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HE volume r. M'ARTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1873. NUMB). Enquirer The Mc Arthur Enquirer. J. XV. HOWKN, Editor and Proprietor. Term of Subscription. . One copy, ouo vcur.$l 50 1 Ono copy,8moB.$l 00 One cop v, IHnoa .... 15 1 Ono copy, 4 inon . 60 If not piiUl within tlio year 00 Clulm of Twenty I'-'0,!' Tho McArthur Knquirkk circulates 1KM, OF POSTAGE within tho limits of Vinton 'rVieMcArthur EnquIbbu nnd Tht Clirtt thin Wli mi will bu sent to ono person ouc yeur for 3 00. A iiiiluro to notify a iliHcontinniince lit tho end of the time mihacrihed for, will ho taken n a now oiiKiiKoinent for Biilweriptiou. Advertising Ratal. Tho apiico occupied by 10 lines of this (Non pareil) tvie ahull conntititte a squaro. ltulo nnd Figure Work 50 cents additional. 3 ninfl. 0 mos. 12 mofl. Ono square, 4 00 H 00 Hl Two miunrcs, 5 IK) 1 00 10 00 Throe siinnruH, 7 00 10 00 15 00 .r'ourntiuiirca. . 00 19 M 18 00 Hixs.UnreH, 10 00 15 00 !0 00 column, 0 00 12 00 SO 00 ii column, 15 00 36 00 40 00 One column, 25 00 40 00 BO 00 Legal Advortinomcnta ?1 00 per square for fli'Ht Inxertlon; nml 60 cents per squaro for each additional iiiKOition. , , UubIucdk CuriU, not exceeding 8 lines, f5 per year. All bills due on first insertion of advertise ments. llilU with regular advortlsors to lio paid ciunrterlv. llusines.H Notice 10 cents n tine. Marriniro Notices according to tlio liberality of the parties. Vearly ndvcillscrg entitled to quarterly I'lllUlL'OS. Advertisements uot othcrwiso ordorcd, will be continued until ordered discontinued, and charged Hceoriiinixiy. Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad. TIME TABLE. On nnd after November 9, 1ST2. Trains will run as loitows: m Sin .2 & a , -2 3S X 'JJ I- t- .Ja; , ; ; ; ; 8": (Ji Oi OS 3J a ; ; ; ; ; ; j i : : : : : ' 'a'i'i-ai'fM ::::::::: :S ! : : : :H CC 91 - Miles 'A C ' !8 :.3 : : ,. . u . : bt Nd a a i. E : , -s A" a ii -4 a : : '" u : S : ;&2 9'Z 3 5 T. a 1. id i ?. 4. 7. i ?. r. ? ?. t ? ?! r. ?. 5 8 S a : : S . :::::::::::: O S i O flt m C C 5 CC SO tO US :::::!:: ': : I i : : : ::::! i3d ::::: 3? CI N( INN ATI KXI'ltKs.S will run daily All otner iiams uuiiv, except nuiiiiav. CINCINNATI" KXI'KKSH, KAST, makes no stop between Ilnmdcn and Athens. artuiouth Branch. Mall 4:00 p. in. 4:S!I " 7:00 " 8:45 a. m. 11:05 11:45 p. ni. Accniiimodat'n 8:15 a. in. 7r21 11:10 12:20 p.m. 4:00 5:20 Dep. Haniden " Jackson Arr. Portsmouth Dep. l'ortsuiontli Air. .Inckson " Hitiiiden Tlt.UNSCONNF.CT AT LOVKLAND For all points on the Little Miami l(alroiid, and at tlx Indlnpapnls A Cincinnati ltHil road Juiiftlnir lor "II Pnnts West, "' " W. V. I'KAIIODY, Master ol Transportation, LINE. CLEVELAND COLUMBUS, CINCINNATI & INDIANAPOLIS RAILWAY. On and after Monday, May 28th, 1871, Kx- lnvss Trains will leave loiiuiiiiiis nnii liwi lino and arrive at points named below as fol lows: Siatlou8. No.li", No".4. . N'oTOT" Columbus.. n:inn.iii. 4:0 p.m. i 2:;:.;a.nr Jii . 2:00 p.m. 4:40 5:05 l::W)a.in, 11:00 0:40 f live tinil.. llutWo 10:30 4:10 (1:45 a.m. 7:05 2:00 p.m. 11:20 0:80 HUB . in. Unchester Albany.... IlllNtoll. ... N. Y.City. . 1:80 0:15 fi-M p. 111. 8:30 Cii'stllno . . ..12:45 p. 111. Pittsburgh., :35 llarrisburg . 7:15 a. in. 8:115 p.m. 1:6 a.m. 11:25 2:40 p.m. 113 8:85a.m 8:45 I). in 9:40 a.m. I!itltimore...iu:io Viiiliinninn. iltt p. up a. in. lilluleipiiirti t:00 Crestline ....11:30 p. ni. Fort Wayne,. 6:30a. ni. Chicago ... .12:10 p. in. 7:45 p.m. 1:15 a.m. 7:20 6:55 a.m. 11:25 8:00 p.m RhiyN'o. 4, leaving Columbus nt 4:10 p. in lniM'iiTlii'onuh Car via Delaware for Spring. Held, reaching Springlleld without change at 1-'M ii. m. Train No. 2, on tno commons a j Valiey Kaiuonil connect vlth No. d tlll-oiigll'iMa'yiJ f.jf atto at'Xl uiuV ' fi,siFiNtiK' Tit lIH returning ri Train No. x, on tno loiumoiia a, jiucunig .i .tnjiu t arrive lit Culumbiu at 12:38 a. in.. 11:15 a. m., and 0:50 a. in. ftarPalaca Day and Sleeping Cars Uii All Trains. No. 0 leaving Columbus nt 2:83 a. m., on Butidav, runs tlirough without detontlon, by both Kilo and ?iow lora iCiitrai nniiwaya. arriving at Now Vork on Monday morning al n.o tt. in. For nartlcular Information In regard to n,,..,.,,rl, Hi.ki.ts. limn, connection, etc.. In all iuinl:,rtas, nt,-.fc(irttt lll ii!H','i Ol'llly'r" I AS. I'ATTKUSON, General Agent, Columbus, Ohio. KlUliNlii FORD, Passenger Agent, Columbus, Ohio. Columbus & Valley R. nnnnd (iftnr DowinlierOth.lWitroMiowm icns (1:80 a. m. 'Arrive' ICoOti.'hi. 12:10 1:05 ... . 8:2 :10 .,.,12:15 a. 111. p. ni. Arrive:" Mi 7::to 7:50 0:15 11:17 9:20 a. III. 8:80 I plnibtn " WWnirgli... Cluvolitnd ... Xenla Dayton Richmond..., Indianapolis. Cliicngo Closo cnnncetlnn inutlo nt Lnne.nstor for Clr "levlllo, Zancsvlllo and all points on tn) Cln i i l. ......n, v H.1..V. LLllnud. Hjkdl), H.Hnllo!