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Perrysburg journal. (Perrysburg, Wood Co., O. [Ohio]) 186?-1965, November 06, 1868, Image 4

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Farm and Household.
The Influence of Smoke on Vegetation.
. ,
Tnm Inflticrtce of the product ol oxida
tion of fuel on vepetatlon ia different ac
cording to the nature of the fuel aa well
M to the conditions under which combos-
tion hti taken place. When the adml
Ion of the alt ban born freely mud an a
to ihow perfect combustion, the nroducts
; of the latter will be carbonic add, water,
i nitrogen, and sulphurous acid. In caa the
coal was contaminatd with sulphur. Of
these only the sulphurous acid Is of a vl
! tiatlng nature, when, however, coal Is
: subjected to a alow heat, quite a number
, of products are obtained, of which many
! are, even in small quantities, Tcry Injuri
ous to vegetable Ufa. k , ,
Smoke is neither the product of vert
slow nor vy quick combustion. It Is
therefore clear that it will not always act
in tne same manner. The smoke which
ascends from the chimneys of our dwell
Injrs Is the product of a nearly perfect
. combustion ; this, however, Is not the case
when coal is burned In factories, lor in
stance under steam boilers. The reasons
for this assertion And their explanation in
the following: :
1st Fresh coals are in short Intervals
addod to the burning ones. The forma
tion of resinous and tarry matters, which
on the hearths of our dwellings occurs but
occasionally, therefore ncrcr ceases.
2d. The draft in the chimneys of our
bouses Is little M compared with that of
the high chimneys or factories and ma
chine shops. The Imperfect products of
combustion -of the former will therefore
be condensed In the chimneys and partly
be deposited, while those of the latter will
escape in the atmosphere and while con
densed descend In the neighborhood of
me ciumney.
81. 8moke always Contains more or less
carbon in minute division. The same
will, while floating in the atmosphere, ab
sorb part of the resinous and tarry matters
by which it Is surrounded. The thus im
pregnated carbon will, In descending upon
the vegetation and In being deposited on
the laltor, not only form a hindrance to
the absorption of the sun's rays, but, by
its acid properties, doubly act as a de
stroyer. Prof Grace Calvert Is of the opinion
that these facts explain why the vegeta
tion In the vicinity of London Is in a much
more vigorous condition than In that of
(Sheffield, Leeds, Birmingham and Man
chester. m
The Influence of Smoke on Vegetation. Top-Dressing with Straw.
Bomb persons placo great reliance on
straw as top dressing for various crops,
but It is probahlo It Is about the worst
thing that can bo done with It. In the drat
place a large quantity of straw will bo re
quired to furnish a very thlu covering for
a Sold of wheat or any other grain. In the
second, unlcos kept down by some eight
It Is liable to he blown away and collected
in corners of fences and other places where
it can bo of no use to the crop; and tn
the third place, it does not decompose, rap
idly, but shrivels In the. sun and affords
very little nutriment to the crop.
Straw, especially when cut into short
lengths, is a very good absorbent of liquid
manure, and on this account makes the
best litter for horses or cattle. It is very
much used in Europe as fodder for rattle,
being cut into short lengths for this pur
pose, steamed and mixed with bran or
meal. A fler passing through that wonder
ful laboratory, the stomach of a rumi
nating animal, it is brought Intoasultablo
condition for enriching tho soil and build
ing up the frame work of plants. If a
farmer has not stock enough to consume
his straw, he should rot It In his burn yard
where it will be mixed with tho drippings
ot animals, and saturated with liquid ma
nure. ', . :
Not long ago wo saw, going the rounds
of tho agricultural papers, an account of
wonderful results . attained by growing
potatoes under straw, tho potatoes having
been spread on the surface of a woll tillcd
piece of ground, and straw to the depth of
a foot spread over thorn. Under this man
agement the potatoes flourished and were
harvested without tho necessity of dig
ging, as they lay on tho surface uuder the
rotted straw. The writer did not say
how much straw was used, but it is prob
able tho produce of several acres was re
quired for covering a very small pleoe of
grnuna.
When straw has beon partly decomposed
in tho farm yard, it should be collected
and piled to ensure its full deoom noil tion.
or it should be mixed with tho manure
heap, that is, with the produce of tho
stable, byre and h"g pen. Tho dung of
uu uviiHDiiv nuiiiinin VI'IIBIHIO VI VmlOUS
Ingredients: and when tho manure made
by horses, cattle, sheep and swine is mix
ed in connection with well-rotted straw,
tho beet results may be expected. Straw
contains a large portion of soluble silica,
an ingredient which is essential for build
lng up the stems of plants, and when it is
sold off the farm, or wasted by spreading
a large quantity on a small piece or ground
for growing potatoes or anything else, the
loss will bo felt lu the wheat Bold, and
among the cereal crops of every kind.
The ashes of straw are said to be excel
lent manure for wheat It will be worth
while to make experiments to ascertain
the effect or this manure on wheat and
other cereals. Wettem Rural.
Orchard Ciltnre.
Tna editor of this department "of the
Weekly Prt$ has been for many years dis-
tini-Uished for his nrtrmaltinn tn the fvlri
fashioned practice of stirring tip the soil
aooui me roots or Jruit ireea. , lie believes
the beat results sure to be obtained by en
couraging the roota by every possible
means to keep near the surface. Digging
or ploughing about the trees, cuts these
root off. The best way to avoid this is to
keep the orchard in grass not so much
that there is virtue la this herbage, but
because the roots will keep near the sur
face better than when all growth is kept
down. After a very severe struggle with
those who have been educated to dig
about the trees to let in the sun and air
to tho roots," Eastern orchardisU have
pretty much abandoned the old practice ;
but In the West the old-fashioned prejudice
still prevails, on th ground that Western
trees are not like Kastern ones in this, that
while fruit trees at the Rut have all their
best roots at the surface as may be seen
by observing the old roots on the surface
of a cleared wood the Western trees root
down into the soil, and have do surface
roots, and therefore the surface of the soil
should be kept loose among the orchard
trees, at the West if not at the East
An extended trio over hundreds ol
miles West, the past few weeks, enables us
to say this is also an error. Western trees
grow no deeper than Eastern ones. That
they appear to do so, arises simply from
the fact that the loose soil blows over
thetn ; and not generally being so soddy as
in the East the roots get covered by "the
drift soil. Bui that they do not naturally
grow deeper is seen Dy the many up
turned trees we meet in all directions.
showing them to have really mo tap-roots
at ail indeed, tne roots seem to take a
much earlier horizontal direction than
Eastern tref, in consesjuenca of which
they much easier blow down. .
But, astde from this theorwtle.il defense
of tke old system being really without
foundation, the practice of the best grow
ers U fat approaching the modern Eastern
system, as we have observed it on the
farm of one of the best Western orchard
Uta, where we now pen these lines Mr.
Robert Douglass, of Waukegad, Illinois.
He shows that all the best fruit trees on his
place are In grass, while those in the old
lashioned way, kept - cultivated," as it is
f enerallj understood, are fast going into
decay ; and he freely expresses his opinion
that the great failures of the cherry and
ooince in the NmhvMt that r..a r
t "j no outer cause than the
barbarous old fashioned plaa of continu
ally stirring amongst tha trees t 'iu
short," says Mr. Douglass, "we got no
more cherries or Quinces worth. spetkUig
about, except from areas in erase."
These facta are worth welshing well.
There are yet many good farmer East.
who still plow and woik amongst their
orchards. lecause they see inaket then
grove, not knowing that vigorous growth Is
not always vigorous ' vitality, without
which no tree can long remain in healthy
or continued productlvenew,--Fruy't
Prttt.
Care of House Plants.
Do hot remove the plants to the house
until there Is clanger of frost, and then
give them abundance of air and light
And here we will say that some of the
finest plant we ever saw were kept In a
south oliamwr In wlilclitnere was no nre,
but adjoining a room which wa warmed
by a stove. Thero Is generally more
danirer from too much heat than too little.
