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FULTOX CO. TRIBUNE, WAUSEOX, THURSDAY, APRIL 13'
1 an p.ik..i.. rrt.A IAIIBB Fail lUcl III C luuiunuu vi m iiuiiuwu, "- v. - . r- Wood, second son of General Leonard Wood, Is announced. 2 The Prince of Waleg and Viceroy Lord Reading t unveiling of memorial to King Edward VII at Delhi. 3 Rotary International President C. C. McCullough nd Secretary of the Navy Denby unveiling the Rotarjr memorial tablet at tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Ar lington cemetery. '. II CURRENT EVENTS J ; r- Senate Ratifies Naval Limita tion Treaty, Chief Fruit of the Conference. OTHER PACTS ARE APPROVED - x . t Cfferta to Save Navy and Army From . Dangerous Reduction Great Coal Strike Begins Lloyd George's Genoa Policy Before Com mons for Approval. By EDWARD W. PICKARD HAVING made their losing fight against the Pacific four-power pact, the obstreperous minority In the aenate ceased from troubling ' last week, and fell Into line all but Sen ator France of Maryland. The treaty on limitation of navies, chief work f the Washington conference, after tin Inconsequential debate, was rati fied on Wednesday by a vote of 74 to 1, Mr. France defended his lonely negative vote by contending that the United States should continue build ing the largest navy In the world un til all other nations had shown their willingness to abolish war totally. Of the other irreconcllables, Borah ex plained that he favored the treaty because It was a step foward the goal at which be had been aiming for many years, namely, complete disarmament, and that be believed this agreement was ss much as the International con ference was able to accomplish. John son of California did not disguise his dislike for the pact, especially Its Pa cific fortifications clause, but he voted for ratification on the assurance of the navy general board that the United States would not give up anything that Is strategically vital. King of Utah, though accepting the treaty, thought It would have small effect In reduc ing naval (expenditures, predicting that huge sums now would be spent on aircraft and submarines. Immediately after the vote of ratifi cation the senate took up the treaty prohibiting the use of poison kbs and restricting the use of submarines In , warfare and accepted It unanimously. Before casting bis vote Senator Wads woth of New lork, chairman of the ntltary affairs committee, expressed th opinion that in the next war this traty would not be worth the paper It was written on. "For my own part," said Senator Ivadsworth, "I shall be very much dis couraged if the United States army should stop trying to perfect gas masks because of this treaty. We don't dare stop. And the only way we can perfect gas masks is to test them with the kind of gases which we may have to combat We might as well look the facts In the face." Before the week closed, the remaln lg treaties, the nine-power pact re lating to China and the one dealing wim the Chinese tariff, were put thrtugh, and thus the senate complet ed 'ts part in making the great Washington conference a success. Xatumiy, and with reason, the Dem ocrats claim a share In this accom plishment, especially asserting that former President Wilson must be flven much credit for arousing public opinion In favor of naval limitation. It Is evident, however, that the Repub licans will make large use of the con ference and its results In this year's congressional campaign. There Is every reason to believe the treaties will be speedily ratified by the other powers party to them. Indeed, not on of them is In a position to afford to hold back from full agree ment. A LTHOUGH the naval treaty places our navy on a level with that of Great Britain, It will Id fact be scarce ly equal to that of Japan if the naval appropriations subcommittee of the house has Its way. That body, under the leadership of Representative Pat Kelley of Michigan, Is determined to cut the naval enlisted .personnel to 65.000, which Is 25,000 less than the GAIN IN CHURCH MEMBERSHIP a Fifty Denominations Report Gratify, ing Increase Made During 1921 n Baptist Figures Unavailable. New York. An Increase of 761,727 church members In 1921 is reported from 50 denominations, in a survey made by Dr. II. K. Carroll, wlio several years ago complied the first official cen sus of religions for the United States government. The reports from which the survey was made were obtained BIG DAMAGE BY EARTHQUAKE Eruptions of Last December In Chile Prove to Be Worse Than at First Supposed. Valdlvla, Chile. Entire mountains were destroyed in the violent earth quakes and volcanic eruptions which took place In southern Chile near the Argentine border last December, says Erick Volkman, who has returned from visit to the desolated district. De tails of the volcanic disturbances urn.. in r.ol frtrmor n mi v niirop. number necessary according to tne es timates of the department's experts, and which would force out of commis sion many craft that are positively needed. It Is not likely, however, that this