Newspaper Page Text
FX IFOX CO. TRH'.rXK, WUSKOX, TlU'ltSDAY, DEC. 8
t mi'iMf ''mtri mi.mif ij 11 miiminui 11 mux" v MmmA Amoywinj ji i m ;;; ,z3w 77 . TOT V J sf; 10 J N -M5 if ' S 11 in I i Ml 4 By W. L. McATEE, Assistant Biologist in Econom ic Ornithology, Bureau of Biological Survey. aj u-fc. IHDS hunting Insects and worms nuicn ns tne provuruiui ure, uul just the same they are mighty busy. One who has seen them at It during the season when they are1 rearing their ypung can have no doubt about their being a great help ' to the orchardlst. They are .nctive everywhere: flickers, blackbirds, robins, and thrashers seek their insect prey on or near the ground ; woodpeckers, nuthatches, litmice, and chickadees closely search the trunks and limbs of trees; vlreos and warblers scan the leaves and probe the flowers; and flycatchers and swallows sweep their prey from the air Itself. Every few minutes all day .long the hungry young must be fed ; and that they are well fed their rapid growth attests. The quantity of insects they and their purents cVmsume is enormous. Not only orchards benefit by the good work of birds, but gardens, berry patches, and plowed and newly sown fields as well. ' While fields actually grown to tall crops are less freely visited, all crops are helped to some extent, and practically every farm pest has its bird enemies.-, ( To learn exactly how and to what extent birds are aids to agriculture, horticulture, and forestry, tS9 biological survey has been making a scientific study of their food habits ever since its establish ment In 1885. Its investigations are carried on in both the field and laboratory. All that can be learned out of doors by direct observation and by study of the available food supply is valuable, but there is a surer way of finding out what a bird eats, namely, to look Into its stomach. It has liMti rononfrprll v flpmnnntrntprl that the nature of the food and feeding habits of birds is such that it is Impossible to arrive at definite results by di rect observation. On the other hand, the examina tion in the laboratory of the contents of the stom ach gives information that is definite, exact, and indisputable. From the percentages and the economic value of the food items, the utility of a bird can be closely estimated. Tlie biological survey is then able to recommend how It should be treated. In the United States are found more than 800 distinct kinds of birds of CO families, of which 20 families are classed as waterfowl, 7 as shoreblrds, 4 as nplun,d game birds,' 5 as Birds of prey, and 33 as land birds. The upland game birds comprise such familiar groups as the quail, grouse, ptarmigan, wild tur keys, wild pigeons, and doves. The last two, while usually harmless, sometimes damage crops to an extent which requires that they be controlled, and economically they deserve less consideration than the turkey, quail, and grouse. These three kinds of birds have feeding habits which are helpful to agriculture. They may be "hunted, but their num bers should not be reduced below the normal pop ulation for each type of country. ' Hawks and owls, though not closely related, may be considered together on account of the sim ilarity of their feeding habits. Feeding chiefly up on living animals smaller han themselves, natur ally they sometimes prey upon some of the domes ticated kinds, particularly poultry. This has given them a bad reputation with farmers, so long estab lished as to amount to traditional prejudice. Sci entific investigation of their habits shows that only a few species of hawks and only one owl feed chief ly, or even largely, upon birds, and therefore to any great extent upon poultry. The birds of prey regarded as chiefly injurious include the sharp chinned, Cooper, and duck hawks, the goshawk, and the great horned owl. The great horned owl, which, like most of its relatives, feeds at night, gets only poultry that is Improperly exposed, and when pre vented from doing this, its habits are largely bene ficial. The remaining species of hawks and awls, more than 500 in all, have useful habits. They feed on a great variety of rodents and have a tremendous effect in controlling the numbers of these pests. Their staple food consists for the most part of meadow mice, but It Includes also .many other de structive rodents, such as rabbits, ground squir rels, prairie dogs, pocket gophers, and house rats and mice. The bam "owl is one of the most useful of the birds of this group. Its