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The Tiffin weekly tribune. (Tiffin, Ohio) 1859-1868, April 12, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87076793/1861-04-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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YOLXTIT.
.TITjriiN", OHIO, FJ.ITDAY, APEIL
18G1.
S-TO. 07.
ji)ii;i'iii.Ti(i,
.V'-- 'Av""V-
, a t&A io Hi. mv.ri.l r mi "- o. of
DAWS mkual joimmis,
TV. &r. ffftA In -am. vrj llil.f In o.rll...
UCM t .
Po'l.n, ' Cli-ralarv, '
'Show fill, I'roa nimmet,
lload U'H". IvHiltion,
taHett, Cnrdn,
lank Nolet, t beelc,
ri-neklrt, lluoki, Ac,
-laik. ,( .ti.nttlnTv m.nn.r.
Or d. i . Filled at Short Notice,
Ami om T vrf
liowcst Terms,
A t i It
Trlbuno Job Office.
, v,m ft vci.eium, r ropnetor..
' 1
BUSINESS CARDS.
It. L. tii-iUith,
rAUor
(uiuu ll'r at Law
fcJl Unn. fllitv.
l VIejJ'.iainirill Hat
j.K.'lj.ir
t'OOPKX K. WATSON: kl.AM WII.I.AHI).
WatMiii X AVillaril,
" Atturuuys at Law. AVill uttcinl
, nr ,i pt'v irt .11 I. in .1. nt !..! 1,u,iii. ... u It.,', in ('.,.
l lltin, (Hi tu.
nu5
II. V. .Oslc, .
Attorney nt l.aivi Sitigor's Ulock,
opftoill. Curl ilnu.. IVp,i.ir. orlt'lT-lf
J. Ik. Ilord,
Attornvr at Law, Tiftin, Ohio.
(II.,. in .1,.,
mj.'i New B!irk..v.rhhriv.r'.S(nr..
Aolitfjll r, U o 1 1" fro bio,
Attoriioys dontuetlois at Law
Pllii. i tfiugri'. Sim- Blouk, 0)B0.il. In. I'a.rt
U.n... .ni'JA
IV. P.X.1,1., n. f. IleWulf, ll.rrl.cn Nolil..
R. riMii,yrw.j o.i.r.B, v, iikkivkr.
rencinglon, Leo & Brewer,
Attorney at Law nn Solicit-
Pi in Olionn.Pv. Rninfitin ti.fvr', .w llo.il . nn
p Mil. Ili.Co.fl Ho.Mi. 'I iitin, .11 r 14.., 'fttl-lf
I NliP.B B Tl H W il l. MM M IlillVBllM.
Stem & Johnson,
Attornovs CounBfelliiM at Law.
Oli'l I. Hf-dx. N.w IHo-, o.rr Vnllinrr'.lntliinr
t if. ; M tin .1 rl . Irlr ,.iun.l titi, n... n. I ho ,i.
1..H. .1 all I'nil. nrUiinpruiiilljr .llvnd'd to.
I itin, llro. I?ll,, I.M.
J. .1. Moiiicr,
Attorney nt Luw, resamod
l'. itr.clii,.. .n.l will f ii'. tlrii-t nlt.nlion In .11 .11.
r.r ..ir ntv. 10 linn. . in,,., in 1I1. I'tinirr ,l llK.ri',
lo.'k . tllrei-t I y a h,n I h ,ti,rr riwitn ot .Mr. Ij.i,
'I a, lor, mui At,,.ilMlr Mia , lian II .,u., .pi.
S. Iki.iii;;ri
(itneral Oolloetor ami L'.ind A-
g.nt, 'l't t n ,11.
AM kuiln.. .aira.ta4trar. akra
aii.ii.i.. in.
Cjr-R.l't raiu-a, niirn i f roqu irr,l'
'ill be promp
Ill, . Va. a J!T .'....II
L'-liviilouit. ftinl Sniaui.n,. woul'l re
a.aairullv inl.rm tit. citirrri. ,.f TiBio .ml vi. lnit
lil.l 0. b.alo...., ptnnali. nl It. in (hit ltlao...n
ar to ,ln,intw.f ro , h. a0tii-r.il at sllli.nr..
ajT" .laic, .n r.,i..,.. rurn.r .1 I', lry anil J.
ara oa atr..fe. 1 trT a, t lb in.
N. I. rtPKCI 1 1, AITKNTION UIVr.MtnllU
IIIKIOP1H. KIT.. nikK U
IJr. J. .TIoAiloo,
"W ill jromitly nttetnl to nil enll.
Oilnor in Tillio or aonalry, to aiiiiriUlriar to Una of
,.11.1.. r.t'i.nlar.litittiO'l pai lo I'.m.le Oiariu.,
eh m. rand I'Iun?. ItaOi, ,-niii.-i. 1 witli iti. nffir.,
h,.ic.i.iI b.u ..,n.,l ar...,iv by kinn.lf. oflikO
or., I .rili. IVoaaoa llli.l.., WarJ. Vitbn, Ohio.
I.ll-lj
W. II. I'ark, Jfl. I.
ri)jicinn nnil Surgeon. Onice
aa M. I. M-KarlanJ'i lllosk, norlli of Kb.wh.n
lllo.a., Tltin, lihlo. inn'JT'A
iCOLLEC flUX AND LAND AGENCY,
- JUIIfl X. TilOlll.-aM,
Fostoria, Ohio. (leneral Col-
il.nlnf inl I, in I Ar.nt,, wilt prnmpllv ait.nj In Hi.
onll.tlion at aillittin..nifu.i-,l In tir,r-ora. In rtan
. n k an kjnittlu- ( 'oilntt.. .n itt.n.l lima.
wh.ra l.-ilailvm arao.U in Pmopunti nf .nita bt-fra
J . ,tir.a ,if tli. I'a.-.. IVr.mi. hi.Iiiii lo liuv or ..II
-:..i.ni I'. ara Fr.rr 111 tin it to tl'.rr n.l, ant.M
iiuki acall. j.v.jhvi:h.
I U. IV. TllilM.VS.
limtoritmHtum, Urn May,
Ii Q IT a Haoyrna.
w. r. a II. No. La, Tula '
r'oaTaaa Co., r'oaioria,
n.a.tl, I'1,-1 1
H cTA U hVvv JL Co w lVt7
Dealer ijt Stoves, nj Manufac-
Inr ,?. nf Tin, ('niip.r an Pfin.t trnn Warn . Iwimla'
N.w Block,. it. itonr Sooth of .Naylor'a larilwar. .tor.
. Tillin, April, l".n ll
AValchj X. Jcwlry. CK
ITarln, p.ra.ai..all.laoai. in.hi, ell, baa Inaton
al Woo,.,. Orair.. nmk Plaro, No. 1 Hhi wli.n'i
Block n a.llnila aa tnapa.tiouut b,a .look of IVUI.
a,, CI. ok., J..lry and Bili.r wara,..d bo.a.ioiu.r
It a lb... of pulto p.trmi.g..
Rr.airmz dun Inth. b..l a'.tl orwoamaaUl.
Tia. J.u.J, I ISO.
Williaim Uallup, J
Clock nJ Wntcli Maker. All
kia4i f rktch ktpteeaiunlly pn baid.
kitnra ia Conim-n ml Rw.
'I'llio, kiapt- Ii"'. IHSI-1. ' - '
, Sihatvhaii lloiifte
SHAVING S A LOON.
a.lnf paralia.. Iba iatata.1 aaH Hilar., la lb.
Bbawh.n II. aa. V.rk.r UrMp. taratarly boliaf tn A.
Milaa.iti.and.r.iy.ailtak.triia mellmil of la lor mm.
b. pnalla that ua ar. r.nd at alt tiniaa, at tbo ol
laa aaa .ar aarth af Ilia lia.vh.n llu.,., to riv.
a tiaaii a goo abava.Rlr.oi b aire 111,1.8 a lasaricat
ampwaatniallba ra.li ra"nbl'r.l.B.
. a.. I TIIUMAW I.TOX.
?I, Waftiicr,
Uerahant ..Tailor,' Anil dealer
Va.dv Mado (Uothiuf, L'l.iiti, Caaiai.raa, Vaat.
