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An interesting account of a vacation
spent in Kashmir, the Venice of India, is contained in a letter received here this week from Mrs. P. A. Wenger, the former Adah Good, of Bluffton, who now is a missionary located at Koeba, India. The letter was written to Mrs. H. E. Beidler of South Jackson street, a sister of Mrs. Wenger. In the account Mrs. Wenger com ments on the beauty and picturesque ness of Kashmir, where one finds floating gardens, the richness of ori ental furnishings and a way of liv ing that is truly peculiar to that lo cality. e==sMe»=^===s-—===^=== The letter follows: You will perhaps be interested to hear of our trip to Kashmir, so I shall try to write about it. No doubt you will have to get out your map to get any understanding as to where we went. I will mention a few of the large stations along the way. You may begin tracing at Al lahabad, as that is the first large station. A few of the others are Del hi, Saharanpur, Lahore, and last Ra walpindi. From Rawalpindi we took the motor bus for about two hundred miles. We left Rawalpindi about twelve noon one day and arrived at our destination the next evening. Former Bluffton Woman Visits Kashmir, Beauty Spot Of India You will no doubt think that this was very slow traveling. But the reason was rather that the driver took his good old time at various stop ping places and often wasted a lot of time. The only thing that one can do in such a case is to be patient! Much of the way of course we were traveling in the mountains, and some times we wished that he would drive more slowly for he often rounded coiners so fast that the bus seemed to be going on two wheels and sway ed. With the narrow roads and two way traffic, this was not always too pleasant. The first night we spent in a nice rest house in a beautiful spot. Try to locate the Jhelum river on your map. This is a famous river and de senes to be. It is a terrifically swift stream. It carries great logs down the stream at the rate of many miles per hour, and is used as a means of transporting them. The rest house was on the banks of the river and we could hear the rushing torrent all night. We walked down to the river and across it on a sus pension bridge. We could feel the bridge swinging as we walked over it, but it was safe as it was so well wired on both sides that one could hardly have fallen out even by trying. The second day we passed through most beautiful pine forests where the pine scent was lovely. After having crossed the mountain pass we again travelled on a fairly level road be fore reaching Srinagar, which is the main city of the Cashmir Hill station. Srinagar is built on the banks of the Jhelum, and of a lake called Dall Lake. There are not many Euro peans living in Srinagar and most of the visitors who go there live out on the lake in house-boats or on islands in tents. Most of the business traffic of the Kashmir residents is carried on by boat, likely somewhat as it is in Ven ice. The boats are for the most part crude wooden affairs of various sizes, propelled by means of round or heart shaped paddles. One often sees quite a large boat propelled by a woman or child sitting at the very point of the prow of the boat, but for the pas senger boats they usually have not less than three oarsmen. We lived in a house-boat together with Rev. and Mrs. Menzies of the Disciples Mission. A house-boat con sists of a long boat from about eight to twelve feet wide with rooms built on it similar to a house. There are usually a sitting room, dining room, two or three bedrooms w’ith bath rooms. Then there is another smaller boat attached to it which al! the ser vants live and where the cooking is done. That is a thing which was al most too much for one’s appetite. The food looked nice and tasted good when it arrived on the table, so there was only one thing to do... .just de liberately close out of your mind the kitchen scenery, and all the unsani tary possibilities and eat. We of course tried to give instruc tions in cleanliness, but who knows what happens when your back is turn ed. Well, I am convinced that the same thing holds true in many eating houses at home, but it is more care fully hidden. When we wanted to go to the city to see the shops, we had to go by boat and it took us almost an hour to make the trip. At first I was always more or less afraid but got over it to some extent. I suppose the fright of our former boat accident was still in my system. The shops are most interesting, and the things contained in them very beautiful, often exquisitely so. The main things of interest are woodwork, carpets, embroidery, and paper mache. In the wood