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THE NATIONAL DEBT.
Decrease of $802,000,000 in Three Years. Tub following speech wm delivered September 10, before the Massachusetts Republican Slate Convention, by Edward Atkinson, of Jl mton, a gentleman who Is an authority on financial matters : Gkxtlems : In a short address, I pro poso to Justify, not to defend, the fiscal po.icy ol the Republican party. As the honored Chsirtnnn of our State Central Committee hns well said, its fiscal record needs bo defense ; It is a record of which we may well be proud. In speaking to you I shall pass rapidly over the details, lmtyou will find all my statement vended In detail in the printed reports. If there is any merit in the following analysis of tho expenditures or the laet three years, I can only claim the plan and method upon which it is placed bef.re you All tie data have been furnished me by the Hon. David A. Wells I long since perceived that the statement com nionly accepted as that of the maximum debt of the United States was not one which covered the labilities of the Gov ernment on tho 1st or August, 1!05, by many millions or dollars. THE DEBT IN 1865. I knew this from the Tact thnt the man ufacturing iiicorpora'ions, with which I atn myself connected, held at that date seveml millions of dollars of claims upon the Government through the contractors to whom we had sold the material for the tents and clothing fur the array, for which they had then had no settlement. These accounts were afterwards allowed and we took our pay in 7 :J0 notes, most of which we sold to the various saving banks of Massachusetts, from whom we had bor rowed the money to enable us to do the work and furnish tho goods. These notes were, of course, converted into 5 20 bonds by the savings banks, and now fnrm a portion of tho debt which the Democratic party propose to repudiate by issuing greenbacks, or, in other words, substituting fuiled paper bearing no interest for a debt not yet due, tho avowed purpose of the Southern wing of the party, who, at least, may claim the meed of praise for their bold avowal, being to render the greenback valueless, and then repudiate it. In this scheme they are led by George II. Pendleton, and covertly supported by Horatio Seymour, it being now asserted by his supporters that he has retracted his previous views, and that there is a sub stantial agreement between himself and Pendleton as to what should be the fiscal policy of the country. HIS STATEMENTS ARE OFFICIAL. I have said that I have been able to make the statements which are included in this address by the aid of my friend, David A. Wells, Special Commissioner of the Revenue, to hum I applied in order that I might have the force of an official statement to prove'my position. Of tho value of his official statement you are well aware. No man stands higher in the con fidence of the people, and no man de serves that confidence more. WUh a single eye to the truth, he gives to his work the "force of an enthusiasm rarely to be found, and hence the power and valne of every document that comes from his hand. For the use I hive made of the figures which he has given me in answer to my questions, I alone am responsible, and I desire that he shall have the credit of tho facts here stated, and I invite the blame of those who will charge me with perverting them to party purposes. The Democratic party fears the truth, and will make this charge. I trust this mav not Ions he so. The nnmn of Demo. crat, in its true significance, is one which I honor and cherish, and I hope the day is not far distant when it shall no longer be prostituted to the purposes of a party which denies every principle indicated by its name, and which has been the party of despotism and oppression ever since I came to man's estate j a party which now rests its chance on the ignorance of its fol lowers, and proposes to inaugurate war, fraud aud violence, under the lead of Sey xuonrand Blair. We demand peace and an honest admin istration, and under the wise control of Gen. Grant these we will have. CONFIRMED BY MR. BOUTWELL. I also desire to say that I did not fully realize tho great Importance or the force of the 6tateiuent of the real maximum debt of tbo United States, at a given date, until I read tho speech of-Hon. George S. Boutwell upon the funding bill, in which speech is a compact statement substantial ly agreeing with tho exhibit I am aboutto make. . The condition of active war terminated with tho surrender of the rebel armies in April, 1805, but the condition of passive war did not then cease, nor will it cease until, every citizen of the Southern States shall bo safe under the protection of loyal State governments, elected by the ballots of all freemen or freedinen free not only from the chains of slavery, but from the fear of violence or fraud by which they are now intimidated. WHAT DID WE OWE IN 1865? The ascertained debt of the United States on the 1st day of April, 1805, as en tered upon the books of the Treasury De partment, amounted to ft'2..1fUl!)5fi.077. Four months luter. on the 1st of August, 1803, tho debt represented on the books amounted to $ 3,757,681), 571 j and the latter sum has been assumed of late to have been the maximum debt of the country at any one time. But such was very far from being the case. These figures represent only the amount of debt, actually entered upon the books of tho Treasury Department, but there existed at that time a liability for a very large sum not then entered, but for which the Government was bound as much as if the bonds had been issued. A liabil ity since r cogniz-d and since paid. At that time the Democratic party lead' era asserted what they now find it conven tent to forget, viz. : that tho burden of debt imposed upon the country by the war was three or four thousand million dollars, and for once they were right ; the true liability of the United States, caused by the war which the Democratio party of the South had waged upon the Gov ernment, amounted in the year 105 to the sum of ,237,7.i;),3i0 i aud since that date tho ltepublican party has paid over $800,000,000, or one quarter of the prin cipal of the entile debt, besides paying tno interest. HOW IT WAS REDUCED. In proof of this statement, let us now review the financial history of the Out irnment from April i, 18U5, to June DO, 1803, the close of the last fiscal year, period or three years and three months of quasi peace. AND FIRST AS TO REVENUE. . The receipts from the ciibtoms havo been as lollows: April 1 to J nne sn. lM'.l J uly 1, lsift, tu Juue :), 1mi.., J uly 1, ls., toJuuo.'K lxi7.. Julyl, 17, tuJuuttik), lfW.. Total . ai.M-4.Jts7 . 17U 04.h.-i . 17(l417.hl0 . UW.5UU.IIII0 ....$M8,978,843 . ,, . INTERNAL HEVENl'K. April t, ISas, to.luue :), int',5 July 1, lt.t, tubulin an, ismh July I, lhri, to hiiiu fn, i,7 Julyl, IsUI, to Juue m, it.'.'.'."!! Total ,.t 4.W,S0 ,. sin xtm w .. iiw.tno.wo MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES. Ihe receipts under thia head have Deen derived irom me following sources ciiuincraiou m tue o.uer oi tiicir impor laiire ; First Premium on sales of gold. Second bates of . military aud naval stores, aud of captured aud abandoned property. . Third Direct taxes. Fourth Public lauds. The receipU from the lust haviug been comparatively inconsiderable. April 1, tj June 30, lt& fu'y 1, lSnf, lo Juue W, lej July I, IM, tJ JiiuoUI, lil Julyl, lwi. toJautm, lsw Tots! USI,;u.?.9 .f 10,nS.9.VS . MILIUM . 