The Bluffton News presents
another in the series of import
ant but little known aspects of
Juarez, Liberator Of Mexico, Faced
Problems Like Those Of Lincoln
God and nature together shaped
him to lead in the van,
In the stress of the wildest
weather, when the nation need
These words of the poet which so
aptly describe Lincoln, might with
equal appropriateness be applied to
Benito Juarez, the national hero of
Mexico. Just as Lincoln, in one of
the great crises of American history
emerged to preserve the Union and
bring about a great social reform, so
in Mexico did Juarez appear in one
of the fateful periods of Mexican
history and achieve a similar pur
There is a striking similarity in
the character and personality of
these outstanding patriots of two
sister republics. Born within a few
years of one another, both were in a
very real sense a product of the
people Lincoln born in a log cabin
of humble parents, Juarez in an In
dian hut in the state of Oaxaca.
Both stood and fought for the high
est principles of democracy. Both
were confronted by serious threats
to the maintenance of those prin
ciples, Lincoln by forces operating
within the country, Juarez by ele
ments both within and without the
nation. For neither of them could
there be a compromise with what
they considered to be the funda
mental requisites of national life,
and through a tenacity of purpose
and an unswerving devotion to duty,
they both accomplished the mission
they had been called upon to per
Born on March 21, 1806, in the
little mountain village of San Pablo
Guelatao, Benito Juarez was the son
of pure-blooded Zapotec Indians. He
was orphaned at an early age and
did not learn to speak Spanish until
the age of twelve, when he was tak
en to the city of Aaxaca. Placed
under the care of a kindly priest, a
new horizon opened up before him.
He received a fairly extensive edu
cation and graduated with a law
degree in 1834.
With that origin and that back
ground it is not surprising that
Juarez should have become a cham
pion of the people. As district at
torney, judge, deputy in the Nation
al Congress, and Governor of his
native state, Juarez constantly up
held the right of the people and be
came a leader of the Liberal party
in opposition to the pretensions of
the conservative oligarchy that had
inherited power after the declaration
of independence from Spain in 1810.
In the great liberal movement that
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ST. OR R.F.O.—
began in 1855 Juarez played a lead
ing role. Serving first as Minister
of Justice and then as Vice President,
he succeeded to the Presidency in
1858. The reform laws, which sought
to limit the powers of the clergy and
to return to the masses of the people
the land that had been incorporated
in huge estates during the colonial
period, evoked strong opposition, so
that it was not until January, 1861,
that Juarez and his liberal forces
were finally triumphant.
Hardly had interna! peace been re
stored than Juarez was confronted
by intervention from abroad. Unable
to meet the obligations on the for
eign debt, he had decreed a tempor
ary suspension of payments in 1861.
Under the pretense of enforcing
payment but in reality seeking to
establish a colonial empire, Napoleon
III of France poured 30,000 troops
into the country and by 1864 had
succeeded in placing the Archduke
Maximilian on the throne of Mexico.
Although Lincoln condemned the
intervention, his hands were tied by
his own civil war. Confronted by
the possibility of United States ac
tion after 1865, and the continued
opposition of the forces under
Juarez, French troops were with
drawn. With that withdrawal the
government of Maximilian crumbled
and he himself was captured and
shot in 1867.
Thereafter, with the same forceful
determination and high idealism that
had characterized his struggle against
feudalism in the War of the Reform
and for liberty in the war against
Napoleon, Juarez continued to meet
the problems of reconstruction until
his death on July 18, 1872.
Mrs. John Marquart of Orange
township and Mrs. G. W. Rower of
Lima, twins, celebrated their 47th
birthday anniversary at the Mar
quart home Sunday.
A birthday dinner was held at
noon with a large angelfood cake
centering the table. Many gifts
A surprise of the afternoon was a
telephone call received by Mr. and
Mrs. Marquart from their son How
ard who is in training at Camp Caix
Present for the occasion included:
Mrs. Rower of Lima Mrs. Earl
Rupright of Eagle township Pvt.
Melvin Long, Jr., and son Garry
Kent of Pandora Mrs. Mell Long
and daughters Lois and Dorothy, Mr.
and Mrs. Henry Balmer and daugh
ter Mary Louise and Miss Alice
To Be Held Friday
Prospective students for the Army
Specialized Training Program and
the Navy College Training Program
will take qualifying examinations in
Room 208 of Bluffton High school
at 9 a. m. on Friday, A. J. B. Longs
dorf, Superintendent of Schools, an
“Most boys accepted for either the
Army specialized training program
or the Navy college training pro
gram will eventually become com
missioned officers in the army, navy,
marine corps or coast guard,’’ Mr.