For such plants as geraniums, petunias,
fuchfaa. roses, oleanders, etc., a tempera
Jure from 45 to 113 degrees Is abundantly
warm.
Perhaps the greatest obstacle to success
In window gardening lies in the dryness of
the air. When houses wire warmed In
the old-fashioned way, by fire places or
wood stoves, with abundance of cracks at
the windows and doors to lot In fresh air,
plant grew very well. And now when a
lew plants arc kept In a kitchen window,
where tho air is chargefl wun vapor irom
tho boiling water, they often thrlvo with
old-fashioned luxuriance. How, then, can
we modify tho parched air of our parlors
and sitting room' one way is w acep a
pan of water evaporating on our stoves
and in the air chamber of our furnaces.
In addition to this, provide a table for the
plants as wide as the window and lust
the height of tlin window sill, fasten
rim around the norder or the table two
I noes high, and line the whole with fine.
Mil this space wit h sand ana cover it witn
moss. Set the pots on this sand, and keep
It always moist. If you are willing to take
the trouble, set each pot in another one
half inch larger, tilling the space bet ween
with moss, which is to lie kept moist. By
these means, the air around tho plants
will be kept somewhat humid.
As to watering and ventilating, discrlnv
lnatlon should bo used. As a general rule,
water should be given copiously enongh
to wet tho entire ball of soli i wetting
simply is not enough. A dnllv sprinkling
or syringing of the leaves Is always a good
thing. In ventilating, It Is seldom safe,
In cold weather, to open tho windows
directly In front of tho plant stand. A
better way is to let In nlr from a wlndo
on the opposito side of tho room; it will
then become tempered a little before
reaching tho plants.
Stir tho soil otten with a small stick
when it la dry. If I u scots appear, pick
them oil, or kill tnum ny fumigating. Hit-
rat Amerienn.-- 1
Clover as Manure.
In an article published in tho Ileport of
the Agricultural Department, a corre
spondent says, tho cheapest, most easily
attainable and best of all manures for a
corn crop, is a dense mass of red clover,
cither in its green or ripened and dried
state, plowed down three er four inches
ouly i just deep enough to prevent wast
age, and yot near enough to the surface of
the ground to bn acted on by tho sun's
heat ana air. in Its decay, clover thus af
fords certain, active and constant nour
ishment to tho young and expanding roots
of the corn. Moth corn and wheat grown
over a clover lay nro very generally free
from d lease and Insects, and bettor in
yield and quality than crops grown on or
with animal manures. But to secure this,
wo must manure the clover whllo yet
young, with liberal supplies of plaster,
liino, or fine well n.tted nianuro spread
broad cast over tho growing plants,
Stove-Pipes and Chimneys.
TtiR season of tho year, la approaching
when all tho tlro-plaoes, atoves and fur
naces will bo called into requisition. Wo
must an managotliem that they will afford
tho most heat possible, and must at the
same time bo watchful that they dii not
endanger the dwelling we occupy, or in
jure tho health of our household., Mere
is what tho JYairie Farmer has to say
about thorn t .
AH chimneys should bo cleaned before
the approach of winter.; , We may do this
by sweeping them out by moans of a
brush attached to tho end of a long pole,
unlug it first at the mouth of the chimney,
and afterward at the top. But an easier
way, to effect tho sumo end, and one that is
usually practiced In the count ry, 1b to burn
them out. In resorting to Arc as a method
to clean the chimney, we must use suitable
precautions, so as not to endanger our
own dr others' property. A day should bo
elected when tho roots aro covered with
moisture, so that any sparks that may fall
will Bpeedtly bo extinguished. It Is well
also to have some ono on the look-out to
sea that no sparks light on any liny or
straw stacks or other combustible lualtur.
Tho morning should he selected for burn
ing out a chimney, as then tho danger will
be over befbre dark. A good fire should
first bo kept tip for somo tlmo, in order
that tho chimney and soot may become
warm. Some straw or shaviugs should
then bo added to tho Are or thrust up tho
chimney by means of a pole. 'i-
Stove pipes lor conducting smoko from
fires of soil-coal should be larger than
those used on wood or hard-coal stoves, as
the amount ot ' smoko Is considerably
greater. They hould also bo as short as
poMime, otherwise iiieywtu clog up with
soot. All Btovo pipes should bo. wull
cleaned when tliey aro put up in tho fall
and at suitable ttmeti afterwards, in order
that they may draw well and glvo out the
largest possible amount of heat, (treat
care should bo taken In baring all the
inints oi tne pipo put ciosoty together and
in securing a good connection with the
chimney.
Many accidents happen every season in
conscqucnco of defective stove-pipes.
Carbouio acid, one of the products of
combustion, escapes through some aper
ture in the pipe, or some erevloo where It
makes connection with the chlmuey, and
so much of this noxious gas mixes with
the air that it is no longer fit to be
breathed. ' Headache and lasaitudo may
warn the occupants of a room of the dan
ger, if it is in the day tlmo; but fires
are often kept up during the night In
sleeping rooms, and then the persona who
occupy them aro liable to pass, without
waking, iuto the sleep that knows no
waking. .Not a winter pans without
one or more accidents of the kind we
have described happening In this city.
But another, and even more dangerous,
kind of gas Is liable to escape, especially
from stows whea hard coal Is burned, or
where the damper is turned. We allude
to carbouic oxide. This may be firmed
when a sort of smothered lire is kept np,
or when hard coal does not obtain a sulta-
able supply of air. Tha first oxygen that
comes iu contact with the heated coal Is
converted into carbonic acid, but In pass
ing up thus through the burning coals thev
rob it of half Its oxygen and convert it
luto carbonic oxide. A very small per
centage of this gas in the air Is suftlclent
to destroy human life. Even Inhaling air
that contains as small an amount a one
two hundredths of It for a considerable
length or time, has proved fatal, as has
been shown by an analysis or the at
mosphere in rooms where persons have
been found sutlocAted.
Sulphurous acid is also generated In the
form of a gas from most of tho soft coals
found in the West It is very suffocating
and has powerful bleaching proiertitia.
Its tendency is to put out tUnie, and for
this reason It is reammsnded to throw
some of the flour of sulphur into a flro
when the chimney 1 on blaze, to stop the
progress oi. tne nre.
Carts for Farm Work.
As oxe.i aro rarely used In the West,
carta are seldom found on any of our
farms ; but for many purposes a good sub
stantial eart Is greatly to be preferred to a
wagon. There ll much less friction pro
duced by the revolution of two wheels
than of fmr, especially where the wheels
cut into the sail, as they do on our prairies.
The difference In favor of the cait, as
compared with the wagon, according to
experiments made In France, is at least
0D-Uitrd. I he dtnerence is considerably
gittatM than this, where the road bed is
soft or uneven, or whare vehicles have to
pass over a touiiy unprsparsd surface, aa
a stubble, or plowed fluid.
The four-wheeled waqoa U, as a matte
of course, an indupensable articlo to the
tanner. uu u he gathers in most cf bis
crop, uki it to marktt, and lu it, alo, he
takes his family to meeting, when the
roads are in bad condition. But there are
manv things fr which tha dump curt is
much better adapted. It U belter to haul
WOC-d, cofd, itone, or ft'Oclnp, and infinite.
ly better Tor hauling out nianuro. Tho
lahnrof unloading many of these articles
I fully equal to that ol loaning tkem. All
this is saved by the dump-cart.
The rarm cart should be strongly anu
substantially made, and bavo large wheels
with wide rims. Men wheels win pass
over a mowing, field, and do very little in
Jury to tho sod, or can be driven acros
lurrows, wun comparatively nine outlay
of strength. They save tho wagon-box,
which should neer be In the unsightly
condition wo often see It in after it has
been used for hauling manure. It can re
celve harder thumps than tho wagon, with
less Inhirv. as when wo use It lor drawing
stones or wood. It Is also very useful for
harvesting potatoes, as it can be tilted np,
when wo wish to unload them, and the
potatoes will roll out of their own act
Into the basket. Thero are many more
good things that might bo said In favor of
the carl, noin on tno score oi economy
and convenience ; but wo feel assured that
ir a farmer will put a good cart on nis
premises, It, will not be long before It Will
speak lor Itself. rrain Fttrmer,
I
a
Heat and Light.
