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Perrysburg journal. (Perrysburg, Wood Co., O. [Ohio]) 186?-1965, September 04, 1868, Image 1

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A i.ittls f lib beside the bed,
A little fiice Above the spread,
A little frock behind the door,
A little shoe npon the floor,
with dark brown htlr, t
A little Mna-ryed faea and flr;
A little line that leads to school,
A little hlltheeome, wfnsnmo maid,
A little hand within his laid ;
A Kittle rnttaire, acm fonr.
A liule old-time household store,
A llttte family gathering round ;
A little turf-heaped, tsr-dewed mound t
A little added to hta aotl j
A little rent from hardest toll.
IV. V.
A little silver In hair:
A little stool and essv chair;
A little nleht of Faitti-llt doom ;
A Uttle cort?a to the tomb.
—Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.
BY M. H. K.
TniT drive home the eowa from the peat are,
I'n through the lone shady lane,
Where the qnatt whistles lond In the wheat ielda,
That are yellow with rtpenlne grain.
They And, in fhe thick waving grasm.
Where the ecarlet-llpped strawberry growa.
They rather the earliest snowdrops
And the Aret crimson bnda of the roae.
They toea the new hay In the meadow I
They gather tho elder-bloom white I
They find where the dnsky ffrapea purple
In the eoft-tlnted October light
They know where the armies hang ripest,
And are aweeter than Italy wlneei
They know where the fruit bang the thlokeit
On the long, thorn; blackberry vluea.
They father the delicate eoa.weedi,
And bnlld tiny castles of sand ;
They pick up the heantlful aea-ehelle
Fnlry barks that have drifted to land.
They wave from the tall, rocking tree-topi
Where the orlole'a hammock-neat ewlngs,
And at nleht-tlme are folded In alumber
By a song that a fond mother sings.
Thorn who toll bravely are strongest ;
The hnmble and poor become great i
And from these brown-handed children
Shall grow mlehtv rnlers of state.
The pen of the author and statesman
The noble and wine of the land
The sword and the chisel and palette.
Shall beheld In the little brown hand.
—Our Young Folks.
—Our Young Folks. Selected Miscellany.
I never knew his name s It might have
been .Targe, or Wlllum, or Jeck ; but he
had Just stuck his hay-fork beside the
wain i his horses, with drooping heads,
were nuzzling the odorous cock i and the
summer sun made golden network In the
spinney where T stood, envious, discon
tented, and looking on. The unknown
had chosen himself a seat beneath an oak
which rose from the boundaryhedge, and
from out a clean calico bag he had pro
duced about half of half-a-quartern loaf,
and a white slab of bacon, marbled with
one thin, faint streak of pink lean. Ana
then he ate ate tremendously hewing
off bunches of bread and lumps of bacon.
Then there was a snap and a grind, and
the process was repeated. Tissue manu
factory ! That man ought to have been
possessed of a reserve of tissue ready for
restoring any waste. His teeth would
have excited envy in a dentist ; and as to
muscle and development, he was a perfect
""But it was the man's eating which made
me envious the thorough enjoyment.
He seemed to be in paradise. As for di
gestion, I should think he had never even
heard tho' word. As for suffering, it was
plain that he knew it not, though the poor
looker-on could only groan and turn away
his head as he thought of dinner-pills. '
And how was this The answer is sim
ple. The unknown never went to a
boarding-school j I did go. He kspt his
normal internal state ; I lost mine.
But ours was not a school ,- it was an es
tablishment, where the head was a princi
pal, the second in command a vice, and
the ushers masters. If the unknown had
led my life, he might not have rejoiced
over his bread and bacon ; for to the diet
at Gradus House I attribute the night-and-day-mare
from which I suffer. The living
was bad decidedly bad; and how so learn
ed a man as our principal could have ex
pected our young stomachs to receive un
resentingly the solid dumplings, the hard,
half-stewed steaks, and the tough mutton,
is a mystery to this day. I can only ad
vance a single theory for the piercing of
the cloud economy. The consequences
were headaches, dullness, stupidity, salts
and senna. Those were the immediate con
sequences, the following effects were -the
horrors of dyspepsia. The unsatisfactory
nature of our meals led us to spend every
penny of our pocket money in edibles, an
extra tip received by any boy being the
sign of a following feast No school-boys
could ever have been so short off for balls,
bats, and stumps, pop-guns, kites, pea
shooters, tops, or marbles, as were the
denizens of Gradus House. The village
toy-shop failed ; while the sucker business
grew into an establishment, where we in
vested our small cash in abominations,
that helped to lay the soil ready for the
seeds of indigestion sown by our worthy
I believe that I was a fair sample of the
class of boys at Gradus House; for if there
were Instances where a young gentleman
was not quite such an tdax return, I at
tribute it to a scarcity of current coin, for
they gave no credit at Creak's establish
ment. Devouring was the correct term ;
for I remember well that in one week I
munched a peck of solid baking pears, save
one, which happened to be too rotten for
my by no means squeamish taste As to
hard and sour apples, they were always
unlimited in quantity and of all kinds,
from a little green, acid, stony pippin,
whose Juice would have almost produced
carbonic acid gas from limestone, right up
through every bad variety, to hard, red,
round, Norfolk biftins, that were in their
consistency almost like wood.
We generally begpn in the early spring
with pasture from the fields, in the shape
of sorrel; or browsed upon the acid
leaves of the principal's barberry, until
the gooseberries were large and sour
enough to take their place. As a rule, we
could most of us eat a quart of unripe
gooseberries in a day, nearly a pint being
devoured in bed, when the dormitories
would resound with a st&nge low crunch
crunch, as if the abode of ruminants
the monotony being broken by an occa
sional pop. About this time, too, we
could obtain green peas the parching
variety and beans being preserved for win
ter stores. Now it was that apples
began to be in season with us, be it
rciuemliered, of course only small and
sour. Then came pears, ripe gooseberries,
plums, all of a class most worthy of con
demnation ; and lastly, there was a vil
lainously, high-priced, pithy, stony fruit,
with a mousey skin, which we used to buy
for a luxury, and pretend to enjoy. Mrs
Creak used to sell it to us and call it a
peach ; but in flavor it was more like a
green almond. With the advent of winter
of course there were oranges, figs, almonds
and raising, and prune ; but Creak did a
wonderful trade in what they called bra
reel nut, and bassylonles, horrible, oilv,
indigestible things those first, with Bheils
that would not crack even In the school
room door, and kernels that would burn
like candles. For cocoa-nuts koker nuts
it, was spelled in Creak's window we used
1 1 club, and then eat in company, regaling
first upon the insipid, sickly milk, after
wards upon the hard kernels, the shells
being saved for burning upon the fifth of
November, though fireworks were not our
forte. Gluey Italian jumbles, stuffy, treacly
parliament, chaffy cakes, sticky jam tarla,
and tough, gummy suckers, we pur
chased wholesale, not as to price,
while the ouly sensible way In which,
as far as I can recollect, we laid out our
money, was once a week in roast potatoes,
which we bought of one Dirty Jemmy,
who used to come into the playground Just
before ta our nockets serving to keep
the frutt hot until bedtime. There were
times, too, when we patrionized the muffin
baker : bnt. as a rule, dry muffins were
voted lame. and. in cold unbnttered crum
rta, there always was a clamminess that
never could get over. In very stern
times, when rewiltjtuoet failed and famine
wis sore in the land, the popping patch
of india-rubber used to serve for some
thing to chew ; but there I was unfortu
nate, fur, mtuiictUiDg In school hours, I
was reminded of my breach of observan
ces by a sharp cut of the cane, and in tho
spasmodic action which followed, I gave a
huge gulp, and swallowed a whole
penn'onh. It Is now exactly forty years
since that Incident; but I believe stren
uously that that lump of india-rubber still
lies In a hard, Indigestible mass on my
chest, for I have never dared to try the
only solvent I know naphtha and ben
cole. At thoughtful seasons I ponder upon the
past, and almost wonder that I hare a
tooth left in my head; for the work the
Incisors and molars notably the latter
had to perform was something enormous.