food Is easily studied by examination of the pellets, made of the hair and bones of its victims, which accumulate about its roost. In C75 barn-owl pellets collected in Wash ington, V. C, were found the remains of 1,119 meadow mice, 452 house mice, and 134 house rats, together with a sufficient number of other small mammals to make an average of almost three to the pellet, and probably to the meal. In 592 pel lets collected in California'there were found skulls and other traces of 2G1 pocket gophers, 74 field mice, 184 pocket mice, 144 deer mice, 50 harvest mice, 230 kangaroo rats, and 215 house mice. These items make It clear that the barn owl is constantly doing work of great value to agriculture. Its serv ices are typical of those of hawks and owls In gen eral. Owl.; as a group have long been persecuted by man, but never has persecution been more un just. The hawks and owls are not he only suffer ers, however, for when their numbers are greatly reduced in any community, farmers will be forcibly reminded of the fact by a great increase in the number of destructive rodents. Among the most praiseworthy birds are the cuckoos. The most widely distributed species, the yellow-billed and black-billed cuckoos, usually keep out of sight, but are well known by their strange notes, which have earned them the name "rain crow." The cuckoos feed very largely on caterpil lars, and subsist to a larger extent than most of our birds on the hairy and spiny kinds. One stom ach contained 250 tent caterpillars and another 217 fall web-worms. The cuckoos are fond also of grasshoppers, sawfly larvae, plant bugs, and other injurious insects. The large and important woodpecker family in cludes 24 species in the United States, most of them highly beneficial. They are the chief de fenders of trees against insect attack, most of them being specialized to feed upon wood-boring larvae, pests preyed upon by few other birds. From 10 to ' 80 per cent of the annual diet of various species is made up of ants, which are almost uni formly Injurious. The flickers, or "yellow-hammers," especially are assiduous destroyers of ants, one of these birds being known to have taken more than 5,000 at a single meal. A group of birds, which, though diverse In ap pearance, are related in esaentlal characters, in cludes the chuck-will's-wldows, whip-poor-wills, poor-wills, nighthawks, swifts and humming birds. All are almost strictly insect eaters and conse quently beneficial. The lurger ones feed extensive ly upon leaf-chafers, the larvae ef which, including the well-known white grubs, are very destructive. The nighthawks take considerable of the same sort of food, but, In common with the swifts, capture a great variety of small insects, more than 50 dif ferent kinds having been found in single stomachs, represented in some cases by thousands of individ uals. ' v One of our families of birds gets Its popular name "flycatcher" from the insect-eating nature of its species, 31 of which live In the United States, including such birds as the spectacular scissor-tail, the bold, dashing kingbird, and the more quiet and domestic phoebe. On the average, 95 per cent of the food of these birds has been found to consist of insects. The rose-chafer, a species not only de structive to vegetation, but known to be poisonous to chickens and pheasants, is freely eaten by the kingbird. Several flycatchers have the reputation of eating hive bees to an Injurious extent, but It has been shown that they take mostly drones, and furthermore, that 4hey eat enough enemies of bees, as robberflies, to pay for all the domestic beesthey take. The jays, crows and ravens have always been severely criticized, and it must be admitted that on the whole the criticism Is justified. About the best that can be said for birds of this family is that on the average they do about as much good as harm. It would seem a good policy to accord them the same treatment long given the common crow the crow Is not especially persecuted, neither is it protected. Thus while the birds are allowed to exist in reasonable numbers for the sake of the good they do, the way is left open for ag gressive measures against them when necessary. In the case of this family, as of all destructive birds, damage is the result of overabundance. The damage done by the blackbirds Is conspic uously the result of over-population. The damage sometimes is serious, and protection of these spe cies is not recommended. In the same family with