Will Discuss Home
Making Of Tomorrow
On Farm Night Radio Program
Of WOSU, Monday, July 8
Dial 570 Kc.
8:00—Music, weather forecast,
gram preview, student farm
8 15—Interview of High School
cational Agriculture Teachers
tending Ohio State University.
9:45 to 10—Music.
Also: 4-H Club News, Miss Eva
Kinsey, Ass’t State 4-H leader.
8:30—Columbus WPA Salon Orches
8:45—“Homes on the Land ”, Dra
3:00—Our Homes Have Fostered
Democracy What of Tomorrow?,
Mrs. Vivian Hickman, Franklin
Co. Farm Homemaker, and Miss
Nellie Watts, Ass’t State
9:15—Report on Ohio Rural
ters Camp, R. Bruce Tom,
9:30—Farm Finance and the
Family, Harold G. Olin,
Treas., Production Credit Ass’n,
Need New Style Hogs
On Higher Lard Price
Until Ohio farmers adopt a dif
ferent style of hog, the price they
receive for hogs will be influenced to
a considerable extent by the amount
the packer can get for lard, and
lard prices in the early part of
have not been encouraging to
A committee of people from
State University and representatives
of Ohio farmers made an investiga
tion of the outlook for lard in the
months immediately ahead. The
committee says 22 per cent of Ohio’s
farm income is derived from hog
sales, lard exports have dropped
more than 50 per cent, the 1939 pig
crop was the largest in 17 years, and
the amount of vegetable oils used as
cooking fats since 1935 has equaled
the amount of lard used for the
Columbus grocery stores were ad
vertising lard at three pounds for 20
cents and two lard substitutes at
three pounds for 48 cents on the
same day. The army post at Colum
bus bought lard for 7.25 cents a
pound and lard substitutes for 8.77
cents a pound during the same
month in 1940.
A survey among city consumers
showed that about one-half use both
lard and substitutes, one-fourth use
only lard, and one-fourth use sub
stitutes only. Two-thirds of the
rural homemakers use lard only, one
fourth use both lard and substitutes,
and about 6 per cent use only sub
It is reported that manufacturers
spent $2,250,000 in advertising vege
table shortenings in general mag
azines and over the radio in 1938.
The products have been offered to
buyers in attractive packages in con
venient sizes. Meat packers insist
on selling lard in large containers
from which the retailer dips the
amount wanted by the buyer.
Home economics specialists say
that lard has a higher shortening
power than hydrogenated fats used
as substitutes. Lard has a flavor
and substitutes are flavorless, and
the soft fat of lard is more easily
digested than hard fats. Lard sub
stitutes are affected by too high
Out of 500 Ohio and Pennsylvania
farmers primarily interested in pork
production who were
would be willing to
selves five cents per
fund for advertising
ported willingness to pay such an
assessment, 25 were unwilling, and
25 did not decide. There are two
national associations which could
conduct an advertising campaign if
funds were available.
asked if they
hog sold as a
pork, 450 re-
It appears from the study made
by the Ohio committee that hog
raisers and meat packers now’ are
flattering themselves w’hen they call
vegetable uils substitutes for lard.
Consumers have reached the point
where they are willing to pay con
siderably more for the substitute
than for the original product.
It also appears that to counteract
this trend, there should be an im
provement in processing, packing,
and packaging lard. Half of the
domestic market for shortening and
cooking fat has been taken by
manufacturers willing to advertise
their product and package it to meet
consumer demands. It is to be ex
pected they will take a larger share
of this market unless they have
more competition from pork produc
ers and the packing industry.
The Amstutz Cannery
will operate every Tuesday
and Friday until further
North of Bluffton on College Rd.
Bluffton Phone 635-Y
Words by Francis Scott Koy.
Sow os Qvabtet.
(WNU Service) 1
Vegetables have gone along with
the modern trend of streamlining
and now appear with new shapes,
new’ sizes, and new
have higher quality
form size and color,
ialists at Ohio State
these changes have promoted
marked increase in the consumption
of fresh vegetables.
and more uni
One of the newcomers in the vege
table fashion parade is the stringless
green bean. It is long, slender, and
much easier to prepare for cooking
than the old-fashioned stringbean.
