Hundreds of Women and Girls
Of Community Donate
Completed Articles are Sent
New York City for Dis
Hundreds of Red Cross volunteers
in the community of Bluffton worked
a total of 7,406 hours in the various
projects of the organization here
during 1942, it was announced this
week by Mrs. J. S. Steiner, director
The local Red Cross projects and
locations are as follows. Sewing room
at the Dr. J. S. Steiner residence,
surgical dressing room at the grade
school building, knitting headquart
ers at the Mrs. Paul Studler resi
dence, the junior Red Cross work
at the grade and high school.
During the past year the sewing
rooms have made 1,057 garments.
In this period 497 women sewed for
519 hours. Garments made by the
Men’s pajamas, convalescent robes,
bathrobes, lap robes.
Women’s wool dresses, gowns, wool
skirts, bed jackets and blouses.
Girls wool dress, gowns,
skirts, jumper suits, blouses
The surgical dressing room was
opened August 6, in the grade school
building. 33,096 surgical dressings
have been made by 547 women
quiring 998 hours. Mrs. A. J.
Longsdorf is supervisor of this
Red Cross Volunteers Work Total Of
7,406 Hours Here During Past Year
Boys shirts, pajamas and overalls.
Children’s dresses, two piece suits,
snow suits, wool skirts, rompers,
Infant layettes, consisting of
blankets, quilts, skirts, gowns, slips,
dresses, caps, jackets and diapers.
Hospital surgeons gowns, bed
jackets, convalescent robes and lap
robes were made by the younger
volunteers under the direction of
Mrs. F. L. Buckland.
The knitting headquarters are
cated at the home of Mrs. Paul
Studler of South Jackson street.
Bluffton women worked a total of
5,823 hours malyng the following
suits, helmets, i
flers, shawls, booties, wristlets and
anklets and hospital blankets. Mrs.
Studler is supervisor.
leaters, army and
itch caps, cap muf-
Junior Red Cross
Sixty-three girls in the Junior Red
Cross organization worked 110 hours
at the surgical dressing room and
Francis Basinger^ D. D. S
Evan Basinger, D. D. S.
MUNSON R. BIXEL, M. D.
Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M.
1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M.
Office, 118 Cherry St.
Phone 120-F Bluffton. O.
D. C. BIXEL, O. D.
GORDON BIXEL, O. D.
Citizen* Rank Bldg., Bluffton
Office Hours: 8:30 A. M.—5:30 P. M.
Evenings: Mon., Wed., FrL, Sat. 7:30 to
8:30 P. M. Closed Thursday Afternoon.
You can now buy Automobile
Liability Insurance issued by
The zEtna Casualty and Sur
ety Company of Hartford,
Conn., at the lowest rates in
history. Ask for details. You
may drive less, but if you
drive at all, you need it!
F. S. HERR, Agent
W. H. Gratz
Foot Comfort Service
Open Wednesday and Saturday
211 hours at the high school under
the direction of Miss Eddythe Cupp.
In addition to the work
contributed more than 100
Twenty-two Girl Reserves worked
26 hours making surgical dressings.
The manual training class of the
high school worked 30 hours making
cupboards and supplies for the work
All of the garments and surgical
dressings are sent to Red Cross dis
tribution headquarters in New York
which sends them to the foreign or
home destinations according to the
Practically all of the equipment
in the various workshops has been
donated by various organizations and
individuals in the community.
The equipment in
rooms, consisting of sewing
chines, were loaned by individuals
here for duration of the war. The
following items have also been do
nated buttons, buckles, needles,
thread, linings and filling for quilts.
Many individuals here also donate
money with which to purchase the
equipment. The basic materials
from which the garments and dress
ings are made are sent here from
the national Red Cross headquarters,
Mrs. Steiner explained.
The surgical dressing room tables
have been donated by various or
ganizations in the town and indi
viduals here have paid for the table
covers, head covers and material for
shelves, hinges and paint.
Yarn for beginners, knitting need
dles and buttons for sweaters were
paid for by interested individuals in
the community, Mrs. Steiner stated.
Light and Heat
Light and heat in the surgical
dressing room are
Bluffton board of
sewing room it is
and Mrs. Steiner
furnished by the
education in the
furnished by Dr.
and at the knit
by Mrs. Studler.
No funds have been used from the
local Red Cross chapter. All moneys
needed were donated by individuals
in the community, and none of the
workers were paid for their activi
ties, Mrs. Steiner stated.