(, WaiH4iMnrt'MleW anil all points W.est, Also, for Cleveland, lliitralo, Pittsburgh, and nil points Kast i..i, Hi ii,.t,f;, i Vnll.w and Pan llnndlO mute to Clilcago and tlio Northwest; ItUth slKirtcs byslxiy-six mllns, fivlnn panoti-r .the limient of lulckcr tlmo ami lower ' tlmn liu anv llilit . : 1',. A- BWtl,I, (it'll ! TICKUC A(UU Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Great National Short Lino Rout East and West. Only Direct Route to the Natlonnl Capl- ioi anu .a.aiwaru, On and after Monday. November 10. Trains will run as follows: EASTWARD. CMnati Fatt Mail Esepreti Lint Kxprtu 6 55 Am 040Fm ......... 2 35 I'm 2 8.1 Am 8 44 Am 6 03 " E 61 " 1 12 I'm 8 80 " 8 20 4 45 " 8B5 " 8 45 " 5 05 " 10 00 " 10 00 " (J 25 " 235 Am 1 20 I'm 12 4 I'm U15 " 410 12 30 I'm 8 30 Am 9 20Pm 12 54 Am 11 45 I'm 4 00 Am 0 45 I'm 8 00 " 8 00 I'm 800 " 4 OS Am 850Am 8 20 " 4 25 1 9 20 " 18 08 I'm 8 59 " 1204 " 5 00 " 1032 " 845Am 0 25 1100 Depart l'arkorsburir Cumberland. .. Harpers Ferry Washington Juno. Arrive lialtiniiire Wnxhiniiton Philadelphia New York WESTWARD, Depart....... Now York Philadelphia Washington Haiti more Arrive.. .. Washington June llurpor's Ferry.., (,'iimbcrlnnd I'arkersburg Pullman Pslaot Drawing Boom Sleeping Can Which nro as comfortable, elegantly furnished and almost equal to a flre-eide, are on all trains from Cinclniinll to Mttltlnioro and WaHhinglon. Kee Schedule of Cincinnati nnd Marietta Itailroad for timoof arriving and de parting from McArthur. Tlio advantages of this routo over all others is, that it gives all travelers holding through tickets tho privilege uf visiting Baltimore, 1'hiladclphia, and the National Capitol free. Time quicker nud ratesof fare lower than by another route. Tlio scenery along this Railway is not equalled for granileuron this Continent. TO SHIPPERS OF FREIGHT. This lino oilers superior Inducements the rates being one-third lower to anil from Ilos ton, New York, or any other eastern point In ordering goods of any description from the Kast give directions to ship tin Unltinioro & Ohio It. It., and in shipping Kast give same di rections. Freights shipped by this route will have despatch, and be handled with care and save shippers much money. .1. L. WILSON, Master Transportation, Ilaltiinore. O. II. HLANCHAttl), lieu. Freight Ag't. Baltimore. L. M. COLE, (Jen. Ticket Ag't. Ilaltiinore. S.1J. JONES, (ion. Pass. Ag't., Cincinnati. Ind., Cin. & Lafayette Railroad. Great Through Panenger Railway to all Points West, Northwest and Southwest. This ia the Short Line via Indianapolis. Tho Ureal Through Mnit nnd Express Pas. senger Line to 8t. Louis, Kansas City, St. Jo seph, Denver, Han Francisco, and all points in Missouri, Kansas and Colorado. The shortest anil only direct route to In dianapolis, Liifnvctto. Terre 11 ante. Cam bridge City, Springlleld, Peoriu, llurlington, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and all points in the Northwest. Tho Indianapolis, Cincinnati A Lafayette Railroad, with its connections, now oilers passengers more lacuities in Tlirougn coach iiid nit'cpiug inr service tnan any otner line rom Cincinnati, hnvlnir the uilvantniro of Through Daily Cars from Cincinnati to St. jouis, Kansas Citv. St. Jnseuh. Peoria, llur lington, Chicago, Omaha, and all Intermediate points, presenting to C'ulouis(s and Families such cumiuris ami accommodations as i (ilnrded hv no otlior route. Through Tickets and linggago Chocks to all pniiHH. i rains leave Cincinnati nt T:so a. m., a:uu p. m., nml 9:00 p. in. Tickets can ho obtained at No. 1 Burnet House, corner Third and Vino. Public Land nig, corner main ana itiver; also, at nepot, corner l'luni ami real! streets, Cincinnati. lie sure to purchase tickets via ludiannp olis, Cincinnati & Lnl'nvette Railroad. u. i.. ii.i(iu.ur,it, Master Transportation, Cincinnati. C.K. LORD, Chief Ticket Clerk, Cincinnati. Great Through Passenger Route, TO KAX8A8. X ERR A SKA. COLORADO. XX W MEXICO, VTA II tt PA CIFIC COAST, IS VIA THE OI.D KKl.I AIII.K Ilftiinilwl 4 St, Joseph HIIOIIT I.ISB, VIA QflNCV. THREE FAST EXPRESS TRAIXS ,'iosh the Mississippi at Qiilncv. and Missouri at KniisitH City, on Iron Ilridges, with Pull man sleeping palaces and palace dav roaches f .i,t t I., I a.,... In U .Tnu....!, U .U.ii. I1!! .. ll.in. ver.Nelirnska City anilOiiia'lin, withoutciiangc of cars. All the great throuirli I'assenicr Lines from the Kast connect with tlio Hannibal nnd St. Joseph, hv wnv of Ouincv. securing nasseugers me loiiciwingaiivantnges: LOOK HF.iiK ItlS.U) THIS Tio ii(SfrlfiBit' 'lihiV Jihliphirths'tluwigh Drawing iinom bieentna l'ttlnoos and Day Couches run in ilia World. The Inmost and most convenient depots and Tit rou gli llaggage Arrangements in the C ut