Bluffton women sharpened their
knives this week as they started to
slice bread Monday morning follow
ing an order to that effect from the
Office of Price Administration.
Housewives were renewing the lost
art and found that the best way to
cut bread is on its side. If cut,
topside up, the bread is apt to shred.
The eye should be kept on the loaf
and a very sharp knife used.
Bluffton Women Start Slicing Bread
This Week Following OPA Regulation
One baker advised that there
should be no bearing down on the
knife but that a gentle sawing mo
tion should be used. The eye should
be trained on the exact point being
cut and the knife should be held
The Bluffton News presents
another of the interesting but
lesser known aspects of South
When passenger vessels once
again ply the waters of America you
can be fairly certain that many
south-bound liners will be carrying
winter sports enthusiasts to Chile’s
wonderland of ice and snow. Crys
tal flakes blanket its mountain sides
in regions of magnificent evergreens
and sparkling emerald lakes, mak
ing of Chile the “Switzerland of
South America" and a paradise for
skiing, tobogganing and ice-skating.
Before the war put a stop to
tourist travel in the Americas, south
ern Chile’s almost endless expanse
of snow-covered landscape w*as be
coming an increasingly popular
playground for skiers from all parts
of the world, as well as a dazzling
fairyland of scenic beauty for lovers
of Nature. Long, steep and difficult
ski-runs challenged the skill of ex
perts, while gently sweeping hills
beckoned the novice, for whom there
were noted instructors. Chile’s runs,
toboggan slides, and idyllic lakes
have become acclaimed as among
the best in the world.
Particularly interesting to winter
sportsmen here is the fac that Chile’s
best skiing season lasts from July to
September. Like fruit-pickers, the
skiers can move to the ‘ripe’ south
ern snowlands of Chile when the
northern season ends. In fact, many
students from colleges and universi
ties of the United States, where win
ter sports are popular, spend the
summer vacation at their favorite
postime in Chile. Ski teams from
the two countries have competed in
meets. Last year a' team' df skiers
from Chile tourned this country. It
is expected that Chile’s “winter re
sorts" will be quite a summer-time
lure in post-war American travel.
The use of skis in Chile is not as
new as their recent popularity. As
MUNSON R. BIXEL, M.D.
Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M.
1-3 P. M.: 7-8 P. M.
Office, 118 Cherry St.
Phone 120-F Bluffton. O.
..... HI— ........... ... ...... I
D. C. BIXEL, O. D.
GORDON BIXEL, O.D.
Citizens Rank Bldg., Bluffton
Office Hours: 8:30 A. M.—5:30 P. M.
Evenings: Mon., Wed., Fri., Sat. 7:30 to
8:30 P. M. Clo«ed Thursday Afternoon.
Francis Basinger, D. D. S.
Evan Basinger, D. D. S.
log in 1943 sound business for Ohio farmers
flat against the loaf while cutting.
The ban on marketing sliced bread
was announced at the same time as
the announcement of the increase in
flour prices. This was one of the
economies designed to keep retail
bread prices at present levels.
Not only are labor costs saved by
the new* ban on sliced bread but
bakers no longer will have to re
place the worn parts of slicing ma
Chile Is Center For South American
Winter Sports July To September
And in addition where bakers have
been using tw*o or three wrappers
to make sure that the sliced loaves
reach the kitchen undamaged they
may now use only one.
Take $250, for example. Use it wisely for
farming needs. Repay a little each month out
of cream or egg checks. All it coats Is a
dally average of about 10 cents. Eany‘s the
time an extra $250 or so will drive a bargain,
turn a profit and make it well worth your
while to avail yourseif of this new City Loan
service. Remember, not a bit of red tape or
$300 .... $SOO .... $1000
Just check your own ccsh requirements with the
figures below. Whether you need $300...$500
or as much as $1000, you can hardly afford
not to use this ready money right now at such
Simply write, phone or visit The City Loan
branch office in your community where you
will find a friendlv welcome and a sincere
desire to accommodate you.
far back as 1887 two Norwegian en
gineers had to travel on skis to sur
vey the route of the Transandine
Railway, connecting Chile with Ar
gentina. In 1889 the Chilean gov
ernment imported fourteen Norweg
ian skiers to carry mail between the
two countries, over the snow-blanket
Some of Chile’s best ski-runs are
within two or three hours of metro
politan centers on the coast. San
tiago, the capital, is actually within
sight of them. Colorful huts and
cheerful lodges for tourists are
slowly transforming the Chilean
landscape into a Swiss-like wonder
Only thirty miles from Santiago
are the runs in the picturesque vil
lage of Farellones, nestled in a
fairyland of white at 7,200 feet. The
La Parva runs, near Farellones,
start at 13,100 feet and provide some
of the most thrilling downhill runs
in the world. Further south, in the
magnificent lake region, there is un
surpassable skiing at Chilian where
the downhill run is fully 20 miles
long, at Uaima, and at Osorno,
within sight of Mt. Osorno, an ex
tinct snow capped volcano of match
less beauty and perfect shape.
