Newspaper Page Text
Farm and Household.
Grass as a Renovator of the Soil.
Trm gti has not yet developed one of it
(TTCKtCRt benefits: but U la fast armrrmrh-
injr It, namely, the benefit of (trass, both an
' a lotHM rlnL anil aa a rennvsttir of thn
soil. We have a two fold benefit licro
and each is important It la this, more
tan artyiriiiift else, that improve our aou.
lialrying and the nan of elover do this. So
great la thia advantage that It ta font bo
coming universal, ao far at leaHt at it i
praclicabln, Dairies aro being rmilliplicu,
and rapidly, not only irom llio benefit
'which results from llielr product which
ta equal, ncrhapa, to that of craln, and
mi per tor In manr localities but fur the
clloct unon tho anil ; this la never uncer
tain, but may bo relied upon at nil times.
And it is the right kind of Improvement ;
It is what the soil has grown, and will
crow again : and It is readily converted
into plant food ; a season will do It effec
tually half a season Will prepare it (tho
roots) for use. How readily wo clrnngo a
sod fur the reception of seed In tho fall.
It la but simply plowing, and th.n wait
ing but a few months and tho work Is
dono, the soil is Improved. Thcro has
been no saving of manure, no drawing;
no spreading, etc. All Is in thn soil
nlrcadyt and needs but attention as ft soil.
Wo thus readily and In the easiest manner
Improve and keep up our land. For manv
years continued (and with profit mean
while) tne improvement is almost miracu
lous, and most, delightful to witness. And
we may grow our grasses as strong ns wo
please; us what manure we please. It
will but thicken the sod : add fertility.
both in the manure and in tho sod, so that
according to tho benetlt (and not tho loss)
of the one will be the Improvement of tho
other. This Is the boautv of the oners.-
tion, getting first the good, and then the
improvement, a good also, and In propor
tlon to the first A vury heavy, old sod,
that has received more or less manure, is
pcrhsps unoxcellud for most crops per
haps for all crops for wo have never seen
any ill effects, but only good, from the use
of tho sod. It is particularly grateful to
fruit trees, tho smaller fruits, grapevines,
eta, ana ranks with lcul mould, chip
manure, weedlngs of the garden, etc For
corn wo think there Is no manure equal to
it in a good season, wo think ko le
cause we have seen it. Mow, rank ma
sure, strong manure of any kind will
benetit corn ; com Is a strong feeder. Hut
still sod Is tho reliance in tho old set
tled portions of tho country practiced
largely. It is curious that vegetable
bomiceous manure should have such an
influence an influence great In propor
tion to what it seems to possess. Tims a
fow leaves have a perceptible elfect upon
tho grape-vino. A good coot of leaves ap
plied In the full covered slightly with
soil will give a yield tlio nnsuing season
that can hardly tie credited to tho leaves
alone. Yet such Is tho fact. Let vegeta
ble manure be applied to the Wilson straw
berry, and a similar ell'ect will take place.
Now, a sod has depth, and therefore, ouaii-
tity and richness. There is much more of
It than of tho thickest coal of manure wo
apply. It would pay to raise sod, aside
from its bonelit as a grass, merely to en
rich. It is hence that sod !h becoming so
general, llut sod should bo treated prop
erly. You can bury it too deeply. For
grain or for grass no ono would turn it in
deep, but plow shallow, just turning the
sward well, with some, mellow soil to cover
tho roots. This will keep tho richness at
tho top where it is wanted. For corn,
there is a deeper furrow ; tho sod is put
where tho roots of tho corn, which ex
tend downward, will appropriate it, and
at tho time when it is well fermented, tho
fermenting process heating tho soil, ami
extending its clt'ect upward toward the
roots as if to invite them. Tuey soon
reach this bed of rotted vegetation ; this,
when soil is plowed in the spring, as Is
tho most successful practice. For fruit
trees sod lias a high reputation and it
deserves It. Hero it may bo put in ns far
as tho plow will admit, or may bo worked
through tho soil; either will do, only let
there lie a still', old soil, bod loosens tho
soil, mellows it It Is just the reverse of
clogging and compacting. Tho long tap
root of clover will loosen ; and roots of the
grasses will do tho same, tho one above
tho other below and above. Jlenco one
advantage of using the two in connection,
a practice universal In New York and
other places. If on stu:li a soil, thoroughly
cnotratad with roots, and for years, with
additions of top-dressings, ami a coal of
rich, fermenting manures added, as Is
sometimes done, the greatest results aro
effected. Tho soil is thoroughly mellow
if drained, cither artificially or other
wise well enriched with the right kind
of pabulum, and will grow anything.
Stion soils are tho soils that aro needed;
and wo can make them, and with profit lu
tho making, Jourmil of Agriculture
Preserving Green Corn for Winter.
Tiik canning of corn In families so gen
erally fails that we cannot recommend tho
trial. The next best thing to canned corn
ii that which is properly dried. The first
essential Is good corn, and the next is to
dry it carefully bcCore it gets too old.
Mrs. M. L. Uage, of Hoss county, Ohio,
communicates the following sensible ideas
about preparing it :
" It is a wonder that so few should have
any thing but field corn for table use: and
for drying there is a still greater contrast
between the common field corn and the
garden varieties. I have boon used for
years to drying corn. Boll the green ears
a minute or two, Just to harden tho milk,
then cut from the cob and spread on a
cloth In the sun for two days, taking it in
at night; it will then keep anywhere.
When cooked, it is better to souk It a few
hours, and boil in the same water. In
cold weather all that is wanted for a week
or two mav be wet It cooks Quicker and
tastes better. A little milk and flour
boiled in is almost as good as cream.
have not given up drying corn, but for
two years past I have put some down in
salt, which give another variety, and is
more quickly prepared. At first I had dif
ficulty in freshening it, and ;then it was
comparatively tasteless, but now I boll
the corn in one water a minute or two,
turn the water oil, add a lew sliced pots
toes, boll until they aro done, drain off
the water, and add cream or butter. We
think this preparation tastes more like
summer corn than the dried corn does.
In salting, I cut tho green corn without
boiling, and pack it, alternating, one pint
of corn and a small handful of salt. W hen
the vessel is about full put on a cover that
-will fit down to the corn, and place a small
weight on it, as it must be kept under the
brine which ii makes irom its own Juice.
I have, for the past two years, been can
ning green corn witu tomatoes, l uso
about one-fourth partooru, cooking'the
two togelhor. I have never heard of but
one case where creen corn rannn.l hv It.
elf did not spoil, but corn and tomatoes
canned together Is a perfect success. Am.
Pigs in Summer.
From a lato circular from John Haight,
our well-known swine breeder, of l)u I'aire
county, wo take the following on tho above
Hummer Is the time to make pork
making it in winter is much like running
a Doai against wind ana tide ; u rttiilrei
too Tuucli food to keep up the animal heat
II nogs nave plenty ol grass In summer,
and about half the corn they will est tliev
will fatten rapidly; and mv belief is that
tnree pounds or pork can be made from
less grain in this way than one pound can
be In cold weather with a bog in a close
pen. The grass is cooling and loosenlne.
1 and counteracts the feverish properties of
the corn. Hogs will never melt in sum
mer, however fat, if they can have access
to water and mud to lie in. Mud Is very
bad for hogs in cool or cold weather. It
absorbs too much animal heat Milk Is
very cooling drink and almost Indispensable
to raising young pigs. But very little
corn and no corn meal should be fed to
young pig before they are four months
old. The e fleets of corn and raw corn
7OUD5 P'g ara these : The pigs
W1U nrsl be CdMLivH. thxn thv Willi a,.,,-
!rlUn U! rub Malnrt ?v-rytblii(j
IT u 'oh attain, that will ml. n,.r
' wui uuvu u rni riml
...in a .
W" tTant dry, black acurf will
U wiMi Sf 0ttU andtha mora of
they will get. Tho best thing that can be
Hone lor a pig in this condition, is lo give
him a thorough washing In warm rain
water or sour milk t sour milk is best.
