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Bluffton might easily be celebrat ing Independence Day other than or. July Fourth were it not for common consent establishing this day in stead of the logic of historical facts. Three Different Days Could Have Been Independence Day, Historians Point Out History is replete with many dif ferent “ifs" and our Independence Day certainly might have been on two other dates ‘‘if” it had not been for certain developments. July Fourth is considered the greatest secular holiday in the United States and its observance has the statutory sanction of every state in the Union. Yet it is probably not generally known that no less than three dates might reasonably compete for desig nation as the natural day of Amer ican Independence and for the hon ors of the anniversary of that event. The resolution of independence was adopted on July 2, 1776. It was this day that Mr. Adams designated as the anniversary the oft-quoted letter written on his desk at the time, pro phecying its future celebration by bells, bonfires, noisy demonstrations, etc. On the 4th of July occurred the Declaration of Independence. On the 2nd of August following took place the ceremony of signature which has furnished to the popular imagination the common pictorial and dramatic conception of the event. History reveals that the first reso Old-fashioned, noisy celebrations of the Fourth of July inaugurated by cannon fire at daybreak and marked by a steady staccato of fire crackers remain only a memory Tuesday as Bluffton continued its policy of pro hibiting the sale and discharge of fireworks. The celebration now is in direct contrast to that our fathers knew when the holiday was a paradise of bedlam for the youngsters and a day of uproarious enjoyment for the elders. Cannon roared a salute at the crack of dawn in those days, fire crackers and small torpedo bombs popped all day long, and in the evening it was customary to have a gigantic fireworks display. Old Fashioned Wide-Open Fourth Now Remains Only As Dim Memory Parades were synonymous with Fourth of July celebrations in those days, and the line of march would wind a tortuous path through packed streets. In the processions were gaily decorated pony carts, bands and vari-colored costumes. Pink lemonade stands banked the streets, always surrounded by the crowd. Spread eagle oratory was expected and always available, fol lowing which the big baseball game of the season was played. In those days there were no auto mobiles, so everybody stayed home, and since the celebration was one worth going miles to see, everyone in the surrounding area came to Bluffton. Sometimes the railroad ran an ex cursion to Cedar Point over the Fourth. These tours were so uni versally popular that there were seldom enough coaches for everyone and the aisles were jammed with those who hsd to stand. On Wednesday and Saturday nights, preceding the Fourth fire lution of July 2nd did not have the names of the members of Congress as they finally appeared upon the document because of much opposi tion by En: lish sympathisers. Some day after tl Declaration had passed and had I een proclaimed at the head of the army, it was ordered by Congress t: at it be engrossed on parchment and signed by every member. It was not until the 2nd of August that these signatures were made and the matter concluded. It is this copy or form of the Declaration that has been preserved as the original the first signed paper was destroyed as incomplete. If the natal day of American in dependence is to be derived from the ceremony of the later signatures and the real date of what has been pre served as the legal original of the Declaration, then it would be the 2nd of August. If derived from the substantial legal act of separation from the British crown which was contained rather in the resolution of congress than in the Declaration of