Victims Frequently Die Within
Few Hours of Contracting
Rev. Ezra B. Steiner Fights to
Get Horrible Disease Under
Editor’s Note: Last week The
Bluffton News presented the first
installment describing the exper
iences of Rev. EzraB. Steiner,
Bluffton missionary in Dhar
chula, India, in combatting a
huge cholera epidemic raging in
the area served by his mission
station. The second and final
Stung by the realization that the
unrestricted cholera epidemic was be
ginning to kill some of his own
parishioners, Rev. Steiner made im
mediate preparations to return to
Dharchula to see what might be
done in his own community to stem
the epidemic which was now raging
over the entire countryside killing
the natives by the hundreds.
The message carried by the mes
senger boy* indicated that both Sona
doma and Lobsang were dead, the
latter having died less than a day
after having preached the funeral
of Sonadoma. Sonadoma, aged 24,
left a husband and daughter to
mourn her sudden death.
Lobsang, who died, was a convert
ed Tibetan Lama. After spending 20
years in a Lhasa lamasary he be
came dissatisfied with the ascetic
type of life and wandered about the
country for throe years. Finally’ he
came to Lipu Lekh Pass on the bor
der in 1928 and then down into the
Kali River Valley in which Dhar
chula is located. Here he came in
contact with the Tibetan Christians
and completely forsook Lamaism and
Ever since his conversion he was a
faithful worker at the mission sta
tion. For years he taught the Ti
betan language at the mission school
and served as Sunday’ school super
intendent and was elected to the
Rev. Steiner was forced to return
to his mission station without aid
of the coolies as none of them would
MUNSON R. BIXEL, M. D.
Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M.
1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M.
Office. 118 Cherry St.
Phone 120-F Rluffton. O.
Francis Basinger, D. D. S.
Evan Basinger, D. D. S.
Every Wednesday at
7 p. m.
"Fun With Music"
The Tune Detective
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Everything in Music
302 N. Main St. Lima, Ohio
Strikes Village Of Bluffton Missionary
venture to go along through the in
fected area. The decision to go back
alone was one requiring real courage
because no one would risk his life
to help him in case of illness. In
case of death, he well knew that no
one would bury him and that he
w’ould be exposed to the vultures and
the wild animals.
When he arrived in Dharcula he
found that many were ill from chol
era and that many had died. He im
mediately went to work and began to
administer medicine to the sick and
preventive medicine to the well.
Wherever a person died he disinfect
ed the house.
Disposing of Corpses
One of his greatest difficulties was
to persuade the natives to bury their
dead. In one instance a Hindu res
ident died of the disease and lay in
his yard for a day. No one wanted
to bury him because he had no rela
tives except a five-year-old daughter.
Finally a neighbor took the corpse
and dragged it by the foot over the
rough stony ground and threw it
1 into the river. The daughter wan
dered around the town for days try
i ing to get some one to take care of
her. Finally one of the residents
took pity on her and decided to give
her food and shelter.
Other residents in the community
were disposing of the corpses in the
same manner and shortly afterwards
I cholera also broke out in villages on
both banks of the Kali river below,
which depend on river water for ex
istence. With considerable effort the
missionary was able to convince the
people not to throw the dead bodies
into the river.
Scenes of Horror
After a week Rev. Steiner re
turned to Khela and along the road
many scenes of horror were encoun
tered. In one instance he encoun
tered a Bhotiya widow near the
road. Her husband had died two
days before and three of her four
small daughters were also ill or dy
ing with the disease. As he saw the
dying mother, one could not help but
wonder what would become of the
children. In another case he saw a
widow of GO deserted by her family
and left to die and be devoured by
During the entire route Rev. Stein
er saw corpses right and left and
dozens and dozens very ill with the
disease and little chance for recov
ery. Most of the corpses were eith
er eaten by the vultures or by the
wild animals. So bad was the epi
demic that the road from Dharchula
to Sirkha was closed to all mission
travel during May and June.
Through administration of serums,
disinfectants and medicines, Rev.