Coarse, flour or middlings from ryo or
wheat. When made into a thin drinkable
slop with milk. Is the best feed for young
pigs, except bread and milk. 11 read Is
good lor very young pigs, Iwcauso it has
iH-en loavf nod. rood nss 10 lermeni no-
lore It will digest, and If ful to a young
pig before fermented, it will overtask his
stomach and spoil him. Lettuco is good
for young pics. It will stop the scours
In them. tho middlings should bo
put with thn milk at night, alter tho
feeding has been done, and allowed to he
in the milk through the night, never al
lowing the swill tub to get ipillo empty,
always leaving a little In tho bottom for
yenst I ho swill should never be permitted
to gel stnle. Won iced should be led otlen,
and never more led at a tlmo than will be
eaten up at once. Slop feed will mnko
larger hogs than dry feed. After tho pigs
gel to lie Irom three to lour months old,
their lood can bo made stronger, but a pig
will not pear much strong tood until he
begins to rhanitc Irom a pig into a hog,
which will be known by his volco, In tl
West, where hngs are raised on a Inrge
scale, but one litter should be raised Irom
a sow In a year, and the sow should have
them In the month of Mayor June. The
sows should run to crass, and mav be fed on
corn. Tin pigs should suck them as long
as they will. In this way the pigs require
but little care, and they gel ago so thai lliey
will winter well on corn. Nono but
breeders should try to get ninro than ono
litter from a sow In a year. The fall litter
will reiptlra too much care for tho farmer,
One litter ran begot In April anil another
In September or October following, from
one sow, but tho spring pigs will have to
be weaned Irom four to six wecksold, am
fed on clear sour milk for two or three
weeks aller weaning, and fed often. New
milk once a day will keep them from scour
Ing. Sour milk is better than new milk
New milk will first make the pig costive
then scour 1dm. It will curdlu in his
stomach, but sour milk will uot. The late
fall pigs should suck tho sows as long as
thev will, and tho sows should be fed on
warm siop feed, and fed often. Tho slop
can bo warmed by pouring hot water into
the swill tub. A breeding sow should
never be fed much dry corn. Hho will get
foundered on it ami spoiled. I'rairin
Reclaiming Harsh Soil.
Komk soil Is hard clay-bound and
will crack. Such soil requires sand. But
as sand Is too expensive to apply, other
menus will have to bo resorted lo,
Ono of these (and tho foremost) Is, to
plow In the lull or early winter plow dry,
The elements aro the best ameliorators,
At tho same time Umo limy bo applied to
Next lu order, and of great conseiiuence,
Is (Topping tho land with certain kinds of
grain, vc,. roan will mellow mo sou. no
will buckwheat. And so will clover.
These can all bo applied without any dllll
cully, not being hoed crops that rcipiiro
A still' soil turned up in tho fall and
well limed, tho lime harrowed in, followed
by a crop ol peas, and sown in the mil to
clover, will, when the sward, a fow years
thereafter, is turned down, show an Im
provement that amounts to a completo
change. Tho land now Is In a lalr worka
ble order, and needs but manure and
plowing wheu dry enough (and usu
ally In the fall) to keep ll In good, condi
tion. Of all things, a clay soil is tho
most critical to manage. CWmni'j Jlttntf
Language of Insects.
A most singular discovery is that of tho
nntennal language of Insects. Bees and
other insects uro provided, as every body
knows, with feelers or antenuie. Those
aro, in fact most delicate organs of touch,
warning of dangers, and serving the ani
mals to hold a .sort of conversation with
each other, and to commuuicalo their de
sires and wants,
A strong hive of bees will contain thirty-six
thousand workers. Knell of these,
in order to bo assured of tho presence of
their queen, touches her every day with
its anleiinie. Should tho queen dio or be
removed, tho wholo colony disperse them
selves and are seen In tho hive no more,
perishing every one, and quilting all the
stores of now useless honey which they
had labored so Industriously to collect lor
tho use ol themselves and ol tho larva1.
On tho contrary, should tho queen bo put
into a wire cage, placed nt tho bottom of
the hive, so that her subjects can touch
and feed her. they aro contented, and tho
business of tlio hive proceeds as usual.
This antennal power of communication
is not confined to bees. Wasps and ants,
and probably other Insects exercise It. If
a caterpillar Is placed near an ant's nest a
most curious scene will oiten arise, a
solitary ant will perhaps discover it, and
eagerly attempt to draw it awny. Not
being able to accomplish this, it will go up
to another ant and, by means of the anten
nal language, brings it to tho caterpillar.
Still these two aro perhaps unable toper
form tho task of moving it . They will
separate and brtng up relnfoVcenieuiH ol
the community by tho same means, till a
sulllclent number is collected to enable
tho to thuir neat
Unco a Week. ,
Fascination of Snakes.
Whkn I was engaged ns a surveyor. I
had frequent opportunities of seeing
snakes, and ab I stood ono day very slug
gishly leaning over a fence, I saw a large
rattlesnake in as pretty a coll as a painter
could have desired. Tho only apparent
living part of it was Its head, wiileh moved
to and lro. .My eyes Tell upon it and im
mediately I lost power to move. I felt
surprised dl..y and inditlerent How
long 1 was so 1 do not know, but my pres
sure against the fence caused a piece of
the timber to tall; the movement aroused
me, and made my fascinating enemy glide
off. And bo I was saved, but the feeling of
horror, sickness and fainting that came
over mo effects me even while I tell it
Another says: "I was passing through
.Maryland with three others, when one
was observed to slop behind without any
assignable caune; his companions called
mm, mil no not moving, ono returned and
upbraided him with indltl'erenco of their
companionship, nut not moving, lie camo
up close to him, and Uking him by the
arm, pulled htm towards him, saying,
'Why do you linger, man r' Ho now ob
served his eyes werefixvd, and directing
ins to tlio oticcl ol vin'ou, saw an tin
meiise rattlesnake half bowing and half
crawling toward him. His companion
heard him ejaculate he will blto met he
will bite meV and replying with tho Jerk
or pull he gave him, he said, Yes, ho will
bilo you sure enough if you don't come
away.' Tho enchantment was now at au
end, and turning to his friend, he fell pros
trate luto his arms, and was very faint aud
sck, and u was long ere ao recovered.
KoUt fy a Trailer.
Tiik Ohio htnn r lets off Ihe following
Large horses are generally most admired
bv farmers ; but farmers are most admired
who jx'iy up.
Prosperity U generally based upon
knowledge aud industry ; the swine will
always get iuom that n most.
Farmers are liks fowls, neither will get
mil cri' wunoui industry.
Because a man who attends a flock
sheep is a shepherd, makes it no reason
that a man who keeps cows should lie
We like to see a farmer increase the
growth of useful plants aud shrubs around
his home, but do uot like to see him use
rails, poles, and boards to prop- yat4 with
An Amusing Exchange of Pulpits.
Thk Hah way (Nt. J.) AdvocaU, of July
80, relates the following Incident :
" The Firit Baptist and the First Metho
dist Churches in Itahway had each ar
ranged to have their pulpits supplied by
clergyman named Miller, wlio was lo
found at the railroad depot it Klirabeth
ou Sunday morning, and conveyed hence
In a carriage. At the appointed time the
f .t, !! i i .1 i i l
promenading on the platform, acrnstcd
dm, found his namn was Miller, told him
his errand, and finally look htm on hoard
and to Haliway, where he preached for the
MctliiMltwt a, though lie is a baptist preitcner.
The Baptists soon after found another
gentleman or the name or Miller, also
walking by tho depot and took him to
their charch In Hah way, wbero ho gave
them a good sermon. Both parlies were
pleased, which Is more than can usually be
said in tho cose of a doutile mistake, and
all enjoyed the Joke when it was known
how much their sectarianism had been in
danger without receiving any actual dam-ago."
Mental and Manual Labor.
