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' A INAUGURATED. MoJ. MoKlnloy Absuiiiob tho Funo tdons of Qovornorohlp. An Itnpotlnc l'Kgcnnt of Military Clvl' Organisations WltneMetl by Vfut llirnne of People Othor 'f State Odloera Bworn In Tba Evening Ileoeptlon. and a Cot,TJrmjs, Jan. 12. -William MoTCln Jjey, Jr., was Inaugurated govornor of Ohio yesterday with an oolat of Impos ing' pagcntry and numbers unexampled in tho state's history. Notwithstanding tho Bovorlty of tho winter weather tho city was crowded with people from all parts of Ohio and largo delegations from neighboring states. Not sinco tho na tional Grand Army encampment of 1B83 lias. Columbus been tho theater of such crowds nnd enthusiastic, demonstra tions. The grand occasion has been non-partisan, tho political friends nnd foes of the now governor all joining wh tho utmost harmony and zeal in the Inauguration exorcises and parade. All tho btato institutions and city schools had a holiday to witness the grand demonstration, which Ohio's capital never saw on any grander scale rsr with more enthusiasm. Hours beforo tho gubernatorial chair passed from tho occupancy ot ono great political chieftain to his successful op ponent, tho streets wcro crowded and 'general business largely susponded. At 11:30 a. m. tho legislature, supremo court, state officers and members of tho press assembled in the senate chamber, and there, preceded by Qov. Campbell and Qor.-clcct McKinloy, marched to tho rotunda of the capltol, whore a stand had been erected for tha ceremo nies. Usually these have taken place -on the cast terrace of tho capltol, but llaj. McKlnley having just recovered tfrotn la grippo it was deemed prudent ot to oxposo him to tho wintry blasts without At noon, after a happy introduction apecch by Gov. Campbell, Chief Justice Marshall J. Williams, of the supremo court, administered the oath of office to Maj. McKinloy, who- thereupon assumed tho functions of tho governor ship, lie then delivered his Inaugural address, surrounded on the stand by his wife, Mrs. McKinlcy, Ex-Uov. Campbell And family, tho legislature, supremo court, members of tho press, relatives -of his family and otlior distinguished nnd invited guests. Upon the conclu sion of Gov. MoKiuley's inaugural, ho and his staff nnd party proceeded to tho grand stand on East Broad street to roview tho parade. Mrs. McKinlcy and lady friends witnessed it from Mr. Henry T. Chittenden's commodious res idence. Tho procession was divided into three divisions, all under the command of ex-Adjt-Gcn. II. A. Axlinc. The whole brigado of tho first division was pre ceded by Llbertia's band, of Cincin nati, with slxty-fivo pieces, followed by the Lincoln club, of that city, 227 in cumber, followed by elevon republican clubs over tho stato and four bands, and the Rucyrus guards. Tho second brigado was preceded by Bellstcdt'a Cincinnati band, of sixty pioccs, fol lowod by tho Blaine club of that city, 790 in number, followed by fourteen republican clubs and three bands.- The Lincoln and Blaine clubs, of Cincinnati, Garfield club, of Dayton, aud Lincoln club, of this city, from their large num bers, imposing appearance and olegant uniforms wcro the recipients of tumul tuous cheers all along the line. The second division was preceded by the G. A. It band of Canton, Gov. Mc Kinley's home, and tho Cleveland Grays, the finest military company in Ohio, And which acted as the governor's es cort of honor. It was followed by a long array of organizations of Knights of I'ythios. young ladles' club of Toledo, of Junior Order of American Mechanics, of Patriotic Sons of America, of Inde pendent Order of Odd Fellows, repub lican clubs, a large number of mlscal lancous organizations, city, county and -state officials. The third division consisted of the First, Second, Third, Fifth, Eighth, Fourteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth regiments of infantry, and Ninth bat talion and First regiment of artillery. It was 3 o'clock, standard time, before the procession moved, and the streets wore densely packed all along tho line, which embraced the very heart of the city. Tho parade had over 0,000 men in line, made up of political clubs, soci eties, commanderies, military and semi military organizations and the Ohio National Guard, was the grandest ever vitnesscd at any gubernatorial inaugu ration in this city. Tho procession was over a mile in length. Gov. McKinloy remained on tho reviewing stand until tho last man had passed, and was then driven back to the hotel. Ex-President Rutherford B. ilaycs wan present at tho inauguration. No accidents occurred to mar the day's ceremonies, and all political feel ing was hushed on this memorable oo caslon. Lieut Gov. A. L. Harris, Attorney General D. IC Watson, Stato Treasurer V. T. Cope, Stato Auditor E. W. Poe, Commissioner of Public Works C. E. Groco aud Food Commissioner W. J. McKenn wero subsequently sworn In in their respective offices in tho capltol. Gov. and Mrs. McKlnley gave a re ception to the public last night at their "headquarters at tho Chittenden hotel Gov. McKlnley bravely stood tho fa tigue incident to his Inauguration, al though ho hnd only a fow days before ariuen.from his sick bed. HINTS FOR THE HOME. Fon toothacho try oil of Bassafras and apply It frequently if necessary. If tho color has been talton out of silks by fruit stains ammonia will 'usually restore the color. To jmiaimcN carpets wipe thorn with warm water In which has boon poured a few drops of ammonia. . A aoon liniment for Inflammation, Thoumatism, swellings, etc., is ollvo.oll -well saturated with camphor. When onions aro being cooked the strong disagreeable odor may bo les Boncd by placing vinegar on tho ctova. Work of the legislature. rroneedtnfr or tha I.XXth Rculon of the Ohio (enerM AMembljr. Columbus, Jan. &.Stnat