Inra, aa .
fji.raaa. kilia Ptrc.t, oppoail. ilia P.aaca Cooatv
B.ak. i ' ' .
j ; tJrorffe H, llciatit,.
. " Ci ril Engineer nml Ootintv Snr-
....... Ilkoii fika.a,.', la k, .,rUi. Hank
T'"l ... . JrlHSr
TICin X rt. Wn)iic"lCai.
i:oai.
THR -ft rih.o .,."."'"'"'" , , '
Til K off,., ut Ihia roiananr la sarniniiaiulir ln.at.rl
lal'ilSa.,. ' anri.n. ra.nu. o.au.i.J, . , ...J
ain.H.ai Bl..k;..,.,i V.,,n.lfe,rj
"'-', u.n. in MKii:i.n,f.cr.
uc'
i
t
1
I.
,
la !
ft
.a
or
J
1
I
TOMB, liuss b CO..
II.inLrro.
The partnership oxintinar between t
it,. ...lar.i.n.il hnainf ..'if..l l l,nei,iin.,.aan,.
l.li.r.0. Sl.a'li-il. Al.r. 4 is -.a,to.,w Trnm
(firm. T-. f-n- .1 nlnj p.rt,ra an.i tic aia"tair,t mil h
, hm. Thai. B. Titmli olll .onttnv. tr,. toin.i nt
i hrtn'or, . itl.ool lntarntli.n. n,,r I Ii. a;m. Hum
' tl ,1,1.. nnl .,n. r ill b OblrV J in tha
I i. rfl.nl af lnlrr.t. ,n:
o Rim a p., -.a.
1
U.U'Mii. ' JuiiM r.ntiM. u. R. Ills.
j.-v.",o ' 'H', UIUJU-
L""' .1
. J.,V Or TFJF'l.V.-
Rtir t,u..v.. a. a rt ta - i.
. W. bhawhan k A, O 8neath,
SanlCerS.
Ofli.-p- t,l.tt liira Nuw r.lor-k
wVrrv T(v tavt II Iran orl grnril Ilnnk ing btiH ,
n r) itY ln.rt on lirpoait a fttlltiw:
k.. ftln.it.. at net ran
I .. ' . . ' '
l T.l,l . . a "
t yi'tlllficat.i p.Jf.tl on i1rr-"nil.
I-MU A. i. BM.ATn, C'.
Wciiiter Ai linull,
viah lAi-rtiirm or
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES,
ISll.liirM, Ac.
Cor. Coo and JtilurBon St., Bear
Or. Cath. Cliurcli, Tiilin.O.
VVlNE.Ioi-k.flli. ll..l.lyl. or nnfilel...e.,
I.K.il In tk b,il m.n..r n,l mt tl, mil dnrKlil.
m.l.ri.li.rnn.t. Hilton h.nit, ii.il prompll- rr.ri. lo
i.l.r. mlit. WI.NNI.H k KAl I.I..
Tlrntut Surpon. Oflico in
fli.i.ln.'a Ulrvli ?i ,.,,. ilifi-ll nnilcr lit. Trlhnn
iHK't, Uirkt.lr.l, I'lihn odio.
,'.11 y
T. I Davenport.
Dentist, No. 5(1 West Fourth Ft.,
b,,;,;;;;;,;,;, ;;,,vVi " ,V
DENTISTltY.
to Ttu: M'viiijiv.
According to time lionored ens-
l.nn.al ttip h-inni,. nT tk nr.- it klnil. .,.
,eu ,, tIH tIBnl( tun fnr tour liWtal patron. j. .ml
llll .10 T..ril.. ilinffU
lormiml vnu Ill p.nfn,
In t Ii. rgiiin ol ll.r I. ng.
. 'I'ti.i lirr. ia ri'li,f Trr .(inr p.ln; '
Tli. 1. ! it a nil Tim,, r nut. . i' 11 1.1 . i". I n .
tV. wnli. m, ,,tnti, to .ilitrrn r . irrl
in',;" bnl n. h.o ll'. ilnniiairnla lo .lull, lull nr
urk ll lorKK'n. to Ihit uf .nr ij.nlnl mdii t-niinly.
Iln,..ar.wari,, i.nnlia.in niui-li. tin I In mlili
tion v. hfi-li. ofli r . I 'wnrri of tiOv ilnll.r. In nr
4. nt i, 1 in tti. rtt.t., nlio o i II otaka n bolt.f a. It oT
Aililicinl T..-1I1 lh.11 n. .1. m.kinf ...ry U...
Artillclal Teeth
IntrrtrJ on in ilo.lr.il pl.t.. .nt in th. l.tr.t nyl...
Itot o. now .iiii.ll. ..II .llontlon lo (bo
online or Valciialte Work,
whli-h w. r,vl,..n ht.VInt; Tor .hnnt .1 mnnth., Willi
I rt.l .o.lrai t,i.n 10 all .m .root, uia.nao Tn.tli
I ivA l,uaiaU..la4 in aaiaauna m.aa.v. an njiUionl
p. to.
Teeth I'xtrnctrd
w(t)iunt Ii,.. Ur; 111. I.wianitnnw ir.t w.attoVnnw
nnr mro nb.ul aar nt.rtla .til and a. ipa.iiai.aa,. ail
aorvm.nla '
All op.rntiona wsrr.nl.it and l.rma ra.i.nlit.
rtAnmiia Tomb', ft Inrk , nrrr Ilia P.tl t itfii., Ti fhn,
lllua. K. HI A Ml I.I.N, M. U., U. 11. . k Co.
joa?0
WARPOLE HOUSE,
BY
tlrit. illary I.. Andrrfion,
Utper Biiniliiaky, Oliin, Main
Ir. nn. luarr 'nrtli of III. l?oart llotifc.. af?
jTavis house:
(Formerly called tliu 'City House.')
TI III V, OHIO.
LEVI WEIRICK, Proprietor.
Tt.a unilrr,iRnril il.airr In inform all III, frlrntU . nil
br lula- i.lri it' til. I 'lly llu,..( now III. Oiivi. ) tli.t
kia knli'l i. ra.ily lOr ilia rer.illiin of fiiH.ta. 'Ml.
linn., baa b,-.n r.iiiili, r.-lurui.li.d nU ia new aa
Uinta. an, i ii Hi. t'onnlrr .
1 iim, har. i.,lilin- .imii.ri la ..rommnilatn an T nnm.
r,rotbariBlanU wi il.lw.) alinra an nhnn.l.Ttl. . .1 t.co.
I.LVI UUH1LK.
Tif.,i, rt. inb.r 1, lf.-f 15 tf
?iv w I i 1 a l 1 i nIi in e n f .
SEGARS & TOBACCO.
Hi. .nrr,icnilli.lnf ..latili.lifila
SEKARA TOIJACCO STOKE,
, W ASIII VCTO Jl BTRITRT,
op,..il. Ih. I O.M Ilnu,. . oftrr. for tk Jt
wtioia.nlc .mi r.l.il, Id. b.at iniiort,il II. ana, ( 'ubn.
l.ia.n.l ll,iiit.,ti,-r..(i.r.i alaa bu.t lirnmla nt rli.a
nj an.nl, ihclnli.i-i o. J.. Hi 111 NT Kl N,
acll IVa,lili.-,i,ii ,l n.nrlynp. tli. r.tirl llnn...
LEON A HI) ADAM"!.
A. II. BYKIiS.
Adams & Kjcrs,
Altoni(i)s ut Law, Ileal Ins
tate mid (fncral Inpiiranro Agents,
Timui Oliio.
Olli.-o in t'onmiorcial Uow, over
St. John's Dm;; Store.
I'roinitt uttintion given to tho
collection of Claims.
William lVollf,
Boolt Bludor,
AM)
IS!
Near Naylor'a Hardware Store.
Ektahliihid at TirriM in
Blink ftooki f iti be t pip, tor Conn'y CHTieer,
Tliiik, Mrriliinl', ic Ruldt DaanJ ind fgfj
onK-f.
M Btr ntl tlier liooki haind In lha Wit sivU
I bi Matltri mi rrr'l ltt 1 all word
iarlaitiitig u tny lin ol butiiti. in lha ttt Ameri-
l ia t) ant) at ilia
MOST REASONABLE RATES-
jutO.-Ottll'
I860.