' The established doctrine Is that heat
and light are propelled from the solar orb
out equally Into all parts of surrounding
space, and fall upon earth and other plan
ets Just as (and no more than) they do
upon any wasto part or the sky. And
these rays of heat and light, we are told,
decrease ranidlv alike In number and in
power, diminishing wlih the square of the
distance from their source, the sun. But
is it so r
Ascend In a balloon, and what do we
And? Do heat and light Increase in In
tensity as we rise In the air nearest to the
sun? By no means. Six miles up all heat
is gono. Tho thermometer is at zero, and
hoar frost gathers on every cord of the
rigging of the air ship. How ran this be,
If heat comes down to ns In dimlnltdilng
orco inim. too sunr xi umi wuro true,
heat ought to increase rapidly as wc ascend
nearer to tho sun, the source of It. Kveu
light, though exceeding pure tho air be
ing there frto from tho aqueous element
Is less Intense In those airy altitudes.
Look up from tho car of the balloon Into
the abyss of the sky above, and what do
wiMf A bright dazzle comes from tho
spot of the heavens where the sun is; but
be Is Shorn of his rays. All around the
sky overhead Is of a deep azuro, like the
color of Prussian blue a well known sign
of light imperfectly developed; Just as we
see in the tlaino of a candle or gas Jet, at tho
part of imperfect combustion or, to take
a better example, pist as tho blue Hash ol
tho electric machine becomes yellow or
white light when the power of the machine
Is increased. There la little light in
the air at thoso altitudes ; tho moment
the prism, by the gyrations of the car, is
lncliuod always lrom the direct rays or
the sun, there la no spectrum at all. Man
ifestly, then, neither heat nor light comes
to us from tho sun in the manner supposod
namely, traveling down to us through
tno empty wasto ot space, and (iocreasln
lng
with the square, of the distance. For, if
this were tho fact both heat and light
would increase rapidly with tho lessening
distance as wo ascend whereas light di
minishes, and heat woolly disappears!
Calmly considered, these facts of them
selves not only upset tho common theory,
but suggest the true ono. Heat and light
aro generated, spring Into existence, with
in the sphero of our own planet. No
heat or light in tho wastes of spaco. , Heat
there can bo none, seeing that the ther
mometer falls to zero only six miles
above earth's surface.
And light, too, evidently fades away in
a thin blue luminosity in these tipper re-
Sions where tho terrestrial gases, tho ex
alatlons of tho solid earth, become atten
uated whore probably metro into, pure
hydrogen, and luto that most subtlo subli
mation of matter which wo call ether,
which is oven in tho vacuum of an air
pump. .,.;,,(. , i -. if ;
- The daylight, I say, Is the offspring of
our own planet impregnated so to speak
by the solar orb. . Our heat and light
are generated within the domain of earth
itself. A cosmical force, which we call
gravitation or attraction and which Is
more or less Inherent in all matter comes
from the sun and that force or influence
becomes light aud heat whtja it outers and
nuts upon tho atmosphere tho gaseous
and ethereal envelope which surrounds
tho plnnots. IMgravta Mtigatin&. -
Joshbillingsiana.
I NKVKit bet on tho man who is alwavs
telling what ho would have dono if ho bad
been titer ; 1 have noticed that this klpd
never get tlum. , -1 . 1 iq ' .
mo scar or, tno law hero, ana the law
hereafter, haa furnished lis somo very
clever specimens of Christianity.
f oois don I f now uieir strongtn ; it they
did, thoy would keep still.
True Iiappkicss soems to consist in want
ing all we can- enjoy, and, then getting all
wo want:' , ;., c: j K, i '
, Beauty never dies ; it is like truth ; they
both have an Immortality somewhere.
If you would make yourself agreeable,
wherever you go, listen to the grievances
of others, out never relate your own.
Men never aeem to get tired of talking
of themselves, but 1 have heart! them
when I thought they thowtl ifgn of wo-
Common sense Is most generally des
pised by thoso who hareu't cot it, - l- 1 -
Although mankind worship woaltb, I
will give thain credit for one thing they
seldom mistake it for brains.
Monuments aru poor investments the
bad don't deserve them, and tho good don't
need them. -. . ; t.
The best way to keep a secret is to for-
trtit. I : '. i ; ' i '
, It isn't so much trouble to get rich as it
is lo tell when we have got rich.'' '
If a man wants to get at his actual
dimensions lot him visit a graveyard.
It is a good plau to know many people,
but to let only few know you.
I don't care how much a man alks if he
will only say It in a few w ords. -
Anynody can tell where lbjhtulng struck
last, but it takes a smart man to 11 ud out
where It Is going to strike next time this
Is one of the differences between learning
and wisdom.
I have got a first rate recollection, but
no memory. 1 can recollect distinctly of
losing a ten dollar bin. but can t re mem
ber where, to save my life. '
Presently.
Kkvkh say you will do presently what
your reason or your conscience tells you
should bo done now. No man ever
shaped his own deUioy or the destinies of
others, wisely and well, who dealt much in
prescutliea. Look at nature. She never
postpones. When the time arriw for the
buds to open, they open for the leaves to
fall, they fail. Look upward.' The shining
worlds never put oil" their rising or their
settings. The comets even, erratic as they
are, keep their appointments ; and eclipses
are always punctual to the minute. There
are no delays in any of the movements of
the universe which nave been pro deter
mined by the absolute will of tha Creator.
Procrastination among the stars might in
volve the destruction of innumerable sys
tems: procrastination in the operations of
nature on ID1 earth might result In famine,
pestilence and the blotting out of the hu
man race. Man, however, being a free
agent can postpone the performance of
his duty ; and he does so, too frequently
to his own destruction. The drafts drawn
by Indolence upon the future aro pretty
sure to be dishonored. Make Now your
banker. Do not say you will economize
presently, for presently may be bankrupt ;
nor that you will ropent and make atone
ment presently, for presently you may be
)udge4. Bear in mind the important fact,
taught alike by the history of nations,
rulers and private individuals, that in at
least three cases out of tire, presently is
too late,
The Lost Pocket-Book.
Piti.ai years ago a gentleman resid
ing in Courtjandt street went out early one
morning for a walk, and to get the breeze
from the river. r
When near Orecnwh-h street be saw a
pocket-book on the sidewalk, aud of course
picked it np.
. No one was near of whom he could
make inquiry, so he put it ia his pocket,
and on reaching home showed it to his
wife, who, on examining the outside, raid,
"Tht belongs lo some poor woman, who
a nice body, 1 know, by tne way sne nas
tied It np, so neat and so careful. What
Is la It? "I don't know," said be. "Well,
then, lot s sec." said she, " whether It be
prize or not ' ' ' ' '
On opening it thef found 43 In bills
and two qnartera. aeatly rolled up and
tied witn a thread, also a thimble, a Dod
kin, and a pair of scissors. "There, did I
ot tell you It was a woman's pocket
book f" said she; "now this must be adver
tised; tho owner can call and describo
everything in it, and she must and shall
get it"
So an advertisement was put in the
evening paper. The next morning early
a lady called in commendable dlstrcsi
having lost her pocact-book. When aske'
to describe it she gave a description of
one so different that she was promptly
told that tlda pocket-book wan not hers.
The next one coald not describe hers, but
tho would know It If she saw it, and didn't
Want any unless It was her own. She
was shown an old one lying in the drawer,
which, after looking at it all around, she
returned with a smile, saying, "that is not
mine. Boon alter another lady called
and dcscrilHxl this last pocket-book to
dot ; when told she had not lost the pock,
et-book found and advertised she left In
the afternoon she callsd again with a
gentleman and another lady, and made
rormai demand lor the wall, ana was again
refused. The gentleman then spoke up,
announcing himself as a lawyer and coun
sel for the lady, and demanded the pocket-
book with much fervor, and promising the
full extent of legal punishment if denied.