joint resolution was adopted authorizing the secretary ol state to furnish each member n sat ot tho revised statutes (or their uso In tho discharge ot their duties. Lieut. Gov. Marquis appointed Messrs. Nichols, Van Clear, Gear, J. L. Carpenter and HUdcrbrand on tha committed to draft resolu tions on tho death of ex-Senator J. P. Adams A. committee selected to appoint additional pages reported tho following names! Charles Hunter. Nile. Trumbull county; Wllllo Kldd, St Clalrsvllle; Frunlc 10. Chcstnutt, Cleveland; Charles Cormany, Cincinnati. A resolution was Introduced to provide for tho appointment ot a doorkeeper nt n salary of $1 per day. Adjourned. xToute-DIUs Introduced! To provide for tho building of an Insane asylum In eastern Ohio, cast of tho lino north of and south alone tho west lino of Stnrlt county; appropriating 81,000 for oxponso of commission and 8200,000 for building tho Institution! to nmend tho election ho as to cliango tho penalty clauso for violation of tho registration law to mako It valid; nmcndlng tho election law so as to Increase tho pay of judges from 81.50 to 83 per day: amending Bcotlon 4, 12.1 so as to pro vldo for proof of sheep clulms beforo township trustees Instead of county commissioners; to reorganize tho Ohio penitentiary by substuv tlally rc-cnaotlng tho law of 1880! to rcorganizo tho city government of Columbus nnd provide for tho federal plan; authorizing thu mayor ol Clnclnnntl to appoint nn Inspector of e'cctlons, with ono or moro assistants; to provldo for graduation from tho common schools of sub Istrlcts nnd special districts; that when ever a surety bond Is forfeited the surotloH shall be llablo pro rata. Sen nto joint resolution to nppofnt a committee of three from tho senate und live from the house to prepare nnd reKrt joint rules wus adopted under suspcuslou of thu rules. The ministers of tho kosin:! of Columbus, of all denominations, wero invited to open tho dally sessions of tho houso with prayer, in a resolution ollercd by Mr. Hotter, of Montgomery county, and adopted. Senato joint resolution to hold a joint session Wednesday nt 11 o'clock a. m. to count the voto of stato ofllcorx was passed. A bill was intro duced by Mr. Taylor, of Champaign, and passed, appropriating 851,000 from tho general expense fund for tho expenses of tho legislature, includ ing salaries and mileage. Adjourned. Cor.UMniiB. Jan. a.StnatiTbo senate trans acted very little business to-day. The larger part of tho day was devoted to counting tho vote for stato ofllccrs In joint session. Gov. Campbell sent the following nomination to tho senato to-day, nil nf which wero referred to their nrnner committees; II. F. HUrdcll. member of tho stato board of pardons, vtco J. K. Malloy, resigned; Dan Mllltlsln, Butler county, trustee of Mlamlunivcrslty: Andrew.!. Scott, of Ashland county, member of Htato board of health; C. C. Davidson, of Stark county, und Adolph Lane, of Hamilton county, trustees or Ohio university, vice John Hancock nnd C. S. Welsh, deceased: William Geyser, l-'ulton county, trusteo of tho Toledo insane asylum. Adjourned. ' JiounKr. Ely, or Fulton county, Introduced' a bill to amend section 10, ot the Australian bal lot law so that the blank space before tho party name of each tlckct'shall bo in the form nf ii cir cle, nil other spaces provided In which to mark, tho choice of candidates or questions submitted to voto of the penplo shall be In the form of n square or u rectangle. Hills Introduced: Amending school laws so as to make It optional with townships to have township superintend ents or sLhoofs; authorizing counties to appro priate money to pay oxidases ot member or thuG. A. It. to the national encampment at Washington where thoy are unable to pay .their own expenses: to make it compulsory on p.irt or trial judge to grant or refuse nn instruction asked to be given to n jury berore tho argument to the Jury begins. Adjourned. '. , Coi.UMiius, Jan. 7. Stiiatf The senato held a short session during tho forenoon and trans acted a little routine business. Two bills were' passed us follows: To provide ror the meeting or the decennial bourd or Cleveland to restore records recently lost by tiro; to authorize thu commissioners oi iaico county to enango loca tion ot a bridge authorized to bo built over Grand river on tho line of Stato street, near Pnlncsvtlle. Mr. McConlca introduced ablll in tho senate to amend nn net creating n lioard or sinking fund trustees for Cincinnati. The ob ject or the bill is to make tho present act consti tutional, of which there Is some doubt. A reso lution was adopted by the senate granting tho uso of the senate chamber to tho state board or agrlculturu for their meeting on January 11. Ad journed till tho Uth. fltnurThv session of tho house opened up with a tilt between members on the republican side or tho aisle. Mr. Wydman, of Hamilton countv, wanted the bill to amend the board of control law of Cincinnati m as to cure a defect and allow tha board to employ a clerk, to be taken from the special committee and to have It read tho third time and placed'on its passage; Mr. Taylor, of Champaign county, opposed the motion of Mr. Wydman, und n rather acrimoni ous discussion followed. Mr. Wydman llnally withdrew his motion and the bill was referred to tho Hamilton county delegation. The bill was artcrwards reported by the special commit tee nnd passed without opposition. Hills Intro duced Providing that children in all school dis tricts shall, when living ono nnd one-hair miles from thu school building in the district to which they are attached, attend tho school of adjoin ing districts when tho building or the latter Is moro easy or access; to amend scctioa 10 or thu ballot law ho as to require all electors to place it mark berore the name or each candtdato ror whom ho desires to voto; amending