friendship, rath-
.i i 1 1 . n .
ciples of government, Mr. Cbrirman
. , ' . L14 UU
Riissian f HiirJii-nf ii,i"n ?
we can not be above tha Antm
provinces by tho powe of forca nd
coetciont What becomes of the Dec
laration' of Independence, ant all our
teaching for eighty years!
tK cxttnt of terri orv whir . 1 ?5
he the obiecf of oor deJrri
entire evoo nine fntbs 1 7 thi t rri
After all, Mr. Chairman, it is not

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