the blackbirds, however, are such birds as orioles and meadowlarks, and these do much more good than harm. The great sparrow family, comprising almost a v i' j : Jf-y-ii J V-UfcA i ' V IK!7' V hundred species in the United States, as a whole shows a good economic record: The sparrows, or finches, are essentially seed eaters, but they con sume also a fair proportion of insects, and in gen eral must be regarded as beneficial. The tanagers and swallows are almost exclusive ly beneficial, the latter especially being tireless destroyers, of a great variety of insects. If soft plumage and harmonious colors were the criteria of bird worth, the cedar waxwing would stand near" the top. Economically,' however, it is in the doubtful, even the very doubtful, class. It is too fond of flowers, buds, and fruits, especially cherries, and It consorts in such large flocks while gratifying these tastes that the interests of man kind suffer considerably. The butcher birds, or shrikes, which have the curious habit of hanging part of their prey upon thorns, in crotches, or in other suitable places, destroy some birds, but on the whole are beneficial. About 10 kinds of smooth green-coated vireos and 55 kinds of warblers of varied and brilliant but neat plumages constitute the especial guardi ans of the foliage of our trees. There are millions of warblers and vireos in North America, and the aggregate destruction of insects by them Is beyond conception. Allied in sen-ice to the warblers are the barlJ climbing creepers, the industrious and inquisitive nuthatches, the restless and active chickadees and titmice, and the tree-scanning kinglets and gnat catchers, of which groups there are In the United States more than 23 species. Mockingbirds, catbirds and thrashers are dis tinguished by unusual ability as songsters. Eco nomically considered, all are rather too fond of cultivated fruits, but as a rule they do more good than harm. Closely related to the mockers and thrashers are the wrens, of which we have 11 species. These lit tle birds are Incessantly nctive, tireless, and good singers, almost wholly Insectivorous, and conse quently beneficial to a high degree. Only one family of small land birds remains to be mentioned, namely, that including the thrushes, robins and bluebirds. The thrushes are character istic woodland species, and while not of great eco nomic importance are for the most part commend able In their relation to man. Robins and blue birds are the most familiar species about our homes, and so beloved are they that they are al most immune from persecution. The bluebirds strictly deserve this high consideration, but the robins take a large toll from cultivated fruits, and probably are too numerous in many localities. To understand the economic value of birds, not only must the feeding habits of species and famil ies be known, but also the collective effect of birds upon pests and crops. Most of their damage re sults from local over-abundance either of one spe cies or of a number of species of similar feeding habits, and it is inflicted chiefly upon fruit and grain crops. If birds by their united effort are potent to ac ' cornplish great harm, they are for the same rea son able to do great good In the destruction of insect pests. Fortunately, many more species are helpful than harmful. Unusual outbreaks of pests upon which birds can feed are always attended by gatherings of the bird clans. , The American Ornithologists' union model law for the protection of birds has been adopted by 40 of the 48 States of the Union. The migratory-bird treaty act, putting into force a. treaty with Great Britain for the protection of ndgratory birds, sup plements and re-enforces the state legislation. It remains only for public opinion to back the law at every point, and for citizens to put into ef fect every practicable measure for the increase and conservation of bird life. The essentials of bird attraction are the suppression of enemies and the provision of water, food and nesting sites. Material Increase in the numbers of birds admit tedly is a two-sided problem : Some birds of nega tive value should not be increased, while others, not now noticeably destructive, may become so when they are more abundant. On the other hand, there is no doubt that the majority of birds are more beneficial than injurious and that by increas ing their numbers we shall do ourselves and our country a valuable service. Synopsis Proud possessor of a printing