An increasing number of requests
for information about the Chilean
winter sport center reaches the Trav
el Division of the Pan American Un
ion, the center in this country for
tourist data on Latin America, re
flecting the growing popularity of
the South American winter play
Mrs. CWff Knoble of -Maricxi spent
the week-end with J. G. Knoble.
Mr. and Mrs. Adrian Moyer and
family were Sunday dinner guests of
Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Roberts.
Miss Judith Kline of Chicago, Mr.
and Mrs. John Mullenhour and
family and Mr. and Mrs. William
Thompson of Lima were Sunday din
ner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Dorance
Mrs. Waldo Long spent the week
end with her husband at Great Lakes
Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Guthrie and
family of Delphos were Sunday din
ner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Blake
Guthrie and family.
Mr. and Mrs. Warren Knoble and
daughter were Sunday dinner guests
of Mrs. J. G. Knoble.
Mrs. Grace Vorhes was a week
end guest of Mr. and Mrs. George
Vorhes of Lima.
Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Hall of
Huntington, Ind., and Mr. and Mrs.
George Vorhes of Lima were Sunday
guests of Mr. and Mrs. D. P. Hall.
A DIME A DAY
1 10001 2°-87 __
15.00 US I
I Above 6«ure’
Cor. Market & Elizabeth Lima, Ohio Phone 73511
The City I oan & Savings Company and The City Loan & Gua-anty Company
maintain branch offices all over Ohio.
v- aLuc___ Mrs. Addie Graber
Mrs. Walter Schaublin
Rev. J. N. Smucker, pastor of the
Mennonite church, addressed mem
bers of the student body in chapel,
Mrs. Floyd Pannabecker, former
missionary to China, spoke to mem
bers of the college Y. W. C. A., last
Dr. L. L. Ramseyer, president,
will leave Friday, for a trip through
southwestern Ohio. He plans to
contact prospective students and
other college friends in that terri
Miss Edna Ramseyer, dean of
women at the college, visited friends
YOU AND YOUR
Following is one of a series of
articles issued by the Bureau of
Internal Revenue designed to help
clarify requirements of the 1942
Revenue Act for those who are
new income tax payers.—Editor
Every individual is allowed a credit
against his net income which varies
with his domestic status, that is,
whether he is (a) a single person (b)
a married person living with husband
or wife, or (c) a head of family. This
is known as personal exemption, and
is shown on line 21 of the return
Form 1040. The amount of the per
sonal exemption also varies depend
ing upon the period during which the
taxpayer occupied the particular ex
The personal exemption for a single
person is $500 for the year for a
married person living with husband or
wife, $1200 and for a “head of fam
ily,” $1200. (Personal exemption as
head of a family has no effect on lia
bility to file a return.) For Federal
income tax purposes, widows, widow
ers, and married person separated by
mutual consent, as well as persons
who have never been married, are
classed as single persons.
A head of family is defined as “an
individual who actually supports and
maintains in one household one or
more individuals closely connect
ed with him by blood relationship, re
lationship by marriage or by adoption,
and whose right to exercise family
control and provide for those depend
ent individuals is based upon some
moral or legal obligation." A single
person, or a married person not div
ing with husband or wife, may there
fore enjoy a head of family exemption
under certain conditions.
Taxpayers using a Simplified Re
turn (which is permitted if the gross
income for the year is $3000 or less
and derived solely from earnings
from employment and /or from divi-
THE BLUFFTON NEWS. BLUFFTON, OHIO
Adopted at the Bluffton Farmers In
1. Resolved that we extend our thanks to the state
speakers, Mrs. Florence Eickmeier and W. L. .Manahan, also
to Mr. Warner and Mr. Huber as well as the Bluffton Board
of Education for the use of their auditorium and to all others
who assisted in any way in the institute.
2. Resolved that we are in favor of continuing the
practice of school buses picking up every rural school pupil
in the Bluffton School district as heretofore.
3. Resolved that we favor a larger allotment of farm
machinery and man power in order to promote an all out war
effort in the production of foods and fibre.