crippling program will succeed, because the "big navy" men of the house are prepared to combat It, the majority leaders In the senate declare they will not stand for It, and Presi dent Harding probably would veto the appropriation bill if it came up to him In that shape. When the bill is re ported to the house this week, accord ing to the plan, Rogers of Massachu setts will offer an amendment placing the minimum strength at 96,000. If this falls, as It likely will, McArthur of Oregon will propose 86,000 as the minimum. NO LESS than the navy men, the army men are exercised over the tendency toward what they believe to be false and dangerous economy shown by many members of congress. The house passed an army appropria tion bill which limits the army to 115, 000 enlisted men and 11,0000 officers. General Pershing, chief of staff, and General Harbord, deputy chief, assert ed such a reduction "would introduce an unwarranted element of danger in our plan of national defense" and that an army of 150,000 men. and 12,000 officers Is absolutely essential to the nation's needs at this time. At first the bill carried a provision limiting the President's right to determine the size of garrisons in the Hawaiian is lands , and the Panama Canal Zone. This was eliminated when Anthony of Kansas said he had the promise of the War department to reduce those garrisons, but Secretary Weeks indig nantly declared that be not only had made no such promise but had no In tention of making the reductions. General Pershing says the Hawaii and Panama garrisons cannot be cut down without violating the soundest princi ples of security, AS PASSED by the house, the army bill appropriates about $288,000, 000 for the expenses of the War de partment, but the representatives made their claim for genuine econo my look decidedly foolish by the adop tion of an amendment Increasing by $15,000,000 the amount carried as a lump sum toward continuation of work the coming fiscal year on river and harbor projects. The budget bureau and the appro priations committee of the house had recommended an appropriation of $27, 000,000 for this purpose, but the "pork barrel" forces, under the gen eralship of Mann of Illinois, Insisted upon the larger sum, and had their way despite the earnest efforts of Mondell of Wyoming, Burton of Ohio and others. President Harding was somewhat disturbed by this open defi ance of the budget system, for he be lieves in the budget and intends that it shall be given a fair trial. AT MIDNIGHT Friday operations ceased in ail the unionized bitu minous and anthracite coal mines of the country, 595,000 miners laying down their tools. All efforts to pre vent the great strike were futile. Ac cording to some of the union leaders, the walkout is likely to. last about sixty days. During that time, pre sumably, both sides will formulate their demands and present their cases, and it may be that these will result In the negotiation of new contracts. The operators insist that wages must come down In correspondence with the decline In the cost of living, but they have not yet revealed what percent age of reduction they will demand. The. miners. In reply, say that the stagnation in the coal Industry is due to wasteful methods of production, ex cessive profits, violation of the laws of supply and demand In control of mar kets and prices, and that costs of liv ing In the mine areas have advanced while wages remained stationary. In some regions, as Pittsburgh, southern Ohio and Kanawha, Va., the operators have, posted notices of wage reductions and hope to be able to run their mines with nonunion labor. In Illinois the miners, though not In en tire sympathy with the strike, stuck by the international, and the Indiana men did the same. Probably In both these states separate state- agree ments could have been negotiated, but this was forbidden by the Internation direct from each of the 50 denomina tions, and therefore represent their own figures. Four of the chief bodies of the Bap tist group are missing from tills sur vey for the reason that their statistical year is the calendar yer, and no re turns for 1921 were available. "If Bap tist Increases for 1921 were Included, the total gains of 1921 would almost certainly reach 850,000," Doctor Car roll states. The 1921 Increase compared with that of 1920. which was 814,094, ac which destroyed pasture lands, forests and cattle are only now becoming known here. "The center of the disturbance was In the region known as the Cordillera Pelada, southeast of Puerto Monte," Mr. Volkman said. "The lava compo sition U almost entirely volcanic, cov ered with hot rocks, whose heat had parched the forests and destroyed pas tures. "The surface Is strewn with flam ing gases and steam, from which arises a strong odor of wood vinegar. The U'hnRe niTHirpniPnf tn L.feuL Osborn C. al. The Illinois mines cannot be op erated by pick-up labor because of a state law which requires that no coal digger may be employed unless he can show at least two years' experience under ground. What Governor Allen