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The Bluffton news. [volume] (Bluffton, Ohio) 1875-current, February 18, 1943, Image 2

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Dr. Arthur E. Morgan, Famous
Engineer, Speaks at
College Vespers
Small Town Needs to Counter
act City-ward Trend of its
Young People
Unless the virtues of small com
munity living can be infused into
the modem urbanized pattern, Amer
ican civilization is headed for chaos,
it was stated by Dr. Arthur E. Mor
gan, famous civil engineer, author
and educator, who addressed Bluff
ton college Vesper services at Ram
«eyer chapel Sunday afternoon.
There has been a general shrink
age in population all over the coun
try as the schools have become very
much aware. The grade schools have
been aware of this for some time
the high schools are just becoming
aware of it and the colleges will
feel the full impact of it when condi
tions are adjusted to normality again
after the war, the speaker said.
Draw on Small Town
The average city family becomes
extinct in four generations. The
city to maintain itself, therefore,
must draw on the small town. Popu
lation studies have indicated that all
American cities above 2,500 would be
reduced at least to a fifth of their
present population in a hundred
years if not fed by the rural areas.
One of the great social movements
of all history took place in the last
hundred years when the great mass
of people shifted from the country
to the city. A century ago 94 per
cent of all the people lived in the
Small Community Is Basic Unit Of
National Structure, Speaker Says
Since his retirement from
chairmanship of the Tennessee Val
ley Authority, Dr. Morgan has been
devoting his time to educational
work in re-vitalizing the significance
of the small community in the total
American scheme.
Population Supply
One of the main difficulties today
is that modern cities do not repro
duce themselves and have come to
depend on the small town for their
outstanding young people for leader
ship. Then when they go to the city
they fail to reproduce themselves. A
city like Chicago, for example,
would be reduced to only three per
cent of its present population in a
hundred years if no people from the
smaller towns moved in.
Today two-thirds of the
are urban and only one-third
Urban Trend
present urban trend is grow
rapidly that another genera-
ing so
tion will see only 10 per cent of the
total population on the farms. With
the advance of mechanical devices
this ten per cent probably will be
completely able to supply the food
needs of the rest of the country.
At the present time United States
is at the peak of its manpower and
if the present trend continues it is
likely that in another generation a
decline will definitely set in. The
population now likely can be main
tained at its present levels for about
Bluffton High
Bluffton High school speech and
debate students won first place in sev
eral divisions in the speech tourney
and festival held at Findlay, Satur
Alice Oyer and Florence Ann Hofer
won first and second places in the or
iginal oratory number Ray Schu
macher won first place in the humor
ous reading Barbara Jean Triplett
and Glenna Swick won second and
third places in the extempore speech
Bluffton debaters defeated Sylvan
ia in the first and second rounds but
were turned back later in the tour
nament. Debating for Bluffton were:
Barbara Jean Triplett, Dorothy An
derson, Roberta Wenger, and Robert
Participating in the tournament
■were the following schools: Lima
South, Lima Central, Monclova, Na
poleon, Belmore, Sylvania Bascom,
Lake, Port Clinton and Bluffton.
The 7th and 8th Grade choir and
junior orchestra are sponsoring a
joint program on Wednesday, March
3 at the high school auditorium. A
musical adaptation of Whitman’s “I
Heer America Singing” will be pre
sented by the choir with Mary Bauman
serving as narrator. American work
men will be dramatized by Rolland
Luginbuhl, Morris Groman, Gene Pat
terson, Dean Ferguson and James
Lewis. Members of two small en
semble groups are: Mary Bauman,
Wanda Tscheigg, Eleanor Linden and
Joan Buhler. John Klay, Addison
Myers and Allen Tscheigg. The third
part of the program consists of a
playlet Mid-Summer Magic by Stella
Marshwith, Scandanavian music and
Introductions will be in charge of
Eleanor Linden. Other parts are:
Moder, Helen Burkholder Fader, Mal
colm Basinger Hilda, Joan Clark
Marmar, Harriet Amstutz Farfar
20 years yet, according to predictions
of social scientists, it was explained.
