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UNITS* •TATSt OTAMU VOLUME NO. LXX FARM HISTORY IS ASSURED BY CROP RECORDS THIS YEAR Banner Season For Production Of Practically Every Crop Will Be Remembered Phenomenal Grain Harvest Fol lows Good Hay Crop Corn Prospects Much Brighter Farm history is being made in the Bluffton area this summer, and record yields either already assured or in prospect will long be remem bered as a banner season for the production practically everything put in the ground by farmers. Years in which one or two farm •crops establish records are not un usual, but this summer for the first time in the memory of the oldest old-timer yields for every crop, without exception, are ranging from above average to record marks. Hay, the first crop to be harvest ed this summer, was said to be 25% above the pre-war 10-year average for this district. Favored thruout the spring by abundant rainfall and cool weather, the hay crop was the second best in all history here. This year’s wheat stands are giv ing an average return of more than 40 bushels to the acre, a mark which is double the long-time average of 20 bushels which farmers regard as a fair crop. 60-Bushel Wheat Yields are running upwards from 30 bushels to the acre this summer, with most fields yielding 40 bushels •or better. Fred Mueller, north of Bluffton, had an average of 51 bushels to the acre, and Roy Cherry, of near Pandora, established a record for the district with 60 bushels per acre. With the success of the wheat crop assured, farmers are now wor ried by the storage situation which is assuming all the proportions of a major problem. Coincident with harvest of the phenomenal crop, a serious shortage •of freight- cars available for ship ping purposes is now in its third week. Elevators are jammed with over flow quantities of grain, and can buy from farmers only sporadically when railroads allot them a few cars to move a part of the supply on hand. Most farmers have all their farm storage space filled to overflowing, and there are reports of others who have put their grain in chicken hous es, silos or on barn floors. Straw Unwanted Straw from grain crops is an un wanted product on nearly every farm, and its disposal is complicat ed by the fact that there is no de mand for it and balers will not bale it and take it away even when offer ed to them without cost. Every indication points to a record-breaking oats crop. Complica tions also enter this picture, how ever, due to the fact that the straw is so heavy that many fields have broken down. In cases where the crop has gone down, farmers plan to cut the stand with mowers and thresh. Preliminary tests indicate high quality oats on a plane commensur ate with the quantity. A sample recently tested 44 at one of the local dealer’s, in comparison with the general average of 32 in past years. Com which started under a decid ed handicap because of delays in seeding has made a spectacular comeback, and there is every indica tion of a bumper crop being harvest ed in the fall. The stand has made heavy gains during the last two weeks of hot, humid weather, aided by frequent rainfall, and most fields now are in tassel. Potatoes Look Good Potato prospects are bright, and farm observers report the yield to the acre will be good. The amount of land planted to potatoes in this area, however, is less than in nor mal years, because of the acute shortage of farm labor. Soybean yields this fall should surpass those of last year, with the crop looking very promising at this time. Acreage devoted to beans also has been reduced on most farms this season. This is the best summer in seven years for milk production, largely because of the fact that abundant rainfall and cool weather have kept pastures in unusually good condition. Bluffton’s dairy plant operated by the Page Dairy Co. is receiving 155,000 pounds of milk daily in mid summer, a mark that ordinarily is reached only during peak production in the spring. This mark of over •75 tons daily is approximately 15 Two Pass Test For Registered Nurses Misses Helen and Ruth Soldner, nurses at Bluffton hospital have suc cessfully passed the examination for registered nurses, it was announced the first of the week. They took the examination for nurses at Emporia, Kansas, following their graduation from the nurses’ training course last spring. Since that time they have been added to the nursing staff at the hospital here. Helen Soldner is the daughter of G. T. Soldner of Cherry street, while Ruth is from Berne, Ind. Both at tended Bluffton college before enter ing on their course of nurses train ing. STRAW CLUTTERS FARMS THRUOUT BLUFFTON AREA Stacks in Barnyards Are Record Size With Much Left in Fields THE BLUF Lack Of Freight Cars And Makeshift Storage Facilities May Cut Wheat Yield of No Demand For Straw Farm ers Vainly Oller Straw Free For Bailing Straw which six months ago was selling for 20 cents a bale is now the unwanted orphan of the farm crop family, and so much of it is laying in fields that its disposal