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Name of Easter Derived from Anglo Saxon Heathen God dess Known as Easter The Christian Easter was Ori ginally a Thanksgiving ob servance Lasting 8 Days Although Easter is the day when the Christian churches quite gen erally commemorate the resurrection of Christ, there is a curious remnant of practices once distinctly pagan in character. The name, Easter, is used only among the English and German speaking peoples. It is derived in all probability from a heathen god dess of the Saxons known as Eastre. She was the personification of the east, of the morning of the spring. The month of April was dedicated to her and was called “h.astermo nath” among the Saxons and Angles and is still known in Germany as “Ostermonat”. Her worship struck deep root in Northern Germany, was carried to England by the Saxons, and still survives in some obscure customs in feasts to cele brate the return of the spring. The Christian Easter was original ly a sort of thanksgiving observ ance lasting eight days. This con formed somewhat to the length of time devoted by pagans to their spring festivities, and approached the duration of the Jewish paschal observances. The eight day period was afterwards cut down to three days, after that to two, and finally it became, as it exists now, a single Easter Customs Of Today Contain Many Curious Remnants Of Early Paganism Naturally we are enthusiastic about Health Spot Shoes. We believe they give the best cor rective results. We believe it is economy to buy Health Spot Shoes because they give such good service. But don’t take our word for it. Come in and try on a pair, and see for yourself how sturdy they are built with an exclusive patent ed inside construction that means comfort for the wearer. W. H. GRATZ FOOTWEAR SHOP Corrective Fitting a Specialty day commemorative of the resurrec tion. It was the invariable policy of the early church to give a Christian significance to such of the extant pagan ceremonies as could not be rooted out. In the case of Easter the conversion was easy. Joy at the rising of the natural sun, and at the awakening of nature from the death of winter, became joy at the rising of the Sun of righteous ness, at the resurrection of Christ from the grave. Some of the pagan observances which took place about the first of May were also shifted to correspond with the celebration of Easter. Many new features were added. It was a time of exuberant joy. All labor ceased all trade was suspended. It was a favorite time for baptism, the law courts were closed, alms were given to the poor, slaves were freed. In the reaction from the austeri ties of Lent people gave themselves up to enjoyment, popular sports, dances and farcical entertainments. In soma places the clergy, to in crease the mirth, recited humorous stories from the pulpit for the pur pose of exciting the “Easter smile”. In many parts of the world people exchanged the Easter kiss and the salutation “Christ is risen”, to which the reply was made, “He is risen in deed”, a custom practiced in some parts even today. The celebration of Easter in the United States is now an established practice. New England was the last section to adopt the festival upon which the settlers of Puritan Mas sachusetts looked with particular ab horance. In contrast to Europe, Easter and Lent are a time of quiet reflection and meditation rather than gaiety. Easter Day ends the period of com parative quiet and the custom has developed in this country in which young women appear in the season’s new raiment. Conservation Week Reading Available In connection with observance of National Conservation week which began Monday, Congressman Robert Jones announces that the following government publications are available to anyone writing to him at the House Office Building, Washington, D. C.: History and Significance of Amer ican Wildlife, I and II Birdbanding Arbor Day, its Purpose and Observ ance The Work of the U. S. Forest Service Some Common Birds Useful to the Farmer Local Bird Refugees Improving the Environment for Wild Life. The first two named are mimeographs and the rest are pam phlets. Farmers in Iowa have just ob served farm clean-up week, with a 20 per cent reduction in livestock losses as the goal of this spring’s cleaning up of barns and farmyards. CHEVROLET Presents A Great Spring of\the worlds leading low-pricedcars hy the worlds leading NEW CHEVROLET FLEETLINE ALSO NEW 1941 SPECIAL DE LUXE MODELS in the most beautiful, most modern color harmonies SPECIAL SPRINGTIME “BLUES” AND “GREENS” WITH MATCHING BODY AND UPHOLSTERY COMBINATIONS 10 different and distinctive color selections... 