The finder rang the bell, and his man
Sam came bowing Into' the room to see
what was wanted.
Instead of directing him to hand around
tho wine (which was tne tashlon in those
days) ho was ordered to " show that lawyer,
who 1 not a gentleman, to the front door,
ami off the front stoop, and if bo don't go
quickly, Sam, kick him out." Tho party
left swearing vengeance. Thus it wont
for two whole days ; it cot to be a neigh'
horhood talk, and many called In to see
me mn.
Early the third morning a middle
aged woman was seen - In front of the
house examining it, also a slip of paper
which she held in her hand. "Ah I here
Is your woman," says the lady. "Sam,
open tho door.
Sho camo In, presented the advertise
ment, and said, " I lost my pocket-book
the other morning, containing the uuar
tcr's rent f l,r) 50, that I was going to pay
to my landlord in Greenwich street; I
had been to the market, and when I got
to the placo where I had to pay I found I
had lost it, and I don't know what
I shall do if this that you have found Is
not mine." " But It is yours," says the
lady, " and you are tho only one that has
described it out of tho dozens that have
called, and you aro welcome to It," The
woman was much rejoiced and wanted to
pay tho expense or advertising. ".No.
said tho lady, " we havo had more than
that worth of fun, bosldcs. finding out
little more or human nature than wo
knew before. Aine York Citucn.
Children and Their Memories.
It seems to mo that nothing could have
preserved our nursery rhymes and legends,
even in their present comparative purity,
but an intuitive sense of literary Justice
in children and a peculiar tenacity or ac
curacy lost at a later ace. A lady who
teaches a number af very Utile boys and
girls In a Sunday School has told mo that
one Sunday, to the unbounded dullght of
nor children, she explained to them a
colored print of tho saJo of Joseph-by his
brethren, oi course the brethren bud to
be named ; but oil that day week, when
the picture was called for Again, sue was
so nufortunato as to transfer one of the
names of tho previous Sunday the Issa
char of last week was now Zebulon. To
her the brethren resembled each other as
much as one' nlneptn does another ; but
for thom the personality of each was
strongly marked. Her error was quickly
perceived ; sho was corrected, and wisely
admitted tho mistake. The sense of truth,
however, of her class was wounded, and
It was some tlmo before sho regained the
full contidonco she possessed before. I
have sevn a very serious difference re
specting tho personality of Noah's sons In
a small ark I and when, tho case was re
ferred to mo I did not hastily decide, but
deliberately examined Shem and Japhet,
aud then without lightness or hesitation,
pronounced a final judgment, and both
parties wero pleased and thanked mo.
That was a cruol and thoughtless answer
of a showman; when he was asked which
was Wellington and which, wad Napoleon:
" Whichever you like," aa if one were not
rtally and Immutably the English, and
one the French General. I am sura the
little gJrl was .deeply hurt not because a
rude return was mado to her Innocent
question, but to think that there Oould be
such a disregard of right and wrong, such
an uttor cKrolessncss of truth. Temvit
Dar.
All about a Looking Glass.
A few years before his death, tho Em
peror Nicholas, of Russia, sent a looking
glass of rare size and beauty, with an em
bassy to the Emperor of China. The look
ing glass had to bo carried all tho way from
St. Petersburg to Pekln by human handa
Despite the immense distance which had
to be performed in this manner, the look
ing glass safely reached China but in the
meantime, difficulties had broken ont be
tween Kusslannd China, and " The Sou ot
Heaven " neither adruited the embassy, nor
did ho accept the present A courier was
dispatched to St Petersburg and ask eel the
Emperor what wasto be done with the
looking glass. The Emperor replied that
It should be carried back by the same route
and In the Same manner. When he gave
this order, the Grand Duke Michael hap
pened to be presout, and ot&rreo) tj lay a
wager with the Emperor to the effect that
the looking g's would be broken on the
way back to St Petersburg. The Em
peror accepted tho wager, and the bearers
of the looking glass received stringent
orders to be as careful as possible. ' If they
should break it on the road, they should
be severely puntahod ; but if they should
bring it back safely, they should receive a
handsome reward. They carried it back
with tho moat incredible care, forty men
bearing It by turns, and safely reached St
Isaac's place in St Petersburg with it,
where tne Emperor stood with his brother
at the window of his palace, and lmighcd
at having won the bet. But on the stair
case of the palace ono of the carriers slip
petl his foot, foil down, dragging several
of his companions after him, and the pre
cious looking-glaas was broken into a thou
sand pieces. Tho Grand Duke, therefore,
won his bet
How to Avoid a Bad Husband.
Tub following rules will teach young
ladies how to avoid tho catching of a bad
husband;
1. Never marry for wealth.' A woman's
life consistcth not In those tilings that sho
pobseaselh.
. Never marry a fop, or ono who struts
about dandy-like, in kid glovoe, caiia, and
rings on his fingers. Beware! there is a
trap!
a. Never marry a niggard or close fisted,
mean, sordid man, who saves every penny,
or speuds It grudgingly. Take care, lest
he stint you ta death.
4. Never marry a stranger, or one whose
character Is not known or tested. Some
wemen lump right iuto the fire with their
eye wide open.
& Never marry a mope or drone, or one
who drawls and draggles tluough life, one
foot after another, aud leu things take
Uu u chances.
ft. Never marry a man who treats hU
mother or sister unkindly or Indifferently.
buck treatment ia a sure indication of
meanness aud wlckedneaa.. ... .
1. Never, on any acoouut marry a gam
bler, a profane person, one who tn the
feast speaks lightly of God or of religion.
uch a Bisa can never make a good ho
band, .
6. Never marry a sloven, a man who Is
negligent of his pwson or dress, aud Is
pithy iu his hablta Th external appear
ance is an index of the fcearl .
0. Shun th rake as a snake, a viper, a
verv demon.
10. Finally, never marry a tusn who la
addicted to the use of ardent spirits. De
pend upon it, you are better off alone than
jo'i would. wfre yon tied, to a pun
whose breath Is polluted and whose vital
are being gnawed out by alcohol He-
rhang. . ; . . . ; ;
Valuable Suggestion.
Tim following riffgeetlrtn. If observed
by citizen generally, will have the affect
of materially lessening the number of fires
during the coming winter i
1st s.ccp maionea m metal ooxes. '
2d. Do not deposit coal or wood ashes In
wooden vessels, and bo sure burning cin
ders are extinguished before being deposit
ed.
Ud. Never placo a light or ashes under a
stairway.
4th. Bo careful never to place gas or
other light near curiam.
5th. Never take a light Into a closet
(Uh. PiaroglaRS shades ovor gas' lights
In show windows, and do not crowd goods
near them.
7th. No smoking should be permitted In
warehouses, particularly where goods are
packed.
8th. When furnaces are used, the prlncl
nal rerluter should alwavs be fattmfd
8th. Stove-pipes should be at least four
inches rrom wood-work, and guarded by
tin.
10th. All hatchways or openings In the
floor of stores, factories or warehouses,
Should always be closed at night
'
Good Advice.
Trial following nrvau of correspond
ence, says the New York JTomt Journal,
will best accomplish the good intentions of
the writer, if rescued from the privacy of
us reuremani and introduced lo the appre
ciation of a larger audience. It will suffi
ciently explain itself, and we need only
say, to satisfy the reader's interest that
the writer is the respected head af one of
our prominent Institutions or learning,
MKwut honored in the scientific circles of
both hemispheres, and an author whose
works have enriched our literature alike
In bdltt lettrt and science.
