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Fulton County tribune. (Wauseon, Ohio) 1883-1925, December 01, 1921, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87076552/1921-12-01/ed-1/seq-5/

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To Blast a Stump Successfully Requires Experience and Judgment.
(Prepared by the United 8tte' Department
at Agriculture.)
Distribution by the United States
Department of Agriculture of 12,500,
000 pounds of picric acid salvaged
from the war stores Jnd designed to
be used for farm explosives wiH
arouse Interest in the desirability and
practicability of blasting stumps to
clear oft old wood lots for crop pur
poses. The picric acid for distribution has
been allotted to the states according
to areas of cut-over 'lands. It .is
planned to establish an agency in each
state to co-operate with the depart
ment, and the agricultural college In
each state has been asked to act In
that capacity.
Not Commercially Available.
Picric acid Is rather higher in ex
plosive power than ordinary commer
t clal dynamite as used In agriculture,
but for manufacturing reasons Is nob
likely to be on the market after ,the
government's supply is disposed of.
For stump and rock blasting work it
Is used in practically the same way,
being exploded by a detonating cap,
either with a fuse or an electric det
onntor. In blasting stumps, the proper loca
tion and size of the. charge depend
upon the kind, size and age of the
stump; the kind of soil and the
amount of moisture in It ; and the
method of firing the charge which is
to be used.
For tap-rooted stumps a good meth
od is to dig away enough earth at the
side to permit boring an Inclined hole
well ' down past the center at the
' ' depth where it Is desired to cut the
root off. The hole should be at least
eight Indies deeper than the length of
the cartridge to allow for tamping.
This charge may be fired by fuse or
electricity, or two or more charges
may be placed in holes around the
outside of the root and fired with an
electric blasting machine. Sometimes
even one large charge, planted deep
on the outside of the root, will do the
Where stumps have lateral roots,
some experience and Judgment will be
necessary in placing the explosive, es
pecially if only one charge Is used.
Generally the center of resistance will
be the center of the stump, although
sometimes roots on one side are much
stronger than on the other. "
The depth requires careful consid
eration. For small stumps the charge
should be at least two feet deep, while
larger stumps with wide-spreading
roots should be loaded deeper. Sandy
soil requires a deeper charge than clay
or loam.
Size of Charge.
The size of the charge cannot be
specified briefly, but one authority
recommends roughly one-half pound
of 20 per cent dynamite for each
square foot of stump. With flierlc
acid, co-operative investigations by,the
United States Department of Agricul
ture and other institutions indicate
that success can be attained with one
fourth of a pound for each square foot
of vwhite-pine stumps, with larger
charges for hardwood s'tunips. The
inexperienced Waster should begin ex
periments with small stumps and ad
just the. charge.
Holes in soil may usually be made
by driving a 1-lnch- crowbar with e
ten-pound maul. In wood, of course,
an auger Is required. Sometimes it is
wise to set off a small charge in the
bottom of the hole to form a chamber
and after the hole has cooled tamp It
full of slit cartridges. If the soil is
dry, the paper covering of the car
tridges may be slit with a sharp knife
nnd the cartridges tamped Into a solid
mass with a wooden stick. Cartridges
may be divided by slitting the paper
around and breaking. Never attempt
to slit a frozen cartridge.
To prime the charge, cut off the
proper length of fuse, allowing at least
2 feet per minute required to get to
safety after firing.
Open the cap box and allow one cap
to slide into the hand. Never pick or
pry out a cap with a stick or wire, as
they are very sensitive. Slip the end
of the fuse snugly into the open end
of the cap. Crimp the jap on with a
crimper. If the charge is to be fired
in water, apply a little grease around
' the top of the cap.
With the crimper handle, orta stick
the size of a lead pencil, make a hole
in the side of the cartridge, inclining
it so the part to be occupied by the
cap will be parallel with the side of
the cartridge. If the cartridge is to be
fired under water, apply some water
proofing substance. Tie the fuse in
place with a string around the fuse
and the 'cartridge. Then carefully
place the cartridge in the blast' hole,
making sure the cap stays In position.