4 beautiful two tone combinations.. •. Come in and see the most stunningly styled and tastefully decorated group of motor cars ever pre sented in the low-price field YOU’LL SAY, “FIRST BECAUSE IT’S FINEST! Steiner Chevrolet Sales Bluffton, Ohio ». Sportsmen's Club Releases Rabbits Release of 42 cotton tail rabbits in various woods in the Bluffton hunting area was effected this week by the Bluffton Sportsmen’s club. The rabbits were shipped in from Missouri and were purchased by the club for local release. Jesse Mangus and Sam Hauenstein, directors, su pervised the release of the rabbits. The club is undertaking a pheas ant raising project in cases made by the industrial arts department of Bluffton High school. The state de partment of conservation furnishes the chicks and the local organization raises them to legal size. Officers of the club announced this week that one of the pheasant cages will be exhibited in one of the store windows. Bluffton F. F. A. At Lima Council Meet Bluffton representatives of the Fu ture Farmers of America will be the guests of the Allen county F. F. A. council meeting to be held at the Lima Memorial hall this Wednesday night at 8 o’clock, it was announced by Prof. Harry Barnes, adviser to the group. By virtue of winning the pest con test conducted in the county last fall, the Bluffton group will not be re quired to furnish refreshments or numbers for the program. Several Bluffton boys, however, will appear on the program in the degree ceremonies. Nine boys will be raised from the Green Hands to the Future Farmers degree. In order to be eligible for the degree it is necessary for a boy to have finished one year of F. F. A. work and to have completed his first year’s pro ject work. Those eligible from Bluffton are: Sylvan Burkholder, Weldon Burk holder, Weldon Deppler, John Dun bar, Ellis Hauenstein, Edgar Huber, Wilmer Lehman, Clyde Sommer and Kenneth Winkler. The Allen county F. F. A. council is composed of the following schools in addition to Bluffton: Lafayette, Harrod, Shawnee, Spencerville and Waynesfield. The Kiwanis club of Lima and var ious business men there have been interested in the work of the organ ization and have given trophies to the clubs and sponsored activities of the group, Mr. Barnes stated. Bluffton Receives $415 From Sales Tax Bluffton received $415.86 in the first quarterly distribution of Ohio sales tax revenue for 1941, it was announced last Saturday following the mailing of checks by Allen Coun ty Auditor Floyd B. Griffin. Richland township’s share of the distribution was $244.71, and Beav erdam village received $73.56. Cairo got $76.41 and Lafayette’s allotment was $76.06. Monroe township’s share amounted to $219.96, and Jack son township received $179.01. News Want-Ads Bring Results. motor car builder THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO With 22 birth certificates issued and recorded durin- the month of March by City James West, a local month’s rec rd was created in a period marked by unusual activity in the issuance of the certificates. Although most of the certificates are for infants, an unusually large number of them have been for ad ults. This unusual demand is occa sioned very likely by the desire of industry to keep .i careful check on fifth column infiltration, especially during National Defense work, West stated. Many people a having difficulty in proving that they were born be cause no written record can be found. In the earlier days the attending physician sometimes would fail to report births to the village and county authorities. In case an individual can find no written or legal proof of his birth he is required in some sections of the country and in some industries to fill out an affidavit and have some permit the procedure but that Han cock county will. County authorities are not satisfied The young children of Bluffton will again look for the gaily colored eggs supposed to have been left at various points in the house by the Easter bunny. Few people know the connection between Easter and the rabbit. It goes back to ancient times when the hare was a symbol for the moon. Easter, inasmuch as its date depends upon the moon, is in a sense a lunar holiday.- The hare is a nocturnal animal and comes out at night to feed. Unusual Demand For Birth Certificates Here Occasioned By Defense Activity The female carries her young for a month, thus representing the lunar cycle. A more important rea son for the identification of the hare with the moon lay in the fact that Easter hare than does America. its young are born with their eyes open, unlike rabbits which are born blind. The name of the hare in Egyptian Bluffton High Selection of area delegates to the convention of the National Educa tion Association to be held in Bos ton this summer was made at a general teachers’ meeting held Mon day after school. The session, in charge of Supt. A. J. B. Longsdorf, also considered problems relative to the adoption of a uniform plan throughout the school for student conduct. The Campfire Mother-Daughter pot luck supper was held at the cafeteria Monday night. Miss Burr, director of Camp Fire from Findlay was the guest of the organization. Sure signs of spring were seen around the school grounds the fore part of the week with the boys playing pitch and catch during the noon hour. With warmer weather here the school yard at the rear of the build ing is cluttered with dozens of bicycles giving proof that this method of conveyance is still very popular in Bluffton. The bicycles are parked on a bike rack construc ted by the boys of the industrial arts department. The rack, how ever, is not large enough to ac commodate the numerous bikes used by the students. Bluffton High school will partici pate in the Allen county Future Farmers of America meeting to be held at the Lima Memorial Hall Wednesday night. The following boys will receive the Future Farm er degree: Sylvan Burkholder, Wei- HOLLYWOOD THEATRE OTTAWA Where America’s Most Promi _____ nent Stars Appear FRI.