press and equipment, the fcift of Uncle Joseph to his nephew, Herbert Illingsworth Atwater, Jr.. aged thirteen, the fortunate youth, with his chum, Henry Rooter, about the same age, begins the pub lication of a full-Hedged newspaper, the North End Daily Oriole. Her bert's small cousin, Florence At water, being barred from any kind of participation! in the enterprise, on account of her intense and nat ural feminine desire to "boss," is frankly annoyed, and not at all backward in saying so. However, a poem she has written is accepted for insertion in the Oriole, on a strictly commercial basis cash in advance. The poem suffers some what from the inexperience of the youthful publishers in the "art preservative." Her not altogether unreasonable demand for republi cation of the masterpiece, with its bauty unmarred, is scorned, and the break between Miss Atwater and the publishers of the Oriole widens. The Sunday following, Florence's particular chum, Patty Fairchild, pays her a visit. They are joined, despite Florence's open ly expressed disapproval, by Her bert and Henry. Florence will not play. Patty and the visitors in dulge in a series of Innocent Sun day games. Among them is one called "Truth," the feature of which is a contract to write a ques tion and answer, both to be kept a profound secret The agreement is duly carried out. t EFFECT OF SUN ON CLOTHING Some Fabric Less Affected Than Oth ers, but All Suffer Should Be 1 Stored in Dark. All clothes wear out through ex posure to sunlight, air, rain, me chanical strain and bacterial action, says "Textile Chemist" In the London Iaily Mull. Of these, sunlight is by fur the most harmful. Hence, clothes not in use should be stored In the dark. lint light Is selective In Its action.' A dark fabric Is less affected than one which is brightly colored. So that a Briton's love for drab-colored clothing cannot entirety be condemned. Not all fabrics are affected alike, for while wool and silk rapidly deteri orate In strong sunlight, cotton and linen are much more resistant. In spite of this, however, it would not be economical to use all cotton clothing, since colors fade more rapid ly on cotton than on wool. When a dyed woolen fabric is exposed to sun light, the fabric is attacked first and the dye is thereby partly protected. In the cotton fabric the dye protects the cotton. A coarse dress material Is more re sistant to sunlight than a fine one. Clothes are not much affected by pure rain and air. In manufacturing towns, however, the atmosphere is SNAPPY PARAGRAPHS After all, Herman, there are more prizes than blanks in the matrimonial lottery. ' If a man realizes how careless he Is about paying back what he borrows he veldom lends anything. Apartment houses accomplish a great work In accustoming the human race to set no great store by "things." The . fellow with the most money Daintily talks the loudest about the Messiugi of poverty. HAD OWN IDEA ABOUT NEWS Editor Wasn't Taking Up Space With I ft, -r-1 . r- . . . I iniiBr i ni everyone was Familiar With. Recently a large part of a southern town was burned ' and from various cities and towns newspaper men has tened to the scene. Only In the un burned office of a local weekly was there peace and contentment. When the newspaper came ou.t It was eagerly scanned by citizens and visitors, but there was no mention of the fire, the place of honor being given to a story of a fight between two deckhands on a river steamer. "Look here, Henry," said a sub scriber to the editor, "when are you all going to give us something about the fire?" "Why, William," replied the editor, "I didn't reckon to say anything about often slightly acid, and it Is then par ticularly destructive to wool. Some fabrics are most susceptible to certain kinds of microbes, and these flourish best under warm and moist conditions. Clothes wear better when irequenny orusiiea tree from dust. Cotton ami woolen fibers are very elastic and strong. They can with stand a great deal of rubbing. So that generally It is not until clothes have suffered from exposure to sunlight that they fail to resist the strains caused by ordinary wear. It. Every man, woman, child and dog In this town knows that there was a fire, saw the fire, and was at the tire, and I reckon they're plumb tired of It. What I'm printing Is news and news is something nobody knows any thing about until he reads the paier and finds out." Harper's Magazine. PART II Continued. "I say you won't speak of Julia's