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Bluffton area farmers can look back upon 1941 and World War No. 2 as a combination that brought them bumper crops and a uniformly high price level for products un equalled since depression days. Hogs, commanding a price of only $7.40 per hundred last January, had jumped to $11.10 in September, and as the year went out quotations were near the $10.50 mark. Poultry farmers wore broad smiles. Last December eggs were bringing 20 cents a dozen, and this year the same grades were selling for 40 cents. Retail price of chickens had jumped from 16 to 20 cents, and the cost of turkeys increased from 22 to 28 cents. Wheat was quoted at $1.14 a bushel as the year went out, and soy beans were bringing $1.60 a bushel. Bumper crops of both were harvest ed, the wheat yield being particular ly good. Several farmers reported Continued activity and expansion in Bluffton’s industrial and business programs during the last 12 months provides a bright outlook for the town, so far as 1942 is concerned industrial and business conditions here thruout 1941 showed indisput able indication of a continuation of the uptrend, with the town and sur rounding community reaping th# greater share of the benefits. 1941 Was Big Year Of Crops And Prices For Bluffton Farmers Employment in private indnstr? was well sustained thruout the yexr. and practically every Bluffton em ployable who wants work has been able to find it. Many Municipal Improvements Are Added In Bluffton During Year Improved business conditions gen erally were evidenced in reports from Bluffton merchants that Christmas business done in the town was the greatest since 1929. Industries were busy, many of them rushed, and practically all of them reported worthwhile gains over Bluffton has benefitted materially the past year from municipal im provement projects, and the program is such that it will be continued on into 1942. Highlighting the work of the year was an extensive street improvement campaign that included work on five thorofares and the opening of one new roadway. A one-block stretch of Huber street was opened during the sum mer from Mound street to Cherry street. In addition new’ hard sur faces were added to portions of Kibler street, Jackson street, Jeffer son street, Riley street, Railroad street and College avenue. New Water Line Adequate reserve supply of water at the municipal water works was assured by a program completed in early summer whereby a six-inch water line, 325 feet in length, was run from the Bluffton Stone Co. quarry to the Page Dairy Co. Vi ater pumped by the town thru the line is used for washing cans, boiler purposes, etc., and installation of the service eases the town's water pumping load of approximately 120, 000 gallons daily. Rawson Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lootens find son of Deweyville Miss Clarabelle Kinney, of Findlay Mr. and Mrs. Dale Wilson and family were Christmas Day supper guests of Mrs. Mabelle Lootens and family. wheat harvests that averaged 50 bushels to the acre. A bumper corn crop harvested in the area also is bringing pre-depres sion prices, aitho most farmers are feeding their grain to livestock. Dairy farmers also are benefitting, milk bringing $2.45 per hundred weight, and prices for butter and butterfat maintaining high levels. A new cash crop made its appear ance in the district during the year with the planting of 3000 acres of tomatoes in the Bluffton and Pan dora area. A tomato processing plant was operated at Pandora to handle the crop. Potatoes, oats, hay and other farm crops also returned bumper yields and prices were satisfactorily high proportionally. About the only discordant note in an otherwise highly profitable agri cultural year was sounded by a Sep tember windstorm that ruined one third of the district's apple crop. 1940. yeirs. Th# t. fctcjrx. strumcrt Co.. r. uft-c. ‘".i,, c.r dastry, has nwa .’Wrrstunjf ."c. a ajic r..ght scita&Bie chat nexTpy fimptry ajjd tn# Industrial Activity In Bluffton Soars To High Mark Thruout Year Recent callers on Mrs. Ola Bren ner were Mr. and Airs. Christian Brenner, Elmer and Woodrow Bren ner, of Fostoria Mr. and Mrs. Ed Blumenshine and family, of Kenton Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Brenner and family and Johnny O’Neil of Find lay. Mr. and Mrs. Harley House spent Wednesday evening with Mr. and Mrs. Guy Miller and family of McComb. Mrs. Jennie Cameron and son Charles spent Christmas Day with Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Cameron and family of Lima. Bob Inbody of Michigan, spent last week with Mr. and Mrs. Roy Inbody and son and Rose Ellen Inbody. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Knepper, of Toledo Mrs. Ed Stolzer, of Find lay Mrs. George Cogley and daugh ter and Mrs. Sandy Beltz were Christmas afternoon callers on Mrs. Mabelle Lootens and family. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Steinman and son Larry Dean of Findlay Mr. and Mrs. Carl Smith and daughter Ruth were Christmas Day supper guests of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Grubbs and family. tsLurrium miinuiinii run mintittN nununtu :aetory, Page diwiMMii for electrical cd* ncrchwestera Ohio area it serves, resulted an $828,000 ex PUMD0B program at the Central Ohio Light and Power Co.’s generating plant at the eastern corporation line. The generating plant, built four years ago, is being doubled in size, and the generating capacity is be ing increased by one-third. Improved drainage of Big Riley creek was assured by the cutting of a new’ channel in midsummer. One bridge spanning the stream was im proved. A new plank floor was laid on the Jefferson street bridge and the superstructure was re-painted. Bond Issue Passes In early July, 500 feet of new hose were added to equipment of the Bluffton fire department. Approval of an $8000 bond issue at the polls in the November election also as sures a new’ fire truck and other needed equipment for the town. No purchases have been made as yet, however. Continuing the municipal mos quito control campaign for the sec ond successive year, town authorities completed a program that mater ially lessened Bluffton’s summer mosquito nuisance. Another new service that was continued was the municipal collec tion of garbage and ashes at a cost to householders of $2 annually. Re-wiring of electric current lines in the grade school building was completed in the spring by the Bluff ton High school vocational electricity class. Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Conard and family spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lambert of Forest. Mrs. Ola Brenner and sons Elmer and Woodrow were Thursday callers on Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Brenner of Mt. Blanchard, and Mr. and Mrs. Ed Blumenshine and family of Kenton. Charles Cameron was a week-end guest of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Camer on and family of Lima. Christmas Day breakfast guests of Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Thomas and family were Max Waldenian, of Lima Mr. and Mrs. Keith Ebersole and son, of Arcadia Mr. and Mrs. Ramson Thomas and family, of Find lay Mr. and Mrs. Lowell Thomas and family, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Thomas and family and Mrs. Estelle Sampson. Howard Dennis of London, Ohio, spent last week with his mother, Mrs. Mae Dennis. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Steinman and son Larry Dean, of Findlay, spent Christmas evening with Mr. and Mrs. Harley House. Richard Latham, of Ft. Braggs, N. C. Air. and Mrs. Roy Clymer, of Elyria Mr. and Mrs. John Reed and family, of Lima Al Latham, of Columbus and Mr. and Mrs. Paul Latham and .family were Christmas Day dinner guests of Mrs. Augusta Latham. The 30th annual Farmers’ Week at Ohio State University will be held January 26-30, 1942. Julius Caesar, in Reform of Cal endar, Changed First of Year to January Most of Europe in Mediaeval Period Started Year on March 22nd Celebration of New Year’s Day on the first of January is a rather re cent phenomenon which even today is not uniform throughout the world. Practically all of the Christian coun tries celebrate New Year’s day on January 1. Russia and Greece, however, who use the Julian calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar celebrate the day 12 days later. In these countries New Year’s Day is celebrated on January 13. Throughout the history of man kind, the first day of the year has occurred at various times. The an cient Egyptians, Phoenicians and Persians began their year at the autumnal equinox, September 22 and the Greeks of the time of Solon at the winter Solstice, December 21. Roman Celebration The Romans reckoned the begin ning' of the year from the winter solstice until Julius Caesar in his reform of the calendar changed it to the first of January. The Jews be gan and still begin their civil year THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO Celebration Of New Year’s Day Not Always Observed On January First with the beginning of the month Tiser, which roughly corresponds to our September. In England, December 25 was New Year’s Day until the time of Wil liam the Conqueror. His coronation happened to occur on January 1. Hence the year was ordered to com mence on that day. The English, however, fell into the practice of the rest of medieval Christendom which began the year with the spring equi nox, the 22nd of March. The Gregorian calendar in 1582 restored January 1 as the opening of the year. Catholic countries adopted the change immediately and the Protestants followed suit some what later. Named After Janus Among the Romans, aftei’ the re formation of the calendar, the first day of January, as well as the en tire month, was dedicated to the eponymic god Janus. He was rep resented with two faces, one looking forward, the other backward, to in dicate that he stood between the old and the new year, with a regard to both. Throughout January the Romans offered sacrifices to Janus upon 12 altars, and on the first day of that month they were careful so to reg ulate their conduct that their every word and act should be a happy omen for all of the ensuing days of the year. Ovid and other Latin wrtiers re fer to the suspension of all litiga tion and argument, the reconcilia anu tion of difference between friends, the smoking altars and the white robed processions to the capitol upon the first day of Janus or New Year’s day as it is now commonly known. Although the clouds of war have settled upon most of the globe, there will still be millions of people who will start the new year with resolu tions of one kind or another with the hope that the next year may see the United States at peace with the rest of the world. LaFayette Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Zimmerman and sons of Cleveland were Christmas day dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. William Albert. John Adams is visiting at the home of Delbert Lantz of Cambridge Falls, Pa. Mrs. Iva Miller of Lima was a re