Steiner was able to restrict the rav
ages of the epidemic. One of the
difficulties in control was due to the
fact that in the Himalayas one can
travel only 10 miles per day and the
epidemic was raging over a 70 mile
area. With hundreds of cholera vic
tims in the area a single medical
practioner also found himself at a
disadvantage in terms of numbers.
Most of the hundreds who died
from the disease passed away with
out Christ, Rev. Steiner pointed out
in his letter.
Rev. and Mrs. Steiner occasionally
travel in mysterious Tibet, a land
eldom traversed by white man. Mrs.
Steiner once did a favor for a Ti
betan official and in return special
favors now can be secured by the
Rev. and Mrs. Steiner returned to
this country on furlough in 1937 and
spent considerable time in Bluffton.
They are not working under any
mission board and are known as
“faith missionaries” depending on
voluntary contributions from both in
dividuals and churches.
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The text of President Roosevelt’s proclamation setting No
vember 20 aside as a day of thanksgiving follows:
“I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, president of the United States of
America, do hereby designate and set aside Thursday, the twen
tieth day of November, 1941, as a day to be observed in giving
thanks to the heavenly source of our earthly blessings.
“Our beloved country is free and strong, our moral and physi
cal defenses against the forces of threatened aggression are
mounting daily in magnitude and effectiveness.
“In the interest of our own future, we are sending succor at
increasing pace to those peoples abroad who are bravely defending
their homes and their precious liberties against annihilation.
“We have not lost our faith in the spiritual dignity of man,
our proud belief in the right of all people to live out their lives
in freedom and with equal treatment. The love of democracy still
burns brightly in our hearts.
“We are grateful to the Father of us all for the innumerable
daily manifestations of His beneficient mercy in affairs both public
and private, for the bounties of the harvest, for opportunities to
labor and to serve, and for the continuance of those homely joys
and satisfactions which enrich our lives.
“Let us ask the divine blessing on our decision and determina
tion to protect our way of life against the forces of evil and
slavery which seek in these days to encompass us.
•“On the day appointed for this purpose, ]et us reflect at our
homes or places of worship on the goodness of God and, in giving
thinks, let us pray for a speedy end to strife and the establish
ment on earth of freedom, brotherhood, and justice for enduring
Dr. O. E. Baker, U. S. Dept.
Of Agriculture, Addresses
Farm Tenancy Increasing in
Alarming Proportions in
Necessity for holding fast to the
principles of private ownership of
farm property as the foundation of
freedom and democracy was voiced
by Dr. O. E. Baker, of the Department
of Agriculture in Washington, D. C.,
who addressed ministerial meetings
held in connection with the Bluffton
College Bible lectures on the campus,
Dr. Baker is the senior member of
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics
and Rural Welfare in the Department
of Agriculture. He has been especi
ally interested in the Amish and Men
nonite farmers who have been provid
ing their children with farms while
many of the highly commercialized
farmers of the corn belt have been
losing their lands to insurance com
panies and banks.
Explanation of this can be found in
more closely knit family ties, greater
frugality and the discipline of hard
work. The tendency to pass on the
farming land to the children is good
because it provides a counter tendency
to the trend of farm tenancy, Dr.
Private Ownership Of Farm Property Is
Foundation Of Democracy, Speaker Says
Take Iowa, the richest soil state in
America, for example. Only half of
the farmers in that state now own
their own farms and the mortgage
debt on the farms still owned by their
operators reduced the equity of these
owners to one-half. In other words,
the equity of farm operators in farm
real estate in Iowa, according to the
1935 agricultural census was only 24
per cent. This means that 16/100
former tenants were looking vain
for farms in Iowa last year.
The result of this tendency in rural
America is for a vast rural proletariat
to develop and the consequence that
as many property-less people in the
country as in the cities is rapidly de
veloping. In the cities it is safe to
say that a majority of families have
nothing left except an automobile,
bought on credit, some old furniture
and the clothes they wear.
The public schools in the cities are
not responsible for this but the rural
children who associate with the urban
children absorb their culture and start
the process of “conspicuous consump
Birth Rate Decline
A disturbing aspect of urban cul
ture is the decline of the birth rate
with the result that in the cities 10
adults are raising seven children.
