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$80,000 Sewer Bond Is sue Up To Voters (Continued from page 1) all materials, machinery’ for the plant and other non-labor items. Proportionate Share Higher As a result, in the construction of the intercepting sewers, Bluffton’s share of the total expenditure would be approximately 33-1/3 per cent, as compared with the minimum WPA sponsor requirement of 25 per cent. Completely’ sewering the town and building a disposal plant would cost $400,000, the council was told. The sponsor’s share of 25 per cent would cover the cost of materials and non labor items, it was pointed out, and a bond issue for $100,000 would give the town a completely new system, modern in every detail. Should the project be entirely hand labor thruout, the cost would be $440, 000, with Bluffton’s share amounting to $110,000. This figure was shaved to $400,000, however, by specifying that a trenching machine be used. Trenching operations would cost $3, 000, but the total cost would be re duced by $40,000. Council Vote Unanimous With estimates showing that a com pletely new system for the town can be obtained for $20,000 more than the cost of intercepting sew’ers along the stream banks, councilmen voted to submit the larger project to the voters in the November election. Vote at Tuesday’s meeting was unanimous, with five members agree ing to have the $100,000 bond issue included on the ballot. Elmer Romey, the sixth councilman, is on a vacation trip and did not vote. Should the proposal be approved, $80,000 in general obligation municip al bonds w’ill be issued, and the re maining $20,000 W’ould be obtained from special assessment revenue bonds. The bonds would run for 25 years and would require an average tax levy of 2.3 mills during that period for their retirment, according to estimates presented to the council. Bonds cannot regularly be issued in excess of five per cent of the valua tion of the towm. Bluffton’s five per cent maximum is $113,333.75, but the municipality now has $29,333.75 in outstanding bonds. Consequently a maximum of $84,000 in additional bonds can be issued. Special Assessment The $20,000 special assessment W’hich would be required would be levied only on property owners who have sewers emptying into the muni cipal system, and each w’ould pay a flat rate rather than payments being made on the basis of property valu ation. Estimates on the cost of the system were prepared by Champe, Finkbeiner and Associates, Toledo engineers, and wrere presented to the council at their meeting last Friday by C. E. Pettis, of the firm. This will be the third time in recent Sells For 35c Per Quart FREE BRILLIANT ERONZE POLYMERIZED—LEADED—REGULAR OR ... ETHYL GASOLENE years that the sewage disposal propo sition has been presented to Bluffton electors at the polls. zslmevican Heroines Uy LOUISE M. COMSTOCK Antonia Ford A SOUTH EKN belle before the war, daring spy for the Confederate forces during it. bride of a Yankee officer after it: that is the story of Antonia Ford, heroine of the Civil war. Antonia was a commissioned lieu tenant in the Confederate army, an honor very rarely accorded a woman. Just how she first began to operate as secret agent we shall perhaps never know. Our first evidence that she was serving the South in an official capac ity is in a letter written to her by Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, appointing her his honorary aide in camp. This was written in 18G1, when Antonia was twenty-three. It was not until the late summer of 1862 that Antonia’s work for the Con federacy became a matter of record. In August of that year North faced South making ready for what was to be the Second Battle of Bull Run. Working unsuspected in Fairfax this charming Southerner was able to pick up information essential to the wait ing Condererate army. Having no other way to forward it, Antonia set out on horseback, over picket guarded roads, in a pouring rain, at length reached General Stuart at Manassas, twenty-odd miles away. It was some time after this that Antonia rendered her greatest service to the South. In March, 1863, three Union corps in charge of Brig. Gen. Stoughton were stationed at Fairfax to protect the capital. At this time Col. John S. Mosby, an Independent scout, had roused high feelings by his repeated raids against the Union stronghold. Then suddenly, from Al die, twenty miles south of Fairfax, Mosby led his men against the town, and with midnight and rain to aid him, slipped through a gap in the Union pickets and took calm posses sion of Fairfax and General Stough ton's troops! It was a spectacular vic tory, and the information as to the gap in the lines that made it possible came from Antonia Ford! As a result of this Antonia was ar rested. But the Union officer sent to conduct her to Washington proved to be an old friend, Maj. Joseph C. Wil lard, who promptly fell in love with his fair captive. Through his efforts Antonia was released within a few months. Thereupon she smuggled the major, bundled in rugs In the hack of a buckboard, through the Union lines and back to