section "1 13 sons to provldo that not less than two physicians shall bo members or each local board or health. Adjourned to tho 11th. Coi.UMmrs, O., Jan. II. Stnati Tho follow ing bills wcro Introduced in tho senato to-day: Supplementing seotlon 6733 by providing that when Judgment ror wages Is rendered by u jus tico and same is taken up on error and afllrmed In higher court that Slnshall be Included In costs ror attorney of defendant in error: supplemental to section 6o63 by providing that when plaintiff recovers Judgment for wages as claimed in hU bill or particulars, thero shall be Included In the costs 85 for his attorney. If dofendant nppcnls and jndgment is afllrmed there shall be Included In costs an additional fee of 815 for hLs attorney: supplementing section 31KI by providing that when a loan of not moro than $250 is made and secured by mortgage or Hen or otherwise tho rate of interest charged shall not In any manner or form exceed 8 per cent, per annum on amount loaned, and tho total ot nil charges whatsoever, including drawing mortgages or other docu ments, examination of title und appraisement of property, shall not exceed tho sum of Sft or the rate of 10 per cent, per annum on amount loaned; amending section YM by giving tho trial judgo tho power to determine and allow comiiensntlon of attorneys defending Impecunious clients ,by appointment or tho court-.nuthorUing the coun cil of Coshocton to numu and dcbignuto tho streets. Mr. Nichols offered u resolution au thorizing tho president of that body to revise tho Judicial districts and report a suitable bill on tho subject. The sennto by resolution llxcd January "0 ns tho day to hear and determine tho cputested election caso of Wilson II. Snook, contestor, against Silas T. Sutphcn, con testco for judge of common pleas court. In sec ond sub-division or Third judicial district. Lieut Gov. Harris wus sworn In. Adjourned. House Representative Drlttulu, or Columbi ana, to-day luld tho foundation for some polit ical llroworks In tho near future when he offered tho following resolution, which was laid over under tho rules: Whereas, It has been' publicly charged that Calvin S. llrlco, nt present holding tho office of United States senator from Ohio, was not. at tho tlmo of his election, nn Inhabitant ot tho stato from which he was elected, and that ho has no constitutional right to the ofllco ho now holds, therefore Resolved, That propor action should be taken to investigate tho above charges and determine whether or not Calvin S. Hrlio has a legal right to represent .Ohio In the senate of tho United States. Hills introduced: Prohibiting the publication in Ohio nowspapers of advertisements of pro prietary medicines for the euro of veneral dis cuses. Tho penalty for a violation of tho act is n lino of from 8101) to 81,000 and Imprisonment from sixty days to ono year. Mr. Dougherty offered a joint resolution providing for tho pub lication of thu roster of Ohio soldiers in regi mental volumes, making each a separate book. Adjourned. Russia has ordered 600,000 rifles from French manufacturers, and has given contracts for a still larger number to authors In her own country. On tho 1st of July, lKM,;shb expects' to hao 1,704, 000 now rifles. ' QtriT. Sononr.r.T) ordora that all tho men entering tlw army shall bo vac cinated. In order to becomo good sol diers It Is necessary for them to "coma tip to tho scratch," Tint horso has no eyebrows, and If much wlilto Is visible In tho eyo Itsoli It Is a sure slt;n of a vicious nature. INAUGURAL ADDRESS Of Governor William McKinloy to tho Ohio Gonoral Aoaombly. Proirreis or the State Reviewed The Fnb Ha Institutions and Agricultural In tnrente The CanaU tteoom- menilntloitK llejrnrdlnc the , New Ilnltot t,r nnd Con- greislnntil Itedls- trlctlng. GEttTMtMr.ttorTnr. Or.NnitAt. AsanMm.Y:.. I approach tho administration ot tho ofllco with which I have been clothed by tho pcoplo, decj ,y sensible of Its responsibilities, and re solved to dlschargu its duties to tho best of my ability. It Is my doslro to co-opcrato with you In every endoavor to secure a wise, economical nnd honornblo administration, nnd, so far as can bo done, tho Improvement and clovatloa of tho public service rnonnERS or onto. Tho progress of Ohio In population and wealth between 1880 nnd 1890, as evidenced by tho eloventh census of tho United Slates, will bo received by tho peoplo of tho stato with prldo nnd satisfaction. During this decade the population of tho stato Increased ncnrlv 15 per cent,, wllllo that of municipalities, Including cities and towns of four thousand Inhabitants nnd upwards, In creased 43 per cent. Tho assessed vuluo of property in tho stato increased 10 per cent., nnd that of municipalities of moro than four thou sand inhabitants increased nearly 27 per cent. In 18S0 tho per capita of the stato debt propor was 83.13: in" 1890 it was only Sl.oi. seventy cities and towns ot Ohio of four thousand inhab itants and over, with nu aggrcgato population of 1,387,884 (or 38 per cent, of tho total population of tho state), havo reduced their municipal in debtedness until It is only 83.31 per capita. Agriculture, while for u number of years de pressed, shows in 1891 an Improvement whloh Is to bo hoped will bo permanent. In Cincinnati, according to tho report ot tho department ot agriculture, during tho year 1889. wheat was 78 ccntspe?l)Ushcl,whtloiu 1891 itwas 07 cents. Corn rose rrom 31 to 53 cents: ryo rrom 57 to 74 cents; and other products of tho farm show a like ad vanco In prices. Mines and mining also show a healthful ad--ancement. In 1880 tho netroleum output of tho Btato was 38.910 barrels, while In 1890 it was 11!, 471 ,P6. barrels. Tho coal output In 1880 was 0,008,595 tons, whilo In 18D0 It was 9,970.787 tons. The valuo of sandstone quarried In 1880 was fl.R71.S24. while in 1890 