BY HARR.Y L. HALE
Editor’s Note—This is the
fourth of a series of articles to
appear in the Bluffton News
dealing unth early Ohio history.
Others will appear in forthcom
When the payoff came in 1898
nearly 300 Ohioans found it worth
more than $3,000 to them just to
have been born in Zoar. There was
more than $1,000,000 to divide and
only a few hundred persons among
“which to prorate it.
Zoar, 11 miles north of New
Philadelphia and eight miles from
Dover, in Tuscarawas County, was
a German communal settlement
formed soon after about 200 Sepera
tists from Wuttemberg, Germany^
arrived in search of religious free
dom and bought 5,000 acres of land.
That was in the winter of 1817-18.
Standard and Odd Sizes
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$1.00 in your container
Good 1937 International Truck
4 Good Used Cars
Bixel Motor Sales
They were simple folk—farmers,
weavers, carpenters, cabinet-makers,
bakers, and in the sparsely settled
country found it hard to make a
living in their independent way.
Besides, some of them were old,
infirm, and needing special care, un
able to make a living at all.
The following is on hand for immediate delivery:
2—APEX, Model 601, upright type, vacuum sweepers.
1—APEX, Model 110, barrel type, vacuum sweeper.
1—RADIO, 5 tube, ^roWn plastic cabinet.
1—RADIO, 6 tube, cherry finish, wood cabinet.
1—INTERCOMM—3 tube, 2 station.
1—RADIO, used, RCA table model, foreign bands.
M. L. GEIGER
489 East Cherry St Phone 409-T
Tires Tires Tires
Aid To Starving Settlers
Soon they were in a sorry plight.
Starvation faced them, and payment
for their land, which had been
bought on credit, soon would be fall
ing due. Temporary easement came
when a distant stranger, hearing of
their condition, sent provisions and
supplies for the entire band.
After 18 more months of individual
struggle the group formed a com
munal corporation, chartered in 1832
as the Separatist Society of Zotar, to
work “one for all and all for one,”
with all their property held in
They named their community Zoar
after the Biblical city to which Lot
fled after he left Sodom—a doubt
ful compliment to Wurttemberg.
Divide Million Dollars
So after years of hardship and
prosperity, grueling labor and care
ful saving, and canny investment
and management during 80 years,
whert the society disbanded 40 years
ago it had more than $1,000,000 in
Old established firm selling eggs on the Detroit market since
before the first World war is setting up a buying agency in
the Bluffton area.
Call our buyer, Robert Murray, Blulllon phone 285-R after
6 p. in. for highest market quotations and tell him to have
our truck stop at your farm tomorrow.
We handle only quality eggs and pay top market price—
if you produce quality eggs it will pay you to get our prices.
Carl W. McCabe Egg Co.
Bluffton, Ohio Attica, Mich.
Robert Murray, Bluffton Representative
Bluffton phone 285-R
property and money to divide among
the Zoar-born o'ffppringof the* origin
It did not dissolve because of the
failure of the principles on which it
had been founded, but rather be
cause of the modern desire of the
society’s younger members to branch
out for themselves, live an individual
life and amass for themselves the
benefits of their earnings.
In their original organization the
group vested administration of the
society’s property and affair in an
agent and three trustees. All were
elected, the women voting as well as
25 Log Cabins
For years the society struggled
against adversity. Their community
consisted of about 25 log cabins. The
barns were large and grouped in an
irregular manner among the fruit
trees that grew all over the village.
But not even a stick or chip littered
the green meadows and fertile fields
that stretched out all around the
Their number had been depleted
by deaths, in 1832, of more than 50
of the members from cholera. Poverty
in the society’s early years had
prevented many matrimonial allian
ces, so the birth rate was low.
Systematic division of labor was
carefully practiced in their domestic
community. Their clothing was
washed all together and one bakery
supplied all with bread. A general
nursery sheltered all children over
three years old and the closest
economy was practiced in all the
Never Violated Law
In winter the children were taught
English and German. Simple-mind
ed, artless and little acquainted with
the outside world, no Zoarite ever
was convicted of violating a law.
Though its wealth came the hard
way, the community attained pros
By 1874 the society had 300 mem
bers and possessed property valued
at more than $1,000,000. It had
9,000 acres of land in one tract one
oil, one saw, and two flouring mills
one woolen factory, and money in
vested in stocks. Two iron foundries
it started were failures.
