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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, December 21, 1865, Image 1

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Vt E I I M I I III ' II 11
v 1. 14.
NO 20
E. A. & W. S B RATIO N.
la ratton'ii lIiiildinR Inst of the Court
House up Stairs
ThDi!MidKT will be nontonoyoar Tor one
Dollar: and nfUcen'e: Six Months for Sev
nt.-flvacenta: Kour jtonths. for Fifty Cents,
(jf All papers will he discontinued at tbe
iplratio or the tlm paid lor.
One Square oneinsortion,
Kach additional insertion, .
(!rda one yoar, ' 8 C
Notice of appointments of laiinirt a
ra, Oaardian and Executors 2,00
Attachment notices before.'. P. 2,011
Kditorial notices ocr line. 1
Yearly advertlsmonts will bo charged ViO
Dfif cil'imn nor annum.
And In proportionate ra'.cs for loss than a
!lumn, and for left time.
Ten linos minion cluried as one finare
and all AdvertieimunU ao i Legal Notioos must
ve pam in a It ice.
t-flTlie aboveHrmsmnst be complied with
HTAII paymen muat be mudo to the Pro-
picor, a we ha;e nu agronis.
The Deniocr a Joh Office.
V7e are prepared toeouta with noatnesn,
7mpatcli ami at pries' v at nciy cuiupoiiu
11 kinds of Job Work, juoh as
dle us atrial and beeonvinccd thet w-ican
tid will do urintl i)( houpor tor Caiii, tin n any
ther astnl li ih'iimt i 'i tliiss -wti m of uo in try
Athens, 0. McArtliur, O
Altormj s at fiw.
McArtlmr, Oiiio.
Will attend promptly to nil biiine?s m
trustcd to their euro, ii Vin'on and
Allien Counties, or any of the Com ts of
the 7th Ju licidl Disirioi, mid in 1 he circuit
and District corn's of the United' S'.ute.
IV i.ie Souther,! District of Ohio.
Claims HguiiHt the Government, Pens
ions. 11 unity an I B iclt piy collected.
Oct I9'.iri85-lvr
e. . mfm,
Attorney t Liw a ml
McAi'liur, Ohio.
Tlain lleonsod by the V. 8. , for the ptirr-o
I will attend io til l prosecution and collootieu
of iw.rif djurintfon of oluima nffiiinsl Ih
Unite I SUtos. i l I Swtoof Ohio, Including tho
Vorfr in raid eliums.
iiuntitts ami rrearuses ofl'uy
I'rocn red.
PENSIONS for wounded tuid disabled ol
d'ters and aeainnn, and for tho hoirs of coldior
and aeamon win havo diod find been killed in
the service. I would :iy to my friends, that
aawill att iu 1 proinp'.ly Vj tho.r biiaiuasa and
modant'.e torus.
Juno I'Kli 13ild.
Attorneys at law,
WILL attend to all loal bubinoss intrusted
to their caro in Vi Hon, AUions, JacUson, Koiss,
Ilookinn and a IjoiniiiK enmities.
I'articulor nttantio'i ftivon to tho collodion
f aoWiors olaims for Pensions, Bounties, ar
lears cf pay fce., a?ainst tho ll ill tod States or
Oliio, Including Morun raid claims.
April 1 Jt It 1S05, lyr
Mr. .Tours has purchased the Old Ply
mouth House, and changed its name a
above. The Hon.-e has been remodeled mid
(s now open for the reception of the public.
It is on the whurf.a healthy location, and
no pains will be spared to make the stay of
visitors at ths house, all they can wish.
rhnrnna Intv no flip timoa w i ' I lifTnrd
JnneaSlh 1Sfi5. 6ino.
A. IS A invent ALU
?AW,i Mi
Will attend prompt!-,
aid carefully
he practice of their profession in all its
n. 5th, 1865. tf.
G. W. J. WOL1Z,.
' eepaireb of:
.W; tens, Clock s,
Justices Bunks, Blank Deed
etc. toall descriptions for sale at tu
President's Message.