I'riuiing for electric discharge is much
simpler. Directions go with the ap
paratus. 1
Wooden Stick for Tamping.
Having placed the primed charge, it
, is necessary to tamp it. Any straight
; round stick, about VA. indies in di
ameter and 5 feet long, will do for
Plan Next Year's Garden.'
Right now is the best time for us
to begin to plan for our garden of
next year. We can get out on the
ground now and see what is what
better than we enn in the spring or
at any time until the crop' is growing
again next summer. Then it is too
late to make changes.
Voracious Feeders.
' Lawn grasses are voracious feeders,
nnd an annual dressing of manure or
other fertlllzie- is needed.
tamping. Never use iron. Moist clay,
moist loam, and moist sand, following
one another In the order named, make
the best tamping material. The mate
rial should be packed lightly for four
or six inches, and then rammed as
hard as the surrounding soil.
Before firing see that everybody is
out of the way. In firing a safety fuse
It is best to split it, exposing the pow
der for an inch, apply a match until
the powder spits, and then run to safe
ty.' If the. charge fails, let It alone
until next day. For large Jobs it will
often be found advisable to buy an
electric blasting outfit, which will fire
several charges at once.
The bureau of public roads of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture will give information about the
distribution of picric acid and the use
of Ills and other explosives. The dis
tribution, however, will be made only
through state agencies. ,
Gradually Taking Place of Stable
Manures to Keep Up Supply of
j Organic Matter. ,
Prof. R. L. Watts, writing in the
Market Growers' Journal, sums up the
fertility problem of the market grow
er in the following:
"While we have pinned our faith to
the use of stable manure in producing
good crops, green manurial crops are
gradually taking, the place of stable
manures. It Is forunate that we are"
able to maintain in this manner the
supply of soil organic matter. Let us
remember some essentials In the suc
cessful use of green manures.- They
might be given as follows:
"1. Soil adaptation. We should be
careful to select the right crop Tor the
soil under cultivation, which also fits
properly Into the system of cropping.
"2. Use a bountiful supply of seed.
"3. Use sufficient commercial fer
tilizer to insure a heavy growth.
"4. Sow in ample time, especially In
the fall of the year, so that the crop
will get a good sturt before winter.
"5. Take advantage of every oppor
tunity to grow a manurial crpp."
When Given in Balanced Rations They
Have Little Effect on Economical
Gains. '
Minerals fed in balanced rations to
hogs had little if any effect on rapidity
or economy of gains, report Ohio and
Illinois stations. They find that min
erals strengthen the bones of the ani
mals. When pigs are not receiving
a balanced ration, . but are being fed
without pasture, milk or tankage, min
erals are a valuable aid. They may
pay when fed to breeding animals.
Minerals used in these tests were
ground limestone, air-slaked lime, rock
phosphate, bonemeal in various forms,
slaked coal and salt. Every practical
hog man knows the worth of charcoal,
wood ashes and salt for hogs, especial
ly in winter when hogs can't get into
the soil.
Lightning Rod Points.
Farmers' Bulletin '842 from
the Ohio experiment station
gives the following advice for
the installation of lightning
rods :
Conductors should be installed
in as straight runs as possible.
Wiiere bends are necessary, use
curves of at least one foot ra
dius. Rods are "best secured to the
building by-- the single piece
screw fasteners.
Aerials should ' be spaced
along the. rods.
Fxcellent Plan to Oil Up All Imple.
ments and Store Away for
Winter Paint Helps.
You con enrn a neat little sum al
most any day now. Oil up the farm
machinery and put it away under cover
for the winter. That will save buy
ing considerable new stuff next spring
nnd surely money saved is money
earned. When snojv comes you can
apply enough paint to make it look
like new.
Storing Seed Corn.
Proper storage facilities are highly
Important in the handling of seed corn.
Carefully selected seed taken from the
field early in the season must be. pro
tected as it passes through the drying
and curing process if it is to germinate
satisfactorily the following spring.
Do the Best You Can. i
If yoif cannot farm as you should
like, farm the best you can.
Insures Well. Built Hogs.
A well-built house insures well-built
hogs. A poorly-ummged and improperly-equipped
hog house may be the
cause of losing a great deal of money.