Homes in the village now were of
brick or frame, painted white, with
white picket fences around them.
Jacob’s Fork Pocahontas
and Nu Rex furnace lump
are premium coal with high
B. T. U. and less than 3%
Pocahontas and Commando
furnace lump are medium
priced coal high heat value
with medium ash.
Try the Neighborhood
Carload Club plan and save
60c to $1 on each ton.
Plan now and order your
coal for July, August and
September delivery. You
can’t go wrong on good
124 N. Lawn Ave.
THE BLUFFTON NEWS, BLUFFTON, OHIO
Few log cabins remained.
No longer it necessary for
residents of Zoar to labor so hard
nearly 50 outsiders, non members of
the organization, were employed by
Zoar’s Present Population 140
Today, since the society’s dissolu-
tion, Zoar is a quaint village of low,
rambling cottages and white fences.
It has about 140 population.
The administration building of
the society, built in 1835 to house
the business offices and provide
quarters for the aged, still stands.
It was occupied by the Zoarist lead
er, Joseph Bimelef until his death in
1853 and consequently still is called
“The King’s Palace”. It now is a
memorial museum and contains Zoar
ist pottery, furniture and musical in
On the ceiling above a stairway
leading to the third floor the huge
red, blue and yellow star, emblem of
the Separationists, is painted. It is
the same emblem the Zoarites wore
on their shoulders to distinguish
them from visitors to the village.
Garden Still Is Attraction
The Garden of Zoar still is in the
center of the town. It is a two and
one-half acre plot designed after the
description of the New Jerusalem
given in the Book of the Revelation.
A spruce tree in its center represents
the Tree of Life. A circle of 12
shrubs around it suggests the
Apostles, and 12 paths, which divide
the garden into a peculiar geometric
al design, are representative of the
Twelve Tribes of Israel.
The Zoarites had no prayers,
baptisms nor sacraments. Like the
Jews, they would not eat pork. Their
log church was filled in the evenings
and twice on Sundays. The morning
service consisted of vocal and in
strumental music and reading from
the Scriptures by one of their mem
bers. In the evening, reading from
a German catechism was substituted
for that from the Bible.
Whatever the peculiarities of their
religion there seemed sufficient in
their creed, if followed, to make the
life of the Zoarites upright and law
The P. T. A. held their meeting
Tuesday evening at the high school.
Willard Kramer of Findlay, called
on Mr. and Mrs. Chester Huber and
J. C. Jones, Saturday
A fox hunt was held this week
but no Sly foxes were caught by
Mr. and Mrs. George Quimby
called on Mr. and Mrs. J. Jones,
A new garage building will be
erected here in the near future by
Mr. and Mrs. Chester Huber were
Sunday dinner guests of Mr. and
Mrs. Ruel Suter and family in Pan
Mrs. Chester Huber called on Mrs.
Virginia Wilson and daughter Hope
in Benton Ridge, Monday afternoon.
The Farm Bureau will build a
new building at Mt. Cory this
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Wilch of
Findlay are spending the winter in
C. A. Huber visited his former
mates as night janitors at the Trip
lett plant No. 1. C. A. Huber and
Willis Welty were co-janitors for
nearly two years.
W. V. Montgomery was elected
president of the Mt. Cory board of
education. N. Powell was elected
vice president and Merl Folk, clerk.
William R. Creeger, a high school
student here, was stricken and died
Sunday. He lived in Orange town
ship. The funeral will be Thurs
day afternoon from the Emmanuel
Reformed church near Bluffton.
AN ORDINANCE FIXING SALARY RATES
FOR CERTAIN OFFICES AND ALSO
WAGE RATES FOR SKILLED AND COM
MON LABOR EMPLOYED BY THE VIL
LAGE OF BLUFFTON. OHIO. AND RE
PEALING ALL PREVIOUS ORDINANCES
Be it ordained by the Council of the Vil
lage of Bluffton, State of O^io:
Section 1—That the salary of the chief of
police of 'the Village of Bluffton shall be One
Hundred and Fifteen (8115.00,} Dollars per
month, payable monthly.