Savage nations might have learned from
us a variety of wrinkles for famine days.
I should think that, before I was fourteen,
hunger had driven me to try everything
that oould possibly be masticated by hu
man teeth, and certainly fifty per cent, of
sucn wings were not nutritious. Ample
and palatable food would have prevented
ali this but our coarse dietary drove us
to divers strange meats. Haws, sloes,
crabs, hips, and blackberries, were matters
of course but bark, pith, leather, and
gum, were certainly not advantageous to
the system ; and, in spite of their nutritious
properties for sheep and horses, I am quite
satisfied that boys would be better without
either raw turnips or carrots.
Now all this, and much more, rose to
my mind, as the unknown feasted upon
bis bread and bacdn feasted right royally,
for it was with appetite and enjoyment.
It was plain that he felt no fear of after
horrors, which should make him approach
his next meal with dread and trembling.
One could see in his ruddy countenance
and clear, bright eye, that hypochondria
had never seized upon him. It was plain
enough to see In his comfortable state, in
the quiet satisfaction with which he wiped
his knife upon the palm of his hand, his
mouth upon the back, before having a few
whiffs of his coarse, rank tobacco out oQ,a
black, broken pipe. Envious I It was
enough to make any man envious, to see
the fellow's aspect of perfect content
content, forsooth, upon twelve shillings a
week I whilst I, with my Income of ,
but stay ; this may be placed beside my
income tax returns, and some slight dis
crepancy detected.
I turned mournfully away, leaving my
bucolic friend to finish his dinner-hour in
peace, and muse upon the meal so sweet
ened with the pleasant sauce of hunger ;
while I strode through the sun-glinted
copse, with more than one white tailed
rabbit darting across my path, to rustle
away amongst the fern. I thought of the
unknown, then of myself, then of half of
half-a-quartern loaf, and a slab of fat
bacon, then of the repast that would
await me at five the clear soup, the bit
of fish, the well-browned cutlets, and the
boiled fowls, and Stilton, That, too, was
the day to try the wine camples the dry
sherry and fruity port. My case was, I
felt, hard ; for, as 1 muttered half aloud,
" Ah I he never went to school," I sighed
loudly, my coitt-tail caught in a bush, and
something rattled in the pocket, .and I
sighed again, for it was a box of dinner-pills.
Four Hours Under Water.
Among the many interesting things
which the visitor to the rapidly progress
ing railroad bridge will see, is the yn
proved process by which men can work
under water by a method which has takeu
the place of the former diving bell. So
far. as anything like a bell Is concerned the
operator carries it upon his head. The
need for such labor is to level the rip rap
rock which fills the spaces between the
Eiles, and around them, just above the
ottom of the river, to make a perfect sub
structure for the piers after the piles have
been sawed off one or two feet above the
The contract for this work was taken by
Mr. Perry, who has in his service for the
under water work, Mr. Quinn and Mr.
King. We were at the place of one of the
piers yesterday, and waited a few minutes
to see Mr. Quinn come up after a four
hours' submersion and hard work at the
bottom of the river. On the edge of
the flat boat stood Mr. King with a
rope in one hand and an India rubber
tube in the other, both extended out
into the water and let out or drawn in
to correspond with the motions of the
man below, or to yield to, or counteract
the srong current of the river, as
rapid near the bottom as it was eighteen
feet above at the surface. The rope was to
communicate understood signals the tube
to convey a proper and uniform supply of
air to the sub-aqueous man. Down stream
large bubbles of air were almost con
stantly rising to the surface, air which Mr.
Quinn had no longer any use for, or a sur
plus applied by a very ingeniously con
structed air pump by which three pistons
were so adjusted upon a crooked revolving
shaft that one of them was constantly and
quickly forcing nearly a gallon of air
within the sub-marine, armor in which the
operator was dressed.
A signal was given to ask if all was
" right." Responsive twitches of the rope
meant " all right." Soon after the signal
was given for " dinner time." Then slowly
crawled Mr. Quinn to a ladder suspended
from the boat to the bottom of the river.
The bubbles are- seen further up stream
the rope and tube are gradually pulled in
the top of the ladder trembles and he is
coming up slowly with his armor-dress of
more than a hundred pounds heavier than
the weight of his body. Out of the turbid
water emerges a frightful head with a
great square eye as large as a hand, in
front, a-d a similar one on either side, but
without hair, or mouth, or eyes, or any re
semblance to the " human face divine."
Human hands are seen on the ladder an
unwieldy outline of a human body is seen
beneath the great head, nearly two feet in
diameter. His assistants thumb a few
screws and take off the copper helmet, re
vealing the good-looking English face of
Mr. Quinn. Relieved of sixty pound
weights on his breast and back, and shoes
with leaden soles of thirty .pounds each,
which, being removed, his canvass-rubber
clothing is removed, and there he sits, or
stands, a proper sized man in dry, ordi
nary clothing, only bis naked hands hav
ing been wet.
So strong is the current of the river
these sub-water men can scarcely stand
against the force of the current, though
borne down by armor and weights to the
amount of 275 pounds. This weight is
partly requisite on account of the amount
of air inclosed, for breathing purposes,
within the encasing armor. Except a
slightly painful sensation from the pres
sure of condensed atmosphere in the ears,
on the first practice of under water work,
they say that no other inconvenience
arises from a temporary residence in Nep-
.....,'. A i . ' it r v
uuv . uuiuiniuDS, nr, as wo live iui iictii
water shore, we should say the realms of
the Nymphs, Naids or Potamids.
The sub river men occasionally place a
hand upon a fish, which naturally leaves
that neighborhood, instanter, but whither
he goes the diver cannot tell, for in the
dark water of this river, at that depth, he
cannot even distinguish the rope jr the
wuite air tune more man aix inches from
bis face. All bis work of leveling and ad
justing square rods of loose rock must m
done Dy the sense or reeling, naming with
the current upon his hands and knees.