4. Resolved that we pledge our continued participation
in the purchase of war bonds and stamps and support of
U. S. O., civilian defense, salvage campaigns and other war
5. Resolved that w*e pledge our best efforts to meet the
production goals set for us but we demand other groups in
America remain on their jobs and do likewise.
6. Resolved that we favor a return to Central Standard
time as vital to an efficient prosecution of the war effort by
the farmer. We are convinced that any detrimental effect
which such a change may have on industry is not to be com
pared with the hardships which the present arrangement
works on agriculture and definitely lessens food production
essential to a successful prosecution of the war.
E. P. Steiner
1. Resolved that we thank officers of the Methodist
church for the use of their building.
2. Resolved that we thank the officers of the women’s
session of the institute for planning an inspirational and
educational program also Mrs. Eickmeier for her inspiring
3. Resolved that in this national emergency we as
women of the community and mothers of boys who are giving
their all for their country, should cooperate cheerfully in
every way possible, whether it be with rationing or giving
our services wherever needed.
4. Resolved that we continue steadfastly in prayer to
Almighty God for a speedy and just peace.
Mrs. Walter Sommer, Chairman
Mrs. Russell Huber
Bluffton College Notes
Six hundred feet of motion pic
ture film, and fifty colored kodo
chrome slides, showing scenes of the
college campus and activities, are
available for use by churches and
other organizations, it has been an
nounced by Dr. L. L. Ramseyer,
president of the college.
in Archbold, Saturday and Sunday.
Programs for coming Vesper ser
vices have been announced. Dr.
Arthur E. Morgan, president of the
Community Service Inc., Yellow
Springs, Ohio, formerly president of
Antioch college, formerly chairman
of the T.V.A., and author of “The
Small Community," will address
college and community people in the
Ramseyer chapel Sunday afternoon,
Miss Rosa Paige Welch, colored
mezzo-soprand from Chicago, will
give a concert of sacred music in
the chapel Sunday afternoon, March
7 and Dan West, member of the
Board of Christian Education in
charge of peace work, a United
Brethren, will speak Sunday, April
Next Monday evening has been set
as the date for the college faculty
student reception, a formal affair
given annually by faculty members
in the reading room of Musselman
dends, interest and annuities) obtain
personal exemption based on their
status as of July 1 of the year. Thus,
a taxpayer married and living with
husband or wife on July 1 is entitled
to $1200 personal exemption on Form
1040A if he were a widower on July
1, his exemption would be $500, ir
respective of the date on which he
became a widower. The amount of
the exemption is not deductible from
the income but is reflected in the
amount of tax shown in the table on
the reverse side of the form.
Taxpayers using return Fom 1040
obtain personal exemption proportion
ate with the number of months dur
ing which the particular status is held.
Thus, for a person who married on
July 1, (who was not a head of fam
ily prior to his marriage) the personal
exemption would be $850 (250 for the
sixmonths as a single man, plus $600
for the Six months as a married man).
In this example it is assumed that the
wife has no income.
Married persons may, however, file
joint returns, ever, though one has no
income, and by filing a joint return a
couple married during the year may
obtain exemption amounting to the
exemption to which they would be en
titled for the period of marriage stat
us, plus the amount of their individ
ual exemptions prior to their mar
riage. In the example given the total
exeptions in a joint return would be
$1100 (250 for each spouse for six
months plus for six months married
If a husband and wife living togeth
er both have income and file separate
returns on Form 1040, the personal
exemption applicable to a married
person may be taken in the return of
either or divided between them in any
way them may agree, but the total
personal exemption taken in the two
separate returns may not exceed
A method of reclaiming from dish
water large quantities of solid fat
which can be passed straight to in
dustry has been devised by an 18
year-old laboratory assistant in
Bluffton is receiving increased
recognition as the center of quality
muskrat pelts. From modest begin
nings more than a decade ago,* fur
trapping has expanded until it has
become a winter activity of major
•With a combination of fertile soil
producing an abundance of forage
for the animals and generally favor
able temperature conditions the
Bluffton area has become known in
the fur trade for the high uniform
quality of its muskrat pelts.
1 The larger animals generally have
the better quality fur. The market
classifies the pelts into four sizes:
large, medium, small and kitts.
31uffton Known To Fur Trade For
High Quality Of Its Muskrat Pelts
Muskrats do not need a stream of
water to live but those living adja
cent to streams have a much higher
quality of fur than those caught in
ditches. Streams close to grain
fields are productive of the best rats.
