Newspaper Page Text
CAMPAIGN SONG AND CHORUS. MUSIC—Old Temperance Song—"With banners and with badge we come." "With hannera and with bad;; wo corao. An nrmjr trap and mrnne, Tofleht acainiit the" A -A7r ftwg, And ihla ahull be onr eonR:'' Chow. Wo lore the (In!? that erer flnata O'of Freednm'e clmaen land ; We Ioto the home where freemen's vo tea (.'an crush a tyrant ! hand. A traitor foe, with gnn and tword, Onr banner atrove to take : But Orant drove bark the rebel horde, And killed the rail icanako. CuoRua. We love the lUg, Jtc. Hurrah for Orant, the warrior brave, And Colfax tried and trno : With them we'll whip the Ku-Klill knnro, And Halanwith him, too. Ciionca. We love the Hatf, Ac. Thon rallr to the polla, my boye; We'll till keep marchlne on. With hallota to complete the work Uor bullets left undone. Ciionte. We love the fla that ever floats O'er Freedom'e choaen land t We love the home where freemen'! rotea Can cruh a tyrant'e hand. with badge we come." Selected Miscellany. The Alden Type-Setter. This was first devised by Timothy Al don, an immigrant from Massachusetts, in 1310. He had a little workshop in this city we think in the old Harlem depot where he planned and worked till 1857, when the Alden ma chine was patented. He had so devoted himself to his idea, that it finally got the better of him, woro him out, and in 1859, two years after his success, killed him. A nephew of his, however, Mr. Henry W. Alden, took up the matter and formed a company, which still exists. Mr. Charles P. Livcrmore, is the President ; Mr. Josiah Low, the Vice President j Andrew V. Stout, Secretary ; and Mr. Alden, Treas urer. Since Mr. Timothy Alden's death, many mechanical and most important im provements have been made by Mr. J. T. Slingerland, who has brought it to its present state. The present machine, one of which is on exhibition at the manufactory of the company on Tompkins Square, is entirely horizontal in plan and presents the appear ance of a table about three feet high. The compositor sits at a cylinder key-board, on which four rows of keys are arranged vertically. These communicate directly with eight rods, and by means of " per mutation," every type is corresponded to by a different combination of some of theso rods. Thus one letter-key pushes the seventh and eighth, another only the fifth, another the first, third, fourth, and seventh, and so on. These rods act on the revolving wheel at the back of the machine, which is armed with one hun dred (vertical) rows of eight movable ping each. Ono row of the pius is pushed out to correspond with the communication of the rods at each touch on tho key-board. Around this wheel, in a three quarter cir cle of six feet diameter, are rows of type arranged in radii of the circle, under each of which is. a key corresponding to the permutation of the pins for that letter. When a certain letter is called for on the pins, they strike this key and tho letter is pushed out from its channel and taken up in its proper order by little fingers on the revolving wheel, and with a long row of its fellows is pushed out just behind the key-cylinder at the front. In the old machine the type had to be mado of thirteen dill'erent thicknesses and especially for the machine By this ma chine tho ordinary typo aro used, after having been nicked on one side to corres pond with the respective combinations on the pins. Tho old machine contained merely in its key-board over thirteen hun dred pieces; this key-cylinder contains one hundred and thirty, while the whole apparatus at present contains only twelve hundred pieces, all told. The machine, with one person at the keys and one to justify that is, arrange the words in linos of the proper length and put the necessa ry space between runs oil' four thousand ems an hour, meanwhile distributing as much. This is the work of five ordinary compositors. The distributing process is almost ex actly the reverse of composing; but is alto gether automatic. The " dead" matter is placed on a bed to the right of the key cylinder, and is taken up line by line as each is exhausted. The types are taken up by distributing transits in the revolv ing wheel, and by means of tho nicks, registered as before, transferred to the channel whence each started. Extra spaces, etc., placed in during justification, are tipped out at the end of the channels. All unnicked type are thrown out into a separate box, italics into another. A full font of type, accents, italics, small caps aud all, contains 355 pieces. Of these tho machine sets up only the ordinary small letters, and full capitals, the figures and signs. It is, therefore, scarcely avail able for newspaper work, but will prob-ably-somo day be generally used for books, whero there is plenty of time and a good deal of uniformity. Several books have, indeed, been printed thus for the Messrs. Appleton. The machines at present cost 3,500 each. The great objections are first, their expense ; secondly, their com plication ; thirdly, the difficulty of supply ing fresh type when one letter is especially called for. Mr. Slingerland, who keeps up a wonderful thinking about these things all the time, proposes to obviate these di Acuities by building two machines, ono lor composing and one for distribut ing which will be much simpler and will cost but $1,200 for the pair. A STEREOTYPE MACHINE. crude which, however, con tains tho germ of a process by which most of our printing will some day bo done, was exhibited a year or two ago in Grand st rect by a man named Nelson. An appa ratus on tho same principle was also ex hibited by some one at the Paris Exposi tion. In this but ono type of each sort is used, which is arranged at the end of a key lever, and imprints itself in the proper placo on a bed of clay moving automati cally. This, when completed, is served as the ordinary plaster casts for stereotyping tho liquid metal is poured in, and in a few moments we have complete stereotype plates. Tho work turned out was not very good, but as the idea has not yet been worked up, and the machine will be cheap, simple and quick, we think there is con siderable ground for our prophecy above. JVtw York Mail. What Makes the Difference. Almost simultaneously there have ro- ccntly appeared, in a popular monthly magazine, and a daily newspaper in a neighboring city, articles upon the labor question. The macazine article is an able review of the subject from a philosophical stand point. The articles in the daily con sist of a description of the life lod by clerks in New York, aud the tyranny of their mploycrs, with confirmatorv orrespond- ence from a fancy-goods clerk, who has had bitter experience, if we are to believe his own account, which we see no reason to doubt. If he is late in the morning, five minutes, or if three minutes late from his hasty lunch at noon, he is docked one fourth of a day, while he is obliged to work during the hours for which he re ceives no pay. He has thus been required to work fourteen hours, for only half a day's wages. Uis evenings are expected to be snent in drumming up trade, for which ho gets no thanks or pay. He says his experience is that of other fancy-goods clerks when traveling. " His labors com mence at sunrise, and are ended at twelve o'clock at night, or perhaps one o'clock next morning, just in time to jump on the train, sleep in his seat, and at daybreak he is in the next town ready to go through the same routine." He follows these state ments with thanks to the paper that has taken up the cause of oppressed clerks, and makes the following Dalhetic appeal : " I speak from experience. This I have done for four years. I have traveled with valises in hand, through rain or shine, hot or cold, from Portland, Maine, to St. Paul, Minnesota: from Grand Raoids. Michi gan, to Selma, Alabama. For ray services 1 uraw me stuponuoua sum or nine hun dred and fifty dollars per annum and this froui one of the largest notion houses in tho United Slates. ou have spoken in our bclwlf. Yon have chosen to devote two column i of your paper to a purpose rf n ji VOL. XVI.