Thok. IIoi oiitoN of Trinity College,
Mobile, has published soma curious chem
ical computations respecting the relative
amounts of physical exhaustion produced
by mental and manual labor. According
to those chemical estimates, two hours of
severo mental study abstract from the hn
man system as much vital strength ns Is
taken from It by an entire day of mere
hand-work. This fact, which seems to
rest tipon strictly scientific laws, shows
that the men who do brain work should be
careful, first, not to overtask themselves
by continuous exertion; and secondly,
that they should not omit to take physics!
exertion on a portion of each day, sulll
cient to restore thn eoullibrium between
tho nervous and the muscular systems.
Ainu ana fiiirn. llrportir.
"At the Point the Bayonet."
Kvkhv day makes ll plainer that tho
policy which tho Democratic party has
chosen to submit to the public Judgment In
this campaign is not one of administration
merely, but of absolute and forcible revo
lution. - It proposes to reverse all tho na
tional legislation of the last three years, to
subvert tho reconstruction which the
country has approved, to disperse organ
ized Statu governments by the bayonet ;
by the same, means to reinstate those who
for t he highest crime against the Common
wealth hava been temporarily disfran
chised; to deprive hundreds ol thousands
ol new citizens of the ballot, ami thrust
them back into a Beml-unslaved condition
a project which can not be accomplished
but by thn most sanguinary measures.
Proclaiming a wholly arbitrary test of
citizenship In color--a test involving caste
and Inconceivable Injustice, which em
braces the entire disalle clod class, and ex
cludes a Inrgo body of tho loyal people
it announces that if its claim Is disregard
ed it will appeal to " physical force, and
place Its candldato In the AVhlto House at
tho point of tho bayonet.
It will not bo forgotten that tho party
which thus enters into apolitical campaign
with a loud threat of civil war is the one
that has previously made the same threat
and fulfilled It to the letter. In 18110 tho
Democratic orators said that "tho South"
could not be expected to submit to the
election of Mr. Lincoln. In 1850 Mr. Fill
more, absurdly called Conservative, had
said the same thing in view of tho election
of Mr. Fremont it was not bravado
merely. Whatever the Northern portion
of the parly may have I hough t or intended,
the Southern portion was sincere and re
solved ; aud ll was that portion which had
entirely controlled tho party and dictated
Its policy, because It was tho positive ele
ment. This history repeats Itself. In 1K04 tho
positive, clement wa,s tho Copperhead
majority represented by Mr. Vullandig
hain. Mr. Yallandlgham made the Demo
cratic platform of that year, which was
merely a proposal to succor the rebellion
and 'secure its success. In any event It
was revolution : and revolution in tho In
terest of the tilavcholdiuir oligarchy. The
national conscience and sagacity, however,
were too strong: the Union and progress
ive freo society were saved. In ltjtW tlio
sanio spectacle is presented. Tho war is
ovor. But tho passion aud purposees of
its chief instigators remain. Defeat lu the
pfl'ort to destroy tho Union lias not taught
them lovo el' tho Union. Profound hos
tility to tho principles of society which
have prevailed, and to an Interpretation
of tlio character of tho government which
lias triumphed, does not sink Into acquies
cence without further struggle. Foiled lu
the field, what chance is there in political
intrigue? Oppressed with debt, strained
by long and severe exertion of every kind,
vexed by tho delay of complete pacification,
Is not tho country an army fatigued after its
victory, sleeping upon Uie field, and fatally
exposed to one daring, desperate assault f
This was tho question with which tho old,
positive, ruling clement of the Democratic
party entered Its Convention. Fart of
tho Northern wing, which that clement
despises, had suggested in advance soino
aeknnwlcdgHionl of actual events. The
war, it said, cautiously, may have been a
mistake, but it must bo honestly paid for.
ueeonsirueuon may no unconstitutional,
lint it la accomplished, and call ho revel-sod
only in tho way Usell provides. Tho
parly, justly or unjustly, has become such
a stench in thu national nostrils that it
may bo belter to takoa candidate from
without its lines. Indeed, said this whig
of tho parly, with an alt of valor, on tho
very day before the Convention .met,
II the Southern, delegates take part in
the action of tho Convention, they must
aunto uy it
It may bo Imagined with what disdain
the Southern delegations read these Words
in a paper which their mero distant frown
had lorced to renounce its candidate. They
came to tho Convention led by Wado
Hampton, a relentless South Carolina
rebel, who declared upon his way to tako
his seat that the cause of tho rebellion
was not yet lost Wado Hampton, the
rebel, and V allandlglmm, tho Copperhead,
combined, and ruled tho Convention. In
stead of recognizing actual events, their
effort was to undo tho result of seven
years. Tho spirit of tho two men made
tne plaltorm. allandlgham put into it
repudiation, which is national disgrace;
ana wauo nampion inu reversal or re
construction, which Is rebel revenge.
Then Horatio Seymour was made candl
dato for President who had declared that
the success ot tho war would lie tho ruin
of the I' ii Ion ; and Frank Blair for Vice
President, who had insisted that recon
struction should lie subverted by force,
and who said that he wished to be nomi
nated upon that declaration only. After
eight years the spirit of the old slavehold
ersarrogant, inhuman. un-American.
barbarous which had been laboring to de
stroy tho Uovernmcul by force, and only
because It promised peacefully progressive
liberty, returned to its familiar arena, a
Democratic National Couventlou, and im
mediately resumed control of its old ma
chine tho Democratic party to secure lis
old purpose; exclusive political power,
UouUl any misfortune be so disastrous
to civili.ation ss the restoration of such a
spirit aud such a party to power in this
llovernmcnt, which is truly the van-guard
of equal constitutional liberty f Think of
Wado Hampton, of Hubert Toombs, of
Howell Cobb, or Vallamligham, of Pen
dleton, of Seymour, of Forrest, of Fer
nando wood, with a policy touuded upon
their declarations a
nd principles, succeed
lug Abraham Lincoln aud the policy of
the war for the Union! Is that by any
possibility or sophistication a policy of
peace or an era ot anything but the most
exasperated Hatreds? Does any Ameri
can citten, still open to argument and re
tlcction, honestly suppose that thespiritof
W.tdo Hampton is more tho spirit ol peace
and fraternal union than that of Ocnertl
ttrant or that the career and the deelara
lions of Frank Blair promise wiser couu
sels thau tho&eof Schuyler Colfax
let this Is the sharply defined Issue
which the Democratic party has chosen lo
oiler to the country; and It could not have
done a greater service toelvilijdioD. Had
it followed the advice of Its shrewder but
unprincipled minority, Instead of its re
lentless and haughty majority bad it
veiled its hatreds and its hones it mh-ht
have pushed lis hand nearer to the power
uu piuouer ourus loeiuu n. nut It de
ploys upon the open field. It daunts Its
black Obga In the sunlight. It loudly do
mands re pud iat ion, d Ugrace, anarchy. It
eagerly threatens civil war if tho country
will but give it a chance. Iel the country
lilt iu eyes let it behold the year from
Sumter to Appomattox let it relied who
and what made thoacyears-and answer!
juirtr $ ft . .v.
I -A conftdhmer adverUnf s broken
criminals is abolished
Fi n calls Cyrus W. a Field for enter
prise. Tiiriir are 1,800 Indigent clergymen In
Eiiiiit hundred Americans are summer
ing at Dresden.
Tiikiik Is a firm in Hyrncuso by the
name of Settle & Burst
A son of tho Sultan Is on tho way to
France fur an education.
John B1101 (iiiam talks of forsaking the
drama for novel writing.
Tiik Louisville Journal has seen some
Tub caltla plagtio lias broken out In
Kgypt and Kussla.
Boston has a weekly called Iho Nttri
jiHiitina litite llnUint.
Tiikiik nro about 3,.'!00,HM) vines In
London has a homo for lost and starving
dogs lound in the streets.
NiNKTHKitr couples were divorced In
Hartford last month.
Watk.k riiooK suits for ladies aro being
introduced Into England.
Tiik new Insane asylum at Pouglikcep
siu is to have a Turkish bath.