Such are among the wonderful matters
of science and skill going on within a
mile or two of our city, and yet not one
in a hundred knows the tenth part of the
Interesting thin its connected with the work
of the great railroad bridge which Is soon
to span the river, and be as great a Wne
fit to Dubuque as it is an houor to thoe
who projected and to those who are build
ing it Itubuy 71w, .
Speech Senator Yates, of Illinois.
Prjiai-or Tatrs met with an enthusi
astic reception, at Springfield. TO., on his
recent arrival there from Washlnirton.
We publish the concluding portion of his
speech :
Tho occasion, fellow-cltlzens, upon
which we meet to-nleht Is one of remark
able interest. We ar here to fight the
same battle which onr brave hoys in blue
fought as they bore onr unconqnored
banner and planted It upon every strong
hold whence rebel hands bad pulled It
down. Applause It is the same ftght
now, between patriotism and treason As
Stephen A. Douglas remarked, "There
are but two parties In this country ;" pat
riotism on the one hand and treason on
tho other. Applause. I wish to say to
you to-night, fellow-citizens, that the tri
umph of the Northern Democracy, in the
next election, would be the triumph fifth
rtbeUion ; it would be the reopening of
every question which has been settled by
the war; it would be placing in power
again the Toombs, the Wade Hamptons,
and the Forrests; it would place these
men again in the Senate and House of
Representatives, and they would resume
their ancient sway over tho destinies and
liberties of this country. Yes, fellow-citizens,
it would.be placing these, the men
who worked and voted for your country's
murder; men who filled our land with the
weeds of mourning for our lost and loved
ones ; men who by starvation slow star
vationat our young men and our old
men, In their dens and prisons of Ander
sonville and Belle Isle ; by piracy and by
plunder; by arson and by murder; men
who by every cruelty and barbarity shock
ing In the eves of God and man, compassed
the life of the nation and aimed to over
turn the Government. Fellow citizens, I
arraign the Northern Democratic party as
the men who are responsible for the war ;
for the blood that was spilt in the war; for
the treasure that was expended in the war.
There was no time before the war com
menced that the Northejn Democratic
party might not have prevented it alto
gether Voice "That's sol" and they
now call upon you, and complain' so loud
ly of the taxes which they never pay.
Laughter. Thev are the men who are
responsible, wholly, entirely responsible,
for the war which the country has had to
fight. They were in power, and, with
Buchanan, said, in Congress, in their mass
meetings, in their National Conventions,
at their firesides, upon the street, every
where, that the Government of the United
States had no power to coerce a seceding
State. They furnished the South its lead
ers during the war ; they furnished It all
the aid and sympathy necessary to resist
the power and authority of the United
States Government, and I say to you now,
fellow-citizens, before God, that the rebel
lion could not have stood upon its legs six
months but for the encouragement, the aid
and sympathy it received from tho North
ern Democracy. Cries " You are right !"
and great applause.
They talk to you about debt and taxa
tion. Tell them to produce their receipts
to show where they paid one single dollar
of tho public debt. Has Col. Logan and
tho other officers. Collectors and Asses
sors, or anybody, called upon you to pay
any part of the public debt? He calls upon
nobody who does not receive more than
$1,000 income, and those men who pay
the taxes never grumble. But these poor,
miserable 6cabs, who pay no taxes, who
belong to what we call the Seymour-Democratic
party laughter and applause,
and who sutler so amazingly from these
taxes which they never pay, they cry out
"bloated bondholders!" Ask yourselves
how many of you have paid any part of
the national taxes. Who have paid it but
the bondholders and the men of wealth
and capital in the country 1 We do not
propose any system -of Democratic taxa
tion by which we will tax everything as
though it was equal ; by which we will tax
the poor man's cow when we tax the rich
man's golden watch. But the Democratic
policy would tax the poor widow's cow,
instead of allowing her the exemption
which has been given by the Re
publican Congress, that she shall
npt be taxed unless she receives an
income ' of moro than $1,000 ; the
poor widow who has given her husband
and her son to her country, and they per
haps sleep beneath the sod away down on
the banks of the Cumberland or Tennecs
sce, upon the heights of Missionary Ridge,
or in the swamps or bayous of the Con
federacy. Why, my fellow -citizens, look at
this ! I trembled for a time for fear I might
have to leave the Republican party upon
the question of taxation.
Now how was this debt created ? I tell
you, fellow-citizens, it was in self-defense;
In the preservation of the life of our na
tion. We were struck and wo had to
strike back again or give the nation up.
Our flag was fired upon at Fort Sumter.
These traitors left the Congress of the
United States and went out to organize a
government of their own. They set
themselves up against the Government of
the United States which they had sworn a
hundred times to preserve, maintain and
respect ; they organized civil war, they
made your rivers flow with blood, they
saturated the very earth with the blood of
our murdered countrymen. It became
necessary to prosecute the war. The Re
publican party was in power, and thev
would have "been cowardly and recreant
to every duty of statemanship, of patriot
ism, of justice and of allegiance to your
country unless they hart carried on the
war. They had not the money to do it
with. They had to clothe our brave
boys in blue ; they had to equip them ; to
furnish them with arms and munitions of
war; with tents; to transport them over
railroads, and rivers, and by every sort of
conveyance, and the debt which none of
us liked to make became an inevitable, ter
rible necessity. None of us like to make
a debt, but our Government was com
pelled to say to our men of capital, our
farmers and onr mechanics, even to our
widows and orphans and any one else
who had any money to advance, "Come
forward, lend us your money, and we will
give you our note and pay you Interest
upon it at six per cent." Our countrymen
all over the land came forward, they with
drew their money, much of which was
bringing ten per cent, on mortgage securi
ty, and Tent it patriotically to the Govern,
ment at six per cent. Uncle Sam, with his
broad hand and seal, signed and stamped
these notes, and said, " I will pay you
every dollar, principal and interest that
you have lent us to prosecute this war,"
and, fellow-citizens, " by the Eternal I" so
far as I am concerned, that promise shall
be maintained. " Good, good," and tre
mendous applause.
The word of a great nation must be kept.
If a nation shall not keep its word, who
may not break his? If I make a debt and
irlve m v note bearing ten iter cent, interest.
and if the Government breaks U word, as
the Democratic policy would have it do,
may not I Justly say that 1 will ittsue a
note bearing no interest, in place or paying
my debt r Is not that repudiation r If I
say I will ouly pay you so much of the
debt, U not thai, repudiation? And shall
the Government of the United Slates thus
forever blacken its escutcheon, aud dis
honor lis Hag by instituting national repu
diation? Never, no, never 1 Applause.
