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PULTON COUNTY TRIBUNE
mmm TASKS AND DUTIES President Points Out Big Prob v lenis Which Confront f Congress.; I'UST OPEN GATES OF TRADE : Snips to Carry Good to Empty Mar kets la Imperative Necessity Our National Defense Lies la Our Citizenry Need V of Economy. Washington, Dee. 8. The new tasks and duties imposed upon the United States as a result of the European war : occupied the grer.ter portion of Presi dent Wilsons message to congress read today before a Joint session of the two houses. -The message follows: Gentlemen of the Congress: . The session upon which you are now watering will be the closing session of the Sixty-third congress, a congress. I venture to say. which will long be re membered for the . great . body of thoughtful and constructive work , which it has done, In loyal response ; to the thought and needs of, the coun 1 try. I should like in this addreES to re view the notable record and try to .. aamke adequate assessment of it; but 1 am doubt we stand too near the work that has been done and are ourselves too much part of It to play the part of , historians toward it. Moreover, our . thoughts are now more of the future J tbM. of the past ; ,.' . .' . ;, . , While we have worked at our tasks . ( peace . the circumstances of the whole age have been altered by war. "What we have done for our own land aad. our own people we did with the .a ,.i !. I 1 1 ..U.... wr vl iuieuieucc, , wnu Buyer enthusiasm and a confidence in the principles apon which we were acting .which sustained us at every step of the difficult undertaking; but it is dene. It has passed from our hands, it is now an established part of the legislation of the country. Its useful ness. Its effects, will disclose them elves in - experience. , What chiefly strikes ns now, as we look about us 'daring .these closing days of a year which will be forever memorable In the history of the world, is that we lace new tasks, have been facing them these six months, must face then! in the atenths to come face them with evt partisan feeling, like men who lave forgotten everything but a com aaan dntv and the fact that wa are . whose thought is not of us but of what .America ' owes to herself .and to , all annkind in such circumstances' as these upon- which we look amazed and anxious. ";;.vv: - Europe Will Need Our Help. V . trade not only but also the processes mt production. In Europe it is destroy tag xaea and resources wholesale and pen a scale unprecedented and ap palling. There is reason' to fear that at hand, when' several of the coun tries of Europe will find it difficult to do for their people what they have hitherto been alwayseasily able to do, aaay , essential and I fundamental things. . At any rate they will need our help and our manifold services as they have never needed them before; and ' we should- be ready, ; more - fit and 'ready than we have ever been. . , U is et equal consequence that the stations whom Europe has usually sup plied with innumerable .articles of asaaufactnre and commerce can now set ealy a small part of what they for merly imported and eagerly look to us Xm supply their all but empty mar kets. This is particularly true of our - neighbors, the states, great and caaaQ. of Central and South America. 33era are markets which we inn at 'inn. ply, and we must And the means of ac tion. The United States, this great - people for whom we speak and act, aaould be ready, as never before, to serve Itself and to serve mankind; ready with Its resources, its energies, its forces of production, and its means mt distribution. Wa Need 8hlps. It is a very practical matter, a mat ter of ways and means. We have the resources, but are we fully ready to im them T And if we can make ready what we have,' have we th means at ' hand to distribute it? We are not fully ready; neither have we the means of distribution. We are willing, but we are not fully able. . We have the wish to aervo and to serve greatly, gener ously; but we are not prepared as we ahoold be. We are not ready to mo hilixe oar resources at once. We are ot prepared to use them immediately and at their best, without delay and without waste. .. ) ! ' ' - 1 To speak plainly we have grossly . '- , CUEER FOOD OF FILIPINOS . "Three Thousand Tons of Dried Grass- j'i hoppdra Marketed Annually In , Philippines. "Dried grasshoppers are used as Jood in the Philippine islands," said Icnry Jackson Waters, president of th college, in a talk before the agri cultural society of the Kansas State Agricultural college. "Three .thou sand tons of grasshopper? are mar- HAD EXCITING TWO MONTHS Mm That Time Brindle Bull Terrier Rose From Obscurity to Recog nized Place on Stage.! Two months - ago Buster, a little hriadle Boston bull terrier, was lost Urmm tila ttnmn Ha helnnzed to Roh- art Owen, 311 North Hardesty ave aue. One day he was picked up by the city "dog catcher" and taken to the pound to do soia or Kinea. it ap peared to be the end of Buster, says ANESTHETIC FOR THE FIELD Each Soldier May Carry Preparation That Will Ease Pain and Quickly Produce Sleep. That each soldier carry his own aaesthetio. for use to deaden pain in case be is wounded in battle is one of the suggestions made by K an English journal. The discovery of the anes thetic was made by Professor Schleich and the description of it is as fol lows: -, ' ,' err;?i in the way in whichwe have stunted and hindered the development of our merchant marine. And now, when we need ships; we have act got them. ' 1 have come to ask you to remedy and correct these mistakes and omis sions. The time and the circumstances are extraordinary, and so must our ef forts be also. . ; . .. Use and Conservation. Fortunately, two great measures, finely conceived,, the one to unlock, with proper safeguards, the resources of the national domain, the other to encourage the use of the navigable water outside that domain . for the generation of power, have already rassed the house of representatives and are ready for immediate consider ation and action by the senate. With the deepest earnestness I urge their prompt passage. . And there is another great piece of legislation which awaits and should receive the sanction of the senate: I mean the bill which gives a larger measure of self-government to the peo ple of the Philippines. 