represents a first-class headache for area farm ers. With too much straw on hand, de mand has reached the zero point, no price is quoted on the market and balers can’t be induced to bale it and haul it awhy even when it is offered to them without cost. Farmers who combined their wheat don’t want to leave the straw in the field as they normally do, for it is so heavy they fear it may choke out next year’s clover crop up thru the stubble. now coming BARS cutter bars Set Up Cutter In combining wheat, were set higher than usual this year to reduce the amount of straw spread on fields as much as possible, but even under those conditions the thick layer of straw presents a serious problem. Farmers who cut wheat with bind ers have one advantage this season, for the straw at least is off their fields, and in threshing the crop the straw can be put in a stock, but even they will have more on hand than they want. Because of the heavy straw many who combined likely would have cut with binders this year if the current shortage of far mlabor had not forced them to use the other method. Some farmers, on the other hand, struck a compromise by combining a part of their crop and using binders on the remainder. Big Straw Stacks With threshing under way, straw stacks on farms are the biggest in history, and old-timers say they have never seen so much straw. The situ ation is in direct contrast to last summer when straw was short, and this year’s crop is twice as heavy as that of 1944. Favored by unusual growing weath er, wheat, rye and barley this year produced straw between four and five feet high, a record stand for this district, and oats straw also is much taller than usual. A deep blanket of snow protected wheat thruout the winter, the stand was not exposed to freezing and thawing last spring, and cool weath er with plenty of moisture produced heavy crop unique in local history. a Home From England Pfc. Ulysses Reichenbach is spend ing a 30 day furlough with his wife and son of Cherry street and his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Amos Reich enbach. tioned in England for the past 15 months with the ground ciew of the Eighth Air force. He wears the presidential citation, good conduct and European theatre of operations ribbons with six campaign stars. Pfc. Reichenbach was sta- tons more than generally received at this time of the year. On the unfavorable side of the ledger, strawberries were virtually a failure and there are few rasp berries and blackberries. Cherries were shorter than usual and apples will not begin to approach a normal yield this fall because of alternating warm and cold spells in early spring. A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE Transportation Bottleneck For ces Emergency Measures on Farms Damp Weather Likely to Dam age Wheat Held in Emergency Bins the Rains Tuesday interrupting wheat harvest which has continued steadily for the past two weeks brought a temporary respite to the flood of grain which has been pour ing into elevators from one of the district’s largest wheat harvests. The lull in wheat receipts however, was only temporary, dealers declared as there exists thruout the surround ing farming district a huge backlog of stored wheat ready for marketing when transportation facilities are available. The freight car situation has shown no improvemept it was stated the first of the week by dealers here. The number of cars available for wheat shipment is less than year when the crop was only as large. last half May Cut Yield year Altho the wheat crop this was of record proportions, the lack of freight cars may cut heavily into the actual final yield, grain cautioned. dealers solution hold as only immediate for farmers to as possible in their own While the in sight is much wheat bins, it is pointed out that much of the grain being held on farms be cause of the transportation bottle neck is being held in makeshift bins unsuited for storage purposes. With regular storage bins filled early in the harvest season, farmers have been dumping grain into silos, chicken houses and barn floor or any other temporary storage facilities available. Liable to Damage Such practises, grain men pointed out are apt to result in damage to the crop, especially in damp weather. In view of the present shortage of freight cars, however, there is no al ternative. Because of the unprecedented back log of w’heat now’ being held on farms, dealers here estimated the first of the week that elevators will be filled to capacity for the next month. Some shippers predicted that wheat carloadings would not be completed before the soybean crop comes in. Bluffton Area Wheat Is Sent To Holland Farmers of the Bluffton district are being given their first opportun ity to aid in European post-war re construction, by sending a ship load of wheat to aid Hollanders whose lands were flooded when the Nazis broke their dikes. The project is being undertaken by the Churches of the Brethren in the Northwestern Ohio district, who plan to donate a carload of grain. J. J. cock