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Farm and Household.
Hints for the Month. JrtT hrlne more anxiety to Uio funner tlwn any oilier month of tho yenr) vio parent harvest of grain nnd hay fa mostly Kutherecl then, nnd It is liin lot to toll severely through tho lonp; lut days. To many other cIuhpc It li the teason of real and rcrrcntton ; th sprliifr, the acasido or tho niountainn, aro tlio rcaort of thoap wluwe business U done behind the counter or desk. Fortunate for tho former Hint In this aenson of toil and heat his hihor Is not dono between brick wall, but where the free, f reh breeze can fan him, and the Rohlen hoed landscape of tho harvest month Invicorate his spirits. Tlie Han Fidd. flood Implements will po fur towards supplying a deficiency of men. It Is also cheaper to use the tools than the human muscle, winch they lml aneo. Therefore It Is for tho Interest of no farmer to enter tlio harvest field poorly supplied with tools. Another thing : keep the tools In good order, knives sharp, and bearlnps well oiled. Then work steadily and don't fret. It Is poor ralrula tion to risk much In tho harvest field. lrain should bo bound and securely BluH'ked nearly as fast as cut. If the weather Is dry and 1ms tho appearance of continuing so, It will do to cut grain when somewhat green, but if wet lei it get ripe. If a farmer could havo weather of Ids own choosing ho might make his straw half as valuable as hay by cutting early and curing well, and ho would lose noth ing in the grain. All spring grain is likely to be of good height this year, and may be bound readily, but bailey is handled, if unbound, very easily, and there Is no bet ter way of harvest lug, perhaps, than to throw it In winrows us you reap, and gather with barley forks. Jfarrent Prink Tea and cofl'eo made strong and drank clear and hot nro the lteat drinks that can bo taken Into the field if the weather is very warm and the labor exhausting. llomoinade beer, which every housekeeper can brew. Is cooling ami grateful. Alcoholic drinks aro full of headaches and disappoint ments. Tte IT'iy Field. Haying Is tho most pleasant farm work if conducted with the proper labor-saving appliances. There need be little poor hay put in the mow or stack. Do not burn up the hay by too much sunning. Clover, especially, re quires but liltlc sun if well cured In the cock; it will bear stacking in an appa rently greener stage than timothy or red top. Far more clover is injured by get ting over rlpo and by too much curing, than by stacking or putting In tho barn too green. Cultivating. There is a vast deal of small corn to be tilled in July, and it will hardly do to neglect it. Muiiy farmers can lind time between their crops to do this work. Especially will this lie tho enso if tlicy arc strong liainleil, una in most cases it will pay to havo ono hand moro than you absolutely need for the sake of getting in your crops promptly and doing tho cultivating. Another way is to hire an extra hand und keep tho cultivator going M. t 1 i ... wnuu tnu nnrvcHwuK nun jinying are carried on. Kither plan is better than neglect, and the few extra dollars paid out in the present will be returned with inter est In tlio future. 'lhe Hummer Fallotr should already be broken, and s.ive au occasional harrowing will need no caro in July. Hut if this Is not tho ease, plowing will be tho work for dark weather. If wheat is to follow clover the land should be plowed as soon us the hay is removed ; then work the sur face anil top-dress with manure. ll'fnji It is well to harrow unseeded Etuhhlo ground early and let tlio weed seeds start, Tho autumn plowing will then destroy them, llewuro of letting weeds ripeu'and spread their seed during this month. Many varieties mature at mid summer, and they need attention. The Hop I'lnC Clean cultivation is the main thing here. Look alter the grubs and keep the vines well to their supports. Try dusting plaster on tho foliage tor tho insect. Stacking 1I.ii nnd Grain. Tho bottoms of old clover stacks and mows also aro sometimes, iufejsled with the clover-worm, which eats tho steins. Where such havo been it is unsafe to stack .again. Long and narrow hay stacks aro of good form to feed out. Hound ones arc better for grain in bundles. HtiKk and tftttbif. Horses work bard in hurvesttitno und should bo liberally i fed. Other slock reiiuiro little caro savo that they toavo plenty of water and salt. Keep tho stables clean and dusted with plaster. Minor Forape Crop. Frovide for win tering more stock by sowing turnips, plant jug ealiliago in tho corn mid potato fields in the plaeo of missing hills, und sowing corn for fodder. Make every foot of land produce usefully. There is a crop suitu- hl.i r.tr.mi.k nn.iu.u, l..,....r Xr.u. I...- Underdraining Land. To wiiATt5VF.it purpose wo devote our land, whether stock raising, grain grow ing, or fruit and vegetable culture, our in si nun should ho to muku it productive, Here lies the great secret of success. Who ever got rich by ftuniinir poor land? Thousands havo remained poor by trying the experiment. Thousands havo drawn out a weary, miserable existence, rearing families In ignorance and poverty, by stav ing on poor land without a proper effort to improvo and mskc It productive; and inoueauils aro doing tho same Hung to uay. In this communication I do not intend to say ouo word about tho various kinds o fertilizers, nor tho best manner of apply iiiir them they aro all moro or less valua bio and can hardly bo mis applied if brought in contact with tho soil ; but this communication shall bo "of earth, earthly.' A comparatively email number of farm crs are aware of tho valuo of uudcrdrain ing as a means of enlarging tho produc liveness of their hind; they are apt to think that only swamps and biwlaints are Item-tiled by this process this is a great mistake, fallen, into by taking a merely eupcrncial view of mo matter. A farmer in ono of the Northern or Middle Suites would bo glad to have hi land cnjsy the benefit of ono or two de gree farther south, so as to work it earlicl in the spring, have a longer season for his crops to grow and muture, and at tli Rime time remain and enjoy hiinelf with the pleasant companionship of his present neighbors. All this can ho accomplished by tho simple process of underdraining. 1 03, more than this your crops may bo oiniuled in quantity und of superior qual uy. The question will be asked how under draining will accomplish till this T Low lying laud is known to be cold, compared With that which is moro elevated. The cause of this coldness is tho presence loo mucli waler near the surlaco. If this water is withdrawn by means of undo draining, tho soil becomes moro porous the atiuosptierie air penetrates to a greate depth the rays of the sun meet with less resistance and conseotieully penetrate deeper, throwing into tho soil a greater amount of heat. Admitting the force ull these facts in regard to low land, they will apply with equal force to thai which . is more elevated. All land except that with sand or very poms subsoil will be benefited ly under draining. Grass will take au earlier start and the crouud will bo in a condition t turn stock to pasture two weeks earlie Oats, coru and potatoes can be planted two weeks earlier, and the full crops will receive tho benefit of it Iwo weeks later. Tho best article for the purrxtsc is earth en tyle, and should bo used wherever it convenient to procuro them, but where they euuuot be had, wood may be used to advantage is a tuUtitute. Take saplings of from three to six inches in diameter, and let them Up a little at each end. The surplus witU-r will be attracted to them and follow their course to the outlet to which they lend. Tyle should M frora ,wo to ,iiri.c reel deep, and ib,. ,iril;ui( fum ,w,,utv ,ivi. to thirty-five f,t M,ttrl Th(J dt ' thJ drains, the farther apart they may be laid, lhe work may be done in the fall and early winter before freezing nets in. Every .industrious farmer may find lime to do thla wituout ttucli outlay of money. What the Farmer Must Know. TrtR Rural World says : Tho farmer, like the business man, must know what ho Is doing : he muni have some pretty decided idea of what ho Is to ac complish m fact, must calculate 11 before hand. llo must know his soil that of each lot ! not onlv the ton. but the sub soil. Ilo must know what grains and grasses are best adapted to each. He must know uhrn is the best time to work lliem, whether in tho fall or spring, or whether they need summer tallowing, lie must know the condition In which ground must be, w hen plowed, so that it be not loo wci or loo ory. Ho must know that some trains re quire earlier mowing than others; and what ihoso grains arc. llo must know how to