1 cannot believe that the senate will let this great measure of constructive justice await the action of another congress. Its passage would nobly crowa the record of these two years of memorable la bor. ;' :y An' Important Duty. . Unit'. I thln that you will agree wits, me that this does not compleU the toll of our duty. How are . we to carry our goods to the empty markets of which I have spoken if we have not the certain and. constant means of transportation upon which all profit able and useful commerce depends? And how are we to get the ships if we wait for the trade to develop with out them? , ; The routes of trade must be actually opened by many ships and Tegular sailings and moderate charges before streams of merchandise will flow free ly and profitably through them. Must Open Gates of Trade. . V " Hence the pending shipping bill, discussed at the last session, but as yet passed V neither house.- In may judgment such legislation is impera tively needed and can not wisely be postponed. The government must open these gates of trade, and open them wide; open them before it la altogether profitable to open them, or altogether reasonable to ask private capital to . open them at a .. venture. It is not a question of the government monopolizing the field. It should take action to make it certain that trans portation at reasonable Yates will be promptly provided, even where the carriage is not at first profitable; 'and then, when the carriage has become sufficiently profitable to attract and engage private capital, and engage it In abundance, the government ought to .withdraw. . I very earnestly hope that the congress will be of this opin ion, and that both houses will adopt this exceedingly important 'bill. The great subject of rural credits still remains' to be , dealt with, and it is a matter of deep regret that the difficulties of .the subject have seemed to Tender it impossible to ''complete a bill for passage at this session. But it can not be perfected yet, and there fore there are no other constructive measures the necessity for which I will at this time call your attention to; , but I , would- be .negligent of a very manifest duty were I not to call the attention of the senate to the fact that, the proposed convention for safe ty, at sea awaits its confirmation and that the limit fixed in the convention itself for . its acceptance is the last day of the present month, ;;.') Charting of Our Coasts. ' There is another matter of which I must make special mention, if I am to . discharge my conscience, lest it should escape your attention ' It may seem a, very small thing. It affects only a single item of appropriation. But many human . lives i and many great enterprises hang upon lt; v - It is the matter of making adequate provision for the survey and charting of our coasts.; ' ' It is Immediately pressing and exi gent In connection with the immense coast line of Alaska. This is a matter which, as I have .said, seems small, but is in reality very great- Its im portance has .only to be looked into to be appreciated. . r ; ,; ., Economy Is Urged. ! ' Before I close, may I say a few words . upon' two. topics, :. much ' dis cussed out of doors, upon which It is highly important that our judgments should be clear, definite and steadfast. One of these is economy in govern-, ment expenditures. The duty of econ omy is not debatable. . It is manifest and important. .... In the appropriations we pass we are spending the money df the great people whose servants we are not our own. We are trus tees and responsible stewards in the spending. The only thing debatable and upon which we should be careful to make our thought and purpose clear is the kind of economy demand ed of us. I assert with the greatest confidence' that the people of the United States are not jealous of , the amount their government costs' if they are sure that they get what they heed and desire for the outlay, that keted in Manila in a year. - . "There is ; a ; grasshopper plague every ten years in the Philippines," said President Waters, "and the problem of combating the grasshop per a i a warm climate like the Phil ippines is more difficult than in coun tries where cold weather serves as a check. .."There are many acres of unset tled country which serve as breeding places for the grasshoppers. Tha method used in capturing the grass hoppers is to organize a drive. A the Kansas City Times. Last week an act at the Clobe the ater was almost put out of commis sion by the death of one of the dogsJ used in a basketball stunt. The own er of the act went to the dog pound. Thero he picked out a brindle terrier from the. lot of homeless dogs which had been gathered. He paid $5 for him. v . The curtain went up on the dog act at the Globe last Thursday. Almost simultaneously a man and his daugh ter sitting in' the second row jumped "It consists of two parts of ethyl chloride, four parts of chloroform, and twelve parts of sulphuric ether. This mixture boila at a very low tempera ture; in fact, at the normal temper ature of the human body. If any one clasps a phial containing it in his fist for a few minutes it bolls gently. , The patient Inhales the vapor of the boil ing liquid and quickly it