Should the proportion continue, these
seven would have only five children
and these five would have only three
and one half. In a century the pop
ulation would fall to about one third
the present figure, were there no
movement to the cities from the farms
The urban deficit in children now
more than balances the rural surplus
unless there is a relaxation of the re
striction on immigration or unless the
births increase, both unlikely, the
population of the nation will reach a
crest in a decade or two and then to
decline, slowly at first, but later
greatly increasing, Dr. Baker pointed
The population decline is reflected
in the public school enrollments. For
the past 10 years the enrollment in
the first grades of the nation has
been dropping about 100,000 per year.
This decline has now reached the
high schools. There are 20 per cent
fewer births in the nation than 1921
and 1924, the peak years. The war
and post-war conditions may serve to
accelerate even this decline, Dr. Bak
Now one thing that history teaches
is that the unencumbered ownership
of land by the farm
the preservation of
culture. Most of th
dying out and arc 1
the ownership of th
al families are surv
Amish and Mennoni
al people with a fai
are retaining the
land to any considi
er is important to
a wholesome rural
e city families are
ising, or have lost
e land. Most rur
iving but only the
tes and other rur
ownership of the
ruble degree, Dr.
iation of the farm
wark of freedom,
nes dependent on
poration, or state
of his freedom to
s he wants. The
leir farms are the
really free people
.ral religious folk
institution of the
edon of their soil
e force in holding
as a unit and as
uraged, the speak-
Land is the fount
family and the bul
When a man becoi
another man or coi
he loses a measure
say, do and act a
farmers who own tl
last large group of
in the nation, the
A plea that our
hold firmly to the
family and the fre
was made by the
is powerful cohcsiv
the family together
such should be enco
Every evidence i
stable character of
Rural culture, on
based on the virtu
nation great and
are to hold our pl
greatest nation, th
joints to the un
he other hand, is
es that made our
ust continue if we
ice as the world’s
e speaker said in
Book Exchange To
Move Next Week
Moving of the College Book Ex
change, located in Bluffton since
1938, to new quarters in Toledo will
be effected on November 29, it was
stated by Edwin M. Reid, manager
of the concerr*' the first of the w*eek.
Specializing as a ■wholesale jobber
to college and public libraries, the
exchange has been operated here in
quarters on the Bluffton college cam
pus. Between 11 and 14 college stu
dents have been employed by the
company during their operations
Started in Toledo, the book ex
change was moved to Bluffton in the
fall of 1938. Principal reason for
returning to the larger city was said
to have been the better transporta
tion facilities available in Toledo.
Reid has purchased a Toledo build
ing which is being remodeled for his
Dies In Toledo
Frank Hartman, 52, of Toledo, na
tive of near Bluffton, died in St.
Vincent’s hospital, Toledo, according
to word received here. Death fol
lowed an extended illness of dropsy
and heart trouble.
Mr. Hart man, son of the late Eli
Hartman of this place, was a retired
store clerk. He had lived in Toledo
for twenty years. Surviving are his
wife, son Ray and daughter Mrs.
Edith Burket of Findlay.
Funeral services were held in To
ledo followed by burial in North
The amount of dry roughage need
ed by fattening cattle will vary
from one to six pounds daily. With
liberal amounts of silage, one or two
pounds of dry roughage per head is
enough but if no silage is fed the
amount of dry roughage must be in
creased to secure economical gains.
1. When did Ohio have its driest
2. When was Ohio’s driest month
3. Where is the driest place in
4. Where does Ohio usually have
its first killing frost?
5. Where do killing frosts usually
hold off latest in Ohio.
(See answers on Page 7)
Miss Phyllis Idle and Lorraine
Houser, evangelistic singers and mu
sicians, will assist in special services
to be held at the Rawson United
Brethren church starting on Sunday
evening at 7:30 o’clock.
These young ladies do very effect-
ive work in evangelistic services and
are much in demand. They were
contacted about six months ago and
had just this date open and are
booked ahead until some time i/i
July. They are now in a meeting
at Pleasant Mills, Indiana, having
gone there from Gladwin, Michigan.