Section 2—Tha'c the salary of the service
supervisor of the Village of Bluffton shall be
Seventy-five (175.00) Dollars per month, pay
Section 3—That the salary of the night
watch of the Village of Bluffton shall be One
Hundred and Sixty (S16OJ5O) Dollars per
month, payable monthly.
Section 4—That the wage rake for skilled
labor employed by the Village of Bluffton
shall be Eighty-five .851 Cents per hour.
Section 5—That the rate for common
labor employed by the Village of Bluffton
shall be Seventy-five ($ .7n) Cents per hour.
Section 6—That the foregoing salary and
■wage rates shall be in full force an effect
from and after *che first div of January, 1947.
Section 7—That all ordinances or parts of
ordinances inconsistent herewith be and the
same are hereby repealed and that this ordin
ance shall take effect from and after the
earliest period allowed |y law.
Passed this 6th day off January, 1947.
W. A. HOWE,
W. O. GEIGER,
West Virginia and
Ohio quality coal.
on A. C. & Y. R. R.
Phone 354-W or 265-Y
Higher Scale Of Teach
ers’ Pay Set By Board
(Concluded from page 1)
i mined by the board last week follow’
ing meetings on Monday, Wednesday
and Saturday, both old and new
I teachers will receive a $100 flat in-
crease, and instructors with previous
experience in the local school system
will benefit proportionally under the
one-percent tenure provision.
Drafting of the new schedule on a
basis that would prove passably sat
isfactory to all teachers was a diffi
cult assignment for the board, in view
of two divergent opinions among in
structors as to how increases should
In one faction were teachers with
longer tenure on Bluffton teaching
staffs, and the other group consisted
of those more recently hired, par
ticularly within the last year or two.
Older teachers had claimed the
board discriminated against them in
hiring new instructors at figures a
bove an existing pay schedule. For
that reason they believed teachers
employed at higher than schedule
rates should not participate on an e
qual basis in pay raises.
On the other hand, some of the
newer teachers, hired at salaries in
excess of the schedule, said they
came here expecting to share dn any
overall increases that might be gran
advertisement^ for bids
IMPROVEMENT OF THE
MUNICIPAL ELECTRIC RNERGY PLANT
VILLAGE OF BLUFFTON, OHIO
Sealed proposals will be' received by the
Board of Trustees of I’ublite Affairs of the
Village of Bluffton, Ohio, fat the office of
said Board, in the Village qf Bluffton, Ohio,
until twelve o’clock noon. Eastern Standard
Time, on the Eleventh dhy of February,
1947, and at that time wilt’be publicly open
ed and read aloud, for the following describ
ipparatus, materials and work
e constructing of an improve
anicipal Electric Energy Plant
of Bluffton, Ohio:
1—The furbishing of all la
apparatus, expendable tools
and all other services required
fabrication.* delivery and e-
entering into th
men'c of the Mi
or the design.
Owner's foundation in the
on of the Municipal Electric
of 'the Village of Bluffton,
Ohio, of one (1) complete strain generating
unit consisting of steam bofer, suiterheater,
structural supports, trimmings. soot blowers,
furnace, water cooled furnade walls, refrac
tory setting, stoker, forced draft fan with
drives, air ducts, and o'cher auxiliary equip
The bids will then be submitted to the En
gineers for examination and qomparison. and
upon completion of their report as to the &
mounts of the different bids iJid the charac
ter and sufficiency of the apparatus and ma
terials offered, 'the Board of TYustees of Pub
lic Affairs will proceed, without unnecessary
delay, to award a contract tor the work to
the lowest and best bidder agon satisfactory
equipment, apparatus, materials and work
conforming to the specifications, the Board
of Trustees of Public Affairs expressly re
serving ‘the right to reject any and all bids,
to judge the character and sufficiency of the
equipment, apparatus and materials bid upon,
and to waive informalities.
Each bid must be accompanied by a bond
executed by the bidder and a surety company,
which surety company shall be licensed to
do business in the State of ^hio, in an a
mount not less than ‘ten (10) tier cent of the
aggregate amount of the bid fr proposal: or
the bidder may deposit with the Board of
Trustees of Public Affairs, if lieu of such
bond, a certified check on a solvent bank,
payable to the Treasurer of the Village of
Bluffton. Ohio, equal in amount to the a
mount required in such bond. Said bond, or
certified check, is required as a guarantee
that should the said bid or proposal be ac
cepted by the Board of Trustees of Public
Affairs, the bidder will, within ten (10) days
from the time he shall have bfen notified of
the acceptance of the same, csiter into con
tract with the Village of Bluflron. Ohio, for
the equipment, apparatus, materials and
work bid upon and give bond (in the full a
mount of the contract price, With surety to
be approved by the Board of Trustees of
Public Affairs, insuring the faithful com
pletion of 'the contract.