produces freedom from pain then sleep. If the phial be held under his nostrils so that he continues to Inhale the vapor, bis .sensory nerves are blunted, he be- the money is being spent for objects of which they approve, and that it is being applied with good business sense and management. The sort of economy we cught to practice may be effected, and ought to be effected, by a careful Jtudy and assessment of the tasks to be per formed;' and the money spent ought to be made to yield the best possible returns In efficiency and achievement. And, like good stewards, we should so account for every dollar of our ap propriations as to make it. perfectly evident what it was spent for pud in what way It was spent. It is not expenditure' but extrava gance that we should fear being criti cized for; not paying for the legiti mate enterprises and undertakings of a great 'government whose people command what it should do, but add ing what will benefit ocly a few or pouring money out tor what need not have been undertaken at all or might have been postponed or better and more economically conceived and car ried out: The nation is not niggardly-,; it is very generous. It will chide us only if we forget for whom we pay money out and whose money it is we pay. . , These are large and general stand ards, hut they are not very difficult of application to particular cases. The Natural Defense. ' The other topic I shall take leave to mention goes deeper into the princi ples of our national life and policy. It is the subject of national defense. It cannot be discussed without first answering some very searching ques tions. It is said m some quarters that we are not prepared for war. What is meant by being prepared? It is meant that we are not ready upon brief no tice to put a nation in the field, a na tion of men trained to arms? Of course we are not ready to do that; and we shall never be in time of peace so long as we retain our pres ent political principles and institu tions. And what is It that it is sug gested we should be prepared to do? To defend ourselves against attack? We have always found means to do that, and shall find them whenever it is necessary without calling our peo ple away from their necessary tasks to render compulsory military service ioi times of peace. ' ' Allow me to speak with great plain ness and directness upon this great matter and to avpw my convictions with deep earnestness I have tried to know what (America is,' what her people think, what they are, what they most cherish, and hold dear, I hope that some of their finer passions are in my own heart, some of the great conceptions and desires which gave birth to this government and which have made the voice of this people a voice of peace and hope and liberty among the peoples of the world, and that, speaking my own thoughts, I shall, at least tn part, speak theirs also, however, faintly and inadequately, upon this vital matter. . Fear No Nation. We, are at peace with all the world. No one - who speaks counsel based on fact or drawn from: a just and capdid Interpretation of realities can say that there is reason for fear that from any quarter our indepen dence or the integrity of our' territory Is threatened. . Dread of the power of any other nation we are incapable of. We are not jealous of rivalry in the fields of commerce or of any other peaceful achievement. We mean to live our lives as we will; but we mean also to let live. , We are, indeed, a true friend to all the nations of the world, because ... we threaten, none, covet the possessions of none, desire the overthrow , of none. Our friend ship can be accepted and is accepted without reservation, because it is of fered in a spirit and for a purpose which no one need ever question or suspect. . Therein lies our greatness. We are the champions of peace, and of concord. And we should be very jealous of this distinction which we have sought to earn. Just now we should be .particularly jealous of it, because it is our dearest present hope that this character and reputation may presently, in God's providence, bring, us ' an opportunity to counsel and obtain peace in the world and reconciliation and a healing settle ment of man a matter that has cooled and interrupted the friendship of nations. This is the time above all others when we should wish and re solve to keep our strength by self-possession, our influence by preserving bur ancient principles of action. - , , ' Ready for Defense. y j From the first we have had a clear and settled . policy with , regard to military establishments. We never have had, and while we retain our present principles and Ideals we never shall have, a large standing . army. If asked, are you ready 1 to defend yourselves? We reply, most assured ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall not turn America into a military camp. We will not ask our young men to spend the best years of their lives making soldiers of themselves. There is another sort of energy In ua It will know how to declare itself and large shallow tan"k is ' constructed which has wings of galvanized iron The tank is filled with kerosene The nalives then start the driye three or four miles away and close in gradual ly, driving the grasshoppers befo-e them into the tank. The grasshop pers are then dried and sent to mar ket ' I? the. Filipinos would use Profes sor Dean's method of poisoned bran mash, it would prove more effectivi. believes President Waters, than the system which is used,. from their seats and rushed to the rear of the theater, where .Louis Op penstein, owner of the theater, stood. '"Did this act start here in Kansas City?" asked the excited man. "Why; no; they're from New York," Mr. Oppenstein said. "Well, my name's Owen, and there's a dog on the stage there