Colored Races
The colored races the world over,
including Negro, Chinese, Japanese,
Indians, etc., are increasing at as
rapid a rate as we are decreasing.
At the present time there are three
colored people in the world to one
white. At the present rate of popu
lation growth the ratio will be seven
to one in favor of the colored people
in several generations, Dr. Morgan
One of the very disturbing things
about the present trend of organiza
tion is the draining of the compet
ent young people from the small
community and generally leaving the
incompetent behind to form the res
ervoir on which the city will draw
in the future.
The early basic social virtues of
integrity, good will, mutual regard,
neighborliness w*ere all found in the
small community. These are quali
ties people learn in the intimate as
sociations of the small town.
Survival Qualities
Cities do not reproduce these qual
ities characterized by cynicism, dis
trustfulness, egoism, selfishness, etc.
Getting ahead of the other fellow
and being constantly on guard are
survival qualities fostered by urban
With the growth of the cities, the
conditions that have built the finest
in people, the rugged virtues, regard
for ohers, are passing away.
What can be done to counteract
this condition?
1. Education of people to the tre
mendous significance of small com
munities. The virtues of small town
living should be stressed.
2. Make economic opportunities
available so as to attract and keep
young people from moving in such
large numbers to the urban centers.
De-centralization of industry would
be an important help in this direc
tion. Research has shown that this
is practical and some very interest
a small town, Dr. Morgan stated.
experiments are being carried
by several of the large automo
industries in this regard. There
many ways to make a living in
Train Leaders
3. Training of leaders to take re
sponsibility in the small towns who
have some realization of what the
community ought to be. While there
are many virtues of small town liv
ing there are also many faults that
ought to be corrected. Too often the
small community is provincial, lacks
curiosity, gossips, etc. Every com
munity, with good leadership, can
explore its weaknesses and examine
its possibilities and set up a program
4. Find careers in the small city.
Young people should be educated to
the idea that the spectacular is not
necessarily the best and most con
ducive to happiness. There are many
satisfactions to doing your own job,
however, small as it may seem, to
the best of your ability in your own
To the extent that people are will
ing to re-examine these problems of
urbanization and the role of the
small community in the nation, will
our civilization be en-riched, the
speaker said in conclusion.
School Notes
Richard Fields Gustav, I’aul Bixel
Tant, Joan Burkholder Ebba, Betty
Bixel Farbror, James Ewing Lisa,
Marilyn Fett Ramghild, Dora Lug
inbuhl Svea, Jean Burkholder Carlk,
Kenneth Bracy.
Young People—Mary Jane Burk
holder, Peggy Eckenweiler, Lois Hau
enstein, Luella Herr, Ceacle Potee,
Mary Schmidt, Mary Smucker, Don
ald Herr, Addison
Bracy, John Klay,
Ted Kohli.
Myers, Kenneth
Allen Tscheigg,
Niswander, I’eggy
Burkhart, Alice Herr, Pauline
sell, Collen Goodman, Joan Harmon.
Luke Lugibill,
Wanda Lehman,
Sarah Oberly,
Morris Groman,
Fritchie. Ralph
Klay, Dean Fergeson, Gene Patter
Buhler, Wanda
Martin, Harriet
Lyman Hofstetter,
Sarah Jane Huser,
Bonnie Grismore,
James Lewis, Don
Stager, Marjorie
No admission will be charged but a
collection will be taken to defray ex
penses, it was explained by Miss Har
riet Brate, instructor in vocal music,
who is in charge of the presentation.
A total of $1,339.28 in war bonds
and stamps was purchased by the
students of the Bluffton public schools
this year, it was announced this week
by Woodrow Little, secretary of the
Bluffton bond campaign.
For the week ending Feb. 5, a total
of $58.50 or 29c per capita was pur
chased at the grade school and at the
high school a total of $49 was pur
chased making a total of 17c per cap
ita. For the week ending Feb. 12 a
total of $76.10 or 32c per capita was
pudchased at the grade school and at
the high school a total of $11.35 or 4c
per capita was purchased.