Tho report of tho I'osfmaatcr Gen
represents an encotirageino; exhibit
of the operations of the I'ost Office
Uepartment during the year. The
revenues of the past year front the
loyal States alone exceeded the uiax
intu annual receipts from all the
States previous to tha robuMioii, in
the Bum of $6,033,091. and the an
nual average incroane during tho last
tour rears, compared with the reven
u( of the four years immediately
preceding the rebellion, was 3.533.
845. The rove mes of the lat fscul
year amounted to 14,556 159, ami
the expenditarofl to S13.C94J23,
leaving a Gumhifl ol receipts over ex
penditurea of S3C1.430. Progress
ias been mailo in reiitoi ing the poHtal
service in tho Southern Stutos. Tho
view3 presented by the Postmaster
Ueneral against tho nohev oftrant
ing Btibaidie8 to ocean mail stomiiship
mea upon established rotites, and in
lavor ol cotitiniiirig tho picseut ays
tt m, which limits tho compensation
for ocean service to tho postage
earnings, nro recommended to ho
careful ccnaideratiotj of Congress.
It appoara from the report ol the
Secretary of tho Navy, that, while at
tho commencement of tho present
year, there wore iu commission 530
vessels ol ul, classes and descriptions.
armed with 3,000 guns and manned
by 51,000 men, the number ol vessels
at present in commission is 117, with
bJOgnnsand 1:2,123 men. By this
roiupt rednction of tho nnvftl forces.
the expenses have been largely dimin
ished, and a number ol vussels. our
chased lor naval purposes, Irom the
merchant marine, have been returned
to the peaceful pursuits of commerce.
Since the suppression of active hosx
tilities our loroign squadrons have
been re-es'nblishod, and coriKlsts ol
ves6o's much more cdL'ient than those
employed on nimilar stryicn previous
to the rebellion. The siiL'L'cstiun for
to enlargement of the n ivv yards.
und especially for tho estrtblishiunt ol
one iu fresh water for iron clad ves
stls, is deserving ol c msuicration. as
alHo tlio recoioineiidation tor k
dilll-reiit location and more ample
giotinds for the Naval Academy.
In tho report of '.he Socrotan nf
War, a goneral summury is given of
io military campaigns of 18G4 and
805, ending in dm enppressioti ol
aimed resistance to tho national nu-
onty in the insurgent States. The
operations of the general adminibtia
t:ve Bureaus of the War Department
during tho past year are detailed, and
an estimate niado of the apropri
atinns that will be required iort:iili
tary purposes in the fiscal year com
tneucing the 30th day of June, 1SG0
The national military forco on the 1st
of May, 18t5, numbered 1 000,510
men. It is proposed to reduce the
military establishment to a peace
footing, comprehending 5C 000 troops
of all arms, organized so as to admit
of an enlargement by tilling up the
ranks to 82,600, if tho circumstances
of tho couc try should require an aug
mentation of the army. Tha volun
teor force has already been reduced
by tho diechnrge from servico of over
800,000 troops, and the Department
is proceeding rapidly in the work ol
further reduction. Tho war eHtimatos
are reduced from $516,240,131 to
33,814,461, which amount in the
opinion of the Department, is ado
quato for a peace ebtablishment. The
measures of retrenchment in each
Bureau ai.d branch ol the service ex
hibit a diligent economy worthy ol
commendation. Kofereneo is also
i is the ronort to tho necessity of
providing for a nnilorm militia sys
tem, and to tho propriety ol making
suitable provision for wounded aud
disabled "fficers and soldiers,
Tho revenue system of tho country
subject of vital interest to its honor
and property, and should command
tho earnest consideration of Coures.