ted (stales. The great rivers all bridged, avoiding all transfers and ferriages; ami all who are posted will consult t'omlort and oconoinv, ity taking tnis routo to Kansas, Kenraxna, coiorano am the far West to tho Paclllc, Coast. fWT"0 sure vonr t!r::-i.ivf t.rt Iiv this oh eliablelino. rorsaldhtalVTIe.ket Offices. For Denver. Cheyenne. Salt Lake. Sacra mento antl Kan Francisco, nassengon have choice of route, either Mil Kansas City and Denver, or St. Josoph and Omaha. All connections via Ouliicy are direct and perfect. L. O. LY FO It D. Gen'l Sup't. r. if. HRpraj WW 4 JWVi Ohio and Mississippi Railway. It is tlio shortest, quickest and only Road running its entire trains through to ST. LOUIS AND LOUISVILLE Without Chunge. Our arrangements and connoctloni with all lines from St Louis nd LnujRyillff are per feet, reliable and uoinplutc ftrr nil points WEST AND SOUTH. Tills U the Shortest and Host Route to Kan las City, Leavenworth, Atchison, St.Josoph aid to all points in Missouri, Kansas and No hraska. Through Tickets and hill information as to time and fare, can be obtained kt any It. R. olllcc or our olllce Ir Cincinnati E, (i ALLVl', (iHl naai'PHssenger Agent CINCINNATI. IV. II. HALE, Gen. Pans, and Ticket A gt, HT. LOCI.3. Cin'ti Muskingum Val'y R. R. On mid after Monday. November 13, 1872. trains will leave and arrlvo at Laucastor, (Siiiiilnysece;to(,) j, pjloyij Ewnaml if nil, Aeoommotluiion Arr, 10i45 a.m. Arr. 7:50p.m. O01N0 KABT, Arr. 4:10 p.m. Arr. 8:30a.m. Direct connections made at LANCASTKll with trains on tho Coluinhus ana iiockini VhIIov llnllroftd for Athens. McArthur. Cbll llcotlie, Portsmouth, Marietta, audforColum una. . Direct coniior.tions made at ZANESV1LLE with trains on the U'll'liroie ft ()..m. I(. h., loi iMiUir. tililila bWUWVWhnl ,1)mK9EN ,H)Nt 'ilONi'wItli truiUu nn t he' liltUbtiruh, Clno nhati A St. Louis Railroad, Kast ami West. U. 11. HAILKY, Oon'l Ticket Ag't. C. (J. WAtTH, Suporlntendent. M AMI00D i now lost, now kkstored. .Tost, nuhllshnd. a new edition oe li Cul vorwull's. ,Celiibrai'd,:h)HBHl"OU tiro : radical oni'e(wrthoutpupdlclne) of itpormntorrhuia or Seminal Weakness, Involuntary Seminal losses, Impotency, Mental autl Physical In capacity, InipeilliiieiiUitoinnrrlagN etc.! also, C6inliihpt nm Kid t;Piy .(1IH nilurJuflW sell ill lidillliuliOilui'suiiiliil exti'ttvngamio. ri'luu, 111 sealed envelope, umy o coma. ossay, olearly tlomonstrates rroin a thirty years' successful prnctles, that tlio alarming coneiuencea of self-abuse may be radically cured wltluiut the dangtirous use of liitornal medlctiio or tlio appUeatlon of the knife; IHilntlngout a mode of cure at once simple, bv ,11 wnioiirvmy iiinniii, iiijiuH.r' T . NtsVtin m.y hot nmyimte'lrliYfiitilf lfepJ. (JlThi'iVwituKUWil Inthohnmlt of ovory youth ami evory man in tno lami. Sent, under seal, In a plain envelope, lo any address, postpaid, on receipt of six conta.or two postage Ht snips. -Also, Dr. CulrwU'l Mrrtegtlviaol price tm cenU. A.i-.wst)iel'"idl- i, . . t;ltiM,J . ' I IM'.AIU.. ,'P, 0lo4,lk)'J. .. I .i 'Jrteryow Xorlt. JQ B. SHIVEL, ATTOENEY -A.T LAW McAKTHUK, OHIO. Will attend iironwtlv to all losrnl business entrusted to his care in Vinton and ndjniniug counties. uvriOK in me Recorders omce. J." McQILLIVEAY ATTOENBY .A.T LAW MuAUTIIUK, OHIO. Will attend promptly to any business given to his care and nianageiiieut in any Courts of Vinton and adjoining cnuuties. Officii in the Court House, up stairs. u. S. CIAYP0OLE. ATTOBKEYAT XjA.'W McAUTHUn, OHIO. Proskcutino Attohnkyoi' Vinton County Will practice in Ross, Vinton and adjoining counties. All legal business entrusted to lift care promptly attended to. JJ0MER C. JONES, MoAUTIIUR, OHIO. Office First door West of Dan. Will & Ilros. Espeeiid attention given to the collet: tionof claims. "jyERCHANTS1 HOTEL. PORTSMOUTH, OHIO? W. VARNKIt Troprletor, This Hotel is in the most convenient nart of tno citv on rrout bt.. between Market and .jenerson. MERICAN HOTEL. Corner High and State Sts., nearly opposite mate nouse, CaiiTXaEBTJS, OHIO E. .7. KLOL'NT - rroirletor. This Hotel is furnished throuirliout with all tlio modem iniiirovemeiits. Guests can relv on the best treatment and very low bills. .