Fairfax, where she mar ried him. Antonia died In 1871 and is buried in Oak Hill cemetery, Wash ington. ©, 1932. Western Newspaper Union. “Please send $400 dollars at once the school is bankrupt and each stu dent has to pay double tuition. Kindly make check out to me. Your son, Bob, Jr.” 1OO* A BRAND NEW BRAND In order to acquaint all motorists with the top quality of this new 100% Pure PENNsylvania Motor Oil, we will give one quart, refinery sealed can “ABSOLUTELY FREE” on Saturday, Sept. 9th WITH THE PURCHASE OF SIX GALLONS OR MORE OF FOR THOSE WHO WANT THE BESF| SAVE 2c BRILLIANT BRONZE STATIONS Ralph Diller South Main Street and Bentley Road Third Grade (CHEAP) Gasolene is NOT sold at— BRILLIANT BRONZE STATIONS. Sells For 35c Per Quart PER GALLON under our normal price every day— AT ALL— TO EARN ENOUGH 10 BUY A SWIFff WITH ATTACHEP COLLAR, A 5WFPI5H WORKER MUST WORK THREE T/MES AS LONG AS AN AMERICAN, A F1WHCHMAH 5'/% TtMEi AS ZCWG, A GERMAN 9 A TIMES AS LONG.- ANO AN ITALIAN IT TIMES At LONG! Mrs. Deihm sent leaves from this albuo throughout the country and gained concessions from the express companies to transport them free of charge. She received an endorsement of her idea from the chief justice of the United States and other high offi clals, who called upon all Americans for co-operation In the plan. But for some reason the idea was not received as enthusiastically as Mrs. Deihm had hoped. The safe was to have been locked up and sealed on December 31, 1S76 but when the number of signa tures in the albums was found to he far short of the number she desired, its closing was postponed time after time. The scheduled “closing for 100 years” didn’t take place until 1879. Then it was sent to Washington where she hoped to have it placed in the rotunda of the Capitol where its doors were to be closed with great ceremony and where it was to remain until 1976. The authorities, however, would not per mit its installation in the rotunda but did allow it to be set up in one corner of Statuary hall, formerly the cham ber of the bouse of represen1 atives. Then the closing of the doors “with great ceremony" proved to he a dis appointment. President Hayes, who was expected to he present, sent his secretary to represent him. Many oth er notables also failed to appear. A short time later congress decided that tills big iron safe was out of place in a hall devoted to statues of Amer ican notables and ordered its removal. So it was taken to the place where it now stands—a secluded spot iiudei the great steps in the center of the east front of the Capitol. Thousands of tourists have passed within a few feet of it without ever seeing it or knowing its history. Since that time the front has rusted and one of the two handles on the out er doors has been broken off. But it makes no difference, for no one re members the combination to the safe, anyway. Moreover the key to the in ner doors of plate glass has disap peared, no one knows where. So that is why an “official safe cracking” is due to take place in 1976. It will be the only way to open this treasure house of relics. Inside one of the outer doors Is an inscription which reads “It is the wish of Mrs. Deihm that this safe may remain closed until 1976, to be opened by the Chief Magistrate of the United States.” One wonders who that man will lie and if he will fulfill her wish or disappoint her as President Hayes did. Western Newspaper Union. FIFTY FAMOUS FRONTIERSMEN By ELMO SCOTT WATSON “The Father of Oklahoma” CONSIDER THE BLUFFTON NEW! THE POCKE of KNOWLEDGE CLAMS TANGERINES ARE NAMFP FOR THE Crry OF TANGIER, in MOROCCO Birr /N TANGIER. THEY ARE CAL1EP A •MANPAR/NE CORPOROy IS TRULY ROYAL FABRIC------ FT WAS FIRST l/SEP TP MAPP HUNTING GARMENT* FOR FRENCH RlNtS TNEy NAMED CT CORDE-DU-RO1*. WHICH MEANS COPP OF THE NIN6 vuriosa Americana By Elmo Scott Watson Official Safecracking FORTY years from now there’s going to be an “official safecracking” in the United States Capitol at Washing ton. Thereby hangs the tale of a wom an’s dream of doing something for pos terity and how it didn't work out as she had planned. She was Mrs. C. F. Deihm and In 1876, when other Americans were look ing back over 100 years of American history, she was looking forward a century. Her Idea was to Install a "centennial safe" In Memorial hall at the Philadelphia Centennial exposition to be filled with articles which would be Interesting to Americans of 1976 when the safe would be officially opened. But chiefly her idea was to put in it great albums containing pho tographs and autographs of celebrities of the day. Also there was one large album with a blank space below the name of each person who wrote his name in it so that the direct lineal descendant of the signer might record his name below his ancestor’s, when the safe was opened In 1976. the paradox of Capt. David I.. Payne. He was the “fa ther of Oklahoma,” yet he was a na tive of Indiana be was given his first name because of an event which took BLUFFTON. OHIO OOK THAT MEASURE AND 6 FEET ACROSS ANO WEIGH HALF A TON *RE FOUNp IN THE WATERS 0rF AUSTRALIAN COAST AMP THE EAST