said nate Rev. Anglemyer, pastor of the Han county church at Williamstown, he expects the district will do at least two carloads. The project, denomination wide, originated with the Brethren Service committee in Elgin, Ill. Those interested in making dona tions of grain or money to be in buying grain may contact Anglemyer at Williamstown. used Rev. Births following births at Bluffton The hospital: Mr. and Mrs. Orville Basinger, Bluffton, a boy, Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Orvell Crates, Je nera, a son, Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Florintine Sanchez, Mt. Cory, a boy, Tuesday. In New Locations Lendon Basinger has moved from the Mrs. John Nonnamaker farm to the Philip Basinger farm south of Bluffton on the Dixie highway which he recently purchased. Arthur Nonnamaker has moved from the Mrs. Anna Koontz farm in Orange township to the Mrs. John Nonnamaker farm vacated by Lendon Basinger. Real Estate Deals Property of the late George Lewis on Spring street was sold by Miss Gertrude Lewis of Ashley, Mich., to Edgar Bixel, former Bluffton resi dent now living in Richmond, Ind. Mrs. Josephine Carnahan of Bluff ton has purchased a residence prop erty on West High street in Lima. The deals were handled by Mrs. H. W. Althaus of Bluffton. BLUFFTON, OHIO, AY, AUGUST 2, 1945 NEITHER FILLED CAUCUSE I P" Eight Present ^township and School Board Officials Will CAUCUS NOMINATIONS Democratic Republican SCHOOL BOARD (Three to elect) Donivan Conrad Ralph Badertscher Leland Diller Paul Diller W. M. N is wander B. W. Travis TWP. TRUSTEES (Two to elect) Fred C. Badertscher Walter Marshall Walter Hochstettler Matson Steiner JUSTICE OF PEACE (Two to elect) CONSTABLE (Two to elect) Harry Homer R. E. Griffith Charles Lora Lagging interest in this year’s po litical picture, the rush of farm w’ork because of harvest demands and light attendance at Democratic and Repub lican caucuses last Friday night in the Bluffton High school building re sulted in neither filling their tickets tion. Charles Lora, Democrat, and R. E. Griffith, Republican incumbents, were re-nominated for constable. Altho neither party completely fill ed its ticket, there are sufficient can didates for every office to give elect ors their choice of returning present officials whose terms expire or elect ing new men to replace them. Nominated for the board of educa tion are four candidates who have never held chat office. These are Dr. B. W. Travis and Paul Diller, Re publicans, and Donivan Conrad and Leland Diller, Democrats. The lat ter is now serving as clerk of the board. Other candidates seeking office for the first time are Walter Hochstet tler, Democrat, and Watson Steiner, Republican, nominated for trustee and Harry Homer, Democrat, con stable. Attendance at caucus meetings Friday was limited principally cause farmers are busy day night in their harvest fields." TS OF BLUFFTON AND VICINITY KETIS PARTY FRIDAY terest Evi ight Turn- Lagging Politi denced Again li out For ucuses Stanley Vertner party completely for the fall elec no candidate for Democrats have justice of the peace and Republicans named only one candidate for that office and one constable candidate with two to be elected to each office. Two present members of the board of education were nominated for re election. They are Dr. W. M. Nis wander on the Democratic ticket and Ralph Badertscher on the Republican slate. John Tosh, a third member, whose term expires, stated this week that he would not be a candidate next fall. Two Richland township trustees w’hose terms expire were nominated for re-election—Fred Badertscher, Democrat, and Waiter Marshall, Re publican. s Also renominated was Stanley Vertner, Beaverdam Republican, for justice of the peace. A. D. Gratz, Bluffton Democrat, present justice of the peace vrhose term expires at the end of this year was not a candidate for renomination. last be and Weinhold Elzay Nuptials At Home Miss Betty Weinhold, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Weinhold of Bluffton became the Elzay, son of Mr. Elzay of Ada, in a home of the bride noon at 4 o’clock. bride of Howard and Mrs. B. F. ceremony at the Saturday after- Rev. Milton Fronsoe read the dou ble ring w’edding service amid a col orful setting of baskets of flowers. seasonal in mar a street The bride, who was given riage by her father, wore length dress of white eyelet with a matching half-hat. Her corsage sisted of red rose buds and blue get-me-nots. con for- the Mrs. Rolland L. Stratton, bride’s sister was matron of honor. Her dress was of pale yellow and her corsage was made up of coral gladiolas and blue spray. Mr. Strat ton served as best man. near rela enjoyed a home. A Following the ceremony, tives and intimate friends reception at the Weinhold tw’o-tiered w’edding cake fully decor ated adorned the table. Mrs. Weinhold chose for her daughter’s w’edding a blue crepe dressmaker’s suit. Her corsage was of white carnations. For the present the newly-weds plan to make their home in Lima. ON NEWS Bluffton elect