-treet ( ars pass tins iiotel to and Iroin all Itailroad Depots. D EP0T HOTEL. CHILLICOTHE, OHIO. M. MEKKLE Proprietor. This Hotel, a few lect from tlio Itnllrond De- iiot. anil where all travele . on all trnius can take meals, has just been greatly enlarged nnd thoroughly repaired, painted, Sec, and is now in complete order lor tne reception oi guests. Trains stop ten minutes for mculs. Terms niodorate. JSHAM HOUSE, JACKS.OIT, OHIO. DR. I. T. MON AH AN - Proprietor. Tills house, formerly tho Ishnin House, bus oeen inorougiiiy renovated nntl ueautiiuiiy furnished. Hnvlnir sunerinr facilities, everv- thing will be done to make guests comfortable, Table always supplied with the best the mar- m:i uiiui.is. .Mi-eiy iiiriusneii rooiiui nun cleanest beds, Good Stables. Every effort made for tlio comfort of patrons. All charges aiuuerniu. , , gOWEN HOUSE, (formerly Sands House,) ZALESKI, OHIO. EGREJW RQWKN, I'maudEioii, This House, which is convenient to the 11. depot, since changing proprietors, has been thoroughly renovated and refurnished, anil the present proprietor offers to traveler! and uoarucrs mo nest accommodations. Ootid Slableon Hie premises. flr-jy TIIIM.S UOKT HEASUNAULK ,gSfl QRAWF0RD H0TISE, i .timer " ami vt ainut nireets, CIlTCI2SrisrA.TI, OHIO. F.J. OAKE3 A .1. T. FISHEH, Proprietors, Jno. JIcIntyhk & J. ii. CONMtLLY, Clerks. This house has been entirely Relit ted. Un furnished and ltcuiodclcd, and i i in uii ru spects a ' - f lllT-CCASiS HOTKLi Al.I.TIIKl.t'XI'ltlKH OKTUKSKASON. Table surpassed by none in the West. Ample and pleasant accommodations for travelers. Give us a cull. OAKKS A CO., Proprietors. J. QREElfLJA? & O0 W110I.F.SALI DEiLtna IM Dry G' ods, Notions, Hosiery. &c. anil nouiii uigu treet, COLUMBUS, OHIO C. II. Saok, of McArthur, Is the traveling agent nir tne nuove nouse, ami an orders en trusted to hlni will receive prompt aUciuUiii. January 5, ' 1 jgSTABLISHED 18 YEARS. J. ."F1 . TO"WBLL, W1IOLKBALE DKALKH IN DRY GOODS, AND NOTIONS! front St., Poiitsuoutii, Onio. J. V . Towell Is agent for several Mills, and his house is lieaihpiarters fxr ijpttty-ituKirriblo niuk: ftt Krtdlc.rn '(loqlU, 'All guods will soul in mo lowest posninio price. Closo csili buyers, llrst-class tlmo. trailc. Wholesale peddlers anil furnsccmeu are par tieulnrly Invited to au examination of stock. Jg R. HIG0INS & BRO., Marblo Manumonts, Tomb Stones, MANTLKS, FVKNITVHK, o., IiOaAN, ... OHIO Good Assortment of Marble constantly hand. All kinds of CliMKTIiliy WOUKdono to order in the llnest style. WOK, THBYIDAll 1873. TUG GUIDE Is now published Quarterly. So cents pays for the year, four uumhors, whic h is not half tlio oust. Those who after wards send money to the amount of One Dol lar or moro for seeds, imiy also orders III! cents worth extra the price paid for the ('uii',;., Tho ilnnuiirv f U..U)' ncnutlfdl,lndi Liiiuu lor junking Ililrnl ilouinsi Designs lu,tun iiaijH ieoorauiHis, winnow uanieus, Ac, and containing a mass of Information to tho lover of flowers. One hundred and fifty pages, on fine tinted papor; some hundred engravings, and n superb Colored r.i :it iii nwui cnvov. ','nid nM edition 1'lV Hrtiltiild TIiuushiuI Just priiitml l.iKn- gusli ami uormaii, ami ready to send out. J AM liS VICK, Itocheater, N. Y. Nov.W-8m. DIVORCE NOTICE! 1 Nlace iV. lidrtiftKl. Vrfymflll'tl'l' "S.B! ll 1'CHI- tliat .luiii; m.I.. liUnlil-.irtJk ...V ol U .V.... a ti,;...:.K.;l. jn,,Hlc hlli pel jtlun in Die oilleo of the Clerk tlio Court of Coinnioii 1'lvas, In and for Vinton county, Ohio, charging tlio said Nancy l'eltlt Willi having been willfully absent mini iimii lor nioru (linn iiniia yrnrn mm and asking tlmlhs mav bodivomud from N nt 1. I"frlt ; iHtth ieIH(m will atnnd li ,! liig at Die ne term of alil court. , "N ATI! AN I'l'.rl'lT, ' " ity 1.'U. ;ii'.'Ult.MvAr, li.a n.-y. - uiiiuM'j,j,-fiy,. , , ,, t -, It. rpHE ALDINE! Prospectus for 1873-Sixth Year, Au Illmtrated Monthly JourDal,iniTor8lIy admit ted to be the Handiomeet Periodical in the World A Bupreientativf and Champion of Ameri can Taste- Not for Sale in Book or News Stores THE ALDINE. while issued with all the regularity, has none of the temporary or Uiiuly interest characteristic of ordinary per iodicals. It is an elegant miscellany of puro, light, and graceful literature: and a collec tion oi pictures, tuo rarest specimens oi artis tic skill, in black and white. Although each succeeding number nu'ords a fresh ulensuro to its friends, tho real value and beauty of TiiKALUiiMswiu no most appreciated aner It has been bound up at the closo of the year. While other uubllcations mav claim suncrior cheapness, as compared with rivals of a simi lar nass, j tift ALUi.vt, is a uuliiuo nnd orig inal conception nlono and unapprouched absolutely without competition in price or cnaracier. i no possessor or a complete vol uine cannot duplicate the miantitv of lino im pel' and engravings in any other shape or number of volumes for ten timet if emit ) and ini, I litre art wit enronmt, oetltlet I , ART DEPARTMENT. Notwithstanding the increase in the price of subscription Inst fall, when THE ALDI.NIt nssanieii us present nouio proportions aim representative character, the edition was mure than doubled dur ng tho past year; prov ing that tlio American public appreciate, and will support, n sincere ctl'ortin tho causa of Art. Tlio publishers, anxious to justify tho