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RIOT AT CINCINNATI. Xndlcnant Taxpayers Mob the Count Treasurer'! omen. Cincinnati, Dec. 10. Tho sconei about tho courthouso Friday morning reminded ono of tho riot of 1881. In tho present caso thn mob consisted ol property owners clamoring1 for an op pcrtctiiiy to pay their tuxes beforo the penalty went In force. Owing t changes In county boards and tho delay in assessing tho val "liics and correcting mistakes tha tax duplicate, which should have "been In tho treasurer's bands by Do ccmbcr, 1, did not reach him until last Wednesday evening. It was necessary to havo tho dupllcato in ordor to know tho amount of taxes due from each property owner. Tho law provides that if taxes are not paid by Decombcr 20 a penalty of 5 per cent attaches. Tho treasurer began taking taxes Thursday, but only a few were aware of tho fact, tho announcement being "brief. Tho news spread and Friday morning by 7 o'clock tho big hall In front of tho treasurer's offlco was packed with men, women and children, .and the crowd extended far out in tho .street. Thoro were fully 2,000 persona clamoring for admittance, and tho throng was constantly increasing. When the doors were opened at 8 o'clock a frightful crush ensued. Worn en were crushed in tho jam and cloth ing torn, while tho air was filled with screams and curses. Tho treasurer's office, which is a large hall with a con tinuous counter and glass paititlons around three sides, was soon packed to suffocation with tho struggling mass of "humanity. Tho clerks started to take money at their windows, but had to .quickly give up the idea. In the meantime the crowd was con stantly increasing, and the pressure be came so great that men and women began to faint. Tho excitement grew intense. Several of the glass windows -above the counter were smashed, and tho crashing added to the excitement until a perfect panic prevailed. Faint ing women were passed through tho broken windows and doctors sum jnoncd. At one time there were four insensi ble women in the treasurer's private office and as many more out in the big "halL Airs. Bertha Wrampclies, Mrs. "Elizabeth Patterson, Mrs. Mary Fox and Miss Mary Ucrrard were among those -who fainted and in tho confusion were trampled upon and severely bruised. The safes bad been opened and the money laid out at tho desks prepara tory for business. A rumor started that a raid was contemplated on the treasury by thieves. The money was hastily thrown into the vaults, while guards with drawn revolvers were placed at the door. A riot call had been sent to the Cen tral station and a detachment of special -police under Lieut Gill had been hur ried to tho scene. The entire force of 'watchmen and other employes about the courthouse were called in for the protection of the county funds. Men. apparently to avoid being trampled to death, had climbed upon tho partition, but good grounds existed lor the belief that they were awaiting .an opportunity to plunder. The police .arrived in two patrol wagons and -charged with their clubs through the crowd. After effecting an entrance they drove out a sufficient number to allow the closing of the big doors. Order was then restored among the re mainder, but it was necessary to use some of them roughly. While the panic was at its highest the county solicitors and commission ers met and resolved to extend tho time from December 20 to January 10. Speeches were made to the crowd, and the announcement of the extension did much to restore order. It was 0 o'clock j. m. before the last of the crowd left -the treasurer's office. GEN. BOOTH'S WORK. ats Procrcnj and What It las Coat Dnr liiC Twelve Months. London, Dec. 19. Qcn. Booth pub lishes an account of what he has dona the first twelve months for tho redemp tion of the masses. The total expendi ture on capital account is given as 90, 000, but a liability of 10,000 in addition has been incurred on the strength of jsuras promised but not yet paid in. Tho farm colony has cost 34, 000 and the working expenses of the food depots and shelters have been 2 J, 140. The receipts havo been .20,570. Thero have been 2,500,000 meals and 347,200 nights' lodgings given -to the homeless. Slum work has cost 2.807, less 370 donated by sympa tlietlc ''shimmers." The workshops " how a deficit of 1,140 in spite of the fact that some of tho branches show a profit. For instance, the sale of matches has netted 