“The Army and the Navy will
pay all expenses at the colleges of
students selected on the basis of
Friday’s tests. Since there will be
no^ further tests for some months, all
high school students or recent grad
uates will have to take the April 2
examinations to qualify for this
training. This is an excellent op
portunity for every ambitious boy,
especially for those who are likely to
be drafted within the next year.”
The purpose of the tests is to aid
in the selection of prospective officer
material for the Army, Navy, Marine
Corps and Coast Guard. The exam
inations are designed to test the ap
titude and general knowledge of the
candidates who will express a choice
for the Army or Navy at the time
of the examinations. Those who are
selected for either the Army special
ized training program or the Navy
college training program will at
tend college with all expenses paid
by the respective services.
Boys 17 to 21 years of age in the
high school senior class or in college
or eligible for college may take the
tests, it was stated by Supt. Longs
To Present Operetta
“Rip Winkle” is the title of the
operetta to be presented by the Beav
erdam grade school at the Beaver
dam High school auditorium Friday
night at 8:30 o’clock, fast time.
Main characters in the performance
will be Elvet Foulkes as Rip Van
Winkle and Josephine White as the
nagging wife. Others in the cast
include: Anna Adie, Delbert Hall,
Joan White, Jim Cartwright, Allen
Lacock, Loren Huber, Jack Pugh and
Ned Truex. Miss Catherine Eddy,
music instructor, is directing the op
Don’t forget to buy War Bonds
and Defense Stamps.
(beef, calf, pork, lamb)
(beef, calf, pork, lamb)
(beef, calf, pork, lamb)
(beef, calf, pork, lamb)
Dried Soups Slashed 50 Per
Cent Some Items are
Raisins and Prunes Now Take
no Points Points Based
THE BLUFFTON NEWS. BLUFFTON. OHIO
VARIETY MEATS AID IN WAR MENU PLANNING
Calf, lamb, pork liven
more tender than
beef. Calf and lamb
livers milder in flavor
than pork and beef.
Calf, lamb and pork
kidneys more tender,
of milder flavor then
beef. Veal and lamb
kidneys sometimes cut
Beef heart is least ten-'
der but all hearts must
be made tender by
May be purchased
fresh, pickled, corned,
or smoked. Make fen
der by proper cook
ing. Pork and lamb
ready to serve.
First and second stom
achs of beef. Plain and
fresh, pickled or
corned. Make tender
by proper cooking.
(beef, calf, lam
(beef, calf, porlc, lamb)
Divided into two parts:
Heart and throat
and delicate in flavor.
Very tender and deli
cate in flavor.
-•AH vorMy mean ar* practically hrxnUn and hav« high percentage of edible meat.
This handy chart on variety meats
Is designed to assist the housewife
in solving her wartime meat prob
Point Values Are Re-shuffled By
OPA Big Reductions In Fruit Juices
Re-shuffling of point values in
which some items were lowered or
eliminated from rationing and others
increased was announced this week
by the Office of Price Administra
Fruit juices require fewer of your
blue ration coupons while raisins
and prunes take none at all.
The point value of dried soups is
being slashed 50 per cent, but more
points will be needed for canned
beans, catsup and chili sauce, to
mato paste and sauce, applesauce,
fruit cocktail, peaches and pine
The fruit juice reductions range
up to 60 per cent. These and the
cuts on dried soup were made be
cause the products were not selling
up to expectations, officials said. The
greatest reductions are on 46-ounce
cans of juice. This size can of
grapefruit, posted for 23 points in
March, will now take only 9. A 46
ounce can of tomato or pineapple
juice will require 22 points instead
Apple juice was opened to unre
stricted sale along with raisins,
prunes and other dried fruits. Offi
cials explained the dried fruits are
in danger of spoiling in the coming
warm months, while the country has
a surplus of apples that can be
turned into cans or jugs of apple
Reminders to Buyers
Dried fruits were left on the offi
cial chart, at zero value, as a re
minder that they may be rationed
again when the new crop is packed.
OPA said no overall increase in
ration is possible at present.
Kenneth E. Stauffer, chief of the
processed foods division of OPA in
Washington explained: “This new
chart represents a shifting of point
values from one item to another,
but no change in aggregate point
values. In my opinion, there is very
little possibility of any lowering of
aggregate point values.”