Dear Ciivm: I have heard of some
benevolent old gentlemen lending money
to poor young fellows, on the very easy
terms that they should band the money
over to some oilier deserving men, whon
mey wero done witn it. Good advioe cer
tainly ought to be handod down in this
way, and I think the terms of the invest
ment would be more likely to be complied
with, than In case of money transactions.
I have long been your debtor, and the
only way which seems easy to pay the
debt Is, to give the advice to others. More
than twenty years ago, we returned to
our apartment from an evening walk, and
as I grasped the door knob eagerly, and
confidently, to pass within, I was suddenly
halted by a locked door; then It was, that,
with ft grave face, you gave me a piece
of advice that has been invaluable.
Bunsbay, the philosopher of the cautious
Ulara, never equalled it ror depth or wis
domi " P , always unlock the door be
foro you walk Into the room." . This sapi
ent counsel was du'.y repeated afterward
and, at the close of mv collegiate career.
you took me by the hand as wo were about
to separate, and, witn your last farewells,
impressed vipon my mind the great lm
nortanne of always remembering to un
lock tho door before entering the room,
After beating about tho world for more
than twenty years, having my share of
Buccess anu some luuures, i am prepared
to recommend your advice to 611 young
men, and ask them to " make a note of it.
Success has come by unlocking the
door before attorn p ting to walk In i failure,
by attempting to walk In while tho door
was locked. , '
When I see a young1 man rushing into
bUfdneas without preparation, I say, " My
dear sir, better wait and unlock the door.
If you will take time the 'door can be
opened, and you may walk In without
difficulty." So of the men who are un
dertaking what is beyond their powers, or
are attempting to carry on business (lis
honestly ; in nlno cases out of ten, they
will find tho door into the best roam
locked, , Good preparation, good courage,
and honest perseverance, will open almost
any door the door to fame, to; fortune,
or to usefulness better than both. 8a I
give to all young men .the benefit of your
sago advlco. " lit ture you, unlock the door
before you attempt to walk iru" P .
Corsets and Tight-Lacing.
Wb suppose that women will wear cor
sets as long as tho world lasts. " The wear
ing of corsets does not, however, necessari
ly involve tight-lacing, so that a good deal
of tho well-meaning censure which is ap
plied to corsets In. tha abstract-may be
spared.' To denounce excessive tight-lac-lng
la one thing ; to anathematize the wear
ing of corsets at all Is quite another. I' v
We find the corsets mentioned In
" Homer," or at least an article which an
swered the same purpose. The Circassian
women, from time ' immemorial, have
used a corset made of moroeco.and furnish
ed with two plates of wood placed on the
chest a much more clumsy article, as well
as a cniei one, man mat used by fashion
able ladles of modern days. In the old
Kninnn ttmeo. A lirnftrl tunitnfro' or awnth
was used, which answered tho purpose of
Stays. Alter the rail or the empire,
through tho Invasion of the Goths, the art
oi making these corsets was lost ; but soon
after, indeed ns early as the ninth century,
the French women began to wear anothor
stylo of corset, which is described as being
exceedingly stiff. From that period down
to tho present time, a corset in some shape
or ouiex uaa been worn among all omitted
people. -j , - i . ,
At constantly occurlng epoclia. during
this interval, tight-lacing baa also prevail
ed. Neither the censures of religion, nor
the penalties of the law, nor common
sense, have been able to prevent this ab
surd and dangerous practice. In the reign
of Queen Elizabeth, not only the ladies.
but gentlemen also, laood tightly. It seems
curious ta know that Sir Walter Raleigh.
Sir Philip Sidney, aud 'others of that
stamp, heroes and men of genius, laced ;
yet such is the fact.' Id our day, the ouly
men who laoe are the second rate dandies
or Paris.
The corset was abandoned for a time In
Franco. Among the other classical revi
vals of tho French revolutionary period,
was an attempt to copy toe costume ol an
cient Greece, whose main' features were
loose bodies, long trains, and short waists,
unlaced. This did not lost long, however,
and in 1810 the practice of laciug was re
sumed with all its former rigor. " The
span" was re-established as the standard
of fashionable measurement and female
chests again had to suffer the evil couse
qnencca. Home Journal. ti ;
Drill for Single Volunteers.
Faj.i, in Love with some amiable and
virtuous young woman on the first oppor
tunity you may have.
Atumtitn Pay to her, assiduously and
respectfully. ( , , ., i ,
Might aceVop the question like a
man, and she'll accept you.
tuiijt AfjrrA With her to the church,
and go through tho service of holy matri
mony. JLlt And reflect seriously for a few
momenta; then determine to devote your
self entirely to your wife.
V about Aic4 From the hauata you
have frequented when single, and prefer
your own home. . ? iv'' n''
AdMnt4 ArmtTo your young' wife
when out walking together, and don't let
her walk three or four yards behind you.
reoA ef Billiard playing, belting and
staying out at night, if you wish ta have
a happy home.
Our National Wealth.
Wht, there exists no nation in the
world so capable or paying Its debt as
this nation. The American Union Is the
richest Commonwealth ia tha world a
proportion easy of proof. Into the details
of which it is not necessary on this oc
oaatoa to enter. It is the richest com
munity lb st ever exit ted. and it la as ab
surd for na to pretand Inability to pay aa
It would be tor the riehest man ia tows
to repudiate kls monthly bill or grocery
book because of inability. .
How muck do we owe? ' ?, 500,000.
How many of us are thero I suppose
something less than 40,000,000. Ye owe
on (.n average perhaps $43 her bead, at
this moraeut ! When the debt it
due, say twelve or fifteen years henca,
there will be at least 00,000,000 of us
say about f 40 aplfcfltopsy, suppwingU;,
debt not to have disappeared altogether by
that time, which it may easily be made to
do. Nine dollars a year a head, and we
are Paying now ould extinguish
the whole debt, interest and principal, be
fore fifteen rears are gone. If the foul
word repudiation had never been breathed,
our difficulties would be over already, and
the capitalists of the world would be glad
to take our securities at as low a rate as
the most favored nations enjoy.
This Is the richest country in the world.
The accumulated capital of the British
empire may be one-third larger, aitnougn
It la probable that the results or the united
States census of 1S70 will make surprising
revelations; but the annual product of
the United Statt s is now rar greater than
that of the British empire.
On the most moderate calculation, our
population doubles every twenty-three
vears. In the hecade immediately preced
ing the civil war, the ascertained value of
private property in tne country increased
more than 125 per cent ; doubling, there
fore, in less than eight year. At a mod
erate estimate, the population, fourteen
year hence, will be uu,ow,"ou, ana me
valuation of property 1 00,000,000,000.
J. iMhrop jaoxiey.
NASBY.
MR. NASBY HOLDS A CONSULTATION WITH
DIVERS AND SUNDRY LEADERS OF THE
DEMOCRACY—THE LETTERS THEY RECEIVED
AND THE CONCLUSIONS THEY DID
NOT ARRIVE AT.
Koo York, (Win is th Citadel,
1
UT UiaorBACT,)
, . October s, 1SJ,
I wuz called to Noo York suddlntly to
act ex wat mite be called a consulter, the
more properly and exactly speekin, a cor
oner's Joory, on the body of the Dltnoc
rlsy uv this onct pceceful but now terribly
distracted country. We met by nite with
closed doors (suthin like four or flveuv us)
and we were not er. cheerful a organlzashun
et I have seen. In silence we drank our
whisky lu silence we smoked our cigars
in silence our heads wu bowed. Final
ly, the cheerman uv thee meetin he who
hed called us rlz and remarkt that it hed
been evident to him for some months that
the Democratlo ship wus in troubled wa
ters. The sess wuz rough ; the clouds
wuz lowerln ; the thnnders wuz terrible
the lltenins wuz peercin ; and the old ship
not so staunch as she wunst wuz, hed
sprung a leak and wuz barely keepin her
self above water. Bad pllolin bed driven
her upon several rocks, Vermont, Maine,
Onio,Pennsylvany,InJeannyand West Vir
glnny, and it wux plain to the most ob
toose observer that suthin must be did, or
she wood go down in November with all
on board. There wuz a Jonah somewher
In the ship wlch must be thrown overboard.
tne original Jonah hed a wnaio pre'
pared for his recepshen ; he hoped our
Jonah would find sich a one, but over
board he must go, whale or no whale,
That he mite with some degree uv accu
racy determine Jeat who wuz that Jonah,
he hed addresst to the principle members
uv tha party confldenshul letters askin
ther views. Them letters hed bin ansered
and ho wood read thoir answers. The
first wux . from Horatio Scymore, our
galliant standard bearer, and red ez tol
lows.-,
- ' ; " TJtica. K. Y.. Oct. 20, 18G8,
Sir: I acceotid the nominashen unwil
llnly, ez the fact that I wuz perpetooally
bathed in teers sufflBhently attests. I
shood not hev labored so despritly for it,
tho; hed I known that my esteemed col
league Blare wuz to hev bin put upon the
tikkit with me. He hezn't character enuff.