1-V ttxl . 4V.KUU.UV0 RECAPITULATION. OutlOBM. t I Martial JloTutna XiM.eIltuouB . .f.stmrg.s-ia . bll.SM, Total l,MU,0M,Jfe3 The above 'o'al, therefore, rep'eiieuls the rxct amount which the Treasury the Uiii I Si men has received from sources other thau loan since the close of th war. WHAT BECOMES OF THE MONEY? And uuw we come to the mala qut VU. la what maimer W thi sum Ml willy VOL. XVI -NO. 22. PEMiYSBUIlG, WOOD CO., OHIO, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER i:, 18(58. $2.00 IX ADVAXCE. money, amounting to three-fifths the pre: ent amount of the public debt, been dis posed of? This is a question which the people have a right to ask, ami which I propose to an swerto answer In tho most simple and straightforward manner, and in a manner whlcti canoe veriQeti by any mm who will take the pains to eiamincthe financial reports of the last three years, Issued bv Hon. Hugh McCulloch. Hi Treasury. Although active hostilities virtually end ed with the surrender of tho great rebel armies, in April, 1805, the expenses of the war did not, and of necessity could not, cease at once. The military and naval forces were at that time in a state of the greatest efficiency. In number they ap proximated to a million of men in active service, and preparations had been made for prosecuting the war at all points with the greatest energy during the ensuing season. WAR EXPENSES AFTER THE WAR. It was obviously impossible for the Gov ernment to sav to its 1.000.000 of soldiers and sailors, the moment the rebels laid d wn their arms. "Go! we have no fur ther use for you !' To the sick, wounded and disabled, "Take care of yourselves !" To the owners of half constructed vessels, and to those who had contracted in good faith to supply food, clothing and ord nance, " AVe repudiate our contracts and refuse your supplies I" No ; all these matters were to be settled upon principles of justice, honor and humanity ; but, to accomplish such a result, the Treasury found itself in a position of embarrassment and danger which few either knew or ap- preriaieu. I ne creditor the Uovernment had be come greatly impaired, the five-twenty loan was selling at less than par even in currency, and all other means adopted for raising money curing tne preceding year had proved, or were then proving, com parative failures. There were in April, 1305, accounts passed for payment, and overdue, to tho extent ofover$ 120,000,000, while all the available cash funds, coin, and currency, which the Government could tin n command, was less, all told, than $17,000,000. OUR CREDIT LOW. Treasury vouchers, issued for supplies o the army and navy, were being sold with difficulty by their holders at from ten to twenty percent, discount; the pay of tho army itself was and had for months been largely In arrears. Horatio Sey mour and other rich Democrats were then refusing, as they had always refused, to subscribe for or to hold the bonds of the United States. In short, tho Treasury was so near to absolute bankruptcy that the old officials to whom, almost alone, these facts were known, dreaded tho collapse which they feared mlghtcomo at any day. iiut tortunstely the system of luter mil revenue, the establishment of which had been only too long delayed, was beginning to prove effective, and the receipts from this source and from the renewal of sub scriptions to the 7-30 loan, tided the Treas ury over a most critical period. The inevitable result was, however, that large payments, the liability for which actually existed during the time, and which were properly part and parcel of the ex penses ot active war, were carried over into the year succeeding the war, and were then largely paid from the enormous re ceipts of revenue of that year. BACK PAY OF TROOPS. This liability for back pay for the pay of the troops to the date of their possible discharge, for their transportation, and for the settlement of contracts, formed a part of the debt of the United States on the 1st of April, or on the 1st of August, 1805, as much as if it had all been settled and the bonds issued aud entered upon the books of the Treasury Department. These dis bursements, under the direction of the War Department, from the 1st of April, 1805, to the 30th of June, 1800, a period of only fifteen months, were as follows : April 1 to Juno 30, 1SW t-lM,lfl,8T7 July 1 to Supteinher 80, 1SC.5 lii5.3tM.M7 October 1 to Ducomber 81. 1SB5 IM.IM.MI Jauuary 1 to J unit 30, 1HUU 60,S57,!M3 Total, fifteen months f u'j8,54rt,078 During the same period the expendi tures made under the direction of the Navy Department were as follows : April 1, lc05, to Dec. 81, lStiS f'3 8V7.SS9 January 1, 18o0, to Juue 30, 1860 17.401,884 Total, fifteen month $76,319,778 It thus appears that the disbursements made under the direction of the Army and Navy Departments during the fifteen months mimed Wtely succeeding April 1, 1865, the month in which the rebel armies surrendered, amounted to $774,805,851, WE OWED THIS IN APRIL,1865. Tt is estimated that a very large propor tion of this sum, not less than $400,000, 000, was on account of expenses incurred and accounts rendered from three to twelve months prior to the termination of active hostilities, and which had been al lowed by the Treasury to remain unliqui dated, simply by reason or great financial emoarrassmenta. Tho remainder is mado up mainly of the following items: Pay of the army fifteen montlia $306,000,000 commissary ana uariermasier a uo- parimeni tor sunsibieuco ana iraua noriution. about nn.nno.ooo 17,837,000 1fl.18fl.nn0 10.4-:,uui 8,875,074 Medical and Hospital Department Aarearof pay of discharged ordecuaaed eoiuiure Bouuii"e. Prize money paid by Navy Department, It is there fore, not only legitimate, but strictly in accordance with the facts ,to assume that this large expenditure of nearly $300,000,000 Irom April 1, 1865, to June 30, 1806, was In every Bense a war expend i'uro, and that it was a liability on the 1st of August, 1805, the date on which onr debt appeared to be at its maximum by the Treasury dooks, as mucu as it 7 W) notes or 5 20 bonds had been issued and entered upon the ledger ; and this expenditure is be measured and estimated by the same standards as those by which the expendi. tures of the active war are adjudged nave oeen necessary ana unavoidable on tne ore nana, or unnecessary and inexpedi ent ou the other. THIS IS NOT ALL. But the liability which existed at that dato was even more. There were the debts which humanity and honor alike have im posed upon tne cocntry, and which Con gress has recognized and paid. We were then liable for pensions, for the equaliza tion of bounties, for further arrears of pay of deceased soldiers, for tho claims States, for the property of loyal men de stroyed, for additional prize money, for the reconstruction of the rebellious States, for the care of the freedinen, and for the burial of the dead. The amount of these liabilities which have been recognized and paid, and which are not included in the previous statement, i as lollows: Penlona bouuiiua I'ri&e-money. ," '.. .. JUluibur.iLg Biatea forwar aapend iturea rialiu. of loyal menl!!!!!!i!!!!'l.i Freednken'e bureau '' ' Mlsceilaoeoue, including' ' all' i. bunaea of reconstruction aud ua tioual ceuaeleriea, eatlinaud. . . . t'',s,!8,W5 4'.l,M,bVJ i.ori.uiM 1,!