Nd bid may be withdrawn ffr a period of
thirty (30) days from the scheduled closing
time for receiving bids.
Copies of specifications and contract docu
ments are on file in the office of the Engin
eers. Finery, Marker and Emery. 510 The
Toledo Trust Building, Toledo, Ohio, and in
the office of the clerk of the Board of Trus
tees of Public Affairs, at Bjuffton, Ohio,
where they are available for inspection by
prospective bidders and where they may be
obtained uion deposit of ten dollars (810.00)
for each set. which amount will be refunded
upon return of the specifications in good or
der within ten (10) days aftqr date of re
By direction of the Board qf Trustees of
Public Affairs. Village of Bluffton, Ohio.
40 C. R. EMANS, Clerk.
NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT
THE STATE OF OHIO
Allen County, ss.
Estate of Sarah Catherine Altstaetter, De
Peter Ahstaetter of R. D. No. 2, Colum
bus Grove, Ohio has been appointed and
qualified as Administrator of the estate of
Sarah Catherine Alts'taetter late of Allen
County, Ohio, deceased.
Dated this 4th day of January, 1947.
Raymond P. Smith
Probate Judge I 41
All the latest in electrical
conveniences for the home
Hot point Sa)eg & Service
105 South Main Bluffton
making right with depend*
able Kodak Film in the yel
low box—the film that geta
the picture. Then aena u»
the exposed rolls for expert
developing and printing.
SIDNEY’S DRUG SHOP
Coarsely ground limestone is not
available for use by plants as quick
ly as limestone ground finely en
ough so alt of it will pass through a
100-mesh screen. Only 12 per cent
of limestone screenings can be used
by plants the first year after the
lime is applied, but 100 per cent of
superfine limestone is available the
first year. Plants can use 55 per
cent of agricultural limestone the
AMAN FELT L|KE HIS
BONES WERE BROKEN,
DUE TO RHEUMATISM
One man recently seated that for
years he felt like thi bones in his
legs were broken. T^is was due to
muscular rheumatism^ His muscles
were swollen and hii legs so stiff
and sore that he couldn’t walk with
out limping. He was in misery.
Recently he started taking RHU
AID and says the feeling like his
bones were broken disappeared the
second day. The swelling and stiff
ness has gone from hjs muscles now
he can walk without suffering and
says he feels like a newT man.
RHU-AID contains Three Great
Medical Ingredients which go right
to the very source of rheumatic and
neuritic aches and pains. Miserable
people soon feel different all over.
So don’t go on suffering! Get RHU
AID. A. Hauensteip & Son Drugs.
Meat Market & Locker Service
Home Killed Meats
also Custom Butchering and Processing
Frozen Foods P0UlVEGETABLES,’ RS“
Every bottle of mjlk sold in Bluff
ton—either at yqur door or at
your store—comes from our Find
lay plant and is produced under
the rigid supervision of the de
partment of health of the City of
Findlay, Ohio every cow is
tested for healthfulness, every
barn inspected for general sani
tary conditions, our own plant is
inspected this “premium” milk
costs no more, you better have it
for your family.
THURSDAY, JAN. 16, 1947
Quality Drug Store
of All Kinds
Sidney’s Drug Shop
works wonders, like
magic, especially now during sales. It
drives real bargains. Settles annoying
deb(s. Saves you money. Get vour supply
here any time $100 $500 $1000.
Take the cash and make it serve you
wel|. Take plenty of time to repay on
our easy loan terms. Phone 73511 or
stop in Market & Elizabeth, Lima.
PAUL SCHOENI.EIN, MGR.
A to Z
Large Variety Smoked Meats
We Buy Hides also Waste Fats
You can buy Page’s fine milk eith
er at your store or it will be
brought to your door, every Tues
day, Thursday and Saturday
just call our Bluffton plant, The
Page Dairy Co., Phone 489-W.
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