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New Year’s Celebrated At Different Times Thruout History (Continued from page 1) solstice until the time of Julius Cae sar, who in his reform of the cal endar changed it to the first day of January. The Jews began, and still begin, their civil year with the first of the month Tiser, which roughly corresponds to our month of Sep tember. In England, December 25 was New Year’s Day until the time of William the Conqueror, pened to occur it was ordered officially begin His coronation hap on January 1, hence that the year should on that day. But the English later gradually fell into conformity with the rest of medieval Chistendom which started the year with the spring equinox on the 22nd of March. The Gregorian calendar of 1582, however, restored January 1 as the first day of the year. Catholic countries adopted the change immediately, and the Pro testants followed suit later to adhere to uniformity. Roman God Janus Among the Romans, after the ref ormation of the calendar, the first day of January as well as the entire month, was dedicated to the epony mic god, Janus. He was represented with two faces, one looking forward, the other backward, to indicate that he stood between the old and the new year, with regard to both. other Latin writers of empire allude to the of all litigation and reconciliation of differ- Ovid and the Roman suspension strife, the ences between friends, the smoking altars, and the white-robed proces sions to the Capitol, the first day of Janus, of New Year’s Day, as we now call it. Elaborate Feasts In connection with the celebration, elaborate feasts and orgiastic festivi ties came into being. This fact caused early Christians to look with disfavor on the New Year’s celebra tions and it was not until the day assumed character did the celebrate the beginning of Year. Christian the New developed The celebration has many traditional festivities and cus toms, varying considerably in differ ent parts of the world. The Old World custom of sitting up on New Year’s night to see the old year out and the new year in his generally died out throughout the whole world with the exception of in the United States. In many large cities the New Year is rung in from some famous belfry —that of Independence hall, for ex ample, in Philadelphia, and Trinity church in New York, attracting huge crowds which blow and shout, the din by whistles from afloat and ashore. horns, and roar being increased steam engines, But the fact remains that either New Year’s eve or New Year’s Day is celebrated in various manners throughout the entire civilized world. CARD OF THANKS to express our sincere all the neighbors and their aid and sympathy illness and death of our We wish thanks to friends for during the beloved father, Henry Koch also Rev. Irwin Kauffman who officiated at the funeral services, pallbearers, singers and others who assisted in any way and all those sending flowers. John & Fern Koch Mr. and Mrs. Albert Koch. War Bonds make excellent Christ mas Gifts. For Vigor and Health II i II I I Successfu New Year GREETINGS s To Our Fightin Men To Our Workin Men and Wonw n II II 0. 0. ALSPACH & SON Tailoring—Dry (leaning include meat in your menu. Always ready to serve you. Bigler Bros. Fresh and Salt Meats TRACK 14 January 1st, 1920. George Cone who enlisted in the Navy last summer is home during the holidays on furlough. He is stationed at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station. The young man has been discharged from the hospital where he suffered an attack of scarlet fever. I NfAGARA FALLS SPECIAL 335 P.M 'WON ME BUT IS YOUR TRIP ESSENTIAL? Marine Captain Richard M. Back ensto, 25, a Bluffton college graduate who was wounded twice in invasion action in the South Pacific, was a visitor in Bluffton during the last week. Captain Backensto has returned to this country for treatment for in juries received in action against the enemy on Guam, area to spend the wife’s parents in Backensto is the Jones, also a Bluffton college gradu ate. Captain Richard Backensto, College Graduate, Wounded Twice In Pacific but was in this holidays with his Venedocia. Mrs. former Frances Following his return to this coun try, the captain received a Gold Star, awarded in lieu of a second Purple Heart medal. Presentation of a Purple Heart medal earlier had been made in the Pacific before the battle on Guam, after Captain Backensto had been wounded at Bougainville. In the invasion of Guam, the Bluffton college graduate was wound ed on the second day of the assault. An artillery liaison officer, he was in the front lines with the infantry, directing the fire of heavy guns when the Japs opened with a mortar barrage. One of the Nipponese shells exploded near his position, Bluffton In First World War What Happened Here Twenty-five Years Ago This Week Harold Woods of Detroit spent the We Take This Opportunity To Wish Each and Every One A Leiber's Jewelry Store GBEETIHGS We Wish Them Luck Where E’er They Roam—| May The New Year M-Ill] scattering shrapnel which wounded him about the During the ville, Captain back injury USS McKean, was hit aerial torpedo and sank nearing the beach. face and one eye. invasion of Bougain Baskensto when his week end with his mother, Mrs. Bertha Woods of college avenue Since his discharge from the overseas service in the army, the young man has been employed at the Ford Plant in Detroit. David Cramer who is in the service of the U. S. N. is home with his folks at Pandora for a short furlough. ifewwffi and Victory in ’45 TO Send Them Marching Home! Happy New Year To All Our Friends and Patrons C. F. NISWANDER McCormick-Deering Implements ALLvj Our boys THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO received a ship, the by a Jap as it was In addition to the Purple Heart won in that engagement he also received the Bronze Star for indi vidual heroism for assisting in sav ing the lives of several companions in spite of his own injuries. Captain Backensto entered the service in July, 1941, as a Marine private, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in June at Quan tico, Virginia. After spending the holidays with his wife’s parents he will return to the Naval hospital at Philadelphia for additional medical treatment. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. V. C. Backenston, of Allentown, Pa. He stopped here for a few days last fall while enroute to the East, shortly after landing on the west coast. His brother, John Backensto, who also graduated from Bluffton college, married the former Lavon Kohli, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Aldine Kohli, of this place. Your Third NNONITE ply Pastor I u I I I I I I I I 1 I I u !l n I I II II II I I I I I dy and prayer large, red cherished Yuletide practice. However, cipi K*ay ’J’nts ’s practice for celebration begin to fa sons would how to save them again for the next season. school information on the plants and grow The Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station has given some suggestions for keeping the plant through year in a manner which should duce blooms. the pro- con- Due to the drastic change of ditions from greenhouse to the home, the plant dies quickly. Dry atmos phere, changing temperatures be tween daytime and night and expos ure to draughts cause the leaves to yellow and fall. As soon as the petals drop, the plant should be placed in a dark warm basement and kept dry. Some water should be added about once every three weeks so that the stem re mains plump. In May the plant should be repot ted in fresh soil, and the stem cut down to within 12 inches of the ground. By keeping the soil moist and spraying the stem with water, several times a day, the new growth will start. This seems very simple, but some times in grow and This happens because in the average home, enough electric light is used 1 I 1 I 4 •ite of all care, leaves Uqwers fail to develop. We Wish You All A Revivalist REV Victorious New Year Veldeai 1 Cans IW*W ^•4 George Hewitt of Berne Indiana, who will open a series of evangelistic meetings at the Mis sionary church here this Wednesday night. Services will be held every evening at 7:30, excepting Saturday, until January 7. in the evenings to prevent flower bud formation. The poinsettia is a short-day plant. Light at night, no matter how ’ow, stops the buds from developing. If the plant is moved every night to a room where no light is used, it should flower. Lots of people know a good thing the minute the other fellow sees it .first. —Job E. Hedges FRED GRATZ STORE God Bless Your ew Year’s Way! May Every Hot Within Them Have Many Fax ors in Them, To Fill This Seas in and New Year With Lasting Hap jiness and Cheer! nd old of 1945 we extend As we stand on the thre to everyone in Bluffton ajid Community our best wishes for the coming pledge to serve to the present conditions. ar and we renew our of our ability under A HAPPY N W YEAR! Authorized ealer Itermire Ed & Martha x£/ Our Thanks To You For Your Patronage in the Past Year AND BEST WISHES FOR A HAPPY AND VICTORIOUS NEW YEAR JORG HATCHERY BABY CHICKS CONKEY FEEDS POULTRY SUPPLIES AND REMEDIES I I I 4 i 11 4 ■I 4 4 I I ■I I I I I I i I 11 Fred Reichenbach In Memo: Weds Bernice Oberly Frederick Reichenbach, son of Henry Reichenbach, of near Pandora, who was wounded in France, vyas married Sunday, December 17, to Miss Bernice Oberly, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Reno uberly, of north of Bluffton. The ceremony was solemnized at the parsonage residence of Rev. P. J. Boehr, pastor of the St. John Mennonite church near Pandora. Reichenbach suffered leg and thigh injuries in France shortly after the invasion of Normandy and has been returned to this countey for medical treatment. THURSDAY, DEC. 21, 1944 He is a patient at the Veterans Before you closed your eyes. hospital at Cambridge, Ohio, where he will return following the holidays. His wife will resume her work in Toledo where she is employed. Before going into the service Reichenbach was an employe of The Triplett Electrical Instrument Co., of this place. Thy suffering days now ufe o’er In heaven you are re.i With loved ones gone be^ire. In memory of our Wear Mary Catherine who away one year ago tod^’, December 28.When GREETINGS To All Our Customers an way of saying “Thanks”, ronage in the past we may continue to serv HAPPY NEW YEAR THE MEADO Serving Bluffton HAPPY NEW EAR and with it our and patronage the past year. Basinger Bros i J.w "ww "ww At the old homestead wemother But now you’reDevie^ no more th^-epassed We have so many heart.Aes we see your vacant char. Dear Mother, thou ha 4 left usyou Only God knows how we m®s We shall cherish you all our lives And to think you could not say goodbye Friends This is our Bluffton, for your pat ind it is our wish that you in ’45! Let’s Speed Victory—Bu, More Bonds & Stamps iTAURANT LET’S RING IN ORY May Health and Ha] piness Be Yours During the New Year. Our indest hope is to help you stay well and on le job for Uncle Sam. FOR V GOLD DAIRY with Home Delivery appreci of fri JOYOUS GREETINGS ation for the many favors mds and patrons during Meat Market ir Service EW YEAR To Each and Evefy-Arfterican We Wish A Happy New Year and Peace and Happiness for You This Year. THE CITY MARKET Rhoda Amstutz, Mgr. iwiiwwwi.iiijivy"' 1 ing We shall always remember Never shall your memory fade Loving thots shall always linger' At the place where you were laid. Sadly missed by your daughl and sons, Mrs. Daisy Adams, Groi C. Devier and Ernest E. Devier.