1860.
1860.
BILL & OSBOEN.
I'l oprictors of tho R . II. Warehous
es, Tiffin, Ohio.
OR AIN and COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
and n.nl.r In P.ll, W.t.r l.tmtCo.l, ri.t.r..lo.
e'aO-t-a.h, ami tli. hl-lt.al phe.a pti4 for Wb.a
Cora.O.ta, K).,t1.J..ko. Aprl'S
Soiidcr A; C'arpenler, (
i AVhokbalo and Hot ail Dcftlcru in
FOBKir.N AVD P0MFRTI0
DM GOODS, MRPETKCS,
BOOTS, SHOES, &.C.
For Cath Only.
No. 9 Wohliina-Uin I . , ,
ho. U Unrket blrcci. ( ....
Harry Wirkrri,
t""r to Kill a Or. -a k Co J
Carriage Maniirurtiirt r;
At Kci'tililip, Si-ncca Co., Ohio
IVnald l.n.-lfi''ty annnnn.. toll,. Pnl.lta lha. h.
h.a .nr..ia,.J ll.. M nmilu.inr. b.v.tnlnv. aolan(lir
ID l.lkia tfrutlanra a t'oittfaay aa.l la uaroit 10 ,1a
.11 kmil.ol H .Ik in )ia liu.-aaa a i llwa.taa.lj a.rp
o nil a nil
cAitnt.riF. nruciBfi, aa sii kits,
IVIiirhlia ttaiua. kiaaa.lt aliaU oo aoooa to n.oata
th. Wral
Prices Modornto
l-Un.l II. Hll kl Kl.
Owners and Uuilderspf Child's TateiH
, ,
HOT AIR FURNACES.
., ,
Also, Di-nlcid ill Ki'iHters, C oal
l Uinoc, l.c., Uorja.,;, t.'rjio. an.jlDni
i
I
I
THE GREAT ISSUE
SPEECH OF
SPEECH OF JUDGE LAWRENCE
SPEECH OF JUDGE LAWRENCE At the Courts House in Bellefontaine,
Saturday Evening, March 9.
Another object of falling this meel
ng, n to d,sen. the present condition
iff thrnnntrv and the remedies for the
lrflicultk? in wliich wo find ourae !?n in
olveJ. Sine I have had th honor of a
'at on the bench, I have token no active
m p.Iiiir. and upon erlinnry qum-1""
l"nn " coneiilorHt ion could induce me to ,
. .. i..i...
illio UnMn f theao Rutea ahnll bo pre-
hethrr wo ehnll t.-lerato or ;
aanction the ilctruulioii of tbo best r ev-'
ernmeni mo worm lilts ever een. 1 etn-;
not romain tilent
nny pent ion I inny
be railed to nc
Theae are not party question. They
aru oiiestiotit in wliirh tho partinnu
thould be merjrrd in tho pntriot, and on
w hich we slwnild nei.k for tho o untrv.
for roonkind, for humanity, for noterilr.
Seven State ef thi Union clnim to
htvo aoceded, and hare orpanized rcvo-j
ilntioimry nrovieitnel i-ovcrnment.
Thure i no party btr iu the North to!
in any frm, cither that there w
any justifinblp cnuae for eeceoaion. or that'
State tuny ooi stitutiunally withdraw
from the Union. A bare atntcmeut of the
nllegod cause will allow that it i ground
lvRt. We own innnento lorritoriet,
which aro ret to he orvaniipd Into
.Ntatn. In th not IVe. dent a e art on
lh people were divided into tire political
partie upon tho mibject of lavery in the'
r elavery iiithc'
ocrary" imi.
rrri'd alarcry
it waa tb du-
aerril.triee.
The"Urecliinri(lii,i Doinocra
ted that llio Cnnatitution earn
into all tllO t rril.ir.aa. an,l it nr
ty o( thp fnvcrument to protect it there.
Demon acy" niaiuUinod
that the people ol the Ttrritorke almuld
lor themntlv. a detarmine w helher thry
would or would not Uavo alavery during
it territorial condition. , , , ,
The "K pul.licana" declared that n1a
very eould i-x ist only by positive local
law, and that the tt rritoriea w hile they
coiiUnurd n u. ti wore freu, aud could
not coiixtitiitionalljr have olavcry by any
auiuoriiy.
The ''Hell-Everett party had for their
platform 'The Coi:etitution th Union
and the enforcement of the lawt:"
but they left ut without commentary aa
10 aiaverv in ui ternMrie
All th?e partie arcrd that hen the
ople of a territory organized -a Stale,
pcoii
it waa their riiUt tk tu dtruiino
whether Vehotild or should not aanction
slavery. ' . , , . 1' , ,
Tho "Abolition pnrty'' maliitaining
tint Congees couldannd tliouJd prohibii
tlavcry everywhere, only had niuag.-e
existpneo In two or three State.'
The Ucjiuhlicnn rrty prtvailad in the
election. The poopla did not eanction
the doctrino thai it was the duty of Con
grpaa to protect slavery iu all tne territo
riesand thu tho fuilure of a pnrty to
defeat (ill other to have it dogmas
sanctioned by the people is the sole
cause fur secession, ilr. Ivor son, of
'wai rriii , so (ice lured in hia speech in the
ocnaie on T1 a uoi jii'ceirio. r; anil
Mr. Uliett, in thu Smiili Ctii'u1",,t-i--.
vnitien, on the aistol December Inst,
ullirined tho same tiling. 4or need I ur
rii ihiit a iStalaj ha no right to euuedo.
The C'oiislilulioii wu uiuuu lo bo pur
pvtuul. It contains no provision lor se
cession. Under it we cun maku no trea
ty or c,oiupucl peaceably to agroo to a di
vimou ol Uir Union, i i r
The active seco.sion movement com-
ntviiera in iecemhor last. i lirY niiL'lit
I,., . A .a ..J l '
v i".iei4 in six.y uay uy
proiupt. tiiithlul and eneiL't tic udiniii,
tration. Dutwith Cobb, und Floyd and
Thompson avowed ccctbioiiisui in
tho Cubinct w Hi a l'reaidont who in
his annuul inutiMaire declared it was Ins
duty to execute tne Ian s if nobody objec
ted, and that a ISulo cculJ noi secede
unlttt tkry uunltd lo do to it i no won
der that on the 4th cf .March, i'reaident
Jaiiiculn coinos ,n;o jcver, finding u rev
olutionary .tioruriinient ol' seven seceded
Stuti s, organized, with it cupitol at .Moiit
jrointry, with an uimy ol 30,000 men,
liuviug taken possession ol" most of the
forts, custom liou.sa and government
property in tl.oee Ktates, but tsrtiinutely
leaving our rightful governmer.t in ps
stssiou of Tort Huinlor and l'ickms.
And nvw we are to culisitkr in view of
the preunt condition of itfuirs, not
whether we might rightfully retake our
forts, cuHom nouses and uronerty. uoti
wo ,.,, . L."
Federal Judges wit., . army fc ci.euu,'
.'?-'. - '""f
rut.i-but ... a ; 1 1" ,
. "- "ireuieiii "!.,:
All
1 mia ntlgnt 0 Unio tu 10 dnv If
the people . the remaining State were,
united in opniion, but tin y are not. In'
uiw " uuiuri d.uvo Otllt'd MUTt) 14 I
poweriul minority who call thi coercion
HJlll hUl'h CUL-ri'jfill tnitrt.t riri.i.,;., j i.A
uriisuldll (if rilkia. Kt, ... W.. ....
then, I a.i opposed to this folic, a.
pruel.cuuio aim iiiexpeuient, ana a yet
unnecessary ,
Hut what shall tie di.ti I We must
eilherconrn to a divnion of the Union,
or we must adopt a wise, peaceful, judi
cious po.icy to prevent its disnolutiou.