put them In. Ilo must know that it pays him to have machinery to aid iiim HiHieaii ot muscio. lie must know about stock, and ma n tires, and tho cultivation of trees and the small fruits, ami many other things; In a word, ho must know what gooil, ex perienced farmers know. Then ho will not guess will run no risks. How to Make Spruce Beer. As TiiR season Is hero when pleasant summer drinks, freo from alcoholic Influ ence, nro frequently brewed by the house wife, or the well brought up daughters, who ought to be taught a lit llo of every thing in tho way of household duties wc append tho following recipes, taken from an exchange, und which aro claimed to bo excellent: 1. Take three gallons of water of hlocxl warmth, three half pints of molasses, a table spoonful of essence of spruce, and the like quantity of ginger ; mix well to gether Willi a gill of yeast ; let Bland over night, and tiottie in tlio morning, ii win be in a good condition to drink in twenty four hours. It is a palatable, wholesome beverage. Thoso who prefer iiu' nihavo only to substitute honey for the. molasses uumcd above, and for one third tho ginger use allspice. Hall tlio quantity ol ycasl will lie sullleient, ami lhe liotlling shoiiut occur the second day Instead of tho next morning. It will be lit to drink in lour days alter being bullied, and will keep for many weeks. A small quantity of alcohol is formed during tho fermentation, und this prevents tho acetous fermentation so common to spruce beer. The essence ol spruce is of course left out in the making ot mead. The alcohol formed from the fermentation of honey resembles that found in mrthn'in, while tho alcohol formed from the l'erinriititlimi of molasses is rum. Those who imagine that they can make either spruce beer or mead without entirely forming any alcohol are mis taken ; but it is present In so slight a tiro- portion as not to bo sensible to the most delicate temperance nerves. A German Kindergarten. 1 it. HrusT writes from l!renien to tho New York Mt tiotli.il : J 'crimps a better idea cannot bo presented el the working ol a Kindergar u than a description ot tho way in which ho principal one in llremeii is conducted, nut which 1 have had occasion to visit, Many of the children aro ho small that they need to bo conducted thither by older persons, when they arc met ut tho door by servant, who relieves them ol hats, coats, shawls and lunch box, cure being taken, however, that each child aid in adjusting its own tilings, and having a fixed place for all. Tho proprietress Miss llrabau is assisted by two other ladles. Tho school is divided into two classes, either ono or tho other of which is nearly ulwayB in the largo hall lor exercise, or working In the little gardens out of doors. In the schoolroom each scholar is pro- ided willi a very neat and comfortable esk and chair, aud is taught to regard them as its own property. Tho employ ments aro worsted work, knitting, elemen tary drawing and every other imaginable thing which is supposed to furnish such young fingers und minds witli combined i-ktll uml amusement. 1 hu children have patterns belbro them for everything they aro to do, und tho teacher personally su perintends them in each hitle labor, when very pains Is taken to impart as much ele mentary instruction us possible. For ex ample, if a little girl is at work on a book mark, or a mmivmat. stio is taught muta tion, combination, perspective counting, tuo alphabet and many other things. As soon us she is lired of one employment she Is at liberty to begin something else that she may like. Titus all weariness is avoided. Tho room for cxerciso is verv large, and like the school room, neatly ornamented with pictures, and when tho children are in it, they aro under the care of a teacher, who has them go through many gymnastic exercises. This Is the most interesting teaturo of tho Kindergarten. Tho chtl dreu. boys and girls promiscuously, aro di reeled to assume a certain position, it may bo that of a regiment drawn up lu liue-ol-btulle. 'iho teacher then com meiicesa story about a certain battle ; then comes some stirring song, when all sing It together, and then Iho battle commences lu right good earnest. Alter mo victory is won, tho teacher narrates a peacelul story in verse, which Iho children have also been previously taught, and which they repeat wltu tier, going through with all tho gymnastic exercises suggested by Uio verses. For instance, sho tells of a great pigeon house, out of which the pigeons como one by ono. Some lly slowly and others moro rapidly ; others go off aud hop around on the ground, while others light on the chub sjiomo get tired and others fall down. ana thus tho supposed movemeuts ot a wnolo nock ol pigeous aro represented by the children. Afterward the teacher may begiu to toll in prose about an old blacksmith, and by anil by sho reaches lhe verses telling of his anvil, beliows, red-hot iron and great hammer, whou the children sing with her, and the whole room is transformed, for a time, into a great smithy, and all tho lilt! folks industriously and laughingly playing blacksmith. Another song tells about walking over a heath, where at last a great pond is reached. 1 ho lrogs are heard to croak and seen to leap Into the pond. During this lime the whole class becomes a large roup of similar croakers. In all liioso liuiiaioi v exercises, uo cumircn pre serve strict order, but their risible propen silies are but lilllo restrained. Just us soon as tho slightest fatigue or decrease lu in tercst is observed, tho exercises are changed, when the class is immediately taken into the other room, or else into the garden. About one lu.ll' of the time seems to be devoted to the gymnaslic and horli cultural employments, and the other half to the light manual labor at tho uesks in the school room proper. Pleasant Neighborhoods. of is O n k' plcasu re, after all, U much affecte by lhe quality ol one neighbors, eve though one may uot ho on speaking terms with Ihciu. A pleasant, bright lace at window is surely better thun a discon touted cross one; and a house that has the air of being inhabited is preferable to closed bUullcrs, and unsociable blunts, ex eluding every ray of sunlight and syiu pauiy. We like to see Uio glancing, cheerful lights through the windows, of a cold night, or watch Iheni, as evening deepens, gradually creeping irom lhe parlor to tho upper stories ot tuo houses near us. YY like to watch the little children going and out the door, to play or to school. V like to see a w lute robed baby dancing up aud down ai the wnuiow in its mother arms, or the father reading his uewspape there ut evening, or any of these cheerful, impromptu home glimpses, w hich, thong we aro mi Faul Fry, wo w ill assert go I make a ph-usant neighborhood to those who live lor comfort Instead of show. bad, indeed, s uiu- mornings, on wukiu; it is to see the blinds down aud the tdml ters closed, ami know that dentil's augc while it spared our threshold, hadcro.sM that ol our ctii-t i tul ncighlior. bud t miss tho while robed baby from tho w in dow, aud see the little colli u ut nightfall borne iulo the house, bad to see innocent little faces pressed at eventide against the wiudow-puuo, watching for the "dear pupa" who has gono to Lis l.mg hrun-. ttunU Ji'ctt i'uUtr, Separation of the Siamese Twins—The Operation to be Performed in Paris. ArTF.n living together three-score years, the Hlaiiiesc Twins havo resolved to sep arate. No closer fraternal union than that of Chang and Eng has been known among men, During a long life the sympathies of tho brothers has been so complete that tho frequently employed and extravagant measure of affect Ion lias been absolutely realized ; one could not live apart from tho other. This singular or rather plural attachment Is about to bo severed, onil probably no sundering of family ties was over regarded with so widespread Interest as this will be. When persons of different sexes desiro to bo divorced they go to Chi cago: Chang and Kng, being of the same sex, will go to l'aris to be relieved of com panionship of which they nro finally weary. Years ago distinguished English and French surgeons who examined the (Siamese phenomenon differed in opinion as to tho probable results of an operation destined to inako tho ono twain. Tho doubt made tho Twins hesitate, until now, at tho ago of fifty-nine, owing to appre hension that disease contracted by one may be communicated to tho other, they are anxious to get rid of ono another. Chang anil l-'.ng married sisters, and each is the father of nine children. It is not Improb- nhle that tho attempt to avert possible, lunger to one may result fatally to both. The surgical experiment will soon be made. Urnoklyn