The Democratic party, which has always
been for gold, for a hard metal currency,
fur " Tom Benton mint drops," and which
opposed the issuing of greenbacks when
it was necessary to carry on the war
against the rebellion, that uauio Demo
cratic party al) at once are in favor of a
greenback currency. Cries of "gray
uiicks." Yes, of graybHcJr currency,
Laughter and applanae. Thev said onco,
that when greenbacks should be Issued
thev would not bo worth fifty cents a
bushel t suppose, now, they should Issue
throe times the amount, how much will
that currency be worth to the people of tho
United Slatoi? To the farmers and me
chanics t
But I have said, fcitow-cltiren, that the
triumph of the Democratic party would
be the triumph of tho rebellion. ' Do you
suppose that after tho Northern Democra
cy have called upon tho Southern Democ
racy to unite with them to carry this elec
tion, when they have got Into power they
will stand np to the pavment of your Na-
tional debt to the neglect of their Confed
erate debtf Has that beon the history of
that party. Do you suppose they will
stand Idly bv and see your widows and
orphans "paid their pensions, whllo their
widows and orphans are not to have their
Fellow citizens, I repeat It if you elect
Seymour and Blair to the Presidency and
Vice Presidency of the United States,
then have you opened afresh the wounds
which have so long been bleeding and
dividing our distracted country.
You all remember well I refer to It be
cause I was at that time a member of tho
Legislature when the State of Illinois be
came involved in debt to the amount of
$20,000,000, Incurred from the mammoth
system of " internal improvements." Mis
sissippi, under the lead of Jeff. Davis, re
pudiated her debt, and the Northern De
mocracy, the Democracy of Illinois, were
lso in favor of repudiating the debt of
Illinois ; and I am sorry to say, also, that
many of our Whig friends believed this
debt could never be paid. We remember
that it was at a time of financial embar
rassment; that there was no immigration
into the State; all were borne down
heavily with taxes, and it seemed that the
payment of this debt was an impossible
thing. But, notwithstanding this, as mem
bers of the Legislature we came forward
and levied the two mill tax, and from that
very moment the State of Illinois began
to prosper as It never had prospered be
fore. The people honestly and faithfully
stood by their contract ; emigration began
to come into the State, and the conse
quence now is that Illinois is one of the
most prosperous States in the Union, with
nearly 8,000,000 of Inhabitants; her credit
is high in every part of the world upon
the banks of the Rhine, in England, and
everywhere, the bonds of the State of
Illinois, and its honest people, are high,
and the people have flourished by the
blessing of God. because they stood faith
fully and honestly by their contracts. God
bless our beautiful and glorious Illinois.
Applause. The State that stands by her
faith, the State that keeps her word, the
State that has elected the President the
two last terms, and the State that will elect
the next President from her borders.
Great applause.
Consider for a moment who are the
candidates for your votes at the approach
ing election. On the one hand is Sey
mour, an anti-war Democrat, a man who
never uttered one solitary sentiment in
favor of the vigorous prosecution of the
war ! On the fourth day of July, 18tM.
while he was making a speech to a rebel
crowd in the city of New York and in
quiring satirically, reproachfully, " where
are your Republican victories which you
promised us?" On that very day, and
at that very hour, on the fourth day of
July, 1803, Gen. Grant, to tho tune of
" Hail Columbia," was marching to plant
our glorious flag on the towers of Vicks
burg. Great applause. At the time
when Sherman waastruggling from Dallas
and Mission Heights and Lookout Moun
tain, and to Atlanta, nmid tho roar and
thunder, the shot and shell of battles
through rivers of blood at the very time
when the gallant Phil. Sheridan was
sweeping with his Invincible cavalry
through the valley of the Shenandoah at
the very tirne when Grant was struggling
in the Wilderness, when unseen foes met
him on every hand, and batteries frowned
on his onward march, and our bravo boys
fell Jp uncounted thousands at the very
time when the South expected interven
tion from England to aid her in the tri
umph of the rebellion ; at that very time
when Old Abe, through the long watches
of tho weary night, in his Executive cham
ber at the capitol of the nation, with long
strides paced the halls of the White House
anxiously awaiting dispatches from the
army at that very time, on tho 4th of
July, 1804, the Democratic party, repre
senting svery State and Territory in the
Union, were assembled in Chicago, and
were presided over by this Horatio Sey
mour, and they made heaven-rending yells;
they sent words of cheer t the enemy,
and words of discouragement to the hearts
of our brave boys in blue, and in all the
forms of parliamentary proceeding they
passed that resolution, written imperisha
oly in the black ink of treason, declaring
that the war was a failure, and demand
ing the cessation of hostilities. This is
the candidate the anti-war candidate that
is presented for your suffrages at tho ap
proaching election. In that very speech
made by Seymour, on the 4th day of July,
he argued the unconstitutionality of the
draft, and it was there that he incited the
riot that took place eight days after, when
poor children were burned to death by
Copperheads In their asylums when the
Btrcets of New York ran with the blood of
men, women and children.
What then, did your Democratic candi
date lor the Presidency do 1 He went to
that mob and be said, " My friends
laughter, hold slill. Go to your homes
you can assemble again whenever you
choose. I have telegraphed to the Presi
dent of the United States to postpone the
draft until we can have a decision of the
Supreme Court to say whether the draft is
unconstitutional or not." Old Abe said he
would have the draft ; they might try the
Constitution afterward, if they wanted to.
Now, fellow citizens, after that speech of
Gov. Seymour, while I was slill Governor
of Illinois, I said that if I had been Gov
ornor of the State of New York, instead
of addressing tlmt murderous band of
traitors as my friends, and telling them
that I would telegraph Mr. Lincoln to stop
the draft before I would have done this I
would have seen New York's proud
palaces laid in ashes, and Wall street and
Broadway running deep with human
gore. Applause.
When Mr. Lincoln telegraphed to Mr.
Seymour, fifteen days before tho battle of
Antiiitam, for troops to prevent the rebel
army from marching Uon Philadelphia
and New York, and v hen auy otlier loyal
Governor from sucb a State as New York
would have sent fifty thousand volunteers
to stem the rebel army, after the battle
was over, Mr. Seymour sent ten thousand
men. ' . " .
Now, fellow-citizens, I have told you
that I did not regret that I was Governor
of the State of Illinois during the eventful
period of the war, but I tell you another
thing that I shall regret. I shall regret
that any brve boy iu blue who , has as
sisted in placing our proud flag over Jeff.
Davis and the hosts or treason, should vote
for the anti-war Democrat, as opposed to
that patriot and hero (ln. Graut. Now
want to tell such a soldier, if he Is here,
that If he votes for Grant he is voting on
the side for which he fought for the
preservation of the Uniou ; and if h does
not think so, I want to tell you how he can
underaive himself I will give him an in
fallible specific, a remedy by which he may
undeceive himself. It is not that I tell you
that you vote against your country and on
the side of traitors if you vote for Keyniour
and Blair; but this Is my specific. To
morrow morning, my brave young frieud
in blue, when you get up, raise your east
window, and look out upon God s glorious
tun m tie rue in ruajwiy ; look out upon
the grandeur of creation, and then, when
tho brain Is aglow, and your heart Is
honest, look Into your looking-glass and
vou will see a man there ; look him steadily
In the eve and tell him that when von vote
for Blnirand Seymour you are voting upon
the side for which yon fought, and there's
something in the eye of that fellow in the
glsss that will sav to you "You lie, and
you know It !" fOreat applause.