that looks like one 1 lost two months ago," he returned. "May we go back and see?" So the man, his daughter, and Mr. Oppenstein went back. When the door leading directly onto the stage comes anesthetized. "Professor Schleich insisted that there is no danger in using the mix ture. Its simplicity and harmlessness, therefore, he considered, recommend its use in war. "Each soldier could be provided eas ily with a small quantity of the liquid in a suitable tube, which he could use for himself until he found himself in the surgeon's hands. No overdose would be possible, because the soldier would fall asleep first, and th tube would drop from his hand." make itself effective should occasion arise. And especially when half the world is on fire we shall be careful to make our moral insurance against the spread of the conflagration very definite and certain and adequate in deed. Let us remind ourselves, therefore, of the only thing we can do1 or will do. We must depend in every time of national peril, in the future as in the past, not upon a standing army, nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon a "citizenry trained and, accustomed to arms. It will be right enough, right American policy, based upon our ac customed principles and practices, to provide ' a system by which every citizen who will volunteer for the .training may be made familiar with the use of modern arms, the rudi ments of drill and maneuver, and the maintenance and sanitation of camps. We should encourage such training and m.ke it a means of discipline which our young men will learn to value. It is right that we should pro vide it not only, but that we should make it as attractive as possible, and so induce our young men to undergo it at such times as they can command a little freedom and can seek the physical development they need, foj more health's sake, if for nothing more. Every means by which such things can be stimulated Is legitimate, and such " a method smacks of true American ideas. It is a right, too, that the National Guard of the states should be developed and strengthened by every means which is not incon sistent with our obligations to our own people or with the established policy of our government. And this, also, not because the time or occasion specially calls for such measures,, but because it should be our constant pol icy to make tL6se provisions lor our national peace and safety." More than this carries with It a re- , versal of the whole history and char acter of our polity. More than this, proposed at this time, permit me to say, would mean merely that we had lost our self-possession, that we had been thrown off our balance by a war with which he have nothing to do, whose causes cannot touch us, whose very existence affords us opportun ities of friendship and .disinterested service which . should make J us ashamed of any thought of hostility or fearful preparation for trouble. t Ships Our Natural Bulwarks , A powerful navy we have always regarded as our proper and natural means of. defense; and it has always been of defence that we' have thought, never of aggression or of conquest. But who shall tell us now what sort of navy to build? We shall take leave to be strong upon the seas, in the future as in the past; and there will be no thought of offense or of provo cation in that.-' Our' ships are' our natural bulwerks. When will the ex perts tell us just what kind we should construct and when will they be right for ten years together, if the relative efficiency of craft for differ ent, .kinds and uses continues to change - as we -have seen it change under our very eyes in these last few months?. ';. ; But I turn away; from, the subject. It is not sew. There Is no new need to discuss it. We shall not alter our attitude toward it because some amongst us are nervous and excited. We shall easily and sensibly agree such a policy of defense. The, ques tion has not changed its aspects be cause the times are not normal. Our policy will not be for an occasion. It will be conceived as a permanent and settled thing, which we will pur sue at all seasons, without haste and after a fashion perfectly consistent with the peac of the world, the abid ing, friendship of states, and the un hampered freedom of all with whom we deal. Let there be no misconcep tion. .The country has been' misin formed. We have not been negligent of national defense. We are not un mindful of the great responsibility resting upon- ua We shall learn and profit by the lesson of every experi ence and every new circumstances; and what is needed will be adequately done. ?t Great Duties of Peace. , ' I close, as 1 began, , by reminding you of the great tasks and duties of peace which challenge our best pow ers, and invite us to build what will last, the tasks to which we can address ourselves now and at all times the free-hearted zest and with all the fin est gifts of constructive wisdom we possess. To. develop pur life and our resources; to supply our own people, and the people cf the world as their need arises, from the abundant plenty of Our fields and our marts of trade; to enrich- the- commerce of our own states and of the world with the' prod ucts of our mines, our farms, and our factories, with ; the creations of our thought and the fruits of our charac ter this is wha will hold our attend tion and our enthusiasm steadily, now and in the years to come, as we strive to show in our life as a nation what liberty and the inspirations of an emancipated spirit may 'do for men and for societies, for individuals, for states, and for mankind. Russian Woman Martyr. Mrs. Catherine Breshkovsky, known as "Baboushka," '. or grandmother to the Russians, has been ordered to some point on. the arctic circle, after having been imprisoned at Irkutsk for trying to escape. She is seventy years old and was sentenced to the life of a convict because of her anarchistic activities. Several years ago she made a lecture tour of the United States. . Is love an asset or a liability? was opened there was one loud yelp from the little brindle dog. He jumped first into the arms of Mr. Owen, then rubbed against the daughter, whining all the while. "Yes, he's yours," said Mr. Oppen stein. And now Buster is back at Lome, after two of the most exciting months of his life all the way from an out cast in the most exciting months of his life all the way from an outcast in the street to a full-fledged actor on the vaudeville stage. Election Day, General election day is a legal holi day in all the states except the follow ing: Alabama, Arkansas. Connecticut. Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Massachu setts, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Carolina, Utah, Vermont, Ohio, Kansas and West Virginia. Columbus day is a legal boliday in thirty of the forty eight states. Maple dish makers of the United States have formed an association to extend trade. IRITISH WIN IN ODTH ATLANTIC Admiralty at London Reports German Squadron Is De stroyed, FOUR VARSHIPS SUNK Admiral Count von Spee Thought to Have Perished With His Fleet That Kaiser Wilhelm Ha Been Seriously III, Report ; Now on Road to Recovery. London, Dec. 11. The German crui ser Nuernberg, which withdrew from the battle off the Falkland islands and attempted to escape in company with the cruiser Dresden while the British warships under Vice-Admiral Sir Fred erick Doveton Sturdee were sinking the cruisers Scharnhoret, Gneisenau and Leipzig, was hunted across the water by units of the British fleet and sunk the same day. This information was contained in i statement of the British official press bureau, made public today. Big .Cruisers Under Sturdee. The British battle cruisers Lion and Indefatigable, reported to be part of Vtee-Admiral - Frederick Sturdee's squadron, displace 26,350 tons and 18, 750 tons, respectively. t ' The; Lion Carries ' eight 13.5-inch guns- and 16 4-inch guns and is equipped with three 21-inch torpedo tubes. Its complement consists of 1,000 men and it is capable of trav eling 28 knots. The Indefatigable's armament con sists of eight 12-inch guns, 16 4-inch guns and three 21-inch torpedo tubes It has a complement of 800 officers and men. The two largest cruisers of the Ger man squadron . sunk by the British were the, Scharnhorst -and Gneisenau, both of 11,240 tons displacement. Sink German Warships. London, Dec. 10. A British squad ron under command of Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Sturdee, chief , of the war staff, engaged a German squad ron under Admiral Count von Spee oft the Falkland islands, in the South At lantic,; and won a victory which is be ing acclaimed through England. ' The armored cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the protected crul ser Leipzig, three of the German war ships which had been menacing Brit ish shipping, and part of the squadron which sank the British cruisers Good Hope and Monmouth" in the Pacific on November '1, were destroyed. The cruisers Dresden and Nuern berg, the two other fessels which com- posea me uerman squadron, made oS during the fight The announcement of this engage ment and victory, which was the most Important naval engagement of the war, with ; the exception of that off Helgoland last August, was made in a statement by the admiralty of less than one hundred words. Admiralty Reports Victory. The statement follows: r "At 7:30 a. m.. on the 8th of De cember, the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nuernberg,, Leipzig and Dresden were sighted near the Falkland islands by a British squadron under' Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Sturdee. - "An action followed, in the course of which the Scharnhorst, flying the flag of Admiral Count von Spee, the Gneisenau and the Leipzig were sunk. The Dresden and Nuernberg made off during, the action and are being pur sued. , i "The vice-admiral, reports that the British casualties are very few in number. "Some survivors have been rescued from the Gneisenau and the Leipzig." Admiral Balieved Lost. The statement makes reference to some survivors rescued from the Gnei senau and the Leipzig, but no mention Is made df any of the crew of the Scharnhorst,. which was the flagship of the German admiral, being saved, and it is thus presumed that Count von Spee, his officers and men went down fighting. The British casualties were light, but beyond , the fact that the British squadron was commanded by Vice-Admiral Sturdee no information is vouch safed regarding the ships engaged and the newspapers are enjoined not to speculate, as "other oembinatlons may be effected." 1 KAISER CONFINED TO BED.' Emperor Was Severely III, Though the Danger Is Passed. Amsterdam, Dec. 10 (via London). Emperor William's health has consid erably improved, according to an offi cial announcement made in Berlin to day., His jnajesty's catarrh is relax ing and his temperature Is normal. HAS NO FEAR OF CHOLERA Pasteur Institute Expert Says French Capital Can Be Without ; Apprehension. Paris. The proclamation issued by General von der Goltz to the people bf Brussels, mentioning the possible return of German troops from France on account of an alleged epidemic of cholera raging in the French army, has caused Doctor Metchnikoff of the SOON LEAVE THE HOSPITAL Recuperative Powers of Russian Sol diers In Part Attributed to Temperance. Petrograd. The wounded on the Russian side, considering the magni tude of the operations, are compara tively few, according to officers of the medical service. Moreover, those whose wounds are not of the grayest character recover with great rapidity. This is due to three facts, the NO MORE FOOTBALL REPORTS London Observer Gives Reason for Closing Its Columns to Britain's Most Popular Game. The London Observer says: "The Observer has decided that until the recruiting crisis is over no reports or results of football matches shall ap pear in its. columns. "Professional football, which still continues to be played, is a direct impediment to the raising of the new armies which the nation requires. The Copenhagen, Dec. 10.