The new chart will be used in
making purchases on any unused
March or April fruit and vegetable
stamps. There are the blue A, B,
and (March-expire March 31) or
D, E and (April) stamps in ra
tion book No. 2. The basis ration
remains at 48 points per month per
Among the lesser changes in the
new chart were these:
Some large size package of frozen
foods were increased slightly in point
values, although the cost of most
popular size packages were un
Canned tomato soup was put in a
separate classification without any
change in point values. Stauffer
said this mean a possible differential
between tomato and other soups in
of iron. High in
Rich source of
vitamin A Ex
cellent for vi
Rich source of
iron ond phos
lent for vita
mins and qual
Good source of
Another new classification is for
canned or frozen corn on the cob,
priced at two points per ear.
The chart also lists the things
that are not rationed, so as to lessen
confusion on some bordering items.
Unrationed list include cereals, corn
syrup, figs and dates, mushrooms,
gravy mixes, jams and jellies, milk,
pickles, peanut utter, soft drinks
Explaining why some items drew
higher point Values, OPA said:
“Those items that are given higher
point values for April (actually ef
fective March 29) sold in March at
a rate faster than the supply situa
tion could support under rationing.
For example, applesauce was selling
128 per cent faster than scheduled
in relation to other items salad
fruits and fruit cocktail were moving
50 per cent ahead of schedule, peach
es, 34 per cent pineapple, 25 per
cent and lima beans, 100 per cent.
Tomato catsup and chili sauce were
other items that were reported to be
selling very fast, and hence had
their values increased.”
Although point values of all juices
were cut, the heaviest cuts were
made on the 64 ounce size, in which
size about two-thirds of the annual
pack is cannel. Sales of this size
had been at virtually a standstill, in
spite of former popularity.
Dry soups also had been selling
slow. Canned soups started the
month slow, but picked up at the
end of the month and values were
left tentatively unchanged.
Notice To Bidders
The Bluffton Board of Education
will receive sealed bids for furnish
ing One Hundred (100) Tons more
or less of coal for the grade school
building at Bluffton, Ohio, during the
coming year as required by said
Board of Education.
Bidder will be required to submit
analysis of coal he proposes to fur
nish, together with price delivered.
All bids to be in hands of the
clerk of the board by noon on April
The right is reserved to reject any
or all bids.
50 Leland Diller, Clerk
Government war expenditures in
February of this year were more than
4’2 times the United States Public
Debt on March 31, 1917.
MUNSON R. BIXEL, M. D.
Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M.
1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M.
Office, 118 Cherry St.
Phone 120-F Bluffton, O.
D. C. BIXEL, O. D.
GORDON BIXEL, O.D.
Citizens Bank Bldf., Bluffton
Office Honrs: 8:30 A. M.—5:30 P. M.
Evenings: Mon., Wed.. FrL, Sat. 7:30 to
8:30 P. M. Closed Thuraday Afternoon.
Francis Basinger, D. D. S.
Evan Basinger, D. D. S.
1 beef 10 lb.
1 calf 2A lb.
1 pork 3 lb.
1 lamb— 1 lb.
1 beef 3% lb.
1 calf TA lb.
1 pork 34 lb
1 lamb— */2 lb.
Good source of
Plain 7 lb.
comb l*/2 lb.
Gocd source of
B„) and quality
Good source of
1 lb. for
1 beef— 1 lb.
1 calf lb.
1 pork— Z| lb.
1 lamb— yg lb.
1 beef 4 lb.
1 calf /2 lb.
1 pork ‘A lb.
1 lamb— lb.
1 to 2
12 to 16
serve os de
12 to 16
3 to 6
2 to 4
2 to 3
broil, fry or
1 lb. for
'/8 lb- 1 lb. for
fry or cream.
1 lb. for
lems. The variety meats are deserv- be prepared in many appetising
ing of special cor .. .ration because dishes to supplement the usual chops,
they are high in food value and may steaks, stews and roasts.
Former Student Is
Promotion of 1st Lt. Duane Tway,
Bluffton college graduate, to re
sponsibility of flight commander of
his flying unit at Selman Field, Mo
bile, La., was announced this week.
Lieut. Tway, whose home is in
Plain City, received his wings as a
navigator at Luruey Field, Albany,
Georgia. Prior to his latest assign
ment he was a member of a five
member procurement board in which
he travelled to various colleges in
North Carolina and Tennessee.
In this capacity he lectured and
interviewed students interested in air
cadet training. Lieut. Tway gradu
ated from Bluffton college in the
class of 1941. Lieutenant and Mrs.
Tway live at 1100% North 7th street
in Monroe, Louisiana.
News Want-ads bring results.