Kuala. What it Cost. of.nti.km.vn In business 111 one of our large cities has for years made a practice, which Is common wltu many, oi inviting lis customers nnd friends out lo"taltoa drink " or a cigar. A friend endeavored to convince him that ho was spending loo much in this way,' aside from other and stronger objections to tho practice The gentleman insisted that the cost was a mere trille, but to niako sure of it, lie adopted tho following plan : Each time ho spent anything for this purpose, ho deposited ail equal amount in a box In his safe, keeping no account ol It. At the end ol three months he counted bis deposit, and found there, to his astonishment, over three hun dred dollar. Tlio friend who related tho incident to us said he had Just left tho surprised man, who was still looking at the pilo of bills and thinking deeply. I'eilmps ho was reckoning the amount of comfort und pleasure the sum would havo brought to the homo circle, If properly used, or how it would have helped in taking up somo nolo when ho was " short." l'robably bo has received some new ideas which will do him liiut-h good, nnd not injure his customers. liural Jcti loiter. Learn a Trade. Tiif. value of learning a trade becomes moro and moro certain to us every day. Hcarcely a week pusses but somo young man is asking of us to point out a field of labor for him. With good attainments, perhaps, or an insatiable desiro to be at work ut something whcrity an honest penny may be turned, ho finds himself landed ns it were ut the first ebb ol lhe tide. Tho slightest recession of the waters deposits him on tho shore, among tho weeds of idleness, nnd unwholesome vapors be- cloud his mind. There is scarcely a man in business but has an experience similar to ours ; his voung tvionds continually en vying him tho privilege of working in a well defined field, and wishing that, like hint, thev had something to strike ut. These young men nro generally ulliieted witli tlio disease of ambition. They want to bo something moro than common, and mistaking often their desires for the ability to satisfy them, they flatter themselves hat, they are ill lor something (teller man tho common run ol humanity. Their great fault la in trying to achieve manhood ithout serving an apprenticeship toft, and they find themselves, when they should bo prepared lor their lile worK, womlenng hat 11 will be, and fretting becauso it oesn't declare itself, and nluo out often, ailing in vain lor such a call, go into politics, agencies, etc. the great remedy lor tuts is a trade, thoroughly learned. Tho timo between school and twenty-one should no spent, at tho carpenter s bench, In a machine shop, or at tho anvil, so that when tho young man commences his battle with life In any vocation ho can, if worsted at his first attempt, turn to his trade with confidence that his skilled lahor will at least procure him a living, and perhaps a competence. Tho timo frittered away in trying to dis cover desirable and easy rouds to success foots up a considerable total on tho loss Bido ot the balance sheet. hxenanrje. -- m Married by Accident. An English divine, who has since risen to cmineuco, owed his marriage and a long and happy domestic, hie to a mere accident, llo Lad contracted an affection for a lady of the neighborhood in which he first, preached, but, through dread of a refusal, could not bring himself to a direct proposal. 1 he moro he thought of It the moro he became dismayed at the prospect. Ho was not of that kind of men who can quickly interpret a woman's feeling from tier looks and manners, but was overcome with fear that she should never love him. He had almost resolved to abandon the field to a bolder if not a better man. when he suddenly took a ih-sperate resolution to anow me worst, no earctlilly prepared and sealed two letters, each a'ddrcsscd to the lady; in one of which ho made an earnest proposal of marriage, aud in the other merely requested the loan of a book. snaking them together in his hut, ho culled his servant and bade him take ono and deliver it. "Which one?" asked tho servant, "Kither," was the reply. And tho man took ono at random and departed. Tho minister threw the other luto tho fire without examining it. and for the next hour paced the floor of his study, anxious and miserable, llo had resolved to abulo by the event of this queer proceeding, and that if tho book came with the servant ho would forever abandon all aspirations to tlio lady's hand. At the end of that time the man returned with a note, accepting his oiler and inviting him to tea. The overjoyed young man told his little experi ment to his betrothed over a cup ol tea that evening, and was soundly rated for nis dullness in not comprehending tho "signals of distress" which had been con tinually displayed to him from timo to lime. Hut some men aro wonderfully stupid about these matters. Homestead. A coitiiKspoNPKN-r wishes to know what the Homestead Law is, and how a man is to proceed who wants to get a farm under it. Without publishing the whole of the act we can te'.l our correspondent how to go to work. Any head of a lamily, any person t weiity-oue years old, and a citizen of the l ulled States, or who has filed his declaration to become such, and any minor who lias served fourteen days In our armv or navy, may enter eighty acres of land held al two dollars and fifty cents au acre, or one hundred and sixty acres of land held at half that rato. Tho process is to find laud not taken up, go before tho ltegisler of lhe Land OUice where it is lo cated and mako atllduvil of citizenship, .Vc, and elder the eighty, or one hundred and sixty acres selected. After cultivat ing it, or a portion of it, lei- five year, hu is theu eutitled to his deed. Chijo 'Iribuhi. TlIK SPHF.AOIKO Hl'MOIl. bays o.-lp luo to iittsMp Two, " W bile -hoitiig lu iho low u, Old Mis. Try to me rx marked bmi lit UnHjki Ui goods of llrottu.'- 8av U-Wf l Two to (ios-lp Three, Whocaot hcrcyhd dowu, " I've le-aid It -ud lo.-day, my fi lend., Mnilh r"f liif good i'ioiu llruMii. t.iv (l.v.lp Tliroo to t;vsflp Four, With roiiieihiuh: of a IroHu, " I've heard Mranv-o nens-whtt do you thlhW.' bmilh ihA his good Irom llnmu. S.o- Co rip Knur to titir-ip Five, Who tdsed It round lhe town, " I've hcald. to d.tv, slit li flus kin;; llrwi r-miih hi x.oodn tiom brow n 1' I.ivKtubo useful. Live to give light. Live to accomplish the cud for w lucli you were made, and quietly and steadily shine on, trying to do your duty. For those w ho are enabled through grace to shine at light here, Khali shine lis suit Dud utars i'or m-r ud uvcr, A Romance in Real Life. Tho following liltlc chain of Incidents will, wo think, lose nothing by compari son with the most remarkable that arc pre sented In tales of fiction, while they enjoy the rare advantage of being true : A gentleman, whom tot tho oddity of it wo will call Mr. bmlth, served in the army during tho recent war, and, having been wounded, was sent in 1WI3 to an hospital located near tho village of II , In Penn sylvania. During his convalescence there he full In love with a beautiful girl named MissC (informed her of the fact, aud was "accepted." Hy and by ho entirely recovered from tho effects of his wound, and was again ordered to his regiment, which was then in actlvo service. Tlicy parted with mutual vows of eternal fideli ty, and he lefl II with the understand ing that ho should return Immediately on tho expiration of his term of service, and, Inconsistent as it seems with tho princi ples of mathematics, " the two should bo inado ono." Timo rolled on. Mr. Hmlth wrote letter after letter to lhe fair ano, but "divil tho scratch of a pen did ho ever get back for that same;" ami at last, incensed at what he deemed tho faithlessness of tho fair one, and concluding that sho had only been Mining with him ho had heard her ac cused of such things ho wrote her ono Indignant hater, to wind up with, and dis missed her from his mind forever. When Ills term of service expired, he returned to Ids own home without a thought of her ho once loved. Kcccntly he resolved to visit Ban Fran cisco, and he sailed from New York in April. I lo did not expect to seo a familiar face on board the steamer, but ho did. llo had lust stepped aboard, when some one m the crowd seized his hand so suddenly that ho thought it was a pickpocket trying to steal it, but he immediately recognized an old acquaintance from Philadelphia, whom we will call Charlie. Tho latter was also bound for Ann Fran cisco, where he told Mr. Kinith he had a married brother living. The voyage passed oil very pleasantly, and a few weeks ago Mr. Hmlth and his friend arrived in our city. Mr. Smith went about his business, wliile Charlie set about finding his broth