(1.1B8 ii.iii.asi 5,617,000 S.UOJ.fJUO Add lo tbl tba expenses of ibe army and uavy for 1) months, aa pre- viuiKlyeUlcd And hvea total of Aud In this total wa bvt tb turn tn Iu. lH.i tlh. ll.l,l mm it l .. .A 145,Jl,4ul 774.fra.861 f ).'. ?8,U r Biion lha hntiks rtl tha Treaaiirv April 1, ,3u6,UU,o;T Making the agerega't of 4,ol 7U,Svtl Which waa the actual uiaiimuin of the war debt, being the expense uf the war not paid as they were lueurr.d. THE DEBT THEN AND NOW. of Boar la mind that these figures are tifiici&l, carefully prepared fot ine by llou David A. Wells, In order that I might de fend the credit of the United States against all comers. WHAT IS OUR DEBT NOW? At the end of the nml year rtidlng June MO !. It w .$',M1,U0H,UW But In tliU nrmmnt there wer In- clmlfrt ! im.a (I of nonri loaned to the 1'aclflc Railroad, and lobe paid bt luera ti,U O.faM Net dabt f ,4S.(UMJ0U WE HAVE PAID OFF $802.733.329. The present debt, deducted from the maximum debt in 1805, proves tho actual payment during three years of guiui peace or $802,733,3.:!), or about one quarter or our entire war liability. Our net debt is a little more at this date, owing to the Alaska purchase, Ihe further advance or bonds to the Pacific Railroad, and the reduction or the revenue from the frauds or the whisky ring, before the tax on whisky was reduced. And now wo begin to see to what pur pose the revenue of the past three years has been applied. But another great wnr liability has accrued iu that period, viis: the interest upon the war debt, amounting from April 1, 1805, to June 30, 1808, in coin and currency, to 1:18,484,883. We can now strike the balance between our income and our war expenditures : tncomo !1 year 1,5W,(,5N3 War lutureat paid. itr UBHl 4;W,44,HNI l.Ml.ilS.tl! Ordinary cxpenwa fiSH,S4U,371 Including the cost of the late Indian war, and about 4 10,000,000 paid under the direc tion of the Engineer Bureau for river and harbor improvements. NO EXTRAVAGANCE. This is The sum and the substance of all the charges or extravagance and waste. If it shall be claimed that the whole prob lem should be stated in currency, tho re sult is not changed, onlv our income and our wur interest will each appear a little larger. The premiums on sales of gold having been included in the miscellaneous re ceipts, the only addition we have to make is to add to the war interest the premium on about two-thirds of the amount paid in gold at an average rate or forty per cent, say 1112,000,000. Our statement will then stand : Incom 3V4 year...' f t,540,OS8,Sri3 And value of premium on gold In lnteruat paid 118,000.1)00 Inroma In enrreney... Wnr riebt paid Iut'ri'it Premium on gold , i,i5'.i,uw,rs"3 fHfH.7SS.341l 114.000,000 1,3M.1S S11 Jbl!M0,S71 Ordinary rxpen Or a Utile lcaa than !hj.(10.000a year. The iff penaei of the lat A-ral yoar, umlertlie Democratic adm ln-tra. tinn of James Bucbanan, amount ed to 7S,SH,(I0(I Equal to a currency equivalent at the averaw) of 14(1 for void, the rate at which our expenditures phoulrt be taken if our currency expeneca be reduced to to THE GOVERNMENT CHEAPER THAN BUCHANAN'S It thererore appears that the expenses or the Government under the direction of a Republican Congress, hampered by a hos tile Executive, have been at the rate of 115,500.000 less per annum than the ex penses uuder the last year of Democratic rule. We claim that they might fairly have exceeded any honest expenditure in 1800, for we have Ave or six millions more popu lation and a vast extent of new territory to gusrd and control. It it shall be alleged that we have in cluded all tho expenses of the War and Navy Departments for fifteen months after April, 1805, as war expenses, and that there would have been a moderate expenditure under any circumstances, we will admit it ; but the expenses of tho In dian war, estimidcd at $30,000,000 to $40,000,000, and the amount expended on river and harbor improvement ($10,000, 000) for which we have made no allow ance, but have included as ordinary ex penses, would fully offset this claim. It would therelore appetir, when parti sans charge the Republican Congress with extravagance, they charge the last Democratio administration with far greater. WHERE BUCHANAN'S MONEY WENT. But we are fully prepared to admit their charge of excessive expenditure against ootu administrations. Tho expenditure made under James Buchanan, of $77, 841,000 in gold, amounting to a present currency equivalent of $107,577 400, was largely used to arm and equip the rebel States in order that they might wage war against the Government. The extravagant expenditure of the last three years has been made in consequence ot tne appointment and maintenance in office of corrupt officials by Andrew Johnson. We will now close this branch of our subject, but let us first recapitulate our TABULAR STATEMENT. of ' We have proved that the ordinary expenses of the Government for three years and a quarter, including the sup pression of Indian hostilities, and nearly $10,000,000 for river and harbor im provements, have been at a less rate than during tho last fiscal year prior to the war. We have proved that to the alleged maximum debt. Aug. 1, lSHA '3,757,W-9,571 Thero mutt be added ft nortlon of th liability of fil20,77S tea. which xlaled April 1, and of which there waa atill nokettled on the let of Aug. the minor 51)0.043.759 And we then have the actual maxi mum debt f3,S87,7$3,3'.9 DIE WITHIN THlltE YEA It. let Tbo llxbillty then not entered upon the book wu all recoiiuized and aettled within three yearn, and moat of it waa due and paid with in one year fW0,013,7JS 2d The debt upon the booka waa moatly due at ehort date, aud con- Minted of the following obiiationa : Overdue on which interest bad censed 1,500,01 Compound intereat notes due la IboD and iSt7 17,024,100 7 3-1(1 Treasury notes due Id 187and is 830,000.0u0 Certificate of ludebteUaeea due Id lMW 85,0fl3,000 Temporary loan on tea duya' notice, 5 aud per cent 107,148,713 One and two year notes at 5 per cent 83.IIM .V Suspended requisitions S,111,00J 6 per cent, bonda iasued befora tlitt war and due la lt07 and lt6 lS.tti3.5M Totul debt due within three yeara.f l,83,z01,47S DEBT DIE ON HEUAND. JSotes known as leeal tender notes or " irreenbacka" which the Re publican party now recognizee aa a debt due oi; demand aud b:ia . paid fo part or proposea to pay or to tuna la interest oeann bonda. .$489,im 5i9 . Wi.U44.74x Fractional currency. t'SO.VJS.itll Lets caah In Treasury. 8b,!flH,uu 8Jl,to7,-.fc4 rCNTED DEBT. Old live er eenta due 1b 1371 and 1934 $a7,0-ii,Glu (percent. 