ready roulldciico thus demonstrated, have ex erted themselves to the utmost to develop and improve tho work; and tho plans for the com ing year, as unfolded by the monthly issues, will astonish and delight even the most snu irniiiR li ii-nila nt' Til V, A T.DIS K. Tho publishers are authorized to announce u:niKiis iium 1111111 ui mi? muni eminent m tists ol America. In addition, THE ALDINE will reproduce examples of the best foreign masters, selected with a view to tlio highest artistic success, and greatest general interest; avoiding such as have become familiar, tlirough photo graphs, or conies of auv kind. me uuarieriy untcu piates, lor itfi, win re produce four of John S. Davis' iniinitahU child-sketches anmonrlnto to the four scasoui. These plates, appearing in tho issue for.Iani- niy, April, .liny, anil uctoiier, would alone oo wortli the price of a year's subscription. The popular feature of a copiously illustra ted --lurisunas" numner will uc continuei. To uossess such a valuable enitome of the art world at acost so trilling, will command (ho subscriptions of thousands In every sec tion of the countrv : but, ns the usefulness and attractions of T'lIK ALDINK can be en hanced, in proportion to tlio numerical in crease oi its Dupportsaa), the publishers pro losetomako "nssnranco double sure" by the ollowlng miparalleleil offer of PREMIUM CHROMOS FOR 1813. Every subscriber to THE ALDINE, who pays in advance lor the year lRi.1, will receive, without additional charge, a pair of beautiful cniumus, niter J. d, mil, tnu eminent r.n- Ilisii painter. The pictures, entitled "The r'illago llellc." and "Crossinir tho Moor." are 14x20 inches are printed limn 25 different plates, requiring &5 lmnresslons nnd tints to perfect each picture. The same eliromos ire sold for 11) per pair in the art stores. As it is tlio determination of its conductors to ktcp THE ALDINE out of the reach of cotnnctifion lo every department, the eliromos will be round correspondingly ahead of any that can be offered by other periodicals. Every sub scriber will receive a certillcate, over the sig nature of tlio publishers, mmmnteetna that the eliromos ileUvon.d shall bo eoual to the samples Hiriilshed the agent, or the money will bo relum ed. Tho distribution of nic- (I turcs of this grade, free to the subscribers to five dollar periodical, will mark nu epoch in tne nisiory oi Art; ann, considering the un precedented rbennness of the nriec for THE ALDIN E Itself, tho marvel falls little short a miracle, even to thoso best ac(iialnled with the achievements of Inventive genius and im- iroved mechanical uiinliiincnes. For illus- rations of these eliromos. see November issue OI 1M1'. A i.UI .!!., THE LITERARY DEPARTMENT will continue under the earo of Mr. RICH Al(l HENRY STODDARD, assisted bv the best writers and noets of the dav. who will strive to havr the literature of THE ALDINE always In keeping with Us artistic attrac tions. TERMS. 85 per nnunm, ia advance, with Oil Chromoafroe, THE ALDINE will, hereafter, lie ohtnlna hie only by subscription. There will be no re duced or club rate; p;jsh for subscriptions must bescu to (bu pphlilieia direct, or liand- cti it, iiu ipt:tu ngciM, Wltnuuv lespoiisioimy to tlio iinblislieis. exceiit In cases wlieru the certillcate is given, hen ring theiio-ii sig- AGENTS WANTED. Anv norson. wishing to act liermnnentlvns a local agent, win receive inn and prompt in lormutiou oy applying to JAMES SUTTON & CO., Publishers. SS MAIDEX LAXE. XE IK 1'WfA' TTARPER'S BAgAR, 41 'A Itopusltory of Fashion, Pleasure, anil instruction." NOTICES OP TIIK PHE88. 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See Octolier number, page 8'Jtl, nlso tho Pre in I urn List, pago U03 of the Amercuti A.grcul turlst, TiUua 1st, - iS pa,p,PV uUV1 ft.eiyes in ittr nuilimVn Vubruurv numliur. linue 45, HO fanners, neu Tlv one. If It don't do tho work claimed, snnu it inck and lot vour inoner. as WK W A Kit ANT our pumps to do all wo claim for them on our circulars. Send for circulars or orders to tlio Tlrldgo, Dort M'f'irCo.. No. oft Chambers St.. New York, An order for nine No. 1 l'linips secures an exclusive town agency. i i-u. A WSTW FRAHEE'8 HEIR State oj Ohio, Vinton Co. Notice is hornbv ulven that W. K. Hasting administrator of the estate of Isaac M.Long, deceased, late nuardlnn of llolvotta Fraute, minor, has Iliad herein for llnal lettlemnnt tho aitfmmtof thesiiH Issso Vf. Totiff wllMtlilu iur.i: sin! (..in' too aanic in i''i ibn '.'mil day t.f January. A i'c l.vt; n, t; " H,. i- VoirQIUOl ;ulk', THE COAL FIELDS. [From the Cornhill Magazine. a of A mistaken impression is somewhat widely prevalent that, in the coal-fields, we have the remains of ancient forests in other words, it is sunnosed tli.nt, ' - ir wherever there was a forest in primeval