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BY HARR.Y L. HALE Editor’s Note—This is the fourth of a series of articles to appear in the Bluffton News dealing unth early Ohio history. Others will appear in forthcom ing issues. The Community At Zoar When the payoff came in 1898 nearly 300 Ohioans found it worth more than $3,000 to them just to have been born in Zoar. There was more than $1,000,000 to divide and only a few hundred persons among “which to prorate it. Zoar, 11 miles north of New Philadelphia and eight miles from Dover, in Tuscarawas County, was a German communal settlement formed soon after about 200 Sepera tists from Wuttemberg, Germany^ arrived in search of religious free dom and bought 5,000 acres of land. That was in the winter of 1817-18. GEIGER APPLIANCES Standard and Odd Sizes Some Batteries I Regular $1.40 Antifreeze $1.00 in your container Good 1937 International Truck 4 Good Used Cars Bixel Motor Sales Bluffton, Ohio They were simple folk—farmers, weavers, carpenters, cabinet-makers, bakers, and in the sparsely settled country found it hard to make a living in their independent way. Besides, some of them were old, infirm, and needing special care, un able to make a living at all. SALESr4NIJ SERVICE The following is on hand for immediate delivery: 2—APEX, Model 601, upright type, vacuum sweepers. 1—APEX, Model 110, barrel type, vacuum sweeper. 1—RADIO, 5 tube, ^roWn plastic cabinet. 1—RADIO, 6 tube, cherry finish, wood cabinet. 1—INTERCOMM—3 tube, 2 station. 1—RADIO, used, RCA table model, foreign bands. M. L. GEIGER 489 East Cherry St Phone 409-T Tires Tires Tires Aid To Starving Settlers Soon they were in a sorry plight. Starvation faced them, and payment for their land, which had been bought on credit, soon would be fall ing due. Temporary easement came when a distant stranger, hearing of their condition, sent provisions and supplies for the entire band. After 18 more months of individual struggle the group formed a com munal corporation, chartered in 1832 as the Separatist Society of Zotar, to work “one for all and all for one,” with all their property held in common. I They named their community Zoar after the Biblical city to which Lot fled after he left Sodom—a doubt ful compliment to Wurttemberg. Divide Million Dollars So after years of hardship and prosperity, grueling labor and care ful saving, and canny investment and management during 80 years, whert the society disbanded 40 years ago it had more than $1,000,000 in Eggs Wanted Old established firm selling eggs on the Detroit market since before the first World war is setting up a buying agency in the Bluffton area. Call our buyer, Robert Murray, Blulllon phone 285-R after 6 p. in. for highest market quotations and tell him to have our truck stop at your farm tomorrow. We handle only quality eggs and pay top market price— if you produce quality eggs it will pay you to get our prices. Carl W. McCabe Egg Co. Bluffton, Ohio Attica, Mich. Robert Murray, Bluffton Representative Bluffton phone 285-R property and money to divide among the Zoar-born o'ffppringof the* origin al members. It did not dissolve because of the failure of the principles on which it had been founded, but rather be cause of the modern desire of the society’s younger members to branch out for themselves, live an individual life and amass for themselves the benefits of their earnings. In their original organization the group vested administration of the society’s property and affair in an agent and three trustees. All were elected, the women voting as well as the men. 25 Log Cabins For years the society struggled against adversity. Their community consisted of about 25 log cabins. The barns were large and grouped in an irregular manner among the fruit trees that grew all over the village. But not even a stick or chip littered the green meadows and fertile fields that stretched out all around the town. Their number had been depleted by deaths, in 1832, of more than 50 of the members from cholera. Poverty in the society’s early years had prevented many matrimonial allian ces, so the birth rate was low. Systematic division of labor was carefully practiced in their domestic community. Their clothing was washed all together and one bakery supplied all with bread. A general nursery sheltered all children over three years old and the closest economy was practiced in all the community’s operations. Never Violated Law In winter the children were taught English and German. Simple-mind ed, artless and little acquainted with the outside world, no Zoarite ever was convicted of violating a law. Though