-NO. 20. PHURYSBU11G, WOOD CO., OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOMSU 23, 1808. 2.00 IN ADVANCE. which must be philanthropic in its motive, for fa vois like these aro never bought by tho workingracn. I thank you from the bottom of my heart for the voice you have raised to befriend us as a com munity. I pray it may never fail until it has accomplished something towards its purpose, so that a man will not be asham ed to seo his name in the directory stig matized 1 Clerk ' which now almost sig nancs candidate for the poorhouse." Coupling this with the following fig ures from the magazine article to which we have referred, we shall get some addi tional light upon the subject : "The censns or 18fl0 shows in the 8tate of New York 4!,507 clerks, to 11,745 masons I And besides this is another curious fact, that while the wages of the masons are $4.50 per day, those of the clerks do not average over 1 per day I See, also, how tho non-workers count with the masons in other departments; 11,745 masons only in tho largest State of the Union, with a population of 8.880,735 ; but there are 8,070 barkeeper, 6,127 drivers, 5,509 lawyers, and 5,235 clergymen. "The three bricklayers' unions of New York city cmtain some four thousand members, each of whom pays an Initiation fee of $25, and a monthly due of twenty five cents. If injured at his work, the injured member is allowed $6 per week while disabled, and at his death his family receives $60. So far they are benevolent institutions; but In the event of a ' strike,' or other important movement, 'this union shall have power to levy npon its mem bers for extraordinary purposes such tax or sum as may be at the time necessary, which tax shall not at any time exceed the sum of ten per cent, on the net earn ings or wages each member may be re ceiving at the time of such assessment.' This may and must bring in a vast sum ; and I learn from one of the officers that, in this great strike at New York, in addi tion to the $25,000 in their treasuries, they have received from other unions and con tributions some $150,000, a large portion of which has not been expended, or had not been at the end of the sixth week of the strike." The magazine writer thinks he has ex pressed the secret of power in the trades unions, when he says, the demand for their labor, and the high wages which are consequent upon the demand, enables them to make up a large fund, and to help each other when occasion requires it ; and, as far as that goes, he is right. The now erlessness of the clerks Is also considered by him to result from their inferior.wages ; and this also is right, so far as it goes. The reason for the scarcity of mechanics and farm hands, and the glut of clerks, is at tributed by him to tho disreputable char acter of manual labor. " Work is disreputable is it not so ? Else would not these thousands of poor clerks gladly lcavo two dollars a day to get five f Disreputable means, not in es teem, not honorable. Now, I ask, is it practicable tor any bricklayer in this city of New York, or in any city known, to enter, to bo ono of what is called, good society ?' No matter how well educated or how well bred ho may be, the fact that he is a bricklayer docs forbid his being ac cepted as a friend and equal by tho men and women of good society. It is not easy to understand why stock gamblers are accepted in good society, master ma sons and carpenters not; why clerks at two dollars per day are marriageable, masons at five dollars a day net ; unless that they are able to keep smooth hands and wear good clothes week days as well as Sundays. No ono would claim that the clerks are more intelligent, more moral, more capable, better members of society than the masons ; but the facts are as I state them." Now. if these things are so, our nation is in a sad plight. " 111 farea the land, to haatenlng Ills a prey. Where wealth accumulates, and men decay." The effeminacy which leads to a dislike of honest, manual, labor, never exists ex cept at the expense of manhood. There is a fashionable class in this country, doubtless, to which neither the mason, with his five dollars per diem, nor the clerk with his two dollars, would be eligi ble. Beyond this we know of no society where a clerk would bo received, and a mason or a carpenter excluded. It may exist, but we have not discovered it. Our magazine article does not locate this society, or define its boundaries. Certain ly, it is not im rural districts ; and, if in cities, where is it to be found. Evidently, if it exists at all, it must be among that class which is the pest of all large towns ttoe class who gamblo, pick pockets, sell lottery tickets, keep intelligence offices, and contrive to keep up a sort of style upon the ill-gotten gains of such and sim ilar occupations. Hut our author docs net, of course, mean this class, when he speaks of good society. We are inclined to think the society he means to be a crea tion of his own imagination. Hut if work is not disreputable, wnenco the glut in those professions which do not involve manual labor ? A powerful cause, entirely overlooked by this writer, exists in the exaggerated ideas which prevail in rural districts in regard to the pleasures of city life, and the chances which exist in large towns for rapid advancement in all professions. Instances of extraordinary success are circulated far and wide through the country papers, while the numberless wrecks ot neaiin ana morals, or me in numerable disappointments, privations, and humiliations to which tho larger por tion of young men who go to cities in search of employment, must be subjected, are unrecorded. It is true that men of ex traordinary talents find greater scope and larger remuneration in cities man in coun try towns. But all youths have not ex traordinary talents and the advantages which are secured by a metropolitan life are only to be obtained by pluck and per severance, perhaps so severely tried ere success is reached, that the prize, when at last it is grasped, comes too late to tie en joyed. The country lad, as he follows his mow. or sits resting peneatn tne snaae. after a day of physical toil, cons over the stories which bis cousin irom the city lias told him, and its splendor and fancied ease seem so alluring in comparison with his life of healthful labor, that he flies to ward it like a moth to a candle, and bag his wings singed. In the majority of cases he never recovers himself. lie becomes enamored of the theatres, the concert halls, and the many otlier agencies always found In a city, which corrupt his tastes if not his morals, tie becomes eiieminate, neglects mental improvement, ana gradu ally degenerates into a miserable, worn and whinlne drudire. like the clerk in tho notion house, who so piteously makes his moan to the Brooklyn daily. Out npon you, man. If you have enough lelt in you to call a man I What business have you to be a fancy-goods clerk ? Go Into the country and swing an axe, or into the forgo, and wield the hammer, and recover your lost manhood. Don't sit here, whining, like a whipped puppy .about your insufficient salary. You are genii, now