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Nothing can take the place of
music from the marimba in the hearts of the people of Central America—and perhaps rightly so. Anyway you'll get a better conception of their viewpoint after you have read the follow ing article. Editor. The typical musical background to life in Central America and pariieu larly in Guatemala and El Salvador are the notes of the it .irii- .. the most purely national and localized instruments of the world. The question of whether the n ari.m ba is an authoctonous American in strument or whether it v as brought over from Europe and Africa by either the colonists or their slaves has for years beer, the cause of much debate. It is a well-known fact that marim bas existed in ancient times in Africa but although some of them may have been brought into Central America during colonial days, it does not nec essarily follow that this instrun ent was unknown in America before that time. That a mountain in Guatemala should have the pre-Columbian na tive name of Chinal Jul—the marimba of the ravines—seems to indicate that the instrument must have been famil iar to the people of our hemisphere, before the arrival of the great naviga tor. The marimba—a close relative of the xylophone—is an instrument made of a series of pieces of wood placed on a base in a certain order and which give out a musical sound when struck with sticks. The construction of the marimba is quite a complicated pro cess which has to be done carefully from the choosing of the wood which is to be used, to the last finishing touches on the playing sticks. It is really a labor of love, done most of the time by the players them selves. You would never think of Paderweski constructing his own piano or a Paganini or Sarasato mak ing a Stradivarius to play on, yet in the marimba you have an instrument that has been constructed by the mu sicians who are about to play on it. The first requisite for a good mar imba is the wood which has to be of the hard kind and preferably of the Hormigo species called by the Indians “musical wood” from the pleasant sound it gives out when struck by the ntral American Natives Thrill To Enchanting Rhythm Of Marimba I NEWS OUR FATHERS READ FROM ISSUE OF JANUARY 18,1917 Unknown to the parents and fri* nds of the young couple, Donald Flick and Miss Hazel Meeks of Lima, were quietly married in Cincinnati. Clarence Jones, the 18 years old son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Jones, was overcome by gasoline fumes while working in the garage on the T. W. Keel farm. The garage doors were closed due to the extreme cold and soon after the auto had been started young Jones fell to the floor unconscious. Theodore Scheid, Jr., has been selected by Congressman Russel as first alternate for the appointment as cadet in the West Point military academy. Mr. arid Mrs. Aldine Steiner wel comed a baby boy into their home, Sunday. At the Cleveland poultry show Jacob Schnegg won second premium on hen, third on pen, and second and fifth on pullets. Paul Everett was shot in the leg by a 22 rifle by a play mate. Dr. Steiner extracted the shot. Weather observations are being forwarded daily by A. E. Temple to the Columbus weather bureau. The principal work of the local agent will be the observation of thunder storms. Miss Magdalene Baumgartner en tertained the Campfire Girls at her home. Fresh Drugs and Quality Drug Store Merchandise of All Kinds Prescriptions Care fully Compounded Phone 170-W From this wood, small elongated blocks are carefully cut out with hatchets—a saw would harm them— and submitted to a slow drying pro cess. When the wooden frame,—a sort of long topless table in the shape of a trapezoid—is ready, the slats or keys of wood which have been cut in ac cord nice with a scale of prescribed dimensions and then polished and tuned to a certain pitch very much like the ones used for the pian are laid on it in a given order. Under these are placed sounding boxes made of cedar—which have re placed the gourds used for this pur pose in more primitive instruments— and at the lower end of which a thin membrane is stretched over a small hole. The sound waves that come from the upper part of the sounding box when the key is struck, decend., caus ing the membrane to vibrate which accounts for that soft melodious tone characteristic of the marimba. Final ly the playing sticks are about eigh teen inches long, of flexible wood and with round head made of strips of raw rubber. The marimba has, as a rule, a range of five octaves. It is not exclusively a one-man instrument, some being large enough to be played by two or more persons. The amazing skill, pre cision and cleverness with which the Central American artists play the marimba is always an object of ad miration to foreigners. There are families, especially a round Quetzaltenango, second largest city of Guatemala, in which the con structing and playing of a marimba has become hereditary. Although it is often very crude and particularly adequate for popular tunes, the marimba has also been used to render semi-classical and even sometimes classical music. It sound blends itself particularly well with string instruments and it is frequently played not only with ac companiment of guitars but also of violins and bass. The marimba is known in some South American countries such as Colombia and Ecuador but it is really the typical instrument of Central America. Nothing will evoke Guate mala or El Salvador better, nothing will set the heart of their people beat ing and the feet of their people danc ing, as the distant notes of a marimba. The George Duffman family who have resided in Michigan for the past ten years will return to Bluffton to make their home. Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Hummon and daughter Elizabeth are in California for the winter sightseeing. “She begs the simplest ques-* lions," wrote Alfred Cochrane. Turn not aside at any of today's Guess Again questions, though they may be simple. Merely place a mark in the space provided, and check be low for the correct answer and your rating. (1) Henry VIII was noted for his vast collection of: (a) recipes (b) pottery (c) wines (d) wives. __ (2) “In the spring a young man’s fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love” was written by: (a) Shakes peare: (b) Wordsworth I”"I (c) Shelley (d) Tennyson. iM (3) Recognize this major league baseball team manager pictured arguing with an umpire? Is it (a) Dykes of the White Sox (b) Me Kechnie of the Reds (c) Durocher of the Dodgers (d) McCarthy of the Yanks? __ (4) The only owner to have won four Kentucky Derbys is: (a) Colonel E. R. Bradley (b) Bing Crosby (c) Colonel H. L. Adams, (d) Lady Cavendish. __ (5) A copyright extends for a period oi (a) 10 years (b) 15 years (c) 28 years r“ (d) 1 year. (6) The first American President to speak over the radio was: (a) Herbert Hoover- (b) Calvin Cool idge (c) Woodrow Wilson 1----1 (d) Warren G. Harding. |__ Last year an average of $32.79 for every auto in the U. S. wmt for: (a) tires (b) lights (c) r~l oil (d) gasoline tax. |__ “GUESS AGAIN” _________TMR HI? t, ANSWERS h! 1. 10 points for (d).......... 2 20 b'.s ones for anot’im d) 3. c) for 15 more........................ 4. (a) for another 10...............”__ 5. 20 again for (c).......................... 6. 10 for (d)......................... 7. Add 15 more for (d)............. ...I__ YOUR RATING: 90-100. excellent: 80-90, dam TOTAf good 70-80, at leaat good 80-70. well, you tried anyway. The Boxwell-Patterson Richland township commencement will be held Friday evening June 17 at the Bluffton town hall at 8:00 P. M. Each graduate must recite some poem, essay or short oration that he has committed to memory. Graduates are Jesse W. Steiner, Genevieve Betzner, Lyle Richards, Zoa Augs- 1 2 3 News Our Grandfathers From Issue Of June 9, 1910 burger, Lydia Burkholder, Harvey Burkholder, Lt la Frick, Lizzie Stein er, Freda Fryman, Lavina Gratz, Ho Boothby, Rosella Biederman, Harry Amstutz, Fred Augsburger, Fanny Lauby, Ruth Neiswander, Minnie IkilnnT, Raymond Augsbur ger, Abe Block, Ella Steiner, Mildred Bixel, Ralph Stearns, Estelle Am stutz, Agnes Seehler, Bernice Bogart, Zoe Miller, Hazel Augsburger, Ros coe Bowers, Grace Murray. A baby girl was born to Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Tschiegg last week. Phares Steiner secured a position with the Lima Locomotive works. Willis Althaus ’left for Green castle, Ind., to attend the graduation exercises of his brother C. P. Alt haus. P. B. Amstutz has passed a sub scription around for the purpose ot building sheds at the Ebenezer church and has secured 40 signa tures. A barn will be built to ac commodate the rigs. Samuel E. Vincent of Columbus and Mary Alice, daughter of C. U. Steiner, three miles west of Bluffton, were married Sunday morning by the Rev. W. S. Gottschalk Invitations are issued for the mar riage of Miss Mayme Boyer of near Rockport and Alvin Whisler, former ly of this place. The wedding will RLIIFFTON. OHIO take place June 16th. Miss Louisa Ruhl left Saturday to visit friends in Oberlin and Cleve land. Real Estate agent D. S. Flick sold the Charles Fenton property on Riley street to Floyd Everett. Mrs. Noah Basinger and Mrs. George Pifer of Orange Twp., left Sunday for Galion, to attend the funeral of Mrs. Petrie. Much credit is out lark Frick and son Robert, wh went u Maple Grove cemetery and ady repainted the markers at the s 'Idlers’ graves, before decoration day. Misses Nellie l-.atmi, Eva Idle, Zoe Bentley, Flora !