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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, November 03, 1864, Image 1

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rii i rnw h hi ci iti hi ni m h 11
H W I ill
VOL. 13.
NO 12.
HiiMirwii ni Mil ri i i i
la BrattaVf Bailin, Bt of Court
House, Uo Stai is.
Tb DmctfiT will be sent one year for One
' Dollar: sad Fifty eente, 8 Mnt' fo' 8e01"
r.fi. ConUi.onr Month., for Fifty Cent.
"AU pepere will be discontinued et the
wlratlon of the time paid for.
OneBqoereoneinsertlon, ' . : 0,T5
Each additional insertion, . ' ..
Cards one jeer, . . i , .
Notioeof eppolntn.en.eot inist
ore, OuerUien end Eiecn tore , ,W
Attachment fmtioss before.', r. .
Editorial notice-, per line, o
- Ten line, minion ohirtwd ei i one square,
nOall Adverts imente ec i Lege! Notices ranst
U,Vuh'.?.'l MacAoi wlllb. men. t.ye.r
advertlsere. ,
-fh((haret"rmemnst becomplled wl'.n
l3f"All peymee s mast be made to the I'm
rietor, ae w b ' "u egonte.
The Democrat Job Office.
Wesrepropared toeieoule w.th noewiese,
Mepetch end t priooi t' t defy eompelttioe,
ell Winds f Job Work, uoh ee
""L"EJiANKS.,f rilklHM.
. LABELS, &c.,&c.
he ee atrial end beeonvlnced t1ietwcan
'.! will do print! ik' deeper for Casm.Uh n nni
"ther entel it ihmint in tnissection ofoo intry
Tin House ir.mts on ; Uw Siwn Bmt
Lend iiff(nd near lh Khilroa.l Depot. No
iiaim win nrsfMBu .
drpt. ,1865,-lvf.
.. . iUIii.iM)I.IMI. "
ONendeftorThumd.y, Kobrnery 15. im.
reirular iWner Trtn wil mil i in oon
neotlnn with tho Tralne oil min Hne between
I'ortemooth end Cincinnati. folluws : ,
Leve I'orlnmoiHh t $:1H A. M., arrives at
I'ionr. at 9:aiA.M.; nrriven at lortland et
10:0 A.M., arrivw U.1iickon et 11:57a. M.;
errive at iii.mden at ll:SO A.M. arivee at, Cin
aini.ati et5:55 P.M.; '
I,cavCiiiciMitit8:30 A.M., leave nam
rlen at 3:00 P.tt. arrivoa at .lueUson 8:84 1 .
M.; arrivoa at lV.rllund at 4:21 M i mvol
riJneer at 4:50 P.M.; arrives at PurUimouto at
C:1U P.M.
AccomnioUtioii Train depart from TwU
month at J:45 P.M.; arrive at Pioneer at 4:45
nd Jurt t4:5'i; rrivest Jackeoit at :18-,
end llmd-n. kt :. Hoprta:40 A.M ; ar
renlat Jackwm at 7:35; arrivce at Pioneer at
9:35; end arrive at Pc.rUraontliat 11:45.
Through TickoU to Clnoinnati can bo obtain
ad at PorU-moath, Portland, and Jeckaon, at
I'ortamouth to GnelnnaU, 1 09
Portland " do 1,400
" do 4,00
From Pertamoth to Cincinnati and return
8 00 Tlckote from . Portsmouth to Mariet'a
R. W. QUAPE. Aasia't Bnp't
reb.SHh 1884-lyr,
, Allorney at luiw nnd
, Mclrlhtfr, Ohio.
fieing licensed by tb tJ. B., for the purpose
' i will attend to the prosecution andcolltsction
or every osonpnou oi t
United 6tato,nd SUU of Ohio, Including the
Morgan rata eieima. .
. ' ; ' OoeiMtiee and Arrenragee of P)f
PKNfSIONS fot wounded end diebred ol-
diert and seamen, aad for the heirs of soldiers
end stimea who have died end been killed id
the service. I would say to my friends, that
I will attend promptly M therf baaiaeae end
on moderate terms.
.:, Jsn liA 1864.