its wealth came the hard way, the community attained pros perity. By 1874 the society had 300 mem bers and possessed property valued at more than $1,000,000. It had 9,000 acres of land in one tract one oil, one saw, and two flouring mills one woolen factory, and money in vested in stocks. Two iron foundries it started were failures. Homes in the village now were of brick or frame, painted white, with white picket fences around them. GOOD COAL Jacob’s Fork Pocahontas and Nu Rex furnace lump are premium coal with high B. T. U. and less than 3% ash. Panther Semi-Smokeless Pocahontas and Commando furnace lump are medium priced coal high heat value with medium ash. Try the Neighborhood Carload Club plan and save 60c to $1 on each ton. Plan now and order your coal for July, August and September delivery. You can’t go wrong on good coal. ED GOOD 124 N. Lawn Ave. Bluffton, Ohio THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO Few log cabins remained. No longer it necessary for residents of Zoar to labor so hard nearly 50 outsiders, non members of the organization, were employed by them. Zoar’s Present Population 140 Today, since the society’s dissolu- tion, Zoar is a quaint village of low, rambling cottages and white fences. It has about 140 population. The administration building of the society, built in 1835 to house the business offices and provide quarters for the aged, still stands. It was occupied by the Zoarist lead er, Joseph Bimelef until his death in 1853 and consequently still is called “The King’s Palace”. It now is a memorial museum and contains Zoar ist pottery, furniture and musical in struments. On the ceiling above a stairway leading to the third floor the huge red, blue and yellow star, emblem of the Separationists, is painted. It is the same emblem the Zoarites wore on their shoulders to distinguish them from visitors to the village. Garden Still Is Attraction The Garden of Zoar still is in the center of the town. It is a two and one-half acre plot designed after the description of the New Jerusalem given in the Book of the Revelation. A spruce tree in its center represents the Tree of Life. A circle of 12 shrubs around it suggests the Apostles, and 12 paths, which divide the garden into a peculiar geometric al design, are representative of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The Zoarites had no prayers, baptisms nor sacraments. Like the Jews, they would not eat pork. Their log church was filled in the evenings and twice on Sundays. The morning service consisted of vocal and in strumental music and reading from the Scriptures by one of their mem bers. In the evening, reading from a German catechism was substituted for that from the Bible. Whatever the peculiarities of their religion there seemed sufficient in their creed, if followed, to make the life of the Zoarites upright and law abiding. Mt. Cory The P. T. A. held their meeting Tuesday evening at the high school. Willard Kramer of Findlay, called on Mr. and Mrs. Chester Huber and J. C. Jones, Saturday A fox hunt was held this week but no Sly foxes were caught by the hunters Mr. and Mrs. George Quimby called on Mr. and Mrs. J. Jones, Sunday A new garage building will be erected here in the near future by Lehr Green Mr. and Mrs. Chester Huber were Sunday dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Ruel Suter and family in Pan dora. Mrs. Chester Huber called on Mrs. Virginia Wilson and daughter Hope in Benton Ridge, Monday afternoon. The Farm Bureau will build a new building at Mt. Cory this spring.. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Wilch of Findlay are spending the winter in Florida. C. A. Huber visited his former mates as night janitors at the Trip lett plant No. 1. C. A. Huber and Willis Welty were co-janitors for nearly two years. W. V. Montgomery was elected president of the Mt. Cory board of education. N. Powell was elected vice president and Merl Folk, clerk. William R. Creeger, a high school student here, was stricken and died Sunday. He lived in Orange town ship. The funeral will be Thurs day afternoon from the Emmanuel Reformed church near Bluffton. AN ORDINANCE AN ORDINANCE FIXING SALARY RATES FOR CERTAIN OFFICES AND ALSO WAGE RATES FOR SKILLED AND COM MON LABOR EMPLOYED BY THE VIL LAGE OF BLUFFTON. OHIO. AND RE PEALING ALL PREVIOUS ORDINANCES INCONSISTENT HEREWITH! Be it ordained by the Council of the Vil lage of Bluffton, State of O^io: Section 1—That the salary of the chief of police of 'the Village of Bluffton shall be One Hundred and Fifteen (8115.00,} Dollars per month, payable monthly. Section 2—Tha'c