‘.v Mabie Fett, Mabie Jones, Lillian Zehrbach, Mr. aid Mrs. C. A. Waltz, Armin and Ray Hauenstein, drove to Ada, Fri day and saw President Taft. A very enjoyable evening was spent at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Sam Stettler in honor of Mrs. O. V. Swerlein of Goshen, Ind. Those present were: Mrs. O. V. Swerlein Mrs. W. Hawk and family, Mrs. R. Potee and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Deppler, Mrs. Pence and daughter, Misses Ho Boothby, Emma Woods, Leia Satterlee and E. E. Mosiman. Orange township citizens will wel come back Alva Anderson and wife in the near future, as they have bought the Walter Hilty farm. The reserve supply of clover and legume seeds is expected to be at a very low level after 1946 spring seedings, so farmers are urged to plan to harvest these seeds in 1946 and are advised to increase seed yields per acre by placing colonies of bees in the fields. For years the facts about General Motors have been piade public. [n spite of this, the UAW -CIO demands a chance to |ook at our books, with the hint that we could meet Union demands “if the truth were really known.” JvVe have firmly declined to recognize this as a basis for bargaining: The Full Facts are Published How much General Motors takes in each year—how much it pays employes—how much it pays to stockholders—how much it pays in ‘axes—how much net profit we make—and many other facts are plainly stated in annual reports and quarterly reports. These are broadcast to 425,000 stockholders from coast to coast sent to newspapers and libraries. /Additional copies are free for ♦he asking. a All Figures are Thoroughly Checked Every General Motors annual statement is audited by outside auditors. Similar figures arc filed with the Securities & Exchange Commission. Does the UAW-CIO honestly believe that General Motors would or could deceive these experts? Basis of Collective Bargaining is Defined The Wagner Act lays down the rules for collective bargaining. These cover such areas as rates of pay, hours of work, working conditions. No mention is made of earnings, prices, sales volume, taxes and Ihe like. These are recognized as the problems .of management Land Prices Rise 48 Per Cent In 10 Years (Concluded from page 1) Land Prices Soar Before the outbreak of World War II, good farm land in the Bluffton area was priced roughly at $150 an acre. This same land now is quoted at an average of upwards of $225 per acre. In 1935 the same land would have brought about $130. In some cases, present high A "Look at the Books” OR "A Finger in the Pi® Which is the UAW-CIO really after? Is it seeking facts—or new economic power? Does it want to know things—or run things? These questions concern you as well as General Motors. 4b 5 prices are due to owners’ hopes that they may be able to sell the farms to returning war veterans who have promises of federal loans for that purpose. Seemingly no thought has been given to the fact that soaring prices for farm land will make it increas ingly difficult for veterans to buy farms, as an increase of one-half would make an 80-acre farm cost in excess of $16,000. Big Hurdle for FARM MACHINERY Overhauled and serviced in a modernly equipped shop by experienced mechanics. Bring in your equipment today and have it ready when spring work opens. Remember, much of your present equipment will have to serve for another year—that’s why overhauling is es pecially important this season. First Come First Served Better Come Today ALL KINDS OF ELECTRIC AND ACETYLENE WELDING If you are planning to buy new equipment see the advantages and special features which you will find only in Ma^sey-H«rfls. BLUFFTON FARM EQUIPMENT CO. E. F. Schmidt, Prop. MASSEY-HARRIS SALES AND SERVICE 105 E. Elm Street /Bluffton, Ohio Something New has been Added TH IIRSIIAA -,J A Vet In addition to the cost of the The obvious fact is that the UAW-CIO has gone beyond its rights/ under the law—and is reaching not for information but for new power—not for a look at past figures, but for the power\ to sit in on forecasting and planning the future. A “look at the books” is a clever catch phrase intended as an! opening wedge whereby Unions hope to pry their way into the 1 whole field of management. It leads surely to the day when Union bosses, under threat, of strike, will demand the right to tell what we can make, when', we can make it, where we can make it, and how much we must charge you—all with an eye on what labor can take out of the business, rather than on the value that goes into the product. This Threatens All Business If the ,Union can do this in the case of General Motors, it can* do it to every business in this land of ours. 1 Is this just imagination? Union spokesmen have said, “The Union has stated time after time that this issue is bigger than just an ordinary wage argument, that it is bigger than the Corporation and bigger than the Union.” a For Labor Unions to use the monopolistic power of their vast mem bership to extend the scope of wage negotiations to include more than wages, hours and working conditions is the first step toward handing the management of business over to the Union bosses. We therefore reject the idea of a “look at the books” not because we have anything to hide but because the idea itself hides a threat to GM,X to all business, and to you, the public. General Motors AJTO BETTER JTHIMGSJ&R Mfi8E££fieiX”_ n i n 1 ftm —. .. .... farm, a veteran beginning operations would need at least $3,400 for ma chinery and an additional minimum outlay of $1,600 for livestock. This would make the total cost of setting up farming operations ap proximately $21,000, and under pres ent arrangements veterans can ob tain maximum government loans of only $2,500 for chattels and an esti mated commercial loan of $6000 is in force, too little to finance most farm transactions in which veterans figure.