T ' Stesdy omptovnent and rood Wsires will
' W f iveu to a large number of experienced
tfome.1 Bridga or Cat Ceipentere, by the
' Marietta. Cincinnati RHIroiU Co.
! ' Aeplieitioa . should be atade to J. Lord
. Isrr. Chill ieothe, Jol Oabe Eser. Zaleaki,
O. or to the ondertieited et tae it. &. C.
:B K. Office, South Comer Third sjii VV ti
ll ut Btrerti CiuciuuaU Olno.
m- A ! ,, , j.,w;rand i
Great Speech of Gen. Geo.
W. Morgan.
Ills Review of President
Lincoln's Administration.
&c., &c.,
Greenwood Hall was packed to it?
utmost capacity Inst night, by the
Irienud of Mculellan and rendluton,
to hoar that eloquent and gifted boo
of Ohio. General 6'eorno W- Mor-
L'in, on the j;ruat insitea of the day.
Upon buin introduced tho General
opoke as follows : ' , .
Mr. President, Ladies, Soldiers and Citizens.
It ia not my purp ae to enter iuto
it getiiral discussiun of the momen
tous questions which agitates the coun
try, hnt to address ray remarks chief
ly 10 our brave soldier j, their reUtivwg
an i friends, who hare honored us by
their presence For no portion of
onr people have endured so much,
and endured so nobly during tho grand
and terrible drama enactod tipou onr
continent tor a stage. In no age,
and in no country, have there been
greater sufTorins, or more heroic
deeds than in this dread and terrible
conflict, during which in stern reality
brother has been arrayed flgtviiBt
brother, . and father against bon.
But timo will not permit me to nar
rate the glories of Rich Mountain and
Carrick's Ford, of Springfield and
Pea Ridguvof Donelson and Shiloh,
of Corinth and Vicksburg. of Stone
River, and tho battles on the moun
tains of Chattanooga, where are our
brave boys liko tho fabled gods of
old- fought and conquered high above
the clouds Nor will my time ena'
blemeto speak of Torktown. mid
Hanover Court Uouao, ot Willow
Spring, and of the seven days of dos
peratu and immortal battles between
McClelluu aud his eighty thousand
heioie, agaiusl Lee with more than
double his force ; nor can I refer to
South Mountain and Antietam, while
Lee's army, flushed with recent vic
oiy, wan met ar.d conquered by Mc
(,'kllun, and driven southward across
tua I'ototijac, by the soldiers who
i'Ut a few weeks before had been
routed under L'ope on the ill starred
field ol Bull Run ; nor can I tell the
'iflling story of Gettysburg, as told
tne by a soldier who had been woun
ded uu that glorious field. No, my
iriends, 1 must leave these themos to
lips far more eloquent than mine ; to
the poet aud historian, who, while
mouruirur ver the desolation of once
so free aud lair a laud, will yet in fit
ting terms recount the marvels of val
or and of skill performed in this most
irand and terrible ot wars- And
much less will 1 attempt to portray
lie unspeakable anguish caused by
the war ; of the thousand of widows
who have gone broken-hearted to
their graves ; ol tho tens of thousands
of Buttering orphans whose wail I can
now almobt hear upon the chill night
wind ; ot the oerievea mot her whose
only son has been stricken down in
youth's tiret bloom ; nor of the venera
ble father w.'ioao hopes ot happiness
lie smothered in his children's bloody
graves, is o. toy irienas, l cannot
step in this solemn hour ot our coun
try's peril, to . speak of the gallant
dead, but 1 must talk to you of the act
oal, the living present, and of your
duty and of taiue as men who love
their country, liut as my theme is
on of war. before I proceed to its d;s
cns6ion," I must be permitted to pay
the tribute of my respect to one of
your most emioect citizens a man
ot whom Cincinnati, Uino and the
nation, Lave just cause of being
proud, A politician of unb'emlsbed
honor, a statesman profoundly versed
in the principles upon which onr in
ititatiouB are based, and a patriot who
loses eight of felt; - while staving for
his country's good cuch a man - Is
George U. Pendleton, the Democrat
ic candidate for Vice r resident. And
malLned and traduced as he is, ss
Washington, and Jefferson ana Mad
iion have beeo, and as McClellan is
uow assailed, yet I am uot afraid of
trusting his reputation . with taose
who truiv love their countrv. He it
charged jrhith having Voted against
supplies ; the ekarge falsifies bis rec
ord, for never was there 'a tote for
supplies, trlictly as 'sue';,- ft at he did
not vote in the afScmativo. Acd
when our paper currency depreciated
be voted tu have the army pa;d in
gold and silver. And yet the suppor
ters of Mr. Lincoln dare to charge
him with being hostile to the army
and an enemy to the Union. Bui
his record disproves their aspersions,
for ho has publicly doclared : "the
Union is the guarantee of .pcnie,
power and the prosperity of the people
And no one would more earnestly la
bor for its restoration, by all tuk
ukvns which would effect that end
than myself."