work, one sees marvelous carving, as well as most beautifully polished plain furniture. And you would be surprised to see all the modem designs in furniture. The wood is walnut and is only polished, not stained or varnished. One often sees a table with such beautiful grain and polish that it looks like a piece of beautiful shimmering silk. Then the carpet weaving......... to see the weaving is to understand the price. It is all hand woven. The weaver sees no design before him to pattern, but follows directions written cut in the Persian character. Supposing there are six men weaving on one rug, then two who weave at the outside edges will be doing the same pattern in the border. But only one of these has the directions so he reads aloud as he weaves and the other fellow follows from the reading. Likewise those in the center. This accounts as you can well see for the many er rors and discrepancies in the design of a hand made Indian rug. Without these errors you can be sure that a rug is not an Indian hand-woven rug. The skill and speed of the weavers is wonderful to see. We saw one rug being made which was fully fifteen feet wide and there were eight men working on it, and we were told that the eight men weave only about one inch per day. The design was beau tiful but difficult, and they were act ually working very rapidly, in spite of the seeming slow progress. In rugs too, one finds some very modern de signs. However, we all preferred the old Persian designs and thought them much more lovely than the most mod ern ones. The shop keepers are keen on busi ness and sometimes almost pester the life out of one to convince one that one is in need of their goods and that their shop can not be equalled any where. They also try to prove to you that their designs are original and that they will never be duplicated. They come as hawkers to your door and display their goods before you. They come in row boats or shikaras as they are called. Then they also insist that you come to their shop and to make sure that you will do so, they offer to give you a free trip there in their own shikara, and make an ap pointment for a certain day. When the day comes they are there bright and early and off you go. The entrance to their shops are unique. They take you through a back alley, if one can speak of a water way as an alley, and then after landing, you walk usually a long dis tance through rear alleys, winding in and out between tall buildings and fenced enclosures... .sort of a back yard. These alleys are narrow’ and filthy dirty, so that one almost feels defiled after having w’alked through. Arriving at the particular shop which we are to visit, we go up a rickety winding stair case, sometimes several stories, and behold. .. .a most wonder ful display of the beautiful things of the Orient lies before you. The ap pearance of the shops inside is for the most part clean and neat. In some of them one could almost im agine ones’ self in a European shop. Some of the shopkeepers in their great desire to sell and to out-do some other shopkeeper, becomes ex tremely hospitable and serve tea then and there. One even went so far as to give us a special invitation to his home and served a Persian lunch. To do this he had to engage a special Mohammedan cook. He had promis ed to serve us twenty-five courses, but he stopped somewhere around the eighteenth. A course however, means just a very little of several different dishes. The food seemed to be served with at least some cleanliness and care, and some of it was most tasty, so wTe really enjoyed the occasion. Though the native ruling Prince of Kashmir is a Hindu and there are some Hindus, the majority of the pop ulation is Mohammedan. For the most part they are a healthy, happy looking people, and the women are noted for their beauty. Many of them are very fair and their features very beautiful. They love to sing and as they go about on the lake with their shikaras, one often hears some really attractive tunes. On one occasion during our stay there the Muhamma dans had a special festival which they attended in great crowds. Seeing the boats or shikaras passing our house boat both day and night reminded one of city traffic at home. One day w’as especially set aside for the women and they had the privilege that day of seeing a few hairs from the beard of Mohammed, but I suspect that it w’as mostly the outing that gave them the thrill. At Kashmir, one misses social con tacts and church fellowship with oth er missionaries for there are not near ly so many as we always find in Land our. However, we did have some nice services in a small group gathered to gether on a beautiful small island. It seemed