Cause of Roup and Colds.
If your pullets are crowded for roost
ing aiiii scratching quarters this time
of year, don't complain because they
contract roup and colds.
Taint and labor both cost moncf,
but decay costs more ll.an both.
At End of Season Make List of
Repairs Needed and Protect
From Weather.
Various Farm Tools and Machinery
Should Be Put in Order Before
' Spring Rush Carelessness Re
sults in Great Loss.
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
A farm implement that is laid by In
bad condition at the end of the sea
son is pretty likely to be found in the
same shape, probably worse, in the
spring, when the time comes for using
it again. Unfortunately there's no
magic that heals broken parts over
winter, repairing the wear and tear
Implements Should Be Cleaned,
Greased and Sheltered From the
of one season and bringing forth a
bright, sound tyol ready for instant
work next year.
Delays in Repairs Are Costly.
' Thoughtlessness in the handling,
care and repair of farm implements
results annually In the loss to farmers
of thousands of dollars and much time
at a season when time is most valu
able. The proper time for overhaul
ing farm implements Is during their
period of inactivity and before the
spring rush, when farm work is press
ing and delays are costly. If put off
until the Implement is needed, delay
inddent to getting repair parts, press
Variety Is Resistant to Leaf and
Stem Rust.
Developed From Single Head ' of
Crimean Wheat Selected at Kan
sas Experiment Station Pure
Seed Is of Importance.
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
Kanred is a wheat which is resistant
to prevalent forms of leaf and stem
rust, is less liable to winter killing
than the Turkey or Kharkof, and ma
tures from ,one to four days sooner
than those varieties, which sometimes
means escape from bad weather con
ditions. It outyields the varieties
named in the principal hard winter
wheat section by from three to five
bushels per acre. The variety was
developed from a single head of
Crimean wheat selected at the Kan
sas agricultural experiment station ten
years ago, from which source it is es
timated that 2,000,000 teres were har
vested in 1921.
"Kanred Wheat" is the 'title of De
partment Circular 194, just issued Vy
the United States Department of .Agri
culture. Kanred is a, hard red win
ter wheat very similar to Turkey. It
is bearded and hns hairless white chaff.
The superior yields of the Kanred va
riety in northern and northwestern
Kansas, eastern Colorado, southwest
ern Wyoming, nnd in Nebraska and
South Dakota appear to ha"ve been due
largely to its resistance to rust and
to winter killing.
Kanred wheat may be grown with
success wherever other hard-winter
wheats are grown and should partly
Kill Next Year's Bugs.
Baking up the garden nnd
burning stalks, vines and other
vegetable debris in the fall will
cause a shortage of winter
homes for the bugs and fewer
insect pests to bother next sum
mer, according to vegetable men
at Oklahoma A. and M. college.
Scores of vegetable diseases are
thus destroyed also, it is said.
No cull vegetables should be
left lying around to tempt rab
bits, which later may barjc the
fruit trees. The garden has
earned its winter rest, and it
will rest better if it is thor
oughly cleaned up in the fall.
Eggs Cannot Be Obtained Where Fowls
Are Given Grain Alone Mash
Is Needed.'
Grain alone will not produce eggs.
They are made up largely of protein,
and' grain contains on an average only
about 10 per cent protein. A good
mash feed is necessary in order to
proluce enough whites to balance the
The correct way to feed a mash is
to keep It before the hens all the time.
Grain feeds should be fed sparingly.
Good Whitewash Formula.
The following formula is used by
federal experts for whitewash: To 12
gallons of water add 02 pounds of
piicklime; dissolve two pounds of
?oinmon salt and one pound of zinc
jiilphate hi two gallons of hot wateT.
Mix No. 1 tind No. 2, and add two gal
,ons of skim milk.
Buying Yfcat Sire.