As I have the honor to addrosa sol
diers as well as citieens, I trust I will
be pardoned for 6aying one brief word
as to the , cause of my having with
drawn from the army ; and to do so
-because my motives have been mis
understood, alike oy those who are, as
well as those who are cot my friends,
in one word, I left the army in conse
quence ol badhealih andalthongh I con
demo the general policy of President
Lincoln since the first day of Janua
ry, 1862, yet of my own will, I would
not nave parted from ray comradds .
liut while I say this, I equally declare
that no consideration could have
made me the blind instrument of des
potic power, or forced cue to become
a party to the violation o.fthe.' laws of
civalizid warfare. .
We are in tho fourth year of the
war. Two million five hundred
thousand men have been called into
the fiold, countless thousands of treas
ure have been expended, and hun
dreds of thousands of the best and
bravest of the land sleep beneath the
red Bod of battle; and if President
Liucolu's uiistaKea policy be contin
ued, the child is cot yet born which
will live to sue peace and the Union
restored. Where is tho fault? Where
is tho responsibility! Why has not
the Uuicn been roatorod? The fanlt
is not with the soldiers, fot their
deed of valor command tho admira
tion of the civilizud world;- nor with
onr citiaens, for they have prodigally
given, their children and their treas
ureevery man aud every dollar so
olten as called upon by tho President
to do so. lell mo. if you can, one
6ingle instance in which oar noble sol
diers have tailed to do their duty, or
our citizens have refused to answer
every requaition for men and money?
No oue replies; for all kuooe that the
army and people have alike nobly
discharged their duty. Dot there ia
fault somewhere: iSomo ono is re
sponsible, and we hav: seen that the
fiult has neither been with tho army
nor the people; and onr august na
tional legislature has done all w)iich
President Liucoln directed to be done
Aud yet there is fault somewhere
some ono is responsible. Can it be
that the fault is with Mr. Lincoln? that
he is responsible for all tho evils and
all the woes which afflict our land!
Let ua reflect a moment.
President lino ln responsible.
To become a 6urgeon, a lawyer, a
caipenter, a watch maker, a mer
chant or A blacksmith, training and
experience are necceesary. Rut even
alter years of practice and study the
lawyer has become skilled in his pro
fession, 6till, it his life deponded on it,
he could not make a watch, any more
than the watch-maker could perform
a uice surgical operation, which re
quired not only the skillful use of tho
knife, but a profound knowledge of
anatomy. So too, the profosaion of
arms which is at once an art and a
science, requires profound study and
experience. What then, should be
thought of tile mao who, wholly ig
norant of the rudiments of war 'who
never eet a squadron in the field"
who has not sufficient knowledge of
tactics to display a company of skir
mishers, and who ia as uuinforraed ia
the principles of strategy, as ia a
Choctaw Indian in the 6cience of as
tronomy what judgment should be
passed upon the Jiao who, thus ig
norant, would have the criminal pre
sumption to undertake the direction
of armies, and to interfere with the
plaus of well -trained Generals! Why
conirades,' let me put a case ' to you;
Sappb89 that on. tthe eve. of ; battle,
when you expected to meet a brave
enemy, commanded by a skillful sob
dier, it should suddenly be announ
ced to the army that a lawyer had
jnst arrived from Springfield, Illinois
witb absolute auuiorit over the
movements ot the army that ho had
condemned the plans of Sherman,
dud Was going "to fight it out on hi
own plan, even if it took all summer.
