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FACE TWO _______
I’vt. Paul Wingate, of Bluffton was in one of the port units handling European invasion shipping leaving England, and a press release received this week regarding the work gives an interesting "inside" story of what went on behind the scenes in prepar ing for the Normandy attack. Minute after minute, hour bv hour, groups of huge trucks and trailers, jeeps and command cars, were put aboard vessels in the English port by a Umited States Army port unit- and each vehicle went directly into its ap pointed place. Each was designed to play a part when the waves of Ameri can troops hit the French beaches. Soldiers went aboard the ships un der the guidance of the subport of ficers in the tense hours immediately before D-Day, and drove their vehicles into designated sections of the holds. Carpenters and lashers were on hand to shove wooden chocks under the wheels and lash the machines in po sition. The soldiers watched, so that they could untie the machines when they reached the far shore. Final waterproofing w*as applied to the vehicles. The seats and floors of the machines were loaded with am munition, K-Rations, weapons and bedding. Full tanks of gasoline made the vehicles ready to roll into action, and oil and w'ater for the motors and moving parts had been supplied. Bluffton Man With Port Crew In England Handling Invasion Shipping Experienced Shippers Operations at the subport were di rected by Major Sam Israel of New Orleans, who was in the shipping bus iness for 15 years before entering the army two years ago. Maj. Israel was given a list of the vessels to be loaded by his subport unit in time for D-Day. Priority schedules and stowage plans arrived from top headquarters where the al location of ships was made. Officers and men of the unit were called together assigned to their roles in the immense task of loading dozens of ships with troops and their field equipment. Captain Bernard Stem, also of New Orleans, was the Amer ican officer in charge of the rail trans portation section of the unit. Capt. Stem and his men sandled the continuous flow’ of cargo that moved into the port day and night in the weeks before the Allied assault, with- July 10, 1919 A German machine gun captured by the Americans in Metz is on exhibit in the News window. The gun w’as sent from France by Ed ward Plattner who has been over seas the past year and from which service he has been recently dis charged. Miss Erma Jones, a former in structor in the Bluffton High School, now’ engaged in Y. W. C. A. canteen service in France has made applica tion in that capacity to be sent with a detachment of Marines who are assigned to service in Armenia. They came all the way back from California to France and back again to Bluffton—6 dainty letters, all perfumed, and pink too-—addressed to Albert J. Reichenbach, A. E. F. That he should be the object of such n tered the army. He raw to it that all the ships in the subport were stand ing by and cleared for sailing when D-Day dawmed. Delayed by Weather Executive officer and deputy sub port commander w*as Captain James E. Igoe of New* York City, a former member of a New’ \ork steel firm. Twice while the D-Day preparations were under way, Capt. Igoe, the oth er officers, and the enlisted men of the unit worked 48 hours at a stretch to make certain that the vessels were loaded on schedule. Captain John F. Randall, of Wau sau, Wis., served as laison officer be tween the subport and the quarter master depots, checking the cargoes passing through the docks on their route to France. When the D-Day ships were loaded, they were sent outside the barbor to aw’ait the departure signal. While the vessels were lined up and waiting, word of the postponement of D-Day for 24 hours w’as sent to Majar Israel. During the period of postponement, the port unit operated a fleet of tugs in a courier service, taking out men and minor items of equipment which had arrived at the last minute. One ship’s officer needed additional charts. Another reported that a wat er tank had developed a leak. The tank was repaired by port technicians, and the charts were rushed to the of ficer. At every stage of the loading, the gear on all the ships was tested to de termine w’hether it could carry the burdens that w’ould be imposed on it when the ships were being unloaded off the French beaches. Some of the smaller vessels carried troops in addition to heavy cargoes. On these ships large tents were erect ed for the soldiers, and straw matt resses w’ere furnished for each man to use in the course of the journey. Bluffton In First World War What Happened Here Twen y-five Years Ago This Week caused no end of concern to Albert also. Albert who was recently dis charged from the service upon open ing the letters found a winsome photo of a pretty daughter of the far west and also discovered that the letters were meant for another Al Reichenbach serving with a Pennsyl vania regiment. Shucks. Edmund Hawk arrived home Satur day evening, honorably discharged from the service. Ray Hauenstein arrived home Mon day evening from France. Ray had been serving with a hospital unit. Homer Reeder of Jenera surprised his parents by walking into the house. Homer had been in France with the A. E. F. the past year and w’as recently discharged from Camp Sherman. The parents did not know that he had left Frar Dale Moo service, be Insurance Real Estate This is a good time to list your properties and farms for sale. A. E. IWHLI Phone 165-W 235 W. College Avenue Important Notice The new yearly telephone directory for Bluffton is now in the hands of the printer. Persons desiring changes, additional or new list ings must notify our business office at once. 500-W Bluffton Telephone Co. Yanks Prepare to Take Farmhouse The following article is one of a popular series written by Charles Trippiehorn, Bluffton high school senior and specialist in reptilia.