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Farm and Household.
Striking or Interfering. A onM rtflmVcr nf linrsos are In the liablt olMrlklnB ntielrR !rMnft annthiT; ami a grcM dml of tnpotiulty tms fcpcn at different time exerclsrd In nenrcli of a remedy for thin very troublosorne prac tice. Bolh the fore end hind lout are sub let to enttlnr. the Utter, rterhan. nifnt trcqnently i hut in them H Is ronrtned to tne fetlock lolnL whflross In the forelnrs, the horoaj TnV bit wither the fetlock, the left, Jus' bova the riwtnrn, or Jnst nmlrr the ant; where It It fulled a peody cut. ironi lit orgurrln chtellr in lust action. to ascertain, it n"lbl, the cause, and the part wblch strikes, whether the shoe or the root, nd, if the latter, what part or 11 Many tnrocs striae from weaknep, and cease t4 do so- when ther'psln atrencrlh nd colUlon. i JThli (I more particularly observable with young horses ) other-cut from a Anlty conformation of the limbs. 'which are tomotlmet too Close to curd other : and oracUrae the toe is turned too niucli out, or too much In. When the toe Is turned in, tho horse usunlly cuts Just under the knee. The objects to be kept in view, in shoo ins suck hones, mint le to remedy, as much aa we can, the faulty action, and to remoye, if possible, the part which cuts. The part of tbe foot which strikes, is ccn- erallr that between tho toe and the Inside quarter sometimes the insldo quarter it self, but very rarely the heule of the shoo. If the horse turns his toe in, in all proba bility ho wears the inside of tho shoo most; and if to, it should he made much thicker than the outside; if tho contrary, the outside heel should be thicker than the inlilo. Tho shoe should bo beveled off on .the Inslilo quarter, which should also no tree from nails. In the hind lees we often find that a three-quarter shoe will prevent outline, when other plans foil ; for hero the part wlitcu cuts is not situated so lurward as in the fiirelcpH, so that the, removal of the iron altogether from tho inside quarter will often accomplish our aim. It somo times happens that every plan we ran adopt will not prevent riittlne, and then the only recour.se is tlio adoption of boots. Prairie Fanner. Some Cracks to Stop. Tttoxa in the barn and stable immedi ately back of where tho cattlo and horses arc to stand this whiter, need stopping badly, and It U an ensy matter to tin so. Bee that the nulls in all the outer boards are driven in tightly ; then make battens of laths or pieces of siding and put them on with shingle nails. Or, make a. ni'ii tar of lime and sand or ashes, using hog's bristles In tho place of plastering hair, to give it greater tenacity, and fill this into the cracks with a trowel. Those cracks iu the hay-loft should then bo treated iu tho same manner. Those .cracks iu tho poultry -house, hard ly wide enough to let n feather through, are still of sutlielcnt width to let In snow and raiit and wind, which will wet end chill the Cowls .so that they w ill not bo likely to-lay during tho whole winter ; or if, by chauce, some enterprise biddy should get up courage to drop tin occa sional egg, it would bo sure to be frozen while she was yet cackling over it. Those about tho outer doors. Heat will crawl out through an exceedingly small place; therefore great pains must betaken in the matter of fitting tliosedoors to their frames. rJomc tack a strip of list or sel vedge on tho door owing, being careful that there aro no folds or wrinkles in it. Others recommend working out pieces of wood abiftit an inch square, covering this with cloth and fastening it to tho door it self, close where it comes ngalust the casing. If this way Is adopted a good lob must be mado of it, otherwiso it will look badly from without. It would be better to fasten on these Btrlps with small screws rather than with nails, as a nicer fit could bo made and the screws taken out and used again without injuring tho deor. Those in the walls and door of tho room. The former can best bn stopped by paper ing tho walls; tho latter by using such carpets as any farmer's wife cnu make. These keep.out tho cold, diminish uuise, and give tho room a genteel appearance. Under tho carpet should be placed several thicknesses of newspapers or onu thick ness of tho coarse paper which is some times used hack of clap-boards in covering the walls of houses. Effects of Heat upon Meat. Profilsrou Johnson, in his " Chemistry of Common Life," says, that a well cooked piece of meat should be full of its own juice or natural gravy. In roasting, therefore, It should bo exposed to a quick fire, that tho external surfaco may be mado to contract at once, and tho albu men to' coagulate, before tho Juice has had timo to escape from within. Tho same observations apply to boiling ; when a piece of beef or mutton is plunged Into boiling water, the outer part contracts, the albumen which Is near tho surfaco coagu lates, and the Internal juico is prevented either from escaping into tho water by which it Is surrounded, or from being dilut ed or weakened by the admission of water among It. When cut up, therefore, tho moat yields much pravy, and is rich in flivor. Hence, a beefsteak or mutton chop is done quickly, and over a quick flro, that the natural juices may be retained. On the other hand, if the meat be done over ft slow fire, its pores remain open, the i'lice continues to flow from within as it i as dried from the surface, and the flesh pines and becomes dry, hard and unsavory. Or, if it bo put in cold, tepid water, which is afterwards brought to ft boil, much of the albumeu is extracted before it coami late, the natural lutccafortho most nart. flow out, and tho meat served is in nearly ft tasteless state. Hence, to prepare good boiled meat, it should at once bo put into water already put to boll. But to make beef tea, mutton broth, and other iheat soups, tho Ucsu should be put Into cold water, and this afterwards very slowly warmed, and finally boiled. Tho advan tage derived from simmering a term not unfrequcnt ill cookery books depends very much upon tho eltecu ot slow turn ing, as above explaiued. Care of Cows in Winter. I havb wintered from twenty to forty cows on marsh hay for twelve years, and have lost but ono cow and have never had to help one up. If any of your numerous readers have been more successful, 1 would like to know how they managed them. In the first place 1 nut up a very cheap table, 64 feet long by 21 feet wide, that would accomodate 8(5 cows. 1 used 14 feet boards sawed in two lor sides, ana also tor floor. Kor the alley to feed on. I divided into three equal parts of seven feet each and feed on the middle space. I take two by six Joists; set them four feet six inches from stanchions against stakes, drive Uiree feet in ground and till up level with it and the joist of my feed Moor. Some use plank floors, for their cattlo to stand oh ; I would not use one at all, as dirt is far preferable I then put down a plank sixteen Inches wide, the wholo length of tbe stable to catch the droppings. If I had but six etttle I should build four and a half feet wide and nine feet long. A stable of this kind will pay for itself every year, even lr one had to pay oo per cent lor money. - I nave used one or this kind for twelve years and I think it will last as much longer. I used Mxtecn feet hoards for roor, battered with common fence boards. I have a door at each end of the alley, io I can drive team to the door with any thing I wish to toed, and what they do not tat I carry out of the other door into the yard for manure. I milk my cows from ten to eleven monUjs in the year. I always feed them something Wde. hay while they give milk. I put to an acre of corn m drills dose to my stable, and when the grass be gins to fail I cut this p and wheel it Into table and feed, lean grow on one acre all twenty cows wlilcu from harvest until frost. I mako .the drill f ,ur feet apart and sow very thick, plow often and keep clean. 1 use the comb and card freely, while my oows stand in the aubii. i kir. n. ,..f. in one hand and card in the ot her and give hem all a atiorougli, K-rntchinR. If m. hlr'0 fel ls tig!)