Ktkitiikn, iMaino, didn't have a clear
sunrise from May 4th to June 2!5th.
It In believed that ten 'people were
mined anvc in ucriin within a year,
Tiik rust has struck tho tobacco plant
imdiy in many parts 01 Connecticut
To AscF.nTAiN whether a bull Is mad
I wist tils tall and punch his sides with a
1 11 k greatest glory Is not In never
failing, but in rising every tlmo that we
TilR board for a pet dog Is live dol
lars per week at tho fashionable watering
Victor Emanukl is writing an ac
count of his reign, to bo published after
Tub sugar crop in the West Indies
promises to bo a very largo one this
Philadelphia does less In life In
surance than any other city of half its
1 111s preponderance or women over
men, among the English Quakers, is
twelve per cent.
Six paupcrH recently died In Springfield,
Mass., aged respectively 811, DO, 1)0, 01, (Ml,
Jioii.ict) oranges aro considered very
gooa as a side disu by Japaucse gour
Thk reported discovery of rich gold
nelds at tho Uapo ot (Jood Hope is con
firmed. I'auih has a new Journal which bears
tlio astounding title of JieU Buys in tht
Mits. IlAiiniKTBisKciiKuSTowB Is writ
ing a novel at her summer retreat at Slock
Wiibn you go fishing, bo sure and take
a " blto " beforo you start, for you may not
get one after.
No I. less than two hundred kinds of hats
are worn by men, and all fashionable, the
Tub wheat harvest in Minnesota is es
timated at fifteen millions bushels, nearly
double that of last year.
A MKTicouui Btono about tho size of a
tea cup and of a reddish brown color fell
lu Fairfield, Conn., a few day since
It Is estimated that thcro aro two thou
sand news-bovs and three hundred news-
cirls In Now York city.
Pii.ks havo been driven ono hundred and
sixty tcet In Sau Francisco without finding
Tub Sultan has a watch mounted on a
diamond tho size of a silver dollar, a finger
thick, and worth $300,000.
A PmwKt.D (Mass.) firm has paid
(10.1)00 for insttranco in the last thli-tv
years and never lost a cent by llroi
Tiikiik is a man in a ltimillo asylum In
England who believes that tho English
viovei miiuiii. wisues 10 uuua an iron
foundry in his stomach.
Thosu who ought to know say there
Is not a bottle of puro wino lu tho United
States, nor has thcro been for twonty-fivo
An eccentric blackbird has astonished
tho good peoplo of Lcydcn, Mass., by be
coming a domestic fowl and roosting with
A kkw days ago a gentleman well
known In Troy, N. Y., was married to his
sixth wife. He buried his fifth wife less
than a year ago,
A WKAlriiv stock broker of New York
city Is about to erect a mammoth art gal
lery, for tho use of tho public, at an ex
pense of nearly $3,000,000.
IiiuiTATiNo After rolling all night in
your bertli at sea, till you aro miserably
ill, to havo a steward open your door in
tlio lilorning and ask you " if you'll have
a fresh rM for breakfast"
Yoi'NO women are to be taught by the
Government of Prussia how to tend
wounded soldiers. A dotachmont of flying
ambulance wagons is get apart for this
j Di uiSii a late hail storm at Wcllsboro,
1 enn., a sheet of ice measuring about
two Icet souare and threo inches thick fell
from the clouds with the hail stones.
A nmi.i.i.vNT lady at a ball in Saratogo
sent to a newspaper correspondent a memo
randum ot tho 817.0 of her waist and the
great cost of her toilet She understood
the tricks of the market
John Hakvbv Ti ckkr. a London bar-
rister, who was graduated at Yale College
In WH1. died at Soinervlllo, Bermuda, on
tho !i0lh ult Yale now has only four sur
vivors among the graduate Of tho last cen
tury;. A FAHMKit near Davenport. Iowa.
while binding wheat stuck a thorn jnto
his hand, poisoning it so as to kill and
putrefy the flesh on his hand, and make
amputation probably necessary.
N vi'oi kon and his family and guests
lately had a spelling match. The Empe
ror missed nine times, the Prince 1 inner ial
eleven, Prineo Mettemlch six, aud the
Uter,itetir, Octave Feuillet was tho worst
01 ail, having fourteen faults.
Tiik number of emigrants passing west
ward through the city of Milwaukee; du
ring tho past year, comprised (1,000 Nor
wegians, a.OOO Swedes, 1,000 Germans and
a lew hundred Bohemians, Hollanders, and
Tiihkk little girls or a Patterson, N.J.,
family recently murdered a neighbor
about their own age, by throwing her iu
a well, to obtain her flue clothes. One
of the murderesses, Sarah Long, ten
years old, is arrested now for larceny at
Thk entire district swept by the great
iimiu iu 1 i 1 u 0101 c in cvaicu won a sucsy,
slimy mud to the depth of six or eight
inches, and tho smell arising from the mix
ture is very offensive and dangerous to the
iiciiiiii ui me cuy,
Tim uumlier of clgara sold per day on
Broadway, New ioik, 1 estimated at
IfO.iHHl. Broadway exiH'nds unon its cigars
$;l,aod per day, or $ J,tVy),850 yer year. It
is estimated that In the city of New York
.V000,lMK cigars arc consumed yearly, the
wuu cvwv ii w men is f v, .u,ow.
A Kicumonu lady sent a silver urn to
an auction to bo sold. It was the last of
her once great wealth. Tha people pres
ent who knew her made up a heavy purse.
put it in Die urn, aud sent it back to the
W. C. If ay mono, near Cedar ICapids,
lowa, lost his voice for two weeks, in cou
sequence of sun stroke. He suddenly re
covered it the other day by an almost
compulsory effort lo hilloo at a team likely
to run away,
A lakok rock, weighing about twelve
tons, broke loose from the side of Lookout
Mountain, recently, and ru&hing down,
struck the dwelling of Mr. Geo. Ashcroft,
instantly killing his wife and her infant
ana injuring seriously three other chit
In Kussia, for a distance of nearly forty
mues around St. Petersburg, immense
numliers ot tribes were destroyed by the
rigor 0) last wlntur. Mupy oak, aso, and
Wlnut i"Ard, greatly, a4 tha oi&pla
trees seem to have been almost entirely
An American student at Heidelberg
rather astonished the German vouth there
by accepting a challenge and choosing pis
tola Their ridiculous Bword fights were
too small play for hint. He shot hla an
tagonist dead, and since then Americans
aro allowed to study in peace.
Tub mechanics employed on tho United
Slates Court-House and l'ost Otllce build
ing being erected In Snrlngfleld, 111., are
working on the eight-hour system, and re
ceiving lull pay at the old rates.
A rt'iu.ic clock at Bhorburno Falls Is
ao unmusical In Its striking, that a dying
woman, ns sho heard Its sounds for the
last time, remarked "Oh, sister, how I
do pity yon who must stay hero and listen
lo that awful clock."
Whkn the Hindoo priest Is about lo
baptise an infant, ho litters tho following
beautiful sentiments: "Llttlo baby, thou
enterest tho world weeping, while all
around thco smile. Contrive so to live
that you may depart in smiles, whilo all
around you weep.
Tub number of thrashing machine in
the country Is set down at 22.1,000, and It
Is estimated that they can save five per
cent, more ot the grain than the tl-t.il.
This would save the country more than
10,000.000 bushels of grain, worth at least
A man named Allen, leader or a gang
nl thieves, recently imprisoned at Man
chester, N. II., had a key constructed of
tin, with which he could open almost any
door of the prison, and with six other
prisoners had arranged everything for an
escapo, when they were detected.
