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The Bluffton News presents another in the series of import ant but lesser known aspects of South America.—Editor. Tobacco Was First Found By Early Spanish Explorers In South America Tobacco—a gift of the American continent to the world—was first seen by white men upon their landing on this Western Hemisphere. The Indi ans of North America were seen to inhale the smoke from peace pipes, having apparently done so since time immemorial. The natives of Cuba smoked tobac co in the form of fat little rolls—our cigars of today —and all over the rest of the Americas, the Indians used it different wax’s as snuff, as chewing tobacco, or even as a sacred drug. The fact that it was pleasant and had some sort of narcotic or stimulant effect made it very popular with the Spanish, the English and the Portu gese settlers and the plant was brought to Europe in 1558 by Fran cisco Fernandes “who had been sent by Philip II of Spain to investigate the products of Mexico”. From the south of Europe, where it had been planted by the Portugese, Jean Nicot, French Ambassador to Portugal, brought seeds of the plant to Queen Catherine de Medici in 1560, thus introducing it to France. Nicot, incidentally, not only studied scien tifically the properties of tobacco but gave his name to the genus “Nicoti ana” and to “nicotin”. Meanwhile the use of the plant for smoking purposes was spreading through England. Ralph Lane, the first governor of Virginia and the first English smoker, together with Sir Francis Drake induced Sir Walter Raleigh to take up pipe-smoking. The example of the great Raleigh “who tooke a pipe of tobacco a little before he went to the scaffolde” con tributed to the popularity of smoking among Elizabethan courtiers. During the 17th century the habit spread with great popularity through out the world. “Divine tobacco” as it is called by Spencer, or “our holy herb nicotian” by William Lilly who attributed to it almost miraculous October 3, 1918 Reports of the first day’s solicita tion made Tuesday night showed $25,000 still to be subscribed in the Liberty Loan quota of $105,000 as signed to Bluffton and Richland North. Bluffton college sent five represen tatives to the state conference of the United War Work fund held at Col umbus, Friday. Dean Byers repre sented the faculty, Aaron Myers and Raymond Wulliman the Y. M. C. A. and Lenore Miller and Ruth Strub har the Y. W. C. A. In a stirring address that came straight from the shoulder, Hon. Cole of Findlay opened Bluffton’s Liberty Loan campaign at a meeting in the town hall Monday night. We must have a complete victory and wipe autocracy from the face of the earth, he concluded. E. J. Strauch, Union township boy, age 19, has made the supreme sac rifice “over there.” Word that he had died from disease has been re ceived from the war department by his mother, Mrs. Mary Strauch, re siding north of town. A huge patriotic parade composed of Liberty Loan workers, Red Cross women, the Citizens band, boy scouts, industrial organizations and school children marched in an impresive parade Monday night. Not having seen each other for years, Ray Staater and Miss Bessie Acomb graduates of the same class at Bluffton High school met in a base hospital in France. Neither knew the other was in the hospital until they met by chance. Staater is attached to the operat ing room of the medical department of the base hospital, having enlisted last year in Cicinnati. Miss Acomb is the daughter of Rev. Acomb, a former pastor of the Presbyterian church. Miss Martha Diller, who enlisted as a Red Cross nurse is seriously ill with pneumonia, according to word received here. She enlisted last month and is stationed at Camp Dix. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Diller of Jackson street. “I am sleeping in a pup tent just back of the firing line and can hear the big guns roaring and rattling like a thunder storm,” writes Earl Good from France to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henson Good. Although his heart dropped almost to the zero point when the big shells burst near him, it niver stayed there Ion genough to give him cold feet, writes Corp. Chas. Hilty from France. The women of France work much more in manual labor in the fields than is the case in America, writes healing powers, had therefore won its way into the civilized world. N. tobacum, the Virginian tobacco, one of the best known species, is a coarse rank-growing annual with sim ple oblong leaves and pink or rose colored flowers. It is cultivated in localities scattered all over the world and is to be found on our Hemisphere as far north as Quebec and as far south as Chile. Tobacco is usually first planted