it was S3.O10.O50. Tho fish industry of tho lake shore has In creased greatly during tho decade. Tho num ber of persons uctually employed In taking llsh on the Ohio lake shores havo increased from 923 In 1880 to 1,207 In 1890. or n llttlo over 30 per cent. The capital Invested in this industry in 1880 amounted to 8173,800; In I890U was 81,207,100 an incrcaso of nearly 153 per cent., nnd while there were but nlno vessels engaged In this in dustry in 1880, there aro twenty-seven so en gaged to-day. There has been an increase in mileage of rail roads within tho limits of the stato of from 5,055 miles in 1880 to 7,042 in 1839, on their main tracks an Increase of 35 per cent. Tho cost and valuo of rullroarts and equipment havo increased from $.112,459,107 to 8802,583,817. The number of employes engaged upon tho lines In Ohio have lnerMKPd from 29.498 to 79.578. In 1880 tho ton nage of freight moved within the borders of the state was 48.511,180; in 1889 it was 83,132,810 an Increase ot 02 per cent. onto At the wont.D's faio. Coming now to a consideration of the subjects which claim the attention or tho legislature: ' The congress of tho United States deemed It fitting that the discovery of America should bo commemorated by an international exhibition of tho evidences of tho progress made In civiliza tion. It Is Intended to disclose what has been accomplished In industrial art and applied sci ence in every department of human activity. Tho government itself will mako un exhibit. Illustrating In a scientific way the resources of tho nation. Fifty-nine nations and llfty states and terrltorio f tho Union havo accepted in vitations to participate. Ohio was largely instrumental in securing the location ot the exposition at tho inland metropo lis of tho republic, near tho center of its agri cultural aud commercial Interests. Tho citizens of Chicago and tho state of Illinois have per formed their part in providing a mo3t desirable site, embracing a thousand acres ot land, with a floor-space double that of any previous expo sition, and more than 811,000,000. Not only snouia me legislature or unto sco to it that nmplo provision bo mado to havo u credit able exhibit rrom this stato, but the people and their representatives should also urge upon congress to take such action as will make this exposition worthy the great ovent it celebrates, and worthy also tho dignity und honor ot tho nation. STATE FINANCES. Tho appropriations for public purposes should not at a tlmo like this exceed the receipts of tho state treasury. Reports from tho state treas urer and state auditor show that this safe rulo has not at all times been followed. The receipts from regular sources last year were 83,419,000, while the.leglslature appropriated 83,078,410 an excess of appropriations over receipts of 8259, 410. It Is truo that 8332,000, being a part of tho amount received from tho general government ns a refund from the "direct tax" was passed to the credit or tho general revenue fund by the legislature, but this has already been exhausted, nnd tho state treasurer has been required to mako advance drafts on tho county treasurers to prevent a deficiency. This expedient or ad vance drafts, which has been moro or less re sorted to since 1885, Is contrary to sound busi ness principles, and should bo stopped. TAXATION. The pcoplo of tho state, while submitting pa triotically to all needed taxation for the publio service, are in no temper for increased taxation. Their insistency Is that all kinds or property shall bear equally tho burdens or taxation. Whllo this may bo lmnosslblo to secure, the legislature should make the nearest approach to It possible This ts a subject which will re qulre'your closest attention, and upon it I invito your best deliberation. It has occurred to me that It might be well tor tho legislature to create a board to bo called "Tho Stato Tax Revision Commission," that will take into consideration the whole subject ot state taxation und the powers of tho legisla ture thereon under tho constitution, and mako report to tho present general assembly, at the adjourned session. Tni: 1'iinuo instituti :s. Tho publio institutions of the s.ato appeal to legislature and executive for wiso ana liberal treatment, unoy suouiu De proviaea wun an needed appropriations. Tho care ot tho helpless and unrortunato should not be s' ed. Prudeut liberality toward them on the p... i. ot tho legis lature will receive tho approval ot tho people of the stato. In tho performance of the duties imposed upon mo ia connection with these Institutions, it will bo my aim to give them tho services of the oestmen oi me suite, ivuoso integrity nnu ca- ?iaclty will insure tnoconuaencoot the pcoplo in heir administration. There should bo a determination to prevent lnofllclcncy und demoralization In tho manage ment of tho Btato institutions through tho intro duction of cxtrcmo partisanship. Tho Ohio Stato reformatory nt Mansfield should bo completed. It Is poor economy to leave tho buildings unfinished and In u measure unprotected. Tho stato has already appro priated on land, oxcavating and buildings, up wards of 8430,000. Hut tho smull appropriations made from tlmo to time havo not enabled tho stato to take ndvantngo of bolter contracts whloh could havo been made with larger nppro- Rrlations. It Is reported by tho board that o,000 are required to complete the institution, nnd this amount, or so much thereof as can bo used to advantage, should be appropriated with out delay. Tho penitentiary nt Columbus Is al ready overcrowded. There aro many lnnntes, guilty or tholr tlrst felony, who aro not hardened criminals, who aro young, and who could ho mnde good citizens by separating them from their present ussociatcs, instructing them in some useful employment, subjecting them to strict discipline, und giving them