engagement outside the family, will you, Florence?" , ( 'Tnpa !" she gasped. "Did Aunt Julia write she' was engaged?" "Yes." "To get married?" "It would seem so." "To who?" " 'To whom,' Florence," her mother suggested primly. "Mama !" the daughter cried. "AYho's Aunt Julia engaged to get married to? Noble Dill? "Good gracious, no!" Mrs. Atwater exclaimed. "What nn absurd idea ! It's to a young man in the place she's visiting a stranger to all of us. Julia only met him a few weeks ago." Here she forgot Florence, and turned again to her husband, wearing her former expression of experienced foreboding. "It's just as I said. It's exactly like Julia to do such a reckless thing:" "But we don't know anything at all about the young man," he remon strated. "How do yon even know he's young?" Mrs. Atwater, asked crisply. "All in the world she said about him was that he's a lawyer. He may be a widower, for all we know, or di vorced, with seven or eight children." "Oh, no, Mollie!" "Why, he might !" she insisted. ',' For all we know, he may be a widower for the third or fourth time, or divorced, with any number of children. If such person proposed to Julia, you know I yourseir sneu nate to De aisappoint ing!" Her husband laughed. "I don't think she'd go so far as to actually accept such a person and write home to an nounce her engagement to the family. I suppose most of her swains here have been in the habit of proposing to her just as frequently as she was unable to prevent them from going that far; and while I don't think she's been as discouraging with them as she might have been, she's never really accepted any of 'em. She's never been engaged before." VNo," Mrs. Atwater admitted, "Not to this extent. .She's never announced it to the family before." "Well, I'd hate to have Julia's job when she comes back !" Julia's brother said ruefully. "What's that?" "Breaking it to her 'admirers.' " "Oh, she isn't going to do that !" "She'll have to, now," he said. "She'll either have to write the news to 'em, Leggings Prevent Burn. For foundry workers there have been invented leggings made of as bestos and duck, gluzed so that drop of molten metal will not cling to them 4t This, the Slender Form of Florence Underwent a Spasmodic Seizure, in Her Chair. or eise tell 'em, face to face, when she comes home." "She won't do either." "Why, how could she get nut of It?" His wife smiled pityingly. "She hasn't set a time for coming home, has she? Don't you know enough of Julia's ways to know she'll never in the world stand up to the music? She writes that all the family can be told, because she knows the news will leak out here and there. In confidence, lit tle by little; so by the time she gets home they'll all have been through th''ir first spasms, and after that she hopes they'll just send her some for giving flowers and greet her with inn.uly handclasps and get ready to user at the wedding "Well." said Mr. Atwater, "I'm Afraid you're right. It does seem ruther like Julia to stay away till the first of the worst is over. I'm really sorry for some of her love-lorners. I suppose it will get whispered about, and they'll hear it; and there are some of the xoor things that might take it pretty hard." '"Take it pretty hard!'" she echoed loudly. "There's one of 'em, at least, who will just merely lose his reason !" "Which one?" "Noble Dill." At this, the slender form of Flor ence underwent a spasmodic seizure, in her chair, but as the fit was short, i and also noiseless, it passed without being noticed. "Yes," said Mr. Atwnte' thought fully. "I suppose he w' ." "He certainly will!" Mrs. Atwater declared. "Noble's mother told me last week that he'd gotten so he was just as liable to drop a fountain pen in bis coffee as a lump of sugar; and when any one speaks to him he either doesn't know It. or else jumps. When he says anything, himself, she says they can scarcely ever make out what he's talking about. He was try ing enough before Julia went away ; but since she's been gone Mrs. Dill says he's like nothing in her experi ence. She says he doesn't inherit it ; Mr. Dill wasn't anything like this about her." Mr. Atwater smiled faintly. "Mrs. Dill wasn't anything like Julia." "No," said his wife. "She was quite a sensible girl. I'd hate to be in her place, now, though, when she tells Noble ahout this!" "How can Mrs. Dill tell him, since she doesn't know it herself?" "Well perhaps she ought to know it. so that she could tell him. Some body ought to