10-40 bonds due In 14 172,770,100 6 per cent, bonda due ia lJSOand ltvl S83,6,0o0 t per cent. S 90 bonds d ue IK aud l'S4 . . , . e0d,569,J6) Bonda issued M the I'a- cltie Kailroad da la ism 1,iM,000-tl,utll,44.tiOO Maximum debt 4 S7,738,WJ FORM OF THE DEBT IMPROVED. ir we analyze the form of our debt as it existed Juue. '10, 180(1, amounting net to only $3,185,000,000, w e find it waa all sub ttantially consolidated into long loans, the payment of none of which can be de mauded before lboO, except the currency debt represented by the legal tender de-m-md nntea, amounting now to only $359.00 0(K). And for the funding of these notes the Republican party paaaed an act which failed to become a law by the latKt til Andrew Johnson. THE PARTY OF HONESTY. We then claim that the IteputHoan partv has proved Us intention to meet the liabilities of tho country by honest pay ment, and to remove from the people at Ihe earliest monicut the curse of an Incon vertible paper currcnov. I had never been entirely convinced of Ihe necessity of the issue of the legal tender notes as a war measure until I entered upon a review of our finances, or which I am now giv ing you the results. I challenge any one to deny that this exhibit proves that the finances or the country have ben managed by the Republican party with a success, never before known iu the history of the world. Would that I had the eloquence of Glad stone, that I might excite in you as much interest in these dry details as their Im portance demands. RESULTS ATTAINED. From this review of tho finances of the last three years it is msnifest that if the nation has submitted to excessive taxation, and has made an extraordinary effort to free itself from financial embarrassment, it has something real and substantial to show for it. It has secured substantial relief from the burden of debt in spite or that worst Torm or taxation upon consumers, that Involved in the use or Inconvertible paper money rorced into circulation -under the dire ne ceasity or war, and which the Republican party proposes to remedy by doing justice to the note-holders and making their legal-tender notes as good as gold, white the Democratic party propose to continue indefinitely this burden by issuing greenbacks until they become worthless. AVe have paid $800,000,000 orour debt in the last three years, and at least $200,000, 000 ot extra interest or guaratee, the latter paid in consequence or the dishonest pur poses of the Democratic party. One Re publican member or Congress in Maine, one in Missouri, and I know not how many more have been, or will be, rejected by their constituents, simply because they were weak enough to be misled by Oie raise counsels of false leaders. THE REVENUE LAWS. We have collect -d this billion of dollars under tax and tariff laws whose justifica tion is in the revenue they have yielded. Judged upon their own turrits, they ap pear to hare been enacted in haste, ill-devised, and calculated to make the burden or taxation much more enormous than it need be. The Internal Revenue law 1ms been revised and made simple ; the tariff needs yet more to be simplified, in order that as much or more revenue may bo do rived from it, with less injury to the peo ple who pay tho tax imposed by the tariff, viz : the consumers or foreign goods. If, then, under all theso difficulties, we have in three years paid one quarter of our debt, shall we take fifty, forty, or even thir ty years to pay the other three quarters T Let us not listen to such a proposal ; let us not put upon our children a burden we can so easily remove. Wo have groaned under heavy taxation, but had wo not paid war debt and war interest had we borrowed instead of paying our debt would now be over $3,800,000,000. REDUCTION OF TAXES. We have reduced our taxes $167,000,000 per annum, and when Georgo II. Pendle ton alleges that the taxes now amount to $500,000,000 a year, he willingly asserts what he knows to be false. We may well repeat the pertinent question put, I believe, by Hon. Wm Whiting. " Are Pendleton and the Democratic leaders intentionally attempting to destroy . tho credit or the nation, in order that we may be unable to ooiain tue means to put down the new reneinon wmch they propose to inaugu rater" But what is far more important, wc havo reduced expenses yet more. For the year enrtlnff Jnne 80, ISti.", the e menace of tbo War Department were f 1,V31,:M3,U00 r or ine year cnninr June ;i, iwm, tne entire expense of the army proper, excluding bounties. Htaie claims. and legacies of tho war were 5U,H13,0nO For the current year the eat imatee are lesa man ,ooo,oco The expenses for the Navy Depart mem for the venr endlnc Juue 30. 105, were l-U.fmo.WK) Yearendlne Jane 30. 1W18 -iV 778.000 Estimate for the current year 17,300,000 We are charged by Mr. Pendleton with heavy deficiency bills, but wo reply that they are rendered necessary by the frauds of tho honorable Democrats ofthe whisky ring, Rept in office by Andrew Johnson, STRENGTH OF THE COUNTRY. We have ceased the rapid reduction debt and our taxes aro not no ,v excessive, but perhaps ill-adjusted. At the present rate per head of less then nine dollars, our entire debt with interest calculated at six per cent, for the next five years, and five per cent, thereafter, and with an al lowance for ordinary expenses fur greater than we are now paying I say, making all these allowances, the rate of eight dol lars per head will pay our debt before tne year 18U4 has ended. Why, gentlemen. we do not begin to realize our power we do not begin to know axir strength, we are scared by a mirage, and we propose to put oft' twenty, thirty, aye. even fifty years, what we can easily do in ten. We do not need to issue a long loan to obtain a low rate or interest. Canada lias Just borrow ed $7,500,000 at four per cent., and $2,500,. 000 at five percent., and the whole amount was taken on twenty vears. bv the Roth schilds, at 105s.'. The Finance Minister Canada expects to place $10,000,000 more on still better terms. . WHY INTEREST IS HIGH. All we pay above four per cent, interest is the guarantee charged by capitalists be cause we indulge ourselves in the luxury of Democratic party leaders like Pendleton, Seymour, Hampton, Forrc&t, aud the like. I have said that we don't know our strength. Let us try to realize it by glance at some of the elements of our fu ture prosperity. WHERE STRENGTH COMES FROM. Immigration. tion of the war, as I am Informed by Mr. Wells, over 1)00,000 natives of foreign countries have sought a permanent home in the United States. These immigrants are known to bring with them specie or equivalent to the average amount of $70 per head, while their average value to country as producers (and it is from pro duction alone that we can collect taxes) cannot be estimated at leas than the aver age value of an able bodied laborer in South, prior to the war, viz: $1,000 capita. Immigration, thererore, aiur.e war, has added $03,000,000 directly, and $000,000,000 indirectly, to the wealth and resources or the country. And here let me point out an effect the Pacific railroad upon future immigra tion. I believe the force of Chinese who are now constructing tho Pa cific end of that road are but the advance guard of a mighty host who will establish anew "central flowery kingdom "upon the dry plains between the Sierra Nevada and the Rocky Mountains. These plains can only be cultivated by Irrigation, which method tho Chinese are the moat expert people in the world. But still f and more important yet : while white can, and the black does, cultivate cotton, I believe the Chinese will perform the work more cheaply, and that tliey will settle upon the rich cotton fields of Arkan sas and Texas, now cultivated to the of only half of one per cent, of thvir area. To the cotton climate and to the meth od of cultivation the Chinaman is per fectly adapted. Ue is temperate frugal, and his persisteut lnduxtry is acify fitted to the light but continuous labor required in th production uf cotton. INDUSTRY GROWING. BeoonJ Here 1 t me again ajuote laiuuage of Mr. WelU.as I have lis high uiWiiy tot the luteiueiii ; " Since the termination ofthe war more iron furnaces bavo been erected, more plq Iron smelted, more bars rolled, more Metd made, inoro coal mined, more lumber sawed and hewed, more vessels built upon our Inland waters, more houses construct ed, more manufactories of dillerent kinds started, more cotton spun and woven, mure petroleum collected, refined and ex ported, than in any equal period lit tho history or tho country, either before, du ring or since the war. ' RAILROADS EXTENDING. Third We may sav that during the war. or soon after its commencement, the rail road system of the North was mado a unit by the completion of its various connec tions, and it will never be known how much this added to our war power. 