more than women ordinarily get. Before we would engage in such a paltry occupa- lion, we would carry a hot!, what were your muscles made for ? Why do you dis grace your sex by peddling dolls and baby toys, when you should have been a pro- aucer or wealth by your labor or your Drain r we nave only the sympathy lor you that arises from a consideration of your weakness. You have not force of character enough to make an effectual strike. You have not the brain to organ ize, nor the physical power to endure. The bricklayer has both, and so he holds out when he sets about it. This is the main source of his power. His habits of life muke him both clear headed and plucky j and although we doubt the wis dom of such organizations as bricklayer's uuions, wo admire tho courage and man hood of the bricklayer, as much as we hold your weakness and occupation in con tempt. Scientific American. POLITICAL ITEMS. t"Tho Hartford Copperheads added to the " enthusiasm" of a polo-raising, the other evening, by stoning an adjacent Af rican church. tW The New York Sun wants to know what will eventually become of Andrew Johnson, " who went in by actual murder, and goes out by political suicide." tlT Partisans may say what they please, but the world will never believe that the General who took Vlcksbnrg, oponed Chattanooga and received Lee's surrender, is a man of no executive ability. tW The largest political flag ever made in this country was raised In New York a few days ago. It is thirty by forty feet in size, has portraits of Grant and Colfax fif teen feet high, and tho names of tho can didates in gold letters two feet high. C3fThe Augusta- (Arkansas) Sentinel hes the following paragraph under the head of "A Fair Warning": "If you hate the tax-gatherer you had better hate the Radicals. They will put you to death if you don't put them to death. You had better be the aggressors." gT The New York World is exasper ated because Gen. Dan. Sickles, of the United States army, "is now stumping about tho country." Wo don't see how he can help dumping about the country. The Democracy at Gettysburg shot away ono of his legs, which compels him to " stump it." D.iyton Journal. tST At a Democratic meeting in Uo boken, the other evening, the name of Lee being mentioned, " the audienco took up the name of Lee, and loud, enthusias tic, and continued cheering was given for Gen. Lee and Horatio Seymour, and sup plemented by cheers for General Beaure gard and Frank Blair." tW General Steedman recently ad dressed a Democratic meeting at New Or leans, at which there were two significant transparencies. On one was, "Go homo, you carpet-bagger." On the other, " No internal revenue." The satire on loyalty was complete, Steedman being a carpet bagger and Collector of Internal Revenue t2T" What vote shall we give ? What voto ahall wo etve That our country may live And ahine on in nnfadintr Eloryf That her wounds may bo hcalod, And the fountain be m-aled The fouutuin of strife, red and fioryf TJi.TasEa 8. Grant la the hero we want ; 'Tla ho to whom honors are due, man ; Thenfjran hira bat these And " let ns hare pence," Vote for Ghaut and for Colfax, tho true neo. t2T Tho massacre at Camilla seems to have whetted rather than satiated tho rebel appetite for blood. The Columbus Sun hopes that "at the next collision sure and speedy vengeance may seek and find the whito leaders rather than their ienorant and deluded dupes." The Charleston Mcreury expresses a desire, in tbo event of another such affair, to bo able " to chroniclo that every white man has been slain." EfT It is said that the official report of tho Camilla massacre, which hns been for warded by General Sibley, fully sustains all that the Republicans have said of that horriblo affair. General Sibley says that no action whatever has been taken by the civil authorities of Georgia to bring tho murderers to justice, and no inquost has been held upon the bodies of tho dead. The civil authorities themselves, he says, were engaged in the massacre. The re ports of the officers engaged in the inves tigation show that the act was premedi tated, and encouraged and prepared for by the Sheriff, and was begun byjthe whites, without provocation. The Battle Fought and Won. The Presidential battle was fought and won on Tuesday. The verdict of the jury oi tne people was renaerea : urani ior President and Colfax for Vice-President, for four or eight years from the 4th of March next. The election on tho 3d of November will bo merely formal entering up of the October verdict on the records, so to speak. All tho efforts put forth and all the money spent by tho Copperheads on tho November election will be the result of pure desperation, and for the purpose of dying game. Wo can now predict with almost absolute certain ty what States Grant will carry, beyond doubt, viz. : Maine, Massachusetts, Ver mont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania. Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Tennessee, iNorth Carolina, West Virginia, Mouth Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida. Total, 203 Electoral votes. Now, give tho Democrats every State which they dare to ask, and havo tho faintest shadow of a hope of winning, as follows : New York, New Jersey, Con necticut, Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, ueorgia, Alabama, Arkansas, (Jalitorma, Oregon and Nevada. Total, 114 Electoral votes : Grant 22 Bt.itea certain 303 votes. Boymour It States uncertain 114 " General Grant's majority b'J The election of Grant cannot be jeopardized even if the unorganized States ot Virginia, Mississippi ana Texas 8 1ml I vote contrary to law. They would have only twenty-two votes, which, if given to Seymour, leaves Grant still uhcud sixty eeven Electors. When tho immense moral influence of Tuesday's election on the other States is taken into account, who supposes that Seymour will carry California or Nevada, New York or Connecticut? The fight in New York will bo conducted by tho Cop perheads for the sake of their State aud local tickets alone. Henceforth Seymour and Blair will be at a discount. They will have no future patronage to distribute, no offices of honor or profit at their dis posal, and there will be none so poor as to ao mem reverence, i no urani ana Colfax tide will rise higher each day, and the confidence of their supporters grow stronger until the close of tho polls. Tho Presidential election was decided on Tuesday. The twins are born, and their names are Ulysses and Schuyler. The mother is as comfortable as could be expected. The daddy, old Uncle Sam, is as happy as a clam at high tids. Chicago Tribune, ISti, Why Run Up Stairs! We do not run in tho street, nor In the park or garden ; why then run op stairs, and then complain that the stairs are so high I It is difficult to answer this ques tion : nevertheless English neonle gener ally do run up stairs, while foreigners are well satisfied Willi walking up. Her- vauts frequently compUia of the hlght of the stairs, and leave their places in conso quenoe. Houses of six and eight stories are now built In England, as thsy are lu Paris and Kdlnburg. Now, there is really but little more difficulty in ascending sev eral flights of sta Irs than there is in walk ing a straight line, provided we take suffi cient time to do it, which should be about twice as long as we should be in walking the same distance in the street Walk up stairs slowly ; rest at each landing ; again walk steadily; and you will reach the top flight without exhaustion or fatigue. 