tell him, and it ought to be done with the greatest tact. It ought to he broken to him with the most delicate care and sympathy, or the consequences " "Nobody 'could foretell the conse quences," her husband interrupted "no matter how tactfully it's broken to Noble." "No," she said, "I suppose that's true. I think he's likely to lose his reason unless it is done very tactful ly, though." . . "Do you think we really ought :to tell Mrs. Dill. Mollie? I mean seri ously: Do you?" For some moments she considered his question ; then aswered, "No. It's possible we'd be following a Christian course in doing It ; but still we're rath er bound not to speak of it outside the family. and when It does get outsite the family I think we'd better not be the ones responsible especially since it might asily be traced to us. I think It's usually better to keep out of things when there's any doubt." "Yes," he said, meditating. "I nev er knew any harm to come off people's sticking to their own affairs." ' But as he and his wife became si lent for a time, musing in the fire light, their daughter's special convic tions were far from coinciding with theirs, although she, likewise, was si lent a strangeness In her which they should have observed. But so far were they from a true comprehension of her, they were nnawnre that she had more than a casual, young-cousinly interest in Julia Atwater's en gagement and In those possible con sequences to Noble Dill, which they had sketched with some Intentional exaggeration, and decidedly without the staggering seriousness attributed to their predictions by their daughter. They did not even notice her expres sion when Mr. Atwater snapped on the light, in order to read, and she went quietly out of the library and up to her own room. On the floor, near her bed, where Patty Fairchild had left her coat and hat, Florence made her second dis covery. Two small, folded slips of paper lay there, dropped by Miss Fair child when she put on her coat in the darkening room. They were the re plies to Patty's whispered questions, in the game on the steps the pledged Truth, written by Henry Rooter and Herbert Atwater on their sacred words and honors. The infatuated pair had i either overestimated Patty's caution, or else each had thought she would so prize his little missive that she would treasure It in a fender safety, perhaps pinned upon her blouse (at tlie first opportunity) over the heart. It Si positively safe to say that neither of the two veracities would ever have been set upon paper had Herbert and Henry any foreshadowing that Patty might be careless; and the partners would have been seized with the ut most horror could they have conceived the possibility of their trustful mes sages ever falling into the hands of the relentless creature who now, with out an Instant's honoralJe hesitation, unfolded and rend them. "Yes, If I got to tell the truth, I know I have got pretty eyes," Herbert had unfortunately written. "I am glad you think so, too, Patty, because your J eyes are too. Herbert Illingsworth Atwater, Jr." And Mr. Henry Rooter had likewise ruined himself In u coincidental man ner. "Well, Patty, my eyes are pretty, hut suppose I would like to trade with yours because you have beautiful eyes. also, sure as my name is Henry Rooter " Florence stood close to the pink shadei'. electric droplight over her small white dressing table, reading again and again these pathetically honest little confidences. Her eyelids were withdrawn to an unprecedented retirement, so remarkably she stared, while her 'mouth seemed to prepare itself for the attempted reception of a bulk beyond Its total capacity. And these plastic tokens, so Immoderate as to be ordinarily the consequence of nottrng short of poignant horror, were overlaid by others, subtler and more gleaming, which wrought the true significance of the contortion a joy that was dumfoundlng. Her thoughts were first of Fortune's kindness In selecting her for a favor so miraculously dovetailing Into the precise need of her life, then of Henry and Herbert, each at this hour prob ably brushing his hair In preparation for ihe Sunday evening meal, and both touchltigly unconscious of the calami ty now befalling them ; but what even tually engrossed her mind was tin thought of W'allie Torbin. Master Torbin, approaching four teen, was In all 1 lie town the boy most dreaded by his fejlow-boys, and by girls of his acquaintance. Including many of both sexes who knew hire only by