11 ut I will again quote Mr. Wells. He says: "Since the termination of tho war over 5,000 miles of new railroad have been con structed and opened for use in the United Plates, to say nothing ot the lines In the Southern States which have been restored and reopened." Gentlemen, when you hear us who arc busiuess men complaining or dullness and stagnation, please refer to the tables of the comparative receipt ot several of the great railroads which are glveu week by week in the FiitinciU Chronicle, and when you see how they increase year by year, although ratts aro lower, ask who ex changes all these commodities on which freight is paid, and then consider whether the use of paper money may not have in duced too maay men to engage in ex change, or to become traders rather than producers. AGRICULTURE MORE PRODUCTIVE. Fourth The agricultural prod nets ot the United States have steadily increased, both in quantity and value, since the ter mination or tho war, and tho product of agriculture increased in quantity all through the war. We are rapidly r'estor- n g the number ot animals, both horses and cattle, to their normal proportion. It may ue mat tins year tuo crop ot grain will be in full proportion to what It would have been had there been no unnatural or forced stimulus to manufactures, by which lauor has been diverted fi'oin aim- culture. THE SOUTHERN STATES. Fifth Let us glance at the condition ot the South. It is alleged thnt the recon struction plan of Congress has been a fail ure. Let us test It by economic results. It is alleged that tho South has beon ground down under a military despotism j that there has been no hih.ir that could be relied utxtn, and lastly, that thev have no capital. The last allegation we will ad mit, because we know that 4he tendency or Northern capital to the South has been checked by its insecurity. The crops or this year are, therefore, free frt m mort gage, for no one would trust a planter this last spring. now let us sec what is tho result. Ir the South has had neither labor nor capital, their crops must be tho spontaneous pro duction of nature, and they have J irst An annual supply ot food tor the consumption or the whole population, say IU,UUU,UUU 10 I-'.UlrU.UW. Second a crop of cotton which prom ises to equal or to exceed that of last year, which has been proved by the investiga tion of our Cotton Manufacturers' Associ ation to have been nearly 8,000,000 bales, or much more than tho compilers of tho commercial tables will admit and more than thrce-fiflhs the largest crop ever raised before. Third A crop of rico which the Charleston Daily Xrw asserts will prove sufficient to drive all imported rice out of the home market during the com ing year. Fourth 50,000 to 100,000 tierces of sugar. i lfth A crop of tobacco so large as to make it one of our main dependencies as an articlo to be taxed. Tn short, the South has a salable surplus or the aggregate value or $100,000,000 to $500,000,000, and all this, with their har vest of food, la, if wo can trust the evi dence of their Democratic leaders, the spontaneous product of nature. What may not be the result when (Jen. Urant is elected, peace assured, labor rendered effective, and capital safe f THE WAR WORTH ITS COST. of at of Let me express my profound conviction that, as a purely economical question, the war will pay for itself, since the in creased production ofthe Southern States, which will follow tue abolition oi slavery, will, in the next twenty years, more than pay the entire coht or tho war by which slavery was ended. The question or tax ation is, thererore, a mere question or dis tribution or the burden, and we must see to it that the late rebel States do not throw off all the burden and reap, only the benefit by allowing them lb aid the Democratic party In repudiating the debt. Like the Titan of old, this nation has been bound to a rock and scathed with the lightning or Jove, but the Prometheus is unbound, and to us may be applied the closing words or that noble poem or Shelley. In the past years we could have said tha it was our rate ' To suffer wql'8 which hope tbiutia li, Unite ; To forive wronps darker than death or uigbt; To defy power which sec ma omnipotent : To love and bear: to hope (111 hope creates From Its own wreck the Ihlntf It cuntemplatai Neither to rhanee, nor falter, nor repent. Thia, lika tby Rlory, Titan I la to be (Jowl, great, and Joyous, beautiful and free: This la alone life, a, joy, empire, ana victory. Living by Rule. a its the the per the of la borers in ur ther the ex the Livi.vo by rule, as a Medo-Persiau law, Inflexible, Is very unwise, especially if a person is in reasonable healtlt. We have given a great multitude of counsels on the subject of health and disease, and In con nection with the statement that we have not lost an hour from our office ou account of sickness in a quarter of a century or more, many have inquired, with a good deal of interest, "Do you live up to the rules you give others f" Certainly not; man Is not a machine, that must be turned in a certain direction or it will be destroyed ; nor liko a locomotive, which must run on one fixed track, or not ran at all. The Architect of all worlds made ns for acting under a great variety of circum stances, and in infinite wisdom and benev olence has given to man a meehanjsm of wonderful adaptability, by which he can livo healthfully on land or sea ; in the val ley or on the mountain top ; in the tropica or at the poles; on the barren rocks or in the rich savannas. Our mode of lite must bo adapted to our age, our occupation, and the peculiarities of our constitution. There are certain general principles which are applicable to all. Every man should be regular in his ha bits of rating ; Bhould have all the sound bleep which nature will take ; should be iu the opeiytir an hour or two every day, when practicable, and should have a pleasurable and encourag ingly remunerative occupation, which keeps him a little pushed, aud they are happiest who are in the last category ; at the same time if a man accustoms himself to go to bed at 9 o clock, he need not break his nick or get into a stew, if tir cumstances occur to keep him up an hour or two luter. now aud then; and so with, eating, exercise and totny other tilings. No one ought to make himself a taller slave to axy observance ; octaiionaldevl atlons from all habit are actually bene ficial ; they impart a pliability to the con stitution, give it a greater range of healthful action. Don t go into a tit dinner is not ready at the itjitaut.. De liver us from a machine man, a routinlst, "for which w ivr pray ". ti.iW. aur- NASBY. MR. NASBY AND HIS FRIENDS IN HUMBLE IMITATION OF ROSECRANS AND LEE. IMITATION OF ROSECRANS AND LEE. WRITS A LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF THE NORTH, GIVING THEIR IDEA OF WHAT THE SOUTH OUGHT TO HAVE. . - if FoaT Orrie, Conrtnarr X Ri, I iWlea la Iu Use btale av Kentucky.) Kept. I, t.