475, knitting work JE100, and book binding 400. - - . SLAIN IN A TUNNEL. Two Lives Lost as the Kciult of a Mis take on a Hallway In Pennsylvania. Catawissa, Pa., Dec 10. A terrible collision between two fast freight trains occurred in a tunnel on tho Phil adelphia & Reading railway early Frl day morning. Tho company is keeping tho matter quiet, and details are un obtainable. Engineer Fisher and rire- jrrnuh Smith are reported killed,' and sev eral others are said to have been fatally injured. About 3 o'clock a. m. v. west-bound freight received orders to pass an eust-bound train at tho first switch, a mile from the Big Mountain tunnel. A mistake In tho orders caused the two trains to meet in tho htunnol, when both were running at a high rate of speed. THREE BISHOPS APPOINTED. Encumbents for the Vucant American Dio ceses Named by tho Pone. New Yomc, Dec. 10. A cablo dis rpatch from the Home correspondent of the. Catholic News announces the appointment of Very Rev. Ignatius F, Uorstmun, D. D., of tho cathedral -off Philadelphia, as bishop of Cleve land. O.; Rev. Sebastian Messiuer, D. D,, profensor of Canon law in the Cath jollo university at Washington, as bishop of Green Bay, Wis., and Very , Hov. James Schweback, vicar-general of La Crosse, Wis., promoted to that vacant see. I CONGRESS URGED TO ' ACT. Thn Wntorwajs Convention nt Detroit Requests tho Government to Construct a Deep Ilouto from Chlcnco to tho At lantic Detroit, Mich., .Dec, 10. When the dcop-waterways convention reassem bled Friday tho committee on reso lutions reported a lengthy memorial to tho senate and houso of representa tives, Betting forth tho history of lake navigation nnd dilating upon tho im portance of tho 20-foot channel from Buffalo to Dulnth and Chisago. The memorial abounds in interesting sta tistics, all of which go to show tho advantage to bo derived fiom the pro posed action, and earnestly appeals to congress for such legislation as will pro vide for tho immediate beginning of work at each of tho required localities,' bo as to insure the completion of a 20 foot channel along the whole lino by tho time tho works now in progress on tho St Mary's river arc completed. Tho resolutions accompanying tho memorials and which wore adopted, urge congress to authorlzo immediate commencement and speedy completion of an unobstructed channel not less than B0 feet in depth and sufficient width through the lakes and connecting wa ters between Chicago, Duluth, Superior and Buffalo, and that tho secretary of war bo authorized to make contracts for the entire work, and a sufficient sum of money bo appropriated there for, as every consideration of prosperity In time of peaco and protection in time of war demands the construction of a watcrvvay of sufficient capacity to ullow the free passage of vessels drawing 20 feet of water through our own territory froiu the great lakes to the Atlantic ocean. Tho convention strongly favors the improvement of the Hudson river to a navigable depth of 20 feet from Coxsackie to Troy. It respectfully urges upon congress tho necessity for tho most liberal ap propriations for the establishment and maintenance of all needed light houses, fog signals, buoys and beacons throughout the entire chain of lakes, to the end that added security may bo given to life and property. A committee of legislation was ap pointed to place the matter before con gress. There is a general feeling that the best results have been accomplished that were feasible at this time and tho Lake Ontario people are satisfied in the prospect of having the merit of tho Niagara ship canal further looked into by experts. The convention will do good. The sentiment represented here has been broadened and actual progress has been made. A perma nent organization has been effected and when the 21 -foot channel has been pro vided for larger work will undoubted ly be out out While the matter has not developed as far as the sanguine could wish, good seed has been planted which will bear future fruit FRIGHTFUL TRAGEDY- A Brookljn Man, In a Fit of Insanity, Rliootn Three Persons, and Then Kills Himself One or Ills lictlms Is Dead. Ukw York, Dec. 10. Michael Har vey, 34 years old, a boarder at No. 183 Van Dyke street South Brooklyn, be came suddenly insane Friday after noon and shot John Connerton, Sam Dickcrson and Mamie Dick erson. Catherine Duffy jumped from a second-story window to escape him and, broke her