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Fulton County tribune. (Wauseon, Ohio) 1883-1925, October 18, 1918, Image 3

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Copyright. 1018, by Pat Alva O'Brien
- CHAPTER XVI Continued.
From the kitchen you could walk
directly Into the cow-barn, where two
ows were kept, and this, as I have
pointed out before, is the usual con
tructlon of the poorer Belgian houses.
-1 could not make out why the caller
seemed to be ao antagonistic to me,
and yet I am sure he was arguing with
the family against me.- Perhaps the
(act that I wasn't wearing wooden
shoes I doubt whether I could have
obtained a pair big enough for me
had convinced him that I was not
really a Belgian, because there was
nothing about me otherwise which
could have given him that Idea.
At that time, and I suppose It Is
true today, about 94 per cent of the
people in Belgium were wearing
wooden shoes. Amonj tfte peasants I
d&nt believe I ever saw any other
kind of footwear and they are more
common there than they are in Hol
land. The Dutch Wear them more on
account of a lack of leather. I was
told that during the coming year prac
tically all the peasants and poorer
people In Germany, too, will adopt
wooden shoes for farm work, as that
la one (Tlrectloa In which wood can be
subvfftuted for leather without much
When the young man left, I left
shortly afterwards, as I was not at
all comfortable about what his Inten
tions were regarding me. For all I
knew he might have gone to notify
the German authorities that there was
a strange man in the vicinity more
perhaps to protect his friends from
suspicion of having aided me than to
Injure me.
At any rate, I was not going to take
any chances and I got out of that
neighborhood as rapidly as I could.
That night found me right on the
frontier of Holland.
Getting Through the . Lines.
Waiting until It war quite dark, I
made my way carefully through a
field and eventually came to the much
dreaded barrier.
It was all that I had heard about It.
Every foot of the border line between
Belgium and Holland Is protected In
precisely the same manner. It Is there
to serve three purposes : first, to pre
vent the Belgians from escaping into
Holland ; second to keep enemies, like
myself, from making their way to free
dom ; and third, to prevent desertions
on the part of Germans themselves.
One look was enough to convince any
one that It probably accomplished all
three objects about as well as any con
trivance could, and one look was all I
got of It that night, for while I lay
on my stomach gazing at the forbid
ding structure I heard the measured
stride of a German sentry advancing
towards me and I crawled away as
fast as I possibly could, determined
to spend the night somewhere In the
fields and make another and more
careful survey the following night
The view I had obtained, however,
was nufTlcient to convince me that the
pole-vault Idea was out of the ques
tion even If I hud a pole and was a
proficient pole-vaulter. The three
fences covered a span of at least twelve
feet end to clear the lust barbed wire
fence It -would be necessary to vault
not only nt least ten feet high, but at
least fourteen feet wide, with the cer
tnln knowledge that to touch the elec
tricnlly charged fence meant instant
death. There would be no second
chance If you came a cropper the first
The stilt idea was also Impractica
ble because of the lack of suitable
timber and tools with which to con
truct the stilts.
It seomed to me that the best thing
to do was travel up and down the line
a bit in the hope that some spot might
be discovered where conditions were
more favorable, although I dont know
just what I expected along those
It was mighty disheartening to real
. lie that only a few feet away lay cer
tain liberty and that the only things
preventing me from reaching It were
three confoi nded fences. I thought of
my machine and wished that some
kind fairy would set It la front of me
(or just one minute.
This seemed to be the most likely
plan and all night long I sat construct
ing a ladder for this purpose.
I was fortunate enough to find a
number of fallen pine trees from ten
to twenty feet long. I selected two of
them which seemed sufficiently strong
and broke off all the branches, which
I used as rungs, tying them to the
poles with grass and strips from my
handkerchef and shirt as best I
could. ' -
It was not a very workmanlike
looking ladder when ' I finally got
through with It. I leaned it against
a tree to test it and It wobbled consid
erably. It was more like a rope lad
der than a wooden one, but I strength
ened it here and. there and decided
that it would probably serve the pur
pose. '
I kept the ladder In the woods all
day and could hardly wait until, dark
to make the supreme test. If it proved
successful my troubles were over;
within a few hours I would be In a
neutral country out of all danger. If
I failed I dismissed the Idea sum
marily. There was no use worrying
about failure; the thing to do was to
The few hours that were to pass
before night came on seemed endless,
but I utilized them to re-enforce my
ladder, tying the rungs more securely
with long grass which I picked in the
At last night came, and with my
ladder in hand I made for the barrier.
In front of It there was a cleared
space of about one hundred yards,
which had been prepared to make the
work of the guards easier in watch
ing It.