!, a It frequently will, I take hold ot it wttti my hands and loosen n along tho who'ft length of bck bone. If the hide Is kept looso, cattle will always do well. I ati tribute much of my success In keeping my stock In good condition to the nip of the comb and card. for. WfU mi llural. Milk. Is some countries., as Switzerland, It is the chief diet of tho peasantry ; and overvwhere, if easily obtained. Is largely consumed, 70 per cent, of the laboring classes of Knglitnd make use of It. !iH per cent, takn It as buttermilk t anil o.J per cent, as skimmed milk. In Wales, the average consumption of It by farm labor ersls'i pint 4 per adult weekly South Wales averag'ng only 8 pints; whlln in North Wales it is tt. In Holland the (nnnmptlon unions; tho laboring ctamrs la still larger ; for It amounts to (H. pints net head weekly, and In Ireland It reaches 8V pints. Tli wo who take least of It are the In-door operatives of London! the weavers of Piiltalflelds, for example, use only about 7 il or,, per head weekly, and those of Hot! nal Green only a fraction above 1 1 or. per head. When examined under tho mi.iroacope, milk Is found to contain myrl urn of little globules of but ter floating in a clear liquid. On stand ing for a few hour, the oily particles rise to the surfaco r.nd form ft cream, the pro portion of 'ileli is the test of quality, (lows' milk Is heavier than water in the proportion of from MM or 1032 to 1000. Asses' milk l tho lightest, for Its gravity Is only about 1019; then comes human milk, 10'JO; M nd, lastly, goat and ewes' milk, which M the heaviest of all, from 1(M to 1042. The quality of milk varies with the breed of the Vow, tho nature of Its food, and tho litn" of milking; for afternoon milk is a Iwim'b richer than morning, and tho late dra n than the first. Taking, however, the n verago of a large number of samples. It in '.y bo sum that cows milk contains 11 per cent, of solid matter, 4.1 of which are casein, B 3 sugar, 8.0 butter. and 0 8 sulir t matter. The relations of nitrogenous 1 1 the carbonaceous Is 1 to 3.2 ; but as fii' Is 2. times more powerful than starch, tho relation may bo said to be as 1 to a.u. J mine Farmer. ' Care of Stock. Tiik farmer! object should bo to mako everything pny. Mock poorly kept never pays. If you' aro growing stock keep It growing; H should weigh moro next week than lt'docs this week ; if it does not, yo aro not prlllno; paid tor Its' keeping, there- lore you aro losing money by tt, ana the fault is vonr own. Proner treatment and caro will mn'.o a growing animal weigh more each siii cccedlng week. An soon as it attains its i.rowth and cannot bo mado to advance in welaht If it is erown for salo, sell it. Alwavs remember that your grass, hay, grain, or other stock food is worth money, a part of your working capital, and v turnover you cannot make a profit on it by feeding one animal or lot of animals, sell Diem and buy others that will Improve on tl o food that vou are wasting on mo iormcr. ..,.... . - T here are certain conditions always re quired in growing, feeding or using stock lor lauor or pleasure, anil unless you can make up your mind to comply with these conditions, you had better not engago in the business. It must have enough to eat of tho right kind of food. Just enough and nnnoiowasu); must nave this at regular intervals, not less than three times a day; must have wn'cr as often ; must bo kent clean ; iiiUHt he kept comfortable not too much exposed to heat in summer, nor cold and utorms in winter; have access to salt, or bo salted not less than onco a week ; not bo driven about by other moro power ful or ill-natured animals; must bo looked after every day to aeo that it is in good health, and these conditionscompllcd with. American Hock Journal. Salt for Grass. A coniticsi-osuKNT writes tho American Institute Farmer's Club on the subject, as lollows; " when 1 was in Australia 1 no ticed that the tracks mado by tho drags loaded with suit hides were always green, even in tho severest time of Hie long buckllolders,' or hot winds charged with dust, that destroy everything they pass over. This led me to think that hero was a solution of tho question as to tho best dressing for grass hinds, and it was here I found it. Vat twelvo seasons I havo scon it tried upon a variety of lands and grasses, nnd always with tho same results. In the spring, tho re In so salt and sweep ings from the shins and wharves, where wet-salted hides have been stowed, is spread over tho sward, tho young spring grass is strong and grows quickly. Tho cattlo are fond of it. and cat it evenly, and tho fields so dressed keep green when all around is parched and dry. From the absorbent qualities of tho salt, moisture is attracted and retained. Collect the Leaves. Now that the leaves iff deciduous trees are pretty much all fallen, it is a good time to collect tho samo for garden purposes. Ev ery gardener knows their value, nnd where manure is scarco. can make an ex cellent use of them, either for covering up half hardy things, or for furnishing a means of obtaining gentle bottom heat for forcing. Drawn together into heaps and allowed 1o decay it is Just the mate rial for'drcsBing flower beds. Near exten sive woods ot course this is not so material, as nature has supplied an abun dance there that can readily be collected as wanted. Many plants grown in pot delight In a oil composed largely of decayed leavts ; such plauts as the Chinese l'riiuroao, the Calceolaria, and tho Cineraria are very partial to such soil. Their tine eoft roots are in such a soil ablo to penetrate freely, and quickly form a perfect mat of healthy roots. Where hot beds are wanted in tho spring to bring along early tomatoes, cab bage and hosts of other things, and horse manure is a scarco article, dry leaves are a capital substitute. Hut to bo suitable for such use they require collecting now w hen quite dry and kept so until wanted for use. '1 hen by wetting them and build ing into a bed, they quickly get into a state of fermentation, not so rank as hore manure is apt to do with the Inexperi euced, and hence often even preferable. Unrdeuers from choice will very often use part leaves 'ven when horse manure is plenty, simply because the heat la more gentle and lasts much longer. The fallen leaves are nature's own coy erlng fbr many pcrenulat plants and ai they decay furnUh them ft gnod soil to root into. This should not 1 lost sight of In the flower garden, as quite a number of plants that w cultivate, if not protected by some material or other, often net winter killed. which, with a few leaves thrown about the stools, would winter nerfuctlv safe. Some people patl er this valuable mate rial together and burn it, which is a mur derous practice, as it should he dug or plowed luto tho land undecayed rather than this, for tho land is rich, indeed, that will not fiuallv wear out if not added to as well as tukeu from. Monthly Hose. e en as fur north as this, can be kept out oi doors oy covering wuu leaves, then two boards laid together on them to shed the rain. So fine a protector U leaves, that we are told, up in the l'ine regions even fkr north where tho suows also tails early and remains, Dahlias and potatoes often keep out all winter quite sound. Yatrw Farmer. Grass vs. Cultivation for Orchards. Tub practice of permitting the grass to grow and form a sod on tbe surface of the ground devoted to orcharding is ad vocated by some quite intelligent writers while others, equally aa intelligent and of long experience, oppose It, and maintain that in order to have good, fair, and well grown frult.it is necessary to keep the sur face of the ground loose and free from any exhausting crop. Both are undoubtedly correct, in part, lor we havy seen orchard's tlrnl while yearly cultivated produced fine and perfect fruit, but as soon as, or with in three years after being left in grata, the fruit became knotty and imperfect ; and again after tultlvatlou produced fair and perfect crops. Atralui woJuyescenMor- eh arils In many 8tatt that have had no cultivation for iyeara, and yet prodnoa crop of fair and handsome frnlt. We know cherry-trees that have had nothing but turf beneath their branches for many years, and yet their fruit annually fair and good. And, again, we know of cherry trees that were kept cultivated ten or more