ankle. Connerton and Sam Dicker son wcro dangerously injured and were taken to the hospital, but Connerton died in the ambulance shortly after leaving Van Dyke street Mamie Dick erson was shot in tho arm by the des perate maniac After shooting the others Harvey placed tho muzzle of tho revolver in his mouth and pulled the trigger. Tho top of his head was virtually blown off. Only two days ago Harvey was discharged from tho Flatbush insano asylum as cured and immediately went to bord with Mrs. Duffy at No. 183 Van Dyke street Shortly after noon Friday while at dinner the crazy fit came suddenly on Harvey again. Ho jumped from the table, ran to tho bureau, and snatched from an open drawer a 32-oalibrc Brit ish bull-dog revolver. With this the mad man began firing into the crowd at the tabic The first shot struck John Connerton in the head, and in less than five min utes ho as dead. The second bullet laid Samuel Dickcrson low. Young Dickerson and Mary Dickcrson had come on a visit to Airs. Duffy. Dickerson was shot through tho right arm, but made for tho win dow, and beforo tho maniac could fire again jumped to the street Miss Dick erson's turn came next Tho crazy assassin's bullet tore a hole in her right hand, and sho ran out in tho hallway crying murder. Mrs. Duffy, who was in tho next room, hearing the shouts and the cries and suspecting tho truth, jumped out of tho window at once, sus taining painful injuries. While sho lay groaning with pain, vainly trying to crawl out of tho reach of the murderer, tho fourth and 'last shot rang out. It rang the death knell of the maniac. Being alone at tho sceno of carnage, ho had put tho pistol in his mouth and blown out his own brains. Policemen McCabe and M,urphy ran in, and tho street began to fill with wildly excited and yelling men and women. Ambulances were summoned and came at a dead gallop. The three In jured wero at once removed to tho hos pital. The mad murderer and his first victim wcro deud. SLAIN IN COLD BLOOD. A. Husband nnd Wife murdered by a Cow ardly Gang lu Louisiana. SuitEVKi'OKT, La., Dec. 10. An old man named Juck Smith quarreled with Wright Poland at Buckhorne, BleDvlllu Parish, recently. To get revsnge Smith with his three sorjs and four other men rode to Poland's houso in the night, sum moned Poland and his wife to the door and shot them dead. Mrs. Poland was about to become a mother. Smith, one of his sons, and three other men have I been arrested. A VACANT CHAIR. The United States Honuto T.osrs One of Its Moit Not oil Members Sudden Death of Senator Plumb, of Kansas A. Victim of Apoplexy Gossip Kcgnrdln; Ills buo cessor Ills Career. Washington, Dec. 21. Senator Pres ton B. Plumb, of Kansas, Is dead. IIo was stricken with npoplexy at an early hour Sunday morning, and after lingering some hours in an uneon n clous condition died a few minutes before noon. The senator returned to this city late Sat unlay nf tern oon from a visit to his SENATon plumb, son in Philadel phia, having gone there on Thursday. Ills apartments are in tho houso of Mr. Jennings on Fourteenth street About 2 o'clock Sunday morning Mr. Jennings was aroused by a call from tho senator. When he reached tho apartment of Mr. Plumb tho latter was disrobed and lying on tho bed. In rcsponso to the inquiry of Mr. Jennings he said: "I have an excru ciating headache." Ho was holding his head in his hands and swaying it from sido -to side Mr. Jennings im mediately called Snrgeon General Wales. The doctor gave the patient a hypodermic injection of morphia. The senator in a few- moments becamo quieter, and, the pain decreasing, he fell into a deep sleep, which continued for some hours. Dr. Wales left about 0:30 o'clock, and a few minutes later Senator Plumb jumped up. Mr. Jennings sprang to his assistance. The senator had a vio lent vomiting spell and was then as sisted back to his bed. Ho seemed to be in great agony, tossed his head from side to side on the pillow and ex claimed: "My God, my God, my head!" These were tho last words ho uttered, for in a few moments he again fell asleep, breathing heavily and laborious ly. This sleep lasted until 11:25 o'clock, when his respiration became heavier, and death ensued at 11:40 o'clock. There were present at his bedside when death occurred Dr. Wales, who had been called some time before, Mr. Jennings and Mr. Flanagan, the sen ator' i private secretary. After the vomiting spell the senator never ad