times there now exists a coal-field of greater or less extent. In connection with this view, also, the opinion is entertained that the forests now in existence will, in the process of time, and after, due geological changes, become the coal-beds of future ages. But, although, as we shall presently see, the coal-fields are undoubt edly due to the vegetation of fc'TTier eras, it is far from being the case that the primeval for ests became converted in a general way into coal. Condi lions of a peculiar, and to some extent exceptional character were requisite for the forma- tJon of COtll fields. If we con sider the evidence given by the coal-fields themselves, we shall see what these conditions were he beds or seams of coal form but a small portion of the thicl ness oi tne great geological n ii -a group of strata to which they or the most part appertain his group is called the car- i n i i bonuerous, ana not uncom monly "the coal," but even where coal is the most abund ant it forms only a minute part of the whole mass. Thus it ias been estimated, Sir Charles yell tells us, that in South Wales the thickness of the carboniferous strata amounts in all to between 11,000 and 12,- 000 feet (or more than two miles), "but the various coal seams do not," according to rofessor Phillips, "exceed in he aggregate 120 feet," or less than one-hundreth part of the whole. In North Lancashire he carboniferous strata occupy i depth of more than three miles. Hero, no fewer than eighty seam of coal have been counted (seventy-one having been exposed by the action he sea); but these seams are nowhere more than five feet in thickness, and many arc but ew inches thick. Thus, it is evident that the formation coal can have been in progress but a short portion of the time during which the carboniferous series of strata was in process of deposition. Throughout by far the greater portion of that time other minerals were being deposited. It is next to be no ticed that under each coal soam a stratum of ancient soil exists, in which there are commonly found the roots of ancient trees, while above the coal there commonly a layer of shale sandstone, in which not unfre quently the trunks of those trees are iounu eituer laiien still in their original position, and only partially converted into coal. The bark remains but it is transmitted into coal the hollow of the trunk, decay- caying long oeiore tne truiiK gave way, is represented by cast m sandstone. Ihus, it we try to -picture to ourselves the state of things which existed when such a seam of coal first began to be covered up by the next higher deposit, we soe that there must have been trees standing erect above a layer vegetable matter, the roots the trees being nnbQdded m the sou Y,'hioh forms tho denosi next below the coal, ine veg etable layers may probably have been two or three times thick as the resulting coal seam and were reduced by pressure to their pjcaont thickness, bu such layers cannot at any time have reached to the branches of the forest trees. Then process of deposition began This can only have happened wLeu some subsidence of soil has caused it to be sub merged to a greater or leas depth. We can infer from depth of strata overlying coal seams that this state submergence took place. soon as submergence was com plete, the tall trees perished and began to decay. Tho stou trunks above the vegetable layer were broken oil swept away- by. tha-eea. The forest itself, properly so-called was for the most part destroyed Ij; was thej nywwfiiMr-'-- tV forest, v' ''7.h T'H'j t ..... M . it: ! M' J I 1T i'nt, ' ! M ''V- 'vi'' .brmedU-.ually, the coal seam as it how exists. nong these were tho lower parts of the trunks of the an cient forest trees. These be came converted, like the rest of the vegetable matter, into coal. How Good Farmer's Save their Money. They take good papers and read them. They keen an account of farming operations. They do not leave their farm' nig implements scattered over the field, exposed to the rain, heat and snow. They repair their tools and buildings at the proper time, and do not suffer subsequently three-fold expenditure of time and money. They use their money judi ciously, and do not attend auc tion sales to purchase all kinds of trumpery because it is cheap. They always see that their fences are well repaired, and that their cattle are not grazing in the meadows, or grain fields, or orchards. They do not refuse to make correct experiments, in a small way, of many new things. They plant their fruit trees well, and care well for them, and, of course, get good crops. They practice good economy by giving their stock sufficient shelter during the winter ; also good food, taking all that is un sound, half rotten or mouldy, oft. Successful farming is made attending to little