I waited In the neighborhood until I
henrd the sentry pass the spot where I
was in hiding and then I hurried
across the clearing, shoved my ladder
under the barbed wire and , endeav-
ored to follow It. My clothing caught
in the wire, but I wrenched myself
clear and crawled to the electric bar
My plan was to place the ladder
against one of the posts, climb up to
the top and then jump. There would
be a fall of nine or ten feet, and I
might possibly sprain an ankle or
break my leg, but If that was all that
stood between me and freedom I
wasn't going to stop to consider it
I put my ear to the ground to listen
for the coming of the sentry. There
was not a sound. Eagerly but care
fully I placed the ladder against the
post and started up. Only a few feet
separated me from liberty, and my
heart beat fast
I had climbed perhaps three rungs
of my ladder when I became aware
of an unlocked for difficulty.
The ladder was slipping.
Just as I took the next rung, the
ladder slipped, came In contact with
the live wire, and the current passed
through the wet sticks and Into my
body. There was a blue flash, my
hold on the ladder relaxed and I fell
heavily to the ground unconscious.
Of course. I had not received the
full force of the current or I would
not now be here. I must have re
mained unconscious for a few mo
ments, but I came to just in time to
hear the German guard coming, and
the thought came to me If I didn't get
that ladder concealed at once he would
see it even though, fortunately for me,
it was an unusually dark night
I pulled the ladder out of his vath
and lay down flat on the ground not
seven feet away from his feet. He
passed so close that I could have
pushed the ladder out and tripped
him up,
It occurred to me that I could have
climbed back under the barbed wire
fence and waited for the sentry to re
turn and then felled him with a blow
on 'the head, as he had no idea, of
course, that there was anyone in the
vicinity. I wouldn't have hesitated
to take life, because my only thought
was to get into Holland, but I thought
that as long as he didn't bother me
perhaps the safest thing to do was not
to bother him, but to continue- my ef
forts during his periodic absence,
His beat at this point was apparent
ly fairly long and allowed me more
time to work than I had hoped for.
My mishap with the ladder bad con
vlnced me that my escape in that way
was not feasible. The shock that I
had received had unnerved me and I
I spent the night In a clumn of
tushes and kept la hiding most of the was afraid, to risk It again, partial-
Uext day, only going abroad for an I larly as I realized that I had fared
Lour or two la the middle of the day I more fortunately than I could hope
Hi Intercept some Belgian peasant to again if I met with a similar mis-
moment or two of pulling as I had
never pulled in my life before, a
staple on the next post gave way,
and my work became easier. I had
more leeway now and pulled and
pulled again until in all eight staples
had given way.
Every time a staple gave way. It
sounded in my ears like the report of
a gun, although I suppose it didn't
really make very much noise. Never
theless, each time I would put my ear
to the ground to listen for the guard.
If I heard him I would stop working
and lie perfectly still In th dark till
he had gone by.
By pulling on the wire, I was now
able to drag it through the ground
enough to place it back from the
fence and go on digging.
The deeper I went the harder be
came the work, because by this time
my finger nails were broken and I
was nervous afraid every moment
that I would touch the charged wire.
I kept at it however, with, my mind
constantly on the hole I was digging
and the liberty which was almost with
in my reach.
Finally I figured that I had enough
space to crawl through and still leave
a couple of inches between my back
and the live wire.
Before I went under that wire I no
ticed that the lace which the Belgian
woman had given me as a souvenir
made my pocket bulge, and lest it
might be the innocent means of elec
trocuting me by touching the live wire,
I took it out rolled it up and threw It
over the barrier first
Then I lay down on my stomach and
crawled or rather writhed under the
wire like a snake, with my feet first.
and there wasn't any question of my
hugging mother earth as closely as
possible because I realized that even
to touch the wire above me with my
back meant instant death.
Anxious as I was to get nn the other
side, I didn't hurry this operation.
feared that there might be some little
detail that I had overlooked and I ex
ercised the greatest possible care In
going under, taking nothing for
granted. "
When I finally got through and
straightened up, there were otlll sev
eral feet of Belgium between me and
liberty, represented by the six feet
which separated the electric barrier
from the last barbed wire fence, but
before I went another step I went
down on my knees and thanked God
for my long series of escapes and es
pecially for this last achievement,
which seemed to me to be about all
that was necessary to bring me free
Then I crawled under the barbed
wire fence and breathed the free air of
Holland. I had no clear idea Just
where I was and I didn't care much,
I was out of the power of the Germans
and that was enough. I had walked
perhaps a hundred yards, when I re
membered the lace I had thrown over
the barrier, and dangerous as I real
lze1 the undertaking to be, I deter
mined to walk back and get it. This
necessitated my going back onto Bel
gian soil again, but it seemed a shame
to leave the lace there, and by exer
cising a little care I figured I could
get it easily enough.
When' I came to the spot at which I
had made my way under the barbed
wire, I put my ear to the ground and
listened for the sentry. I heard him
coming and lay prone on the ground
till he had passed.' The fact that he
might observe the hole in the ground
or the ladder occurred to me as I lay
there, and It seemed like an age be
fore he finally marched out of ear
shot Then I went under the barbed
wire again, retrieved the lace and once
again made my way to Dutch territory.