proper mental and moral training. AOHICUOTUBAL INTE1IEST3. A law was passed by tho last legislature pro viding for the selection of a permanent location for an agricultural experiment station. Such location, I am advised, has been secured In Wayne county, .where a valuable tract of land and a donation of money havo been made by the nounty. Permanent buildings will bo needed for tho successful operation or the Important work to bo carried on at the station, and In order, that thero may bo no unnecessary delay In the prose cution of experiments of so much consequence to both producers and consumers. I recommend thut a reasonable appropriation be mado promptly to this end. . You need not bo reminded that agriculture la one of tho most Important of our Industries, and that it should rcceivo at your hands tho most intelligent and considerate attention. The far mersalways conservative, und alwuys loyul to home and country will not, It Is believed, seek any legislation whloh thoy do not consider for tho general good. Your consideration Is directed to two out standing llnanclul obligations ot the statu board of agriculture. On thu cost of tho grounds nnd buildings ot tho stato fair Is yot un Indebtedness of (05,000. To float thu second mortgago of 820.. 009, tho members of the stato board of agricul ture assumed u personal liability ror vayment, and It is now asked by the boaid that xa appro priation or 820,000 t nude by the slate tore- deetn these bonds, nnd that provision be mad for paying tho Interest on tho dobt. Thorn ts also a debtor 88,000 in unpaid premiums nnd prizes, authorized, It is said, by the legislature, nnd for which tho board dlsolalms responsibility. OOUNTttY nOADS. I Tho great need In many, sco lions of Ohio Is good country roads. This Is n subject of 'tin portanco not only to agriculturists, hut nffeots every material Interest In thontnte, and Is re ceiving very general attention throughout other states In tho Union. I Invito tho uttontlon ot the legislature to tt with tho ob.i that some plan bo dovlsed, which, with tho concurrence of tho nconlo. will lead to theimnrovementof our publio highways, so that thoy will bo servicea ble In winter us well ns summer. Many of our country roods aro almost impassable during several months of tho year. Thoy should bo good tho year round for tho safoty and conven ience or trnvol nnd transportation. Tho consideration or this subject by tho legis lature would lead to discussion among tho farm ers ot tho slate, which would furnish valuablo suggestions to tho legislature. PHOTKCTION TO ItAlMtOAD EMPLOYES. Your attention is called to tho lmportanco of making every provision poaslblo for the hotter protection of railroad cmployes'wlthln tho stato. Their service Is'of tho most hazardous charac ter, and railroads should bo required to equip their lines with every Improvomont calculated to provent accident. There nro nearly 80,000 persons employed by tho railroads within tho limits of Ohio, who servo tho publio with great danger to llfo nnd health, and nothing should bo withhold from them which legislation can do to throw around them every possible safeguard. Tho last report of tho Interstate commerco commission, up to Juno 30, 1891, shows that In that year 2,151 railroad employes wero killed, nnd 22,391 others wero Injured. It is bollovcd that u largo percentage of this fearful sacrifice, of llfo and limb can bo prevented by the enforce ment of proper legislation. THK CANALS. What shall bo dono with the cnnalsf Shall they bo abandoned, or shall they bo maintained and Improved? Kvery year the question be comes more pressing. Each annual controversy over appropriations develops n stronger opposition than the pre ceding one. Unth the friends and opponents of the canals agree that tho policy which has" pre vailed Tor some years past can not continue much longer. Tho canals havo been preyed upon and allowed to go to ruin, and now every succeeding legislature refuses to npproprlato enough money to put them In proper condition. Tho question does not involve appropriations nlonc, but tho modernization of public water ways. Not only experts, but the public at largo nave arrivca nt tne conclusion tnnt u tno canals are to be continued, thero must bo some well matured plan for their Improvement In tho in terest of cheap and better transportation. Throughout the whole country thero is nt this timo unusual attention being paid to the general subject of waterways. An Increased activity In tho building and improvement of canals Is no- tlccablo In some of tho most progressive nations of tho world particularly where commercial competition is the keenest. Of this, France and Germany nfford conspicuous examples. In En gland there aro several 'vast ship caunl schemes under way nnd in projection. This revival of interest in canals Is tt o alio as to a number of our sister states. So., 'states that havo aban doned their cannls now regret that action, and several are endeavoring to recover tho tranchlso which had been disposed or to prlvato Individ uals or to corporations. Canada is now seeking, by enlarging and extending her canals, to securo a largo portion ot tho grain-carrying trade of this continent. In this connection nttcntion Is called to a de monstration in Ohio of the valuo of Improvement oi water-ways, viz: xne musKingum river, navigation on which will be resumed in tho com ing spring. It should ever be kept In mind that tho canal system of Ohio represents franchises and rights of way and privileges of enormous valuo. Tho aggrcgato length of tho canals of Ohio Is 097 miles. The original cost of construction was 814,340,572.59. Thero are also 29,000 acres of res ervoirs wuicn icca mo canais an pumio prop- crtv. Tho canal system of Ohio Is a rich heritage to tho stato which has been largely squandered. It is time to-call a halt