from seeds, then transplanted when the plant has grown and its leaves are ripening, they are picked and cur ed either by air, sun or fire. Finally, the leaves are submitted to fermen tation and manufactured into cigars, cigarettes, pipe tobacco, snuff or chew ing tobacco. The cigar, originally “segar” from the Spanish cigar-shaped beetle “cin cada”, originated in Cuba long before the discovery of the New World when the Indians made crude roll of native West Indian tobacco. Introduced to the United States by General Israel Putnam, after the British campaign in Cuba, the use of the cigar spread through the world during the 18th and 19th Centuries. Cuban cigars still hold supremacy as to quality and aroma and the grow ing of tobacco is—after sugar—the principal industry of the island repub lic. Vuelta-Abajo section in the beau tiful Cuban province of Pinar del Rio, is entirely dedicated to the growing of fine tobacco and the country-side covered with “vegas” or tobacco plan tations. Brazil’s climate and soil are also very suitable to the production of cigar leaf and this seems to be in creasing. Bluffton In First World War Thus, tobacco is grown today all over the earth. In the United States alone, where it was first cultivated on a commercial basis in Virginia in the 17th century, 18 states grow it now for profit, while the country leads the way in the industry of the cigarette literally little cigar-of finely cut to bacco rolled in paper. Anywhere in the world, nowadays, the sight of a pack of American cigarettes is a fam iliar one. What Happened Here Twenty-five Years Ago This Week Sylvan Herrmann to his mother, Mrs. Frank Herrmann. The Bluffton Red Cross is asking people here for a linen shower to be sent to the American hospitals in France. They may be delivered at Hotel Russell on Tuesday. In charge of this program are Mrs. C. H. Smith, Mrs. W. S. Gottshall, Mrs. John Bixel, Mrs. Geo. Schmidt, Mrs. D. S. Flick, Mrs. I. B. Beeshy, Mrs. John Nicholson and Misses Clara Greding and Elizabeth Hummon. Homer Locher, son of Mrs. John Locher has arrived overseas, accord ing to word received here. Word has been received from Clair Fett that he has arrived safely over seas. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John Fett and left for Camp Sher man with the June Allen county draft contingent. Murray Triplehorn of the marine corps, who is situated in Porto Rico arrived Tuesday afternoon to spend a 30 day furlough at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Trip plehorn. He holds a medal for markmanship. He has not been home since he enlisted 15 months ago. Miss Hulda Schumacher, a train ed nurse, left Wednesday morning for army hospital service in a South Carolina training camp. She is the daughter of Jacob Schumacher of Lawn avenue. Few Xmas Trees In Prospect This Year Few Christmas trees will be avail able next Yuletide, for tjie Canadian supply centers which annually pro vide more than 2,500,000 trees will not furnish a single one this year. Critical labor and transportation shortages provided obstacles that re sulted in the Christmas tree becom ing another war casualty. This means many an American father will face the unwelcome task of breaking the news to Junior that the traditional symbol of the Yule tide will not be available this year to lighten up homes during the Christmas season. That the Christmas tree will do its bit to help win the war by staying in the woods became certain last week with simultaneous announce ments issued by three Canadian gov ernmental departments. Work permits will not le avail able for anyone to cut trees, there fore there will be no labor rail ways are instructed not to transport trees in cars that are suitable for transportating grain: and no permits will be issued to transport trees by motor truck. In addition *here is a shortage of the type of t’ine used for binding the trees in bunches for shipment. Our Want-ads brirg resultc. AZTEC *BREAO BASKETS?! SILT DUG UP FROM SHALLOW LAKE TEXCOCO WAS POURED INTO HUGE REED‘BASKETS’ RESTING ON LAKE FLOOR. CROPS RAISED IN THIS RCH SOIL BROUGHT POWER AND WEALTH TO ONCE-POOR AZTECS.