—Editor Two American soldiers make a farmhouse their objective as they push their way into Northern France with the inva sion army. The rifle of the soldier on the left apparently is still draped with the waterproof covering used on rifles during amphibious operations and warfare and in very damp climates where rust sets in quickly- Explodes Myth That Garter Snake Swallows Young When Frightened To most people unfamiliar w’ith snakes, any snake less than foot long is a "garter” snake. Actually some specimens of the common garter grow to a length of three and one half feet, but this above average. It is one of the most common snakes found in the United States and is seen quite often and is familiar to everyone. The coloration of this spe cies varies considerably. The most commonly seen is that having a ground color of some shade of brown w’ith three yellow’ stripes running down the sides and back. Some are green, tan or even black. The black or melanistic garter is rarely seen. All are the same species deter mined by "snakemen” because the scale count, head plates, eyes, etc., remain the same in all specimens of a given species. In other words color is not the determining factor. This snake when first captured will bite but soon becomes tame enough to take worms from one’s hand. Since the snake does do a lot of good and because of its inoffensive ness it should be placed on the list of snakes not to be killed. Yet it seems to be the most often killed by unthinking people. Brave indeed must be the person who so courageously beats to death a small snake that would have diffi culty battling a large fishworm. Unlike the blue racer and milk The only time there is any advant age in pruning tomato or cucumber vines is when the number of plants per acre can be sufficiently increased by the practice to compensate for the decreased yield on the plants which are pruned. The pruning must be done care fully and at the proper time or the plant is damaged, and the pruning is likely to spread plant diseases, ac cording to Prof. H. D. Brow’n, of the Department of Horticulture, Ohio State University. For those reasons, the home gard ener is advised to permit tomatoes and cucumbers to follow’ their natur al mode of growth. The same rule applies to sweet corn and to sw’eet potatoes. Removing the suckers from corn does not increase yields, and the pruning of sweet pototo may Virus diseases of vegetable crops are spread by the transfer of sap from a diseased plant to one w’hich is healthy until infected by the trans fer. The transfer may be made by the gardener while pruning or by in sects which feed first on one plant and then on another. Insects can be controlled by sprays or dusts. Many of the inquiries coming to gardening specialists at Ohio State University concern the curling of tomato leaves. Usually, this is an indication of insufficient moisture to permit the plant to transfer starch and sugar from one part of the plant to another. The curled leaves do not affect the yield or quality of the tomatoes. Ordinarily There Is No Advantage In Pruning Tomatoes Or Cucumbers Overly ambitious gardeners w’ho THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BI Ct I PHOTO FtOM IIGIUL COtFl snake which lay eggs the young garter snakes are born alive. This may have been the foundation of the story told by self professed reptile "authorities” concerning the habit of the mother snake swallowing her young for protection. The writer attempts to explain it. It seems that when surprised in the fields while with her young the female garter snake appears 4o open her mouth while the little snakes dash to safety down her throat. What may have happened is this: A female snake may have been killed just prior to bearing her young. The body may have been broken open and the young allowed to es cape. To a pe: who does not re alize that some snakes bear living young it might seem as though they had been swallowed. Another fact, that throw's cold water on this story is that the moth er snake never stays with the young after they are born. This simple explanation of the story may be scoffed at by many people who have heard and believed it, but professional herpitologists ac cept it as untrue and who should know’ better than they. Several of the different variations of common garter snakes will be on display in the News window Satur day afternoon and night. With the common garters will be show’n two specimens of Butler’s garter snake, a smaller species. These w’ere donated to the collec tion by John Skeldon, curator of reptiles at the Toledo zool. This species although doubtful as to its occurrence