to the policy of disposing of tho people's property without adequate com pensation. It Is tor the nconlo to say what thev will do with their own, but they should have full In formation before they Torcvcr dispossess them selves ol two such valuable rranchlscs as those appertaining to tho Miami and Erie canal and tho Ohio canal. This is a matter of general Interest to every section of tho state, and Is not limited to the territory through which tho canals pass. Ucforc tho people or tho legislature can act upon this Important question with intelligence and with a due rccard to interests or tho stato. It is manifest that they should be in possessloa of more Information than is now at hand. It is therefore recommended that, in addition to making tho usual appropriations for tha canals, the legislature crcato a iwdy, with en gineering, legal and business qualifications, to mako a complete report as to tho canals of Ohio giving their orUln. the rights of the stato as to title, their cost, their earnings in tho past and present, their value as franchises for rail road or other purposes, as nearly us can be es timated, and particularly as to the possibility and advisability of improving them und increas ing their usefulness to the people. Already there Is in existence u body, which, It is suggested, could with propriety be intrusted with this Important work the canal commis sion. TnE NEW BALLOT LAW. The new ballot law, trom my observation nnd lnrormatlon, meets with very general favor In its scopo and purpose, although imperfect in some ot Its features. It is a step in the right direction and should not be touched except where it can bo improved. It can, no doubt, be mado to better servo Its purpose by amend ments which experience has already suggested. At tho recent stato election thousands ot electors voted for the candidates for gov ernor of their respective parties who wcro at the head of tho tickets, believing that they were voting the entire party ticket. This occurred as to all the party tickets. Tho true Intent of the elector was therefore not registered by the Judges, for they were required to count such ballots only for the candidate beforo whose name u cross was placed. Would it not bo advisable to provide that there should be but one method ot marking the ballot namely, by requiring the elector to place a cross mark in front of tho name of every candidate for whom he desires to vote? Tho duties of county und city bonnls of elec tions should be more clearly defined. A "deadlock" as to signing tho returns, and another as to issuing a ccrtltieato of election In one of the senatorial districts, and the lack of remedy in tho courts to solve tho dllllculty, show that in other particulars there Is impera tive oemana ror amenaments to tne law. Tho caso referred to suggests tho following: When such a difficulty ns that presented to tho Muskingum county board arises, and tho county board refuses to send in a legal return, tho count should nevertheless bo made or tho returns from the counties regularly made, and a certificate issued to tho person thus nppearlng to bo elected, so that tho foundation can bo laid forn contest, and tho district not deprived of representation, becauso the law and tho courts are Ineffectual to give relief. CONOUESSIONAL nKDlSTUICTINO. You will be required under tho now census to rcdlstrlct the state for representatives in con gress. This will afford you nn opportunity to nrrango tho districts with fairness to all. Make tho districts so fair In their relation to tho po litical divisions ot our pcoplo that they will stand until a now census shall bo taken. Mako them so impartial that no future legislature will dare disturb them until a now census and a now congressional apportionment will makoachungo imperative. Extremo partisanship in their ar rangement should be avoided. There is a sense of fair play among tho pcoplo which is prompt to condemn a flagrant mlsusoof party advantage at tho exuenso of nonular Buffraae. Partlsanshin Is not to bo discouraged, but encouraged In all i things where principle is nt smite; out a parti sanship which would tako from tho peoplo their just representation, as In tho caso of tho con gressional redisricting by tho Inst legislature. Is an abuBO of power which tho pcoplo aro swift to rebuke. You must havo observed from tho returns of tho lato election that the party which carried the stato by a plurality ot moro than twentV'Ono thousand and which received a plu rality in llf ly-ono counties of tho elghty-clght la Ohio, carried but seven congressional districts of the twenty-one tho minority party thug controlling two-thirds of the congressional dis tricts, ana the malorlty party only one-third. It will bo your duty to re-cnfranchlse tho citizens of Ohio who were disfranchised by tho last leg islative "gerrymander," und to restore to ths people their rightful voice in the national houso of rcprcbentatlves. Free suffrage Is of little service to tho citizen It Its forco can bo defeated by legislative mnchlm 'ons in the form of u "gerrymander." Tho 6. rlcts should bo made so as to give the party majority In tho Htato a majority of representatives, und so arranged that It tho party majority shall change tho rep prescr.tatlre mujorlty shall also change iti'si'ONsiniLiTr or the "AJoiirry. The elections of last November havo given tc ono of tho political parties of tho stato an al most unprecedented majority In both branches of the legislature. Solnrgun majority will re quire from overy member of tho dominant party tho exercise of tho greatest conservatism. I need not remind you that exceptional responsi bility follows tha great trust which has been reiKJscd in you by the peoplo, who In turn will hold you to tho highest und strictest accounta bility. Tom "Honesty is tho best policy. " .Tack "Why don't you