strange to go to services by boat. It was just twenty minutes ride from our houseboat. We also had a few enjoyable times otherwise getting together with missionaries from various places. We visited some of the gardens laid out by some of the old Moghul em perors, and they were most beautiful. Among the lovliest flowers were the pansies and the roses. There were many long bed of pansies about six by twenty feet, and in each bed a single color of flowers... .one of brown, on of blue, one of white, etc. Then there were large beds of the largest and most exquisite kinds of roses that I have ever seen. Also large stone walls covered with the most beautiful climbing roses. And scattered around in the soft green grass were the sweetest old fashioned daisies. Some of the gardens also have fountains so arranged that the effect is very beautiful-when the wat er is turned on also, one of the gard nes had a large natural spring with a strong, swift current of water flowing all the time also a trout hatchery where we saw millions of trout of different sizes. The keepers fed them and they came to the surface of the water and tumbled over each other in greedy heaps to snatch the food. From Srinagar there are good mo tor roads leading out in various di rections to other lovely places of in terest from perhaps fifty to one hun dred miles away. We took two of these trips, one to Phalgam and one to Gulmarg, and we saw the most beautiful mountain scenes and climb ed the mountain sides. At Gulmarg, we took ponies and rode up to the snowline. Laurence climbed still higher and brought back some deli cately colored lavender rhondeden drons. Leaving Kashmir, we were forced to return via Jammu instead of Ra walpindi because of a motor lorry strike on the Pindi side. The jour ney front Srinagar to Jammu is a dis tance of 203 miles and mountain road nearly all the way. We had to cross the Bonnehal pass which is about nine thousand feet at the highest point. Narrow roads, two wTay traf fic, sharp corners and careless Indian drivers and an entire day of such travel was just about enough, it seem ed to be, to provide thrills a plenty for the most enthusiastic thrill hunt ers. It was enough to make me say that one in a life time is sufficient, though I cannot regret having seen beautiful Kashmir. I must not forget to mention one more thing w’hich is one of the main attractions of Kashmir, and that is delicious strawberries and cherries in abundance, so that one can eat ones fill. We certainly did enjoy them. The cherries are mostly sweet cher ries of both the light and dark var ieties, and very large. Besides the fruit our food was mostly vegetables and mutton. Mutton is really the only kind of meat available. Beef in any form is strictly prohibited. Travel ers are questioned at customs on the way up whether they have any beef or firearms. A funny incident is told about a certain traveller who had w’ith him a bottle of English candy. The candy is in the shape of balls almost like an eye, and is black and they are called “bull’s eyes”. So when he was asked whether he had any beef with him he said, “I have i some ‘bull’s eyes’’ Which almost ex cited the customs officers. The vegetables are locally grown and one sees many floating gardens. I seems difficult to tell just how these gardens are made, but I shall try. The lake bottom is covered with veg etation. The gardener goes out with his boat and pulls up these plants and weeds, and with it takes some of the soil w’hich clings to the roots. Then he has a way of tying these togeth er into a garden plot which he is able to tow along and place it where he wants it, and anchors it. On this he puts soil and silt, and it forms his garden. Sometimes a floating gard en may be stolen and moved away to some other place during the night. It appears to be very hard work, but the gardener seems to be well paid for the soil is very productive and the vegetables thrive well. We often saw large boat loads of kohlrabi and onions taken off to market. These two kinds seemed to be the most plen tiful at the season when we were there, although there were other kinds as well. Though the above is by no means a full description of Kashmir, there would be much more to be told, yet this may give you some little idea so you will know- what to expect when you plan to visit there. Two From Here Win In County Net Play Tw’o Bluffton tennis players came out on top in the Allen County Ten nis tournament which wras played the past week at Lost Creek tennis courts, Lima. Roger Howe won the Junior cham pionship by defeating Don Carlson the match was played the afternoon of the Fourth, the score being 6-1 8-6. How-e had advanced to the