and the Industrial court will do In Kansas is arousing general interest. If the promises of the union heads are kept, there will be no violence la connection with the strike. Nor will the mines suffer physically, for enough men will be permitted to stay in them to keep them from being flooded and otherwise damaged. NIKOLAI LENIN, premier of soviet Russia, is again dead, according to reports, but, as on previous occa sions, it Is believed that the rumor It "greatly exaggerated." Probably It Is true that he Is quite 111, and It Is not likely that he will be able to attend the Genoa conference. However, the soviet delegates to that confab are luxuriously kon their way to Italy by way of Riga and Berlin, rejoiefng in the fact that at last their government is to have a measure of recognition from the capitalistic and bourgeois governments they hate so Intensely. They are hopeful of obtaining finan cial and commercial assistance for the task of definitely establishing the communist regime in Russia, but Lenin recently declared communism there had reached the limit of yielding to capitalism and was now in a position again to advance. But he told the communists they must cease their dreaming and get to work. PREMIER LLOYD GEORGE'S pol Icy concerning the Genoa confer ence was to be submitted to the house of commons this week for approval or rejection, and on the result depends his retention of office. Moreover, it was said that the small majority that was assured him on a vote of confi dence would not satisfy him. Unless he was given a majority of at least 300, asserted his friends, he would re sign. The resolution prepared for the house to act upon read: "Resolved, That this house ap proves the resolutions passed by the supreme council at Cannes as a basis for the Genoa conference and will sup port his majesty's' government in en deavoring to give effect to them." Already Mr. Lloyd George had quiet ed the opposition In his cabinet by the assurance that he does not intend an Immediate or unconditional recogni tion of the soviet government of Rus sia. APPRECIATING the dangerous state of angry unrest throughout the Mohammedan world, the failure of the Greeks to defeat the Kemalists in Asia Minor and other conditions, the allies' Near East conference In Paris decided that the Turkish empire should be restored, with restrictions. According to the plan adopted, the Turks obtain Constantinople, a sover eignty throughout Asia Minor, includ ing Smyrna and Thrace with Rodosto. The Greeks retain Adrianople and a buffer corridor reaching to the Black ea, fencing off the Bulgarians from the Turks. Abandonment of the Inter allied regime of the Golden Horn and the restoration of the sultan's power Is safeguarded through the British in sistence that Gallipoll be left to the Greeks, Dardanelles demilitarized and the allied military Inspectors oversee the razing of all fortifications. While the Greeks are not at all sat isfied with this arrangement, all fac tions except the Venizelists are sup porting the Gounaris cabinet in ac cepting It. The Turks, however, are far from pleased and have not yet agreed to the proposals. Nor have they accepted the recommendations of the allied foreign ministers for a set tlement of their differences with the Greeks. For this latter the French are blamed by British officials. They are warning the Greeks much as did Lord Byron long ago when he wrote: " Turkish force and Latin fraud "Would break your shield, however broad." OPTIMISTIC folk base renewed hope for a unified Ireland on a peace agreement signed by represent atives of the Free State and Ulster governments. It Is not apparent how this will operate to pacify the repub licans, whose latest exploit was the de struction of the plunt of the Freeman's Journal in Dublin. cording to corrected returns, Doctor Carroll notes. The present survey will uppear officially in the Christian Herald on April 1. Doctor Carroll's figures show that communicants in 1921 totaled 43,523, 206 as compared with 42,761,470 in 1920 and KC.05,6Sr in 1911. The net gain for the ten years Is reported as 7,427,521, or somewhat more than 2 per cent per year.' There was an in crease of 88 In the number of churches in 1921, as compared with a decrease of 1,030 in 1920. rocks have no consistency and the lava field, about 3,100 feet above sea level, apparently still Is In process of formation. Subterranean, rumblings are still very violent." The affected area Is spnrsely popu lated and no casualties have been re ported. The waters of the Rlnlhue river, Mr. Volkman also reported, have been poisoned by the gases and acids de rived from the mass of eruptive ma terial. Including huge stones, that fei' in its bed. STATE SIFTINGS Seventeen cases of smallpox are re ported at Bellevue. Harry McKinstry is the new post master at Athens. Union county's war on overloaded trucks has netted $151.20 in fines. A Chinese in Cleveland was found to have leprosy.. He will be deported. Fixe at Cleves, near Cleveland, burned four buildings. Loss $50,000. Thomas