-8. Yesterday afternoon at precisely .1 p. in., a stranger uv prepossessln appearance hove in site uv the Post Olll. Wat I mean by " prepossessln appearance'' is ho bed on a paper collar wlcb, bed only bin turned wunst. " Is Mr. Nasby Inf" sed he. " Tiut whv do I ak so stoopid a question f Heven'l I a sulllshcnt knowledge uv human earlier to read humanity ce its set forth In the human face divine, and don't I know that there ain't but out Nasby f Kin 1 mistake itf Doth any other man carry that Web sterlan front f Hath any other man that eagle nose? That eagle lips? Hath" " That'll do," remarkt I, In alarm, for he win a persimmon above me. " Draw it mild, my gimhin friend, Tor I can't lend you a dollar el it will to save yoo." M Yoor mistaken," ho did reply, "I don't want to botrer. 1 n'n't on that lay at present. I want Informashen. I come to yoo sir, er. the IVrfesseror Diblikle Mtera toor iu the Southern Military aud Classl kle Institoot ez one who seeks, in classic groves, that recce not to bo round in the bussliii world outside for Informashen ez to the condisheu uv the South, her wants and expectnshens, wlch I perposo lo spred be fore my fellow citizens uv Injeany. I come, sir, uv my own accord. My mishtin isaprivit one aud undertaken solely for the public good. I wnz a Commissary iu the Fedral servis, and I hev a brother who wuz not altogether unconnected with the sutlerin department. That brother Is runnin for Sheriff on the Democratic ticket: tho Ablishn Candidate for thoyamo otlls liein tho Kernel uv his regiment, who pro koored our dismissal for tritlin irregulari ties in accounts and also for wnt he wuz Iileased to term swindlin the sollers. Wat want Is slch a statement uv the fcelina uv tho South ez will set at rest the slanders tho Abllshlnists Is eircu latin regard in yoo, wlch I wll publish ou my return. I am actooated, e. yoo see, by no personal motives. Speek I ' " -My dear sir," returned I. " I approve of yoor minium, and permit me to say, you have como to tho rito shop. Hut I will put my anscr in ritin and hev It signed by the leedln citizens here, that its authenticity may not be doubted." 1, therelore, sol down and wrote, anu when I bed finished, I sent out and got stguatoorslo the tollerin document : "CAl'Tin : We perpose In this, to give you a candid statement uv wat wo believo to bo the pcrvalin sentiments uv the Southern people on various subjix. Watever opinions may bev prevail d in the past, on the matter uv Afriktn slavery or the rite uv a Stato to secede from the Y'oonyun. we blcevo we express the judg ment of the Corners when we declare that we count cm settled by tho war. and we intend to abido by that decision. When wo bed been licked out uv our boots, and onr arms wuz twisted out uv our hands, and when yoo laid em down, we cheerfully give over our efforts at secession, and sought to resume our for mer posishen In tho Government. In the sperit of magnanimity we permitted tho kbollshc.n uv slavcrv bv Leirislachcrs in tho eleckslien uv wlch we hed no part, ez well ez sevral other games uv that sort, not worth while to enoomerate. lied onr ackshen bin met In a sperit uv cor jaUty, wood hev bin lovely. The people of tho South entertain no reelins uv hostility toward the Government, but they com- plain that their rites under the Constoosh- en, which they alluz loved exceptin doorin the time they wuz a tryln to bust it, hav bin withheld from em. "The idea that the Southern people are hosstlle to the niggers and wood oppress em, er they hed the power is absurd. They hev grnwd up in our midst, and we hev bin accustomed from our childhood to look upon em with kindness. Troo wo iinooited cat o'nlne talcs and hed stocks, and nigger dorgs which mado lively for 'em, but these were incidental to a patriarkle system. They were blood uv our blood and flesh uy our flesh. No Southerner ever sold his own mulatto children ceptin when ho was short uv means, or had mora niggers than he wanted. We still feel the same toward em. Ez no troo Southern gentlemen will ever work with his own hands, with out their labor the lands uv the South wouldn't perdoosc to any alarmin extent. The races are highly necessary to each other, pertikelcrly to us. There uiuat be sweat in ez well ez eatin in this world, and so long ez we do tho eatin we are willin they shel do the sweatin. In this way wo kin adjust the relasbens of tho two races on a basis uv mutual advantage. given wat we bed before, sooprenie con trol and assendency, we shel treet tho niggers with kindnis, forbearance and jus tis. Hero in Keutucky wc hev never biu disfranchised, and tho nigger hez never hed a vote, and here the nigger ht-z that degree uv kindnis wlch " At this pint uv readin the document, interrupshen okkurrd. Ther wuz a yell on the street, and wo all rushed to the door to see what it wuz about. It wuz mere nothin. "Sit down," sed I, "it's nothin. A nigger and a load uv water melons. Ho probably refused to give credit tot his melons, and thunder, he's down, and the indignant populists goin for him Here comes his wife with half the Corners after ber! Down she goes that stun wnz well throwd I Ha I tho nig ger strikes the man wat throwd the rock wich knockt his wife down. That seels his fate! Good-bye, nigger! See how genteelly they rig the rope and how ele gantly ho swings. His body'll lie mouldy in the ground, but his sole (ef the prognathous races hey soles,) will marchin on." " But," aaked the Iniianlan, " now that the mother's brains -is knockt out, and the father's hung, wat'l! the children do wich I see a cry in over the corpse?" "That's nothin to us. They are in an abnormal condishen, and they must suffer for the sins uy ther father Uain wich lonl.t at Nor when be wuz drunk. Hed that nigger bin content to hey lived as God and Nacher intended him to hev lived, wood hev bin we ), liut ho must bo free, forsooth, and this is the result. Ho must try to control his owu ockshens, forgettin that there is a nateral antagonism atween the Caucasken and Afrkin races, wlch kin only result iu sieh con Hicks ez you bey witulst. Y'ou hev seen a sjicciiucn uv the feelin that pervales, wher the nigger free wat must it be further koulh where the black cusses vele f liut to rcsoom : "The southern people ia our opinion regard the questions uv slavery and seces sion ez settled by the war, and they hey no Inclinasheu to try em over agin. Slav ery is dead ez Joolua C'eeser Ihe uijjger is a free man and he'll be so forever. All the whites aak ia that they shall control I em, 7 hi y insist, and justly so, that they ' shel hev the rigm to manage me interior 1 race. Thy waut, and will hev, tho rite j to fix ther wages, ther hours ut labor, I ther out joins snd in coruius. Uv course 1 the Southern idea must be canied out. There miut be no tuch nonftuse ez akoolg among em, for wat does a labrer want that learnlu wich half uv us, his