And here upon a siugle point, the distin
guished gentleman wno La so lail.i.ully
and ably represented this D.strict iu C'ou
gn s lor the last eight ,ars, osssulially
Uill'ers from me in ojumou. Fortunately
his opinion, ss 1 CuIkcivo, is an abiliao
tivn uu JUij'i'ui. ticiibilily auiupoosibil
ty or it will require tu aiueuiliiieut to
Hie Constitution to t li'sct it and that can
never be obtuilisd.
la his o-peeck in Cinirrets.oB the 38th
or rcutuurj, vi, tun aic, no none auu
. i i . I ... . . .
just meaourh.s "torce bill," Mr.
fitaiiton said:
d I .1
fet.en or eight Suu no deny their
p or e!gbt Suu now deny their
it ti tui Gverninent, htve or-
igiaiu
can zed
I a.ep.r.U, Conledorscy and have
d their Independence oi tins Gov-!
ueclorid the
Hrnmniil. Wlinthl r thnl illili.niiil..iir-..i ia
. . ... " , ,
lo ut iiiaiiiiaiuru or uoi, is will! me IU-
luriv ll'jr si.umamuin llieir posi-
I.... ...I it mi .Iin iiiiiniiin In tin... Mi.i.ak-1
: '' . 1 , 1, r- 'v .
ding btutes shall susta.,i the aulhor.tie.
re lor a year or two to come, so as to,
show that nothing but a War of sub.uga-1
tion and coiiciuest can bring thin, back,
I 4. ar f.iiat mn fl'umiRi ri In rul-mHiii1illi...r!
indenendsiic. . Inuluua. and ir.ia cf
that right,' IroiuihsUsmocrtaticbejch-
. .
e. Now, in tJ.ii, state of things, ll the1
reiuuiuing srv.il slaveholding tlutee re-'
mum iu Hie oiiteueraey, me, ate enti-j
tUd to additional guarantf a.'
I would b la Ue to my conscience my '
onviction of duty, 1 would be a cow.
r.l ifl.did not uerunt n.y mouili to ;
speak lion, thu abundance ol the heart,
my utter diisent liom this uulortunsto
declaration.
,
llitc ui.lbe true, that in "a year or
i
'
1
'
''!
6l
I
I
n,l e't in tho "'border
J ,tutc " Will it cot nurvo to renewed
nurir the euccaaion traitoraof Virginia,
1
I
j
I m oppo. d l' contenting to diesolution:
I Tim caampla will bo contngiout, and
uisiana lellow. I a oouui ruto."
whether I tion bo formed, and tske it. pl.c. among
.,.:.,,...i.,l .'..duration.
all'''"" --h
noi and tho BciL'hbonng btate on tu
0(, cou,d or,',arviv.,l). iota ,c.p.,a
ibi nf ,,. b..,i.. .i, Krih would
t-o to Come" thapreserrstion oftho Uai-,
would bn impossible, it it not unwise
Mi,.!...,,. IV....I..-.
to consent to it?
"' more conidjci
femon Davia the rehnl president di
aire except to yield without eualifietfion,
n nowever ie not pro.n.ed hot
, r . "- '"""'- """n
J..i 'P ....k . j
wTrn.a, v ...nu,v hi, ii h ii'i mi'
dortrlno
nor, muat cn-orapij me hoBrn oi
trait . rpnornmeiit, and ncrp its leaden
to maintain it. That indued would bo-'te-
cewon made cav." Let it bp remem-'
imreu, litre ie an l nmn aonnmeni in
tht tecetainn bitatei. In more I
k. I.. If
V "'"J"1" "'"' r'"r
" "" --
v. ntion of tim tcvcrai h
eniion 01 mo tevcral niaie wnirn
r""':u :"r u" roiuaiic.a, an rriu..-u
" '"omi. ineir wor to roie or i-c y.o-,
P! the ajnplo exception of Tex
,'" Bi,,"r' " "
founderof ike oneo lonn-atar K-public
nil immoveu, the friend ot tho Union-
II wo uerlarc our rendmce to ronaent to
"'"lotion "in year or two, 'or more,
,,ow wi" ur anrrendor atrike dinmay in-1
to tho '"""rta of the brave men who are
l.T1 u'r " u nion ,n l" "ccotmou dtatea
'' we ewe them to atand by
and not dcucrt thoin. And whnt'
with Tyler and Wito at thoir hnad, mid
diacounije th Union aentimcnt there!
Hut 1 do not object alone nor mainly
to th idea o f contenting t recojyniao
the indenrndenes of the Heceaaion I on
! iueracy BPcatisp it la tn-itmr it. i enjpci
' tbu Mint; i.'t ", a inherently unwia.
It will bo time enough to rouioni to din-
It will bo time enouch to rouioni to din-
aolution w hen it become an inevituhlo
nd unwilling neecttity, and that I hope
nd bo!i. vu will be nover.
I will briilly elato the roaaon why
acce.-iiiou will reproduce itself. Alroatly
the Mayor of New York ha recouimou
ded that that vnat (ity thall declare her
i elf out of th Uuioa and make it a freo
port of entry, oon t become the great
cet commercial mart ol tho world. The
upper peiiinaula of Mlchiiran ia fravoly
d si u's.ng annexation to Canada. Utah
ha already been cotrctd by arms to nb.d
a ens of the territories of the Union.
Sown we will have an Atlantic, a I'ariflc
a Middle, a Western and a Yauke Con
federacy. And w hy will not the m
reasona now urged to induce u to yield
to aouthera aecettion, bo urged to .u-
Uin ull future aecctoionsl Therear
abundant caue to produce thtto divin-
leu if tho precedent is :t. and if ditso
Union can take plae without ever firing
tinj(lo pun to save tn Union, ine ia
cllity with whirl) successful revolution
reproduces itself is illustrated in the his
tory of Franc, Mexico, and the Statu
oi South America.
Bad men, atubitiou of placo, which
ono confederacy cannot five, will en
courage divisions. This has been no in
considerable motivo for tho existing rev
olution. Bo lung as th trailer control.
lad the Oovorniuant ther roinaint-d in
but when th power is about to depart
frem them, tbey seek also to depart from
it. Let us lot imagine that th rac
Cstalmet i c'e.id. Whon Astoria and
tn Francisco shall becom the tonnnor-
cial min'rr?UtiJ'tio coast, through
which shall pass the riCTTKV'L'v"8
. JawLi!.,
Asia, the rivalry of Atlanti
cities their idverno interest will
outstrip any real hostilty ef inturest be
tween tho North and the tjou'li.
Nar can it be said wecun gatri sgainst
'uturo secessions by amendments to tho
Constitution, No written constitutors
fan ranrn olF,,.,,. 1 1 ilnnv Ihi. rirrht of .
. ! ..vv. ..j j b
Crsion than th one wo Have. A revo
lution which would disregard this Union
would t-'ar down all parchment guaran
ties against svaessiou.
Suppose we consent tn a division,
creates a motive for new division. If
controyersy shall arise between tho frco
Bute and the Border Slave States, they
can say to us "yield or we will unite
with the Hooession Confederacy." Thu
hostile combination will foster hostile
interests and idvunce the views of ambi
tious men. And uot only . If a for
eign and ah(.tilo nation establishes
foothold on thi continent south of ur,
it may combine with foreign powor
ajainst us, to culofl'our commerce and
a"i!'.;'.ate our institutions.
The London Timo-i lias justly said:
If Bouth Carolina accedes: if Georgia
Florida,, AInbama, Mississippi, Arksnso.
. . .... ... , ... l t.
H Power, o u,. .. n n
K T n bVVnal sflinily
North
l' '
. T"'!? to , "tho Jee Si t .'.. Buch
an event cannot be regarded without di-
mar by the most launch abolitionist.
would in fact, make tit Southern i'eder-
would in fact, make tie
J :?J"".
d, and reduce the North to whut our au
etor would hovo called a "Kuinp."
Th people of Boton or Philadelphia
tniht b distinguishtd for their ability
and eaterprisp, but thy would belong
a country with hardly a greater lutur
than Canada. Every natural advout-igtf
woold be on the aid of th Slave Stutts.
Look at the map, and you will see what
a narrow at I i p of country compose tli
free soil of the American Confederation.