They play the piano, saxophone
Honored By College
Honoring benefactors of Bluffton
college, the athletic field, the chapel
and the reception room in the Mus
selman library were officially named
for the first time at the fall session
of the college board of trustees,
meeting last Friday on the campus.
In the future the athletic field will
be known as Cunningham field, in
tribute to the late N. W. Cunning
ham of Bluffton, who a number of
years ago donated a tract of land
now included in the present college
Ramseyer Chapel was the new
name conferred upon the chapek A.
C. Ramseyer, of Smithville, member
of the board of trustees, was the
donor of funds used to remodel the
hall in 1940..
In commemoration of a life of un
U. B. Church Opening Sunday
and accordion, give chalk talk pic
tures, original verses and have
charge of the song services. Each
afternoon after school is dismissed
they will hold special services for
the children and young people at the
The revival messages will be giv
en by Rev. Paul B. Zimmerman each
evening at 7:30 and on Sunday
mornings. The pastor and his peo
ple are looking forward to a great
meeting and have secured new song
books for the occasion. The meet
ings are open to the public.
tiring service to the cause of the
college, the reception room in the
Musselman Library will in the fu
ture be known as the Mosiman Room,
as a tribute to the memory of the
late Dr. S, K. Mosiman, for many
years president of the college.
A large oil painting of Dr. Mosi
man hangs in the room where the
board and ministerial meetings and
formal college receptions are held.
R. M. Evans, national administrator
of the AAA program, speaking at
Columbus emphasized the importance
of protein foods in winning the war
and also stressed the equal import
ance of ample food supplies in deter
mining a jifst peace afterwards.
Ohio farmers this yearbought only
about one-half the number of sheep
and lambs that were shipped to Ohio
feed lots in 1940.
Beautifully conservative, yet enhanced by matched walnut
trim and inlays. Pieces include table, buffet, five side
chairs, arm chair.............................................................................
Majestic in its simplicity, this modern suite leads the parade
of advance styles for 1942. Sharply grained walnut veneers
with the so-popular deep waterfall top and the large mirrors.
Panel bed, vanity, chest and bench. See it at our store............
Fatal To Mullett
Harold J. Mullett, 64, residing
southwest of Pandora, died at mid
night Saturday in Lima Memorial
hospital of injuries suffered at 6
p. m. of the same day in an auto
mobile-train collision at Columbus
Mullett formerly lived on the John
A. Diller farm east of Pandora.
Riding alone, Mullet was enroute
from his home to visit a daughter,
Mrs. James Smith, in Columbus
Grove, when the mishap occurred.
The victim’s machine crashed
headon into a freight locomotive at
the Sycamore street crossing of the
Akron, Canton and Youngstown rail
road, near the Columbus Grove
An autopsy showed Mullett died
of a hemorrhage caused by a burst
ing artery in the backbone.
The widow and nine children sur
vive. They include Mrs. Smith, of
Columbus Grove Mrs. John Debs, of
Toledo Mrs. Art Croy, of Ottawa
Mrs. Carl Warden, of Continental
Miss Ettie Mullett, Mansfield Mrs.
I Clyde Bushong, Portland, Maine
Harold Mullett, of Napoleon David
Mullett, of Camp Bowie, Texas and
George Mullett of Lima.
Funeral services were held Wed
nesday afternoon at the St. John’s
Lutheran church in Leipsic. Burial
was at that place.
Cost Of Election
As Mayor Slight
Difference in the cost of mayor
alty elections in Bluffton and Lima
was demonstrated in expense ac
counts filed by candidates last week
with the Allen county board of elec
For his successful bid as mayor
of Bluffton, Wilbur A. Howe, incum
bent, spent $6.39. Frank McClain,
re-elected mayor of Lima, had elec
tion costs of $306.40.
D. C. BIXEL, O. D.
GORDON BIXEL, O. D.
Citizens Bank Bldg.. Bluffton
Eyes Exmined Without Drops
Office Hours: 8:30 A. M.—5:30 P. M.
7:30 P. M.—8:30 P. M.
Melville D. Soash, M. D.
The Commercial Bank Bldg.
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