Golden, miner, near Pom eroy, was crushed to death by a fall of slate. Plans for erecting a 20-story build ing was announced by First Presby terian church, Cleveland. Dr. A. S. Thompson, head ol the Ohio university music college for nine years, will retire in June. There were 144 suits for divorce entered in court of domestic relations at Cincinnati during March. New church built a WasMngton C. H. by the Church of Christ congrega tion was dedicated free ot debt. Captain Orlo Moore, 74, veteran navigator on the Great Lakes, died at his home in Avon Lake, near Lorain. Margaret Wilson, 14, daughter of L. W. Wilson, mail clerk, was killed at Waverly when run down by an auto mobile. Two contests staged by Fairfield grange resulted In the destruction ot 6,520 rats, 2,343 mice, 1,796 sparrows and 44 hawks. Force in the Big Four rail way shops at Bellefontaine has been reduced because of less traffic, due to the coal strike. Margaret Tiller, 23, a patient at the Athens state hospital, committed sui cide by drowning herself in the Hock ing river at Athens. Rev. Edward Mears, rector ot St. Columbus church at Youngstown since 1877, was given the rank of do mestic prelate to Pope Pius XI. Two alleged leaders of a northern Ohio "dope ring" pleaded guilty at Cleveland and were sentenced to the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kan. Harvey C. Smith of Zanesville, serving his second term as. secretary of state, has announced himself a candidate for the Republican nomina tion for governnor. C. Gilbert Taylor, serving his sec ond term as state representative from Huron county, has announced his can didacy for the Republican nomination for secretary of state. ' Frank M. Clark, 38, father of nine children, was instantly killed when a new building on which he was work ing as a roofer, collapsed during a wind storm at Columbus Herbert C. Harris, 30, postmaster at Orbiston, Hocking county, was ar rested by federal officials. It is al leged Harris is short about $3,200 in his money order accounts. Dr. J. E. Foster, former representa tive In the general assembly, has an nounced his candidacy for the Demo cratic nomination for state' senator from the 18th-19th district. . Town of Englewood dam site, near Dayton, consisting of 44 cottages, 55 lots and 32 acres unimproved, with water and light plants for workers on dam, was sold at auction. William N. Gableman, mayor o" Portsmouth, was endorsed as Demo cratic candidate for congress . and Senator Pomerene for re-electioti by the Clermont county Democrats. About 1,000 foreign miners in the Bellaire district have started an ex odus to their old homes across the seas to visit relatives while coal min ing is suspended in the United States. F. E. Harman, receiver of the Ar gonne hotel, Lima's new $600,000 hos telry, has been named as trustee In bankruptcy for the benefit of the un secured creditors. The hotel is in operation. Steel mill operations in the Youngs town district this week wjll average more than 75 per cent of capacity, the highest ratio for 18 months, ac cording to schedules announced by the mill offices. Dr. George T. Harding, father ot President Harding, has been appoint ed an aide-de-camp on the staff ot Lewis S. Pilcher of Brooklyn, commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. Grand jury indicted the Cincinnati Purchasing company as a corporation on the charge of violating the anti trust law. Restraint of trade and conspiracy to control the price of ce ment are charged. Preparations are being made by the Ohio Sheep and Wool Growers' association for the co-operative han dling of several millions of pounds of wool this season. The past season over 7,000,000 pounds were handled through the organization. Following a conference between GovernoT Davis and State Prohibition Commissioner Don V. Parker, It was announced at the governor's office that nfl1 action will be taken in the controversy involving Mayor Grail of Lorain unless allegations in writing are submitted. Mayor Grail is charged with failure to enforce liquor laws. William Mays, 30, who escaped from the Jefferson county jail a week ago after boring a hole in the wall, was shot to death in a fight with po lice at Avella, Pa. Mayor George L. Oles of Youngs town failed in his effort to reduce wages of all city employes an aver age of 10 per cent when city council tabled legislation to this effect. Directors of the Cincinnati cham ber of commerce decided to urge the Hamilton county commissioners to proceed under the law to sell" the Longview asylum for the insane to the state of Ohio. Sale of the New Vienna Reporter, weekly newspaper published at, New Vienna, near Wilmington, to C. Ervin Sturm, Wilmington newspaperman, is announced. , Youngstown Iron and Steel com pany announced that another of its blast furnaces would be blown in. This will make three of the com pany's six furnaces in operation. George D. Baker of Washington C. H. has purchased the interests of the Baker heirs in the Springfield and Washington traction line and an nounced that he will continue the road