er's residence, giving Iho address to his friend, and urging him to call. Last Sunday, for tho first time, Mr. Smith called lit tho houso of Charlie's brother, ami was welcomed by tho latter, whom hu had also known some years previously. Not ten minutes had elapsed when a lady acquaintance of the family dropped in, and was Introduced as Miss C . Mr. Smith started as though ho bad stepped on a tack ; the resemblance of this Miss C to tho MissC , ot 11, was too striking to be passed lightly over. Mr. Smith remarked that he had onco known persons of that name in 11 , Pennsyl vania. Miss C exclaimed: "H 1 Why, wo used to live there ! Wo only moved here two years ago." At this mo ment eho seemed struck with Mr. (Smith's uppenranco. Mr. bmith, with some pathos in his trembling voice, exclaimed : "Kin ma, is this your" She replied, in the same spirit: "John! John! Is it possible r" It win Miss C , of II . They did not embrace, but they shook hands very cordially, and soon wanted to know why one another hadn't written to one another. Miss C averred that she had written a number of times, but, never having received any reply, had come to the conclusion that Mr. Smith had only been llirting with her during his slay at the hos pital, to while away tlio time, and so dropped tho correspondence. Hoth had written, but it seems that no one of the let ters had ever reached its destination. It is supposed that they were intercepted by the viliago postmaster, who was an enemy of the C family. Mr. Smith is a single gentleman still, nevt'r having given his heart to any other; aud we havo every reason to belicvo that the vows ot live vearsniro wi vet hu ful filled at no very distant day, and that, in a word, tho " happy pair," so happily re united, will wake up somo lluo morning and find themselves married. it .Qviyi einco Mercury. Brevities and Levities. " I declare," sald'an old lady, reverting to tho promises mtulo liur nn her nitirrtut;o cltiy hy hur llrgo lord, t never cluill forget when Olm mull nut tho miittlul ring on inv flitter, tint! said with my worldly goods I theu onduw. llo used to kuep it dry gods torti theu, nnd I thought he was going i.o iiivo mu me wnoio mere who in 11. I wns young and simple, uml did not know till nfiurwurd that it only lneuut one calico gowu a year. A young lady, having bought a pair ot fthoen a number too small, sent them to a second-hand store to have them sold : whereupon Uio Teutonic shop-keener advertised them in his window as ruiiows: "1-or salu-a tight lady i shoes." A gentleman was praising the beauti ful hnlr of a lady, wheu ouo of thuso precocious nine misses wdo niwavs navo a woru 10 Bay, re marked. 1 gueiis mv hair would look as well If 1 took as much care of it. Mamma never sleeps lu nor uair. " I say, ma," exclaimed a littlo minx of thirteen, " do vou know- what the h'vrntechni cal remedy is for a crvlng infant r" '-Gracious L-oodneas, me, no; 1 never heard ol' filch a Uiuiyl' Well, ma, rwht." Why should an order for tho new nottomlug of a pair of hoots no treaieu with rev oivnccr uccuuso Ufa sole em altalr. vi hat is tho difference betwoenja mcr droM In winter aud au extracted tootli 1 sum Ono la too thiu and the other Is lootb out. Why is a man who makes his will like a potato wiitcli la otloroii as a sample of a lot wecaiiBV nu is a it euuor. Insult not another for his want of tlm talent which you pos fess ; ho may havo talents wikcu you vaui. Ho is well constituted who grieves not for what ho has uot, aud rejoices for what lie has. What word will mako yon sick if you nave ono oi tuo letters outr .music. Tho best seats at the theater are said to uo Iho re-celpts. Wanted by a confectioner a candid young woman. Something always on hand your IIIUUIU. Words that burn rejected cominuul canons. A bad debt tho owing of a grudge, A craft y occupation ship buildiug, Railroad Track-layer in California. e nave before a tided to tho snores of a railway track layer used on the Cali fornia section of the l'aritic liuilroad. appears from recent intelligence to be working regu ar v ni inn mtn ot a mii n day, with tho promise of better rtsults when some small defects are obviated. Some of its work has been done at tho rale of two miles in twelve hours, but ono mile is considered as its present working capacity. The contractor and directors of the alleio and Sacramento Kail road, al though most of them were skeptical, and somo tpiito dissatisfied about the delavs in getting it into operation, give it the highest praise, and have made their arrangements in reliance upon it. The machine is a ear sixty reel long and ten wide. It has a small engine on board lor Handling the ties and rails. The ties are carried on a common freight car be hind, and conveyed bv an endless chain over the top of the machine, laid down in their places on the track, and when enough are laid a rail is put down on each side iu proper position, and spiked down. Tho track layer then advances, and keeps on us worn until the load ol trees and rails cMiausicd. wtien other car loads are brought. 1 he machine is driven ahead b a locomotive, aud the work is done so rapidly that sixty men are rouuired l wait on it, but they do more work than twice as many could do by the old system, and tho work is done quite as well. Tho chief contractor of tho road gives it as his opinion that when tho muchine is im prood by making a few changes in the method of handling rails und lies, tho no ccssity of which changes is now apparent it will bo able to put dowu live or si) miles per day uiiquustionably. This v ill rcuder it possible to lay dow u track twelv limes as fast as tho usual rate by hand and ii w ill do the work al less expense lhe invention will be of immense it portance to the country in conuocti with Iho Pacific liailroad, hit h, it wn calculated, could be built us l.isi us tl track could bo laid, and no faster; but hcrcal'U r the spi ed will be determined I lhe grading, w hieh cinnot advance nun inore tliau live miles a day. Thirty mill ions of dollars have already beeu lnvcste ou the racitic Uallroad, aud it tho timo completion U hastened ono year by Ihij traca ia'r, a It win ue l il;e t'euual aua nlon Companies have money enough to grade each flvo miles a day, there will b saving oi ouu.wu on interest alone. on that one road. The track otitic Sacramento and Vallclo oad has been laid for eight miles out of alleio, Bnd it is to go on directly to 8ni- .n I. 1.a .,.it,..l twr,,rn Ihn 1 mt nil, nun. ii la uv n,ni.inv. .nw f June, and thence to go on to the cross- g of riitiih Creek where tne cars are to tin by the 1st of July. The road passes over a good deal of tulo within lllteen ilea of Hacramcnto. whero tho grading innot be dono till the Fall, so no time is ted for the completion of that part of the work, except that It must be as soon ns possible, and before tho 1st of Novomlier any event. Tho Company lias tiny thousand ties on hand, and has lately con- acted for liny thousand more, to oe ac- vcrcd ns fast as needed. tktenlife merienn. o THROUGH THE WORLD. Sox hsarts sro hnmrnrlnc Ihrnniili tho world, Ami never nun tne love tney seek ; Aomn lips wllb prtiin or acorn arejcnrlod. To hide the pain they may not speak. The cyeamay flnph, the month may smile, The voice III gladdest mnslc thrill. And yet ln-nenili thorn all tho while - luo uunry ncan no pining ami. The know their doom ana walk thoir way With level fteps and steadiest eyes. Nor strive wllh Fate, nor weep, nor pray W hile olhers, not so sadly wise. Arc mocked hy phantoms evermore. Ann niren ny ecemmus oi aniijiui, Falrto their eye. hut at the coro Holding hut bitter dust aud pligbl. I sec them enr.o with wistful eyoa, t mark llieir slfn of ladlmr checks ! I hear them breathe in smothered si-hs. Anil nolo Hie frler that never speaks; For Ihem no miiiht rt-dressea wrong, No eyo with pity Is impearleu. (Jh, miiconftroed aud suuerine; lone. Oh, benrls that hunger through tho world I For yon does life's dull dosort bold No founlnin shade, no date arme fair, No irush of waters clear anil cold, lint sandy reaches wldo and bare. Tho foot may fall, tho son! may faint. Ann W6ii;u to eariu inn weary iramo, Yet still yo make no weak complaint. Aim s peaK no woru oi griei or uiamo. Oh, eaeor t-yet which paw afar I un, arms which clasp inu empty ill r I Not all unmarked your sorrows aro, rsol nil tinpiiiea your uesimir. Kinllo. patient lips so proudly dumb When life's frail tent at lat Is furled, YniirL'lorieua recompense fhall come, Uh, bearls that luinilur through the world. a i a bo What is a Tear? Tiir principal element of a tear is water. This water, upon dissolution, contains a lew hundredth nana ot the substance called mucus, and a small portion of salt, ol soda, ot phosphate