What would bj the effect upon the
army! What would the veterans say I
What would be the result victory,
or defeat! This ba9 been done on a
much larger scale l v President Lin
coln, who on the 31st day of March,
1862, wrote to General McClellan
that he Abraham Liucolu, was com
mander in-Cliief of our armies, and
that as such he had a right to give
such orders as he ''pleased;" and so
far as the Army of the Potomac has
been concerned, he has persistently
done sc. Is it strange, then, that
Richmond has not beec taken, when
Jefferson Davis has so powerful an
ally in the person of the 'Commander-in-Chief
at the Executive Mansion"!
Have 1 done Mr. Lincoln injustice!
Let facts answer. All of the E t stern
Generals and Eastern troops who
have coine West have been success
ful, although they had previously fail
ed in. the East; as most of our West
ern Generals and Western troops have
boon unsuccessful in tho 'East, al
though victorious in the west. Thus
Durnside at Frodrickabnrg, and
Hooker in the wilderness both with
in whispering distance of Washing
ton mt with terrible disaster. And
who was to blame! President Lin
coln., But no sootcr had they gut
beyond the mar-blot intoiference of
the lawyer "Caramander in-Chief,"
than the one conquered Eist Tennes
see, and the other won immortal re
nown upon the heights which sur
round. Chattanooga. Whilo on the
other hand, Popo was successful. in the
West, but uo sooner did be come
with in tho malign influence of "the
military genius of the Executivo Man
sion,", than ha bocamo so totally
eclipiud, tint for some days he and
his army w:re supposed to bo lost,
ani were in fuctonly found when lost
on the disastrous field of Bull Run.
And Grant, tho victor of Djnelson,
and Shiloh, and Vic:sburg, what of
him! Why, comrades, and you cit
izeus, you all kuow that we were
gravely assured, wo were promised
that Richmond should be ours by the
4th of last July, and although Grant
i - .i i I, . . . .
lias lost in me nuiu, wuuout includ
ing the ravages of tho hospitals, more
than oue hundred thousand men, yet
Richmond is no nearer bo'ng taken
than it was in May last, though we
are now at tho close of October. Now
why is it that Western Generals fresh
from the field of their triumphs in tho
West, have met with defeat in the
Ei8t;-wbile Eastern Generals, fresh
from their disasters in the East, have
achievod brilliant victeriea in tho
Weat? The answer ia simple and
instructive. Donelson, Shilah, Vicks
bun;, Knoxville, Mission Rid sc.
Lookout Mountain, and a score of
other Western battles and Weatern
victories, were fought and won too
lar away from Washington to be
turned iuto defeats by the meddle
some interference of "Commander-in
Chief Liocoln. Whilo on the con
trary, Lineolu has alinays hung, and
uow hangs over the army of the fo
touiao, like a frightful night-mare;
anl McC.ellan is tho only General
who has found himself equal to boat
ing General Lee and General Lincoln
at the same time; for while "Little
Mae" was fighting Ljo in front.'Old
Abu" was certain to be harassing
McClellan in the rear; but Liuco in
aud Lee wore always worsted,
Before further considering the dis
astrous consequences of Mr Lincoln's
interference iu the operations of tho
armies, it Will be proper to briefly
glance at the early campaign in West
ern Virginia. On the 13ih of May,
1861, McClellan was given command
ol the Department of the Ojio, and
finding that the rebels were about to
seize and occupy Western Virginia.
he promptly organized a column of
Ohio troops, crossed the Utno River,
and met and couqaored tho enemy at
Rich Mountain aud Carrick's Ford.
If his military successes were brilli
ant, so was his policy humane and
statesmanlike, and the confidence he
inspired in the hearts of the people,
affirmed (he triumphs be achieved in
the fiald; aud Western Virginia was
permanetly secured to the Union.