things he farmer who does his best earns his money with the best ppreciation, and uses it with the best results. Such men are the salt of tho earth. They do not keep a tribe of cats, or snarling dogs around the premises, which eat more in a month than they are worth in their life. Lastly they read the adver isements, and know what is coins: on, and irequently save money by it. a is or or ; a o as The remains of antiquity are found in America from Mexico o the Lakes. Who those rude and curious people, the mound builders ot the valley of the Mississippi and Ohio were, an unsolved problem. Accord ing to the Maine Historical So ciety, traces of the Northmen whether ol Leit, son of Eric the Red, or of Biorn, the son Heriolf, or of later settlers undetermined have boon found in that State. AVhence came the city building Indians New Mexico, and the older Az tec civilization ? Here are se crets of old days for the anti quarian to puzzle his brains over. And every day is adding lething new. The latest has reference to a number of anj cient copper mines that have been discovered on Isle Royal, in Lake Superior. On authority of the Duluth Herald, shafts considerable depth, filled by the accumulated debris ages, are being opened, and penetratinc: to a distance sixty feet, tools of wondrous workmanship have been found, together with charcoal remains which mark this as the point where skilled artisans formed copper tools whose temper and durability would astonish ingen ious makers of such things the present age. Hammers and chisels seem to have been principal implements for work- ; this mine, and they, gether with fire, were used reduce the ore to a condition which rendered its removal detail easy. Finely tempered knife blades have been picked out of the pit, and granite hammers. How the Word Boston was Made. the tho the ol So and A writer in Good News thus accidentally mentions the cu rious derivation of the name Boston : Lincolnshire, or Lindissey, as tho land south of the Hum ber was formerly called, re ceived the gospel from the good Bishop. Paulluus, in the seventh century. In the same century, a pious monk, known as St. Botolp, or Bot-holp ; that is, Boat-help founded a church at a place called Y: cean-ho. Tho town which grew up around it was called "Bot olphV-TowrV "contracted into j.n: r-t.0V, 1.' An Inland Sea that Never Gives Up its Dead. [From the San Francisco Bulletin.] of is of Some twelve or fourteen per sons have been drowned in Lake Tahoe within the past ten years ; none of the bodies have ever been recovered. Supersti tion, ever ready to weave a sentiment from Nature's laws, assertod that there was a doubt ful mystery in the non-recovery of the drowned ; that, in fact, a monster had its abode in this fresh-water sea, and that the bodies all passed into its capa cious maw. The true explana tion of this mystery never has been given, llie non-appear a ancc of the bodies is due to three causes. The first is, the great purity of the water, and its consequent lack ot buoyan cy. Drowning is very easy in it for this reason, though I have not, while swimming in it, found any moro than ordinary dim culty in sustaining myself. The second and main cause is due o the great coldness of the wa ter. liven at this, the warmest season, the surface water is as cold as the drinker desires to be, but it is warm there com pared with its temperature a tho depth of one hundred two hundred feet. It is as cold there as the arctic heat of an iceberg. When a body sinks in the lake to the depth re quired, it is frozen stiff. The process, of course, preserves it. so that the gas which originates from decay in other water prevented, and distension checked. Tho body is thus kept in a state of greater spe cific gravity than the water which it is suspended, and thereby prevented lrom rising to the surface. The third cause lies in the great pressure of the pure water on anything whic is sunk to a great depth in Corks placed in deep sea-nets are pressed down in a week half their size ; and one of the oldest residents of the lake ex presses the belief that, by time a man's body has been suspended for a week at a dept of about two hundred feet (it not likely that it ever reaches the cavernous and almost fath omless bottom of the great lake) the compression of the water has reduced its size to that of child's. Doubtless the idea uncotlined suspension in such "world of water" is not a pleas ant ono to contemplate; but be pressed into a solid mass, and suspended in a liquid coffin of ice temperature, is quite pleasant as interment and mol dering in the ground. Food and Health. of up of in of of the to in Bulk, as well as elements nourishment, is essential food. Neither cattle nor horses could be kept alive long on flour, meal, or grains of kind. Mixed, however, grass, dry