‘ISLANDS’THUS CREATED WERE THE START OF PRESt NT-CAY MEXICO CITY ADOBE BRICK FACED WIN 5TONE AND plaster._ The volume of mail cleared thru the New York port of embarkation post office is a military secret, altho it has been learned that more than 750,000 V-Mail letters alone are handled each day by the corps of enlisted personnel, including a high percentage of WACS. Military personnel get better over seas mail service than any civilian did prior to the war, it was an nounced last week by officers in charge of the mailing center. This is said to be because of the use of airplanes, plus modem methods of relaying information on the location of troops. Bluffton Officer In English University Second Lieutenant James G. Owens, 41, of Bluffton was one of a small group of United States Army officers privileged to recently take a short course in agriculture at the Uni versity of Reading, England’s most famous agricultural college. Subjects discussed in the course dealt principally with war and post 1 war farm problems, artificial insem ination of cattle and plans for post war food distribution. In addition to lectures at the university the course included visits to Viscount Hambleden’s model farm and to the National Institute of Dairying. Lieut. Owens, an intelligence offi cer in the air corps, has been in the army one year, and in the European theatre of operations three months. He is a graduate of the college of agriculture, Ohio State university. Pleasant View Mr. and Mrs. Richard Green arn the parents of a baby boy at the Bluffton Community hospital, Thurs day. The little one has been named Richard Lyn. Mrs. Win. Friedly, who underwent an operation at the Bluffton Com munity hospital is improving nicely. Mrs. La Vaun Keller and daught er Miriam spent last Monday after noon with Mrs. Florence Keller and daughter of Findlay. Mrs. George Ridge and children of Benton Ridge spent Sunday after noon with Mr. and Mrs. Donald Har ris. A number from this community are attending he Putnam County Fair at Ottawa this wetk. Th: Ladies Harmony Circle will ■'eet in the home of Mrs. Ruth "Iti Th’.trsd'ty afternoon, Oct. 14. w Tj 1 of rue sun, a peligious tcmple NEAR MEXICO CITY, 6 Z10 FEET M6M, ONERS 11 ACRES OE GROLtJO AND IS BELIEVED IO BE OVER 1,000 NEARS 0U. BUILT BY AN UNKNOWN INDIAN TRIBE. IT 15 MAK OF 'tJK i Slow On Overseas Mailing To Soldiers In spite of the war, an old Amer ician custom is being followed by the public—that of mailing Christmas parcels late—even tho they are de signed for soldiers overseas, it w’as announced last week by the port of embarkation post office in New York City. Although the deadline for mailing overseas packages has been set for October 15, the greater rush of Christmas mailing remains to be handled. So far, little Yuletide mail has cleared altho the post office is ready to handle 30,000 sacks, each containing 15 five-pound packages, daily. THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFT )N, OHIO AIEET MIDDLE AMERICA NAM&er I nt z seriet on the coutlrits of Middle America A REPUBLIC SWCE V22, MEXICO IS SECOND LARGEST IN POPULADON AND THIRD LARGEST N AREA OF THE LATN AMERICAN REPUBLICS(NIIMXXW POP, 156,256 5U MILES) NEW MASTERS! MODERN MEX-CAN FRESCOS, WATER-COLOR MURALS mWTEPCW WET PLASTER, RIVAL 1UO5E OF ITALIAN MASTERS MEXICAN CLIMATE IS LIKE ITALY'S. TECHNIQUES ARE THE ONES USED BY GIOTTO, FAMED 14Tm CENTlRY ITALIAN ARTIST. _________ MEXICO IS TWE WORLDS LEADING PRODUCER OF SILVER. SINCE TWE 16™ CENTURY 5 Vl BADON OUNCES have BEEN MNED MORE THAN A THIRD OF TOTAL VORLD PRODUCTION. I Mexico’* people, like thoee of the other Middle I American republics, believe in democracy. To I protect their freedom now and P',e«erve I the poet-war world, they offer their material I wealth to the United Nation.’ war effort— I copper, lead, xihc. petroleum, cocoa, sisal and henequen (for twine), tin, tungsten, hemp, quinine, guayule rubber, tannin, and castor oil. among other product.. In the post war world, as today in a worldI at war, Mexico and the other republics of Middle America will play their vital parts as mem bers of the Pan American family of nations. V ........ ........ Troop No. 82 By Dean Ferguson Members of the troop enjoyed a bi cycle hike to Pandora Monday night. Those making the trip were Scout master Woody Little Assistant Scout master Gene Benroth John Bracy, Kenneth Bracy, Harry Burkholder, Robert Coon, Earl Frick, Dean Fer guson, Morris Groman, Jim Howe, Keith Kirtland, Bobby Niswander, Maynard Pogue and David Steams. A short meeting w’as held at Pandora before the return trip was started. Keith Kirtland was named patrol leader of the Coyote patrol at the meeting. Troop No. 56 By Malcolm Basinger Monday’s meeting was opened w’ith the group repeating the Scout Oath and Law, followed by inspection and roll call. Rehearsal for a playlet to be pre sented at the Ohio Power Co. office in Lima on October 6 took up the rest of the meeting. Characters in the play include: Dinky Howard, Don Augsburger Bucko Smythe, Malcolm Basinger Blinker, Don Paul Bixel George Mor ton, Robert Stratton Mayor Simms, Dean Niswander and Joe Green, Ro bert Ramseyer. Badges awarded at the court of honor three weeks ago were given to individual scouts at the meeting. Armorsville Mr. and Mrs. Ray Guider enter tained in honor of Cpl. Max McCaf ferty the following: Mr. and Mrs. Carl McCafferty, Miss Margaret Guider, Mrs. Rolland Guider, Mrs. Wm. McCafferty, Gerald Harshey and the honored guest, Max McCaf ferty. Harry Moore of Detroit is sped ing the week with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. I. Moore. Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Montgomery and daughter Sue called Sunday af ternoon with Mrs. Eva Montgomery. Dale Owens and son Tommy spent the week end at the Owens home. Mrs. W. L. Hilty and Mrs. Chas. Montgomery spent Wednesday in North Baltimore. Mrs. Mildred Daly of Toledo, Mrs. Chas. Oehrli were over Sunday even ing super guests at the Owens home. Mrs. John W. Wilkins and daught er Ellen spent Monday with her par ents, Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Klingler. Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Hall and fam ily of Carey called Sunday afternoon at the W. I. Moore home. Cpl. Max McCafferty returned to Camp on Monday after spending his furlough with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Carl McCafferty. Observance of Fire Prevention Week on a nation-wide basis, October 3 to 9, inclusive, is spurred this year by the realization that America’s all-out war effort will be hampered just that much by every fire destroying build ings, critical materials and possibly the lives of human beings. Fire Prevention Week Observance October 3-9 Spurred By War Needs Mayor Wilbur A. Howe announced Bluffton’s participation in the nation al observance by citing the serious losses and consequences to the na An interesting account of a visit to the ruins of ancient Carthage was contained in a letter received last week by Scott Edinger of Orange township, from his son, Cpl. Norman R. Edinger, who is overseas with the American expiditionary forces in Af rica. Edinger is a graduate of Mt. Cory High school, was employed by The Triplett Electrical Instrument, prior to his enlistment in the army. Soldier In North Africa Tells Of Visit To Ruins Of Ancient Carthage His account of Carthage follows: “The modern city of Carthage (and by modem I mean as modern as any African city can be) is about one mile from the ancient ruins. We were so busy looking over the ruins, how ever, that we didn’t have time to go into the modern city. “When approaching the site of an cient Carthage, even for a number of miles away, the first and main attrac tion is the large Cathedral, located on a high hill. It is a very large struc ture with double spires and other than its size is not especially attractive outside. In fact it is rather gloomy and rather distracts from the exotic beauty of the interior. Such paint ings and sculpture. “The Carthage ruins overlook the Gulf of Tunis, and of course, Hannibal Bay. We parked our vehicle in front of the Cathedral and before we could say “Jack Banter” there were about a dozen Arabs around us trying to sell us souvenirs. I purchased an old Roman lamp, found in the ruins, which is claimed to be tremendously old, 800 B. C. They were also selling old coins dated back in B. C. (in fact coins were not dated at all in B. C. days, were they?). “The ancient city was entirely cov ered with earth for years, and only re cently since the University of Michi gan sponsored an excavating party has any of it been uncovered. “I saw the palace where Hannibal lived, now in all in ruins. The acque duct is in ruins, too, but some of the fellows who were energetic enough to County Honor Roll To Be Erected Soon Erection of a mammoth Allen county honor roll carrying the names of nearly 6,000 men and women in the armed services will be started soon on the site of the future Coun ty Historical Society museum, near Metcalf street on West Market street in Lima. Sponsor of the project is the American Legion, with other veter ans organizations and patriotic, fra ternal, labor organizations and serv ice clubs assisting. Preliminary plans call for the erec tion of an illuminated sign, 125 feet long and 26 feet high. You can take down the old shades and put up the new without a minute’s delay. We have sizes to fit into your pres ent brackets or we can cut them down in a jiffy to fit your measurements. Your choice Western-Volker either machine made qualities. of the famous cloth shades in made or hand Both oil finish ed and washable. tion’s war effort by fire since Pearl Harbor. In President Roosevelt’s national proclamation, it was pointed out that the nation’s war program is menaced by an alarming increase in prevent able fire loss. He called upon the people of the country to take unusually active measures not only during fire preven tion week but also throughout the year to conserve human and ma terial resources from fire destruction. trace it said that