soopeiiors, hav'nt got T Neither njuat they ow n land, for that wood outltem from dischargin ther nateral servis. ilut the power muet be our hands. The people uv the South ear neatly de-ire peace, but her petsj'U that they cart prosper o long ez coutrol lain the hands uv the diggers and the MsTpet-bsgfers wlch -i v Invaded us The i . j I Sou'h will never be prosperous so long ez the mass of the men represontin btr intel ligence are disfranchised ; s i long rz " Here wuz another tuterupshun. " Plense, Parson," sang out lssaker Gavin's little brother, a sweet lad uv I), spittin out his tobacco so rz to permit hiin to sprek dis tinctly, " Issaker wants yoo to come over and read for him a letter w ith he he, list got." "Tell Ivnkcr, sonny, thnt I hev n't time Jlst now. Hun up toward the Ablishen Mishun skool and get anv nigger girl w it h may be standin there and she will read It for him." To rcsoom : " Understand 1 We don't waul to deprive the nigger uv the ballot becoz we hale him, but solely het.oz we do not ltclceve he hez the Intelligence necessary to make him a safe depository uv politikle power. He wood inevitably become the victim ut demagogues, the very I hot uv wlch makes me. .shudder, WimkI John Morrisey or Fernando Wood accept a sent in Congress u v slch a const itooency f (io, ask their In telligent snpportt rs wat. they think about it ! It is for them we plead. Tho very idea uv britigin Hu m to the level uv the nigger is abhoveut. " Kz for seivM,)n wo In v given that up also. We can't bo expert id to relinque.h our grate principle uv States rites, nor kin wo give over the rile uv withdrawal from a government wlch don't soot u.. Uv course wo shel not attempt withdrawal t ?. long ez Ablishnists controls the bayonets, Tor wo ain't strong enough, but sIhxkI wo decide to withdraw, and coercion be attempted, we shel uv coarse resist. Hut we won't do it probably. The organiza tions iu the South, wieh is iiitcrxpe rscd with mnskits and sieh, is simply lor self protection agin niggers and Northern whites. " In conclooshen, we wish yoo to aslioor Ihe people uv InJIanny that all we want Is peece, ollK and a general restorashen uv tldngs, mid Hint we alnt at all partikeler vr to terms. Wo demand, cz a koukered people, (ho abrogashen uv all the constl tooshnel amendments adopted since tiic close uv the lute onplessantnis, and the re instatement uv tho South In all her rites. The Uovernment, ez a act of consillasben, must roleeve the soljeruv disfranchisement aud to wuiihI take votes out uv the hands uv the niggers who irritated us by fighting agin us when wuz In trouble, and redoose em, not to slavery, but to watever control we In our wisdom shel deem necessary for ther safety and well-bein, and ouru. Do this, amfwe will obey wat laws remain wlch are not oppressive, and treat the niir- ecrs with genocine Kentucky humanity. Wo want self government, not only uv ourselves but others wo want peece, and we want our old seats in Congress. Do this and all will be well. " Respectfully, "Petuoi.kvm V. Nasiiy, P. M. (With is Postmaster.) his Hi :oii X Mi Pi:i.ti:ii, mark. fii.NATn an Por. ram, his IsSAhCll X Gavitt, mark, his U. W. X. BAfcPOM." mark. The Captain went awny with this doc ument feelin good. So good indeed did ho leel mat nc lent mo twelve dollars and twenty cents twenty cents before takin threo nips at llascom's and twelve dollars alter. I hope no other Southern man will take up this idea, PETROLEUM V. NASBY, P. M. (Wich in Postmaster.) j P. S. I hev hecrd from .Maine. I'm sick. Uasrom sez Its all rite that the Dlmocrats didn't vote so czto Intlame ther brethren uv JSoo Y'ork. l!ut I'd rather P. V. N. VARIOUS ITEMS. , ! j ; j i it an a go all is uy in Pa ii is has no steam fire engines. A flying cat hns been found in India. A itKuoAR died recently iu Homo worth $00,000. Fivk hundred perfumes are sold in this country.j Wm:N is coll'eo real estate? When it's ground. Dkkr aro very destructive in Canadian grain-fields. TiiiiFK-coii.NKftKi) visiting cards are the latest style. As Oxford professor is writing tho life of (Juecn 1-HizabeUi. Simmons, at Florence, is cutting a statue of Roger Williams. "PitoKKssoit or the accumulative art" is the California term for thieves. Twentv thousand rockets were fired off at once at Napoleon's fete this year. A DRfNKEN fellow was recently burned to death in a shanty in Cleveland. When does a farmer act with rudeness towaida his corn? When he pulls its cars. The poetical works or the late "Miles O'Heilly," edited by his friend Savage, are in press. Fi.ANi iii-.TTK is now being made of glass. The inventor of the game has real ized $50,000. A man ninety years old applied at the riealth Ofllce, San Francisco, to be vaccin ated, recently. Rev. Stephen IT. Tvno, Jr., of New York, conducts open air religious meetings in New York. It Is expected that the New British Par liament will meet in tho second week in December. Tne Cincinnati 7Y;ic has a bachelor friend who has occupied one room for more than thirty years. John C. Fremont lives at Tarrytown, on tho Hudson, on the estate formerly owned by J. Watson Webb. A Dr. Ilirtsif, of Uotterdam, claims to have discovered a method for making deaf mutes both hear and speak. They aro going to try a preparation of fietroleum in France to fire cannons with ustead of powder. The milliners boast that they have at last invented a bounet which the ladies cannot make for themselves. Tiiere is a crazy woman ou Bluck well's Island who imagines she has been defraud ed of $100,000 by Horace Greeley. A hfiTAiiLE monument is to bo erected to the memory of tho late ex-Governor Seymour, of Connecticut. The circulation of Ilocheforte's LuUmrnt has increased to 120,000 copies since its removal to Belgium. A mri, in New York stole the clothes off a baby, and left the child naked and screaming for its mother. A flash of lightning laU only one mil lionth part of a aecond, according to Arago, the celebrated French savant. An old man was choked to death iu Philadelphia, the other day, by trying to swallow a larger piece of meat thuu would pass his throat. Liverpool has a haunted bout, the I wiudows of which are broken by contiuu ' ous showers of stones. The police can't discover the ghostly assailant. A oestlemah of Norfolk, Ya., found UOO.ouo lu an old trunk a tew day ago. It waa all iu Spanish milled dolU'ia and Virginia paper currency of 1778. Th e English J udgea have decided to com pel juries engaged in trying felonies and cai-e of misdemeanor to remain lu cus tody during the pre gress of the trial, Thomaji H. Ca-RD, a Dover, N. H, man, 63 yeais old, cut (with a scythe), cured, avd boused ten actf of Uy this ytur, all alone. He seems, to le Just In luff f"Hy ot life. . . Saratooa ha, it ia sr.!,V mom l.hoHe than cither llostoj or Philadelphia. There are thirty seven or them, but they aro insufllfilenl to accommodate twenty thousand guests. "- An old Eat India Captain lately lost a new Iron steamer on her first voyage, only eight hours out or Ola'SOW, by utu?r inability to tell which way was north, nut compass being entirely capricious. The Stato of Michigan la about tn wect Soldiers' Monument which wi cost $71,000. Of this sum $18,000 has already beon srenred. It will ionuiii cleve.i nieces of statnary, two ba niittcn, and four allegorical flgnrea. Mtu. STot-T, wire of the proprietor of a hotel in le Moines. Iovra, v:.