ot lime and ot phos phate of soda. It is tho suit and the soda that givo to tears that peculiar1 savor which earned tor tears the epithet ol " salt at tlio hand of Greek poets, and that of bitter " at that of ours. " Salt " is, how ever, the more correct term ol the two, When a tear dries tho water evaporates and leaves behind it a deposit ot the sa lino ingredients. These .amalgamate, and, as seen through the niiscroscope, array themselves in long crossed lines, which look like diminutive fish bones. Tears aro secreted by a gland, colled tho lachry mal gland, which is situated above the eyeball and underneath tho upper eyelid, on tho side nearest the temple. Six or seven exceedingly fine channels How Irom It along and under the surlaco ot tho eyelid, discharging their contents a little above tho delicate cartilage which sup ports tho lid. It is these channels or canals that carry tho tears into tho eye. lint tears do not uow only at certain mo ments and under certain circumstances, as might bo supposed ; their How is con tinuous. All day and all night (although less abundantly during sleep) they trickle softly from their slender sluices, and spread glistening over tho surface of tho pupil and cyeltall, giving them that bright enamel and limpid look which is one of the characteristic signs of health. It is the ceaseless movement and contraction of ho eyelids that cllect the regular spread ing of the tears ; and the How of these has need lo bo constantly renewed in tho way Just mentioned, becauso tears not only evaporate after a tew seconds, nut also are carried away through two littlo drains, called lachrymal points, and situated in the corner or tho eye, near the nose. Thus nil tears, after leaving the eyelids, now uiio too nostras; iinu n tuo r eauer will assure himself of this he has only to notice, uupoetical as the lact may do, that person alter cryir.g much is always obliged to mako a two-fold uso of his or her handkerchief. Chambers' Journal. In 1 a to to Nose Bleed. TitEitE are two little arteries which sun ply The whole faco with blood, one on each side ; these branch oil' from the main arte ries on each sido of tho windpipe and run ning upward toward the eyes, pass over tho outside of tho Jaw-bone, about two thirds of tho way back from tho chin to the angle ot tho jaw, under tho car. .ach of these arteries, of course, supplies just one-hull Iho face, tho noso beinir the divid ing line ; the left nostril is supplied with uiood ny lue felt artery and tho right nos tril by tho right artery. Now, supposing your noso bleeds from tho right nostril : with the end of tho right fore finger feel along tho outer edge of the right jaw until you feef tho heating ot the artery directly under your liugcr, the same as the pulso in your wrist, then press the finger hard upon it, thus getting tho littlo fellow in a tight placo between your finger and tho aw-uono ; the result will bo that not a drop of blood goes into that sido of your lace while tlio pressure continues : henco tho noso instantly stops bleeding for want of blood to How ; continue tho pressuro for five or ten minutes and the ruptured vessels lu the nose will by that timo proba bly contract so that when you let tho blood into them they will not leak. Jtlccdlng from a cut or wound anywhere about tho face may bo slopped in Iho same way. Tho Creator probably placed these arteries as they are mat they mighl be controlled Thoso to tho back of the head, arms, and legs are ull arranged very conveniently for being controlled lu like manner. ts.z- change. mm mi " Th at's Wot I Tno'T." Read this and ' smile, " at the expense of the conductor: A lew davs since, savs a Mlcbi.'au paper, a sm-cl Ull II Ol II Ullinilll , . 1 1114, K mil 'i inpiiiviinm. ,11 took a seat in the express train at Jacksou and ipiielly au ailed the adveal of the conductor who appeared on time, aud relieved the traveler s bat urine ticket without any lemarka. tin bis re turn the traveler liulton-holed bun and imiulred: ('(inductor I bow rar is t to roiooui " Tweulv miles." "That's wut 1 tho't." At the licit stadou tho trawler stopped hlui aud strain Inquired: ( oiuniciori uow tar to jjaucu icrr k Twenty miles." " Thai's wol 1 Iho't." At Mmchcftcr Iho traveler stopped him tin third time and said: " Conductor, how far to Tocumsy !" Twenty miles." " That's wol 1 tno't." As the tram lell Tecumsch, the traveler exhaust ed the pailuiu-o of the conductor, ami tho follow lug dialogue explains the res nil : " t'ouduetitr, now far lo Adri'n V The conductor threw himself upon hit dignity, aud remarked : ' bi o hero uiy frieuii, do you take mo for a fool." The traveler " Jtuck to bis text," and very cool ly remarked : That's wot f tho't." The couiluclor joined tno passenger tu a hear ty U1ij.i1, aud concluded to alluw bis patcli-ur to " tho't ' as uo pleased. TlIK Dl'TCllMAN'a iSTK ATEO E M. Wo don't know wby a Teuton should have boon se lected as a subloct for tho following story, hut that is tho way It coi-tes to us. And it rame pret ty mat luliiiK an end to ut, as you, dear reader, villi probably appreciate: While a Dutchman was passim; through a city In Vermont, A Isukco camo up 10 hiin aud said, "Mum, if you trtat to the cider 1 will Warn you a trick." Shou agreed. ank tlteu placed his baud against a fence and told him to sluke It as bard as t-e could, sihou, not thiuklut any hum could befall hnu by so doing struck a black smith's blow, but uiu-ad oi hitting I ank's baud, the blur. K'lkinn It away, poor ishon struck iho fence board, knocking It oil. " M.-in tiotl lu Ililu niel t" cried Mion. " what you makes foolifb.' I kuis ks mine baud oa clean up do elbow I Oh, sis ker blita! mine poor frail, what will sho say I" I'oorsihou was bound to bavu rou-ne.t-; ao, one day. ai- ho war passing Ihroic.-h a Meld, ho espied a man. (ioiui; up to bun, lie said ; ' Mynheer, 1 show you one Utile trick for uoddiuy." Asthero m.i.- lib fence or ircrt near ISIiotl put hi hand M-aiu-l bis moult, aud said : Miikc y iul soliaid a.-oueau." M.uhccr struk, ami tshon pulled awav his baud suit reviled the blow Oil bis inoiiih, aud was kiiis'ked dowu. r-hon luuiiivd up, hi- tuouih bleediu:'. und coituuelHcd daiicruic with lmiu Mii-rualem ! A lotland tuvtels take ill niuiiiivl I t;oea pack tu Holland ou lue Un! touu : The ,1 nu. -tnwii .Awrx.! t -Us of a Kawky who aw lor Hie Arsl t.tne a school jrirl e p inrouiMi some of her evmiiasltc rxervii-cs lor Iba u-s- iii.'mi .if ii.., lml., ones at home. After kiuk at her wllh looks or inlerv-sl aud counnii-aralioii lor awh.le be asked a buy near by if that cat had Bis!' "No." replied Iho lad contemptuously "llial'i Fjumasii-a." "oh. ll buy," salij V' Haul, " avii ivv " VARIOUS ITEMS. New Yonn has eighteen daily papers.. Kekiino fans for hire Is a new trade In Paris. Ot'KP.n IsATtKM.A, rf Ppain, weighs two hundred and eighty-four pounds. Onp.AT IlntTAiN derived a revenue of 51,000 from its patent olllco last year. Otntni VitTOiilA's "breakfasts' are from half past 4 to half-past 7 in the evening. A man has lately died In Taris, leaving forttino of 1 10,000 in postage stamps. Our fiktit of tho tieottlo of Alecria have died of cholera within the Past six teen months. A fiBNTT.EMAW Is to build a 200.000 church at Yonkcrs, as a memorial of his deceased wife ThB ttroof of tho adiiirn Mint, tlmn la Is found lu the fact that time's Davikb arithmetics net lilm ttOO.000 annually. A mathematician can cut a good figure at that. rlnminnooKR, Canada, claims to havo a hen which manufactures needles and lays ono with every egg. Lkoal Quimif.E. A barrister should cultivate a good temper, If he would suc ceed as a cross-examiner. A not in England was blown by the wind across a railroad track Just in timo to run over and killed. Tub erasshoppcr plaguo in Utah has been less severe this year than usual; whereat tho Mormons are joyful. Tun leaders of thc.rittsburgk Evening Mail are written in a prison cell by its editor, who is serving out a libel term. Wiikf.1,8 like men aro often tired, and very frequently from a kindred cause going round so much. Bayaud Tavlob, when last at Rome, opened a studio, employed models, aud went through a regular course of art in struction. PitiNCK Navoi.kon is said to have re mained thrcc tiuartcrs of an hour on his knees before the tomb of the late Emperor Maximilian. Liverpool gives its chief constable a salary of 1,100 a year and provides him with a house, rent free, forage, fuel, and A orand angling match Is announced Paris. The system is to bo that of whipping, or fly-catching, and tho prize is 1,000, given by a ltussiiin prince. An cx-city olllcial in Troy, N. Y lately corrected his wife with an ax-handle, for breach of etiquette in helping herself to butter