Final rehearsals are being held this
week for the Junior class play, “Cov
eralls” to be held atathe high school
auditorium, Feb. 22 and 23. Some of
rT^tf 5
Dr. Rufus D. Bowman, President
of Bethany Theological Seminary,
Chicago, has been secured as speaker
for the annual Bible lecture series
next fall. The series has been sched
uled for the week of November 14.
Dr. Bowman is a member of the
Church of the Brethren.
Dr. H. A. Fast, head of Mennonite
Civilian Public Service work, ad
dressed members of the college
“Are We Americans?” is the title
of the following discussion by Nor
man Triplett, chairman of the Bluff
ton war bond savings committee:
An American acts with deeds not
words. America is calling now for
the best in each of us. America
needs us all—now—at our best. Our
great country has given us so much
and now each of us is privileged to
do his part.
W’hat can we do? Right now each
of us in Bluffton can buy more and
more bonds and stamps. Yes, every
one knows you’ve been doing this
right along. You are far above the
national average. You deserve hearty
congratulations for a good job well
done. I certainly don’t mean to say
anything but praise for your partici
pation to date but want to
this question:
Are you buying all you
can? Please quietly think
before you answer.
ask you
it over
Think of what Washington gave
for his and our America during the
terrible suffering at Valley Forge.
Think of Lincoln and his sacrifice
and almost unbearable grief thru
the dai'k days of the Civil War.
Think of the heat and hell—of
the stench and rot our fellow Amer
icans endure on Guadalcanal and
other present far flung bal^lefronts.
You will be repaid many times
over for reading Eddie Reichenback
er’s “Pacific Mission” starting in the
January 25, 1943, issue of Life
the Fall of
read them
want to do
Also read “Giraud and
France”. I urge you to
and think, then fellow
if you are doing all you
and can do now.
admit Washington and
Yes, I’ll
Lincoln were outstanding but they
were first of all Americans. Aren’t
each of us also Americans? Don’t
we all have a tremendous responsi
I bility and a real part to play—if
I victory is to come?
ing i* all we’ve got
victory and the end
killing. Let’s bring
i more of our friends quickly and
1 whole and alive. Let’s bring them
back to help us build a better Amer
ica and a better world.
Let’s start giv
to help hasten
of this terrible
back more and
You may say—the little more I
can possibly do can’t help much. My
friend, let’s think agai nand realize
a little more from you added to a
little more from each of the 130,
000,000 Americans will do it. If
the characters are being played by
two different people, one taking -the
part one night and one the other.
The Hi-Y-Girl Reserves party to
have been held last Wednesday night
has been postponed until this Wed
nesday night.
Patch tests for tuberculosis were
made at the high school on Monday
by Dr. L. L. Miller, Allen county
health commissioner.
Bluffton College Notes
N. Smucker, pastor of
Mennonite church, is
series of Lectures con-
Rev. Jesse
the Bluffton
conducting a
cerning Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount,
on Wednesday mornings during the
regular chapel period.
Purchase Of War Bonds Will Aid
In Rebuilding A Great America
Quietly and sincerely ask yourself,
now—am I really the best Amer
ican I can be?
Passing Thru Tripoli
F. *A£
£*«V^ ,~
.-- yi‘ iMwitiotKHrirnr
fTHREB MONTHS OF TOUGH FIGHTING across miles of unfriendly African deaert brought the
British to the main Axis base of Tripoli. This picture, received in America by radio from Cairo, shows cruiser
Wenlra of the victorious Eighth Army passing through the city of 1 ripoli while natives look on. The British did not
I Stop in Tripoli long. They are already reported inside Tunisia pursuing the retreating Axis armies.
church organization, at their weekly
meeting last Sunday evening.
The college Thespian society will
conduct a one-act play contest at the
college, Saturday evening, March 6.
Four plays will be presented to the
public at that time, in the Ramseyer
chapel, representing each of the four
college classes. Judges will select
the best play from standpoint of act
ing, costuming, lighting, choice of
play, etc.