8. m m Mi'MiriANS, peddlers and beggars arc no lon'er allowed to exercise their vocation on board ferry-boats in New York, Moral Depravity of the Democratic Party. Thr Democratic psrty, instead of ar raigning tin; parly in power before tho great popular tribunal, ns a culprit to be tried for aliened offenses, has, in effect, abandoned the prosecution and placed Itself in the criminals' box. To all intents and purposes it has entere l a nMle. in the case of the People r. Tho Republican party, aud now we have tho singular spec tacle of a party out of power for eight years arraigned on an indictment of nu merous counts, including the greatest offenses that rogues, conspirators and brigands were ever guilty of, as follows: 1. It not only rebelled on tho ground that secession was a State right, but now It still avows tho right, and in the face of the blood, destruction and debt of tho war, goes to tho people for a verdict that they are right, and the Union can at any time be destroyed. 3. The Democratic party of tho North not only supported the rebel Democracy of the South during tho war by secret societies, but the Democracy of the South are now manifesting their gratitude by aiding their brethren in the North through secret societies that threaten, banish and assassinate unoffending Ameri can citizens, for no other reas-m than be cause they are not Democrats. 8. The Democratic party of the North approve of the Democratic murders at the South, cither by their silence or by attempting to ridicule the monstrous facts. 4. The Democratic party of the South urges all its followers to commit perjury, in denying their treason, and their breth ren of the North encourage them in it, and even urge them to swear falsely, for the purpose of evading the laws. 5. The Democratic party has the shame lessness to ask tho American people to In cur tho moral turpitudo of breaking their contract with the public creditor, knowing that a single citizen is powerless as against tho Government, and, if rascally enough, the Government can refuse to comply with its agreement After such an example by tho Government, of whom can honesty bo expected. 0. The Democratic party proposes to de stroy the national credit, both at home and abroad, by paying bonds held by foreign ers in currency which is of no valuo to them, except for its market value in this country. Behold the ludicromness of olloring to a London banker note without intercut to pay a note with interest the absurdity of paying to a citizen of Cal cutta paper dollars that are in uinxion and irredeemahlt, and without interest, for a Government bond that brings six cents in geld interest annually. 7. The Democracy proposo by taxation to drive all the bonds to Europe, aud then to pay tho most of them in a currency that does not even represent what is recog nised by tho whole world as money. 8. The Democracy propose, by driving our bonds to Europe, to keep up a specu lator's redundant currency for half a cen tury a currency that is a perpetual swin dle on tho working classes. 0. The Democracy of the South whips schoolmasters and burns schoolhouses un der the open encouragement of tho De mocracy of tho North. 10. Rape, when the victim Is colored, is no offense in the estimation of tho Demo cratic party, South or North. 11. Starvation of poor citizens for not voting the Democratic ticket is openly avowed as Democratic duty, and tho De mocracy of eight States anil threo Terri tories are conspiring together to refuse labor to such voters, without which they cannot live. 12. The Democratic party" propose to trample down the laws of the land, in spite of Judges and juries. liut wo ncea not enumerate a oozen more counts covering tho perfidy of tho Democratic party during and since tho war. They are yet remembered by the people, anrt are testified or bv'J.UU.uw,uuuoi utot, 300,000 loyal soldiers' graves, 50,000 loyal cripples, 100,000 widows of loyal soldiers and iiOO.OUO orphans ot those who leu lor the old flag while tho Democracy were fighting against tho Government under a foreign standard. The verdict partly given in October, will be fully and more effectually rendered in November. It is to be decided that tho nation shall bo honest, tho people shall all bo protected, peace shall lm secured, firospcrity shall bo established, and the Republic shall stand up in proud nation hood before the world. ExtlwMge. A Man Choked Under Startling Circumstances. Yesterday, a German named Cadell was engaged to do some work in a butcher shop in Market square. W hile so engaged, a neighbor came and asked why he had not returned a hatchet he had borrowed from hira a few days before. Cadell re plied that he had returned it. This the neighbor denied, and notwithstanding Ca- d ell's protestations that he had done so. Cadell grew considerably excited ovt r the accusation, and after some words with the neighbor, said very loudly : " I did bring it back to you tho very night-1 got it, and I hopo God will choke mo dead with tins pieco of meat if I didn't." At the same timo he placed in his mouth piece of raw beef, which without chewing he bolted. The beef evidently lodged in the man's windpipe, for at once ho began to gasp, as if for breath, and to grow black in tho face, A number of people gathered about, but none of them seemed able to render the man any assistance, aud it seemed as though he would die in earnest. Somebody had the presence of mind to run to the Police Station, and ofllccr Mc Donald went down. He opened the man's mouth, using cousidtrablo force to do so, and ruuning his fingers down his throat pulled out the meat A shower of cold water brought hira to, but he had about as close an escape from death as one would wish for. As he came to his senses again, Cadell looked at his neighbor, and in a most sorrowful tone sa'd, "I did bring back your hatchet" The neighbor con cluded that he had done so. ifilwiukee Wiicontin. The "Bloated Bondholders." Mr Jambs A Bukigb has made a careful examination of the subject, with a view to ascertain how much of the Government bonded debt is held by the laborers, me chanics, the needle women and orphans of the country. He finds that in Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New York, the savings banks alone hold $100,000,000 of these securities. One bank in New York city, on the 1st of last January had 54,36:1 accounts. Of this number, 85,513 had deposited not more than $100 each. Mr. Briggs adds: "Four men in New York city, who own $100,000,000 of prop erty, do not hold as large an amount of United States securities as ' the Institution for the Savings of Merchants' Clerks,' which holds $'3,5GS." They are " the bloated bondholders" the Dotnocratic demagogues are denouncing. These are the people they want to cheat out of ttirir interest, preliminary to repudiating the princip&l. Some New York traders have placards In their windows saying, " Here we speak German," " Here we speak French," eta, npon which a Bowery retailer has im proved by hanging out a sign, " Here we speak the truth." m m A. T. Stewart purposes erectin-r an Immcuao block in New York, divided into family apartments, to he offered as houses, rent free, for the families of rnined mi-r-thsnu. Jt will cost mi'lion of dollars, ISSUES OF THE CANVASS. ISSUES OF THE CANVASS. ADDRESS BY THE REV. HENRY WARD BEECHER. On evening Instant, tho Rev. Henry Ward Bcccher delivered an address at the Brooklyn Academy of Mu sic, on " The Issues of the Canvass." He spoke as follows : Lapirs anp Gkntlkmkn : When, next March, tho President to bo elect it I by the people shall take his place in Washing ton, it will have been four years, lacking a few days, sinoo war in Its active