at the tca-tablo with her own knito, It is estimated that In tho brcadstulfs trade of this country, from the fanner down the consumer, the transactions amount three billion dollars annually. Skvkn of the leading theatres of Paris received during the last twelve months 10,009,75(1 francs, au increase of more than three million francs over the preceding year. Gaulands of natural flowers aro now used to adorn the hair of ladies in evening toilette. They are kept lresh by quills hc ing filled with water and scaled at both ends. A DtiEnFiKLD (Mass.) man, who lias al ways resided in Deerlleld street, recently visiicu vtrccuiiem iwi iuu uisi. iiuiu iu twenty years, lie was somewhat aston ished al its growth within that period. A Boston rat built himself a costly nest recently, using therein $'2,000 worth of bills belonging to Joseph IJurgc. The money was recently reclaimed, not yet beyond redemption. A new scientific toy is a magnetic fish cut out of paper, colored to imitate nature, and which, being placed lu tho palm of tho band, wiggles as naturally ami uneasily as nsb out ot water. TitEitB is something exquisite iu the Yankee's reply to the European traveler ; when asked if he had just crossed the Alps, ho replied : " Waal, now you call my attention to the fact, I guess I did pass a littlo risin' ground." A youno woman, in France, tumbled her little sister down a well so that the In heritance might not be divided. Little sister grabbed the root of a tree as she rose to the surface, and held on until rescued. The other has gono to prison for ten years. A lady teacher was announcing to her pupils tho holiday on tho 22d day of February, and asking them why the birth day of Washington should be celebrated more than fora t A little fellow exclaimed with great vivacity, "because he never told a lie F' An English paper publishes a curious list of the largest capitalists known to ex ist in tho world. Tho first is an American manufacturer who has an income of ten millions ; the second is a Russian boyard, and the third an Englishman possessing immense territories in the East Indies. Tho Rothschilds only occupy tho number eleven on the list. Tiik practical joke docs not always end so harmless as in the case of Nathaniel Appleton, who found on riding up to the house of Ids beloved that his rival s horse was hitched at the gate. Unhitching him, and giving him a very smart stroke with a rawhide, he walked iu and inquired whose horeo that was cantering down the street. It need not be said that ho found the coast clear at once. A FnENcn journalist, wishing to poke a littlo fun at the English, says that a British Captain named Uarris onco came across a sleeping whale: Under tho im pression that it was an island, ho landed, and in the name of Queen Victoria took possession. The whale awoke and went down, carrying tho discoverer and his party, but upon all English charts the place is marked "Harris Island." Cu vikr, the naturalist, was in his favorite pursuit very democratic in bis tastes. Ho treated all men as his equals, and would not allow others to treat him as their supe rior. Ono day, while discussing a ques tion in anatomy with a young naturalist, the latter constantly interjected in hiscon versation, " Monsieur le Baron." " There is no Baron here," replied t'uvier, "there arc two students seeking the truth, and bowing down only to her." OoritAciE and Patience. bifo is sad, beoanso wo know it. Death, becauso wo know It uot ; Hut wo will not fret nor murmur Kvory man must bear bis lot. Coward hearts, wbo shrink aud fly, Aro uot Ut to live or diet Knowini; life, wo should not fear It, Neiihor death, for lhat'a unknown , Courage, rationed tbeso aro virtues Which for many sins alone, Who baa these -and havo uot If flu la lit to live aud die 1 In a recent Washington letter, "Agate," tells the following story : "At an evening reception lately given to tho Chinese em bassy, it happened to me to be assigned by tho hostess to the duty of tryiug to en tertain one of tho young Pekin students, in tho supner-room. lie touched Iho bar barian dishes but snarinLrlv.nnd conversa tion sprang up as to the did'erenco between l uinofo aim American cookery. At a sug gestion of the straits to which the embassy would lie reduced, if their Chinese cook should die, aud they should be compelled to subsist ou tho ordinary hotel fare, ho exclaimed, ' Oh, wc should soon grow very thin iu fact wo should starve.' Suddenly it seemed lo occur to the young diplomat thai tins remark might seem uncouneous, aud so ho hastened louuulify.it. 'But there aro somo things which they cook very nicely at our hotel. For example, ice cream mcy cook it very wen. It is related of an Englishman living near Florence, where at lusl uccounU the thermometer marked ninety five degree, that ho has devised an ingenious method of keeping cool. His study is walled aud floored with zinc, and is in fact a largo tank, filled breast high with water. A few articles of furniture, such as a writing table, chair or two, and a well stored book case raised upou caM-iron supports, and kept fast to their moorings by means of screws, complete the arrangements. In this retreat, or aquarium, thcow uer passes the hot uuiirs of the day, receiving: his friends and writing his letters, with the occasional variety el a dip beneath tho hiirltce. His huhilssrc tluuo of a student, aud it is delightful to we him striking out every now and Iheu with hit hands aud feet, in tho direction of his dictionary or other books of reference, spread open for lue upon a sloping buk or leJo above I" I 1 Democratic Platform. The following Is the Platform adopted by the Democratic National Convention i The Democratic party, In National 'onTi-ntlon assembled, rcposlni; Us trust In thn lni-llhrnc, patriotism aun dic rimlnatlng Instlco of tliepro- Iile, stand nnon tho (,'onstltntlon as the fonnda Ion and limitation of Iho powers of the Uovero meitt, and lh guarantee of the lllx-rtlca of lha clilaen; and recnciiUIng the question of slavery and secession as having been settled for all time to come by the war, or the voluntary action of the annthern Hlatcs In constitutional conventions as sembled, and never to be renewed or reagitated, Uo. with the mturn of peace, demand: trt. The Immediate restoration of all the States to thrlr rights In the I nlon iindur theL'onstitutloa of civil government of tho American people. fln-otid. Amnesty for all pat. political ollensea, and tho reputation of tlio elective franchise iu the rilalei by (heir citizens. Thkrti. Tho navnient of tbe nnhtle ilehl nf the nltert Stales at rapidly ae practicable all mnwy drawn f.-om the people by taxation, except so mncn Is reuuisilo for the necessities of tbe Uavem. mont, economically administered, beinir honestly applied to stub payment, and when tlio obliga tions of tho Government do not expressly stato upon thoir faco, or the low under which they were !ssucd tloesnot provide that they shall lie paid in coin, that they oiiL'ht, In rielit, anil In justice, to bo paid lu the lawful money of the United Diaiea. Fourth. Enual taxation of evert aneciea of proMTty, according to value. Including UoverO' uicnt bonds and other nubile seenritiet. Filth. One rurrenrv for ttie (Jovernment and the people, tho laborer and the oftlco holder, the pensioner and tbe soldier, tho producer and the bondholder. ""'A. Kconomy In the administration of the Government; the reduction of the Handing army and navy; tho abolition of the Freedmcn Bu reau, and all political Instrumentalities designed to aerva negro supremacy : the simplification of ..... c.,u .nn uiBti'iiiinuance oi tne in quisitorial modes of assessing and collecting In. tornitl revenue : that Iho burden of taxation bo equalized and lessened, and the credit of the country made Rood ; the repeal of all enactment for the enrollment of btate militia Into National forces in timo of peace, aud a tariff for revenue up- uii lorei-u imports, aim sucn en uai taxation under the internal revenue laws, as will afford Incidental protection to domestic manufactures as well. without Iniparlng the revenue ; to impose tbe least burden upon, and best promote and encourage the great Industrial InU-rests of tho couutry. Xrenti. The reform of abuses In the Adminis tration; tho expulsion of corrupt men from btuce the QbroL-atlon of useless olllces : the restoration of the rightful authority and the lndc)ondeuce of tbe Executive and Judicial Departments of tbe Government; the subordination of the military to tbe civil power, to the end that the usurpation of Congress aud tho despotism of the aword may cease, Kiqhth. F.qnnl rights snd protection fornntnrnl I zed and native-born citizens, at home aud abroad i tho assertion of American