. But while victory crowned our ar
mies in the west, disgrace, panic and
disaster enveloped our cauae in gloom
on tha Potomac, Contrary to the
judgment of McDowell, Mr. Lincoln
forced him to advance against the
strong position of the enemy at Man
assas, before his command was or
ganised, or his troops were ready for
the field.- The result was utter de
feat to our arsis, and our pauic-
atrickcu army rollod back upon Wash
ington, confused and frautie wwt
And Mr. Lincoln gazod anxiously
toward the southren b.tnk of the Po
tomac, and in the misty twilight he
imagined he could feo Boaurrgard
and his lines on their way to Washington.
The hero of Rich Mountain and
Carrick's Ford, W:8 appenled to by
Mr. Lincoln, to hasten to tlio (lapral
above all, to save tho White Hwe.
In less time than ever pcrfoimod be
fore, McClellan arrived, vquippud,
drilled and disciplined one ot tho
best armies ever led to' buttle-. Ho
was given the chief command of all
armies, ami developed a plan for a
grand and combined movement
agaiusl the enemy.
But no sooner rtiiT the Presi !enf
feel secured in McClellau's strength'
than he again began to meddle in
matters beyond his comprehension,
lie insisted Uo submitting plan
of his own to a council of war, and
his plan was promptly overruled
McClellan was not present. The
vanity of General Lincoln wan wound
ed,and as his plan" hud been r j ct
ed.ho eoetnou determined that the
plan of McClellan should not suecee I.
And on the 8th day uf March, 1S62.
Mr. Lincoln issued his gueral order
No 3., assuming the control of the
campaign against Richmond. Anl
aftor McClellan had gone forward at
the head of hiscoluinns.tho President
withdrew liom hiscoiiuu tnd the corps
of McDowoll, the division of lJImikt-r,
and ten thousand more stationed at
Fortress Mouioe; and it was on this
occasion that the President wrote to
General McClellan that he, il limb am
Lincoln, as commander in-Chief, bad
the right to issue such orders as he
Mr.- Iialleck had greatly distin
guished himself at Corinth, where,
as ho supposed,, ho was investing
Beauregard, while that General quit t
!y withdrew every pound ofhiamu
nitions, arnl sont thirty thousand nun
to reinforce L:o, whose army was al
ready largei than McCbdlun's In
the mean time the profound and ea
gle-eyod Iialleck was leisurely true
ing tho lines ot his trenches, winch
were to beoorao formidable to li -an
regard at soino distant day, should he
ever ajjain occupy Uonnth. the
Commander in Chief at tho Ex cu
tivo Jtfuusion was struck with admi
ration by the 'rcmnrkablu' anility d s
playcd by Mr Iialleck, and deter
mined that military prodigy shou .!
supersede JcOlellan. And General
Lincoln was right, for in an entire
array he could uot have found an
other man whose military capacity so
uearly equaled his own.
General Lincoln is supposed to
have inquired ol'ioneral Iialleck, by
what combination he hud succeeded
iu enabling Bauregird to withdraw
his entire army, mid send Lee a rein
forccment of thirty thousand ineu.
Iialleck is supposed t have given a
moat satisfactory explanation, an I to
have suggested that inasmuch us Luos
army had been made stronger, that
therelore MuCIollan's aru.y should in
made weaker by the withdrawal oi
forty thousand men; and General Liu
colu saw that the advice was gnoj.
and the forty thousand wuro wi lt
drawu. To be sure, that ma lea
chanso of Seventy thousand in Lou
favor ,but then it gavo MvC o Iju u
better chance for immortality.
But tho groat soul of McClellan
grew tronger ai the treachery at
Washington, and the treasuu at Rich
mond, augmented agaitiat him
Without a murmur, be a ivanced and
captured Yorktown, achicvol the
victories of LUuovor Court Iloujj
aad Williamsburg, and against a
force more thin douhtd hit 011. bo
fouo-ht aud won a Series or brilliant
battles, over onii of the best generals
of modern limes. At last, overwhelm
ed but neither conquered nor dis
heartened, he tuld the President, that
with 20,000 more men just half the
turoA taken from him ho O'uldauJ
would take Richmond. Uut oit!-;or
frnm a desire to avenge the ro', action
of liia plan by the Council 'ol- War, or
from fear that If Rif mond fell, the
rebellioa woub uU brought to a close
before ne.-oes could be placed opoo
t .Qualitv with white mjn, reio-
JOrceOieUW WtUO peioiwuuj lomnwi.