The Secretary of the Treasu'y will
lay before you a full detailed report
of tho eceip's and disbursements of
the last fiscal year, of the first quarter
of tho present fiscal year, of the piob
able receipts and expenditures for the
other three quarters, and the eeti
mates for th yea' following tfio 30th
of June, IS66. 1 might content
myself vith a reference to that report,
iu which yon will find all the inlor
raation required lor yonrdelibt rations
and decision. But tho paramount
importance of the subject so pressed
itself on mj-own mind, that I can but!
lay before you my news of tho moas.
ores' which are required for the good
character, and 1 might almost eay, foi
the existence o tins people. Tho life
of a republic lies certainly in the
energy, virtue and intelligence of its
citizens ; but it is equally true that a
good revenue system is the life of an
organized government, I meet you
at a time when tho nation has vnlun
tarily burdened itself with a debt nn
precedcn'ed in our unnals. Vaet as
is its amount, it fades away into
nothing wheu compared with the
countless blessings that will be con
ferred upon our country md npon
man by tho preservation of the
nation's life. Now, on the first occa
eion of the meeting of Congress since
the return of peace, it is of the nt
most importance to inaugurate a just
policy, which shall at once be put in
motion, and which shall commend
itself to those who come alter us for
its continuance. We must aim at
nothing less than tho comp'eto efface
tnent of the financial evils that
necessarily followed a state of civil
war. We must endeavor to nimlv
tho earliest remedy to the deranged
.if . . , . .. . -.
state of tho curiency, and not shrink
from devising a policy which, without
being oppressive to tho people, shall
immediately begin to effect a reduc
tioti of tho debt, and, if persisted in.
diecharge it fully within a definite
fixed number ol years.
It is our hrot duty to preparo in
oarnost for our recovery Irian tho
over-increasing evils of an ii redeem
able currency, without a sndJen re
vulsion, and yet without untimely
procrastination. 1'or that end, we
must.eaeh in our respective positions,
prepare tho way. I hold it the duty
of the Kxecutivo to insist upon fiug
ality in the expenditures, and a sp.ir
ing economy is Itself a great national
resource. Of tho banks to which
authority has boon given to issue
notes secured by bon 1j of the United
States, wo may requite tho greatest
moderation and prudence, mid tho
law must be rigidly enforced when
its limits aro exceeded Wo may,
each oni ol us coumcl our activo aud
enterprising countrymen to ho con
stantly on their guard, to liquidate
debts contracted in a paper cmrency,
and, by conducting business as nearly
as possible on a system of cash pay
ments on short credits, to hold them
selves prepared to return to tho stand
ard of gold and silver. To aid our
lellow-citiz-ns in tho prudent mans
ageim ntol their monetary aliiirs, the
duty devolves on us to diminish by
law the amount of paper money now
in circulation. Fivo years ago the
bank-note circulation of tho country
Dinotuited to not modi more than two
hundred millions ; now tiio circula
tion, hank and national,exceecls seven
hnndn d millions. The simplo state
merit of tho fact recommends more
strongly than any wordsol mine could
do, tho iiecf-saity of our retrenching
this expansion. The gradual reduc
tion of tho currency is the only meas
ure that can save the business of the
country from disastrous calamities;
and this cun hu almost impn ceptiliiy
accomplish).'.! by gradually funding
tho national circulation in securities
that limy bo m-ido redeemable at thu
pleBBure of tho Government.
Our debt is doubly securo first in
tho actual wealth anl still greater
undeveloped resources of tho country;
and next in the character of our
institutions. Tho most intelligent
observers among political economists
have not failed to remark that the
public debt of a country is sale in
proportion as its people are tree ; that
the debt of n republic is the safest of
all. Unr history confirms and estab
lishes the theory, and is, I firmly
believo, destined to give it a still
more signal illustration. The secret
this suporiorty springs not meidy
from the tact that in a republic the
tho national obligations are distribu
ted tiioio widely through countless
numbers in all classes of society ; it
has its rent in the character of nor
laws. Here all men contribute to the
public welfare, and bear their fair
share of the public burdens. During
tbo war, under the impulses of patri
otism, the men of tho great body of
the people, without regard to their
own comparative want of wealth,
thronged to our armies and filled our
fleets of war, and held themselves
ready to offer their lives for the pub
lic good. Now. in their turn, the
property and incomo of tho conutry
should boar their just proportion- of
taxation, whilo in our impost system,
through means of winch tucreascd
vitality is incidentally imparted to all
industrial interests of tho nation.