nationality, which wil command tho respect of foreign powers, and furuish an example and encouragement to pcoplo struggling for national integrity, constitutional liberty and individual rlubis. and tho malute- nauco of the ribta of naturalized citizens aeainst tho absoluto doctrine of Immutable nllegianco, and thoclaims of foreign 1'owcre to punish tboin lor alleged crimes cummitod beyond their juris diction. arralgu tho Radical parly lor lis disregard of right, nnd tho unparalleled oppression aud tyr anny which have marked its career, after the most solemn and unauimous pledge of both llonses of congress to prosecute tne war exclusively lor tne mninteuancu of tho Government, aud the preser vation of the Union under tho Constitution, ft has repeatedly violated that most sacred pledge under which was rallied that noblo volunteer army which carried our Hag to victory. Instead of restoring the Union, it has, so far ae it is in its power, dissolved it, and subjugated ten States, in timo of profound peace, to military despotism and negro supremacy, ft has nullitied there tho right of trial by jury ; it has abolished tho kubetts corpus that most sacred writ of liberty; it has over thrown the freedom of speech aud tho press ; it has substituted arbitrary seizures and arrests, and military trials ana secret star cnamnor lniiutsi lions for Constitutional tribunals: it haa uisro f:arded in time of peace tho right of tho pcoplo to o free from search and seizures; it haa entered the post aud telegraph otlices, and even the pri vate rooms of imnvidut-.ls, and aclzcd their private letters and papers without any specification or notlco of nllldavit. ns required by tho organic law ; it has converted the American Capitol into a lbistilc ; it has established a system ol spies and oltlcial espionage, to whicn no constitutional monarchy of Europe would now daro to resort; it has abolished the right of appeal on important constitutional questions to the supreme judicial tribunals, and thieatons to control or destroy its original Jurisdiction, which is irrevocably vested by tlio Constitution, while the learned Chief Jus tico haa been subjected to great aud atrocious calumnies merely because be would not prostitute his high olllco to the support of the falsa and par tisan charges preferred agniust tho President. Its corruption and extravagance havo exceeded anything known lu history, and by its frauds aud monopolies it has nearly doubled tbo burden of the debt created during tbe war. It baa elripticd the President of bis C'onslitutional.'powcr of ap pointment, even or his own Cabinet; under its repeated assaults tho pillars of tho Government aro rocking on their huso, und, should It succeed In November next nnd inaugurate tie President, wo will meet as a subject and conquered people, amid tho ruins of liberty and tbe scattered frag ments of the Constitution. Aud we do declare and resolve, that ever since tho people of tbo United Slates threw oil' all sub jection to the British crown, tho privilege and trust of snll'rago have belonged to the sevornl States, and have been granted, regulated, and con trolled exclusively by the political power of each State respectively, and any attempt by Congress, on any pretext whatever, to deprtvo any Stute of this rlL'ht.. or to interfere with this cxerciso. is a flagrant usurpation of power which can find no tn .1... I nt,mi l , iitlnn ...I IC .ann,l,.n.. by the people, will subvert our form of govern ment, and can only end iu a single, centralized, consolidated Government, in which the Bcparato existence of tlio Stales will bo entirely absorbed, aud an unqualified dospot'sin bo established in place oi a leuerat euion oi coequal Mates; ana that wo regard tho reconstruction acta of Con gress aa such usurpations, and ae unconstitutional. revolutionary, nun vuiu ; luui uur euiuiers uuu sailors, who carried the flag of our couutry to victory against a most gaiiantanauoiermineu toe. must ever bo gratefully remembered, and that all lhe iruarantees iriveu In their favor must be faith fully carried into oxoctttion ; tbat the public lands should oo iiistruiuteuas widely among tne people, and should be disposed of either under the pre emption of homestead lands, or sold in reasonable quantities, auu to nouo out actual occnpanui at a niii.ininm price established by the Government ; that when crania of tbe Duulic lands may bo deemed necessary for tbe encouragement of im portant public improvements, tbe proceeds of tho sale of such lands, and not tho lands themselves, should bo so applied; that tho President of the United Males. Andrew Johnson, exercishu? tbo power of hie orhco in resisting tlio aggressions of congress on tne constitutional riguui oi uioouuee and tbe people, ia eutitled to the gratltndu.of tho whole American people, aud on behalf of the Democratic party, we tender him our thauka for Die patriotic euorts in mat regaru. Upou thla platform the Democratic party appeal to every patriot, including- ail tbo conservative element, and all wbo desire to support tho Consti tution and restore tho Union, and forgetting all past dillerences of opinion, to unito with us in the prescut great struggle for the liberties of tho peoplo; and that to alf such, to whatever party mcy may navu neretoioro ooiongea, wo an exienu the right hand of fellowship, and hali all cuch,co eporuliug witn us, as inenas aua orouiors. 11. 03 to In Country Life. Keei away from the city I This advice Is in strict consonance with business pro dence and sound common sense. Young man, the great rewards of life are not within tho bounds of municipalities. Here and thero ono, more fortunate than his fellows, accumulates wealth ; but it is tho rule for the seekers after fortune within the city to fall. True independence and the greatest amount of happiness are found iu the country and in tho pursuits mat mo couniry auorus. raao ono nun dred youngsters just in tho blossom of cany manhood ; let ntty oi mem remain tn the country ns farmers, ana nity seek wealth in the excitement and dangers of the city, and, at the end of a quarter or a century, what do you suppose would bo their comparative condition r f ortunate yl experience tells : Of tho burghers pos sihly ono would be a favorite of fortuno wealthy, inlluenliul, grasping and discon tented. Ut tho lorty-nino remaining, whUky would have claimed many; a few would he still struggling against uuslor tunc; half would bo dead, leaving nothing ia their heirs a sad record, but ugaiu and again proved to bo tho rule. Of the farmers, half of those living would havo a compctenco and a few an independence. Ten per cent, of the whole would have closed their accounts with this world ; while only two per cent. of the survivors would be found liable to bo pinched by want. Tho city men, all being married, would have an averago of ono child and a hall each ; the country men an average of threo children each, The city men would havo an averago life or torty-nino years ; tuo country men an averago ot htty-nino years, iheso aro fact, wrung from tho mean of many care ful observations. Few men aro born to do better iu this world than the generality of thoso into whose social or commercial rank they are introduced in early life, Tho law of average, like lhe law of chance, is inexorable. For every man who makes a fortune, forty uen mako nothing. For every man who goes to heaven, after twenty-live years' life iu Chicago or New York, leu men in tuo country seem to giari for that destination, lo havo a com I tele uee in old age, to lead a happy life, to mvo health and vigor, to rejoice in many children, aud to j:cl to heaven at latt, young man, stay iu tho country, fast by that earliest gift of Uml to man the plow I In that, if faithfully followed, and ii tho mental aitaiumcuU at which every farmer may, if ho will, arrive, there are the groatot prize that this njxir ute las to bestow. tVu'WO '" "0 I "' a ,.,n niiiiied Jotctdi Walscncraft ..'