ic current and light consumers who for the past 2" years have made their monthly payments at the Hauenstein pharmacy, began ednesday making payments for the past month’s service at the Mayor’s office. At the same time Paul Augsburg er, returned war veteran, recently appointed clerk of the Board of Pub lic Affairs took over the duties of that office succeeding Edgar Hauen- Details of Death of Local Air man Are Not Learned Until IS Months letter Memorial Services Will Be Held Sunday In Ebenezer Mennonite Church Temporary Headquarters Of Board Of Public Affairs In Mayor's Office Sgt. Gerald Caris In Bomber When It Exploded Over Germany In 1944 at Memorial services will be held 2:30 p. m. Sunday in the Ebenezei Mennonite church west of Bluffton for Staff Sgt. Gerald R. Caris, 21, complete details of whose death over Germany more than a year ago were not obtained until last week by his wife, the former Veldean Moser. Rev. A. C. Schultz, of Chicago, former pastor of the church, will of ficiate at the memorial rite. He will be assisted by Rev. J. J. Esau and Rev. Irvin Kauffman. The family has requested that flowers be omitted. Details of the death of Sgt. Caris on March 8, 1944, were not learned until the last week, thru word re ceived by his widow from Captain Norman Thomas, pilot of the Flying Fortress on which the Bluffton man was a gunner, and from Staff Sgt. Paul Ritchie, another member of the crew. Capt. Thomas is from Birmingham, Ala., and Sgt. Ritchie’s home is Mul lins, West Virginia. Sgt. Caris* death occurred when the Flying Fortress to which he was assigned was shot down near Dum mer Lake, close in Hanover in north western Germany, while returning to its base in England. Nine members of the crew of 10 parachuted safely to the ground were taken prisoner, but Caris in the plane when it exploded no trace was found of the body. and was and Sgt. Caris was the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Caris, of Orange township. His mother is employed in war work at The Triplett Elec trical Instrument Co. From the time he was reported missing in action by the war depart ment in the spring of 1944, no de tails could be obtained to establish his death until the other crewmen were released from a German prison camp in the closing days of the European war. Mrs. Cans received the Air Medal and two Oak Leaf clusters awarded posthumously to her husband last October at Baer field, Ft. Wayne. Completes Course At Summer Camp Miss Mary Elizabeth Stearns, daugter of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Stearns of Spring street who is at tending the American Youth Founda tion camp at Shelby, Mich., for the fourth summer, will be graduated at that place on August 12. near Lake years’ sum and nature situated a four Bible The camp Michigan, offers mer course in study. school year, Mffes During the Stearns is a student at Heidelberg college at Tiffin. Francis Kohli, son of Mrs. Eva Kohli, Bluffton war plant worker, served with the D. S. Navy on one of the “Mighty Midget” assault boats in leading the offensive in American landings on Okinawa, it was learned this week. Assault craft of the type to which Kohli is assigned form a powerful blocking offensive line in front of landing craft carrying personnel, troops and equipment, and creep in close to beaches to lend much needed firepower support in landing opera tions. These small craft carry numerous varied calibre guns, and their fire power is complemented by powerful rockets, a powerful barrage of which always is laid down just before as sault troops hit the beaches. stein who resigned after a quarter century of service. The board will maintain its head quarters temporarily at the Mayor’s office until its new quarters on Vine street at the rear of the Basinger furniture store are ready for occu pancy', where it will maintain a per manent office. The clerk will maintain daily office hours from 8:30 to 11:30 a. m. and from 12:30 to 5:30 p. m. FIVE FROM AREA GET NOTIFICATION FOR EXAMINATIONS Preinduction Physical Examina tions In August For Group Of 27 Selectees Notifications Sent From Draft Board No. 3 To Allen County Registrants Francis Kohli On Mighty Midget In First Wave Of Okinawa Assault Designers of'the “Mighty Midget”, in No Bluffton men are included the August preindue', ion call for physical examinations made this week by Allen County Draft Board No. 3. However of the 27 notified to report for examination, five regis trants are from this area, including three from Lafayette, one from Columbus Grove and one from Ada. Notified to report for the pre induction physicals were the follow ing: Columbus Grove—Byron M. Mc Dowell. Lafayette—James J. Spurr, Rich ard A. Oder and James Coolidge. Ada—James C. Clum. Lima—Bruce L. Goodenough, Clay ton E. Johns, Walter Joseph, Cary Reichman, William Reser, Ralph I Riegle, Paul Little, Joe Wireman, Robert E. Price, Robert Sellers, and Cleatus Dotson. Elida—Paul P. Ponzuric, Gene E. Wright, Vernon W. Heatwole, David S. Brenneman and Milton D. Ramer. Spencerville—Robert