Sale Nets $5,600
Allen County Christmas Seal sales
at the end of 1942 aggregated $5,
600, to top the total of the preceding
year by $15.
Harry R. Meredith, county chair
man, pointed out that the drive is
still short of its goal by $1,300, a
quota of $6,900 having been set for
Possibility that the county’s total
will be considerably bettered is seen
in the fact that of 10,531 letters con
taining seals mailed to Allen county
residents on Nov. 23, only slighly
more than half, or 5,771, have so far
Troop 82—By Maynard Pogue
Dave Frick led the troop in one
verse of America. Roderick Nonna
maker led in the pledge of allegiance
followed by a minute of silent pray
er. The roll call followed as each
scout recited a good turn.
Burl Moyer and Larry Mathewson
were visitors. A game followed
called cranes and crows. Another
game called, Blow Out The Candle,
Jimmie Howe was brought into
the troop. He was awarded his
tenderfoot badge and card, by candle
A third patrol is being formed
with Dean Ferguson and Earl Frick,
assistant patrol leaders. All the
new' scouts of the troop will be in
the third patrol.
No price ceilings are in effect on
meat animals liveweight. Prices
paid to farmers by buyers will be
governed by the price for which the
buyer can sell dressed carcasses or
meat cuts. Farmers who sell meat
must abide by OPA regulations.
An adequate grain ration for dairy
cows can be made from 1,550 pounds
of ground shelled corn, 400 pounds
of soybean oil meal, 20 pounds of
steamed bone meal, 20 pounds of
salt, and 10 pounds of finely ground
Under the supervision
Mary Sypos the girls and boys of
the grade school* contributed 106
children’s toys to be fcent to the re
fugee camps and the day nurseries.
The girls dressed do^ and the boys
repaired and painted mechanical
Following is one of a series of
articles issued by the Bureau of
Internal Revenue designed to help
clarify requirements of the
Revenue Act for those who are
WHAT IS INCOME TAX?
The federal income tax is, as the
name implies a tax levied upon in
comes, and it is payable in relation
to the amount of income. Income,
for Federal income tax purposes,
means in general any compensation
for one’s services, whether the com
pensation be in money or in goods
or other services it includes also
the net value received for the pro
duct of one’s labor, as farm produce
in the case of a farmer income
from investments profit from busi
ness operations and other gains
from sales and exchanges of goods
and property. Certain limited cate
gories of income are, however, tax
exempt, and to the extent of such
exemption are excluded in computing
Because of exemptions from the
tax given to persons having less
than certain stated amounts of in
come, as well as because of various
deductions and credits allowable,
only a small proportion of the num
ber of persons receiving income have
until recently been subject to the
tax. Thus, of the estimated 55 mil
lion persons in this country who re
ceived income in one form or another
during the calendar year 1941, only
some 26 million persons were re
quired to file Federal income tax
returns for that year, while of these
same 26 million, more than 9 mil
lion w’ere not taxable due to credits
and deductions allowable.
As the result of the lowering of
exemptions, many more persons are
now subject to the Federal income
tax than before, and for the calen
dar year 1942 it is estimated that
more than 35 million persons will file
Federal income tax returns. For the
large number of persons now subject
to the Federal income tax, who have
never reported income before for
Federal tax purposes, an understand
ing of the law and applicable regu
lations is of prime importance.
An income tax return is a declar
ation on the part of the taxpayer of
his total taxable income for the year,
together with the various deductions,
exemptions, and credits to which he
is entitled. It is in reliance upon
voluntary disclosure, and the integ
rity of taxpayers generally, that the
cost of administration of the income
tax can be kept at a minimum.
Though the return is a voluntary
statement, any person who willfully
makes a return which he does not
believe to be true and correct in
every material matter is subject to
the penalties provided by law.
The first requirement of the law
is the filing of an appropriate re
turn. For individuals generally, this
must be done by March 15 following
the end of the calendar year. The
return must be filed with the ap
propriate Collector of Internal Reve
nue for the district in which is lo
cated the legal residence or principal
place of business of the person mak
ing the return.
Under the present law every
single person, and every married
person not living with husband or
wife, having a total income (earn
ings, together with other income) of
$500 or more, and married persons
living with husband or wife through
out the taxable year, who have an
aggregate income (total earnings of
both husband and wife, together with
other income) of $1200 or more, re
gardless of the amount of net in
come, must file a return.
200 18-Y ear-Olds
Register For Draft
More than 200 18-year-old youths
registered with Allen county’s three
draft boards in the December reg-,
istration for those horn between No
vember 1 and December 31, 1924.