put that theory Into practice" Yankee 11 lade. A DHADLY BLAST. Horrible Ilrsulti or an Kxpioilon In all Indian Territory Mine Forty-Nine Dead Ilodlea Taken Out, and It la Thought tltn Deulh-I.Ut Will Ilench 130. South MoAi.ubtrp., I. T., Jan. 0. Thn horrors of tho Diamond mine dis aster nt Brnldwood, 111., about eight years ngo, woro rocnactcd hero Thurs day night and Friday except that In tins instanco lire instead of flood was tho instrument of 'destruction. As tho miners wcro preparing to leavo shaft No. 11 at Krobs, 5 miles from here, operated by tho Osago Coal & Mining Company, shortly after 5 o'tlock Friday evening, a terrific ex plosion occurred spreading death among 400 or moro miners at work. I is impossible at present to obtain any acuurato information as to tho number of tho lives lost or persons injured, but, it is known that at least 100 men aro entombed, in the mine, and it is ouly possible tc ' ascer tain their number by a canvass t from houso to house, which is being made by a committuo appointed for tho purpose. A careful estimate by Assistant Man ager Krobs places tho dead at 130 and the injured at 'J00. Of these at least 100 will die, as thoy nro burned so that the flesh is dropping from their bones. At 11 o'clock Friday night forty-nino bodies hnd been recovered from the shaft Of these twonty-thrao had bcem identified. Tho explosion occurred about fi p. m. Thursday, at which time there were about 400 men nt work in tho mine. They wcro the day shift, and wcro jusl preparing to ascend when the explosion took place. Six men who had already been hoisted in tho cngo had just stepped on tho platform .at tho side of the shaft The cage was blown rough tho roof of tho tower and r0 feet into the air. Flames shot up the shaft und nbove the ground fully 100 feet, which were followed by a terrific report which was heard for miles around and shook all the neighboring country vio lently. The men already above ground were prostrated by the force of tho explo sion, but did not receive severe inju ries. The scenes about tho mouth ol tho shaft immediately following were fearful in the extreme. Many of tho miners wero able to mako their way out of the tomb, and they were welcomed at the surface by their waiting friends. The Injured wero quickly talccn to places ot shelter and wcro tenderly cared for. One man with a broken leg climbed all tho distance of 400 feet through tho air shaft and fell unconscious as ho reached the surface. Others who were terriblj burned labored painfully up the ladder, strips of flesh falling from their hands and arms as they grasped the luddor I rounds. No attempt can yet bo mado to ex plore the mine. At overy landing dead and dying are talccn out Many bodies arc so burned that they are not recog nizable by anyone. Fully fifty have been taken out still alive aud placed in tho nearest homes, but of these five cannot live. The burns aro all of wide area, not to speak ot the effects of the inhalation of gasse's by the unfortu nates. There are now thirty bodies in the blacksmith shop awaiting disposal or identification. There are two encouraging facts which urge the rescuers on to the worlc No fire followed the explosion at least thero have been no signs oi any and there nre known to be live men entombed in the tunnol behind fallen bowlders. The rescuers can heat faint knockings and far off shoutings. They arc digging in tho direction whence the sounds como and hopo yet to rescue some of tho mcu alive. The mines havo long been regarded as dangerous, as thero are few escapes and tho ground is very gasy. Tho ex act cause, of tho fearful catastrophe is not known ns yet, but it is believed bj those who escaped to havo been caused by a premature explosion, which took place bofore the usual safety precau tions could be taken. FOUR MEN KILLED. A Jloller Explosion In Chicago Which Be- suits In Loai of Life. Chicago, Jan. 9. Four men were killed and two others -probably fatallj injured by a boiler explosion Fridaj evening in the Warren Springer build ing, 195-207 Canal street The names of the dead are: Patrick Rogers, fireman; Arthur Hall (colored), fireman; Edward Bush (colored), helper; John Lee (colored), fireman, died at county hospital. Tho injured are: James Higgins, fireman, badly burned about tho head, legs and hands; Henry Oswald, helper, horribly scald ed. A minute beforo tho explosion occurred the enginoor had made an Inspection of tho boilers and had found three gauges of wntui In each of them. The boiler room was completely wrecked, the center ol the room bolng heaped up with broken boilers, iros pipes and other debris, and lying beneath this mass wcro the six men, the sole occupants of the room. Tlio wreck was quickly cleared away and the killed and wounded re moved, the latter being sent to the county hospital. The damago tc tho building and machinery will not bo above 513,001) or 815, 000 and this is fully covered by insurance. No ono around the building seems able to account for the explosion, as all who aro connected with tho machinery and boilers declare that everything was in perfect ordei nnd that all the men wero attending to their duties. A Vtitorn.il Gone. Wabhinoton, Jan. 0. Rear Admiral C. R. P. Rodgers (retired) died here Frlduy evening of heurt trouble, lie had been ill for Home time. Christopher Raymond I'crry Itodgern wai born In Urooltlyu, N. V,, November it, 1810 His father was captain in tno navy una man of his ancestors occupied distinguished placet In tho government mtvIco. Ho served In tin Seminole and Mexican wars with dlutlnutloi and was commlssluned.n commander on Octobci 'fi, 1801, Ho, won distinction on tho Wabusl and as licet captain of Hear Admiral Uu l'onl'i Heet ut I'ort Koyal, as well us in tbu capture o Fori I'lulasltL lu 18(13 ho was ufcslgncU to tin command ot thu steam ioop Ituiuols. llulie