Wlien you buy a purebred sire, buy
me to meet your roiy.'trcnients. Any
tnlmai that 'Joes not do so is dear at
my price.
of other work, and the hazy i-ecoiiec-tion
of the past season's difficulties
with the tool or machine may hinder
At the end of the season's work with
any machine it is a plan worth while
to make out a schedule of needed re
pairs and adjustments for that par
ticular machine, and file it in a con
venient place, so that when an op
portunity arises the work can be tak
en up and done quickly nnd thorough
ly. The machine itself represents
cnpital invested. It should be housed
properly, and not left in a fence cor
ner or other out-of-the-way place for
wooden parts to rot and metal parts
to rust.
Probably no implement used on the
farm receives a greater amount of
abuse or as little attention to its prop
er care, operation and repair than the
plow. It is the basic farm implement,
and should not be allowed to remain
in out-of-the-way places, subject to the
hardships of the weather, but should
be housed properly when not in use.
When lnld by, it should be stored in
a dry place away from contact with
the ground, and the bright parts coat
ed with grease, to prevent rusting.
Once the moldboard, share and the
landside have become pitted with rust
an efficient Job of plowing cannot be
done until the corroded parts again
have acquired a polish.
Many farmers who would not neglect
an expensive harvesting machine, are
careless in the care of harrows and
other implements of this type. These
also represent capital invested, and a
large return is possible if they are
properly cared for and housed at ttie
end of the season. If stored under a
shed, the teeth should be supported by
blocks or boards so that they will not
become embedded in the ground. All
accumulations of earth and trash
should be removed.
Keep Binder Canvases Dry.
In storing the binder, remove the
canvases, wrap up carefully and store
in a dry place, away from mice and
rats, or hang them over a round stick,
with ends free and even. Thus mice
and rats can find no place for nests.
Apply a good leather dressing, har
ness oil or tallow to leather straps, to
prevent them from becoming dry nnd
hard and cracking. The 'knife bar and
wooden pitman should be removed and
stored In a dry place. The knife bars
should be cleaned and greased. The
pitman should be stored on a shelf or
flat place, so that it will not spring or
warp. Grease the ledger plats, knot
ter, twine holder, needle point, twine
eye and all bright parts of the ma
chine and binding mechanism in gen
eral. Full information on the subject Is
contained in Farmers' Bulletins 946,
947 and 1030, a series entitled "Care
and Repair of Farm Implements," is
sued by the United States Department
of Agriculture.
replace the Turkey and Kharkof va
rieties now widely grown. It shows
no special advantage in the northern
great plains nnd the Pacific north
west. It cannot compete with the soft'
winter wheat varieties grown on the
lower lands and thev richer soils of
eastern Kansas or the eastern United
States, and is not ""winter hardy
enough to replace spring wheat in
northern plains. Wherever Turkey or
Kharkof hard-winter wheats are
grown, however, the Kanred can be.
grown with equal chances of Success.
In milling and baking experiments
Kanred has compared favorably with
other hard red winter wheats. For
Turkeys end Kanred Wheat The Lat
ter Yields More Because of Rust
Resistance,' Earliness and Hardiness.
successful crowing pure seed is nec
essary, and because of similarity of
the seed to other varieties certifica
tion has l-een found essential. This
certification is made by the Kansas
Crop Inr -ovement association with
the co-ope ration of the Kansas agri
cultural experiment station.
Considerable Fertility Can Be Ob
tained Winterkilling of Wheat
Is Prevented.
Farmers who have old stack bot
toms on their farms should put this
straw in a manure spreader and put it
on the land. Considerable fertility
can be retimed by this means, and at
the satneti: le an eyesore can be elim
inated fron, the farm yard. Ry plac
ing racks o i the sides of the manure
spreader nu ; h straw can be hauled at
a load. Wl ere this straw is wet, of
course, the rack will not be needed.
New straw that wiJl not be used for
feed could ' e placed on the winter
wheat, and Ciis will furnish a good
covering am' make a good fertilizer.
One fanner '.ist winter reported that
the use of straw prevented winter
killing. Stock Relish Sudan Grass.
Sudan ji;iss makes a hay that is
liked by all classes of live stock. It
has about the same feeding value as
timothy, m'ilet and sorghum hay, but
is not nearly as valuable as alfalfa or
Preven: Grasshopper Ravages.