It does not take long to describe the
events Just referred to, but the Inci
dents themselves consumed several
hours In all. To dig the hole must
have taken me more than two hours
and I had to stop frequently to hide
while the sentry passed. Many times,
indeed, I thought I heard him coming
and stopped my work - and then dis
covered that it was only my Imagina
tion. I certainly suffered enough that
night to last me a lifetime. With a
German guard on one side, death from
electrocution on the other, and starva
tion staring me in the face, my plight
was anything but a comfortable one.
It was on the 19th of November,
as the German uniforms were the 1
same color, and I had suffered too
many privations and too many narrow
escapes to lose all at this time by
jumping at conclusions.
I had just turned off the road to go
back Into some bushes when out of
the darkness I heard that dread Ger
man command:
"Halt! Haiti
He didn't need to holler twice. I
heard and heeded the first time. Then
I heard another man come running up.
and there was considerable talking,
but whether they were Germans or
Hollanders I was still uncertain. He
evidently thought someone was on the
other side of the fence.
Finally I heard one of them laugh
and saw him walk back to the sentry
station where the guard was billeted,
and I crawled a little nearer to try to
make out just what It meant I had
begun to think it was all a nightmare.
Between myself and the light in the
sentry station, I then noticed the
stooping figure of a man bending over
as if to conceal himself and on his
head was the spiked helmet- of a Ger
man soldier!
I knew then what another narrow
escape I had had, for I am quite sure
he would have shot me-without cere
mony if I had foolishly made myself
known. I would have been burled at
once and no one would have been any
wiser, even though, technically speak
ing, I was on neutral territory and Im
mune from capture or attack.
This new shock only served to be
wilder me more. I was completely
lost. There seemed to be frontier be
hind me and frontier in front of me.
Evidently, however, what had hap
pened was that I had lost my sense
of direction and had wandered in the
arc of a circle, returning to the same
fence that I had been so long in get
ting through. This solution of the
mystery came to me suddenly and I at
once searched the landscape for some
thing In the way of a landmark to
guide me. For once my faithful
friend, the North Star, had failed me.
The sky was pitch black and there
wasn't a star in the heavens.
In the distance, at about what ap
peared to be about three miles away,
but which turned out to be six, I could
discern the lights of a village, and I
knew It must be a Dutch village, as
lights are not allowed in Belgium in
that indiscriminate way.
My course was now clear. I would
make a beeline for that village. Before
I had gone very far I found myself in
a marsh or swamp and I turned back
a little, hoping to find a better path.
Finding none, I retraced my steps
and kept straight ahead, determined
to reach that village at all costs and
to swerve neither to the right or left
until I got there.
One moment 'I would be In water up
to my knees and the next I would sink
In mud clear up to my waist I paid
shivers ran down my back while he sat
beside me, because every now and
again I caught a glimpse of his gray
uniform and it resembled very much
that of the German soldiers.
Some of the neighbors, aroused by
the commotion, got up to see what it
wns all about, and came in and
watched while I ate the meal those
good Dutch people, prepared for me.
Ordinarily I suppose I would have
been embarrassed with so many peo
ple staring at me while I ate as
though I were some strange animal
that has just been captured, but just
then I was too famished to notice or
care very much what other people did.
There will always be a warm place
In my heart for the Dutch people. I
had heard lots of persons say that
they were not inclined to help refu
gees, but my experience did not bear
these reports out They certainly did
more for me than I ever expected.
I had a little German monev left
but as the value of German money is
only about half In Holland, I didn't
have enough to pay the fare to Rot
terdam, which was my next objective.
It was due to the generosity of these
people that I was able to reach the
British consul as quickly as I did.
Some day I hope to return to Holland
and repay every single soul who
played the part of the good Samari
tan to me.
With the money that these people
gave me I was able to get a third
class ticket to Rotterdam, and I was
glad that I didn't have to travel first
class, for I would have looked as much
out of place in a first-class carriage
as a Hun would appear in heaven.
That night I slept In the house of
my Dutch friends, where they fixed
me up most comfortably. In the morn
ing they gave me breakfast and then
escorted me to the station.
While I was waiting at the station
a crowd gathered round me and soon
it seemed as if the whole town had
turned out to get a look at me. It was
very embarrassing, particularly as I
could give them no Information re
garding the cause of my condition, al
though, of course, they all knew that
I was a refugee from Belgium.
As the train pulled out of the sta
tion, the crowd gave a loud cheer and
get In the compartment and, observ
ing my unusual appearance, would
endeavor to start a conversation with
me. None of them spoke English,
however, and they had to use their
own Imagination as to my Identity.
When I arrived at Rotterdam I
asked a policeman who stood In front
of the station where I could find the
British consul, but I could not make
him understand. I next applied, to a
taxicab -driver.
"English consul British consul
American consul French consul 1" I
said, hoping that If he didn't under
stand one he might recognize an
other. He eyed me with suspicion and mo
tioned me to get In and drove off. I
had no idea where he was taking me,
but after a quarter of an hour's ride he
brought up in front of the British
consul. Never before was I so glad
to see the Union Jack 1
Too High Blood Pressure Frequently
Brings Them On Removed by
Vigorous Rubbing.