.! . hlhimr store iu I'itlshurgh and when snaking soma small purchiue managed to steal a pair of pantaloons. On reaching home lie discoveied they w, r liov's siio. entirely too small for him, so ho relumed to the store next t.ay to liavA them exchanged, when, lie was promptly arrested aua locked up. Railways in the United States. Wo nittt. r fl, r..ll,.vln r. tnrtm frr.rM Mr V-Piwir'a IS.. ....! ...;.... Tl,., , J"1 w7 chartered was tho ltaltiinore arid Ohio. This was In 127, and in 18J.I1, miles were operated by horse power. The second was the railway from Albany Schenectady and tho third was ho South Carolina in mrh which was at that time the longest in the world. In 1XJ11 we poscssed tint fituo over 100 mile 0f rail- . road ; in 15, 1,098 miles ; in 1M07, 3 244 miles. In 1(3117, 224 miles of new truck were laid; in lSOO, 2,227 miles of new track. In 1843 only loll miles wcro laid- 18(10, 3,0 W miles were opened, which la the largest number of mile of new track laid inanyycAr. ini8Uf, air. roor minks we shall have 43,000 miles in operation. In imi7, New England had 8,0.18 miles laid tho Middle Htatcs, 0,iVv3i tho Southern estates, 10,007 ; and tho Western Slates ana Pacific coast, 1.5,220. Massachusetts has the most for her territory one milo for every 5J square miles ; New York has one for every 14Jf square miles. The gross earnings of all the railways U 21 per cent, of the cost The expenses consume 70 per cent, of the earnings. Tho whole railway system haR cost 1,HX),000,0(M), or two-thirds of our national debt. If all tho country were furnished as well aa Ohio, wc should have 104,800 miles; and if as well as Massachusetts, y.i2,800 miles. Strengthen the Defences! Malaria, tho most deadly enemy of health, la everywhere active In July and August. Tho blaa lng aun Is decomposing and fermenting every species of vcgotable and aulmal abomination, and poisonous gases that depress aud Infect tho sys tem are universally present. On the prairies, tn tbo swamps, lu tho woods, and in tbo midst of crowded cities, thla development of tho elcmcnta of dlseaso is sow uoino on. In short the human body la In a stato ot alego, and reason and com mon sense suggest that Its defences be stuknotu enf.I). A stimulant, a tonic, a corrective, and an alterative aro required to put tt In perfect trim, and these four grand requisites are combined In HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTE1UJ. A man must bo mado of steel not to bo affected by the morbid matter act nlloat tn the atmospbero by tho rays of au almost vertical snn. Nlno-tenthe of tbo community nro premonished at this season by de bility, indigestion, hendacho, want of appetite, in dispositlou for exertion, nervousness, &c that they NEED SOMUTM1NU TO BUILO THE UP AND , nKIII't.ATK TllKtn ANIWAtj MACHINEIIV. Ho they want to " tight it out on that line all summer,'1 or to aclilove an Immediate victory ovor their uu- tleasant symptoms, aud secure that first of eaven'a blessings " a sonnd mind in a sound body" If the latter is their desiro, let them re sort to the lllTTKKS without delay. Tim I agree able and potent vegetable regenerative will soon restore tbo system to its balance regulating tbo liver, strengthening tho stomacb, gently relieving the bowels, and giving vigor, elasticity, and en ergy to tlio whulo fratno. Theso are proven facts. No man who reads tbo testimony on which they aro founded can for a moment doubt them. Tho Dew Drops Which tho Creator's Inflnlto power supplies every night, prepares the earth for tho bursting forth of tho sun ; the rain which penetrate tho earth clears away obstructions, ana tho snow acta as a Tonic, producing ImtuediaUt circulations, and bids tbo dead earth lean luto new life. In like manner does tho Oreat Household ltontcilyMish- lor a Herb Jintcrs detnuuslrate lie wouuermi powers. It prepares thu human system for tho chango altout to be wrought iu ita condition; ite virtues as a Tonic prodnce tlio most desirable and mmetiiato results in puntying tne nioou ano. quaiiing its circulation inrougnout too wuoie lodv. and It clears away evorv obstruction to ig- orons health, absolutely drivlnir out disease, uo matter how trivial, where It la located, or what la lis cbnracter. It has been established aa a fact tte yond doubt or cavil, that there ia Dot un organ of tne nuinan ooay it win not anect, or a disease it will not euro, if taken iu timo and according to the directions accompanying each bottle. Mold by II drngi'ists aud dealers. Dr. U. 11. llartman & Co., Proprietors, Lancaster, Pa. tir CUT Tills OUT AN It l'OCKKT IT. KVEKTOK't KXi'IlAMJK, of J. A.inm- 1. (Ton d.' Co.. Jt lleraoll St., Mkmpiiik, Tenn. lluy and sell on Commission l'ATKNT Ull, UTS and AKTICLKB. Thoroughly acquainted all over tlio Southern Slates. For Sale lilL'litato"FlNl.EY CllfaN Dasiikk." The tiest anil simplest most popular and saleable. For Sale lttghts to " IIakbihon's Wahiiino Machine." The very latest, nil rl aheail of all others. str open to corrcBponucnce irom au iiuartcrs.fij AI5KNTH WANTED for Iho Heat "Mvfuiif (iriint nnd Olliix" yet Issued, lly lion. K. It. Mansfirlu (well known aa "K. !. M." of Clneliinall OAzafra and "Veteran Olwervcr" of the New York Ttaica.) Two editions Knirllsh and (iertuan. Knll account Ol lliese uisiinauisni-tl men, Willi meei i or traits and Maps, Republican Platform and Letters of Acceptance. lrico LOW, to suit the times. Large iruius 10 jviieiiia. rur lermuiy uiij wiu-iu iw., iir n in an a. apply to our Western ofllcc. U. (i. LAM1IKKT, tt. Drawer. No. 10. ltloonilnuloil. Illinois. Kast op Illinois, apply to It. W. CAitlioLL & CO., Publishers, 117 w est 4tn street, (.inciunaii, uuo. LIPPINCOTT & BAKEWELL. Manufacturers of Axes, Shovels, Saws, &c, IIS Walir mt., IMttabirah, Ph.. MILL OWNKUS anil LITMIIKll MEN will find It really to their advantaL-o to use SAW'S and AXKS manufactured by Lll'PIN'COT r llAKKW Kl.L.I'ltts- btirch. Pa. IT Consider well before ordering from oilier portico yoor 1 TV - I va For every Cans. Mill. , Malay and Clrenlar Saw, from empcred, Patent (irolltul, and by s Process Ifor which we have I'. H. 6 to 7X Indira. Is Oil Te our Patent Teninerlnir I patents, exclusively our own I, made of uniform temper all over the circular saw. llnrd and unit Npota iu the same saw an thus iilwnya Avoided I . w e areulso sole owners and uiauutaclurcrsox Colhttrn's Patent Red Jacket Axe. With this Axe, any lumber man will, wllb the samo labor, cut ' percent, more llmlter per day. I tr We are also Ageuu lo.' ilOYXTOVB TAXU for I.tlSS-LTT SAWS. tnr- our (iooda aro for sale by all Dealers In tlte fulled tttalss. l i ano mam lii--im;ii i r uo. An Antidote for Tobaccos Is groat remedy lnvariahlr rsntmMt nil deni for TUiiero, and It tntirtly vtatttibU and karuKtM. It It awaan excellent appeUier. It puiiflea ttulood, invlKOralaa the system, noaaesaea creat nulirKlTirii. .n.l strengthening power, enables the atomuoto digest the heartiest Ited, makes Bleep refreshing, and eatab llhes robust heffllh. Smoktrt and OKtwert for Filiu 1 lrl furtd. PlNU) Fifty CntXnr Rax noat fr.ya A Treatise on the Injurious Kacu of Tobacco, with llata of tesUtnonlala, rerenas, etc, bent eeeb. Agcnta wanted. AddrWur. T. K. Abbott. Jasuo City, M.J. V , A Clibotman TatermONvV-Oira Ttox nr Aim- pots cured mybmMTer and myiNf It netie eails. xtev, i. vyeuouAJisa, Kelaw's BUUon, Pa. ?" Mnd am restored to sound KMth by using UieANTlra, B. D. BoWLaa. Pr,,Wllll Mn. Fs ma TT. 8. Tansnay. au-rn.'TSuA send a aunnlrnf Ami.m. Th. An. lLi..i uvnt ut teorx scielt. ft T. Eikia lOipyrtghtrd.) CENTS WILL. BUY A CASK r.a tabling X qutre tine Letter Paper, li Knvelopo ( Penholder, Indestructible Pens, 1 Pencil, A (iUAUANTEKU MKCE1PT t'Olt lillKL MA- riSM. (lncredleuU nurclinaed at any drug alore.) also a piece of Jewelry valued at from SO centa to to. One case In every hundred eoulalna a TKN POLLAU (iHEK-SllACK. No humbug. Bent hy mall ou receipt of 50 ceuu and 3 red stamps. Addrosa II. II. WUULIUUba s tu., Cincinnati, Ohio. THRESHING MACHINES. J. I. CASE & CO., IUclne, Wlseouaiu. Parties wishing t.i purchase the PKST MACIIISK In use, with the Celebrated Woodbury tMnuntcd.l tlliusx or litis Powers, are requesnil to call on our I.oai AircnU al all l!Urtatil polnut In Iho Weateru !;' or to write to the Company for an Illustrated prlte lli which will be sent rnua by mall. 'VS. W IUU K8 (l.K IIAUOWAUK ASH CI'Tl.hKV. 31 lake MrScl1 (btV.g1llll.K.I.. inuiwaclarere ul WlKB CLoru, biavaa, IIiuhum. etc. !,Ii:iALS. Ono or Hilled. AtTentv C'm pro(t mte Mer ln.lla Uliiu Cemeill, lllneV'S Montr T"S i Me.UK Kl "its Wheel. M wlc tana. Linen hwyer' bi lett OIim ami hlueiie, Plate- ( aiupalau ... ... . .nri mi v ,uhr i.', bkI M'llini: artu lei. irnartie lilars l.lrcr-a WVt. A. UUAllt OlUl ACOwl Clark alrcct. Clin ago. 111. i $75: TO Jllll Pt.K MONTH PAf.AKY paid to Ag'-nl-i. little or Irtn.ile.t4i Inrrinlii, a i,nr I A If. i i r. r.i.i.ABj i , .... nun, Wll;K I l.irtlKS .lk. Aiiilra A a k a i - n Wiaa (., . William uett, hew oik,or Its IK arhoru k:lieel,eiilcao, ill. 1 1.. .,1 thn M.'llllllilClOrV. i,y ui, -V" gu,,!,.,, I bailipie, i weiii j -u. ,.... . - - UllU UllllUl. J " S l 1 . Lakpueak &, AkiikYi Clcvcmnu, umu. to'':.ver iu ''sr : i" ."a;-n,,t on rece.pt ol ,.. Weral", ke,i constantly . !""".. l'd.v l Medical IUumination. Foor Magnificently ll'nlrtetl Mi-dtcal Book, con- taLiitti-f liiitMirUMit I iivaloioieic.-w luioriuaiioti air urn Mint H intu itu Btcul fit, on re 1 etui ul & cMUb. uv mi rvi.tii ul ii cfiua. ly mi- IWv. York CU)'. 111!