the salary of the service supervisor of the Village of Bluffton shall be Seventy-five (175.00) Dollars per month, pay able monthly. Section 3—That the salary of the night watch of the Village of Bluffton shall be One Hundred and Sixty (S16OJ5O) Dollars per month, payable monthly. Section 4—That the wage rake for skilled labor employed by the Village of Bluffton shall be Eighty-five .851 Cents per hour. Section 5—That the rate for common labor employed by the Village of Bluffton shall be Seventy-five ($ .7n) Cents per hour. Section 6—That the foregoing salary and ■wage rates shall be in full force an effect from and after *che first div of January, 1947. Section 7—That all ordinances or parts of ordinances inconsistent herewith be and the same are hereby repealed and that this ordin ance shall take effect from and after the earliest period allowed |y law. Passed this 6th day off January, 1947. W. A. HOWE, Attest: W. O. GEIGER, Mayor Clerk 39 COAL Notice Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and Ohio quality coal. Howard Stager Coal Yard on A. C. & Y. R. R. Phone 354-W or 265-Y Higher Scale Of Teach ers’ Pay Set By Board (Concluded from page 1) i mined by the board last week follow’ ing meetings on Monday, Wednesday and Saturday, both old and new I teachers will receive a $100 flat in- crease, and instructors with previous experience in the local school system will benefit proportionally under the one-percent tenure provision. Drafting of the new schedule on a basis that would prove passably sat isfactory to all teachers was a diffi cult assignment for the board, in view of two divergent opinions among in structors as to how increases should be granted. In one faction were teachers with longer tenure on Bluffton teaching staffs, and the other group consisted of those more recently hired, par ticularly within the last year or two. Older teachers had claimed the board discriminated against them in hiring new instructors at figures a bove an existing pay schedule. For that reason they believed teachers employed at higher than schedule rates should not participate on an e qual basis in pay raises. On the other hand, some of the newer teachers, hired at salaries in excess of the schedule, said they came here expecting to share dn any overall increases that might be gran ted. advertisement^ for bids FOR IMPROVEMENT OF THE MUNICIPAL ELECTRIC RNERGY PLANT VILLAGE OF BLUFFTON, OHIO Sealed proposals will be' received by the Board of Trustees of I’ublite Affairs of the Village of Bluffton, Ohio, fat the office of said Board, in the Village qf Bluffton, Ohio, until twelve o’clock noon. Eastern Standard Time, on the Eleventh dhy of February, 1947, and at that time wilt’be publicly open ed and read aloud, for the following describ ipparatus, materials and work e constructing of an improve anicipal Electric Energy Plant of Bluffton, Ohio: 1—The furbishing of all la apparatus, expendable tools and all other services required fabrication.* delivery and e- entering into th men'c of the Mi the Village Contract No. ior, materials, nd equipment, or the design. Owner's foundation in the on of the Municipal Electric of 'the Village of Bluffton, Ohio, of one (1) complete strain generating unit consisting of steam bofer, suiterheater, structural supports, trimmings. soot blowers, furnace, water cooled furnade walls, refrac tory setting, stoker, forced draft fan with drives, air ducts, and o'cher auxiliary equip ment. The bids will then be submitted to the En gineers for examination and qomparison. and upon completion of their report as to the & mounts of the different bids iJid the charac ter and sufficiency of the apparatus and ma terials offered, 'the Board of TYustees of Pub lic Affairs will proceed, without unnecessary delay, to award a contract tor the work to the lowest and best bidder agon satisfactory equipment, apparatus, materials and work conforming to the specifications, the Board of Trustees of Public Affairs expressly re serving ‘the right to reject any and all bids, to judge the character and sufficiency of the equipment, apparatus and materials bid upon, and to waive informalities. Each bid must be accompanied by a bond executed by the bidder and a surety company, which surety company shall be licensed to do business in the State of ^hio, in an a mount not less than ‘ten (10) tier cent of the aggregate amount of the bid fr proposal: or the bidder may deposit with the Board of Trustees of Public Affairs, if lieu of such bond, a certified check on a solvent bank, payable to the Treasurer of the Village of Bluffton. Ohio, equal in amount