dressed anyone, and his last words were those of pain. The news of his death spread rapidly through the city, and was a great shock to the public Indeed, it was hardly credited by his associates, being regarded as a rumor. The matter of breaking the sad news to Mrs. Plumb, who is in feeble health, was a delicate one, and was done through a telegram to Maj. Hood, president of the Emporia national bank at Emporia, Kan., where Mrs. Plumb now is. Undertaker Wright arrived soon after 12 o'clock, and under the direc tion of the physician and the senator's friends the work of embalming was begun. About 2 o'clock a message was received from Mrs. Plumb requesting that the body bo sent home as soon as possible. The sergeant-at-arms of the senate had been notified in the mean time, and when he arrived took charge of the dead senator's papers and effects. Topeka, Kan., Dec 21. Senator Plumb's death created a profound sen sation here and has been the sole topic of "conversation among the politicians. The hotel lobbies have been filled and every possible contingency discussed. Gov. Humphrey left the city Saturday night but will return to day. Those who know the governor best say he will be slow in making an appoint ment Under no circumstances will he call an extra session of the legislature, as it is overwhelmingly alliance. Nearly a score of possibilities have been mentioned about the hotel lob bies. Those most frequently men tioned are: Ex-Gov. George T. An thony, ex-Congressman E. N. Morrill and Chief Justice Albert II. Horton. Ex-Senator Ingalls' name is but little spoken of. Other names mentioned ... T T, T...t . . Abilene, who was a bitter opponent of Ingalls; ex-Congressman S. R. Peters, of Newton; George R. Peck, general solicitor of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company; J. K. Hud ion, editor of the Topeka Capital; and ex-Gov. Thomas A. Osborne Hayes, minister to Brazil. The legislature which will elect a successor to Gov. Humphrey's appointee convenes in Jan uary, 1803, and will be elected next fall. There will be no holdovers either in the low er house or senate. Senator Plumb was born In Delaware county, O., October 12, 1SS7, bo that ho was In Ills 51th your at tho tlmo of his death. lie was not a college graduate, but left tbo common schools for the printer's case.nnd In pursuance of his vo cation as a lourneyman printer In 18.10, In the bloody days of the history of the newly organ ized territory of Kansas, ho walked Into that territory. He plunged at onco Into the thick of the political strife which then was waging over the slavery question. Ho at once went to tbo front and soon becamo a member of tho Leavenworth Constitutional congress of 18)9. He was ntailttcd to the bar In 1S0I, when tho placo of his adoption became u stato of tho union; bentd in the log IsUturo lu ISO.', was chairman of tho judiciary committee, and subbcnuently reported tbo su premo court. When the war brouo out no entered the army as second lieutenant In tho Eleventh Kansas lufanliy and served successively us captain, major and lieu tenunt colonel of the rogiment, aud was tominlssloned a colonel of tbo regiment In August, 1603. After tho wur Mr, Plumb, re turning to Kansas, was elected a member of the Kansas houso of representatives, and la 187(1 was chosen United States senator to suc ceed Jamus M. Harvey, republican. He took his scut In 1877 and has represented his stato as a senator ever since that tlmo. His term of oOlce would have expired March 3, 183.'). DEATH BY DYNAMITE. The Head of Una Man Illown Off and the Heart of Another JSIovrn Out. GitAcrcvir.i.JS, Minn., Doc. 21. Ira ell and Henry Gordon met death in a torriblo manner 8 miles southest of this place Saturday afternoon. While preparing to lower a charge of dynamite into a well which they wero boring the giant explosive was accidentally bet off. Bell's head was blown entirely off and to a distance of 15 feet. Gordon was htruek in the loft side, tho heart being blown entire ly out of his body. Gordon's relatirea live ut Grand Rapids, Mirh. ww5 MISCELLANEOUS. "I auoposo the baby Is a delicate pink oh, Bronson?" "No. "uVs a ro bust yoller,'' replied tho projjd and. sloopy father. Harper's Basanr Wife ''I went toa'new?dry goods storo to-day." Husband (sadly) "I suppose, as usual, that you opened a. new account there?" Wifo "No. They didn't know me, so tho things aro coming C. O. D." Cloak Rovioyv.