In this article we shall discuss only
the local muscular spasms that affect
most commonly the calves of the legs,
but that sometimes occur in the thighs,
the arms or the wall of the abdomen.
Internal cramps, or colic, swimmer's
cramp and writer's cramp are affec
tions of an entirely different nature.
A cramp, in this restricted sense. Is
a sudden, painful and very strong con
traction of a small part of a muscle;
It does not usually cause any move
ment In the rffected limb, for to do
that a contraction of nearly the entire
muscle Is necessary, and then we have
what is called a spasm, or a convul
sion. The contraction is Involuntary, al
though persons who are subject to
cramps sometimes bring them on by a
voluntary movement such as stretch
ing. The early-morning cramp is of
ten brought on by the stretching to
which one is prone on awaking. Very
commonly the cramp comes on during
sleep, and the intense pain awakens
the sufferer with a start. The affected
the tears almost mmp to m v o-caa na I nnrt nf tha toiispIa fnrme n hnrrl Vnot
a contrasiea in my mma tne conauct : ana u a large part or tne muscie is
and beg for food. The Belgians In this
ction were naturally very much
Kfrald of the Germans and I fared
ladly. In nearly every house German
toldlers were quartered and It was
out of the question for me to apply
for food In that direction. The prox
imity or tne border made everyone
eye each other with more or less sus
picion and I soon came to the conclu
sion that the safest thing I could do
was to live on raw vegetables which I
could steal from the fields at night as
I had previously done.
That night I made another survey
of the barrier In that vicinity, but It
looked Just as hopeless as it had the
night before and I concluded that I
only wasted my time there.
I spent the night wandering north,
guided by the North Star which had
served me o faithfully in all my trav
eling. Every mile or two I would make
tny way carefully to the barrier to see
If conditions were any better, but It
seemed to be the same all along. I felt
like a wild animal In a cage, with
about as much chance of getting out
The section of the country in which
I was now wandering was very heavily
wooded and there was really no very
jrreat difficulty in keeping myself con
cealed, which I did all day long, striv
ing all the time to think of some way
in which I could circumvent that
cursed barrier.
The Idea ot a huge stepladder oc
curred to me, but I searched hour after
hour In vain for lumber or fallen trees
wt of which I could construct one. If
I could only obtain something which
would enable me to reach a point
bout nine feet In the air It would be
comparatively simple matter to
Jump from that point over the electric
Then I thought that' perhaps I could
construct a simple ladder and lean It
against one of the posts upon which
the electric wires were strung, climb to
the top and then leap over, getting
wer tha barbed wire fences In the
ihi way
hap. There was no way of making
that ladder hold and I gave up the Idea
of using It
I was now right In front of this
electric barrier and as I studied It I
saw another way of getting by. If I
couldn't get over It, what was the
matter with getting under it?
The bottom wire was only two
Inches from the ground and, of course,
I couldn't touch It, but my plan was
to dig underneath it and then crawl
through the hole in the ground.
I had only my hands to dig with,
but I went at it with a will and fortu
nately the ground was not very hard.
When I had dug about six inches.
making a distance In all of eight
inches from the lowest electric wire.
I -came to an underground wire. I
knew enough about electricity to real
ize that this wire could not be charged,
as it was in contact with the ground,
but still there was not room between
the live wire and this underground
wire for me to crawl through, and I
ether had to go back or die deep
enough under this wire to crawl under
It or else pull it up.
This underground wire was about
as big around as a lead pencil and
there was no chance of breaking it.
The jack-knife I had had at the start
of my travels I had long since lost
and even If I had had something to
hammer with, the noise would have
made the method Impracticable.
I went on digging. When the total
distance between the live wire and the
bottom of the hole I had dug was
thirty Inches, I took hold of the ground
wire and pulled on It with all my
It wouldn't budge. It was stretched
taut across the narrow ditch I had
dug about fourteen Inches wide
and all the tugging didn't serve to
loosen It
I was Just about to give up In de
spair when a staple gave way In the
nearest post That enabled me to pull
tha wire through the ground a little
and I renewed my efforts. After a
1917, when I got through the wire. I
had made my leap from the train on
September 9th. Altogether, therefore.
Just seventy-two days had elapsed
since I, escaped from the Huns. If
live to be as old as Methusaleh, I never
expect to live through another sev
enty-two days so crammed full of In
cident and hazani and lucky escape.
Experiences in Holland.
But I was not . quite out of
I now knew that I was in Holland,
but Just where I had no idea. I walked
for about thirty minutes and came to
a path leading to the right, and I had
proceeded along it but a few hundred
yards when ' I saw In front of me
fence -. exactly like the one I had
"This Is funny," I said to myself. "I
didn't know the Dutch had a fence,
too." I advanced to the fence and
examined it closely, and judge of my
astonishment when I saw beyond It a
nine-foot fence apparently holding
live wires exactly like the one which
had nearly been the death of me I
I had very little time to conjecture
what It all meant, for just then
beard a guard coming. He was walk
ing so fast that I was sure it was -Dutch
sentry, as the Huns walk much
1 was so bewildered, however, that
I decided to take no chances, and as
the road was fairly good I wandered
down It and away from that mysteri
ous fence. About half a mile down I
could see the light of a sentry sta
tion and I thought I would go there
and tell my story to the sentries, real
izing that as I was unarmed It was
perfectly safe for me to announce
myself to the Dutch authorities. I
could be Interned only If I entered
Holland under arms.