Plow up t'n places where grah -p-pers
have !.';ii eggs. That is cue of
the .safest Methods to prevent t heir
ravages nc.: year.
V :table Storage.
The best 'i'ace to store vegetables
for winter i'se is in p frost-proof stor
age cellar that has been constructed
for this pvrposp.
Are Implements Cared Fcr?
Are yot-r farm implements oiled
painted Mid housed for the wimer?
I f
Transporting the 100-Inch Mirror
Prepared by the National Geographic So
ciety, "Washington, D. C.)
Man takes many trips on the face
of the globe; it might be well for him
to soar beyond the clouds to ohserve
the time table and routes of the
spheres and -note the relation of his
earth to the celestial scheme of things.
When a mighty storm sweeps over
the ocean, when a great war devas
tates a continent, when a Katmal
blows of her head, when an earth
quake destroys a populous city, men
Ftand overwhelmed and awed at the
But how little and insignificant are
such forces, measured by the majestic
might of the earth as it sweeps on
Its course around the sun !
An eminent phsycist has estimated
that the power developed by a million
Niagaras in a million years would not
equal the energy expended by the
earth in a single second as it circles
round the sun.
And yet so perfect is the mechanism
that, flying around Its axis at an
equatorial speed of more than
1,000 miles an hour, and around its
orbit at more than 1,100 miles a min
ute, all the mhndane influences of
which astronomers know could not
change the length of Its day as much
as a second in 100.000 years.
Rut as soon as one looks out into
space with the eye of the astronomer,
there comes the discovery that in all
its seeming greatness' the earth is so
small that even a telescope 10,000
times as powerful as the strongest in
strument now in existence would not
reveal it to an astronomer on any
'fixed star.
Compared with the sun, our planet's
insignificance becomes evident. More
than 1,300,000 spheres like ours would
be needed to make a bulk equal to
that of a single sun.
Herschel's Picture of Solar System.
Perhaps our most graphic picture of
the solar system is given by Herschel.
Imagine a circular field two and a half
miles in diameter; place a library
globe two feet in diameter in the very
center, 82 feet away put a mustard
seed. The globe will represent the
sun and the mustard seed Mercury.
At a distance of 142 feet place a
pea, and another at 215 feet. These
will represent Venus and the earth,
both as to size and distance. A
rather large pinhead at a distance ofl
427 feet will speak for Mars, and a
fair-sized tangerine a quarter of a
mile distant will stand for Jupiter. A
small lemon at two-fifths of a mile
will play 'the role of Saturn, a large
cherry tree three-fourths of a mile will
answer for Uranus, and a fair-sized
plum at the very edge of the field
will proclaim Neptune.
Whether studied as the head of the
planetary family to which the earth
belongs, or whether as an average
member of th great household of suns
that dwell in the distant skies. Old
Sol hns many thrills for the student.
To the inhabitants of the earth the
fact that he shines is the most impor
tant physical consideration in lift;.
From him we derive warmth, light
and power; without him the oceans
and even the air itself would freeze;
and, of course, under such conditions,
life would be impossible.
While the stars appear to us about
as much like the sun as the fireflies
of a summer night, yet the patient in
vestigations of astronomers show not
only that the sun is a star, but that
it is by no means either the largest or
brightest of the celestial family. As
sured that it is a star and knowing
that the next nearest one is 300,000
times as far away, astronomers ad
dressed themselves to the task of
learning about the other stars by
studying our own. They found that
there are some like it, giving out the
same kind, of light, though i most of
them send us, through the spectrum,
messages that tell quite different
All In a Vast Migration.
When we consider the solar system
with its great sun, its eight planets
and their 27 moons, and its 800 aster
oids as occupying an area whose di
ameter is nearly 6,000,000,000 miles
(some 6.000,000 times as far as from
New York to Chicago), it is amazing
to think that there may be millions of
other solar systems as large or larger
than our own, comparatively close to
as as star distances go, though so re
mote that their planets could not be
seen by the astronomers of the earth,
Any member of the family "Hydro
phydes" is termed a sea-snake. They
are found inhabiting the tropical parts
of the Indian and Pacific oceans, es
pecially between China and Australia.