( Tea is no'w adulterated with hops. Tho hops are grown in England and shipped thence to Japan or China, where they are treated by a proccs3 similar to that of drying tho leaf of tho tea plant, and then mixed with the tea for tha English and American markets. The ship Challenger, of Bath, Me., recently arrived at Havre from Port land, Ore, after a passage of 114 days, breaking all sailing records between thoso ports. The same ship has mado tho run from San Francisco to Liver pool in 00 days, the average passage being 130 days. The average from Portland to Havre is 140 days. Tho health officer of tho port of New York holds that preparations oughl to bo made for tho establishment of an international system of quarantine. The health officers of different countries could notify each other of tho prev alence in their respective jurisdictions of any contagious disease, bo that a timely check could be put upon its spread. Lady Sutherland's: One quart of flour, three eggs, ono piece of butter tho size of a walnut, three enps of sweet milk and a tcaspoonful of salt Beat very light after you mix the in gredients. Bake quickly in small tin patty-pans. Make as shortly beforo these cakes are to be served as possible, lest they fall, and lose their delicacy with their lightness. Harper's Baar. In fishing for sturgeon near Kala ma. Wash., the fishermen do not use bait They have hooks about a foot apart on a rope that is suspended a short distance from the bottom of tho river. A fish, rooting along the bottom, gets caught on ono hook, and by flouncing about (rets caught on one or two more hooks. The fishing grounds extend as far as the Dalles river in Oregon. A Columbus, Ind., musical freak is called "Singbilly," though his proper name is William Isintrigger. He plays in a peculiar manner with his lungs any tune with a distinctness and clear ness that brings out every note as fully as it can be brought out on any piano or other musical instrument by tho most accomplished, performer. That curious plant commonly called the mother-in-law obtained its name in a queer way. An expert of botanical gardens attached to the Smithsonian in stitution, in explaining the curious properties of the plant to a reporter, mentioned the fact that it had the pow er of paralyzing tho tongue "A goo'1 thing for a mother-in-law," said the reporter, and then and there the name mother-in-law was applied to tho plant Farmers on the Pacific coast arc in terested in a discussion of tho useless ness or usefulness of a pig's tail. One side argues that it is as useless as the letter p in pneumonia. The other side asserts that the tail indicates the exact physical condition of the animal. If it hangB loose, it indicates that the pig is not in condition and that its feed should be changed. If it is coiled tightly, it indicates contentment and good health. While ascending Pike's Peak by the new railway, about one person in 200 is affected by the rarity of the air at the high altitude. Tho indications of distress are itching and redness of tho nose and then blackness under the eyes. A woman who was dying apparently on a trip recently was sent back on the lo comotive to the foot of tho mountain, where she recovered. The summit is 14,400 feet above the level of the sea. As no official provision could bo luade for the entertainment of properly accredited persons who visit Chicago in the interest of the Columbian exposi tion, a reception committee of leading Chicago society women, of which Mrs. Gcorcro L. Dunlap is chairman, has been formed for this purpose. The members of this committee aro each pledged to extend in turn tho hospital ity of their horae3 to such guests as the management of the exposition shall de sire to havo entertained. More Trouble, "Siuco you think yourself so smart," said the exchange editor,glancing backward overhis shoul der, "perhaps you can tell me why the letter 't' is like Lord Byron." "I don't be lieve it is," retorted tho financial editor belligerently. "Tho letter 't' is like Lord Byron," said tho exchange editor, raisinn1 his voice, "because it gives to immorality immortality." And tho other man, with a hunted look in his eye, raised tho window nnd btuck his head out to get fresh air. Chicago Tribune. The Burglar Alarm. Customer "Is this tho latest stylo of burglar alarm?" Clerk "Yes, sir.'' "What is the principle of it?" "It rings a bell when the burglar raises the window, and by means of an