Independ ence, it would be the 2nd of July. But common consent and tradition have determined to date the great anniversary from the apparently sub ordinate event of the passage of the Declaration, and thus celebrate the Fourth of July as the birthday of the nation. crackers and torpedoes were fired with such regularity that there was a constant din of deafening propor tions. In some parts of the business sec tion the youngsters would concen trate their explosive devices and it would hardly be safe for pedestrians to walk down that portion of the street. Injuries were frequent nearly every boy had a close call and in some cases fingers were lost and eyesight impaired. Accidents be came so common that there was widespread public demand for the elimination of the explosive devices. The demand culminated in a state statute which became effective Aug ust 1, 1941. The law prohibited the selling and discharge of firecrackers and other explosive devices. The moving finger of time has wrought a change in the noisesome sensational type of celebration the hectic observances of the other era now live only in the memory of a few older folks who recall when any thing went on the Fourth and safe and sane celebrations would have been hooted into the background. Wins Scholarship To University Of Mexico Kathleen Murray, mathematics in structor at Hastings, Mich., High school, is in Mexico this summer to attend the University of Mexico thru a Fellowship won through the W. K. Kellogg foundation. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Fulwood Murray, of Hastings. Murray is a former Bluff ton resident and is related to the Murray family here. News Want-Ads Bring Results. A9 WHILE YOU CAN REBUILD YOU CAN PROTECT NOW THAT physical replacements are impossible it is im portant to check up on your property screens, plaster walls, metal flashings and gutters, hardwood floors, metal equipment, wooden shingles or siding, foundations of concrete, brick or stone, so that necessary maintenance work may be taken care of and properly protected. For each, we have a Pittsburgh Live Paint specially developed to give the longest possible service on that particular type of surface. Let us show you scientific tests which prove that the improved “Vitolized Oils" (used to enrich Pittsburgh Paints) remain in the paint film, keeping it young, elastic, LIVE retarding cracking, peeling and blistering giving the extra protection your property needs in wartime. Pittsburgh Paints Steinman Bros. Lumber Co. Phone 360-W Bluffton, Ohio The Liberty June 26, 1919 reclaim Liberty throughout the Land unto All the Inhabitants thereoEw/r^jzr,/* Rufus Cone who enlisted in the navy left for Cincinnati where he will be sent to the Great Lakes Naval Training Station for instruc tion. He enlisted for three years. He is the grandson of Sam Painter. An iron cross taken from a captive German by Rene Klay is on exhibit in the News window. Besides the cross there are two trench knives and an officer’s watch, all taken from enemy prisoners by the Bluffton boy. Ed Lora, son of Mrs. Nancy Lora of Rockport who was discharged from the service after serving for fifteen months, left for Morenci, Mich., to resume his former occupa tion as an auctioneer. For six of the fifteen months he served over seas he was under constant fire from enemy guns, being one of the six men of his company who was un wounded. Before returning home he spent one month in Germany with the army of occupation. Three hundred troops, members of the 64th infantry of the 17th divi sion of regulars returning from overseas stopped here for a short time Tuesday afternoon. The men were enroute over the L. E. and W. from Camp Mills to The majority of the Kansas and reached France a week ago. ^\.