to the a mount required in such bond. Said bond, or certified check, is required as a guarantee that should the said bid or proposal be ac cepted by the Board of Trustees of Public Affairs, the bidder will, within ten (10) days from the time he shall have bfen notified of the acceptance of the same, csiter into con tract with the Village of Bluflron. Ohio, for the equipment, apparatus, materials and work bid upon and give bond (in the full a mount of the contract price, With surety to be approved by the Board of Trustees of Public Affairs, insuring the faithful com pletion of 'the contract. Nd bid may be withdrawn ffr a period of thirty (30) days from the scheduled closing time for receiving bids. Copies of specifications and contract docu ments are on file in the office of the Engin eers. Finery, Marker and Emery. 510 The Toledo Trust Building, Toledo, Ohio, and in the office of the clerk of the Board of Trus tees of Public Affairs, at Bjuffton, Ohio, where they are available for inspection by prospective bidders and where they may be obtained uion deposit of ten dollars (810.00) for each set. which amount will be refunded upon return of the specifications in good or der within ten (10) days aftqr date of re ceiving bids. By direction of the Board qf Trustees of Public Affairs. Village of Bluffton, Ohio. 40 C. R. EMANS, Clerk. NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT THE STATE OF OHIO Allen County, ss. Estate of Sarah Catherine Altstaetter, De ceased. Peter Ahstaetter of R. D. No. 2, Colum bus Grove, Ohio has been appointed and qualified as Administrator of the estate of Sarah Catherine Alts'taetter late of Allen County, Ohio, deceased. Dated this 4th day of January, 1947. Raymond P. Smith Probate Judge I 41 HOTPOWT Home Appliances All the latest in electrical conveniences for the home Ellenberger Bros. Electric Shop Hot point Sa)eg & Service 105 South Main Bluffton All Stow KODAK FILM Here StaRT yo»r pictDre- making right with depend* able Kodak Film in the yel low box—the film that geta the picture. Then aena u» the exposed rolls for expert developing and printing. SIDNEY’S DRUG SHOP Coarsely ground limestone is not available for use by plants as quick ly as limestone ground finely en ough so alt of it will pass through a 100-mesh screen. Only 12 per cent of limestone screenings can be used by plants the first year after the lime is applied, but 100 per cent of superfine limestone is available the first year. Plants can use 55 per cent of agricultural limestone the first year. AMAN FELT L|KE HIS BONES WERE BROKEN, DUE TO RHEUMATISM One man recently seated that for years he felt like thi bones in his legs were broken. T^is was due to muscular rheumatism^ His muscles were swollen and hii legs so stiff and sore that he couldn’t walk with out limping. He was in misery. Recently he started taking RHU AID and says the feeling like his bones were broken disappeared the second day. The swelling and stiff ness has gone from hjs muscles now he can walk without suffering and says he feels like a newT man. RHU-AID contains Three Great Medical Ingredients which go right to the very source of rheumatic and neuritic aches and pains. Miserable people soon feel different all over. So don’t go on suffering! Get RHU AID. A. Hauensteip & Son Drugs. SPOT CASH POTATO BREAD Meat Market & Locker Service Home Killed Meats also Custom Butchering and Processing Frozen Foods P0UlVEGETABLES,’ RS“ Til Every bottle of mjlk sold in Bluff ton—either at yqur door or at your store—comes from our Find lay plant and is produced under the rigid supervision of the de partment of health of the City of Findlay, Ohio every cow is tested for healthfulness, every barn inspected for general sani tary conditions, our own plant is inspected this “premium” milk costs no more, you better have it for your family. THURSDAY, JAN. 16, 1947 Fresh Drugs and Quality Drug Store Merchandise of All Kinds Prescriptions Care fully Compounded Sidney’s Drug Shop Phone 170-W works wonders, like magic, especially now during sales. It drives real bargains. Settles annoying deb(s. Saves you money. Get vour supply here any time $100 $500 $1000. Take the cash and make it serve you wel|. Take plenty of time to repay on our easy loan terms. Phone 73511 or stop in Market & Elizabeth, Lima. PAUL SCHOENI.EIN, MGR. Me A to Z City Loan WHITE WHOLE WHEAT RYE Large Variety Smoked Meats We Buy Hides also Waste Fats You can buy Page’s fine milk eith er at your store or it will be brought to your door, every Tues day, Thursday and Saturday just call our Bluffton plant, The Page Dairy Co., Phone 489-W.