indicator tells in what part of the hpuso an entrance is being attempted." "And am I supposed to get out of bed and grapple hand-to-hand in tho darkness with the burglar, or burglars?" "Yes, unless you can got your wifo to do it instead." "Humph, 1 guess we'll make the old style burglar alarm, the dog, lost a little longer." , M Tho three tribes of tho Fort Bert hold reservation aro included in the nino tribes in the United States that have never been at war with tho gov ernment Of tli c so three tho Mandans are the smallest numbering a little over 200, small-pox having ajmost de stroyed thcm.iaboutjJ853. But they aro the most interesting., There Js a story to the effect that they aro descended from some Welshmen who sailed west from Wales lu tho eleventh century and wero never heuid of nfterward. Tho story is that the party reached tho mouth of the Mississippi and worked their way up that river. Many of their words resemble tha Welsh language, and thev are of much Ikrhtet complex ion than Indians usually ure. 'Inert aro full blooded Indian almost white among them. QUEER BRITISH CUSTOMS. One nf Whlrli Dealt With Southdown nnA the Other With the Queen's Hook. Whilo 1 was inEnglnnd.'lt really be came quito a question witlVmo how tho English managed o get such decorative results out of tholr sheep, so persist ently did I find, wherever I wont, tho Southdown "effect" in tho landscape. Whonover I wont to pay a visit to tho country, there, in iullviow of the drawing-room windows, wero tho everlast ing Souiiclowns tho lambs without a frisk, the subdued mother helping to complete tho soft, soothing tone of tho perfectly finished lnndscape. I grew sometimes almost to long for something half finished that ono might watch, as we do at home, tho progress of tho world. Tho finished look of everything wearied mo occasionally. Tho hills, so smooth and polished, tho pomaded and woll-eombed lawns, awoko in me a wish to see a baby cyclone of our territories hurling througli tho air on its progress to some of tho most glos3y and well-groomed grass-plats, and whero generations had pruned and clipped and mowed. I longed for tho wand of the magician to transfer ono of tho wild exultant dalles of the Columbia or a section of tho bad lands of Dakota that out-Doro Doro In their wolrd, uncanny shapes. But whilo these revolutionary senti ments lay under a conventional exterior, tho peaceful sheep browsed on in much the same place; oither remaining there from preconcerted action on the part of the timorous creatures who wero willing to contribute themselves to the scene, or becauso of invisible tethering. I finally asked my hostess at a house I had visited what soothing sirup they used to keep their Southdowns exactly in range of the windows. "Thoyaro very accommodating, aren't they?" she said, "and I've noticed, also, that my daughter's pony has a way of joining the group whenever it would bo a most successful time for him to appear." If we Americans soem to bo lacking in the bump of veneration, it is only in speech, not in deed. I visited in a charm ing household in Kensington one day, where tho young people were wishing to do us honor. They lived in London and enjoyed.it, but they still spoko the language of tho United States and had not lost the national capacity for en thusiasm. The houso they rented was full of heirlooms, and the book-shelves and cupboards and closets stuffed with books, old and choice and many of them presentation copies. On the fly leaf was often the autograph of some distin guished person that would fetch guineas at a sale. There seemed to have been no effort on the part of the house-owner, who, it goes without saying, was a person of distinction, to preserve or even put away these priceless volumes. Over the tea-table tho vivacious American girl gave us a little running account of some of these treasures. "What do you think we have unearthed now," she said, "from away back in a closet that seemed given over to rubbish'.' Noth ing less than the Queen's book, and on the flyleaf written, 'Albert wished it" There was not a trace of awe in her tone, only a girl's happy laughter; "and you can't imagine what a state we are in to decide what ho wished." It was the Queen's presentation copj to their landlord. "My brother and I feel so injured becauso she is so brief," sho went on. "Wo dispute whether Albert wished her to write tho book or to give it to this especial