in operation. Women who wear modern dresses were condemned at Toledo by Rev. Father William J. Gallena of Paines ville. Tippecanoe City voted a $60,000 bond issue to add new electric equip, ment to the municipal light and wa ter plant. St. Clairsville Gazette has been transferred from Addison E. Nicho! to George F. Gilber and Albert R. Bingham of Mansfield. Dr. Oscar M. Craven, chief medical officer of the Cincinnati health de partment, has been appointed health zomraifiiiioner of Springfield. Mayor of Crooksville i.c .. on stray dogs and chickens. McCoy Canning company, Urbana, is in the hands of a receiver. Business men's clubs of Cincinnati will erect a building to cost $2,000,000. Joseph Merrick, 26, Findlay, world war veteran, committed suicide by drinking poison. Dr. J. M. Vance of Wooster college urges a new Bible, edited along "newspaper lines." Congressman Charles S. Knight and others of Akron have purchased the Springfield Daily Sun. Seven men were painfully injured at Sandusky when a handcar collided with a small gasoline propelled "speeder." Howard Hamilton, 25, a teacher of the Parkinson school in Wayne town ship. Muskingum county, is mysteri ously missing. At Youngstown the residence of Louis Adovasto, a contractor, was damaged by, the explosion of a dyna mite bomb. No clue. Plant of the Canton Sheet Steel company, which has been closed for some time, will reopen April 17, Gen eral Manager C. V Villes announced. Sheep men declare that because of the low price of wool and the number of dogs, there now are 5,000 fewer sheep in Athens county than a year ago. Union miners of Athens county have been promised a share in the balance of $55,000 in the Athens coun ty war chest for relief work among their families. J. B. Hause. who is alleged to have defrauded banks in several cities of approximately $100,000 within a year, is under arrest at Youngstown. He is wanted at Cleveland. Officials of the Mine Workers' union announced that all unfcn min ers in Ohio joined the general strike to enforce new wage contracts. About 30,000 men walked out. Charles Papenfus and Edward Sel benaller, both of Fostoria, are charged in an affidavit filed at Find lay with interfering with prohibition officers in a recent liquor raid. Upon his plea of guilty to second degree murder, John Azzarello was sentenced at Cleveland to liTe impris onment in connection with the slay ing of Samuel Marano, July 7, 1920. Niles Publishing company has ap plied for incorporation papers. The company will publish the Evening Register at Niles, the first issue of which is expected to appear this month. One hundred Ohioans have been killed and 168 crippled as result of fires since 'Jan. 1, according to State Fire Marshal Dykeman. The March casualties were 39 dead and 49 crip pled. President Harding and several members of his cabinet, several gov ernors and mayors, have been invited to attend the opening of the Ironton Russell bridge over the Ohio river, April 21. Fire at Elyria destroyed the E. G. Davidson garage. Brown Battery com pany, Pallas Brothers Electrical store, Benny Sign company and the Reed Furniture Manufacturing com pany's store. Loss $75,008. Seven persons were overcome by smoke and nearly a score of others were carried down fire ladders to safety when fire swept the Adler Cloak and Suit company's store, Cleveland, entailing a loss of $75,000. While his wife was lying in bed asleep at Middletown, Ambrose Watts, who claims to have "been dreaming, shot her through the head. The report of the shot, he said, awak ened him and he found his wife dead at his side. William Jamison, gas and oil man, is .believed to have been fatally in jured when his automobile was 6truck by a train near Ashville, (Pickaway county. He is . in a Lancaster hos pital. James Snoke and wife were also injured. A. B. Chase Piano company of Nor walk has been consolidated with the Emerson Piano company if Boston and the Lendeman & Sons Company of New York, in a million dollar con cern, to be known as the United Pi ano company. Calvin Laird. 73. of 'Fostoria, filed suit against Seville Laird, his wife, in which he asks that she be ordered to provide hirp with a home and main tain him. The petition states his wife owns a large tract of land west of Tiffin. Laird contends he is too old to work. Charles C. Gallagher, druggist, was murdered for the money he carried on Dec. 26, last, by Jacob Deckerling, aged 19, and his brother-in law, Jesse Hazlett, according to a confession made by the former to Columbus po lice. Gallagher's body was found south of Columbus on the above date. Governor Davis appointed an advis ory board for the division of censor ship as follows: Irs. W. H. Sharp, former president of the Ohio Federa tion of Women's Clubs; Joseph Schonthal, manufacturer and philan thropist, and Robert H. Schryver, president of the Citizens' Trust and Savings bank. All are citizens of Co lumbus. They will serve without pay. Edward Schmidt, 20, and Charles Harrison, 21, former employes of Proctor & Gamble, Cincinnati, are charged with embezzlement of $5,000 of- the firm's money. Two suits to test the right of 85 probate judges in Ohio to collect ad ditional salaries resulting from inher itances tax proceedings wer pre-' pared at Cincinnati for filing In the supreme court.