Now. fellow-citizens, you say that we
are In favor of negro supremacy. I never
heard one of us say so never saw It In a
Republican paper never saw it In a reso
lution of a Republican caucus, that we
are in favor of negro supremacy. No,
fellow -citizens, we are In fcvor of nomtin't
supremacy In this country. We are In
favor of tho supremacy of the American
people. We believe In the strong com
mom sensn of all the people of the United
States of America, and wo are willing to
be governed by their Judgment and by a
majority of their votes. There is no such
thing m equality, between men. In this
country. All that wo contend for Is equal
human rights, equal privileges before the
laws, for every American citizen, whether
born in a foreign land or In this country,
whether ho may be American, Irish, Ger
man, or Portuguese, of whatever color God
in his providence may have put upon his
complexion, that he shall be entitled to
equal rights. Talk about equality. How
many of these Copperhead orators would
you have to boil down to got tho essence
out. or them to make a man equal to ,ionn
M. Palmer f Applause and laughter. The
laws cannot make men equal. I say to
you, my brave boy in blue. If you have
got my commission, and If you are going
to vote for Seymour and Blair and John
R. Eden for Governor, for God Almighty's
sake give it back to mo. Great laughter
and applause. If anybody in blue who
has fought through the war could vote for
the anti-war Democrat Seymour, and
against that old Illinois hero and patriot,
Gen. Grant, or for that stay-at-home, John
R. Eden, against the gallant soldier, pat
riot and statesman, Gen. John M. Palmer
that man, it seems to me, could strike his
grandmother in the face. Great ap
plause. We present to you as the candidate for
your votes for the President, the name of
General Grant In doing so we expect
your vote upon every principle of honesty
and candor. In the first place, he has the
confidence of every honest man in the
country. I repeat it the confidence of
every honest man In the country wheth
er he be Republican or Democrat. Such
Is not the case with the time-serving poli
tician, Seymour. It is said that General
Grant cannot make speeches. Neither
could Washington make a speech. Gen
eral Jackson never made speeches; but
General Grant has mado some speeches
which, when the wordy actions of Horatio
Seymour shall have been forgotten, will be
recorded upon the pages of history, so long
as time shall last.
Such was his speech to Buckner when
ho said, "I propose to move immediately
on the enemy s works." Such a speech
was the one he made to Pemberton, " Un
conditional surrender ;" such was his
speech at Appommattox when he said, " I
propose a capitulation upon the following
terms : The Confederate army will stack
their arms; the cannon and the munitions
to bo received bv the officers of tho Amort
can armv ;" that speech he made when
struggling through the Wilderness where
the hope of Lincoln followed him, when
we were in doubt all over the country, and
when patriot's knees seemed to tremblo
with apprehension, when he was opposing
t.lie enemy nana to hand in mat unparal
leled struggle : tho speech that came by
telegraph to gladden and oncourage Lin
coln and the nation, " I propose to fight it
out on this line. It it takes all summer."
Voice, " And he did." Tremendous ap
plause. I am detaining you, fellow-citizens, far
longer than I intended. "Go on, goon. J
Ueneral 1'aimer is here, ano i know you
wish to hear from him. This reception
goes t o the bottom of my heart. It is from
my old, life long friends; from those with
whom I have been raised those who have
elevated me and honored me ; and I thank
you for it.
I have said I was glad I have been the
Governor of your State. I will say, also,
that I think I may have performed my
duty in a far more inefficient manner than
others would have done. I am glad, also,
that I was your Senator during the Thirty
ninth and Fortieth Congress. I am glad
I belong to your glorious Republican party,
who, when the flag was fired upon, rallied
to the rescue. From our prairies, from
our hill-tops and our valleys, they "rallied
round the flag," and they carried it in tri
umph from one end of the land to the
other. I am glad that I was a member of
the Congress that raised, equipped, and
clothed, and fed, and sent to victory the
flower chivalry of our land, to save our
Constitution and country from the grasp of
the aggresseor. I am proud I was a mem
ber of the Congress that raised and
equipped the grandest army the world's
history has known that set afloat the
proudest navy that ever rode the sea. I
am glad that I am a member of the Con
gress that blotted from tho face of our
land the accursed system of human slavery
great applause, so that now, upon every
rod and inch of American soil, hbertyJs a
living reality. I am glad that I belong to
that party that derived its principles from
the Revelations of God Himself from the
golden rule " Do unto others as you would
be done by ;" and " Love thy neighbor as
thyself." - I am glad that I belong to the
party that has lifted up God's down-trodden
and long oppressed poor that has
lifted them up to humanity and to Amer
ican citizenship, to life and to liberty. I
am not sorry, fellow-citizens, that when
the President of the United States thrust
himself between the Congress of the
United States and the pacification of our
difficulties, and opposed the measures by
which we aimed to relieve the country,
the Freedmen's Bureau bill, the Civil
Rights bill, and other measures of recon
struction by Congress I am not sorry,
fellow-citizens, that, as your Senator, I
voted for the impeachment of Andrew
Johnson. Tremendous applause.
And as I now conclude what I have to
say, it will be in the language of Gen.
Grant, " Let us have peace." By the tri
umphant election of Gen. Grant we shall
have peace. If Seymour is elected he tells
yon in his platform ; Frank Blair's letter
tells you ; Wade Hampton tells you that
the Government and authority that law
his established shall be set aside. What is
this but war? Shall these rebels again
raise the hand of rebellion f They threaten
that they will overthrow the Government
that has been established by the authority
of law and made by the Congress of the
United States. Fellow-citizens, I am not
in the habit of threatening, hut I will not
be threatened either great applause, and
I will say now that if Illinois sent 258,000
men to put down the. old rebellion, and if
Seymour and Frank Blair, and Jetf. Davis
anil Breckinridsre, and Toombs and the
murderer Forrest, if they choose to get
up another war to overthrow the recon
structed government which Congress has
made, then Illinois will send 500,000 loyal
men to vindicate again the Government of
the United States, and that war shall not
cease until treason shall be abolished from
the face of the earth for ever and ever.
Inurtense applause
I say, elect Gen. Grant, and we will have
peace. I am not for a military chieftain,
simply because In it a military chieftain.
But, fellow-citizens, we are in the midst
of war like time ; tho spirit of war is iu
the I u ml. Wu want a man at th,
head who has been trim! and never
found wanting; who has fought upon a
tuonxttiid, baule-lkklB ; who undtrslanO
all localities ; who has been all over the
South t who has proved himself worthy
a man of strong common sense. In whom
the peonle havo confidence. Elect Gen.