Beginning with the New Year, all
Allen county youths must register
the day they attain the age of 18,
unless their birthday falls on Sun
day or a legal holiday. In either
of the last two cases they must reg
ister on the following day.
Headquarters for Allen county
draft board No. 3, under the juris
diction of which Bluffton is includ
ed, are on the second floor of the
National Bank Building in the Lima
In honor of the birthday anni
versary of Noah Niswander the fol
lowing were entertained at a family
dinner at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Niswander on South Lawn avenue,
Mr. and Mrs. Reuel Niswander
and children Roger and Sandra of
Sylvania, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Hoch
stettler of Findlay, Mr. and Mrs.
Maynard Niswander and son, Mrs.
Lydia Stettler, Mrs. Alvin Neuen
schwander, Sidney C. Stettler, Mr.
and Mrs. Calvin Stettler, Mrs. Bessie
Edgecomb and Martha and Gertrude
Don’t forget to buy War Bonds
and Defense Stamps.
N NEWS. BLUFFTON. OHIO
Closing Of Sawmill Here Comes At
Time Of Heavy
arge War Orders Plus Heavy
Civilian Demands I reate
Cal Balmer & Son Normally
Employed 25 Labor Short
age Closing Reason
By a strange paradox, the closing
of the Cal Balmer & Son sawmill
comes when demand for the firm s
products is greater than at any
time during the near-century of
sawmill business in Bluffton.
Until the closing of the mill re
cently the town has had a sawmill
in regular operation for nearly one
hundred years. The industry was
esablished here in 1848. The late
Cal Balmer was operator of the mill
from 1896 until the time of his death
last April. Sine that time his son
James Balmer has taken over the
management of the firm.
Associated with Balmer in the
early years were A. E. Swinehart
and Ira Townsend, all of whom are
now deceased. The firm was known
as the Bluffton Turned Goods Co.
prior to the time in which Balmer
bought out the interest of his form
Townsend Veteran Operator
Townsend was the veteran saw
mill operator in Bluffton having
built and operated the old sawmill
near the bridge on North
street. Another sawmill had
been operated west of town on
is now the Ed Amstutz farm.
In early years the company
a specialty of the manufacture of
first grade handles for all types of
tools and farm machinery. Second
growth ash and oak, now becoming
very scarce, were used for this type
In recent years the firm filled
orders for thousands of rough cut
second growth ash to be used for
baseball bats. Its most recent busi
ness has been to provide large quan
tities of lumber for manufacturers to
use as crating material.
Still Timrer Here
Although thousands of logs have
been cut in the Bluffton district,
there is still enough timber standing
to conduct a sawmill business in the
Much of the timber, however, is
dying and is in a dist a ed condition.
Farmers would do well to dispose of
their timber while it is still in good
condition, it was stated by James
per thousand for their standing tim
ber. Many here are holding their
timber expecting that the prices will
rise because of war demands. Dur
ing the last war farmers received
$135 per thousand but with the im
position of ceiling prices by the fed
eral government it is unlikely that
that figure will be reached again,
The sawmill business is one that
requires considerable experience, es
pecially in the management. Buying
standing timber takes much skill
since the quality of a tree has to be
judged by looking at it.
The local mill has always pre
ferred to buy the entire woods, how
ever, a considerable quantity is pur-
Commemorating the anniversary
of three different occasions when
Christ manifested his glory, the
Epiphany, the 12th day after Christ
mas, is celeb: ated by various relig
ious bodies in this country on Wed
nesday. The observance in England
is known as Twelfth Night.
The three different occasions when
a special manifestation of the glory
of Christ appeared were: (1) In His
adoration in the manger by the three
wise men from the East, or Magi
(2) In His baptism, when a voice
from heaven proclaimed him the
Son of God (3) In the marriage at
Cana, when He began His miracles
by changing water into wine.
The word Epiphany, being Greek,
established the fact that this festival
is of Eastern Origin and in the
Greek church it has always been
held the most important next to
Easter. The first mention of it oc
curs in the year 200 in the writing of
Clement of Alexandria.
In Italy and in Russia children
celebrate the arrival of the equiva
lent of our Santa Claus on the
Epiphany and on Wednesday night
Bluffton Men Help
With Plans For Ball
Appointments of Supt. A. J. B.
Longsdorf to the Allen County March
of Dimes Committee and Mayor W.