These snakes have depressed heads,
dilated behind and covered with
square plates; their tails are verj
much compressed and raised vertical
ly, so as to aid them in swimming.
The eyes are very small, and most of
Scotland's Oldest House.
The oldest house in Scotland. (Hands
castle, which has been inhabited by
Lord Strsithmore's family for 6(H)
years in direct line from father to son,
Was built in 1010. The vaulted crypt
nnd the stone-flagged hall leading out
of it have not been altered since the
Eleventh century, nor has the rco.ii
above where Malcolm II of Sol land
was murdered in 3034. (Jlainis abounds
with interesting relics, including the
only complete fool's dress of motley
known to exist in the United Kuigdom.
From Pasadena to Mt. Wilson.
even with telescopes as much mor
powerful than the biggest ones now It
use as the latter are stronger than tin
naked eye.
So careful an astronomer as Agnes
M. Clarke tells us that a skiff ic
a vast, unfurrowed ocean could not
be more utterly alone than is our solai
system in its little corner of the uni
verse. She continues:
"Yet the sun Is do Isolated body. To
each Individual of the unnumbered
stars strewing the firmament, down tc
the faintest speck of light, . . . It
stands In some kind of relationship.''
Spectroscopic studies . and sky ob
servation alike tell us that-our sue
and his family are all headed in e
great migration across the sky to
ward a point between the constella
tions of Hercules and Lyra.
The speed with which we are trav
eling in that direction is 12 miles s
second. The velocity of an artlllerj
shell Is around 3,000 feet a second:
that of the sun is 63,000 feet. At
artillery shell with the velocity of th
solar system through space would, ac
cording to Kippax, penetrate a sheei
pf steel four city blocks thick.
Is our great family journey througt
space along a straight road, or is ii
revolving around some greater body
even as the earth revolves around tht
sun and the moon around the earthl
The astronomer tells us frankly thai
if the sun has an orbit its curve as yet
defies detection.
Star Cluster in Hercules.
A faint idea of the stupendous num
ber of stars that dot the sky and tin
staggering distance that separate then
from our earth may be obtained fron
a fuzzy little speck of light in the con
stellation of Hercules. It is visibU
to the unaided eye only on the clear
est nights ; but train a high-powered
telescope on it and you will see on
of the finest star clusters in all th(
Eitchey's photograph of this cluster
taken with the big 60-inch Mount Wil
son reflector, discloses that It Is mad
up of more than 50,000 stars, verj
many of them as big and as bright as
our own sun. How far away they an
cannot be said, for they are too re
mote for measurement with the flnesl
instruments yet devised. It is cer
tain, however, that they are at leasi
so distant that the, light coming to tin
earth from them this year may hav
started on Its hurtling journey througt
space about the time of Joshua's con
quest of Jericho,
A glange to another spot in th
firmament will afford a weak sugges
tion of the tremendous age of the uni
verse. The central star of the swore
of Orion appears to the naked eye af
merely a dim little fellow that might
be passed,, without a thought. But
a telescope discloses it as the most
magnificent nebula In the heavens. Its
diameter is thought to be 20,000,000
times greater than that of our sun.
When the sweet singer of Lsrae
sang that "the heavens declare tin
glory of God and the firmament shew
eth His Handiwork," he had nevet
seen more than 5,000 stars. With tht
latest Mount Wilson reflector 300,000,
000 write themselves ufion the photo
graphic plate.
Settling His Doubts.
A Boston man of discriminating
taste, dining at his favorite eatin
place, ordered fricassee chicken, took
one look at it and called the waiter:
"When does a chicken become t
fowl here?" !
The obliging waiter scowled hare
before finding his answer: "When it
is a rooster, sah . . . It's a mattei
of sex."
But the patron did not seem con
vinced, and the steward was sum
moned. Again the polite inquiry:
"When does a chicken become a fowl
M ?'
"Never, sir, in this restaurant!
came back the steward ; and the guesl
went pleasantly on with his meal.
Pittsburgh Sun.
Did Look Bad.
"Oh, yes, we are engaged to be mar
ried next spring; but I fear she has
not that utter confidence in me thai
comes with perfect love."