years, and then gave yearly beautiful fruit, but afterward neglected and left in turf, the grass not even mowed t since then they nave not for several years produced fruit equal to former seasons or np to the same erown on trees of like varieties well cultivated, not half a mile distant " One swallow does not make a summer," nor does one man's success In growing a crop In a certain manner entail any certainly that that Is the beat way. That deep cul tivation, with a plow going near to the bodies of the trees and breaking tho roots yearly around the crown, and six to eight inches deen. occasions inlury and may be counted as a bad practice, we have no doubt : bnt that a vounir or bearing or chard is the better for being let alone and the irrass nermltted to stow, rather than havo the soli annually stirred and kept loose, free to the action or air, neat, and moisture at a depth of three to four Inches, we do not yet believe. There is undoubt edly a medium dosirablet too deep and too frequent stirring of tho soil or too late In the season would unquestionably be detrimental ; but If a young or bearing or chard has the surfaco soil to a depth of three Inches well cultivated in all the growing portion of the year, we have not a doubt that nlno times out oi ten it wouiu present a more healthy appearance, and elvo better fruit than one left in sod, even if all the grass be left to decay upon the spot where it grew. Certain deep rich soils thore undoubtedly are which have In them a superabundant food for vigor ous and rapid growth of trees planted therein for many years; but those are the exception rather than tho rule In all our host fruit growing sections. Locations of this sort on tho prairies, and in rich val ley bottoms, are to be found; but they are not generally counted as most to bo valued for fruit-growing ; and to prepare orchard ground by a first thorough deep trenching and enriching, if thought ne cessary to success, would check progress In orcharding to an extent that where now there are hundreds, there would not lie ten acres planted yearly. We are de cidedly In favor of progress, and if we could believe that neglect would grow young orchards and produce equally good fruit as Judicious, careful, intelligent cul tivation, we should advocate it most heartily, on account of labor-saving, which Is a heavy Item In tho way of get ting an orchard Into, and keeping It In, a healthy, vigorous condition; but at present we are not sufficiently advanced to do other than advise every owner of a young orchard to keep tho surface of the ground stirred annually in the early part of tho summer to a depth of threo or four inches, repeating the stirring up to August, as often as the ground appears hard or packod by heavy rains ; and espe cially do we advise all owners of young orchards to keen all grass or litter from around the bodies of or near to the trees during tho winter season bocauso of prob able depredations from ndco that may harbor therein, and in timo of heavy snows eh till u their food from the bark of tho young treos. 7Ai Uorticulturitt. To Cure a Cold. Tun following is from Hall't Jturnal of Health i " The moment a man is satisfied that ho has taken cold, let him do threo tilings : First, cat nothing ; second, go to bed, cover up, in a warm room; third, drink as much cold water as he can, or as he -wants, or as much herb tea as he can, and In three cases out of four ho will be well iu thlrty-slx hours. To neglect a cold for forty-eight hours after the cough commences is to place himself beyond euro, until the cough haB run its courso'of about a fortnight. Warmth and absti nenco are safe, certain cures, when ap plied early. Warmth keeps the pores of the skin open and relieves it of the sur plus which oppressed it, whilo abstinence cuts off the supply of phlegm, which would otherwise be coughed up. The Story of a Jilted Lover. Turn Fcorla TWiiMfripl tells the follow ing Btorv of a true love whoso current ran unusually rough : " Several years ago, a young lady in Tarewell county was wooed by a young man. Ho obtained her consent, and the consent of tho old folks, but three days before the wedding she took a freak into her head and went off and married another. The young man was heart broken, end packed up his effects and went to New York city. There he hid his grief, buried himself In business, and en gaged in speculation ; was successful, and became wealthy. A younger sister of tho girl that Jilted him, moved by sympathy, began a correspondence with nun to miti gate his sorrow. The correspondence be came interesting. The young girl grew up, and, as years rolled on, ripened luto a great beauty. The sight of her photo graph awakened in tho young man bo som the love that he had supposed crushed iorevcr : he proposed to her and was ac cepted. Her father was a widower and was anxious to get married himself as soon as his daughter was out of the way, so he "Urged tho match forward. The means of the lover now admitted a brilliant wedding and preparations were made for It. They were to bo mar ried last Wednesday In stylo, and depart immediately for New ork city. " A few davs auo, the expectant bride re ceived a letter from her betrothed, stating that he had entered into speculation that would keep him in tuectly so that he could not possibly be with her at the time ap pointed, and asking her to aciay me cere mony for a day or two. He also referred to the time when be expected to oe unued to her sister, rrovoked that ne sun re membered his former love, the young lady wroto him in passion, and silting down at the same timo wroto to a cousin of hers, a farmer In Iowa, who had long loved her, telling him that she had broken iier en- agemeut, relating the circumstance io iin, and ended by aaylng that she was ready to be married, and if he would come and be thore at the time set for her wedding sho would marry him. He com piled. "ller betrothed in new ion, asvon Uhed to receive her letter, closed up his bjaluoss as best he could, and came to TazRwnll connivhv the next train. He reached the little village where she lived, and was hartcmi a UD to the house to lul fll his engagement, when he was met by some of his friends aud told that bis bride had just been married to another man. He fainted away on the spot and was taken up to the hotel When the bride was told of it she was overwhelmed with remorse, bui it was then too late. 8he was legally married to her cousin. The New Yorker, twice heartbroken, left for his home without seeing ber, and the passed through this city yesterday on her way to an Iowa farm, looking very dejected and anything but like a bride Horace Greeley at Work. ; A whiter in iifir1r Monthly gives the following pen ami iuk portrait of one of the most distiagulshed editors, as seen in his private room, preparing articles for the press: Mr. Greeley's back It towards us. He la seated at his detk. His head Is bent over his writing, and his round shoulders are iuile prominent. He is scribbling rapidly. . quire of foolscap, occupying the only clear space on his desk, is melting beneath his pen. A glance at the manuscript re veals two dozen knotty flgmes. You may be sure of a leader on the national debt to morrow morutne. The dek itself is a heap of confusion. Here is Mr. Greeley's straw hat; there la his handkerchief In front of him la a rack of newsoaot r clirt- pings, not neatly rolled up, but loosely sprawled over the detk. At bis left a rickett) pair of scissors catch a hurried nap, and at kit right a paste pot and a half-broken box of waters appear to have had a rough and tumble Fgbt. An oca looking paper holder is Just ready to turn ble on the rloer. An old fashiouod taud box. looking like a dilapidated hour glass. is half hidden under a slashed copy of the New iork HiWJ. Mr. Greeley still licks to wafers and sand, instead of uaiag nvicllage od Wotting paper. X sun! drawer, filled with postago stamps and bright steel pens, nas crawled oui on ins drsk. Packages of folded missives are tucked In the pigeon holes, winking at us from the back of the desk, and scores of half opened letters, mixed with seedy brown envelopes, flop lazily about the table. Old papers He gashed and mangled about his chair, the debris of