The muskrats eat a considerable
amount of grain, especially corn, and
farmers often consider them a men
ace and are generally glad to have
them trapped. Local sportsmen re
port that often they find grain stor
age dens built by the rats below the
surface of the water along the banks
of a creek.
Recently, Jesse Manges, local fur
rier, found a muskrat storage den
with more than bushel of husked
corn stored in it. Muskrats generally
swim on top of the water unless
frightened. They can swim under
water but not for a very long time.
Many youngsters and some adults
War brings people to a somber
realization of the value of spiritual
realities and people here may well
profit by the experience of our
English brothers, it was stated in a
recent address by the Rev. J. A.
Weed, pastor of the Bluffton Meth
find muskrat trapping a means of
extra income during the trapping
season. Many youngsters of both
grade school and high school age
will catch as high as 50 during the
War Brings People To Realization
Of Spiritual Realities, Minister Says
Rev. Weed has received numerous
requests for the following quotation,
taken from a newspaper in Bourne
“We have been a pleasure-loving
people, dishonoring God’s day, pic
nicking, and bathing. Now the sea
shores are barred no picnics, no
“We have preferred motor travel
to church-going. Now there is short
age of motor fuel.
“We have ignored the ringing of
church bells, calling us to worship.
Now the bells cannot ring except to
warn us of invasion.
“We have left the churches half
empty when they should have been
Several men trapping in the area
annually catch more than 100 rats.
Myron Stratton, Orange township
farmer, trapped more than 150 this
Occasionally rats are shot but the
pelt is so easily damaged that this
method is not generally practised, it
was stateed by Manges. Apples,
corn, or potatoes are common used
Generally the trap is placed at the
foot of the slide on which the musk
rat goes down into the water. Some
times the muskrat will chew his leg
off to free himself from the trap.
Occasionally another animal will take
advantage of the rate feeing caught
and will eat it in the trap. Animals
most frequently doing this are the
mink, weasel and house rat.
Fur from the muskrat can be dyed
to simulate almost any of the more
expensive furs. Not only are they
used for women’s winter coats but
in the last year have been used in
creasingly to line the jackets of sea
men on the merchant marine and
those of aviators.
The local agencies have been pay
ing about two dollars for muskrats
and about six dollars for coons. Us
ually the whole animal is brought
to the collecting agency. If the
hunter pelts the fur himself he is
paid a premium for the extra work.
filled with worshippers. Now they
are in ruins.
“We would not listen to the way
of peace. Now we' are forced to
listen to the way of war.
“The money we would not give to
the Lord’s work—now is taken from
us in taxes and higher prices.
“The food for ■which we forgot to
say ‘thanks’—now is unobtainable.
“The service we refused to give
God—now is conscripted for our
“Lives we refused to live undei
God’s control—now are under the na
“Nights we would not spend in
‘watching unto prayer’—now we
spend in anxious air-raid precau
One deadline which is likely to be
fully enforced falls on March 15, the
final date for filing income tax re
See This Showing
Priced as low as
We are showing an unusually fine selection of 100% wool face rugs
in attractive patterns. If you are anticipating the purchase of floor
coverings this spring, we invite you to see these rugs—but come early
while the selection is complete.
Basinger’s Furniture Store
rtf .' V
THURSDAY, JAN. 21, 1943
March Of Dimes
Drive Starts Here
Bluffton residents are invited to
contribute to the March of Dimes
drive in celebration of the Presi
dent’s birthday on January 30 to
provide funds for the National
Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
A. J. B. Longsdorf, superintendent
of schools, is on the March of Dimes
committee and Mayor W. A. Howe
is on the ticket committee for the
President’s Birthday Ball to be held
at Lima Memorial hall on Saturday
night, January 30.
Receptacles have been placed in
the various home rooms at the high
school and students are placing their
dimes in the containers. Residents
of the community are also invited to
make donations to the fund, Supt.
Tickets to the Birthday Ball in
Lima may be secured from Mayor
The National Foundation for In
fantile Paralysis made grants and
appropriations totaling $1,152,191.17
during last year and its 2,900 chap
ters operating in the country give
immediate aid to polio victims re
gardless of age, color, race or creed.
ML Cory School Notes
Miss Betty Morrison has enrolled
recently as an eighth grade student
from the Bluffton school.
The Commercial Room has a new
ly installed heating and circulating
The amount of war stamps sold
last Wednesday was $37.70. One
$25 bond was sold.
In Social Studies the children in
the first grade are studying about
children from other lands. Follow
ing the study of Holland the children
are making and furnishing a Dutch
The chapel program was in
charge of C. P. Cole, Friday.
"Help Me Win
Paralysis with your
dollars and your
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