^Mepen6ence HsJlPhiladelphiar rang on July 8, 1^6 to proclaim the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4. Its echo has sounded through thej/cars, an enduring symbol of freedom and justice. On this ^Fourth of July it calls on each of us for a rededicafion to those principles, for renewed faith and intensified effort' in these stern days. Bluffton In First World War What Happened Here Twenty-five Years Ago This Week Camp Funston, men were from Hoboken from Homer Basinger, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Basinger, has been honor ably discharged from the army after serving in France some time. Noah Moser has received word from his son, Ezra who was in France has arrived in this country and expects to arrive home soon, honorably discharged. Milk Snakes Are Aid The following article is writ ten by Charles Trippiehorn, high school senior, a specialist on rep tilia.—Editor. It seems that some otherwise in telligent people still persist in be lieving the old “milk snake" myth. To the reader unfamiliar with this common “snake story” this writer relates it as told to him by many people: “Noticing a sudden decrease in my milk production I strongly suspected the presence of a milk snake around the farm. The cows were nervous and touchy as if they thing was amiss. “So I watched for it the pasture where the grazing." (At this point the speaker grows very dramatic and mysterious.) “Suddenly I noticed a large ‘milk’ snake crawl from a hole. He went straight to the nearest cow, climbed up her hind leg and proceeded to take her milk. (No mention was made as to behavior of the cow while this was going on.) Naturally I picked up a club and beat its head in." knew some- one day in cows were This man was either lying or had a little bit too much under his belt, for this alleged act is ridicuously im possible. In the first place snakes have no love at all for milk, in fact it is only when they are dying of thirst that they can be induced to drink. In the second place the largest milk snake can drink at most only about three teaspoonfulls of any THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO Homer Geiger, now stationed over seas, expects to return soon to this country. John Burkholder who has been in service at the base hospital at Camp Sherman since Sept. 1917, returned home honorably discharged. Waldo Schumacher, graduate of the Class of 1917 at Bluffton College will be instructor in social science at the college during the coming school year. The young man who has finished a post graduate course at Ohio State University in 1918 is at present in the service, but expects to be graduated soon. Wilbur Potee returned veteran has accepted a position of mail carrier on city route number one, filling the vacancy mad^by^he resignation of Miss Gladys Stouffer. While waiting to board a train at Akron on his way home here after having been discharged from the service at Camp Sherman, Sgt. A. D. Painter was painfully injured when he was caught between a heavy express truck and a passenger coach. He is expected to be home in a few days after being hospitaliz ed. Edward Plattner is visiting his mother here. He has been in the service 18 months overseas. Announcement of the signing of the final treaty by the German peace delegation at Paris here by the blowing works whistle. This is expected in a few will be made of the water announcement days. and Arthur Edward Plattner Amstutz served in the same unit in mechanical shop service in the France. 