around Bluffton is com mon in northern Ohio. cultivate tomatoes deeply and often are likely to find tomato leaf curl in their gardens. Surface roots are cut by the cultivation, and severed roots cannot pump water for the plant. The only practical purpose of cultivation is to kill weeds. Two serious diseases affect the leaves of tomatoes and may cause some distortion, but leaves affected by these diseases show brow’n spots w’hich die. Leaf curl caused by lack of water does not change the green color of the leaves. The tomato leaf diseases can be controlled by spray ing or dusting w’ith fixed copper, but Bordeaux mixture may cause blos som end rot to tomatoes or reduce the yield. Many an argument is sound—just sound! For Vigor and Health— include meat in your menu. Always ready to serve you. Bigler Bros. Fresh and Salt Meats UFFTON, OHIO_____________________ Probably never before in history have the people of the world been as "meat conscious” as they seem to be during this second World Wnr. Now that a good juicy steak has become a thing one dreams about, now’, indeed, is the time to stop for a while and examine the meat production of the Americas, an industry important thru out the continent, especially in the temperate zones. The first cattle seem to have been brought to America by Columbus him self as early as 1493, at the time of his second voyage to the New World, w’hile a quarter of a century later Cortes brought the first horses to the Western Hemisphere. The animals brought by Columbus and Cortes w’ere distributed mainly among the islands and on the main land of North America. Then in 1535 the Spaniards brought in horses, cattle and later a few sheep. The first cattle w’as probably taken to Asuncion (Paraguay) by a Portu guese. In 1596 for thousand head of cattle w’ere distributed along the re gions of the Rio de la Plate. Let free on the Pampas and wild plains of southeastern South Ameri ca, these animals reproduced and eventually grew into helds of w’ild cattle that were to be hunted princi pally by the gauchos or Argentine cow’ boys. During the first quarter of the nine teenth century quite a large conting ent of men was regularly engaged in hunting cattle, altho these were lean bony specimens, good only for the production of hides and of tallow and jerked beef. However the South American people, especially those of the Argentine, began to realize the importance of the cattle industry be cause of their amiable climate and great grassy plains. The Pampas are probably the great est grazing lands of all the world. The Argentines realized that cattle to be profitable must be grown for meat as w’ell as their hides and this re quired a better type of cattle. Con sequently, about the year 1860, the importation of high grade European cattle began in a small w’ay. At the turn of the century, cattle breeding in South America had be come an important industry and in 1907 the value of livestock imported into Argentine alone was of more than two million dollars. Further more, pastures were fenced and the proper herbage w’as growm to feed the animals in a scientific way. Argentine Pampas, Great Grazing Lands, Basis Of Huge Cattle Industry With the betterment of conditions for the rearing of cattle a number of large estates and plants to take care of the livestock business sprung up in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil, four countries which are today, together w’ith Canada and the United States, the major producers of meat, hides, w’ool and dairy products of the Western Hemisphere. The first World War, while intesi fying the need for meat, cut off some of its sources of production and thus stimulate its export by cattle rais ing South American countries. The perfecting at that time of methods of conservation, further encouraged the production by South America of froz en meats for exportation. A new field w’as opened to the cattle raisers of the continent. In 1939 the second World War brought about a situation similar to that of 1914-1918 and once more stim ulated meat production throughout the Western Hemisphere. Lawn Benches Sturdy, well made you will want several of these. Fibre Rugs Just the thing for your porch—selection of colors and in sizes 4 by 7, 6 by 9, and 9 by 12. Taiale Lamps For your screened porch or living room and some really handsome shades. More Pow dereue To those who called after our previous stock was exhausted, we are pleased to announce a new stock of Powderene the scientific preparation for cleaning rugs and carpets. United State's, Honduras and Nicar agu*a satisfy their own home consump tion. Other producers of meat in a minor scale are Peru. Chile, Mexico, Cuba, Gautemale and the Dominican Repub lic, these, and a number of other countries, are striving to intensify their livestock production with a view to satisfying their own demands and also, eventually, to become exporters. There are, besides, great regions of South America that could be excellent for cattle raising in the near future. Among these are the "llanos”, large grassy plains of Venezuela and Col ombia, which are believed by some to be South America’s land of opportun ity as far as cattle is concerned. Meat is one of the products whose interchange is occuring among the Latin nations of the