cumo a commander August !5i, 1BTU, and rea admiral Juno H. 1KN. Novcmqor II, 1WI, he vr olaccd on tlio retired list TO RETALIATE. Vorclgn Nations Whloh Have Not Taltnn AiWitntitgo or the Iteclprnelty Schema Notified That Duties Will Ho Uestorixf on Tliclr l'rotluots March tS. Washington,. Jan. 8. Reciprocity retaliation will tako effect March 15. riicre never has been any doubt thr provisions In tho MoKlnlcy bill would bo strictly enforced, but "tho formal lotice of tho president's lntoutlon to .ssuo tho proclamation will show thu countries which first cntorcd into reci procity arrangements that good faith Is to be obsorved by tho United States. Tho countries with which arrange ments havo been concluded up to dato are Brazil, Spain for Cuba and Puerto f Rico, Santa Domingo, Guatemala, Sal vador, Costa Rica, tho British West Indies and Germany. Nego tiations with Peru, Ecuador nnd other South American countrlfs oxcopt Venezuela aro going forward satisfac torily. Venezuela has a considerable trndo with tho United States nnd could mako some concessions, but its present administration has temporized until now formal notice has bnoi served upon it. Hnyd a few months ago was ne gotiating n treaty which full through. It will now havo to go forward again. Nicaragua and Honduras havo not. much to offer, but thoy can keep peace with tho other Central American republics. Somo surprlso will bo felt hn Austria-Hungary should bo notified, but it producer beet sugar nntl can grant reductions In duties on American cereals just as Germauy has dono and as France will do. The concessions al ready secured make it certain thnt tha prcsidont can reimpose tho duties Kpoclfied without causing an increase In prico to tho consumer on any of the articles specified. The president has submitted to the nttornoy general the question whothei the law authorized him to issue a proc lamation fixing a future day when the duties Imposed by virtue of the proc lamation would take effect The attorney general has given an opinion that tho duties must attach and be collected on and after tho date of the proclama tion, and a future day cannot bo named by tho president Owing to this de cision and to tho fact that justice to importers of tho articles named in section 3 of tho tariff requlros that reasonable notice should ba given of the president's intend ed action, Secretary lllaino has sent notes to tho diplomatic repre sentatives in this city of Austria, Hun gary, Colombia, Haytl, Nicaragua, Honduras, Spain for the Philippine Islands and Venezuela, informing them that tho president would issue liia proclamation March 15 next, unless In the mcuntime somo satisfactory reciprocity arrangements should be made with tho countries named. Tho notico to Spain, however, only applies to the Philippine islands. Negotia tions with Franco aud some other countries have reached such a stage as, in the opinion of tho prcsidont, to war rant the secretary of state in' with holding notico to them of a proclama tion affecting their products. FUNDS FOR FARMERS. Senator IViffctr's lilll to Lend 8100,000, 01)0 to Tillers or Indiana Soli. Washington.. Jan. 8. Senator Pof fer, the alliance senator from Kansas, introduced a bill in the senato Thurs day intended .to securo tho loan by tho national government of the sum of S100,000,000 to the people of Indiana, The preamble reciU's that the peo ple of Indiana aro laboring under the burden of enormous interest charges, made possible by great scarcity of money, the direct result of legislation favoring the credit-owning capitalists and hostile to the wage-earner and producer, resulting in tho enforced mortgaging of lands in Indiana to such an extent as to threaten their loss. Tho bill Itself authorizes the secrotary ol the treasury to issue treasury notes to tho amount of $100,000,000. Theso notes aro to be loaned to the people oi Indiana on mortgages upon their lands. Every ono who accepts a loan of thl description is to give a promissory note for the amount, and ho is limited in his borrowing to one-half of the cash valuation of his land. To secure a fan: rate of interest on tho money loaned, tho governor of tho stato is to collect semi-annually a tax of 1 per cent and turn it into tho national treasury. When tho principal of tho notes falls due, if the promissory notes are unpaid, the mortgages are to be foreclosed and the. land sold. If there is no bidder for a tract the land is to bo bid in for tho United States, and the occupant is to be permitted to remain upon it in consid eration of the payment of a rental equal to a tax of 2 per cent A safeguard upon the issue of tho treasury notes under tho terras of the bill Is provided in a clauso limiting their amount to a total not exceeding S100 per capita for the whole population of the state of In diana. Missing und Short In Ills Accounts. Ottumwa, la.. Jan. 8. Ex-County Treasurer Lane was to havo turned over his books to his successor on Monday, but pleaded ho had business at Mystic and would return at noon. Nothing hus been heard from hiin since. Expert accountants have ex amined his books,1 which show that during eight years of his oflloial career his peculations amounted to 10,000. Tho affair is surrounded in consider able mystery. Heavy Shurtucus DUcovered. Hastings, Neb., Jan. 8. C. H. Paul, county treasurer, steppod down and: out Thursday, and it was then dls oovored that ho was short in his ac counts over S2'J,000. His hondsmeit met tho county commisioners Thurs day and paid the deficiency in full and still further startled the commis sioners by announcing that there was yet n large deficit from two years ago which tho board had as yot beon un able to discover. The bondiinon then usked that an export committee be ap pointed vo make a thorough o.xuiuiua tic, in order to ascertain jis'. w'tal Paul's shortage Is.