a literary battle-field. A clean towel hangs on a rack to his right. A bound copy of the Trlbnne Al manac from 1 KM to 'M, swings from a small chain fastened to a staple screwed Into the side of bis desk ; two other bound volumes stand on their feet In front of his nose, and two more of the same kind are fast asleep on the book rack in the corner. The room is kept scrupu lously clean and neat. A waste-paper basket sonata between Mr. Greeley's legs, but one-half of the torn envelopes and boshy communications flutter to the floor, Instead of being tossed into the basket. Pen, ink, paper, scissors, envelopes are In unfailing demand. The cry, " Mr. Greeley wants writing paper," creates a commotion in thoconntlng room, and Mr. Orecley gets paper quicker than a hungry fisherman could sktn an eel. Mr. Greeley can lay Virginia worm fences in ink faster than any other editor in New York city. He nsea a fountain pen, a present from some friend. He thinks a great deal of it; but, during an experience of thiee years, has failed to learn the simple principle of suction with out gottlng his mouth full of ink, and he generally uses it with an empty receiver. lie makes a aasli ai tho ink-Dotiie every twenty seconds, places the third finger and thumb of his left hand on his paper, and scratches away at the worm fence like one possessed, lie writes marveloualy fast. Frequently tho point of his pen pricks through his sheet, Tor be writes a heavy hand, and a snap follows, spreading inky spots over tho paper, resembling a wood cut portraying the sparks from ft blacksmith's hammer. Blots, liked mashed rpldcrs or huckleberries, occa sionally intervene; but the old veteran dashes them with sand, leaving a swearing compositor to scratch off the soil, and dig out tho wordB underneath. Are Our Feet Properly Clothed. It la somewhat surprising that, with all our boasted Improvements, wo have not as yet produced a proper covering for tho feet. Uarbarous people, if their climate! admits, go with hare leel, or wear sanuaia, covering only tho sole of tho foot. We, however, encase the whole foot, and a por tion of the leg, in a nfalerial almost im pervious to air and moisture, and gener ally uncomfortably hard and rigid. The color and polish of our boots aro directly calculated to attract the sun's rays ; and tho enamel on pntent leather, and the blacking on calfskin, tenda to harden and solidify tho substance, closing tho pores and making air-tight cases lor a jiortiou of tho Dixly which exudes more perspiration than any other, and is subjected to greater strain. Our boots in summer parboil our feet In a warm bath, and in winter freefe them in an icy envelope. It is doubtful if wet feet are, in themselves, very conduct ive to dieciiHo, somo medical men to tho contrary notwithstanding; but cramped confinement of tho feet, in an Icy cold en velope, generated by perspiration and chilled by the external atmosphere, thus shutting tho Imprisoned teet almost air light, is as unhealthy as it is uncomforta ble. For hot weather there Is hardly any shoo so agreeable as that introduced with in tho past threo or four years, known as tho army shoo, and extensively used by base-ballplayers. It is of a heavy canvas and unblacked leather. It is cool and re markably easy to the feet. The texture of tho canvas allows the escape of tho perspiration, and the color ot the shoo does not attract the heat of the sun. It would seem that tho plan of covering other portions of our bodies with material pervious to air might advantageously be extended to our feet. There is no natural reason why our feet should bo so much less sensitive than our hands. They De como indurated and deprived of their natural activity by long, close confinement. The peoplo of warm climates, who use their toes as we do our fingers, and the bare-footed schoolboy, who picks up and throws pebbles with his feet, show that the foot of civilized adults in our climate is a much abused member. A more llexiblo and porous material for our boots and shoes might save us lrom many of those terrible annoyances, which, in the form of corns and buuions, mako our pilgrimage one of pain. Scientifl American. The Story of Blue Beard. DONE BY THE "FAT CONTRIBUTOR. A lomu timo ago, before tho invention of hair dye, when a man bad to wear his beard tho color that nature made it, whether be would or not, thore was a man who had made himself enormously rich as a whisky inspector, or something of that sort. I don't know precisely where he livod, but thiuk he lived mostly in the imaoination. He run a erat castle, on tho European plan, had horses and run them, and in fact run about everything in his neighborhood, Including running for oltlco and with the girls, lor at the time of which I Write ho was a gay widower. He had great quanti ties of greenbacks, corner lots, oil stock, bonds, and things, but he was hideously ugly, and had withal an enormous blue beard, frightful to contemplate, which gave to him the cognomen ot Blue Beard, by which he was known to the country round-about, as well as to the country that had laid off its rounti-about, and conse quently was in its shirt sleeves. lllue Heard efew weary of livlne in sol itary magnificence in his lordly castle, and finding that he was getting bluer and ntuer every day, ne determined to marry. Having been married nail ft dozen times taken half ft dozen raw, as ono might say ho was naturally quite miserable when deprived of the gentle influences of the sex for any length of time. One of his neighbors was a widow lady, who had two very beautiful and highly ccomplished daughters. They could play the piano, harp, and seven-up, and work embroidery and Planchetto ele gantly. To this widow lady Blue Beard applied for the hand and general anatomy of one of her daughters, leaving her to decide which one she would give him. Although the " stamps" he had pleaded loudly In hi favor, as .they do yet, although this was a great many years ago, yet that dreadful beard was against liim, and nei ther of the young women desired to have 'it against her. lllue wasn't fashionable for beards; if it had been -it might have been ditlercnU One of them wept bitterly because it would be several hundred years yet before hair dye would be discovered so that he could have his whiskers colored. Another circumstance rendered them shy of him. He was having wedding every once in a while at the castle, but no tineriU$! wedding cake had been or dered from the confectioners several times, but nn undertaker had had a Job there yet.' No matter how many times man is left a widower, if ne correspond lngly patronize some respectable owner of a hearse, but repeated wedlock without ninerats is certatuiy ft suspicious circum stance. Blue Beard cunningly Invited the faml ly and their friends to the castle, where they passed a week so delightfully that the youngest daughter began to think blue was a pretty good color for whisker utter all. particularly when their possessor could keep such an establishment as that, where they had three men's a day, beside a . lunch every morning from ten o'clock until eleven. She locked with contempt on a red whiskered beau of hers, she used to ihlak "per-fectiy splendid." and actu ally asked him why he didn't " rub Indigo into 'em 1" The upshot ot the business was, the contented to become Mrs. Beard, and the wedding wc celebrated who treat mat. At the expiration of the briney-moon, Blue Beard pretended to bis wife that butt- neat of importance called til m away to ditiaut city, lie would be absent tor lev eral weeks, and in the meantime she could invite company and enloy herself as much ft possible, lie gave her ftbuuch id' key, enabling her at any unie to open bit tte, DJ frat ber tje upon. Uj0 diamond (fca loaned money on " collateral," some times), greenbacks, seven-thirties, revenue stamps and recelptedgM bills deposited there also giving access to the wine cel lar, store room, picture gallery, billiard room, ten pln alley, corn iiouse, &c, &c Hut one little key opened a room In the basement that she must not approach ave upon her periL She promised, and he took street car for tho depot. From the time that Mother Eve disre garded the Injunction against a certain tree In Kden's orchard