-J burned to death In Indianola, on the 14th instant. She was preparing medicines over rtoTe, when the liquid caught tire and the llames communicated to her dresa. , An old Treasury clerk, John P. Barclay, recently celebrated the slity-fourth anni versary of hia cntraroe into the Depart ment, lie was appointed tindi President Jefferson. How many grindiiigs out or the political hopper he has survived! . A conrtRKroNnF.NT tells s how o pre vent hydrophobia. SpHjlna t sayi. -ho om o prevented a severe case of the malad v by simply getting on ft high fence and waiting there until the dog left, A ruoMixEvr photographer, of Pitts burgh, has been arrested lor libel, which consisted in manulacturing and circulat ing pictures of tho head rf a well known aud respectable young lady of that city, to which a littlo boy7 body had been coupled. A cask before tho Birmingham magis trates, lias elicited, among otiier curious details, the fact that confectioners Often buy decaying fruit Tor flavoring ice cream anil confectionery, athe Juice la obtained from it in larger quantities. A ooitni:r,NW?NT, writing from Rome, says tho health of the Pope Is excellent, and that w hen complimented recently on his appearance by one of tho prelates, Tins l., replied : "I eat well,l tirinK well, 1 sleep well ; I never was bettor in my lile." Tim number of persons committed for trial in England and Wr. s last year was 1M,U"1, of whom only U,7ti'l were females, tho lowest number ol female offenders re corded in fifteen years. Of the whole number of persons committed, 14,".07 were convicted. Tin t:i' tire inure Methodists in Ohio thau iu any other State, more Baptists in Georgia, more Presbyteriaira in Pennsyl vania, mom Congrcgutionalists in Massa chusetts, more Episcopalians in New York, and ten times more Unitarians in Masea chusetts than In uny other State. In Kansas City there is a man who ia 117 years old. lie Is an old trapper, and his name is Fcrnauce. Only think of It ; was 2.1 years old when tho Declaration ot Independence was rcv.'.e, anil 04 at the battle of New Orleans, in which he look part uuder Oil Hickory Jackson. A Toi-.Mi nun in Newark, N. J., has pone ineano over tho idea that bis mar riage was not legal, und that he will lose his wife, l'tf contra, largo numbers or young married men throughout tho coun try are in various degrees or detraction because or the idea exactly opposite. Wn at strange creatures girls arc t Oiler one of them good wages to work for you, and ten chances to one if the old woman can spare any of her girls ; but just pro- ose matrimony, Bnd see il they don t uinp at the chance c.f working a whole ifetime for their victuals and clothes. Oxe of the sources of income to the Mexican Indians is the scalps they take. These are seut to Fiance, boiled, curded, purified and perfumed, aud come to thia market in the shapo of curls and fancy chignons. Most of tho Mexican scalps have Jet black hair. In this great world nothing is lost. The street robbers, with whom London is infested just now, havo hit upon a new dodge. A rufllau stoops down, as if in the act of tying his shoe, and then sud denly bouncing up butts his head violent ly into the stomach of a pcdeMrian who is passing by, and Bends him head over heels. Confederates then pounce upon their vic tim, and fleece him of his money. A rapid youth of tweniy-onr was found steadying himself the other night against ouo of tho lamp posts in a certain city. On being asked by a policeman what lie was about, ho replied, " Sir I (hie) I'm don't you know you iilgVamus I'm practicing tho Geciun bend, I um." Ha was pe rmitted to finish the exercise at the station house. Tub English women who own property demand that their names be placed ou tho voters' lists. In Manchester alone over 0,000 women have urged their claims to the frauchiso, and though tho claim was not allowed, Bimilar cases have arisen in other towns, and created surh a furore that the question has been brought before the judicial authorities. A man in Albany has invented a "uuion self-heating sleigh,'' which carries a heating apparatus in front, consUtiug of oil-lamps supplied with smoltelef'a burners, which admit the heat to the feet through a perforated sheet of metal, pro tected by wire gauze. The forward motion of the sleigh causes the air to circulate ns it is needed. To illustrate tho wonderful rise in the valuo or property, and the great changes made In Sew York in a short time, Signor Blitz relates that fifteen years ago he hired a house and seven acres of ground, where Fifty-third street now is, at $'200 per annum. Thg entire property was offered in fee to him for $3,000, an offer which he rejected. Had he accepted it, his $.-,000 would have grown by thia time into naif a million or more of dollars. At last the monstrous watb of wool and hair with which women now-a days die- ugure tueir neaas, nave proved useful. At Salem, N. J., recently, Sliss Ella G. Up dyko, of Princeton, in attempting to spring from her carriage, caught her ekirt in the seat, Jerking her uuder the wairon. The horse became frightened and started, dashing her head and body against the Eavement, Then the p"2a and rolls In er hair saved her brains from being dashed out. She was re.sw.xl with a few bruibes. . . . IU ssian papers tell of a convict named Oorski, a boy of eighteen, w ho was Ben tevced to bo hanged for assassinating a whole family of seven persons. All the preparations had been made, the crowd had assembled, the prisoner waa standing on a stool while the rope was adjusted round his neck, and in a moment more would havo been executed, when a decree from the Emperor was received, commuting his Euuishment to hard labor for lil'o. He has ecu sent to Siberia, A theatrical manager In New Cale donia, a French settlement near Australia hit upon a curious expedient not long since. In order to give additional i fleet to a pieco called " Vet du Soir; ou, l'llor riblo Festin," which turns upon a cannibal repast, ho engaged four black .fellows from up the country, who were communi cated wilh by sigus as to the nature of the performance required of them. The audience were in a sute of great anxiety to see the aborigines, but were truly hor rified, no less than the actoi-:a-chief and all the rest, when the four, olack mea 6et upon the prostrate hero of the drama, aud instead of going through the cannibal per formance in run, went at it in earnest, the first native biting tho hero ferociously In the calf or the leg. Tie piny was stopped by the hero's howling, and the cannibals were sent home with t xpediiion. " Omega," the traveling correspond ent of the New York 7i.r... wrirea tv Massillon, Ohio, under date of September 13, that Western Pennsylvania and the proud fclute of Ohio aro all alive with en thusiasm, and filled with working confi dent Republicans, and he is sure tl?at they will give rousing, overwheimiug Hepubif can majorities. Weutera renubylvauia is being thoroughly canvi, tbcoun ties of Alleghany, Veuango, Lawreoce, Mercer, Crawford und fleaver will rive glorious reports in October. If any one entertains any doubt hoi, otli iu j-o, a few days' travel within Ita borders will soon sati-fy him that it Iseertwin for Grant and Colfax by a lurye majority, and sure lor the lUputlicau ticLtt iu Ovtobcr by tt leant 15,0W mMority, ' in