form was closed. During that timo the couutry has gone through a vast deal of excite ment, run rapidly forward, question fol lowing question, until now tho questions are not tho same ; only the principles are the same. The Issues of lfUW are not the Issues of 1805, but the principles that un derlay the ono underlie the other. Par lies aro substantially tho same as they were in 18(15, and further back, ns they were in lHtlO; becauso in 18(H) Tho Repub lican party, then young, achieved Its first victory. It was new aud unpractised. It went beforo the country claiming tho ad ministration of tho government from the hand of an old, expert party, which had a long record of early glory and of late eclipse. Tho Democratic party began by boing a irieml to the whole people. Cor rupted by power, it abandoned this prin ciple of faith to mankind and humanity, and became substantially the instrument of a class. That was the damning sin of the old Federal party, that It represented a class and not tho whole people ; and that, to a certain extent, was also the sin and weakness of the Whig party, and tbo Democratic party slew them because it did, in its better day, believe profoundly in the common people. It slew theso par ties, and has now itself stumbled into their grave. In 1H04 the two parties areued their claims to tho administration of this government before the people a second time, and tho people determined that tho Republican party, by its principles, by tho record of its deeds, and by tho men who chicily shaped its policy, by its tendencies, In short, by its past and by its future, ought to administer tho government of this nation. Now, in 180S, tho question Is once more to be determined by the peo ple Shall tho Republican party bo in structed to carry on to completion the work ot the past ten years, or shall that work bo repudiated, or shall tho Demo cratic party bo installed in power charged to complete tho work which the Republi can party htts begun? Look' at the mean ing ot tho last ten years ot American his tory. Tho letter and spirit of our insti tutions, and the character of our people made it sure that sooner or later there would arlso a moral and then a political protest against slavery. It was impossible in such a nation that slavery should exist, and there be no protest, unless humanity died in the bosoms of men. The anti slav ery agitation was tho logical sequence of American ideas. Men did not make that agitation. It lay in tho very frame and structure and genius of our American institutions and government, and men were tho instruments of causes deep as cvorlasting principles. Against tho influ ence of this protest tho South at last com muted the supremo blunder ot tho cen tury, and drew the sword. Tho issuo in evitably involved the question of liberty. Tho Republican party at an early day sought to avoid tho true issue of tho war and to maintain the Union without mod dling with slavery. But God's logic pre vailed, and tbo Republican party were driven by events that were mightier than they to emancipation, which was the logi cal sequence of their position. Tho first step was to confer citizenship upon all that dwell under our llag, without distinc tion of color or nationality. Applause. Tho principle of liberty lnresistibly car ried the party forward, and partly by its own intelligence and partly by the logic of events, the Republican party has passed upon the doctrine of the inherent right of all men to " life, liberty and tho pursuit of happiness." It is a living question. It has gone througli fire and been baptized in blood. It is the faith of tho Republican party. I do not undcrtako to say that that party has committed no error. It is mado up of men. Political parties do not represent celestial things In this world. Laughter. But admit that tbo Republi can party has stumbled and hesitated, does it follow that the people arc no longer to repose tho government in us hands? They aro not errors in principle They have been faults in tho bark and not in the heart-wood. In tho samo length of timo it never was given any other party to perform so many illustrious deeds, to associate its name with changes so pro found and that aro to be so illustrious a por tion of our history. It has revived tho original doctrine of our fathers which had been in Babylonish captivity, and achiev ed an emancipation second only to that of the Russian serfs. In 1800, when the South made war, tho Republican party carried forward tho war to victory and saved tho nation. It has settled the question whether this people is a great nation, or only a temporary council of separate- Slates. And tho Republican party has mado itself responsible tor the repayment in tho standard currency of tho world of tho money that was borrowed to feed the sol dier and to detend the government. Ap plause. There is but one competitor for the place of the Republican party. I ask you to-night, has the Democratic party earned tho right to administer this govern ment? Has it earned the right to admin ister upon tho effects of tho Republican party ? Has It been tho party of freedom ? It is not to be denied that it was ptrticep eritoini antecedently of tho war, with all those counsels which brought on the war. Tho Democratic party wero in sympathy, and but for the assurances given to them by its leaders, the South never would have ventured into the monstrous blunder of that war. When war came, such was tho spirit of the Democratio party that tho truly loyal members in it, and there wore a great many such men, found it impossi ble to maintain their standing in tbo party, and while in nume they were War Demo crats they became substantially Republi cans. The Democratic party opposed the war, either openly or insidiously. Give me the man who strikes fair blows in the face. Deliver mo from the man that takes mo by the hand and says. " How art thou? while he strikes me under tho fifth rib with a hidden dagger. Applause. 1 At every step gained in the prog rets of the war by the Republicans, emancipa tion, tho enrollment, of colored men in the army, their self-protection by suffrage, the Democratic party hung heavily upon the wheels, not of Pharaoh, but of tho Is raelites. If you are to select a party to carry out tho great work of ronduring lib erty to every man in the land, if you were to search the world over it seems to me you could not find a party less calculated to do It. On the one side stands a party made up of men loyal to principle, and to their country, and to liberty; and on the other side tiiere comes a party that for ten years has lelt untried no expedient to undermine the cause of liberty, and at the last moment they claim the privilege of taking possession of the Government Do you remember that when the bridegroom came the five virgins that were wue had their lamps trimmed and were ready to meet him? But now come the five Demo cratic virgins, saying : "Give us your oil, for our lamps are empty." Applause. It Is too late while they were gone the door was shut, and Grant elected. Ap plause. But it is proposed by them, in iheir new-born -al or patriotism, to re verse the policy of the Republican party, and declare what they have done " uncon stitutional, null aud void." They have been ounpialulng that Urn rjouthera Htaiw have been so long kept out, and now that they aro in they say that they shall not stay In ; they shall go out again. At least mere ts tho merit or frankness m this an nunciation. They sy the State govern ments wero formed nnder compulsion When our pilgrim fathers worshipped with sentinels standing with rifles at the tho church door, supposo some man had charged that they were singing psalms under the coercion of those rifles? It is said their constiutlop.s wero not formed by the whole people. No; they would not havo been so good If they hail been. If the old plantation class had had their way, I venture to say they would not have been as good as they are. They were formed by tho common people They knew what they needed. No man can toll tho doctor where the ache Is as well as the man that aches. Tho only chareo that can bo made against the constitutions these loyal Southern men have made Is, that they are too democratic. 