As I approached the sentry box I
noticed three men In gray uniforms,
the regulation Dutch color, I was on
the verge of shouting to them when
the thought struck me that there was
Just a chance I might be mistaken,
of this crowd and the one that had
gathered at the station in Ghent when
I had departed a prisoner en route
for the reprisal camp. I breathed a
sigh of relief as I thought of that re
prisal camp .and how fortunate I had
really been, despite all my sufferings,
to have escaped it Now, at any rate,
I was a free man and I would soon be
sending home the joyful news that I
had made good my escape!
' At Elnhoffen two Dutch .officers got
Into the compartment with me. They
looked at me with very much disfavor,
not knowing, of course, that I was a
British officer. My clothes were still
pretty much In the condition they
were when I crossed the border, al-
i though I had been able to scrape off
some of the mud I had collected the
night before. I had not shaved nor
trimmed my beard for many days,
and I must have presented a sorry
appearance. I could hardly blame
them for edging away from me.
The trip from Elnhoffen to Rotter
dam passed wlthaut special Incident
At various stations passengers would
Involved the limb may be drawn up,
Children and the aged suffer more
often with cramps than do persons In
middle life. In children the cause Is
usually violent exercise, such as run
ning and jumping, but in the elderly
a tendency to cramps Is often caused
by incipient hardening of the arteries.
When the blood pressure Is high.
cramps often occur, but they cease to
trouble if the pressure is reduced.
Persons who are rheumatic and gouty
are especially liable to be attacked by
cramps very likely because hardening
of the arteries accompanies their con
stitutional disposition.
The treatment of a single cramp of
the calf is very simple: stand on tip
toe in such a way as to stretch the
calf muscle and at the same time rub
the place where the contraction has
occurred. That will put an end to
the attack promptly. If the attacks
recur frequently, there Is probably
some constitutional fault that needs
correction, and the sufferer should con
sult his physician. Youth's Compan
Heard the German Guard Coming.
no attention to my condition. It was
merely a repetition of what I had gone
through many times before, but this
time I had a definite goal and once I
reached it I knew my troubles would
be over.
It took me perhaps three hours to
reach firm ground. The path I struck
led to within half a mile of the village.
I shall never forget that path ; It was
almost as welcome to my feet as the
opposite bank ot the Meuse had
The first habitation I came to was a
little workshop with a bright light
shining outside. It must have been
after midnight, but the people inside
were apparently just quitting work.
There were three men and two boys
engaged In making wooden shoes.
It wasn't necessary for me to ex
plain to them that I was a refugee,
even if I had been able to speak their
language. I was caked with mud up
to my shoulders and I suppose my face
must have recorded some of the ex
periences I had gone through that
memorable night
"I want the British consul!" I told
Apparently they didn't understand,
but one of them volunteered to con
duct me to the village. They seemed
to be only too anxious to do all they
could for me; evidently they realized
I was a British soldier.
It was very late when my compan
ion finally escorted me Into the vil
lage, but he aroused some people he
knew from their beds and they
dressed and came down to feed me,
The family consisted of an old lady
and her husband and a son, who was a
soldier In the Dutch army. The cold
Quite Possible, Though It Must Be Ad
mitted They Are Not Altogether
Desirable Footwear.
When things come to the worst
every day Is going to be like Friday
the atmosphere will be crowded with
the aroma of fish. There Is a scarcity of
leather, as everybody knows, and, that
being so, tanners are making a dili
gent search fcr other substitutes, and
new sources of supply. Experts de
clare that the skins of aquatic crea
tures offer a practically undeveloped
resource, and It is not unlikely that be
fore long we shall be covering our ex
tremities with the skins of the man
eating shark and the sacred codfish.
The reason such skins have not here
tofore been utilized for leather Is not
because they are not perfectly well
adapted for such use, but only because
the skins of land animals have been
so plentiful. - Disciples of Izaak Wal
ton dispute the experts about the cur
ing of fishsklns. They say once a fish
always a fish. If It comes to pass- that
we adopt fish-skin shoes these fish
ermen offer some advice to the cajlow
youth who goes courting. "Leave your
fish-skin shoes on the front porch, like
the Hollanders and Japs, and court In
your stocking feet Otherwise there
will be a chilly reception awaiting
you." Being married, tney are taiKing
by the book.
Jungle Can Furnish Food.