and partook of a Khode Island pippin, thereby Introducing various things Into the world never before dreamed of, curiosity has been an absorb ing passion with the fair sex, and we need hardly Inform tho Intelligent reader that her husband was tcarcelv out of sight be fore Mrs. H. U. had unlocked the door of the forbidden room. Hut what a spectacle met her affrighted gac I There, suspended on hooks like so many gowns in a clothes-press, were the bodies of the murdered Mrs. Blue Beards, whose funerals had keen Indefinitely post poned, while the floor was clotted with their blood 1 Hho would have swooned, but the phrase wasn't known at that time. Terribly agitated, she dropped the key on the floor, staining It with blood, which she was afterward unable to wash out, even with the aid of a patent wringer. lllue Heard returned unexpectedly, as everybody might have expected, anil the blood upon the key told the story of his wife's disobedience, for blood, you know, " will tell." " Must I," ho cried, wringing his hands in anguish, "must I again become a wid ower, and so soon? After one short month of wedded bliss (drawing his scimetcr and carefully feeling its edge) must this latest and dearest ono oe torn. from my arms and I left alone alone 1 Bohohoool" " Not If I can help it," remarked Mrs. B. to herself. " I never nursed a dear gazelle. Blue Beard blubbered, as he proceeded to whet his sevthe on the stove hearth. " to glad mo with its soft black eye, but when it came to know mo well " ' Now Blue Heard, I don't want to dlo." " Prepare t" yelled Blue Beard, enraged that sho did not at once accept tho situa tion. " Since I must die," said she, " gTant me a quarter of an hour in which to write a farswell letter to tho press." He could not refuse so reasonable a re quest, so he granted It, although he was not ordinarily ft Urant man. Uolng to ner room she told her sister Anna to ascend to tho top of tho tower and Bee if her brothers (who, supposing Blue Beard was away, were coming to smoke up his cigars and drink up his whiBkv) were yet in sight. Thero was a cloud of dust in the road, but it was only a flock of sheep on their way. to the State Fair. "Time a up 1" shouted Blue Beard, who didn't think much of writing letters to newspapers, anyhow. "Only one moment more. Anna, oh, Anna I Bhe softly cried, " do you see any body coming now?" , " I see two horsemen. They see me wave my handkerchief. It is it is Sam and Bill!" Then Blue Beard rushed in with his drawn sword (he had draxrn itatagift show), and was about to dispatch her to tho happy crokay-ing grounds of her sex, when her brothers Sam and Bill dove in and blow old Blue Beard's brains out with double-barreled bowio knives. The widow B. inherited his money, to gcther with tbe remains of his other wives, with which the was enabled to set up Museum of Anatomy, finally marrying Bldo Bhowman. Her sister Anna was united to a gentleman by the name Dominy, becoming Anna Vominy. though what year this was I cannot say. Blue Boards went out with ti e eminent and ex cessivo widower of that name, and haven't been in sinco to my knowledge. Cnm' tiati lima. A QUAKER WEDDING. a B. 'Or marrying and giving In marriage thero Is no end. The present season seems to be uncommonly fruitful in wed dings, and the goddess Hymen has turned tho hearts of many fair women and brave men to the consideration of those tender relations which end, oftentimes, in a union lor lito. J? ashionable woddlnes, and mar riages in high life, have for a long time been tho order of the day ; described at lengtu in the columns oi all the newspa pers, until they are as familiar to the pub lic aa the names of the late aspirants for mo White House. Wo all know how those Trinity Chapel and Christ Church affairs are conducted, from the length of the trains ot Bixtecn bridesmaids to the number of the policemen who stood guard on tho sidewalk. Uow much we have read of puffed tulle, en train, en panier, diamond rings, brilliant receptions, iur nished houses for the bride, chartered cart, and special steamboats ; of silks, laces, satins, India shawls and orange blossoms Amid all this fuss and fashion, gayety and brilliance, weddings now and then, take place among well-to-do-people which are rcmarkablo for their simplicity. They are as strictly severo as the cut of a l'biladel phia Quaker's coat A Quaker wedding is a novelty to the world peoplo, and as such we present our readers with a detailed description ono which recently took place in the en terprising town of Harrison, Westchester coun'.y. In spite of the persecution which me Quakers sintered in early timet at the hands of the Puritans, New England and tho border land still retains many of them, who exactly resemble their ancestors in every particular save that they have larger and better filled purses. But there Is the same aimplicity of dress, language and manners, and when a young Friend mar- net a voune Friend (loss?) maiden, he doe it In the simple style which prevails among Frleads and Quakers, in other words, he marries huaaelf. Last Tuesday evening, at the residence of Friend John Beman, in Harrison, Westchester county, Mr. Eugene V. Lor ton, of 'his city, married himself to Mis Amy T. Moshcr, of Greenwich, Ct. Be it known to all of our readers, then, that this was a regular, old-fashioned, demo cratic. New England Quaker wedding, which took place at grandfather' great squaro country house, in the midst of all the relations on both sides, from the oldest grandparent (o the youngest baby with it thumb in his mouth. The relative of the young friends who were to be married came together from all part of tbe com pass, even from the towns oi JNew Jersey, the hills of Orange county, the city New York, New England, and Westches ter county. Some of the wealthy and highly respectable broadbrim from this city dignified the occasion with their pretence, accompanied by their wive in lace caps, with silk half handkerchief shawls, aud the plainest and thickest (ilk dresses. There was a plentiful sprink ling of the world' people, too young ladies in'pompadour wabts, and young men in swallow-Uiled coats and fancy neck-lie. But to all intents tnd purposes the wed ding was of Quaker origin, conduct and conclusion. During the day of Tuesday guest were arriving upon every train, leaving the car at Port Chester. Coaches and car riages were at the depot to convey them to the house, some four or five miles dis tant, and one four in- hand team wan loaded down with something like ft score of men and women. Grandfather he man came down to the station in his family carriage for the special accommodation of particu lar friends from the metropolis. Such heapt of boxes, trunks and traveling bags, with nurses, dressing maid and Babies, was a sight to behold I Arriving at the mansion, the guests were ushered into the parlors, where bright tire of wood were blaxlng in the great open fire-place. A scene tit to fill Donald G. Mitchell with joy and call up a thousand memories of childhood in the breast of who had ever tat before the cheerful blare and crackling log. The young people as sembled in the back parlor, while the near relative and aged friends were comforta bly seated In the front parlor. The Semen family i remarkable for the tlx of aged men and women, and a It la a long lived family, many erav-headed folk were present Many of the men were almost glgautic in stature, with broad chest, and a rotundity which would well become Alderman. In strength oi constitution and development of physique, the women were fully equal to the men, aud when a a of contrasted with the lithe and petite city belle of the present dry, Scorned to be of another generation. The past and the present, the old and the new, the out going and tbe In-cemlng, met and shook hand at this wedding. It will be a long time be fore we shall ever behold such a sight again, and we roust say that tbe pawing away people were superior in many re-spft-ts to the in coming, he ceremony was to take place at 8 o clock In the evening. Long before that hour, the parlors were crwded with the exception of a passage way left through the center of each. tTha Friends, in their peculiar and well known costumes, were seated In the front parlor, in solemn si lence. The gentlemen were, for tho most part, dressed In black, with white peck ties, while the ladles wore small lace cr ps with little peaked crowns, and buw nnw. handkerchiefs. The prevailing colors of ineir oresses were urowrr; deep, rich, mulberry, snd black. 