farther up in the mountains it is still in very good shape. In fact certain parts of it still are usable. “We went into one of the structures uncovered from the ruins, which now is being used as living quarters by a French family. They had it all ar ranged exactly as they thought it might have been back in B. C. days. This had formerly been a palace erec ted in honor of Jupiter’s wife, Juno, the goddess. It was complete even to a cute little baby of two or three months, in a crude cradle, hanging like a swing. There was also a fresh leg of lamb hanging on the wall, with no protection from the flies or dust. The beds were old Roman style. “From there we went to another Frenchman’s home. In his backyard were hundreds of tiny tombstones, un covered during the excavation. This had been the temple of the Moon God. “Here is where the ancients sacra ficed little children to the Moon God. This they did by placing the live child in the mouth of a huge bronze animal and cremating the tot alive. “After cremation they placed the ashes in a small jar. I purchased one of the jars w’hich had been excavated by the University of Michigan, which is said to date back to about 300 years B. C. When we got back home I emp tied the container to see what I could find. It was full of ashes and the re mains of a bone which our surgeon i dentified as a “femur.” “One of the most interesting places was the ancient am pi theatre. As you know, this is one of the places where early Christians, etc., were thrown to the lions. Talking about it and actually being there inside the arena is quite a different sensation. “We w’ent through the entire struc ture which is still in remarkably good condition, including the rooms where the prisoners wee held, the lions den, and the messroom. Above and around the arena were the ruins of what had been seating capacity for 40,000.” Relative Of Local Residents Succumbs Enos Steiner has returned from Kidron where he attended the fun eral of Mrs. Lydia Steiner Geiser, 68, who died suddenly of a heart at tack. Mrs. Steiner, the daughter of John and Elizabeth Steiner, was born near Mt. Eaton and died at her home near Kidron. Surviving are her husband, one daughter Pearl at home and five sons: Allen, Lester and Tillman of Apple Creek Melvin of Dalton and Leeman of Orrville. News want-ads bring results. CLOTH WINDOW SHADES 0 Genuine Excelsior Shades QC any size up to 36" by 1” All we need to know’ is the col or—ecru, buff or green—the length of your present shade and the width of your roller. measure trim here to here IN "READY TO HANG” SIZES I A THURSDAY, OCT. 7, 1943 Sem Geiger Dies In Wayne County Sem Geiger, 86, native of the Swiss Settlement northwest of Bluffton who for many years lived in Wayne coun ty, died at a Canton hospital follow ing a major operation. He was a brother of Aaron and Peter Geiger and Mrs. Elizabeth Tschantz of Bluffton and Mrs. Leah Leichty of Pandora. He was born in Riley township the son of Mr. and Mrs. John Geiger, June 7, 1857, and attended the Beech Tree school. In 1881 he moved to Wayne county where he resided until his death. Besides his vocation as a farmer, Mr. Geiger was a skilled woodwork er, inventor of mechanical devices, piano and organ tuner and builder of two pipe organs. Surviving are one son Wilbur and two daughters Mrs. Viola Lehman and Mrs. Elda Amstutz, all of Orr ville. Among those attending the funeral services held at Orrville were: Aaron and Peter Geiger, Mrs. Elizabeth Tschantz, Melvin Hilty, Mrs. Ben Whisler and Mrs. S. F. Pannabecker of Bluffton Mrs. Viola Sommers, Mr. and Mrs. Francis Sommers and Harvey Hilty of Pandora. Rescue Home Report The Lima Rescue Mission furnish ed meals to 175 transients and lodg ing to 180 during the month of Sep tember, it is reported by Rev. A. D. Welty, superintendent of the mission. And Good, Too A rich meat and vegetable soup is almost a meal in itself. Start the pot boiling with a beef or ham bone, or bones trimmed out of the roast, and later add vegetables. MUNSON R. BIXEL. M.D. Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M. 1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M. Office, 118 Cherry St. Phone 120-F Bluffton, O. D. C. BIXEL, O.D. GORDON BIXEL, O. D. Citizen! Bank Bldg., Bluffton EYESIGHT SPECIALISTS Office Hour*: 8:30 A. M—5:30 P. M. Evening*: Mon., Wed., Fri., Sat. 7:3# to 8:30 P. M. Closed Thursday Afternoon. Francis Basinger, D. D. S. Evan Basinger( D. D. S. Telephone 271-W Bluffton, Ohio FARM BUREAU INSURANCE Auto—Fire—Life—Liability Paul E. Whitmer, Agent 245 W. Grove St.—Phone 350-W Bluffton. Ohio k ■■'S? 4 ... 1 -Y® Basinger’s Furniture Store '/f Clothes Line 35c 50 foot length. Braided line of good quality. Bluffton Implement & Harness Co.