"Why so?"
"Well, when a fellow looks back am
sees her testing the diamond in liei
engagement ring on the window pan
don't you think he has good cause t
feel a bit dubious?"
the sea-snakes are very bi'nd anc
helpless when taken out of the water
Their fangs are like those of th
cobra, and the venom is very virulent
Sea-snakes rarely exceed four feet it
length, and are seldom found at anj
great distance from the land.
Tells Husband by Tread.
A Japanese woman can tell her bus
band's approach by the sound his
clogs make on the sidewalk, for eacl
piece of wood in the heel of his slio
has its peculiar timber pitch.
Silence and Wisdom.
Silence is very near akin to wis
dom. There are folks who may nol
agree with that, yet It is true. Oui
old friend Cato said once: "The first
virtue is to restrain the tongue; h
approaches nearest to the gods wht
knows how to be silent, even thougt
lie be in the right."
Gold Threads Are Superior.
Threads of gold used in India foi
making lace are drawn out so fine that
1,100 yards of it only weigh ou
Never say "Aspirin" without saying "Bayer."
WARNING! Unless you see name "Bayer" on tablets,
you are not getting genuine Aspirin prescribed by
physicians over 21 years and proved safe by millions for
Accept only "Bayer" package which contains proper directions.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets Bqttlea of 4 and 100 All druggists.
Aspirin U tb trade mark of Barer Maou&jcture of Monoaeetleacidewter of BaUcyUeaelA
Road U Fame.
The road to fame Is not an easy one
and the efforts of novelists and writers
to climb the ladder ore full of reverses
nnd disappointments, as following In
stances show:
W. S. Gilbert of Gilbert and Sullivan,
sold his first play for $150, yet he was
able later to count his Income from
his plays and comic operas in hun
dreds of 'thousands.
For years Sir Arthur Pinero treas
ured a set of shlrtstuds, his honor
arium for his first play, "Two Hun
dred a Tear." His next, entitled, "Two
Can Play at That Game," made him
richer by $25, while his third only
added $250 to his banking account.
Later, "Sweet Lavender" put $20,000
Into hfs pocket.
Jack London sold his story, "The
Black Cat," for $40.
Hurry, mother I Even a sick child
Joves the 'fruity" taste of "California
Fig Syrup" and It never fails to open
the bowels. A teaspoonful today may
prevent a sick child tomorrow. If con
stipated, bilious, feverish, fretful, has
cold, colic, or if stomach is sour,
tongue coated, breath bad, remember a
good cleansing of the little bowels is
often all that is necessary.
Ask your druggist for genuine "Cali
fornia Fig Syrup" which has directions
for babies and children of all ages
printed on bottle. Mother I You must
say "California" or you may get an
imitation lig syrup. Advertisement.
In View of Silly Assertion, One Would
Have Ljked to See Him More
Harshly Handled.
A hotel steward said to be known
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and
for forty years an observer of peo
ple who eat in public dining rooms,
is reported' as saying at a convention
of public food purveyors that "Amer
ican women have forgotten how to
cook." The gentleman speaks with
out knowledge of the facts. We may
excuse him only because he has been
penned up in public eating places for
so niany years that he lias lost all
sense of proportion and lacks facts for
comparison. American women have
not forgotten how to cook. Their
good, wholesome, well-prepared food
for home dining room feeds, and feeds
amazingly well, 80 per cent of the pop
plation. So general Is good home
cooking that every man forced by cir
cumstances to get his meals at public
places regards himself as unfortunate
because he cannot always eat at home,
or at somebody else's home. This ho
tel steward is full of misinformation.
Chicago Journal of Commerce.
Sure Cure, i
Mr. Yearwed Pshaw I Breakfast
lias been late every morning this week.
Can't you do something to get Bridget
up on time?
Mrs. Yearwed I did get her an
alarm clock.
Mr. Yearwed Yes, I know, but
alarm clocks don't always go off. Why
not lend her the baby?
He Alone Was Conventional.