'Whenever a Friond entered the room, he or she shook hands with each one present, tainting them by their given names. Beneath the mirror in the front parlor a sofa had been placed for the bride and groom, and upon eitber tide were chairs for the best man and woman. The friends and relatives being assembled, the best man and woman entered tho back parlor, followed by the bridal pair. They walked tbe entire length of the parlors, and amid a profound silence took the seats designat ed for them. For about five minutes, dur ing which a silent prayer is supposed to have been offered, no one spoke or moved. Tho bride sat like a statue, with downcast eyes, but blushing perceptibly. The whole scene appeared more like a tableau than an ordinary wedding ceremony. After enduring the silence as long as teemed de sirable, tbe bridegroom and bride arose. taking each other by the right hand, when ine nriuegroom said : " in the presence of the Lord, and these people, 1 take thee. Amy. to be my wife. promising, oy the uivtne assistance, to be unto thee a loving and faithful husband, until death doth part us. Then Amy said the same words to Eu gene, stumbling a little at the word " hus band." At tho conclusion of this part of ius ceremony me company was again seated, and silence reigned profound. The onue was aressed alter the ordinary fash Ion, in a white satin cashmere, en train. trimmed with white satin, pompadour waisi, lace unoerwatst, veil, orange now ers, etc., etc. During the silence succeeding the cere- mony an opportunity was offered for any of the friends to address the couple if the rpinr moved. Alter waiting for some time a quiet, motherly-looking lady made me louowmg ejaculation : " This is indeed a very solemn ceremony and we all need the Divine assistance in living up to its requirements. Another period of silence, and the bride groom arose and kissed the bride, where upon the best man and woman did the same thing. At this stage of the proceedings, the Dest man, with an assistant, broueht small table into the room, upon which was a marriago certificate in -tho shape qf a scroll, a pen, ana an ink-stand, and placed it in front of the bridegroom. He feigned his name to the contract, and then the bride assumed lor the first time tbe name of her husband. Immediately after the signatures naa ncen affixed to the docu- ment, a gentleman took the certificat and read it aloud to the company, as fol lows : WnKHVii, Enjtene, of the city, county, and mate or Mow ork(son a snd tali wlf and Amy (danKhtur of and his wire), oi Ureenwlch. Fatrflald county, stata nf Cnnnprt! cnt.bavlnr declared their Intention of marrlai-a with aach other, and having obtained the consent ui ineir parenta : Now tii as! are to certify whom ltmaycnnrarn that for the full accomDlloliment of their said In. tentions this tenth day of tbe eleventh month of ine year or our i.ora, one thousand elht hnn urau auu Bixiv-eiKDi. mey. the said Rlirena and Amy. anneared in a meeting held at tha home nf jonn i man, or Harnton, and the said Kugen maiuK ine aaia Amy oy im nana, aia on tme ioi etna occaalan openly declare that he took her, the eald Amy, to be bl wife, pronilalne with Di- Tine attitlance to be nnto ber t loving hatband nntll death ehonld separate them; and then the into. Amy aia in uae manner declare that she too the aa!d Eugene to be her bnaband, promlalnr. with Jtt'lna cututanct, to be unto him a toying and faithful wife until death sbould separata them. And moreover they, tha eald Amy and Engena (she, according to the custom of marriage, assum ing the name of her haaband) did, aa a further conurmatiou tuerool, then and there te these presents act ineir hands. Evamm A And we. whose names are also berennto anh. scribed, being present at the solemnization or tbe said marriage and subscription, have aa witnesses thereunto aet our hands, the day and year above wriueu. i-KTia , John , Naomi , Kir , And scores of others. of of The contract having been signed and read, it was now taken to the back parlor, where it remained throughout the evening, during which time the signatures of all wno witnessed the marriage were stllxed i ne people now pressed toward the newlv married pair, the nearest relative going first, and others following in their appro priate order. At the uncles and elderly gentlemen relatives kissed the bride they slipped a fifty dollar bill into her hand, at part payment for the kiss ! Immediately iter tue congratulations ine aining-room was thrown open and the wedding supper announced. This was much like that at any other wedding, only the bridal party - o i,.i tVi -a .uu.iV f i notctit ' was not cut The whole ceremony consumed about ore hour. Between fifty and sixty signa tures of the relatives of the bride and bridegroom were appended to the parch ment This is a good custom, and servet to call to mind each one present at the wedding. It is littlo curious that the marriage certificate has to be procured in Philadelphia. It is afforded at the reason able price of $5. A' new gold pen and case is always purchased for the signing of tbe contract. This may be presented by the husband to hit wife. Before the final performance of the cere mony, several rehearsals are gone through In private. Old Friends shake their heads and say that usually the woman goes through her part of the ceremony with more grace and correctness than the man. Some women break down, or speak only in a whisper. 1 ne r riends receive presents like other peoplo, but no cards are issued. Beside tne usual presents oi silverware, jewels, laces, etc, they give household goods, such blankets, counterpanes, linen, etc. These are displayed with the rest ine ceremony itaeciaedly pleasing. and commends itself from it sweet simplicity. um li aoet teem a mue nam io oblige a person to marry himself. However, such is the custom at Quaker weddings Jatt- ern i'aier. Some Suggestions on the Burning or Coal. of til an Tub toason when closed wlndowt and doors and glowing coal firet have super seded well-aired apartments has arrived, nd as the price of fuel hat Increased, any method of preventing the waste of to necessary and valuable a commodity must be useful. We give, therefore, a few brief uggetlions, drawn from experience, in regard to tne care oi ranges, beaters, cook ing and parlor stoves, and grates. it Is false economy to be chary of the use of kindlibg for anthracite flree. Char coal it probably the best kind'.er, bnt is not ajways to be obtained, end then, U costly. In this and other cities, kindling wood, of pine, tawed short five or six inches in length and split fine, Is told in convenient Utile bundles, one or two of which it sufficient to start en anthracite fire for ny household purpose. It may be obtained also in barrel or boxes, or in quantity. In the country these conve nienses do not exist, but every house holder prepare his own kindling. One great mistake In its preparation is in not cutting It short enough, or splitting it fine enough. More heat can be obtained by using fine than coarse kindling. This pre paration Is to the stove, what mastication la to the stomach, an assistant to combus tion or digestion, in this case convertible terma After the kindling U lighted, it thould be allowed to burn until It it all enveloped in a light blaze and portions have become live coals before a particle of coal U put on. If the coal U heaped upon the nulg niled wood the process of combustion Is delayed by chokine. and much oi the car bon that would otherwise produce heat it carried on in tne iorm oi acute tuinxe or Udpoitfipr))fiJ4 carboy eudgat, nst " an alive, anu cracs u so as to ex s IPe the interior, it will be found to be the greatest enemy to Inflammability. Most persons have seen this wnen an ap parently well kindled fire has been extin guished and had to be re made. The coal pui on mo smuimm ""'" new coal, not the screenings of ft former re ; and it should be careluny sprewi in thin layer. The practice