A. Howe to the President’s Birthday
Ball ommittee were announced this
Supt. Paul Stoodt and Vernon F.
Foltz, of Beaverdam, also are serv
ing on the committees.
Demand for Lumber
chased by the thousand feet.
Operations in the mill also require
be able to
Knowing just when to turn
also requires a considerable
of skill and judgment.
During the past year the firm has
filled a variety of orders for the
department. Lumber pieces
thousands of wooden paddles to
big soup kettles was sold to
army. Lumber from the Bluffton
mill even found its way to Alaska
to make skiis for the soldiers sta
Oak for the non-magnetic mine
sweepers was sold to the navy. All
of the war business was in addition
to the increased demand for do
mestic goods created by the substitu
tion of lumber for steel products.
poles, and bridge planks.
Religious Bodies Observe Epiphany
Wednesday In Sacred Commemoration
head sawyer must I Examinations will be
up a log and to! nesday, Thursday and Friday of next
efficient cuts for| week. S hedulcs of all of the ex
various home rooms.
For many years Charles
was the head sawyer at the plant.|
When he retired from the business!
several years ago his place was tak-l
en by Elmer Schaublin.
Lumber in large quantities has
been sold for the following purposes
in recent months: shipping and
For the volume of business turned
out at the local plant the overhead!
was modest. Outside of labor one|
of the largest items in the overhead
was for electricity. The current bill!
was usually about $100 per month.
This was considerably cheaper, how-|
ever, than to maintain a power plant
and an engineer. I
May Open Again
If labor can be secured in order|
to start operations again, the firm!
has a large list of orders that would! children including six boys in
immediately demand the entire out-i
put of the plant, Balmer stated.
resumed in the near future, Balmer!
millions of children in these coun
tries hang their clothes with empty
pockets around the hearth. If they
have been good, their Santa fills the
pockets with confectionery and other
presents and if they have been bad
they get charcoal and birch rods.
This is the last week of regular! the 1943 Buccaneer and now in the
heel work in the first semeitcr.I possession of the staff the year book
held on Wcd-|wil1 be read for the Pinter in the
1 very near future, it was announced
by Miss Ellen Basinger, editor.
cuts fori week. Schedules of all of the ex-1 Other members of the staff are:
lumber. I ainjnaljon?s |1RV(, posted in the I Mildred Campbell, ass’t editor Rob't
The quality of timber in the Bluff- a a Jan. 4 to 6-Spiders U. S. Coast
ton area has been very good and has! The Junior Red Cross organiza-l guard Los Angeles,
enabled the film to operate the busi-l tJOn jias been lacking in supplies! Jan.
ness on a more profitable basis than! with whjch to work on their projects.! Trails King Cotton Honolulu Men
any other where the firm has hadl Miss Mary Sypos, the advisor, has! of the Coastguard.
The sixth brother, Dwight, 17,
a fireman, third class, stationed
Little Creek, Virginia.
When the mill was in regular op-|
eration employment was given to 22
to 25 men. As a minimum number! in Orange township,
the mill could operate on about half1
that number. Necessary would be
the following: four men in the mill,
four cutters in the woods, one yard
man, one truck driver, and the gen
eral manager who would supervise I Funeral services for Benjamin!
plant operations and arrange for the! Clark Steinman, 84, who made his
purchase of the logs.
If approximately eleven men could |_________________________________
be found for work at the mill, it isla------------------------------------------------
very likely that operations would be
Many sawmills faced with similar!
problems have had
to close partially
time Balmer is
At the present
in the district and sending it to
nearby mills in the district.
In France, Belgium and Holland
processions of children tramp thru
the streets bearing a large paper
star illuminated from within by a
candle. On the eve of the Epiphany
in Spain the children leave their
shoes and boots out in some con
venient spot near the chimney and
in the morning they find them laden
England observes the memory of
the Magi’s offering by games and
celebrations. The British sovereign
makes gifts of gold, frankincense
and myrrh in the Chapel Royal at
Although the celebration is not
as common in this country as in
the continent of Europe, an exam
ination of many of the calendars be
ing distributed here shows the date
of January 6 to be marked as the
Epiphany, which numerous religious
groups continue to observe.