singles by previously defeating Bill Waltemath. In the woman’s singles Lucile Nis wander won over Margery Ripley, Lima City Courts champion, in a hard fought game, 3-6 9-7 6-3. Miss N is wander had advanced to the finals by defeating Marcella Roberts and Jo White. Another Bluffton man may have a chance in the men’s finals. Gene Zu ber will play Norbert Knostman, on Thursday. Both Zuber and Knost man are former titles holders. Should Zuber win the match, he will play the finals with Ray Hupp of Lima. The finals match.will be played next Saturday afternoon. Other Bluffton players who par ticipated w-ere: W. A. Howe, Dale Reichenbach, Bud Lora, Harry Bo gart, Woodrow Little, Dick Berky, Betty Weinhold, Agnes Amstutz, Kathryn Little and Eleanor Berky. THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO Huge Glas Eyes Peer Into Space, Solving New Riddles. Prepared by Nation 1 G« ’raphtc Society, Washington, D. WNU Service. The “eyes of tl world,” the great telescopes that peer out from the turning earth to explore the far reaches of the universe, are in creased by one more in the new 82 inch mirror of McDonald observa tory on Mount Locke in the Davis mountains of western Texas. The completion of this giant “eye,” which can photograph stars only a millionth as bright as any that can be seen by the unaided human eye, brings to a total of at least 40 the number of telescopes of two feet in diameter or more now in use in the world. The McDonald observatory tele scope is the second largest in the world in actual use at present, be ing exceeded only by the 100-inch telescope at Mount Wilson observa tory, Pasadena, Calif. Both, how ever, are being surpassed by the 200-inch telescope set up on Mount Palomar, Calif., under joint aus pices of California Institute of Tech nology and Mount Wilson observa tory. The McDonald observatory is operated jointly by the Universities of Texas and Chicago. Photography, Not ‘Star Gazing,’ Is 1939 Astronomer’s Method I Z 5*****W««* Each Has Its Job. The increasing size of telescopes does not mean that the various in struments will compete with one an other in exploring the heavens, how ever, nor is a smaller telescope made out of date or useless by a larger one. There is work enough for all in probing secrets of the vast universe, and the task of ex ploration is divided among the vari ous instruments. Astronomers nowadays seldom “look through” their large tele scopes. They do most of their ex ploring of the heavens by photo graphing sections of the sky. The great telescopes of modern times are primarily giant cameras. Their huge mirrors or lenses act as fun nels for light, making it possible to concentrate a large quantity of star light in one spot. By exposing a sensitive plate for several hours, or even for several nights, to light concentrated by a Britain Mans Old lor tress On Alderney ‘Second Gibraltar’ Lies In Mid-Channel, Nearer France. Prepared by National Geographic Society, Washington. D. C.—WNU Service. Already tagged as a “second Gibraltar” is Alderney, of the English channel islands, as re ports from London indicate that plans are under way to fortify this little island which is closer to the coast of France than to the coast of England. Sixty miles from England at its nearest point, less than ten miles from the Norman dy shore, Alderney was once described by Napoleon as “Eng land’s shield.” During the Napole onic wars and after, it was heavily and expensively militarized by the British, who also launched consid erable construction on a great breakwater that was to make the isle’s principal harbor safe for the British fleet. This haven is on the north coast facing England. A Rock-bound Coast. Only about three and a half miles long and with an average of one mile in width, Alderney is something of a natural fortress in itself. With high precipitous cliffs on its south and west coasts, it looms in many spots from 100 to 200 feet above foaming seas below. Rocks surrounding the island make navigation extremely hazard ous on all but the northeast side. Between Alderney and the French mainland is a dangerous strait known as the Race, where currents and wind combine, in bad weather. Leprosy Regarded Most Dangerous Leprosy was regarded between the Sixth and Fifteenth centuries as by far the most dangerous disease then know.i. Six-Hour Day Held Ideal In “Utopia,” published by Sir Thomas More about 1516, a six-hour day is described as the ideal work ing day. sgMIi 1 Th Here is a replica of the 15-mil lion-dollar Mt. Palomar observa tory and 200-inch “sky mirror.