me aui.es snouia De bo sajustea as to
protection of our flag over the outer
the nr-a nf nnr f!l,.w-r.o;pna w
fall most heavily ou articles of luxury
leaving the necessaries of life as fret
from taxation as the absolute wantp
of tho Government, economically ad
ministered, will justify. No favored
class should demand freedom from
assessment, aud the taxes lehonld be
so distributed as not to fall unduly on
tho poor, but rather on the accnmula
ted wealth of thee nntry. We should
ok at tho national debt just as it
not as a national ble88ini. but as
a heavy burden on the industry of the
country, to ho discharged without
unnecessary delay.
It is estimated by tho Secretary ol
the Tretisnry that tho expenditures
.. 4l ! .1 r..,
iur me useni year oiKiing llio oUlll ol
June, lSGb, will exceed tho recuipts
112104,047. It is gratifying, how
ever, Io state that it is also estimated
that the revenue for Mie year ending
tho SOtb ol funo, 1S67, will pxceed
the expenditures in tho sum of Sill,
620 818. This amount, or so much
as may bo deemed sufficient tor the
purpose, may bo applied to tha reduc
tioit of the public debt, which on tho.
31st da ol October, 1S65. was S2 -
Every reduction will diminish tho
total amount of interest to ho paid,
Hud so enlarge the means of still
further reductions, until tho whole
shall be liquidated ; and this, as will
bo seen li'um tho nsti mutes of the
Sucrefary of tho Treasury, may be
accomplished by annual payments,
even within a period uot exceeding
thirty years. I have faith that we
shall do all this within a reasonable
time ; that, as wo have am:iz;d the
world by the suppression of a civil
war which was thought to be beyond
the control of any Government, so we
shall tq rally 3how the superiority of
our institutions by the prompt and
faithful dischargo of our national
Tho Department of Agriculturo,
under it j -present direction, is accom
p'isbing much iu developing and
utilizing tho vast agricultural capa
bilities of tho country, aid for infor
mation respecting tho details of its
management, reference is made to
tho annual report of the Commissioner
I havs dwelt thus till: y on our
domestic affairs because of their
transcendant importance. Under Buy
circumstances our great extent o:
territory and variety of climate, pro
ducing almost everything that is
necessary for tho wants and even the
comforU d man, makes us signlarly
independent of thu varying policy of
foreign powers, and prottcts us from
every temptation to "entangle ullian
cos," whiio at tho present moment
the re-establishmeiit of harmony and
the strength that comes from harmony
will bo our best security against
"nations who feel power und forget
For myself, it ha3 been and will be
my constant aim to promote peace
and amity with all foreign nations
and powers ; and 1 hava every reason
believe thvit, they all, without ex
ception, nro animated by the same
disposition. Our relations with the
Emperor of China, so rocent in their
origin, are moBt friendly. Our com
merce with his dominions is receiving
new developments, and it is vory
pleasing to find that the Government
that nro at Empire manifests satis
faction with our policy, and reposes
just confidence in tho fairness which
marks our intercourse.
Tho nnbroken harmony betweon
the United States and the Emperor
Russia Is receiving a now support
from an enterprise designed to carry
telegraphic lines across the continent
Asia, through his dominions, and
to connect us with all Europe by a
new channel of intercourse Our
commerce with South America is
about to receive encouragement by a
direct line of mail steamships to the
rising Empire ot Brazil.
The distinguished party of men of
soIodoo wuo liava recently left our
country to make a scientifiic exp'or
ation of the natural history and rivors
and mountain ranges of that region,
havo received from the Emperor that
generous welcome which was to have
been expected from his constant
friendship for the United States, and
bis well-known zeal is promoting the
advancement of knowledge.