Ouly the aea coast from the British fron
tier to the JJelawarea few hundred
miles belongs to it, all th rest, stretch
inr. away down the Atlantio and along
-svss " -n j.. - -
th Gulf of Uexico, I in lite nanus
.no PUT. ow unio. a. i.o "".- w.
the Blare owner, ilie
,.., i. i,r lha
,... .:-.. at,. ai..niiri aud Ar
,. . .,, . ;.:. .... .., ,
It vai ai. mciia. a , itii.iw - -
L. - .L:. .......i.:. i.. .i... . r.-d
of , vn o Wlthin lubM . ,iullari.,
, , L. v-: , ,u... .ii.i.i-. ti
AUilDtic f;ca Buu', trum We.t in
annw hj A wt t0 tllt.ir future
union
Iudeed, it is doubtful whether
iu. coiioecuou UVIWSt U icw a or
.L .- M... .rid
New En ,,nJ on ,ie olle hunl. and JI ill
... .... .1
, t.rriloiy sUafr,,li,,g as that of
urMlt; ,I1U th. Western reirion would
'. . . "
m"""?. ' 1' T '
uiiiuu wuu i.iv isatakviui
i nHun tin.o. ll tl. riches oftho
Nww Worlj wuu( be , , r- u,
southornira. Instead of exT.lo.in? the
jn ,H jt to tl. region, ill the neighborhood
f . ' . . . ,ri,lllU. ,vhich would be
M .., ,,.,,.; i , .,,,, .i...
owutin W(jUm car.y their ''undeuiahle
1)ro.,ev.. int0 uulit ble.SLd with every
gjyant,, of climate, soil and mineral
w,i,h 'IV hn. t.,r. ii,.r .....iiiirli tr.
i.l thmn or riii irr,..i (kt, N,,w
........ ...... . - - .....
i, xc., j, about to be admitted with .luve
tic and racT'Q-ar.
will travel to tho waterfall of the Car
argue olinan.
Thp dpcliup. nf Charlp'ton cemmerco
ror In the record and it can never h ro
Tlic"Dniif;la j versed. Wo can nut cut the Mi.einnlpi
,
institution. A r ton a will follow.
ice most ia a few year be con -uere.t, and
I
lao.pcritnca aliowa that aucomimia whin
j
-i'"-"""-"
.'
-
I
of
01
it
a
a
u
It
to
-
Hut there too
a
-
.
. i
;
lBn nuiiiDiinira, i"nii vi ma biii mm.
nifinant domain in lh world, would con-
irol the raitae between the two ocean-.
IU abort, if tha Union Ictt South
Carolma go, there it no aayinS what mar
go wnn it. u i ery well to tppeuiat
.. .i -' . " i...
mi iuc return ii an trrrinr hikut, uui c-
nil the return of an arrinj; ai.tor, but ex-
mien nmdn ara not catily roaallud."
The Uuion it valuable to utin a com-
men ial point of view
rnite -( bent, which doc not trrow in tho
V l I t t -:..:i7...i..
.,,,,.,,.. in,,,! , ,niHUu..n rn-
!""".' inanuiajiuri-a. r.y.ry nvuin,
iinpol inacliinerv, and t lie ISoutli i a Vatt
ma-.aei tor nr inaauud iiei nniriee
i.oyprn.,r Hi.f, ol I irKum, i yo.r ..
id that tho North lo.-mifactured all
" " " '
colbnt. Tho very bla. k budk'ra ef tr-1
ton now worn nt tho b mlh, were nianu-
fuctured III New tork, and Northern
guna in tho ban.la of aoiithern traitor.
now inennrpua w ith Intorurcinc war and
'death. Itellclontaint. niBnulaituree cur-
rine lor i cxn. iSow ir we divide tup.
Union, Cinrinnntl will be transferred In
N.itrhei, the opindlc of New Knfland
iia no intlrrnilieant motive for arcetnion,
in the hopp that It will become tho New
i York of the B.mth, and New York will
' become but a Charletto-i for th North.
, I he Almighty ha, made thn tlhio, thp
nuaaiaaip n, inp mieaoiirno now irom me
North to tho South that we may trann-
port our breadttuUt manufacture there,
port our breadttiitlt manufacture thcr.
. and that our etcnnicm may return laden
wilh rice, cotton, and tuirar. (iod mode
for one nation, and the Conatitiitlon
j but ratihVd hia decree. Thero it no r-
; rivor In two, and permit one-half to he
owned by a foreign nation. The Con
etitulion waa mndd to aecuro frcn trtde
tmotijthe State. Divido th Union
ami dutiv will be levied on all tho prod
ucts wo send Smith. Tho rebel Coneriv
st iMontirnmerr have already leritd duties
upon tho article we ship into the aeaea
sion confederacy. Tho Soi.t'i now can
not cut off our commerce and trado be
cause it ia freo, w hile we can retain it by
duties leriod upon the products of otl ar
uations. Hut thn Secession Confedera
cy as an independent nation can ex
change her cotton for the wheat of Can
ada and the manufucturts of Kn;lund.
The hostility which would prompt a di
vision of the Unico would-indue tier to
cut off our Nortberu coininnrce.
Tho Union gives ut confidence., powor
and respect at homo and abruod. Three
great nation occupy the rontihapt, Rus
sia, Kngland and llui United Statitc-ours
the greatest among the great. Alf oth
ers are Insignificant. A ml what has tho
Union done for lis I A few year jo
we cnt Commedoro Perry and a man-of-war
to Japan. Her port were closed to
'l nation. II.. warn furblildnn ti rnter
! 11 ut il entor.and wo hav a Cominer-
cial Treaty with that Vast empire. It
not the man-of-war or the guna that
di'J this. It was the power of our name.
Two years ago we had a war with n
lorein nation, yet not one in a hundred
reineinucrs tlie lact. We made war on
1 we tern iiireu su-an.uoais 10
riilllinor tliut nnt nil anrl n .
w r""-'
ty to pay our TtT .h n r I"0"py "'
mnds. Three sleainuoiiis'
nnuorcd
l'arajruay. No, no. it wa not tho 'three
steonibouts, it wa tho fact that tho Uni
ted Mutes simply taid it niiint bs so. It
was tne lart that S00 steamboat eould
bosuut, or if necessary men enough and
munition of wartodiu; Paraguay d
cover ii wun anomur uuati Men.
A few year ago, Gen. Jackson said te
r ranee, -we must novo siitislartion for
injuries," and it was granted. Wo taid
tu Lngland, "the rijjht of search must bo
ubundoned," and it was done. We an'
iiouuced a new clu liter in tbo law of nit
tious the Monroe doctrino, that thi enn
itiueut could not be coniuerrd or colon-
szea ly otnor nutions, anil there the law
tend. Tlieso are lruit of the Uuion
ii wo untaoive u.auu uivnie into petty
confederacies, we coon to be known
nmong the nations of tho earth; or we
will only be kaowu a ineii'iulicuat
Stutos, submitting to th deinauJa of our
more powerful uuighboM.
L;ko Mexico, we will be "rent with
civil fouils," t'triml strife; property will
become insecure: exhausted with taxa
tion, our school and college will die
out; our people, enveloped in ignorance,
will fall an eosy prey to a.ilitsry dicta
tors and despotism.
I would presorvo tho Union for the
power of its name abroad. I would liuve
every citizen of our vast KnpuMio curry
I will. him. wherever h,. rrne hi. n,..:.
I ality M an American .tUaenT fM
! Lave the nation of tbo earth to under-
"tand that an Insult or an outrage on a
nat.vo or naturalized citizon, should bo
cause for instant redress, or war.
I would not L'ree with the statesmen
who said '-that form of government is
best in which an insult to tho meanest
citizen is an insult to the wholo ennstitu
ation," but I would preserve a ntionali
ty that would pro toct from wroug the
weakest of our cil'zen throughout tho
habitable globe.
If wo permit thi government to bo
broken up and destroyed thiaexneriment
of popular liberty to fail the hope of
ireeaoui an over tne worm win die out
forever.
Stimulated by our example, France
ouce spoke fur freedom, end the right ol'
man ; but the Republic bt given place
to the Einnire. and liberts ia rr..li,..l ,..,t
there. HuiiL'ory, away In the interior of
i Europe, ocaruuio name oi 1Y asnuiL'ton.
. . , . , . ,
louu avooouui eiiuta.oros vu lellow bis x-
. . .
. - jiuir l"r . awawa nana hi. WW q tRWC
I .,.i ...i. j.r,.,.d .... ki v . .
Ml.'