continent. Pan ama, for instance, is importing meat from Cuba, and Venezuela from Uru guay. As a whole, the Americas are con tributing a large percentage to the world’s production of meat, a propor tion w’hich—in relation to its popula tions—is only exceeded by that of cer tain regions of the south Pacific area. The cattle of the Western Hemisphere have besides, been perfected now’ for a more rapid reproduction and for a greater yield of meat. There is a marked tendency through out Latin America to be self-suffi cient particularly in the production of foodstuffs. The development of live stock breeding in particall y every country of the continent may lead in the near future to America’s complete supremacy in the meat production of the w’orld. Vidor Herbert Opera At Toledo This Week Victor Herbert’s gayest musical show’ "The Red Mill” being staged at the Zoo amphitheatre in Toledo this week is acclaimed as one of the best of the summer series of open air shows. It is being presented at 8:45 p. m. every night this week and also next Sunday to large audiences. "The Red Mill”, one of Victor Herbert’s outstanding contributions to the light opera stage is replete with fascinating music and sparkling comedy. Leads taken by New York players are w’ell supported by a large orchestra and chorus. Another Victor Herbert production "Naughty Marietta” will be the at traction for next week, starting on Monday night, July 24 for a seven performance run. The attractions are staged under sponsorship of the Toledo Civic Light Opera Guild. Convenient bus con nections make it possible for Bluff ton people to attend. Seats are on sale at the Zoo box office each night. Mail orders for tickets should be addressed to B. R. Baker’s Toledo. Hog cholera losses were the heaviest in 1943 ever reported. The only practical way to avoid losses from this disease is to immunize the hogs before an outbreak occurs in the neighborhood. Hot w’eather and presence of flies appear to be as sociated w’ith the development of cholera epidemics. gwiT Adding Charm to Your Porch or Lawn Basinger’s Furniture Store THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1944 Rye Used For Erosion Control On Highway Experimenting with rye r.s an erosion control program on berms of the Dixie highway between Bluffton and Findlay has proved very suc cessful, according to reports cleared thru the office of O. C. Kohli, divis ion engineer of the Ohio Department of Highways. First planted in 1942, six miles of berms about half way between Bluff ton and Findlay were seeded with 19 bushels of rye. Thru the winter, a heavier layer of the young rye held the soil in place and prevented ero sion. Grass seed was planted in the spring and the soil w’as found in ex cellent condition due to the extensive rye roots. As the rye grew’ during the early spring it protected the new grass and permitted it to get a good sturdy start. By using the rye in this manner it was found possible to eliminate much of the expensive mulchs and fertilizers that formerly were used w’ith less satisfactory results. After the rye matured this year, it w’as combined and the rye straw provides a layer of mulch that pro tects the new grass and enriches the soil for the coming year. The first harvesting produced 70 bushels of seed from the original 19 planted. This has been used on a number of other highways in this area. Birthday Surprise A very pleasant birthday surprise w’as given Mrs. Chancey Spallinger Sunday evening. Those present w’ere Mr. and Mrs. Russell Huber and son Dale, Mrs. Berdell Huber and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Otis Fett and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Schick and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe Trout, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Clausing, Alice and Janice Lentz, and Dora Army. A covered dish supper and ice cream were en joyed by all. Developed Southwest Charles Morgan, 1795-1878, was a New Englander by birth who con tributed to the development .of the Southw’est Texas in particular. At 21 he sold provisions to ships in New York and was first to establish regu lar steamship service between New York and Texas ports In 1870 he w’as called the largest shipowner in the United States. He developed the Louisiana and Texas railroad in 1877, which was later purchased by the Southern Pacific. MUNSON R. BIXEL, M. D. Office Hours: 8:30-10 A. M. 1-3 P. M. 7-8 P. M. Office, 118 Cherry St. Phone 120-F Bluffton. O. D. C. BIXEL, O. D. GORDON BIXEL. O. D. 122 South Main St., Bluffton EYESIGHT SPECIALISTS Office Hours: 9:00 A. M.—5:30 P. M. Eveninrs: Mon., Wed., Fri., Sat. 7:00 to 8:00 P. M. Closed Thursday Afternoon. Francis Basinger, D. D. S. Evan Basinger, D. D. S. Telephone 271-W Bluffton, Ohio LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING Every Load Insured STAGER BROS. Bluffton, Ohio Porch Rockers Protected from rain with good quality outdoor varnish split bottom seats. They will stand the weather. Card Table Seis Attractive table and four sturdy chairs for those informal summer afternoons and evenings. Just Received Mighty good looking bathroom sets— rug and seat cover—in an exceptional range of colors to match your color scheme. For Rabv Just received a large selection of high chairs.