1 for Toledi cepted a position. Plattner will leave Bluffton lo soon where he has ac- To Farmers In Freeing Premises Of Rats And Mice liquid. And in the last place, what cow would allow herself to be milked in this manner by a snake which has a row of very small, sharply curved teeth rather than sucking mouth parts. Thu s when a farmer thinks he is doing himself a favor by killing a milk snake is making possible for the mice and young rats a free for all in his grain field. Some, but unfortunately a very few farmer snakes to be killed. alize the true value in these harmless and inoffensive creatures who have an inexhaustible lust for young rats and mice, 75 per cent of their diet being made up of these harmful ro dents. will not allow these These men re- When found about stables they are hunting rats and mice not milk so farmers and townsmen alike, the next time you see a ‘milk’ snake, which is really a species of king snake, think twice before killing it. One milk snake is worth a dozen traps. Incidentally for the benefit of those who are not familiar with the milk snake, this writer will place in the New Office window a beautiful speci men of milk snake. This specimen was captured this very spring in Allen county and is an unusually large one. It will remain in the window from Wednesday to Friday. INVEST a few pennies in the health of your family. Serve magic com bination of wheat and bran flakes plus raisins—Post’s Raisin Bran. It’s new! All branches of the armed services are represented in the Bluffton high school honor roll, according to a list recently compiled by Miss Donna Hagerman, office secretary and pub lished herewith. Any corrections or additions to this list should be given to Miss Hagerman. Listed on the honor following: Lieut. James G. Owens Capt. Otho Thompson Edwin Rice Richard Burkholder Edward Schumacher Paul Augsburger James Birchnaugh Joe Mumma Donivan R. Berry Arthur Best Ralph Augsburger Herbert Moser Evan Badertscher Gordon Hilty Johnny Johnson Charles Conrad Robert Mot ter Roger A. Hauensteinf Lieut. David Kliewer Lieut. Wade Lepe Ensign James Miller Ulysses Reichenbach Donavin L. Steiner Allen Painter Richard Jx-wis Harley Kohler "Wayne Yoakam Kenneth Henry Lieut. Robert West Joe Birchnaugh Racine Warren Lieut. Gerald Triplehorn Carl Krichbaum Gene Bish Robert Burkholder Joe Swank Donald Ruggley Claire Leichty Woodrow King James Basinger Paul Wingate Dale Scoles Bucher, Hiram W. Duginbuhl, Delbert All Branches Of Armed Service Are On High School Honor Roll roll are the Colonel Rene Stud I er '13 ’18 '18 ’19 Major Herbert Luginbuhl Frederick Amstutz Francis Geiger Harold *21 N L. Eckenwiler Stratton Anderson M. Pogue '24 24 24 Elbert Robert Lieut. Elbert Kibele Oscar J. Althaus George W. Radebaugh Roland C. Swank Theodore Criblex Celestine Schmidt Kenneth Burkholder Charles H. Dillmanf ’25 ’25 ’25 •25 •26 Stanley E. Basinger Jerome W. Herr Lieut. Ivan J. Geiger Edgar L. Schumacher 27 CG •27 ’28 Donald M. McCafferty Car) E. Trippiehorn B. Wesley Miller Joe W. Hilty Lieut. Glenn A. Slunser Laverne J. Balm” ’28 •28 ’28 •28 N Edgar Altha us Lieut. Cleon C. Althaus James W. Benroth Lieut. Wade F. Basinger Alvin B. Crawford Clifford Fllhart Frederick S. Hen Earl Miller Lieut. Robert H. Schaeublin Gers Id Scoles Harry Wm. Bogart •29 •29 '29 •29 •29 •29 "29 •29 •29 '29 ’29 N •30 •30 •30 ’80 •30 Rudy Wilkin# George Marvin Crawford Lieut. Josephine Steiner R. Karl Hostettler J. Vernon Steiner ANC ’31 *31 •81 '31 ’31 •81 ’81 James F. West Don a von F. Geigerf Harold Bell Ensign Garfield Griffith Ensign Howard Triplehorn Francis A. Luginblhl Wood row Luginbuhl CG N ’32 •32 •82 •82 •82 •32 •32 •32 ’32 •32 Lieut. Thomas Crawford R. Ekneraon Niswender Adrian Glen Zimmerman Denver R. Augsburger Gerald A. Basinger Marion Burkholder Charles R. Emans Arnold Epp Robert W. Ewing Karl Gable N *83 •83 •83 '88 •33 •83 ’88 •33 •33 ’38 John J. Romey Lieut. Robert S. Oyer Wayne Woodrow Yerger Wayne E. Deppler Cleon A. Steiner Morris H. Amstutx Ralph E. Diller Robert Kohli Donald Ralph Kohli Dwight L. Diller N •34 ’34 •84 Max McCafferty Walter Williamson Kenneth Luginbuhl Melvin Lora Richard Swank Lester Piper Francis J. Luginbuhl Ensign Maynard Coon Ensign Donald Wenger Robert L. Piper Konstantins Epp Louis Foltz Gale Scoles Francis W. Luginbuhl Richard Cookson Lieut. Garland Steiner Robert Nusbaum •84 •84 '84 •34 •34 •84 ’84 ’84 •84 •34 •34 •34 •34 N N N N ’35 ’85 •35 •35 •35 •35 •35 •35 ’35 ’35 ’85 •35 •35 •35 •85 ’35 ’35 *35 ’35 ’35 •85 •35 ’35 •35 ’35 ’35 A N CG A N •36 •36 •36 •36 ’36 ’36 •36 ’36 ’36 '36 •86 •36 •36 ’36 ’36 •36 N N N •37 •37 •37 •37 •37 •37 ’37 ’37 ’37 •37 '37 •37 ’37 ’37 ’37 •37 •37 Lieut. James Griffith Donald Luginbuhl John Stonehill Herbert Kindle Evan Amstutz Marion Fisher James Burkholder Robert A. Murrayf Philip Piper Carl Steiner Melvin Long. Jr. Ensign Dale Reichenbach Homer Steinert John I. Luginbuhl Marvin Hilty Wm. Alan Neuenschwander Morris Triplett N N N •38 •38 ’38 ’38 ’38 •38 '38 •38 •38 ’38 ’38 ’38 '38 •38 ’38 ’38 •38 •88 Raymond Greding Carlton Wilson Charles Hankiah, Jr Robert Dillman Olan Herr Neil Holden W. Ropp Triplett Elmer Burkholder, Jr. Nelson Hauenstein Harold Balmer Lieut. Dale Good Neil Baumgartner Frederick Reichenbach Evan Soash Theodore Stettler Clair Habegger Lieut. Mary McGinnis Spinelli George Swank, Jr. N N N ANC Edgar Neuenschwander ‘38 A Everett N. Hieetand ’38 N Edwin C. Kief erf ’38 A Amanda Pifer ’38 Reichenbach. Verl D. ’38 N Paul Soldner •39 A Burdelle Huber •39 A Richard Wenger ’39 A Americus Holden, Jr. •89 A Howard Luginbuhl •39 A James Moser •39 A Ralph Motter ’39 A LaVerne Huber ’39 A Ivan Agin •89 A Walter Badertscher •39 N Milford Vandemark ’39 A John Lloyd •39 N Ens’gn Mark Niswander ’39 N Sam Trippiehorn ’39 N Kenneth Gable •39 CG Edward Schultz ’89 Jack Clark •89 N Wsd» Huber ’39 A Hope Kincaid Matthews! '39 WA Lieut. Wade Mumma ’39 A Elias Augsburger, Jr. ’39 A Jason Trippiehorn ’39 A Joel R. Kimmel •89 A Brooks R. Root ’39 a Marlowe Bish ’89 A Fernon C. Loganbill *39 A Herbert Oyer ’39 A Darvin Luginbuhl ’39 A William F. Holtkamp ’39 A Walter King Omar Welty A ’39 Victor Moser ’40 Wayne Luginbuhl ’40 Dale D. Reichenbach ’40 A Romanus Zuercher ’40 A Fred Fritchie ’40 N Homer Gratz, Jr. *40 N Donavin Dunbar '40 A Carl Marshall ’40 A Noah Zimmerman, Jr. *40 A Robert McCune ’40 Charles Montgomery ’40 A George Burkholder ’40 A Aldine Weiss *40 N Gareth F. Todd ’40 N Ralph Short *40 N Clyde Klingler, Jr. ’41 A Harry Turner, Jr. •41 A Clyde Fisher ’41 A Ikn Clark *41 A Harlan Swank ’41 N Harold Santschi *41 N Eugene Newland ’41 N Maurice Fett ’41 A William McCafferty ’41 A Charles Ixira *41 CG Harold Augsburger ’41 Kenneth Oberly '41 A James Martin ’41 A Kenneth Hartman *41 A Dale Grismore '41 A Norman E. Lugibihl ’41 A Robert Watkins ’41 A John Stettler '41 Maynard. Badertscher '41 A Robert Cooney ’42 A James Deppler ’42 A Harold Crouse ’42 CG Peter Schmidt ’42 N Herbert Siefield ’42 A John Herrmann '42 N Evan Steiner ’42 A James Amstutz •42 Bill Amstutx *42 Dick Augsburger •42 A Dick Balmer '42 N Norman Beidler •42 A Dick Berky ’42 "Wayne Daily ’42 A James Fett •42 A Byron Fritchie ’42 N Richard Gratz •42 A Roger Howe •42 A Ned Schultz ’42 A IxRoy Lugibihl '42 Wesley Sommers ’42 N James Stratton '42 N David Tosh ’42 CG Carroll Tschiegg ■42 y^ Clayton Weiss ’42 N Ralph Althaus ’43 A Herb Conrad ■43 A Calvin Dudgeon* ’43 A John Dunbar, Jr. ■48 amen L. Gratz •43 N Floyd Herr *43 A Edgar Huber ’43 Al Ingalls ’48 N Richard Klay •43 N Donavin Moser *43 Robert Oberly •48 John Schmidt *48 A Ray Schumacher M3 A Clyde Sommer ’48 N James Stonehill ■43 A Robert Young ’43 A Richard Oberly •43 A Evan Burkholderf ■42 A Rosann Hilty ’42 WAVE Weldon Depplert ’43 N Kenneth L. Winklerf *43 N Mary Jane Worthington *43 NCC James W. Reichenbach ’44 N Jackson W. Koontz •44 N Evan Neiswander ’44 A FORMER STUDENTS Ralph Clark ex. *25 A Gerald Filhart ex. ’26 N Vincent Habegger ex. ’27 A Kenneth Diller ex. ’28 N Merle Habegger ex. ’28 A Gerald Swank ex. ’29 N Jean Robert Kohler ex. ‘89 A Francis Reichenbach ex. ’31 A Clarence Moeerf ex. '32 A Robert Root ex. '34 Willard Dillman ex. *84 George Duffman ex. ’34 A Mary Heckathom ex. '84 WAVE Donald Nuabaum ex. '85 A Gene Heckathom ex. ’87 A Robert Scoles ex. ’87 A Amos