sight and hearing, lie had no physical endowment or attainment worth mention; but boys, who could "whip him with one hand," became sycophants in his presence ; the terrot lie inspired was moral. He had a spe cial overdevelopment of a faculty ex ercised clumsy enough by most hu man being, especially in their youth; in other words, he had genius not, however, genius having to do with anything generally recognized as art ; or science. True, If lie had been a violinist prodigy or mathematical prod itry, he would have had some respect from his fellows about equal to that lie might have received if he were gifted with some pleasant deformity, such as six toes on a foot but he would never have enjoyed such deadly prestige as bad actually come to be his. In brief, then. Wallie Torbin bad a genius for mockery. Almost from his babyhood he had been a child of one purpose: to in crease by ghastly burlesque the suf ferings of unfortunate friends. If one of them wept, Wallie Incessantly pur- But What Eventually Engrossed Her Mind Was the Thought of Wallie Torbin. sued him, yelping in horrid mimicry; if one were chastised, he could not appear out-of-doors for duys except to encounter Wallie and a complete re hearsal of the recent agony. "Quit, papa ; pah-puh, quee-yet! I'll never do it again, pah-puh I Oh, lemme alone, pah-puh !" "I may have a slight surprise for you." (TO BE CONTINUED.) DELVING INTO MOTHER EARTH Man Has Gone Far Underground In Search of Riches That She Has Concealed. For centuries man has been engaged In burrowing his way deeper and deeper into the crust of old Mother Earth, in order to extract the minerals which she hides beneath her surface. A century ago 1,000 feet was thought to be a stupendous depth for any shaft; for in those days there were no engines capable of pumping from greater depths, and no system of ven tilation had been devised which would make it possible to work in galleries at a greater distance from the surface. Coal pits over 3,000 feet deep are now fairly common in England, while Belgium has two which exceed 4,000 feet in depth. But coal is not alone in having deep pits. There is in Australia a silver mine whose bottom Is 3,fO0 feet below the surface, while a gold mine at Ben digo, in Australia, has been sunk to 4,300 feet. A famous Transvaal gold-mining company is sinking a shaff which, when complete, will measure more than 7.000 feet. Cawdor Castle. The coming of age of the fifth earl of Cawdor recalls the tradition of the building of Cawdor castle, an anciept, moat-surrounded castle approachable only by a drawbridge, which Is perched upon a low rock overhanging the bed of a rushing stream near the town of Nairn. In a dream, so It is told, the founder of Cawdor castle was commanded to load an ass with gold, turn it loose, and follow it until it rested and there build a castle. The ass came to lialt beneath the branches of a hawthorn tree, so upon this spot was built Cawdor castle. The trunk of the hawthorn tree, with its roots branching out beneath the floor and its top penetrating the vaulted arch of stone above still remains within the tower to argue for the truth of the story, and, in further allusion to the picturesque legend, the Gaelic saluta tion to the roof-tree of the Thanes of Cawdor is "Freshness to the hawthorn tree." Colonel Yell of Yellville. Tellville was named in lienor of a gallant soldier. Colonel Archibald Yell, who went to his God like a man on the field of Buena Vista. Archibald Yell was a man of parts, a gentleman who in time of peace did his share in politics and in time or war did bis share as a soldier. He resigned as a member of congress to enlist as u private at the outbreak of the Mexi can war. When the Arkansas troops were organized at Washington, Hemp stead county, lie was elected colonel of the regiment in which he had en listed as a private. Albert Pike was a captain under him. At the battle of Buena Vista Yell's command stood against a sweeping charge by a great force of Mexican lancers. Archibald Yell died there fighting hand to hand with the Mexicans. Arkansas Gazette. Keep the Attic In Order. Attics may be more easily cleaned and kept in order if the wall space Is utilized in shelves or built-in closets. Hooks or nails may be placed at con venient heights and distances apart on which suitcases, baskets, bags, hats, clothing and small pieces of furniture are hung, designating certain sections of he wall for closets for winter clothing. Shelves, racks and even clothes lines may be placed on the walls for holding storage material. 