E. Monfort and David P. Shaffer. Del phos—Donald and Melvin Haas. L. Baumgarte Harrod—James R. Williams. Wapakoneta—Robert C. Wise. Pvt. Merl Habegger Gets Army Discharge Pvt. Merl Habegger, 36, son of Mr. and Lira. Henry Habexger of Riley street has received a discharge from the army. Pvt. Habegger, veteran of 32 months’ service in the Southwest Pacific area has been in this country since the holidays serving as a guard at prisoner of war camps in Camp Perry and Marion. Orange Twp. G. O. P. Caucus Friday Night Orange township Republicans will hold a caucus Friday night at 9 o’clock at the Orange Center Com munity house for the purpose of nominating a township ticket for November election. the BLUFFTON MARKETS Wednesday Morning Grain (bushel prices) Wheat $1.55 com $1.12 oats 60c soys $2.04. known officially as the LCS (L) (3) combined in them all the advantages of a ship that can navigate in the shallowest water. With their many guns, the small ships are a menace to short, air and surface targets. In the Okinawa invasion, the craft formed the most powerful and long est offensive lines ever to precede ground troops onto the beaches of in vaded territory, and just before troops landed the heaviest rocket barrage in history was laid down. Other equipment of the “Mighty Midgets” include powerful water pumps that can extinguish any blaze. Another use is to tow small amphib vessels that have broached on the beach. Seaman Kohli now is at a naval rest camp in the Pacific, according to word received recently by his mother. BUY owrru MVDHMtatss• NUMBER 15 ESTIMATE $69,006 COST TO OPERATE SCHOOLS FOR YEAR Expenditures in 1916 Will In crease $8,000, Budget Indicates Much of Increase Will Be Pro vided by Daniels-Cramer Bill Funds Bluffton public school expenditures in 1946 will be $69,006.22, nearly $8,000 more than in 1945, according to estimates in a budget approved this week by the board of education. Included in the budget figures is an outlay of $9,300 for retirement of bonds and $2,718 for interest on the school’s bonded debt, w’hich will stand at $60,900 on January 1, 1946. Estimated total expenditure of 369,006.22 in 1946, compares with $61,652 as the estimated total for this year, and $59,497.14 in 1944. More Money Receipts in 1946 will be $72,469.61, according to the estimates in the new budget, an increase over the 1945 school income of $68,412.10. Most of the additional money expected in 1946 will come from the state, as a result of the Daniels-Cramer bill en acted by the legislature this summer. In 1945 Bluffton schools will re ceive a total of $17,511 from the state foundation fund, but increases provided under the Daniels-Cramer bill will give them $22,698 during the next year. Principal item of expenditure in 1946 will be $39,804.72 for teachers* salaries, the new budget shows, as compared with $37,825.33 spent in 1945. A total of $6,880 will be required for janitors and engineers in 1946 $4,000 for superintendent and admin istration, and $2,070 for bus trans portation. The remainder will repre sent money spent for supplies, im provements, etc. Bluffton Native Succumbs In Lima Mrs. Esther Ream Harmon, 40, Bluffton native, died at her home in Lima, Monday morning. She was born in Bluffton, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Ream and moved to Lima with her parents 38 years ago. Surviving are her husband Harry K. Harmon, daughter Mrs. Dortha Rotroff and son Jack, a grandson and her father and mother all of Lima also three sisters, Mrs. Ethel Carr of Union township, Hancock county Mrs. Hazel Clough of Day ton and Mrs. Myron Faust, Akron, and a brother Herbert Ream of Se attle, Wash. Funeral services were held at the Lima Central Church of Christ, Wed nesday afternoon with Rev. Paul Hunk officiating. Burial was in Lima Memorial park cemetery. ________ Reunions The 18th annual reunion of the Paulding Center (Rayl) school will be held at the school, Sunday, Aug ust 5. Pres., Lyman Barnes Sec., Vern Dardio. The 23rd annual reunion of the Rote and Zearbaugh families will be held at the Orange Center school, Sunday, August 19. Pres., Levi Gable Sec., Mrs. Levi Gable. The Black school of Orange town ship will hold its 36th annual re union on Thursday, August 9. Pres., Mildred Klingler Sec., Fern Koch. The Huber family reunion will be held Sunday, August 19 at the Paulding Center school south of Bluffton on Bentley road. Pres., Russell Huber Sec., Mae Huber. Rationing Calendar So that you may keep in mind the numerous important war-time ra tioning dates, the Bluffton News is publishing this weekly reminder: MEATS, RUTTER. CHEESE, CANNED MILK—Boojt 4 red stamps Q-2 thru Z-2 and A-l thru K-l good for 10 points each. Q-2 thru U-2 expire August 31. PROCESSED FOODS—Book 4 blue stamps Y-2 thru Z-2 and A-l thru T-l good for 10 points each. Y-2 thru Z-2 and A-l thru C-l expire August 31. SUGAR—Stamp 36 is now good for 5 pounds thru August 31. GASOLINE—Stamp A-16 good for 6 gallons thru Sept. 21. SHOES—Airplane stamps 1, 2 and 3 in Ration Book No. 3 good indefinitely.