-Most alarm- n? rumors have been current as to the kaiser's condition, but are not gen erally .believed in official circles. From a diplomatic source it is learned that his condition is serious, but not yet dangerous It seems he cannot be kept quiet and take full rest The empress has the greatest difficulty in prevailing upon him to stay inj bed. He has a very bad at tack of; influenza. This morning his majesty's1 tempera ture was about 103, and, was higher yesterday. If he is unwilling to tafco absolute rest till he is recovered there may be real danger. He is weak and his spirits are greatly depressed. Rqmors of Influenza. London, ' Dec. 10. The Daily News correspondent at Copenhagen says he learns from diplomatic sources that the emperor is suffering from influ enza. A dispatch to the Exchange Tele graph company from Amsterdam says: 'The latest bulletin issued in Berlin says that Emperor William's condition is unchanged and he has been unable to leave his bed. His fever has not decreased. "The emperor received a report of the military situation, but was too weak to give any instructions." An earlier dispatch forwarded by the Amsterdam correspondent of tho same telegraph company said Empr or William was suffering from pneu monia, combined with nervous depres sion due to overexertion. The mes sage, which said the correspondent's source of information was a telegram from Berlin, added that the German emperor's physicians had advised him not to return to the front Britain Deeply Interested. The British, public is manifesting fully as keen an interest in the re ports of the German emperor's illness as in the news of the naval victory. From dispatches received here during the night it appears that Emperor Wil liam was seized with an attack of in fluenza while on a secret visit to Emperor Francis Joseph. . The most reliable sources of Infor mation, by way of Holland and Copen hagen, indicate that he now is making progress toward recovery. ' ' Usual Conflicting Reports. London, Dec. 11. Continuing their offensive along almost the entire bat tle line through Belgium and France, the allied armies are credited tonight with making notable advances against the Germans. Roulers, Belgium, from which the Germans, were said a few days ago to have withdrawn their divisional headquarters on account of the shell ing of the place after the allies cap tured Passchendaele, has been cap tured and entered by the allies, says the Sluts correspondent ofthe Am sterdam Handel sblad. v Armentieres, France, also has been captured by the allies. At least so reports Reuter"s Boulogne correspond ent ' ' - .. Germans Claim a Success. Germany's general staff In Berlin claims several French attacks were repulsed.- As forwarded by wireless the statement, reads: "In the - district of Souain the French confined themselves yesterday to heavy artillery firing. "A renewed French attack on RocrJi and Courcullies did not make acr progress. The attack broke down un der the fire of our artillery, the enemy Buffering heavy loss." , May Give Up Warsaw. Petrograd, Dec 11, via London. A Russian military expert in comment ing on the German attempt on War saw, says: ' "According to the Russian authori ties the yielding of cities to the enemy does not constitute an Important war factor, since the bombardment of big cities like Lodz,-with the attendant de struction of life and property, tends to demoralize the army. ' Thus If it is of strategic advantage to evacuate Warsaw the capture of that city ought not to be considered important" 1 10,000 Russians Captured. Vienna, via London, Dec. 10. The following official report was made pub lic today: "In West- Galicia strong forces on both sides were active yes terday, and we have thus far captured 10,000 Russians. The battle contin ues today. German Attack on Dover. Dover, Dec. 11. German submarines made an attack at the eastern entrance of Admiralty harbor here this morn ing. Six vessels are believed to have participated in the attack. One report says that one was sunk and others were hit by the fire of the British forts and warships. No damage was done to the British vessels. The attack was made under cover of darkness, and during a heavy rain storm. - Kitchener Succeeds Roberta London, Dec. 10. The king has ap pointed Earl Kitchener colonel of the Irish Guards, to succeed the late Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Pasteur institute to declare that Paris in particular, and France in general, have nothing to fear from the disease, He says the season is too far advanced for it to take hold, and medical science is too well armed against it for it to make any headway. The general health of Paris, Doctor Metchnikoff says, was never better and the physical condition of the French troops is magnificent, which fact accounts largely for the compara tively light mortality among the wounded. physicians say, the first being that the Russian troops have been excellently fed from the beginning of the war ; the second that the grand duke is using me smallest possible forces at actual front of the fiehtinir linn the third that no alcohol is consumed by any of the soldiers. The hospitals are Droving- thnt recuperative powers of the Russian wounded are now equal to the highest ever known, namely, the