Here fs a government of the people;
here liberty finds almost it only resting
place among the nation ot men. And
here now, before the preat jur, of the
American people, ciil liberty is on trial.
If uow it is crushed if free government
proves a failure, and falls without a strug
gle, ac cannot redeem it. But if i.i
this terrible ordeal it is saved, ita triumph
ia eternal; ! overthrow will never again
" '
1,9 .""niptM. Humanity will rejoice
and we may live to see our Influence and
example, fslt throughout tho "vinr-clad
hills of France," amour; the demolished
temple of liberty In Hungary, and Ger
many, and Italy.
Hut it may be said it is bettor to yield to
s.'r.t.sion, than t Invoke civil war and
cutujiicst. I answer that the Union can
bo preserved without marching our srin
ies into tho secession Hlates. Hut how
fen this bo done!
a,i.au..i.)a.v.nuurir
df motiic w uich led to
First of all, I wetiltl defeat, one of the
Oie
'"
t
In the Norh
Mcx.'r.0ill,ir,B op-,, J,,,-,,, 0f th, ssaesaion!
movement di-iien to build un a van slav !
Mai
I
I
;
I
ho'dinff confriluracv. To do tint thoir
rnrnn i tn mk cnnmipult i n Mnicn
r-.., .1 i . ..j ....uu. cu 'I
Thie hna been prorlniintd in cvrry poi-(rt,",
'T'ble firm, and it dcironUt--d by the
event nf the nJ (..ir ... It u rnr
'fhi, , n,,.n prorini,. ,, A ln rv,.rv MIli.
(,, frm) ,! g d,-iron.Ut.-d by the
rTent of the pe-t few ra't. It w a for
............ ............
tl,, thnt the "( Intend jdanifeatn' w.it put
f,,ftli it r.ir i!,;. tht
l'rcKidrnt n,!.
lehanan roconimemlcd a'nrot.'ctnrito over
Mexico;' it wnt fur thit that Walker fifed
we!0t within our Tnion, in tiotatjon of .i t.
r r,,.-.. I, . t,.,ii r.i;.;., ..,.;.,
.. ". . II.. . .
fcntrnl Amcriia. The deriVn wt to
, .lvery
Now by treaty with Mexico, Ceiilnl
A m,-r!r. I
,,etft euuntrlc aaNinxt MMinrd br the
r(.in Oonfr.l. r.cr. Mexico ie hot
t,l to alavcry, and brr'peoplo are united'
mum warlike coniiietU. t entral
America it prepared fur nch treaty atip-
uimi,,,,,.. rr l,.IM,.i- readvwiih blo.n r
htiiuU, t. wclromn invader to lio.i.iubl'e
,ravre." cioain hna derlnred her nur-
; pv0 neither to eidl or tnrrendor Cuba,
iTlwn bv trvHtv wo can cut on" the .nlen-
did dream of a rant nluvo einulre tnover-
ulre to over-
Uiniliiw Ihpop ri piotn of Itip .lllinv eolith
TIip Prpaident ha di clared hia uurnoan'
to collect dntiee at the porta of aerp. ion
State. To execulo tho lawa. lie ranu.it
do ntherwlte.
Hut th'a It by no mennt the mo;l pfToc
tual mode of piitt'nrf down tcceaMou, I
would invokp thp action of Cniigre' lo
abolish, for thp tlinp beii-i, the porta of
entry in ail llip apeennmn Malo. C oiv
I rrent hat n iw-or lo "reiniliitn .mni.ire,. "
It mitv cpiidI ttttiona - ereato in w noru.'
,nd nholinh old one. ' A law of t'oncret..
now prui,pe. that "no vi,iel winch .hull
now proi,te. tliafno vi,iel winch .hull
arrive in tho United tnt. from any lor-
Pi,rn port, or !ier enro, .hall bo e r-d'iiyinpathic.'i
,.Ue hern than nt one of tho port! of en- J
lry evtitblinhed by law."
Now, if Coiinreee thall aliolisli tliu
p.uLn 'of entry in the seers ion alalos, w
can, with o ir navy, blockade the porta, and!
permit no vesiel to outer tliniu. ith-
out the blockade, if wa collect revenm
from vessel of w ar otitsidu of harbors,
tho "St-cenf.itin Confederacy" will eain
collect it, aud thu derivd a revenue irum
it. ' Foreign nations may in.iat, tlint un
der our eou.uii'rcial trentie., wu shall pro
tect tlieni against dull. tin duties, ti it rt thus
wn in uy be invulv.-d in d ll'uulty witht'iein.
Hut if we blorkado tho porl.i wo cutoff
tho revenue of the traitor government
we deprive it of 'the sinews of war, money
We deprive it of fmeiiri, trade. We
transfer tho contest, if any there shall be
from the hnd to ' . oceun. There we
have a niivy and t'. . .rnilor have none.
Their coiifcderui cannot It vo withuiit
r.ilsing and selling cotton. It must psas
throitgh tho port of loyal States, thus
giving them the profits of tho carrying
trade. Tho lihickndn will transler New
Orleans and Charleston, to Norfolk it Bal
timore. Thi blockade will enrich, us
and ininveri.ili the south. Tho people
of thp accession States w ill soon learn
that direct tax. to support State Gevern
inei:tB'da onfi' diiracy beside, w ill be
too grievous to he borne. Tbo resources
of the socessiun Stale, must soon bo rx
hiiiiHteditnd with Jeff. Tliivi.i for President
who led the Mississippi pnrt, that repu
diated its Write debt, hn rannot liopo fur
lid In the way of fornlgn loans. I woo'd
hold out the olive branch of peace, ami
give every assiirtnco and guaranty for
pxlstin rights undnr the constitution.
Tho Union sentiment would react pub
lic opinion would displace tin mud lead
ers of ocetsinn, and, in time, would ro
il o us to froternnl relations, and the
ITnln.fi S . l,r7l,in "e BCRiinwieugPa. ao
lonrr . Ihi. '.n..lXit,r"",T' onr b'eilt
..... ....... ... .. ,.., --VA
evils niight indicsto a nr mnoct ol a peace
ful restoration oftho Union, I would pur
sue it. wo could wait ono year, or bve
years, or more, with such a prospect,
nuiuT man nmrcli an army to execute
tho laws. A yer,iir ten year in the life
of a nation which should endure loreyer.
i as a moment in thp life of a man. The
preservation of tho Uuion is worth the
work of years it is too sacred to bo ren
dered up in a year or two, oruvcr so long
as ita preservation Is possible. This pol
icy would oiiMlidatc an impregnable IJV
on eniiuicntiu (11 the remaining Sttes.
M'fsoun, Kentucky, Tennessee, North
Carolina, ami Virginia, have all by over
whelming popular majorities, declurcd for
tha Union. The Free tStute cannot fuil
to be united for ll. Out if thi poliry
should fail, if tho secssion confcJurucv
'lould make woronur; or if, when all
otnor moile bave for year been tried in
rain, and n other mean. if restoring tho
Union ihould bo loft us, I would make
war to save it. I endorna the patriotic
suntimont of the I.ognH Gaxe.Ue In that
emergency, and would inscribe thesu
words of its editor in lelU'r of gold on our
u inner: "ve aro lor ri'iin lir.ir the Stat s
of the Confuder.iey at whati ver coat, and
whatever sacrifice." I wculd rait an
army of60,000 iiipii, and if that could not
accompli. h tho wholo work, I would
well iltjSOO.OOO, rather tl.in yield up
without struggle to degradation, din-
memnyrinunt, and deairuetiun, the only
government on earth which eecuret the
hiih-. t form of freedom ti m n
Tho Union, with the benefits I have
aescribed is worth all tin.