Grant President of tho United States, and
I tell you the last rebel will seek his hole ;
and then, fcllow-citlrens, wo shall have
peace. We will have the grandest country
that Ond ever gave a country stretching
from the At'antlc to tho Facitle, inter-
snersed by railroads, with swenlng rivers.
with deep, blue lakes, a soil of boundless
fertility, a country destined to have
l.fmOOO.OOO of human souls within a very
short period of time; the grandest empire
on the globe. "Time's noblest empire is
tho last"
Fellow-cltlrens, I pray you In tho name
of Justice and humanity, and of liberty ;
In the name of that common country so
much loved, and for which you have sent
the flower of your population to die ; in
tho name of Washington ; In the name of
Abraham Lincoln God bless his Immortal
memory applause nd against those
traitors who Incited his murder
" Bloodiest picture In the book of time ;"
that traitorous deed of assassination which
sent to death the most loved and honored
of our land ; the man before whose name
let every American bow In reverence, the
name before which all the heads of civil
ized powera.bow In homage and respect;
against those murderous traitors, I say,
that took from us our noblest, our purest
Lincoln, lot us again "rally round the
flag." and save our country from the
spoiler who would overthrow it Im
mense applause
i m m m
Tortures of the Mosquito.
It is ten o'clock at night as we write.
Wo axe in our " study," at home. We
havo attempted to read, but the mosqui
toes wouldn't let us. We had to keep our
hands going constantly, slap, slap, to rid
ourselves of them, aud we were constantly
losing the place in consequence. (If a
mosquito lost hit place he round another
immediately after.) As we found it Im
possible to read, we thought we would try
writing. If we couldn't get the hotter of
the mosquitoes In any other way we would
try writing them down. (Slap.)
The mosquito is not a progressive crea
ture at all. While enlightened medical
opinion has discarded blood-letting nearly
altogether, the mosquito keeps right on
(slap) bleeding his patients, no matter
what their complaint may be, and somo of
them complain terribly. Then, again, the
old school doctors never used to present
their bill before they bled you, but the
mosquito (slap, slap) presents his bill as
soon as he arrives, and bleeds you after
ward. His skill in (slap) Mealing people
would make him a successful proprietor of
a watering-place hotel.
The mostiuito is to hum wherever he goes.
But with all his mingling in the best so
ciety, and notwithstanding his (slap, slap,
slap,) close familiarity with all classes of
peoplo, ho Is in a measure quite unsophis
ticated. You wouldn't make much of a
mistake if you picked him up for a tucker
every day In the week. (Slap.) If he is
sharp at all it is only shown In boring peo
ple. (Slap.)
He Is a creature of very dissipated habits,
and is frequently known to run all night
It Is killing (slap) to their constitutions,
but they will do it They aro fastidious
in their tastes, however, and never keep
company except with peoplo of " blood.
They can t stand (slap) much liquor. It
goes to their heads.
We once saw a couple of musquttos light
on the nose of a man who was in a heavy
drunken slumber in a doorway. It wasn t
long before (slap, slap) they becan to sing
incoherently, aud finally they staggered off
arm in arm, humming " Won go (hie)
home till morn'n'." One of them died the
next day of ddirium tremens, a terrible
warning to musquitoes not to take their
whisky with a man in it
Tho mosquitoes don't appear (slap) to
be quite so numerous (slap, slap) as they
have been some (slap) seasons. We re
member one (slap) summer when (slap)
they didn t give a fellow (slap) any rest at
all hardly. You couldn't get a (slap) good
night's rest for (slap) weeks. If you sat
down to (slap) write you would have (slap)
to stop every other word almost and (slap)
switch them off from your paper to (slsp)
see what you had been writing. It is'nt
(slap) so bad this year. We (slap) have
suid (slap) our say (slap) about (slap, slap)
the (slap, slap, slap) musqulto. We wish
they (slap) were all In (slap) Lake Eric,
we do. (Slap, slap, slap, slap, sla p !)
dnciruuUi JHnet.
The Way to War.
- How a Democratic success at the elec
tion would occasion civil war is easily
seen. General Blair does not hesitate to
avow it. Congress must be wholly disre
garded. Tho Supreme Court must not be
invoked. The President must usurp all
powers of the Government and act alone,
lie must be a Ciusar. " Because," says
General Blair in his letter, " if the Presi
dent elected by the Democracy enforces,
or permits others to enforce, these Recon
struction acta, the Radicals, by the acces
sion of twenty spurious Senators and fifty
Representatives, will control both branch
es of Congress, and his administration
will be as powerless as the present one of
Air. Johnson. f orce is, therelore, the
only alternative.
If Mr. Seymour be elected, after this
loud and reiterated declaration by his
party that his election will mean forcible
overthrow of the present State govern
ments in the Southern States, the result is
evident He would officially declare those
Governments void. He would then be
impeached and probably convicted. But
the Democratic party, victorious at the
polls, with the whole rebel force jubilant
and ready, would dispute the sentence,
and rise against its execution. Meanwhile
in tho Southern States, the new Demo
cratic State organizations summoned by
the President would be formed. They
would dispute the State authority with the
present incumbents. The President would
recognize the new claimants and order
the army to their support u(1 Jo " tram
ple in the dust" the others. They in turn
would appeal to Congress, already en
gaged in conflict with the President
Meanwhile the Representative and Sena
tors sent from the new Slate organizations
would arrive in Washington, and in cm
cert with the other Democratic members
would be recognized as Congress by the
President. But, indeed, long before this
event civil war would be ravaging the
country, and Wado Hampton, and Robert
Toombs, and Howell Cobb, and Die old
rebel chiefs who say with Albert Pike,
" We do not love and will not pretend to
love that Union, though we hae agreed
to obey the laws of the conqueror," would
gladly behold in a desolating war and a
ruined Republic the fullness of their re
This is the real issue. It cannot be de
nied, for the Democratic party exullingly
declares it. It cannot be evaded, for the
experience of the last few years has taught
us that we have as desperate and danger
ous elements nany country at any time. It
is the relapse of the rebellion, and a re
lapse of disease is often fiercer than its
original attack. There vaa never a mo
ment when the utmoat effort of every faith
ful citizen was more indispensable than
now to the salvation of the country. On
the one hand is General Grant, with his
moderation, bis firmness, his trird patriot
ism, his singular sagacity, his singular illu
tration of Hie ft nest qualities of tin-inti-lli-gi-nt
American; and with hiui Schuyler Col
fax, who has never said a word or dime an
act that can inspire the least distrust, and
who 1 in full accord with the lu4. ami
moat rtoaci'fi'l and nr(rroi'v tr'-ncles
of the mitnrr Thrv nw th - r ndldates
of thrvn who would do tho best that tho
elrcumatancea allow; who would re
eonatrnrt th Union upon equal rights,
who would rftV evaanerato tho caloules
of rN, hut who would neither betray the
tried friends nor the pledged faith of the
country. They are the candidate of the
great body of citizens nf proved patriot
lam, Intelligence, Industry, and of a peace
ful mind obedient to law. On the other
hand la Mr. Sevmonr. a pla'ialhle p-illtlolan.
for whose success the rebels In arms rtraved
four years ago; who preferretl that, the
Union ahnuld perish rather than slavery,
and who declared th" sueoess nf the Gov
ernment to be sa revolutionary at that of
tho rebellion With him la General Blair,
whose remedy for the situation la the naked
sword. They are tho candidates of all
who hate tho Union and who nought, and
seek Its dishonor; of thnao who thought
the war a crime, snd demanded that the
Government should vleld to the rebellion
of those who would break the public word
to tho public creditor; of those who
would put the lato slave, alwav Inval. nn.
dor the feet of hla always rebel master;
the candidates of tho Ignorant, and lawless
everywhere In tho land.