'OTHER WOMAN ESCAPES Mrs. McCumber Avoided a Serious Operation by Taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound in Time Georgetown. EL "After mv first baby was born I suffered so with my i leit Eiae tnat i could not walk across the floor unless I was all humped over, hold ing to my side. I doc tored with several doctors but found no relief and they said I would have to have an operation. My mother insisted n my taking Lydia E. Pinkhanvs Vegeta ble Compound and I soon found reTief . Now I can do all my own work and it is the Vegetable Com pound that has saved me from an opera tion. I cannot praise your medicine too highly and I tell all of my friends and neighbors what the Compound did for me." Mrs. MARGARET McCumber, 27 S. Frazier St., Georgetown, Illinois. Mrs. McCumber is one of the unnum bered thousands of housewives who struggle to keep about their dally tasks, while suffering from ailments peculiar to women with backache, sideaches, headaches, bearing-down pains and ner vousness, and if every such woman should profit by her experience and giva Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound a trial they would get well. m v $V it E Li ftVaseline J Vaseline Reg U. S.Pat. Off. arbolated V PETROLEUMJELLY Aconvenientsafe antiseptic forborne use. Invaluable for dressing cuts and seres. A time-tried remedv; REFUSE SUBSTITUTES CSESSESQUGH HPS. CO. (CONftOUDATlW State Stmt VewYork RATS and M ICE MUST BE KILLED b, vg a. STEARNS' ELECTRIC PASTE Rdy for !! Bttr Than Traps Directions la tt language In ererj box. Bats, Mice, Cockroaches, Ants and Wateriram itostroy food and propartr and are carriers of llsease. St am' Elertric Parte forces tbese pests to ran from the building for water and f reah air StoandfUO. "Money back if it fail, (J. S. Government buy It. Farmer's Wife Finally Freed From Torturing Backache. Enduring backaches so tntens that harp knives could not have hurt more, Mrs. A. J. Robbing, of Quebeck, Tenn., regained health and happiness through Dodd's Kidney Pills. Weakened kidneys made her casa seem hopeless. Her back muscles were so stiff and weak she could not rise from a chair. Doctors, treatments, medicine nothing gave relief. Despairing, Mrs. Bobbins was finally induced to try Dodd's Kidney Piila. In a remarkably short time she re gained her former good health per manently freed from all kidney ilia, Mrs. Robbins writes: "I had not been taking Dodd's Kidney Pills long before this trouble left me. I cannot say too much in praise of Dodd's." Sufferers from headaches, backaches, dizziness, rheumatic pains or swollen joints can get this same glorious, per manent relief. Ask your druggist for DODD'S, the original three D's In name, or mail 60 cents direct to Dodd's Medicine Co., Buffalo, N. X. Urf box will be sent at one. Women Made Young Bright eyes, a clear skin and a body full of youth and health may be yours if you will keep your system in order by regularly taking GOLD MEDAL The world's standard remedy for kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid trouble the enemies of life and looks. In use tinea 1696. All druggists, three sizes. Look for the name Gold Medal en every bos aad accept no imitation W. N. U., FORT WAYNE, NO. 49-1921. Life Is full of vexations more or less, but patience and good nature will over come any predicament. Fresh, sweet, white, dainty clothes for baby, if you use Red Cross Ball Blue. Never streaks or Injures them. All good grocers sell It. Advertisement Free speech would Inundate society if there weren't so much danger of being lilt for it. IN BUYING ASPIRIN ALWAYS SAY "BAYER" Look for the Name "Bayer" on Tab lets, Then You Need Never Worry. "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" can be taken safely for Colds, Headache, Toothache, Karache, Neuralgia, Lum bago, llhi'uniatism, Joint Pains, Neuri tis, and I'ain generally. To get quick relief follow carefully the safe and proper directions In each unbroken package of "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin." This package is plainly tainted with the safety "Bayer Cross." The "Bayer Cross" means the gen nine, world-famous Aspirin prescribed hv physicians for over twenty-one years. Advertisement. There is wealth enough in the world to do anything, if only the plan Is a good one. A tO LD TODAY- DON'T DELAY si Ciurr LtHZS H LaGripBC IS mm in.24Hourm tn J JPca8 W.M. Mlt.LCOL,CTIIOIT.