On Sunday, the 10th ultimo, as Mr. W,
II. Wilson, Quartet master's clerk at Brazos
do Santiago, was taking a stroll on l'adro
Island, ho accidentally stumbled on an
old Iron box, about four Inches square.
which was found to contain diamonds,
emeralds and rubies, worth at least
Dn. Woolsrv. President of Yalo Col
lege, in an article designed to show the
necessity of a revision of the loose legisla
tion governing the marital relations, says
that in Connecticut during the last eight
years there wcro 2,010 divorces, or nearly
ono to every eleven of the marriages in
Fuom July 20 to AugUBt (5, 3,724 emi
grants arrived at the port of New York,
making a total of 1H2,i. against 154,281),
arrived to same tlmo last year. Tho com
mutation of passengers amounted to$:(."i8,
520.22, and tho disbursements to 9trtl..-
002.48. There is a balance in bank, at date,
or $ m,st)i.U4.
In tho year 1 thero lived in Iredell
county, North Carolina, a Presbyterian
minister by tho name of Curry. Ho was
a man In comfortable circumstances, of
most excellent reputation, with a largo
family of sons and daughters. Among
these was a boy by tho name of Nixon,
noted for his sprightliness, his activity,
Many are tho Incidents recorded of his
early days, wherein ho displayed his
bravery and won tho respect and adinira
tlon of his schoolmates. He seemed im
pulsive, generous, and tho possessor of
many nouto qualities.
From childhood Nixon Currry was in
love. His fair one was a girl somewhat
younger than himself, attending thn same
school with hhn. Sho returned his affec
tion, and so ardently wcro they attached
to ono another that, what is most rare in
childhood, no rival was ever suffered to
come between them,
Thus they grew up in a delicious dream
01 tne luturc, and as thoir years increased,
so apparently did their passion for each
other. At fifteen this was so evident that
their parents forbade all interviews be
tween them. Her parents were the very
F. Fb of North Carolina, aad thov had
and could easily secure more brilliant pros
pects for her.
Tho natural consenunnces followed. Thn j
lovers met by stealth and renewed tl;clr
f dodges to each other, Lucy promised
hat whatever should occur she would
never wed any ono olso, atid Nixon vowed
to stand by her bo long as a breath of life
remained in 111s Doay.
At length, at the ago of eighteen, when
Ltlcy s relatives were doing their utmost
to forco her into tho arms of another, sho
fled with her true and devoted lovo. They
were immediately pursued and overtaken,
when tho enraged Nixon Curry, brought
to bay, turned and Bhot his rival and ono
of tho others, and renewed his flight.
The pursuit was hot, but he succeeded
in eluding them, and took refuge in the
Alleghany Mountains, near tho sources of
Here really begins the extradrdlnary ca
reer of Nixon Curry. Under the pica of
necessity, he took up the profession of rob
ber, and speedily rendered his naino fa
mous by tho number and character of his
exploits. Without attempting to give any
of the minor incidents, it should bo stated
that the young robber never took a life for
the sake of plunder, although he did it
again and again to avoid arrest.
Tho Governor of North Carolina offered
$5,000 for his apprehension, and many
parties, tempted by the offer, engaged in
pursuit They frequently gained sight of
tho notorious bandit ! more than once the
crack of his death-dealing rifle was heard
from soino adjoining rock ; but never were
they able to discover his retreat or bring
him to bay.
Suddenly all rumors of his daring con
duct ceased, and although tho search was
continued, he was seen no more in North
Carolina. It was judged that his quarters
were becoming too hot for safety, and he
had, therefore, removed them while tho
opportunity remained to htm.
During the first settlement of the fertile
delta bordering on the St Francis, now in
tho State of Arkansas, an emigrant made
his appearance, calling himself John Hill.
Ho rapidly bccaaie the most popular man
In the settlement Although of moderate
means, he was sober, industrious, generous,
and of extended hospitality, and such con
tinued to be his character lu the country
which he had adopted for a period extend
ing over atiout a dozen years.
During all this time, not a ouarrelsomo
word occurred between hiia and any of his
neighbors ; and yet all knew that it was
from no lack of courage" on the part of Hill,
lor 01 an tno hunters that pierced tho jun
gles of cane In the "Great Swamp," or de
scended by torchlight into tho bowels of
tho Ozark Mountains, he had the reputa
tion of being tho most fearless. He was
ovcrwDeiiningiy elected again aud again
to the Territorial Legislature, and distin
guished himself by his powerful and im-
passioned eloquence, and speedily became
icaoer in uie ranks 01 nis own party, tie
was a metulier ot the Convention which
formed the State Constitution, and was re
elected to represent his county in the Sen
ate 01 Arkansas.
And now began his second series of mis
fortunes. Hill s most intimate neighbors
were tlio Strongs, four brothers of consid
erable wealth, a great deal of ambition.
and in the phrase of the country, "famous
fighters." A close and cordial intimacy
grew up between them and Hill, and the
latter, most unfortunately and unmianlml.
ly, made George, the eldest, coundanl of
his previous rystory. It so happened that
George had a most ambitious desire for
roliiical distinction, and made a request of
lill that he should resign his seat in the
Senate in his favor. Hill refused, and the
nrowcrs conspired lor revenge.
Sending to North Carolina, they pro
cured a copy of the reward offered for
Nixon Curry, the notorious robber. The
four, powerful aud determined as they
were, dnred not attempt his capture alone,
but secured the assistance of a dozen men,
and made the attempt to capture Hill in
bin own house. The latter -never forgot
hi daily peril. He always carried an
enormous double-barrelled shot gun, two
long ruie pisiois, ana a formidable knile.
tne attack or the Strong proved
dreadful one tor themselves. Two of the
brothers were shot dead, while six of tha
others were badly wounded, several of
them mortally, when the rt of them wers
glad to withdraw for the time. This affair
caused the most unbounded excitement
throughout Arkansas. Tha thought that
the chivalrous and highly popular John
Hill could be identical with the notorious
robbt-r Niiou Curry was siaggeriog to
uuudrad. jury jo; time Mutts! to t.
llf T I
Perhaps the state of public feeling can
best lie shown by the two following ex
tract from the iilttlo nock Uotcue. l no
first appeared when Hill became so popu
lar during tne day 01 me uonvennon :
" Among the truest friends 01 tne people
of all in the present Convention may be
named John Hill, or Bt rraucis. 11 is
energy, eloquence and courage fully entitle
him to the place he holds, and, as.we trust
will long retain that of the leader of the
The second extract Is taken from tho
same paper for May, 1H40 :
lllooav Affray, A desperate rencounter
occurred In Bt. Francis last week. Two
distinguished citizens were killed, and
three others dangerously wounded. The
difficulty resulted from an attempt to ar
rest .lonn 11111, a member ot tho last Lcg
Islaluro.and formerly of tho State Convcn
lion, who, as it is alleged, is tho notorious
robber Nixon curry, who committed such
atrocities fifteen years ago In tho moun
tains of North Carolina."
A requisition was sent by the Governor
of North Carolina demanding tho surren
der of Nixon Curry. The Governor of
Arkansas published an additional reward
for the arrest ot John mil ; ana thus be
tween the two, it seemed as if it was about
up with the victim.
Hill packed up hastily and set out with
his wife and children for Upper Arkansas,
where he knew of the existence of a band
of desperadoes that he had reason to be
lieve would protect him. He was pursued
by over a hundred of tho citizens, many
of them unarmed, and attending only for
the purpose ot witnessing tno sport ana
securing a part of the munificent reward
that was offered for his apprehension. Hill
was overtaken at Conway Court House by
these men, and halting his wagon and ad
monishing his wifo and children to keep
tnetr places, he marched forth with nis
The gallantry of tho action, and Hill's
incredible bravery, operated in his favor
Many wero unwilling to hurt so Intrepid a
character; others were afraid; a panic
was created, and Hill pursued his way un
molested Subsequent attempts were made to ar
rest him, but all resulted tragically or lu
dicrously to those attempting it. It was
known that Hill could never bo taken
alive, and many began to believe that he
could not when dead.
Tho constant pursuit and hunting him
changed his nature. Ho becamo morose
and sour, and unable to follow any regu
lar business. He resorted to the gambling
table for tho support of his family. Ho
became a drinker, too, and was speedily
transformed into a most bitter and quar
If IIUl had been famous among the
mountains of North Carolina, he now bo
came doubly so. Excepting, perhaps that
prince of duellists, James Bowie, there
never was a man who inspired more terror.