While the new food campaign was
being talked about at Seattle, Ran
dolph L. Summerfield of Singapore,
who has lived forty years In the Malay
States, arrived on a government, mis
sion. He is a civil engineer. "The
world's live-stock market has been dec
imated," said Mr. Summerfield, "but if
worst comes to worst and there's a
real meat famine, the jungles of the
Malay States can supply vast quanti
ties of meats and fats. Our forests
are full of monkeys of all kinds. Our
streams teem with crocodiles. The
huge anaconda snake is numerous and
prolific. Monkey meat cooked French
or Spanish style, billed on the menu
as veal, would make an epicure yearn
for more. There's no disagreeable sen
timent about killing a crocodile or the
boa constrictor. Portions of the
'croco's' tail are extraordinarily good,
and the boa constrictor is a culinary
favorite In India. Fried In butter, or
certain oils, the boa constrictor is con
sidered a delicacy." Argonaut
Soldiers Employ It in a Number of
Ways Besides What It Is Offi
cially Intended For.
The sandbag Is one of the most use
ful pieces of military equipment found
anywhere and the soldier puts it to
manifold uses. Their official use, of
course, is to be filled with sand or clay
and built into ramparts, barricades
and trenches. Their unofficial uses are
The infantryman always uses a sand
bag for carrying and storing his ra
tions, for patching and re-enforctog
his clothing, for lining and curtaining
his dugout, for muffling mallets and
stakes -when putting up wire In No
Man's Land. They make excellent gai
ters, being tied on over the puttees as
a further protection against mud and
damp. They make cozy mufflers In
bad weather. They are used to cover
shrapnel helmets to prevent reflection.
and they are frequently in demand for
rifle covers.
Many soldiers always pull two sand
bags over their feet and legs when go
ing to bed In billets; In other words,
the sandbag is Tommy's pajamas. The
warmth and comfort of a burlap sand
bag when pulled over chilled feet is
The postman's mallbag at the front
Is nothing more than an empty sand
bag, and the water carriers also use
two sandbags, slung back and front
over the shoulder, each containing a
petrol tin full of water.
"The war will be over," a soldier
wit once said, "when all of Belgium
and France has been put into Band-
'Tve given up trying to keep a
hired girl."
"What's the matter V
Tve come to the conclusion that
when it comes to paying wages I
can't compete with a munitions factory,"
Heat Sufferer.
"Suffer much from the heat?"
"I should say so. Nearly had a sun
stroke rushing around to lay in next
winter's coal-
When a 'Prisoner Is Exchanged.
Ivan Rossiter, captured by the Ger
mans and later exchanged, says in the
Farm and Fireside : "Then I lay down,
not to sleep but to think. I thought
of the day when I enlisted in Canada,
of leaving home, the training camps,
the trip overseas to England, the
training in England, going across the
channel to Flanders, the terrific fight
ing at Tpres, of the many friends who
fell on that bloody battlefield, how I
was wounded and captured, the Inhu
man treatment I received at the hands
of the German surgeons, who had four
husky Germans hold me down while
they cut five bones out of my wrist
and amputated my middle finger at the
second joint when I was wounded In
the palm of the hand, the kicks and
the cuffs from prison guards ana the
terrible stuff the Germans called food
In the prison camps."
Getting by the Censor.
He wrote the fair one, who had been
kind enough to try to give him all the
information possible, ana alter ac
knowledging the receipt of the letter
told her that unfortunately part of her
news had been obliterated by the cen
sor. In her reply she said: "Just tell
me what part of the letter It war and
I will write right away and tell you
what it was.
Last saloon at Helena, Sandusky
county, closed voluntarily.
Miss Lllah Miller resigned as head
of the Sandusky Girl Scout troop,
Robert David, 8, Xenia, was acci
dentally shot in the head by a play
mate asid may die.
Riley Shue of Dayton, right guard
on Miami university football team,
died of pneumonia,
A violent wind and hail storm did
considerable damage in Marion, Han
cock and Crawford counties.
Mrs. Nellie Osborne. 70. was found
dead in the public highway near Dex
ter City, Noble county.
J. C. Babcock and Ferdinand We-
heele of Napoleon were arrested.
charged with menacing a liberty bond
State health department ordered
private funerals for influenza victims.
the same as in other contagious and
Infectious diseases.
While Assistant Fire Chief Allen
E. Nice was speeding to a fire In Co
lumbus his auto struck and killed
Otto Thiel, aged 52, a mechanic.
Rev. O. T. Swigert of Morral was
elected president and Rev. Mr. Bagby
of Delaware secretary-treasurer of
the Marlon Baptist conference at
Schools, churches and places of
amusement at Dayton Avere closed as
a precautionary measure against in
fluenza epidemic.
Lieutenant Phil Farren, a govern
ment airplane tester, was killed at
the south field, near the Dayton
Wright Airplane company, when his
machine fell.
Twenty-five houses will be built by
the Bucyrus Builders . company,
backed by Bucyrus Manufacturers'
association, for the Ohio Steel Foun
dry and Machine company. ,
Chillicothe board of health ordered
all schools, churches, lodges, clubs
and movies closed following reports
of 100 cases of what physicians diag
nosed as influenza in the city.
ueatns at tamp snerman as a re
sult of the influenza epidemic now
total 841. New cases, however, are
being reported more slowly, and dis
charges from the hospital continue
in increasing numbers.