INDIES CHINA,8*1TWH INPIA ANP RUSSIA,WHICH TOGETHER HAVE HALF THF EAPTtf* POPULATION. HAVE ONiy ^^VNREE-FCN/RTNS AS MAN/ TELEPHONES as new yoPKCtry, WHICH HA« APPROXIMATELY 1,569.000 place in far-awat is buried in Kai.si steadfastly resist* move his body to 1 latter state has recognition beyond original counties after is he died and which state has attempts to re ihoma and the von him no official naming one of its him. nt. Ind., December r. who was a first •ockett, named him the frontier-rela Born tn Falruo 30, 1836, his moth* cousin of Davy 'r David in honor tive who had di 1 gloriously at the fall of the Alamo a few months be fore. At the age *’r twenty-one Payne moved to Kansa- and took up a claim near Atchison. He served in the Civil war in the Fourth Kansas regiment until 1863 when he was discharged. Then he became a member of the state legislature and postmaster at Fort Leavenworth. In 18G7 he was elected captain of a Kansas cavalry troop formed to fight the Indians and campaigned actively in the western part of the state. During the next two years he served with Gen. George A. Custer and his Seventh cavalry and, as the boon companion of the famous Cali fornia Joe and actor in many a hair breadth escape from death, won great renown as the "Scout of the Cimar ron.” The year 1870 found him back In politics again, as a member of tha state legislature of Kansas, as an un successful candidate for the state sen ate in 1872 and finally as doorkeeper of the house of representatives in Washington where he remained until 1879. During his service as a scout for Custer, Payne had seen for him self the richness of the land in Okla homa and in Washington he macle the discovery, as he believed, that the lands in the western part of Indian territory, which had been ceded by the Creek Indians to the government for occupation by the other Civilized Tribes and by freedmen, in reality be longed to the public lands of the United States. So Payne became the first “Okla homa boomer” and the leader of no less than six of the eight expeditions of homeseekers, all of which tried to settle there and were expelled from the disputed territory by federal troops. Payne died sudenly In Well ington, Kan., November 27, 1884— “poisoned by his enemies,” so his friends declare—five years too soon to enjoy the realization of his dream. ©. 1933. Wesw» Newwpaper Union. mencan dventurers By Saw Scott Watson Immortalized by a Dam DONNE VILLE dam in the Colum bia river perpetuates the mem ory of an adventurous explorer who was both a great success and a great failure. In 1832 French-born Capt. Benjamin Bonneville of the United States army obtained a leave of absence to engage in a fur trading expedition on condition that he ex plore the trans-Missouri West and obtain information concerning the Indians, the topography of the coun try and its economic possibilities. Two years later he set out at the head of a party of 110 men. Commercially his venture was a complete failure. He built forts in such poor locations that the fron tiersmen called them “Fort Non sense.’’ Some were so high in the mountains that they were cut off from the outside by the first snows of winter. But his expedition was successful in that he explored the route through South Pass for wagon trains and mapped the passage of the Columbia river through the Cas cade mountains. After his return to the East he met Washington Irving. The result was the book “The Adventures of Captain Bonneville.” It became a “best seller,” but it did not help Bonneville’s reputation greatly. He had long overstayed his leave and when President Jackson reinstated him many people protested that he should have been dismissed from the service instead. Bonneville proved them wrong by his conduct during the Mexican war. In 1852 he became commandant at Fort Vancouver, 30 miles down the river from* the dam that now bears his name. He was brevetted a brig adier general in 1869 and died in St. Louis in 1878. NC-4 Stopped There 20 Years Ago During Pioneer Flight. Prepared by National Geographic Society, Washington. D. C.—WNU Service. Welcoming the Yankee Clip per on its transatlantic flights at Horta, Azores islands, is not a new thrill for citizens of the city. The navy plane, NC-4, which took off from Newfoundland on the first transatlantic flight in 1919, landed at Horta on May 17. Commanded by Lieutenant-Com mander Albert C. Reid, the NC-4 was one of three planes that made the “hop.’’ Two planes failed 200 miles short of the Azores. One was forced down and abandoned by its crew and the other was lost in fog, landed on the sea, and taxied to Ponta Del gado, the metropolis of the islands. Lindbergh Stopped There. Again the citizens of Horta peered into the skies on November 21, 1933, and greeted Col. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh as they descended into the harbor from Lisbon on their epochal flight around the north Atlantic. The Azores port, since then, has frequently been visited by transat lantic flyers, especially during 1938, which was a boom year in transat lantic flying. Among the planes alighting on the harbor were the German Nordmeer and British Mer cury, the latter the famous picka back plane. The city was also host to the crew of the German Branden burg and the French Lieutenant de Vaisseau Paris. It took 17 hours and 33 minutes for the Yankee Clipper to reach World Eyes New Bolivia Tin Coveted Dictator Busch Can Sway Market of Important Raw Metal. Prepared by National Geographic Society. Washington, D. C.—WNU Service. Bolivia’s newly established dicta torship can affect foreign countries more than would changes in many other parts of South America, be cause Bolivia’s government is financed mainly by the revenue from its exports, and its exports— particularly tin—are in strong de mand. Tin, one of the strategic metals highest on the United States’ want list, is Bolivia’s number one product and is responsible for its biggest business. As the third greatest tin producing country of the world, Bo livia is the nearest source for that metal to all countries of the New World, since its chief competitors are the Federated Malay States and the Netherlands Indies in Asia. Transatlantic Air, Cable Lines Focus on Tiny Azores Islands Most of Bolivia’s tin ore exports, however, go to Great Britain, since there are no tin smelters in Bolivia or the United States. Bolivian tin returns to the Americas from Brit ish smelters. In Bolivia “the tin standard’’ sub stitutes for the gold standard. This metal constitutes from two-thirds to nine-tenths of the country’s exports and export duties in this land of impoverished agriculture and limit ed industry are the chief sources of the government’s income. During 1937 the nation produced 12 per cent of the world’s tin output. But Bolivia is by no means a one metal land. Some 98 per cent of her exports are minerals, tin being fol lowed in value by silver, lead, anti mony, zinc, tungsten, copper, and bismuth. In antimony, too, the country ranks third on the list of producing nations. Its position is now of added importance because China has previously been the lead ing source of supply but is no longer a factor in the world market. In addition to utilitarian tin and I he Spanish silver of such romantic ore. exports of rubber, quinine, and vot!_ chmrhiHa fur help to make Grace Choir To Be At Ebenezer Church Choir of the Grace Mennonite church of aPndora will be heard in a guest program at the Ebenezer Mennonite church w^st of Bluffton Sunday night at 8 o’clock. The choir is under direction of Miss Hilda Amstutz with Misses Eulalia L/i OLD AND NEW—Aviation his tory is made twice at the Azores. Upper photo shows the NC-4 rid ing at her moorings there during the epoch-making transatlantic flight of 1919. Twenty years later, in lower photo, the Yankee Clip per stops at Horta. Horta but the NC-4, two decades ago, was in the air only 15 hours and 17 minutes. A glance at a map of the Atlantic shows that the differ ence in time is explained by the dis tances flown. The Yankee Clipper took off from Baltimore, Maryland, about 2,800 miles west of Horta the NC-4 started from Newfoundland to the northwest, which is about half the distance. Transatlantic Cable Station. Horta is the principal port and largest city on Fayal island. Near ly one-third of the island’s 20,000 inhabitants live in the city whose white, red-roofed buildings sprawl along the shore of one of the finest harbors in the Azores. Situated on the southeast shore of the island, the harbor is subject to heavy winds, but a half-mile-long jetty makes it a sought-for haven during stormy weather. Fifteen to twenty large vessels may safely an chor in the harbor at a time. Horta was significant as a trans oceanic communications center even before transatlantic flights were made. It is the most important junction point of transatlantic ca bles. In one of its buildings six com panies—British, German, Italian, French, and two American—are housed. They handle messages for stations in North America, Europe, and South Africa, and by intercon nection for stations in every part of the world. i I 1 DICTATOR Col. German Busch, youthful president of Bo livia who dismissed his congress and set himself up as dictator, promising to give his people an election in a few months. Bolivia known to the outside world. Some estimates rank Bolivian for ests second to those of Brazil for production of South American rub ber since much of the smaller country’s forest products float down the headwaters of the Amazon to Brazilian ports, their origin is ob scure. In an area more than twice as large as Texas, Bolivia supports only 55 per cent as many people as the Lone Star state. This is the only South American nation without access to the sea directly from its own ports Bolivia lost her coastal territory to Chile after the War of the Pacific nearly 60 years ago. The land-locked Andean plateau, cradled 12,000 feet above sea level between two snow-capped ranges with peaks exceeding 21,000 feet, has so im pressed popular imagination—with its “world’s highest capital, La Paz,” and its “world’s highest steamer service” on Lake Titicaca —that the low tropical plains to the east of the mountains are frequent