The fact is he is weakness itself. He
hezn't got the dlscreshun onto wich I pride
myself; he isn't honist and, wat is more,
he hezn't the fakulty uv makin people
blceve that he is honist, wlch wood do ez
well ; he hezn t got the gentlemanly car
akteristiks wich is so necessary to candi-
dncy, for high posishuns, and he writ the
Brodhed letter. "With teers blottln the
paper onto wich .1 write, I am forced to
assert that Ginral Blare is the Jonah uv
the Democratic ship, and he must be
thrown overboard to still the waves.
Shood this be done, and shood it save the
ship, I will be his whale. He kin rattle
around in me tin l vomit htm ashore on
somo high and dry spot Blare must be
thrown overboard to strengthen the party,
uod bless you. Iiorabjio brtmorb.
The next wuz from uinret mare:
St .Lolih, Oct 26. 1868.
Sir : I agree with yoo that suthin must
be did. The prospect isn't encouragin by
no means. Seymore is the Jonah in the
Dimocratlc ship and he must be throwed
overboard to save it Shood this be done,
and shood we thereby succeed, I will be
his whale. A respectable furrln mishun
wlch wood require respectability without
ability wich is to say deportment with
out brains cood be pervided for him.
But overboard Seymore ; must go to
strengthen the ticket
Frank P. Blarb.
The next wuz from Hon. John Morri
sey:
Snt : The hominashun uv Seymore &
Blare wuz a bad go. The tlkit hez no
strength, and . I am not riskln a dollar on
It' Withdraw em both "-put new horses
on the track, and even at this late day let
us go in to win. Seymore & Blare must
be tbrowji overboard that we may hev a
strong tick it Should we succeed, I will
yoose my infloounce to give em both
places In the Noo York Custom House.
But overboard they must both go. -
7 f Join MormiBRT. M. O,
1 Then we' opened one, from his Excel
lency, A. Johnson : I
. Sir -It is my candid opinion, (and I
hey never been mistaken! that the Consti-
tooshen which I hey vainly attempted to
save is in danger ; so . much so that It is
probably now out uv my power to do
anything for it It ia cleer to me that
Seymore shood withdraw to strengthen
the tick it v but his withdrawal will not
save it from defeat ez I hay determined
not to permit my same to- be yoozed for
the place under any circumstances. Hed
I bin nominatid at the beginnin, with a
proper man ez second, nay Ohaae for in'
stance, this terrible trouble wood not now
be onto us. But it is ez it is. May Heaven
protect the Constitooshen. It wood be
well to withdraw Seymore. '
Yoors for the Constitooshen,
A. Johnson,
- CheefJustis Chase writ ez follows:
Sir : I attomptid to lift the Dimocratlc
party up a inch or two, beln willln myself
to go down a mite to accomplish it But
It wood en t be lifted. On the contrary it
Insulted me with half votra. Therefore I
hev no svmpathy with the organizashen.
L'v ooars Seymour Is a dead weight, and,
ef I may be allowed to yoose a phrase bor-
Blare Is a dead-beat and it wood be well
to withdraw em both ; but it'a too late to
do any good ea I will not permit my name
to be yoosed under any circumstances.
By all means withdraw Seymour A Blare
ex neither uv them are fit for the poeeshen
wlch yoo have assigned er, 8. P. Cuask.
There were perhaps a dozen more, and
all uv em reported the same course, , the
withdrawal of Seymour A Blare on account
uv onfltneas,bothof thoso gentleman even
agreeing ei to the on fitness of the other.
But no one offered to take the vacant place
ceptln Montgomery Blare, who remarkt
that probably it mite be well to put him
on the tikit with Frank. No conclooelon
wux arrived at, aud tha consulter dis
persed with a great cloud hang In over em.
It reely seems to me ea tho the sleek
shun of Grant and Colfax wnc inevitable,
and that after all I ahcl be turned out In
my old age to grass ea Nebuchadneszer
wux. Pollock will get the FoetofHs, and
Joe Bigler will be his deputy. Well, there
Is groeerie to keep, and it will go hard ei
I can't make a llvln at that - ' -
PETROLEUM V. NASBY, P. M.
(wich is Postmaster.)
A lovlnf Belgian couple recently mar
ried against the will of Ute brtte'a wealth j
father. Taking np their abode In a rustic
oat, ther persuaded a rioh ancle to live
with then and make hia wUl In their favor,
which he had no aoosar dona than the
eottare took fire and tha and! perished
in the flame. The coincidence striking
tbe police a suspicions, they entered a
Mti against the frill and airesled the
youthful couple,'
To great gun of Mohammed, weigh
ing nincun tout, presented to the Queen
tv the Sultan or Turkey, haa arrived at
Yfoulwlch Will) nnie rj h' weigMn(l
70 pn'.!H'!8.
Buffalo Hunting on the Kansas & Pacific
Railroad.
"C. M. G.," writing to the Chicago
Tribune of the excursion of the Ticket
Agents' Convention, given the following
picturesque description oi the buffalo
htrhtt
At 1 o'clock' the train waa In motion,
and, rapidly moving westward, soon left
ll ays lar behind. Every one was on the
lookout for the first signs of the buffalo,
whose appearance was anxiously awaited.
When about thirty miles west or nays,
the cry " liutialocs, butiaiocs 1 was heard,
and amid a general rush for platform and
window, and the exclamations that fcfose
from every side, great numbers of huge,
nairy monsters were seen gaiioping wun
onwieldly movement from the line of the
track on cither side. As the train rolled
by they strung ont here and there, many
of them within fifty yards' distance. We
had surprised them. Great was the ex
citement on the train. Madlv Impatient
yelling and shouting, the men rushed for
me piauorm and baggage car, got in one
anotner s way, discharged their weapons
here and there at random. Not a few
narrowly escaped being victims to impru
dent and headlong carelessness. The side
entrances to the baggage car were blocked
up, anu within tnose nnabie to obtain a
shot were frantically stamping and tugging
at those in front of them. Men who had
never before held a rifle in their hands.
discharged their arms not thinking of
taking aim. Some who had forgotten the
instructions about loading were ridiculous
objects of despair, as they stood, bewil
dered, after having vainly tried to thrust
in tneir cartridges at the muszle. JUetand,
with unusual activity, clambered to the
roof of one of tho cars and thence blazed
harmlessly away with a pocket revolver
at the fleeing herd. Several crowded
forward into the tender and from there
kept up a steady fire. Moran was
seen wrangling about the possession oi" a
buffalo who, unharmed, was making
good time over tho plain, with His Honor,
Judge Sweeney, and offering to bet four
dollars and a half that it was his bullet,
not that of the Judge, which had brought
down the game. Meantime, many a gi
gantic monster was seen to falter, while
those yet untouched galloped rapidly
away. The rattling of bullets was heard
from window and platform, and the
screams of the ladles were drowned in the
yelling and shooting of the men. - The
train was soon slacked up, and many, not
waiting for it to stop, leaped out and gave
chase. So deceptive was the distance that
the pursued did not seem to gain, and it
was not until many an one had given out
irom sheer exhaustion that it was seen to
attempt to overtake was fruitless. Still
the firing went on, and bullets flew in
every direction. Some few took effect;
tne most tailed, The party were soon
scattered over the plain, heedless of the
admonition tliey had received to beware
of Indians, and intent only upon the sport
ic was luuicrous to witness tne excite
ment, and yet beholder and hunter shared
alike the common feeling. Tho burly
figures of At more and Day were beheld
running nimbly for awhile after tho fugi
tive animals, and then gradually faltering,
until, after having vainly chased for a mile
or more, yielding to fatigue and excess of
avoiroupois, and sinking, utterly tagged,
upon the carpet-like plain, gazing mourn
fully upon the ranidlv disappearing herd.