Men who had acquired a wido reputation
for deeds of daring turned pale wiien they
encountered John HilL Bullies who
sought quarrels on tho slightest pretext
accepted all manner of insults from him,
without a single word of remonstrance. .
Ono day in September, 1845, whilo ho
wus seated at tho breakfast-table, Hill burst
" What is the matter, dear?" inquired
" I havo had a dreadful dream. It is a
warning, I know I shall dio before sunset
Together wo have encountered perils and
hardships; you abandoned wealth and
position for my sake, and you havo never
spoken an unkind word to mc. We have
loved from childhood, and that lovo has
never known abatement It is this that
troubles mo not regard for self. It is in
dellibly Impressed upon my mind that I
shall dio a horrible death before sundown,
and the thought that it will distress you,
also distresses mo."
These wcro tho exact words of Hill, as
testified by his witu and children. His
wifo told him
" Then, my dear husband, do not go to
(The Circuit Court of Popo county, In
which IIUl resided, it Bhould be remarked,
was in session.)
"Yes, my wifo, I must go," he replied,
" When a man's time has come, ho should
not seek to avoid death, but meet it brave
ly." Then turning to his son William, a
bright boy of I'd, ho told him to go and
get the Bible, and upon it ho made him
swear to kill the man that killed his
" Hero comes Moses noward, father ) he
will protect you," remarked Mary, tho eld
est daughter, as she descried tho young
The youth, who was a flue, powerful
looking man, chatted a few minutos with
the family, and then went out with Hill,
who shaved and dressed himself with par
ticular neatness, and embraced his wifo
with the warmest affection, and with tears
in his eyes, before leaving,
As soon as tho two reached town, Hill
began drinking deeply, and showed a more
quarrelsome disposition than ever. He in
sulted everybody that crossed his path, and
all the entreaties of the young man failed
to pacify him. Finally he declareiTthat
he would clear the court house, and dashed
into the court room with fury depicted in
his countenance. Judges, lawyers, jury,
spectators, all made a rush for the door.
One man who lagged behind was seized by
Hill and beaten unmercifully.
Young Howard caught hold of the in
furiated man and attempted to restrain
him, when, glaring liko a tiger, he turned
upon tho youth and struck him to tho earth.
Beforo he could rise Hill sprang upon him,
and commenced pounding him.
" For God's sako, stop. Hill I Don't you
know me, your friend Howard?"
Hill seemed to grow more furious each
moment, and finally clutched a pistol, de
termined to take his friend's life. Howard,
seeing the crisis had come, seized the bowle
knil'o that protruded from his vest and
buriod it in nis bosom. . .
"The dream is fulfilled I" exclaimed
Hill, with a smile of singular sweetness
that lingered on his naturally handsome
face after he was a corpse, lie then died
without a groan.
Howard looked down into bin face, as it
unable to realize what he had dono. Then
he burst into tears.
God know I would not havo done it
If I could have helped it, but it was either
your life or mine,"
110 turned away witu a gloomy air, ana
upon tho Instant disappeared, lie was
never seen in Arkansas again, but several
years after a trader brought the news that
he was living at San Antonio, Texas.
Wero we writing fiction, we should here
lay asido tho pen ; but as we are giving
facts simply, which can bo substantiated,
duty compels us to add another incident
before this tale is ended.
It will be remembered that Hill enjoined
npon his son to avenge his death. Faith
fully did that son obey the command.
When he had reached his sixteenth year
he left Tor Texas. He was gone several
months. When he returned, he said to
It is done, mother t Poor Howard I. I
pitied him, but I had to do it"
The Butte county (t ai.) i-re. in recii-
ing the above says: "There are those
who disbelieve this slory, but is true iu
every parucuiar. iiouownuuuv-uiin
and a more bravo, honorable, and candid
man nrior to the atlair with tho Strongs,
never breathed. The writer ho omitted
to mention two facts first, that Curry
was under the iuttuenco of strong drink
when ho revealed the strange history of
his early life, although ho wa a very tern
perate man. The second omission is, that
Mom Howard. Bnoken of. wa the be
trothed of Curry' supremely beautiful
The Power of Music.
Essays almost without number have
been written on Uie power of music, but
none of them have so touchingly and so
powerfully shown it wonderful effective
ness a the following narrative, which we
find in the New orl JouriuM of Jtutte;
One evening niue time since, as Mr.
Theodora E. Perkins was tilting in the
room ol tha Howard Mission, New York,
conversing with the Rev. Mr. Van Meter,
they were Interrupted by a wild looking
man, who exclaimed :
" 1 Awful Gardner here?"
" No," replied Mr. Van Meter.
"Then," exclaimed the man In accents
of despair, " 1 am lost If Awiui Gardner
waa here ht could savo me. lU'd know
bow tJtOftUM A' baan Ult mt ro4 1 bm
now I'm lostP and drawing a bowle kaife
from nnder his vest ho was about to
plunge It into his bosom, when Mr. Van
Meter sprang rorwara ana caught tils arm.
Seeing that ft would be useless to attempt
to wrest the anile from 111s grasp, ror. van
Meter sought to distract the man's atten
tion from his suicidal purpose; but the
unfortunate creature was seized with a tit
of dclcrium tremens and became unman
ageable. Air. reruns, not Knowing wnat tuw iu
do, sat down to tho melodoon and began
to play and sing, " Como ye disconsolate.'1
Tho effect was magical The man was
sulllclcntly calm for Mr. Van Meter to
march him up and down tho room, whilo
Mr. Perkins continued to piny and ing.
From " Come yo disconsolate," he struck
Into "Jesus, to Thy dear arms I flee." The
effect was still marked. After singing
that beautiful hymn, Mr. Pcrkin com
menced " Flee as a bird to your moun
tain." As the strnius ol this exquisite
composition filled the room, the maniac
mused, sat down, covered his face with
lis handB, and sobbed like a child or
rather like a broken-hearted, remorseful,
man. By this time, Mrs. Van Meter, who
was present when the man first burst luto
the room, came In with a bowl of strong
cofl'co which she had thoughtfully made,
and as noon as the weeping stranger be
came sufficiently composed, she gave it to
him. That quieted his nerves and re
newed his strength, and in a little while
he became completely restored to the pos
session of his faculties.
" Who is this man 1" was the question
which rose spontaneously to tha lips of
his deliverers, liut all etlorts to ascertain
who he was proved fruitless. Ho per
sistently refused to give his name, or
to furnish any clue to his residence or
identity. Mr. Perkins accompanied him
to the St N Icholas hotel, where he took a
room under an assumed name. But in
his conversation he had chanced to men
tion aclergyman living in Newport, R. I.,
whom Mr. Van Meter knew. The latter
Immediately wrote to tha clergyman, stat
ing the cane, and asking him to come to
tho city. The clergyman came by the first
boat and was taken at once to the hotel,
where they fortunately found the poor
man. The clergyman knew him well. He
.... .1,.. :.. ..r it..- t' .-.1
Y ao 1, 1 ll.ll IfJtMVIUlll' .l UIO tullj lk J-L(.I11U.U,
Connecticut, highly connected, a married
man, and tho father of several children.
On coming into' has patrimony, lie had
taken to dissipation, and the result is indi
cated in the foregoing sketch. But his
day of salvation had come. The clergy
man took him back to Hartford. He threw
off tho thraldom to rum which had de
graded him. He took his former position
in society ; and ho is now living in Hart
ford, a respected Christian mai, and afford
ing in his own person and history the most
remarkable instance of the triumph of
music over delirium that has ever come to
tW Washington never made a speech.
in tne zenlili ot nis lame he onco attcniDt-
ed it, failed, and gave it up confused and
abashed. In framing the Constitution of
the united states, the labor was almost
wholly performed in Committee of the
Whole, of which George Washington was
day after day the Chairman, but ho made
but two speeches during tho convention,
ot a very tew words each, something like
one of Grant's speeches. Tho convention,
however, acknowledged the master spirit ;
and historians afilrm that had it not been
for his personal popularity and the thirty
words of his first speech, pronouncing it the
pest mat could do united upon, tho Oonstl
tution would havo been rejected by tho
people. Thomas Jctierson never made
speech. Ho couldn't do it. Napoleon
whose executive ability is almost without
a parallel, said that Ids greatest difficulty
was in mining men 01 deeds rattier than
words. When asked how he maintaiued
his influence over his superiors in ago and
experience, when Commander-in-Chief of
tno army ot Italy, he said, " By reserve."