*' largest in the world. The replica is one-twenty-fourth the size of the original dome, which is 14 stories high. Every movement and func tion of the observatory is repro duced faithfully. Samuel Orkin, who constructed the replica at Pasadena, Calif., is shown exam ining it. telescope, an astronomer can photo graph stars and galaxies of stars so distant that he could never see them with his own eyes through the same telescope if he looked a lifetime. This is because the effect of light on a photographic emulsion is cumu lative, w’hich is not true of the hu man eye. Photographic Processes Improved. The “seeing” ability of telescopes grows greater also as photographic emulsions are improved and made more sensitive. Better emulsions make the 100-inch telescope at Mount Wilson considerably more ef ficient today, for example, than w’hen it w’as built 20 years ago, though its mirror remains the same size. But astronomers still would know comparatively little about the uni verse, if they merely looked at stars and photographed them, even with the largest telescopes. The light that is concentrated by the giant mirrors and lenses is not only pho tographed directly, but is also bro ken up into its spectrum of different wave-lengths. By analyzing the spectrum of a star, astronomers in many cases can learn an amazing number of things about it.—its dis tance, mass, brightness, tempera ture, size, speed of rotation, and even sometimes the approximate number of atoms it contains. Map shows Alderney island and its strategic position in the English channel. to churn the waters into wild, break ing seas. On the other side of the island, some seven miles west, is the still greater hazard of the Cas quet rocks on which many a ship has gone down. Swinburne, the Eng lish poet, once wrote a poem called “Les Casquettes,” which described a storm battering at the rocks and mentioned a girl, who, it is claimed, actually did live there. Fortresses Still Usable. Adding to the grim look of the is land are the old forts and military works, most of which have long been dismantled. Fort Albert east of the Harbor, Fort Tourgis on a northwestern shoulder of the is land, and Fort Essex on the south eastern side, are still good, how ever, for barracks. The latter, named for Queen Elizabeth’s favo rite, the Earl of Essex, was turned into a military hospital, with facili ties of wards, dispensary, and kitch en. Toward the interior, Alderney’s fertile plateau displays a more invit ing aspect. Almost in the center of the island is located the only town, St. Anne, with its well-paved streets, postal telegraph office, hotels, and shops. Ski-joring Races From Norway Ski-joring races, in which the skier is drawn by a horse, comes from Norway. One Song for Nightingale The cuckoo never tires of her two notes, and knows no others the nightingale, with a voice of wider range, knows only one song. Readrite Meters captured their sec ond consecutive victory in Inter-City league play last Friday when they downed Celina, 7 to 5, in a night game at Harmon field. The contest was a thriller all the way, and Jim Miller provided the winning margin in the seventh in ning when he smashed a home run with a man on base, to break a five all deadlock. Celina tallied first in the contest, garnering two runs in the initial stanza, but Bluffton rallied to get four in the second frame. The visitors got three more tallies in the third, and Readrite knotted the count at five in the sixth. It w’as in the next stanza that Miller walloped his circuit clout, providing the winning margin. Annual doubles tourney of the Bluffton Tennis club is under way this week. Pairings are as follows: Upper bracket—M. R. Bixel-Rich ard Bixel vs winner’ of Chas. Steiner Reichenbach and Howe-Howe match Revolutionary War Hero (Continued from Page 1) three miles south of town not far from Gratz crossing. Enclossed by a rude board fence, it lies in the se clusion of an old family burial plot. Two smaller unmarked graves in the enclosure are believed to be those of other members of the Hubbell family. The simple inscription on the headstone reads: “Hezekiah B. Hubbell, died Oct. 12, 1855, aged 100 years and one month. Served in the Revolution under Washington for seven years.” Readrite Softball Team Wins Second Straight Tops Celina 7-5 The Hubbell burial plot is located but a short distance from the Dixie highway. Today hundreds of cars flash hourly over the road that as an Indian trail he painstakingly traveled in an ox cart when he first came to this area. Efforts made in recent years to confirm Hubbell’s record of service in the war of independence have been fruitless. Official records at the state house in Columbus do not bear the name of Hubbell among the Ohioans listed as members of the Revolutionary forces. Probably Irregular