ly forgotten. Yet these extensive lowlands constitute about 70 per cent of the nation’s 537,792 square miles. On the south they merge into the Gran Chaco, scene of the most recent war in the Western Hemisphere. Steiner organist and Wanda Suter pianist. Except for the period 1931-34, July farm prices in Ohio averaged the lowest in any year since 1911. Except for 1931-32, Ohio July prices for wheat and corn were the lowest for that month of any July since records were begun in 1908. THURSDAY, SEPT. 7, 1939 SS"-1.............. ■■■■■"■1 Fraud Charged In School Case (Continued from page 1) the Bluffton-Richland school district to which the territory sought to be transferred, could be legally and properly transferred, and that man damus proceedings would be com menced forthwith, if the respondent failed and refused to make the prop er transfer as, demanded, before the election that was to be held the following Tuesday, April 19, 1938. “Respondent says that it had no opportunity to make any’ investiga tion as to the truth or falsity of the aforesaid representations, so made by relators as aforesaid, and that it did not make any investigation as to the truth or falsity of such statements so made, as aforesaid by relators and relief upon the statements so made by’ relators and their counsel as be ing true. “That the respondent had at the time, taken no poll of the district or territory’ and had no information as to the false and fraudulent represen tations made by relators, other than given to it by the relators. Say Members Misled “That certain members of the re spondent board of education, fully re lying upon such false and fraudulent statements, and then believing them to be true, were misled and coerced into voting for the passing and adopting a resolution to transfer said territory’. “Respondent says that immediately after April 16, 1938, it investigated the aforesaid statements, so made to it by relators on April 16, 1938, and learned of their falsity. There was no such district in the State of Ohio, as the Bluffton-Richland School Dic trict to which such territory could be transferred. A poll of the resi dent electors of the territory’ sought to be trasferred was taken which showed that fewer than 75 per cent of the resident electors thereof had signed said paper writings. “That thereafter, at the regular ad journed meeting of April 16, 1938, to wit, April 20, 1938, and being immed iately after said false and fraudulent statements, as aforesaid, had been found to be untrue, and no steps hav ing been taken upon such motions to transfer, and there being no interven ing rights, this respondent board of education rescinded the action so er roneously taken on April 16, 1938. “This respondent says that on the 27th day of May, 1938, at a regular meeting of the Hancock county board of education, respondent herein, the petition of relators was finally reject ed. “This respondent specially avers that the paper writings referred to in relators’ petition for mandamus, as petitions to transfer have not and never had the signatures of 75 per cent of the qualified electors of the territory sought to be transferred by the relators. “Wherefore, this respondent asks that the petition for mandamus be dismissed and for such other relief to which respondent may be entitled. The petition is signed by C. A. Blackford, Findlay and Knepper, White and Dempsey, Columbus attor neys for the county board, and is sworn to by Carl L. Davis, president of the board. Inspection Tuesday At Richland Grange Inspection night will be held at Richland grange next Tuesday, with County Deputy H. T. Morris, of Lima, taking part in the program. A varied program has been ar ranged including an educational topic by Mildred Fett and an agricultural subject by Raymond Stratton. A contest will be directed by Anna Huber and special music will be pro vided by the grange quartet. As a cksing feature a playlette will be presented. Hold County Hybrid Corn Day Friday Allen county hybrid seed corn growers will hold their annual hy brid corn day at the state test plot on the Dwight Capbell farm, seven miles west of Bluffton, Friday after noon. Dr. G. H. Stringfield and Dr. L. L. Huber of the Wooster Experiment station will be in attendance to speak on comparative advantages of hybrids and also the effect of the corn borer in relation to hybrid varieties. Hog And Wheat Prices Soar On Market (Continued from page 1) now being inclined to hold their hogs in anticipation of still higher prices. Wheat at 78 Cents Wheat, likewise, skyrocketed to top levels, being quoted at 78 cents a bushel Wednesday morning, an ad vance of ten cents over Saturday’s market close. Corn, likewise, went to higher levels, 52 cents per bushel being quoted Wednseday. Dealers here were unwilling to predict future course of the market. With trading proceeding at a fever ish pace almost anything can happen now, it was pointed out. “A week ago there was a surplus of grain, lard and meat—with hardly any sale for it—now there appears to be a scarcity and everybody is crazy to buy” was the way one dealer summed up the situation.