hay, or straw, thrive. The walls of the mach and bowels must be apart in order to have perfect digestion, A dog lived twenty' one days, the only survivor of wrecked vessel at sea, closely shut up in the cabin, by eating the tick, strong wood leather binding of a Bible. he had hard bread, he would probably have died in about fifteen days, as the mucus faco of the digestive apparatus, by coming in contact, would have inflamed fearfully. Those persons whose diet rather course, as bread of bolted flour, large fruit eaters, bread and milk people in country, etc., are exempt pains ol dyspepsia. Those tained mainly on very line centrated, delicate lood, washed down with tea, are gaunt form, weak in muscle and ways taking medicine. food should have moro bulk. a poor mans lamiiy lack for an appetite with a of brown bread. His neighbor's darlings, sufeited on rich t 1 ' 11 highly seasoned dishes nutured in luxury, are tho of doctors and druggists. says science. K Resist tho temptation of ill reports ; spread not at all. If you cannot Wllof uV ill Of I Animals Showing a Preference Particular Colors. [From the Popular Science [...]] it in it, to the is Bert lately took ujj ery curious experimei ho prelerence oi anuc different colored rays. . V some of these almost mio Crustacea, common in our fresh waters, the d eas. remarkable for theii way of hurrying tow:arct number ot these insect put into a glass vessel. darkened, and a specfc the ray then thrown L The daphnes were dls ' : about tho dark vessel , soon as tho spectrum cof peared they began toV" and gathered in the co. the luminous track, but )M screen was interposed they . tered again. At first all ' ors of tho spectrum ati ' them, but it was soon i - that they hurried much i ; . toward the yellow and p n, and even moved away b i I '. M if these rays were quicld; placed by the violet. J- yellow, green and orange v ; of the spectrum there thronging and remarkali-: , traction. A pretty large nr. ::- berof these little things wvp remarked in the red, too'u tain number in the blue, , . '. some, fewer in proportion i t the distance, in the mo;,i. in frangible portions of tluv : and ultra-violet. For these in sects, as for ourselves, the jiiost tuminous part of the spflctrjun was also tho most agree a Ik, They behaved in it asti. ; i would do who, if he wished to read in a spectrum thro v.V about him, would approacji t!:e yellow and avoid the ii "t This proves, in the first jducc, that these insects see all t'f? luminous rays that we se cir s'elves. Do they percei.i t chlorific and chemic rayf, ;'..,.( is to say, the ultra-red .a u l ultra-violet ones, which (lo not affect our retina? Bert's ex-' periments enable us to answor' that they do not. That jpliy .sin ologist is even led to Jusscil that, with regard to light and rne umerenr rays, an animals experience the same impres sions that man does. t a of a to as of in fine any they sto kept a and Had sur- is un the from sus' con in al Their never ems' cake and life So cir culating them speak The English railway-? , certainly managed with r u regard to the safety ofn! passengers. There are fiffoeti ad miles of rail in tho United Kingdom, and on the entire length during tin) pa;;t year the number of fatal ! no in dents, including those to employees of the road, wa t one in every three hundred , I seventy-three thousand pas, :.- gers carried. Ihree-fourtLs ;t east of these were caused 1 careless attempts to enter eave the trains while in i tion. lor damages lor person u injuries the companies il.avo paid in all one million ono hun dred and twenty-five thou- : dollars. The exhibit of nine of the great railroads mule : a recent Parliamentary conin.n exceed even some of tlio, American scandals. Of llie capital of the London, ClnUV "' and Dover railroad recent !v bankrupt, fifty millions of dol lars were paid for rolling stock, right ol way,' machine eIiot-si and general equipment,'., aiid in "finn rigging the ItUU UV1V llUwl market, and making things generally pleasant." I;- ' There are few collection statistics which are readw iih more interest or with great advantage than the Wrcrjc J,:,y. isier, annually published by the Doard ot Trade. Tho vear ,1 1 was not remarkable for seven) storms, but tho previous V' was in this respect still 'morn fortunate. The wrecks recorded in 1870. wero 1,502, ' thoso last year wero 1,575. Mir.!: both wero considerably be J o the average for tho fiveycuis ending with 1871, as well for tho similar period en.u' with 18GG. So we may t gratulate ourselves upon a '. inconsiderablo gain. But; must recollect that the an! tale of wrecks, which amours in 1804, to no more than V rose m 1000 10 i,buu in i v to 2,090, and in 1B09 tff 2,1 Since tho last mentioned y there, hod been, as wo IViivo v.'-r. ,1 U, 1K.C'