friend, or what." There was not a shade of difference in her tone in speaking of the Queen from that she would havo used in speaking of any other woman. I thought with gleo of my charming landladies, thoso three loyal, high-bred English women, whoso tones sank to a suouueu nusii wnen victorias name was uttered. O, if they only could have heard this clever, unconscious, an imated girl refer to their sovereign as if she was made of just buoh clay as we are! Elizabeth B. Custer, in St Louis Republic. VON MOLTKE'S JUDGMENT. Ilia Quick and Unerring Comprehension ol the Situation. Any caroful study of tho way in which Von Moltke, during a long and anxious period, maintained a firm grip upon the French capital and maneu vered subordinate armies over a greal part of France, serves to reveal his sterling qualities as a director of war. Throughout this period he retained a complete hold of the entire situation. He knew exactly when to strike, how much to demand of the troops, and how far his enemies were to bo respected. Never once thrown off his guard, never tempted to underrate his opponents, he allowed the perfect balance of judg ment which is unquestionably genius. It is not pretonded that this was strate gy in its highor aspects; but there were sufficient chances of error, and a mind less great, a nature less patiently care ful, would have been carried away by tho tremendous successes obtained against the regular armies of France. It is the completeness of tho genius of tho man which fifty years hence will impress tho military student In the diary of tho lato Emperor Frederick there aro stray notes which convey a vivid Impression of tho strength and decision of Von Moltke's character. On August 20, after tho great battles round Mctz, wo read of "Moltke quite cool and clear as over; determined to march on Paris; ills marck moderate and by no means san guine." November 23, by which date tho activity of the French army of the Loire was assuming great development, is referred to as "a moment of exciting combinations. Moltke explalus the en tire situation with tlio utmost clearness and moderation; has always considered and calculated everything and constant ly hits the right nail on the head; but Rooa's shoulder shrugs and spitting, and Podbielsko's Olympian assurance often influence the king." On January 15, Von Werdor having expressed a wlnh to bo allowed to raise tho siugo of Bel fort, "Moltlto reud this out, and added with icy and Imperturbable calm: 'Your majesty will doubtless permit mo to in form Gen. Von Wouler that ho has sim ply to remain whero he is and beat the enemy whero he finds him.' Moltke appears to me tu be beyond all praise. ithin a second ho hud settled tho whole affair." Such glimpses show tho great chief of the staff in an unmia Uikublo light Edinburgh Review. FIRESIDE FRAGMENTS. Potatoes a la Mattrs d'Hotol: Wash, potatoes nnd boll thorn in cold water slightly salted. When done, peel thorn, and cut in thin, round slices. Put thomv into a saucepan with throo tablespoon fuls of butter, salt, popper, and a llttlo nutmeg, tho juico of a lemon and a tablespoonful of chopped parsloy, and, when very hot servo with the fish. Housekeeper. Chocolate Vanilla Creams: Tako two cups of pulverized sugar and a half cup of cream. Boll for flvo minutes, and divide off into balls whilo hot Tako as much grated choclolato as is neces sary and steam over a tca-kottlo. When soft, covor tho balls and set away to harden. If you wish to havo a vanilla flavor, add tho extract boforo putting; on stove. Ladles' Homo Journal. Spread Englo Pudding. Cut off tho crust of three good-sized rolls, and sllco them in a dish; sot threo pints of milk over the fire, and let it scald, but not boil; then pour over the bread; covor it close and lot It stand an hour; then put In a large spoonful of sugar, a very little grated nutmeg, a pound of suet, half a pound of currants, four spoonfuls of cold milk, ten eggs but tho whites of five only after all ingrcdlonts aro in, mix well and put in a buttered dish, and bake. Boston Herald. To cure tho very worst cold catch ablo, take one teaspoonful of flaxseed, one ounce of licorice, and one quarter of a pound of raisins Put the abovo named ingrodionts into two quarts of water, and over a slow fire boil it dowa to one-half its original bulk Now, pound till very fine one-quarter of a pound of rock candy, add It to tho mix ture, and finish by adding