Funeral In Findlay
Funeral services for Mrs. Emma
Elizabeth Caughman, 73, of Findlay,
were held at that place, Wednesday
afternoon. She was the grandmoth
er of Richard Caughman of Orange
Mrs. Caughman was found dead
in bed Monday morning, the victim
of a heart attack. Interment was
A Girl Reserves cabinet meeting
angusl Wednesday nightl rising Doris Dunifon, Dorothy
at which time plans for the meetings I Anderson, Aline Hilty, Alice Oyer,
1 of the second semester will be made.l Wilma Steiner, editorial staff.
it was announced by Mary Ellen
About 30 years ago Barner I organization petition the Lima chap-1 Ohio at Play Industry for Health
ated a sawmill at Gdette, Arkansas,! ter of the Red Cross to send the! India Men and Machines.
m* Jears ater a mi 1 at Mem-I SUpp|jes which are so badly needed. I Jan. 25 to 30—Earth’s Guest Sand
phis, Tenn and later one at Lima. e and Plain. Conquering the Desert
There were large quantities of lumb-1 WRh a]1 pictures completed for Coal Mining Industrial Ohio.
er available in the south but the ex-F 1
pense of transporting the timber to
the mill was so great that the oper
ation could not be conducted as pro
fitably as in the Bluffton area.
Boutwell of Kenton.
crating, truck beds, barn frames,!
boats, Venetian blinds, handles, pike
was learned, is suffering from
Luginbuhl, president of the organi-l The classroom film schedule for
suggested that the members of the! Jan. 18 to 23—Plant and Animals
Three Service Sons Iwere held at the Basin?er
All In Hospitals!
lumbus, formerly of Bluffton and
skull fracture, a partially shot awayl three half-brothers, William, Jacob
heel and shrapnel wounds thruoutl and Joseph are deceased.
his body. He, at the
is partially paralyzed.
THURSDAY, JAN. 7, 1943
Bluffton High School Notes I
Pannabecker, business manager John
Schmidt, photographer Raymond
Schumacher and Floyd Herr, adver-
the month of January is as follows:
11 to 16—Colloids Ohio
.. home Tuesday afternoon at 1:30
warl Three of the six service sons ofl cent home in Findlay Friday night
Mrs. Alice Lugibill Boutwell of Co-1 at 7:35 o’clock. He had been ser-
Orange township, are now in hos-l due to senility.
1 pitals throughout the world, receiv-l The son of Adam and Elizabeth
ing treatment for injuries received! (Tanner) Steinman, he was born
at various times, it was learned thisl February 4, 1858. He was married
week from another brother, Wayne I to Margaret Grossman, August 30,
present time,I Mr. Steinman operated a general
I mechandise store in Jenera for sev
technician ini era! years. For many years he
a hospital in worked as an office furniture sales-
Wade, 26, a medical
the U. S. army, is in
England, where two of his toes were! man at Monroe, Mich,
amputated. Clair, 23, machinist’s! years he
mate, second class, is in a base has-1 son Nello
pital overseas, where he underwent"
an operation for a knee injury.
Mrs. Boutwell, the mother of
Funeral Service For
home for several years in Bluffton,
ice, lived here in what is now theL .......
Martha Steiner residence on LawnlHenr5' ArnolL D,ed Jan“r’r 8- 1942
avenue and later in Orange town-1
ship. All of her children were born He passed away one year a*° today
when you buy a mattress
KEEP THEIR SHAPE
You can be sure it will retain its shape if
it’s a SIMMONS MATTRESS.
Remember—SIMMONS is your best guar
antee of mattress satisfaction.
We can still supply mattresses for all size
You may avoid disappointment by buying
now—while our stock is still complete.
Prices still as low as—
Basinger’s Furniture Store
He died at the Kollmeier convales-
iously ill for two weeks. Death was
1888. She died August 8, 1904.
The name of Seamon 1/C Kent M.l Mr. Steinman is survived by three
Boutwell appears in the list of Ohio! sons and a daughter, Nello Steinman
injured which was just released byl of Bluffton and Baton Rouge, La.,
the Navy department. He is now! Ancil Steinman of West Palm Beach,
undergoing treatment at the Marel Florida, Calvin Steinman of Los
Island, Calif., base hospital, where! Angeles, Calif., and Miss Imo Stein
another brother, Pharmacist’s Matel man of Biltmore, N. C. A daughtei,
2/C John, 22, is now stationed. Kent, I Esther, is deceased.
Two brothers, David and Amarius,
a sister, Mrs. Christine Rodobaugh,
made his home with
A. Weed, pastor of
church, officiated at
is I funeral services,
at I Eagle Creek cemetery.
I cannot say, and I will not say
That he is dead—he is
With a cheery smile
He has wandered into
and wave of
Mrs. Henry Arnold & Family
News want-ads bring results.
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