of filling the nre--pot or rurnace will materially delay the process of combustion. In such caset we have teen an hour elapse before a bed of incandescent coal could be formed tuffl clunt to broil a tteak or a fish, or to emit any sensible heat, while with a decent draft cood coal tire, with judicious man agement, may be obtained in mieen min utes. Where a fire Is kept all night, or for days and weeks together, as is now so fre roientlir the case with base burning stoves, and pvn the common cylinder etove, the first thing to do In the morning is io piu on fresh coal, witnoui aisiuruing m m Lhn atrtva nnstl tha draft and the damper, and do no raking nntll the new coal Is well limited. Tlipn the ashes may be rattled down until the eparkt drop through the grab?. Boon at these are seen the raking should cease. Never poke a coal fire anthracite at the top. This rule, at mill tarr men lay. la ' s-eneral." - Bat a greater fault than any other and a very common one Is choking a fire ny piling on ft grate or filling up stove with coal when the fire is low. In All cases the coal ehould be added in moderate, even email, quantities, and it should be placed or spread evenly. In some cases it is well to deposit the lnmpt piece by piece by band. When aumpeo on in masses me coal wastes rapidly without giving out heat, a larirfi uronortlon of the carbon escaping up the chimney in the form of visible soot or as thick smoBe. nu an thracite fire should ever be allowed to emit a visible smoke. The gases in tne form nf a bluish flume carry off enough of the heat nrod ucine products It would b wpII If all this ctiu'd be retained and consumed; but we almost despair mat this will ever be an accomplished fact Drafts and dampers are too irequenny used without Intelligent reference to their respective offices. Many leave me stove doors open, and close the damper. The effect , to be sure, to retard combustion, but at the same lime ine gases evmvcu, finding noscape by tho natural draft, are forced out Into the room, poisoning the atmosphere and rendering the apartments unhealthy, inducing languor and neadacne. If the chimney damper is closed, or the passage to tbe chimney, the door or aper ture above ine nre snouiu aiso do cioecu, while tho draft at the bottom of the fire, oAgnder tho grato, may be opened ; for If the gassee escape through this opening, they will have been neutralized by passing through the fire. In oncn crates the draft is frequently found to bo insufficient This is because too largo a portion of the fire is exposed, A sheet of boiler plate covering a portion of tho crate bottom will in many caset im prove the draft, reduce the consumption of coal, and, at mo same time, increase iue available heat Somo persona, especially inexperienced help, do not know how to otstinguisn oe tween unconsumed or coked coal and value less clinker, as tho former may be coatod with ashes. It may be accepted aa a gen eral truth that in a grate, or stove furnace, or fire box, the clinkers, being ot a semi metallic nature, sink and the unconsumed coal be left on the top. We have found it to be economical to rather the top lumps by hand before disturbirg the mass, Thus, most of the unconBumed por tions will bo recovered, and can bo used again. In many cases this will prevent the necessity of sifting the ashes and picking out the scoria. In sifting it is a good practice to drench the ashes in the sieve with water. Much that would otherwise be rejected will be found to be pure coal, the water washing off the coating of BBbes, and exposing the " black diamonds," which are frequently in fine particles. These saving are valu able to be used when the requirement of cooking or if particularly sharp airs do not demand a brisk fire. Even the ashes that escape through the sifter, when made into a mortar with water, are tervicable. They may be used as advantageously in preserving the fire in a grate, and it is sur prising how much of what might be other wise condemned as waste can be made thus to yield available heat Coal should be kept under cover, ex posed neither to the sun, the rain, or the frost Insensible combustion and waste by the action of the element rapidly di minish the heat producing qualities of ev en the hardest anthracite coal. By tome this possible waste is estimated as high as fifty per cent This may be an exaggerat ed estimate, but that it is considerable the observation and experience ef twenty years warrant us in confidently affirm ing. Even the fine dust left in the coal bin is valuable. Mixed into a mortar, as we advise with the ashes, it gives out an intease boat, greater than that of lump coal because of the more readiness with which the oxygen of the atmosphere can permeate the mast ; and here we may give a few words of advice. Small sized coal is more economical than large coal, especially for household purposes, if the grate is adapted to the size, for the reason just stated. To prove this let one take a lump of anthracite as large as a man's entirely black inside and undisturbed by the heat These practical suggestions and facts. unaccompanied by scientific reasons, are submitted for the consideration of our readers. We might have given the philoso phy of combustion as applied to anthracite coal, but preferred to make a few simple statements, leaving our readers to trace the truths back to their source, we are confident, howeve", that an observance of these rules will result In a valuable saving or coal. acunttjie jimertean. A Shrewd Italian Brigand. Evrryhody hat heard of Fra Diavolo, the brigand. His daring waa only equalled by his wit The following is the ingeni ous mode by which the celebrated robber escaped for a time from the bands of Col. Hugo, the. father oi Victor ' Hugo, who was in pursuit with a large force of soldiers. Escape teemed absolutely impossible. Ou one tide of the road was a precipice which no man could scale; on the other Hugo waa advancing toward the road. Flight toward Apulia would throw him into the toils of his unwearied hunter, nit Inventive genius supplied a remedy for this net of difficulties. He turned to hit men, and said : " 1 le my handa behind my back. Do the tame to my lieutenant" The men were astonished, but obeyed in tilence, using handkerchUfs instead of cords. " Now." said Fra Diavolo? " let us move down the road and meet this cavalry. They will ask you who we are. You will answer, "These are two brigands of the band of Fra Diavolo, whom we have taken and are conducting to Naples in or der to obtain the premium." But suppose tbey thould wish to take you tnemaeivee? - Then you will Tetlre, protesting against tbe injustice they do you. You, at least, will be sate." The stratagem was excellent Fra Diavolo't men figured at the militia of the district The premium offered for the brlgandt atNapleawata capital pretext for asking permistion to past on their way, nd to gain tbe rear of the cavalry. The artifice tucceeded. Whoever hat heard of Neapolitan im nrovlsatore, can imagine the affecting tad- - t ; I . .1 v : 1 .