ono table spoonful of lemon juice. Drink half a pint of this upon going to bed, and a. llttlo more whenever tho cough is troublesome. This is a sovereign bal samic cordial for tho lungs. Detroit Free Press. Beefsteak bones need never bo thrown away, as they will make an ex cellent soup. Crack tho bones in pieces and put them in a closely covered sauce pan with just enough water to covor them; let them simmer slowly a couplo of hours, then add two sliced potatoes, two carrots chopped fine and ono sliced onion. If you want a tomato soup, odd, half a dozen tomatoes peeled and slicod, or tapioca or vermicelli. Add as much water as you will need for the quantity of soup desired, boil for two hours, re move the bones, season and serve. N. Y. Tribune. Apple Cream Cako (excellent) Onc-hal cupful each of sugar and sweet milk, ono egg, one-third cupful (scant) of melted butter, ono tcaspoonful each, of lemon and cream tartar, and one half tcaspoonful of soda mixed with flour to make a smooth batter, by sift ing twice. This will make three rounds in layer-cake tins. Between the layers and on tho top put a filling made by grating one largo sour apple, adding one cupful of sugar, tho beaten white) of an egff, ono tcaspoonful of vanilla, and beating together with an egg beater. Good Housekeeping. NEW WINE IN OLD BOTTLES. The IIIrIi Percentage In the llreakoge ot Champagne Tiottlos. Tho quality of tho bottles for cham pagne is an important matter. Unless their strength is very considerable thero is suro to bo terrible wasto by breakage. Their price is a sensiblo Item in the manufacturer's budget and, curiously enough, it is found that cham pagne bottles can not be used a second time, as the pressure to which they aro subjected seems, in somo unexplained fashion, to strain tho glass so as to make it unsafe for future use. Indeed, it is stated that a thrifty manufacturer who once made tho experiment of put ting new wine in old bottles, to tho number of 3,000, spoedily found his col lars filled with broken glass and Hooded with wine, less than a scare of bottles out of the whole remaining intact Sometimes a solution of cane-sugar is added beforo the wine is bottled, but this depends on the character of tho particular vintage. The grapo juice of 1874, for example, was naturally, in point of sweotnesb, about equivalent to that of an average year plus 3 per cent, of sugar, and in that case, and, in deed, whenever tlo grapes are not distinctly doticicnt in saccharine con stituents, and therefore in effer vescence, no sugar would be added until a later stage. After being bottled, tho wino is at onco corked, the corks are secured with an ingenious contriv ance which dispenses with wires, and the bottles are usually kept in the) warehouses above ground, at a. tem- peraturo warm enough to encourage) effervescence, unless, indeed, the, wino contains sufficient carbonic acid gas to make it possible to dispense with thii stage. Then they nro sent down to tho cellars, aro stacked in a horizonal posi tion, and aro left to maturo for a period varying from eight to ten months to three or even four years. The loss from breakage, though muoh less than it used to be, is still very serious. The average proportion of burst bottlo" is about seven percent, but in particular years, and in particular cellars, it is sometimes as little as two or three per cent, while, on tho other hand, there is occasionally, for no obvious reason, a regular epl t.'omlc of breakage, resulting in tho tlmost ontiro destruction of bin after bin of wino. When the champagne is considered ripo for the market the bote t'es are placed in specially constructed. rack3, with their necks inclining ob liquely downward, so that the sedlmunfa may attach itself to tho cork. With tha object of dislodging tho deposit from tho glasb to which it lias clung, each bottle is at this stage turned dully (with a slight shaku) to the extent of ono olghth of its circumference, and though this work is done with extraordinary quickness, practice makes tho manipu lation so accurate thut every bottle completes tho circle in exactly eight days; in other words it Is just that tima before tho top sido of tha bottle bo co, nes uppormobt again. This opera tion continues for six or eight weeks, at the end of which time all the sediment has, as a rule, descended into the neolc of tho bottle, leaving tho bulk of tha wino clear aud bright CoruhUl Magt sine. '