A hope is entertained that oar
commcr.ee with tho rich and populous
countries that border the ilediterra
nean Sea may be largely increased
Nothiug will bo wanting, on the part
of this Uovernment, to extend the
ived from tho powers in that re
icn assurances of good will ; and it
i worthy of note that a special envov
ias brought us messages of condol".
inco on tho death of our late Chief
Magistrate from tho Bay of Tunis,
whoso rule includes the old dominions
of Carthago, on tha African coast.
Our domestic contest, now happily
ended, has left eomo traces in our
relations with one at least of the great
maritime powers. The formal accor
dance of belligerent rights to tho
insurgont States was unprecedented.
and has not been justified by the
ir-'sue. But in tho systoms ol neu
trality pursued by the powers which
was a
marked d.fll-rence.
Too materiaio of war for the iimrr
ijent States were furnished in a freat
moasuro, from the workshops of Great
uritain ; and uritiah shin-i m anno I
by British subuots, and prepand for
receiving Biitsh annam-nta. sailed
from the ports of Great Brits'ii to
inako war on American coinm-rco,
uuder tho shdlter of a commissiou
from the insurgent States. These
hips, having onco escipud Iron
Jritieli ports ever alterwarJ entered
them in every part of the world, to
refit, and so renew tboir depredations.
lho consfquences of th's conduct
wore most disastrous to tho States
then in rebellion, increasing their
desolation and misery by tho prolon
gation of our civil contest. It had,
moreover, tho ctL-ct, to great extent,
to drive tho Amarican thg Irom the4
sea. and to transfer much of our ship
ping an J our commerce to tho very
Power whoso subjects ha I created the
necessity for such a change. These
events took place before 1 was called
to tho administration of tho Govern
Tho sincere cesiro for peaco by
which 1 am animated led mo to ap
prove the proposal, already made, to
submit the questions which had thus
arisen betneen the countries to arbi
tration. Theso questions are of such
moment that they must have com
manded the attention of tho great
Powers, and are so interwoven with
the peaco and interests of every one of
thun as to have ensured an impartial
1 regret to inform yon that" Great
Britain declined tho arbitrament, bat,
on tho other hand, invited us to the
formation of a joint commission to
settle mutual claims between the two
conutries, from which thoBO for the
predations before mentioned ?luuld
be excluded. Theso propositions, in
that very unsatisfactory for.ii. has
been declined.
Tho United States did not present
the subject as an impeachment of the
good faith of a Power which was
professing the most Iriendly disposis
tion, but as involving naetinus of
public law, of which the settlement is
essential to tho peace of nations; and
though pecuniary reparation to their
injured citizjns would havo tollowcd
incidentally ou a decision against
Great Britain, each compensation was
not thoir primary object. Ihoy had
higher tuotivo, nud it was in the
rnterests of peaco and just co to
establish important principles ol
international law.
The correspondonco will bo place I
before yon. The ground on which
the British Minister rusts bis justifi
cation is, finbotantially, that tho muni
cipal law of a nation, and thu domes
tic interpretations of that law, are the
measure of its duty as a neutral; an l
teol bound to declaro my opintop,
before you and before tho world, that
justification can not bo sustained
before the tribunal of nations. At
the same time I do not adviso to any
present attempt at rod r ess by acts ol
legislation. For the littnre, friend
ship between tho two countries mint
rest on the basis ot mutual nis.'ice
From the moment of tho establish
ment of our fieo Constitution, the
civilized world has bean convulsed
by revolutions in tho interests of do
mocriicv or of monarchy; but through
all theso revolutions tho United
States have wisely and firmly refused
to become propagandists of Repub-
liCHiiutr.. It is the only Government
suited to our condition, but we have
never sought to oppose it on others ;
and wo have consistently followed
the advice of Washington to recom
mend it only by the ca-olul preserva
tion and prudent use of tho blessing.