- . . . . . nest OI u j-'iavmu auu uta lieutenant, the serious and solemn vivacity of the spokesman of the false militia. A ttory of te capture was invented on the instant, to probable, and to perfectly consistent in all lit details, that one mujt have been dead to truth and innocence to distrust it. Xoi Much Hurt ArTt a Ail. A Mem- Bhte paper, la chronicling tu; accident to a rail load conductor, aaya lhatha waa knocked eff tha li.ia by ale bead coming In contact with taa bridge, hta thigh broken, throat badly cat, tnd smashed ap gauerally. Be waa uksa to Colombia and I le t tatr way to recover. An Undisputed Remedy. It needs no argument to prove that Constipation of the JJowela la on of lb moat dangerous com- pUinta which can befal mankind. Notblug mora common aud fatal, and everyone afflicted with eigUt Hubert immedjtw roceane tg t ttfe la na .r.A. tthaMtailLBR'8 HKHB BIT- TKR8 1 for each It la, as la proved by tatlmonlals wtthont number, and la admitted y an menn-ai men who know anything about its nature, par poea and operations. Ita effect sra wonderful In caeca of mental and physical depresalon, arising from Indigestion, eoatlvavwae, ot fellloaa aecra Mons. It will positively enra th worst form of cbronle constipation, and splendidly fortify tha patient against future attacks. Bold by .MI oraf glste ind storekeepers. JTature's tfreat Ally, it took the world nearly two thousand years to discover and remedy one of the moat fatal error that mankind hai ever believed in. rrom in time of Oaten to s comparatively very recent data. It was inppored that, la order to car a disease, it waa necessary to wcaaen ine aireany m.. patient by artificial means. Bleeding, blistering, violent purgation and salivation were tha main reliance of the faculty, not more than fifty yesrt ago. Restoratives were only administered aa sup plementary tgenta, after the lancet, cantharldee. Jalap and calomel had done their depleting work. Modern science his effected t salutary reform In medical treatment. In place of tba nauseous doaea once administered In " of Indlgeetlon, biliousness, constipation, slcVtfeailarhe, nervone nese. Intermittent fever, Ac, HOSTHTTKH'S BTwMACII BITTERS are now given with the utmost confidence and tb happiest result. Tba reason why this admlrabia botanical preparation has enperseded the debilitating poisons of the old mnlerin mr1ra are these: Itcomhlneslheproper Ilea of a wholesome tonic with those of a gentle cathartic, an antl-bllious aeent. a nervine, and a blood depurent. Thus, while It keeps the howela free, regulatea the liver, and poritlea the rurrent of life, It sustains the physical strength of the In valid, and by this means the expulsion ot disease and the restoration of constitutional vigor go on together. At this season, when Intermittent and remittent fevera, with other compltlnts arising from a damp, mephltlc atmosphere, are prevalent, a course of the BITTEHS la the beet means or protecting tha system from an stuck. $1 tlf A.TPU I Aaents wanted everTWhere for IIHlbnl this wonderful Ott WUr fnrlH Tmvkir. ttaper weea Can ne mane selling this wnntterrn) Invention. Address MA ON El'. WATCH CO., 314 Olive ttreet, Bt. Louis, Mo. Porter's Telegraph College. 'TflHih!, Waetatnjtton Street, dyourt Bouse Square.) OHIOAQO, ILL. Tbe moat complete Telegraph School In tbe country, having live Departments. Kach Depsrtment com pleteln itself, vis: Primary, Penmanship, Type Writing, Alr-Llne 1 elerraph, I.ectnrea. ., The Chicago City Telegraph Line In connection with this Institution Is hiny Milt In extent, and siin porte Fifty lifflca wherein students tny earn their board after two months' practice, and before graduat ing may earn back their entire Tuition. TUB AMERICAN TYPE WHITER. nw tAnehin fr.v. iik a Pi.nrt ttilff machine pro duces letters fuller than lh mwst rapid penman. Ita use In this College enables Student to become expert Telegraphers wllhont regard to their penmanship. vompeling re-egTapn Ljinca nre lnureawj mand tot OperMora. Young Men and LaiMea anouia consider tho advantage of a Telojrrei.hlo k.,tlicailon. rorType Writer ana college circulars. aa " K. PAYSOfl PORTER, Principal Porter's Tel. Col- Chicago. HI. Farms & Fruit Lands. The mi noli Central Railroad Company bare for m1 In tntcta of 40 acres and upwards, TW.we acre of cnolca fannlnn and fruit lauda, all lying adjacent to their road. For graln-growlne, stock -raining, and every purpoae of prontaoie agriculture, tneee .anas possess every reqnl lteof soil and c 11 mala. THE Fill' IT of Southern Illinois Is noted t In th nrrvl tip firm ttf annlM. Its wonderful fertllUy kinds of fruits. Darin the season of if!, the Special ars. Dcacnea. ana an Fruit Express Train broufrht over 600,000 bozw oi peaches and 90,000 bushels of strawberries to Chicaeo alone, from thence furnlihlnt: the first frail of the season, to all the northern market. 900,000 acres ol these fruit lands are now offered for sale on favorably terms. Till In Fee from tb State. All Station Aeents are provided nith plats, enowlns the lands for saie in i istlon r ppartme their vicinity. Information (riven upoi on KM r 1 points at the office of the Land Department, apartment, AM Mlcnlgan avenue, jntcaco, uve pamphlet, with mane, sho wins; the) exact locality of all the lands, sent to any person writ or a aescri ntlve n Ins for the same. In any language, to JOHN B. CALHOUN, LaUTD COMM1B8IOMSB, CHICAGO, WATCH FOU SI. -The Magnetic Pocie Timekeeper ami Comp&ns, In a hand-tome ctwev with KiaiM crystal, white ennme ed dial, sieel and msttu works, ordinary watch size, sound and serviceable warranted io aeao-e correct time, ana seep in oroy ears. batiru&cM m guaranteed, oem, posi-pniut irHfnrll AiinraSaU BKYMCUR CO., Holland, Erie Co.. K. T, IN V EN TO RH wanting patents, send stamp for circu lar, to Do dub Munn. 4tfij?tn-BtM Washington, D. C . ni'WlNKHS MAN WANTED In this town to 1 keep on exbibUlonad lor sate, our Sowing Ma chines. To the rigtit party we will offer cxtraorolBary inducements. Ad ireas. WILSON SKWlWO MACHTNE CO, 143 LaSallest. Chicago, WANTED. One good Agent, ma'e or female. In every village and town In the Un.ted States, to sell the Amsrictm PocM PtUlcemttn a new Invention of almost universal application Kanld sale and large) profits J te tails for 1 SO. Will send sample on receipt of one dollar to applicants for agencies. Address with stamp, AMKK1CAN POCKKT POL1CKMAN MAN IN FACTUU1NG CO., P. O Box MS, Chicago. 111. 8TKELC01POSITI01 BILLS For Churches, Schools. ew. THESE Celebrated Bells 1. not Cast Iron or "Amal gam," rival tn purity and volume of tone those of cap per and tin, are more durable, and cost only otu-AnJ as much, bend for circular. Blymyer. rearing A Co., 193 Washington -St., Chicago BLVMYER, DAY Ie CO. Mansneld, Ohio. BLVMYER, NORTON dc CO.. innctnnatl, Ohio. This Is an entirely new scientific preparation discov ered by Prof. It A K, Chemist, United States Laboratory, contains no Nitrate of Silver, Sulphur, or other delete rious drugs IT NEVER FAILS taa.aa.at.tul..k..l. k . C 11 - I - Vkl. u w "ii iiova.wj aicw n.iiu-nuiitH w um or Gray hair to Its original color, Utr brotrn or Black. It prevents the hair falling out. and promotes a new growth. Having no nodlment. It is the beat Prees lnit in the World. Kvery Druggist la the United States sells It, Prepared by KOBKKT RITCniK fc CO. CheaiUts. lfttf Lake street, Chicago, ST" Pemp.e bottle sent free on receipt of 11. Antidote lor Tobacco. Trill rtm.!y Inv.H.Mr .iwt.jt .ill . ar WMt-i-o. and to tnlirtlu uraettibls and kn It la anusn exm-llmt apitetlarr. H puriflet iu ItmgoruCaailiesyHtfin, ost.8es trrriit ooiirafiinfr and stn-nalliniiV .wi-r, cnabli-a tha sl-.niyrf to dlg-pst III. hrartli-st rV-l, make, ,u-rp r-fr.li(5, and ilat. Ilihra Bibuit hf ih. tinoitn and jTevert for Fifl$ Ylirt Chi-A l i Fifty Ontyfcr Boa, wt frea. A TrratiM on tho lirloua 1'lMCu of T.ibacoo, wtla ll.tts of tvstlinonliu. ifVm etc.. sswv raaa, agenta wauled. AdUtiWur. T. It. JkaaoTT, Jersey A Ci.aRoviijnf'a TrrmoHv?v-On, Box ov Aim- ours eurrd my tirMjrW and Dysr It naves Tana Hav. 1. nuuav.aEa, KeiW's Statiui., IUalth i ijXs-raiMO-ni OanntT.. V"'" tltrt ft y-V"nl am restored to stmarf aXt hy nslna Taaxsra d . T. Edoa jraaoBiMaToivx. Knoi r,0, iMar Sir I raceWed yoar second Red JaeM Aza aar eiareas, And bow arrnowledae tha atme. Tar taa fconent of all whou dealrsa or neeeMllies make It th.lr bu.lneM to chop with aa ate, 1 wo-jld r : Try the tied Jackeli and. as tbe Supreme Court have held that a Doctor's opinion without a la reajone te at lime vaJaaTl will five ml raaaon.. r-Th. Red Jacket cuts deeoor then tba eounnoa Kit. Ataxm-It being wuod oatbirVttt, u does aot eilrk la tha wool Tiiijvyrv chopper with the coaimo. axe mut die. eovertti at there la u maca taaor aua i. as macB laoor aua .tren-u aipena era out of tbe eu aa In toliii ua ilow. flJrrt-ThU "ita tb. km Jaejtet is all ayold ai and liomoae-third to onf half tbe lahor Is saved la eultltil the same .eantlly. IrtAwBy puttlL la tha eme labor th.t la aeceMarr with a cemaioa aia. yea fu,eeliy ik Ml IraH thirty. three per cent, mora wood la tbe ..we time. Tuu are safe In letting any kuotnt man try roar hod Jacket oa tbeae laete, abd (t U iei!a,leiuid Mm ht. money. HuBoeuifuily, yara. , , HaHHT BAUJWRf. For sale by ail raewull.le ilclers. and the tiianuao tnrera. lfUilXilT 3aK kw kU, rtrruaaea. go,eo,uer ! twourn's aud Bad Jacket f,tf ai. ft! g Kill i No. 1 St O ' v '" 1