1 would ask no other thing by which to test the fruit of this war than to point to the constitu tions mado by black men that a few years ago loilert in the rice anrt cotton fields. These constitutions are tho marvel of tho time In which we live. They are objected to, not because too despotic, but because too full of liberty. They have not given to those accustomed to power sceptre or Influence, but have given the power to the people, wit they have made the blacks citizens. What else are the blacks fitted for ? . They were not mado to bo slaves. To attempt to make animals or machines of men is the most monstrous violation of tho ordinances of nature and of the de crees of God, and it ought not to bo ob jected to these Southern Constitutions that they have proclaimed liberty to all tho laud. It is objected that the blacks aro not yet fitted for the suffrage I havo never doubted that it was best for them. Suffrage is best for every man and for every woman. Applause But no man Is fit for voting until ho has exorcised tho right Voting right comes from voting often not iu tho Democratic sense. Laughter Can a man aim his rlllo properly until he has practised with it ? Would tho haughty whites of tho South pour into tho ears of the blacks the rea sons for State policies if they had no vote ? Voting makes every politician nn educator of every man that votes. Wo havo begun to find out that the good In suffrage is far freater than any evils that may be in it. have seen accounts of tho ridiculous way in which theso black hordes voto; but I can point you out a gang of immigrants in Now York that will voto Just as ridiculous. Plantation voters do not half comoup to New York wards. We were asked now we would like to havo black men voting by our sido. It is no worso than to have Immigrants voting by our side. For tho C resent it is not joyous but grievous ; but y and by it will bring forth tho fruits of fieace and liberty. In twenty years, every imuigrant dies off or becomes a good citizen. Tho only question is, Will tho boiler bear the pressure? With us, it will. If wo could bear tho pressure during tho war, and still maintain tho Integrity of tho Union, in spite of the foreign votes, wo can bear it under any circumstances. I would not allow an immigrant to remain hero a year before I would make him a voter. Not that there would not bo evils and dangers connected with it; but tho blcBsmgs would outweigh them. It has never been pleasant for those having tho power to give it to others. Power never is distributed from those above downward; but comes down by revolution from thoso above. Aside from their natural rights, tho blacks of the South have earned tho right of suffrage by their fidelity in war. They havo earned the right of self-defense The blacks must be annihilated, or defend themselves by tho sword or by the ballot. If there bo any obligation that rests upon us, it is to see to it that theso poor creatures do not see harm. If you doubt tho wisdom of giving suffrage to them, doubt it; but they have got it in my younger days I once undertook to run alter an express train. I never do it now. Laughter.) Suffrago once put into tho hands of men, catch it if you can. You may say they would better not have had the ballot ; you might as well say they would better not have been born black. Tho Republican party gave them the bal lot, and the question now is whether it shall bo taken away from them by tho Democratic party. The distress of the South arises from tho fact that they have readied a point requiring change ; but that change they brought upon themselves and it will lead them to a higher position than they ever beforo enjoyed. Mr. B. hero read a letter, containing a series of questions, and proceeded to answer them. You have bore in a drop what you will get in the New York World in a pro longed squirt Laughter "Are not tho Southern loyalists worso treated than in 1805?" Yes; but it is hecauso of the hope that in another year Blair will be Presi dent, wearing Seymour's veil. Let It bo understood that Grant is to be the next President, and in a month from Novem ber all will be quiet and peace. Great applause " How many more reconstruc tion measures shall we require?" No more; all we want now is administration. When they know that Grant sits in tho chair, that will be enough. Applause " Why did not tho Republican party in form the South at the outset what they re quired of it?" Principally because they aid not know themselves; becauso they were not all prophets. Tho Repub lican party has had to feel its way. Wo wero crossing a ford that had never been explored, and got many a souse before we got across. How can an honest, intelli gent, patriotic Christian support the Re publican party? How can ho support tho Democratic party ? It is said that Gene ral Grant Is a drunkard. So it is said that General Blair is one. I do not believe either. But if it were so, I would rather havo General Grant drunk than Governor Seymour sober. Great applause. It is said Grant knows nothing of civil affairs. It is certain that Seymour knew nothing of military allairs. It is said we want statesman for President What is a states man but a man of common sense or un common honesty? And where shall we find a man with such common sense, such honesty, so modest, with so little of self seeking ? I believe him to be a man who will give us an administration resembling that of Washington himself, taking coun sel of wise men. If General Grant sits the head of the Government, not one working man, not one poor immigrant, not ono dusky creature that by his pineknot candle reads his spelling book, that will not feel that he is safe. Who is his antagonist? A man of amiable private life a man whose faults lie wholly in his pub lic administration, Seymour la not a man of ideas, neither a leader nor a General, but a man that will be managed by the men about him. By not a single speech or act of his life has he shown himself to be the man for this era of liberty and progress. If, with such platforms before the American people, with these two men one representing all that is true, ad vancing, free and noble, and the other re trograding, timid, and timeserving you should choose the wrong one, I should al most lose faith in democracy. But I be lieve that ere four weeks have rolled away, the voice of this nation, scarcely less sub lime than the thunders that sounded from Sinai, will declare for liberty impartial, universal liberty-,and for Grant and Col fax. Great applause. IV "The McClellan Guards" were or ganized in Detroit on the l'Jth. Unlike their ram? aake, the members are princi pally distinguished for their ability "take suaiethlng without perpetually hcsiuuing. no (turn the i'm oi that piutc, NASBY. MR. NASBY GIVES HIS VIEWS ON THE SUBJECT OF THE COMING ELECTION—HIS HOPES AND FEARS. a Post Orna, roKrurmrr X Roads, ) (Wlch la In the State nt KentncVr l Fcpt. SO, 1S. I vm sometimes gloomy and dispondent and never more s i than now. To mo the skios is nam ; to me the clouds Islowerln and tho prospe x eloomv. First, the crops is agin us. Wat we want Id to mke ashoorance doubly shoor wiir. a Jolly fail, yoor nv crops. Hed the wheat failed in Ohio,'Iniannyand Illinoy hed tber pota toes rotted In thcr fields, and tho corn como to naught, wo rood hev carried them States easy. For it's the naclier uv men to chargo up evrvthlng from a theev in postmaster to the faltyoor uv corn tho first tho most trillin, and tho latter (In view of Its efleek on tho price nv likker) the most stupenjtis evils wlch kin affeck mankind they charge everything uv this kind up to tho account uv tho party In power, and thon voto Bgin em. When mlsforchoon waves her red flag lu thcr faces, they chargo sgln It like tho bull, never thlnkin uv the drawd steel wlch is behind to rocolve em. My otllshl exist ence Is a drawd steal. But Provldenco Is agin us now, or. In the past. Provldenco hcz a most aggra vate knack nv cotuln In jest at tho proper timo for tho Republican party. Hero wuz a preshuro in meney matters, in conse kcuco nv short crops for years we slept In and offered a cure in the shape of a un limited ishoo uvgreenbax, but, alas I Jost e tho doso wuz belli swallered tho crops interfered, givin everybody all tho green bax they wanted, and makin it to tho In terest uv everybody not to hey any more afloat for fear twood depreshate t hem wich they hed, and at ono stroke this plank wuz knocktout from under us. It is my opinion that wo'd better drop our rlnaushol policy. At all events wo hod better let the Pendleton ijeo die out in tho West and substitute Seymoro's for It In that secshun. It dont make much dillerenee wat we do In tho Kast ez ther aint nono uv us ther auyhow, with is forchnit, ez it mite complicate matters. Its my opinyun that Pendleton isn't much uv a statesman anyhow. Another thing that's workin agin ns Is Blare His redness uv f ico and cheerful conviviality does much Tor us in Ken tucky wher wo don't want help, but good Hcvins how it tells aglu us iu tho close States wher wo do need help. His Brod bed letter soots us uv Kentucky ; but in Noo York wher our peoplo hev business ami want pceco it hez made them skeery. It is my opinion that wo'd better drop Blare Kz to reconstruckshou, that isn't Jest ez ti- i .. .... kiu Kccru cz wo mouglil it wood be What's tho yooso uv howlin' that tho Kadi kels don't want a restorashen uv tho States, when tliey'vo admitted all nv 'cm but two or three? Wat's tho yooso uv wbislliu In tho face uv slch a north wind It is my opinion that we'd better drop roconstrucksheu. Tho extravagance uv tho Radikels wuz a keen! wich I hed hopes uv, but it didn't amount to nothin. Somehow tho peoplo wooo rbk us wicn uv our loaders wo pro posed to put in tho places uv tho Ablish- iniBi, ami wuen weanserea vallandigliatu, Fernandy Wood and his brother, Dan Voorhoes and Jesse D. llrito. they'd lair derisively, and say, " Lord save us, ef these hungry and thirsty theeves get their JawB into tho Nashnel catkis. Wo'd rulher Kocp mem wlch we hev." It's my opinion wo'd better drop extrav agance TilYea hml a tiinrv l,t,ilr l,i,f T ,.1 j ..... j .,, ,.IU, tho people au8urcd us, sayin, " lit tho debt is 10 uepatit, woni wo nev to bo tnxed to pay h jts payin tho taxes that hurts not tho politics uv the parly wich taxes us and ez our peoplo don't pav taxes as a rool, they don't thrill much 'over taxes. Its my opinion that we'd better di drop taxes. "Kkal taxashun," wuz ruthcr hefty at tho beginnin, till tho poor men and farm ers diskivcred that they wero payin scarce ly noun 11 on meir iiouscs, wagons and cows, wtulo tho rich cusses wuz carryin tho load. Lz soon ez they mado this dls kivery they concluded they didn't want ekal taxashun so much, and they turned agin us. Its my opinion wo had better drop tkal taxashun. Repudiashun looked well cuull', but that wau't no go. We started out with it, but alars, wo found most everybody bed bonds, and everybody hed greeubax. Tho bond holders w node nt consent to rcpoodiatin the bonds, and the greeubax holders sed : " Kf wo commence at bonds why shood wo not como to greeubax?" And so that split. Its my opinion wo lied better drop ro pudiashun. " But," sez ono Dimocrat, " ef wo drop all theso wat will wo hev left?" My ingenuous friend, we hev all left that wo ever hed. AVe hev tho nigger, and from him wo never ought to hev departid. The minnit wo let go uv him, that minnit wo lost strength. On all theso otlier ques tions thero may bo some differ ence 'iv opinion on nigger, ther kin bo nono. The Dimoerisy aro grounded in this. Ho is ther Alpha and Omega, their beglnnln and end. Wo don't nono uv us want to marry niggers no matter how near wo may como to it we don't none uv us want to sleep with em, eat with em, voto with cm, or drink with cm (onless they pay for the likker) and wo won't So long tz we havo tho nigger wo havo a rally in pint. I setest, therefore, that we drop all theso other complicatin ishoos, wich aro too hefty for us anyhow, and full back, for tho November elecksht n, on the nigger one and indivisible. If we cau't win on him we cau't win on anything, and may ez well throw up tho sponge. When tho Demo cratic heart wont thrill at niirger, our coz is lost indeed. Kentucky kin send 200 to the North cz Friteful Exauiph-s, ef they aro needed, for we hev lest about that number in tjiis visinity that we hev hed in traiuin for a yeer, and hev got them down to our level. They are pizenin thersclves reglerly, anl hang about the groseries jest ez we do, wich, iu a nigger, is too awful to be endoored. Whether we yooso them or not, the nigger is our only holt, aud on him wo must chucfly depend. PETROLEUM V. NASBY, P. M. (which is Postmaster.) General Grant's Views. ; to A Geiima.i traveler recently vitdted General Grant at his residence iu Galena, and had a free conversation with him, iu the course of which General Grant gave I.. - . I ..,11 .,!. " , uiu luuowuiK views oi vue political euua- Uon : . - " The Southerners are passionate, and lose out of sight, their own Interest in serving the Northern Copperheads, who til 1 V- .4 . I .1 1 . . ' 1 I . win luugu Hi mem w uen meir aiu is no longer required. It is absolutely necessa ry to give political passions sufficient timo to pa away ; the young generation com prehends iu duties and interests better. A new war is impossible, and as to a war of races, I do not believe in it ; the Southern negroes are not so reckless nor so deter mined as thote in St Domingo, and if ever the whites should take the initiative in such a conflict the Federal army would soon put a stop to it The pacification of me country win come by ana by, ana whatever occurs, the North, which has abolished slavery, decreed the political, not social, equality of the blacks and whites, and, opened tho South, hitherto closed to emigration, is always ready to go to war, if unfortunately circumstances should de mand it. .leal-ms of its work, Ilia world wlilncvef ponnit lt to be Imperiled b any factious doings. , Tliotrlinln interview was ri latol III M.I tetter published in a German nowsparw Cr which It was originally written. 