Guests coming for dinner may
have to bring their own meat or else
the average family will have to save
up their coupons for some time in
order to accumulate sufficient point
valifes to purchase meat for all the
Whether that will be the solution
or not, it is going to be a difficult
problem to give dinner for guests
under the meat rationing program.
Technically the only way meat can
be bought for guests is to have them
buy it separately and then bring it
to the party, OPA experts said. This
wouldn’t be much of a problem if the
menu called for chops but if a big
rcast were on the menu then likely
everybody would have to go to the
butcher shop together, each asking
for a piece of roast, and asking the
butcher to leave it all in one piece.
The difficulty lies in the fact that
no one is technically allowed to buy
meat with the ration books of any
one outside his immediate family.
Guests May Have To Bring Own Meat
For Dinner, Under Rationing Program
Another strange angle to the sit
uation is—if you go to a meat mark
et and buy sandwich meat you must
surrender ration coupons but if you
go to a restaurant and buy the meat
in sandwiches you can obtain it with
out coupons, providing the sale of
With the first test blackout sched
uled for the near future, and as a
precaution against possible enemy
air raids, instructions were outlined
this week by Clair Fett, director of
the Bluffton civilian defense council.
During the test blackout all of the
precautions to be taken in case of an
actual enemy air raid are to be fol
lowed it was indicated. The follow
ing rules have been suggested to
promote civilian safety:
1. At the sound of the first warn
ing signal take shelter. If you are
at home you should turn on the
2. At the sound of the second sig
nal all lights should be put out.
Keep away from the windows and
never look out. All lights that can
be closely screened should be put out
so that the enemy will have noth
ing to guide him.
3. Stay home. A place of refuge
should be decided on before any
raids come. Generally this should
should not be left once the raids
4. Keep calm and cool. If you
are at home go into your refuge
room and lie down. If bombs fall a
good place is under a sturdy table
with strong legs. If the raid starts
when you are away fro mhome you
should lie down under shelter. Pro
tect the back of your head. Do not
5. If an incendiary bomb should
Instructions Given On What To
Do In Case Of Enemy Air Raids
Living Room Furnishings
modern, but not extreme
SUITES Just arrived these new living room suites are diff
erent, reflecting quality in every line. They are of frizet mohair
in dusty rose, blue, burgundy and rose.
Priced as low as
BROADLOOM FLOOR COVERINGS We’are fortunate to
receive these floor coverings in 9 foot widths,
brown and green. Handsome and durable.
Price Square Yard
ACCESSORIES Lamps and coffee tables still in an unusually
complete selection, which invites your inspection.
Basinger’s Furniture Store
THURSDAY, APRIL 1, 1943
sandwiches is a regular part of the
One of the most unusual features
of the new program is that which
permits the butcher to reduce cou
pon costs for the first two months
of rationing according to his own
meat supplies. They can cut point
values on over-stocked items that are
in danger of spoilage.
The most popular meat items were
pegged at 8 points per pound but the
average -was about 6 points per
pound, because of the fact that OPA
set some bargains at 1 point per
pound for bacon rind, pigs ears and
fresh pigs feet.
OPA has also offered an answer
to the mystery of “what is hamburg
er”? By OPA regulation it is beef
ground from necks, flanks, shanks,
briskets, plates and miscellaneous
trimmings and beef fats.
As far as OPA is concerned other
ground meat is something you bought
on the basis of point values in the
original cut and then had it ground.
A similar formula applies to such
things as rib roasts which you must
buy and pay for in its original form.
If you want the bones taken out
and the.meat rolled that is your de
hit your house it should be put out
with a spray of water.
6. Make no attempt to turn off
the main gas valve unless your
house is badly damaged. Once the
valve is shut off, it should be turned
on again only by the trained man
from the gas company.
7. Do not telephone. This tends
to crowd the wires so that important
official information can not get thru.
It has been urged that all families
become acquainted with their air
raid wardens and familiarize them
selves with the requirements for
Someone in each family should be
appointed to remember all of the
rules and to take charge of the sit
uation should an emergency arise.
The mother is recommended.
Emergency water and sand should
be stored in sufficient quantities to
be of assistance in fire fighting.
Altho the likelihood of enemy
bombs falling on individual houses is
small, the theory of the civilian de
fense organization is that it is better
to be prepared and not have any
thing happen than to be unprepared
during a bombing raid.
The town’s ability to meet emer
gency conditions has been strength
ened during the past week with an
addition of a considerable quantity
of protective equipment loaned to
the town by the National Office of
Civilian Defense for the duration of
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