Lighter weights kept up a longer chase,
and only ceased pursuit when out of sight
in depressions of the seemingly level plain.
To the northward was seen a vast collec
tion of animals, covering several miles of
ground, leedlng peacetully, heedless or the
firing whose sound did not reach them.
Toward this herd several of the wounded
animals made their way. They were pur
sued by others of the party, and one of
mem ien aoout a mue irom the train, Having
received a well sent ball. Within a few mo
ments the body was surrounded by a score
of excited men, who with axe and knife
soon had the quarters, tongue, skin, tail
ano noma separated, with these 'hey re
turned, and then set out for fresh victories.
The train meanwhile moved off with a por
tion ot the party in. search of fresh herds
further on. From the summit of one of
the embankments thrown np by the side
of the track tho sight was a grand one.
So clear waa tho atmosphere, and so de
ceptive the prospect from the absence of
tree or break in the surface with which to
measure the distance, that the immense
herd feeding to the northward on the
slopes of the bluffs seemed scarcely a mile
off, though four times that distance away.
Several of the party were anxious to get a
shot at this drove,. but being unable to
persuade those . who ' had already- had
enough of chasing buffaloes on foot to ac
company them, they were dissuaded, when
drily told by Curry that if they wished to
got back they should have started early in
the morning. To the south and east tho
hunters were strewn, singly and In twos
and tnrees, endeavoring to steal a march
on the animals, who were divided into
droves of Irom three to a dozen each, and
wno had ceased nceing when at a safe dis
tance. The sport waa pursued with vary
ing success. In some cases two or three
shots sufficed to bring down a monster of
an animal. But . the buffalo never gives
up until he is dead, and many after having
run the gauntlet of, a dpzen repeating
rifles, galloped miles over the plain, and
full lifeless too for distant for the slayer to
secure his trophy. The legs of some were
broken with bullets , and yet they ran off
at great speed, sticking the mutilated
stump Into the soil with every step. The
game waa pursued with the utmost reck
lessness and disregard of danger, and when
tho day's adventures were afterwards con
sidered, all felt thankful that no accident
had occurred. As the afternoon advanced
the hunters began to return to the ren
dezvous at the railroad, where they await
ed the return of the train. It was nearly
five o'clock when this appeared
in sight It had ' proceeded out
soma i eight or ten miles, where
was encountered another immense drove.
grazing bard by the track.' A number of
animals were killed before they could re
move out of range. One great bull, who
bad been wounded from the train, was
Sursued some distance and finally brought
own by Mr. Day. In the baggage-car
were deposited the quarters of no less than
thirteen buffaloes. It was computed that
not loss than forty had been slain, the
most of them falling a long distance
away.
iWell satisfied, the party started on their
return. Tho adventurtsof the day were
commented upon and recounted. Not a
few faces grew sober and thoughtful when
they reflected upon the risk that had been
taken, and Curry congratulated all when
the roll was called and none were found
missing. Gathered In the commissary car
about the demijohn, numerous were the
laughable Incidents and remarks. Day
put in his claim for having killed the
largest buffalo, but he was speedily si
lenced by Cook, who produced his tro
phies from the fuel box in which ha had
carefully stored them. Leland, who had
fired his pocket revolver at space all day
long from the roofs of the train, was
unanimously voted the King Nlmrod, and
the courage of Scott and Judge Sweeney
who had pursued the game without arms
for a long distance, was heartily extolled.
Everywhere there was mirth and hilarity.
Not everywhere. There were two whose
heart were heavy with tha Intelligence of
the death of a dear and gifted brother,
and the general rejoicing was saddened
when It waa reflected that news of like im
port had caused Mr. Powell and his wife
to turn back.
-.Writing is a curious art as practiced
by the llindooa. They may be often seen
walking along their native streets writing
a letter. Aa iron stile and a palm leaf are
the implement. In writing neither chair
nor table it needed, the leaf being sup
ported on tha middle finger of the left
hand and kept steady with tha Ihunib and
forefinger. The right hand doea not, aa
with us, move along the torfaca, bat, after
fin Uh lng a few words, the writer fixes the
point ex the Iron In the last letter, and
pushes the leai from right to left, so that
he may finish the line. Tha characters
are rvndurad legible by besmearing the
leaf with lnk-Uka fluid. A letter is gener
ally finished on a single leaf, which U thea
envolved in a second, whereupon is the
address. . . - - - ,
Tub highest mountain In tha world is
tha OaiiPsaDlccFi of the IJlmilsjl rapga,
An Anti—Bilious Specific.
Tbls Is th Nun of tha .i... ix u
great d.ngor of h llvrn to Olmsted e- '
llskki to Dumber of dlA,M. Vam Um0
Urn to m prnteetlT awdlration Ilia lirqn.
LkR'S HKltB BITTKRS.io as to chock t ow '
T sock course. This sdrlce la fnnMml oa ono. '
rtonr. snd Is elly followed. The Bitter ta Ute
meet ocreful anU-blllona speiiAe extant, at4 '
la highly indorsed ny medical geatleaaea for bll.
Ions epidemics and endemics, such aa Affne,
Janadlce, Fever and Agne. c. People who live
in districts when cither of thexe cotnplalnte pre
vail, onght toprorlde thcmwlrc at once with the
Blttera, as prottcllon OfAnH ticker from these
causes, and to see It a remedy whero theeo dis
ease! have already rained fooihotd lo thoir ys-
temt. Bold everywhere.
Avert Danger.
we
Safety," saya shnk'peare. Feeble Invalid, do yon
wieh to plork this (lowerf Ir o. Invigorate yonr
ayBtem with HOSTETTKITS STOMACH BIT
TERS. Strength Is yonr safety. Weakness to
never eafe. Acnte dieee make short work of
tbefeeble. Re-enforce half defeated nature with
the It net t vegetable Invlgorant In the world. Not
merely an Invlgorant, however, bat s gentle laxa
tive, t more potent blood depnrent than ivy pre
scribed in the pharmacopoeia, and the beet antl
btltona medicine extant. It la because It combines
ao many Important medicinal properties that thla
remarkable Vegetable rpecltle prodncca anch ex
traordinary effecte. Ai a prevenUve, It lorMtalls
dlneaee by endowing the homan phyloe with
eitra reolxtant power: a a enratlve, It enetalos
the strength while removing the complaint. Iu
ee ae a remedy Tor 1ni)t?rstlon la now ao general
In ail parte of the United Biaiee. that it may fee, .
cotwleteolly entitled the National Rrseiric roa
DTSPcai. lie celebrliy 1e not confined to this
c inntry, however, or even to thle continent.
There fa not a port In the Western Hemisphere to
whteh it tanot conelgnod: not a etate between .
TatrronU and the Arctic Be, la which " HOS-
TBTTBK'8 BITTKRS " ie not a honaehold phraee.
In thla month offoga, when chllle and fever and
other malarioaa disorders are rife, a medicated
stimulant la an article of the firet necessity fov all
who travel hy land or water, or are In any way
exposed to the morbific InHuoocee abroad In flie
atmosphere. Of all alcoholic tonics, the BITTERS
are the put est and most efllcarlons, a fact attoeted
by leading analytical chemists, and confirmed by
some of the most emiuent medical practitioner
tn tha United States.