cent guest of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bite man. Mrs. Carrie Lentz spent several days at Maumee. Fred Wesphal of Ft. Knox is a guest of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Wesphal. Thursday dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Dorance Thompson were: Miss Bessie Guthrie, Mr. and Mrs. Adrian Moyer and family, Mrs. Cora Mc Clure,, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Roberts and family of Lima Mr. and Mrs. El mer Roberts and family, and Miss Helen Oems of Kenton. Messrs. Charles Dowell and Walter Hawk of Painesville, Kentucky, spent several days here with their families. Mr. and Mrs. Avery Watt and fam ily and Mr. and Mrs. Willard Jennings We pledge ourselves to this cause A Statement by The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company We make this pledge publicly to our national government and to the people of the United States: That we will cooperate unhesitatingly in every effort of authorized govern ment agencies to prevent unwarranted rises in prices of foods. That we will continue our efforts to reduce the spread between prices paid to the grower and prices charged to the consumers. That to this end we will continue to do everything in our power to assist the farmers and growers of America in the orderly marketing of their products at the fairest possible prices to them. That we will make every effort to hold our inventories at the lowest point con sistent with good service to our customers because hoarding, whether by whole salers, retailers, or consumers, will cause higher prices. That we will endeavor to continue to pay our employees the highest wages and to give them the best working conditions in the grocery business generally. That we will make every effort to continue to sell food at retail at the lowest gross margin of profit in the history of the retail grocery business. Today we are providing food for our customers at the lowest gross profit rate in the history of the retail grocery business. This means that we have achieved efficiencies in the distribution of food never before attained. More of your food dollar goes for food and less for overhead expenses than ever before. No other great retail business in the United States in any field is operated with such a low cost of distribution. No one in the food business can control the wholesale price of food. Only the government of the United States has power to do this, and for the protection of our people this power in the government is now a necessary power. Today, with the nation at war, we believe that no private interest has any rights in conflict with the general public interest. The armed forces of the United States are today receiving more and better food than ever before in our national history. It is equally important that all of our people working and living behind the lines, men, women and children, shall be better fed and better nourished than ever before in our national history. rum t-unit in Reflecting the continued expansion of the town, residential building in Bluffton during 1941 was marked by the erection of nine new homes. It was second only to 1940 in ranking as the most extensive con struction program in the town since world war days, and the season’s building calendar brought to 36 the total of new homes built here since 1938. Resulting from an acute housing shortage that has prevailed here for the last several years, the nine new residences represent a total invest ment in excess of $42,000. In 1940, an all-time high in build ing was reached here when 14 inew residences were erected. With the 1941 program continuing to add resi dential facilities, the town’s housing and family were Christmas day guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Fleming. Mrs. Mildred Albert and daughters spent the week end in Cleveland. Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus Long and Mrs. Donlad Kaser were Christmas dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Lester Long of Lima. Leonard Ackerman returned to Missouri after a short visit with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ema Acker man. Mr. and Mrs. Edison Hall and sons, Mr. and Mrs. George Vorhees of Lima, Mr. and Mrs. Burdette Hall and Mr. and Mra. J. V. Vorhees were Thurs day evening guests of Mr. and Mrs. D. Home Building Continues Nine New Residences Added In 1941 JOHN A. HABTFOBD, Freddest THURSDAY, JAN. 1, 1942 ntvitw shortage is expected to be further alleviated. Bluffton’s building boom covering the last four years was launched in 1938 when eight new residences were built. In 1939, five more homes were added, and last year’s mark of 14 set a new record. Owners of new houses started in 1941 and which are in various stages of completion include: Levi Melling er, rear of Mrs. Alma Bixel prop erty, South Main street Lester Hahn, West Elm Street Rev. Eli Steiner, South Jackson street Miss Ocie Anderson, South Main street R. A. Dunifon, Garau street Orden C. Smucker, College View William Schifferly, eastern edge of town on Route 103 Mrs. Moses Steiner, Kib ler street, and Ulysses Reichenbach, Cherry street. P. Hall. Miss Ruth Alice Thompson of Lima is spending her vacation at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dorance Thompson. Misses Jean and Eva Jane Carman were recent guests of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Carman. Where Our Soldier Boys Are Aviation Cadet, Lora, M. C. Co. B, Platoon 1 Pine Bluff School of Aviation Grider Field, A. C. T. D. Pine Bluff, Arkansas.