The greatness and goodness of a man is
not measured oy tho length or his speech
es, or tnoir numuer.
We find the following item in the Vir
ginia (Nevada! Treimast. July 15 :
"A miner, stopping at one of the board
ing and lodging houses between Taylor
street and the Divide, was troubled a good
ucai Dy oca-Dugs, ana resolved to start the
landlady alter them. She contended
that there were no bugs in the house she
hitd never seen one in her room, nor felt
one; but that did not satisfy our lodger, as he
ciiun t occupy the same room, ara was posi
tive there was at least a quart of bugs in
close proximity to his bed. Ho procured a
small bottle, and began to catch and bottle
bca-bugs. lie persevered untu he had
caught and cooked up several dozen of the
pestiferous insects ; and after keeping tho
"poor little birds" cooped up until they
were nearly starved, slipped into the land
lady s room one evening and deposited the
contents 01 me pottio under the old wo
man s pillow, It is unnecessary to say
that she made it " mighty hot" for bed-bugs
about that house the next day. The miner
says he never saw such relentless war
waged against bed-bugs before.
Thk body of Gen. Halpino was laid out
in military uniform. The coftia was of
rosewood, thickly studded with silver
screws, and at the sides were six heavily
plated handles. The upper half of the
casket was ot glass. Below the Inscrip
tion thcro was draped an American flag,
ana near it an oltlcer s shako and sword.
Tho remainder of tho Bpaco was occupied
Dy wreatns ana crosses ot immortelles.
On a stand at the head of the coffin was a
harp of immortelles, with the words " Ire
land s loss ' ingeniously worked in.
It isn't what people eat, but what is di
posted, that gives strength and flesh ; it
isn t wnat people say, but what they mean,
that determines acts ; it isn't the color of
the sky, but the direction of the wind, that
snows what tho weather is to be; it isn 1
what is on a lady's face but what is in her
heart, that Indicates her nature. Make a
TA M'rorMeut 1.1 fr ltuHmure anil Invnt-
Mit iir loiiixiii, of Chicago, one of tha boat
managed and moat substantial Life Insurance
Cotnpaolea In the country, la dosiroua of employ
ing uro Insurance Agents, and will offer suiwrior
Inducements to Ural-class canvassers. Apply to
C. Holland, Eq., Secretary, Chicago. TLo sys
tem of Life Insurance put forth by this company
la entirely original wl'h them, and la aaid to ba
far anjierlor to any of the old system.
Unnegotlable bill drafts on the im
A Hundred Years Ago
There were no railroads.
Not even a horse car.
Duly on church in Brooklyn.
Ferry-boat not running.
Wall St., N. Y., a slave market.
Not a telegraph wire
Not even Wolcott'h Pain Paint,
N. Y. Ucrald not printed.
llarper'e Weekly unknown,
Horace (irueley and Jeff, llavia unborn.
tirant had not amuked a cigar,
No l'reaident lo impeach.
Dr. Wolcott, No. 11U Chatham Bqaaro,
Iiid not remove pain free of cost,
Times nave chanirud wonderfully.
tilaedini;, Bluuiriiig and Mercury are play
Bnrniug Liniments made of Turpentine, and
Cayenne lepper lie on tha shelvea uuaold; not
even fools can be Induced to purchase them, rills
are mouldering for want of customers, although
coated with aUL'ar. People know butter than
dose their atomach with Physic aud Pukes.
Thia practice waa worse than brutish, for even
a beast would not awallow such huathaniati nos
trums. Wou ott's Pais Paint cools Inflammation, heat
and fever without smart or atatu, aud everybody
knows they can prove It fro of cost, at No. 170
Chatham euuare, N. Y., and No. AM Broadway,
and that Paint is ali the go at every Drug blare,
aud la out hundred years ahead of tha worn-out
nostrums formerly used.
Call and test it free of coat.
t , I.N.lKWINCO.,
Retail Agents, No. I'M bouth
Clark street, Chicago.
The Body Renewed.
According ta Physiologist, tha auma body Is
rastwed ones la seven yean. Kvary day, a very
boar, every moment, th aih, the cartUaga, bona
and aantcla of the tram are wasting away, and
being Imperceptibly replaced by twar material.
Baalik depends upon th natara of that material,
and whether It shall b par or diwsad, full of
vitality and elasticity, or fnebla and Saocld, da
panda mainly upon tha action of Hm stomach. In
warm weaUier tha waela of tha system la vary
rapid, and If It la sot as rapidly repaired by the
great anataining organ, tit conaoqueucs) la debili
ty, emaciation aud decay. It la. therefor-, of para
mount Importance (Au IAi MsMa.it (e ta
iirstl cwMiOM St Uits try lug aeaaan, ud lbs
lftt isfmi lull bait tofiio tt fei Misiplortt)
for that .urpoM Is IKWTKTTKR-H BITTKH8
This Ux-omptrat.l vgrlsbl tomsrlric (dm Ha-. ( ;
wonted nergy to Mis digest! v p(mew,TirTmlnt'
eotiTenton ot Uie fnod Into hetlthfnl blood.
(which is. so to speak, the rw msterlal of all ths !
olid portion, of the hody.) aad UMichy poU the I i
jrtem In the beet, pcwlble aula of defence
against epidemic and other dteeaae. The strong 1
reqnlre It to keep np their ttrencth i tha weak, to
Ihem. It en,t.M lh, ,ant rrf
all ditTn.lva imnlanti;.r),.0 WIUl ,V,. Inlwa
and eitraru of the moH fWLl rwu jerrH,,i
and Is a permanent reetoreilve not a mere tem
porary excitant. It net elmnlteneoiMly anon tha
itnnwh, tha howe'a and tho llor. and la iha he'
known remedy for dvepenels, bllletuM,. cat
tiveners and general debility. . .
Conquered at Last.
An unhealthy PVtem Is generally prodneed by
1 iinhoalthT stomach and the latter lilim Inrtf.
cation of poor riigealion. hen digestion la had
every part of tho entire syetrm tnuet neceaaarlly (
antler, and memimiiiecii emmji .-!-
tha low eiiirll of tha patient, lnillgealion la the r
panint of a lliouaand Inoeerrlhablo mlarriee all
iymptoma or woree disorders yot to como. The
u rem on I lory Indication of thnt terror of our race
Dyapenala eyery one knowa. Now, why "tier
the penaltlea of delay when by th ne of M ihler
Herb Blltera. not only Immediate relief bnt port
tive and permanent cure can be rantlwd. This
celebrated Honaebold Remedy la an infallible
remedy for all dieenaca arising from a dtaordered
stomach and will eradicate them. Be reasonable
with yonrecir conenlt yonrown lniereeie mrow
away yonr phnrmacopirla preec.lptioiw and ta.e a
ronfee of Miahler'a Herb llittera. Hold byall
druggists and dealers. Dr. 8. B. Uartmns t Co.,
l'rnprletors, uancjisier. i-a.
1 000 Audita wanted to eanvana liir, and sell hy
Aildrrm .1. F. llnaNNAK, IU Main St.. Cincinnati. Ohio.
Fai ins & Fruit Lands.