W" We Invito the especial attention of all
Interested In School Furniture and apparatus, to
th card of Messrs. A. H. Andrew Sc Co.. ot
Chicago, tbe leading house in tha West, engaged
In School Supplies. '
Lame conclusion a sore foot
W AITED.-One (rood Airent, ma e or female. In
VV every village and town In the I'nited 8UU, to
ell the Amrrinin Pn-l-rt MfcK,mn, a new Invention nf
almost universal application ltnptrt sale and larje
profits Itetalls for 1 30. Will send snmple on reeflpt
of onedMUr to applicants for agencies. A(ldree wlih
stamp, AMKKlCAN POCKET POI.ICFW AK MANU
fAClt'lllNU CO.. P. O Ikix 318, Chicago. 111.
N.
T. SCIKKTTFIC BCHOOL A MILITARY" ACATT
enr. PealEsklll. N T.. Refer to FeWnltT at Went
Point. Circa lar may bo had of Z- 8. 8b a am SopU
1rKKf'IDKR VINFUAR, mnrfe Crnm rldrr
In ten hours, on nclantltic principle, without acid
or drtiim. AtHtwuitie aiwrrreA. Y
r. I. SAUK, me-
erV laogar Maker, Cromwell. Conn.
T N V EN TO R S wanting patents, aend t am p for clrc o
1 lm, to Doimb A Mohk, 4847tlitt., W afthlnffton, D O .
ONE DOLLAR A l,E.-8"nd TKN CKNT8 to
MKBrCtiVK A CO., 3.) Sndhury street, Boston,
If and ret sample Pen Foontalk and daacrlptiT
list st articles tor sale, and cironUr. Mais ox Xeml
amenta wanted everywhere.
CHEAP GUNS FOR THE PEOPLE.
Klflee, Shot-inne, Revolvers and Itsrols at all prieee
from SL to fnO. Send for price list. WjlNTbd. Armv
Klltee rarhlnee and Revolvers. Vanh paid. Address
J. H. JOHNSTON, Oreat Western Gnn Works (P. O.
Bo fSB), 179 Bmlthflcld street. Ptttshnrg h. Pa.
VICTOR
TRBATVPOWSR
Wand Sawlas; '
uacninca,
FeeS Cutters,
torn shellers
Cora na
Cub Crusher.
Bend
for Circular.
BI.YItlYKR, rKARIRO ft CO.,
HI. J Washlsfcton street, Cmeaco.
BliYMYKR,
Marjsncia, unio.
BLYMYER, NORTON 6V CO
tJhlo. '
VI llCn AD I Ask your Oroeer ror Patrsamo a
IkTCUArf I Cidzb Vllfisie. Celebrated fcr lte
porltr. strenKth, and palatableness. Wahsantid to
rusxava noiLS. riKBT PREMIUM awarded
at the U. 8. Fair, III. State Fair, and CtileaKO city Fair
Largest works In U.S. a. lit s 34 1 Btate-sU.Chlcao.
AtiKHTS WANTED
IS FVKRT COUNTY to Introduce our Nw Star Shut
tle Sewing Machine. The only GOOD LOW-PRICED
LOCK STITCH MACH1NB manufactured. ForClron
lara, Sample Bewlng. etc , apply to
R. BM1TH a CO., 149 LaSalle St., Chicago. '
cnlar Saws or one tanieer over the whole
IB uie worm,
orld. For sale by all dealers aud the makere
LIPPINCOTT a BAKKWKLU Pttlaborxh. Pa -
All. ANimKWS Jk CO.
Manufacture the most complete assortment ef
SCHOOL AND OFFICE FUWOTURK,euibraclnl! the
New Fatbnt Graduatbd- Uinqb Bprino skat
Passa. New OLOnlca. all sizes; all kinds of lllnslra- '
tlve Apparatus. Holbrook's Liquid Slating for Black
boards; Mitchell's outline Meps. Andrews' Patent '
Ink Wells, Ac. Ae. For anything pertaining- to the
furnishing of scuoola, address,
A. H. ANTJRKWS CO.,
Iwdi , rti nuun,, va n hiuaivu dim.
ieiaioauee sent on application, ibicso, in. j
This Is aa entirely new sclejitlnc preparation discov
ered by Prof. RAg, Chemist, UnttedHtates Laboratory,
contains no Nitrate of Bllver, Sulphur, or other delete
rloua druse.
IT NEVER FAILS
In any case ta brine back, by a few applications. White
or Oray hair to lu original color, fUr Broum of filtu-k.
It prevents the hair falling out, and promotes a
new growth. Having no sediment. It Is the best Dresa
lugln the World, kvery Druggist la Uie United Bute 1
sells IU Prepared by
HOUEKT RITCHIE cfc CO.,
Cbruilsta, 1 6 Lake srreet. Chicago.
If Sample bottle sent free ou receipt of S)l.
Water Proof Eoofing,
ftUaTHM a) SAMBai PAFTJa,
eskn Sun far Otmtar text feaw t
UM Papa.
G. J. FAT COv
M Tta CliMissa, V. aftnajkj '
An Autidoio lor Tobacco.
1s ereat rcniclv lnvitrtil,l. rmiM.. nil n
fWco, and Is tntirtlu trurUibl and A,ir
It la !an excrlk-nt apiustr. it purifies, laylliMHL
InvlgoraEaaibesysU'iu, H,.-ast8 emit nourieTTliur snd
etrriiglheuilW Hv.'i'r, enables tit suHnufi te digest
the heartiest TV-I, iimkcs slrep rerreahrrtfc, and eelsb
lUhve robust hviitUi. 6inkr and UKeirrtfpr Fiji f
IVirs iwtd. VTSe Fifty Centner Box. poet free.
A Treatise the lnSrloua FOS.-u of Tobaoce v. Ill,
ltsta of ieatlitteaials. rt-TfcvntieV etc.. aaNT rasa.
Ageata wanted. Addi7r. T. K. Aaaurr, Jersey
Vi.J, . .
A I LsasTMAx's TajPrivoxvX-Om Box or Aim-
tNr cured my kojffer and InrsW It bsvi Tails
See.
r. i. jt
lioxMAkaa, .
Slautksj '.'t.
Ilatira t
'fnnuTs Oaiki
'nd eleeeai -
.. e.
t aui restored to sos! I
'A hv ,i
we
F
re XT. 8. Tea
. ... AMJwLaa, rroepvctl
rar. Seorrtaryt
ad a snn
ion tie tnwi si
ufAvnsoTB. Th
O. T. Eiwa
Worwa
It Itwl
.III, My
Freni leitera and reports received I
ear Aae Is boeml to be 1 m AaA -
f ll My 6n..h7lKI iZ JZ u, -M w. bat with roe
Axe We ou cut as well as y one ' '''i. a -r, jt
IV. if I eoald bm gl eDiiaer, twsutj Ave (US) dot
111 cut per cent. Deiur
Ol-
la.- wouf
V. It W1
10 a.1 buy
HI eat tjoop-po)
hetiar tkan-any oOiar Axe.
VI. 1 WOnM ttOl
V.w .-1 &11 rrWli
ee sin
bout H me eiyuiui
.biA.
AasJera. el.d Ci
c.s mscere.
.TaWIxL.
TT A A
rrmsr
srswa. Ta
Bole i
owusrs ef the rat act
WAIT'S
roso rtvkh cHavirioH Air
lAlflioVALt
-JONVAL TUEBIB'ES '
Are tt.e only true srlensiHe Walrr-
Vane Is
buiit m the cobuiut. . -
Economical,
ble, Clieap. Every Whsel srrmcua
tend lor l!lu 't-aifd t alalotf.se. Ad
drr r. H. if A U', Hiatal., if tt
drr F. H. Ail. Hi
fieer, Isr-j k. .
14Bt,0
plate
made
t
- ...
'"" """-at.
-e ; 4
'Xee--": - .

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