figures reached in the case of the Turkish Moslems. players, by their resoluta nlnnfn seem to raise, however, unwittingly, a standard of negation to all the claims of patriotism. The leagues and clubs which support them are in the prac tical position of antinational organiza tions. The indifferent thoughtless and selfish are encouraged in their vices by the distraction provided for them In every large center of population. Such a diversion of popular energy from the nation's cause in the gravest hour of its history demands every resistance." BUILD UP 'FORESTS SECRETARY HOUSTON GIVES NEW CONSERVATION PLAN FOR TIMBER LANDS. . DERIVE BENEFITS AT ONCE Scheme to Underwrite Forest Values Would Provide Funds for Needed Local Improvements to Aid Set tlement of Territory. Washington, Dec. 12. David F. Houston, secretary of agriculture, in his report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1914, recommends a change In the methods of administering the national forests in undeveloped sec tions, so that they will yield at once revenue that can be applied to lo cal development which will further assist communities and aid in the set tlement of the territory. ( Under this plan the department, instead of wait ing until timber is actually sold before the unsettled counties gain any rev enue from this form of public domain, will, if congress grants the necessary authority, underwrite its proportion of expenditure for local improvement especially for road construction, and charge this against the counties' shares of timber sales when the tim ber is opened for commercial cutting. The theory I underlying the depart ment's proposal in this matter is that the forests in these sections consti tute a large part of the lands and prospective public income of the ter ritory, and that the forests, therefore, should bear their share of the pioneer ing expense. Dealing with the general crop pro duction of the country, the report finds: "The progress . of agriculture re veals itself more particularly in its diversification, in the rise of minor crops to large proportions, than in the increased production of staple products. For example, dairying in the . last generation has become an exceptionally Important branch of the agricultural economy, the annual pro duction including more than one and a half billion pounds of butter, a half billion pounds of condensed milk, and a billion pounds of cheese, having a value of approximately $600,000,000. The production of orchard fruits ex ceeds 216,000,000 bushels a year, with- a value of more than $140,000,000. The value of the annual production ef veg etables is in excess of $400,000,000, The production of hay and forage ap proximates 100,000,000 tons, with value In excess of $800,000,000; .the poultry products of the nation have reached a, point where their annual value is about one-half that of, the cotton crop at normal valuations, and marked Increases are noted in the , quantity and value of the cereals." "But, after all our efforts, while there Is an increased diversification of agriculture and both a relative4 and absolute ' Increase- in important prod ucts, such as wheat, forage crops, fruits, dairy products, and poultry, we still cote not only a relative-but also an absolute decrease in a number of our Important staple food products, such as corn and meats. In the former in the last 15 years there has been no substantial advance. In cattle, sheep, and hops there has been an absolute decline in cattle, from the census year of 1889 to that of 1909, of from 50,000,000 head to 41,900,000 In sheep, of from 61,000,000 to 52,000,000; in hogs from 63,000,000' to 68,000,000." SEREN0. E. PAYNE IS DEAD Long a Republican Leader In Con gress; Auinoruy on i ariiT nearx Failure Causes Death. ' , Washington, Dec. 12. Representa tive Sereno E. Payne of New York died suddenly of heart failure at his apartment here on Thursday. Mr. Payne, who was seventy-one years old, lived alone. His wife died three years ago. A representative from New York In every congress since 1889, except one, Mr. Payne was chairman of the ways and meana committee- and Re publican floor leader in 1909-10, and directed the ' drafting of the Payne- Aldrich tariff bill. He was born in Hamilton, N. , Y June 26, 1843, and educated at Roch ester and Colgate. Mr. Payne was a delegate to many Republican national conventions. 1 ; JOSEPH SMITH PASSES. AWAY President of; Reorganized Church of l-atier uay oainn uies iwr a a Long Illness. ' Independence, Mo., Dec. 12. Joseph Smith, president of the reorganized church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, died here on Thursday after a long illness. He was eighty-two years old, had been married three times and had 17 children. His father was the founder of the Mormon church. Police Shoot Man Five Times. Madison, Ind., Dec 12. A. L. Downs tried to kill William McGuire at North Vernon, missed him and wounded Al fred McClellan. Two policemen es sayed to arrest Downs, who opened fire and they shot Downs five times. Falls to Death at Capital. Washington. Dec. 12. John F. Mc- Cue, sixty -five years old, of Brookland,' D. C, was killed when he toppled over a stair railing in the treasury building and"plunged four stories to the marble pavement below. Agent Shot by Robbers. Moberly, Mo., Dec. 12. A sheriff's posse with bloodhounds is searching the woods for a bandit who robbed the Wabash ticket office at Carrollton of $60 after shooting Jacob Auer, tele graph operator. ' Six Killed In Wreck. Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. 