If it wa worth even years' war ef
i.iarpennencp, ana six years mor of civil
negotiation to establish the Union, is it
not worth ennnl iicriflce and efforts to
save it 1 1 1 it wss worth a wsr with
Mexico to acquiro California and our oth-
er Alexican possession, is it not worth
me effort to save the secession Btate,
wi in commercial aavantng to oi wjrlh
ion faiuornias. Commerce, and not
Cotton, i King. Tho war of the Cri-
mca wa waged for cm.nprce, and shall
we lurreuder the commercial advantftfrr a
oi irio onuiri wiinotu a struggle I Js it
not better to latain what wo rightfully
own a unity of territory well a ol
L a, i ... . . f -
government rather than nllibuster for
wnal do not own I Krora 1791 to
18(11, we have p o-eeuted Indian war to
secure and protect territories, and why
now (hall we surrender tho fairest por
tion of the Union I It Is siid wa shall
do this for peace to avoid war. Tnen
if the South demands our unoccupied ter
ritories, shall we give them op to svoid
wart If o, w must yield to every de
msnd; tb fie whit nien of th North
must con -nt forever to occupr the mot I
inhospitable portion of tho (eminent, and
surrender the genial climate oftheHouth
ill existing (States, and ro-un for wider
conquests in Mexico, to tho expansion of
slavery to a hostilo nation which w
eannot enter, and In which wt may not.
Le p 'rmmoJ to travel, except lie south
rn slaves or th oppressed subjoct of
tnrope by p nil ion of a vnrilUn pen.
I'.eaident I,' neoln hat indued truly said:
"Physically speaking, wa cannot sepa
rate. We cannot remove our respective
sections Iroui each other, nor build an
iinpaasibtu wall between tliein. They
cannot but rsmain face to lace, and an
int"rcour either amicaVe or hostile;
eontinnn between then, tt it pes. 1
!, then, to nnketrtst intercourse m ral
fj.ncrned by llwir inleroatt, and wilh th
Union aontiiuont of tho South witU the
of the world iigaltint Pitun-
iun, with the lilowiiiir whith the Union
hit nufr'rrpJ, ami will conf T, temp.
""""'"t'l'i or mora tiiri,irj antr
cpartm than knfora! Cn liiot
make troatii
ica tmrr than fntndt can '
"'"T ,nf"-r'"
among (Yipi
m-kllimil Ctn tre.tieo be mora T llb-i
I..IIBJ-I
lawa i
)MT enforced ko;wi-on al.ena th.n
monR iriront j wopp..o you to to
J0" "nnat flfht alwy, and when, after !
. 'l.v.
'"'"''! lo on hoth tidje and no g'n en
'''her, tou taste (Mitlii-the old idrriti-
rR' lO'i-tiort rt to term of Intrrcourtc,
"re "Cl "pnn yno."
n.,i ii ... 1,. ..; 1 n,.i ,.nni
- T
ern a conquered
ennniiurpd nnnnU t K.I it I. ,t, n.l !
the eairit of eiir intlitutimit to du ao.
flut 1 tar that ail hietory provoa that cm-
qutred people are puvenied. The
ofwur Ii.atitutiontia that a majority of ,
the o.-oi,l thall irovern. The tecetiion
Slntci djny the r.yht of the m.iority tol
rule. If we onco admit tint miiwritiee
may rcro1iition:xs at every d.r.at in an
election, llm government of thu people,
mat an end. Anarchy and deapotmni
will prevail. If wp enl'.irce tlu lawt, the
tcccaaion Uttitca will anon roturn cordial
ly aa part ol Iho Cnin. Shuy't re
bellion of 1787 woe put down by force,
ret Matiarhutctte did not continue boa.
tilo to the I'nion. The "Whiiker Re-
bollian" of Pcnnayrranl waa cruehed
nut by coercion; but the Key. tone Htate
in loyal to the ITuion. In 1331 Bouth
Cnrolinn Nullification wat inonaccd with
cecrcion, but that Slat until ree.nt'v
lived peaceably in th Union. The Dorr
robollien of t put down by foret
br Trcaidcnl Tyler by Jrice ef John C.
Calhoun, yet her people to net continue
i. il,a And ... it .,,.,1,1
bo if we conquer acrrt jion. Men are
rj.ncrncd by tlwir interoatt, and wilh the
rarv Cjiuuulto--tuhniission will soon bs
come cordial aud fritcr.iul.
tlutwhoii it is demonstrnt-d that no
rcnsonablo t'm' will r store a'ernal re-
Intionrt, tiien and Hot till theu should wo
abandon the hope of Union.
In sikh a conl' st success culd not be
doubtful. The sevsn soceasion Slates
havoaw ltito pupulalion of thrco mill
ion, and tli rein lining .ttat 'B t ent-five
millions. With this vast pr ponHerance
of nuiobsrt, war could neither be pro
longed onr terrible. Upon thi notation
tho North matt be prn.ctical'.y united iu
opinion. There c. uld be at least no rs
sistnncn hir to thn g verninent. The
war f iii(lo,oii Ju naoj and the war of 18 111
were succi saful, th iiigli lsrgu niin Mist
and even Btate wero opposed to both.
Tho Houth is by no niesn uuitod. Un
der tha bsnuer of the Union wo could
march t certain victor,, aud a united
pooplq would again shout
"Forever final Uint atsiidnrd slitot t
Wbrrs bi'tailirt tbo fuebul fall before nt.
Vith f'roertii.n's soil briiesih our ft',
Asd Kit'sdiini't b.uncr susmirg o'ci
u I"
No nation hna ever existed without force.
Government ie an institution of God, and
must be maintalnod.
Nor can we, after just forbearance,
with reasonable guarantee for existing
Constitutional rights, even while w
surrender no principle, apprehend re
sis snce or further secession in tho Slav
States which yct acknowledge allegiance
lo the Union. If all tho Slave citato
were united, their eight millions nf peo
ple cannot di sire war in view of the dan
gerou presence of four million ofslaves.
Their policy, and ours, I peace, fraterni
ty, protection. Henntor Johnson, ol
Tennessee, only a few day since, stid
that he could go to the people of that
'J' -t j wiili tho recont acts of Congrcis
.liui r.H ,-d b, a Republican
ml,,. f.L; J.,,r'.,ti,sol
..ougress, organizing ii.u i Ol, a.. .,
Colorado, Nevada, and Usrotah, with no
restrictions therein against slavery, and
in' couw itiaranteo the udol Tennessee
ln behalf ef tho Corutitutitn, th Union,
and th Enforcement of the Liw. But
I no not apprehend a war of land force.
Tho necesuit, for it wi!l never rise
Aud if public opinion would never in any
event justify or mstiin coercion, at
measure of lint resort, then only would
l yieiu to mo latal necct.su, of consent
inj' tJ dissolve the Union.
I appeal to Northern Democrat to
know if tin, will sympathis with se
cession, or consent to dissolution, Th
Democratic party wat a united, powerful
organization. In 18 iC that crest partv
iieiu us riationni Convention at Charles-
tou to nominato a candidal') for the I'rso-
idoncy. Northern Democrsts demanded
Ouuglai and Popular Sovereignty. Rath-
cr man yn'U to in s, the 'lire-eaters itee
dci from the Convention, destroyed the
Democratic part,, (.'created Douglas and
humiliated the Northern Democratic
s i;it. I know you will not Iu t'.cr In .
mi Ii n ti you selves b, giving 'aid and
comlort' t treason.
The South di'inanJod the Missouri
Comproniino f 1M20; the Nullification
Compromiso of 1033; tho war with Mex
ico; tho 'C ompromise Measure of 18C;'
the repeal of thu Missouri Compromi.
in 1304; ana ttieatorta froel, gave them
Hut we cannot consent to dissolve the
Unon,
There Is but one lata poliry tlio will
of the people expressed iutho Constitu
tional lorm must prevail, or the rulo of a
minorit, bee ine tyrsnny. The seccess
oi any political party Is no esuse for
dissolving the Union. Dough declared
tn in hi NorroU spttcti, and rceeuti,
repeated It in th Bunate.
1 his i a vital principle of free govern,
ment. We enjoy our political nriviletrr
on condition that w permit oth-n to do
tna lame, tour year hence, ir tb peo
ple ihould elect Dougls, It will be the
duty af Republicans to submit, and il
necessary, to fiirht for hi ioaueuratiun.
and to maintain the authority of hi Ad
ministration, for one, I sm ready to do
so; and this is th duty of every patriot.
But it may bi said w ihould consent
to a division of the Union to avoid war.
If this be o, we must consent te every
formidable demand for future division fir
the samo reason.
But dissolution will net bringr neace.
If wo maintain the Union and conquer
a peace, then we have peace and Union
forever. But dissolve the Union peacea
bly, and wo .
"lint loieh bloody laaliisellon, .