Western Paper The groom in his
conventional black suit was looking
quite handsome, and the bride, attired
in her pure white lingerie, was indeed
a lovely and attractive picture. Bos
ton Transcript. '
A sentimental man grieves $10
worth over every dollar he has mis
invested. The surest way to be a hundred per
cent American is to be a hundred per
cent man.
The Week Signals
Are Working
Pain, Pain
Lines to Be Remembered.
Education is a better safeguard of
liberty than a standing army. If we
retrench the wages of the school
master, we must raise those of the
drill sergeant. Edward Everett.
There is only one medicine that really
stands out pre-eminent as a medicine for
curable ailments of he kidneys, liver and
bladder. ,
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root stands the
highest for the reason that it has proven
to be just the remedy needed in thousands
upon thousands of distressing cases.
Swamp-Root makes friends quickly be
cause its mild and immediate effect is soon
realized in most cases. It is a gentle,
healing vegetable compound.
Start treatment at once. Sold at -all
drug .stores in bottles of two sizes, medi
um and large.
However, if you wish first to test this
great preparation send ten cents to Dr.
Kilmer 4 Co., Binghamton, N. Y., for
sample bottle. When writing be sure and
mention this paper. Advertisement.
Fed at Last.
He was the most down-and-out look
ing specimen of a tramp who. hud ap
plied at the back door of this par
ticular farmhouse for many a year.
The housewife viewed him with dis
gust. "My goodness!" she exclaimed. "I
don't believe you've washed yourself
for a year."
"Just about that," agreed the hobo.
"You see, I only washes before I eats."
Each package of Diamond Dyes" con
tains directions so simple that any woman
can dye or tint faded, shabby skirts,
dresses, waists, coats, sweaters, stock
ings,, hangings, draperies, everything like
new. Buy "Diamond Dyes" no other
kk.4 then perfect home dyeing is guaran
teed, even if you have never dyed before.
Tell your druggist whether the material
yaa wish to dye is wool or silk, or whether
it is linen, cotton, or mixed goods. Dia
mond Dyes never streak, spot, fade, or
na. Bo easy to use. advertisement,
Colored Man Might Have Thought He
Was a Lion Tamer, but Com- ,
rades Knew Otherwise. , i
Three negro soldiers In France were
engaged in the : great American pas
time of slinging it. !
"Will Johnson, wat yo' business
back in de States?"
"Ah runs de biggest alieviatah In
Washington." ' i
"Sam Jeffason, wat yo' do in de
States?" .
r'Ise de chnmpeen crapshootah of
Richmond, Vabginny."
"Yo' niggas mighty po class, suali
nuff," said Bo Jackson. "Ah's a Hon
tamah fo de circus. Ah takes dem
fresh, fierce lions an' twists 'em by tail
until they turns round an' tries to snap
me. Den I grabs dar tongues and pulls
'er out, so dat when they tries to bite
me, dey bites dar own tongue, and dat
away Ah tames a lion in 'bout fob.
"Go 'way, Bo, yo' ain't no Hon tamah
yo' is a lyln' nlggah." The Home
Sector. '
In Movie Land.
Property Man You know the big
dragon we made for this piece?
The Director Yes.
"You remember that we made the
tail In several pieces?"
"Of course."
'Well, the pieces got mixed up
somehow or other, and now I can't put
them together."
"That's all right. Just all in the
continuity expert." Youngstown Tele
gram. Courage Is helped by eueouragemen.'k
Help otlr-rs by giving it freely.
In. some respects, human experience
is like railroading.
Every moment of the business and
social day the block signals are giving
right of way to keenness and alertness
while the slow and the heavy must
wait on the sidetrack for their chance
to move forward.
The ability to "go through" and to
'get there" depends much on the poise of
body, brain and nerves that comes with
correct diet and proper nourishment.
That's why so many choose Grape
Nuts for breakfast and lunch. Served
with cream or milk it is completely
nourishing, partly pre-digested, and it
supplies the vital mineral salts so
necessary to full nutrition.
Grape-Nuts has a rich, delightful
flavor, is ready to serve on the instant
and is distinctly the fbod for mental
and physical alertness and speed. At
all grocers. ,
"Tliere's a Reason"
for Grape-Nuts

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