More than 800 city firemen voted
to hand their resignations to Fir
Chief Wallace at Cleveland, to take
effect Oct. 18, unless their demands
for an eight-hour day, back pay and
Increased wages were granted.
Three little children of Frank Wise-
cup of Belief ontaine will likely die
from playing with matches. They
started a' fire in an upper room of
the house and were unconscious when
firemen rescued them.
Because of the spread of Influenza
In Ohio, four liberty loan meetings
at which Governor Cox was-to speak
this week have been called off. The
dates at Hillsboro, Greenfield, Co
lumbus ' Grove and Kenton will not
be filled. ' '
Three children, two boys, 6 and
years old. and a girl, 7, the children
of Joseph Broad, are dead at Wind
sor, Ashtabula county, as the resuR
of eating toadstools. Three other
younger children and their mother
were made' ill.
Because Oct 9, customarily ob
served as fire and accident preven
tion day, this year falls within the
liberty loan campaign, the observ
ance has been postponed until Sat
urday, Nov. 2. Governor Cox issued
a proclamation urging co-operation of
all state and civic bodies in its ob
servance. -
Private Ambres Sandrowske has
been found guilty at Camp Sherman
of willfully disobeying orders and
sentenced to five years In the United
States disciplinary barracks at Fort
Leavenworth, Kan. Private Hiram
C. Mayne was found guilty of deser
tion and sentenced to eight years in
Fort Leavenworth.
Governor Cox has recommended to
the provost marshal general that the
call for 4,000, Ohio draftees to entrain
between Oct. 21 and 26 b? suspended
on account of the influenza situation
In this 6tate. The men are to go to
Camp Wadsworth, S. C. He advised
also that physical examination of
prospective draftees" be suspended
for the time being.
Federal circuit court ot appeals at
Cincinnati denied' the application of
John J. Shea and Edward Taylor of
Toledo for a rehearing in their ap
peal from the fines and sentences im
posed upon them in the federal dis
trict court at Toledo. The men were
convicted at " Toledo ' on indictments
charging misuse of the mails in fur
therance of schemes to defraud.
Former Lieutenant Governor Asa
W. Jones died at his home at Burg-
hill, Trumbull county, near Youngs-
town. He had been ill six months
with heart disease. During the first
administration of Governor J. B. For-
iker he was appointed judge advocate
general. He was a candidate for the
nomination for governor when chosen
as running mate for Asa S. Bushnell
in 1896.
President Wilson has declined to
Intervene in the Columbus streetcar
fare controversy, as requested by
Mayor Karb.
John M. Roan, former chief stats
mine inspector, was injured, perhaps
fatally, when his auto went over a
90-foot embankment near Wellston.
He was taken to a hospital at Co
lumbus. Ohio King's Daughters elected Mrs.
Sara Gugle of Columbus state presi
dent for ,the eighth consecutive term.
Mrs. George Mendell, Steubenville,
was elected secretary, and Miss Ellen
Brady, Fremont, treasurer.
Near Millersburg Lewis Mohr, 53,
farmer, was killed instantly when a
colt kicked him on the head.
William Frisbee, 46, Urbana, lost
his life when a telegraph pole fell on
Mr. and Mrs. John Moss, near
Goodhope, Fayette county, died of
Spanish influenza. Four daughters
and one son are seriously ill.
From 500 cases of influenza to less
than a score is the record, made in
TiSln through a quiet though active
campaign by the health board. One or
two deaths may be traced to the dis
ease there.
More than 1,000 cases of influenza
have been reported at Newark. Near
ly 800 pupils in the public schools
are 111 of the malady, Superintendent
.Barnes reported.
I A. M. Willard, painter of the fa
mous picture, "The Spirit of '76," died
at his home in Cleveland, aged 81
years. Death was due to heart fail
ure. Willard was a civil war veteran.
George Hammond, Columbus cab
driver, was sentenced to the peniten
tiary without hope of pardon upon
a finding of first degree murder, made
upon Kammond's general confession
to the kllllne of his Mww
Edson M.'MIlle," professor of nmtfc.
ematlcs at Ohio university. Is deaA.
A doxen persons were Injured In a
railroad accident near East UvsrpeoT.
At East Liverpool, W. O. PowaS,
wife and two sons were Injured when
their auto turned turtle. ,
National dairy show has been
opened at Columbus with a- large
number of exhibits,
War work in four Columbus plants
is being delayed by a strike of ma
chinists for an eight-hour day.
George L. Corbett, 32, New PhJIa.
delphla, died, from injuries received.
in a wreck.
Thirty doctors and nurses wera
sent from Canton to fight Influenza,
at Camp Taylor, Ky, -
Fayette county has shipped a car
load of clothing to destitute Belgians
and French.
With only a few deaths out of 8,000
the epidemic is on the wane. '-''
Near Millersburg. Ford P. Fry. 1?.
farmer, while hauling saw logs, was
instantly killed in a runaway. -
In State Auditor Donahey's family ;
of 12, Mrs. Donahey.ia .the only on
not suffering with influenza, it is
Spanish influenza in the different.
camps of the United States caused:
the death of six Crawford county-boys.