Men of Lincoln hall, Bluffton col
lege men’s dormitory, will observe
open house, Saturday evening. Fac
ulty people, students, and community
people are invited to attend.
everyone gives at least a little more
and many give a lot more—think
what it will total.
The record made to date in Bluff
ton and the greater record I’m con
fident we will make in the future
isn’t for the gWy of any individuals!
or groups but for America and all
she has and will continue to stand
for. Your humble bond committee
appreciates more than any one of us
can tell the way you have partici
pated. After all it’s you who make
the records.
Remember bonds and stamps are
an investment in the best there is—
America. They pay interest. Infla
tion can be checked and taxes can
be held proportionately low. This
war is much more costly than any
others. Uncle Sam is asking to
borrow more of our money. Let’s
be real Americans and do all we
can to help.
Don’t forget to buy War Bonds
and Defense Stamps.
Threshing Ring In
Orange Twp. Meets
Approximately 6,666 bushels of
corn was husked in 136^ hours of
engine time, it was announced at a
meeting of the Big Ten Husking
Ring of Orange township at the
Community Center
last Wednesday
made by Milton
of the organiza-
The report was
Benroth, secretary
tion. Accounts for the 1942 season
were settled at the meeting.
The ring has be?n in active opera
tion in Orange towmship for about
20 years. Preceding the business
meeting a pot-luck supper was
joyed by the group.
49, former
were held
tralia, Wash,
months of failing health.
V tv & &< Z &
w?“- *iK ^4aL wm
V v v W
_X/ & Wv%^
the following and
Present were
their families:
Mr. and Mrs.
and Mrs. Albert
Mrs. Orvae Frantz, Mr. and Mrs.
Stanley Weidman, Mr. and Mrs. John
Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Schaller,
Mr. and Mrs. Grover Montgomery.
Ray Marshall,
Gossmann, Mr.
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Benroth,
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gossman, Miss
Bessie Arnold, George Wilch, Mar
ion Marquart, Milton Benroth.
Last Rites For
Former Resident
services for Fred Boegli,
Bluffton district resident,
last Wednesday at Cen-
Death followed eight
He was the son of the late Mr.
and Mrs. Solomon Boegli who form
erly resided east of Pandora and
moved to the state of Washington
28 years ago last November.
S." 8 *.' .?• ~"fe-—ffila.
He is survived by his wife of
tralia five brothers, David and
Boegli of Centralia Daniel in
tary training at Helena, Mont.
Boegli of Ottaw^a Samuel Boegli of
Gilboa three sisters, Mrs. Ernest
Gratz of Bluffton Mrs. Howard
Maidlow of Pandora and Mrs. L. G.
Rusher of Cincinnati.
Burial was made at Centralia.
■a® IM
Ailllllll I
.•• ■x‘ '*A^Wk
ik. \^n
birthday Anniversary of First
American President to be
Observed Monday
hroughout Career Always
Longed to Settle Down at
Mt. Vernon Estate
With the United States engaged
in all-out military action at the
present time, attention is focused on
George Washington, whose birthday
anniversary we will celebrate Sun
day, not only as
country but as a
first ^order.
jfeorge Washington Preferred Fanning
To Responsibilities Of Public Service
the father of oui’
military genius of
period of his earl-
Even from the
iest boyhood George was known for
his insistence on precision. His fam
ily encouraged him to take up sur
veying, an activity that appealed
very much to the young man. Bound
aries, angles, plots, calculations all
were entered with formality and ex
actness on George’s books.
Life at Sea
At the age of 15 he had
suming ambition to enter a
sea. Many a time he was
life at
seen to
cast longing eyes at the ships which
sailed up and down the Rappanahan
ock. His mother did not sympathize
with his ambition and prevailed on
her brother to write George and tell
him of some of the hardships with
that type of work.
His mother’s tears, reinforced with
the cold hard judgment of his uncle
put an end to George’s dream of glory
to be gained from a life at sea.