Let every wan be alert. There ts no
doubt of the lsue or of tho candidates.
And when once they are nnderat.orvl there
Is no doubt nf the country and of the re
sult. ITarprr lVwW,
tWOrant, while Secretary of War, re-
oucen tne war dent by his economy !.-
tW Frank Blair said In a recent speech
at Benton ; " Our motto Is Justice to white
men. urant s is lustlco to al
tW Robert M. Dotifflaa. son of tho
" Little Giant," has lately made Ms maid
en speech in North Carolina. He goes,
of course, for Grant and Colfax.
tW The New York Commercial Adver
tiser savt that, "as one of tho result at
tending Grant's generalship, nearly the
entire Southern wing of the Democratic
party are now on parole to obey tho laws
and keep the peace."
In the leading Demnoratlo drink.
Ing saloon at Harrisburg, Pa., frequented
by the chiefs or that party, hang In hand
some frames the portraits of Jefferson Da
vis, Robert E. Lee, Beauregard, Buckner,
nragg, ana to crown all, that or Wilkes
WThe New York ITer.M of tho 21st
says : " From the administration of Sey
. i , , , . , . i
iiiour, in minn, ii ciecieu, we nave noin
Ing better to expect than another term of
poor Plerco or a second edition of Andy
Johnson iu ids conflict with Congress."
IW The Fourteenth Amendment to the
Constitution of the United States declares
that " tho validity of the public debt, pen
sions and bounties shall not be ques-
noneu; umi "tne rebel debt and all
claims for slaves are illegal and void."
Tho Springfield (111.) Keuixter, in its zeal
for the rebel cause, declares that tho
amendment is " the sum of all villainies."
tTho Chicago Times thinks It Is
helping the cause of the Copperheads by
coarse abuse of General Grant Among
other things it says :
"The peoplo will not look to the ob
scurity ol a country tanyard for tho quali
ties they demand in our next President."
When Wado Hampton. Vallandinhaui
and others were trying to destroy tho
tiovcrnnieni, tno people looked to Uuneral
Grant to prevent them, and he did it. The
man who saved the nation possesses ottali
ties sufficient to rule It, iu the estimation of
all loyal peoplo, rb thev will overwhelm'
liigiy demonstrate In November. Chicago
tW Perhaps one of the mist unbiased
and reliable estimates of tho vote upon the
Presidential candidates, is that published
by the New York tS'. The editor of that
paper sets forth the following tabular
statement :
HKYMOI'H. Ii 11 A NT. nniTHTriTf..
California.... (I Alnbiima. .... S (Jporula 0
Connecticut.. Arkunnas rcnnylviula SMI
Palawan H Florida 1
Kantilckv ....11 Illinois 1H Total 86
Maryland 7 Indiana 1-1
Nuw.lrmijr... 7 Iowa 8
New York....! Kansas .1
Ortifrnn S Louisiana ... 7
Miilno 7
Total 75 Masoachus'ta t
Mtrtiliun.. .. 8
Miiinusota.... 4
Missouri 11
'Nebraska..... 8
I Nevada 8
N. lliimpshiru 5'
N. Carolina .. Ul
8. Carolina... tl
Ohio SI
Hhode Island. 4
Vermont 5
WustVlnMnia '
Wisconsin.... 8!
1 Total 1H4 !
The States which will not vote are Mis
sissippi, Texas and Virginia, which have a
total of twenty-one electors. Tho number
necessary to a choice is 1511. If we give
Seymour the benefit of the doubtful States,
It will only swell his vote to 110.
tW We think that no sagacious Dem
ocrat will claim that his party has held Its
own since the nomination of Seymour and
Blair much less affirm that it has gained
ground. Republicans know that their
party is stronger in every Northern and
Western Slate than it was before the Dem
ocratic revolutionary programme was of
ficially avowed and promulgated ; and the
Republicans will steadily gain accessions
to their ranks every day, until the pedis
close on the Hlh of November. The " Con
servative" Republicans who had strayed
since 1 S(!4, are all coming back and taking
their old places iu the ranks. The Ger
mans, who had temporarily (Ueerted their
party on the temperance arf other local
questions, have hastened to resume their
Kepublican membership. But this does
not constitute all the reinforcements to the
Grant and Colfax columns. Hundreds
and . thousands of Democrats, becoming
alarmed at the belligerent attitude of par-
oiea reoeis, woo now lead and control
their party, have abandoned it and struck
hands with the frieudsof peace and defend
ers of UieUnion, and are vigorously sup
porting General Grrnt. As the campaign
deepena and the momentous day draws
nign, tnousanusor tho better class or Dem
ocrats wil lend a helping band to swell the
majority for Grant and peace. Nothing in
the future is more certain. Chicnyo TH
bun, AuyustM.
Aim " Abraham's JJuuai'tfrr."
Hay I Have vou heard the cheerful snug.
The rnton boys are singing r
While auswering ecboes loud aud strong
From loyal Quirts are spriugtug,
Kpokeu) - Aud hero's what they say :
Oh, we vote for Urant, aud Colfax, too ;
Let Copperheads remember
We whlpiwd lliemouce, and mean to do
The same tblug next November.
Let Justice draw the flaming sword.
Arrayed in heavuuly beamy:
The " Boys iu blue " but wait the word
Thai call, them off for duly.
That's what they say.
Oh, we vole for lirant, etc.
We shall win the light ; our cause Is right ;
There shall be no cont'esion ;
Let the Iraitors feel that loyal sural
Uatb conquered auceselon.
That's what they auy.
Oh, we vote for ttraut, etc
Then close the rauks ; atand firm In front ;
And wait till ihe charge la sounded ;
Then leave not a msu of the Ku Kim Klau
To care for their dead and wouuded.
Thai's what they say.
Oh, we go for Urant, ate.
Thb Springfield (O.) RepuUie says a
little child full into a well in that ciw a
few days ago, and a sick man near, hearing
the noise, apraugoutof bed, descended the
rope, uj brought the child up lu snfi'ty.
The Plain Peril.
Tt la a llttln morn than month since
tho Democratic nomination, were made.