- Henry Zenner, Athens merchant, has been made Athens county chair man in drive to raise $300,000 for the proposed Ohio university alumni me morial hiii'Min. Trapped by two women in a kouse which he had intended to rob, An thony Gahl, 70, who has a long police record, was arrested at Cincinnati. State Senator C. W. King, Repub lican, announces that he will not be a candidate for re-election in the Fif teenth and Sixteenth district. Ill health and business reasons- are given. v A brov.e tablet in honor of Frank L. Johnson, expeditionary Y. M. C. A officer, murdered by Turkish ban dits in Syria three years ago, will be placed in the Newark Masonic lodge room. At Cleveland Mrs. Elizabeth Cheny was sentenced to two tlaysi in the workhouse for violating a traffic reg ulation. At Martins Ferry Patrolman Fra zier stumbled over a suitcase which was found to contain liquor. A wom an is charged with owning and trans porting it. L. J. Taber. director of agriculture, and W. R. Palmer, Columbus, news paper man, have purchased the Barnesville Enterprise from the es tate of Charles E. Lee. The papei was founded in 1S65. Mr. Palmer wil' be the new editor. GROWTH OF STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY DUE TO INTELLIGENT MARKETING (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Witliin six years Louisiana has taken first place among the states as regards value of strawberry produc tion. The "1921 season was the best ever known in the industry, 1,400 car loads of Louisiana berries being mar keted in 74 cities in the United States and Canada. In Chicago the 24-pint crates brought as much as $6.50 each, and during practically the entire mar keting season Louisiana strawberries sold nt a higher price than any other berries on the market", due to the high quality of the product. With such a record of achievement, much, interest centers In the opening of the 1922 marketing season. As heretofore a field station of the United States Department of Agriculture will be maintained in the Hammond dis- trict tJufrlng tjie season id keep pros ducerg and shippers informed dally of straw berry marketing conditions In the principal consuming markets, prevail ing prices, carlot shipments from com peting areas, and other marketing data essential In the scientific marketing of agricultural products, and granted favorable conditions the 1922 season should surpass even the 1921 record. Nation-Wide Distribution. The Louisiana strawberry Industry Is of national Importance. The crop has nation-wide distribution, the car lot shipments spreading out like a fan from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky mountains. Last year 29 car loads also went to four cities In Can ada. Chicago Is the principal market for the fruit, Detroit, Boston, Pitts burgh and New York ranking next In the order given. Heat, cold and distance marketing obstacles that seemed Insurmountable a few years ago have been overcome by the grow ers and shippers, and with continued careful selection, grading, packing and shipping, marketing experts say that the Industry will enjoy Increasing prosperity. ,' During the early years of the straw berry industry in Louisiana several va rieties of berries were grown, and Chi cago was the main narket outlet. To day the Klondike variety is grown ex clusively, and Louisiana strawberries have a wider distribution than the strawberries from any other section of the country. The quality of the fruit is dependable, and there is every where a demand for the berries. When picked the berries are carried to pack- Paper Labels for Ing sheds, where practically each one is handled separately. Both the 24 pint Hallock crate and the 24-pint ventilated crate have been used in packing the fruit, although during the past few seasons there has been a con siderable decrease in the use Of Hal lock's crates, which are known locally as "coffin" crates. Practically all grow ers are now using'ventilated crates, as berries shipped in such containers ar rive at market in sound condition and usually command a premium over the price paid for berries in non-ventilated crates. Trains of Strawberries. Fully 90 per cent of the marketed crop Is shipped by express, the rail road company providing two or three express fruit trains daily. These trains run on a schedule of 40 miles an hour, which puts the fruit on the Chicago market before daylight the second morning. Less than carload ship ments are cared for by the express company, which operates local iced cars to pick up small shipments. The growers have good transportation fa cilities, deliveries are prompt, and few instances are known where cars have not arrived at dsstinatlon on time. Strawberry buyers from the large consuming markets establish bead quarters at Hammond during the mar keting season, sales being made on a cash f. o. b. shipping point basis. The fruit is inspected at shipping point and acceptance taken before the cars move. At Ponchatoula all cars are sold at public auction. Several strawberry preserving plants In the district utilize overripe and soft stock in the preparation of fruit for the ice cream and soda fountain trade In northern cities. 