' ' ' -
So well convince 1 was McClellan that
there was treachery at Washington,
that on the 23. h of June, 1862, after
one of his moat desperate battles.be
wioiuf mc oixrumry oi War, "A
few thousand more nen w ould have
changed this battle from a defeat to a
victory. It I sav this army
now, 1 tell yon plainly that I will
owe no (hanks to you, or to any per
son else at Washington. You nave
flme all j om could to tacrijice thit
iii my, 1 feel too earnestly to
night, and have seen too many dead
and wouuded comrades,to feel other
wise than that the Government lias
not supported this army." Waa it en
vy i Wus it treachery f Or was it
incompetency, which caused the Pres
ident to intelrere witlm and defeat tha
phini cf McClellan t Let it be envy,
or treachery, or incompetency, it is
evidwtit that Mr Lincoln is notfltfor
the high and solemn position he occupies.
Stung to the heart by the chilling
indifference of Presindent Lincoln to
the gallant deeds and terrible Buffer
ings of his heroic comrades, McClell
an wrote t Mr. Iialleck, thenjboaring
the title of Genera! in Chief "Please
say a kind word to my army, in re
gard to their conduct at Yorktown,
Williamsburg, West Point, Ilanover
Uoiirt House aud tho Chickahominy.
Say uothinst about me, but
liivo my men aud ofHoera credit for
Athat they have done."
Bi t no kind word came: no iym
pathy lor the wounded, 'nor sorrow
for the dead, no praise for the lividg;
And yet, tliers are those who dare in
ult tho soldiers by telling them that
Abraham Lincoln is their friend.
Yes, ai the ivoll is tho friend of his
prey. And we can now understand
what otherwise would seem incredi
ble, how this same President, while
claiming to be "Coiumander-iu Chief"
of our armies, a few months i after
wards, on' the glorious field of Antie
tam, whilb tho groans of the wounded
tent tlu air, and mangled bodies of
the heroic uead yet lay in horrid piloa
wo can now understand how Pres
ident Lincoln could, at such a time
and in such a scene, call upon Mar
sha'l Layman to sing a vulgar comic
song and how touching waa the re
buke of the victor of that field, who
exclaimed JNot now, Mr, President
no' now. Listen to the moans of the
wounded see the mangled bodies of
the yet warm dead."
Having failed to destroy. McClelU
an by sacreficing the army of tire Poto
mac, it was determined to strike ft
more direct blow at him by recalling
his army from the Peninsula, and by
depriving him of its command.
This was done ; and McClellan was
ordered to report at Alexandria, and
his common 1 was reduced to one hun
dred mcu 1 .
was commapd of
tha Army of the PotomhC, in order
to curry out the plans of President
Lincoln, and on the 30th ot August,
Secretary Stanton caused a sneering
order to be published, dec'aiing that
G tierai McClelan was to retain com
n and of t ho army of the Potomac, ex
e.'pt 8'i much of it as had been scut
to General Pope all had beeu sent,
save one hundred man 1
But the very day, nay, the very
hour in which the intended insult
was givan to McClellan, our armies
t stained a disaster under Pope. On'
dunlin the distant roar of, battle,
McClellan 'forgot his owu' wrongs
in thinking of tha perils of bis com
rades, and telegraphed to Mr. Hal
leek, "I respectfully ask to be allowed
to no to the ocene of battle, morel tr
io bd with my own men, if nothing
more ; they "Will fight noue the worse
fir inv ileitis with them. I
mission t shru their fate on the field
of hutHe." .
Tho request wa$ refused. . ftnt Unvr
uoble -ho toucKing the'dovotion of
itte pettecuto''. hero, to bis .country
aud his comrade.
Di.',sti-r came. The veteran armv
o( iiio. Potomac had beon routed, and
was in full ntreat on, Washington,
A pautiug Steamer waaljixijj puffing
mine wuau. raay to secure tin
i'ru.Hant'd rfllrcftt trni.. iUa
All was chaos. General Linonln lit.
coufideuce iu bis plan, and. the mag
nauiinoui.Ualleck teiegrapkod to Alo-Clollaa:-

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