12. In a col lision between two Wabash freight trains at Darling, Ont, six people were killed. The known ,-dead: Thomas Beckley, James Courtney, William P. Recoore. Prominent Poet Dies. Louisville, Ky., Dec. 10. After lying jnconscious almost ninety hours, Madi son Cawein, the poet died at his home here from a fractured skull, said to have been caused when he fell in the bathroom at his home. Plan Good Roads Movement. ' Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 10. The governors of Tennessee, Indiana, Ken tucky, Georgia and Florida will meet here January 11 to adopt a co-operative plan for a good-roads movement, it was announced. ASKS FOR BIGGER NAVY ADMIRAL FLETCHER SAYS NA TION NOT READY FOR WAR. Talks to Congress Committee--Dread-naught Is the Greatest Weapon if Naval Warfare. Washington, Dec. 11. Rear Admiral' Fletcher, commander of the Atlantic fleet, impressively told the house naval committee that the United States navy is not prepared to cope with the most powerful navy in the world. He mentioned no country. "You can safely say," he testified, "that we are not prepared for the worst emergency that might arise to protect ourselves from the greatest force available. . "We would have to greatly enlarge our fleet to protect American inter ests against all possible combinations against us or to control the ocean. We would have to take the offensive when we have a strong enough fleet" Admiral Fletcher told the commit tee a European nation could send sub marines across the ocean to dart into an American harbor and assail the American fleet It was, of course, he said, a suppositious case as to the practicability of such a move. For instance, he said, England had a "nice little supply station" 700 miles awsy from New York harbor at Bermuda. The admiral said he would recom mend eight or ten more submarines for coast and harbor defense. He em phatically asserted that the real suc cess cf the navy ultimately must rest with the dreadnaughts and battleship fleets generally. ' ' ' Admiral Fletcher in a general state ment at the outset, defended the , dreadnaught as the greatest weapon of naval warfare. i i The admiral gave it as his opinion that great naval battles would con tinue to be decided In the main by battleships. t Hearings on the army appropriation bill were ended by the house military committee with a discussion of the cation's preparedness for war by Brig, Gen. Hugh L. Scott chief of staff. General Scott told the committee the condition of the national defease is "constantly improving," and dis cussed at length the question of am munition supplies. Chairman Hay de clared supplies on hand were rapidly "approximating the necessary reserve."- FLASHES OFF THE WIRE Philadelphia, Pa, Dec 10. Connie Mack, manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, announced he had sold Ed ward T. Collins, second baseman of the Athletics, to the Chicago White Sox for a money consideration. Lake Cormorant, Miss., Dec. 10. A mob of 40 men took Essex Max, a negro cotton picker, from the field and lynched htm. The negro was accused of breaking into a store aad pounding a Clerk into insensibility. Lima, Peru, Dec 10. The small mountain .town of Coracora, about three hundred miles southeast of Lima, was shaken by a severe earthquake on Sunday. There were several casual ties. The town Is in ruins. New York, Deo. 10. Announcement was made that the New York Ameri can league club (the Yapkees) .had been sold to Capt T. L. Hudson, a mil lionaire contractor, and Jacob Rup pert the millionaire brewer. . Bordeaux, Dec. 9. President Poin care will transfer his official residence to Paris this week. WILLIAM W.R0CKHILL DIES . . v: . Noted American Diplomat Succumbs . In Honolulu Taken From Liner , While En Route to China. Honolulu, Dec. 10. William W. Rockhill. the distinguished American diplomat, died here. Mr. Rockhill was taken Friday ' from the liner Chiye Maru. en route to China. At that time it was said he was suffering from a se vere cold. He was en route to Peking to become adviser to President Yuan Shi Kal. Mr. Rockhill left San Fran cisco November 28 in apparently good health., He was sixty years old. SNIPERS FIREAT GEN. BLISS Commander of U. 8. Troops at Naco, Arizona Has Narrow Escape From Bullet . Naco, Ariz., Dec. 1,2. General Bliss arrived here on Thursday and assumed command. While Inspecting the out posts he had a narrow escape from snipers bullets, one missing General Bliss only a few feet when about to alight from an automobile in Main street Artilery from El Paso was de layed In entraining it Is not now ex pected until early in the morning. ' Dynamite Kills Thirteen Men. Scranton, Pa, Dec, 11. Thirteen men were killed when a miner dropped a stick of dynamite in the Diamond mine at North Scranton, causing an explosion that wrecked the cage in which they were being lowered. General Funston Promoted. Washington, Dec 11. President Wilson has nominated Brigadier Gen eral Funston for major general. Col. Henry A Greene to be brigadier gen eral and Charles F, Hughes, comman der in the navy, to be a captain. Illlnoisan Kills Woman and Self. Philadelphia, Dec 11. Jesse Adams Qf Oakland, 111, a petty officer on the battleship Illinois, shot and killed Anna Conway at her home here and then committed suicide. The girl had refused to marry Adams. Leo Frank Is Sentenced. Atlanta. Ga, Dec. 11. Leo M. Frank was resentenced here to be hanged January 22 for the murder of Mary Phagan. Frank's attorneys are pre pariiig to appeal to the board of par dons for clemency. No Baseball War Fund. New York, Dec. 11. There Is not going to be any war fund for organ ized baseball to fight the Federals. President John K. Tener of the Na tional league made this declaration here on Wednesday. To Remain With the Pirates. New York, Dec. 11. Fred Clarke has . decided to remain manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates. President Tener of the National league an nounced, and will sign a contract in a few days. .