Reichenbach ex. ’38 A Robert Frick •x. ’89 A Lysle Kohli ex. ’39 A Ray Duffman ex. ’86 A Joe Swick ex. *40 y^ Gerald Bowers ex. *40 y^ Lewellyn Burkholder ex. ’43 A Bill Amstutz ex. ’44 A Jim Herrmann ex. *44 N Thomas Conaway ex. *44 N Walter Stannua ex. *45 N Fred Herrmann ex. *45 A Burdette Clark* ex. N Robert Beemer ex. ’45 N Kenneth Finton ex. ’45 N Robert E. Stratton ex. *45 N Chauncey Basinger ex. ’47 A Clark Basinger ex ’47 N Unidentified by Classes Melvin Nusbaum Arthur E. McConnaughey HARVEST LOANS: 202 W. Market. Lima. Ohio Paul Srhcenlein. Mgr. Phone 73511 ft fl THURSDAY, JULY 6. 1944 Former College Girl Bride Of Army Man Miss Lucille Medler, Bluffton col lege graduate in the class of 1943, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Medler of Findlay was married to Pfc. Lester Seidel, son of Mrs. John Sampson of South Bend, Ind., in a ceremony at Grace Congregational church last Wednesday evening Rev. Paul D. Dunn, ciated in the presence mediate family. Evangelical in Findlay ac 7 o’clock, pastor, offi of the im- The bride was given away by her father and attended by Miss Martha Cramer of Findlay as maid of hon or. Kenneth Bibler, also of Find lay was best man. The couple will reside in Camp Rarkeley, Texas, where the groom is stationed with an army medical unit. WAVE Returns For Grandmother's Funeral Miss Florence Pursell, HA 2/c of the WAVES, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Pursell, Sr., residing southwest of Bluffton has returned to Great Lakes Naval hospital where she is stationed, after attending the funeral services of her grandmother, Mrs. Catherine Weagley of Lima. Mrs. Weagly, 89, died at the home home of a son Samuel Weagly of Rushmore. She was a native of Van Wert county where her parents were pioneer settlers. Surviving is a daughter, Mrs. Pur sell and four sons all of Allen and Putnam counties. Paper Bag Supply To Last Only 60 Days Housewives can help solve the critical shortage of paper bags by taking their own shopping bags or other containers to them, local merchants in pointing out that supply of paper bags be exhausted within 60 days. market wilth said this week the available is expected to Because of a pressing need for wrapping paper in packaging sup plies for overseas, current quotas for paper bag manufacturers have been cut by WPB to 43 per cent of the 1942 summer output. Present supplies of paper bags are likely to be exhausted within the next two months, and after that time cus tomers will have to carry their gro ceries unwrapped. Whenever possible customers are urged to take their own bags to stores with them, and they can co operate further by accepting pack aged items without use of a paper bag, to preserve dwindling stocks. Honor Two Birthdays Mr. and Mrs. John Marquart and family entertained last Wednesday night in honor of the birthday an niversaries of their daughter Shirley, aged 8 and son John, Jr., 11. Guests were: Mrs. Earl Rupright, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Rupright and Albert Geiger of Eagle township. Ice cream and cake were served. Glen M. Scoles Elbert Day •Killed in Service tHonorable Discharge Any farmer who needs extra cash perhaps $100 can get it here in a jiffy for say, 30 days at a total cost of ^only $2.25. Use this handy money nee(j Amounts up to cost of only $2.25. I service for every farm $1000. THE CITY LOAN and Savings Company Proof of Good Collection Service Membership in the Collection Service Division, The Associated Credit Bureaus of America ADJUSTMENT SERVICE COMPANY (Bonded) 400 Yz S. Main St.___________________ Findlay, Ohio Insurance Real Estate This is a good time to list your properties and farms for sale. a. e. rctiii Phone 165-W 235 W. College Avenue W. H. Gratz Family Shoe Stere Store Hours 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. Saturday 8 a. m. to 10:30 p. m. Closed all day Thursday.