The Illinois Central Railroad company haw lor .ml
In tracts ol 40 acres ami upwards, 7W.0.10 acres or rnolca
farming- and fruit lands, all Wins adjacent to their man.
alslnic. and every purc ol
prolitable airrtciiltiire. these lands poaaeat every renal-
For (traln-ierowlntr, slock-ra1
site of soil and cllicau.
of Southern Illinois la noted for lt wonderful lertlllty
In the production of apples, pears, peaches, and all t
kind of frnlta. Ilnrltur the season of 17, the Special
Fruit Express Train hroiutht over KX1.000 hoic-a of
peaches and 80,0110 bushels of strawberries to CMcafc .
alone, from thence fumtaulnjt the first fruit of the
season to all the northern market. 800,000 aores of
those rrult lanaa ara now ouereu wr saie uu lavoreuie
line in ree iron ma bimiv
All Station A
rents are provtdad with plats, showing
le In their vicinity. -tlon
given nnon all point at the office ol
the lands fhraa;
It Information given nnon
the Land Department, f
descrlntive namnhlct. with maiis, showlns; tha
Hrartment, fi?" Michigan avenne. nicso.
exact locality of all the lands, sent to auy person wnv
lug for the same, lu any language, to
JOHN B. CALHOUN, ,-.,n
Land CoMmBBioNsn, CaicAao.
Notki From letter nnd roport received!
1. Your Asn I n bound to be Tiik Axjc.
IF. It will tnt per CPnt. iM'tter.
III. Mv broiht-r l-tttt one arm In the wur, bnt with
your Ax Up can cut iw well an tiny one elecrtn.
IV. If I could not t$ot -nothur, twenty-flve doi
lnrs would not buy It.
V . ll will nil uoop-pnitw iwiht limn inj uhict iao
VI. I would not be without It for Anytlilnj;.
For sale by all rennnnwlble dcnlera, mid the makers.
UlVlNCOTT & BAKKWKLL.
PiTTsni Moii, I'a., Bole owners of the PAtenta
oT o - u7
American Waltham Watches.
In view of the manr frauds nernctrated on the onbllo
hy dealers In base metal Bwlss Watches, which are
malnlvthareruseof the lot:eryandglltenternrlse swln-
tilers, the undersigned desire to call attention to the
very low price at which he will send genuine Wftltnam
Watches, now universally conceded to he the best
made and at tliu sumo time the cueupest watcn in in
Hunting Watch In tot. Coin Silver Case S1K.O0
The same, Kxtrft Jeweled D0.O0
The same. Extra Jeweled, Chronometer Balanceaa.OO
For either of the above. In Sol. case.... (eitra) 2.00
For either of the above. In toi.case (extra) 4.50
The Watches to lie sent hy Einrcsa. ACCOMPANIED
WITH AMEltlCAV WATCH COMPANY'S CKHT1F
THE MUTER TO HAVE PRIVII.EOK OF EXAMI
NATION IN POSSESSION OF EXl'llESS COMPANY.
Address must be plainly written, and purchaser must
pay eipruss charges. M. K. CHAPMAN CO..
No. 4 Liberty 6treet, New York.
WANTED An Agent In every township In Illinois,
Michigan anil Indiana lo sell the National Pen
Picture of Lincoln aad the Oencrals, with the Emanci
pation Proclamation. This picture Is full of historic
Interest, and recommends Itself by Its merits, as the
succcss'of our Atrents and their very flattering report
will testify. Send 7H cents for sample or two rod sutmna
for circular. HANEY FltOttT, P. O. Box SH7, Oil- ,
c.ago. Illinois. For Wisconsin, address IJ. M. WOKT11
INGTON, Madison, Wis.
TkO YOU WONDER how w esm Rf ll ihos;
-lv sands ol wnawis, oeu manaeis, uouii
Tlrpss Patterns. Sheetinirs. ShlrtlniTS llV the
es, Jewelry, Silver Plated Hard and tilassware, and give
a choiceln SOU articles of elegance and ntlllty.forONB
DOLLAR each article? Send for a circular. Agents
Wanted. Address C. Y. HIKSKUVE A CO.. Licensed
Brokers, 99 Sndbury street, Boston, Mass. ,
Twines, Cordage. Ac.
Gii.itKirr ii it kii Ann v ow..
TW1NK8 AND COKDAUK. Cotton Canvas all
widths. TENTS. AWK1M1H, WAOON COVERS.
Tar, Pitch, Oafcuui, Tackle Ploeks, FLAOS-elther
Silk or Bunting. 203 and !U7 South Water St.,
Chicago. Illinois. ' -
BLANDY'S PORTABLE STEAM EN
GINZSS SAW MILLS.
Unoqualed for Acci'RAev, arssD, and uunAjnil
IV. Will aaw from ,00 to 15,000 feet per
day. All machinery fully
1,900 now In ns in tho United Ststcs, British
Provinces, and Sonth America. Fot Prices and
K. S6 IF. BT-.A3STT3Tr,
IWvT: "F5 t..7XJ5tSsS
very ttouu-wurktii-luuUluaveouof these Machine
An Antidote for Tobacco
is srrent reineilv Invariably rsMioe all Jtth
lor wmtva, and is tnnrtiv veuettiolc ana KaruficU.
It Is arsaan excellent appetiser. It purine tlusrOlood,
Invlg-oraLtho system, iiossesses great nun rjeljinfi: ana
strenglbenilW power, enables the atamuoto digest
the heartiest ihoil, makea sleep refreshrnfc, and estnb- -Italics
robust heiltsji. Hmoktrit and dKewer for Fifty
Ytnrt ?)irt. Pip Fifty t'entyfer Bok, post free.
A Treatise on th lnWlous Krtct of Tobaeoo, wllk
Itsta of testimonials, refenar, etc., bbmt ruts.
Agent wanted. AddteWur. T, U. Abbott, Imtr
A CLsaoTMAN'a TajftiMosTX-Oss Box or Aim-
dots cured my bpjffer and niyiiJtf. It veb rails.
iter. I. WCuoehakik, Kerry's Station, Pa.
ofjlfhni am restored to lound aVi brnstnc
tb. 8. D. Bowles. ProsnectVill. Mo.
FaaSI tii a TT. R. Tb va.ttvv. ,MH(M...MrA.
PluSKe send a sunnlv of Atmoora. Therm
UlIl K WOrK SI HRLV. O, T. KDOArl
MAKKIJ'.l, Al.l.ir4w V '0.,
WHOLESALE IIAKUWAKB AN1I CUTLERY,
SI lake Street, Chicago, Illinois. Manufacturers
uf Win Cloth, sieve. Kiddles, etc.
Circular Sawa of one temper over the whole plat
Mnlav, Mill, Cross -Cut and Uauir. Koual U) any mads
lu the world. For le h all dealers, and Ihe makers,
LIl'PISCOTT A U.VkKWEI.L, Pittsburgh, P-
J J Inf Sheet Comu
WILL BUY A CENTURY
1UT1NO CASK, contain
merolal Note Paper.
1 Indestructible Pens. 1 Penholder, I Lead Penell,
rlA S AhMi. 1 Arllea t'tn llltt. B Envelope, in.
tlo Sels, a Eiiaranteed Receipt fee Rlieemalls, (In
d!enu purr based at any druE siere.) also, sa ai ulij
ftillty and Fancy, to suit both sexe. seut by mall on
receipt of price ai
ee rea siui or y. . "--i
Ma-aey packed ually In
press, at i ss t
wea. ASBUl wanwu. !y,,V,-.SV5 A rn
T 7 J , .... .Ir.l. BT
T(IR H A I.E. On Second hand Northrop Pre.
I-API K FOB Bl'IXDISG !
It la found that vast ,-" " 1
out mi irtiuo uui- -
SHEATHING AH1 ROOFING BOARD,
Manufactured only by
Hock Rln y,
1J Laisall Btre, Chicago,
ma descritinv eircalara witl i hntrao'
Mad from t
" . m. U KkWM ItV.
A. B. NkWBl'll
Coxsarxle, M. T.
our alaimincenliy Illustrated Medtral Boos torn
Wiult.f lu.iw.laut Psyswlua-lrsJ lworu..u.o tur ktn
eaaiurfcltjulill V Ayt!i-Ajll A Wi