-SAT. Kenny Baker, France* Langford. Patsy Kelly, Mary Boland, Hugh Herbert, Ann Miller “HIT PARADE OF 1941” SUN. MON. TUES. Two Big Features—At same prices. ERROL FLYNN BRENDA MARSHALL “Footsteps in the Dark” GUY KIBBEE In the famous character of Fiction and Radio "SCATTERGOOD BAINES” Join the crowd and come. with the recording of the birth date in the family Bible as was the cus tom for many years. Insurance com panies and old age pension officials will often take the Bible record as sufficient proof but not so with mu nicipal and county authorities. relative swear as t' the authenticity forwards it to the county officials of the birth date. Some counties will allow this to be entered on the legal records and others will not. It is reported that Allen county will not The record of Bluffton births is fairly complete since December, 1908, and with few exceptions entirely complete for the past 15 years. It is always the procedure to record the birth at the town and county where the birth occurred rather than the home town of the parents of the in fant. Easter Bunny Tradition In United States Traced [Back To Early Egypt All of the births at the Blufftpn hospital, even though the parents are from other counties, are recorded lo cally and should the birth certificate be desired in later years it, never theless, would be originaly entered here. It is the duty of the hospital at taches, or in the case of the home birth, the attending physician, to make out the birth certificate and forward it to the clerk who then who make it a part of the county record. Although it is not the par ents’ responsibility to see that the certificate is recorded, it is to the best interests of the child that the parents check to see that the birth is a matter of public record. was “un” which means “to open”. The moon was the open eyed watch er of the skies at night, and the hare, born with open eyes, was fabled never to close them. The Egyptian “un” meant not only “hare” and “open” but “period” and for this reason the hare be came the type of periodicity, both human and lunar, and in the char acter of opener wras associated with the opening of the new year at Easter, as well as with the begin ning of a new life. Hence the hare became connected with the paschal eggs, broken to signify the opening of the year. Germany makes more of the fact the Easter hare in Germany is almost as important a figure in nursery lore as the Christmas St. Nicholas. School Notes don Burkholder, Weldon Deppler, John Dunbar, Ellis Hauenstein, Ed gar Huber, Wilmer Lehman, Clyde Sommer, Kenneth Winkler. Dale Francis, Bluffton college senior, will talk to the Hi-Y club for the Easter service to be held at the club rooms Wednesday night. a Preparation for the coming Moth er-Daughter banquet will be made at the Girl Reserves meeting to be held at the high school Wednesday night. Each girl is requested to bring a scissors, it was announced by Betty Steinman, president of the organization. A special Easter program will be held at chapel exercises to be held in the auditorium Thursday after noon at 2:50 o’clock. Rev. Stod dard, pastor of the First Baptist church of Lima, will be the speaker. Music will be furnished by Junior High school students. Films to be shown this week are: “Sound Waves” and “Airplane Transportation”. School will be dismissed all day Friday in observance of Good Fri day, it was announced this week by Supt. A. J. B. Longsdorf. Bluffton Scouts Get Picture In Magazine Bluffton Boy Scouts received na tion-wide publicity in the April issue of “Boy’s Life” when the picture of the local troop received a prominent place in the magazine. Bluffton scouts were accorded the honor as one of the most progressive troops of the country and one which has a continuous record of civic service projects. Lima Mission Gives 583,000 Free Meals In the 34 years the Lima Rescue Mission has been operated by A. D. Welty, its founder, more than 583, 000 free meals have been provided for the indigent. A former Settlement resident, Welty opened the mission in Lima in 1906 and has been superintendent of the institution since that time. Home of the mission now is a commodious two-story brick building on East Wayne street in the county seat. During 1940, the mission fed 17, 149 and provided lodging for 5,849. In the month of March, 1,413 trans ients were fed and 497 received free lodging. Four From Here On Petit Jury Venire Four Bluffton persons were among those drawn for the Allen county petit jury venire to serve during the April term of the common pleas court. Those who will serve include Allen Beeshy, Clair Fett, Wilford Steiner and