1 he wriUr says that thw Unral cannot be railed a man who conceal 1U opinions; : fr In a familiar conversation ha is ready enough to express them. - - ' ' A LIVE ROMANCE. Romances In real life are of dally occur rence, and it is not a littlo surprising that tho sensation writers of the day, Instead of cudgeling their brains to invent something startling, do not hunt out these every -ony occurrences and give them to the public. They would bo much more Interesting, and fmnded, as they would be, on -facts, would be rca lwllhftvidlty. Wohaveacaso In point in tho adventures of a gentleman, formerly a resident of this cityextending over a period of twenty years. At the timo of tho gold discoveries in California, tho gentleman was in a comfortable position rn life, anil was engaged in business in this city. The reports of tho Immense for tunes which were being mado almost In stantaneously bad their effect upon him, and ho severed his business connections and started for California, full of confi dence in the success of his proposed efforts to acquire a fortune, and then spend the. remainder of bis lifo with his famlfy, i". which consisted of his wifo and one daugh ter. Being of steady habits, and possessed -of great energy, success smiled upon him from tho first, and every cntcrpnso upoa which ho embarked resulted favorably. c Ho wrolo frequently and tenderly to his wife, and, after an absenco of over three years, expressed his determination io re- -. turn home. New gold fields woro discov ered, however, and ho decided to visit them before return ing to the States. This project was carried Into effect, and ho found in tho new localities an excellent 1 chance for Investment From tills polni, . the mail facilities were not good, and dur-, , ing tho timo ho remaluod, he failed to - . receive any tidings from home After near- 2 lv a year had elapsed, ho returned tT his former place of residence, and found a let- ' ter there announcing the death of both bis wifo and daughter. This intelligence af-. fectcd him creatlv, and ho determined to return to tho city by tho next returning . steamer. The letter conveying this sad in- telligencc was written by a comparative . stranger, and Uhi further reflection tho gentleman decided to write homo and as-" cortain, if possible, tho truth of tho state ments. Several letters were written, but no answers wero received, and after re- ', peatcd attempts to hear from his friends,.' , ho concluded that they wero dead, anil . consequently ceased to write. His own. family and a brother wero tbo only near relatives ho had lett lit hind him, and as theso ties bad been severed, "as ho thought, ho determined to settle In Cali fornia. When tho Australian gold discoveries -j wero announced, tho spirit of ndveutura again seized him, and the success with ' which bo had met in California encotir- ' aged him In tho belief that he could not fail In Australia, I Io accordingly settled up his business, made permanent Invest-.", ments wU his money, niul started to Aus- y tralia. Thero surass iit'cnded him, and in several years he had almost doubled bis previous fortune. Becoming tired of ac- -tivo business life, however, ho resolved to return to California and settle down, and -this determination was carried into effect. ' Shortly after arriving in California ho made extensive investments in real estate, . and after nearly fifteen years of nctive life, he quietly settled down to enjoy the fruits of liis labor. His quiet, however, wna of short duration. Tho Southern rebellion ' broke out, and he, actuated by motives of patriotism as well as love of adventure, assumed command ol a company of vol unteers in tho city in which lie resided, and for a long time was stationed in var ious parts of Texas. When the war closed he ugain returned to California, and throwing aido the accoutrements of war resumed his peaceful life. Thus ho lived until a few months since, when ho met Willi an incident which wrought a complete change iu all tho plans ho bad laid out for tho future While passing along ono of the streets of his adopted city ho met a gentleman from this city, whom, despite the long period of years intervening, ho immediately recog nized, and of course was not long in mak ing himself known. The new-found ac quaintance had known tho family of tho gentleman, and for tho first time in many years tho latter listened to tidings from Home, iielcarned that h:s wile and daugh ter wero not dead, that his brother sUH lived, aud that ho, himself, had been given up for dead many years since Tho new acquaintance, however, could not tell him where his wile and daughter then residid, but ho assured him that they still lived. Tho intelligence thus received, as we have stated, changed nil his plans, and he at onco determined to return to his own home. IIo reached this city a few days since, after an absence of twenty yearf, during fifteen of which he had no commu nication with persons residing here Of course ho found that timo had wrought great changes. JIany of thoso for whom ho inquired had passed away, maiiy had removed, and others had been forgotten.'' His principal inquiries wero in regard to his wife and daughter, and, while he was assured that they still lived, tho remainder of tho information was not pleasant by . any means. Tho wifo had mourned him as dead, and, after waiting fr live or six years, the ugain married, and removed ' with her husband and daughter to Texas , where they still reside The second hus band had entered tho rebel army, and hnd either been killed or died in fervice, leay- . ing tho wife a widow, as she thought, for the second time. Sho bad resided in a town in Texas during the same timo that her first husband was stationed there. Ho also learned that his wife contemplated returning home, and could lea;n nothing concerning tho route hho proposed to take. His daughter, who was quite young when no lea uome, no ascertained waa ttill single, and would return with her mother. The gentleman is still In the city, anx iously awaiting the return of his wife and daughter, aud expresses a determination, - to make them comfortable during the re mainder of their lives. Ilia fortune is ample, but iu acquiring it ho confesses to havo sacrificed comforts for which thrice tho amount would be no compensation. Ho has no words of reproach to utter against his wifis for marrying a second -time, but charges all the mUfortuuca which havo attended his domestic rela tions upon the cruel hoax which waa practised upon hlin by tho writer of the letter previously referred to. Whether the parties so long separated shall again meet, cannot now bo known, but if in domitublo determination can discover the whereabouts of tho wife and daughter ' they will bo found. rUUburyh Chronicle, vet. vin. an A beggar who (vas in the habit of sit ting cn one of tho London bridges, accom panied by a dog with a placard Inscribed " Blind." attached to his neck, was for tunate enough to awaken tho charitable sympathies ol a gentleman, who. every morning when ho passed tho mendicant, dropped a penny into his hat. Ouo day the usual donation was omitted, anil tho supposed blind man ran after his benefac tor as fast as his crutches would permit." and boldly asked why tho usual penny had not been forthcoming, "Why,! thought you wero uimu I exclaimed tho man of charity, amazed. " No sir ; it ia not I," replied tho beggar, " it is the dog." A shoemaker and his wife wero tried iu London for causiug tho death of oue of their children by neglect The wretched parents spent in aiuubciucuta the fcuiall pit tance earned by them, leaving their chil dren in a m.serablo hovel to starve. -Swearing on iho Biblo was first Intro duced into judicial proceedings by the Saxons, about A, D. 600. It, wu4 called a corporal oath, becamu, tho , witness touched with his baud some part of the Holy Scriptures. Spain nt this moment poj.rcs.mjs no less than 800 eonvculs, with n.COU nuns. There aro lifty live bishops, 'J.tOO canons aud yUr bots, l.noo " regular priesta," l,0oo vicura &c. Tho budget for iho Church 1 t wh o i ts LUU ia Spam & iu Franco.