Soldier While it is possible the musty files of the war department at Washington may list Hubbell’s name, it is now believed that he probably was one of the irregular soldiers, hardy backwoodsmen who came and went largely as they pleased, caring little for military discipline and less for honor and glory, but whose long rifles with uneering aim more than once turned the tide of victory for Washington’s ragged continentals. Chafing under the limitations of army regulations, the backwoods man’s name possibly never appeared on the muster roll of Washington’s troops, yet the service that he ren dered must have borne its own satis faction in the life of this man who as a youth cast his lot with the barefoot continental army which the British disparagingly referred to as “rabble in arms”. Following the close of the Revolu tion, life in the East likely became tedious for the hardy backwoods spirit and Hubbell set out across the mountains seeking adventure in a land of wild beasts and still wilder men. It was soon after Joseph Deford, pioneer settler of Bluffton, had erected his cabin and cleared a plot of farmland along the Big Riley that the Hubbell family made its appear ance in this area. Deford settled here in 1832 and the Hubbells ar rived about six years later. The emigrants undoubtedly passed by hundreds of desirable farm spots on their journey westward, but the quiet woodland slopes and pleasant surroundings in this part of the country must have struck a respon sive chord in the heart of the rugged old pioneer, and it was here that the command to halt was given. Settle Near Bluffton The family settled on what is known as the old Benedict Andrews farm about three miles southwest of town on the Schifferly road, on Jan. 18, 1839. The land was purchased from John Swain and the deed drawn up to Hezekiah Hubbell. For many years the several log cabins erected on the farm resembled a small village. Other pioneers call ed the cluster of dwellings “Hubbell town” and that name clung to the section for many years following Hubbell’s death. Altho well over 80 years of age when he settled in his new home here, Hubbell was unflagging in his battle to wrest the homestad from the wilderness. He was active in work about the farm until within a few years of his death, and so de voted was he to the environs that he THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1939 Bluffton Tennis Club Holds Annual Tourney This Week Norm Triplett led the Bluffton batting attack with four hits in four trips to the plate. Readrite bats men had 15 hits to five for Celina, but the visitors mixed their batting rallies with five Bluffton errors to count five times. Bluffton AB Irwin .................. 4 0 1 Burkholder ............ 4 0 1 Triplett .................. ...... 4 1 4 B. Swank _________ ..... 4 0 0 Lewis ................... 4 1 1 Alspach ................. 4 1 2 Steiner .......... ...... 4 0 2 F. Swank ............. 4 1 1 Wenger ................ 4 1 1 Miller ..................... ........ 3 2 2 Totals ......................... 39 7 15 Celina ...... .................. 35 5 5 Don Patterson-Zuber vs Lora-Bogart. Lower bracket—Triplett-Little drew a bye and will meet the winner of the Amstutz-Bracy and Rob and Ralph Patterson match Good-J. S. Steiner vs Carold Steiner-Herr. Trophies will be awarded to win ners. ordered his burial on the homestead, when he passed on to his greatest pioneering quest, an old soldier gone to the last encampment. BLUFFTON MARKETS Wednesday Morning Hogs—160 to 225, $7.20 225 to 250, $7.10 roughs, $5 stags, $3.75. Lambs, $8.75 calves, $8.75. Grain (bushel prices)—Wheat 63c corn 46c oats 30c soys 67c. Could Have $4,000 Life Insurance Every family in the United States could have a $4,000 life insurance policy for the amount of taxes paid to meet the annual interest charges alone on the total public debt. Count on Us to Moke Your Snapshots "Click" KODAK VERICHROME FILM Careful developing and printing 1ET your camera do its best work. Load it with Kodak Ver ichrome Film. Its latitude brings pictures within reach that are often missed with ordinary film. Our developing and printing helps, too, for films that go through our finishing process receive the best of care from the moment you leave them with us. Sidney’s Drug Shop GULFSPRAY The surer insect killer NEW LOW 25 PRICE 1 OU can make the temperature in your home drop tomorrow as much as 15°. A thick layer of Zonoiite Home Insulation spread in the attic alone will bring immediatecomfort: cool, restful nights and livable days. Zonoiite can be installed easily, quickly and inexpensively. You can even do the Job yourself. 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