Vliich will rrtura to plagus lbs layout
or1
We Irralizs tho source of eternal
strife snd war. At every st p ef our fu
ture history ws nutct ita'grim yisage.1
Having purchased and paid for Florida,
Louisiana and Tex is, we eannot conssi
te pay duties on th eointni roe we send
there. The esvirs-loa of th Miislsilp-
pi may be free, but bow long will it con
tinue so I What alliance will (lie 'Cot
ton ConluJuiuey' make wilh fur. if n pow
ers to crti-.li us when they dread our trim.
merciHl rivah v, ur despiai our free Insti
tutions I We cannot consent that th
secession Htatt shall buy wheat from
war.'d'riile
Canada e-d th Biitie, uty free, eld ex
on cluda rt .r from Ohio, triicimWid
"''- poput'n or n
f f';'e.Bt ,te, ""J 10 ' otto
'nrt "? lxchnir far ouroroduott t4
"J t power to prevent eerrilei
.insurrection t.k -n away from th et.
lo" Hut thp.? w,'n 'nent to ench
co'e,,,1' ln,,r inly, el thall we be
wnn inrnrni larin. nt ptrtitioa
ilt b inadt of tha tarritor.va I What
caaoneatt m acnuititlfln mtr vi .
r tnw aacaaaion malea In MlIiM
Central A marie t The line waica will
or Iho aaceaaion Hlitet meka
u will run 1.000 niilaa airuitnla
through the land, with no natural barrier
I. L- i-j ... - . .. 7'
!oeeperie na. p.aca cannot bo pre.
ierrrad on tbo border.
Riaiplnf lavea.
revenue liar violated, treatise aaieeoa-
1'ru-d or ditreerdd will furnieh hun-
dunt enue f-r atrlfe. 'We bjiat r
Peace I PPC I but titer Will bl M
IP19 - ' W mar with by tterul
m"nt " f' tntml Amerio and
n-'inufnoturee. Waen th t Union ia die.
compelled to retain a population who
pretence here it sn evil, nd giv aeturi.
ty that turbulent men im.oi them will
nut wickedly encourage servile insarroc-
t on 1 Must we guard th line which di.
vide th Confederacies with thoasaitd ef
men, at an expense o million annually I
Who aannnt read in those aud other d.lB
culties th it may aria1, a thousane causae
of war in the present tnd far distant fu
ture, all ol which woald be avoided br tk
preserv ation of Hit U .iioo. JTk Cnioa
furnishes sureties of p.c, a community
of interest. Ditsolntian dettrov both.
Let ut thin prprv the Unio a a
measure of peace, not wtr. Let
tr.inam.l to our posterity th rich, a.ver
emling legacy of Unien, piaitce and pm
perlty, rather than 'State disa.f.irsd, di.
orJsnt, bnlllgertint.'
' 1
Notes from the Census.
n,i
T .tal population 31,4279.. I 18t0
it was 91,1.11,370 incrcos 8JJS.0IS or
JV63 per cent. The averag ratio of
incruaan for each deeado during thi cen
tury has been H il, or nearly 1. . par
cent per annum.
Tho Congreatlonal rain unJer th
spnortlonminl of the new con.ui ar a
toll 'Wa; ii
The alave st itts lot twlvi in tnlvw
and gam six Tuo freo at ite lose twelve
nipmbor and gain thirteen. The alave
state representation In the llooie of R--P-peaontatives
will nur.i'jer ighiy.t:.ro
in nibers, and th free date represent,,
lion on hundred and furtv member;
iniijorit, of the members from the fri
stales over thoso from the slave tte,
liltren. .The gain of the free stilts ie
but one member; til a Jot ol tho sltfj
states, six ni 'mbe.. Tha loss of mem.
hers In (II tho states is twenty-four, and
the giln nineteen. ' '
Ta gain In six New England llatt
since 3jQ hat been about IS ptr oeat;
the los of R 'prcsent.itive I four, I -wit;
In Maine one, in Vermont ene, j i
Massachusetts our, In Rhode Iitsnd one
New ilsmpshire and Connecticut boid
their own. Vermont ha Increased bait
U'JO in hor pnpul ition in ten year.
In the thr. so-called Middle Starxe,
New York, I'onnt) Ivsnia and New J.r
sey, increase hs been i i 1-3 par cent;
tli first two increasing abottt Hi ptr
cent, each, the latter over J7 perc.Btr
These tute loso four Representative,
iw from New York, and two from Penn
sylvania. TIki Westsrn States, OI.lo, Micbitran,
Indiann, lUiiioia, Wisconsin, Iowa, Min
nesota, Kuusas, have increased 67 per
cent, nearly, to-wit; Ohio 18 per cont,
Michigan DO, Indiana 7, Illinois 101,
Wiauonsin IS 4, lowsilJl, while no eoat
pariton can be instituted for Minnesota,
aud Kir.tJt. These ti'.ates gain eight
Represoniativea.
California and Orgcn gain 110 pit
I. "a I'll r,
cent.
' a. a., i, nt.K trrr. STa.f.
Ther aro twenty-nine slave iSVarr'"?
twenty-four in New Mexico, and tun ia
Nebraska, according to the return.
Tho increase in shvo population la
33 per cont. In Maryland, Delaware and
District of Columbia, slaves hav decrees
d and the while largely increased. In
Missouri the white hav doublud in num
ber, while th ItvJ have increased bnl
31 per cent.
Infernal Pier.
having fur ita object tho robbery of the
mail and express on tlio Pittsburgh, Ft,
Waynt! and Chicago Railroad, ha been
diicovered b, P nkerton, the gr.'it Cblei
go detective. The gang of con iralora
ws quite Urge, the raiuihiuitiins axlsad
ing along the ei.lir Ungtl, of the line.
Tho leadin ' plo'.to a wou'd have soo
b.en a rented, hut the plans of the effijer
nave been t eniHrarily Irustratedb, the
ectJsutal disci lire uudi by oai if
thu irsiig Wishing a letter I'orwarJed
from tbe Pittsburgh post-oflice to a M .
menioer a .iisna;riiii, nc wall" . teller te
the Petlmaaterat tho former place to
tliut elfcct. At t is sain time he wrote
letter lo a cei.fed rat, in which the de
signs of tbe conspiracy we e ful , e t
I'urih, and in diroet.ng th two letters, an
exchange wa made, tb Pittsburgh Foot
master gutting tha one intended lor the
c jn.p ralor, and the latter the on ii.;nnd
d lor the f. mister. . t
Thedeiignot the desperadoes wa ft
lay a ruin of powder u.ider th track.
blow up one of th heavy mail v and rav
pros, train, and lakirg advantage ef tlve
confusion incident to the caUatroptre.
sam the Mail and Expr.onsf pacts'
age and plunder th passenger.
Tb piti to tha conspirocy r ell
known uow, and a any mov toward cae-
rying out their hellish plot weald ld t
iheir iiuiuediat arrest, liity will provW,i
O. S. Jour.
Foreign Missions.
It rpsr that C. M. Clay ba reeisao
d bis missioa to 8pain and been booi.'q-
d to Kiusi, ami ia succeeded in the fgf-
mer post br Carl Sor.uri.
Jaa. o. f ike, of Maine, Waahinrtea
correspondent of th New York TriUtm,
i to bn M nislor Resident t the ilague.
al. . Harvey, theuIudpnder.t"ol tbe
Pbihdnlphia A ortk A mdrtcan, is Mlntstuf
to Portug1.
A. o. UicxInson.elJMtw lori.l Jolia-
Uter to Nicaragua.
G. V. Fogg, of . 11.. Ji.ns.-e: to
Switzerland.
K M. Palmer, M nister to the A.gjet-
o ttepib.le.
U. S. Senators for Kansas.
Me-s. Lib tnd Pouieroy were tlso
tcd U. S. Senator ,ea'.iidu, alteraoeai
b, aioall tanjority.
Wo aav bad i liiut, or" rala In ti.it
sectiou.
fj.r Ileniy rit, K piiblis, wan
on Moiulsy elected Mayo ol Llubuiue t,v
4VJ snja. iiy. The Uepublicona surriuj
it out often of the Aldoitn, n. l)bn.i
linshilhoti bfi-i stni-nj'y 11. nt -.'....

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