C. W. Lora. Others from this district also named in the venire are, J. R. Hall, Ollie Hollenbarger, Olive Early and Margaret Biteman, all of Lafayette. Library Adds Many Volumes This Week About 75 new books were added to the Bluffton Public Library this week, it was announced by Miss Ocie Anderson, librarian. These follow: Zinsser, Hans, As I Remember Him Buchanan, John, Pilgrim’s Way Nathan, Robert, Portrait of Jennie Wilson, Forrest, Crusader in Crinoline Bailey, Temple, Blue Cloak Williams, H. L., Turi of the Magic Fingers Buchan, John, Moun tain Meadow England’s Hour Kraus, Rene, Winston Churchill Henderson, Sir N., Failure of a Mission Yutang, Lin, With Love and Irony Peck, A. M., Round About South America Meader, S. W., Bat, the Story of a Bull Terrior Taylor, Edmond, Stategy of Terror Wood, Esther, Pedro’s Coconut Skates Hogan, Inez, Nicodemus Laughs Wilson, W. E., Big Knife Maurois, Andre, Tragedy in France. Young, Stanley, Young Hickory Meader, Stephen W., Clear for Ac tion Kaup, E. D., Not for the Meek Thane, Elswyth, Remembers today Nevins, Allan, John D. Rockefellers vl Nevins, Allan, John D. Rocke feller, v2 Ewen, David, Living Musi cians Stong, Phil, Cowhand Goes to Town Pease, Howard, Captain Bin nacle Mayorga, M., Twenty Short Plays on a Royalty Holiday Ander son, Maxw’ell, Journey to Jerusalem. Streatfield, Noel, Tennis Shoes Sprague, H. B., Better Lawns Ells berg, Edward, Treasure Below Rounds, Glen, Lumbercamp Tark ington, Booth, Heritage of Hatcher Ide Bemelmans, Ludwig, Madeline Lathrop, D. P., Animals of the Bible Mukerji, D. G., Fierce-face Burton, V. L., Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel Golden, E. B., Kindergarten Curriculum Powell, M. C., Junior Method in the Church School Baldwin, J. L., Worship Training for Juniors Gunnarsson, Gunnar, The Good Shepherd Cobb, I. S., Exit Laughing Hamilton, Hol man, Zachary Taylor. Fletcher, Inglis, Raleigh’s Eden Colles, H. C., Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians Athearn,'L. A., Christian Worship for American Youth Shaver, E. L. & Stock, H. T., Training Young People in Worship Powell, M. C., Guiding the Experi ence of Worship Smith, U. R., Jr. Dept, of the Church School Hard ing, Bertita, Hungarian Rhapsody Smith, Nicol, Burma Road Smith, Nicol, Bush Master Du Bois, W. Pene, Three Policemen Lindman, Maj, Flicka, Rieka, Dicka and the New’ Dotteddresses Leaf, Munro, Safety Can be Fun Kalab, Theresa, Kokwa, the Little Koala Bear Swenson, Margaret C., Kayoo the ^THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1941 Eskimo Boy Hill, M. B., Summer Comes to Apple Market Street Hill, M. B., Big, Little, Smaller, Least Young, Evelyn, Wu and Lu and Li Newberry, C. T., Babette Morse, Katharine, Pig That Danced a Jig Haywood, Carolyn, “B” is for Betsy Gay, Zhenya, Sakimura Moore, C. C., Night Before Christmas Hol berg, Ruth & Richard, Wee Bridget O’Toole Poncins, Gontran de, Kab loona Sharpe, S. G., Tobe Slocum, Rosalie, Breakfast With the Clowns Engla, Paul, Always the Land Moore, C. C., Visit From St. Nich olas Daugherty, James, Andy and the Lion. A truly marvelous selection of the famous Firth Bugs In 9 by 12 Axminsters and other Popular Sizes. We’re showing them in Grantley, Waverly, Textile Frizet, Shadow Folige, Perfect Natural, Provincial and International Hook. Also a Sample Line of Bigelow-Sanford Beauvais and Fervak Axminsters. You’ll save money by buying now—-these rugs, all wool face, will soon reflect present higher wool prices. Basinger Furniture Store Many years ago, according to the 1939 yearbook of the U. S. Depart ment of Agriculture, man learned that specific physical defects and diseases can be prevented or cured by eating certain food. For example, eating generous amounts of livers of animals was known by Egyptians and Chinese as early as 1500 B. C. to improve vision in dim light. What these ancients did not realize is that vitamin A is the factor that prevents night blindness and that this substance is contained in livers in considerable amounts. MUNSON R. BIXEL, M. D. Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M. 1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M. Office, 118 Cherry St. Phone 120-F Bluffton, O. Melville D. Soash, M. D. The Commercial Bank Bldg. Bluffton, Ohio X-RAY FLUOROSCOPE Telephone 254-W D. C. BIXEL, O.D. GORDON BIXEL, O.D. Eyesight Specialists Office Honre: 8:80 A. M—5:30 P. M. 7:80 P. M.—8:30 P. M. Citizens Bank Bldg., Bluffton Francis Basinger, D.D. S. Evan Basinger, D. D. S. Telephone 271-W Bluffton, Ohio THINK BE CAREFUL DRIVE SAFELY LIVE AND LET LIVE Do not drink and then drive. Do not drive while you drink. Do not drink while you drive. Do not Jeopardize your own life. Do not Jeopardize the life of others. ll/i ounces of alcohol will lower your ability to judge dis tance 9.7%. Reduce your abiity to con centrate 35%. Lessen your muscular reac tion 17%. You need all your faculties to drive. Control your car. Stop and look. Do not hurry. New Floor Coverings for Spring Better late than not at all. Drive safe with an Aetna Policy. S. P. Herr, Agent Phone 363-W Bluffton, O.