The Convention declared for repudiation,
and asserted that the Reconstruction acts
were revolutionary and roiU. It nomi
nated for President a bitter opponent of
tho war, and for Vice President man
who held that it was the duty of the Ex
ecutive to promote union by " trampling
Into dust the usurpations of Congross.' It
then adjourned, it leading members in
stantly took the stump, and explained the
purposes of the party, and the Demo
cratic newspapers everywhere swelled the
chorus. Those who had hoped that
time and events would have taught the
party a caution at ler.:t, If not wisdom,
found that their only hope of party favor
lay In the promptest submission to the
party will ; and with ridiculous haste they
ate their words, sneered at their own argu
ment, and. by showinir that they were
contemptibly insincere before, proved that
they were only the more contemptible and
raise now. A month ago ine uonvenuon
adjourned. Meanwhile the land baa rung
with tho declarations of theTnart V. and the
country has seen and fees, that there i
really but a single issue in the election,
and that is the renewal of the rebellion.
As in 1864. the sole and overshadowing
question was, shall the Government sur
render to tho rebellion, so now ail otner
Interests necessarily disappear in the fun
damental Inquiry whether the rebellion"
stiaii regain at the poiia wnat it ton m nv
. Mr. Seymour and his supporter strug
gle in vain to hide the Issue. His orators
and his papers attempt to make the finan
cial question paramount ar..l to frighten
and disgust the country by the grosses,
misrepresentation of the expenses of the
Government, and by magnifying corrup
tion. The public expenses, no one denies,
are largo, and the Democratic party, from
which the rebellion and lta support pro
ceeded, is responsible for the burden. The
Administration is, at some points, tainted
with corruption a fault to be admitted
aoxl deplored, but not a fault likely to be
remedied by intrusting It to the party of
Kloyd, Cobb, the New York municipality,
and the Tammany ring. But these
questions, although ordinarily of the
highest Importance, are, la. the
nature of things, secondary to the recon
struction of the Union. So long m the
Integrity of the nation is In debate, bo
long as the problem Is, whether the friends
or the enemies of the Union shall control
the Government, all economical question!
within the Union are inevitably postponed.
The public burden can be lightened that
is, taxation can be diminished only m the
wealth of the country increases. Wealth
Increases only by production, and Industry
and enterprise are essential to production.
But confidence Is tbe cardinal condition
of steady Industry; and uiitll confidence
Is established there will be neither a move
ment of capital Into the disordered States,
nor continuous and sufficient labor. The
Republican party has taken the great pri
mary steps toward the pacification upon
which peace and consequent confidence
depend. The Democratic party proposes
to undo everything that has been done ;
to exasperate the hostility of race, and to
give, by force, tho disordered States Into
the hands of those who hale the Union,
and burn with the desire of revenge.
The Democratic policy Is necessarily
one of civil war. It does r"t propose a
peaceful solution of any difficulty. And
that this is distinctly tinders'.. rod is evident.
Just before the Democratic Convention
assembled Mr. C. C. Langdon, a delegate
from Alabama, wrote, with an Instinctive
knowledge of his party: "The Demo-,
crutlc doctrine Is, that the reconstruction
measures of the present Congress, and
everything done under them, are uncon- .
stitutionai, snd, of course, absolutely null
and void. This declaration, I take it, will
constitute tho main plank in the Demo
cratic platform, and whoever is nominated
must pledge himself to stand by it and en
forco it. That tho Supremo Court will
eventually (probably at lta next term) de
cide all these acts to be unconstitutional
is now universally conceded. Then all we
want is a President whose views are In
accord with that decision, and who has
tho nerve and the will to do his duty. It
will be his duty to enforce the decree of
the Court, if need be, at the point of the
But the party was riper for a more de
cidedly revolutionary and anarchical
policy. Mr. t,angdou proposed mat tno
President should act In deference to a
judgment of the Supreme Court overrul
ing the reconstruction acts. But General
Frank Blair went further. He would not
wait for any judicial decision. Let the
election itself decide, cried ho. Let it bo
understood that the question which we
submit at the election is whether the new
State governments shall be overthrown by
force, and the election of tho Democratic
candidates will be tho President's warrant.
" There is but one way," wrote General
Blair, and for saying so ho was nominated
" there Is bui one way to restore the
Government and the Constitution, and
that is lor the President elect to declare
these acts null aud void, compel the army
to undo its usurpations at the South, dis
perse the carper-bag State governments,
allow the white people to recognize their
own governments, aud elect Senators snd
This is the acknowledged and accepted
policy of the party. That portion which,
just before the nomination of General
Blair upon this declaration, admitted that
the new Stale governments had been re
cognized by Congress, and tuat conse
quently, according to the decision of the
Supreme Court, there was no other law
ful method of changing them than that
provided by their constitutions, now assert
that the election will decide whether those
governments are to stand or to bo over
thrown, as General Blair says, by force.
Indeed, if overthrown at all, it can only bo
by force ; for it is not conceivable that, in
several of the Slates, half the inhabitants
will disfranchise themselves for the benefit
of those who avow their hostility to them.
By the words of the candidate for Vice
President, and by Hie eager assent of the
delegates to the Convention, and of tho
orators and papers of the party, as well
as from its character and antecedents, the
issue presented is simply that cf a renewed
civil war by tho late leaders and su
crsoi tne reueiuon. ixuriers rsekly,
Perpetual Motion.
The Idea is not given up yet Dr. Up
degraff, of Rrading, Penn., has elaborated
it into a machine which will " go," at least
does go. The Reading Gazette says every
body who sees it is convinced. It des
cribes the thing as a machine constructed
on the principle of making one ball raise
another of equal weight, with the prepon
derance of leverage in tavor of the ascend
ing ball, or, iu other words, that a metal
ball weighing, say five or six ounces, will
raise another of twice its weight at an
equal distance from the fulcrum, with the
same velocity that tbe first descends.
Yet this is the principle upon which Dr.'
Updegratf s machine is constructed There
is na complication. All is as simple and
plain to the eye as the works of a clock
although there is no such works about it.
It is simply a matter of four balls, two on
each side, weighing about six ounces each,
so manipulated by this principle of com
bination leverage that while one on one,
side is decending and moving the entire
machine it is raising the other in poeillon
to do the same work. Thus dc they alter
nate iu their work, and Kwp up constant
and regular movement. The inventor
has been otl'ered one hundred thousand
dollars for his right in the invention as it
stands, but has declined to negotiate. It
is estimated that with fifty pound balls
the motive power attained wifi equal that
of eight horses. A large machine has
been contracted for, and will be built at
an early day, with a view, of asctirlainlnir
its exact motive power. .
An anecdote is told of' a German stu
dent In theology, w ho artr waiting an
unconscionable lime for admission ap
peared before the examiner, " bearued like
a pard." T ho learned examiner fell bavtk
astonished, exclaiming, A student in
theology with a beard!" "A beard I"
cried the student, with an air of equsj -touishtutut,
and pulling his hand up to
his face-" Mess me, why it must bay
grown wbi e I haye ljA wttiuDX la tfe

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