Carrots and cucumbers have im
proved shapes. The new carrot has
rounded tops, and smooth sides that
taper gradually, w’hich make scrap
ing easier. Brighter color and less
core give carrots a higher popular
ity rating. Cucumbers are more
“sylph-like” and yield more slices
because they are longer and less
The tomato has improved quite a
bit since it was knowm as a “love
apple”. Now it is firm and meaty,
smooth, round and shiny and is much
better for cooking or salad. The new
iceberg lettuce has a firm compact
head, and crisp, tender, curling
leaves just about the right size for
cups to hold salad. This lettuce
makes a perfect salad by itself when
can yon see,
dim ly seen
to that band
2. On the shore
3. And... where
4 Oh,... thus
O'er the ram
As it fit
Praise the Pow’r
per il out
tow er ing
lure us no
rock et? red
Nov it catch es the
No. ref nge could
Then.... eon quer we
How well do you know “The Star Spangled Banner,” America’s national anthem? Here before you is your
opportunity to memorize the thrilling words, to sing the inspiring song, and to play its music. What day more
fit than on Independence day to get better acquainted with the deep, inspiring Americansim Francis Scott Key
put into his masterpiece as “Oe’r the ramparts” he watched and saw the flag still proudly waving.
dom, we shall continue to see our flag “so gallantly streaming."
ODAY, as from the very foundation of our nation, Liberty is the American ideal, come down
to us these many years purified by the blood of martyrs.
It is this great doctrine of Liberty which distinguishes Americans from any who have not
had our long tradition of political and human freedom. And were it preached by tongue most elo
quent, the philosophy of repression and oppression, of class against class, of creed against creed, and
of human thralldom to a dictatorship, shall ever remain alien under the Stars and Stripes.
Never shall Americans exchange Liberty and Democracy for the slavery of authoritarian ideology.
“O'er the ramparts we watch," wrote Francis Scott Key.
“O'er the ramparts
served with dressing.
Home economics experts say cel
ery also has succumbed to the mod
ern trend. A new variety, with less
stringy fiber is being developed.
Some varieties are crisp and tender
all the way through, from the green
ish outer stalks to the heart.
THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO
Music by John Stafford Smith.
by the dawn s ear ly light. What so proud- ly w.
thro’ the mists of the deep. Where the foe’e haugh ty
who so vaunt ing ly swore That the hav .• oc of
er when free-meu shall stand Be tween their loved
the twi- light's last gleam- ing, Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the
re pcs es, What is that which the breeze, o’er the
ccn fu eion A. home and a conn try should
tion Blest with vic t’ry and peace, may tha
parts we watched, were
ful ly blows, half
has washed out
that hath made
so gal- lent ly stream ing?
con-coals, half dis clos es?
foul foot-steps* pol In tion,
pre served us na tion.
the bombs burst ing
of the morn- Ing’s
when our cause it
In full gio
From the ter
Oh,.... say, does
"Tto the star- span
And the star span
And the star span
sUr span gled
watch" today, too. And as long as we hold to the American ideals of free
Along with the new styles
vegetables have come new ideas
marketing. A thin coating of wax
used on rutabagas, cucumbers, pep
pers, and egg plants to make them
look better when they reach the
market. Another sound idea is
packaging less perishable vegetables,
such as potatoes and onions, in con
sumer-size containers, which may be
conveniently stored at home. Some
fancy vegetables are wrapped in
Before the home-grown vegetable
season begins, housewives may buy
fozen foods which are packed and
frozen where grown, and shipped in
refrigerated cars. They are ready
for cooking, and come to the con
sumer’s table garden-fresh with no
loss of food values.
While refrigeration was lengthen
ing the fresh vegetable season, nu
tritionists were finding out about the
food values of greens. They found
greens to be important for their
calcium and iron, the greener the
leaves, the better the source of iron.
In some vegetables, as cabbage, cal
cium also is related to the depth of
Vegetables are rich in vitamins.
All green vegetables, and carrots,
sweet potatoes, yellow squash, yel
low corn, and yellow turnips provide
vitamin A. These along with to
matoes, furnish vitamin C, and most
vegetables contain some vitamin Bl,
While the per captia consumption
of all vegetables has increased in
the last few years, the greatest gain
has been made by the more succulent
vegetables such as lettuce, aspar
agus, celery, tomatoes, onions, broc
coli, and carrots.