1 Perhaps the principal reason for the prosperity enjoyed by Louisiana's berry growers is that they keep them selves closely informed upon day-to- tmJ M&iBS&BSSBs'Mwmmim ' L. j r arVlS".t!!WIM II i iSW ROUND POSTS ARE MOST DURABLE One Kind of Timber Will Last aj Long as Others if Amount of Heartwood Is the Same. Is a split fence post as durable as a round fence post? This is a question frequently asked of the United States Department of Agriculture. The fact is, says the forest products laboratory, one kind of post will last about as long as the- other if the amount of heartwood is the same In both. But if the percentage of sapwood is in creased by splitting, tho split post will be less durable and if the percentage of heartwood is increased, it will be more durable than a round one. Posts of spruc-tt, hemlock, or any of the true firs are exceptions to this rule, be cause their heartwood and sapwood are about equally durable. When posts are to be treated with creosote or other preservative, a round post is preferable to split post, be cause of the comparative ease with which the sapwood can be treated. The heart faces on split posts do not, Not Suitable for Cows. Rape, like clover, is liable to bloat sheep, calves and cattle If they are pastured upon it when the crop is wet and it is not suitable as pasture for dairy cows because it produces taint ed milk. Reduce Cost of Ration'. When well-cured clovei liny fur nishes one-half or mnn- of the rough age the dairyman Is able to cut down the allowance of concentrates and re luce the cos of the- ratio day market conditions. The producers appreciate that "knowing the markets" enables tliem to meet the consumers' desires ns regards quality and quan tity, and tlia-t to overstock one mar ket when another market is undersup plied is unsound from both an econom ic and financial viewpoint. Every day during the marketing season a daily report of conditions and prices at the principal marketing centers through out the country Is issued by the local representative of the United States Department of Agriculture. This ln- I 4 (tin Oft EM Tray Used for Shipping Berries From California Fields. formation Is obtained by trained mar ket reporters at consuming points. The growers are also Informed as to dally carlot shipments everywhere in the United States. Thus the pro ducers not only know the prices be ing paid 'for berries at the various con suming markets, but exactly what competition may be expected from other sections shipping strawberries at about the same time. The depart ment also furnishes daily information regarding temperature and weather conditions, so that the necessary Icing and refrigeration can be provided for the shipments. The department's station at Ham mond was opened in 1915, and was the first field station established anywhere by the United States Department of Agriculture for the issuance of mar ket news reports. Here, in the heart Special Shipments. of Louisiana's strawberry producing district, arrangements were first made to study methods of packing, ship ping, and distributing strawberries in the United States ; to keep growers in formed of strawberry movements from other regions, and to Inform them daily of prices and conditions In the lead ing consuming markets. Hammond was selected as the location for the department's first field station because of the large proportions that the Louis iana strawberry industry had attained. Louisiana then ranked fourth in com mercial strawberry importance. To day the state ranks second In carlot shipments. TOO MUCH MANURE INJURIOUS Fertilizer May Burn Crop if Season Is Very Dry No Fear of Harm if Worked In. The claim that too much manure will burn up the crop Is only partly true. It may If It Is a very dry sea son and the manure Is not worked well Into the soil. But there is little like lihood of Injury from a heavy applica tion, if worked in right. Far more corn has been lost through too little than through too much manure. PLANT ENGLISH PEAS EARLY Seed Should Be Put Into Ground as Soon as Soil Will Permit Some Good Varieties. English peas should be planted Just as soon as the soil will permit. Thom as Laxton, Alaska, Horsford's Market Garden, and Telephone are excellent varieties, and the Telephone late. The seed should be sown thickly In the drill in rows 3 feet wide and covered 5 to 6 inches deep. as a rule, absorb preservative welL Split red-oak posts will take treat ment, because the wood Is very porous. but the heart faces of split posts of many other species, notably white oak, red gum, and Douglas fir, resist the penetration of preservative, even un der heavy pressures. Crops Followed by Others. Early crops which may be followed by