Mrs. Henry S. Willard, Jr, 35, wife
of one of the owners of the Milton,'
iron furnaces at WTellston, died of
Rejected when he tried to enlist
Youngstown, J Howard Lloyd
joined the Canadian forces and was
killed in action.
Rev. R. Lehn leaves the Methodist
Episcopal church at Lakeside for ' a
pastorate at Warsaw. Kev. H. B.
Allen of Warsaw goes to Port Clin
Strike of 50 plumbers and steam fit
ters at the government nitrates plant
at Toledo threatens to tie up all
work at the institution. The men de
mand a wage increase.
Reaching for a revolver when a
lone robber held him up, Louis
Schmidt, aged 43, grocer at Colum
bus, was shot through the right long.
He fired twice at the crook, who es- .
caped. - Schmidt may die.
Orville F. Barcus, a returned mis
sionary, was chosen as postmaster of
Sunbury. .The postoffice department,
adhered to its new rule that the high,'
man wins. Fred D. Baker, 'postmas
ter at. Sunbury, recently resigned. .
With the program completed, tha -
state convention of the Women's .
Christian Temperance association.
scheduled for Oct. 15-18 at Clflciit
nati, has been postponed on account
of the influenza epidemic.
Three hundred men and women
employed in the plant ot the Clausa
Shear company, Fremont, walked out.
demanding they be. paid every other
Saturday instead of the 10th and 25th
of the -month. . ,
Because further ; investigation . of
their crime by the state board of
clemency is desirable, Governor Cox
reprieved until Dec. 6 George W.
Baker and Faolino Panattonl, Ports
mouth murderers, sentenced to die at
the penitentiary.
All pupils entering Columbus pub-
lie schools must be vaccinated, .ac
cording to a ruling of , the board of
education. Parents who do not wish
to abide by this" ruling will be com
pelled to take their children ' from
Ohio has 5,000 farm ' tractera in
operation, . against a few more than
2,000 a year ago, says N. E. Shaw,
state secretary of agriculture. Ha
expects to have his crop reporters
make a survey to obtain the exact
Grape growers of the Lake Erie
islands are receiving prices this year
which are the highest In the history1
of the grape industry. For Concords' -
$70 per ton was paid and for the Ca-.
tawbas prices of from $95 to $105
per ton have been paid for the crops
Ohio's labor shortage continues
acute, according to reports from '21
local employment offices throughout
the state. Approximately 10,000 jobs'
were filled during the week ending- :
Sept. 14. Requests for help numbered
G. V. Sheridan, secretary of. the
Ohio State Medical association, has
gone to Washington, called by the
council of national defense, medical
section. The council is planning ta.
organize volunteer medical service, '
corps in other states along the suc
cessful lines followed in Ohio.
Foreclosure of a mortgage of tha -New
York Trust company, of New-;
York' and sale of the property of uie:
Cincinnati, Flndlay and Fort Wayne.
Railway company was ordered by
Federal Judge Hollister at . Clncin-:
nati The sale is to be held on tha
premises 6f the company at Flndlay,
on or about Nov. 15.
Ohio communities unable to cope
with the- influenza epidemic will be.
furnished emergency medical and
nursing relief through the United
States public health service. Gov
ernor Cox and state health officials
issued statements to the public. In
which they urged vigilance, but not
hysteria, in coping with the epidemic -
Mr. aad .Mrs., Edward Kennedy,
North Lewlsburg, received word that
their son, Glade Kennedy, who ran
away early In August and joined the
navy, had died aboard, a hospital ship.
The boy was 17 years old.
A large production of all grains In
Ohio is shown by the first joint crop
report of the state and federal gov
ernments. Many counties report
bumper crops of oarts as well as other
grains. Spring wheat, where grown,
yielded more bushels per acre than
winter wheat. The condition or tne
corn crop Oct. 1 is reported at 76 per
cent of normal.
State health, department sent out
orders closing motion picture houses,
theaters, schools, churches, and pro
hibiting public meetings of any kind
in Ohio communities where Spanish
influenza exists. In localities where
it does not exist the order Is to be
come effective when the disease
makes its appearance.
Perry county was the twenty-first
county In the state to reach its quota
of war savings stamps. Quota o
$759,820 exceeded by $1,322.
George Narrance, 45, Marion, died
of injuries received a few days ago
when hit by a train.
At Xenia Joseph Ayers, 47, was
trampled to death by two, cows.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Will of Upper
Sandusky died of Influenza.
Rev. William B. Gage, Washington
C. H. Presbyterian pastor, leaves
soon for Paris to do Y. M. C. A. work.
Miss Dolly Moore died at Marion,
of typhoid fever. Her mother, Mrs.
H. A. Moore, and a sister, Gertrude
Moore, are critically ill of the same
disease. .......
As the result of a stroke of paral
ysis four weeks ago, Rev. George I.
Hart, 56, pastor of First Baptist
LcfeureA, Washington C H., la dead.

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