Dining all the intervening psriod
tho policy of European Powors and
of tbo United States has. on the
wholo. beon harmonious. TwicaJo
mdeod. rumors of the invasion oTiul
somo parts of America, in tho inter
ests of monarchy, hard prevailed
ii- J .. . chain ot jjabes, the
?' Wexic. and 00 east an I
twice my predecessors have had oc
casion to announee the views of this
nation in reepect to interference. On
both occasions the remonstrance of
the United States was respected.frotn
a deep conviction, on tho part of
European Governments, that the sy.
rem of non-interference and mutual
ubstinericefrom propagandiam was
the true rule from the two hemis
put res.
Since these tinus wo have advan
ced in wealth and power, bnt wa
retain the same purpose to" leave tha
nations of Europo to chorjge their
own dynasties nnd form their own
systems of government. This con
siotent moderation may justly domaud
a corresponding moderation. W
should regard it as a great calamity
to ourselves, fo tho causa of good
government, and to the ueaca cf t!.
world, should any European power
c.iallengo tho American people, as it
were, to tho defense of republicanism
against foroign interference.
We cannot foresee, and are unwil
ling to consider what otmortnnitii
migni prcsenc tiiemselvcs, what com
binations might ofLr to protect
ourselves against designs ioimicable
to our form of government. Tha
United States desiro to act in the
future as they have acted heretofore
they never will bo driven from that
conrso but by the aggression of Euro
pean Powers, and we rely on tho
wisdom and justice of theso Powers
to respect the system of n m-interfer.
enco which has so long been jane
tiuiod by timo, and which, by ita
good results, has proved itself to both
Tho correspondecco between tha
United States ami Fra.rco. in refer
ence to questions which have bosomo
subjects of discussion but ween tha
two Governments, will, at a proper
timo bo laid before Congress.
When, on thu organization of our
Government, uuder the Constitution,
the President of the United Sta'es
delivered his inaugurul address to tho
two Houses ot Congress, be said to
them, and through thorn I) tho coun
try and mankind, that "the preserva
tion of the sacred fire of liberty r.r(
the dostiny of tho repnhluan "model ot"
government are justly considered a
deeply, perhaps us finally staked on
tho experiment intrusted to thu
American eo;lc."
Aud the Uonse of Representative
answered Washington by the voice of
Malison; "Wo adoro tho iuvisiblo
hand which has led the American
people, through eo many difficult,
to cherish a conscious responsibility
lor tho destiiy of republican liberty.''
More thau stventy-Bix years Lavo
glided away sinco theso words wen
spoken, trio United States have passed
through severer trials than were
foreseen, and now, at this now epoch
our existence as one nation, wfi
our Union purified by sorrow, and
btrongihen&d by conflict, and es
tabl ished by the virtue of the people,
too groameaa ol the occasion invites
once more to repeat, with solem
nity, the pledges of our fathers to hold
ourselves answerable before) our fel
low-men for the success of the repub
ilican form of government.
Experience has proved its sufficiency
peace and in war, it has vindicated
its authority through dangers, and
afflictions, and sudden anil erribla
emergencies, which would hava
crushed any system that had been laaa
firmly fixed in the hearts of the peo
ple. At too inauguration of Wash
ington the foroign relations of tha
country wero few, and its trado wa
roprossed by hostile regulations, now
all the civilized nations of the globe)
welcome our commerce, and their,
Government profess toward us amity.
Then our country felt its way heais
tatingly along un untried path with
States 90 littlo bouud together by
rapid means oi communications as to
be hardly known to one another, and:
with historic traditions extendiug
over veiy few years now intercourse
between the States is 6wift and inti
matethe experience of centuries has
been crowded into a few generation
and has created an intense, indes
tmctnblo nationality. TLen our
jurisdiction did uot read) beyond tha
inconvonient boundaries of the ter
ritory which had achieved independ
encd, now, through cessions of lands,
first oolouized by Spain and France,
the country has ucquirod a mora
complex character, and has for ita
west two great oceans.

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