Warfare against the Japanese
beetle in eastern states continues by
means of spreading a disease fatal
to the larvae of the insect and by
introducing insects that prey on the
No experiments made in the Com
Belt indicate any advantage to corn
yields by plowing more than seven
inches deep. Each inch depth of
soil plowed means moving 150 tons
of soil per acre so unduly deep
plowing is a real waste of power.
In planning for better use of farm
lands in 16 counties in southeastern
and in western Ohio, 1,518 local
people devoted all or part of 4,378
days at meetings to study farm
practices in use and to make recom
mendations for changes.
In one test, a storm with high
winds occurred while a block of
trees was carrying fruit sprayed 15
days earlier. Check trees in the
block receiving no spray dropped
55.1 per cent of their fruit in the
15 days before the storm and 64.7
per cent of the remainder during the
storm. Sprayed trees lost an aver
age of 9.4 per cent of their fruit in
the 15 days and 33.3 of the remain
der during the storm.
The spray material may be mixed
with water alone or a small amount
of oil may be added. The effects of
the spray become most apparent five
or six days after spraying and may
continue for two weeks or longer.
The most benefit in holding the fruit
on the trees is obtained when the
fruit is sprayed about the normal
New Spray Will Hold I Plan Better Meadows
Ripe Apples On Trecl If Hay Crop Is Light
Storing apples on the tree for sev-l The present time, when the lack
eral days or weeks after the normal I of good meadows is most apparent
picking date and improving the color I to Ohio farmers, is a fine time to
of the fruit appears to be made pos-1 resolve to remedy this lack. Resolu
sible by spray methods developed by I tions made on January 1 make little
F. E. Gardner, United States Bureau hay the next June,
of Plant Industry, working at Belts
The two most effective chemicals I wheat, the manure should be applied
in preventing the normal drop of I on the steeper slopes and the less
mature fruit are naphthaleneacetic I productive parts of fields during the
acid and naphthaleneacetamide. Other I fall and early winter.
chemicals were tried but had less I The mulching should be continued in
effect in checking fruit drop. I the spring until all parts of the field
Early McIntosh and Red Duchess I where the wheat is not likely to
apples sprayed at the period of rip-1 lodge have been covered. Farmers
ening and picked from 12 to 20 days I who postpone the mulching until late
after spraying dropped an average I in the winter will find it impossible
of only 19 per cent of their fruit, as I to get on the field and are likely to
compared with a drop of 70.9 per I have poor success with the seeding,
cent of the fruit on unsprayed trees. I The manure should be applied at
Other tests on summer and fall I the rate of from four to eight loads
apples give equally conclusive evi-lper acre. Results are better if the
dence of the ability of the spray to I mulch is applied with a spreader so
hold fruit on the trees. I the application is uniform, but near
The spraying can be repeated to
hold apples on the tree longer if this
is desirable. A Gallia Beauty tree
was sprayed seven time at weekly
intervals starting October 12
about 50 per cent of the fruit
still on the tree December 7
though temperatures were so
in the latter part of the period that I
the final sprays probably had little
or no effect.
Repeated sprays of these chem
icals cause fruit to be so firmly set
on the tree that fruit spurs may be
broken or the stem pulled out of the
apple before the stem will part at its
normal breaking point. Color is in
tensified in the apples to such an ex
tent that it must be due to some
effect other than the extra days of
exposure to the sun.
Mr. Beach repeats that this spray
ing procedure is too expensive for
commercial use now but expects that
manufacturers can reduce prices for
the chemicals when enough growers
use the method to make quantity
manufacture feasible. Mr. Gardner
is continuing the experimental work!
in an attempt to find other effective!
compounds and better ways of apply-1
ing the sprays. I
Recent callers at the Rayl home
were Mrs. Jesse Anderson, Mr. and
Mrs. Fred Ruggley of Kansas Mr.
and Mrs. Cloyce Robnolte of Find
Mrs. C. E.
the H. O. Hilty home,
callers were Mr. and Mrs. Roy Ream I
Mr. and Mrs. Carl McCafferty, Mr.
and Mrs. C. E. Klingler called at the
Ivan Irwin home Sunday evening.
Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Hilty called at
the Ivan Montgomery home Monday
Miss Clarabel Ow’ens, Mrs. Sarah
Oates and son Mrs. Ruth Anderson
and son Jimmy and daughter Ann
Marie spent Sunday at the O’Shau
ghnessy Dam of near Columbus.
Mrs. Delbert McGinnis and daugh
ters and Miss Elizabeth Fisher call
ed Monday evening at the Owens
Burr Harding of Denver, Colo.,
called on C. E. Klingler, Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Williams visited at
the home of the former’s sister, Mrs.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Moore and
family of Detroit are visiting at the
W. I. Moore home.
Several vegetables automatically
are included in the list of foods pur
chasable by the stamp plan when
those vegetables become available in
maximum quantities in areas of
large production. In Ohio spinach
and peas will be listed at the peak
of the growing season.
Farm boys who are given the
Ear) Jones, extension agronomist,
Maryland. I Ohio State University, says that
H. Beach, specialist in horticul-1 Ohio farmers on land use committees
Ohio State University, says I have emphasized the need for apply
experimental work has pos-ljng lime to soil where clover is to
sibilities of wide application when I be seeded but the farmers also re
cost for the spray materials is I port lack of money to buy limestone,
brought down to practical levels. I There is one method of helping seed
Mr. Gardner reports quantities of I ings which does not require spending
the chemicals used as small as one-1 money.
half teaspoonful to 100 gallon of I A mulch of manure is very effec
water are effective but the cost still I tive in getting seedings started well,
is too high for commercial use. I Where seedings are to be made in
Take a goad look at it
then insist on genuine
insects. Per bale
backbreaking task of removing suck-1
ers from corn will get great relief!
from reports of experiments which
show this practice actually decreases
corn yields. I
THURSDAY, JULY 4, 1940
ly as good results can be obtained
by hand if an attempt is made to do
a good job of spreading.
Straw and old hay can be used as
substitutes for manure if they are
spread as thinly as possible at a rate
of not more than two tons to the
acre. In this case, these substitutes
are less effective than manure but
are much better than no mulch.
The mulch has at least two w’ays
of aiding the new’ seeding. Extra
plant food in a quickly available
form is provided in the surface soil
where the plants can get it, and the
ground cover helps to keep the soil
moist enough so the plants can make
a steady grow’th.
The mulch can be applied effec
tively w’here seedings are made in
spring grains or where the seed is
sown alone. Manure can be applied
in these cases just before or after
the grass seed is sown.
Entry of Italy into the war re
moved another market for United
States cotton and for important
quantities of a few food products.
The United States War Depart
ment announced June 4 that invita
tions for bids on 10,000,000 yards of
wool cloth and on 500,000 blankets
would be sent out in the immediate
future. Contracts, when made, will
require delivery on the blankets
within four months and on cloth
within five months.
Guaranteed 8 Pounds Per Ball
Here is a big ball of twine, specially treated
against insects, guaranteed weight and length—it s
the biggest value on the market—you couldn get a
better twine if you paid twice as much as our low
Three Big Leaders
McCormick-Deering Standard Twine—Guaranteed 500
ft. per pound. Specially treated against
Banner Egg Mash
McCormick-Deering Manilla Twine—Guaranteed 600
ft. per pound. Specially treated against
Silver Queen Standard Twine—500 ft. per OF
pound. Treated against insects.
C. r. Nisuuandcr
We have adopted Ration-Ayd to sup
ply Vitamin and the benefits of milk’s
B-G Vitamins in all our Poultry Feeds.
Poultry men know that the B-G Vita
mins of milk, and Vitamin from cod
liver and other fish liver sources are high
ly important in poultry feeds.
Feed your chicks our C-Ka-Gene Treat
ed Ration—builds immunity to Bloody
Coccidiosis and prevents heavy losses.
Banner Starter with Ca-Ka-Gene.. $2.50
The Bluffton Milling Co
WE PAY TOP CASH PRICES
Horses $3.00 Cows $1.00
Small Stock removed free of charge.
Telephone Findlay, MAIN 475, Reverse Charges
BUCKEYE REDUCTION COMPANY, Findlay. Ohio
"Branch, Fwwtwrta Animal PrwdwcU. inc.**____________
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