others are bush beans, beets, early cabbage, carrots, early corn, lettuce, peas, early potatoes, radish, spinach turnips, etc. Value of Fanning Mill. iue nuue oi a iaiuiing nun for re moving pieces of straw und trash from small grain seed is an important fac tor. Soil for Cauliflower. Cauliflower needs strong ground, and It may lie wise to fertilize with stable manure pretty freely. Most Expensive Seed. Cheap seed is expensive at any price. Only high grade vegetable or flower seed should lie used. A few dollars more invested in cabbage seed often means many tons increase in yield per acre. Treat Seed Oats. Oats should be treated for smut every two or three years. The smut will be spread by the wind and by the threshing machine. A few fields of badly smutted oats are a source of danger. 1 i If i LI If You Need Strength and Reserve Power Talc TANLAC The World's Greatest Tonic re n Mother Gray's Powders Benefit Many Children Thousands of Mothers have found MOTHER GRAY'S SWEET F0WDEBS an excellent remedy for children oomplalnlng of Headaches, Colds, Constipation, Keverisbnesa. Stom ach Troubles and Bowel Irregular!- lies, inese powaers are easy and pleas ant to take and ex cellent results are accomplish ed Dy tneir use. Vsea b? Mothers It nrcrM yean. Tery- wbara. BETTER DEAD Life is a burden when the body is racked with pain. Everything worries and the victim becomes despondent and downhearted. To bring back the sunshine take GOLD MEDAL The National Remedy of Holland for over 200 years; it is an enemy of all pain re nlting from kidney, liver and uric add troubles. All druggists, three sizes. Look for the nam Cold MU on mry boot and accept fanitatioa Preferred the Sickness. Bobby was ailing, and the doctor left medicine most bitter. His mother coaxed him by saying, "Come, Bobby, this will make you well and then you can go out and play." Bobby came and tried it. One tiny taste, a wry face, and then he cried, "I want fo be sick !" Don't Forget Cutlcura Talcum When adding to your toilet requisites. An exquisite face, skin, baby and dust ing powder and perfume, rendering; other perfumes superfluous. You may rely on It because one of the Cutlcira. Trlo (Soap, Ointment and Talcun).. 25c each everywhere. Advertisement. But Few Ever Learn. Certainly the mistakes that we male and . female mortals make when 1 we have our own way might fairly raise some wonder that we are so fond of it. George Eliot. SHE DYED A SWEATER, i SKIRT AND CHILD'S COAT WITH "DIAMOND DYES" Each packs ge of "Diamond Dves" eoa tains directions so simple any woman can dye or tint her worn, nhabby dreaaea, kirta, waiats, coats, stockings, sweaters, coverings, draperies, hangings, everything, even if she has never dyed before. Buy "Diamond Dyes" no other kind then perfect home dyeing is sure because Dia mond Dyes are guaranteed not to spot, fade, streak, or run. Tell your druggist whether the material you wiuh to dye is wool or silk, or whether it is linen, cotton or mixed goods. advertisement. Ignorance is bliss generally when there Is something suspicious the mat ter with one's lnsldes. Too many people don't want to work with their hands. Take Yeast Vitamon Tablets To Round Out Face and Figure With Firm Flesh If you are hollow-cheeked, sallow skinned, sunken-chested and generally weak or run down and want to round out your face and figure to pleasing and normal proportions you will And this simple test well worth trying: First weigh yourself and . measure yourself. Next take Mastin'a VITA MON two tablets with every meat Then weigh and measure yourself again each week and continue taking Mastin'a VITAMON regularly until you are satisfied with your gain tn weight and energy. Mastin'a VITAMON tablets contain highly concentrated yeast-vltamines as well as the two other still more Important vltamlnes (Fat Soluble A and Water Soluble C) together with organic Iron and real lime salts. They will not upset the stomach or cause gas, but on the con trary are a great aid to digestion, to overcome constipation and as a gen eral conditioner of the whole system. Pimples, bolls and skin eruptions seem to vanish like magic under its purify ing Influence, the complexion becomes fresh and beautiful, the cheeks rosy Instead of pale, the lips red instead of colorless, the eyes bright instead of dull. So rapid and amazing are the results that thousands of people every where are now taking to them as a quick way to put on weight and increase energy. Be sure to remember the name Mastln's VI-TA-MON the orig inal and genuine yeast-vitamlne tablet there is nothing else like it so do not accept imitations or substitutes. Tou can get Mastin'a VITAMON at any druggiBt. Ask Your Dealer for 3ExcellO SUSPENDERO Tear' a Wear Guaranteed Xy'v Alwmyi com- 5KSX 0fmm tretch. Ifyour dealer doesn't carry Nn-W.YS or Exceixos, Bend direct, frfvinfr dealer's name. Accept do ud)iiiui. H'Way Strocti twpewdr C., Mtrs., Adrian, Mich. KING PIN PLUG TOBACCO Known as "that good kind cIrif itand you will know why r4 SCUMMY HtC J , OUN01d m onetA swomotaa dm mm mm M aW WW I 1