Prevented from realizing this am
bition George went to work in earn
est in his chosen field of surveying.
After several years of this work the
younm an began to feel that the
profession did not provide sufficient
outlet for his boundless energies and
aspirations. Whenever an idle in
terval found him at Mount Vernon
he took up the study of the military
Made Major
At this period of life it became
evident that Virginia was likely to
be plunged into the w’ar between the
English and the French. The colony
was therefore divided into four dis
tricts. An officer, called an adju
tant general, was appointed for each
district. Young Washington was
given the rank of major with a sal
ary of 150 pounds a year.
Washington served his country for
five years in these frontier struggles
at the end of which he was given
the rank of colonel. When the peace
of the frontier was assured Wash
ington retired to private life.
He was married to Mrs. Martha
Curtis on Jan. 6, 1759. Both being
of aristocratic lineage and the groom
being an outstanding military leader,
the wedding was one of the out
standing social events of the colony.
Mt. Vernon
He took his bride to his fashion
able estate at Mt. Vernon which
Washington himself described as sit
uated in “a high healthy country in
a latitude between the extremes of
heat and cold, on one of the finest
rivers in the world—a river well
stocked with various kinds of fish at
all seasons of the year, and in the
spring with shad, herring, bass, carp,
sturgeon, etc., in abundance. The
hx /hWMTmrr ■. -. TTw
’‘VArV^/ A A ?'v
1 Piece Modern Living Room Suite
Just arrived—this Victory Model suite in frizet
mohair. This suite is built by a leading maker, an
expert in fine modern home furnishings and its
quality and beauty will appeal to you. It’s really
different and you are invited to see it.
I ^*q3&s~j-L*~ 7i J\ /te®
THURSDAY, FEB. 18, 1943
borders of the estate are washed by
more than ten miles of tide-water.”
The facts of his life from this
point on are known to every person
who has studied American history:
How the colonies became aroused
over the misdeeds of the English
how Congress voted to raise an army
for the defense of American liberty
how George Washington, the colon
ial colonel, was named commander
in-chief of all the continental forces.
Revolutionary War
Following the Declaration of Inde
pendence by Congress in 1776 Wash
ington made all preparations for the
struggle with Britain, the American
Revolutionary War. Faced with in
surmountable difficulties he showed
his organizational ability and mili
tary genius in directing the long
weary campaign to a successful con
He was given tremendous ovations
after the achievements of victory
and a gxeatful country elevated him
to the presidency in April of 1789.
After two strenuous terms he re
tired frnm public service in the
spring of 1797 and settled down on
his beloved farm at Mt. Vernon to
enjoy its beauties and to relax from
the anxieties of political life.
Need Old Fishing
License This Year
W’hen Ohio fishermen apply for
their new 1943 fishing license, which,
becomes effective March 1, and will
go on sale in the very near future,
they are urged to bring last year’s
metal badge, which they must wear,
according to law.
Due to the war, which has brought
about a curtailment in the use of
metal, machinery and man-power, the
Ohio Division of Conservation and
Natural Resources has been unable
to secure enough of these badges in
which the new license must be car
While the Division expects to fur
nish license dealers with enough
badges which they now have in stock
for those who can’t find their old
badges, Commissioner Don Waters
today urged anglers to search their
tackle boxes and fishing regalia for
old badges.
The law requiring the use of these
license-containers has been in effect
three fishing seasons, Mr. Waters
said, and it is possible that some
fishermen might have more than one
in possession. If so, he urged that
they be turned into the license dealer
by the fisherman when buying his.
1943 license.
Bluffton Boy In
O. S. U. Concert Band
William Holtkamp, son of Prof,
and Mrs. Otto Holtkamp of South
Main street, has been admitted to
membership in the 70 piece concert
band of Ohio State university, it was
announced this week.
Because of a “manpower shortage”
in the band, ten girls have been ad
mitted to the musical unit.
The new 5-cent piece consists of
56 percent copper, 35 per cent silver
and 9 per cent manganese. The
WPB almost let the mint use stain
less steel.
fc- 1

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